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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class  65]   CLASS 65,GLASS MANUFACTURING
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for (1) processes and/or apparatus for making stock or articles of those ceramic masses, which generally include a "glass former" or an oxide which approaches glass forming properties, in their composition and which are formed by fusion of raw materials (generally mixtures, most of which are of an earthy nature - as distinguished from metallic, organic, etc., - silicon, silica, and slag are included) at ordinary high furnace temperatures, by working (molding, shaping, etc.) of the mass after being melted or changed to a plastic or softened state by heating; and (2) processes and/or apparatus for treating stock or articles made by (1) above unless otherwise provided for as shown in Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class and References to Other Classes, below.

The use of hazardous or toxic waste to make a glass material a useful product is provided for herein, however, vitrification of hazardous waste for purposes of containment is excluded, see References to Other Classes below.

Included within the scope of the class definition are:

(1) Glass fiber or filament and mineral wool making.

(2) Manufacturing processes and/or apparatus including a step of, or means for adhesively bonding glass directly to another part by welding with or without use of an intermediate ceramic or vitreous material.

(3) Manufacturing processes and/or apparatus including a step of, or means for forming a glass article from molten or softened glass.

(4) Processes and/or apparatus including a step of, or means for treating glass while in a molten or solid state.

(5) Processes and/or apparatus including a step of, or means for treating a glass preform to change a physical or chemical property thereof.

(6) Processes and/or apparatus for repairing or cleaning glass working or treating apparatus.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

Search notes relating to (a) processes and apparatus and (b) products will be identified appropriately.

LINES WITH CLASS 23, CLASS 117, AND CLASS 438

Although silicon and silicon dioxide are arbitrarily considered to be glass materials for Class 65, a process of growing these polycrystalline materials is proper for Class 23, even though a rod is used as a bait, unless the shape formed is not a result of crystallization or deposition on the rod. If crystallization is combined with specific glassworking and/or treating of silicon or silicon dioxide, the process is proper for Class 65, but see Class 438 for semiconductor device manufacture. Processes of growing single-crystal of all types of materials, including silicon or silicon dioxide, are proper for Class 117. The proper placement of the original of a patent claiming a Class 23 and/or Class 117 species of crystallization and a Class 65 species, or having multiple disclosure with only generic claims, is Class 117 first, then Class 23, then Class 65.

LINES WITH CLASS 422, CLASS 23, AND CLASS 148

See Class 422, Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing, subclasses 245.1+ for apparatus directed to crystallizing a material within the class definition of Class 23. Although silicon and silicon dioxide are arbitrarily considered to be glass for Class 65, a process of, or apparatus for, growing crystals of these materials is placed in Class 23 (for a process exception, see (5) Note in Class 148, subclasses 1.5+) even though a rod is used as a bait unless the shape formed is not a result of crystallization or deposition on the rod. A combination of crystallization and specific glassworking and/or treating silicon or silicon dioxide is placed in Class 65. A patent claiming a Class 23 species of crystallization and a Class 65 species or having a multiple disclosure with generic claims only is classified in Class 23.

LINES WITH CLASS 438 AND CLASS 437

Class 438, Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process, for the combination of Class 437 unit coating operation or Class 437 unit etching operation with glass melting, shaping or forming, joining, or heat treating. Moreover, Class 438 also takes the heat treating, per se, of Class 438 semiconductor material if for purposes of modifying the electrical properties thereof.Additionally, various classestake mounting or packaging operations of semiconductor devices when glass melting, glass shaping, glass forming, or glass heat treating is combined with any coating, adhesive bonding, metal casting, metal working/deforming, metal fusion bonding, or other chemicalor mechanical manufacturing operation. See notes therein for a detailed explanation of the relevant lines.

SECTION III - SUBCLASS REFERENCES TO THE CURRENT CLASS

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,for the term "slag."
21,for references to Class 241
23,31, 36, 37, 42, 376+, for references to Class 156
24,for the term "parting layer."
30.1,31, 50, 60.1, for references to Class 427
33.1+,for references to Class 106
36,430+, 443+, for references to Class 29
60.1,for the term "coating."
60.1+,for references to Class 8
61,for references to Class 451
111,for references to Class 250
112,133, 174, for references to Class 83
114,for the term "temper."
117,for the term "anneal."
134.1+,for the term "fining."
134.1+,for the term "homogenize."
134.1+,for the term "purify."
134.1+,178, for references to Class 366
154,for the term "slinger."
166,for references to Class 408
168,for references to Class 134
305,for the term "press molding."
352,for the term "bait."
376,for the term "fiber."
376,for the term "filament."

SECTION IV - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

23Chemistry: Physical Processes,   subclasses 295+ for processes directed to crystallizing an inorganic compound or non-metallic element. (See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, above.)
28Textiles: Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and/or apparatus involving mechanical interengaging of fibers or strands not otherwise provided for not combined with a glass working or treating operation. (Processes and apparatus)
29Metal Working,   subclasses 400.1+ and 33+ for a process or apparatus, respectively, directed to glass working or treating combined with a metal working operation or means.
52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   for static building structure and related elements having a glass component, e.g., a pane, particularly subclasses 171.3+ , 204.52, 204.591+, 306+, 761+, and 788+. (Products)
53Package Making,   particularly subclasses 403+ , 79+, and 266.1+ for methods or apparatus, respectively for filling and/or evacuating glass receptacles and sealing same by a glass working operation. See the references to Class 65 in the notes to the definition of subclasses 403+ of Class 53; and subclasses 111+ and 428+ for a process of, or apparatus for sealing-off, per se, of a filled glass container by a glass working operation under conditions which protect or affect the contents of the container except where the glass working operation inherently results in protecting or affecting the contents in which case the process and apparatus are classified in Class 65.
57Textiles: Spinning, Twisting, and Twining,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and/or apparatus for spinning, twisting or twining of glass fibers or filaments not combined with a glass working or treating operation. (Processes and apparatus)
66Textiles: Knitting,   subclass 202 for a knitted glass textile fabric or article. (Products)
79Button Making,   subclass 2 , for a process of and/or apparatus for making buttons or parts thereof, and assembling the same except such as are formed of plastic material (e.g., glass) which are formed in molds or are molded upon a shank. (Processes and apparatus)
117Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor,   for processes and non-coating apparatus for growing therein-defined single-crystal of all types of materials, including inorganic or organic, including silicon or silica (silicon dioxide).
139Textiles: Weaving,   subclasses 420+ for woven glass textile fabric or article. (Products)
148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 240+ for processes of reactive coating of metal as defined thereunder. The combination of reactive coating of metal with a glass working or treating operation is proper for Class 65. However, the combination of a significant heat treatment to modify or maintain the internal physical property (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of the metal with a glass working or glass heat treating operation is proper in Class 148. (Processes and apparatus)
164Metal Founding,   appropriate subclasses for processes and apparatus for metal casting. A patent disclosing working of named materials for Class 164 and Class 65 is classified in Class 164 unless the only species claimed or the only specific example is glass in which case the patent is classified in Class 65. Combined operations including metal casting and glass working and/or treating are classified in Class 164. See Class 164, subclasses 91+ for processes of casting metal on a glass preform.
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   appropriate subclasses, for conveyors, carriers and forwarders to move glass articles from one place to another irrespective of the particular physical condition of the article, per se. The positive recitation of a glass working station in a claim, as such, does not constitute glass working means for Class 65. (Processes and apparatus)
202Distillation: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus for distillation of glass while in the liquid state. The inclusion of the step of melting solid glass to the liquid state does not exclude the patent from Class 202.
203Distillation: Processes, Separatory,   appropriate subclasses, for a process of distilling high melting mixtures.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   appropriate subclasses for applying electrical or wave energy to molten or preformed glass to bring about a chemical change (e.g., color change, etc.) of at least one constituent of the glass; follow the general guidelines for placement of an operation involving the combination of at least one Class 204 step in sequence with a separate Class 65 step as explained in the Class 204 Class Definition in the (4) and (5) Notes.
205Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions,   subclasses 687+ for electrolytic material treatment, especially subclass 769 for electrolytic treatment of solid glass, silica, quartz, or optical material.
215Bottles and Jars,   appropriate subclasses, for glass bottles, jars and receptacles. (Products)
220Receptacles,   subclasses 2.1+ for an envelope for an electric lamp or similar device, e.g., cathode-ray tubes (made wholly or partly of glass) not limited to use with any specific electric device or not limited by claimed structure to electrical use, and subclasses 377+, 602 and 662+ for a receptacle provided with a glass portion. (Products)
226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   for a process of, or means for advancing material of indeterminate length; see Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, Relationship To Material-Modifying Classes Which Include Feeding Of Indeterminate-Length Work in the class definition of Class 226 for its line with material - modifying classes which include feeding of intermediate length work.
249Static Molds,   for female molds, per se, for shaping molten glass not combined with means to displace the glass by application of external force. (Processes and apparatus)
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   for processes of working or treating plastic materials not otherwise provided for. A patent disclosing working or treating of named materials for Class 264 and Class 65 is classified in Class 264 unless the only species claimed is glass or the only specific example relates to glass in which case the patent is classified in Class 65. A patent claiming a combined process for Class 65 and Class 264 is classified in Class 65. Class 264 takes processes directed to (1) shaping a mass of green siliceous material and subsequently firing or curing the material to set the material or (2) placing discrete siliceous particles, other than glass fibers or mineral wool, onto a mold surface which particles are heated on or subsequent to contact with the surface to fuse the particles to each other. A process directed to (1) heating a material within the scope of Class 65 to the molten state and forming a shaped preform therefrom or (2) bulk depositing glass fibers into a mold surface and thereafter fusing the fibers to each other is classified in Class 65. A combined Class 65 and 264 operation is classified in Class 65.
266Metallurgical Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses, for apparatus peculiarly adapted for the treatment of metals and metalliferous materials. (Processes and apparatus)
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses, for work holders. (Processes and apparatus)
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   appropriate subclasses, for manual means for handling or manipulating glassware not combined with glass working or treating means. (Processes and apparatus)
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for electric lamp and electric space discharge device structures, such as cathode-ray tubes, especially subclasses 461+ for screens and 477+ for envelopes employed in cathode-ray tubes. (Products)
351Optics: Eye Examining, Vision Testing and Correcting,   subclasses 159.73 through 159.81for methods of making ophthalmic lenses which usually involve some combination of grinding, glass manufacturing, and adhesive bonding; and subclass 178 for (methods of securing an eyeglass lens in its support, or of assembling such lenses in spectacle frames. (Processes and apparatus)
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 900 for a cross reference art collection of optical methods. (Processes and apparatus)
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   appropriate subclasses for glass structures having particular optical properties. (Products)
362Illumination,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 326+ and 341+ for glass reflectors and refractors, respectively. (Products)
403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 265+ for miscellaneous bonded joints which may comprise metal to metal and to glass, the metal and glass joint being disclosed as being formed by a glass working operation. (Products)
422Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing,   subclasses 245.1+ for apparatus directed to crystallizing a material. (See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, above.)
423Chemistry of Inorganic Compounds,   for process of manufacturing inorganic compounds, per se.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   for apparatus for shaping or reshaping plastic materials or sizing and/or vulcanizing rubber preforms not otherwise provided for. The original copy of a patent disclosing named materials for Class 65 and Class 425 is classified in Class 425, unless the only species claimed is glass or the only specific example relates to glass, in which case the document is classified in Class 65. A document claiming the combination of Class 65 and Class 425 apparatus is classified in Class 65. Apparatus for shaping powdered glass with means to heat subsequently to obtain fusion bonding is classified in Class 425; however, apparatus shaping glass wool or mineral wool with subsequent fusion bonding is classified in Class 65.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 34 for hermetically sealed spaced glass sheets (e.g., double glazed window), subclass 38 for a light transmitting layer with a frame or border therearound (e.g., stained glass), and subclasses 426+ for a layer of quartz or glass next to a layer of another material. (Products)
430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   for radiation imagery process not combined with a glass working step; and subclass 13 for a glass block having an image therein. (Processes and apparatus)
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   for the combination of a unit coating operation or a unit etching operation with glass melting, shaping or forming, joining, or heat treating. (See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, above.)
445Electric Lamp or Space Discharge Component or Device Manufacturing,   appropriate subclasses, for processes of, or apparatus for the manufacture, repair or salvage of electric lamps and electric lamp space discharge devices. Combined processes and apparatus including a glass working and/or treating operation and a lamp making operation are classified in Class 445. The inclusion of the step of exhausting or providing a special atmosphere in the envelope is considered a lamp making operation for Class 445. For other lamp making operations provided for in Class 445, see the class definitions of Class 445.
501Compositions: Ceramic,   subclasses 2+ for processes of crystallizing devitrified glass-ceramic compositions; subclasses 11+ for preparing glass compositions; subclass 39 for forming pores or open cells within glass compositions; and subclasses 40, 41+, and 53+ for particular composition components. The combination of preparing, crystallizing, or pore-forming of glass compositions with specific glass working and/or treating is classified in Class 65; however, (a) a step of melting with heating to a specific temperature, or (b) the recitation of a forming step by name only (e.g., drawing, working, blowing, pressing, etc.), or (c) refining molten glass byname only is not enough to prevent placement in Class 50l. A Class 501 operation combined with specific glass treating is placed in Class 65; however, mere recitation of "treating the glass", "annealing", or "tempering" by these words only is not enough to prevent placement in Class 501.
505Superconductor Technology: Apparatus, Material, Process,   subclasses 300+ for processes of producing high temperature (Tc greater than 30 K) superconductors; particularly subclass 420 for glass working, forming, or treating operations combined with superconductor manufacture. (Processes and apparatus)

