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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 377]   CLASS 377,ELECTRICAL PULSE COUNTERS, PULSE DIVIDERS, OR SHIFT REGISTERS: CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This is the generic class for circuits or devices for making a count of electrical pulses; for circuits or devices for producing output pulses which are a fraction of the number of input pulses i.e., pulse dividers of for devices where information is stored in and serially transferred through a storage medium i.e., shift registers. Also included are pulse multipliers which make use of pulse dividing circuits.

(1) Note. The pulse dividers classified in this class make use of circuits or devices having a gating or switching action. For frequency changers which do not use such elements, e.g., parametric frequency converters, harmonic generators, etc. see the search notes.
(2) Note. In reference to counting electrical pulses it is not necessary that a display means be claimed in order for the subject matter to be classified in this class.
(3) Note. Magnetic counters are classified here; however magnetic shift registers for static storage and retrieval of information are a specialized form of shift register which are excluded from this class. See References to Other Classes, below.
(4) Note. Where shift register circuits are used to perform a memory or storage function and specific structure relating to such function is claimed, e.g., relating to a "read", "write", or "erase" function, the subject matter is classified elsewhere. See References to Other Classes, below.
(5) Note. A single "flip-flop" or bistable device is excluded from this class even though it can be considered a divide-by-two circuit. Such subject matter is classified elsewhere. See References to Other Classes, below. Where a plurality of "flip-flops" are connected together in series the circuit comprises a dividing or counting chain and is classified in this class.
(6) Note. The electrical pulses which are applied to a counter may originate as mechanical pulses and be subsequently converted to electrical pulses. Also included are applications using counters i.e., systems or devices performing functions other than counting and where a counter is used to indicate something about the state or operating condition of the device or system. Also included are counters, dividers, or shift registers used in circuit configurations which comprise more than a counter, per se, but where the configuration is not provided for in one of the existing Electrical Classes. COMBINATIONS OF OTHER APPARATUS WHICH INCLUDE THE APPARATUS OF THIS CLASS Applications of counters as mentioned in the class definition are classified here only if significant structure of the device or apparatus external to the counter is not claimed. Otherwise, classification is in the appropriate device or application class.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

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235Registers,   especially subclasses 93 through 105for mechanical registers or counters.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclass 424 for parametric frequency converters.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 114+ for miscellaneous pulse frequency modification (e.g., multiplication or division) which does not utilize the multiplying or dividing elements classified herein, subclasses 185+ for a single "flip-flop" or a miscellaneous bistable circuit which may be used in counting chains, and subclasses 365+ for miscellaneous gating circuits.
331Oscillators,   subclasses 1+ for phase locked loop circuits which make extensive use of pulse dividing circuits.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 12.18 through 12.2for counters used in selective circuits and subclass 12.21 for shift registers used in selective circuits.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   subclasses 50+ for data converters which may make use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 168.1+ where the "flip-flop" uses relays.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 8 , 9+, and 157+ for frequency conversion used in power applications.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 1+ for magnetic bubble counters, subclasses 73+ and 78 for shift register circuits claimed as static stores, subclasses 80+ for magnetic shift registers, and subclass 236 for counting matrix rows to address the desired row or location in the memory matrix.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclasses 85+ , 155+, and 217+ electronic digital timing circuits using pulse dividing means.
370Multiplex Communications,   for multiplex systems which make extensive use of shift register circuits.
399Electrophotography,   subclasses 75+ for machine operation of an electrophotographic device reproducing copies, particularly subclasses 79+ for accounting of copies produced.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
706Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
710Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Input/Output,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
711Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Memory,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
712Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures and Instruction Processing (e.g., Processors),   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
713Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Support,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for this subject matter which makes extensive use of pulse dividing and shift register circuits.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 1]    1APPLICATIONS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter s designed for or utilized in a particular art device.
(1) Note. For classification herein, there must be significant claim recitation of counting means or circuit. Where significant structure of the particular art device is claimed, classification is in the appropriate device class.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 2]    2Control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter used to control a machine, apparatus, or process.

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44,for one counter controlling another counter.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   for electric motor servo control systems where significant structure of the servo control system is claimed.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 1 through 89for data processing generic control systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 3]    3Counting, on an object, areas having alternating physical properties (e.g., counting lines on grid, teeth on gear, windings on coil):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter comprising means to count, on an object, areas or lines having alternate physical properties.

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356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 242.1 for significant optical testing or measuring structure including means to count threads.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 4]    4Betting on the outcome of an event; totalizers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where counters or registers are controlled to accumulate the totals involved in betting on the various possibilities involved in an event and/or to determine the odds involved in the payoff of the various possibilities.

