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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 266]   CLASS 266,METALLURGICAL APPARATUS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for apparatus for (a) enriching metal bearing ores, (b) extracting metals from their source materials, (c) refining, purifying, or otherwise treating molten or liquefied metals where such treatment is not elsewhere provided for, (d) melting metals, and (e) establishing desired physical or chemical properties in solid metal objects, and for subcombinations peculiar to such apparatus. This class also provides for methods of operating such apparatus where not elsewhere provided for.

(1) Note. Patents issued prior to 1945 have not in all instances been classified by their claimed disclosure so the placement of these older patents does not necessarily indicate lines of classification.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

While Class 266 provides for certain methods of operating metallurgical apparatus, those patents which recite a step of treating an ore or molten metal or of altering the parameters effecting such a treatment, e.g., temperature, oxygen content, will not be found in Class 266, unless such a method is less comprehensive than the apparatus. The methods provided for in Class 266 are merely of an operational nature and contain no treatment steps. The order of superiority among various metal, alloy, and metal stock areas and methods of manufacture involving them is as follows:

(1) Class 419, Powder Metallurgy Processes.

(2) Class 148, Metal Treatment, subclasses 22-30, compositions for treatment of solid metal.

(3) Class 75, Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures, subclasses 300, 301, and 303-329, gaseous, liquid or solid treating compositions for liquid metal or charges, and subclass 302, welding rod defined by composition.

(4) Class 75, Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures, subclasses 228-250, consolidated metal powder compositions and subclasses 255-254, loose metal particulate mixtures.

(5) Class 420, Alloys or Metallic Compositions, claimed as products.

(6) Class 148, Metal Treatment, subclasses 95-122, 194-287, and 500-714, in class schedule order, providing for certain processes of treating solid or semisolid metal by modifying or maintaining the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical properties of metal, processes of reactive coating of metal or processes of chemical-heat removing (e.g., flame-cutting etc.) or burning of metal. However, if metal casting, fusion bonding, machining, or working is involved, there is a requirement of significant heat treatment as described in the Class 148 class definition.

(7) Class 148, Metal Treatment, subclasses 33-33.6, barrier layer stock material and subclasses 400-442, stock.

(8) Class 75, Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures, subclasses 331-341, processes of making solid particulate alloys directly from liquid metal and subclasses 343-374, processes of producing or purifying alloys in powder form.

(9) Class 75, Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures, subclasses 10.1-10.66 and 10.67, processes of making alloys by electrothermic, electromagnetic, or electrostatic processes.

(10) Class 420, Alloys or Metallic Compositions, processes of manufacture.

(11) Class 75, Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures, subclasses 330-773, processes of making metal and processes of treating liquid metals and liquid alloys and consolidating metalliferous material.

(12) Class 204, Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy, processes.

(13) Class 164, Metal Founding, subclasses 1-138, processes.

(14) Class 266, Metallurgical Apparatus, subclasses 44-47, processes of operating metallurgical apparatus.

This list is not complete and may be added to as the proper relationship of other areas as determined.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclasses 33+ , for article assembly means combined with means to metallurgically treat the assembled article.
34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus for contacting a solid with a gas not elsewhere provided for. See especially subclasses 576 -594 for fluidized beds of granular material where the fluidizing agent is a treating gas.
65Glass Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses, for processes of or apparatus for glass working or treating.
72Metal Deforming,   appropriate subclasses for a method or an apparatus including a step of or a means for maintaining or modifying the temperature of the work subjected to the metal shaping operation where (a) nominally recited means are provided to alter the temperature of the work in some unspecified manner, (b) specific heating means are provided which merely condition the work to perfect the shaping, or (c) nominal annealing means are provided where the annealing is for the purpose of relieving work stresses or to facilitate working.
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for consolidating metalliferous material, or extracting, refining or melting metals. See Lines With Other Classes, above, for a list of superiority of this and other metal, allow, and metal stock areas.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   for apparatus for gas separation, per se (e.g., electrostatic precipitators, etc.). Because Class 96 is subcombinational in character, the combination of a metallurgical treating apparatus with a gas separation means will be found in Class 266.
110Furnaces,   appropriate subclasses for furnaces of general utility, especially subclasses 235 -259 for incinerators for the disposal of waste material, which incinerators may have structure to render a molten material, including metals, disposable. Class 266 provides for furnaces specialized for extracting a desired metallic constituent from a source of such metal, which source could be waste material.
118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 58 through 69,for coating apparatus combined with heating means for drying the coating or for effecting a metallurgical treatment, e.g., annealing, of a coated article or of an article which is about to be coated.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 6.6 for tuyeres cooled by a liquid circulating in a closed path, see subclass 270 of this class (266) for a further statement of the line, and subclass 7 for waste heat boilers, per se, or combined with a nominally recited converter and for hoods which are cooled by a liquid circulating in a closed path.
134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses for metal quenching apparatus, per se. See the search note to subclass 134 in subclass 114 of this class (266) for a more complete statement of the line between the classes.
148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for processes of treating solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal and appropriate subclasses for processes of chemical-heat removing (e.g., flame cutting, etc.) or burning (i.e., oxidizing) of a metal workpiece. While Class 266 provides for certain methods of operating a metallurgical apparatus, it does not provide for a combined operation that includes subject matter proper for Class 148.
164Metal Founding,   appropriate subclasses for metallurgical apparatus combined with metal casting means.
165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 9.1 through 9.4for air heaters and other heat exchange devices which transfer heat in an indirect manner, that is through a body or wall that physically separates the fluids, or which employs a heat storing mass.
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses for conveyors or for conveyors combined with nominal treating apparatus, Class 198 provides for cooling beds for metal bars, including those beds which have means to turn the bars while they are being conveyed to keep the bars straight, provided no additional treating structure is claimed in more than a nominal fashion.
202Distillation: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for distilling apparatus not elsewhere provided for. See the class definition of Class 202 for a statement of the line between Class 202 and Class 266.
209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   appropriate subclasses for nonchemical types of separation employing the use of amalgams or magnet lines of force and subclass 11 and 182 for separating apparatus combined with heating means.
219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 50 through 162for electric heaters specialized to heat metal objects. Patents which claim an electric heater combined with a quenching device are placed as an original in Class 266 and are cross referenced into the appropriate heater subclass in Class 219.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 591 through 607,especially subclasses 592 and 593 for ladles or tundishes used to dispense molten metals. Such dispensing vessels may include means to treat the molten metal where such a treatment is solely ancillary to and supportive of the dispensing operation, e.g., spout heaters to prevent clogging of the vessel outlet. If other treating structure is provided, e.g., additional heater remote from the outlet, or if the vessel is a metallurgical furnace, the patent should be placed in this class (266).
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 132 through 132.5for lances, per se, and for nozzles of general utility.
241Solid Material Comminution or Disintegration,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 65 through 67for comminuting or disintegrating means, per se, or combined with heating means which do not effect a change in the chemical nature of the material being treated.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 30 for methods of forming or repairing furnace linings by shaping, e.g., molding, fluent refractory material.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   for furnaces having specific electric heating means, except as noted below, or for such furnaces combined with such additional treating structure, e.g., condensers, as is provided for in Class 373. Class 266 takes patents having claims to electric furnaces where no electric heating structure is recited and where that structure would be useful in other types of metallurgical furnaces. Class 266 also provides for metallurgical furnaces having specific electric heating means where additional means are recited for introducing reactant materials, e.g., tuyeres.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 147 through 216for the combination of a chamber of a type utilized for a heating function and material charging or discharging means therefor. Specific furnace structure is included there (subclasses 147-216) only when its sole purpose is to facilitate the movement of material to or from the furnace.
422Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing,   subclasses 255 through 290for apparatus not elsewhere provided for, for extracting inorganic chemical elements or compounds from their source material.
423Chemistry of Inorganic Compounds,   subclasses 210 through 215.5for processes modifying or chemically removing a component of a normally gaseous mixture which may contain hazardous or toxic waste.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclass 222 for means to shape or agglomerate particles of ore into pellets or balls which may be combined with additional treating means to improve or complete the shaping, e.g., heaters, other than sintering or indurating means, which merely dry or harden the shaped article, and subclass 78, for means to form and sinter a mass of powdered metal.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclasses 544 through 687for stock material which is all metal or has adjacent metal components, especially subclasses 546-569 for such material containing metal particles.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for heating apparatus of general utility. Class 432 also takes reheat furnaces which elevate the temperature of a metal object to facilitate some subsequent treatment of the object, e.g., bending, provided that no means for providing or circulating a treating or protecting gas is claimed. See the search note to Class 266 in the class definitions for Class 432 for a further statement of the line between the two classes.
588Hazardous or Toxic Waste Destruction or Containment,   subclasses 300 through 321for processes for the chemical destruction of nongaseous hazardous or toxic waste and subclass 900 for a cross-reference art collection of apparatus.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 44]    44PROCESS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Methods of operating metallurgical apparatus which are solely directed to those steps of operating such an apparatus which do not effect a chemical or physical change in the work being treated.
(1) Note. Examples of the types of methods to be found herein are methods of cooling a furnace or some part thereof, a method of operating tuyeres in a certain sequence where no metallurgical action is attributable to such an operation, methods of plugging furnaces and like treating vessels not elsewhere provided for, methods of tapping a vessel, etc.
(2) Note. Only those patents which contain claims to methods not elsewhere provided for should be placed in this or the indented subclasses as either an original or a cross-reference.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for methods of treating ores extracting, refining or melting metals.
148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for processes of treating solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 45]    45Plugging or tapping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.  Method for closing or opening apertures in the walls of metallurgical apparatus.
(1) Note. An example of the type of process to be found herein is a method of operating a mud gun to seal or plug a blast furnace tap hole.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

