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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 341]   CLASS 341,CODED DATA GENERATION OR CONVERSION
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE CLASS SUBJECT MATTER

This is the generic class for (a) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or (b) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

Excluded from this class is analog to analog conversion. See References to Other Classes, below, for examples of other classes containing this subject matter.

Included in this class (341) is subject matter relating to codes, per se, such as Morse codes, grey codes. Excluded from this class are coded records and coded record readers . See References to Other Classes, below,

Combinations of an optically encoded shaft wheel and a photocell absent any signal processing circuitry are classified elsewhere. See References to Other Classes, below.

Code converters which may be utilized in pulse or digital communication systems, Class 375, are classified in this class (341).

A. The combination of the subject matter of this class (341) and another art environment is generally classified with the art device where the environment is significant by virtue of the claimed relationship. For example:

Coding and decoding for cryptography

Coding and decoding for error detection or correction

Code transmitters specific to telemetry.

Data compression and expansion

Microwave devices.

Radiowave beacons.

Radar generation, conversion or systems

B. Pulse generation or conversion which is not unique to communications are classified in the appropriate classes. For example:

Pulse demodulation, per se.

Pulse generation.

Pulse modulation, per se

Pulse wave conversion systems; i.e., sine wave to pulse wave

See References to Other Classes, below, for appropriate class references.

This class is structured into 14 main divisions. See Subclass References to the Current Class, below.

SECTION III - SUBCLASS REFERENCES TO THE CURRENT CLASS

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1+,for Digital Pattern Reading Type Converters or generators: subclasses .
20+,for Bodily Actuated Code Generator.
50+,for Digital Code to Digital Code Converters.
108,for Reversible Analog to Digital Converter
109,for Stochastic Techniques.
110,Analog to Digital Conversion Followed by Digital to Analog Conversion.
111+,for Phase or Time of Phase Reversal
118+,for Converter Compensation
120+,Converter Calibration or Testing:
122+,for Sample and Hold
126+,for Analog to or From Digital Conversion
173+,for Code Generator or Transmitter
200,for Quantizers
899,Miscellaneous

SECTION IV - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclass 2 for teles:graphic code changers, subclass 26.1 for telegraph printing page translators, and subclass 71 for code transformers in automatic telegraph repeaters.
234Selective Cutting (e.g., Punching),   subclasses 69+ for a pattern controlled selective punching device embodying code conversion means.
235Registers,   subclass 429 for electromechanical means to translate the code sensed from a coded record into a different code; subclasses 487+ for coded records and subclasses 435+ for coded record readers.
250Radiant Energy,   subclass 231 for optical or photocell systems having a light valve which is actuated by a shaft encoder or angle indicator absent any signal processing circuitry, subclass 271 for invisible radiant energy coded record readers, subclasses 555+ for coded record controlled photocell circuits and subclasses 566+ for coded record reading optical or pre-photocell systems; appropriate subclasses for Microwave devices.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   for analog to analog conversion
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 50+ for signal discriminating or comparing by amplitude, subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous signal conversion or generation, i.e., sine wave to pulse wave, and subclasses 1+ for signal discriminating by various parameters; subclasses 291+ for Pulse generation.
329Demodulators,   subclasses 104+ for pulse demodulators or detectors.
332Modulators,   subclass 183 for modulation converters; subclasses 9+ for pulse modulation, per se.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 5.1 through 5.92for intelligence comparison for controlling in a selective communication system, subclass 11.1 for selective systems with encoding of data, subclasses 870.01-870.44 for telemetering code transmitters, and subclass 870.21 for telemetry with analog to digital conversion.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   subclass 185 for scan conversion in a radar system; subclasses 385+ for radiowave beacons.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   subclasses 156+ for visual display systems with selective electrical control including specified input means and subclasses 418-475 for computer graphics processing.
348Television,   subclasses 441 through 459for television signal format conversion, subclasses 469-496 for television signal formatting, and subclasses 384.1-440.1 for analog television bandwidth compression or expansion.
358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclasses 426.01 through 426.16for facsimile bandwidth compression or expansion.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclass 32 for analog to or from digital conversion combined with magnetic dynamic recording or reproduction, and subclasses 40+ for dynamic magnetic recording of digital signals in specified codes or formats.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices,   subclasses 171+ for electrical relay systems of the code responsive type.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   appropriate subclasses for electrical power conversion as opposed to data conversion.
367Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   subclass 66 for analog and digital compatible acoustic wave systems and subclass 74 for format conversion in an acoustic wave system.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 465+ for adaptive multiplex communications systems, and 477 for bandwidth compression or expansion.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 240.01 through 240.29for digital television bandwidth reduction systems and subclasses 242-254 for pulse code modulation of an input analog signal.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 42 for analog to digital or digital to analog conversion of the input or output of such systems.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 281 for conversion between dial pulse and tone signals in a telephone switching system, subclass 289 for a translator in a telephone switching system, subclass 339 for signal conversion in telephone repeaters and subclass 353 for conversion of signal form in telephony.
380Cryptography,   appropriate subclasses for electrical cryptos:graphic devices, particularly encoding or decoding for cryptos:graphic purposes, which is excluded from this class (341).
381Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices,   subclasses 29 through 35for time or bandwidth compression or expansion of an audio signal which may involve analog to or from digital conversion and subclasses 36 through 53 for speech analysis and/or synthesis which may involve analog to or from digital conversion.
382Image Analysis,   subclass 276 for image transformations and subclass 232 for data compression or image coding.
455Telecommunications,   for analog to analog conversion.
463Amusement Devices: Games,   subclasses 1+ , particularly subclasses 36+, for a code generator or conversion device either combined with a game or particularly adapted to serve as an input device for an electronic game.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 83 through 85for input means for generic data processing control systems and subclasses 245-264 for robot control.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 500+ for differential encoding of audio signals.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 1+ for hybrid computer systems having analog to digital or digital to analog conversion and subclasses 131+ for input means for digital data processors or computers.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   appropriate subclassesfor data transfer among a plurality of spatially distributed computers or digital data processing systems.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 752 through 798for conversion of digital data into error detecting or correcting codes, subclass 810 for error/fault detection techniques for a multilevel code and subclass 823 for error detection by transmission of data and its complement.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 1]    1DIGITAL PATTERN READING TYPE CONVERTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having a spatial variation of a parameter on an object to form a digital pattern carrier (e.g., movable code disk), and a pattern reading device providing a digital output.
(1) Note. Data conversion combined with structural detail of another art device is classifiable with the art device.
(2) Note. A record reader reads a selected one of plural recorded patterns, while a digital pattern reader can only read one pattern.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