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463Amusement Devices: Games,   for a game that includes an electrical pulse counter, divider, or shift register where significant structure or methodology of the game is recited, especially subclasses 16+ for a game of chance (which frequently includes wagering or totalizing), and subclasses 25+ for credit/debit monitoring or manipulation in a game, e.g., prize level, betting-pool amount, etc.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 91 through 93for data processing or computation, per se, for the purpose of analyzing, monitoring, or scoring a contest or game, which is not classifiable elsewhere.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination,   subclass 14.14 for a wagering system including data processing for a promotional wagering business system which reduces or eliminates the cost of a good or product as a prize to encourage trade.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 5]    5Game or sport:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter designed for or utilized in the area of athletic events for entertainment.

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4,for counters used in betting on the outcome of a event.

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463Amusement Devices: Games,   especially subclasses 1+ for a game that includes an electrical pulse counter, divider, or shift register where, significant structure or methodology of the game is recited.
473Games Using Tangible Projectile,   for apparatus or means used in a game or sport which uses a tangible projectile, which game apparatus or means may include a counting means or circuit but significant structure of the game apparatus or means is recited.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 91 through 93for data processing or computation, per se, for the purpose of analyzing, monitoring, or scoring a contest or game, which is not classifiable elsewhere.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 6]    6Counting animate or inanimate entities:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter for counting nonliving or living entities.

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209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   subclass 551 for structure to assorting solids which may include item counting.
221Article Dispensing,   subclasses 2+ for structure to article dispensing which may include counting.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 23+ for structure to dispensing which may include counting.
246Railway Switches and Signals,   subclasses 77+ and 247 for railway switching and signaling structure including means for counting railway cars.
250Radiant Energy,   subclass 221 for optical or prephotocell systems controlled by articles, persons, or animals.
399Electrophotography,   subclasses 75+ for machine operation of an electrophotographic device reproducing copies, particularly subclasses 79+ for accounting of copies produced.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 7]    7Coins:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.  Subject matter where the entity is a coin.

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453Coin Handling,   subclasses 30+ and 58+ for structure to coin handling which include counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 8]    8Flat articles (e.g., sheet, bill, ticket):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.  Subject matter where the length and width of the entity is large compared to its thickness.

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7,for counting coins.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 559.01+ for evaluation or detection of sheet-type articles which include photocell means.
399Electrophotography,   subclasses 79+ for accounting of reproduced copies (e.g., flat sheets) in an electrophotographic device.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 9]    9Vehicles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.  Subject matter where entity is a vehicle.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 425.5+ , 907+, and 933+ for electrical signaling means for controlling traffic or vehicles.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 10]    10Field of view contains plural entities or entities scanned plural times (e.g., microscopic particles):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.  Subject matter where the field of view of a detector encompasses plural entities or where entities are scanned plural times.

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324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   for particle counting where significant details are recited in regard to handling or preparing the particles to be counted.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 26 for chemical analysis particle count and subclass 29 for chemical analysis particle size determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 11]    11Including particle size determination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter including means for determining particle size.

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356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 39+ for blood analysis.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 21 for cell count or shape or size analysis in a biological or biochemical application, subclass 26 for quantitative determination by particle count in a chemical analysis measuring system, and subclass 29 for particle size determination in a chemical analysis measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 12]    12Counting by detecting electrical impedance variations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter where the entities which are counted are detected by sensing the difference in their electrical impedances relative to the surroundings.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 13]    13Registering counts for different categories (e.g., accounting):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter comprising means for making separate counts of different categories of things.

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11,where the different categories are different particle size distributions.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 14]    14Where the different categories represent monetary amounts (e.g., wages, charges):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.  Subject matter where the categories are amounts of money which are associated with different items.

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7,for counting coins of the same size.

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705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/price Determination,   subclasses 30+ for an accounting system having significant data processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 15]    15Counting based on number of times machine or apparatus operates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter including means for determining the number of times a machine or apparatus operates.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 16]    16Determining machine or apparatus operating time or monitoring machine apparatus or operation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter comprising counting means for determining the time which a machine or apparatus operates or for identifying or measuring some parameter relative to the operation of a machine or apparatus.

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15,for counting the number of times a machine or apparatus operates.
38,for plug-in counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 17]    17Position determining:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter including counting means utilized in determining the position of some entity or for setting the position of some entity.

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38,for plug-in counters.
87,for means for sensing the position of a number wheel in an electromechanical counter.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 18]    18Of flat flexible strip (e.g., tape):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter where the entity is a flat flexible strip of material.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 19]    19Measuring or testing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where pulses are counted in systems for determining the value of some parameter.

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73Measuring and Testing,   for measuring or testing various physical quantities where significant structure of the measuring of testing means is claimed.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   for measuring or testing electrical quantities where significant structure of the measuring or testing means is claimed.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   for measuring or testing optical quantities where significant structure of the measuring or testing means is claimed.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 20]    20Time combined with measurement of another parameter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter where pulse are counted for measurement of time and for some other parameter.

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368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   for time measuring means, per se.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclass 306 for a control system based on an elapsed time.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 79 for measuring of a time-related parameter in an electrical signal parameter measurement system, and subclasses 176+ for time duration or rate measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 21]    21Fluid flow:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter where the parameter is the rate of flow of a fluid.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 861+ for means for measuring fluid flow where significant structure of the measuring means is claimed.
137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclass for fluid flow which includes structure to fluid handling.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 22]    22Weight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter where the parameter is weight.