271,through 273, for apparatus for plugging or tapping apertures in metallurgical furnaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 46]    46Cooling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.  Method for maintaining the temperature of a metallurgical apparatus or some portion thereof within a desired range.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

190,through 194, and 241, for metallurgical furnaces and other treating apparatus having means to cool such furnaces or apparatus.
270,for water cooled tuyeres.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 47]    47Tuyere operation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.  Method for operating short tubular means adapted to be mounted in wall of a metallurgical apparatus for injecting fluents therein.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

186,through 189, and 218-224, for tuyeres combined with treating vessel structure.
265,through 270, for tuyere structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 48]    48MEANS FOR CUTTING SOLID METAL WITH HEAT, E.G., BLOWPIPES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device including means for severing a metal or removing a portion thereof with a flame by supplying an excess of oxygen to the heated metal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

110Furnaces,   for solid fuel burners, per se, and particularly subclasses 260 through 262for torches which burn both solid and liquid fuels.
148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for processes of chemical-heat removing (e.g., flame cutting, etc.) or burning (i.e., oxidizing) of a metal workpiece.
175Boring or Penetrating the Earth,   subclasses 11 through 16for a process or means for forming a hole in the earth by directly applying heat to fluidize or comminute the material forming the earth, and particularly subclass 14 for such process or apparatus in which the heat is produced by combustion in a confined chamber having a restricted orifice.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   appropriate subclasses for welding apparatus which apply heat to the members to be bonded together.
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   appropriate subclasses, for tips or nozzles which dispense combustibles where no feature or structure is recited which specializes the tip for cutting or burning.
431Combustion,   appropriate subclasses, for a residual fuel burner, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 49]    49With waste entrapping fluid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device including gas or liquid means for collecting or ensnaring refuse material generated by the flame cutting of the workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 50]    50Means for cutting continuously cast workpieces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device including means for severing or removing a portion of a workpiece as it emerges from a continuous casting facility.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

164Metal Founding,   subclass 263 for a continuous casting apparatus combined with means to sever the cast workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 51]    51Means for removing surface material, e.g., scarfing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein means are provided to cut defects from the face of a workpiece.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 194 through 205for processes of chemical-heat removing (e.g., flame cutting, etc.) or burning (i.e., oxidizing) which includes desurfacing or gouging operations utilizing said chemical-heat removing.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 52]    52Having means to simultaneously scarf multiple sides of a workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Device including a multiplicity of cutting torches arranged such that their flames concurrently impinge against plural faces of an article to remove surface defects therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 53]    53Having workpiece-contacting cutting means spacer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Device including a means adapted to engage the face of the workpiece to position the torch means a predetermined distance therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 54]    54With means for cutting tubular workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device including a means adapted to sever a pipe-like article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 194 through 205for processes of chemical-heat removing (e.g., flame cutting, etc.) or burning (i.e., oxidizing) which includes traversely cutting metal tubes utilizing said chemical-heat removing.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 55]    55Having torch mount secured within workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Device wherein the torch supporting means is attached to the interior of the tubular article.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 56]    56Having means to circumrotate torch about workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Device including means to propel the severing means over and around the peripheral surface of the tubular article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

82Turning,   subclasses 59 through 70for cutting implements which are circumrotated about a workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 57]    57With means to rotate workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Device including means to revolve the tubular article about its longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 58]    58With pattern control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device having means for storing operating instructions which means cause the cutting means to move in a predetermined path.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

33Geometrical Instruments,   subclasses 18.1 through 45for pattern-tracing devices.
82Turning,   subclasses 11 through 13and 55 for cutting implements of the type provided for in that class combined with pattern-control means.
409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   subclasses 79 through 124for a pattern-controlled milling machine. See the notes thereunder for additional searches.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 59]    59With tape-control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Device wherein the stored operating instructions are contained on a ribbon-like memory.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

409Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing,   subclasses 79 through 124for a pattern-controlled milling machine. See the notes thereunder for additional searches.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 60]    60With automatic line-follower means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Device wherein the information storing means includes a planer surface having a control pattern inscribed thereon and means are provided to scan said surface to sense and follow the outline of the pattern.
(1) Note. Examples of devices to be found herein are devices having photoelectric or magnetic reading heads which scan mechanical drawings to follow lines drawn thereon.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 61]    61With means to rotate workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Device including means revolving the workpiece about an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 62]    62Having articulated arm supporting torch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Device including a means for holding the cutting means having a plurality of segments pivotally joined to one another.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 63]    63With pantograph arm means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Device having plural arms pivotally interconnected for parallel movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 64]    64Having spaced, superposed templet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Device wherein the information storing means includes a patterning cam which is located above and out of contact with the piece to be cut.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 65]    65With work supporting grate means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein a lattice-type surface is provided which holds the article to be cut against the effects of gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 66]    66Hand held, work riding torch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein the torch includes means by which an operator can engage the torch to manipulate and partially support the same and wherein the supporting structure is adapted to travel upon the surface of the work being cut.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 67]    67With wheeled carriage torch mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein the cutting means is carried by a supporting means which is provided with wheels.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 68]    68Having work contacting torch spacing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.  Device including a means adapted to engage the face of the workpiece to position the blow pipe a predetermined distance therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 69]    69With work-spanning torch mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.  Device wherein the wheeled supporting means is adapted to extend across the workpiece, having the supporting wheels engaging surfaces adjacent to opposite sides of the workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 70]    70Circle cutter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device provided with means constraining the cutting means to follow an accurate path.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 71]    71Having torch solely supported by workpiece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein the cutting means is provided with supporting structure which is adapted to entirely rest upon and be exclusively sustained by a surface of the work.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 72]    72With cantilevered arm torch support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein the cutting means is supported on a projecting structure which is supported at only one end.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 73]    73Having carriage-supported cantilevered arm:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Device wherein the projecting structure is in turn carried by a mobile mount.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 74]    74Having adjuvant material feed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device wherein means are provided to supply material which will enhance the cutting operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 75]    75Solid material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Device wherein the material supplied is in the form of discrete units of hard matter.
(1) Note. Rod and bar feeders will be found herein; likewise, means feeding a pulverulent or granular material will also be found herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 76]    76Having torch spacing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device including means for controlling the position of the cutting means with respect to the workpiece surface in response to variations in the distance between the cutting means and said surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 77]    77With torch mounting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Device including means adapted to affix the cutting means to its supporting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 78]    78WITH CONTROL MEANS RESPONSIVE TO SENSED CONDITION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein the treating apparatus is provided with means to regulate the operation of the apparatus which means react to means which perceive a characteristic or a change in a characteristic of either the treated material or the treating apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

432Heating,   subclasses 36 through 49for heating devices of general utility having condition-responsive control structure associated therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 79]    79By treated material sampling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Device wherein the control means reacts to means measuring a characteristic of a specimen taken from the work.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 80]    80With analyzer or computation means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Device wherein (a) the control means is responsive to means which determine the chemical composition of the treated material or a by-product of the treatment or (b) information from the sensors is fed to an information storage device wherein additional information is determined, which additional information is then utilized to control the treatment.
(1) Note. Servomechanisms, i.e., automatic control devices in which the output is constantly or intermittently compared with the input through feedback so that the error or difference between the two quantities can be used to bring about the desired control, are classified with their appropriate sensing devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 81]    81With means supplying a treating agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Device wherein means are provided for the controlled addition of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance to the treating apparatus, which substance then reacts with the material contained therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 82]    82Correlated flow of diverse fluents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Device wherein means are provided for proportioning the supply of a multiplicity of streams based upon a condition sensed in any of the streams or in the treating apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 87.01 through 87.06for self-proportioning or correlating fluid-handling systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 83]    83With flow rate sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to means which perceive the amount or volume of the fluent flowing through the apparatus in a given time.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 100 through 101.19for fluid-handling systems having means to sense differences between the rates of flow in a plurality of correlated flow lines.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 84]    84With means sensing moisture content:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Device wherein means are provided which are responsive to the perceived humidity of one of the streams.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 85]    85Individual control of diverse inputs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Device wherein means are provided for the control of a plurality of fluent-supply means, each of which has a condition-responsive flow regulating means therein, whereby the volume or flow rate of each stream can be independently regulated in response to a sensed condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 86]    86By means positioning dispenser:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Device wherein means are provided to control the attitude or displacement of the means supplying the treating agent to the treating apparatus, e.g., a lance height control apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 87]    87With temperature sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to a variation in sensible heat.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   appropriate subclasses for control systems employing thermostats and other heat-responsive switches.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   appropriate subclasses for temperature-responsive switches.
374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   subclass 125 for a radiation thermometer with fluid flow purging and subclasses 139 and 140 for a molten metal thermometer.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 88]    88In a fluid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 87.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to the sensed temperature of a fluid, e.g., gas, liquid, bath of molten metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 89]    89With pressure sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to a variation in the force per unit area existing within the treating apparatus or in lines connected thereto.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 700 through 756for pressure-indicating devices.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 81+ for switches that are responsive to fluid pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 90]    90With means responsive to condition of treated material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Device wherein the control means reacts to means sensing a physical, chemical, or mechanical characteristic of the work.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