235Registers,   subclasses 435 through 495for coded records and readers.
250Radiant Energy,   subclass 271 for invisible radiant energy coded record readers.
382Image Analysis,   subclasses 181+ for alphanumeric character recognition.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 2]    2Plural denominationally related carriers (e.g., coarse/fine geared discs):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter having a plurality of digital pattern carriers each producing an output signal portion representing a different integral power of the base or radix (denominational order) of the digital representation or an element of a combination code.
(1) Note. Included herein are plural code disks with gearing to cause different motion from a common motive power source.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9,for a denominational pattern on a single pattern carrier.
113,for coarse and fine conversions in a synchro or resolver to or from digital conversion.
145,for coarse and fine conversions in a digital to analog conversion.
156,for coarse and fine conversions in an analog to digital conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 3]    3Plural types of codes on single carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter including a digital pattern carrier having two or more disparate code patterns thereon.
(1) Note. Included herein are carriers with different codes on different surfaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 4]    4According to nonlinear function:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the pattern is characterized by a mathematical function such that an encoded signal does not vary in direct proportion to the input being encoded.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

75,for digital nonlinear code conversion.
138+,for nonlinear analog to or from digital conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 5]    5For X or Y coordinate determination (e.g., stylus-pad):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter having structure to produce a signal in accordance with the position of an object on a predetermined surface.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 18.01+ for position determination.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclass 85 for a positional input to a data processing control system.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 131 through 146for a positional input to a digital calculating computer.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 6]    6With directional discrimination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter in which the digital pattern carrier and the pattern reading device have bidirectional motion therebetween, and includes circuitry or structure to distinguish the direction of such movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 7]    7Antiambiguity feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter having structure or circuitry to positively ascertain which one of two adjacent pattern portions is being read when close to a boundary between two pattern portions.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 8]    8Real and complementary patterns:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where the digital pattern carrier has two patterns, one of which is the complement of the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 9]    9Having combined (e.g., denominational, combination code) coding pattern:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where the digital pattern has a plurality of separate tracks such that the digital output signal obtained is composed of several signal parts usually each representing a denominational order of the digital representation or an element of a combination code.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

2,for digital pattern reading converters with plural denominationally related carriers.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 10]    10Constant distance code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Subject matter wherein successive portions of the digital pattern differ only in one bit or element.
(1) Note. Included herein are reflected binary codes and grey codes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

96+,for digital constant distance code conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 11]    11Incremental:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where the digital pattern is such that it produces a signal (pulse) on a single terminal for each predetermined incremental change of an input.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 12]    12Cathode ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where a beam of electrons is moved relative to a pattern in order to convert an analog signal to a digital signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

137,where a cathode ray tube is used as a flying spot optical scanner or as an optical display in an analog to or from digital converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 13]    13Optical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where the digital pattern carrier is read by an optical device.
(1) Note. For optical shaft encoders in combination with a photocell absent any signal processing circuitry, search Class 250, subclass 231.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

137,for analog to or from digital conversion using optical devices.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

250Radiant Energy,   subclass 231 for a photocell shaft encoder, subclass 271 for invisible radiant energy coded record readers, subclasses 555+ for coded record controlled photocell circuits and subclasses 566+ for coded record reading optical or prephotocell systems absent any signal processing circuitry.
346Recorders,   subclass 225 and 246 through 264 for recording of a code disc by scanning of light.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 100+ for information retrieval from an optical information carrier.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 14]    14Having optical waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.  Subject matter which includes an elongated optically transparent structure to carry light between the pattern carrier and a pattern reading device or light source.

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385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for optical fibers or waveguides, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 15]    15Magnetic, inductive or capacitive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where the digital pattern on the carrier is a spatial variation of a magnetic, or electrostatic field, or permeability thereof to such a field, and the pattern reading device includes a device responsive to such a field.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

149,for a digital to analog converter using magnetic components.
150,for a digital to analog converter using capacitors.
171,for an analog to digital converter using magnetic components.
172,for an analog to digital converter using capacitors.

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235Registers,   subclasses 499+ for magnetic coded record sensors.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 60+ for measurement of capacitance.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 39+ for magnetic recording or reproduction of a digital signal.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 271+ for electrostatic capacitor structure.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 59.1 through 59.27for capacitive recording or reproduction of a digital signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 16]    16Brush and contacts or conductive pattern:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter where the indicia on a movable code member are formed by conductive elements.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses for switch structure.
235Registers,   subclasses 444+ , 452 and 453 for electromechanical, mechanical and pneumatic coded record sensors respectively.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 17]    17Actuated by physical projection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter having a code member with projections for actuating a force operated switch according to a code to be generated.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 20]    20Bodily actuated code generator:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having a control element which an operator physically contacts to control the transmission or generation of a coded set of pulses.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 79+ for a telegraph transmitter; subclasses 101+ for a telegraph key.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   for a switch or switch actuator, absent circuitry.
250Radiant Energy,   subclass 231 for an optical mouse.
338Electrical Resistors,   appropriate subclasses for a variable resistance input controller.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 11.1 for selective communications system having a multidigit encoder.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   subclasses 156+ for input devices used in conjunction with a display device.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 353+ , particularly subclasses 368 and 369 for a manually actuated telephone signalling device (e.g., keypad or dial).
380Cryptography,   subclass 52 for a cryptos:graphic transmitter having specified keyboard structure.
463Amusement Devices: Games,   subclasses 1+ , particularly subclasses 36+, for a code generator or conversion device either combined with a game or particularly adapted to serve as an input device for an electronic game.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 142+ for a keyboard input for a digital calculator.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 21]    21For handicapped user:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Subject matter particularly designed for use by a physically impaired individual.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 4.1 through 4.4for selective communications or remote control equipment for a handicapped user and subclass 407 for an electrical tactile signalling device.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 52 for telephone equipment specifically designed for a handicapped user.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 22]    22Including keyboard or keypad:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Subject matter including an array of manually actuated control elements, each of which is indicative of a code value (i.e., digits).

