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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 700]   CLASS 700,DATA PROCESSING: GENERIC CONTROL SYSTEMS OR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE CLASS SUBJECT MATTER

This class is structured into two main divisions: (A) Generic Control System, Apparatus or Process and (B) Specific Application, Apparatus or Process

(1) Note. In establishing Class 700, patents from pertinent subclasses in Classes 364 and 395 were directly translated into corresponding subclasses in the new class. The general structure of Class 700 parallels that of Class 364 from which it is derived and reflects the atypical location of generic subject matter (subclasses 1-89) in hierarchical superiority to specific applications (subclasses 90-306). Notes regarding patent placement are found below.

(A) This is the generic class for the combination of a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) AND a device or apparatus controlled thereby, the entirety hereinafter referred to as a "control system".

(1) Note. Control systems which claim control of or control by a particular art device or environment are classified in the "Specific Application, Apparatus or Process" area of this class. Control systems which are not so limited are classified in the "Generic Control System, Apparatus or Process" area of this class. Control systems which are limited to a particular art device or environment but also include at least one claim to the generic control are classified in the "Generic Control System, Apparatus or Process" area.
(2) Note. An example of such a control system includes a data processing or calculating computer interactively connected to an external device to sense a condition (e.g., position) of such external device. The processed data representing the sensed condition develops a control signal to be applied to such external device to perform a control function (e.g., optimization).
(3) Note. "Apparatus" as used herein does not include internal control features of a computer which are classified elsewhere.
(4) Note. Classification herein is based on control system structure or function. The search for particular details of the data processing or calculating computer structural entity is elsewhere in this class.
(5) Note. For classification herein the "Apparatus" being controlled must be only nominally recited. Control systems which are limited by the claims to a particular type of process or have a specific utility are classified in the "Specific Application, Apparatus or Process" area of this class. Control systems which recite specific steps of a process or have structural details to a particular type of apparatus are classified with the appropriate art device. For example: the claimed recitation of (a) a controlled chemical process is classified in the "Generic Control System, Apparatus or Process" area of this class, (b) a controlled distillation process is classified in the "Specific Application, Apparatus or Process" area of this class and (c) a controlled chemical process which involves a recited chemical reaction, is classified in one of the chemical classes.
(6) Note. Where there is nominal claim recitation of the device or apparatus and nominal data processor or computer structure claimed, the control system is classifiable herein only when there is no class providing for the device or apparatus.
(7) Note. Control systems which include an algorithm peculiar to a specific art by claim disclosure are excluded from this class and will be found in the class wherein the specific art is classified.

(B) This is also the generic class for data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) wherein the data processing or calculating computer apparatus is designed for or utilized in a particular art device, system, process, or environment, or is utilized for the solution of a particular problem in a field other than mathematics (arithmetic processing per se is classified elsewhere).

(1) Note. Control systems which claim control of or control by a particular art device or environment are classified in the "Specific Application, Apparatus or Process" area of this class. Control systems which are not so limited are classified in the "Generic Control System, Apparatus or Process" area of this class. Control systems which are limited to a particular art device or environment but also include at least one claim to the generic control are classified in the "Generic Control System, Apparatus or Process" area.
(2) Note. For classification herein, there must be significant claim recitation of the data processing system or calculating computer and only nominal claim recitation of any external art environment. Where significant structure of the external device is recited by the claims, classification is in the appropriate device class.
(3) Note. This and indented subclasses will accommodate devices, systems, or processes which claim a control of or a control by a particular art device or environment and do not have a generic claim to the control; see the "Generic Control" area of this class for generic control devices.
(4) Note. In view of the nature of the subject matter included herein, consideration of the classification schedule for diverse art or environment is necessary for proper search.

(C) Significantly claimed apparatus external to this class, claimed in combination with apparatus under the class definition, which perform data processing or calculation operations are classified in the class appropriate to the external device unless specifically excluded therefrom.

(D) Nominally claimed apparatus external to this class in combination with apparatus under the class definition is classified in this class unless provided for in the appropriate external class.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

235Registers,   appropriate subclasses for various data bearing record controlled systems and for basic machines and associated indicating mechanisms for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices and machines, plus machines made from these basic machines alone (e.g., cash registers, voting machines), and in combination with various perfecting features, such as printers and recording means.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   appropriate subclasses for electrical transmission or interconnection systems.
340Communications: Electrical,   appropriate subclasses for residual electrical communication systems.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   appropriate subclasses for electrical pulse and digit code converters.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   appropriate subclasses for directive wave systems which may include object detection or tracking.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   appropriate subclasses for the selective control of two or more light generating or light controlling display elements in accordance with a received image signal, and particularly subclasses 418 through 475for computer graphics processing.
348Television,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 169 through 172for television systems which may include object detection or tracking.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for optical measuring systems which may include object detection or tracking.
358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclass 1.1 1.18 for static data presentation processing.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses, for record carriers and systems wherein information is stored and retrieved by interaction with a medium and there is relative motion between a medium and a transducer, for example, magnetic disk drive devices and control thereof, per se.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for addressable static singular storage elements or plural singular storage elements of the same type.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for record carriers and systems wherein information is stored and retrieved by interaction with a medium and there is relative motion between a medium and a transducer.
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for generic multiplexing and demultiplexing systems.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   appropriate subclasses for generic pulse or digital communication systems.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for generic circuits for pulse counting.
379Telephonic Communications,   appropriate subclasses for two-way electrical communication of intelligible audio information of arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor.
382Image Analysis,   appropriate subclasses for operations performed on image data with the aim of measuring a characteristic of an image, detecting variations, detecting structures such as in subclass 103 for detecting or tracking targets, transforming the image data, and for procedures for analyzing and categorizing patterns present in image data.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   appropriate subclasses for vehicular or navigational data processing.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for measuring or testing data processing.
703Data Processing: Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, and Emulation,   appropriate subclasses.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 200 through 278for artificial intelligence systems that process speech signals.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   appropriate subclasses for data processing related to business, finances, management, or cost/price determining.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   appropriate subclasses for artificial intelligence systems that represent, apply, and acquire knowledge and subclasses 15 through 44for neural networks and circuits.
707Data Processing: Database, Data Mining, and File Management or Data Structures,   appropriate subclasses for database structure, database and file management.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   appropriate subclasses for electrical arithmetic processing.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   appropriate subclassesfor multicomputer digital data transferring systems.
710Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Input/Output,   appropriate subclasses for input/output processing (e.g., bus processing) in a computer or digital data processing system.
711Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Memory,   appropriate subclasses for storage accessing, control, or addressing in a computer or digital processing system.
712Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures and Instruction Processing (e.g., Processors),   appropriate subclasses for computer or digital processing system architecture or instruction processing.
713Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Support,   appropriate subclasses for computer or digital processing system support (e.g., power supply and timing, etc.).
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for error or fault detection or compensation in a computer or digital processing system.
716Data Processing: Design and Analysis of Circuit or Semiconductor Mask,   appropriate subclasses.
717Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, and Management,   appropriate subclasses.
901Robots,   appropriate subclasses for robotic cross-reference art collections.

SECTION III - GLOSSARY

CALCULATING OPERATION:

Arithmetic and or some limited logic operations performed upon or with signals representing numbers or values.

COMPUTER:

A machine that inputs data, processes data, stores data, and outputs data.

DATA:

Representation of information in a coded manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing.

DATA PROCESSING (for the purpose of this class):

A systematic operation on data in accordance with a set of rules which results in a significant change in the data.

END EFFECTOR:

A terminal on a robot arm that carries a hand, welding gun, painting nozzle, or other tool.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 1]    1GENERIC CONTROL SYSTEM, APPARATUS OR PROCESS:
 Subject matter wherein there is a combination of a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding method for performing data processing or calculating operation) and a device or apparatus controlled thereby, the entirety hereinafter referred to as a control system.
(1) Note. An example of such a control system includes a data processing or calculating computer interactively connected to an external device to sense a condition (e.g., position) of such external device. The processed data representing the sensed condition develops a control signal to be applied to such external device to perform a general applicability control function (e.g., optimization).
(2) Note. "Apparatus" may include a plant, manufacturing process, or facility.
(3) Note. Classification herein is based on control system structure or function. Particular details of the data processing or calculating computer structural entity is classified elsewhere.
(4) Note. For classification herein the "Apparatus" being controlled must be only nominally recited. Control systems which are limited by the claims to a particular type of process or have a specific utility are classified in the "Application" area of this class. Control systems which recite specific steps or have structural details to a particular type of process art classified with the appropriate art device. For example: The claimed recitation of (a) a chemical controlled process, (b) a distillation controlled process and (c) a chemical controlled process which involves a chemical reaction, are classified in the Generic Control" area of this class, the "Application" area of this class and in one of the chemical classes, respectively.
(5) Note. Where there is nominal claim recitation of the device or apparatus and nominal data processor or computer structure claimed, the control system is classifiable herein only when there is no class providing for the device or apparatus.
(6) Note. Control systems which include an algorithm peculiar to a specific art by claim disclosure are excluded from this class and will be found in the class wherein the specific art is classified.
(7) Note. All of the following classes listed have subclasses providing for control or regulating systems or apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

53Package Making,   subclasses 52 through 76.
60Power Plants,   appropriate subclasses.
62Refrigeration,   subclass 160 .
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 6.1 through 21.6.
74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 2 .
83Cutting,   subclasses 72 through 76.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   appropriate subclasses.
95Gas Separation: Processes,   subclasses 1 through 24.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses.
100Presses,   subclasses 43 through 52.
118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 663 through 694.
137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclasses.
141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   appropriate subclasses.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   appropriate subclasses and particularly subclasses 252 through 260.
165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 200 through 303.
172Earth Working,   subclasses 2 through 12.
173Tool Driving or Impacting,   subclasses 2 through 183.
177Weighing Scales,   appropriate subclasses.
187Elevator, Industrial Lift Truck, or Stationary Lift for Vehicle,   subclasses 247 through 248.
221Article Dispensing,   subclasses 9 through 14.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 52 through 69.
227Elongated-Member-Driving Apparatus,   subclasses 2 through 7.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclass 102 .
234Selective Cutting (e.g., Punching),   appropriate subclasses.
236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   appropriate subclasses.
244Aeronautics and Astronautics,   appropriate subclasses.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclasses.
290Prime-Mover Dynamo Plants,   subclasses 7 through 44.
299Mining or In Situ Disintegration of Hard Material,   subclasses 1.05 through 1.9.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 69 through 80.
376Induced Nuclear Reactions: Processes, Systems, and Elements,   subclasses 100 through 152and subclasses 207-244.
399Electrophotography,   subclasses 9 through 37for diagnostics, subclasses 38-74 for controls of the electrophotographic process, and subclass 77 for sequential control programming of machine operation.
405Hydraulic and Earth Engineering,   appropriate subclasses.
408Cutting by Use of Rotating Axially Moving Tool,   subclasses 8 through 13.
409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   appropriate subclasses.
415Rotary Kinetic Fluid Motors or Pumps,   appropriate subclasses.
416Fluid Reaction Surfaces (i.e., Impellers),   appropriate subclasses.
417Pumps,   subclasses 1 through 47.
431Combustion,   subclasses 18 through 90.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses.
436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing,   appropriate subclasses.
451Abrading,   subclasses 2 through 3for a condition responsive control for sandblasting.
483Tool Changing,   subclasses 4 through 6for apparatus including a tool transfer means combined with a tool support or storage means and a programmable control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 2]    2Plural processors:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where more than one processor is used in a control system and at least one of the processors is programmable.
(1) Note. Classification herein requires active participation by the plural processors in the control system.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

82,for control systems having plural processors where one processor (standby) will follow the operation of the other processor (active) and takeover operation of the system on failure of the active processor.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclasses 7.11 through 7.42for operations research in a business environment and subclass 412 for cost/price determination for utility usage.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 3]    3Master-slave:
 This subclass is indented under 2.  Subject matter where one processor (master) controls one or more other processors (slave).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   subclasses 208 through 211for general purpose master/slave multicomputer data transfer.
710Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Input/Output,   subclass 110 for bus master/slave control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 4]    4Parallel:
 This subclass is indented under 2.  Subject matter where the plural processors operate independently with respect to each other and are connected to a common bus.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 5]    5Shared memory:
 This subclass is indented under 4.  Subject matter where the plural processors share access to a common memory.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 6]    6Hybrid types (analog, digital):
 This subclass is indented under 2.  Subject matter wherein at least one processor is of a different type (e.g., analog, digital) than at least one other processor.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 1 through 9for an electrical hybrid calculating computer.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 7]    7Including sequence or logic processor:
 This subclass is indented under 2.  Subject matter where at least one of the processors performs sequence or logic functions.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 8]    8Cascade control:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where the output of a primary controller is utilized to adjust the set point of a secondary controller.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 9]    9Supervisory control:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where a central or host computer is used to control plural controllers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.1 through 3.9for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 10]    10Of analog controllers:
 This subclass is indented under 9.  Subject matter where the controllers are analog and a particular characteristic of such as set point is adjusted.
(1) Note. A controller is a device which holds a process or condition at a desired level or status as determined by comparison of the actual value with the desired value.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 11]    11Sequential or selective:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where output signals from a data processor or computer structure are sequentially or selectively applied to control a device or apparatus in a repetitive, orderly manner according to a predetermined schedule of operation.
(1) Note. Sequencing as a basic process is essentially digital in nature, the relationship being, for example, "on", "off" or "in", "out", etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

79+,for sequential and selective control systems having a diagnostic feature.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective control via electrical communication.
718Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Virtual Machine Task or Process Management or Task Management/Control,   appropriate subclassesfor computer task management or control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 12]    12State of condition or parameter (e.g., on/off):
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter where input signals representative of a particular condition of a system to be controlled are analyzed and a comparison made with the predetermined conditions in the operation schedule and corresponding output signals produced.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 13]    13Position responsive:
 This subclass is indented under 12.  Subject matter where the particular system condition or parameter is position, the control output signal being produced in response to a position responsive input signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 14]    14Time responsive (duration):
 This subclass is indented under 12.  Subject matter where the particular system condition is time related, the output signal establishing a particular state (e.g., on/off) of such condition for a prescribed interval or duration.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclass 41 for sequential or alternating selectively connected or controlled load circuits; and subclasses 141-141.8 for switch actuation with time delay or retardation means.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 309.4 for timer controlled systems including sequentially actuated indicators.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 15]    15Having display:
 This subclass is indented under 14.  Subject matter where a visual indication related to a controlled time interval or duration is provided (e.g., time remaining).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses for mechanical indication, in general.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 500 through 693.12for condition responsive indication.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   appropriate subclasses for visual display systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 16]    16Clock-calendar (e.g., time of day):
 This subclass is indented under 14.  Subject matter where the time interval or duration is related to a 24-hour day and 7-day week schedule.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 17]    17Operator interface (e.g., display with control):
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter including input/output means by which an operator may communicate with the control system.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