432Heating,   subclass 45 for heating devices of general utility having means to sense work movement, quality, or position.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 91]    91By means sensing weight or density of work:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to (a) the mass of treated material at a specified location on the treating apparatus or (b) the mass per unit volume of treated material at a specified position in the treating apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 92]    92By means sensing position of work:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to the attitude of the treated material.
(1) Note. Devices wherein a sensor is used to sense the height of material in a furnace are classified herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 93]    93By means sensing presence or absence of work:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 92.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to the entrance or exit of the treated material from a particular position in the apparatus.
(1) Note. Devices which have means which sense the presence of a workpiece which has been conveyed to the device and which means actuate the device are classified herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 94]    94By means sensing level of molten liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 92.  Device wherein the control means is responsive to means perceiving the surface of a molten material in a container.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 95]    95By float means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Device wherein the surface-sensing means incorporates a buoyant-sensing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 96]    96WITH PROGRAMMED, CYCLIC, OR TIME RESPONSIVE CONTROL MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein the control means is provided with (a) means for storing coded instructions or other data necessary to regulate the operation of the treating apparatus, (b) means repetitively regulating the sequence of operational steps performed in or by the treating apparatus or, (c) means for determining the time at which an operation occurs or length of time taken to perform such an operation.
(1) Note. The type of cyclic control to be found herein includes limit switch arrangements of the interlock type which control the sequence of operation based on the movement of apparatus elements to specific locations, e.g., the closing or opening of a door, the movement of a mud gun to an advanced position, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

432Heating,   subclass 51 for heating devices of general utility having timing, programming, or cyclic control means; further, see the search notes attached to subclass 51 for additional search areas.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 97]    97By timer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 96.  Device wherein the control means is provided with means for controlling the time at which an operation occurs or the length of time in which said operation is performed.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 98]    98Having driven disk or drum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 97.  Device wherein the timer includes a rotatable, cylindrical, or circular member and an associated information pick-up means, which member is provided with means storing the information necessary to control the operation of the apparatus such that control signals are generated through the interaction of the rotated member and the associated pick-up means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 99]    99WITH RECORDING, INDICATING, INSPECTION OR MEASURING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein means are provided which (a) automatically make a permanent record of selected events occurring during the operation of said device, (b) display information concerning the condition of the device or a material therein, (c) provide for the examination of selected portions of the device or material therein, or (d) gauge or otherwise determine a physical, chemical, or electrical characteristic or property of the device or material therein.

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432Heating,   subclass 32 for heating devices of general utility having indicating, illuminating, or inspection means; for additional search areas, see the search notes attached to the subclass definition of subclass 32.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 100]    100Having observation means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Device wherein means are provided for the visual examination of a portion of the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 101]    101HAVING MEANS FOR LEACHING AND SUBSEQUENTLY PRECIPITATING A METAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein a means for extracting a metal from an ore or concentrate is provided having first means for contacting the ore or concentrate with a suitable solvent, and second means for rendering the dissolved metal insoluble in its carrier solvent.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclasses 711 through 744for producing metal using nonmetallic material which is liquid under standard conditions.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 177 and 178 for purification or separation of general utility with the addition of heat and additional fluid for treatment and subclasses 198.1-221.2 for liquid purification or separation with means to add an additional treating material.
422Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing,   subclasses 255 through 290for leaching apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 102]    102MEANS TREATING A CONTINUUM OF WORK:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein either (a) a plurality of discrete articles are joined together so as to form an uninterrupted supply or (b) an object of indeterminate length is fed into a zone wherein the articles or object is operated on to enhance the physical, metallurgical, or chemical properties thereof.
(1) Note. Devices which are solely disclosed for annealing or patenting of a continuous strip, rod, sheet, or web of metal are classified in Class 266.

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118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 65 , 67, and 68 for means to anneal or temper a running length of metal combined with means to apply a metallic coating to the running length, e.g., galvanizing.
148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for processes of treating a running length of solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   appropriate subclasses for method of, and apparatus for, feeding material without utilizing the leading or trailing ends to effect movement of the material.
432Heating,   subclass 8 for a process including passing a continuous strip longitudinally through a heating zone and subclass 59 for heating apparatus having advancing structure flexing, looping, or coiling a sheet, web, or strand. See the search notes to the class definition of Class 432 for a more complete statement of the line between these classes.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 103]    103With heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device wherein means are provided to elevate the temperature of the object being treated.

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219Electric Heating,   subclass 155 for electric-heating means specialized to treat material of indeterminate length.
432Heating,   subclasses 59 and 60 for heating means of general utility specialized to treat a running length of material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 104]    104By joule effect:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein a plurality of electrical contacts physically bear against the object to be treated and the object is heated by passing an electric current through that portion of the object located between the contacts.

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219Electric Heating,   subclasses 50 through 162,especially subclass 71 for electric-heating means which heat bypasses current directly through the body to be heated.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 105]    105Discrete article continuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the object being treated consists of a multiplicity of individual units or blanks which are fastened together by removable clips, or the like, to form a continuous composite article for treatment.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 106]    106Overlapped planar coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the object being treated is formed into looped coils which lie in a substantially horizontal plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 107]    107In a molten material bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the heating means comprises a body of molten material, e.g., lead bath or salt bath.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

120,for apparatus which contacts discrete solid metal objects with a molten material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 108]    108In a muffle furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the object is heated by passing it through a heated receptacle having means therein to maintain the object out of direct contact with any source of heat or gases evolved thereby.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 109]    109With cooling by contact with solid heat sink:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the heated object is further treated by physically contacting it with a solid object which is at a lower temperature than the heated object.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 110]    110In specific environment, e.g., vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein means are provided to introduce, maintain, or generate a particular gaseous atmosphere within a chamber wherein an object is treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 111]    111With fluid contact means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the heated object is further treated by the application of a liquid or gaseous medium to the object.

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121,through 133, for means to heat a metal object and contact the object with a liquid.
251,through 258, for means to heat a metal object and contact the object with a gas.

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134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   subclass 122 for apparatus for contacting a running length of work with a liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 112]    112In liquid bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Device wherein the fluid medium is a body of liquid, e.g., water or oil.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 113]    113In liquid spray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Device wherein the fluid medium is a projected liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 114]    114HAVING MEANS FOR CONTACTING A SOLID METALLIFEROUS MATERIAL OR METAL OBJECT WITH A LIQUID:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein an apparatus is provided for treating either a metallic article or a metal bearing ore which is in a hardened form by applying a liquid thereto.
(1) Note. The term "solid" as used herein includes within its purview granular or pulverulent material which is composed of discrete solid particles.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   for cleaning and liquid contact apparatus of the type stated below as going to Class 134, where a brush, wiper, scraper, suction, or gas blast cleaning means or a squeegee is part of the combination.
118Coating Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus for coating metal work including apparatus for performing a coating process in which a chemical reaction occurs.
134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   for solid metal cleaning and pickling processes, per se, i.e., not combined with any other solid-metal treating operations. This class also has apparatus for cleaning and pickling solid metal combined with such means for handling or operating upon the solid metal as are necessary for the cleaning or pickling operations. Class 266 has apparatus for heating solid metal by contact with molten solids for heat treating the solid metal, Class 134 having no apparatus disclosed for this purpose. Class 134 also has apparatus for contacting solid metals with liquid for other purposes (as quenching) where the means claimed pertain to the applying of the liquids and only such means for manipulating or handling of the solid metal as are required to present the metal to, move or support it during, and/or remove it from the means that applies the liquids. Apparatus involving, in addition to the cleaning or liquid-contact means, means for the purpose of preventing warping, straightening, forming by any manufacturing means (note stretching below) or separate heating, is considered to be beyond the scope of Class 134 and is in Class 266. Separating material from solid metal by heating only (as distinguished from the application of liquids which liquids may be heated) has not been placed in Class 134, but remains in Class 266 or other appropriate heating class. In the case of strip or strand material, Class 134 has apparatus which involve means for uncoiling, coiling, or temporarily distorting the material to feed and/or discharge such material during the cleaning or liquid contact operation, and also has means to stitch (as by welding, for example) or otherwise fasten one piece to another to make the operation continuous with or without means to subsequently cut the material into sections. Further, apparatus for contacting only certain areas of a metal body with a liquid to selectively harden the body will be found in this class (266).
148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for processes of quenching or utilizing liquid contact with metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 115]    115With means changing the shape of a treated object, e.g., roller means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Device including means to alter the configuration of the object to be treated prior to or during the liquid contact.

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72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 38 , 39, and 46 for gas or liquid contact with a metal prior to plastically shaping it, for the purpose of protecting, cleaning, or coating the metal; and subclass 201 for deforming rollers with cooling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 116]    116Spring shaping means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Device wherein the object having its configuration altered is an elastic body.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 117]    117With means to prevent warping of treated object:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Device including means for constraining the object being treated to prevent any unwanted deformation thereof which might result from the liquid contact.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 118]    118Of a gear wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.  Device wherein the constraining means is configured to retain castellated cylindrical bodies.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 119]    119With heating of object:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.  Device wherein means are provided to increase the temperature of the treated article thereby enhancing the grain structure and reducing stress within the treated article (e.g., tempering).
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 120]    120By immersing an article to be treated in bath of molten material, e.g., salt bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Device wherein the contacting apparatus includes a tank containing a liquid made from melted, normally solid matter, e.g., salts.
(1) Note. Molten material, as used herein, is limited to a material which is in the solid state under standard atmospheric condition of pressure and temperature, which material is liquefied by an altering of one or both of these conditions, e.g., heating a mass of salt to fuse the same. Thus, a bath composed of a material which is normally a liquid under standard atmospheric conditions, e.g., mercury, oil, water, is not found herein unless combined with a molten material bath.