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177Weighing Scales,   for means for measuring weight where significant structure of the measuring means is claimed.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclass 305 for weight responsive control.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 173+ for a weight measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 23]    23Acceleration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter where the parameter is acceleration.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 488+ for acceleration measuring means of the inertial type where significant structure of the measuring means is claimed.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 162 for electrical accelerometers where significant structure of the measuring means is claimed.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclass 303 for dimensional responsive control.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 141 for an acceleration measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 24]    24Dimension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter where the parameter is measurement of a distance.

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33Geometrical Instruments,   for means for measuring dimensions where significant structure of the measuring means is claimed.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclass 303 for dimensional responsive control.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 155+ for a dimensional measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 24.1]    24.1Distance and powered vehicle (e.g., odometer):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Subject matter including on electronic counter for measuring or using distance involving a powered vehicle.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclass 490 for speed measurement with distance registering means.
235Registers,   subclass 95 for odometers of the mechanical type.
346Recorders,   subclass 15 for recording fare register; subclass 33 for external recorder operating means.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclass 2 , 5, and 6 for time measurement in speed checkers, engines, and vehicles, respectively.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclass 303 for dimensional responsive control system and subclass 304 for speed responsive control system.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 142+ for a speed measuring system, subclasses 158+ for a linear distance or length measuring system, and subclasses 163+ for a rotary distance or length measuring system.
705Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/price Determination,   subclass 417 for a system employing data processing with a taximeter.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 24.2]    24.2Distance and human activity (e.g., pedometer, nonpowered golf carts):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Subject matter including an electronic counter for measuring or using distance under the control of a form of human activity.

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33Geometrical Instruments,   subclass 3 for measuring or indicating means relating to footwear.
235Registers,   subclass 105 for mechanical pedometers.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 71.1 for determining nonelectric properties by measuring electric properties.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   appropriate subclasses for time-based circuit devices.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 142+ for a speed measuring system, subclasses 158+ for a linear distance or length measuring system, and subclasses 163+ for a rotary distance or length measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 25]    25Temperature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter wherein counting pulses represents temperature.

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374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 170+ for similar subject manner having significant temperature responsive structure.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 276 through 278for HVAC control, and subclasses 299-300 for a temperature responsive control system.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 130+ for a temperature measuring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 26]    26Including memory:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter associated with means for storing data.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   for electronic storage and retrieval of information, per se; subclasses 185.01+ for floating gate memory storage (e.g., flash memory).
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 27]    27SYSTEMS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the circuitry involved includes more than a counter or shift register, per se, but is not sufficient for classification with a particular art device.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 28]    28Identifying or correcting improper counter operation (e.g., error checking, monitoring; preventing or correcting improper counter operation):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter comprising means for identifying an incorrect condition in the operation of the counter or in the result produced and/or correcting such condition; or means for preventing such condition from arising.

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714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 746+ for digital data error detection in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 29]    29Testing or calibrating the counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter comprising means to determine and/or adjust some operating condition of a counter or shift register.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 30]    30Preventing an inaccurate count as a result of an external condition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter comprising means for preventing an incorrect count as a result of some condition outside of the counter itself.

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28,for preventing or correcting improper counter operation.
29,for testing, monitoring, or calibrating the counter, per se.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 222 for prevention of loss of stored information by replenishing or amplifying a decayed signal.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 530+ for error detection or correction in digital computer computational operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 31]    31Automatic preset:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Subject matter where, as a result of the external condition, the counter is automatically set to some predetermined count.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 142+ for miscellaneous synchronizing reset circuits which may be power supply responsive.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 32]    32Power failure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Subject matter where the external condition is the power supply for the counter.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 142+ for miscellaneous synchronizing reset circuits which may be power supply responsive.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 635+ for indicating systems responsive to the condition of electrical apparatus.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 226+ for preventing loss of stored information as a result of power interruption.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclass 66 for monitoring the power level of a timepiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 33]    33Using particular code or particular counting sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter characterized by the use of a code or of a counting sequence which has special significance.

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341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   appropriate subclasses for code conversion, analog to or from digital code conversion, data transmitters, or data generation.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 242+ for pulse code modulation used in communication systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 34]    34Minimum change code (e.g., gray code):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.  Subject matter comprising a code in which only one bit in the code group changes when going from a code group representing a given number to a code group representing an adjacent number.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 35]    35Excess three code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.  Subject matter where the code for each number is the same as in binary coded decimal except 3 is added to each decimal before encoding it into binary.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 36]    36Biquinary code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.  wherein the numbers from 0 to 9 are divided into two groups and one position of the code is used to determine in which group a given number is, and a five position code is used to determine the number in the group.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 37]    37Sequential readout of plural counters or sequential sampling of inputs to a counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter whereby input circuits to a counter are sampled in order, or whereby the outputs of plural counters are sampled in order.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective systems, in general.
370Multiplex Communications,   for multiplex systems in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 38]    38Plug in counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter where the counter is designed to be temporarily attached to a machine or apparatus.