SECTION V - GLOSSARY

ANNEAL

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "anneal."

BAIT

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "bait."

BATCH

A properly proportioned mixture of raw materials to be delivered to a melting apparatus.

BATCH CHARGER

Mechanical means for introducing a batch to a melting apparatus.

BEAD

(1) A small piece of glass fused onto an electrical conductor, (2) an enlarged rounded portion on an edge of an article or stock material, (3) small discrete particles of glass.

BLOWING

Shaping or forming an undefined mass of glass in a soft state by introducing gas within a confined opening within the mass, i.e., by inflating.

BRIDGE (-WALL)

A hollow wall generally having an air space between refractory blocks from which it is formed and providing an opening or throat adjacent its bottom used in a tank furnace to separate a working end from a fining or melting zone.

CASTING

Forming a glass preform by flowing molten glass in the form of a stream into or onto molds, rolls or tables. (Teeming is synonymous to casting).

COATING

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "coating."

CORRUGATING

Shaping a layer throughout its thickness into a row of wavelike folds.

CRACKLED

Glassware having a surface which was intentionally cracked by water immersion and partially healed by reheating.

CULLET

Waste or broken glass.

DEBITEUSE

A slotted floating, refractory block through which glass issues in the formation of a glass sheet during a drawing operation.

DEPUTER

See debiteuse.

DEVITRIFY

The changing of glass in the amorphous state to crystalline state generally by holding a glass melt at a temperature which favors crystal growth.

DOGHOUSE

A boxlike wing on a glass furnace through which a batch or floaters, etc., are introduced into the furnace.

DRAWING

Forming stock, generally sheet or tube, by utilizing the self-cohesiveness of glass in a plastic condition to effect an operation similar to a "taffy-pull".

DRAW RING

A refractory device placed in a supply of molten glass to define an area for drawing.

DRAW SHIELD

Baffle means isolating stock being drawn from the hot atmosphere existing above a supply of molten glass.

EMBOSSING

Altering a surface configuration only of glass by raising a boss or protuberance thereon or causing surface portions to be depressed below the plane of the glass surface.

FIBER

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "fiber."

FILAMENT

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "filament."

FINING

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "fining."

FIRE-POLISHING

Heating of the outer surface of hard glass to a temperature where that surface only melts and surface tension causes smoothing thereof, the heating usually being by fire or flame contact of the glass surface.

FLASHING

Applying a thin layer of opaque or colored glass to the surface of clear glass, or vice versa.

FLOATERS

Refractory blocks floating on molten glass in a tank furnace to prevent gall or scum from entering the working end.

FUSION BONDING

Welding by bringing glass, while molten or softened by heating, into intimate contact with another part with subsequent cooling to solid phase whereby uniting is effected.

GATHERER

Means used to remove discrete charges of molten glass from a supply.

GLASS

An inorganic product (a) the constituents of which generally include a "glass former" (e.g., As2O3, B2O3 GeO2, P2O5, SiO2, V2O5) which has an essential characteristic of creating or maintaining, singly, or in a mixture, that type of structural disorder characteristic of a glassy condition, other oxides which approach glass forming properties (e.g., A12O3, BeO, PbO, Sb2O3 TiO2, ZnO and ZrO2) as well as oxides that are practically devoid of glass forming tendencies (e.g., BaO, CaO, K2O, Li2O, MgO, Na2O and SrO), however, pure and modified silica, silicon and slag are also included; (b) formed by fusion and cooled to a rigid condition generally without crystallization; (c) having no definite melting point (whereby the mass has the characteristic of passing through a plastic state before reaching a liquid state when heated); (d) incapable in the solid state of permanent deformation; and (e) which fractures when subject to deformation tension.

GLASS TREATING

Effecting a change in a physical or chemical property of glass, generally involving specific heating followed by controlled cooling.

GLASS WORKING

Molding, shaping, severing of uniting of glass while in a plastic state.

GOB

A discrete portion of molten glass (a) delivered by a feeder or (b) gathered on a punty or blow pipe.

HOMOGENIZE

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "homogenize."

MARVERING

Rolling a gather of glass on a flat plate whereby it is shaped and cooled.

MOIL

Surplus or waste glass which must be removed from the apparatus or a product after a glass working operation.

NECK RING

That portion of a segmented mold used to form a neck portion of a hollow article.

ORBITING

Causing movement in a regular, generally a circular or elliptical path around a fixed point.

PARISON

A partially shaped article of manufacture requiring further significant shaping to arrive at the form of a completed useful article.

PARTING LAYER

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "parting layer."

PASTE MOLD

A mold with an inner lining of a paste (generally made from resins and linseed oil, soap, etc.) which is brushed into a hot mold and kept wet so that glass within the mold rides on a steam cushion while being formed.

PONTILE

A dipstick used to gather charges of molten glass, punty, puntil, pontee, and ponto are local variants.

PREFORM

Stock material that has been given a shape (the term preform is used interchangeably with article, product, parison and blank).

PRESS MOLDING

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "press molding."

PURIFY

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "purify."

PUNTY

See Pontile

RESHAPING

Changing the gross overall configuration of a glass preform by (a) confining a glass preform within a configured mold and effecting significant flow of the glass to cause it to assume the configuration of the mold or (b) distorting a glass preform by bodily moving a portion of it throughout its entire thickness relative to a second portion during which the thickness of the work piece remains substantially the same and no significant flow of the glass occurs, i.e., bending.

Changing at least one dimension of a glass preform throughout its perimeter without any appreciable change in the original configuration thereof, e.g., stretching and shrinking.

SINTERING

The coalescence of particles into one solid mass through heating, generally with melting limited to a surface layer only of each particle.

SLAG

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "slag."

SLINGER

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "slinger."

SMOOTHING

Removing surface irregularities or imperfections.

SOFTENED GLASS

Glass that has been heated to a temperature at which it is pliable or liquid.

SOFTENING POINT

The temperature at which a uniform fiber, 0.5 to 1.0 mm. in diameter, elongates under its own weight at a rate of 1 mm. per minute when the upper 10 cm. of its length is heated in a prescribed furnace * at the rate of approximately 5°C. per minute. (*See "A Method for Measuring The Softening Temperature of Glass", J.T. Littleton, J. Am. Ceramic Soc., 10(4), 259 (1927).

SURFACE DEFORMATION

A reshaping operation involving only the surface of the glass preform and only partially through the thickness and wherein the overall shape of the preform throughout its breadth and width is unaltered.

TEMPER

See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "temper."

