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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 142]   CLASS 142,WOOD TURNING
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

Wood-turning includes inventions for reducing sticks of wood to a desired form by means of rotary or non-rotary cutters brought into engagement with the circumference of the continuously-rotating stick or by means of rotary or non-rotary cutters revolving circumferentially around and in engagement with the stick or that portion of the stick to be reduced.

Wood-turning also includes machines provided with work-holders which hold several sticks arranged axially in or near the circumference thereof to form a cylinder of such sticks to be operated upon by the cutter as though it were a single stick. These machines are for producing sticks of polygonal section by turning the sticks in the work-holder to successively present new surfaces to the cutter.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

In this class of machines rotating saw-cutters which engage with the sticks while secured in the lathe-chuck or between the centers are regarded as a species of rotary cutters and are not clasified with saws in Class 83, Cutting.

Wood-turning does not include machines comprising a relatively-rotating cutter and table or support upon which blocks or segmental strips of wood are so secured that they may be brought into engagement with the cutter which stands transversely to the sticks and feeds longitudinally thereof. See the Search Note to Class 144 below for the locus of such machine intended to shape wood.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

82Turning,   for pertinent subclass(es) as determined by schedule review.
144Woodworking,   subclasses 134.1+ for shaping of wood.
408Cutting by Use of Rotating Axially Moving Tool,   for cutting of that class type. The cutting of rotating wood, including boring and drilling, is to be found in this class (142).
483Tool Changing,   subclasses 17+ for a rotating work machine tool combined with a tool transfer means.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 1]    1MISCELLANEOUS
 Wood-turning machines which comprise features of construction not elsewhere specifically classified.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

144Woodworking,   subclass 47 for a combined machine for turning and polishing and subclass 48 for a combined machine for turning and sawing.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 2]    2Annular work holders
 Machines comprising a cutter and work-holders adapted to secure several sticks together in the form of a hollow cylinder to be rotated in contact with the cutter. After the cylinder has been reduced by the cutter the sticks are turned upon their axes in the work-holder and the cylinder again submitted to the action of the cutter. This operation is continued until as many sides have been produced upon the sticks as desired.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

144Woodworking,   subclass 138 for a wood shaping machine which uses a pattern to generate a polygonal form as a workpiece is indexed.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 3]    3Many-spindle lathes
 Machines for reducing sticks to other than a circular cross-section, comprising a plurality of turning spindles whereby several sticks are simultaneously under different stages of completion. The stock may be supplied to the spindles successively or simultaneously.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 4]    4Many-spindle lathes
 Machines comprising a plurality of turning spindles whereby several sticks are simultaneously under different stages of completion. The stock may be supplied to the spindles successively or simultaneously.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 5]    5Automatic spindle feed
 Many-spindle lathes which comprise mechanism for separating the pairs of spindles to facilitate the removal of finished sticks and the supply of new stock and mechanism for causing the spindles of each pair to approach each other to engage the new stock.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 6]    6Laterally and longitudinally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the cutter is given a simultaneous longitudinal and transverse movement relative to the axis of the stick, the transverse movement of the cutter being controlled by a rotary cam.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 7]    7Laterally and longitudinally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the cutter is made to advance toward or recede from the axis of the stick by means of a rotating pattern-guide. Simultaneously with its transverse movements the cutter is given a movement lengthwise of the stick.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

3,
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 8]    8Laterally and longitudinally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section by means of a chisel-cutter which is caused to move longitudinally and around the clamped stick and is controlled in its movement toward or from the axis of the stick by a pattern-guide.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 9]    9Rotary
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section by means of rotary cutters having their bearings carried in movable supports, the supports being controlled in their movements by mechanism other than a cam or pattern-guide.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 10]    10Fixed bearings
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein a pattern-cutter rotates in fixed bearings and the rotating stick is caused to approach or recede from the cutter by means of a cam carried by the spindle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

3,
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 11]    11Fixed bearings
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the rotary cutter is mounted in fixed bearings and the stick is caused to move endwise and at the same time transversely of its axis toward and from the cutter by means of a rotating pattern-guide.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