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15,for counting the number of times a machine or apparatus operates.
16,for using counters to monitor some specific parameter relative to a machine, apparatus, or operation, e.g., the time a machine or apparatus operates.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 39]    39Comparing counts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including means whereby a signal is generated or controlled in dependence on the result of comparing a number representing one count with another number representing another count.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 1+ for miscellaneous discriminating, comparing, or selecting circuits.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 146.2 for digital comparator systems, per se.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 671 for comparison operations in digital computer arithmetic computations.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 40]    40Nonsignificant zero elimination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter comprising means for eliminating, from a numerical read out, zeros which have no significance in regard to the value of a number.

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708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 166 for zero suppression in electric digital calculators.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 41]    41Complementing a count:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including means for generating a number which is the difference between a given count and a count representing the capacity of the counter.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 42]    42Converting input or output signal from or to an analogue signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including means whereby pulses to the system are converted from an analogue signal or output pulses from the system are converted to an analogue signal.

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341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   subclasses 126+ for analogue to digital or digital to analogue converters, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 43]    43Having phase shift:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including two pulse trains which are shifted from one time relationship with each other to another time relationship.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 141+ and 231+ for miscellaneous circuits which may utilize phase shifting.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 44]    44Counter-controlled counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter where one counter controls another counter.
(1) Note. Connecting counter stages in series to increase the count capacity does not constitute a system for classification in this subclass. Such circuits are classified in subclasses 57 through 130.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 45]    45Including reversible counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter where in one mode successive pulses cause the counter to count upward and in another mode cause the counter to count downward.

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61+,for direction control of signal information in charge transfer device counters and shift registers.
85,for reversible electromechanical counters.
123,125 and 126, for pulse counting or dividing chains, per se, in the form of reversible counters.

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708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 672 for incrementation or decrementation of pulse signals in digital computer systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 46]    46Including ring counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including counters whereby information is transmitted serially through a counter from input to output (one cycle) and then transferred back to the input stage where the cycle begins again.

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122,124, and 126, for pulse counting or dividing chains, per se, in the form of ring counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 47]    47Pulse multiplication or division:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter where the number of output pulses in some multiple or some fraction of the number of input pulses.

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18+,for pulse counting or dividing chains, per se.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 114+ for miscellaneous pulse frequency modification (e.g., multiplication or division) which does not utilize the multiplying or dividing elements classified herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 48]    48Multiplication or division by a fraction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Subject matter where the arithmetic function is multiplication or division by a fraction.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 49]    49Counter includes circuit for performing an arithmetic function:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter where a counter includes a circuit for performing an arithmetic function.

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47+,for pulse multiplication or division means.

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708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 490+ for digital calculators which perform arithmetic operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 50]    50Compensation for excess or shortage of pulses:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter comprising means for adding pulses which are missing and/or eliminating pulses which are extraneous.

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28,for systems relating to improper counter operation.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 18+ for miscellaneous detecting of absent or present pulses.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 746+ for digital data error detection in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 51]    51Including structure for detection or indicating overflow condition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter comprising means for sensing and/or indicating when the count in a counter has exceeded the capacity of the counter.

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50,for systems for compensating for an excess or shortage of pulses.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 52]    52With programmable counter (i.e., with variable base):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including means for varying the modules or base of a counter.

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84,for programmable electromechanical counters.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 261+ for an output waveform delay circuit which may utilize a programmable counting device.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for pulse counters which may be preset to determine time.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 53]    53With photoelectric sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including means for sensing electromagnetic radiation in the visible, ultraviolet, or infrared range.

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102,for counters of dividers, per se, using bistable electro-optical devices.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 336.1+ for invisible radiant energy responsive signalling devices and subclasses 200+ for photocell controlled systems.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 514+ for miscellaneous nonlinear circuits whose operation is dependent upon the external effect of light energy.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 54]    54Using shift register:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter including a device in which information is stored in and serially tranferred through a storage medium.

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57,for shift register circuits of the charge transfer device type, per se.
64,for shift registers, per se.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 78 , 80+, and 240 for storage and retrieval systems which involve shift registers.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 55]    55Particular input circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter wherein the system is characterized by having an input circuit having special significance.

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60,for particular input circuits in charge transfer device-type counters.
70,for particular input circuits in shift registers, per se.
86,for particular input circuits in electromechanical counters.
111,for particular input circuits for counters in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 56]    56Particular output circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter wherein the system is characterized by having an output circuit having special significance.