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148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for treatment of solid or semi-solid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal or for processes of reactive coating of metal, particularly subclasses 631 , 632, or 711 for use of a fused molten material to treat the metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 121]    121With heating means, e.g., flame contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Device further including means to raise the temperature of the work prior to, during, or after the work has been contacted with the liquid.

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261,for heating a solid metal object by flame contact heating.

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148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for processes of heating or cooling of metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of the metal.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 50 through 162for electric heaters specialized to heat metals.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 122]    122By means treating metalliferous materials, e.g., ores:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Device wherein the heating means and the liquid-contact means are particularized to operate on metal bearing matter to remove unwanted constituents from said matter.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for methods of heating an ore and subsequently contacting said ore with a liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 123]    123By heating means adapted to be inserted into a hollow object:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Device wherein the heating means is configured to pass into or through a cavity or passage formed in the article to be treated.

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134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   subclasses 166+ for liquid contact of a solid workpiece having hollows or passages.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 59.1 through 67for electric-heating means specialized to heat metallic workpieces of cylindrical configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 124]    124By means heating selected areas of an object:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Device wherein the heating means is specialized to effect heating of only certain zones on the surface of the article to be treated.

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148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 210 through 214,627, and 639-644 for processes of localized or zone heating of solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclass for electric-heating means specialized to heat metal in selected areas.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 125]    125By means specialized to heat an article having an irregular contour (e.g., cams, gears):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Device wherein the heating means is particularized to effect heating selected areas on the surface of objects having a nonuniform or a discontinuous surface or profile.
(1) Note. Examples of objects having nonuniform or discontinuous surfaces are valve cams, spur or helical gears, racks, etc.

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148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 559 through 714for treatment of solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 126]    126By heating means configured to fit between adjacent gear teeth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.  Device wherein the heating means is specialized for heating power transmission elements which have castellated power transmitting surfaces, and wherein the heating means has a profile allowing it to be inserted between adjoining castellations.

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148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 573 and 586 for processes of treating solid or semisolid metal gears to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
219Electric Heating,   subclass 640 for induction-heating means specialized to heat gears.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 127]    127Unitized heating and fluid contact means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Device wherein the heating and the fluid-contact means either are formed as a single treating member or are so closely juxtaposed that they constitute a unitary treating member.
(1) Note. An example of unitized structures to be found herein is heating torch having a supply outlet for a quenching fluid formed therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 128]    128By electric heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Device wherein the heat to treat the material is produced by a current passing through a conductive medium.

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219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclass, especially subclasses 50 through 162for electric-heating means specialized to heat metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 129]    129Inductance type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Device wherein the heating means include means to impress a fluctuating magnetic field across the workpiece to be treated, which field causes current to pass through and heat said workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 130]    130Having bath for contacting the work with liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Device wherein the means for contacting the work with a liquid includes a receptacle which confines a body of liquid into which the work is dipped or immersed.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 131]    131With means to agitate or control temperature of bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Device wherein means are provided for (a) generating a current within the liquid body or (b) adding, removing, or otherwise changing the heat content of the liquid body.

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134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   subclasses 105 through 111for a means of general utility for contacting a solid with a liquid including heating, cooling, or heat-exchange means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 132]    132Having work introducing elevator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Device wherein a vertically moving support is provided, which support partakes of a generally straight up and down motion to lower the work into and subsequently raise it out of the bath.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 133]    133Having means to move work through bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Device wherein means are provided for conveying the work through the body of liquid.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses for conveyors of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 134]    134By means contacting only selected areas of treated article with liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Device wherein the apparatus is so arranged or additional means are provided to insure that the liquid contact with the object to be treated will be restricted to only a certain pre-established section of said object.
(1) Note. Means to mask the surface of the object to be contacted so that only certain areas will have liquid applied thereto are found herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 135]    135WITH CLEANING OR LUBRICATING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein means are provided for (a) removing accumulations of unwanted material which are deposited on or in the device during the operation of same or (b) the introduction of an anti-friction agent, e.g., oil, into or on the device.

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432Heating,   subclass 75 for a heating means of general utility having a means for cleaning the heating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 136]    136Fluid injector cleaner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Device wherein means are provided for removing unwanted accumulations from a fluid nozzle, e.g., tuyere punches.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 137]    137WITH MEANS TO COMMINUTE OR DISINTEGRATE SOLIDS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device having means to break up or reduce the size of an individual unit of hard matter.
(1) Note. Included within the definition of an individual unit are a solid metal object, a sintered mass, and the individual particle of a granular mass.

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241Solid Material Comminution or Disintegration,   appropriate subclasses for comminuting or disintegrating apparatus, per se, and for comminuting combined with heating where no chemical change to the material heated occurs.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 138]    138WITH MEANS TO PREHEAT GAS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device having means to elevate the temperature of a gas or vapor supplied to a treating vessel prior to the entry of the gas into the treating zone.

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165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses for a heat exchange, per se, particularly subclasses 4 through 10for a regeneration-type heat exchanger.
432Heating,   subclass 40 for the automatic control of a hot blast stove; subclasses 78-80, wherein combustion feed air cools existing work by contact; subclass 84, wherein combustion feed air cools the furnace wall; subclasses 179-182, wherein the furnace exhaust heats the furnace feed air; subclasses 214-218 for a hot blast stove, per se; and subclasses 219-223 for a residual gas heater, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 139]    139Having heat storage means, e.g., checkers, stroves:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Device including means adapted to receive and retain heat energy and thereafter give up said energy to a gas flowing therepast to raise the temperature of the gas.

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165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 4 through 10for heat-storage devices, such as checker bricks, per se.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for general utility furnaces combined with heat-storage means, especially subclasses 214 through 218for heat storage means combined with a heat generator.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 140]    140By heat generating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Device wherein the means to elevate the temperature of the gas includes means in addition to the heating means for the treating vessel for producing heat energy by a chemical reaction, e.g., combustion, or by the transformation of some other form of energy into heat energy, e.g., electric resistance-type heaters.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 141]    141By remote heat exchanger:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Device wherein the means to elevate the temperatures of the incoming gas includes means physically separated from the treating vessel, which means effects a transfer of heat from a material at a relatively high temperature to the relatively cool incoming gas.

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165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses for indirect heat-exchange structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 142]    142GEOGRAPHIC OR STRUCTURAL INSTALLATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein (a) a work-processing device is related either to some feature of the earth or to a definable building feature, e.g., a hall, or (b) a plurality of such devices are arranged so as to form a specific machinery layout.
(1) Note. Examples of limitations that are indicative of geographic features or structural installations are pits, bays, corridors, plural working levels, etc.
(2) Note. Merely positioning one device above another so that gravity flow between the devices is effected is not considered to constitute a specific machinery layout.

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161,through 164, for apparatus performing diverse metallurgical operations, e.g., metal extracting and refining.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 143]    143Having refining vessel with travelling support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Device wherein the structural or geographic installation is provided with a means for treating a molten metal having a support means which mounts the treating means for movement from one location to another within the installation.
(1) Note. Examples of a traveling support are cranes, wheel vehicles, etc.

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165,for a metallurgical apparatus which includes a vehicle-mounted receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 144]    144WITH MEANS TREATING OR HANDLING GASES EXHAUSTED BY TREATING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein the metallurgical apparatus is provided with means for (a) removing fumes and the like from the apparatus, (b) conditioning such fumes to either remove valuable components, e.g., gaseous mercury or render the fumes less objectionable to the environment, e.g., pollution abatement devices, or (c) to extract heat energy from the fumes.
(1) Note. While apparatus to condense metallic vapors within a vacuum will be found herein, apparatus to remove entrained gases from a mass of molten metal by subjecting at least a portion of the mass to a vacuum is not considered to be a fume handling or treating means since such gases do not normally "evolve" by themselves from the molten mass. Such apparatus thus will not be found in this or the indented subclasses.
(2) Note. A nominally recited flue or a nominal flue and damper combination is not considered to be a fume-handling means and thus will not be found herein. Further, a mere windbox or a nominal windbox and blower combination used in conjunction with an ore-sintering apparatus is not considered to be a fume-handling means for this subclass. Such patents have been placed on the features of the particular treating apparatus with which they are associated.

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207,through 211, for vacuum-degassing apparatus for molten metals.

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432Heating,   subclasses 66 through 72for a heating means of general utility having means for treating or handling the exhaust gas.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 145]    145Having means to treat or handle gases evolving from rotary furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device wherein the gas handling or treating means are specialized to receive fumes from a furnace adapted to rotate through more than 360 degrees.

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173,for a rotary drum ore treating or metal extracting furnace.
213,for a revolving-drum type furnace for melting metal or treating a molten metal.
244,for a Bessemer-type treating vessel mounted to revolve about its longitudinal axis.
248,for a horizontal, rotatable, cylindrical metal melting or molten metal treating means which oscillates about its longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 146]    146By contacting gas with nonmetallic liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device including means specialized to commingle or otherwise encounter the fumes with a nonmetallic liquid medium.