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 17.1]    17.1PROCESSES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Processes of working or treating glass.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

588Hazardous or Toxic Waste Destruction or Containment,   subclass 251 , 252-257, and 313-320 for the solidification or vitrification of waste for purposes of containment and for the treatment of slag to prevent the emission of hazardous or toxic gases.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 17.2]    17.2Sol-gel or liquid phase route utilized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes wherein a sol-gel route or liquid phase route procedure is used during any stage of working or treating glass.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   for colloid systems or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents, when generically claimed or when there is no hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 17.3]    17.3With shaping of particulate material and subsequent fusing of particles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes combined with a step of associating a mass of individual discrete particulate material and shaping said mass and either during or subsequent to the shaping operation, heating the material to effect fusing of the particles one to another.
(1) Note. Processes claiming depositing particulate material into a mold cavity which its intended function is not to shape the mass of particles prior to fusing them but intended to shape a molten or plastic mass formed by heating the particles are classified elsewhere. See search notes below.
(2) Note. This subclass includes, for example, patents claiming a step of shaping a mass of glass particles which are fused together in a manner to preserve the shape of the mass of glass particles combined with a subsequent glassworking or treating operation (e.g., pore forming or annealing, etc.).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

65,for processes claiming depositing particulate material into a mold cavity which its intended function is not to shape the mass of particles prior to fusing them but intended to shape a molten or plastic mass formed by heating the particles.
68+,for processes of forming an article from molten glass and see (1) Note above.
114,for glassworking apparatus combined with means to shape an article from particulate material.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 62.2+ for laminating processes under the class definition, which includes a step of forming a lamina or laminae by bulk deposition of discrete particles to form a self-sustaining article (e.g., fiber batt, etc.).
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 43+ and 603+ for processes within the class definition for vitrification, sintering, or firing of inorganic materials, which may include shaping of clay or glass particles prior to firing to form a self-supporting article. See the class definition of Class 65, particularly References to Other Classes and the notes to Classes 264 and 425. See also subclass 6 for processes under the class definition for forming solid particulate material directly from a molten or liquid mass (other than glass) with subsequent uniting of the formed particles; and subclass 125 for processes directed to a uniting step not otherwise provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 17.4]    17.4Including flame or gas contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.3.  Processes in which the particulate material is formed in a flame or particulate or fused material is contacted by a flame or gas to effect treatment thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 17.5]    17.5Employing nonoxide additive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.3.  Processes in which a nonoxide material which is generally not an ingredient of a glass composition is incorporated with the particulate material prior to fusing.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 17.6]    17.6With treatment subsequent to fusing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.3.  Processes including an additional step of treating the fused glass particles (e.g., shaping, heat treatment, coating, etc.).
(1) Note. Mere cooling of fused material is not considered proper for classification here.
(2) Note. Subsequent melting of shaped and fused particulate material is properly classified here.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 19]    19Slag, utilization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes directed to working and/or treating of slag usually formed by corrosion or fluxing of refractories, or formed as a by-product in metallurgical processes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

376+,for a process of forming fibers or filaments from slag.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   501, Compositions: Ceramic subclass 28 for glass compositions having slag; subclass 767 for the use of slag as raw material in making Portland type cement; and subclasses 624, 679, 714, 782, 789 for other inorganic ingredient containing compositions including slag. For the line between Class 106 and Class 65, see the reference to Class 106 in the definitions of Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 20]    20Foaming of slag:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Processes which include the step of contacting molten slag with a gaseous material thereby forming voids in the slag.
(1) Note. Generally the gaseous material is formed in situ by contacting the molten slag with water.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

22,for processes of glass working and/or treating glass combined with the step of producing pores in situ of a glass composition to form a cellular glass product and see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 21.1]    21.1Self-supporting particle making (e.g., bead, ball, granule, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes for a process directed to forming individually distinct separate particulate material, particles of which are self-supporting at least in one stage of manufacture.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19+,for processes in which slag is utilized as the starting material.
141,for apparatus for melt comminuting by shock cooling melt by enhancing surface contact with a cooling fluid.
142+,for particulate bead or ball making apparatus.
376+,for a process of making a fiber.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

241Solid Material Comminution or Disintegration,   subclasses 23 and 65+ for processes and apparatus for comminuting hard glass combined with heating and/or cooling of the glass where the temperature modification does not effect a change in a physical or chemical property of the glass (e.g., removing water of hydration, annealing).
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 222 for a tumbling type agglomerating means for particulate material; and subclasses 332+ for means rolling a discrete charge of stock to form a ball; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 21.2]    21.2By molten glass comminuting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.1.  Processes wherein glass in molten state is comminuted to form discrete particles and is solidified in its comminuted form.
(1) Note. To be classified in this subclass the material must be subdivided from an original liquid mass and then the subdivided particles solidified with no substantial change in shape and size.
(2) Note. Particles formed by a molten glass stream entering a liquid quenching both are not proper for this subclass since no distinct liquid particles are formed which are subsequently solidified.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 5+ for processes under the class definition of liquid comminuting to form discrete particles and note references to other pertinent classes listed thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 21.3]    21.3Spheroidizing or rounding of solid glass particles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.1.  Processes directed to the reshaping of solid, irregular, or nonspherical particulate glass material wherein said irregularities are diminished or the particles are caused to become more spherical or rounded in shape without loss of material therefrom and by means other than use of a mold or shaping surface therefor and in which the individual and separate identities of the particles is maintained.
(1) Note. Patents in this subclass are generally directed to those processes in which heat is employed to soften the particles so as to permit the internal cohesive forces of the particles to effect said reshaping as defined.

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264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 15 for processes under the class definition of spheroidizing particulate matter.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 21.4]    21.4Hollow or porous particle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.1.  Processes including the step of forming hollow spheres or forming pores or voids in particulate material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 21.5]    21.5With mechanical shaping or subdividing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.1.  Processes including mechanical shaping of molten glass into desired particulate form.
(1) Note. Bead shaping or rotating wire or spindle included hereunder as well as comminuting solids by ultrasonic vibration.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 22]    22With pore forming in situ:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes combined with the step of forming pores or open cells in situ within a glass composition by a gas forming agent during or subsequent to the formation of a glass product.

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20,for processes of foaming slag in situ to form a cellular product.
141,for melt disintegrating or puffing means including fluid-melt contacting means.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 77+ for a process of bonding lamina including the step of forming pores in situ within a lamina.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 41+ for processes under the class definition, which include a pore forming in situ step.
501Compositions: Ceramic,   subclass 39 for processes of forming pores or open cells with a glass melt not combined with specific glass working and/or treating. The line between this class (501) and Class 65 on patents claiming the combination or pore-forming and broad glass working and/or treating is stated in the class definitions of Class 65.
521Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 50+ for processes directed to the production of porous or cellular resinous bodies.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 23]    23With destruction or delamination of transitory attached or associated separate material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of either (1) adhesively adhering a separate part or material, or (2) associating a destructible separate part or material with a glass part, then performing a glass working or treating operation, and subsequently discarding the separate part or material by either (1) stripping the part or material from the glass part, or (2) destroying the separate part or material.

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 423+ for a mechanical manufacturing process including a step of utilizing transitory attached or associated separate material.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 89.11+ and 540+ for processes and apparatus for direct contact transfer of ceramic material on a substrate to another substrate combined with vitrification or firing of the ceramic material. Processes and apparatus directed to a direct transfer of ceramic material to soft glass are classified in Class 65; and see this class (156), subclass 155 for adhesive bonding including a step involving destruction of a transitory material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 24]    24Utilizing parting or lubricating layer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of applying to the glass or the apparatus a separate and distinct layer which functions to either (1) lubricate the glass apparatus, or (2) prevent adhesion during a glass working or treating operation of the glass to another glass or to the apparatus.

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60.1+,for a process of coating glass with a coating material not intended to function as a parting or lubricating layer and see the Search Notes thereunder.
169,and 170, for glass working apparatus combined with means providing a parting or lubricating means, respectively.

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106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   subclass 2 for coating or plastic compositions specially designed for use in the prevention of adherence of a coating material to a surface.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 289 for a process of laminating including use of a parting or release layer.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 25.1]    25.1Providing a gaseous layer between glass and apparatus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Processes in which the parting or lubricating layer is a gaseous fluid between the glass and the apparatus.
(1) Note. The gaseous fluid may be formed by vaporization of a liquid between the glass stock, and see the search notes thereunder.

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182,for apparatus including a fluid support for the glass stock, and see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 25.2]    25.2Sheet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.1.  Processes in which the glass is in sheet form.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 25.3]    25.3Formed from molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.2.  Processes which include the step of forming a glass sheet from a molten glass composition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 25.4]    25.4Reshaping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.2.  Processes which include the step of reshaping a glass sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 26]    26Coating of apparatus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Processes directed to applying the parting or lubricating layer on a glass working or treating apparatus by a coating operation.
(1) Note. This subclass includes applying a coating of water to apparatus to prevent sticking of the glass thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 27]    27Repairing or cleaning of apparatus; or batch dust prevention or control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include (1) the step of repairing of the apparatus; and/or (2) the cleaning of the apparatus; and/or (3) the step of preventing the formation of dust from a glass batch or controlling batch dust.

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168,for glass working or treating apparatus combined with positive apparatus cleaning means.
171+,for glass working and/or treating apparatus combined with repair, assembly or disassembly means.

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134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and apparatus for cleaning, not otherwise provided for. See the Search Notes under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 28]    28With glass reclaiming, repairing or crack run interruption:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes including the step of (1) using surplus or discarded material from a glass working or treating operation in a process of glass manufacture; or (2) mending otherwise unusable parts or material by a glass working operation for reuse; or (3) preventing spreading of checks or cracks in a glass part during the formation of the glass part.

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165,for apparatus with a reject catcher, deflector or holder.

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 402.01+ , for a process of restoring, renewing, or repairing articles for reuse; and subclasses 403.1+ for a process of scrap recovery or utilization.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.1]    29.1With program, time, or cyclic control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes including the use of a (a) clocked, (b) set of coded instructions, or (c) sequentially repeated operation during any stage of forming or treating the glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.11]    29.11Electric computer or data processing system utilized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.1.  Processes including the use of a data processor or an electrical computer during any stage of forming or treating the glass.

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702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclasses 81+ for data processing in a manufacturing or assembly line for quality determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.12]    29.12With measuring, sensing, inspecting, indicating, or testing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes including a step of visually, chemically, or physically determining or evaluating some chemical or physical property or characteristic of glass.
(1) Note. Equivalent terms include examining, diagnosing, analyzing, observing, viewing, evaluating, and monitoring.