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84Music,   appropriate subclasses for a musical instrument having a keyboard.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 1+ for a multiple circuit control arrangement, such as a keyboard, absent circuitry to generate or transmit a code.
235Registers,   subclasses 7+ for a cash register having a keyboard; subclasses 54, 55 for a voting machine, having a keyboard; subclasses 59-61 for a mechanical register, having a keyboard; subclass 145 for a mechanical keyboard; subclasses 430+ for a record controlled device, having a keyboard.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 11.1 for selective communications system having a multidigit encoder.
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   subclasses 168+ for a keyboard actuated display.
380Cryptography,   subclass 52 for a cryptos:graphic transmitter having specified keyboard structure.
400Typewriting Machines,   subclasses 472+ for typewriter keyboard structure.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 142+ for a keyboard input for a digital calculator.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 23]    23Variable key legends:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter wherein each control element may represent a plurality of code values and includes structure to provide an indication of the code value of each element.
(1) Note. Included herein are overlays and movable legend exhibitors, and electrical legend indicators.
(2) Note. A plural legend which is always on a key such as a shifted character indication which legend does not change is not in this subclass.

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345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   subclasses 173+ for selective displays with overlying touch panels wherein the selective display may define a keyboard.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 24]    24With error prevention means (e.g., debounce, antichatter):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter including compensation for improper system operation or operator actuation.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 385+ for the elimination of contact bounce noise signals, per se.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for error detection or correction in an electrical device of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 25]    25With rollover feature (i.e., antidouble strike):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Subject matter which compensates for simultaneous actuation of plural control elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 26]    26With particular key scanning feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter having a detail of a device which sequentially senses the state of the plural control elements.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for a selective scanning device.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 27]    27With audible or tactile indicator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter which gives an indication of key operation which may be heard or felt by the operator.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 815+ for a visual indicator; subclasses 384.1+ for an audible signal; subclasses 407.1+ for an electrical tactile indicator.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 28]    28For pictorial or ideos:graphic characters (e.g., design, chinese or japanese characters):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter wherein the keys are specifically adapted for generating a code corresponding to a design or a pictorial language symbol representative of an idea or object rather than a word or sound.
(1) Note. Such a symbol code is often produced by operation of a key combination rather than single key.

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400Typewriting Machines,   subclass 110 for an oriental language typewriter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 29]    29With variable pulse spacing or grouping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter in which the duration of or between pulses, or the order of diverse types of pulses, is varied.
(1) Note. This subclass includes pulse permutation devices.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

178,for this subject matter not controlled by a keyboard or keypad.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 30]    30For numerical pulse type transmission:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter in which the meaning of the pulse code is determined solely by the number of pulses transmitted.
(1) Note. The type of code found in this subclass is known in the art as the numerical pulse type.
(2) Note. The pulses may, but need not, be identical.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 31]    31Photoelectric actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter in which the operation of a control element is sensed by an electrical light sensor.

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250Radiant Energy,   appropriate subclasses for a photoelectric switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 32]    32Magnetic or inductive actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter in which the operation of a control element is sensed by a magnetic field responsive sensor.

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335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 205+ for a magnetically operated switch, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 33]    33Capacitive actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter in which the operation of a control element is sensed by a capacitive sensor.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 600 for a capacitive switch, absent circuitry.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 112+ for a capacitive device controlled switching circuit.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 287+ for a mechanically variable capacitor.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 34]    34Pressure sensitive actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Subject matter in which the operation of a control element is sensed by a sensor responsive to an applied mechanical force.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses for a force or pressure actuated switch, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 35]    35With rotary dial:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Subject matter including a control element adapted for rotational motion.

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379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 353+ , particularly subclasses 362-368 for a telephone dial, or a dial mounting on a telephone set.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 50]    50DIGITAL CODE TO DIGITAL CODE CONVERTERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising means whereby a system of digital signals representing information is changed to a different system of digital signals representing the same information.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 51]    51Adaptive coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein the coding is automatically modified during the coding process.

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358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclasses 426.02 through 426.11for transmission of facsimile data combined with adaptive or predictive encoding.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 465+ for adaptive multiplex communications systems.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 28 through 55for adaptive control systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 52]    52To or from particular bit symbol:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals, where certain types of wave forms are used to represent zeros and ones, to other digital signals where different wave forms are used to represent zeros and ones.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 53]    53Bit represented by pulse width:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Subject matter where specific pulse widths are used to represent the signal states of the digital signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 54]    54Bit represented by discrete frequency:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Subject matter where different specific frequencies are used to represent the signal states of the digital signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 55]    55Substituting specified bit combinations for other prescribed bit combinations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digitally encoded signals to other digitally encoded signals by substituting one combination of bits for another combination of bits.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 56]    56To or from multilevel codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting to or from digital signals in which each bit of one of the digital signals can be one of three or more signal states.
(1) Note. This subclass is not intended to include subject matter where one of the states of the digital signals is used only for framing or synchronizing purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 57]    57Binary to or from ternary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Subject matter for converting digital signals where each bit may have one of two stable states to or from digital signals where each bit may have one of three stable states.
(1) Note. This subclass is not intended to include subject matter where the third state of the digital signals is used only for framing or synchronizing purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 58]    58To or from minimum D.C. level codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein the coding is arranged to minimize the direct current component present in the converted signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 59]    59To or from run length limited codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting to or from codes where the number of successive ones or zeros occurring in the code is constrained not to exceed a predetermined limit.

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63,for conversion to or from bit count codes.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 60]    60To or from packed format:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting to or from codes comprising more than one shorter data words so that they can be handled by a machine component designed for longer data words.

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95,for digital code converters where the byte length is changed.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 61]    61Data rate conversion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for changing the number of bits per unit of time during which the bits comprising a digital signal are presented.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 62]    62BCD (binary-coded-decimal) to or from decimal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting between digital signals where each digit of a number expressed in a system having a base of ten is individually coded as a number having a base of two, and digital signals where each digit of a decimal number is represented by a "one" in an appropriate one of ten bit positions.

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84,and 85, for binary coded decimal conversion to or from binary.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 63]    63To or from bit count codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals by counting the number of zeros and or ones in the signal and substituting a digital indication of that count in place of the actual bits (e.g., run length codes).

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59,for converting to or from run length limited codes.

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358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclass 426.13 for run length encoding in a facsimile system.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 64]    64To or from number of pulses:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein the number of discrete pulses is representative of the coded information.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 65]    65To or from huffman codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter for converting coded digital signals to or from other coded digital signals representing the same information, where the various code words are generated based on the probability of character or symbol occurrence.