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261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus of general utility for contacting a gas with a liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 147]    147By liquid spraying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Device wherein the commingling means is a shower of liquid through which the fumes flow.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 148]    148By condensing and collecting a volatile constituent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device including means specialized to receive vaporized material and cause said vaporized material to undergo a phase change to the solid or liquid state.

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202Distillation: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for distilling apparatus other than that used to condense metal.
432Heating,   subclass 66 for a heating means of general utility with a condenser for work chamber vapor.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 149]    149Within evacuated chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Device wherein said phase change is effected within a vacuum environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 150]    150Having molten metal splashing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Device wherein means are provided to hurl molten metal into the path of the evolved gas to condense metallic vapors contained therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 151]    151By cascading material evolving the gas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Device wherein the material from which the vapor is generated is caused to flow in a descending stepped path.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 152]    152By indirect liquid heat exchange means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Device wherein the vaporized material gives up its heat of vaporization to a body of liquid which is physically separated therefrom by a structural member, e.g., a wall, a tube, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 153]    153Having retort condenser:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Device wherein a heating means is provided which is adapted to contain and externally heat a vessel which holds a discrete charge of material to be treated and wherein means are mounted on and carried by the vessel to liquefy or solidify vapors evolved in the vessel.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 154]    154Vertical shaft furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Device wherein the vapors are evolved from an elongated chamber, the major axis of which is substantially perpendicular to the horizon and through which the vapor generating material is moved by the effects of gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 155]    155With heat exchanger, e.g., waste heat boiler:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device including means specialized to remove heat from the evolved gas by means of an indirect heat exchanger.

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122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 7 for apparatus for capturing the waste heat of industrial devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 156]    156By means recycling exhaust gas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device wherein a portion of the evolved gas is returned to the metallurgical apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 157]    157By separating particles from evolved gas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device wherein the fume treating or handling means includes means to remove particulate matter suspended in the exhausting fumes from the fumes.

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96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   for apparatus for gas separation, per se.
432Heating,   subclasses 67 through 71for means separating solid particle or slag from work chamber gas.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 158]    158Hood:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device wherein the gas-handling means includes an inverted, generally funnel-shaped fume collecting member which is disposed above and in unattached, juxtaposed relation with the metallurgical apparatus.

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122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 7 for apparatus for capturing the waste heat of industrial devices.
454Ventilation,   subclasses 49 through 67for hood and off-take structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 159]    159Offtake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Device wherein the gas handling means includes fume conducting means connected to the fume outlet of a metallurgical apparatus, which conducting means conveys the fumes away from said apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 160]    160COMBINED OR CONVERTIBLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device (a) including means in addition to the basic metallurgical apparatus for performing some additional nonmetallurgical operation or for perfecting the operation of the basic metallurgical apparatus or (b) which can by an addition, removal, or rearrangement of one or more of its parts be caused to have a different mode or condition of operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 161]    161MEANS FOR EXTRACTING AND REFINING METAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device comprising a means to treat an ore or other metal bearing material to remove a metal therefrom, combined with additional means to purify or otherwise treat the removed metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 162]    162With separate refining zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Device wherein a distinct region or chamber is provided within which the metal purification or treatment occurs.

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212,for refining means having a separate metal melting zone.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 163]    163With rotating heating vessel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 162.  Device including an extracting or refining means adapted to revolve about it longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 164]    164With heated vertical extracting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 162.  Device wherein the means to extract the metal comprises a treating chamber within which the temperature of the material to be treated is elevated and the longitudinal axis of which is generally normal to the horizon.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 165]    165AMBULANT VESSEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein the metallurgical apparatus includes a vehicle mounted receptacle.

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142,and 143, for geographic or structural installations.

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105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclasses 238.1 through 395for special car bodies for carrying molten metal or slag.
432Heating,   subclass 88 for a heater assembly having a wheel-, handle-, or skid-type support.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 166]    166TREATING VESSEL WITH DISTINCT MOLTEN MATERIAL HOLDING MEANS, E.G., FOREHEARTH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein a means to treat a metalliferous or a metallic material is provided with a separate additional substantially nonambulant storage receptacle or a separate additional ambulant storage receptacle adapted to be attached to the treating means, which receptacles receive molten material from the treating means and store said molten material prior to its delivery to a point of use.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 167]    167THERMITE REACTION VESSEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device including a receptacle specialized to contain a thermite mixture while the mixture reacts to form a molten mass.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclass 959 for a process of thermit-type reduction and treatment.
164Metal Founding,   subclasses 53 and 54 for a process of molding a metal object with in situ reactive heating.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 168]    168MEANS FOR TREATING ORES OR FOR EXTRACTING METALS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device having means to (a) concentrate and enrich the metalliferous material or (b) liberate metal from the metalliferous material.
(1) Note. The term "ore" as used herein may include other than naturally occurring sources, e.g., waste photographic solutions.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for processes of treating ore or extracting a metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 169]    169Amalgam-type extraction means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Device wherein means are provided for contacting a metal bearing material with mercury such that the metal is drawn from said material by the mercury.

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209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   subclasses 12.1 through 44.4and 174-206 for processes and apparatus for separating by nonchemical means or procedure, e.g., magnet, amalgamating from liquid suspensions.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 170]    170By means precipitating metal from solution:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Device including means for rendering a metallic element insoluble in its liquid environment.

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101,for an apparatus for leaching and subsequently precipitating a metal.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a process of precipitating a metal from a solution.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   subclasses 194 through 297.16for electrolytic apparatus (e.g., specialized for electrolytic precipitation of metal, etc.).
205Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions,   appropriate subclasses for electrolytic precipitation of metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 171]    171By means applying heat to work, e.g., furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Device having means to raise the temperature of metalliferous material.
(1) Note. Those furnaces which are alternately usable to melt metal or to treat ore will be found herein.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclass for processes of treating ore or extracting metal.
432Heating,   appropriate subclass for treating furnaces of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 172]    172Fluidized zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device wherein means are provided for introducing a gas into the heating chamber so that the solid material within said chamber is maintained in a fluent condition while it undergoes treatment.

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34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   subclasses 576 through 594for an apparatus for conveying treated material by means of a fluid current.
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for treating ores in gaseous suspension.
432Heating,   subclass 58 for a fluidized bed in a furnace of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 173]    173Rotary drum-type furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device wherein the heating means includes a barrel-like receptacle within which the work is placed, which receptacle is mounted to continuously revolve about its longitudinal axis while the work is being heated.

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145,for fume-handling means combined with rotary drum-type furnaces.
163,for rotary furnaces adapted to extract and refine a metal.
178,through 180, for revolving annular-load-supporting grates.
213,for rotary melting or refining vessels.

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432Heating,   subclasses 103 through 119for rotary drum furnaces of general utility. For further searches, see the search notes for subclass 103.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 174]    174With safety device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device having means (a) to prevent a dangerous or potentially dangerous operating condition from occurring within the treating means or (b) to protect operating personnel from injury.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 175]    175With separate preheat chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device wherein a distinct compartment or receptacle is provided within which the temperature of the material to be treated by the heating means is elevated prior to its entry into the heating means.

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432Heating,   subclasses 163 through 172for furnaces of general utility having plural, structurally related work chambers.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 176]    176With means for moving solid material to or through heating zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device wherein the heating means is provided with means to supply a charge of fuel, flux, or ore thereto, which supplied material is in a solid form, or means to convey or propel the charge within the heating means.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses for conveyors of general utility.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 150 through 159for the combination of a chamber of a type utilized for a heating function and a driven device, and/or an inclined flow path to carry or convey material into, within, and out of the chamber; and subclasses 160-208 for such a chamber and the charging, in general, thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 177]    177By means for moving charge through zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.  Device wherein means are provided within the heating means for propelling or conveying the work undergoing treatment through said heating means.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses for conveyors of general utility.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 159 and 160-208 as discussed in the reference to that class in subclass 176 above, and see particularly subclasses 153 and 166 of the respective areas.
432Heating,   subclasses 121 through 155for an apparatus having means by which work is mechanically moved through a heating device of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 178]    178Traveling grate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Device wherein the means for moving the charge through the treating zone comprises a mobile charge supporting surface which surface is perforated to allow air or combustion gases to pass therethrough.

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159,for a traveling-grate means combined with gas offtake structure.

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432Heating,   subclasses 136 through 150for apparatus having means by which work is mechanically moved through a heating device of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 179]    179With seal means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Device wherein means are provided at the junction between said mobile charge supporting surface and the heating means to prevent the ingress of atmospheric air into the heating zone or the escape of gas from the heating zone.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 180]    180Train of grate elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Device wherein the mobile supporting surface is composed of plural unconnected moving cars which follow closely adjacent each other to form a moving support for the charge material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 181]    181Means forming cascading array:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Device wherein the heating means has a plurality of shelves disposed one above the other and the moving means conveys the charge from one shelf to the next adjacent lower shelf in a zigzag fashion.

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432Heating,   subclasses 129 through 132for a means for cascading work through a furnace of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 182]    182By fluid current:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.  Device wherein the propelling means comprises means for entraining the charge material in a moving stream of fluid.

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221,for a tuyere means for introducing diverse material into a molten metal treating means.
267,for a tuyere specialized for simultaneously feeding diverse material.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a process of treating molten metal with combined solid and gaseous treating agents.
110Furnaces,   subclasses 261 through 266for an apparatus for burning fine fuel in suspension in a furnace of general utility.
406Conveyors: Fluid Current,   appropriate subclasses for an apparatus for conveying solids in fluid suspension.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 183]    183By power-driven means conveying solid charge into zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.  Device wherein means are provided for propelling the charge material to be treated into the heating zone.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 184]    184Bell and hopper type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 176.  Device wherein the charge-feed means includes a storage chamber having a discharge port in the bottom thereof, which port is closed by a valve member which is movable axially of said passage.