83+,for control systems of a general type including an operator interface feature.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses for mechanical indication, in general.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 3.71 for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory) and including an indicator which has manual control input and subclasses 500-693.12 for condition responsive indicating.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   appropriate subclasses for visual display systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 18]    18Specific programming (e.g., relay or ladder logic):
 This subclass is indented under 17.  Subject matter where a predetermined schedule of operation may be established directly by use of relay or ladder technology.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 19]    19Plural controlled systems, mechanisms, or elements:
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter where there is more than one system being controlled, or in which there is more than one communication being controlled, or where there is control of more than one element of a controlled system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   appropriate subclassesfor multiple computer data transfer systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 20]    20Plural controllers:
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter where more than one device is used to control a system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   appropriate subclassesfor multiple computer data transfer systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 21]    21Failure protection or reliability:
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter where there is a means or a step for increasing a conditional probability of correctly performing a service (e.g., control) throughout a time interval, given correct performance at the beginning of the interval, or for increasing the probability of correctly performing a service at any given instant.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 1 through 138for electrical (other than pulse coded data error) fault sensing and removal.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for computer failure protection and reliability, in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 22]    22Electrical power distribution:
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter wherein the distribution of electrical power is controlled.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

286through 298, for computers used in an electrical power distribution environment other than for control.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   appropriate subclasses for power regulation and supply systems, in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 23]    23Sequence program response:
 This subclass is indented under 11.  Subject matter where the control system responds to an encoded, ordered list of instructions.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

712Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures and Instruction Processing (e.g., Processors),   subclasses 200 through 248for computer programming, in general.
718Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Virtual Machine Task or Process Management or Task Management/Control,   appropriate subclassesfor computer task management or control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 24]    24Addressing:
 This subclass is indented under 23.  Subject matter including one or more values which specify one or more memory locations.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.5 through 3.55for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory) which includes addressing.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 230.01 through 243.5for addressing means in static memories.
711Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Memory,   subclasses 1 through 6and subclasses 200-221 for addressing in computer systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 25]    25I/O table:
 This subclass is indented under 23.  Subject matter having means which stores, in an array, data related to input and output of the control system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

710Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Input/Output,   subclasses 1 through 74for input/output data processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 26]    26Diagnostics or debugging:
 This subclass is indented under 23.  Subject matter including means to diagnose malfunctions in the control system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 1 through 57for computer reliability.
717Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, and Management,   subclasses 124 through 135for analysis or debugging in a software development tool.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 27]    27Having status indication:
 This subclass is indented under 23.  Subject matter having a human perceptible representation of information about the process being controlled or the controller.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses for mechanical indication, in general.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.7 and 3.71 for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory) which includes an indicator and subclasses 500-693.12 for condition responsive indicating.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   appropriate subclasses for visual display systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 28]    28Optimization or adaptive control:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where a control seeks to optimize a system performance criterion (e.g., efficiency, consumption, or profit).
(1) Note. Also included here are adaptive systems which include means to modify governing criteria, simply or in a complex fashion to achieve better system performance, stability, speed of response sensitivity, etc. The object of an adaptive system is to provide means for establishing relatively fixed system dynamics for a control system comprising a controlled element having varying dynamics. Some adaptive systems include an optimization technique wherein the system seeks to maximize or minimize a system variable or are of the self-organizing type.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclass 561 for positional servo adaptive or optimization control systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 29]    29Having model:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter which includes a mathematical model.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

44,where a mathematical model representative of a desired control response is used in a feed forward or predictive control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 30]    30Comparison with model (e.g., model reference):
 This subclass is indented under 29.  Subject matter where a measured process output signal is compared with an output from the model to develop an error signal which is used to control the process.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

703Data Processing: Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, and Emulation,   subclass 2 for generic modeling by mathematical expression.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 31]    31Having adjustment of model (e.g., update):
 This subclass is indented under 29.  Subject matter where the model is adjusted (e.g., updated) in response to changing conditions of the control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 32]    32Specific criteria of system performance:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter where a particular characteristic of a system is utilized in the optimization operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 33]    33Constraint or limit (e.g., max/min):
 This subclass is indented under 32.  Subject matter where constraints are placed on the excursion of a system variably from a predetermined value.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

80,for protection or reliability features which provide an indication of the variation of a control system condition from a limit value.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 82 for quality control determination where limit values of acceptable product quality are established.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 34]    34Variable:
 This subclass is indented under 33.  Subject matter where the constraints or limits are adjustable.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 35]    35Bidirectional (e.g., oscillatory):
 This subclass is indented under 33.  Subject matter where a control signal will travel in one direction to search out a maximum or minimum value and will reverse direction on reaching said maximum or minimum value to search out the other of the maximum or minimum value.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 36]    36Economic (e.g., cost):
 This subclass is indented under 33.  Subject matter where the constraint or limit value involves an economic consideration such as minimization of cost.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 37]    37Gain (e.g., tuning):
 This subclass is indented under 32.  Subject matter where the specific criteria of plant performance is system gain.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 38]    38Having perturbation:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter where the optimization is performed by disturbing the system dynamics and analyzing the system response to such disturbance.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 39]    39Test signal:
 This subclass is indented under 38.  Subject matter where the disturbance is introduced into the system from an external source such as by the injection of a test signal with the system response to such disturbance being analyzed and the system dynamics adjusted to achieve an optimum.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 108 through 126for general data processing testing systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 40]    40Plural modes:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter where the system automatically shifts to different modes of operation depending on system conditions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

75,for control system of a general type which operates in multiple modes.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 41]    41Proportional-Integral (P-I):
 This subclass is indented under 40.  Subject matter where a system will shift from proportional control to a combination of proportional and integral (reset) when there is a substantial excursion of a variable.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclass 609 for positional servo systems which operate in a proportional-integral or reset mode.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 42]    42Proportional-Integral-Derivative (P-I-D):
 This subclass is indented under 41.  Subject matter where the system will shift from proportional to a combination of proportional, integral (reset) and derivative (rate) dependent on system conditions.
(1) Note. Rate control is added to proportional-integral systems to prevent reset windup (antireset windup).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclass 610 for positional servo systems which add rate control to a proportional-integral system to provide proportional-integral-derivative (P-I-D) operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 43]    43Proportional-Derivative (P-D):
 This subclass is indented under 40.  Subject matter where the system shifts from proportional control to a combination of proportional and derivative control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 44]    44Feed-forward (e.g., predictive):
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter where disturbances affecting the system are anticipated and compensating signals are generated in order to negate these disturbances.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 45]    45Combined with feedback:
 This subclass is indented under 44.  Subject matter where a feedback (error) signal from the controlled system is utilized to develop the feed-forward signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 46]    46Rate control:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter where the rate of change of a system variable or error signal is utilized to achieve optimization.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 47]    47Trainable system (e.g., self-learning, self-organizing):
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter including a system which changes, or is changeable, according to the experience gained during its operation.

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382Image Analysis,   subclasses 159 through 161for trainable pattern recognition.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   subclass 14 for adaptive artificial intelligence computer systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 48]    48Neural network:
 This subclass is indented under 47.  Subject matter wherein the system uses parallel-distributed processors constructed in hardware or simulated in software.

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382Image Analysis,   subclass 158 for a neural network structure in pattern recognition.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   subclasses 15 through 44for a neural network, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 49]    49Expert system:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter wherein the system is comprised of at least (a) a knowledge base, (b) an inference engine, and (c) a user interface and contains both declarative knowledge (i.e., a fact about an object, event, or situation) and procedural knowledge (i.e., information about a course of action) to emulate the reasoning processes of a human expert in a particular area of expertise.

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104,for use of an expert system for design or planning of product manufacturing.

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706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   subclasses 45 through 61for an expert system computer system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 50]    50Fuzzy logic:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter wherein a decision mechanism uses probabilistic or statistical technique (e.g., "IF X is very large THEN...").

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51,for statistical process control.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   appropriate subclasses for logic circuits, per se.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclass 27 for a fuzzy logic automatic vehicle route guidance.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   subclasses 1 through 9,subclass 52, and subclass 900 for a fuzzy logic system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 51]    51Statistical process control (SPC):
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter which monitors the performance of a process in terms of its target value and involved variability and uses statistical methods to control said process.

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50,for process control with fuzzy logic.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 179 through 181for measuring or testing statistical data.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 52]    52Parameter estimation or identification:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter where the value of a variable being controlled is determined approximately.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 53]    53Multiple input-multiple output (MIMO) system feature (e.g., decoupling):
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter having more than one input and more than one output.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 54]    54Having particular compensation or stabilization feature:
 This subclass is indented under 28.  Subject matter which includes making a correction or regulation of a variable being controlled.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 85 through 107for measuring and testing with compensation and particularly subclass 86 for linearization of measuring or testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 55]    55Filtering:
 This subclass is indented under 54.  Subject matter wherein data or a signal is separated from another data or signal in accordance with a specified criteria.

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708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 300 through 323for digital filtering, in general and subclass 819 for filtering using analog data processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 56]    56Digital positioning (other than machine tool):
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where the positioning of a control system member is controlled by a programmed digital computer utilizing numerical values, digital signals, or coded pulses which correspond to desired position of control.
(1) Note. The numerical values or digital signals comprise one or more discrete symbols which may form a code.
(2) Note. Positional servo control systems are classified elsewhere; however, the combination of a positional servo system with a programmable digital computer is classified here.
(3) Note. Positional servo control systems incorporating a nonprogrammable computer are classified elsewhere.
(4) Note. Machine tool digital positioning is classified elsewhere.

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159through 195, for digital positioning as applied to machine tool control systems.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 560 through 689for positional servo control systems.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclasses 1 through 124for vehicle positioning control systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 57]    57Alignment or registration:
 This subclass is indented under 56.  Subject matter with means to cause precise adjustment or correction of relative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 58]    58Having position marking:
 This subclass is indented under 57.  Subject matter having a physical indication to show a precise location.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 59]    59Having optical sensing (e.g., image projection):
 This subclass is indented under 57.  Subject matter where alignment or registration is achieved by means of light detecting.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200 through 239for a photocell circuit or apparatus.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclass 187 , subclasses 369-371, and subclasses 514-515 for nonlinear optical sensors (e.g., solid state).
330Amplifiers,   subclass 59 for a light controlled or activated amplifier.
331Oscillators,   subclass 66 for a light responsive oscillator.
338Electrical Resistors,   subclasses 15 through 19for a photoconductive resistor.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 555 for a light responsive alarm.
353Optics: Image Projectors,   appropriate subclasses for an image projector.
358Facsimile,   appropriate subclasses for facsimile.
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   appropriate subclasses for optical systems, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 60]    60Support positioning (e.g., table, stage):
 This subclass is indented under 56.  Subject matter where an object holder or foundation is placed in a given location or orientation.

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248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for tables and supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 61]    61Multiple axis motion or path control:
 This subclass is indented under 56.  Subject matter where there is a linear controlled change of position or orientation along more than one axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 62]    62Orientation (e.g., posture, pose):
 This subclass is indented under 61.  Subject matter where the position of an object is rotated about one of its axes.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 63]    63Including velocity or acceleration control:
 This subclass is indented under 61.  Subject matter having control of the rate of change of the position of an object or derivative thereof.

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188,for digital positioning including velocity or acceleration control in a computer controlled machining operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 64]    64Position recording:
 This subclass is indented under 61.  Subject matter wherein data about a location is preserved.

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47+,for adaptive control systems with teaching features.

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360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for dynamic recording upon a magnetic medium.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for static information recording.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for dynamic recording, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 65]    65Operator control of remotely located element:
 This subclass is indented under 56.  Subject matter where a human operator controls a distant element of a device or apparatus under control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 66]    66Having particular position determining apparatus (e.g., portable or handheld):
 This subclass is indented under 56.  Subject matter having a particular means for determining a location of an element of a device or apparatus under control.

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59,for optical alignment sensing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 67]    67Plural variables:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter wherein plural sensed conditions or plural signals developed from a single sensed condition are utilized to generate a control system signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 68]    68Ratio:
 This subclass is indented under 67.  Subject matter where the quotient of the variables is used as a control signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 69]    69Positional (e.g., velocity, acceleration):
 This subclass is indented under 67.  Subject matter where the plural variables are positional variables.
(1) Note. Plural variables derivable from a single measurement, such as velocity and acceleration, which are the first and second derivatives of position, are considered plural variables.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 70]    70Positional with nonpositional:
 This subclass is indented under 69.  Subject matter where one of the variables is a position, speed, or acceleration signal and the other variable is not one of the above signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 71]    71Specific compensation or stabilization feature:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where particular compensation techniques are utilized to achieve system stability.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 611 through 624for positional servo systems with stabilizing features.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 72]    72Lag (e.g., deadtime):
 This subclass is indented under 71.  Subject matter where the delay between the development and generation of a system control signal and the actual application of such control signal is compensated.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclass 621 for positional servo systems with stabilizing features including lead or lag networks.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 73]    73Sampled data system:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where only a sample of a signal is used in the process of deriving a control signal.
(1) Note. The "sample" may be a series of samples generated from a continuous analog signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 74]    74Variable rate:
 This subclass is indented under 73.  Subject matter where the sampled data is not generated at a constant rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 75]    75Multiple modes (e.g., digital/analog):
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where the control system has more than one mode by which it can be controlled.

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40,for control systems operating in plural modes to perform an optimization function.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 76]    76Manual/automatic:
 This subclass is indented under 75.  Subject matter where one mode of control is by a manual means and the other mode is automatic.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 77]    77Fine/coarse:
 This subclass is indented under 75.  Subject matter where application of a control signal in the "coarse" mode results in a system response of a relatively large magnitude or increments of magnitude and in the "fine" mode results in a system response of a relatively small or more precise magnitude or increments of magnitude.
(1) Note. An example of such a system is a positional system wherein an element to be positioned is moved at high speeds in the "coarse" mode until it reaches a predetermined position wherein the system shifts to the "fine" mode and the element is moved at lower speeds or at smaller positioned increments until it reaches its final destination.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 592 through 595for positional servo systems which operate in the fine and coarse modes.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 78]    78Having specific error signal generation (e.g., up/down counter):
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter where a specific apparatus or technique is utilized to develop an error signal to be applied to control a system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 79]    79Having protection or reliability feature:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter relating to the protection and reliability of the control system.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 1 through 138for safety and protection of devices which do not include data processing.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 1 through 57for reliability and availability including fault detecting, monitoring, locating, and recovery in a digital data processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 80]    80Warning or alarm:
 This subclass is indented under 79.  Subject matter where a visual or aural indication is provided in response to the detection of a variation in a control system condition from a limit value.

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33,for optimizing or adaptive control systems where limits or constraints are placed on the excursion of a control variable.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 500 through 693.12for condition responsive systems including alarms.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 81]    81Self-test:
 This subclass is indented under 79.  Subject matter where the controlled system has provisions for internally initiating a check of system conditions.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 82]    82Backup/standby:
 This subclass is indented under 79.  Subject matter where the controlled system includes a spare or backup control device which automatically assumes control of the system in response to the failure of the primary control devices.