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107,for conversion to or from codes based on probability in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 66]    66To or from Morse code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Subject matter where each character is represented by one or more bits which may have two different lengths, the particular code assigned to each character being in accordance with the coding system known as Morse code.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 67]    67To or from variable length codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein the words are not all of the same bit length.

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59,for converting to or from run length limited codes.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 68]    68To or from nrz (nonreturn-to-zero) codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from a digital signal waveform wherein the signal levels do not return to zero between successive bit periods.

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360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclass 41 for processing of a NRZ signal in a dynamic magnetic recording or retrieval system.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 69]    69Return-to-zero to or from nrz (nonreturn-to-zero) codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter for converting digital signals encoded so that the signal returns to zero between successive bits to digital signals wherein the signal does not return to zero between successive bits or vice versa.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 70]    70To or from bi-phase level code (e.g., split phase code, manchester code):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein a one is encoded as a transition from a high to a low level during the middle of a bit cell and a zero is encoded as a transition from a low to a high level during the middle of a bit cell or where a zero is encoded as a transition from a high to a low level during the middle of a bit cell and a one is encoded as a transition from a low to a high level during the middle of a bit cell.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 71]    71To or from bi-phase space or mark codes (e.g., double frequency code, fm code):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein there is a transition at the beginning of every bit cell and (a) a one is no second transition and a zero is a second transition half a bit period later, or (b) a one is a second transition half a bit period later and a zero is no second transition.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 72]    72To or from delay modulation code (e.g., miller code, three frequency code, mfm code):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein a one is encoded as a transition in the middle of a bit cell and a zero is encoded as a transition at the start of the bit cell except there is no transition after a one.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 73]    73To or from coded mark inversion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter where data is represented by a code where zeros are represented by a 01 during each bit cell and ones are represented by 11 or 00 alternately during each bit cell, Also called binary coded alternate mark inversion.
(1) Note. See U.S. Patent No. 4,325,053 for an example.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 74]    74To or from double density code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals where a one is a transition at the end of a bit period and a zero is a transition at the center of a bit period, except when a zero follows a one, in which case there is no transition in the bit period.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 75]    75To or from nonlinear codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals such that the information represented by the latter digital signals are a nonlinear function of the information represented by the former digital signals.

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4,for nonlinear pattern reading conversion.
108,for nonlinear reversible analog to digital conversion.
138+,for nonlinear analog to or from digital conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 76]    76To or from differential codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein each signal is determined as the result of a difference or comparison between the current value of the signal and prior values of the signal.

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143,for analog to or from digital differential encoding.

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375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 244+ for communication systems using differential codes.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 500+ for differential encoding of audio signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 77]    77To or from delta modulation codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 76.  Subject matter where the output signal is a series of one bit words representing the difference between the current input signal and the integral value of all prior input signals.

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375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 247+ for communication systems using delta modulation codes.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 78]    78Programmable structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter where the code converter contains apparatus which is operator changeable to modify the conversion process.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 79]    79Tree structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter where interconnections of switches have a divergent branching arrangement with each preceding switch output connected to a plurality of succeeding switches or vice versa. For example:

Image 1 for class 341 subclass 79

(1) Note. The switches may comprise any type of switch which is suitable for switching electric current.

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148,for a digital to analog converter with a switching tree.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 68 for tree structure in a static storage and retrieval system.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 80]    80To or from fibonacci codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting to or from codes wherein the relative weighing assigned to each bit of the code word is equal to the sum of the weights of the adjacent two bits of lesser significance.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 81]    81To or from interleaved format:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting to or from a data format wherein each data word as presented contains bits from more than one code word.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 82]    82To or from mixed code formats:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals wherein single words are encoded using two or more different codes.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 83]    83To or from mixed base codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals where the coding involves two or more different bases.

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62,for binary coded decimal to or from decimal conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 84]    84Binary to bcd (binary-coded-decimal):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Subject matter for converting from digital signals representing numbers coded in a system having a base of two to digital signals where each digit of these numbers is individually coded in a system having a base of two.

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62,for binary coded decimal to or from decimal conversion.
104,for binary to decimal conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 85]    85BCD (binary coded decimal) to binary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Subject matter for converting from digital signals where each digit of a number having a base of ten is encoded using a base of two to digital signals where the number as a whole is coded in a system having a base of two.

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62,for binary coded decimal to or from decimal conversion.
105,for decimal to binary conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 86]    86Generator runs until new code is generated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter where the conversion is accomplished by a code generator which is allowed to operate until it generates the new code equivalent of the old code word sought to be converted.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 87]    87Unnecessary data suppression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to a form wherein signals representing data which are not essential to the desired information are eliminated.

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714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 752 through 798for redundant error detecting or correcting encoding or decoding.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 88]    88Multiple conversions using same converter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter where, in the same code converter, more than one code conversion takes place.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 89]    89Reversible converters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter comprising converters which convert digital signals in one code to digital signals in another code and also convert the latter digital signals back to the first digital signals.

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108,for reversible analog to digital converters.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 90]    90To or from alphanumeric code formats:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals which are encoded so that numerals as well as letters of the alphabet and special symbols may be represented.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 91]    91To or from baudot code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals which are coded in Baudot code.
(1) Note. Baudot code is a code having five bit positions. Two of the thirty-two possible codes are reserved for a "LETTERS" and "FIGURES" shift command. If the "LETTERS" shift command is actuated the remaining thirty codes are used to indicate letters and machine commands. If the "FIGURES" shift command is actuated the same thirty codes are used to indicate numbers, punctuation marks and machine commands.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 92]    92To or from hollerith code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals which are coded in Hollerith code.
(1) Note. Hollerith code is used on IBM punched cards where each character on the card is represented by holes in a vertical column. There are eighty vertical columns each having twelve possible hole positions. In accordance with the Hollerith code characters are represented one, two, or three holes in particular positions in the vertical columns.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 93]    93Complementers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals which are derivable from a specified number by subtracting it from a second specified number.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 94]    94With error detection or correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter with means inherent in the converter for sensing when the converter is producing an incorrect result and/or correcting the result.

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714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for error detection and correction in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 95]    95Byte length changed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals of one set word length to signals of another set word length.

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60,for conversion to or from a pack format.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 96]    96To or from constant distance codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals encoded in a format so that in going from any particular numerical value to an immediately adjacent numerical value a constant number of bit positions change state.

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10,for digital pattern reading type converters for constant distance codes.
  