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414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 170 and 201-205 for the combination of a chamber of a type utilized for a heating function and a material charging means therefor, and wherein the means includes a device of the bell and hopper type.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 185]    185With work supporting grate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device wherein the heating means includes a work-supporting surface, which surface is perforated to allow air or combustion gas to pass therethrough.

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159,for grate structure combined with gas offtake means.
279,for apparatus which supports the work material on a grate member.

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110Furnaces,   subclasses 267 through 294for a progressive feed-grate means in a furnace of general utility.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclasses 371 through 378for a water-cooled grate means.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 152+ for grates for use in stoves and furnaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 186]    186With means for feeding fluids:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Devices including a means for introducing a gas, liquid, or combination thereof to the interior of the heating means.

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218,through 224, for a tuyere means for feeding fluid into a molten metal treating means.
265,through 270, for tuyere structure, per se.

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110Furnaces,   subclass 182.5 for a tuyere means for a furnace of general utility.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 6.6 for a tuyere having a closed water-cooling system.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 187]    187With flow regulating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Device including means to control the volume of flow of the fluid.

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82,through 84, for a control means responsive to a sensed condition which correlates a flow of diverse fluents.
223,for a control means for a tuyere combined with a molten-metal treating means.
266,for a tuyere means combined with a flow-control means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 188]    188With common outlet means to feed diverse fluids:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Device including means to comingle two or more fluids for injection into the heating means.

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221,and 222, for a tuyere for feeding diverse material into a molten-metal treating means.
267,for a tuyere for simultaneously feeding diverse material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 189]    189With means to cool fluid feeding means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Device including means for supplying a cooling medium to the fluid-feeding means to maintain the temperature of said feeding means within acceptable limits.

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110Furnaces,   subclass 182.5 for a cooled tuyere means for a furnace of general utility.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 6.6 for a tuyere having a closed water cooling system.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 190]    190With cooling of heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device including means for maintaining the temperature of the heating means structure at a safe operating level.

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241,for a means to cool a metal melting or molten-metal treating means.

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65Glass Manufacturing,   subclass 355 for means-cooling glass manufacturing apparatus.
165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 47 through 57for a heat exchanger installed in a disparate device, subclasses 58-66 for heating and cooling of the same device, and subclass 134.1 for a heat exchanger with protective means.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for means cooling a furnace of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 191]    191By means cooling material discharge means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 190.  Device for maintaining the temperature of a delivery opening or structure associated therewith within acceptable limits.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 192]    192By direct fluid contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 190.  Device wherein the temperature of a specific portion of the heating means is maintained within acceptable limits by applying a cooling medium thereagainst, as for example, by flowing the medium over or impinging the medium against said portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 193]    193By means embedded in heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 190.  Device wherein the temperature is maintained within acceptable limits by a cooling medium flowing through a heat-exchange member contained within the wall or base structure of the heating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 194]    194Having means to facilitate removal of cooling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Device including means enabling easy insertion or extraction of the heat-exchange member.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 195]    195With discharge means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device wherein the heating means is provided with delivery means for drawing off the material treated within the heating means.

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191,for means for cooling a material-discharge means.
236,for converters and other molten metal treating or holding vessels with specific discharge structure.

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414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 209 through 216for the combination of a chamber of a type utilized for a heating function and either a driven device, or a gravity arrangement, respectively, for the discharge of material from the chamber.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 157 , 160, and 161 for furnaces of general utility having discharge structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 196]    196With trough-shaped outlet, e.g., runner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Device wherein the delivery means is further provided with a channel shaped means through which the material passes after it has been discharged from the heating means.

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231,for a discharge runner combined with a molten-metal treating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 197]    197Shaft-type furnace, e.g., blast furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Device comprising a chamber having a substantially vertical axis to which material is fed at an elevated level for gravitation downwardly across a heating surface or through a heating medium.

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432Heating,   subclasses 95 through 102for shaft-type furnaces of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 198]    198Having external support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 197.  Device having means external of the furnace for sustaining the furnace against the effects of gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 199]    199Having specific top structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 197.  Device wherein the upper region of the furnace has a particular configuration or includes additional structural members which facilitate the operation of the furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 200]    200MEANS FOR MELTING OR VAPORIZING METAL OR TREATING LIQUEFIED METAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device for (a) refining or otherwise purifying metal while in the liquid state, (b) removing or separating constituents from a molten bath, (c) mixing or stirring a molten bath, (d) applying heat to a molten bath to maintain the molten condition, or (e) liquefy or volatilize a metal.

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65Glass Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses for a means to melt glass.
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a process of refining a metal.
164Metal Founding,   appropriate subclasses for an apparatus for treating metal in a mold.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   appropriate subclasses for a metal melting or refining means having specific electrical heating structure.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for melting furnaces of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 201]    201Slag refining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein means are provided to effect slag contact with a molten metal, thus promoting thorough intermingling and interaction of the slag with the metal.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a process of treating slags and oxidized drosses.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 202]    202Spray refining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein means are provided to enhance treating gas contact with a molten metal, which means causes the metal to fall through a treating gas in either a finely divided stream or as a plurality of narrow streams and thus promotes the thorough intermingling and interaction of the gas with the metal.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclasses 331 through 341for producing solid particulate free metal directly from liquid metal and subclass 525 for impinging free-falling molten metal stream or spray with a gas or solid agent or spraying (i.e., atomizing) of molten metal.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 7 for a means for atomizing a molten metal by a blast of fluid in a powder-making apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 203]    203By means specialized to puddle metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein means are provided to mechanically work and to contact molten metal with an additive, such as mill scale or ore, while in the presence of an oxidizing atmosphere, whereby a semisolid product is produced.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 204]    204Means applying centrifugal force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device including means to rotate the vessel to effect outward radial movement of a bath of molten material contained therein.

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494Imperforate Bowl: Centrifugal Separators,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus for breaking up a mixture of fluids or fluent substances into two or more components by centrifuging within a generally solid-walled, receptacle-like member.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 205]    205Means to melt and separate metal from mass of diverse constituents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device which is particularized to heat a body which consists of a plurality of different materials, one of which is a metal, to liquefy and liberate said metal from said body.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclass 401 for processes of treating multicomponent metal-containing scrap having an integral substrate to separate metal therefrom by temperature modification wherein at least one metal remains solid during separation.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 206]    206Means for melting-type material, e.g., Linotype:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device particularized to liquefy metals used in the manufacture of printing characters.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 207]    207By providing, treating or protecting environment, e.g., vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein means are provided either for subjecting molten metal to a specific atmosphere or atmospheric condition to bring about a desired physical or chemical change in the metal or for surrounding or blanketing the metal in an inert fluid to prevent contamination of the metal being operated upon.
(1) Note. An example of structure to be found in this and the indented subclasses is vacuum degassing apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 208]    208By application of vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Device wherein the treating atmosphere is at a pressure less than standard atmospheric.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   for a process of treating a molten metal within a vacuum environment.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 54 , 63, 110-112, 140, and 141 for electric furnaces combined with means to lower the pressure therein to subatmospheric levels.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 209]    209By upward flow of metal within treating zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Device wherein an evacuated receptacle is provided with a downwardly extending supply passage within which the molten material is raised to a level higher than the level of the source.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 210]    210Recirculating material to its source:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Device wherein the metal is returned from the reduced pressure zone to its point of origin.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 211]    211Enclosed within casing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Device wherein a molten-metal containing or receiving vessel is contained within and surrounded by a housing, which housing is communicable with a source of vacuum.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 212]    212Refining means with separate metal-melting zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein the means to treat the molten metal is provided with a distinct metal liquefying region or chamber from which the molten metal to be treated is drawn.

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162,through 164, for means specialized to extract and refine a metal within separate treating zones.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 213]    213Revolving drum-type furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein the vessel is mounted to be turned about its longitudinal axis through more than 360 degrees.

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248,for a drum-type melting or refining vessel adapted to revolve or oscillate about its longitudinal axis.

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432Heating,   subclasses 103 through 119for a tumbler-type rotary drum furnace of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 214]    214Reverberatory refining vessel, e.g., open hearth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein the means to melt metals or to treat a molten metal comprises a treating receptacle within which hot gas sweeps over the surface of material contained within the receptacle to elevate the temperature of the material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 215]    215Continuous refining:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein the treating means includes a treating vessel which is provided with means for supplying an unrefined molten metal mass thereto and for drawing refined molten metal therefrom in a substantially uninterrupted fashion.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 216]    216By means introducing treating material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device including means for adding a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance to the molten metal.

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75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a process of introducing a treating material into molten metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 217]    217Gaseous treating material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.  Device wherein the added substance is in gaseous form.
(1) Note. Means introducing a gas stirring agent will be found in this and the indented subclasses.

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261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for devices of general utility for contacting a gas with a liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 218]    218Having fluid inlet formed in vessel wall, e.g., tuyere:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Device wherein the means is a short tubular member forming an aperture in the vessel wall.

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265,through 270, for tuyere structure, per se.