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711Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Memory,   subclasses 161 through 162for general purpose memory accessing and control data archiving techniques in digital data processing system (i.e., for example, copying data, relocating data, etc.).
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 3 through 14for fault recovery including masking or reconfiguring, per se, in a digital data processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 83]    83Having operator control interface (e.g., control/display console):
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter including input/output means by which an operator may communicate with the control system.

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17,for sequential or selective control systems having an operator interface feature.
264,for robot control with particular operator interface.

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715Data Processing: Presentation Processing of Document, Operator Interface Processing, and Screen Saver Display Processing,   subclasses 700 through 866for display operator interface.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 84]    84Keyboard:
 This subclass is indented under 83.  Subject matter where the particular input apparatus include manual operator actuated devices having a symbolic language meaning.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 85]    85Positional (e.g., joystick):
 This subclass is indented under 83.  Subject matter where the particular input apparatus utilized by the operator provides positional control of a system variable.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 86]    86Having preparation of program:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter which includes means for initially producing a control program to which the controlled system subsequently responds.

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245through 264, for robot arm control program preparation.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 568.1 through 568.25for program or pattern-controlled positional servo systems with program recording or composing means.
717Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, and Management,   subclasses 100 through 167for a software program development tool.
901Robots,   subclasses 3 through 5for programming systems for computer controlled robots.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 87]    87Editing/modifying:
 This subclass is indented under 86.  Subject matter including provisions for altering or modifying a previously established control program.

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250through 257, for robot control with program modification.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 88]    88Playback:
 This subclass is indented under 86.  Subject matter where a control system member is manually controlled through a cycle of operation during which its conditions are recorded for subsequent reproduction through the same cycle.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 89]    89Having specific algorithm:
 This subclass is indented under 1.  Subject matter which includes a set of rules or processes for solving a problem.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 90]    90SPECIFIC APPLICATION, APPARATUS OR PROCESS:
 Subject matter wherein a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding method for performing data processing or calculating operation) is designed for or utilized in a particular art device, system, process or environment, or is utilized for the solution of a particular problem in a field other than mathematics (arithmetic processing per se is classified elsewhere).
(1) Note. For classification herein, there must be significant claim recitation of the data processing system or calculating computer and only nominal claim recitation of the external art environment. Where significant structure of the external device is recited by the claims, classification is in the appropriate device class.
(2) Note. This and indented subclasses will accommodate devices, systems, or processes which claim a control of or a control by a particular art device or environment and do not have a generic claim to the control; see the "Generic Control" area of this class for generic control devices.
(3) Note. Particular structural features rather than environmental or "use" considerations is found elsewhere.
(4) Note. In view of the nature of the subject matter included herein, consideration of the classification schedule for the diverse art or environment is necessary for proper search.

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235Registers,   subclasses 375 through 386for record-sensing devices that may be combined with calculators or data processing systems and utilized for a specific purpose; and subclasses 419-434 for record-controlled calculators wherein the calculation is performed by mechanical or electromechanical means.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclasses 1.1 through 45for a business or financial transaction data processing system.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   appropriate subclasses for electrical arithmetic processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 91]    91Contest or contestant analysis, management, or monitoring (e.g., statistical analysis, handicapping, scoring):
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein data pertaining to a competition involving physical skill or ability (e.g., an athletic event, etc.), data pertaining to a competition of strategy or chance, or data pertaining to a participant (i.e., contestant) in such a competition, is collected, characterized, or otherwise manipulated for the purpose of determining a state of, a characteristic of, or a condition of the competition or contestant.
(1) Note. This is the residual classification for this subject matter. Thus, all other possible subclasses should be excluded, with special consideration given to the areas listed below, before placement of an original in this or indented subclasses.
(2) Note. If there is recited any element or act of competition, classification in an appropriate class providing for that subject matter should be the preferred classification. For example, although this or an indented subclass provides for scoring, probability determination, or handicapping, per se, an act of or means for determining a winner, or an act of or means for wagering, etc., is considered to be a contest element or act that is significant for placement elsewhere. Also, a method or means for monitoring, for example, projectile movement about a game court, etc., should be placed in an appropriate area, elsewhere, if the projectile or any element of the game court, etc., is positively recited, even if only nominally so.

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116Signals and Indicators,   particularly subclasses 222 through 225for mechanical game type indicators.
235Registers,   particularly subclass 1 for a game counter, and subclass 61 for an odds-computing calculator.
250Radiant Energy,   appropriate subclass for use of radiant energy to detect an article, especially subclasses 200 through 239where a photocell circuit is used.
273Amusement Devices, Games,   appropriate subclass for data processing combined with a recited element or act of competition not provided for in Classes 463 or 473. (Class 273 is in the process of being abolished, with the subject matter going to Classes 463 or 473). See especially subclass 274 for a betting or wagering board, and subclasses 138.1-138.5 for a chance device.
340Communications: Electrical,   for an electrical indicator or annunciator (e.g., scoreboard, etc.), particularly subclass 323 for game reporting, and subclasses 988-996 for a vehicle position indicator.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   for measuring or monitoring with visible light, particularly subclasses 3 through 22for range or remote distance measuring.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 4 for a betting totalizer, and subclass 5 for a game or sport.
463Amusement Devices: Games,   subclasses 1 through 47for a "non-projectile" game (e.g., computer/video game), a propelled racing game, a chance game (including wagering), a puzzle, or fortune-telling subject matter including electronic data processing.
472Amusement Devices,   for a specific structure relating to an amusement device appropriate therefor.
473Amusement Devices: Games,   appropriate subclasses for a game - other than a propelled racing game or a chance device - that includes both a tangible projectile and electronic data processing.
482Exercise Devices,   appropriate subclasses and particularly subclasses 1 through 9for specific structure relating to an exercise device appropriate therefor and having a specific electrical feature which may include a computer, computer-related circuitry, display, feedback, or software.
600Surgery,   subclasses 300 through 595for monitoring or diagnosing a medical condition of a contestant.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclass 1 through 45,especially subclass 14.2 for data processing used for financial or business practice where a promotional inducement is recited (e.g., awarding a coupon or price adjustment, etc.) based on a contestant s score in a quiz, survey, questionnaire, etc., subclass 14.14 for data processing used for financia l or business practice where a promotional inducement is recited (e.g., awarding a coupon or price adjustment, etc.) for participating in a game of chance, subclass 14.12 for data processing used for financial or business practice where a promotional inducement is recited (e.g., awarding a coupon or price adjustment, etc.) for playing a video game., and subclass 16, for a point-of-sale terminal, e.g., cash register, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 92]    92Scoring:
 This subclass is indented under 91.  Subject matter wherein the number of points, or other grading or rating used to determine the winner of a competition, is calculated or determined from the data.
(1) Note. Scoring combined with recitation of any other contest element or competitive act should be placed in the appropriate area that provides for the element or act, even if the combined element is nominally recited. For example, scoring combined with a positively recited target, court, etc., should be placed in the appropriate class that provides for the combined element.

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116Signals and Indicators,   particularly subclasses 222 through 225for mechanical game-type scoring indicators.
235Registers,   especially subclass 1 for game counters.
340Communications: Electrical,   for an electrical indicator or annunciator (e.g., scoreboard, etc.), particularly subclass 323 for game reporting.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 4 for a betting totalizer, and subclass 5 for a game or sport.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 93]    93Probability determination or handicapping:
 This subclass is indented under 91.  Subject matter wherein the likelihood of an event, condition, or outcome happening in a competitive event is computed, or wherein a hindrance is given to a superior contestant-or an advantage is given to an inferior contestant-based upon data pertaining to the relative strength or weakness of the contestants.
(1) Note. Probability determination or handicapping combined with any recitation of another game element or competitive act (e.g., wagering) should be placed in the appropriate area for that subject matter.

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235Registers,   subclass 61 for an odds-computing calculator.
273Amusement Devices, Games,   appropriate subclasses, for data processing combined with a recited element or act of competition not provided for in Classes 463 or 473. (Class 273 is in the process of being abolished, with the subject matter going to Classes 463 or 473). See especially subclass 274 for a betting or wagering board, subclasses 138.1138.5 for a chance device, and subclasses 292-308 for a card or tile game.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 4 for a betting totalizer, and subclass 5 for a game or sport.
463Amusement Devices: Games,   subclasses 1 through 47for a nonprojectile game (e.g., computer/video game), a propelled racing game, a chance game (including wagering), a puzzle, or fortune-telling subject matter including electronic data processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 94]    94Digital audio data processing system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein the particular art or field is the processing of digital data which represents an audio signal.
(1) Note. This subclass is limited solely to audio data processing systems that are not classified elsewhere.
(2) Note. An "audio signal" is an electrical signal which represents spoken or other sounds which vary with time, and may be in digital or analog form (this form implies a conversion to digital form before the digital data processing).
(3) Note. Nominal recitation of "audio" is not sufficient to afford classification herein of an invention which would be otherwise classified elsewhere.

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27Undertaking,   subclass 31 for systems adapted for communication with entombed persons.
73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 584 through 648for measuring sound waves, especially subclass 585 for ear or hearing testing by soundwaves and subclasses 646-648 for measuring sound intensity.
84Music,   subclasses 600 through 746for electronic musical instruments.
181Acoustics,   appropriate subclasses for mechanical audio systems.
330Amplifiers,   appropriate subclasses for amplifiers not having specific input signals or specific loads.
340Communications: Electrical,   appropriate subclasses for electrical communications, in general.
367Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   subclass 132 for underwater speech transmission by an acoustic wave; subclasses 140-190 for an acoustic transducer not related to speech signal conversion.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for storing and retrieving sound signals.
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for multiplex communications.
381Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices,   appropriate subclasses.
455Telecommunications,   appropriate subclasses for modulated carrier wave speech communications.
505Superconductor Technology: Apparatus, Material, Process,   subclasses 150 through 239for high temperature (Tc 30 K) superconducting devices, and particularly subclass 202 for electric communication system containing transmitter or receiver of pulse, digital, or electromagnetic radio, television, or radar waveform; and subclass 203 for electroacoustic transducer.
600Surgery,   subclass 559 for diagnostic audiometers (ear or testing by auditory stimulus).
623Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, or Aids and Accessories Therefor,   subclass 9 for mechanical artificial larynxes.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 200 through 278for speech signal processing using a computer, subclasses 500-502 for audio signal bandwidth compression or expansion, and subclasses 503-504 for audio signal time compression or expansion (e.g., run length coding).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 95]    95Product assembly or manufacturing:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls, monitors, or manages the sequential operations of a production process.

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12Boot and Shoe Making,   subclass 142 for the process of boot and shoe making.
29Metal Working,   appropriate subclass, especially subclasses 592 through 559for method of mechanical manufacture.
53Package Making,   appropriate subclass for an apparatus for and method of encompassing, encasing, or completely surrounding goods or materials with a cover made from sheet material stock.
56Harvesters,   appropriate subclass for a means of severing crops which grow above the surface of the ground, without disturbing the soil, and a means for gathering the same from the field after they are severed.
59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   appropriate subclass for the manufacture as it relates to chains, staples, or horseshoes.
79Button Making,   appropriate subclass for machines or processes for making buttons.
118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 663 through 714for the control of an apparatus for applying or obtaining a surface coating on a base or for impregnating base materials.
142Wood Turning,   appropriate subclasses for wood turning.
144Woodworking,   subclasses 329 through 381for woodworking processes.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 60 through 338for a manufacturing process or subclasses 349-583.91 for an apparatus including adhesively bonding parts together; subclasses 701-719 and 918-933 for delaminating process, per se; and subclasses 750-767 and 934-944 for delaminating means, per se, separating an adhered layer or portion of the layer from another layer at a bonding face while retaining layer identity.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   subclasses 100 through 231for the process of paper making.
163Needle and Pin Making,   subclasses 1 through 5for needle or pin manufacturing.
216Etching a Substrate: Processes,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacturing of a substrate by etching.
234Selective Cutting (e.g., Punching),   appropriate subclass for a method or apparatus for a selective cutting process.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   appropriate subclass.
300Brush, Broom, and Mop Making,   subclass 21 for the process of manufacturing.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.1 through 3.9for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory).
412Bookbinding: Process and Apparatus,   subclasses 1 through 8for the process of bookbinding.
427Coating Processes,   appropriate subclass for applying or obtaining a coating or surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 96]    96Integrated system (Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)):
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the sequential operations of multiple manufacturing processes are interconnected by a host management system (e.g., Production Integrated Processing Equipment (PIPE), cluster tools, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 97]    97Design or planning:
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the calculating computer or data processing system analyzes, prioritizes, or modifies input data to arrange the sequential operations for product manufacturing or to configure a product.

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703Data Processing: Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, and Emulation,   subclass 1 for a data processing system or calculating computer designed for or utilized in structural design as it relates to mechanical engineering.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   cross-reference art collections 919+ related to the designing of objects, plan preparation, program preparation, computer aided design (i.e., CAD), or computer aided software engineering (i.e., CASE).
716Computer-Aided Design and Analysis of Circuits and Semiconductor Masks,   subclasses 100 through 139for the design and analysis of circuit systems and integrated circuit structure by data processing and computer programming techniques.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 98]    983-D product design (e.g., solid modeling):
 This subclass is indented under 97.  Subject matter wherein the planned or designed structure is represented as a three dimensional image in two-dimensional space.

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163,for 3-D sculpturing in the machining process.

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345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   subclasses 418 through 475and subclass 607 for three-dimensional or perspective data processing for display presentation.
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 458 for stereoscopic or three-dimensional imaging.
382Image Analysis,   subclass 154 for 3-D or stereo image analysis.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 99]    99Resource allocation:
 This subclass is indented under 97.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer control the coordination and logistics of physical objects in a manufacturing process.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

28through 55, wherein a control seeks to optimize a system’s performance criterion (e.g., efficiency, consumption, or profit).

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705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclasses 7.12 through 7.26for allocation of resources or scheduling an administrative function by an automated business or management system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 100]    100Job scheduling:
 This subclass is indented under 99.  Subject matter wherein the coordination of the physical object is controlled by a system constraint (e.g., time, machine availability, etc.).

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234Selective Cutting (e.g., Punching),   subclasses 23 through 24for a means to detect the order of occurrence of input data.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 101]    101Priority ordering:
 This subclass is indented under 100.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer operates in a supervisory mode to order the sequential operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 102]    102Job release determination:
 This subclass is indented under 100.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer monitors and controls the sequence of manufacturing operations based on task output.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 103]    103Constraints or rules:
 This subclass is indented under 97.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer monitors and controls the sequence of manufacturing operations based on a set of operating rules or regulations.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 104]    104Knowledge based (e.g., expert system):
 This subclass is indented under 103.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer generates, monitors, modifies, or controls the sequential manufacturing operations using historical data to infer a result.

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49,for an expert system (e.g., knowledge based) control system.