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[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 97]    97Gray to binary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 96.  Subject matter for converting from a unit distance code as shown in the chart below to a code where numbers are expressed in a system having a base of two.
 Binary = 0000;
 

Gray code = 0000

 Binary = 0001;
 

Gray code = 0001

 Binary = 0010;
 

Gray code = 0011

 Binary = 0011;
 

Gray code = 0010

 Binary = 0100;
 

Gray code = 0110

 Binary = 0101;
 

Gray code = 0111

 Binary = 0110;
 

Gray code = 0101

 Binary = 0111;
 

Gray code = 0100

 Binary = 1000;
 

Gray code = 1100

 Binary = 1001;
 

Gray code = 1101

 Binary = 1010;
 

Gray code = 1111

 Binary = 1011;
 

Gray code = 1110

 Binary = 1100;
 

Gray code = 1010

 Binary = 1101;
 

Gray code = 1011

 Binary = 1110;
 

Gray code = 1001

 Binary = 1111;
 

Gray code = 1000

98,for binary to Gray code conversion.
  

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[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 98]    98Binary to gray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 96.  Subject matter for converting from a code where numbers are expressed in a system having a base of two to a unit distance code where decimal values are assigned as shown in the chart below for the first 15 words.
 Binary = 0000;
 

Gray code = 0000

 Binary = 0001;
 

Gray code = 0001

 Binary = 0010;
 

Gray code = 0011

 Binary = 0011;
 

Gray code = 0010

 Binary = 0100;
 

Gray code = 0110

 Binary = 0101;
 

Gray code = 0111

 Binary = 0110;
 

Gray code = 0101

 Binary = 0111;
 

Gray code = 0100

 Binary = 1000;
 

Gray code = 1100

 Binary = 1001;
 

Gray code = 1101

 Binary = 1010;
 

Gray code = 1111

 Binary = 1011;
 

Gray code = 1110

 Binary = 1100;
 

Gray code = 1010

 Binary = 1101;
 

Gray code = 1011

 Binary = 1110;
 

Gray code = 1001

 Binary = 1111;
 

Gray code = 1000

97,for Gray to binary code conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 99]    99To or from display device codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals which are arranged in codes designed to activate particular devices for displaying the value of the coded signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 100]    100Serial to parallel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals wherein the bits of each word are presented one bit at a time in sequence to digital signals where all bits of a word are presented simultaneously.

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101,for parallel to serial conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 101]    101Parallel to serial:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals where all bits of a word are presented simultaneously to digital signals wherein the bits of each word are presented one bit at a time in sequence.

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100,for serial to parallel conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 102]    102To or from "N" out of "M" codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals to or from other digital signals which have a given number of bit positions (M) and where, in each of the code words, the same number of bit positions (N) contain a one.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 103]    103"N" out of "M" to "X" out of "Y":
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter for converting digital signals from one "N" out of "M" code to another "N" out of "M" code where the values of N and/or M are different.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 104]    104Binary to decimal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals which represent a number in a system having a base of two to signals where each digit of a number expressed in a system having a base ten is represented by a "one" in an appropriate one of the ten bit positions.

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57,for binary to or from ternary conversion.
62,for decimal to or from binary coded decimal conversion.
84,and 85, for binary to or from binary coded decimal conversion.
105,for decimal to binary conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 105]    105Decimal to binary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting digital signals, where each digit of a number expressed in a system having a base of ten is represented by a "one" in an appropriate one of the ten bit positions, to digital signals which represent the number in a system having a base two.

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57,for binary to or from ternary conversion.
62,for decimal to or from binary coded decimal conversion.
84,and 85, for binary to or from binary coded decimal coded decimal conversion.
104,for binary to decimal conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 106]    106Coding by table look-up techniques:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting words coded according to a first system to words coded according to a second system by selecting from storage the word in the second system corresponding to the word in the first system.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 107]    107To or from code based on probability:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter for converting coded digital signals representing letters to or from other coded digital signals representing the same letters where, the various code words are generated based on the statistical likelihood of character or symbol occurrence.

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109,for conversions based on stochastic techniques.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 126 for converting an input signal, subclasses 179+ for statistical measurements, and subclass 198 for converting measurement value from one measuring unit to another measuring unit.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 108]    108REVERSIBLE ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the converter is capable of operating either as an analog to digital converter or as a digital to analog converter.
(1) Note. The analog to digital and digital to analog conversions can occur sequentially or simultaneously.
(2) Note. Reversible converters are typically nonlinear.

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89,for reversible digital code converters.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 109]    109STOCHASTIC TECHNIQUES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the code conversion is based on random generation of signals or codes.

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107,for digital conversion to or from a code based on probability.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 126 for converting an input signal, subclasses 179+ for statistical measurements, and subclass 198 for converting measurement value from one measuring unit to another measuring unit.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 110]    110ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERSION FOLLOWED BY DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERSION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where an analog to digital conversion is followed by a digital to analog conversion.
(1) Note. There usually is a signal processing such that the output analog signal differs from the input signal in some parameter (e.g., delay, bandwidth).

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88,for multiple digital code conversions using the same converter.
89,for reversible digital code converters.
108,for reversible analog to digital converters.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 111]    111PHASE OR TIME OF PHASE CHANGE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the analog quantity converted is the phase or the time of phase change of a signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 112]    112Synchro or resolver signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Subject matter including a motorlike device having a stator and a rotor which transforms an angular-position input into variable phase output or vice versa, or a simulation thereof.

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310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   subclasses 10+ for dynamoelectric motors or generators.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   appropriate subclasses for synchro or resolver systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 113]    113Coarse and fine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Subject matter comprising two or more distinct and related conversions one of which has an output comprising the more significant bits of the digital signal and the other of which has an output comprising the less significant bits of the digital signal.

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2,for coarse and fine conversion in a pattern reading type converter.
145,for coarse and fine conversions in a digital to analog conversion.
156,for coarse and fine conversions in an analog to digital conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 114]    114Control system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Subject matter where there is a comparison between the desired position of an object and its actual position as measured and there is a control means which responds to the difference in these positions and attempts to minimize this difference.

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142,for an analog to or from digital converter as part of a control system.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 518+ for miscellaneous control systems.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective control systems.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 2 for counters used in control systems.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 1 through 89for generic control systems using computers.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 115]    115Converter compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Subject matter comprising means, inherent in the converter, for automatically correcting for undesired changes in the parameters controlling converter operation and means for determining or manually correcting or setting the operating conditions of the converter.

