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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 248]   CLASS 248,SUPPORTS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for devices which carry the weight of an article or articles or otherwise hold or steady it or them against the pull of gravity, and devices for holding an article to its support, which are not otherwise provided for.

(1) Note. Devices having structural features limiting them to use in a particular art remain with the art.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

LINE BETWEEN CLASS 248, AND CLASS 362, CLASS 313/39, AND CLASS 431

The line between this class and Classes 362, Illumination, 313, Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices, subclass 39, and 431, Combustion is as follows:

Class 223, Apparel Apparatus, subclass 120 for supports, bases and stands claimed in connection with means for making, repairing or maintaining in condition articles of apparel.

Class 362 takes any combination of a support with significant structure of the light distributing means or the combination of the light distributing and generating means.

Class 313, subclasses 49+ is the generic class for the combination of a support with significant structure of an electric space discharge device. See Lines With Other Classes, "Combined with a Support" of the class definition for the other classes which provide for the combination of a support and a discharge device.

The mere supporting structure goes to Class 248 and such supporting structure may include conduits for fuel or energy and mere cut-offs therefor. Supporting structures limited to use with lighting devices are in Class 362. Supports for a light generating device are in Class 248 unless a significant structure of the light generator is claimed, in which case it goes to Class 431 or Class 362.

The mere naming of a light or discharge device as the thing supported will not operate to take the case out of Class 248. If the support is in itself an essential part of the lamp or discharge device such as are many lamp bases, it remains in the art class. In Class 313, class definition, see the following sections of Lines With Other Classes: "Combined with Electrical Connector Structure,...(3) Electrodes Combined with Connector Structure"; and see "Envelopes, Casings, and Jackets for Lamps and Discharge Devices,...(1) With Attached Base" for the classification of an envelope with a base attached thereto.

LINES BETWEEN CLASSES 313, 248, AND 174

See Class 313, Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices, subclasses 49+ for electric space discharge devices in combination with a mere supporting means therefor. See subclasses 238+ which provide for electric lamp and discharge devices which have supporting or spacing structure for the electrodes or shielding members thereof. See Class 248, subclass 50, which provides for supports for elongated discharge or lamp tubes (e.g., neon) where no electrical features are involved. See Class 174, Electricity: Conductors and Insulators, subclass 138 which provides for insulated supports for neon and similar elongated tubular lamps where the support includes no structure limiting the device to use with electric lamps. Also, see paragraph 1 of Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, above.

LINE BETWEEN CLASS 211 AND CLASS 248

Class 211 is a specific class under the class definition of this class (248). In general, Class 211 is the generic support class for plural articles and Class 248 is the generic support class for single articles. However, Class 248, subclasses 235 - 250, inclusive, subclasses 309.1 -316.7, inclusive, subclasses 500 - 509, inclusive, and subclasses 511 - 541 inclusive, additionally provide for supports of plural devices of the same (i.e., nondiverse) nature, and any of the subclasses in this class (248) will take plural diverse supports where one of the supported devices is ancillary to the main device supported (e.g., check, label and tag holders combined with an article support); while in Class 211 additionally provides for supports for single articles.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

4Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons,   subclasses 571.1+ , 589+, 592+, 621+, and 643+ for supports limited by structure to use with basins or with bath tubs.
5Beds,   appropriate subclasses for beds and subclasses 127+ for supports limited by structure to use for supporting a hammock.
24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   appropriate subclasses for fasteners. Fasteners such as pins, clasps, buckles, etc., are provided for in Class 24, whether simple or combined, as clasp-pin, clasp-clasp, etc. Combinations of a fastener, simple or combined with a bracket or stand, are in Class 248, and cross-referenced to Class 24 when desirable. A mere fastening means as a plate, integral with or attached to the base of a clamp, is not considered as a bracket and such combination goes to Class 24. Bracket hooks wherein the article carrying portion thereof is in the form of a hook are in Class 248.
27Undertaking,   subclass 25.1 for corpse chin supports.
30Cutlery,   subclass 231 for shears combined with a support therefor.
33Geometrical Instruments,   subclass 299 for supports for sight line instruments.
38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   appropriate subclasses for ironing devices combined with supports.
47Plant Husbandry,   subclasses 39+ , 41.01, 42+, and 44+ for plant and tree supports and flower holders.
52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 27+ for a specific building structure in combination with a disparate article or article support.
54Harness for Working Animal,   subclass 84 for fire harness supports.
56Harvesters,   subclass 431 , for supports for shocks of grain or hay in the field,
65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 361 for glassworking molds combined with supporting or carrying means; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
84Music,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 280 and 421 for supports claimed in combination with musical instruments or supports, structurally limited to use with specific musical instruments.
108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   appropriate subclasses for a horizontally supported planar surface.
109Safes, Bank Protection, or a Related Device,   subclasses 50+ and the notes appurtenant thereto, for supports for safes, vaults, etc.
114Ships,   subclass 363 for foot supports for boats.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 510 for steam boiler supports.
128Surgery,   subclasses 581+ for devices accommodating shoes to foot deformities and remaining in the shoe upon removal of the shoe from the foot.
131Tobacco,   subclass 329 , particularly subclasses 257-260, for supports and stands, combined or peculiarly adapted for use with tobacco users" appliances.
141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclasses 106 and 364 for means for supporting inverted supply receptacles upon receivers for draining.
142Wood Turning,   subclasses 48 and 49 for wood-working tool rests; subclass 57 for work holders for use in wood turning.
164Metal Founding,   subclasses 397+ for centering or supporting means for a metal shaping core.
174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   for supports for electrical conduits, cables, conductors, housings and insulators limited by claimed structure to electrical use.
180Motor Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses for a motor vehicle having means for supporting an accessory or component of the vehicle.
181Acoustics,   subclasses 200+ and 208+ for sound attenuating means, per se.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   appropriate subclasses, for a workman"s support of ladder or scaffold type.
188Brakes,   subclasses 205+ for supports for vehicle brake elements.
192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   subclass 115 for clutch supports.
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   subclasses 300+ for supports limited by structure to use with conveyors.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   subclasses 285 , 286+ and 297 for supports specialized for electrodes and work being treated in electrolytic devices.
209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   subclasses 409+ and subclass 508 for supports for sifting elements and stratifies.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 241+ and 249+ for separators having supports there provided for, and see subclass 94 of this class.
211Supports: Racks,   for supports for plural articles; see subclass 29 for supports for shocks of grain or hay in the field.
212Traversing Hoists,   subclass 189 for auxiliary supports limited by structure to use with traversing hoists.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 3.3+ , 3.9+, 476+, and 628+ for supports tied up with the structure of a receptacle as such, and for lap or leg supported pail holders, see subclasses 17.1+. In general, as between the receptacle classes and the support classes, the receptacle classes provide for the combination of a receptacle plus support: except, the support classes will accept a claim to a support combined with a receptacle, wherein the claim (a) nominally recites the receptacle, or (b) recites only so much of the receptacle structure as is needed to cooperate with the support, or (c) recites only those receptacle features which have been modified specifically to cooperate with the support.
221Article Dispensing,   subclasses 186+ for article dispensers, not otherwise provided for, and in which the supply container is movably mounted for dispensing, and subclasses 282+ for article dispensers provided with particular casing or support features in combination.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 92+ for supports for collapsible wall type receptacles; 160+ for supports for movably mounted dispensing receptacles; 173+ for supports for other dispensing receptacles; and 577 for an inkstand comprising a dispensing inkwell and a support therefor.
238Railways: Surface Track,   subclasses 264+ for railway rail supports.
241Solid Material Communication or Disintegration,   subclasses 285.1+ for supports for comminutors or comminutor parts. See the Class Definition of class (241).
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 398+ for a support for a reeling device, and subclasses 130+ and 134+ for a spool or bobbin support.
249Static Molds,   subclasses 205+ for mold adjuncts which function to support mold parts.
250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 428+ for a fluent material support for the purpose of irradiating the support with nuclear or invisible electromagnetic radiation with or without an irradiating source, subclasses 453.11+ for an object support for the purpose of irradiating the supported object with nuclear or invisible electromagnetic radiation with or without a support for the radiation source or a support for a detector of radiation from the source, and subclass 522.1 for supports for nuclear or electromagnetic radiation.
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses for work holders as the generic place for work holders, per se. Patents to a support capable of general utility, though disclosed as supporting a work holder but, which support does not include elements which contact the work, are classified in appropriate subclasses of Class 248 on the basis of the claimed support structure.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 137 for article supports having a portion adapted to be gripped by the hand for lifting and carrying the support.
296Land Vehicle: Bodies and Tops,   subclass 35.1 for vehicle body hold-downs and supports.
297Chairs and Seats,   appropriate subclasses for a support device limited to use by a seated occupant especially subclasses 187+ for a kneeling stand of the prie-dieu type, subclasses 391+ for a stool with resilient surfaces, disclosed as used by a seated occupant, and subclass 411.1 for armpit engaging props disclosed as used by seated persons.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   appropriate subclasses for supports, cabinets.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 49+ provides for electric space discharge devices in combination with a mere supporting means therefor. See subclasses 238+ (of class 313) which provide for electric lamp and discharge devices which have supporting or spacing structure for the electrodes or shielding members thereof. See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, for the lines between Classes 313, 248, and 174.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclass 869 for loop type antennas with a rotatable support, and subclasses 878+ for antennas with a support for the antenna, reflector or director. See (1) Note under subclass 700 of this class (343) for the classification lines between antennas and supports.
351Optics: Eye Examining, Vision Testing and Correcting,   subclass 38 for adjustable stands or bases which support ophthalmic diagnostic test instruments or test charts.
352Optics: Motion Pictures,   subclasses 34+ , 197 and 243 for motion picture apparatus with structural cooperation with supporting structure.
359Optics: Systems (Including Communication) and Elements,   subclasses 409+ for binoculars with body support or handle and subclasses 811+ for lens supports.
362Illumination,   subclass 314 for lamp chimney supports, and subclasses 453+ for shade and bowl supports.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclasses 20 , 68+, 79+, 177+, 195, 205, and 208+ for various means to support an object combined with X-ray devices.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 454+ for supports limited by structure to use with telephones.
381Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices,   subclasses 361+ and 386+ for a microphone or speaker support or mounting.
384Bearings,   subclasses 428+ for bearing mounting, or supports.
396Photography,   subclasses 419+ for a support limited by structure to use with photos:graphic cameras.
399Electrophotography,   subclasses 377+ for holder of original and subclass 393 for copy medium input tray; all support structure is limited to use with an electrophotos:graphic device.
405Hydraulic and Earth Engineering,   subclass 7 for bilge and keel blocks for supporting a marine vessel in dry dock.
422Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing,   subclass 297 and 300+ for racks or supports combined with a sterilizer.
431Combustion,   subclasses 298+ for a candle holder and subclass 343 for a burner having a supporting bracket or leg.
439Electrical Connectors,   appropriate subclasses for electrical connector; especially subclasses 527+ for an electrical connector with mounting or supporting means therefor.
452Butchering,   subclasses 185+ for supports for meat and animal carcasses.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 27.1]    27.1INSTRUMENT IN PANEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for holding an instrument in a panel board opening. This subclass may include devices where the instrument casing is modified solely for the purpose of holding it in the panel opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 27.3]    27.3Having biased clip holding means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.1.  Supports in which the means for holding an instrument in a panel includes a biased clip means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 27.5]    27.5WASHBOARD TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for washboards. These supports may or may not be permanently attached to the washboard.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

68Textiles: Fluid Treating Apparatus,   subclasses 223+ for washboard structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 27.8]    27.8FLORAL SUPPORTS
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports peculiarly adapted for use in supporting wreaths, sprays, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 41.01 , for cut flower supports having watering means. See also the notes to that subclass for search fields for other types of cut flower or plant holders also search subclasses 63 and 66.1+ for growing plant supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 37.3]    37.3CUTLERY TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device for supporting cutlery, table forks, spoons and similar articles.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

211Supports: Racks,   subclass 70.7 for a device which supports single or plural pieces of cutlery in a stored or nonuse position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 37.6]    37.6Bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 37.3.  Device having means for attachment to a primary support and an article supporting portion projecting therefrom, said article supporting portion carrying the entire weight of the supported article.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

200+,for brackets of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 48.1]    48.1EAVES TROUGH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for eaves troughs usually attached to the roof or wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 48.2]    48.2Wall bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.1.  Supports of the wall bracket type secured to the wall of the building or the downwardly extending portion of the roof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48.1,for both a wall bracket and roof attaching member in a single device.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 49]    49PIPE OR CABLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a pipe or cable.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

75+,for hose supports.
353,for clothes line props.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 106+ for trolley rails and their supports, particularly subclass 111.
137Fluid Handling,   subclass 342 for fluid handling systems combined with support for workmen or nonsystem material, and subclasses 393+ for fluid handling apparatus with a support therefor.
138Pipes and Tubular Conduits,   subclasses 108 and 113 for a pipe or cable support correlated with the structure of the pipe.
174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 40+ and 480-507 for electric cable and conductor supports limited by claimed structure, such as insulation, etc., to electrical use; and subclasses 137+, particularly subclass 158 for electrical insulator support
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclasses 40+ for cable supports limited by structure to use with trolley cables.
256Fences,   subclasses 47+ for connections attaching a strand of the fence to a post, pole, stay, or the like upright having a structural shape.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 50]    50Neon tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports for a vapor discharge tube.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 541+ where the support is combined with the structure of a sign.
174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclass 138 where the support includes electrical insulating structure.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 49+ where the discharge device supported is not a lamp and significant structure of the discharge device is claimed.
362Illumination,   subclass 217.08 where the support is combined with an elongated (e.g., fluorescent) lamp.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 226+ for an electrical connector to receive a fluorescent or a neon lamp.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 51]    51Tool cord or tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports which support the conductor cord or tube of an electrically or gas energized tool and hold it away from the work.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   subclass 142 for the cord holder combined with a sadiron stand.
174Electricity: Conductors, and Insulators,   subclass 69 for extensible conductor structures.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclasses 12+ for conductor cord take-ups.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 445+ for an electrical connectors having a flexible or pivoted cable guard; subclasses 449+ for an electrical connectors having stress relieving provision.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 52]    52Tool attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Supports which are mounted on the tool.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 53]    53Train coupling type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports for the coupling head of a train pipe.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 347+ for a supported, valved, train pipe.
213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclass 76 for the combination of a railway car coupling and a train pipe coupling.
285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   subclasses 24+ for a pipe joint or coupling with means to guide the parts during assembly and means to support the same, and subclass 63 for a pipe joint or coupling supported from a railway vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 55]    55Antifriction element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports which have an antifriction element, such as a roller, etc., to provide for movement of the pipe relative to a fixed support.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

130,and 131, for receptacles rotatable on antifriction elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 56]    56Extending through plate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports in which the pipe or cable extends through an opening in a plate and the support holds the pipe or cable in the opening.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 17+ , 50+ and 66+ for electrical boxes, housings, and face plates having conduits or cables secured thereto.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 3.2+ for boxes, and subclasses 241+ for face plates having means for connecting thereto pipes or cables where no electrical characteristics are claimed.
250Radiant Energy,   subclass 466.1 for self-luminous fluorescent or phosphorescent face plates, and subclasses 483.1+ for fluorescent or phosphorescent devices generally.
285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   subclasses 154.1+ for a pipe or cable and box coupling, subclasses 136.1+ for a pipe or rod-to-pipe-to-plate coupling, and subclasses 189+ for an end to plate coupling, where no feature of the receptacle in addition to those necessary to define the coupling are claimed.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 57]    57Interjoist:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Supports in which the pipe or cable is positioned between two joists of a floor or wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 58]    58Suspended:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports in which the pipe or cable is hung from above.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48.1,for suspension devices for eaves troughs.
65+,for mere brackets attached to a ceiling or other overhead support.
317+,for other suspended supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 59]    59Adjustable vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Supports in which the pipe or cable may be adjusted in a vertical direction.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48.1,for eaves trough supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 60]    60Flexible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Supports in which the support is flexible by reason of the material from which it is made or by special joints.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