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706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   subclass 14 for adaptive systems, cross-reference art collections 902-934 for art related to the applications of artificial intelligence, in particular cross reference art collection 904 wherein artificial intelligence is used in applications related to manufacturing and machines.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 105]    105Rework or engineering change:
 This subclass is indented under 97.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer monitors and controls the sequence of manufacturing operations based on engineering or manufacturing changes.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 106]    106Material requirement:
 This subclass is indented under 97.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer monitors and controls the sequence of manufacturing operations based on the necessary construction components.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 107]    107Bill of material:
 This subclass is indented under 106.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer uses or creates a list of components for use in the product manufacturing design or planning.

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705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclass 29 for an itemization of parts, supplies, or services (e.g., bill of materials) other than in combination with manufacturing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 108]    108Performance monitoring:
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer receives information on the various quantitative variables associated with the assembly process.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.43 and 3.44 for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory) which has a fault condition detection and subclass 3.71 for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory) which includes an indicator having manual control input.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 182 through 186for performance or efficiency evaluation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 109]    109Quality control:
 This subclass is indented under 108.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer performs a statistical analysis of a manufactured product or manufacturing process and compares the results to predetermined specifications or parameters.

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32,for a data processing system or calculating computer designed for utilizing specific criteria of system performance.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 84 for quality control determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 110]    110Defect analysis or recognition:
 This subclass is indented under 109.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer detects or rectifies discrepancies in the manufacturing process or manufactured product.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 111]    111Worker or work station efficiency:
 This subclass is indented under 108.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer analyzes statistical information based on employee performance or manufacturing area.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 182 through 186for performance or efficiency evaluation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 112]    112Having particular work transport control between manufacturing stations:
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the movement of assembly components or manufactured goods from one location to another.

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228,for a particular work transport between article handling stations.

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193Conveyors, Chutes, Skids, Guides, and Ways,   appropriate subclass for a device for guiding material either vertically, horizontally, or at an inclination.
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclass for a power-driven conveyor for moving a load over a predetermined path or path section.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 113]    113Mobile transport:
 This subclass is indented under 112.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the movement of a nonstationary vehicle for transporting work between manufacturing stations.

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701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclasses 23 through 28for a control system for the operation of an autonomous or unmanned vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 114]    114Work positioning:
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is responsible for the setup and verification of a product or part at the work station.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 115]    115Product tracking (e.g., having product or carrier identification):
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is capable of locating or routing a product or product component based on information associated with the product or component.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 116]    116Having identification controlled manufacturing operation:
 This subclass is indented under 115.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer determines the appropriate assembly step according to particular information associated with the individual product component.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 117]    117Particular manufactured product or operation:
 This subclass is indented under 95.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls a specific manufacturing step, condition, or workpiece.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclass 42.53 for methods of making artificial bait.
44Fuel and Related Compositions,   subclass 512 for methods of making match splints or sticks.
51Abrasive Tool Making Process, Material, or Composition,   appropriate subclasses for the making of an abrading tool.
53Package Making,   appropriate subclasses for an apparatus for and method of encompassing, encasing, or completely surrounding goods or materials with a cover made from sheet material stock.
65Glass Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses for manufacturing of glass and glass articles.
76Metal Tools and Implements, Making,   appropriate subclasses for a special machine, process, blank, or die for making a tool or implement.
79Button Making,   appropriate subclasses for machines or processes for making buttons.
83Cutting,   cross reference art collection 906 for chip making and cross reference art collection 908 for comb, rake, or other toothed article making.
86Ammunition and Explosive-Charge Making,   appropriate subclass for instruments and processes peculiarly adapted for making fixed ammunition.
131Tobacco,   subclasses 280 through 110for cigarette or cigar making.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacturing of paper.
300Brush, Broom, and Mop Making,   subclass 21 for the process of manufacturing.
413Sheet Metal Container Making,   subclasses 1 through 25for methods of making a container of sheet metal.
452Butchering,   subclass 31 for automatic control of a sausage making process.
470Threaded, Headed Fastener, or Washer Making: Process and Apparatus,   subclasses 1 through 42for the process of the assembly or manufacturing of threaded, headed fasteners, or washers.
493Manufacturing Container or Tube From Paper; or Other Manufacturing From a Sheet or Web,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacture of a paper container or tube, per se.
502Catalyst, Solid Sorbent, or Support Therefor: Product or Process of Making,   appropriate subclasses for a mixture of materials intended to catalyze a reaction or to sorb a component of a fluid or certain single materials specifically structured to catalyze a reaction or sorb a component.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 118]    118Three-dimensional product forming:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the particular product is first represented in two-dimensional space and produced such that it occupies space along the x, y, and z coordinate axis.

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98,for 3-D product design technique (e.g., solid modeling).
163,for 3-D sculpturing machining using nontracing prototype sensor.

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264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 512 through 516for the process of producing a hollow work or a tubular article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 119]    119Rapid prototyping (e.g., layer-by-layer, material deposition):
 This subclass is indented under 118.  Subject matter wherein the particular manufactured product is formed by the successive application of a building material in a stratified manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 120]    120Stereolithography:
 This subclass is indented under 119.  Subject matter wherein the building material is a confined volume of photocurable material successively exposed to light.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 121]    121Integrated circuit production or semiconductor fabrication:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the particular manufactured product or operation is related to the production or design of electronic circuitry mounted on a substrate.

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228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclass 123.1 for a process of metal to nonmetal bonding with separate metallic filler wherein the nonmetallic material is a semiconductor-type material, and subclasses 179.1-180.5 for the process of bonding plural joints of an electrical device (e.g., semiconductor).
257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses, in particular subclasses 499+ for a device having integrated circuit structure with electrically isolated components.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 272.17 for the process of encapsulating a semiconductor or barrier layer device (e.g., integrated circuit, transistor, etc.).
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 718 through 719and 764 for housing or mounting assemblies with diverse electrical components for an integrated circuit.
385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 14 for an optical integrated circuit.
427Coating Processes,   subclasses 96.1 through 99.5for a process of coating a substrate to produce an integrated or printed circuit or circuit board.
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   appropriate subclasses for methods of making semiconductor devices; see search notes therein.
505Superconductor Technology: Apparatus, Material, Process,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 300 through 501for a processes of producing or treating high temperature superconductor material or superconductor containing products or precursors thereof, subclasses 510-512 for the precursor of high temperature superconductor material or stock, per se, or process of producing the precursor and cross reference art collection 923 for the manufacture of a semiconductor device.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 190 for calculating which is effected by integrated circuits or chips, the use or specific structure or arrangement of which significantly affects or directs the handling of information.
716Computer-Aided Design and Analysis of Circuits and Semiconductor Masks,   subclasses 30 through 139for the design and analysis of circuit systems and integrated circuit structure by data processing and computer programming techniques.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 122]    122Continuous material having indeterminate length (e.g., web, strand, strip, or sheet):
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the particular product is manufactured uninterrupted fashion wherein the final product has no specified linear determination.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 231 for surface bonding or assembly having direct contact transfer of an adhered lamina from a carrier to a base with formation of a lamina having continuous length by molding or casting on endless carrier.
226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   subclass 9 for a control means responsive to indicia carried by an auxiliary record (e.g., tape or card) and subclasses 10-45 for a material-responsive control means.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 45.8 through 46.3for composite article making having an indefinite continuous length and subclasses 165-218 for molding a continuous or indefinite length body of work.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 123]    123Material deposition or application (e.g., spraying, coating):
 This subclass is indented under 122.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the application of a treating material to the workpiece.

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119,for rapid prototyping using a layer-by-layer material deposition process.

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8Bleaching and Dyeing; Fluid Treatment and Chemical Modification of Textiles and Fibers,   subclasses 495 through 496for coating or sizing with dyeing process.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 446 for processes of manufacturing fibers, filaments, or preforms using vapor deposition.
100Presses,   subclass 45 for automatic or material triggered control of material addition, deposition, or discharging.
118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 624 through 625for control of deposition of coating material or selective area.
148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 95 through 714for a process of modifying or maintaining internal physical structure or chemical properties of a metal, process of reactive coating of a metal, and process of chemical heat removing or burning of metal.
205Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions,   subclasses 82 through 84for controlling a coating process in response to a measured or detected parameter thereof or of a characteristic of the electrolytic coating formed.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 81 for gas or vapor deposition of an article forming material onto a mold surface.
427Coating Processes,   appropriate subclasses for applying or obtaining a coating on a surface.
430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclass 16 for a product wherein a metal is deposited on a previously formed image, subclass 128 for a process wherein radiation sensitive material is manufactured using a vacuum deposition process, subclass 129 for a process wherein radiation sensitive material is made using an extrusion coating process, and cross-reference art collection 935 for a coating process making a radiation sensitive element.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 124]    124Registration control:
 This subclass is indented under 122.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer insures the correct reference point of the workpiece before the next sequential step is executed.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 125]    125Having a reference mark or pattern:
 This subclass is indented under 124.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer utilizes a predetermined position signal for identifying the execution point for the next sequential step or operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 126]    126Winding:
 This subclass is indented under 122.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls either (1) the rotation of a machine element onto which the indeterminate length material is wrapped about, or (2) the material being wrapped about a machine element.

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242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   appropriate subclasses for a process or apparatus for progressively winding elongated, flexible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 127]    127Sheet making (e.g., paper product):
 This subclass is indented under 122.  Subject matter wherein the manufactured product"s width is substantially greater than its thickness.

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162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   subclass 13 for web or article formation and subclasses 100-232 for paper making processes and products.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 67.1 through 67.4for sheetlike articles.
493Manufacturing Container or Tube From Paper; or Other Manufacturing From a Sheet or Web,   appropriate subclasses for articles made from a sheet or web.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 128]    128Paper machine or subsystem control:
 This subclass is indented under 127.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls an apparatus associated in the process of manipulating pulp or stock in order to produce a paper product.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 129]    129Profile analyzer or controller:
 This subclass is indented under 127.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer measures or controls the transverse physical properties or characteristics (e.g., the thickness distribution, color, moisture content, etc.).

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382Image Analysis,   subclass 108 for an image analysis system designed to examine the color or intensity distribution of an image object.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 130]    130Textile:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the particular product involves the manipulation of fibers into fabric.

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19Textiles: Fiber Preparation,   appropriate subclasses, in particular subclass 300 for a control means responsive to a sensed condition or program.
26Textiles: Cloth Finishing,   appropriate subclasses, in particular subclasses 74 through 79for web-condition-responsive operation control.
28Textiles: Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses, in particular subclasses 241 through 242and subclasses 248-251 for a control means responsive to a sensed condition.
38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 1 through 68for control of the smoothing process.
57Textiles: Spinning, Twisting, and Twining,   subclasses 1 through 362for specific processes and control thereof.
66Textiles: Knitting,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacture of fabric structures from strands by forming loops and drawing the bights thereof through previously formed loops.
68Textiles: Fluid Treating Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for machines, implements and accessories for fluid treatment of textile fabrics, textile fibers, and pulp.
87Textiles: Braiding, Netting, and Lace Making,   subclass 20 for a textile apparatus with automatic control.
139Textiles: Weaving,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacture of a fabric by a weaving process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 131]    131Pattern design:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is responsible for coordinating the information used in either (1) generating or applying a decorative motif to the fabric or (2) producing a guideline having specific fabric measurements.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 132]    132For a garment:
 This subclass is indented under 131.  Subject matter wherein the textile product is an article of clothing or apparel.

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2Apparel,   appropriate subclasses for articles of clothing.
83Cutting,   cross reference art collection 901 for apparel collar making and cross reference art collection 905 for buttonhole making.
223Apparel Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for machines and machine methods of making, repairing, and maintaining in proper condition articles of apparel.
450Foundation Garments,   appropriate subclasses for devices which are specifically designed to fit the human body to protect, compress, support, restrain, or alter the configuration of the body torso or a portion thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 133]    133Having particular pattern producing operation (e.g., dyeing):
 This subclass is indented under 131.  Subject matter wherein the pattern design is generated by a specific process or technique.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

8Bleaching and Dyeing; Fluid Treatment and Chemical Modification of Textiles and Fibers,   subclass 494 for a dyeing step combined with a nominal textile manufacturing step.
28Textiles: Manufacturing,   subclass 184 for pattern setting and subclasses 214-215 for pile tufting or pattern setting.
66Textiles: Knitting,   subclasses 231 through 237for pattern system and subclasses 238-242 for a pattern storage device.
87Textiles: Braiding, Netting, and Lace Making,   subclasses 14 through 17for a textile apparatus with a pattern mechanism.
139Textiles: Weaving,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacture of a fabric by a weaving process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 134]    134Pattern cutting:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is responsible for controlling the cutting procedure for producing a textile article having specified dimensions.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 135]    135Pattern matching or positioning:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter further comprising a means to align or position a pattern to prevent improper overlap.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 136]    136Sewing:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the operation of uniting or ornamenting material by means of a strand inserted (stitched) in the material at spaced locations by a needle and enchained or otherwise locked in position.

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12Boot and Shoe Making,   subclasses 7.7 , 9.1, and 13.2 for sewing of shoes.
112Sewing,   subclasses 2 through 470.36for sewing manufacturing devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 137]    137Having particular input data (e.g., stitch):
 This subclass is indented under 136.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer further controls the physical characteristics of the sewing operation (e.g., pitch, pattern, location, etc.).

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112Sewing,   subclasses 475.17 through 475.26for stitch control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 138]    138Embroidering:
 This subclass is indented under 136.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the sewing operation to create a design or ornamental pattern.

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112Sewing,   subclasses 78 through 103for embroidering devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 139]    139Spinning or winding (e.g., yarn):
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls or monitors the various parameters associated with the textile machines rotational drive or filament being produced.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 140]    140Loom control:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls an apparatus performing a weaving process.

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139Textiles: Weaving,   subclasses 225 through 228and subclass 327 for control of loom.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 141]    141Knitting:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls an apparatus performing a knitting process.

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66Textiles: Knitting,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacture of fabric structures from strands by forming loops and drawing the bights thereof through previously formed loops.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 142]    142Fiber preparation:
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the manipulation of raw material for fiber production.

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19Textiles: Fiber Preparation,   appropriate subclasses, in particular subclass 300 for a control means responsive to a sensed condition or program.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 143]    143Having monitoring or inspecting (e.g., abnormality detection):
 This subclass is indented under 130.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer senses or detects any irregularities or parameters outside of a specified region.