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60,for particular output circuits in charge transfer device-type counters or shift registers.
75,for particular output circuits in shift registers, per se.
87,for particular output circuits in electromechanical counters.
114,for particular output circuits for counters in general.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 51+ for miscellaneous circuits combining signal amplitude discriminating, comparing, or selecting with a sensing amplifier.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 57]    57CHARGE TRANSFER DEVICE (E.G., ANALOGUE SHIFT REGISTER, CCD, BUCKET BRIGADE DEVICE):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the functional element of the counter of shift register is an electrostatic potential controlled semiconductor structure, whereby counting or shifting is achieved by the sequential transfer of localized charges through storage sites within or at the surface of the semiconductor body.
(1) Note. In some charge transfer devices, such as bucket brigade types as distinguished from CCD types, not all of the charges in the storage sites are transferred.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses, including subclasses 215+ , for charge transfer type active semiconductor devices, per se.
326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclass 61 for electronic digital logic with a charge transfer device.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 263+ , 271, 277, and 284 for miscellaneous delay circuits utilizing a charge transfer device.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 165 for frequency or time domain filters and delay lines utilizing charge transfer devices.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 185.01+ for floating gate memory storage (e.g., flash memory) and subclass 183 for static storage charge coupled devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 58]    58Compensating for or preventing signal charge deterioration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.  Subject matter including means for compensating for or preventing deterioration of the charge which is passed through the charge transfer device.

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68,for compensating for or preventing signal deterioration in shift registers in general.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclasses 21+ for digital logic circuits including circuits for maintaining logic signal transmission integrity.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 379+ for miscellaneous gating circuits including signal transfer loss prevention.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 222 for stored signal loss prevention by data refresh circuitry.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 59]    59With feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.  Subject matter including means for feeding part of the output signal of the charge transfer device back to the input.
(1) Note. See search notes under subclass 57.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 60]    60Particular input or output means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.  Subject matter wherein the charge transfer device is characterized by input or output means having special significance.

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55,for particular input circuits in counting systems and see also search notes thereunder.
56,for particular output circuits in counting systems and see also search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 61]    61Direction and/or path flow control (e.g., clocking or biasing, by charge splitting):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.  Subject matter for controlling the direction or path in which the charge moves through the charge transfer device.

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69,for shift direction control in shift registers in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 62]    62In charge-coupled device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.  Subject matter where the localized charges which move through storage sites include substantially all the mobile charges at a storage site.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 63]    63Charge-coupled device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.  Subject matter where the localized charges which move through storage sites include substantially all the mobile charges at a storage site.

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62,Including circuitry for direction and/or path flow control in charge coupled devices.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 185.01+ for floating gate memory storage (e.g., flash memory) and subclass 183 for static storage circuits using charge coupled devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 64]    64SHIFT REGISTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising an information storage device in which the information, in the form of electric pulses, is stored in and serially transferred through a storage medium.

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57+,for shift registers using charge transfer means.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 78 for plural shift register memory devices, subclasses 80+ for magnetic shift register memory systems, subclass 189.12 for a shift register in a static memory system read/write circuit subclass 240 for sequencing memory locations in an addressing circuit using shift registers.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 65]    65Using electromechanical relays:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter using mechanical switching devices which are electrically controlled.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 66]    66Asynchronous:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter where each stage of a register triggers the succeeding stage without the need for timing pulses.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 67]    67Multirank (i.e., rows of storage units form a shift register):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter comprising plural sets of stages where information can be synchronously shifted between these sets of stages.

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61,for charge transfer multirank shift registers.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 68]    68Compensating for or preventing signal deterioration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter including means for compensating for or preventing deterioration of the signal which is passed through the shift register.

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58,for compensating for or preventing signal charge deterioration in charge transfer devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 69]    69Shift direction control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter where means are included to control the direction in which information can be transferred through the register.

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45,for counting systems including reversible counters.
61+,for signal direction control in charge transfer device registers or counters.
85,for reversible electromechanical counters.
123,for pulse counting or dividing chains of the reversible counter type using only three electrode semiconductor-type bistable regenerative trigger circuits.
125,for reversible counting or dividing chains using bistable regenerative trigger circuits in general.
126,for reversible counting and dividing chains in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 70]    70Particular input circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter wherein the shift register is characterized by an input circuit having special significance.

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55,for counter systems including particular input circuits and see also search notes thereunder.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 83 for magnetic shift registers having parallel inputs, subclass 219 for memory read write circuitry using parallel inputs and serial outputs and subclass 220 wherein information is written into a memory in parallel form and read output in parallel form.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 71]    71Pulse shaping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 70.  Subject matter for changing the shape or form of a pulse.

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111,for particular input circuits for counters, per se.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous pulse shaping circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 72]    72With feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 70.  Subject matter having means for feeding a portion of the output signal of the register back to the input.

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46,for systems including a ring counter- type feedback arrangement and see also notes thereunder.
59,for feedback controlled charge transfer device-type shift registers or counters.
129,for counters where pulses are continuously circulated in a closed feedback loop.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 73]    73Including logic circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 70.  Subject matter including a circuit for performing a logical operation.