61,for a flexible element which supports a pipe or cable from an overhead or messenger cable.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

384Bearings,   subclasses 202+ for flexible suspensions means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 61]    61From overhead or messenger cable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Supports in which the pipe or cable is suspended from an overhead cable.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclass 41 for messenger cable supports restricted to electrical use, and subclass 160 for strand supported insulators.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclasses 40+ for trolley line supports.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 119.12 for supports for clothes suspended from a taut clothesline.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclass 387 for means supported by, and maintaining the relative spacing between, longitudinal runs or an endless cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 62]    62From overhead or messenger cable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Supports which have as a part thereof a clamp for gripping the pipe or a ring through which it extends.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

61,for a ring or clamp used to suspend a pipe or cable from an overhead or messenger cable.
74.1+,229.1+, and 313, for other supports with rings or clamps.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 63]    63Cable suspension clamps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Supports which have as an element thereof a clamp to grip the cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 64]    64Automatically releasing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 63.  Supports in which the clamp automatically releases when the strain is greater on one side thereof than on the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 65]    65Brackets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Supports in the form of a bracket.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48.2,for eaves trough wall brackets.
103+,115, 200+, and 674, for other brackets.
534+,for a bracket type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 66]    66Road guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports for holding a road guard cable to its post.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

256Fences,   subclass 13.1 for the support with the structure of a fence as such.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 67]    67Angle cock type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports for supporting the pipe and angle cock of a train air-brake system.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 67.5]    67.5Divided knob or cleat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports in which two or more parts are assembled so as to secure the pipe or cable therebetween.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 156+ for insulating parts with conductors received or clamped therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 67.7]    67.7Double arm:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports in which the pipe or cable holding element is positioned between and secured to two substantially parallel arms.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclass 162 for an insulator positioned between two arms.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 68.1]    68.1Plural pipe or cable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Support in which more than one pipe or cable is supported.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

512+,for a supporting device having means for receiving a plurality of staffs.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 69]    69With bridle ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.1.  Supports in which the pipes or cables are supported by means of a ring ancillary to the main bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 70]    70Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports in which the support has provisions whereby the pipe may be moved to various positions relative to its fixed support.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48.2,for eaves trough wall brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 71]    71With support penetrating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports which have means permanently secured thereto for piercing the fixed support or penetrating a preformed opening therein to secure the bracket thereto. This subclass does not include mere nails or screws.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48.2,for eaves trough brackets, with support-piercing means.
69,for cable clamps and bridle rings having support piercing means.
546,for a support piercing or cutting means comprising means to aid in the installation thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 164+ for insulator brackets having support penetrating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 72]    72Beam clamped:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports in which the bracket is clamped to a beam.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 73]    73Interlocked bracket and support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Supports in which the bracket is interlocked with the fixed support, usually without the use of bolts, etc., but a bolt or screw may be used to hold the bracket in interlocked relation.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 74.1]    74.1With ring or clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Support which has as an element a holding means for gripping the pipe or cable or an annular means through which it extends.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

56,for a pipe clamp for holding a pipe in a plate opening.
62,for a suspended pipe or cable support with a ring or clamp.
66,for a road guard cable clamp.
67,for a clamp for the pipe and angle cock of a train pipe system.
69,for a bracket with a bridle ring for plural pipes or cables.
71,for a pipe or cable ring or clamp having support piercing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 74.2]    74.2Resilient gripping clip or clasp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.1.  Support which is formed, at least in part, of flexible material and wherein clamping portions are biased into engagement with the pipe or cable by the flexibility of said resilient material.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

316.1+,for a bracket in general wherein the article engaging portion comprises a resilient clip or clamp.
560+,for resilient supports in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 74.3]    74.3Flexible encircling band:
 Support under 74.1 which is formed, at least in part, of a playable ring which entirely surrounds the pipe or cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 74.4]    74.4Separable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.1.  Support wherein the ring or clamp comprises a plurality of members which are readily spaced from each other and which in the normal operation of the device are apart when the pipe or cable is installed in the support.
(1) Note. This subclass does not provide for a ring or clamp comprising a threaded element, e.g. set screw, which is capable of separation from the rest of the structure but is not ordinarily separated therefrom when the pipe or cable is installed.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

316.6,for a separable article engaging clamp of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 74.5]    74.5Cleat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.1.  Support which includes a resilient strip or projection that holds the pipe or cable in engagement with a structural member or panel.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 75]    75HOSE AND/OR NOZZLE TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a hose and/or nozzle in either stored or operative position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 355.18 and 355.19 for fluid handling systems comprising a hose support and a flow control element, with actuation of the flow control being responsive to hose movement.
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclass 196 for hoses combined with support means therefor and flow control elements which are actuated in response to movement of the hose to or from its support.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 398+ for a support for a reeling device.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   subclasses 4+ for flow regulation comprising tube compressors.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 76]    76Hand, ground and ladder supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Supports which have provisions for supporting the hose and nozzle partly in the hands of the operator and partly on the ground or other fixed support and also means to support them on a ladder.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 77]    77Ladder attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Supports which have means for securing the hose and nozzle on a ladder.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

210+,for other ladder secured brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 78]    78With carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Supports which also have means whereby the hose and nozzle may be carried by the operator.
(1) Note. For handgrips or holders attached to spray flow lines or spray nozzles, see Class 239, Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing, subclasses 525+ for handles on a supply container and attached spray nozzle see Class 239, subclasses 375+; for hand carriers for hose and nozzles, see Class 294, Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements, subclass 16.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 79]    79Receptacle attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Supports in which the hose and/or nozzle is supported on a receptacle, such as a pail, tub or analogous device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

205.1+,for receptacle-supported brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 80]    80Stands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Supports in the form of a stand.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

127+,for other stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 81]    81Pivoted standard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Supports which have a pivoted standard.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 82]    82Swinging clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Supports which have a hose or nozzle clamp swingably mounted thereon.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

84,86 and 88, for other swinging clamp hose or nozzle supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 83]    83Plural leg:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Supports in which the stand has more than one leg.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 84]    84Swinging clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Supports which have a hose or nozzle clamp swingable mounted thereon.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

82,86 and 88, for other swinging clamp hose or nozzle supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 85]    85Ground inserted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Supports in which the legs are made to be inserted into the ground.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

87+,for other ground inserted hose or nozzle stand supports.
545,for a support comprising a ground inserted anchor and means to aid in the insertion thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 86]    86Swinging clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 85.  Supports which have a hose or nozzle clamp swingable mounted thereon.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

82,84 and 88, for other swinging clamp hose or nozzle supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 87]    87Ground inserted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Supports in which the standard thereof is adapted to be inserted into the ground.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

85,for other ground inserted pipe or nozzle supports.
547,for a ground inserted anchor and means to aid in the insertion thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 88]    88Swinging clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 87.  Supports which have a hose or nozzle clamp swingably mounted thereon.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

82,84 and 86, for other swinging clamps hose or nozzle supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 89]    89Racks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Supports in the form of a rack for storing the hose.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 90]    90Folded hose:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 89.  Supports in which the hose is folded on the rack.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 91]    91Link supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Supports in which each fold of the hose is supported by a link.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 92]    92Swinging or folding link:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Supports in which the link swings or folds to release the loops of the hose in succession.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 93]    93Simultaneously movable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 92.  Supports in which all of the links move to release the hose at the same time.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 94]    94STRAINER OR FUNNEL TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a strainer or funnel.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

95+,when the funnel forms part of bag holder.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclasses 340+ for the support in combination with the structure of the funnel as such, i.e., where the funnel is included by more than name only.
209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   subclasses 409+ for the support tied up with the structure of a sifter.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 241+ and 249+ for defined separators having supports, subclass 470 for filters with handles and subclasses 473+ for filters resting on a supporting receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 95]    95BAG HOLDERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for bags. These supports may have means for holding the mouth of the bag open. A spout, chute, funnel, hopper or equivalent material directing element to which the bag is attached may be included as an element thereof.
(1) Note. For body supported bags, see Class 224, Package and Article Carriers, subclass 5 and Class 383, Flexible Bags, subclasses 33+ for a bag having structure which maintains the mouth of the bag in an open configuration.
(2) Note. Where the spout is modified to hold and fill the bag or where structural features of the spout, funnel, etc., are claimed, or where flow control, material delivery or packing means are included, see Classes 141, Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means, and 193, Conveyors, Chutes, Skids, Guides, and Ways.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

94,for strainer bag supports.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 65+ for animal feed bag supports.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 9.1+ for a bag permanently united with a three dimensional self-sustaining framework.
221Article Dispensing,   subclasses 282+ for article dispensing device combined with casing or support structure therefor.
258Railway Mail Delivery,   subclasses 23+ for mail bag delivery supports.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclasses 50+ for cabinet supports for stacked folded bags.
482Exercise Devices,   particularly subclasses 87+ for a support for a multidirectionally movable, striking bag or pad.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 96]    96Golf bag:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Supports which are adapted to be secured to and/or support a conventional golf bag.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 315.3+ for a golf bag, per se, or a golf bag combined with a support where the golf bag is more than nominally recited.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 47.131+ for wheeled carriers for golf bags.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 97]    97Stands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Supports in the form of a stand.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

128+,and 146+, for receptacle stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 98]    98Wheeled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 97.  Supports having wheels.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 99]    99Mouth holding frames:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Supports comprising frames for holding the mouth of a bag open. The funnel or spout may be included as a part thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclasses 390 and 391 for a removable filling aid which holds the mouth of a bag open. This Class 248, provides for a similar device which also either holds the bag against the pull of gravity or holds the bag to its support.
383Flexible Bags,   for a flexible or flaccid bag, per se, and subclasses 33+ for a flexible bag having permanently attached means to maintain the bag mouth in an open configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 100]    100Prong or hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Supports having prongs or hooks for engaging the bag.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 101]    101With clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Supports having a clamp for holding the bag.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 102]    102NURSING BOTTLE TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for supporting a baby"s nursing bottle, usually in a position accessible to the baby.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 103]    103Bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Supports in the form of a bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 104]    104Flexible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Supports in which the bracket has an element which is flexible so that the bottle can be readily moved to the desired position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

274.1,for other adjustable brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 105]    105Stands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Supports in the form of a stand.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

128,and 146+, for other receptacle stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 106]    106Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 105.  Supports in which provision is made for the moving of the bottle to various positions relative to a fixed support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 107]    107Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 105.  Supports made of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 108]    108PASTE TUBE TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for supporting paste tubes in a convenient position for use or display.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   subclasses 92+ for the support with facilities for dispensing the paste from the tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 109]    109Socket type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Supports in the form of a stand.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

128+,and 146+, for other receptacle stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 110]    110BRUSH AND BROOM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a brush or broom.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

359.1+,for a support which remains with the brush or broom.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

132Toilet,   subclasses 290 , 308+ and 313 for toilet kits having brush holders.
206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 361+ for a brush container.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclasses 206+ for brush and broom cabinets.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclasses 123+ for the combination of a receptacle to hold a supply of coating material and means to support an applicator in a nonuse position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 111]    111Socket type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Supports which have a socket for the reception of the brush or broom.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

314,for other socket article holding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 112]    112Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Supports made of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 113]    113Clasp type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Supports in which a clasp is provided to grasp the handle or support or both.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

229.1+,316.1+ and 540+, for other supports with clamps.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 114]    114WATCH AND CLOCK:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a conventional watch or clock. They may include an auxiliary casing for the conventional watch or clock.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

27,for supports for mounting a watch or clock in a panel opening.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

224Package and Article Carriers,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 164+ , 180, for watch and clock holders for carrying a watch or clock on the person.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclasses 316+ for the support with the structure of the casing as such or a modified casing.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 115]    115Brackets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Supports in the form of a bracket.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

200+,for other brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 116]    116Stands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Supports in the form of a stand.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

127+,for other stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.1]    117.1FLATIRON OR SOLDERING IRON:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a sadiron or an iron for melting solder.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   subclass 142 for such supports combined with devices to facilitate a smoothing operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.2]    117.2Stand or base:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.1.  Supports in the form of a stand or base.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

127+,and 346.01+, for other stands and bases.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.3]    117.3Insulated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.2.  Supports in which the stand or base is heat insulated.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.4]    117.4With clamp or hold-down:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.3.  Supports with hold-down means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.5]    117.5Inverted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.2.  Supports which hold the iron in a position with the ironing face directed upward.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.6]    117.6With clamp or hold-down:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.2.  Supports with hold-down means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 117.7]    117.7With clamp or hold-down:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.1.  Supports with clamp or hold-down means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 118]    118ARMREST OR HEADREST:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for a person"s arm or for a person"s head.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

5Beds,   subclasses 600+ for armrests used by bed occupants and for devices attached to or combined with tables comprising mere body supports for surgical or undertaking operations.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 391+ for a headrest for a seated person and subclasses 411.2+ for an armrest for a seated person. The line between these classes (248 and 297) is one of disclosure of the position of the person supported.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 118.1]    118.1Armrest for writer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Device to support the hand or arm of a person when writing.
(1) Note. This subclass, and the indented subclasses, provide for supports used in writing in spaces in which it is difficult to write without special support; also, supports designed to prevent fatigue from writing or to keep the hand out of contact with the paper.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 118.3]    118.3Adjustable height:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.1.  Device so constructed that its height may be adjusted as the writer wishes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 118.5]    118.5Traveling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.1.  Device which is movable along a writing surface, during writing, by the hand or arm of the writer.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   subclass 437 for a pen having means, attached thereto, to support or stabilize the pen and the hand of a writer while writing.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclass 48 for an implement of that class combined with work-surface-contacting means to hold or stabilize the implement during use thereof.
434Education and Demonstration, and Cryptography,   subclass 166 for a traveling hand or arm rest used in teaching writing.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 121]    121STAND AND BRACKET:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Support comprising a self-sustaining device having at least one substantially upright standard or leg upon which an outwardly extending article supporting portion is mounted.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 522.1 for invisible radiation source supports generally.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclass 869 for loop type antennas with a rotatable support including stand and bracket supports; subclasses 890+ for antennas supported on a post, standard or tower; and subclass 892 for antennas with a bracket support.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclasses 193+ for X-ray source supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 122.1]    122.1Having adjustable bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Stand and bracket in which the outwardly extending portion may be moved relative to the substantially upright standard or leg.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

80+,especially subclasses 82, 84, 86, and 88 for adjustable brackets for supporting a hose on a stand.
106,for brackets adjustably mounted on a stand for supporting nursing bottles.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 123.11]    123.11Counterbalanced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.1.  Adjustable bracket wherein a load on the outwardly extending portion is counteracted by a force or influence (e.g., spring, etc.).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

280.11,292.11, and 297.11, for adjustable counterbalanced brackets.
560+,for a support wherein the weight of the supported article is sustained by a resilient means when in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 123.2]    123.2Via a counterweight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.11.  Counterbalanced adjustable bracket wherein the load on the outwardly extending portion is counteracted by a mass.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 124.1]    124.1Vertically and horizontally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.1.  Adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion may be reciprocated in both an elevation plane and a level plane relative to the substantially upright standard or leg.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

287.1,for brackets with horizontally and vertically sliding joints.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 124.2]    124.2Via a single device (e.g., one two-way clamp):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.1.  Vertically and horizontally adjustable bracket in which one apparatus allows the outwardly extending portion to be reciprocated in the respective planes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 125.1]    125.1Vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.1.  Adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion may be reciprocated in an elevation plane relative to the substantially upright standard or leg.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

295.11+,for brackets with vertically sliding joints.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 125.2]    125.2Bracket moved by mechanical operator (e.g., spring, threaded shaft, pulley and rope, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.1.  Vertically adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is relocated along the stand by means of a device intended to move a load.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 125.3]    125.3In fixed increments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.1.  Vertically adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is relocated along the stand at spaced stops (e.g., holes, cutouts, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 125.7]    125.7Bracket specifically designed to rotate about a stand vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.1.  Adjustable bracket with adjustable article support in which the outwardly extending portion revolves about either the upright centerline or a line parallel to the centerline.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 125.8]    125.8Having vertically adjustable stand (e.g., telescoping rods):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Stand and bracket in which the upright extends along its vertical axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 125.9]    125.9And bracket rotatable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.8.  Adjustable stand in which the outwardly extending portion revolves in a vertical or horizontal plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 126]    126STAND OR BRACKET ALTERNATIVE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports which may be used as a stand for supporting the article from a generally horizontal surface or be attached to a wall or other vertical member to hold the article thereto in which position the support is in the form of a bracket.