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158,for apparatus used for measuring and testing combined with a signal, indicator, inspection means, register, or recorder for glass, exclusive of fibers, filaments, waveguides, or preforms thereof.
377,for processes of measuring, controlling, analyzing, inspecting, or testing the manufacture of glass fibers, waveguides, filaments, or preforms.
483,for apparatus used for measuring, controlling, analyzing, inspecting, or testing glass fibers, waveguides, filaments, or preforms.

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73Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for testing or measuring of general application; see the search notes under the class definition of Class 73.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.13]    29.13Combustion chamber atmosphere:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes wherein the environment inside a combustion chamber is measured, analyzed, tested, inspected, or controlled.
(1) Note. Processes involving controlling or regulating pressure inside a furnace or combustion chamber is considered proper for classification in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.14]    29.14Diameter, width, or thickness of formed article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes directed to measuring, analyzing, testing, inspecting, or controlling the diameter, width, or thickness of a formed article.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.15]    29.15Fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes directed to measuring, analyzing, testing, inspecting, or controlling any associated fluid pressure during the manufacture or the treatment of glass.

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29.13,for processes of measuring, analyzing, testing, inspecting, or controlling fluid pressure inside of a furnace or combustion chamber.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.16]    29.16Batch or feed material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes directed to measuring, testing, analyzing, inspecting, or controlling raw material or stock feed used to form the glass (e.g., article or preform, etc.).
(1) Note. Processes involving controlling or measuring the weight of the glass forming feed material are found here.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.17]    29.17Level or flow of molten material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes directed to measuring, analyzing, testing, inspecting, or controlling the elevation, viscosity, or flow rate of the melt or molten material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.18]    29.18Magnetic, electromagnetic, or wave energy utilized (e.g., light, infrared, ultrasonic, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes combined with the use of magnetic, electromagnetic radiation, wave, sonic, or ultrasonic energy during any stage of forming or treating the glass.
(1) Note. Electromagnetic radiation includes: (a) Gamma rays; (b) X-rays; (c) Atomic particles (i.e., alpha rays, beta rays, electrons); (d) Ultraviolet rays; (e) Visible rays; (f) Infrared rays; (g) Actinic; (h) Laser; (i) Microwave; (j) Radio wave. This list is not intended to be exhaustive and is not limited to the above examples.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.19]    29.19Temperature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.12.  Processes directed to measuring, controlling, inspecting, analyzing, or testing a change in sensible heat during any stage of forming or treating the glass.

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374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for processes of determining either (a) a characteristic or a condition of glass or (b) a system utilizing heating or cooling as a significant part of the test, wherein no glass working or treating is involved.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 29.21]    29.21Of molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.19.  Processes wherein the glass is in a softened or molten state.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 30.1]    30.1With chemically reactive treatment of glass preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes combined with a treatment of a glass preform by a material which chemically reacts therewith.
(1) Note. This subclass includes patents claiming the step of coating a glass substrate and reacting the coating with a constituent of the glass substrate.

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20,and 22, for processes including a foaming step which may involve a chemical reaction.

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427Coating Processes,   subclasses 399+ for processes of coating, per se, wherein a substrate other than glass supplies at least a portion of the coating.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 30.11]    30.11To enhance the ability to darken or change color in response to radiation exposure (e.g., photochromic):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.1.  Processes wherein the chemically reactive treatment is for the purpose of enhancing the photochromic property of the glass or to render the glass photochromic.
(1) Note. "Photochromic" refers to the ability of a glass to reversibly change color, darken, and fade on exposure to the presence and removal of electromagnetic radiation.
(2) Note. Included herein are processes which effect parallel alignment of crystallites of a colorant substance, but in which there is insufficient crystal formation to actually effect a coloration or darkening without the further step of exposure to electromagnetic radiation.

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30.13,for processes of imparting color to glass by an ion exchange process.
33.1,for processes of devitrifying glass or vitrifying crystallized glass.

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430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclass 13 , for products comprising an image contained within a transparent base, which may have been partially prepared by a process classified in Class 65, Glass Manufacturing, subclass 30.11; subclass 351 for thermographic processes of preparing a colored image involving applying heat to develop the image, following the imaging step; and subclasses 353+ for thermographic processes of developing an image involving applying heat to develop the image during dry development thereof, following the imaging step.
501Compositions: Ceramic,   subclasses 2+ for devitrified glass-ceramic compositions and processes of making them; and subclass 13 for photochromic glass compositions and processes for their manufacture.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 30.12]    30.12To hydrate the glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.1.  Processes which comprise the incorporation of water in the glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 30.13]    30.13With metal ion penetrating into glass (i.e., ion exchange):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.1.  Processes including the step of exchanging selected metal ions of the outer layers of the glass for other ions.
(1) Note. The ion exchange process may be for the purpose, e.g., of imparting a color to the glass or to alter its refractive index.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 30.14]    30.14To temper or strengthen the glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.13.  Processes wherein the ion exchange process is for the purpose of altering the temper or strength of the glass.
(1) Note. Such processes are sometimes referred to as chemical tempering.

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114,for tempering in a bath of liquid or solids with no specific disclosure of ion exchange occurring.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 31]    31By etching or leaching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Processes in which the chemical treatment includes use of a chemical reagent to remove a portion or constituent of the glass.

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216Etching a Substrate: Processes,   for etching of glass materials by either chemical etching or physical solvation wherein a glass manufacturing step is not employed.
427Coating Processes,   subclasses 299+ for processes of coating combined with a pretreatment of the base.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 32.1]    32.1Operating under inert or reducing conditions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes including an operation carried under controlled conditions which provide an inert or reducing area therefore to prevent oxidation or to cause chemical reduction.

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157,for glass working treating means including means providing special gaseous atmosphere.

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148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 240+ for processes of reactive coating of metal as defined thereunder. The combination of reactive coating of metal with a glass working or treating operation is proper for Class 65. However, the combination of a significant heat treatment to modify or maintain the internal physical property (i.e., microstructure) or chemical property of the metal with a glass working or glass treating operation is proper in Class 148.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 32.2]    32.2With bonding or sealing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.1.  Processes including a step of bonding glass to another material or part or sealing a glass material or part to or into another material or part.
(1) Note. Included herein are process of e.g., melt bonding two glass parts together or sealing a metal terminal in a glass bulb by heat softening the glass.

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17.3,for a process of sintering glass particles not performed under inert or reducing conditions.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 32.3]    32.3With crystallization or photochromism or phase separation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.1.  Processes which comprises: (a) partial or complete crystallization of a glass composition; (b) a color change occurring response to radiation impinging on glass; or (c) separation of phases of a glass composition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 32.4]    32.4With coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.1.  Processes comprising a coating step.
(1) Note. A glass composition may provide either the substrate or the coating composition, or both of them.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 32.5]    32.5With forming glass from molten state with treatment of molten glass, or with drawing of glass in softened state:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.1.  Processes comprising shaping or treating glass which has been melted or draw glass which is in a softened but not melted state.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.1]    33.1Devitrifying glass or vitrifying crystalline glass (e.g., starting with or forming crystalline glass, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of converting glass (a) from a vitreous state to a crystalline state, or (b) from a crystalline state to a vitreous state.
(1) Note. The intent to vitrify or to devitrify must be stipulated for classification in this and indented subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.2]    33.2Electromagnetic radiation or resulting heat utilized (e.g., gamma rays, X-rays, atomic particles, UV, visible, IR, actinic, laser, microwave or radio wave, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.1.  Processes wherein during any stage of an operation electromagnetic radiation or resulting heat of radiation is used.
(1) Note. Electromagnetic radiation includes: (a) Gamma rays; (b) X-rays; (c) Atomic particles (i.e., alpha rays, beta rays, electrons); (d) Ultraviolet rays; (e) Visible; (f) Infrared; (g) Actinic; (h) Laser; (i) Microwave; (j) Radio wave. This list is not intended to be exhaustive and is not limited to the above examples.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.3]    33.3Halogen containing phase (e.g., crystalline or noncrystalline, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.1.  Processes wherein the composition of the glass includes halogen material during some phase of the vitrifying or devitrifying operation.
(1) Note. The halogens are: Fluorine (F); Chlorine (Cl); Bromine (Br); Iodine (I); Astatine (At)
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.4]    33.4With coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.1.  Processes wherein a coating which may be vitrified or devitrified is applied to a substrate which may be vitrified or devitrified glass.

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33.5,for processes wherein the applied material is used to bond glass to a formed part.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.5]    33.5With fusion bonding glass to a formed part (e.g., devitrified seals, glass to metal, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.1.  Processes directed to fusion bonding of a glass part to another part of the same or different preform by adherence or coherence at the interface of the parts, wherein at least one of the parts is self-supporting prior to the bonding operation.
(1) Note. The coherence is usually effected by heat, externally applied or by the residual heat retained by the glass part from a previous operation, which renders the adherent face of the vitrified or devitrified glass part soft, thereby permitting fusion bonding directly to the adherent face of the other part.

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 428+ and 700+ for a process or apparatus, respectively, for mechanical joining of parts.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses for processes and apparatus for adhesive securing of parts other than by glass fusion or metal fusion, see especially subclasses 89.11+ for a process of laminating comprising decal-type transfer of a lamina of ceramic material to a base with subsequent firing thereof to bond the lamina to the base, and subclasses 99+ for optically transparent glass sandwich making including a Class 156 bonding combined with a Class 65 reshaping (e.g., bending) operation. A process reciting a Class 156 bonding step and a Class 65 bonding step is classified in Class 65.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   for bonding of glass to metal by metal solder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.6]    33.6Glass applied in powdered form (i.e., frit):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.5.  Processes wherein the glass used to form the bond is in the form of small particles or dust.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.7]    33.7Alumino-silicate containing phase:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.1.  Processes wherein an inorganic aluminum-silicon material is present in the composition of the glass during some phase of the vitrifying or devitrifying operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.8]    33.8Containing at least 3 percent lithium or lithium oxide (e.g., spodumene, eucryptite, petalite, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.7.  Processes wherein the aluminum-silicon material also contains at least 3 percent lithium or lithium oxide.
(1) Note. Some of the most common lithium-alumino-silicate containing materials found in this subclass are: (a) spodumene (b) eucryptite; (c) petalite. This list is not intended to be exhaustive and is not limited to the above examples.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 33.9]    33.9Forming product or preform from molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.1.  Processes wherein a vitrified or devitrified glass product or preform produced is formed directly from molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 34]    34With sealing off of gas evacuating opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of closing an opening of a glass receptacle, which opening was used to exhaust a gas from the receptacle.