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81,for shift registers with particular transfer means including a logic circuit.
116,for counters with particular transfer means including a logic circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 74]    74Field-effect transistor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 73.  Subject matter where the logic circuit includes a field-effect transistor.

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79,for a shift register with particular transfer means including clocking or synchronizing circuits using field-effect transistors.
117,for counters with particular transfer circuits including field-effect transistor logic circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 75]    75Particular output circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter where the register is characterized by having an output circuit of special significance.

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56,for counting systems including particular output circuits.
60,for charge transfer device-type counters or shift registers having particular output means.
87,for electromechanical counters having particular output means.
114,for counters in general having particular output circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 76]    76Sequential output (e.g., tapped delay line):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter where information appears successively on a plurality of output terminals.

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37,for sequential readout of plural counters in a counting system.
56,for counting systems including a particular output circuit.
114,for particular output circuits for a counter.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 83 , 219, 221, and 239 for static memories involving sequential readout means.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 77]    77Particular transfer means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter where the register is characterized by means of special significance for coupling information from the output of one stage of the register to the input of a succeeding stage.

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57+,for charge transfer device-type counters or shift registers having particular transfer means.
115+,for counters or dividers in general including particular transfer means.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclasses 93+ for clocking of logic stages or gates in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 78]    78Phased clocking or synchronizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Subject matter where the signals synchronizing operation of the register are applied to two sets of register stages, the signals applied to one set being in time displaced relationship with the signals applied to another set.

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104+,for phased clocked counters or dividers.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclasses 93+ for clocking or synchronizing of logic stages or gates.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 141+ for miscellaneous synchronizing circuits and subclasses 291+ for miscellaneous clock signal generation.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 79]    79Field-effect transistor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Subject matter including a field-effect transistor.

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105,for field-effect transistor-type phase clocked counters or dividers.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 213+ for field effect devices.
326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclasses 95+ for clocking or synchronizing of FET logic stages or gates.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 80]    80Parallel clocking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Subject matter where the signals synchronizing operation of the register are simultaneously applied to more than one stage of the register.

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106,for counters or dividers controlled by a particular parallel gating or clock signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 81]    81Logic circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Subject matter including a circuit for performing a logical operation.

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73+,for shift registers having particular input circuits and including logic circuits.
116+,for counters or dividers having particular transfer means and including logic circuits.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 89 for magnetic shift registers using logic circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 82]    82ELECTROMECHANICAL COUNTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including means whereby the electrical pulses to be counted produce a mechanical motion which controls a mechanical counting device.

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235Registers,   subclasses 93 through 105for mechanical counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 83]    83Counting or dividing chains using relays:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter comprising a plurality of stages connected in a serial arrangement such that the state of one stage is a function of the state of an adjacent stage and the state of a given stage is determined by the position of one or more relays.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 84]    84Programmable (i.e., with variable base):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter including means for varying the modules or base of a counter.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 85]    85Reversible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where, in one mode, successive pulses cause the counter to count upward and in another mode cause the counter to count downward.

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45,for counting systems including a reversible counter.
69,for shift registers in general having direction control of pulse signals.

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708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 672 for incrementing and decrementing in computational devices and systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 86]    86Particular input means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where the counter is characterized by having input means of special significance.

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55,for particular input circuits in systems using counters, dividers, and shift registers.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 87]    87Particular output means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where the counter is characterized by having output means of special significance.

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56,for particular output circuits used in systems employing pulse counters, dividers, or shift registers.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 88]    88With resetting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter for returning the counter to a state representing an initial count.

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31,for counting systems including automatic preset circuits for preventing an inaccurate count.
84,for resetting means in programmable electromechanical counters.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 142+ for a miscellaneous synchronizing circuit providing a reset signal which may be responsive to a power supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 89]    89Rotary magnet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where the electromechanical means includes a rotating magnet.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 90]    90Stepping switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where the electromechanical means is a multiposition switch which succeeding pulses move through its various positions.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 91]    91Clutch or escapement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where the electromechanical means includes a clutch or an escapement.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 92]    92Pawl and ratchet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter where the electromagnetic means controls a ratchet.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 93]    93WITH SUPERCONDUCTIVE ELEMENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the functional element of the counter is operated at temperatures in the neighborhood of absolute zero where electrical resistance becomes essentially zero.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   subclasses 31 through 36for superconductive active devices, per se.
326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclasses 1+ for superconducting logic circuits.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclass 86 for a stable state circuit utilizing a superconducting element and subclasses 527+ for miscellaneous superconducting circuits.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 160+ for static memory systems using superconductive elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 94]    94COUNTING OR DIVIDING IN INCREMENTAL STEPS (I.E., STAIRCASE COUNTER):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter whereby each pulse is stored and adds an incremental value to the previously existing stored value and an element or circuit is caused to change state when the stored value reaches a predetermined point.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 126+ for a miscellaneous staircase or stepwave generator.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 95]    95Charge storage (e.g., capacitor without polarization hysterisis):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Subject matter including a storage element capable of holding a current charge.
(1) Note. The storage element may be for example an integrating capacitor.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 96]    96Using auxiliary pulse generator triggered by incoming pulses:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Subject matter where a pulse generator is triggered when the stored value reaches a predetermined point.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous signal converting, shaping, or generating circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 97]    97Hysteresis storage (e.g., counters using saturable magnetic core elements):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Subject matter where the incremental values are points on the hysteresis loop of a particular material.