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518,for a supporting device having mean for receiving a staff, which device includes structure whereby it can be supported by, alternatively, plural kinds of supporting surfaces or objects.
558,for a support convertible to a different type by a rearrangement, substitution, or removal of one or more parts.
644+,for a machinery support comprising means permitting the support to be mounted in more than one manner.
645,for similar supports for machinery.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 127]    127STAND:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports comprising self supporting devices which support an article in substantially spaced relation to a generally horizontal surface such as a table, floor or the ground. They usually have an upright standard, pedestal or legs.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

80+,97+, 105+, 109, 116, 117.2+, 469, and 676 for other stands.
352,for devices in the nature of stands for holding automobiles in raised position.
519+,for a stand or base type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.
676,for easels.

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5Beds,   appropriate subclasses for a support designed to support a person in a reclined position.
27Undertaking,   subclass 27 for burial casket stands also having provisions whereby they may be carried.
34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   particularly subclasses 664 and 239 for racks and stands combined with added means for causing drying and/or gas or vapor contact with the solids supported.
42Firearms,   subclass 94 for stands limited by structure to use for supporting fire arms or stands forming an aiming rest for fire arms.
47Plant Husbandry,   subclasses 39+ for stands limited by structure to use for keeping plants alive.
108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   appropriate subclass for a stand supporting a horizontal planar surface.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 40 for stands limited by structure to use with liquid or gaseous fuel burners.
131Tobacco,   subclass 231 for stands combined with tobacco users" appliances.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 179.1+ for a self-sustaining workman"s support.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclasses 66+ for street car trolley stands.
297Chairs and Seats,   appropriate subclasses, for similar devices limited, as by the presence of a back or armrest or by the particular contouring of the surface, to supporting a seated occupant; and particularly subclasses 391+ for a stool with padded support surface, and see the search notes to the class definition of Class 297 for the line.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclasses 890+ for antennas on a post, standard or tower.
355Photocopying,   subclasses 122+ for stands limited by structure to use with photographic printing frames.
362Illumination,   subclasses 410+ where the stand is limited by structure to use with lights.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 436 , 446, 449, 454, and 455 for stands limited by structure to use with telephones.
399Electrophotography,   subclasses 377+ for holder of original and subclass 393 for copy medium input tray; all support structure is limited to use with an electrophotographic device.
449Bee Culture,   appropriate subclasses for a stand peculiar to use in supporting a bee hive.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 128]    128Movable receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Supports specially designed for supporting a receptacle and in which the receptacle is movable on the stand or with the stand relative to a fixed primary support. The receptacle may be movable on the stand or with the stand to dispense its contents.
(1) Note. Where the receptacle is movable for the purpose of agitating its contents, see Class 366, Agitating, subclasses 53+, 92+ and 219+.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

97+,for bag stands.
105+,for nursing bottle stands.
109,for paste-tube stands.
127,and 155-188.91, for stands on which a receptacle may be supported but not specially designed therefor.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

53Package Making,   subclasses 390+ for plural supports for the components of a package (e.g., receptacle and contents) for access by an operator who manually forms a package.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclass 32 for a ladder convertible for a wash stand.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 133.1+ when the receptacle is a part of a rack.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 47.26 , 47.31 and 79.2 when the receptacle is the body of a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 129]    129Wheeled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports having special provisions for supporting and holding a receptacle in position for use, storage, display or for manipulating the same, in which wheels are provided to make it more readily movable.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

98,for wheeled bag stands.

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280Land Vehicles,   especially subclasses 35 , 47.26, 47.31, and 79.2, when the receptacle constitutes the body of a vehicle, and the appropriate subclasses for wheeled devices used solely to transport a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 130]    130Rotating, horizontal axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports in which the receptacle is rotatable about a horizontal axis.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

211Supports: Racks,   subclass 131.1 when the receptacle is part of a rack and subclasses 77, 78, and 164 for other rotatable racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 131]    131Rotating, vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports in which the receptacle is rotatable about a vertical axis.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

349.1,for other rotatable stands and bases.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 77 , 78, 131.1, and 163+ for rotatable racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 132]    132Vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports in which the receptacle may be moved vertically.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

149,for adjustable supports for stationary receptacles.
157,for vertically adjustable stands.

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254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclasses 2+ for hoisting trucks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 133]    133Tilting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports in which the receptacle is tiltable on the stand.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 80 , 81+ and 168+, for pivoted racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 134]    134Closure operating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports in which the closure for the receptacle is operated when the receptacle is tilted.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 76 , 82, 83, and 84, for racks for receptacles with closures and closure operators.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 810+ for receptacles with pivoted closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 135]    135Casing and support convertible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports which are adapted to form a shipping crate for a receptacle and which may be converted into a tilting support for the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

143,for rocker stands convertible to casings.

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217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 36+ for shipping crates, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 136]    136With foldable stand:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports in which the stand proper may be folded.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

166+,for other folding stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 137]    137With axis intersecting receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports in which the axis of tilt passes through some part of the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

141,for similar tilting cradle supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 138]    138Double horizontal axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports in which the receptacle is tiltable about either of two horizontal axes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

184.1,for stand heads adjustable on double horizontal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 139]    139Titing cradle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports in which the receptacle is mounted on a separate tilting frame or cradle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

185.1,for stand heads adjustable on a horizontal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 140]    140With tilting or latch means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Supports which are also provided with some positive means for tilting the receptacle or with means to latch it in tilted and/or normal position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

142,for other tilting or latch means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 141]    141Axis intersecting receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Supports in which the axis of tilt passes through some part of the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

137,for similar tilting supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 142]    142With tilting or latch means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Supports which also have some positive means for tilting the receptacle or some means for latching it in tilted and/or normal position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

140,for other tilting and latch means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 143]    143Rocker stand:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Supports which have a rocker so that the receptacle can be more easily placed on the stand and/or tipped.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 144]    144Swinging base:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports in the nature of bases which swing about a vertical axis.

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131,and 145, for other similarly movable bases.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 145]    145Swinging about a vertical standard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Supports in which the receptacle is adapted to be swung about a vertical standard.

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131,144 and 202.1, for other similarly movable receptacle supports.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 77 and 78 for similar structure in receptacle supporting racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 145.3]    145.3Inverted receptacle pickup:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Device so characterized that when inverted it engages and retains an inverted receptacle preparatory to the normal function of the stand.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 145.6]    145.6Handle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Device including a handle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 146]    146Stationary receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands specially designed to support a receptacle and in which the receptacle remains stationary on the stand.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include stands on which a receptacle may be supported but which are not specially designed therefor.

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97+,for bag stands.
105+,for nursing bottle stands.
109,for paste-tube stands.

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47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 40.5 for related structure in the form of a base or stand for receiving the trunk of a cut tree, and having, in addition, liquid reservoir to provide moisture for the benefit of the tree; in some instances the reservoir is comprised of a separable receptacle.
53Package Making,   subclasses 390+ for plural supports for the components of a package (e.g., receptacle and contents) for access by an operator who manually forms a package.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 30 for a supporting frame that suspends a portable cook stove over a fire built upon open ground or subclass 363.1 for a stand that supports a boiler receiving hot liquid or steam from stove or furnace (e.g., kitchen boiler, range boiler, etc.).
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 71.01+ for racks for plural receptacles.
222Dispensing,   subclass 577 for an inkstand; i.e., a base and a dispensing inkwell supported thereon; subclasses 585+, for a barometric inkstand; and 457 for a barometric dispenser of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 147]    147With closure operator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices in which there is provided an operator for the receptacle closure.

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134,for operators for closures of movable receptacles.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 76 , 82, 83, and 84 for receptacle supporting racks with closure operators.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 262+ for closure operators on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 148]    148For sloping surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices which have special provision for supporting a receptacle on a sloping surface such as a roof.

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237,for roof supported brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 149]    149Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices which are adjustable to take various sized receptacles.

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132,and 157, for other adjustable stand type supports.
154,for adjustable clamps for gripping the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 150]    150Knockdown or folding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices which may be folded or readily taken apart.

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152,for folding receptacle stands of sheet material.
528,529, 136, 165, and 166+, for other knockdown or folding supports.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclass 85 for foldable or collapsible receptacle supporting racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 151]    151Attached or detachable legs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices including legs adapted to be attached directly to a receptacle and readily removable therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 152]    152Of sheet material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices which are made up of sheet material.

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174,for other sheet material stands.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 72+ for similarly constructed receptacle supporting racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 153]    153Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices which are made of wire.

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107,and 175, for other wire stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 154]    154With clamp or hold-down:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Devices which are provided with a clamp or hold-down for holding the receptacle to the stand.

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187.1,310, 313, and 346.01, for other holding devices on supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 155]    155Convertible to cane:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Device comprising a stand or stool convertible into a walking cane.

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135Tent, Canopy, Umbrella, or Cane,   subclasses 65+ for canes.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclass 118 for a chair or seat convertible to a cane.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 155.1]    155.1Handle becomes support surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Device in which a handle may be detached from the cane and rearranged thereon to form a horizontal supporting surface, or in which said handle is hinged to said cane or stick and is movable to form a horizontal supporting surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 155.2]    155.2Radially hinged support arms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Device provided with arms for supporting a horizontal supporting surface, each arm being pivotally connected at one end to and extending radially from a central support and connected at its other end to said horizontal supporting surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 155.3]    155.3Slidable extensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.2.  Device in which the supporting arms are connected to the central support by a member slidable relative thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 155.4]    155.4Foldable or detachable longitudinal sections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Device in which end- to-end sections of the cane are hinged together or removable one from the other and rearrangeable to form a stool or stand.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 155.5]    155.5Intermediately pivoted sections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Device in which longitudinal sections of the cane or stool are pivotally connected intermediate their lengths, said sections being movable about said point to form a stool or stand.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 156]    156Ground inserted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands having means extending into the ground to anchor them thereto.

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85+,and 87+, for ground inserted hose stands.
96,for golf bag holders which are ground-inserted.
530+,for a ground inserted type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.
545,for a support comprising a ground inserted anchor and means to aid in the insertion thereof.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 153+ for a shaft with an embedded wing-type brace, and subclasses 155+ for piercing or expanding earth anchors.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 29 for ground inserted racks for shocks of grain.
473Games Using Tangible Projectile,   subclasses 387+ for a golf tee and subclasses 417+ for a projectile supporting tee used for a playing field or court game (a baseball batting tee, a football kicking tee, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 157]    157Adjustable vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands in which the supported article may be adjusted to various positions vertically of a fixed support.

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132,for receptacle stands in which the receptacle may be moved vertically.
161+,for adjustable vertical stands of the standard type.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 158]    158Standard type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands which have a vertical standard extending from a base.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclass 88 for coplanar extension surfaces in which a divided pedestal supports end sections, and subclass 150 for a pedestal supported horizontal planar surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 159]    159Sectional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Devices in which the standard is made in sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 160]    160Flexible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Devices in which the standard is flexible by reason of the material from which it is made or by reason of being jointed.

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81,for pivoted standards for hose stands. 104 and 274.1, for bracket arms having a flexible element.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 161]    161Adjustable vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Devices in which the standard is adjustable in a vertical direction usually telescopically.

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157+,for a vertically adjustable nonstandard type stool or stand.

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285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   subclasses 145.1+ , for a telescopic joint in serial diverse relatively movable joints, and subclasses 298+ for a variable length coupling comprising significant internal wall structure of at least one of the tubular bodies being joined.
403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 104+ for articulated members lockable in a selected position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 162.1]    162.1Counterbalanced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Devices in which the adjustable standard is counterbalanced by a spring or weight.

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560+,for a support wherein the weight of the supported article is sustained by a resilient means when in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 163.1]    163.1Plural leg:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands which have more than one leg.

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83+,for a plural leg hose stand.
155,for plural leg stands convertible to cane.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclass 47.3 for a plural legged bench having a wheel selectively engageable with the ground for moving the bench about.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 163.2]    163.2Including suspended support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Support wherein an article supporting portion is projected from an overhead portion of the stand.
(1) Note. The supported article is generally suspended within a space defined by the legs of the stand.

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121+,for a stand and bracket.
317+,for a suspended support in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 164]    164Crossed legs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Devices wherein two or more legs are crossed.

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155.5,for convertible cane having intermediately pivoted crossed leg section.

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5Beds,   subclass 112 for a camp bed having folding crossed legs.
108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 118+ for a horizontal planar surface which is supported by mutually pivoted crossed legs.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 16.1+ for a collapsible chair, particularly subclass 18 for nonpivoted crossed legs and subclasses 56+ for a cross-legged chair where the back and the front legs are integral.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 165]    165Knockdown:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Devices which are readily taken apart usually without the removal of bolts, etc.

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150,for knock-down stationary receptacle stands having this feature.
164,for knock-down stands having all of the legs crossed.
529,for a knockdown stand or base type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.

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5Beds,   subclass 114 for knock-down camp beds.
108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 162+ or 180+ for plural related horizontal surfaces with separable or folding components.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 189+ for a knockdown rack.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 440.1+ for chair and seat components connected by manipulated joints (knock-down).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 166]    166Folding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Devices which may be folded.

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150,for folding stationary receptacle stands.
164,for folding crossed legged stands.
174,for folding stands of sheet material.
528,for a folding stand or base type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 162+ or 180+ for plural related surfaces having separable or folding components, and subclasses 115+ for a horizontal planar surface having folding legs.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 167 and 195+ for folding racks.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 16.1+ for a chair having relatively folding bottom, back and legs.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 167]    167Vertical pivots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Devices which fold on a vertical pivot.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 168]    168Legs pivoted to head:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Devices in which the legs are pivoted to a head.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 169]    169Simultaneously movable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Devices in which means is provided to make all the legs move when one is moved.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 123 and 126 for horizontal planar surfaces supported on folding legs which are conjointly actuated.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 170]    170Legs pivoted to standard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Devices in which the legs are pivoted to a standard.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 171]    171Simultaneously movable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Devices in which means is provided to make all of the legs move when one is moved.

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169,and its search note, for legs pivoted to a head.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 172]    172Adjustable for various sized articles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Devices which are adjustable to take different sized articles.