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270,for glassworking apparatus with glass envelope tipping off means.

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53Package Making,   appropriate subclasses especially subclasses 403+ , for sealing of receptacles combined with a filling step. See the reference to Class 53 in the class definitions of Class 65 for the lines between these classes and see the class definitions of Class 53 for related fields of search.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 35]    35With vibrating, oscillating or agitating a preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of moving a glass preform up and down or to and fro or a combination of such motions.

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178+,for means to agitate molten glass in combination with glass working or treating means.
302,for article forming means utilizing mold motion in forming.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 36]    36Fusion bonding of glass to a formed part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes directed to fusion bonding of a glass part to another part of the same or different preform by adherence or coherence at the interface of the parts at least one of the parts being self-supporting prior to the bonding operation.
(1) Note. The coherence is usually effected by heat, externally applied or by the residual heat retained by the glass part from a previous operation, which renders the adherent face of the glass part soft thereby permitting fusion bonding of the glass part directly to the adherent face of the other part.
(2) Note. Processes of forming a glass part from molten glass in situ on another part are within the scope of this and indented subclasses.

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102+,for a process of collapsing or sealing off of a glass preform with bonding or fusion thereof.
146,for laminating apparatus including means to feed diverse material thereto and subclasses 152+ for fusion bonding means.

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 428+ and 700+, for a process or apparatus, respectively, for mechanical joining of parts.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and apparatus for adhesive securing of parts other than by glass fusion or metal fusion, see especially subclasses 89.11+ for a process of laminating comprising decal-type transfer of a lamina of ceramic material to a base with subsequent firing thereof to bond the lamina to the base, and subclasses 99+ for optically transparent glass sandwich making including a Class 156 bonding combined with a Class 65 reshaping (e.g., bending) operation. A process reciting a Class 65 bonding step and a Class 156 bonding step is classified in Class 65. For other lines with Class 156, see the notes in subclasses 23, 31, 37+, and 42 in Class 65.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclasses 122.1+ for bonding of glass to metal by metal solder.
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   particularly subclasses 107+ and 455+ for methods for joining plural semiconductor substrates. While Class 65 considers silicon and silicon dioxide glass, and hence takes the melting, shaping, or fusion bonding of the same (as well as combined operations whether preparatory or subsequent to the melting, shaping, or fusion bonding step), if the structure formed is identified as having utility for semiconductor electrical devices, placement is proper in Class 438; see the search notes therein.
445Electric Lamp or Space Discharge Component or Device Manufacturing,   for pertinent subclass(es) as determined by schedule review.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 37]    37Lens making:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes directed to the formation of an optical lens by a bonding operation.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 99+ and 443+ for processes and apparatus for making optically transparent sandwiches by a laminating operation provided for in Class 156 combined with a glass bending operation.
351Optics: Eye Examining, Vision Testing and Correcting,   subclasses 159.73 through 159.81for methods of making ophthalmic lenses which usually involve some combination of grinding, glass manufacturing and adhesive bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 38]    38With bonding of at least three formed parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 37.  Processes which include the step of bonding at least three preformed parts to each other in the fabrication of a lens.

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42,for bonding of a subassembly with subsequent assembly and bonding of preformed parts only.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 182 for processes of bonding of at least two bonded subassemblies and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 39]    39With molding or reshaping of glass to assume shape of configured lens part during bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 37.  Processes which include the step of (1) shaping, during bonding, of molten glass to assume the shape of a configured glass lens part; and/or (2) reshaping during bonding of a separate preformed glass part to assume the shape of a configured glass lens part.

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48+,for forming of a glass part from molten glass and bonding thereof to another formed part not involving lens making, and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 40]    40Dielectric or joule effect heating of work:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes which include the step of heating of the work by (1) subjecting the work to a changing electric field thereby transforming the electric energy into heat due to the resistance of the work to passage of current therethrough, or (2) passage of an electric current directly through the work which constitutes a part of an electrical circuit.
(1) Note. The electrical energy must act directly on the work and not, for example, by convection or conduction of heat from an element not constituting a part of the work.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 272+ for processes of adhesive bonding including heating by dielectric loss or by passing current through work which is capable of conducting an electrical current therethrough, and see the reference to other classes under "Search Class" in subclass 272 of Class 156 for related fields of search.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 600+ for inductive heating, subclasses 678+ for microwave heating, and subclasses 764+ for capacitive dielectric heating.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 27+ for a glass furnace reciting specific electrical structure or characteristics, and for a process including manipulation of an electrical glass furnace; see the "Search Notes" thereunder; and see the class line note in Class 65, subclass 134.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 41]    41With annealing or tempering of glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes which include the step of (1) annealing, or (2) tempering glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 42]    42Bonding of subassembly with subsequent assembly and bonding (formed parts only):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes directed to fusion bonding of at least two self-supporting parts and thereafter bringing together in a separate operation an additional self-supporting part with the bonded subassembly and then bonding the additional part to the subassembly.

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38,for processes of bonding at least three formed parts in the fabrication of a lens.

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29Metal Working,   subclass 469 for processes of joining subassemblies.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 182 for a process of bonding subassemblies. The combination of serially bonding individually handled parts together by a Class 65 operation in one stage and by a Class 156 operation in another stage is provided for in Class 65, in this subclass (42).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 43]    43By or with coating at joint interface of a formed part prior to bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes directed to coating of the adherent face of at least one part prior to the bonding operation.
(1) Note. Processes of bonding a previously coated part with another part are included herein.
(2) Note. Melting of a self-supporting glass part to the molten state to form a glass coating on the joint interface of one of the parts is considered a coating operation for the purposes of this subclass.

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60.1+,for a process of coating glass in general combined with a glass working or treating operation and see the notes thereunder for the scope of the term "coating" and related fields of search.

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148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 240+ for a process for producing a reactive coating on solid metal.
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   particularly subclasses 107+ and 455+ for methods for joining plural semiconductor substrates. While Class 65 considers silicon and silicon dioxide glass, and hence takes the melting, shaping or fusion bonding of the same (as well as combined operations whether preparatory or subsequent to the melting, shaping, or fusion bonding step), if the structure formed is identified as having utility for semiconductor electrical devices, placement is proper in Class 438; see the search notes therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 44]    44With embossing or corrugating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes directed to (1) altering the surface configuration only of the work by raising bosses or protuberances thereon or causing surface portions to be depressed below the plane surface of the work, or (2) forming or shaping the work into alternate ridges and grooves in wavelike shape.
(1) Note. The embossing or corrugating may occur simultaneously with the bonding step.
(2) Note. Transitory embossing or corrugating is within the scope of this subclass.

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93,for a process of forming a sheet including the step of corrugating, embossing or surface deforming the sheet.
106,for a process of corrugating or forming depressions in a glass sheet.
151,for embedding means on a roll which may function to emboss or corrugate glass in its soft state.

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101Printing,   subclasses 3.1+ for process and apparatus for embossing, per se.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 205+ for a process of corrugating and subclasses 209 and 219+ for embossing processes combined with a laminating operation, and subclasses 342+ for corrugating processes, per se, and see and "Search Notes" under these subclasses for related searches.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 45]    45With glass part forming from shapeless molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes combined with a step of fabricating a glass part from glass while in the molten or soft state by a molding or casting operation.
(1) Note. The step of simultaneously forming the glass part and bonding the glass part to a self-supporting part is included herein.

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66+,for processes for fabricating glass articles from glass while in the molten state.
139+,for apparatus for making electronic envelope header, terminals or stems including forming and fusion bonding means.
146+,for forming and fusion bonding apparatus including means to feed nonglass material thereto.
152+,for forming and fusion bonding apparatus.

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164Metal Founding,   subclasses 47+ for processes of metal casting, and see the reference to this class (164) in the class definitions of Class 65 for the lines between these classes.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 110+ for means to manufacture a composite article including fluent or bulk stock shaping means and means to feed or support a preform to or on the shaping means; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 46]    46With blowing to shape glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Processes which include the step of applying gas pressure to shape the glass.

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66+,for a process of forming an open cavity in a glass charge by differential gas pressure in a process of forming a glass article from molten glass while on a blow pipe and subclasses 68+, for blowing glass confined in a mold cavity, and see the "Search Notes" in these subclasses for related searches.
87,for a process of utilizing differential gas pressure to reshape hollow stock combined with the step of forming the hollow stock by a drawing operation.
110,for a process of reshaping tubular stock utilizing gaseous pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 47]    47In mold cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Processes wherein the fabricating is conducted in a mold cavity, and see (1) Note of this subclass for the scope of the term "mold cavity".
(1) Note. A recess in a part which constitutes an element of a composite product or a space between preformed elements to be joined and which receives a glass composition therein for simultaneous solidification and bonding to the part is considered a mold cavity for the purposes of this and indented subclasses.

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68+,for processes of forming hollow glass articles in a mold cavity in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 48]    48And bonding to part in same mold cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Processes wherein the step of bonding is conducted while the fabricated part remains in the mold cavity.

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164Metal Founding,   subclasses 91+ for processes of forming composite products by casting molten metal onto a preform.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 117+ for means bonding a preform to plastic material in a plastic material shaping cavity.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 49]    49Bonding to metal formed part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Processes in which the part to which the molten glass is bonded is metal.

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59,for a process in general for bonding a glass preform to a metal preform.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 50]    50Forming and bonding glass sheet to metal part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Processes directed to forming a sheet from molten glass and fusion bonding a metal part to the glass prior to, during or subsequent to formation of the sheet.

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49,for a process of simultaneously forming a glass part in a mold cavity and bonding it to a metal part.
59.1+,for a process of bonding glass to metal in general.
147+,for apparatus including wire feed means to form and bond glass sheet to wire, to form wire reinforced glass.
154,for metal to glass fusion bonding apparatus.

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427Coating Processes,   appropriate subclasses for processes of coating a substrate with molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 51]    51Contacting metal with molten glass prior to forming sheet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Processes directed to associating a metal part with molten glass and then forming a sheet from the molten glass while in contact with the metal part.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 52]    52Forming of plural glass sheets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Processes which includes the step of forming an additional glass sheet from molten glass.