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307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 401+ for nonlinear systems (e.g., saturable).
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 98]    98DEVICES HAVING MORE THAN TWO STABLE STATES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where a pulse counter of frequency divider comprises one or more devices having more than two stable states.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 99]    99Beam type tube (e.g., magnetron, cathode-ray tube):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter where the device having more than two stable states is a tube which generates a beam of atomic particles.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 100]    100Multi-cathode gas discharge tubes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter where the device having more than two stable states is a gas discharge tube having a plurality of cathodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 101]    101USING BISTABLE MAGNETIC CORES OR FERROELECTRIC CAPACITORS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the counter or divider utilizes magnetic cores or ferrelectric capacitors having two or more stable states.

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97,for counting or dividing in incremental steps using saturable magnetic core elements.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 190+ for a miscellaneous stable state circuit utilizing a transformer or saturable core device.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 102]    102USING BISTABLE ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the counter or divider utilizes devices for converting light radiation into electrical current and which devices have two or more stable states.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclass 187 for a miscellaneous stable state circuit which is light sensitive.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 185.01+ for floating gate memory storage (e.g., flash memory), subclasses 106+ where the condition or state of a memory material or element is altered by a beam of radiant energy and see also the search notes thereunder and subclasses 215 and 234 for optical read/write circuits and addressing circuits respectively.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 103]    103COUNTING OR DIVIDING CHAINS USING GAS-FILLED TUBES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a plurality of stages connected in a serial arrangement such that the state of one stage is a function of the state of an adjacent stage and the state of a given stage is determined by the conductive state of a gas-filled tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 104]    104PHASED CLOCKING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the signals synchronizing operation of the counter are applied to counter stages in a time displaced relationship with one another.

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43,for a counting system including two pulse trains which are time shifted in relation to each other.
78+,for shift registers having particular transfer means of the phase clocking or synchronizing type.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclasses 93+ for clocking or synchronizing logic stages or gates.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 141+ for miscellaneous synchronizing circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 105]    105Field-effect transistor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 104.  Subject matter including a field-effect transistor.

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79,for shift registers controlled by field-effect transistor-type phase clocking or synchronizing circuits and see also search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 106]    106PARTICULAR PARALLEL GATING OR CLOCK SIGNAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the signals synchronizing operation of the counter are simultaneously applied to more than one stage of the counter.

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80,for shift registers, per se, having parallel clocking-type signal transfer circuitry.
104+,for phased clocking of counter and dividing circuits and see also search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 107]    107STARTING, STOPPING, PRESETTING, OR RESETTING THE COUNTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for assisting in initiating operation of the counter, causing operation of the counter to cease or placing the counter in a state representing an initial count.

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31,for systems for preventing an inaccurate count by means of automatic preset.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 142+ for a miscellaneous synchronizing circuit providing a reset signal which may be responsive to a power supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 108]    108Counter chains with a radix or base other than the number two raised to an integral power:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 107.  Subject matter where the number of different states the counter can assume is other than a power of two.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 109]    109Decade:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Subject matter where the number of different states the counter can assume is ten.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 110]    110Programmable (e.g., with mechanical or electromechanical switch means for selecting the count):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Subject matter including means for varying the modules or base of a counter.

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33+,for counting systems using particular code or counting sequence.
52,for systems including a programmable counter (i.e., with variable base) and see also search notes thereunder.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 261+ for an output waveform delay circuit which may utilize a programmable counting device.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for pulse counters which may be preset to determine time.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 111]    111PARTICULAR INPUT CIRCUITS FOR COUNTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the counter is characterized by having a special input circuit.

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55,for systems using counters, dividers, and shift registers and having particular input circuits.
60,for charge transfer devices having particular input circuit means.
70+,for shift registers having a particular input circuit.
86,for electromechanical counters having particular input means.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 112]    112INDICATING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter s for providing information as to the state of the counter.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 815.4+ where the information signals and/or results in electrical communication systems are visually displayed.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   subclasses 1.1 through 3.4for visual display systems with selective electrical control.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for indicating means for time measuring systems or devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 113]    113Using glow discharge lamps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Subject matter where the indication results from an electron discharge through a gas-filled tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 114]    114PARTICULAR OUTPUT CIRCUITS FOR COUNTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the counter is characterized by an output circuit having special significance.

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56,for systems using counters, dividers, and shift registers and having particular output circuits.
60,for charge transfer devices having particular output circuit means.
75+,for shift registers having a particular output circuit.
87,for electromechanical counters having particular output means.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 115]    115PARTICULAR TRANSFER MEANS (E.G., MASTER-SLAVE):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the counter is characterized by a circuit having special significance for transferring the output of one stage of a counter to the input of another stage of the counter.