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149,for adjustable stationary receptacle supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 173]    173Pivoted legs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Devices in which the adjustment is obtained by pivoted legs.

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525+,for a pivoted leg stand or base type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 174]    174Of sheet material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands made of sheet material.

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152,for stationary receptacle supports of sheet material.
441.1+,for easels of sheet material.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclass 135 for sheet material stands with shelves.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 175]    175Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stands made of wire.

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107,for nursing bottle stands made of wire.
153,for stationary receptacle stands of wire.
465.1,for easels made of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 176.1]    176.1To hold a particular article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Stand for securing a specific device (e.g., camera, IV bag, etc.) on a substantially upright standard, leg, base, or frame type members.

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121+,for a stand and bracket combination.
309.1+,for article supporting brackets.
346.01+,for supporting bases.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 176.2]    176.2Having provision for holding hot article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.1.  Particular article stand in which the specific device is designed to secure an article that would give the sensation of burning, searing, or scalding (e.g., curling iron, cooking pot, boiler stand, etc.).

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117.1+,for a sadiron or an iron for melting solder.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 176.3]    176.3Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.1.  Particular article stand in which the substantially upright members are repositionable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 177.1]    177.1Having platform for mounting article directly above stationary stand (e.g., tripod head):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.1.  Particular article stand in which a planar structure is attached to the uppermost portion of the upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.

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82,84, 86, and 88, for similar structure in hose supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 178.1]    178.1Adjustable platform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.1.  Platform above stand in which the planar structure is movable relative to the upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass are means for controlling the movement of the head from a distance.

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514+,for a supporting device having angularly adjustable means for receiving a staff.

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362Illumination,   subclasses 418+ for devices for controlling the movement of a spotlight from a distance.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 179.1]    179.1Multiplanar platform adjustment at one point:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the head or an article securing part thereof is universally movable relative to the upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 180.1]    180.1With means on platform to level article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.1.  Multiplanar adjustable platform in which a device (e.g., weight) makes the article substantially horizontal.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 181.1]    181.1Ball and socket type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.1.  Multiplanar adjustable platform in which movement is facilitated by a spherical portion within a complementary cavity.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 181.2]    181.2Socket captures ball in upper hemisphere:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 181.1.  Ball and socket adjustable platform in which the cavity surrounds the spherical portion defined by, but not including, an equatorial line.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 182.1]    182.1With attached counterweight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 181.1.  Ball and socket adjustable platform which has a weight, counterbalance, or other means to automatically make the article securing means horizontal.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 183.1]    183.1Along a vertical axis and horizontal pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the article securing means is both reciprocated in an elevation plane and revolvable about a level plane relative to the substantially upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 183.2]    183.2On a single horizontal pivot and rotatable about a vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the article securing means is movable about a fixed axis in a general level plane and revolvable about an axis disposed in an elevation plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 183.3]    183.3Pivot biased by spring (e.g., coil, Belleville, torsional, washer type, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.2.  Pivotable and rotatable platform in which platform movement is affected by a resilient member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 183.4]    183.4Pivot operated by gear system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.2.  Pivotable and rotatable platform in which platform movement is performed via toothed wheel or rack members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 184.1]    184.1On double horizontal pivots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the article securing means may be reciprocated about two level axes which are normal to the upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 185.1]    185.1On a single horizontal pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the article securing means may be reciprocated about one level plane and is usually normal to the upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 186.1]    186.1On a vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the article securing means is raised and lowered about an elevation plane and is usually parallel to the upright standard, leg, base, or frame members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 186.2]    186.2Rotating about a vertical pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.1.  Adjustable platform in which the article securing means is revolved around a generally upright axle-type member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 187.1]    187.1Including detailed mount for article (e.g., camera):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.1.  Platform mount in which the uppermost portion contains structure to receive and hold a usually complementary portion of the article.

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25,154, 176.1+, 310, 313, 346.01, and 680, for other securing means.
523+,for a stand or base-type supporting device having means for receiving and centering or retaining in that means a staff.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188]    188Leg attaching connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Devices for attaching a stand leg to its head.

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151,and 168, for other leg connections.

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403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 230+ for connections between a rod and a plate.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.1]    188.1Understructure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Device comprising supporting substructure for the stand (e.g., leg, foot or base).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.2]    188.2Elevating or leveling device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.1.  Device including means for adjustment of the device up or down with respect to the surface upon which it rests or means to compensate for unevenness or irregularity in said surface.

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446,for a device for supporting a book in open position including compensating means for maintaining the two halves of the open face of the book in substantially the same horizontal plane.
649+,for a machinery support comprising independently adjustable legs or feet.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.3]    188.3Self-positioning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.2.  Device in which the means for adjustment of the device up or down or means to compensate for surface unevenness or irregularity includes means acting without manual intervention to return the device to a desired position.

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182.1+,for an adjustable head for an article support wherein the adjustment is secured by a ball and socket joint and includes a weight, counterbalance or other means to automatically level the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.4]    188.4Screw threaded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.2.  Device in which the adjustment or compensation means includes interthreaded elements.

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650,for a machinery support comprising independently adjustable legs or feet, the adjustment means being a threaded means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.5]    188.5Telescoping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.2.  Device in which the adjustment or compensation means includes elements which are slidable into or upon one another.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.6]    188.6Folding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.1.  Device in which the device may be collapsed into a structure of reduced volume.

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166+,for a plural leg folding stand.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.7]    188.7Radiating leg type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.1.  Device in which the supporting substructure comprises a plurality of foot or leg-like members, the proximate ends of which converge at and are attached to a central hub-like member and the remote ends of which project from said hub-like member in divergent relationship.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.8]    188.8Leg or foot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.1.  Device in which the supporting substructure is in the nature of an elongated, rigid member, the longitudinal axis of which extends at an angle to the principal face of the supported device, or the lower terminal structure thereof.

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615+,for a resilient support comprising a resilient foot.
677,for a machinery support comprising a leg or foot.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.9]    188.9Tip or shoe:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.8.  Device comprising an attachment for the lower terminal of the elongated, rigid member (e.g., pad, anti-tip, anti-skid device).

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346.11,for a caster cup.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware,   subclasses 18+ for a caster.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 188.91]    188.91Brace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.8.  Device including means to provide rigidity and stability to the device.

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351+,for a support in the nature of a pole or post arranged either vertically, horizontally or in inclined position which holds or steadies an article or thing from falling against the action of gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 200]    200BRACKETS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports for an article which is attached to a device and has an outwardly extending article supporting portion including relatively compact rigid devices even when attached to a ceiling or other overhead support.

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48.2,for eaves trough wall brackets.
65+,75+, 108, 110+, 115, 117.1, 534+, and 674+, for other bracket type supports.
682+,for article carried brackets.

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5Beds,   subclasses 207+ , 263+, and 304 for brackets for supporting bed bottoms, springs, etc.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 252 for brackets specially designed for holding an article over a gas jet.
296Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops,   subclasses 124+ for brackets for supporting let-down tops for vehicles.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclass 892 for antennas with a bracket support.
362Illumination,   subclass 432 for brackets limited by structure to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 200.1]    200.1On extensible column mounted between opposed surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  A support wherein a bracket is mounted on a longitudinally extensible support column, said column having elements on either end thereof, said elements being adapted to engage the face of opposed surfaces as the column is extended therebetween.

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644,for a machinery support on an extensible column mounted between opposed surfaces.

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52Static Structures (e.g. Buildings),   subclass 112 for an opposed barrier-engaging mechanism operated relatively movable shaft assembly, and subclass 632 for an axially extensible shafts.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 201]    201Plural, for single article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Supports in which there is more than one bracket for supporting a single article.

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65+,for plural brackets for pipes or cables.
235+,for plural brackets for shelves or scaffolds.
251+,for plural brackets for rods.
657+,for a machinery support comprising plural brackets for a single machine.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 202.1]    202.1For swinging receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which the article supported is a receptacle and in which the brackets have provisions whereby the receptacle can swing on a vertical axis.

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145,for similar structure in stand-type supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.1]    205.1Specially mounted or attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Brackets for supporting an article on particular objects or in a particular place or way.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 86.01+ for specially mounted racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.2]    205.2By mechanically interlocking fabric (e.g., a hook and loop type fastener):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure comprising a pair of fabric components one of which is provided with hooks or hook-like members which interengage with loops or loop-like members on the other component or wherein the fabric components fasten together by the entanglement of cooperating portions thereon.

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24Buttons, Buckles, Clasps, etc.,   subclass 306 for a fastener comprising mechanically interlocked fabric.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.3]    205.3By adhesive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure wherein the bracket is attached to the support by a nonmetallic surface bonding agent such as glue or cement or by molecular interaction between a component attached to the support and another component attached to the bracket.

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467,for a mirror or picture holder attached to a support by adhesive means.
544+,for a support comprising a compartment or container for storing adhesive until ready for use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.4]    205.4Bridged by diverse anchoring means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.3.  Structure comprising an additional attaching means for attaching the bracket to the support, said additional means being a nonadhesive means and in bridging relationship to the adhesive means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.5]    205.5By vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure attached to the support by atmospheric pressure acting on an element of the bracket by reason of a reduced pressure beneath the element.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

309.3,for a bracket comprising vacuum means for holding the supported article thereon.
362,for a vacuum hold down.
363,for a support comprising vacuum means for holding the supported article thereon.
467,for a mirror or picture holder attached to a support by vacuum mean.
537,for a staff supporting bracket attached to a support by vacuum.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.6]    205.6Bridged by diverse anchoring means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.5.  Structure comprising an additional means for attaching the bracket to the support, said additional means being a nonvacuum means which is in bridging relationship with the vacuum means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.7]    205.7Including resilient means acting against atmospheric force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.5.  Structure comprising a resilient means which acts on said bracket element in a direction opposite to that due to the atmospheric pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.8]    205.8Including vacuum maker or breaker:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.5.  Structure comprising means (1) for creating or enhancing the reduced pressure under the element, or (2) for equalizing the pressure beneath the element with that of the ambient.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 205.9]    205.9Including valve or port:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.8.  Structure including an inlet or outlet which connects with the space beneath the element.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 206.1]    206.1Including diverse abutment; e.g., brace fulcrum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.5.  Structure having a nonvacuum element which abuts either the support or a part of the bracket.
(1) Note. The function of the nonvacuum element usually is to prevent disengagement or displacement of the vacuum element.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 206.2]    206.2Including annular vacuum cup:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.5.  Structure wherein the vacuum element is ring shaped.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 206.3]    206.3Including plural vacuum cups:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.5.  Structure comprising more than one negative pressure element.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 206.4]    206.4Vertically spaced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 206.3.  Structure wherein the vacuum elements are spaced one above the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 206.5]    206.5By magnet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure wherein the bracket is secured on the support by ferrous attraction.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 207]    207Vertically or horizontally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices designed to be secured alternately to a horizontal or vertical support or to hold an article in a vertically or horizontally extending position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

126,for other alternative supports.
645+,for a machinery support comprising means permitting the support to be mounted in more than one manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 208]    208Window:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices mounted on a window frame or window.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

205.5,for brackets attached by suction cups.
251+,for curtain pole and shade roller brackets with window mounting means.
304+,for window mounted hook type brackets.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 53+ for a window seat or scaffold.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 87.01+ for window mounted racks.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclasses 242 and 245+ for cabinets mounted in wall or panel recesses.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 209]    209Radiator bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Devices for mounting house radiators on a window frame.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

232+,for wall brackets for mounting radiators.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 67+ for a heat exchanger with an external support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 210]    210Ladder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices for supporting an article on a ladder.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 211]    211Hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Devices in which the bracket has a hook for supporting the article.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 212]    212Faucet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices specially designed for supporting an article from a faucet.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

89+,for hose racks mounted on faucets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 213]    213Hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Devices in which the article support is in the form of a hook.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 213.1]    213.1On closure hinge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure for mounting on the pivoting element of a pivoted closure, e.g. door.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

16Miscellaneous Hardware,   subclass 223 for hinge attachments in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 213.2]    213.2On receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure which mounts on an enclosure or container.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

214+,for a bracket mounted on a horizontal rod or bar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 42+ for horizontal planar surface combined with another structure in a particular way.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 213.3]    213.3On radiator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure which mounts on a radiant heating device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

220.21+,for an interlocked bracket and support in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 213.4]    213.4Radiator clamped:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.3.  Structure wherein the bracket is mounted on the radiator by holding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 214]    214On horizontal rod or bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices which engage over a generally horizontal rod or bar and which support an article thereon.
(1) Note. Where the horizontal bar is the edge of a receptacle, see this class, subclass 205.1, or a ladder rung, see subclass 210, or where the bracket is clamped to the bar or rod, see subclasses 225.31+.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

16Miscellaneous Hardware,   subclass 87.2 and the notes appended thereto, for bracket devices for hanging flexible panels from a horizontal rod or bar.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 215]    215Hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.  Devices in which the article support is in the form of a hook.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

307,and 340, for other supports of this type.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 216.1]    216.1Including support piercing or cutting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure comprising (1) means for piercing or forming a hole or recess in a fixed support, or (2) means for enlarging or cutting a portion of a preformed hole therein.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include brackets which are attached to a support by mere nails or screws. Such devices are classified below on other features. However, it does not include brackets mounted by nails or screws wherein there is a particular and specified arrangement of such fasteners, or wherein there is some cooperation between such a fastener and the bracket other than the usual and necessary cooperation which is associated with a fastener of that type. For example, a bracket which comprises a distinct means for guiding a nail or holding same while it is being driven and a bracket which is mounted by a plurality of such fasteners which extend in different directions are included herein.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

71,for a pipe supporting bracket having support piercing or cutting means.
251+,for a rod supporting bracket having support piercing or cutting means.
546,for a support piercing or cutting means comprising means to aid in the installation thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 216.4]    216.4Including diverse mounting or attaching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.1.  Structure comprising, in addition to the piercing or cutting means, a mounting or attaching means of some other type.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

217.1,for means responsive to the weight of the bracket and/or the supported article for causing engagement of the piercing or cutting means with the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 217.1]    217.1Weight causes means to engage support :
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.1.  Structure so constructed and arranged that the weight of the bracket and/or the supported article causes a force to be exerted on the piercing or cutting means in the direction of engagement thereof with the support so as to force the means into engagement with the support or hinders its removal therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 217.2]    217.2Plural means engaging in different directions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.1.  Structure comprising a plurality of piercing or cutting means which, when engaged, extend in different directions.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 217.3]    217.3Strike out, e.g., spur, barb, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.1.  Structure wherein the piercing or cutting means comprises an integral portion of the bracket which is struck or cut out therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 217.4]    217.4Threaded shank:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.1.  Structure wherein the bracket comprises a threaded shank which serves as the cutting or piercing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 218.1]    218.1Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.1.  Structure wherein the bracket is made substantially entirely from wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 218.2]    218.2Single piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.1.  Structure comprising a single piece of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 218.3]    218.3Piercing or cutting means at each end:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.2.  Structure wherein a piercing or cutting means is formed on each end of the wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 218.4]    218.4Post or column attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure comprising means for attaching the bracket to an upright pole or post.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