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94,for digital code conversion with error detection or correction.
118,for converter compensation in general.
120,for conversion with calibration or testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 116]    116Analog resolver or synchro signal to digital signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Subject matter for converting from an angular position of a resolver or synchro rotor relative to a reference position to a digital signal.

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117,for a digital to synchro signal converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 117]    117Digital signal to analog resolver or synchro signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Subject matter for converting from a digital input to analog values which represent the angular position of a resolver or synchro rotor relative to a reference position.

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116,for a resolver or synchro to digital converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 118]    118CONVERTER COMPENSATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising means, inherent in a converter, for automatically correcting for undesired changes in the parameters controlling converter operation or means for determining and manually correcting or setting the operating conditions of the converter.

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94,for digital code conversion with error detection or correction.
115,for compensation in a synchro/resolver to or from digital converter.
120,for conversion with calibration or testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 119]    119Temperature compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter comprising means for compensating for drift due to the effects of heat.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 120]    120CONVERTER CALIBRATION OR TESTING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising means for evaluation of a converter"s output for known input values, followed by adjustments for obtaining a desired input-output relation.

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94,for digital code conversion with error detection or correction.
115,for converter compensation in a synchro or resolver converter.
118,for data conversion with compensation.

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324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for electrical testing in general.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for diagnostic testing in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 121]    121Trimming control circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject matter wherein auxiliary circuits are provided by means of which the converter is altered to be within specifications.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 122]    122SAMPLE AND HOLD:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the value of the input to the converter is determined only at discrete time intervals and the value so determined is kept constant during the conversion.
(1) Note. The sample and hold operation is often intermediate to a conversion to a time interval.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 123]    123Having variable sampling rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Subject matter where the time intervals between the determinations of the value of the input to the converter are not constant.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 124]    124Sampled and held input signal with linear return to datum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Subject matter where the sampled and held signal is returned linearly to a reference level.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 125]    125Sampled and held input signal with nonlinear return to datum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Subject matter where the sampled and held signal is returned nonlinearly to a reference level.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 126]    126ANALOG TO OR FROM DIGITAL CONVERSION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein analog information represented by the amplitude of an electrical signal, which signal can have an infinite number of values within a given range is converted to or from a coded digital signal representing the same information.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 127]    127Bipolar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where the analog signal has appreciable amplitude in both directions from a reference level.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 128]    128Dual slope analog to digital converter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Subject matter where the input analog signal is integrated for a fixed time interval following which there is a linear return of the integrated signal to a reference level by means of an applied signal; the order of application of the two signals may be reversed.

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167,for a nonbipolar dual slope analog to digital converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 129]    129Plural slope analog to digital converter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Subject matter where the input analog signal is integrated for a fixed time interval following which there is a nonlinear return of the integrated signal to a reference level by means of applied plural signals or by changing the frequency of a clock signal which is being counted.

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168,for a nonbipolar plural slope analog to digital converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 130]    130Difunction code as output:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where each of two signal levels is assigned a specific numerical value and any analog value between these two levels is represented by the relative number of occurrences of pulses at each of the two levels.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 131]    131Increasing converter resolution (e.g., dithering):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where, from a system having a quantizing interval corresponding to a nominally n-bit system, one obtains a system having an n+1 or greater bit system due to the application of an oscillating or periodic signal to the input signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 132]    132Detecting analog signal peak:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter including means whereby the maximum or minimum point of the analog signal waveform is detected.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 133]    133With particular solid state devices (e.g., gunn effect device, josephson device, drift transistor, using solid state active devices as impedances):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter wherein there are used special transistors other than ordinary transistors or wherein solid state devices are used to perform special functions they do not commonly perform.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses for active solid-state devices, per se.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous solid-state device circuits and systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 134]    134Integrated injection logic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter having a complementary transistor pair merged on the same substrate as an integrated circuit device, incorporating a vertical, inverse mode NPN (PNP) transistor, which can have isolated multicollector regions, and a PNP (NPN) lateral transistor, which serves as a current injector to inject charge current directly into the NPN (PNP) transistor base.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses, including subclass 555 , 556, and 574-576 for integrated injection logic devices.
326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   subclass 70 and 100 for IIL digital logic circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 135]    135Current mirror:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter having a circuit with parallel elements wherein the current flowing through one element exactly reflects that flowing in the other element.

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330Amplifiers,   subclass 257 and 288 for current mirror amplifiers.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 136]    136Field effect transistor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter using a semiconductor device in which the resistance between two terminals, the source and the drain, is switched by a voltage applied to the third terminal, the gate, and the said resistance is determined by device geometry.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   appropriate subclasses, including subclasses 213 through 413for field effect devices.
326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   appropriate subclasses for FET logic circuits.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous FET circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 137]    137Using optical device, (e.g., fiber optics, cathode ray tubes):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter wherein the analog to or from digital conversion is achieved using devices which generate, detect or transmit light (e.g., photoelectric cells, photomultipliers, Kerr cells, light relays, electroluminescent devices, etc.).

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13+,for a digital pattern reading type converter using optical devices.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 555+ for coded record controlled photocell circuits and subclasses 566+ for coded record reading optical or prephotocell systems absent any signal processing circuitry.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 138]    138Nonlinear:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where the output does not vary in direct proportion to the input.

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4,for a nonlinear digital pattern reading type converter.
75,for a digital to digital code converter for converting to or from nonlinear codes.
108,for a nonlinear reversible analog to digital converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 139]    139Automatic control for increasing converter range (e.g., gain ranging, automatic gain control):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Subject matter comprising automatic means particularly adapted for increasing the range of signal amplitudes which can be handled by the converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 140]    140Linearization (e.g., nonlinear transfer characteristic compensates for nonlinear transducer):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Subject matter wherein nonlinear code conversion is used to provide an output which varies in direct proportion to the input.

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374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   subclass 171 for linearization in temperature measuring.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 141]    141Multiplex:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where a single converter is used to convert signals received on different inputs representing distinct data in time division multiplex or where a converter produces a plurality of different distinct simultaneous outputs representing differing independent data.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for multiplex communications in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 142]    142Converter is part of control loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where there is a comparison between the desired position of an object and its actual position and there is a control means which responds to the difference in these positions and attempts to minimize this difference.