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382Image Analysis,   subclasses 141 through 152for an image analysis system designed as a part of an automated inspection system in a product manufacturing environment.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   appropriate subclasses for a data processing system or calculating computer designed for or utilized in measuring, testing, or monitoring.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 144]    144Yarn quality:
 This subclass is indented under 143.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer senses or detects any discrepancies in the integrity of the stock material"s filamentary characteristics.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 145]    145Metal:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the particular product belongs to one of a category of electropositive elements.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclasses 709 through 719for a control means energized in response to an activator stimulated by a condition sensor.
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 6.1 through 21.6for a control means energized in response to an activator stimulated by a condition-sensor, subclasses 28.1-29.2 for the use of a self-regulating control system utilizing electrical or hydraulic energy, subclasses 69, 128, and 200 for modification or control of the temperature of the work, tool or machine, and subclass 441 for a means to selectably control movement of a tool.
76Metal Tools and Implements, Making,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacturing of tools and implements composed of metal.
148Metal Treatment,   subclass 195 for a process of chemical-heat removing (e.g., flame-cutting, etc.) or burning of metal having control responsive to a sensed condition of a workpiece.
164Metal Founding,   subclasses 152 through 153for safety control means, subclasses 154.1-154.8 for a control means responsive to or actuated by means sensing or measuring a condition or variable (i.e., automatic control), and 157 for a control means responsive to an independent timing means.
413Sheet Metal Container Making,   appropriate subclass for the manufacture of a sheet metal container.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 146]    146Casting or drawing:
 This subclass is indented under 145.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the manipulation of metal either (1) by pulling or stamping or (2) by pouring molten metal into a mold to shape or form the metal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   appropriate subclasses for generic metal shaping.
164Metal Founding,   subclass 80 for casting metal introduced into a mold as a solid.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 147]    147Control of metallurgical property:
 This subclass is indented under 146.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls, measures, or monitors the manufacturing process to maintain the physical properties of the metal within specified parameters.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 148]    148Rolling:
 This subclass is indented under 145.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the manipulation of a metal by changing its physical dimension by passing the metal between rotating cylindrical elements.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclass 888.073 for rolling or die forming (e.g., drawing, punching) and subclass 527.7 for metal casting combined with rolling.
59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   subclasses 63 through 64for rolling machines and rolls for forming blanks or bars particularly designed for a horseshoe.
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 365.2 through 366.2for the process of rolling and subclasses 64-65 for metal deforming by twisting an axially moving work.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclass 117 for the process of cold rolling and subclass 158 for metal rolling, per se.
413Sheet Metal Container Making,   subclass 6 for assembling a receptacle by a rolling process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 149]    149Having schedule adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under 148.  Subject matter further comprising management of the sequential operations associated with the manufacturing process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 150]    150Control or detection of a particular condition:
 This subclass is indented under 148.  Subject matter further comprising the monitoring, correction, or inspection of a specific characteristic of the metal rolling process.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 1 through 84for measurement system in a specific environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 151]    151Speed control:
 This subclass is indented under 150.  Subject matter wherein the controlled or detected condition is the velocity of either the rotating cylindrical element or the metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 152]    152Tension control (e.g., interstrand):
 This subclass is indented under 150.  Subject matter wherein the controlled or detected condition is a longitudinal force which causes the metal to elongate.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 153]    153Temperature control:
 This subclass is indented under 150.  Subject matter wherein the controlled or detected condition is heat or thermal energy of the metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 154]    154Flatness or crown control:
 This subclass is indented under 150.  Subject matter wherein the controlled or detected condition is related to the planarity of the metal.
(1) Note. This subclass contains patents where both the thickness and width are contoured to further control flatness.

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100Presses,   subclass 162 for concurrent pressing and conveying having roll crown control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 155]    155Thickness control:
 This subclass is indented under 150.  Subject matter wherein the controlled or detected condition is the dimension perpendicular to both the longitudinal and latitudinal directions of the metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 156]    156Roll eccentricity compensation:
 This subclass is indented under 155.  Subject matter wherein the thickness is controlled by the correction of the curvature or ovalness of the roll.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 157]    157Glassware forming:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls a particular process associated with the manufacturing of glass.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

65Glass Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses for the manufacture of glass, per se.
505Superconductor Technology: Apparatus, Material, Process,   subclass 420 for a process of producing or treating high temperature (tc greater than 30 k) superconductor material or superconductor containing products or precursors thereof with glass forming, working, or treating.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 158]    158IS (individual section) machine:
 This subclass is indented under 157.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the operation associated with glassware forming on a subset by subset basis.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 159]    159Machining:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the area of product manufacturing involves the shaping of a solid workpiece by a machine tool.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   appropriate subclasses for generic metal shaping.
72Metal Deforming,   appropriate subclasses for applying mechanical stress to a metal workpiece to alter the size or shape thereof without removing any material.
74Machine Element or Mechanism,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous machine subcombinations and mechanisms pertinent to machining.
82Turning,   appropriate subclasses for producing articles of predominantly circular section by contacting a cutter with a rotating workpiece or a workpiece with a rotating cutter.
83Cutting,   appropriate subclasses for cutting of a workpiece or handling the workpiece before or after the cutting thereof.
219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclasses for electrically heated metal working apparatus.
234Selective Cutting (e.g., Punching),   appropriate subclasses for operating on a workpiece by a plurality of selectively powered cutting tool pairs.
408Cutting by Use of Rotating Axially Moving Tool,   appropriate subclasses for cutting a workpiece by an implement which rotates about and travels along an axis.
409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   appropriate subclasses for machining of gears or milling or planing of a workpiece.
451Abrading,   appropriate subclasses for a process or apparatus for grinding a workpiece by a tool having a natural cutting edge (e.g., a mineral crystal) versus an artificial cutting edge (as in milling or filing).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 160]    160Having particular tool or tool operation:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter in which the type of tool or function performed by the tool is specified.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 161]    161Tracing or duplicating:
 This subclass is indented under 160.  Subject matter wherein the tool reproduces a workpiece from an existing one used as a prototype.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 162]    162Electrical discharge machining (EDM):
 This subclass is indented under 160.  Subject matter wherein the tool utilizes an electric arc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

219Electric Heating,   subclasses 69.1 through 70for details of electrical discharge apparatus providing cutting or disintegrating.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 163]    1633-D sculpturing using nontracing prototype sensor:
 This subclass is indented under 160.  Particular tool or tool operation wherein the data required to machine an item is obtained by a sensor in proximity to but not touching a prototype workpiece.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

118,for three-dimensional product forming where the product is initially represented in two-dimensional space.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 164]    164Grinding:
 This subclass is indented under 160.  Subject matter wherein the tool abrasively removes portions of the workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 165]    165Bending (e.g., press brake):
 This subclass is indented under 160.  Subject matter wherein the tool changes some portion of a workpiece to or from a planar condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 166]    166Laser:
 This subclass is indented under 160.  Subject matter wherein the tool is a coherent light source.

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219Electric Heating,   subclasses 121.6 through 121.86for details of laser heating apparatus.
372Coherent Light Generators,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 167]    167Of elongated material (e.g., timber, veneer, web):
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter wherein the workpiece has extensive length.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 168]    168Portable (e.g., handheld):
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter wherein the machine tool can be conveniently carried between workpieces by an operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 169]    169Supervisory control (e.g., plural tools or plural processors):
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter wherein multiple tools are controlled by a single data processor or a single tool is controlled by multiple data processors.

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9,for a central or host computer used to control plural controllers.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.1 through 3.9for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory).
483Tool Changing,   subclass 15 for apparatus including plural machine tools combined with means to transfer a tool and a workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 170]    170Having particular control of a motor parameter:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter wherein a specified characteristic of a machine tool power plant is regulated.
(1) Note. Such characteristics include voltage, current, power, torque, and phase.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   appropriate subclasses, for parametric control in motor systems having a nominal load.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 171]    171Material usage optimization:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter for maximizing the number of finished workpieces per area or minimizing the amount of material per workpiece.

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28+,wherein a control seeks to optimize a system"s performance criterion (e.g., efficiency, consumption, or profit).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 172]    172Multiple mode (e.g., rough-finish, coarse-fine):
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter where workpiece handling occurs in a plurality of distinct sequential processing phases.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 173]    173Adaptive (optimizing) system:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter for maximizing or minimizing some aspect of a machining operation.

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28+,for generic adaptive control systems.

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483Tool Changing,   subclasses 4 through 6for apparatus including a tool transfer means combined with a tool support or storage means, and a programmable control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 174]    174Performance monitoring:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter in which the condition of some portion of a machining system is utilized to effect a control change therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 175]    175Condition of tool or workpiece (e.g., tolerance, tool wear):
 This subclass is indented under 174.  Subject matter including evaluation of the condition of a machine tool or an item being machined.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 182 through 186for performance or efficiency evaluation, including evaluation of the condition of a machine tool or an item being machined.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 176]    176Offsetting:
 This subclass is indented under 175.  Subject matter wherein some allowance is made for variances in tool condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 177]    177Protective or diagnostic feature:
 This subclass is indented under 174.  Subject matter which includes prevention of machining system damage or provides information regarding system faults.
(1) Note. Such damage would include injury to an operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 178]    178Tool/workpiece interference prevention:
 This subclass is indented under 177.  Subject matter which protects against tool or workpiece collision.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 179]    179Tool selection/change:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter comprising processes of choosing an appropriate tool or exchanging multiple tools.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 180]    180Having operator interface feature:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter providing for communication between a machining system and an operator.

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83+,for generic data processing control systems which utilize an operator interface.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 181]    181Specific programming format (e.g., macro):
 This subclass is indented under 180.  Subject matter where the operator utilizes particular software coding techniques.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

89,for generic data processing control systems utilizing a particular algorithm.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 182]    182Including CAD, CAM, or CIM technique:
 This subclass is indented under 180.  Subject matter in which a computer aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, or computer integrated manufacturing technique provides a machining interface.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 183]    183Preset pattern:
 This subclass is indented under 180.  Subject matter where previously stored workpiece shape data may be selected.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 184]    184Machining path display:
 This subclass is indented under 180.  Subject matter in which a desired or actual tool route is visually conveyed to an operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 185]    185Prompting technique:
 This subclass is indented under 180.  Subject matter where the machining system provides suggestions to an operator of future machining options.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 186]    186Digital positioning technique:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter using particular discrete valued processing to determine proper tool location.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

56through 66, for digital positioning control for other than a machine tool.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 187]    187For curve or contour:
 This subclass is indented under 186.  Subject matter where the positioning technique is utilized in nonlinear or nonplanar machining.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 188]    188Including velocity or acceleration control:
 This subclass is indented under 186.  Subject matter including regulation of the first or second derivative of tool displacement.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 189]    189Interpolation:
 This subclass is indented under 186.  Subject matter where intermediate points are generated between pairs of tool path points.

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708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 290 for generic electrical computer interpolation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 190]    190Specified tool feed path at entry or withdrawal:
 This subclass is indented under 186.  Subject matter where tool movement is along a predetermined trajectory during approach to or retraction from a workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 191]    191Repeated machining passes:
 This subclass is indented under 190.  Subject matter having a plurality of tool entry to withdrawal cycles.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 192]    192Alignment of tool or workpiece (e.g., origin or path return):
 This subclass is indented under 186.  Subject matter where the spatial reference between machine tool and workpiece is controlled.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 193]    193Positional compensation or modification:
 This subclass is indented under 186.  Subject matter where the tool position is adjusted in response to an undesired or desired positional deviation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 194]    194Coordinate transformation technique:
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter which includes conversion of positional locations between plural coordinate systems.
(1) Note. Such a conversion might involve, for example, spherical to rectangular coordinate transformations.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 442 for generic electrical computer coordinate conversions.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 195]    195Having particular measuring device (e.g., probe):
 This subclass is indented under 159.  Subject matter which is combined with a specified measuring device.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 196]    196Extruding:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the specific manufacturing step or operation is one in which a material is heated and forced through a die to provide the required dimensions of the product.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclasses 402.19 through 402.21for shaping of metals; e.g., bending, extruding, turning, etc.
53Package Making,   subclass 561 for molding or extruding a container.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 401 for a process of manufacturing fibers, filaments, or preforms by extruding.
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 253.1 through 273.5for a process to deform metal by extruding.
131Tobacco,   subclass 375 for a process of making reconstituted tobacco using extrusion.
148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 550 and 689-690 for a process wherein there is a step of extruding or drawing aluminum or an aluminum based alloy.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 244.11 through 244.27and 500-501 for a process of surface bonding or assembly involving casting, plastic molding, or extruding.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclass 1.29 for optical fiber, waveguide, or preform shaping by extruding, subclass 3.3 for the use of extrusion to form sheet or rod, subclasses 13-14 for formation of solid particulate material directly from molten or liquid mass by extrusion spraying, subclass 75 for random variegated coloring during a molding process by extrusion, subclasses 540-543 including extrusion direct application of fluid pressure differential to permanently shape, distort, or sustain work including extrusion, and subclasses 176.1-211.24 for shaping continuous or indefinite length work by extrusion.
419Powder Metallurgy Processes,   subclass 67 for forming an article by uniting randomly associated metal particles by extrusion.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 113 through 114for a distinct means to feed, support, or manipulate preform stock and means for shaping fluent or bulk stock to form united product by extrusion, subclasses 131.1-133.5 for a means of feeding fluent stock from plural sources to a common shaping means to form composite product by an extrusion process, and subclass 516 for a preform assembly means and means for bonding of plural preforms involving preform reshaping or vulcanizing by extrusion.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclasses 276 through 277for shaping by extruding and subclass 516 for molding, shaping, or casting by an extruding process.
430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclass 129 for a process of making a radiation sensitive product by extrusion coating.
470Threaded, Headed Fastener, or Washer Making: Process and Apparatus,   subclass 16 for a process for making an externally threaded fastener (e.g., bolt) by extrusion and subclass 31 for a process of making a headed fastener (e.g., rivet) by extrusion.
493Manufacturing Container or Tube From Paper; or Other Manufacturing From a Sheet or Web,   subclass 85 and 211 for container making involving extruding, drawing, or attenuating, subclass 293 for tube making involving extruding, drawing, or attenuating and subclasses 338-339 for extruding, drawing, or attenuating in container and tube making per se.
521Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 79 through 81for extruding a solid polymer containing material to form a cellular product.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 197]    197Molding:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the specific manufacturing step, condition, or operation is one in which a material is shaped or formed in a hollow cavity or matrix.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 848 through 849,subclass 856, subclasses 858-859, subclasses 888.047, subclasses 888.072, subclasses 890.127, and subclasses 898.049 for a method of mechanically manufacturing using a process of molding or casting.
53Package Making,   subclass 423 for forming a cover adjunct or application of a cover adjunct to a cover including casting or molding.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 404 for a processes of manufacturing fibers, filaments, or preforms with the step of casting or forming a nonfiber workpiece (e.g., molding liquid preform, shaping molten glass against a forming surface, etc.).
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 231 for a method of surface bonding or assembly with formation of a lamina of continuous length by molding or casting on an endless carrier, subclass 242 for a method of surface bonding or assembly with lamina formation by molding or casting, and subclasses 500-501 for a method of surface bonding or assembly with casting, plastic molding, or extruding means.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 149 for a molding pressure control means responsive to pressure at shaping area.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclasses 512 through 517for the process of molding, casting, or shaping food or edible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 198]    198Control of curing:
 This subclass is indented under 197.  Subject matter wherein the specific manufacturing step or operation is one in which the preparation, preservation, or finishing of the molded material is by a chemical or physical process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 199]    199Vulcanization:
 This subclass is indented under 198.  Subject matter wherein the curing is specifically designed to increase the strength, resiliency, and freedom from stickiness and odor of (e.g., rubber) by combining with additives in the presence of heat and pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 200]    200Injection:
 This subclass is indented under 197.  Subject matter wherein the control of the molding process further includes control of the process associated with the flow of material under pressure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 125 for a method of surface bonding or assembly with injection molding of outer lamina.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 297.2 through 297.3and subclasses 328.1-328.19 for forming plural articles including the process of introducing material under pressure into a closed mold cavity (e.g., injection molding, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 201]    201Plural molding machines or stations:
 This subclass is indented under 200.  Subject matter capable of collectively managing a multitude of injection molding units or points.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 202]    202Control of temperature:
 This subclass is indented under 200.  Subject matter wherein the controlled condition is the heat or thermal energy associated with the injection molding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 203]    203Control of pressure:
 This subclass is indented under 200.  Subject matter wherein the controlled condition is a force per unit area exerted in the injection molding process.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 149 for a molding pressure control means responsive to pressure at shaping area.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 204]    204Monitoring, inspection, or control of a particular condition:
 This subclass is indented under 197.  Subject matter further comprising the regulation, supervision, observation, or examination of a specific characteristic of the molding process.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

143,for the monitoring or inspection of a textile process.
150,for the monitoring, control, or inspection of conditions associated with the rolling of metals.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 205]    205Control of temperature:
 This subclass is indented under 204.  Subject matter wherein the controlled condition is the heat or thermal energy associated with the specific characteristic of the manufacturing process.