227.3,for a bracket secured to a pole or post by clamping means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclass 151 for a horizontal planar surface which embraces its support, and subclass 152 for a device in which a horizontal planar surface is attached laterally of a support which may be a column.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 187+ for a platform with means for mounting same on a pole or tree.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 107 for a rack mounted on a column.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 219.1]    219.1Plural distinct post or column engaging means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.4.  Structure comprising a plurality of distinct means for engaging the post or column.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 219.2]    219.2At top of post or column:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.4.  Structure wherein the attaching means comprises means for engaging the top of the post or column.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 219.3]    219.3Traversing post or column:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.4.  Structure wherein a part of the bracket or a component associated therewith extends entirely through the post or column.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 219.4]    219.4Including saddle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.4.  Structure wherein the bracket or a component associated therewith comprises a concave surface for engaging the surface of the post or column.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.1]    220.1Corner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices which are secured to the corner of an object or room.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.21]    220.21Interlocked bracket and support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Specially mounted bracket wherein a wall section or specific panel, for example, having an interengaging means which is both complementary to and holds the outwardly extending article support portion in place.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

73,for a pipe or cable bracket attached to a supporting structure by interlocking means.
243,for a shelf bracket attached to a supporting structure by interlocking means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.22]    220.22Intermediate bracket interlocked between bracket and support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein at least one additional interengaging means is cooperatively disposed between and adjoins the outwardly extending portion and the wall or panel.
(1) Note. The bracket and support are separately connected to the intermediate bracket and not to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.31]    220.31Apertured mount (i.e., pegboard):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support comprising the panel having a multiplicity of holes which are selectively engageable with one or more outwardly extending article support portions whereby one or more article supports may be held at selected positions on said panel.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.41]    220.41Plural apertures engaged by single bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.31.  Pegboard in which the outwardly extending article support portion is held simultaneously with more than one hole in the panel.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.42]    220.42Engaged apertures horizontally and vertically spaced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.41.  Pegboard in which the outwardly extending article support portions are held simultaneously with at least three holes, two of which are at an interval along a longitudinal axis and two of which are at an interval along a lateral axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 220.43]    220.43Engaged apertures vertically spaced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.41.  Pegboard wherein the outwardly extending article support portions are held simultaneously with at least two holes which are at an interval along a longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 221.11]    221.11Including latch, retainer, or keeper on bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support comprising a shiftable or removable capturing and holding device.
(1) Note. A mere bolt or screw, which forms one of the engaging means and may be tightened to prevent separation from the other part, is not included in this subclass but is classified on the basis of the interengagement.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 221.12]    221.12Keyhole aperture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.11.  Latch, retainer, or keeper wherein the mount comprises a narrow slot communicating with an enlarged opening and the other interengaging part comprises (a) a headed portion, insertable through the opening and larger than the groove, and (b) an attached shank portion, smaller than the headed portion, complementary to the slot whereby the headed portion secures the outwardly extending portion in the slot.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.11]    222.11Resilient catch or latch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Latch, retainer, or keeper comprising a flexible capturing and holding device for (a) effecting the interengagement of the portions or (b) securing the interengaged portions against separation.
(1) Note. The means may be biased either by its own inherent resiliency or by a separate means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.12]    222.12Having plural, oppositely acting resilient members acting as retainer or keeper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.11.  Resilient catch or latch wherein the capturing and holding device comprises at least two members that move toward or away from each other to fasten the interengaging means of the portions together.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.13]    222.13Latch, retainer, or keeper is wedge or cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Latch, retainer, or keeper wherein a mechanical member of an inclined plane or raised lobe type secures the interengaging portions against disengagement.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.14]    222.14Latch, retainer, or keeper is threaded member (i.e., set screw or locknut):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Latch, retainer, or keeper wherein a rod or perforated block with projecting helical ribs acts to retain the interengaging portions of the bracket and support together.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.41]    222.41Keyhole aperture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein one of the interengaging portions comprises a narrow slot communicating with an enlarged opening and the other interengaging part comprises (a) a headed portion, insertable through the opening and larger than the groove, and (b) an attached shank portion, smaller than the headed portion, complementary to the slot whereby the headed portion secures the outwardly extending portion in the slot.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.51]    222.51Bracket and mount interlocked by arc-like angular motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Latch, retainer, or keeper wherein the outwardly extending portion or part is interengaged to the mounting means in a movement along a circle segment.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 222.52]    222.52Bracket and mount interlocked by rotational motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.51.  Angular motion interlock wherein the outwardly extending portion is engaged to the complementary mounting means by a twisting or turning motion about an axis generally perpendicular to the direction of interlock.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 223.21]    223.21Aperture having multiple extending slots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.41.  Keyhole aperture comprising (a) two narrow grooves extending from an opening or (b) two narrow recesses each communicating with a separate opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 223.31]    223.31Including spaced, diverse engagements between bracket and support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support comprising a plurality of spaced, distinct interengaging means with one such means being dissimilar from the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 223.41]    223.41One interengaging portion includes groove:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein one interengaging means comprises an elongated channel and a transversely extending member having a complementary tongue received by the elongated channel.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 224.51]    224.51Groove longitudinally stepped or tapered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.41.  Grooved interengaging portion wherein the channel or tongue is progressively narrow to one end and is either multiplanar or planar parallel to the interengaging means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 224.61]    224.61Interior sidewalls of groove stepped or tapered (i.e., laterally):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.41.  Grooved interengaging portion wherein the channel or tongue is progressively narrow to one end and is either multiplanar or planar toward a backwall of the channel.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 224.7]    224.7Mount includes socket or sleeve for bracket portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein one of the interengaging means comprises a female portion of substantial longitudinal extent and a receivable male portion therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 224.8]    224.8One interengaging portion includes aperture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein one of the interengaging means comprises an opening and a complementary protuberance.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 225.11]    225.11Bracket interengaging portion includes open slot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein the interengaging means comprises a narrow recess with a continuous projection parallel to the recess bottom to restrain the outwardly extending portion attaching means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 225.21]    225.21Bracket interengaging portion includes a hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 220.21.  Interlocked bracket and support wherein one of the interengaging parts comprises a curved or bent piece, similar to the letter J, for holding articles.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

215,for a bracket comprising a hook engaged with a horizontal rod or bar.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 226.11]    226.11Bracket clamped to mount (i.e, single clamp):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Specially mounted bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is removably secured to its support by a device that binds, constricts, or presses two parts together so as to hold the parts firmly to a wall section or specific panel.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

72,113, 117.4, 117.6, and 117.7, for other support with clamp features.
79,for brackets for clamping a hose to a receptacle.
207,for brackets having a clamp adapting same to be clamped to a horizontally or vertically extending support.
210+,for a bracket clamped to a ladder.
212+,for a bracket clamped to a faucet.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 455+ for clamps of a general utility (i.e., no bracket).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 226.12]    226.12For electrical insulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is designed specifically for an apparatus that is a poor conductor of electricity.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 227.1]    227.1Including hook portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket in which the outwardly extending portion has a curved or bent piece, similar to the letter J, for holding articles.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 343+ for clasp hook type fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 227.2]    227.2Horizontal planar surface mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.1.  Specially mounted bracket wherein the outwardly extending portion is secured to a level member (i.e. a board or plank).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 227.3]    227.3Post or column mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.1.  Specially mounted bracket wherein the outwardly extending portion is secured to a vertically disposed member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 227.4]    227.4Horizontal rod or bar mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.1.  Specially mounted bracket wherein the outwardly extending portion is secured to a tubular ingot-type member disposed in an elevation plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.1]    228.1Designed for a structural beam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Bracket clamped to mount in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held to a supporting member designed to maintain construction stability.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

72,for pipe brackets clamped to a beam.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.2]    228.2By cam or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held by a mechanical member, inclined plane or lobe type, which (a) engages the supporting member and fixes it against another member or (b) actuates a fixing member and biases it into engagement with the mounting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.3]    228.3By sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held by a pair of binding, constricting or pressing members (whereby at least one member reciprocates from the other member along an axis).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.4]    228.4By pivoted jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held by a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which is connected for arcuate movement toward or away from the other member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.5]    228.5By separable jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members which are readily removed from each other and which in the normal operation of the device the members are movable toward each other and firmly hold the supporting member therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.6]    228.6By C-clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held by a frame in the shape of the letter C having a movable member at one end wherein the supporting member is bound, constricted, or pressed between the movable member and the other end.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.7]    228.7By resilient clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held by a mechanism formed, at least in part, of flexible material and wherein binding, constricting, or pressing portions are biased to firm holding engagement with the supporting member by the flexible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 228.8]    228.8By flexible clamping band:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.1.  Bracket designed for a structural beam in which the outwardly extending portion is firmly held by a pliable strap.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

230,for split resilient clamping rings combined with the bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.1]    229.1Clamped to mounting surface with diverse article clamping means (i.e., double clamp):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Specially mounted bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is removably secured to its support by a device that binds, constricts, or presses two parts together so as to hold the parts firmly to a wall section or specified panel and further including a device that binds, constricts, or presses two parts together to hold a particular item wherein the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item are distinct and different.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.11]    229.11Clamped to mounting surface by cam or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a mechanical member, inclined plane or lobe type, which (a) engages the mounting means and fixes it against another member or (b) actuates a fixing member and is biased into engagement with the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.12]    229.12Clamped to mounting surface by sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which reciprocates with respect to the other member along an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.13]    229.13Clamped to mounting surface by pivoted jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which is connected for arcuate movement toward or away from the other member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.14]    229.14Clamped to mounting surface by separable jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members which are readily removed from each other and which in the normal operation of the device are movable toward each other and firmly hold the support therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.15]    229.15Clamped to mounting surface by C-clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a frame, in the shape of the letter C, having a movable member at one end wherein the support is bound, constricted, or pressed between the movable member and the other end.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.16]    229.16Clamped to mounting surface by resilient clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion which is formed, at least in part, of flexible material and wherein binding, constricting, or pressing portions are biased to firmly hold the support by the flexible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.17]    229.17Clamped to mounting surface by flexible clamping band:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.1.  Diverse clamping means bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion is a pliable strap.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.2]    229.2Clamped to mounting surface with identical article clamping means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Specially mounted bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is removably secured to its support by a device that binds, constricts, or presses two parts together so as to hold the parts firmly to a wall section or specified panel and further includes a device that binds, constricts, or presses two parts together to hold a particular item wherein the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item are of the same construction.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.21]    229.21Clamped to mounting surface by cam or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.2.  Identical clamping means bracket in which both the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item comprise a mechanical member, inclined plane or lobe type which (a) engages the mounting means and fixes it against another member or (b) actuates a fixing member and biased it into engagement with the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.22]    229.22Clamped to mounting surface by sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.2.  Identical clamping means bracket in which both the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item comprise a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which reciprocates from the other member along an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.23]    229.23Clamped to mounting surface by pivoted jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.2.  Identical clamping means bracket in which both the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item comprise a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which is connected for arcuate movement toward or away from the other member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.24]    229.24Clamped to mounting surface by separable jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.2.  Identical clamping means bracket in which both the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item comprise a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members which are readily removed from each other and which, in the normal operation of the device, are movable toward each other and firmly hold the support therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.25]    229.25Clamped to mounting surface by C-clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.2.  Identical clamping means bracket in which both the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item comprises a frame, in the shape of the letter C, having a movable member at one end wherein the support is bound, constricted, or pressed between the movable member and the other end.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 229.26]    229.26Clamped to mounting surface by resilient clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.2.  Identical clamping means bracket in which both the securing device for the outwardly extending portion and the device to hold a particular item are formed, at least in part, of flexible material and wherein binding, constricting, or pressing portions are biased to firmly hold the engagement with the support by the flexible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.1]    230.1Cylindrical mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is removably secured to its support by a device that binds, constricts, or presses two or more parts together so as to hold the parts firmly to a member that is tubular in shape.

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541,for a bracket type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff which can be adapted to be clamped to a cylindrical support.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclass 151 for a horizontal planar surface which embraces its support, and subclass 152 for a horizontal planar surface which is attached laterally of its support.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 187+ for a platform with means to clamp it on a pole or tree.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 107 for a rack having means for securing it to a post.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.2]    230.2By cam or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion item comprises a mechanical member, inclined plane or lobe type, which (a) engages the support and fixes it against another member or (b) actuates a fixing member and is biased into engagement with the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.3]    230.3By sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members at least one of which reciprocates from the other member along an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.4]    230.4By pivoted jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which is connected for arcuate movement toward or away from the other member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.5]    230.5By separable jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members which are readily removed from each other and which in the normal operation of the device are movable toward each other and firmly hold the support therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.6]    230.6By C-clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion comprises a frame, in the shape of the letter C, having a movable member at one end wherein the support is bound, constricted, or pressed between the movable member and the other end.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.7]    230.7By resilient clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion is formed, at least in part, of flexible material and wherein binding, constricting, or pressing portions are biased to firm holding engagement with the support by the flexible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.8]    230.8By flexible clamping band:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.1.  Cylindrical mounted bracket in which the securing device for the outwardly extending portion is a pliable strap.

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230,for split resilient clamping rings combined with the bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 230.9]    230.9Including threaded attaching member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.8.  Flexible clamping band wherein the outwardly extending portion has a projecting helical rib for fastening to the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.21]    231.21By expanding clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket which pushes apart two parts so as to hold the parts firmly against the wall section or specific panel.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.31]    231.31By cam or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket comprising a mechanical member, inclined plane or lobe type which (1) engages the mounting means and fixes it against another member or (2) actuates a fixing member and is biased into engagement with the support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.41]    231.41By sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket comprising a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which reciprocates from the other member along an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.51]    231.51By pivoted jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket comprising a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members one of which is connected for arcuate movement toward or away from the other member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.61]    231.61By separable jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket comprising a pair of binding, constricting, or pressing members which are readily removed from each other and which in the normal operation of the device are movable toward each other and firmly hold the support therebetween.

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231.51,for a pivoted jaw for a pair of clamping members which are joined together by a detachable hinge.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.71]    231.71By C-clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket comprising a frame, in the shape of the letter C, having a movable member at one end wherein the support is bound, constricted, or pressed between the movable member and the other end.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.81]    231.81By resilient clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket which is formed, at least in part, of flexible material and wherein binding, constricting, or pressing portions are biased to firmly hold the engagement with the support by the flexible material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.85]    231.85Distinct, separate, article clamp members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.11.  Specially mounted bracket in which the device that binds, constricts, or presses two parts together to hold a particular article comprises a plurality of diverse clamping members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.9]    231.9In aperture of support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Structure comprising a member within an opening in a support which member within an opening in a support which member is adapted to receive or accommodate a fastener for securing a bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 231.91]    231.91By wall anchor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Bracket comprising a member within an aperture in a wall which member is adapted to receive or accommodate a fastener for securing a bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 232]    232Radiator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Bracket supports specially designed to support a wall radiator.

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209,for brackets for supporting a wall radiator on a window frame.

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165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 67+ for a heat exchanger with an external support.
180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 68.4+ for vehicle radiator supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 233]    233Suspended radiator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Wall radiator bracket supports in which the radiator is hung from its top.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 234]    234With rod-supported hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Wall radiator bracket supports in which the radiator is carried by a hook which in turn is supported by the lower end of a rod.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 235]    235Shelf or scaffold type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Brackets of the type used for supporting a shelf or scaffold board.

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236,for a window mounted shelf or scaffold bracket.
237,for a roof mounted shelf or scaffold bracket.
238,for a ladder mounted shelf or scaffold bracket.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclass 152 for a horizontal planar surface which is attached laterally of its support by means of a bracket.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 333 for brackets limited by structure for supporting stove shelves.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 236]    236Shelf or scaffold type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Devices wherein the bracket is of the shelf or scaffold type.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 237]    237Roof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.1.  Devices which are mounted on a sloping roof.

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48.1,for roof-supporting eaves trough brackets.
148,for receptacle stands for sloping roofs.
536,for a bracket type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff, which device is adapted to be mounted upon surfaces formed by intersecting planes (e.g., a roof ridge).