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114,for synchro or resolver signal coersion to or from digital signal in control systems.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 518+ for miscellaneous control systems.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective control systems.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 2 for counters used in control systems.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 1 through 89for generic control systems using computers.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 143]    143Differential encoder and/or decoder (e.g., delta modulation, differential pulse code modulation):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter wherein the analog signal which is to be encoded or decoded depends on the difference between a given analog signal and the analog signal previously encoded or decoded.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

76,for digital to digital code converters where one of the codes is a differential code.

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375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 244+ for communication systems using differential codes.
704704, Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 500+ for differential encoding of audio signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 144]    144Digital to analog conversion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter wherein information represented by a coded digital signal is converted to a form wherein the information is contained in the amplitude of an electrical signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 145]    145Coarse and fine conversions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter comprising two or more distinct but related conversions one of which responds to the more significant bits of the digital signal and the other of which responds to the less significant bits of the digital signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

2,for coarse and fine conversion in a pattern reading type converter.
113,for coarse and fine conversions in a synchro or resolver to or from digital converter.
156,for analog to digital coarse and fine conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 146]    146Serial conversion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter where the conversion occurs as a series of sequential conversions made in serially connected stages the output of a given stage being dependent on the results of the preceding stage.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 147]    147Function generator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter wherein a series of digital signals is converted to a series of discrete analog values, these values being a particular mathematical function of the input digital signals.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 8+ , 270+, and 845+ for function generators in computing.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 148]    148Tree structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter where interconnections of switches have a divergent branching arrangement with each preceding switch output connected to a plurality of succeeding switches or vice versa. For example:

Image 1 for class 341 subclass 148

(1) Note. The switches may comprise any type of switch which is suitable for switching electric current.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

79,for a digital to digital code converter having a switching tree.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 68 for tree structure in a static storage and retrieval system.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 149]    149Using magnetic or cryogenic components:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter wherein particular magnetic components or components used at very low temperatures near absolute zero form an essential part of a digital to analog conversion.
(1) Note. Excluded from this subclass are ordinary transformers used in power supplies or for signal coupling or inductances use for filtering or decoupling.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15,for a digital pattern reading type converter having a magnetically read pattern.
171,for an analog to digital or analog to digital combined with a digital to analog converter having magnetic or cryogenic components.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

235Registers,   subclasses 499+ for magnetic coded record sensors.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 401+ for nonlinear saturable reactor systems.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 39+ for magnetic recording or reproduction of a digital signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 150]    150Using charge coupled devices or switched capacitances:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter where there is a digital to analog converter using devices or circuits through which there is a sequential transfer of electric charges.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15,for a digital pattern reading converter having a capacitive pattern.
172,for an analog to digital converter using charged coupled devices or switched capacitances.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 151]    151Analog output represents a displacement or force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter where the analog output of the converter represents a change in position of an object or a force applied to an object.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 152]    152With intermediate conversion of digital value to time interval:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter wherein the input digital signal is converted to intermediate signals which are a measure of a time interval or a series of intervals representative of the input digital signals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

166,for analog to digital converters with intermediate conversion of an input analog signal to a time interval.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 153]    153Using weighted impedances:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter where the conversion utilizes a network comprising a series of impedances each of which has a value such that the current through it is representative of the value of a particular bit position of the digital input signal and a summing circuit for adding the currents flowing through the impedances to develop a signal representative of the digital input signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 154]    154Using ladder network:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter where the conversion utilizes an impedance network (typically an R\2R ladder network) having a number of nodes equal to the number of bits in the digital signal, each node being selectively fed with equal currents in response to the digital signals and thereby outputting an electrical signal representative of the digital input signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 155]    155Analog to digital conversion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter wherein analog information represented by a parameter of an electrical signal, which signal can have an infinite number of values within a given range, is converted to a coded digital signal representing the same information.
(1) Note. Examples of a parameter of a signal are amplitude or frequency.

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1+,for pattern reading type analog to digital conversion.
111+,for conversion of the phase or time of phase change of a signal to a coded digital signal.
118+,for compensation of an analog to digital converter.
120+,for testing or calibrating an analog to digital converter.
122+,for analog to digital converters where an input analog signal is sampled and held.
143,for analog to or from differential code conversion.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 870.21 for analog to digital function conversion in telemetry.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 242+ for pulse code modulation communication systems.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 200+ , 500+, and 503+ for audio and speech-to-digital conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 156]    156Coarse and fine conversions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter comprising two or more distinct but related conversions one of which produces the more significant bits of the digital signal and the other of which produces the less significant bits of the digital signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

2,for coarse and fine conversion in a pattern reading type converter.
113,for coarse and fine conversions in a synchro or resolver to or from digital converter.
145,for coarse and fine conversions in a digital to analog converter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 157]    157Intermediate conversion to frequency or number of pulses:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter wherein the input analog signal is converted to a signal the frequency of which is proportional to the value of the input signal or is converted to a pulse signal the number of pulses of which is proportional to the value of the input signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 158]    158Analog input compared with static reference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter in which the analog input signal is compared with one or more nonvarying analog reference values.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 146.2 for digital comparitors in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 159]    159Parallel type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter where an analog value is simultaneously compared with a number of different reference values.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 160]    160Including priority encoder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter where an encoder, in which an input analog signal is compared with a plurality of reference values, has an output which depends on the largest reference value which the input signal is greater than.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 161]    161Acting sequentially:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter where the conversion occurs as a result of sequential comparisons made in serially connected stages and during which the particular analog value being converted is not changed.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 162]    162Serial conversions with change in signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter where the conversion occurs as a result of sequential comparisons made in serially connected stages and during which the particular analog value being converted is changed.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 163]    163Recirculating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter wherein the analog signal is compared with a fixed reference signal and, depending on their relative magnitudes, either the analog signal itself or the difference between the analog signal and the reference signal is amplified and fed back for comparison with the same reference value.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for recirculating registers.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 164]    164Single comparator and counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter having one comparator and a counter.
(1) Note. This subclass will include many successive approximation types of analog to digital converters as well as tracking types of analog to digital converters employing reversible counters.