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57+,for transfer circuits using charge transfer devices (e.g., charge coupled devices, bucket brigade devices).
77+,for shift registers having particular transfer means.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 202+ for a miscellaneous master-slave bistable latch.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 116]    116Including logic circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Subject matter including a circuit for performing a logical operation.

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81,for shift registers having logic circuits as the particular transfer means.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   particularly subclasses 93+ for the clocking or synchronizing of logic stages or gates.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 117]    117Field-effect device (e.g., JFET, IGFET, MNOS):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Subject matter where the circuit includes a field-effect device.

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79,for shift registers with phase clocking of transfer means and using field-effect transistors.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 213+ , for field effect devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 118]    118PULSE COUNTING OR DIVIDING CHAINS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a plurality of stages and connected in a serial arrangement such that the state of one stage is a function of the state of an adjacent stage.

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27+,for systems using one or more counter or divider chains.
57+,for charge transfer device-type counting and dividing chains.
83,for chains using relays.
101,for chains using magnetic cores or ferroelectric capacitors.
102,for chains using electro-optical devices.
103,for chains using gas filled tubes.
108,for counter chains with radix or base other than the number two raised to an integral power.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 119]    119Using bistable regenerative trigger circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter where each stage utilizes a device which, as a result of having a feedback loop gain greater than one, can be changed from a nonconducting to a conducting state by means of a incoming pulse.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 199+ for miscellaneous bistable circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 120]    120Using only semiconductors having at least three electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Subject matter where the only active elements in the trigger circuit are semiconducting devices having three or more electrodes.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 185+ for miscellaneous stable state circuits utilizing a semiconducting device.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 121]    121Field effect device (e.g., JFET, IGFET, MNOS):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject matter where the active element is a field-effect device.

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74,for shift registers using field-effect transistor-type logic circuits in the input circuit.
79,for shift registers with phase clocking or synchronizing circuits using field-effect transistors.
105,for phase clocked counters using field-effect transistors.
117,for counters having transfer means which use field effect transistors.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 208+ for a miscellaneous bistable circuit utilizing an FET.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 122]    122Ring counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject matter where the semiconducting devices are used in the stages of a counter through which information is transmitted serially from input to output (one cycle) and then tranferred back to the input stage where the cycle begins again.

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46,for systems including ring counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 123]    123Reversible counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject matter where the semiconducting devices are used in the stages of a counter which, in one mode, counts upward and, in another mode, counts downward.

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45,for systems including reversible counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 124]    124Ring counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Subject matter where the regenerative trigger circuits are used in the stages of a counter through which information is transmitted serially from input to output (one cycle) and then transferred back to the input stage where the cycle begins again.

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46,for systems including ring counters.
122,for ring counters using bistable regenerative trigger circuits including semiconductors having at least three electodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 125]    125Reversible counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Subject matter where the regenerative trigger circuits are used in the stages of a counter, which, in one mode, counts upward and, in another mode, counts downward.

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45,for systems including reversible counters.
123,for reversible counter chains using bistable regenerative trigger circuits including semiconductors having at least three electrodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 126]    126Ring or reversible counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter where the regenerative trigger circuits are used (1) in the stages of a counter through which information is transmitted serially from input to output (one cycle) and then transferred back to the input stage where the cycle begins again or (2) in the stages of a counter which, in one mode, counts upward and, in another mode, counts downward.

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45,for systems including reversible counters.
46,for systems including ring counters.
122,for ring counters using bistable regenerative trigger circuits including semiconductors having at least three electrodes.
123,for reversible counter chains using bistable regenerative trigger circuits including semiconductors having at least three electrodes.
124,for ring counter chains in general using bistable regenerative trigger circuits.
125,for reversible counter chains in general using bistable regenerative trigger circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 127]    127Using bistable semiconductors having at least three electrodes or analogous complementary transistor circuits (e.g., avalanche transistor SCR"s):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter where each stage utilizes semiconductors which have two stable states and at least three electrodes or where each stage utilizes complementary transistors connected so as to function in the same way as a single semiconductor having two or more stable states.

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120,for chains using bistable regenerative trigger circuits comprising semiconductors having at least three electrodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 128]    128Using bistable semiconductors having only two electrodes (e.g., tunnel diode, multilayer diode):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter where each stage utilizes semiconductors having two stable states and having only two electrodes.

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119,for chains using bistable regenerative trigger circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 129]    129PULSES CONTINUOUSLY CIRCULATED IN A CLOSED LOOP:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including means whereby pulses at the output of a circuit are continuously fed back to the input of the circuit.

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107,for means for starting, stopping, or resetting a counter and subclasses, 122, 124, and 126, for ring counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 377 subclass 130]    130
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter not classifiable in any of the proceeding subclasses.
  

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