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110Furnaces,   subclass 182.5 for a tuyere in a furnace of general utility.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 6.6 for a tuyere having a closed water circulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 219]    219Having intersecting streams converging on central axis of vertical furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Device wherein a plurality of tuyeres are arranged in the wall of a vertical furnace such that the streams issuing therefrom will meet or cross in one area substantially in the center of said furnace.
(1) Note. Cupola furnaces are found herein where the sole disclosure is for melting metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 220]    220Having porous outlet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Device wherein the means discharges through a foraminous member.

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261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   subclasses 94 through 99and 100-107 for gas-liquid contact sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 221]    221By means to introduce diverse material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Device wherein said adding means is adapted to concurrently supply plural materials.

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182,for a means to introduce a solid entrained in a fluid into an ore treating or metal-extracting device.
188,for a means to introduce diverse fluids via a common outlet into an ore treating or metal-extracting device.
267,for a means specialized for simultaneously feeding diverse materials into a vessel.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 222]    222Concentric flow paths:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Device wherein the adding means has a plurality of coaxial flow paths.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 223]    223Having control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Device wherein a regulating means is provided in the flow path to control fluid flow into the treating vessel.

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82,through 84, for means correlating the flow of diverse fluents responsive to a sensed condition.
187,for regulating the flow of a fluid into an ore treating or metal extracting means.
266,for a tuyere means combined with a flow-control means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 224]    224Having tuyere formed in plug bottom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Device wherein the treating vessel is provided with a separate, distinct bottom closure which has an integrally formed tuyere therein.
(1) Note. The plug bottoms are usually removable or replaceable to facilitate changing of worn or damaged tuyeres.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 225]    225Lance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Device wherein the introducing means is a long, narrow tube extending into the interior of the treating vessel.

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239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   appropriate subclasses for lances, per se, and for nozzles of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 226]    226With manipulating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.  Device including means to adjust the position of the lance.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 227]    227By separating metal in a molten mass from undesired material, e.g., slag:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device including means to segregate a metal from other constituents.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 513 through 540for gravitational separators and subclasses 767-808 for processes of separating solids and liquids.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 228]    228By skimming a material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Device having means for drawing off a material floating on the surface of a molten mass.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 242.1 through 242.4for movable means floating on the surface of a liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 229]    229By baffle means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Device including a separating arrangement having a barrier member associated therewith which effects the separation of a desired constituent from the molten mass by blocking the flow of one of the constituents.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 230]    230At discharge outlet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Device wherein the separating arrangement comprises a receptacle having a baffle associated with the receptacle outlet to block the flow of undesired constituents.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 231]    231In discharge trough, e.g., runner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Device wherein the barrier member is associated with a channel shaped means through which the molten mass flows.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

196,for a runner system combined with a metal-extracting furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 232]    232Settling receptacle, e.g., slag pot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Device wherein the separating means comprises a vessel within which the molten mass is allowed to stand and separate by the effects of gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 233]    233By stirring or mixing molten metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device including means to agitate a molten metal.

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217,through 226, for means which agitates a body of molten metal by introducing a gas into said body.

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366Agitating,   appropriate subclasses for stirring or mixing apparatus of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 234]    234Induction stirring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.  Device wherein the agitating means includes an electromagnetic means which creates flux lines passing through the metal to cause movement of the metal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

237,for electromagnetic molten-metal dispensing means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 85 , 116, and 146 for induction stirrers combined with an electric furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 235]    235Having impeller means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.  Device wherein the agitating means includes a blade-like member having a fluid reactant surface which engages and moves the molten mass.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 236]    236With means to discharge molten material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein the vessel containing the molten mass undergoing treatment is provided with specific terminal outlet structure for removing the mass from the vessel.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

65Glass Manufacturing,   subclasses 324 through 333for molten-glass dispensing means.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 590 and 591-607 for receptacles having means to effect discharge of molten metal therefrom.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclasses for valves specialized to control flow of molten material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 237]    237Including electromagnetic means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 236.  Device including means which create flux lines to cause the material to flow in a desired direction.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

234,for a molten-metal treating means or melting means having an induction stirring means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

417Pumps,   subclass 50 for electromagnetic pumps.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 238]    238Means for removing residual material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 236.  Device including a means effecting withdrawal of molten matter remaining in the vessel after normal emptying of the vessel.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 239]    239By changing ambient pressure on material surface, e.g., suction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 236.  Device wherein the means for discharging material from the treating vessel includes means for varying gas pressure at a selected location on the exterior of the molten mass to create a gas pressure gradient across the exterior which is effective to deliver material from the vessel.
(1) Note. The means to vary the gas pressure on a portion of a liquid surface includes both devices that raise the gas pressure, e.g., pressurized gas cylinders, and that lower the gas pressure, e.g., vacuum pumps.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous receptacles having means to effect discharge of fluent material therefrom. Note especially subclasses 394 through 402.25for fluid pressure means and subclass 416 for siphon means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 240]    240With means to tilt heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 236.  Device including means to cant the vessel to effect discharging.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

432Heating,   subclass 157 for crucible or pot-heating furnace of general utility having a tilting arrangement.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 241]    241With means to cool treating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein means are provided to remove excess heat energy, the means treating the material thus maintaining the temperature of said means within a safe operating range.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

46,for a process of cooling a metallurgical apparatus.
138,for a means within a heating or treating vessel for preheating a gas, which heating inherently cools the heating or treating vessel.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for cooling furnaces of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 242]    242Heated melting pot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device including a kettle-like receptacle having a means for raising the temperature of the metal therein to liquefy the same.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

219Electric Heating,   subclasses 420 through 427for crucible or furnace-type electric heating devices adapted to hold meltable material.
432Heating,   subclasses 156 through 158for a crucible or pot-type heating furnace of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 243]    243Bessemer-type treating vessel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein the means to treat the molten mass comprises an open topped, flask-like receptacle within which a molten mass is adapted to be subjected to a self-sustaining refining action by the introduction of a treating gas.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 244]    244By mounting vessel to revolve about its longitudinal axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Device wherein means are provided for supporting the receptacle such that it may be rotated through more than 360 degrees about its lengthwise center line.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 245]    245With means pivotally mounting vessel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Device wherein means are provided for supporting the treating vessel such that the vessel may be swung about an axis generally normal to its longitudinal axis so that the mouth of the vessel can be moved to a selected one of a plurality of positions.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 246]    246Means mounting vessel to trunnion ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Device wherein the means pivotally mounting the vessel includes a generally annular member which girdles the receptacle and means interposed between the receptacle and the girdling member to secure the receptacle to the girdling member.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 247]    247Means mounting vessel to U-shaped trunnion support means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Device wherein the means pivotally mounting the vessel includes a member having two arms between which the receptacle is supported.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 248]    248Horizontal, rotatable, cylindrical type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device including a generally drum-like vessel having its longitudinal axis generally parallel to the horizon and adapted to revolve or oscillate about its longitudinal axis.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

213,for a drum-type molten metal treating means which rotates about its longitudinal axis through more than 360 degrees.
244,for a Bessemer-type treating vessel which rotates about its longitudinal axis through more than 360 degrees.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 249]    249MEANS TREATING SOLID METAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device wherein means are provided which operate upon a metallic object or mass to discrete metal granules to enhance their physical, chemical, or mechanical properties.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

114,through 134, for apparatus which both heats and contacts a metallic object with a liquid or which includes means to control the shape of an object undergoing a liquid contact operation.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 559 through 714for processes of treating solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for furnaces which merely elevate the temperature of a metal object to facilitate some further treatment, e.g., rolling, and where no specific gaseous environment, treating, or protective, is supplied to, circulated in, or generated within the furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 250]    250Having evacuated chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Device wherein the work is placed in a receptacle having means to change the temperature thereof, said receptacle further having means to create a treating environment by lowering the gas pressure therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 251]    251By contact with gas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Device wherein the treating operation involves (a) surrounding the metallic article with a specific gaseous atmosphere or (b) applying or directing a specific treating gas against the metallic article
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 252]    252With heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Device wherein means are provided to elevate the temperature of the article being treated.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

65Glass Manufacturing,   subclasses 349 through 351for glass annealing or tempering apparatus including heating and cooling means.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 50 through 162for other electric heating of metal and subclasses 600-677 for inductive heating. Note subclasses 74 and 75 where a gas is supplied to the heated area.
432Heating,   subclasses 198 , 199, and 200-205 for furnaces of general utility having gas-introducing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 253]    253Bottom feeding furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.  Device wherein the article is loaded into a treating chamber from underneath said chamber by means moving said article in a substantially vertical direction, e.g., an elevator.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 254]    254With indirect heat-exchange means for gas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.  Device wherein a separate means is provided for altering the temperature of the specific atmosphere, which means is separate from the means heating the metallic articles.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

138,through 141, for devices having means to elevate the temperature of the gas prior to the entry of the gas into the treating zone.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 255]    255Having work contained in separate, noncommunicating chamber, e.g., muffle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.  Device wherein the article to be heated is disposed within a receptacle and is maintained out of direct contact with the source of heat or gases evolved thereby.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

262,for a means for treating a solid metal within a fluid tight heat transferring box shield, e.g., annealing box.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 256]    256Bell furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 255.  Device wherein the receptacle containing or protecting the article during treatment is open-bottomed and is lowered over stationary article prior to said treatment.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