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377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for electrical counters.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 165]    165Single comparator and digital storage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter having one comparator and means for storing a digital signal.
(1) Note. This subclass will include many successive approximation types of analog to digital converters.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   appropriate subclasses for digital signal storage.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 166]    166Intermediate conversion to time interval:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter where the analog input signal is converted to a signal where the analog value is represented by some time interval and the latter signal is digitized or coded by counting during said interval.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

152,for a digital to analog converter with an intermediate conversion of the digital signal to a time interval.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 167]    167Dual slope:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Subject matter wherein the input analog signal is integrated for a fixed time interval following which there is a linear return of the integrated signal to the datum level by means of an applied reference signal; the order of application of the two signals may be reversed.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

128,for bipolar dual slope conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 168]    168Plural slope:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Subject matter wherein the input analog signal is integrated for a fixed time interval following which there is a nonlinear return to the datum level by means of applied plural reference signals or by changing the frequency of a clock signal which is being counted.

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129,for bipolar plural slope conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 169]    169Input signal compared with linear ramp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Subject matter where the input analog signal is compared with a linearly increasing signal.
(1) Note. The latter includes a stepped waveform produced by a digital to analog converter responsive to a counter driven to produce sawtooth or triangular waveforms.

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170,for conversion with an input signal compared with a nonlinear ramp.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 170]    170Input signal compared with nonlinear ramp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Subject matter where the input analog signal is compared with a signal increasing in a nonlinear manner.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

169,for conversion where an input signal is compared with a linear ramp.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 171]    171Using magnetic or cryogenic components:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter wherein particular magnetic components or components used at very low temperatures near absolute zero form an essential part of an analog to digital conversion.
(1) Note. Excluded from this subclass are ordinary transformers used in power supplies or for signal coupling or inductances used for filtering or decoupling.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15,for a digital pattern reading type converter having a magnetically read pattern.
149,for a digital to analog or an analog to digital combined with a digital to analog converter having magnetic or cryogenic components.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

235Registers,   subclasses 499+ for magnetic coded record sensors.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 401+ for nonlinear saturable reactor systems.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 39+ for magnetic recording or reproduction of a digital signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 172]    172Using charge transfer devices (e.g., charge coupled devices, charge transfer by switched capacitances):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter where there is an analog to digital converter using devices or circuits through which there is a sequential transfer of electric charges.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15,for a digital pattern reading converter having a capacitive pattern.
150,for digital to analog converters using charge transfer devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 173]    173Code generator or transmitter:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for originating or emitting a coded set of pulses.
(1) Note. Included in this and indented subclasses are wireless transmitters.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 79+ for a telegraph transmitter; subclasses 101+ for a telegraph key.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   for a switch or switch actuator, absent circuitry.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for a selective code transmitter and receiver combined, or a selective code receiver.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 295+ for transmission of a digital signal having arbitrary message content.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 353+ , particularly subclasses 368 and 369 for a manually actuated telephone signalling device (e.g., keypad or dial).
380Cryptography,   appropriate subclasses for a cryptographic code transmitter, and subclasses 278 through 285for distribution of a cryptographic key.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 174]    174Plural transmitters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including multiple pulse transmitters for sending output along a common channel.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for plural transmitters with outputs multiplexed along a common channel.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 175]    175With code display at transmitter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including a visual indication of the contents of the pulse code at the point of code origination.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 176]    176Transmitter for remote control signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter in which the transmitter produces a signal specifically described for control of a remotely located device.
(1) Note. Some remote control aspect of the transmitter must be mentioned.
(2) Note. A remote control transmitter specific to a particular art device is classified with the art device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20+,for a remote control transmitter including a body contact actuating element.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 5.61 through 5.63and 5.64 for a wireless transceiver and a wireless transmitter in a coded record authorization control .
348Television,   subclasses 731+ and 734 for remote control transmitter for a television receiver.
446Amusement Devices: Toys,   subclass 454 for remote control of a wheeled toy.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 151.1+ and 352+ for a remote control transmitter for a radio receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 177]    177Producing different pulse frequencies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter which generates coded pulses of different frequencies and in which the code is represented by the pulse frequency.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 178]    178With variable pulse spacing and grouping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter in which the duration of or between pulses, or the order of diverse types of pulses, is varied.
(1) Note. Pulse permutation devices are classified in this and indented subclasses.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

29,for this subject matter controlled by a keyboard or keypad.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 237+ for a pulse code modulating message transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 179]    179Plural pulse shapes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter in which pulses of different shapes are utilized.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 180]    180Plural channels:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter having more than one channel leading away from the transmitter.
(1) Note. For example, there may be an individual channel, for each individual pulse of the code.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 181]    181Carrier frequency variation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter in which the frequency of the carrier upon which the pulses are modulated is varied.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 303+ for transmission of a digital signal having arbitrary message content by frequency shift keying.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 182]    182With variable pulse length:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter in which the duration of the pulses is varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 183]    183Pulse presence or absence in equal length code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter in which the code consists of a set of a fixed number of pulses and in which the meaning of the pulse code is determined by the presence or absence of a pulse.
(1) Note. The well-known Baudot code is an example of the codes in this subclass.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for error detection or correction in an electrical device of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 184]    184Numerical pulse type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter in which the meaning of the pulse code is determined solely by the number of pulses transmitted.

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714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for a parity bit generator.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 185]    185Multistage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter having plural pulse code generating stages cooperating to produce components of a pulse code output.
(1) Note. Such devices often include a pulse generating source for each component of a combined or denominational code output.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 186]    186With gaseous or space discharge device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter wherein a portion of a signal current conducting path includes an ion or electron beam path through a gas, vapor or vacuum.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

315Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Systems,   appropriate subclasses for a discharge device circuit with plural load circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 187]    187Having counter or register:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter including a device to store or accumulate pulses.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclasses 82+ for an electromechanical register, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 188]    188Serial pulse number actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter wherein different pulse codes are actuated by serially connected code generators in which an actuated code generator further actuates successively connected generators for a composite output.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 189]    189Pulse gating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter in which a pulse code controlling device permits passage of pulses from a pulse source to generate a pulse code output.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 190]    190Mechanical switch feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter including a structural detail of a circuit path modifying device.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 191]    191With gaseous or space discharge device feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including a detail of a signal current conducting device having a current conducting path which includes an electron or ion path through a gas, vapor or vacuum.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 192]    192With rotary distributor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including a multiposition switch with a rotary wiper arm.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 353+ , particularly subclasses 362-368 for a telephone dial, or a dial mounting on a telephone set.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 200]    200QUANTIZER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for converting the instantaneous amplitude of an input signal to the nearest of a fixed number of discreet amplitude levels.
  
[List of Patents for class 341 subclass 899]    899MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter which does not meet the definition of, any other subclass in this class.
  

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