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53,for a process of forming plural sheets or sheet-like streams from a common source of melt combined with glass to glass fusion bonding.
98,for a process of simultaneously forming at least two separate and distinct glass sheets.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 53]    53Forming plural sheets or sheet-like streams from same source:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Processes which include the step of forming at least two separate and distinct glass sheets or sheet-like streams from a single reservoir.
(1) Note. The glass streams need not be cooled or solidified for the purposes of this subclass.

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52,for a process of forming plural glass sheets combined with bonding to a metal part.
98,for a process of simultaneously forming plural glass sheets.
195,for sheet drawing apparatus including means dividing and recombining metal in a draw chamber.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 54]    54With reshaping glass preform prior to assembly or subsequent to bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes combined with the step of reshaping a glass preform either (1) prior to associating the glass preform with another formed part, or (2) subsequent to bonding of the glass preform to another formed part; see the Glossary for the definition of the term "reshaping".

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102,for a process of reshaping a glass preform of general application, and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 196+ , particularly subclasses 221+ for a combined process or reshaping and bonding by a Class 156 operation; see the reference to Class 156 in subclass 37.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 55]    55Prior to assembly:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Processes in which the step of reshaping of the glass part occurs prior to associating the glass part with another part.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 56]    56With severing, perforating, or breaking of glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes combined with the step of (1) cutting, or (2) perforating, or (3) breaking of hard or soft glass; see subclass 112 for the definitions of these terms.

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112,for preform treating combined with severing, perforating, or breaking.
133,for a process of severing a molten glass stream, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 57]    57Relative rotation of work and heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes directed to producing relative rotation of a heat source and the glass part during the bonding operation.

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120,for a process of flame treating a glass preform which may include relative movement between the source of heat and the preform.
271,for reshaping apparatus combined with heating means that moves relative to work during a shaping operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 58]    58Of parts having opposed facing areas out of contact (e.g., building blocks):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes in which as least one of the parts provides spacing ribs or flanges so that facing portions of the parts are maintained out of contact during and subsequent to the bonding operation.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 292 for other methods for bonding laminae having opposed facing areas out of contact.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.1]    59.1Of glass to metal part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Processes in which at least one part is metal.

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43,for processes directed to coating of the adherent face of at least one part prior to the bonding operation, and see the notes to the definition of that subclass.
49,for a process of forming glass in a mold cavity combined with uniting a metal piece thereto, in situ.
50+,for a process of forming and bonding a glass sheet to a metal part.
138+,for electronic envelope header, terminal or stem-making apparatus which includes bonding means.
147+,for glass-working apparatus with wire-laminating means.
154,for glass atom metal fusion bonding means.

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228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclasses 101+ for processes of fusion bonding of glass to metal which involve metal working.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.2]    59.2Maintaining cavity in glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.1.  Processes in which the process performed produces an object in which the fusion bond is part of a space-enclosing cavity.
(1) Note. Typical products produced herein are cathode-ray tubes and electric lamps.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.21]    59.21Glass applied in powdered (i.e., frit) form:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes which include the application of the glass in the form of a powder (i.e., a frit).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.22]    59.22Named fusible bonding material employed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes which employ an additional fusible material to adhere to both the glass and metal parts sought to be adhered.
(1) Note. The additional fusible material may comprise a glass of a composition specifically different from that of the glass sought to be adhered to the metal part or a different fusible metallic material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.23]    59.23With firing in vacuum, in inert atmosphere, or in pumped in gas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes which the fusion step performed to adhere the glass and metal parts takes place in a vacuum, in an inert atmosphere, or in the presence of a gaseous medium at super atmospheric pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.24]    59.24Metal part outside of glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes in which the metal part is at least in part exterior to the glass part as a result of the fusion.
(1) Note. The term "exterior" as used herein means that more of the metal part lies outside the glass than merely minor length of a filament lead-in wire of an electric lamp which remains on the outside when a glass tube forming a support for the filament has the filament wire fused to same prior to being fused into the main lamp envelope.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.25]    59.25Metal part inserted through hole or into groove in glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes in which the glass part, while in the solid state, has a hole through which the metal part is threaded or a groove into which the metal part is inserted so as to fix their relative positions prior to the fusion step.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.26]    59.26Metal part forced through or into softened glass part (e.g., pinch sealing, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes in which the glass part is softened by heat and the metal part is forced through or into it to fix their relative positions.
(1) Note. This subclass included those processes sometimes referred to as pinch sealing in which the heat-softened glass is squeezed down around the metal part until the glass fuses with itself.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.27]    59.27Metal part coaxial with and inside of glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes in which the glass and metal parts are both relatively elongated, the glass part being outside of the metal part, and the two being arranged to be coaxial.
(1) Note. Such a process may produce, e.g., a cylindrical metal pipe or tube fused to a surrounding glass pipe or tube of similar shape.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.28]    59.28Relative movement or manipulation of parts during or immediately preceding fusion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.2.  Processes which include moving the glass and metal parts relative to each other during the actual fusion step, or during the heating immediately preceding the actual movement of fusion.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.3]    59.3More than two parts in overlaying series (noncavity):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.1.  Processes in which the final product has more than two glass and metal parts in an overlaying series without becoming part of a space-enclosing cavity.
(1) Note. A metal sheet sandwiched between two glass sheets is an example of a product produced by such a process.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.31]    59.31Metal part inserted through hole or into groove in glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.3.  Processes in which the glass part, while in the solid state, has a hole through which the metal part is threaded or a groove into which the metal part is inserted so as to fix their relative position prior to the fusion step.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.32]    59.32Metal part forced through or into softened glass part (e.g., pinch sealing, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.3.  Processes in which the glass part is softened by heat and the metal part is forced through or into it to fix their relative positions.
(1) Note. This subclass included those processes referred to as pinch sealing, in which the heat-softened glass is squeezed down around the metal part until the glass fuses with itself.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.33]    59.33Relative movement or manipulation of parts during or immediately preceding fusion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.3.  Processes which include moving the glass and metal parts relative to each other during the actual fusion step, or during the heating immediately preceding the actual movement of fusion.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.34]    59.34Metal part outside of glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.3.  Processes in which the metal part is at least in part exterior to the glass part as a result of the fusion.
(1) Note. The term "exterior to" as used herein means that more of the metal part lies outside the glass than merely the minor length of a filament lead-in wire of an electric lamp which remains on the outside when a glass tube forming a support for the filament has the filament wire fused to same prior to being fused into the main lamp envelope.
(2) Note. An example of metal parts exterior to a glass part would be the case of two metal sheets with a glass sheet sandwiched between them by fusion bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.35]    59.35Metal part coaxial with and inside of glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.3.  Processes in which the glass and metal parts are both relatively elongated, the glass part being outside of the metal part and the two being arranged to be coaxial.
(1) Note. Such a process may produce, e.g., a metal or rods inserted into a closely surrounding glass tube all fusion bonded together.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.4]    59.4Metal part outside of glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.1.  Processes in which the metal part is at least in part exterior to the glass part as a result of the fusion.
(1) Note. For the definition of "exterior to", see the definition of subclass 59.24, supra.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.5]    59.5Glass applied in powdered (i.e., frit) form:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.1.  Processes which include the application of the glass in the form of a powder, i.e., a frit.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.6]    59.6Metal part coaxial with and inside of glass part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.1.  Processes in which the glass and metal parts are both relatively elongated, the glass part being outside of the metal part and the two being arranged to be coaxial.
(1) Note. Such a process may produce, e.g., a metal rod inside of a closely fitting glass tube, to which it is fusion bonded.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 59.7]    59.7Metal part forced through or into softened glass part (e.g., pinch sealing, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.1.  Processes in which the glass part is softened by heat and the metal part is forced through or into it to fix their relative positions.
(1) Note. This subclass includes processes referred to as pinch sealing, in which the heat-softened glass is squeezed down around the metal part until the glass fuses with itself.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.1]    60.1With coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes combined with the step of applying a surface coating material to a glass preform (the coating material usually being an emulsion, dispersion, solution), which is clearly disclosed as leaving a residual film, layer or continuous deposit on the preform.

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23,for a glassworking or treating process combined with destruction or delamination of transitory attached or associated separate material.
24+,for processes of applying a parting or lubricating layer.
30.1+,for process of applying a coating involving a chemical reaction with a glass substrate.
40,for a process of coating a part with a conductive coating for Joule effect heating of the work.
43,for a process of bonding including coating a formed part at the joint interface prior to bonding.
443+,for a process of forming a glass fiber or filament combined with a step of coating the fiber or filament during or subsequent to its formation.

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8Bleaching and Dyeing; Fluid Treatment and Chemical Modification of Textiles and Fibers,   subclass 523 for processes of dyeing a siliceous body, and see the search notes thereunder.
106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   appropriate subclasses for coating compositions, per se.
427Coating Processes,   appropriate subclasses for a coating process including the step of forming a substrate by a glassworking operation by name only, unless the coating is applied to the substrate while hot from the heat of formation, in which case the process is in Class 65. When a preparatory treatment for coating is disclosed as additionally changing the physical characteristics of the glass, the patent is classified in Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.2]    60.2Plural diverse layers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes which result in the glass preform having more than one coating layer, each layer comprising a different substance.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.3]    60.3Organic coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes which result in the glass preform being covered with an organic substance.
(1) Note. To be classified herein, the organic coating must remain a part of the final product.

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60.52,for similar processes using an organic compound containing a metal followed by the step of converting the organic compound to a metallic oxide.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.4]    60.4Free metal coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes which result in the preform being covered at least in part by free metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.5]    60.5Oxide coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes which result in the glass preform being covered by an inorganic oxide.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.51]    60.51From inorganic metal salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.5.  Processes wherein the glass preform is first coated with an inorganic metal salt, and the salt is then chemically reacted to convert it into an oxide of that metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.52]    60.52From organic metal compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.5.  Processes wherein the glass preform is first coated with an organic metal compound, and that compound is chemically treated to convert it into an oxide of that metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.53]    60.53From inorganic oxides or hydroxides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.5.  Processes wherein the glass preform is first coated with an inorganic oxide or hydroxide compound, and that compound is chemically reacted to convert it into a metal oxide or a different metal oxide.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.6]    60.6Free carbon containing coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes in which the glass preform is coated with a material which comprises elemental carbon.
(1) Note. The coating may comprise, e.g., charcoal particles.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.7]    60.7Inorganic metal salt containing coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes in which the glass preform is coated with a material which comprises an inorganic metal salt.