72Metal Deforming,   subclass 81 for a "pattern" controlled metal spinning machine.
82Turning,   subclass 165 for pattern controlled machine lathes.
409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   subclasses 85+ for a pattern controlled milling machine.
451Abrading,   subclasses 1+ for a pattern controlled automatic abrading machine.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 12]    12Laterally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the cutter moves transversely to the axis of the rotating stick and is guided toward and from such axis by a rotary cam. While being operated upon by the cutter the stick moves longitudinally.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 13]    13Laterally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the cutter is made to advance toward or recede from the axis of the stick by means of a rotating pattern-guide and the stick is carried endwise past the cutter.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 14]    14Longitudinally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the cutter moves longitudinally of the stick and the stick is given a simultaneous transverse movement by means of a rotary cam.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 15]    15Longitudinally movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to other than a circular cross-section, wherein the cutter moves longitudinally along the stick and the axis of the stick is caused to approach or recede from the cutter by means of a rotating pattern-guide.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 16]    16Guided chucks
 Mechanisms for guiding work-holding chucks in elliptical or oval paths.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 17]    17Automatic spindles lathes
 Turning-lathes which comprise mechanism for periodically separating and drawing togther the spindles, whereby they release the finished material and engage the new stock to be turned.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

82Turning,   subclasses 165+ for work drivers in metal turning machines to form elliptically shaped work.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 18]    18Endless feed
 Automatic spindle-lathes in which the stock is fed to the spindles by endless conveyer.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

5,
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 19]    19Disk
 Automatic spindle-lathes in which the stock is fed to the spindles by a rotating disk having conveying notches or pockets in its periphery.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 20]    20Chute feed
 Automatic spindle-lathes in which the stock is fed to the spindles through a chute or over a table or platform.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

4,

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

144Woodworking,   subclasses 245.1+ for a blank feeder for a feeder or presser.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 21]    21Pattern guide
 Wood-turning machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by means of two chisel-cutters, one of which rough-cuts the stick to approximate its finished shape and comprises a plain cutter guided toward and from the axis of the stick by a pattern. The other is a pattern-cutter which makes a thin smoothing or finishing cut.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 22]    22Pattern
 Wood-turning machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by means of two cutters having pattern-cutting edges, one of which cutters is rotary and the other is a chisel. The rotary cutter rough-cuts the stick to approximate its finished form and the chisel makes a thin finishing cut.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 23]    23Hollow cutter head
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section having a spiral groove in its circumference by passing the stock axially through a rotary hollow cutter-head having a chisel-cutter projecting through its circumference toward the axis of the stick.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 24]    24Pattern guide
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section and producing a spiral groove in its circumference by means of a rotary cutter which is guided to move toward and from the axis of the stick by a relatively-moving pattern.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   subclasses 67+ for a machine for milling a thread or helix, which machine is provided with a pattern control mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 25]    25Hollow mandrel
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section and producing a spiral groove in its circumference by means of a rotary cutter. The stick is controlled in its movements by a rotating hollow mandrel.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 26]    26Rotary
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section and producing a spiral groove in its circumference by means of a rotary cutter.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   subclasses 65+ for a machine for cutting a thread or helix by milling.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 27]    27Radially movable, pattern guide
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by a hollow cutter-head, in which the chisel-cutter is made to reciprocate through the side of the cylinder of the cutter-head and is guided to approach or recede from the axis of the stick by a pattern.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 28]    28Rotary
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by a hollow cutter-head, in which the chisel-cutter is made to reciprocate through the side of the cylinder of the cutter-head and is guided to approach or recede from the axis of the stick by a rotary pattern.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 29]    29Radially movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by a hollow cutter-head, in which the chisel-cutter is made to reciprocate through the side of the cylinder and is provided with a plain edge.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 30]    30Radially movable
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by a hollow cutter-head, in which the chisel-cutter is made to reciprocate through the side of the cylinder and is provided with a pattern edge.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 31]    31Cutter chisel
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by a hollow cutter-head, in which the chisel-cutter projects through the cylinder toward its axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 32]    32Hollow cutter head
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section by means of a rotating cylinder having a chisel cutting edge at one end. The stick to be reduced is forced against the cutting edge of the cylinder, and the reduced portion passes through the cylinder and out at the end opposite the cutter.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

144Woodworking,   subclass 23 for a woodworking machine for cutting a disk by a rotary tubular cutter.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 33]    33Rack-and-pinion feed
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section and producing a spiral groove in its circumference by means of a rotary cutter. The relative movements of the stick and the cutter are controlled by a rack and pinion.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 34]    34Roller feed
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section and producing a spiral groove in its circumference by means of a rotary cutter. The movements of the stick past the cutter are controlled by positively-driven feed-rollers.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 35]    35Chisel
 Machines for reducing a stick to a circular section and producing a spiral groove in its circumference by means of a chisel-cutter.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 36]    36Longitudinally movable
 Wood-turning machines for reducing a block of cork or other soft wood to a circular section by rotating it in contact with a longitudinally-moving cutter-blade which reduces the block with a slicing action.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