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34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   subclasses 245 through 278for a material treated by electromagnetic energy having temperature control and subclass 446 for the process of a gas or vapor in contact with a treated material having temperature or moisture control of the material, gas, or vapor.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 162 for temperature or heater control responsive to a condition sensing means.
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 69 , 128, and 200 for modification or control of temperature of work, tool, or machine, or with lubrication thereof.
83Cutting,   subclasses 170 through 171for cutting with a means to control or modify the temperature of an apparatus or work.
131Tobacco,   subclass 303 for tobacco treatment having temperature or humidity control of treating fluid.
202Distillation: Apparatus,   subclass 160 for a distillation system having automatic temperature control.
266Metallurgical Apparatus,   subclass 131 having a means for contacting a solid metalliferous material or metal object with a liquid having a means to agitate or control temperature of bath.
355Photocopying,   subclass 30 for projection printing and copying cameras having temperature control.
366Agitating,   subclass 145 for agitating including temperature control.
376Induced Nuclear Reactions: Processes, Systems, and Elements,   subclass 244 for control of temperature reactivity.
409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   subclasses 135 through 136for milling with a means to control temperature.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 143 through 144for control means responsive to or actuated by means sensing or detecting a condition or material triggered having temperature control.
451Abrading,   subclasses 33 and 53 for an abrading process including temperature modification or control.
518Chemistry: Fischer-Tropsch Processes; or Purification or Recovery of Products Thereof,   subclass 712 for temperature control or regulation of the Fischer-Tropsch reaction.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 206]    206Pressing:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein the manufacturing process involves a compressional force being applied to a workpiece.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

12Boot and Shoe Making,   subclass 33.4 for a pressing machine associated with shoe making and subclass 57.1 for a machine having a seam pressing means.
19Textiles: Fiber Preparation,   subclass 219 for fiber preparation with auxiliary pressing and subclass 248 for restraining fibers in approximately stationary in relation to a moving apron.
38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   subclasses 44 through 62for smoothing by a roller presser and subclass 144 for pressing or smoothing processes.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclasses 305 through 322for a press molding machine.
69Leather Manufactures,   subclass 7 for seam pressing and subclass 8 for forming and pressing.
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 48 through 52for metal deforming by a tool-couple pressing together adjacent surface portions of the same work.
99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclass 349 for cooking having a material pressing means.
100Presses,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclass 4 and subclasses 43-52 for automatic or material-triggered control of a press.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   subclass 220 for an article forming process including pressing with flexible diaphragm.
223Apparel Apparatus,   subclasses 52 through 84for forming, molding, pressing or stretching articles of apparel and similar articles.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 107 for a method of molding a solid preform, by pressing, to produce a disk-shaped record and subclass 297.4 for forming plural articles including multilayer pressing.
419Powder Metallurgy Processes,   subclass 49 for hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and subclass 68 for isostatic/hydrostatic pressing.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 406 through 423for a press-forming apparatus having opposed press members.
493Manufacturing Container or Tube From Paper; or Other Manufacturing From a Sheet or Web,   subclasses 142 through 144for a work advancing during pressing.
505Superconductor Technology: Apparatus, Material, Process,   subclass 432 for a process of producing or treating high temperature superconductor material or superconductor containing products or precursors thereof including isostatic pressing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 207]    207Heating:
 This subclass is indented under 117.  Subject matter wherein an operation of a production process being controlled, monitored, or measured is related to the transfer of thermal energy.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

266,for chemical process control or monitoring system.
274,wherein the controlled chemical process includes a furnace or oven for drying, burning, or baking a substance or body.

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126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 58 through 98for direct heat radiating heat generators.
164Metal Founding,   subclasses 154.1 through 154.8for metal casting apparatus including control systems.
219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 483 through 487for controlling or regulating plural separate distinct heating resistance elements (i.e., one control system for all elements).
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 227 through 232for the process of applying plural heating and subclasses 234.1-235.3 for a specific mode of heating or applying pressure.
237Heating Systems,   subclasses 2 through 12for automatic heating control.
392Electric Resistance Heating Devices,   appropriate subclasses for an electrical resisting heating device, per se.
419Powder Metallurgy Processes,   appropriate subclasses for producing metals, alloys, or metal containing compositions in a solid or compact state from powdered or particulate material with or without heating.
432Heating,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 1 through 31for a process of heating or heater operation.
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   subclasses 537 through 541and 542-569 for methods of fusing and diffusing, respectively, an electrically active dopant into a semiconductor, subclasses 660-664 for metallization of a semiconductor combined with heat treatment of the conductive layer, and subclasses 795-799 for a thermal treatment modifying the properties of a semiconductor substrate.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 208]    208Drying:
 This subclass is indented under 207.  Subject matter further comprising the control, monitoring, or measurement of the moisture content associated with the heating process.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 445 through 447for form-supported treated article with drying parameter control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 209]    209Furnace:
 This subclass is indented under 207.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is specifically designed to control an apparatus in which energy in a nonthermal form is converted to heat and supplied to the manufacturing process.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

211,for control of an apparatus for heating or cooking an article placed within.
274,wherein a chemical process includes a furnace or oven for drying, burning, or baking a substance or body.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 134.7 for the process of rotating a furnace or chamber utilized in the glass making process, subclasses 135.6-135.8 for an electric furnace utilized in the glass making process, subclass 335 for a glass furnace with furnace charging means, and subclass 540 for a fiber making apparatus with a furnace charging means.
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a furnace used in a specialized metallurgical process.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 33 for indirectly heating a surface using a furnace, subclass 420 for feed water heaters heated by furnace gases, subclass 422 for feed water heaters heated by furnace gases and steam, and subclass 485 for steam superheaters having a separate furnace for heating them.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 345 through 347for a water heater having a kettle furnace.
159Concentrating Evaporators,   subclasses 36 and 38 for a concentrating evaporator having a furnace heated open pan.
202Distillation: Apparatus,   subclass 114 for a distilling apparatus having a common heating furnace.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 420 through 427wherein the heating device is a crucible or furnace type device.
236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclasses 10 through 11for a hot-air furnace, per se, subclass 14 for a combined boiler and furnace controlled, subclass 15 for control of a furnace, subclass 46 for a hot air furnace with a timing element.
237Heating Systems,   subclass 48 and subclass 53 for a furnace, per se.
261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   subclass 17 for a multiple gas furnace gas-type gas and liquid contact apparatus.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   appropriate subclasses.
392Electric Resistance Heating Devices,   subclass 351 for a floor-type furnace.
432Heating,   subclass 28 for a process of operating a furnace utilizing a heat storage mass, subclass 39 for control of a furnace using selection or load balancing of furnace exhaust heated regenerators and subclasses 90-91 for a boiler and work heating furnace, pot, or oven.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 210]    210Multizone:
 This subclass is indented under 209.  Subject matter further comprising a plurality of individually controlled regions or sectors supplied by the furnace.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

277,for multiple zone HVAC control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 211]    211Oven:
 This subclass is indented under 207.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is specifically designed to control an enclosed apparatus supplied with heat and used for cooking or heating objects placed within.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

209,for control of an apparatus for supplying heat to a manufacturing process.
274,wherein a chemical process includes a furnace or oven for drying, burning, or baking a substance or body.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 19 through 22for cooking ovens and subclass 39 for miscellaneous cooking ovens.
202Distillation: Apparatus,   subclass 101 for systems with dome ovens and subclass 248 for a coke oven type of distilling apparatus.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 391 through 414for an oven type combined with container, enclosure, or support for material to be heated.
236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclass 46 for a domestic oven having a timing device.
432Heating,   subclasses 90 through 91for a boiler and work heating furnace, pot, or oven.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 212]    212Sintering, soldering, or bonding:
 This subclass is indented under 207.  Subject matter wherein the heating process is used for the bonding, joining, or fusion of components of a workpiece.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclass 851 for the mechanical manufacture of an electrical device in or on a base including the sintering of the base.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 416 and subclasses 427-428 for the process of manufacturing a fiber, a filament, or a preform by sintering.
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclasses 313 through 327for compositions for or from consolidating by agglomerating, calcinating, compacting, indurating, roasting, sintering, or solidifying from molten mass, and subclasses 751-769 for a process with heat treatment (e.g., calcinating, fusing, indurating, roasting, sintering, vaporizing, etc.).
148Metal Treatment,   subclass 528 for a process of modifying or maintaining internal physical structure or chemical properties of metal, a process of reactive coating of metal, and a process of chemical heat removing or burning of metal including brazing or soldering.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 85.1 through 85.22and 129 for bonding with metal by brazing or soldering and subclass 616 for bonding metal by soldering.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclasses 51 through 55for a metallic heat applicator (e.g., soldering iron, etc.), subclass 111.5 for a process of metal fusion bonding using high frequency vibratory energy with soldering or liquid phase bonding, and subclasses 262.31, 262.42, 262.45, 262.51, 262.61, 262.72, 262.8, and 262.9 for a process of brazing or soldering.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 603 through 683for a process involving vitrifying or sintering of a preform to make inorganic article and subclasses 125-127 for sintering or heat fusing of particles.
419Powder Metallurgy Processes,   subclasses 1 through 60for a powder metallurgy processes with heating or sintering.
430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclass 198 for a process of visible imaging including the step of firing or sintering.
432Heating,   subclass 13 for a process of heating including melting, vaporizing, sintering, expanding comminuting, or classifying work material.
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   subclasses 106 through 127for methods of attaching an electrode on or to a semiconductor, subclasses 537-541 for methods of fusing an electrically active dopant into a semiconductor, subclasses 660+ for metallization of a semiconductor combined with heat treatment of the conductive layer, and subclasses 795-799 for a thermal treatment modifying the properties of a semiconductor substrate.
505Superconductor Technology: Apparatus, Material, Process,   subclasses 500 through 501for a process of producing or treating high temperature superconductor material or superconductor containing products or precursors thereof by heating, annealing, or sintering.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 213]    213Article handling:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls, monitors or inspects the manipulation of an item to change its position, orientation, or location.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

245through 264 , for robotic control, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

186Merchandising,   subclass 58 for a movable order carrier.
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses, in particular subclasses 301 , 322, 341.01, 357, 358, 395, 401, 437, 444, 460.1, 464.1, 507, 526, 571, 639, 641, 718, 751, 761, 766, and 794 for condition responsive control of a conveyor.
209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclass 154 for current control, subclass 489 for automatic control associated with feeding and discharging, and subclasses 491 and 496 for automatic control of discharging, subclass 726 for classifying, separating, and assorting fluid suspension including condition responsive control.
226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 10 through 45for a device having a means to control the advancing material in response to a detected condition.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   appropriate subclasses for a process or apparatus for progressively winding elongated, flexible material.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 568.11 through 568.25for a preprogrammable multifunction manipulator designed to move devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of changeable tasks on a repetitive basis without human intervention.
403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 34 through 39for a joint or connector having an article handling or directing feature.
414Material or Article Handling,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclass 138.4 for marine loading and unloading having line tension control, subclass 161 for a chamber of a type utilized for a heating function and material charging or discharging means with a control system responsive to a condition in the chamber, subclass 231 for an apparatus particularly adapted for charging or discharging a facility comprising one or more sites for the parking of wheeled vehicles having a control system responsive to changeable operating instructions, subclass 273 for plural, static structures for supporting discrete loads and charging or discharging means with a control system responsive to changeable operating instructions, subclasses 613-614 for an elevator or hoist loading or unloading means with a mechanism for flow control, and subclass 699 for a vertically swinging load support having a control means responsive to a sensed condition.
446Amusement Devices: Toys,   subclasses 424 through 428for a simulation of an instrument or machine for displacing or placing articles or material in a particular manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 214]    214Article storing, retrieval, or arrangement (e.g., warehousing, automated library):
 This subclass is indented under 213.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer regulates or manages the movement or distribution of an item to be placed in, organized in, or removed from a location specified for supply or accumulation.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

62Refrigeration,   subclass 344 for a cooled article storage compartment or cooled isolated material handler means with product receiving and storing means.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclasses 9.1 through 9.64for a cabinet to store audio or visual recording medium.
358Facsimile,   subclass 403 for a document filing and retrieval system.
382Image Analysis,   subclasses 305 through 306for image storage or retrieval.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclass 252 for a charging or discharging device with a vehicle storage or retrieval system responsive to a manual designation of destination.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclasses 418 through 419for a process of storing a solid food or edible material under a controlled condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 215]    215Having an identification code:
 This subclass is indented under 214.  Subject matter wherein the item has an identifying mark or address for location management physically attached.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

382Image Analysis,   subclass 306 for image storage or retrieval using identification indicia on a document.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 216]    216Order filling:
 This subclass is indented under 214.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer regulates or manages the movement or distribution of an article based on a request for a specific quantity or characteristic of the article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 217]    217Article support load management (e.g., palletizing):
 This subclass is indented under 214.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer regulates or manages the arrangement or placement of an item upon a supporting structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   subclass 369.6 for a conveyor having rollers to shift a load vertically to a different plane.
248Supports,   subclasses 346.01 through 346.5for a supporting base structure.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 754 through 784for an article reorienting device and subclass 798 for an article or material handling device having a movable stack support for unloading an article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 218]    218Particular charging or discharging apparatus:
 This subclass is indented under 214.  Subject matter further including a specific means to arrange or place an article in a desired location.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

245through 264, for robotic control, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