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60.51,for similar processes including the further step of chemically reacting the salt to form convert it into a metal oxide coating.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 60.8]    60.8Silicon containing coating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 60.1.  Processes in which the glass preform is coated with a material which comprises silicon.
(1) Note. The coating may comprise, e.g., silica (SiO2), a glass of a different composition than that of the glass preform, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 61]    61With wearing away of surface material (e.g., abrading or grinding):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes combined with a step of wearing away glass by rubbing with an abrasive to smooth, polish or remove material.

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37+,for a process of lens-making involving both grinding and bonding.

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451Abrading,   for grinding generally, particularly subclasses 41+ for a process of grinding glass or stone.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 62]    62Combined:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include (1) a perfecting step or (2) a working step or (3) a treating step other than a glass working or glass treating step.
(1) Note. Combined processes including severing of a hard or soft glass preform are classified below.

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112+,for glass preform treating combined with a severing or perforating; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 63]    63Sequentially forming, reheating, and working:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes including separate and distinct steps of: (1) forming a preform from molten glass, (2) reheating the preform, and (3) reworking the reheated preform.

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102+,for a process of reshaping a glass preform.
227+,for diverse glass working apparatus, especially subclass 230 for press and blow means having reheating means therebetween.
244,for plural distinct glass working apparatus having spaced preform reheating and reshaping means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 64]    64Reshaping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 63.  Processes comprising reworking to reshape.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 65]    65Forming and fire polishing or product:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes comprising (1) the step of forming a product utilizing glass in the molten or plastic state as the starting material, and (2) fire-polishing the product formed; see the Glossary for the definition of fire-polishing.

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61,for a process of grinding to polish.
120,for a process of fire-polishing a glass preform by use of a flame, per se; and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
227+,for diverse glass working apparatus including fire-polishing means.
252,for plural distinct glass working apparatus comprising fire-polishing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 66]    66Forming product or preform from molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include a step of (1) forming a glass product or preform from a molten glass composition, and/or (2) reshaping of the preform (e.g., a parison) while still soft from its residual heat of formation.

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102+,for a process of reshaping of a glass preform which requires a reheating prior to reshaping.
300+,for apparatus for blowing a glass charge not confined by mold means.

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72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 253.1+ for extrusion of metal through an orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 67]    67Converting sheet to hollow product or hollow product to sheet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes which include the step of (1) transforming a sheet which still retains its heat of formation into a hollow article, or (2) transforming a hollow article which still retains its heat of formation into a sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 68]    68Initial forming of hollow product or preform in mold cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes in which (1) the forming initially occurs in a mold cavity, and (2) the product or preform is hollow.
(1) Note. For the scope of the term "mold cavity" see (1) Note subclass 47 of this class.

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261+,for a blow means with blow mold.
305+,for a press molding machine.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 69]    69With annealing or tempering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Processes which include the step of annealing or tempering the product.

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41,for a process of bonding glass which includes a step of annealing or tempering glass.
95+,for a process of forming a sheet combined with an annealing or tempering step.
104,for a process of reshaping a glass preform combined with a tempering or annealing step.
114+,for a process of tempering glass, per se.
117+,for a process of annealing glass, per se.
262,for blow molding apparatus combined with annealing or tempering means.
306,for a press molding machine combined with product treating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 70]    70With severing of formed product:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Processes which include a step of cutting, severing or perforating of a hard or soft glass product.

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67,for a process of severing a hollow glass product in a process of forming sheets from the hollow glass product.
105,for a process of reshaping a glass preform which include the step of preform severing or perforating.
122+,for processes of charging molten glass into a mold cavity by gravity and subsequently severing the charge and which processes do not include a glass shaping step.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 71]    71Spreading of molten glass by rotation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Processes which include the step of spreading the molten glass within a mold by causing a rotatory movement of the molten glass.

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266,for blowing means with a blow mold rotary about its own axis.
302,for article forming means utilizing mold motion, e.g., centrifugal casting.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 72]    72With charging of mold cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Processes which include the step of introducing a charge of molten glass into the mold cavity.

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122+,for a process of charging molten glass into a mold cavity not including a step of shaping the charge therein.
207+,for gob charging and shape imparting receptacle means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 73]    73By suction from upper surface of "pool":
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Processes comprising charging by creating a reduced air pressure within the mold cavity while the mold is in contact with the upper surface of a supply.

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124,for a process of suction gathering molten glass from an upper surface of a glass pool into a mold cavity not including a positive shaping step.
125,for a process including suction gathering in which the suction is usually applied within a suction gatherer which functions to transfer the charge therein to a mold cavity.
210+,for gob charging and shape imparting receptacle means which include a suction gatherer movably mounted above a supply of molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 74]    74With sequential blowing in charged cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 73.  Processes which include a subsequent step of inflating the charge in the cavity utilizing differential gas pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 75]    75Through orifice in bottom wall of dispenser:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Processes in which charging of the mold cavity occurs by discharging molten glass through the bottom wall of a dispenser.

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126+,for a process of dispensing glass by discharging downwardly through an orifice, per se; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
221+,for shape imparting receptacle means and means for charging a gob with the receptacle means by delivery of a gob from a tank feeder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 76]    76With additional diverse shaping step:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Processes which include at least two different and distinct shaping steps.

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78+,for diverse glass shaping steps not including a charging step.
207+,for gob charging means combined with plural glass working apparatus especially subclasses 217+ and 224.
227+,for diverse distinct glass working apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 77]    77With additional forming step:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Processes which includes a distinct and separate step of forming the product or preform; and see the Glossary for a definition of "preform".
(1) Note. Using two separate and distinct blowing pressures, or blowing at separate areas of the parison are considered plural separate and distinct glass working operations for this and indented subclasses.

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63,for a process of sequentially forming a glass product, reheating and reworking the product.
243+,for plural distinct glass working apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 78]    78Diverse:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Processes comprising different steps of forming.

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227+,for diverse distinct glassworking apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 79]    79Press and blow:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Processes in which the unlike steps are pressing and blowing.

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229+,for press and blow glassworking apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 80]    80In separate lines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Processes wherein the blowing or pressing steps occur in separate and distinct lines by transferring the glass from one zone to another.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 81]    81By differential gas pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Processes in which the forming step utilizes vacuum and/or gas pressure.

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263+,for apparatus for blowing a glass charge in a mold in combination with means to reduce gas pressure exteriorly of the charge.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 82]    82Reshaping of hot parison in mold cavity to form hollow article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes directed to reshaping a parison in a mold cavity while still soft from its original heat of formation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 83]    83With positive cooling of product or molten glass at forming area:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes directed to the dynamic cooling of the molten glass in a pool or the formed product at the portion of the glass pool at which the product forming operation occurs.

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111+,for a glass preform treating process which includes a step of cooling the preform.
204,for sheet drawing means combined with cooling means in the drawing chamber.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 84]    84By direct gaseous contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Process wherein the cooling comprises contacting the glass with a gaseous material of lower temperature than the glass.

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88,for a process involving injecting gas internally of a hollow cylinder during drawing thereof to prevent collapse of the hollow cylinder.
119,for a process of annealing glass involving heating or cooling the glass by direct contact with flowing gas.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 85]    85Of glass product:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Process directed to positive cooling of a glass product.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 86]    86Drawing and simultaneously forming hollow stock from molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes for a process of drawing molten glass into hollow stock, usually glass cylinders, the shape of which being initially defined by the shape of a bait, and see the Glossary for a definition of "drawing".

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187+,for means for drawing a tube from a molten bath.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 87]    87With additional shaping, or severing, or perforating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  Processes including an additional step of shaping, severing or perforating of hard or soft glass.
(1) Note. The step of altering the shape of the hollow stock initially formed at the forming area only and while in contact with the molten glass to form a bait which functions to draw a hollow product of such shape is not considered a reshaping step as the initially drawn portion is considered transitory.
(2) Note. The step of stretching a hot tubular stock by exerting tension on the opposed ends thereof to cause separation of the stock into two parts is within the scope of this subclass.

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112+,for a process of treating a glass preform combined with severing or perforating hard or soft glass; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 88]    88Vertically drawing upwardly while applying fluid internally of stock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  Processes in which the drawing is vertically upwardly with simultaneously injecting fluid internally of the stock.

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188+,for means drawing a tube vertically upward.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 89]    89Forming hollow stock by surface filming:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes in which a hollow product is formed by applying a film of molten glass onto a shaping surface.

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184+,for a means charging a continuous film or strip to a separate and distinct forming means.
302,for an article forming means utilizing mold motion, e.g., centrifugal casting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 90]    90Sheet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Processes in which the product is sheet stock.

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193+,for apparatus for drawing sheet stock from a bath.
253+,for sheet or strip rolling apparatus.
258+,for sheet casting and receiving means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 91]    91With application of lateral tension to edge portion of moving sheet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes which include the step of applying, in a lateral direction, a force or pull to the lateral edges of a sheet during movement thereof to usually (1) maintain constant sheet width, or (2) to prevent formation of surface irregularities.

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199+,for a sheet drawing apparatus with width maintaining and/or lateral stretching means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 92]    92With smoothing subsequent to sheet formation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes which include the step of smoothing the formed sheet, generally for removal of surface irregularities.

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63,for a process including the steps of forming a sheet, reheating the formed sheet and then smoothing the heated sheet.
91,for a process of applying tension laterally of a sheet during formation to prevent surface irregularities.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 93]    93With reshaping or surface deformation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes including (1) changing the gross overall configuration, or (2) embossing; see the Glossary for definitions of these terms.

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106,for a process of curving a glass preform which may involve corrugating or reshaping.
255,for sheet or strip rolling means combined with means to corrugate or emboss the surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 94]    94Subsequent to formation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 93.  Processes in which the reshaping or surface deformation occurs subsequent to sheet formation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 95]    95With annealing or tempering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes combined with a step of annealing or tempering.

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114+,for a process of tempering; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
117+,for a process of annealing.
194,for sheet drawing apparatus combined with an annealing or tempering means.
254,for sheet rolling means combined with annealing or tempering means.
348+,for product cooling means, e.g., tempering means, per se, especially 349+ for annealing means, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 96]    96Conveying at different rate than speed of formation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Processes directed to forming the sheet at one rate of speed and thereafter conveying the formed sheet through an annealing or tempering zone at a different rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 97]    97With severing or perforating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes including a severing or perforating step of hard or soft glass.