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182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclass 45 for a workman"s support with means to mount it on a sloping roof.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 238]    238Shelf or scaffold type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Devices wherein the bracket is of the shelf or scaffold type.

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182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 120+ for a detachable platform or step mounted on a ladder.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 239]    239Projecting pin type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Devices in the form of a generally horizontally extending pin upon which the shelf rests.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 240]    240Swinging or folding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Devices which are pivoted to swing against the wall in either a vertical or horizontal direction or to be folded when not in use.

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236,237 and 238, for folding window, roof, or ladder supported brackets of this type.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 240.1]    240.1Stored in housing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Device wherein the wall is provided with a recess or receptacle and the shelf is movable into the recess to a nonuse position.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 14+ for a chair bottom and back stored in a wall recess or receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 240.2]    240.2With floor engaging prop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Device provided with a supporting leg or standard which extends down to a supporting position on a horizontal surface such as a floor or the ground.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 240.3]    240.3Removable and foldable entity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Device wherein the bracket as a whole is displaced from its use position and collapsed, as for storage or transport.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 240.4]    240.4Shelf support swings vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Device wherein the shelf-like component or that on which it bears pivots about a horizontal axis.

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371+,for a stand with a tilting support surface.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 313+ for a seat with a tilting bottom.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 241]    241Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to vary the position of the shelf or scaffold board or to take different sizes or shelves or scaffold boards.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 242]    242To vary shelf angle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 241.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to vary the angle of the shelf or scaffold board.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 243]    243Vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 241.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to vary the vertical position of the shelf or scaffold board.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 106+ for vertically adjustable plural related surfaces and subclasses 144.11+ for a vertically adjustable horizontal planar surface.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclass 351 for cabinets with vertically adjustable shelves.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 244]    244Sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Devices in which the bracket is slid along its support from position to position and again interlocked or clamped thereto.

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295.11+,for similar supports of more general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 245]    245Clamping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Devices in which the bracket is clamped to its support in the various positions to which it is slid.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 246]    246Self-acting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Devices in which the bracket is automatically clamped to its support in its adjusted position by the action of the weight of the bracket and its load.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 247]    247Of sheet material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Shelf or scaffold bracket supports which are made of sheet material.

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300,for similar supports of more general utility.

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 897+ for a process for making sheet metal brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 248]    248Single blank:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Devices which are made from a single blank of sheet material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 249]    249Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Shelf or scaffold bracket supports which are made of wire.

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302,for similar supports of more general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 250]    250Shelf holding means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Devices for holding the shelf or scaffold board to its bracket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 251]    251Rod type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Brackets having provisions for supporting a rod usually in a horizontal position.The term curtain rod includes the head rod or pole of venetian blinds.
(1) Note. This subclass and the indented subclasses take bracket supports for poles where only such structure of the pole is claimed as immediately cooperates with the bracket for mounting purposes.Where, in addition, other features (1) of pole structure, (2) of pole or fabric operating means, (3) of fabric securing means and/or (4) the combination with a fabric (either broadly or specifically) are included, the patent is either in Class 160 or other appropriate class under the lines set forth in note (3) to the main class definition of Class 160.

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65+,for pipe or cable brackets.
534+,for a bracket type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff. While the supported object of that subclass (534) closely resembles the supported object of this subclass (251), a supporting device of that subclass ordinarily supports the object in cantilever fashion, whereas here (251) a plurality of significantly spaced devices are provided for supporting the object.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 369 and 371 for strip-like screeds which may include a support and subclasses 677+ for spacer-positioner for rod-like embedded reinforcing member.
188Brakes,   subclass 205 for vehicle brake rod supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 252]    252Combined curtain rod and shade roller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Brackets of the rod type which have provisions for supporting both a curtain rod or roller and a shade roller or a plurality of shade rollers. The rods and rollers may be claimed by name, and such structure of the rod and/or roller as is necessary to cooperate with the bracket may be recited.

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263,for brackets for plural curtain rods only.

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160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 89+ including particularly subclasses 108+, 113+ and 120+ for additional specific features included in combination.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 253]    253Plural rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.  Devices which also have provisions for supporting more than one curtain rod or roller.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 254]    254Independent bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.  Devices in which the bracket at each end of the rod and roller is not attached to that at the other end except by being attached to the window frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 255]    255Plural rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.  Devices which also have provisions for supporting more than one curtain rod or roller.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 256]    256Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 255.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to change the position of or to take different lengths of curtain poles or shade rollers.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 257]    257Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to change the position of or to take different lengths of curtain rods or shade rollers.

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252,for adjustable brackets of this type which are attached to each other.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 164+ for a table behind a seat wherein each is independently vertically adjustable, and subclass 168 for a table behind a seat wherein the seat is tiltable and vertically adjustable and the table is either stationary or moves vertically with the seat.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 258]    258In two directions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Devices in which the adjustment is in two different directions usually at right angles to each other. The adjustment in one direction may be of the shade roller and in the other the curtain pole.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 259]    259Laterally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Devices in which the adjustment is in a direction laterally of the window.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 260]    260Step-by-step:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Devices in which the adjustment progresses by steps.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 261]    261Curtain rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Brackets of the rod type which have provisions for supporting a curtain pole.This subclass and indented subclasses include the pole where the only modification is so that it will fit the particular bracket.

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266+,for supports for curtain poles in the form of a roller like the ordinary shade roller.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware,   subclasses 87.2+ for supports with fabric hanging means.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 333+ and 340+ for an operator for the fabric.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 105.1 for operators for the pole, and for details of the arrangement of the structure of the pole or rod (other than that necessary to the cooperation of the pole and bracket).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 262]    262Independent bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Devices in which the bracket at one end of the pole is unattached to the bracket at the other end except by being attached to the window frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 263]    263Plural rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.  Devices which have provisions for supporting more than one curtain rod.

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160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 113+ and 123+ for specific details of the rods or their specific arrangement.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 264]    264Mounted on opposing walls:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.  Devices which are mounted on and lie between the opposing walls of a window frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 265]    265Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to change the position of the curtain pole or to take different lengths of poles.

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261,for adjustable brackets of this type which are attached to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 266]    266Shade roller type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Devices which have provisions for supporting a single roller of the shade roller type. This subclass and the indented subclasses include the roller when so named.

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160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 323.1+ for more than the mere mounting of the roller, e.g., means for aiding or permitting the winding of the roller motor.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclass 599.3 for a particular spindle bearing arrangement, and subclass 919 for a ground cover reeling device.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 267]    267Independent bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 266.  Devices in which the bracket at each end of the roller is unattached to that at the other end except by being attached to the window frame or other support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 268]    268Mounted on opposing walls:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 267.  Devices in which the bracket is mounted on and lies between the opposing walls of the window frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 269]    269Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 267.  Devices in which the bracket is adjustable to change the position of the roller or to take different lengths of rollers.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 270]    270In two directions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Devices in which the adjustment is in two different directions usually at right angles to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 271]    271Laterally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Devices in which the adjustment is in a direction laterally of the window.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 272]    272Step-by-step:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Devices in which the adjustment progresses by steps.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 273]    273Awning head rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Brackets of the rod type having provisions for supporting an awning head rod.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 274.1]    274.1Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is movable to (a) change position of the supported article, (b) take different sized articles, or (c) be secured to different sized supports.

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81+,for adjustable brackets for supporting a hose on a stand.
226.11+,where the bracket is secured to a mount by an adjustable clamp.
232+,for adjustable radiator brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 276.1]    276.1Plural joints:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.1.  Adjustable bracket in which the movement is made possible by more than one connection in the outwardly extending portion.

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123.11,for a stand with a counterbalanced bracket.
288.11+,for adjustments made in a plurality of directions, but only a single joint is used.
560+,for a support wherein the weight of the supported article is sustained by a resilient means when in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 277.1]    277.1Lazy tong type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is in the form of a series of pivoted bars.

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157,for lazy tong stands.
324,for lazy tong suspension devices.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 521 for lazy tong levers.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 105 for lazy tong racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 278.1]    278.1Vertical pivot at right angle to horizontal pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket in which the joints are in the form of a plurality of rotatable connections (at least one connection being on an elevation axis and orthogonal to at least one connection on a level axis).

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211Supports: Racks,   subclass 119.06 for a clothesline pulley mounted on a window bracket in such a manner as to swing in two planes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 279.1]    279.1Having sliding joints:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.1.  Vertical and horizontal pivots in which at least one rotatable connection comprises elements which reciprocate along a single line.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 280.11]    280.11Counterbalanced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.1.  Vertical and horizontal pivots in which the force tending to move the outwardly extending portion about one or more of the horizontal axis rotatable connections is counteracted by a force (e.g., spring, weight, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 281.11]    281.11Having parallel arms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.1.  Vertical and horizontal pivots in which the outwardly extending portion has at least two spaced members, secured at the rotatable connection, which are side by side.

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585,for a resilient support comprising a parallelogram linkage.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 282.1]    282.1Vertical pivots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket in which the rotatable connections are along an elevation axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 283.1]    283.1Having vertical adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 282.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion or the article held has provisions for movement along an elevation axis.

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211Support: Racks,   subclass 98 for racks having a plurality of arms pivoted on a vertical axis and vertically adjustable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 284.1]    284.1Horizontal pivots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket in which the rotatable connections are along a level axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 285.1]    285.1Single vertical pivot and sliding joints:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket which has at least one elevation axis rotatable connection and one or more connection(s) that reciprocates along a single line.

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283.1,for sliding joints which allow vertical adjustment.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 286.1]    286.1Single horizontal pivot and sliding joints:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket which have one level axis rotatable connection and one or more connection(s) that reciprocates along a single line.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 287.1]    287.1Horizontally and vertically sliding joints:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.1.  Plural joint adjustable bracket which the article reciprocates along an elevation axis and a level axis.

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124,for similar structure in stand and bracket supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 288.11]    288.11Single joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.1.  Adjustable bracket in which adjustment is made possible by means of one connection.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 288.31]    288.31Ball and socket type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 288.11.  Single joint adjustable bracket in which movement is facilitated by a spherical portion within a complementary cavity.

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181.1,for a bracket connected to a stand by a ball and socket.
481+,for a picture or mirror supporting bracket comprising a ball and socket.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 288.51]    288.51Including mechanically actuated tension or locking member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 288.31.  Ball and socket bracket comprising manually actuated means for maintaining a force on one component of the joint, usually for either taking up wear or for regulating the friction between a plurality of relatively movable components.
(1) Note. The force may be sufficiently great as to lock the components against movement or merely sufficient to cause resistance to motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 289.11]    289.11Vertical pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 288.11.  Single joint adjustable bracket in which the single connection is rotatable about an elevation axis line.

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240,for vertically pivoted shelf brackets.

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211Support: Racks,   subclass 96 for racks having a plurality of arms pivoted on a vertical axis pivot and subclass 119.07 for clothesline pulley supports which are mounted in a window bracket in such a manner as to be capable of swinging in a horizontal plane only.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 289.31]    289.31Self returning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.11.  Vertical pivot comprising biasing means to move the article support back to a preselected position upon the release of a force which caused it to be displaced from said preselected position.

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417,for a stand having a self-returning article supporting surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 290.1]    290.1For hook type bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.11.  Vertical pivot including a curved or bent piece, similar to the letter J, for holding articles.

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216.1+,and 294.1, for other hook type pivoted support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 291.1]    291.1Horizontal pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 288.11.  Single joint adjustable bracket in which the single connection rotates about a level axis.

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240,for horizontally pivoted shelf brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 292.11]    292.11Counterbalanced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 291.11.  Horizontally pivoted single joint bracket in which the force tending to move the outwardly extending portion about one or more of the horizontal axis rotatable connections is counteracted by a spring, weight, etc.

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560+,for a support wherein the weight of the supported article is sustained by a resilient means when in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 292.12]    292.12Including pawl and ratchet, mating serrations, rack and pinion, or gear:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 291.1.  Horizontally pivoted single joint bracket in which two interdigitate members align to position the article support means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 292.13]    292.13Including spring or biasing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 291.1.  Horizontally pivoted single joint bracket in which an elastic means that recovers its original shape when released after being distorted is added to the bracket or mount.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 292.14]    292.14Pivot axis moves in slot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 291.1.  Horizontally pivoted single joint bracket in which the point of rotation reciprocates in an elongated aperture in either the bracket or mount.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 294.1]    294.1For hook type bracket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 291.1.  Horizontally pivoted single joint bracket including a curved or bent piece, similar to the letter J, for holding articles.

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218,and 290.1, for other hook type pivoted supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 295.11]    295.11Vertical sliding (e.g., shoring, formwork, or scaffold brackets):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.1.  Adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is moved along an elevation axis.
(1) Note. Formwork, scaffold, and shoring brackets are found in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 296.1]    296.1And rotatable at a single joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.11.  Vertical sliding bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is moved both along an elevation axis and revolved about a pivotable connection.

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124,and 246, for other supports of this type.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 297.11]    297.11Counterbalanced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.11.  Vertical sliding bracket in which the force tending to move the outwardly extending portion about one or more of the horizontal axis rotatable connections is counteracted by a spring, weight, etc.

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123.11,for counterbalanced stand and bracket supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 297.21]    297.21Bracket projects from vertical slot or channel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.11.  Vertical sliding bracket wherein the member on which the outwardly extending portion is mounted comprises a narrow groove within which a piece of the outwardly extending portion is received and from which another portion of the outwardly extending portion protrudes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 297.31]    297.31Step-by-step adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.11.  Vertical sliding bracket comprising a plurality of retaining or securing means which permit the adjustment of the outwardly extending portion by a series of discreet increments.

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477+,for a mirror or picture bracket wherein the position of the mirror or picture is adjustable by selectively engaging projections and recessions.

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403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 107+ for a step-by-step adjustment between two members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 297.51]    297.51Canted clutch collar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.11.  Vertical sliding bracket comprising a loosely fitted ringlike sleeve slidably engaging a vertical post, the outwardly extending portion projecting from one side of said sleeve whereby the weight of the outwardly extending portion and/or the supported article will cause the sleeve to tilt and fictionally grip the vertical post with sufficient force to maintain the outwardly extending portion in a vertical position.

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410,for a pair of vertically adjustable telescoping standard sections comprising a canted collar for locking same in an adjusted position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 298.1]    298.1Horizontal sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.1.  Adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is moved along a level axis.

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257+,265, and 269, for horizontally sliding supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 299.1]    299.1In an arcuate path:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.1.  Adjustable bracket in which the outwardly extending portion is moved along a line that generally follows the arc of a circle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 300]    300Of sheet material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Bracket supports in which the bracket is made of sheet material.

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69,for sheet metal cable brackets with bridle rings.
247,for sheet metal shelf brackets.
251+,for rod brackets of sheet material.

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 897+ for a process for making brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 301]    301Hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Device in which the article support is in the form of a hook.

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215,for similar structure in horizontal rod or bar.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 302]    302Of wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Bracket supports made of wire.

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48.1,48.2, 112, and 249, for other wire type supports.
69,for cable brackets with wire bridle rings.
311.2+,for wire receptacle holders.
315,for wire brackets in which the article holder is in the form of a ring.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 106 , 112, 119, and 181.1, for racks of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 303]    303Hook type, stationary mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Wire bracket wherein a curved or bent piece, similar to the letter J, is fixed to a portion that fastens to a wall section, panel, post, etc.

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216.1+,for support penetrating hook type means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 304]    304Hook type, stationary mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Bracket wherein a curved or bent piece, similar to the letter J, is fixed to a portion that fastens to a wall section, panel, post, etc.