414Material or Article Handling,   subclass 762 and subclass 765 for an article reorienting device having an article inserting or discharging means.
901Robots,   cross-reference art collections 2-13 and subclasses 31 through 39for computer controlled handling robots.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 219]    219Associating or disassociating plural articles:
 This subclass is indented under 213.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer regulates or manages the segregation or integration of multiple items based on similar or dissimilar characteristics.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclasses 464 through 468for a method of mechanical manufacture having an association of parts by an aligning means and particularly subclass 467 for the sequential association of parts on a stationary aligning means.
131Tobacco,   subclass 327 for leaf associating or disassociating in the tobacco treatment process.
209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   appropriate subclass, in particular subclasses 509 through 707for a method or device for sorting special items and certain methods and apparatus.
270Sheet-Material Associating,   subclasses 4 through 17and 18-19 for the association of plural sheets or web combined with a printing process, subclasses 32-51 for associating and folding plural sheets or webs, and subclasses 52.01-58.34 for associating or disassociating plural sheets or webs.
434Education and Demonstration,   subclass 259 for a method or device for developing or testing coordination using the associating of dissimilar objects with apertures or pegs having matching size, shape, or color.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 220]    220Inserting:
 This subclass is indented under 219.  Subject matter wherein the association or disassociation of plural articles further comprises the ability to place into the handled article a secondary item or article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

12Boot and Shoe Making,   subclass 15 for a machine for forcing lasts into completed or partially completed boots or shoes.
53Package Making,   subclass 115 for inserting cushioning material into a package.
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 139 for a means to insert wire into a manufactured glass article.
131Tobacco,   subclass 72 for a wrapping device having a plug inserting means and subclass 94 for a process or apparatus for cigar or cigarette making including plug attaching or inserting.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 293 through 294for a method of surface bonding or assembly including the step of inserting lamina in a hole, aperture, or recess of other lamina, and subclass 303.1 for inserting lamina into preformed plastic body.
223Apparel Apparatus,   subclass 50 for a device for inserting a tape, thread, or cord into a garment, lace, or similar article.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 271.1 through 279.1for inserting a preform part into a plastic body and simultaneously reshaping the body with a mold element.
270Sheet-Material Associating,   subclasses 58.31 through 58.32for placing sheets in a column and inserting marker sheets to indicate number of sheets in the column.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclass 762 and subclass 765 for an article reorienting device having an article inserting or discharging means.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 221]    221Having an identification code:
 This subclass is indented under 220.  Subject matter wherein the inserted article has an identifying mark or address for the manipulation of said article to change its position, orientation, or location.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 222]    222Monitoring or inspection (e.g., incomplete assembly):
 This subclass is indented under 221.  Subject matter wherein the insertion system is capable of supervising, examining, or detecting a condition related to the insertion process or handled article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 223]    223Collating or sorting:
 This subclass is indented under 219.  Subject matter wherein the association or disassociation of plural articles results in the separation, grouping, or sequential arrangement of the articles.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

101Printing,   subclass 2 for the sorting of articles completing a printing process.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclass 216 for the sorting or grading of live fish and subclasses 712-849 for classifying, separating, or grouping animals (i.e., sorting) according to size or kind of animal.
209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   subclasses 3.1 through 3.3for a method of or device for sorting special items, subclasses 12.1-44.4 for plural, diverse separating operations and subclasses 509-707 for sorting special items.
348Television,   subclass 91 for a picture signal generator used to separate manufactured objects in different categories by structure or destination.
399Electrophotography,   subclass 403 for the sorting or collating of documents.
452Butchering,   subclass 184 for the sorting of a carcass or carcass portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 224]    224Having an identification code:
 This subclass is indented under 223.  Subject matter wherein the sorted or collated article has an identifying mark or address for the manipulation of said article to change its position, orientation or location.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 225]    225Having an identification code:
 This subclass is indented under 213.  Subject matter wherein the article has an identifying mark or address for the manipulation of the article to change its position, orientation or location.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 226]    226Identification code determines article destination:
 This subclass is indented under 225.  Subject matter wherein the identification code defines a target location of the article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

382Image Analysis,   subclass 306 for image storage or retrieval using identification indicia that appear on the document, such as keywords, to file the document or to retrieve the document.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 227]    227Preparation of an article for an identification code (e.g., printing, encoding):
 This subclass is indented under 226.  Subject matter wherein the identification code further comprises the step of impressing or stenciling a design or character upon the article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 228]    228Having particular transport between article handling stations:
 This subclass is indented under 213.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer controls the movement of the monitored or inspected item from one location to another.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

112through 113, for a particular work transport between manufacturing stations.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 229]    229Transport position identification:
 This subclass is indented under 228.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer functions to indicate the location of a transported item.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 230]    230Having a conveyor:
 This subclass is indented under 228.  Subject matter wherein the particular transport means is an apparatus designed to move an article along a predetermined path.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

193Conveyors, Chutes, Skids, Guides, and Ways,   appropriate subclasses for a device for guiding material either vertically, horizontally or at an inclination.
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses for a conveyor, per se.
406Conveyors: Fluid Current,   subclasses 10 through 33for a means to control a conveying fluid or movement of a load in response to a sensed condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 231]    231Dispensing or vending:
 This subclass is indented under 213.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer regulates or manages the automatic allotment or discharge of an article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

221Article Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses and in particular subclasses 9 through 14for the automatic control of an article dispensing device.
222Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses and in particular subclasses 52 through 69for the automatic control of a dispensing device.
271Sheet Feeding or Delivering,   subclasses 3.01 through 3.13for delivering to a stack of sheets and feeding therefrom, subclasses 8.1-171 for feeding an individual sheet from a pack of sheets, toward an operation, or with respect to a location where the individual sheet is operated upon, and subclasses 278-224 for delivering individual sheets from a work station to a receiver, stack, or some determined position.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclasses 16 through 25for vending combined with a cash or credit transaction.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 232]    232Operator or payment initiated:
 This subclass is indented under 231.  Subject matter wherein the dispensing or vending of an article is controlled by an input signal representing either (1) an operator request or (2) remittance of a sufficient amount of compensation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 233]    233Customized dispensed article (e.g., operator design):
 This subclass is indented under 232.  Subject matter having a means to receive and store information provided by the operator to tailor the dispensed or vended article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 234]    234Demonstration or duplication of article (e.g., software, video):
 This subclass is indented under 232.  Subject matter wherein the dispensing or vending system further enables an operator to sample a particular article or dispense a copy of a particular article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 235]    235Printing on or of dispensed or vended article:
 This subclass is indented under 232.  Subject matter wherein the dispensing or vending system is capable of marking, lettering, or placing any impression on the dispensed or vended article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

101Printing,   appropriate subclasses for the production of characters or designs on surfaces by impression of types or dies or by applying coating material thereto through openings of previous portions of a pattern sheet, as in stenciling, or by impression from planographic or intaglio surfaces.
283Printed Matter,   appropriate subclasses for an article bearing indicia.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 236]    236Data collection or reporting (e.g., sales, inventory):
 This subclass is indented under 232.  Subject matter wherein the dispensing or vending system manages or stores information relating to the quantity of articles dispensed or vended.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 237]    237Authorization (e.g., password, time usage limit, personal identification number (PIN)):
 This subclass is indented under 232.  Subject matter wherein the dispensing or vending system allows access to the vending operation when certain conditions have been satisfied or preapproval has been given.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

726Information Security,   subclasses 1 through 36for information security in computers or digital processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 238]    238Price adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under 232.  Subject matter wherein the dispensing or vending system is capable of setting the operating parameter of cost.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   appropriate subclasses and particularly subclasses 400 through 418for a data processing system or calculating computer which is designed for or utilized in determining charges for goods or services, or is utilized for the solution of a problem in this area.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 239]    239Blending or mixing:
 This subclass is indented under 231.  Subject matter wherein an article or a number of articles are distributed in a sequential fashion or integrated according to a predetermined formula before dispensing occurs.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 240]    240Condition controlled dispensing (e.g., weight or volume):
 This subclass is indented under 231.  Subject matter wherein a specific article characteristic is the controlling variable for the regulation or management of the automatic allotment or discharge of the article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 241]    241Central control of plural dispensing units:
 This subclass is indented under 231.  Subject matter wherein a plurality of dispensing or vending devices are regulated or managed by a host computer or data processing system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 3.1 through 3.9for selective electrical communication having monitoring in addition to control (e.g., supervisory).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 242]    242Particular supply arrangement (e.g., plural sources or compartments):
 This subclass is indented under 231.  Subject matter wherein a dispensing or vending device further comprises a housing or cartridge for the particular arrangement of the dispensed or vended article.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 243]    243Movable (e.g., rotatable):
 This subclass is indented under 242.  Subject matter positionable relative to the dispensing or vending device.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 244]    244Monitoring or inspection:
 This subclass is indented under 231.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer supervises, examines, or detects a condition related to the article being vended or dispensed.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 245]    245Robot control:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) (1) is designed for or utilized for controlling a robot as a unit or a robot end effector for general use, or (2) uses a specific control scheme, such as plural processors or plural robots or knowledge processing, in a computer system for controlling at least one robot.
(1) Note. This subclass and the subclasses indented hereunder do not provide for systems or methods that deal solely with creating, modifying, or using a computer program or digital data processing system for controlling a substructure of a robot other than an end effector for general use, such as controlling (1) the torque of a robot servo mechanism rather than the torque of the entire robot or (2) a robot vision system not integrally tied to the rest of the robot control. For the loci of such art, see the Search Class notes, below.
(2) Note. This subclass and the subclasses indented hereunder do not provide for systems or methods that use an unmodifiable preexisting computer program for controlling a single robot without providing additional data to the program or performing any special calculations for use by the program (e.g., mere robot position or velocity control without further data input, such as, visual input).
(3) Note. A robot as used in this and indented subclasses is an instrumented mechanism which can respond to and modify its environment with some degree of intelligence.
(4) Note. End effectors for a specific use are classified with such specific use. See the Search Class notes, below.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

213+,for article handling (e.g., warehousing, collating or dispensing).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

177Weighing Scales,   subclasses 25.11 through 44for computerized weighing scales.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 124.1 through 124.5for welding robots.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 568.1 through 568.25for robot servo motor details (e.g., servo torque control).
382Image Analysis,   subclass 153 for robotic image analysis.
623Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, or Aids and Accessories Therefor,   subclasses 60 , 61, and 64 for artificial arms parts having structure similar to robot arm parts.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   subclasses 45 through 61for knowledge processing in general.
901Robots,   appropriate subclasses for robotic cross-reference art collections.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 246]    246Combined with knowledge processing (e.g., natural language system):
 This subclass is indented under 245.  Subject matter wherein the system or method is combined with knowledge processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 247]    247Plural controlled devices or plural nonvision controlling devices:
 This subclass is indented under 245.  Subject matter wherein the system or method (1) has the capability to control a second device in addition to the robot, or (2) includes at least first and second processors, both of which control the robot and neither of which solely control robot vision.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 248]    248Plural robots:
 This subclass is indented under 247.  Subject matter wherein the second device is another robot.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 249]    249Plural processors:
 This subclass is indented under 247.  Subject matter wherein the first and second controlling devices are processors.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 250]    250Specific enhancing or modifying techniques (e.g., adaptive control):
 This subclass is indented under 245.  Subject matter comprising means or methods for altering the normal operation of a particular aspect of the robot control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 251]    251Coordinate transformation:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification deals with changing from a first coordinate system to a second coordinate system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 252]    252Interpolation:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification deals with inserting calculated intermediate points between already known points of a robot path.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

189,for machining interpolation.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 253]    253Programmed data (e.g., path) modified by sensed data:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification deals with modifying program control of a robot based on data from sensors.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 254]    254Compensation or calibration:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification deals with correcting for inherent errors in a robot or for aligning a robot.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 255]    255Collision prevention:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification deals with stopping a robot from contacting a solid object in a manner that would damage the robot or the object.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 256]    256Overload prevention:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification deals with stopping a robot from attempting to move a load that is beyond the capabilities of the robot.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 257]    257Based on user input:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter wherein the enhancement or modification is based on data supplied to a robot directly from a programmer.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 258]    258Having particular sensor:
 This subclass is indented under 245.  Subject matter wherein the system or method is provided data by a specified type of sensor.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

382Image Analysis,   appropriate subclasses for an image which is detected and significant analysis of the image is performed.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 259]    259Vision sensor (e.g., camera, photocell):
 This subclass is indented under 258.  Subject matter wherein the sensor detects light.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

382Image Analysis,   subclass 153 for subject matter that significantly claims the sensor gathering image data and processing that data to detect patterns, and the robot is only peripherally claimed.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 260]    260Having control of force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter wherein the system or method controls force.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 261]    261Having control of robot torque:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Subject matter wherein the system or method controls or limits the torque of the robot as a unit.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 262]    262Using particular manipulator orientation computation (e.g., vector/matrix calculation):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter wherein the system or method uses a specific vector or matrix calculation in order to control the directional positioning of the end effector of the robot.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 263]    263Using Jacobian computation:
 This subclass is indented under 262.  Subject matter wherein the system or method uses a Jacobian computation scheme, that is, an equation representing the mathematical operation for conversion of a function in terms of one set of variables to a function in terms of a second set of variables.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 264]    264Having particular operator interface (e.g., teaching box, digitizer, tablet, pendant, dummy arm):
 This subclass is indented under 245.  Subject matter including details of the operator interface.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 265]    265Nonreactive mixing process (e.g., mixing cement, preparing solution, diluting chemical):
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter including a process for varying relative apportionment of at least two components to form a mixture without changing chemical properties of the components (e.g., mixing cement, preparing solution, diluting chemical, etc.).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

285,for fluid mixing in a flow control system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

366Agitating,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus and methods for mixing which does not include significant computer control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 266]    266Chemical process control or monitoring system:
 This subclass is indented under 250.  Subject matter under subclass 90 comprising means for regulating or observing a chemical process (e.g., reaction) for producing a chemical product.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1through 89, for data processing control systems, methods, or apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

71Chemistry: Fertilizers,   appropriate subclasses.
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclasses 330 through 773for processes, particularly subclasses 375-387 for process control responsive to a sensed condition.
118Coating Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for coating apparatus.
201Distillation: Processes, Thermolytic,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclass 1 for thermolytic distillation processes with measuring, testing, or inspecting.
202Distillation: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for distillation apparatus.
203Distillation: Processes, Separatory,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 1 through 3for separatory distillation processes with measuring, testing, or inspecting.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   appropriate subclasses.
260Chemistry of Carbon Compounds,   appropriate subclasses.
423Chemistry of Inorganic Compounds,   appropriate subclasses.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 22 through 32for chemical analysis.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 267]    267Titration or pH level:
 This subclass is indented under 266.  Subject matter wherein the chemical reaction process includes a process to determine a concentration of a dissolved substance in terms of a smallest amount of a reagent of known concentration required to bring about a given effect in reaction given a known volume of a test solution or to measure a degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 268]    268Synthesis process:
 This subclass is indented under 266.  Subject matter wherein the chemical reaction process includes two or more chemical steps (i.e., reaction, separation, etc.) to build a combined product.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 269]    269Polymerization/trimerization:
 This subclass is indented under 268.  Subject matter including a reduplication process in which molecules are combined to form larger molecules having repeating structure units of the combined molecules.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

585Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Compounds,   subclasses 350 through 380for alicyclic compound synthesis and subclass 401 for aromatic compound synthesis with measuring, sensing, testing, or synthesis operation control responsive to diverse condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 270]    270Distillation:
 This subclass is indented under 266.  Subject matter wherein the chemical reaction process includes the process of first heating a mixture to collect a resultant vapor, and then cooling and condensing the resultant vapor to form a distilled product.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

201Distillation: Processes, Thermolytic,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclass 1 for thermolytic distillation processes with measuring, testing, or inspecting.
202Distillation: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for distillation apparatus.
203Distillation: Processes, Separatory,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 1 through 3for separatory distillation processes with measuring, testing, or inspecting.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 271]    271Refinement or purification or rejuvenation:
 This subclass is indented under 266.  Subject matter wherein the chemical reaction process includes the process for removing impurities in a mixture or for replenishing a solution with a component that has been used up during a chemical process.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

210Liquid Purification or Separation,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 141 through 142for such apparatus or processes with program actuator.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 272]    272Of fuel:
 This subclass is indented under 271.  Subject matter wherein the mixture or the solution is gasoline, oil, or any other hydrocarbon based material.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 273]    273Separation process:
 This subclass is indented under 266.  Subject matter wherein the chemical reaction process includes a process for separating a mixture into its individual components.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

95Gas Separation: Processes,   subclasses 1 through 24for gas separation processes with control responsive to sensed condition.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   subclass 25 for electric field separation apparatus with programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control means; subclass 103 for chromatography type apparatus with programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control system; and subclass 115 for solid sorbent apparatus with programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 274]    274Control of combustion or heating apparatus (e.g., kiln, furnace, autoclave, burner, combustion system):
 This subclass is indented under 266.  Subject matter comprising means for regulating a burning or heating apparatus (e.g., kiln, furnace, autoclave, burner, combustion system, etc.) for the chemical reaction process.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

299through 300, for data processing systems for temperature control.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

110Furnaces,   subclasses 185 through 190for furnaces with control means responsive to a sensed condition and subclasses 191-192 for furnaces with programmed or cyclic control means.
123Internal-Combustion Engines,   appropriate subclasses.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclass 19.5 for combustion engine-heated cooking stoves, oven, or heating vessels.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 200 through 553for heating devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 275]    275Mechanical control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter comprising means for regulating a mechanical structure or process.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1through 89, for data processing control systems, methods, or apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 276]    276HVAC control:
 This subclass is indented under 275.  Subject matter comprising an environmental control or an energy transfer system (i.e., heating, ventilating, air conditioning) for regulating air temperature or humidity in an occupied or an unoccupied living space within a building enclosure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 200 through 303for heat exchange with timer, programmer, time delay, or condition responsive control.
236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclass 1 for heating or cooling controls, and for zone control for heating or cooling medium; and subclass 44 for humidity control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 277]    277Multiple zones:
 This subclass is indented under 276.  Subject matter wherein the air temperature or humidity in a plurality of spaces is regulated.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

210,for a manufacturing operation having a multizone furnace.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 201 through 265for heat exchange with timer, programmer, time delay, or condition responsive control having heating or cooling capability.
236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclass 1 for zone control for heating or cooling medium.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 278]    278Specific thermally responsive controller:
 This subclass is indented under 276.  Subject matter comprising details of the regulating system for controlling the HVAC system (e.g., heating, venting, air conditioning).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclass 91 for thermostatic.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 279]    279Balancing or alignment:
 This subclass is indented under 275.  Subject matter comprising means for measuring, locating, or compensating imbalance effects or misaligned displacement present in an object.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclasses 41 through 44for steering control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 280]    280Vibration or acoustic noise control:
 This subclass is indented under 275.  Subject matter comprising means for canceling undesired vibrations or means for adjusting amplitude of a vibration signal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 570 through 672for vibration measuring and testing apparatus or method.
181Acoustics,   appropriate subclasses for sound generating or modifying apparatus.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 56 for vibration detection and subclasses 191-195 for measured signal processing for noise removal or suppression.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 281]    281Control of fluid level or volume:
 This subclass is indented under 275.  Subject matter comprising means for maintaining a fluid supply by adjusting a height of a fluid column or cubic units of a fluid space in a container.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 1.73 through 1.74for proving or calibrating of liquid level and volume measuring device and subclasses 290-334 for liquid level or depth gauge.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 386 through 454for liquid level responsive or maintaining systems.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 55 for liquid level or volume determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 282]    282Flow control (e.g., valve or pump control):
 This subclass is indented under 275.  Subject matter comprising means for regulating (e.g., diversion, cutoff, modulation) the passage or the flow capacity of a fluid.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

289,for adaptive valve control in a turbine or generator control system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 1.16 through 1.36for instrument proving or calibrating of volume of flow, speed of flow, volume rate of flow, or mass rate of flow; subclasses 23.2-31.07 for gas analysis; and subclasses 53.01-64.56 for liquid analysis.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 2 through 12for flow control processes by a condition or characteristic of a fluid, subclasses 47-58 for speed responsive valve control, and subclasses 803-842 for flow affected by fluid contact, energy field, or Coanda effect.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 45 through 49for flow metering.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 283]    283Dispensing management (e.g., spraying):
 This subclass is indented under 282.  Subject matter wherein means for regulating comprises means for manipulating the distribution of the fluid at an outlet (e.g., dispenser, nozzle, hose, reservoir, distributed center).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclasses 398 through 434.5for combining of separately supplied fluids (i.e., plural flow paths) and subclasses 461-524 for flow deflecting or rotation controlling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 284]    284Irrigation:
 This subclass is indented under 283.  Subject matter comprising means for selectively activating the distribution of the fluid in accordance with predetermined condition or schedule.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 285]    285Fluid mixing:
 This subclass is indented under 282.  Subject matter comprising means for combining any two or more fluids.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

265,for nonreactive mixing process.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 286]    286Electrical power generation or distribution system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized to measure and control the generation of electrical power or the distribution of electrical power through networks applicable in a power plant.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

60Power Plants,   appropriate subclasses for power plant apparatus, per se.
310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   appropriate subclasses.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 76.11 through 157for measuring, testing, or sensing electricity, per se.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 60 through 63for a data processing system designed for or utilized in the measurement of power parameters.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 287]    287Turbine or generator control:
 This subclass is indented under 286.  Subject matter comprising means for controlling a rotary engine actuated by a current of fluid such as water, steam, or air subject to pressure, or for controlling a machine that generates electricity.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

60Power Plants,   appropriate subclasses.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 288]    288Cogenerative system:
 This subclass is indented under 287.  Subject matter having means for using waste energy from one source to drive another, such as using heat from a gas turbine for producing steam to drive an auxiliary steam turbine.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 289]    289Adaptive valve control:
 This subclass is indented under 287.  Subject matter comprising means for controlling position of a valve for admission of fluid to the turbine in response to a time varying difference signal.
(1) Note. The time variable difference signal represents, for example, a difference between a measured valve position compared to an ideal valve position, a difference between a load reference and an actual turbine load, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

282,for flow control in a mechanical control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 290]    290For turbine speed control:
 This subclass is indented under 289.  Subject matter in which the valve is controlled for selecting or regulating speed of the turbine.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

304,for a specific application of speed responsive control system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 291]    291Energy consumption or demand prediction or estimation:
 This subclass is indented under 286.  Subject matter comprising means for deriving projected energy consumption or demand data over a predetermined future interval of time to regulate a distribution of power energy to operative load.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 292]    292System protection (e.g., circuit interrupter, circuit limiter, voltage suppressor):
 This subclass is indented under 286.  Subject matter including means adapted for the protection of the power generation or distribution system in response to an operating characteristic falling outside limits of normal operation of the system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 500 through 556for fault detecting in electric circuits and of electric components and subclasses 557-559 for insulation fault of noncircuit elements.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 1 through 138for safety and protection of systems and devices.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 58 through 59for an electrical fault detection system without any correction, subclass 69 for signal quality in wave form analysis, and subclasses 183- 185 for diagnostic analysis.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 1 through 57for reliability and availability and subclasses 712-717 for transmission facility testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 293]    293Abnormal power, current, or impedance condition:
 This subclass is indented under 292.  Subject matter including means for tripping a circuit breaker in response to a measured operating power, current, or impedance falling outside limits of normal operating condition.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 76.11 through 157for measuring, testing, or sensing electricity, per se, particularly subclasses 140-142 for plural inputs and subclasses 600-727 for impedance, admittance, or other quantities representative of electrical stimulus/response relationships.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 294]    294Abnormal phase, waveform, or polarity condition:
 This subclass is indented under 292.  Subject matter including means for tripping a circuit breaker in response to a measured or detected phase shift, waveform distortion, or polarity shift falling outside limits of normal operating condition.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 76.77 through 91for phase comparison, subclass 133 for nonquantitative (e.g., hot line indicator, polarity tester), and subclasses 620-626 for distortion measuring, testing, or sensing.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 295]    295Power allocation management (e.g., load adding/shedding):
 This subclass is indented under 286.  Subject matter comprising means for controlling power distributed to a load by selectively increasing or decreasing consuming power of the load.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 296]    296Time based control (e.g., real time or duty cycle):
 This subclass is indented under 295.  Subject matter wherein the power distributed to the load is selectively controlled based on a duration control signal (e.g., control interval for load-on or load-off states, etc.) or a time schedule control signal (e.g., month, day, time of day, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 297]    297Power supply regulation operation:
 This subclass is indented under 286.  Subject matter comprising means for adjusting power from a power supplier required to meet demand of load or operation of the power generation or distribution system.
(1) Note. Means for adjusting input power may include, for example, an auxiliary generator or a battery.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 299 through 303for input level responsive.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 298]    298By voltage regulation:
 This subclass is indented under 297.  Subject matter comprising means for adjusting the level of voltage of the power supplier.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 299]    299Specific application of temperature responsive control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein temperature of a system is regulated based on temperature measurement data.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1through 89, for data processing control systems, methods, or apparatus.
274,for data processing systems for controlling of combustion or heating apparatus (e.g., kiln, furnace).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclass 9 for combined heater and apartment controlled, subclass 15 for furnace control and subclass 44 for humidity control.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 298 through 416for thermally actuated switches.
374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   subclass 3 for thermal calibration system by immersion in liquid having controlled temperature and subclasses 33-34 for calorimetry with control of heat added to or lost from a sample container.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 300]    300For heating or cooling:
 This subclass is indented under 299.  Subject matter wherein temperature of the system is controlled by adjustment to a heating or cooling device of the system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclass 44 for humidity control and subclass 91 for thermostatic control of heating and cooling.
237Heating Systems,   appropriate subclasses.
432Heating,   subclasses 36 through 49for heating having condition responsive control and subclasses 51-53 for heating having timing, programming, or cycling control means.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 301]    301Specific application of pressure responsive control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein position of an object is regulated based on positional measurement data.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 700 through 756for fluid pressure gauge.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclasses.
417Pumps,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 302]    302Specific application of positional responsive control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein position of an object is regulated based on positional measurement data.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1through 89, for data processing control systems, method, or apparatus, particularly subclasses 56-66 for digital positioning other than machine tool.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 150 through 154for orientation or position determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 303]    303Specific application of dimensional responsive control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter wherein dimension of an object is regulated based on dimensional measurement data.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1through 89, for data processing control systems.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

33Geometrical Instruments,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 700 through 838for distance measuring.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 155 through 172for dimensional determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 304]    304Specific application of speed responsive control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter comprising means for regulating speed of an object based on speed measurement data.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1through 89, for data processing control systems, method, or apparatus, particularly subclass 69 for velocity or acceleration control.
290,for adaptive valve control for controlling turbine speed.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 488 through 551for speed, velocity, or acceleration measuring and testing.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 160 through 180for electrical speed measuring.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclasses 93 through 98for vehicle speed control.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 305]    305Specific application of weight responsive control system:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter comprising means for regulating weight of system based on weight measurement data.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 228 for calibration of photoelectric movable scales.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 101 through 102for calibration or correction of weighing system, subclass 128 for article count or size distribution by weight, and subclasses 173-175 for weight measurement system.
  
[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 306]    306Specific application of control based on elapsed time:
 This subclass is indented under 90.  Subject matter comprising means for controlling a device or process in response to a measured or calculated elapsed time.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclasses 139 through 154for mechanical timepieces and subclasses 184-202 for time regulating means.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 89 for calibration or correction of time measurement system, subclass 125 for testing system in which signal is generated for timing purpose, subclasses 176-178 for time duration or rate measurement system, and subclass 187 for history logging or time stamping.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

[List of Patents for class 700 subclass 900]    900SPECIAL ROBOT STRUCTURAL ELEMENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a robot with special structural element not provided for elsewhere.
(1) Note. Structural elements of this subclass type include, for example, robot arm structures excluded from other classes.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

901Robots,   art collections 15-18 for robot arm structures in general.
  

FOREIGN ART COLLECTIONS

Any foreign patents/nonpatent literature, which were reclassified, have been transferred directly to the art collection listed below. This art collection contains ONLY foreign documents/nonpatent literature. [Note: Parenthetical references in the titles refer to the abolished U.S. classifications from which these art collections were derived.]

FOR 101SEQUENTIAL OR SELECTIVE DATA PROCESSING CONTROL SYSTEM, METHOD, OR APPARATUS (364/140):
 Foreign art collection comprising a data processing system combined with a device or apparatus controlled thereby (the entirety referred to as a control system) where output signals are sequentially or selectively applied to control a system in a repetitive, orderly manner according to a predetermined schedule of operation.
  
FOR 102OPTIMIZATION OR ADAPTIVE DATA PROCESSING CONTROL SYSTEM, METHOD, OR APPARATUS (364/148):
 Foreign art collection comprising a data processing system combined with a device or apparatus controlled thereby (the entirety referred to as a control system) where a control seeks to extremilize (optimize) the system s performance criterion (e.g., efficiency, consumption, or profit).
  
FOR 103DIGITAL POSITIONING (OTHER THAN MACHINE TOOL) CONTROL SYSTEM, METHOD, OR APPARATUS (364/167.01):
 Foreign art collection comprising a data processing system combined with a device or apparatus controlled thereby (the entirety referred to as a control system) where the positioning of a control system member is controlled by a programmed digital computer utilizing numerical values, digital signals, or coded pulses which correspond to a desired position of control.
  
FOR 104GAME OR AMUSEMENT (364/410):
 Foreign art collection wherein a data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in the area of athletic events or entertainment.
  
FOR 105Scoring (364/411):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 104 which keeps track of the total amount of winning or losing in a game.
  
FOR 106Wagering (364/412):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 104 which includes the element of chance or betting.
  

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