263,for a means for treating a solid metal within a bell-type hood.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 257]    257Having atmosphere generating means within treating zone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.  Device wherein means are provided within the work confining chamber for evolving a gaseous treating agent.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 258]    258By contacting only selected areas of object:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Device wherein the apparatus is so arranged or additional means are provided to insure that the gas contact with the object to be treated will be restricted to only a certain pre-established section of said object.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 259]    259By cooling of the solid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Device wherein means are provided to lower the temperature of the article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 559 through 714for processes of heating or cooling of solid or semisolid metal to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses for heat exchanger of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 260]    260By contact with solid heat sink:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device which includes means for conduction cooling of the articles by physical contact with a solid object which is at a lower temperature.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 261]    261By flame contact heating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Device wherein the workpiece is juxtaposed with a burner element whereby the burning fuel of said burner is allowed to impinge against and heat said workpiece.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

121,for apparatus for contacting a solid with a flame and with a liquid.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclass 642 for processes of heat treatment of an iron or iron based alloy with a flame to modify or maintain the internal physical structure (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 262]    262Fluid tight heat transferring box shield or hood (e.g., annealing box):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Device including a removable enclosing receptacle or hood specially adapted for holding metal articles being heated, shielding them from the atmosphere, and equalizing the application of heat to the metal articles, e.g., annealing or carbonizing boxes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

255,for fluid-tight chamber having means for contacting the workpiece within the chamber with a gas.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

432Heating,   subclasses 254.1 and 254.2 for fluid- tight heat transferring boxes of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 263]    263Bell-type hood, or support for such hood:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.  Device including structure adapted to be lowered about the work comprising a hood closed on its top and sides and open at its bottom, or the support upon which such hood is lowered.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

256,for bell-type furnace having means for contacting the workpiece within the hood with a gas.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 264]    264Having packing at hood lip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 263.  Device including distinct structure for sealing the joint between the hood and its support.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 265]    265MEANS FOR INTRODUCING FLUENT INTO VESSEL, E.G., TUYERE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device comprising short tubular means adapted to be mounted in a vessel wall for permitting fluents to flow therethrough.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

47,for a method of injecting fluents through a tuyere.
186,for a tuyere means combined with an ore treating or metal extracting means.
218,for a tuyere means combined with a metal melting or molten metal treating means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

110Furnaces,   subclass 182.5 for a tuyere in a furnace of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 266]    266With flow control means or internal flow guide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 265.  Device including means to alter either the quantity of material moving through the introducing means or the direction in which said material is delivered.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

82,for a control means responsive to a sensed condition for correlating the flow of diverse fluents.
187,for a means for feeding a fluid having flow-regulating means combined with an ore treating or metal extracting means.
223,for a means for feeding a gas having flow-regulating means combined with a metal melting or molten metal treating means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclasses 590 through 590.5for nozzles of general utility having internal flow guides.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 267]    267Having means for simultaneously feeding diverse materials:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 265.  Device including means to concurrently deliver two different materials.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

182,for a device for feeding a gas entrained solid into an ore-treating means.
188,for a tuyere for feeding diverse fluids into an ore-treating means.
221,for a tuyere for feeding diverse material into a means for treating molten metal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclasses 398 through 434.5for a nozzle of general utility having means for combining separately supplied fluids.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 268]    268Having plural outlets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 267.  Device including two separate flow paths, each of which terminate at the outlet of the tuyere and each of which discharges a different material.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclass 549 for a nozzle of general utility having multiple outlet openings, each of which is supplied with a different fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 269]    269Having drain means or cleaner insertion means, e.g., punch hole:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 265.  Device wherein means are provided which will either allow a blockage removing cleaning implement to be inserted into the introducing means or allows undersized material contained within the introducing means to run off.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 270]    270Having means preventing damage to introducing means, e.g., wear linings, cooling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 265.  Device including means to protect the tubular means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

189,for means cooling a tuyere in a metallurgical apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclass 6.6 for liquid-cooled tuyere elements, per se, where a coolant flows through the tuyere element in a closed path. Those patents which disclose a diversity of water cooled blast furnace accessories (e.g., monkeys, cooling boxes), in addition to tuyeres and which either specifically claim one of these diverse accessories or includes a claim generic to all such accessories, will be placed as an original in Class 266 and will be cross referenced to Class 122.
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclass 591 for nozzles of general utility having wear linings.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 271]    271MEANS SEALING OR OPENING APERTURE IN VESSEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device for (a) plugging openings in the walls of treating or holding receptacles or (b) tapping such openings or otherwise removing plugs or other blockages therefrom.
(1) Note. Examples of apertures plugged by the sealing means are tuyere openings, cinder or slag notches, tap holes, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

45,for process of opening or closing an aperture in the wall of a metallurgical vessel.
136,for tuyere punches combined with the tuyere.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 272]    272By means plugging aperture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Device wherein the means is specialized to seal or stop the opening in the vessel wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 273]    273By means injecting plugging compound, e.g., mud gun:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Device wherein the means to seal the aperture includes means for extruding a hardenable fluent substance into the aperture.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses for dispensers of general utility and especially subclass 390 for dispensers having a supply container with a follower, e.g., a piston, therein and having a screw to advance the follower.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 274]    274MEANS FOR HOLDING OR SUPPORTING WORK:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device which comprises means specialized to contain or retain either metalliferous material or a solid metal member while such material or member undergoes a metallurgical treatment.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses for work holders of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 275]    275Receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.  Device wherein the containing or retaining means is a container which volumetrically confines the work undergoing treatment.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

164Metal Founding,   subclasses 335 through 337for metal-casting apparatus including a ladle or crucible-type metal receptacle.
432Heating,   subclasses 262 through 265for a refractory vessel for holding metals or ores while being melted or calcined.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 276]    276With means movably supporting receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 275.  Device wherein means are provided for mounting the container such that its attitude may be changed, e.g., by moving it from place to place, by tilting, or the like.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 277]    277By bed of rollers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Device wherein the container is mounted on a plurality of cylindrical members, each of which is adapted to revolve about its longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 278]    278Having corrugated wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 275.  Device wherein a wall of the container is formed with a plurality of alternating ribs and grooves which give an undulating appearance to the wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 279]    279Grate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.  Device wherein the means for supporting the work is a member having a generally planar surface, which surface sustains the work against the effect of gravity and which surface has openings therethrough for the passage of combustion gases, air, or the like.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

159,for grate-support means combined with gas offtake means.
178,through 180, for a traveling grate means combined with heating structure.
185,for grate-support means combined with heating structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

110Furnaces,   subclasses 267 through 294for progressive-feed grates.
122Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers,   subclasses 371 through 378for water-cooled grates.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 152+ for general structure of grates.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 280]    280LININGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device which comprises the specific construction or composition of the metal or ore contacting inner covering of a treating vessel.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   subclass 301 for reactive furnace linings.
432Heating,   subclasses 248 and 264 for linings of furnaces of general utility.
501Compositions: Ceramic,   appropriate subclasses for ceramic compositions useful as linings.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 281]    281With making or repairing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Device including means facilitating the forming, building, replacing, or restoring of such lining.
(1) Note. Included herein are forms, means to remove old linings, and means to handle the linings to be or being constructed or replaced.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 30 for processes of furnace lining formation and repair.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 282]    282With metallic means to prevent lining abrasion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Device including metallic elements fastened to, supported by, or otherwise contained within the lining for the purpose of warding off wear of the lining surface.
(1) Note. The metal elements included herein are adjuncts to the lining, a complete metal lining even though made in parts is not included herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 283]    283Having particular lining element shape:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Device including the particular configuration of at least one of the elements which, together with others of like or unlike configuration, make up the lining.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 284]    284Having specific grain size:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Device including the particular size or range of sizes of the particles forming the raw material of the lining.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 285]    285With means allowing for expansion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Device including means to allow for the swelling of the lining or lining elements due to temperature change.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 286]    286With specific lining enclosing structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Device including the particular shape, composition, structure, or characteristic of the vessel wall or walls adjacent the lining.
(1) Note. The coating of a vessel wall is not sufficient for this subclass unless some cooperating characteristic of the wall is claimed. The characteristic of the wall may be relative denseness or relative heat-absorbing capacity, with respect to the lining, or any other specific cooperating feature as between the wall or walls and the lining.
(2) Note. Specific structural supports between the lining and adjacent wall or walls is included under this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 287]    287MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus not provided for above.
(1) Note. Examples of the devices to be found herein are ladle repair cages and hand held skimming tools.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 900]    900METAL MELTING FURNACES, E.G., CUPOLA TYPE:
 Furnaces, especially shaft type, adapted to liquefy metal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

213,for revolving-drum type melting furnaces.
242,for heated melting pots.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   appropriate subclasses for metal melting furnaces of the electric type.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for heating furnaces of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 901]    901SCRAP METAL PREHEATING OR MELTING:
 Device wherein (a) a means is provided for the reclamation of scrap metal by liquefying it by the application of heat or (b) a means is provided for raising the temperature of scrap metal prior to its introduction of the treating vessel.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 902]    902BLOWPIPES SPECIALIZED TO TRANSVERSELY CUT OR NOTCH BLOOMS, BILLETS OR BARS:
 Torches adapted to notch or sever a bloom, billet, or bar in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis of the workpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 903]    903SAFETY SHIELDS:
 Apparatus including plate-like means to protect a vessel or operating personnel from the effects of heat and molten material.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 904]    904BLOWPIPE CUTTING HEADS:
 Tips used in conjunction with cutting torches.
  
[List of Patents for class 266 subclass 905]    905REFRACTORY METAL-EXTRACTING MEANS:
 Apparatus adapted to liberate a refractory metal from a source of such metal.
  

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