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205.5+,for bracket hooks supported by suction cups.
211,211, 213, 215, 216.1+, 227.1+, 290.1, 294.1, 301, and 303, for more particularly classified hook type brackets.
339+,for suspended hook type supports.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 369+ for similar devices, which may be disclosed for use as brackets, per se, and the article supporting hook is in combination with a second fastener, which, per se, is classifiable in Class 24.
108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclass 30 for a hook type bracket combined with a horizontally supported planar surface.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 100 for horizontal multiple rod type supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 305]    305Article clasping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Devices which are also provided with a clasp to hold the article to the hook.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 343+ for clasp hook fasteners.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 8+ for racks with article locking clasps, and subclasses 89.01, 120 and 124 for racks with article clasps.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 306]    306Article releasing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Devices which are pivoted or have other special provisions whereby the article may be readily released from the hook.

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322,for releasable, suspended supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 307]    307Slidable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Devices in which the hook is slidable on its supports.

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215,and 340, for this feature in other supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 308]    308Foldable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Devices in which the bracket is foldable when not in use.

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290.1,and 294.1, for other foldable hook type devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 309.1]    309.1Article holding means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Structure for supporting an article on the bracket.

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176.1+,and 346.01+, for other article holding supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 309.2]    309.2Pin of spindle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Structure wherein the means for holding the supported article comprises an elongate rod-like member.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 57.1 and 125 for similar structure in a support for plural articles.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 309.3]    309.3Vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Structure comprising a component which is attached to the supported article by atmospheric pressure acting either on the component or the article by reason of a reduced pressure beneath the component.

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205.5+,for a bracket which is attached to a support by means of a vacuum and see the notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 309.4]    309.4Magnetic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Structure wherein the article is secured to the bracket by ferrous attraction.

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206.5,for a specially mounted or attached bracket secured by magnetic means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 310]    310Base engaging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Devices in which the holding device including clamps engages only the base of the supported article.
(1) Note. This subclass includes devices for holding receptacles when the holding means engages the base of the receptacle.

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309.1,and 311.2 to 316.7, for combinations of base engaging means with other holding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 311.2]    311.2Receptacle type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Devices specially designed to hold a receptacle to its supporting bracket.

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210,for ladder attached supports.
315,for holders in the form of a ring.
318,for suspended receptacle supports.

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81Tools,   subclasses 3.31+ and 3.39 for fruit-jar vises.
180Motor Vehicles,   subclass 68.5 for vehicle battery box holding devices.
232Deposit and Collection Receptacles,   subclasses 41+ for devices for holding milk bottles for deposit and collection together with means for preventing their theft.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 311.3]    311.3Inverted receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.2.  Devices specifically adapted to support a receptacle in its inverted position.

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108,for devices for holding paste-tube receptacles in an inverted position for dispensing their contents.

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222Dispensing,   subclasses 181.1+ for brackets to support receptacles in position for the bottom discharge of their contents.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 312]    312Neck engaging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.2.  Devices in which the holding device engages only the neck of the receptacle.

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108,for devices for grasping the neck of a paste-tube.

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232Deposit and Collection Receptacles,   subclasses 41+ for devices for engaging the neck of a bottle and locking the bottle thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 312.1]    312.1Upper rim or lip engaging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.2.  Structure comprising means for engaging the upper rim or a lip formed adjacent the upper rim of a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 313]    313Clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.2.  Devices in which the receptacle holding means is in the form of a clamp.

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229.1+,for specially mounted article clamps.
310,for base engaging clamps.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 455+ for clasps, per se. The line is set out in a note under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 314]    314Socket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Devices in which the article holder is in the form of a socket or pocket.

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111,for similar structure in brush and broom holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 315]    315Ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Devices in which the article holder is in the form of a ring surrounding the article.

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62,and 74.1+, for pipe or cable supporting rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.1]    316.1Clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Devices in which the article holder is in the form of a securing means.

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229.1,and 313, for other article clamps.

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24Brackets, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 243+ for clasps, per se. The line is set out in a note under the class definition.
211Support: Racks,   subclasses 8+ for racks with article locking clasps, and subclasses, 89.01, 120 and 124 for racks with article clasps.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.2]    316.2Wedging or camming:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.1.  Structure comprising a lobe or inclined plane member, which (1) engages the supported article and clamps it against another member, or (2) actuates a clamping member and biases it into clamping engagement with the support article.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.3]    316.3Self-actuating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.2.  Structure wherein the clamping action is effected by the weight of the bracket or a component thereof or the supported article.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.4]    316.4Sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.1.  Structure comprising a plurality of clamping members, at least one of which is mounted for linearly movement toward or away from the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.5]    316.5Pivoted jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.1.  Structure comprising a plurality of clamping members, at least one of which is accurately movably mounted for motion toward or away from the other.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass are devices having relatively rigid jaws connected by a flexural hinge.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.6]    316.6Separable jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.1.  Structure comprising a plurality of clamping members which are readily detachable from each other and in the normal operation of the device readily movable toward or away from each other in order to clamp the supported article therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.7]    316.7Clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.1.  Structure which is formed, at least in part, of resilient, material and wherein clamping portions are biased into clamping engagement with the supported article by the resilience of said resilient material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 316.8]    316.8Horizontally spaced elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.1.  Structure comprising a plurality of laterally spaced elements which engage the support article.
(1) Note. The elements may be discrete members or may be integral projections of a single member.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 317]    317SUSPENDED SUPPORTS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for supporting an article by hanging it from an overhead support.

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48.1,for suspension devices for eaves troughs.
200+,for relatively compact devices in the nature of brackets even though attached to a ceiling or other overhead support.
581,for a resiliently suspended horizontal frame or platform.
589,for a support resiliently suspended by a linkage or gearing.
614+,for a resiliently suspended support.
648+,for devices for suspending machines.

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47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 67 for a support device for hanging a flower pot.
59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   subclasses 78+ , especially subclass 78.1 for supports consisting merely of a chain or sections thereof.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 142+ for a suspended platform with elevating or lowering means, and subclass 150 for the suspended platform.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 113+ for suspended racks.
362Illumination,   subclasses 404+ for such supports limited by structure to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 318]    318Receptacle or bowl:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Suspending devices specially designed to support a receptacle or bowl. This subclass includes devices for supporting inverted light bowls which are not limited by structure to use for illumination.

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362Illumination,   subclass 453 for similar devices limited to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 320]    320Releasable for lowering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Suspension devices which are constructed to be released usually from the ground so that the supported article can be lowered within reach.

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362Illumination,   subclass 403 for such for supports limited by structure to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 321]    321Clutch type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 320.  Devices in which the suspension element is grasped by a releasable clutch.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 322]    322Hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 320.  Devices in which the suspension element is supported by a hook and from with it can be readily released.

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306,for similar structure in bracket supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 323]    323Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Suspension devices in which the supported article may be moved to various positions relative to the overhead support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 324]    324Pivoted parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 323.  Devices in which the adjustment is secured by one or more parts pivoted to the support, to each other, or both.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 325]    325Weights counterbalance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Devices in which there is also provided a weight counterbalance for one or more of the pivoted sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 326]    326With telescoping tubes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Devices which are also provided with telescoping tubes to provide for further adjustment.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 327]    327Vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 323.  Devices in which the adjustment is in a vertical direction.

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362Illumination,   subclass 403 for such supports limited by structure to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 328]    328Cord supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 327.  Devices in which the article is supported by a cord.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 329]    329Reel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 328.  Devices which are also provided with a reel upon which the cord is wound.

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242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 370+ for a reeling device for elongated material.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 330.1]    330.1Spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices in which the reel is a spring reel.

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579,for a support comprising a spring reel wherein the spring sustains the weight of the supported article when in use.

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242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 371+ for a spring powered reeling device of general use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 331]    331With counterweight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 328.  Devices which are also provided with a counterweight for the article.

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362Illumination,   subclass 401 for such supports limited by structure to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 332]    332Pulley brackets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 328.  Devices including pulley brackets.

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254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclasses 389+ for devices or members for guiding a moving cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 333]    333Telescoping tubes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 327.  Devices in which the adjustment is secured by means of telescoping tubes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 334.1]    334.1Spring reel counterbalanced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Devices in which the telescoping tubes are counterbalanced by a spring reel.

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579,for a support comprising a spring reel wherein the spring sustains the weight of the supported article when in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 335]    335With clutch in tubes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 334.1.  Devices in which the tubes are held in adjusted position by a releasable clutch within the tubes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 336]    336Clutch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Devices in which a clutch is provided to hold the tubes in adjusted position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 337]    337Friction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Devices in which the clutch is a friction clutch.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 338]    338Rotary brake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Devices including rotary brakes for holding the telescoping tubes.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 339]    339Hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Suspension devices in which the article support is in the form of a hook.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 340]    340Bar supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Devices in which the suspension element is suspended from a generally horizontal bar.

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215,and 307, for similar structure in hook type brackets.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 341]    341Swinging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Devices in which the supporting hook can swing.

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211,290.1, 294.1, and 308, for similar devices in hook type brackets.
324,for similar article supports in the form of an eye.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 342]    342Fittings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Devices adapted for use as an element in a suspension support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 343]    343Ceiling attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 342.  Devices forming the attachment of a suspension support to a ceiling or other overhead support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 344]    344Centerpiece attachments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 342.  Devices forming the attachment between a suspension element and the article supporting arms of a suspension support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 345]    345CANOPY OR SHROUD:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising elements of a support used to protect or conceal the connection between a bracket or suspension device and the fixed support.

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220Receptacles,   subclasses 241+ for face plates.
362Illumination,   subclasses 404+ for such devices limited by structure to use with lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 345.1]    345.1SCUFF PLATE OR BUMPER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device comprising means, including buffers, guards, pads, wear strips or the like, attachable to an article of furniture to prevent marring or scarring either of said article or of adjacent structure by the said article.

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615+,for a foot or bumper which provides resilient support for the supported device.
117.2+,for sadiron support bases.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclasses 460+ for means attached to a closure to prevent damage to the closure or to an adjacent object by the closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.01]    346.01SUPPORTING BASE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports which provide a rest for an article and are generally of a flat or box-like nature.

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117.2+,for sadiron support bases.
176.1+,for article supporting stands.
309.1+,for article holding brackets.
357,for prop bases.
519+,for a stand or base type of supporting device having means for receiving a staff.
678,for machine bases.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 292+ for an in situ type footing for a shaft-like component.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclass 129 for a workman"s kneeling base or bench in combination with a receptacle or other ancillary device and subclass 230 for a workman"s kneeling base or bench, per se.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 293+ for electrical switch bases.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.02]    346.02Pallet type (without structure to receive handling means):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base in which the rest is a platform relatively close to a floor or primary support, but unable to accept fork lift forks.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 51.11+ for industrial platforms.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.03]    346.03Including attachment or holder for article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base in which the rest includes a device to temporarily retain an item.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.04]    346.04Biased by spring or resilient member (e.g., snap fit):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.03.  Support base with holder in which the retainer is elastic.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.05]    346.05And base leveling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.03.  Support base with holder in which the rest has structure to maintain a horizontal position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.06]    346.06Base allows attachment or holder to adjust position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.03.  Support base with holder in which the retainer moves relative to the rest.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.07]    346.07Adjustable size base:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.03.  Support base with holder in which the rest expands or contracts.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.11]    346.11Coaster or caster cup:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base comprising a generally shallow, receptacle-like support for a receptacle or other article and often including moisture absorbing or drip collection features, or a similar device for supporting a furniture leg or caster.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware,   subclasses 18+ for casters comprising wheels, balls or sliding shoes mounted for movably supporting furniture and like objects.
215Bottles and Jars,   subclasses 393+ for condensate or drip collection attachments for bottles and jars.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.2]    346.2Filled with fluent material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base wherein the rest has a hollow portion containing with a composition that flows at room temperature.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.3]    346.3Knockdown or collapsible (i.e., reduced in volume):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base in which the rest is designed to be disassembled or manipulated to a reduced volume.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.4]    346.4Corrugated structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base in which the rest is composed of at least one layer in an undulating configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 346.5]    346.5With upturned flange, projection, lip, or wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Support base in which the rest has a portion that is perpendicular to the main bearing surface and extends a substantially short length compared to the main bearing surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 349.1]    349.1Rotatable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.01.  Supporting bases which have provisions whereby the article may be revolved relative to a fixed substructure(e.g., table top).

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521+,for a stand or base type of supporting device having rotatable means for receiving a staff.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 94+ for terraced rotatable horizontal planar surfaces, subclasses 103+ for plural related horizontal surfaces which are rotatable about a vertical axis, and subclasses 139+ for a horizontal planar surface which rotates about a vertical axis.
211Supports: Racks,   subclass 163 for rotatable racks.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 351]    351PROPS AND BRACES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports in the nature of poles or posts arranged either vertically, horizontally, or in an inclined position which hold or steady an article or thing from falling against the action of gravity.

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359.1,for props which remain with the article.
441.1+,for an easel prop.

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42Firearms,   subclass 94 for firearm props and rests.
47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 43 for tree props.
52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   appropriate subclass for a rigid elongated member of more general application, particularly subclass 112 for an opposed barrier engaging mechanism operated column; subclass 632 for an axially extensible shaft or openwork; subclasses 690-696 for a truss-type openwork; and subclasses 831-857 for a miscellaneous elongated rigid structure.
105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclasses 355+ for braces for bracing loads in railway cars where the brace is combined with the structure of the bulkhead or car.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 165+ for a ladder with a pivoted prop.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   for props having means for extending them.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 293+ for velocipede props.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 352]    352Automobile:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Props for supporting an automobile after it has been raised from its wheels.

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410Freight Accommodation on Freight Carrier,   subclasses 3+ for supports designed to support a plurality of automobiles on a freight carrier.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 353]    353Clothesline:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Props designed to support a clothesline between its ends. This subclass includes devices for holding the line to the prop.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.1]    354.1Adjustable length:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  A support which includes a pair of members relatively longitudinally movable with respect to each other to facilitate a change in length of the support.
(1) Note. A patent directed to a removable prop of brace structure which, by disclosure, is hydraulically actuated or is particularly adapted to include or accommodate a force multiplying tool for adjusting the length thereof is proper for Class 254 rather than Class 248. For example, when adjustment in length of the opposite ends of a prop is accomplished by means off a screw and nut, and the nut is hexagonally headed to readily accommodate a wrench, such structure is proper for Class 254; however, merely forming a knurled surface on the nut so as to make it easier to grasp and turn by hand for adjustment will not remove the patent from Class 248.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclass 127.2 for a removably mounted prop or brace combined with a structure component, and subclass 632 for an axially extendable shaft.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   appropriate subclasses for devices in the nature of a jack which also serves as a brace, and see (1) Note above.
269Work Holders,   subclasses 55+ for a work holder mounted for movement and 289+ for a holder positioned beneath the work.
403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 52+ for a joint comprised of articulated members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.2]    354.2Held in adjusted position by flowable granular material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.1.  A support including a mass of particulate matter encompassed by the relatively movable members; and wherein said mass changes shape during length change of the support to hold the members against collapse at selected positions of relative adjustment.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.3]    354.3Threaded adjusting or locking member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.1.  A support which includes first and second parts having mating helical threads which cooperate to move the members longitudinally with respect to each other or to hold the members against collapse at selected positions of relative movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.4]    354.4Locking member movable transversely of direction of adjusting movement (e.g. set screw):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.3.  A support wherein movement of said first part is in a direction of movement perpendicular to the direction of relative adjusting movement of said members.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.5]    354.5Held in adjusted position by transverse pin in registering apertures:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.1.  A support wherein one of said members includes surfaces defining a plurality of openings spaced along the length thereof, and wherein the other of said members includes surfaces defining at least one opening adapted to register with any of said plurality of openings for receiving an elongated rod-like device transversely into the registered openings to hold said members against collapse at selected positions of relative movement.