40,
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 37]    37Pattern guide
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by rotating the stick on its axis and in contact with a rotary cutter which is guided toward and from the axis of the stick by a relatively-moving pattern.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 38]    38Pattern guide
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by means of a narrow plain chisel-cutter guided toward and from the axis of the stick by means of a relatively-moving pattern.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 39]    39Rotary
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by means of a narrow plain chisel-cutter guided toward and from the axis of the stick by means of a rotating pattern.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 40]    40Rotary
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by rotating the stick on its axis and in contact with a rotary cutter.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

5,20, and the several subclasses of Pattern-section.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

30Cutlery,   subclasses 451+ for a pencil-sharpening implement whose cutter and work holder or work-guide parts are statically related for the cutting operation.
144Woodworking,   subclasses 28.8+ for a pencil-sharpening machine including a cutter and a work holder or work guide, each of which is rotatable relative to supporting structure therefor; also see subclasses 209.1+.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 41]    41Pattern
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by rotating the stick on its axis and in contact with a broad-faced rotary cutter having other than a plain cutting edge.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

4,5, 33, 34, and 52.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 42]    42Chisel
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by rotating it in contact with a plain chisel carried by an adjustable tool-rest, whereby the chisel may be directed by hand to properly shape the stick.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclasses 594+ for rotating an article of food while removing the skin with a cutting tool.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 43]    43Pattern
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by rotating it in contact with a chisel having other than a plain cutting edge. The cutter may be of sufficient width to cut the entire length of the stick or may be narrow and make successive cuts along the stick.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

4,5 and 20.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 44]    44Disk
 Wood-turning machines which reduce a stick to a circular section by rotating it in contact with a disk provided with a chisel edge having a pattern outline. As the cutter is moved longitudinally along the stick the disk is rotated to present the entire contour of the cutter to the stick.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 45]    45End turning
 Machines for reducing the ends of sticks while clamped to prevent rotation thereof by means of a hollow cutter-carrying head having a cutter projecting within the shell thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

27+,

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

30Cutlery,   subclass 495 .
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 46]    46Longitudinally movable
 Machines for reducing the ends of sticks to a circular section by means of a cutter carried in a frame which revolves around the axis of the clamped stick and comprises mechanism for moving the cutter longitudinally in the frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 47]    47CARRIAGE FEED
 Mechanism for controlling the movements of the carriage or tool-rest.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

21,24, 26, 46, and the several subclasses of Pattern-section.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 48]    48TOOL RESTS AND WORK SUPPORTS
 Tool-rests provided with an extension adapted to support the turned portion of the stick near the cutter and prevent it from springing therefrom.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

21,37, 43, and 44.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 49]    49TOOL RESTS
 Supports within which wood-turning cutter-tools are adjusted and secured.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 50]    50Yielding
 Yielding rests or supports for sticks having irregular cross-section. These supports are for preventing the stick from springing away from the cutter.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 51]    51Counterpoises
 Oval or elliptically-guided work-holder chucks provided with weights or counter-poises to balance the reciprocating parts of the chuck.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 52]    52Chucks
 Chucks for holding sticks together in the form of a hollow cylinder.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 53]    53LATHE CENTERS
 Center spindles provided with one or more spurs for engaging the end of a stick of wood or other soft material to be turned.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 54]    54HOLLOW MANDRELS
 Longitudinally-perforated rotary spindles or work-carriers through which the sticks feed endwise.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

57Textiles: Spinning, Twisting, and Twining,   subclasses 28+ .
226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   appropriate subclasses for methods of, and apparatus for, feeding material without utilizing the leading or trailing ends to effect movement of the material.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 14+ for devices for pushing or pulling stock or a workpiece relative to a machine of the type provided for in Class 142.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 55]    55ATTACHMENTS
 Devices to be attached or secured to wood-turning machines to be used therewith or wood-turning machines designed to be attached to the frames of machines which comprise cylinders for the purpose of resurfacing the cylinders.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 56]    56TURNING TOOLS
 Cutting-tools peculiarly adapted for use in connection with wood-turning machines.
  
[List of Patents for class 142 subclass 57]    57Socket
 Socket-chucks for securing a stick to the live-spindle of a wood-turning machine.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses. Class 269 is the residual locus for patents to a device for clamping, supporting and/or holding an article (or articles) in position to be operated on or treated. See notes thereunder for other related loci.
  

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