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354.4,for a threaded transverse pin positioned in registering apertures.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.6]    354.6Held in plural discrete positions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.1.  A support wherein means is provided to lock said members against collapse in any of a plurality of predetermined selected positions of relative movement.
(1) Note. For a patent to be appropriate for this subclass and the one indented hereunder, as well as more specific subclass 354.5 above, the locking structure must be such as to lock the members together in a finite number of adjustable positions, subclass 354.1 is appropriate for a patent having an infinite number of adjustable positions, such as by use of friction or deformable clamp for a locking member, while 354.2, 354.3, or 354.4 are appropriate for patents having either a finite or infinite range of adjustment depending on whether such specific structure is included as defined in such latter subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 354.7]    354.7One-way locking (e.g., ratchet):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.6.  A support wherein cooperating abutment faces are provided such as to facilitate relative movement in one direction, but which prevent relative movement in the opposite direction unless released by an auxiliary, operator-controlled device.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 357]    357Heads and bases:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Devices forming a base or head for a prop or brace and forming an element thereof.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 292+ for an in situ built type footing for a vertical structure and subclasses 300+ for an in situ built type cap for a vertical structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 362]    362VACUUM HOLD-DOWN:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices in which the article is held to its support by atmospheric pressure acting on an element of the hold down by reason of a reduced pressure beneath the element.

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205.5+,and 363, for other vacuum supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 363]    363VACUUM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Supports in which the article is attached thereto by atmospheric pressure acting on the article by reason of a reduced pressure behind the article.

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205.5+,for vacuum attached brackets.
362,for vacuum holddowns.

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279Chucks or Sockets,   subclass 3 for vacuum chucks.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclasses 183 through 65for vacuum hoist implements.
451Abrading,   subclass 388 for a vacuum work holder for an abrading machine.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 364]    364COUNTERBALANCE WEIGHTS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising counterbalance weights for a counterbalanced stand, bracket or suspension device.
(1) Note. For weights generally, see Classification Index under both Weights and Counterweights.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware,   subclasses 216+ for window weights.
336Inductor Devices,   subclass 41 for inductor devices (e.g., transformers) which have a movable element and a counter-balancing weight for the movable element.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 370]    370Stand-mounted depending links carry support surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Device in which an upstanding frame is provided, and hangers have their upper ends carried by the frame, and wherein the lower ends of the hangers carry the load support surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 371]    371Tilting support surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Device wherein means are provided to move or permit movement of the support surface to various angles relative to a horizontal plane.

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166,for support surface which tilts during the folding operation.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 313+ for a seat tiltable relative to a horizontal plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 372.1]    372.1Biased:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Devices wherein means are provided to urge the surface in a desired direction about its tilt axis.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 300.1+ for a back tiltable with a bottom against a biasing means; and subclasses 332+ for a bottom tiltable against a biasing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 393]    393With incremental horizontal adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Device provided with means to additionally move or permit movement of the support surface to two or more use positions in a direction parallel to the horizon.

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419,for a similar nontilting device which moves vertically and horizontally.
424+,for a similar nontilting device which moves horizontally.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 394]    394Ends raised differentially:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Device in which the tilting means raise each of the opposite ends of the support surface an unequal amount to both tilt and vertically move the surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 395]    395Concurrent with tilting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Device wherein the means to tilt the surface and the means to move the surface horizontally operate upon the surface at the same time.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 396]    396Ends raised differentially:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Device wherein the tilting means act upon each of the opposite ends of the support surface to raise them an unequal amount to tilt the surface.

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394,for a similar device provided with additional means to move the surface horizontally.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 397]    397With incremental adjustment about fixed horizontal pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Device wherein there is a pivot axis which is immovable, parallel to the horizon, and about which the supporting surface swings to two or more article supporting positions.

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371,for a device which tilts about a fixed axis from a single use position to a nonuse position.
596+,for a device biased to tilt about a stationary horizontal pivot.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 398]    398Tiltable with understructure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Device wherein the support surface and the supporting substructure move as a unit relative to the reference plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 404]    404With force multiplying means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Device in which the standard is moved vertically by a means which employs a mechanical advantage, e.g., gears or hydraulic motors.

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422,for similar vertical adjustment means in a stand or stool other than standard type.

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254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   appropriate subclasses for lift implements, such as jacks containing force multiplying means.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 423.2+ for a seat including a bottom and back vertically movable as a unit by force multiplying means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 405]    405Screw and nut:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 404.  Device wherein the force multiplying means includes an elongated threaded member and a shorter coaxial threaded member, the threads of the two members being meshed and the two members being relatively rotatable to axially move one with respect to the other.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 424.71 through 424.96for screw and nut gearing, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 406.1]    406.1With relative rotation preventer and disable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 406.1.  Structure which is provided with means to selectively lock the screw and not together to prevent, or unlock them to permit, relative rotation.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 406.2]    406.2Weight or load responsive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 406.1.  Structure wherein the means for locking and/or unlocking is responsive to a weight or load or the absence thereof on the article support.
(1) Note. This subclass includes devices wherein an adjustment means for the locking means is actuated by the weight or load as well as those devices wherein the locking means is actuated directly.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 407]    407Notch or cavity engaging latch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Device in which the standard or the part which it moves relative to has a series of vertically spaced apertures or grooves, and the other part carries a detent selectively engageable with one of the apertures or grooves to hold the parts in adjusted position.

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423,for a vertically adjustable nonstandard type stand which is held in adjusted position by a notch or cavity engaging latch.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 408]    408Biased latch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 407.  Device wherein a means is provided to urge the detent into notch or cavity engaging position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 409]    409Support carried release:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 408.  Device in which the elevated article supporting part of the stand has mounted thereon a means to move the latch against its biasing means to disengage it from the notch or cavity.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 410]    410Canted clutch collar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Device wherein one of the relatively adjustable parts includes a vertically extending rod or tube, and the other part carries a surrounding annular washer which is movable from a tilted holding position in which top and bottom opposite sides of the washer grip opposite sides of the bar or tube, to a horizontal release position in which the rod is fully slidable within the washer.

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192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   subclasses 41+ for canted clutch collar mechanisms, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 411]    411Settable clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Device which is provided with a means to selectively frictionally grip the relatively adjustable parts to hold them in adjusted position or release the frictional grip to permit adjustment.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 412]    412Wedge actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 411.  Device wherein the clamp is moved into engaged position by the sliding action of a member having an inclined surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 413]    413Set screw actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 411.  Device wherein the clamping is effected by an element threaded in one of the vertically adjustable parts, and movable toward and away from the other part by means of its threaded engagement to frictionally clamp or release the other part.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 414]    414Constant friction brake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Device wherein one of the vertically movable parts carries a member which slidably bears or rubs on the other part with a force sufficient to prevent accidental movement of the parts, but insufficient to prevent intentional movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 415]    415Support surface revolves or rotates about vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Device including means mounting the support surface for movement around a vertically extending axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 416]    416And moves lineally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Device in which the support surface has an additional motion along a line.

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426+,for a revolvable nonstandard type support having an additional linear motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 417]    417Self-returning to normal facing position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Device provided with a biasing means to move the support surface back to a preselected position upon the release of the force which revolves or rotates it.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclasses 386+ for a biased or self- returning closure and see the search notes thereto for the loci of other closures with a similar feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 418]    418With means to limit or inhibit rotation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Device provided with means to selectively prevent or resist the rotation of the support surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 419]    419With horizontal adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 157.  Device wherein means are provided to additionally move or permit movement of the support surface in a direction at right angles to the vertical movement, or in a direction which is a resultant of the two directions.

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393+,for a similar device additionally tiltable.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 344.13+ for a seat comprising a bottom and back movable as a unit both vertically and horizontally.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 420]    420On inclined guide or slide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 419.  Device wherein the means for moving the support surface in a vertical and horizontal direction includes relatively sliding bearings set at an angle with respect to the horizontal, and on which the support surface is mounted for movement along such bearings.

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395,for a similar device additionally tiltable.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 421]    421Toggle or link:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 157.  Device wherein the adjusting means include a plurality of pivoted bars connected to the support surface and movable to raise and lower the surface.

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396,for a device to raise the several ends of the support surface different amounts and thus effect a tilting of the surface together with a vertical displacement.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 422]    422Geared:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 157.  Device in which the adjustment is effected by two or more intermeshed, relatively moving members.

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404+,for a standard type stool and stand vertically adjustable by gearing.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 412+ for gearing, per se.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 344.17 , 344.20 for a seating device comprising a bottom and back vertically movable as a unit by gear means.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 423]    423Notch or cavity-engaging retainer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 157.  Device in which one of two relatively vertically movable parts has a series of vertically spaced apertures or grooves, and the other part carries a detent selectively engageable with one of the apertures or grooves to hold the parts in adjusted position.

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407+,for a vertically adjustable standard type stand held in adjusted position by a notch or cavity engaging latch.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 424]    424Horizontally movable support surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Device wherein means are provided to move or permit movement of the support surface in a horizontal direction.

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393+,for a similar device which additionally tilts.
416,for a similar device which additionally revolves or rotates.
419+,for a similar device which additionally moves vertically.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 341+ for a seat bottom which moves horizontally responsive to the tilting of the seat back.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 425]    425Revolves or rotates about vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 424.  Device wherein the movement is about a vertical axis.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 344.21+ for a bottom and back seat unit movable about a vertical axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 429]    429On slide or guide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 424.  Device wherein the means for moving or permitting movement of the surface includes relatively sliding bearings on which the surface is mounted for movement along such bearings.

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420,for similar device set at an incline to the horizontal.

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384Bearings,   subclasses 7+ for slides and guides, per se. Additional structure, such as a latch to hold the relatively moving parts in adjusted position, is beyond the scope of Class 384 and warrants classification is this class (248).
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 430]    430Roller or ball:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 429.  Device in which antifriction elements, that is, balls or rollers, are interposed between the guide and slide elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 431]    431All legs intersect at common center:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Device in which all of the legs diverge from and cross at a central point spaced from the ends of the legs.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 432]    432Support surface detachably or slidably connected to leg:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Device in which the surface is attached to the leg by means which permit it to be readily disconnected therefrom, or by means which permit relative movement of the surface and leg without disconnection.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 434]    434With folding support arms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Device provided with a collapsible frame member for mounting the support surface on the legs.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 435]    435Centrally diverging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 434.  Device in which all the arms extend outwardly from a common point in different directions.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 436]    436Laterally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Device in which the folding is accomplished by moving one side toward another side so that corresponding parts of the vertically extending frame members remain in the same horizontal plane; the portion of the surface intermediate the side edges collapsing above or below the plane.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 42+ for a chair which collapses laterally by relatively folding the bottom, back and legs and subclasses 350+ for laterally folding chair back.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 439]    439Legs collapse against underside of support surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Device wherein the legs fold to a position subjacent the support surface.

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 53+ for chair legs which collapse to a position subjacent the seat.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 440]    440Interbraced support surface and legs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Device including, in addition to the means mounting the legs to the support surface, a strengthening prop or brace between the support surface and legs for maintaining their relative position.

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5Beds,   subclasses 305+ for a braced bedstead.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 440.1]    440.1At least two legs form unitary structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.1.  Support wherein atleast two of the legs are (1) joined together, (2) are integral with a third component of the stand which third component is other than a leg.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 441.1]    441.1EASEL; BOOK, COPY OR MUSIC SCORE HOLDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Support matter comprising (1) a device having an inclined article supporting portion or other wise adapted to support an article in inclined position, (2) a support particularly adapted for holding a book in reading position or (3) a device for holding copy for transcription or sheet music in reading position.
(1) Note. This and indented subclasses include props which are attached to the supported article and cooperate therewith to support it in inclined position.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   341+ for a copy holder including copy-advancing means ( subclasses 342+ ) or a movable indicator (e.g., line guide--subclasses 352+); and principal subclass 341 for a copy holder wherein copy is manually adjustable.
108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   appropriate subclasses for a rigid planar supporting surface having structure to support the surface in a horizontal plane, and especially subclasses 1+ for such a device wherein the surface may be operably retained in at least one inclined position.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 135+ for a chair or seat combined with a table, desk or easel.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclass 233 for a cabinet structure including means for supporting a book or other copy in a position in which it can be read.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 442]    442Watch or clock type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device particularly adapted to support a timepiece or like constructed device.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 442.2]    442.2
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device wherein the holding device displays charactered material in position to be viewed for, and during, machine-transcription of the material; and means for attaching the device to, or interengaging it with the machine.

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400Typewriting Machines,   subclasses 718+ for a copy holder including either (1) means to guide or adjust the supported copy or (2) an adjustable indicator (e.g., line guide); which copy holder includes means for attachment to a typewriter.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 443]    443Musical instrument supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device wherein a music score is attachable to an instrument and the music score may be positioned thereon so as to be viewed by the artist while performing on the instrument.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 444]    444Body supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device including means for supporting it from or upon some portion of a user"s body.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclass 43 for a horizontally supported surface including means for supporting it from some part of a person"s body or for accommodating a portion of the body when so supported.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 444.1]    444.1Including transparent viewing portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Structure including a clear portion for covering the supported article through which portion the article may be observed.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 445]    445Inverted book-type holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device adapted to support a book with the reading material facing substantially downward in a position to be read by a person disposed in supine position.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 446]    446With book leveling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 444.1.  Device for supporting a book in open position and including means for maintaining the two halves of the open face of the book in substantially the same horizontal plane, regardless of the relative thickness of the two halves of the book.

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188.2+,for a supporting substructure for a stand including means for adjustment of the device up or down with respect to the surface upon which it rests, or means to compensate for unevenness or irregularity in said surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 447]    447Holder pivots to operative position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device provided with means swingably supporting the holder, wherein said holder is movable from a closed or storage position to a position in which the pages of a book mounted thereon may be consulted.

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442.2,for copyholder with writing machine engaging means.
443,for structure supported on a musical instrument.
444,for body supported structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 447.1]    447.1Mounted on wall or art device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Structure wherein the device comprises means particularly adapting it for mounting on a wall or a particular art device, e.g. an article of furniture, a vehicle part.

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442.2,for copyholder with writing machine engaging means.
443,for structure supported on a musical instrument.
444,for body supported structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 447.2]    447.2Clamped to support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 447.1.  Structure wherein the device is attached to a support by a holding means.

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226.11+,for a bracket of general utility which is clamped to a support.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 448]    448Adjustable operative size:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device wherein the effective supporting area of the article supporting portion of the device may be selectively increased or decreased.

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149,for a stand which is adjustable to take various sized receptacles.
172,for a plural leg stand which is adjustable to take various sized articles.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 449]    449Vertically adjustable supporting ledge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 448.  Device wherein the means for increasing or decreasing the effective supporting area of the article supporting portion comprises a shelf or bracket type rest which is selectively movable up or down relative to said article supporting portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 450]    450With article receiving aperture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device wherein the article supporting portion is provided with an opening into which an article or portion thereof may be placed, the sides of the opening usually frictionally engaging the article to retain said article therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 451]    451With article gripping means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.1.  Device provided with means to frictionally retain the supported article in position relative to the supporting portion of the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 452]    452Top:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 451.  Device wherein the retaining means engages the supported article adjacent the upper portion thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 248 subclass 453]    453Bottom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 451.  Device where