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112,for a process of treating a preform including severing or perforating of soft or hard glass; and the scope of the terms "severing" and "perforating"; and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 98]    98Simultaneously forming plural separate sheets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes which involves formation at the same time of at least two separate and distinct glass sheets from the same or different sources.

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52,for a process of bonding glass to metal which includes a forming of at least two glass sheets which may be formed from the same or different source.
53,for a process of forming plural sheets from the same source and bonding the formed sheets to each other or to another formed part.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 99.1]    99.1By or with pouring molten glass onto forming surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Processes directed to forming a sheet by casting or rolling molten glass onto a support; see the Glossary for a definition of "casting".

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89,for a process of film forming hollow stock on a surface.
253+,for sheet or strip forming by rolling means.
258+,for sheet casting means.

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264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 298 for processes of casting plastic material on a liquid surface, and subclasses 299+ for processes for shaping plastic material against a forming surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 99.2]    99.2Utilizing molten metal forming surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.1.  Processes in which the forming surface is composed of molten metal or alloy.

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182.3,through 182.5, for molten metal forming means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 99.3]    99.3Maintaining molten metal temperature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.2.  Processes in which temperature distribution is kept in a desired state.
(1) Note. Temperature uniformity through heat exchange, circulating or induced circulating currents included herein.

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99.4,through 99.5+, for removing impurities from molten metal or modifying glass sheet dimension or property employing circulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 99.4]    99.4Treating or removing impurities in molten metal or glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.2.  Processes in which the molten metal, or glass, or glass sheet are treated to remove, or prevent impurities, or modify glass sheet properties.
(1) Note. Includes reaction with additive removal, or prevention of gas bubbles, special atmosphere etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 99.5]    99.5Maintaining or adjusting sheet width or thickness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.2.  Processes in which glass sheet width, or thickness is maintained, or adjusted by application of mechanical force to the sheet, or by special glass flow restricting means in flow path.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 99.6]    99.6By nonmechanical means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.5.  Processes in which glass sheet width, or thickness is maintained, or adjusted by nonmechanical means, e.g., fluid pressure etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 100]    100Onto moving roll or platen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Processes including a step of simultaneously moving the support which comprises a roll or platen.

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193+,for sheet drawing apparatus provided with roll means located at the sheet source and in contact therewith.
257,for sheet forming by rolling apparatus which includes a reciprocating planar platen.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 101]    101Through bite of rolls:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Processes wherein the support comprises rolls mounted to provide a pass for the glass therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 102]    102Reshaping or surface deformation of glass preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes for a process of reshaping or surface deforming a glass preform which has been softened by a disclosed or claimed reheating step, and see the Glossary for a definition of "reshaping" and "surface deforming".
(1) Note. Processes of flattening curved glass preforms are provided for in this subclass.

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54+,for a bonding process including a step of reshaping a glass preform prior to assembly or subsequent to bonding.
63+,for a process of sequentially forming, reheating and reworking of glass.
66+,for a process of forming a product from molten glass including a subsequent reworking operation without an intervening reheating step.
67,for a process of forming a sheet and converting the sheet to a hollow article or the process of forming a hollow article and converting it to a sheet.
269+,for reshaping apparatus combined with reheating means.
286+,for reshaping apparatus, per se.

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72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 343+ and 379 for a process or apparatus for "drawing" metal sheet material.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 602+ , for metal working utilizing inductive electric heating and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 103]    103Utilizing heat shield or heat-sink:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Processes which include the step of utilizing or employing means to absorb, dissipate, distribute or shield heat.

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288,for preform reshaping means including a heat shield or sink.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 104]    104With annealing, tempering, or fire-polishing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Processes which include a step of (1) tempering, or (2) annealing, and/or (3) fire polishing.

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111+,for glass preform treating and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
268,for preform reshaping apparatus combined with annealing or tempering means.
284,for fire-polishing means, and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 105]    105With severing or perforating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Processes including severing or perforating of hard or soft glass.

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112,for a process of treating including severing or perforating a soft or hard glass preform and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
166,for apparatus for perforating a glass preform; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
174+,for a mechanical cutter, scorer, or scriber for use on a glass preform or article; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 106]    106Reshaping of planar sheet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Processes directed to reshaping of a planar sheet by a bending or curving operation, and see the Glossary for a definition of "bending" under "reshaping".

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24,for a process of simultaneously reshaping a plurality of sheets separated by a parting layer.
67,for a process of forming a sheet and converting the formed sheet to a hollow product.
93+,for a process of forming a sheet from molten glass with a step of reshaping the sheet.
102,for a process of making planar sheet by flattening half-cylinders.
287+,for sheet reshaping apparatus utilizing a bending mold; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 107]    107By sagging by gravity on mold surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Processes wherein curving involves heating the glass until it droops under its own weight and conforms to the shape of the mold or form on which it rests.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 108]    108Reshaping of tubular preform, retaining cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Processes comprising reshaping a tubular-shaped preform in such a manner that its hollow characteristic is retained.

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67,for a process of forming a hollow product and converting it to a sheet.
93+,for a process of forming a sheet and reshaping the formed sheet.
276+,for means for reshaping hollow stock by or/with reheating means.
292+,for cylindrical stock reshaping means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 109]    109During rotation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Processes with simultaneous relative rotation of the stock and apparatus.

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271,for apparatus providing relative movement between a heating means and the work during glassworking.
296+,for rotary means for reshaping cylindrical stock.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 110]    110Utilizing vacuum or gas pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Processes utilizing vacuum or gas pressure during reshaping.

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292+,for preform reshaping apparatus including means utilizing differential gas pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 111]    111Glass preform treating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes directed to treating a glass preform, and see the Glossary for definitions of "glass treating" and "preform".

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22,for a combined process including pore forming in situ to form a cellular glass body.
30+,for a process of treating involving a chemical reaction; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
33.1,for a process of devitrifying or vitrifying crystalline glass.
41,for a process of bonding glass to a formed part including annealing or tempering of the glass.
60.1+,for a combined process including coating glass and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
61,for a combined process including grinding of the glass.
69,for a process of forming a hollow product in a mold cavity from molten glass including annealing or tempering of the product.
85,for a process of forming a glass product from molten glass including positive cooling of the product.
95+,for a process of forming a sheet from molten glass including annealing or tempering of the sheet.
104,for a process of reshaping or surface deforming a glass preform including annealing or tempering of the preform.
348+,for annealing or tempering apparatus.

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34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses for a process or apparatus of general application for contacting solids with gas or vapor.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   appropriate subclasses for applying electrical or wave energy to molten or preformed glass to bring about a chemical change (e.g., color change, etc.) of at least one constituent of the glass; follow the general guidelines for placement of an operation involving the combination of at least one Class 204 step in sequence with a separate Class 65 step as explained at the beginning of the Class 204 definition under I, (4) and (5) Notes.
205Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions,   subclasses 687+ for electrolytic material treatment, especially subclass 769 for electrolytic treatment of solid glass, silica, quartz, or optical material.
250Radiant Energy,   subclass 324 for methods and apparatus for corona irradiation of materials including glass, subclass 327.1 for methods and apparatus for irradiating detectors which may be of the glass type, subclass 472.1 for methods to detect radiation by non-electric detectors which include glass type.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 27+ for apparatus and processes directed to electric heating of glass. The line between Class 65 and 373 is stated in subclass 134 of Class 65.
432Heating,   subclasses 9+ , for a process of general utility of applying heat to an article. Processes involving application of the heat to a glass substrate in a particular manner, e.g., nonuniformly, or to change a physical on chemical property of the glass are classified in Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 112]    112With severing or preforating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Processes in which the treating step includes heating the glass to a temperature sufficient to render it plastic, but insufficient to produce a significant plastic flow that would cause alteration of physical shape and size, combined with a step of (1) penetrating the plastic glass to effect at least a partial separation of the glass without reshaping flow of the glass, or (2) moving one part of the plastic glass relative to the other to cause failure by tension at the point of separation, usually by stretching or (3) penetrating the plastic glass to form a closed perimeter opening extending completely through the glass, or (4) cutting or perforating of hard glass combined with glass treating.

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56,for a process of bonding glass to a formed part including severing, perforating or breaking of hard or soft glass.
63,for a process of sequentially forming, reheating and severing, perforating or breaking of hard or soft glass.
70,for a process of forming an article from molten glass combined with the step of severing soft or hard glass.
87,for a process of drawing and simultaneously forming hollow stock from molten glass including severing or perforating of hard or soft glass.
97,for a process of forming a sheet combined with the step of severing or perforating of the hard or soft sheet.
105,for a process of reshaping or surface deforming a glass preform combined with severing or perforating of hard or soft glass.
166,for apparatus under the class definition comprising a perforator for an article or preform.
174+,for apparatus under the class definition combined with a mechanical cutter, scorer or scriber for an article or preform.

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83Cutting,   subclasses 879+ for a scoring process or apparatus, per se; see the collection of "Search Notes" thereunder for mechanically cutting, scoring or scribing hard or soft glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 113]    113By or with flame:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Processes in which a flame facilitates the severing or perforating.

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120,for a process of merely applying a flame to a glass preform, and see the "Search Notes" thereto.
269+,for flame severing apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 114]    114Tempering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Processes involving heating a glass preform to near the softening point under rigorous control and rapidly cooling the glass from such point to set up compressive stresses in the glass surface.

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111,for Search Notes relating to tempering.
348+,for tempering apparatus; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 115]    115Differential or localized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Processes including a step of tempering an isolated portion of an article or preform or distinct steps of tempering separate portions thereof, usually by steps unequal or different degrees of tempering restricted portions even though an end product of uniform temper is produced.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 116]    116Quenching in liquid bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Processes in which the tempering is effected by contacting a heated preform with a liquid medium, e.g., immersing in a shower or bath.

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148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 27+ for compositions for treating (e.g., quench hardening) heated solid metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 117]    117Annealing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Processes involving heating a preform or article to a suitable temperature followed by controlling the rate of cooling to prevent or to remove stresses or strains therein.

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111,for Search Notes relating to annealing of glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 118]    118During conveying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 117.  Processes including a simultaneous step of moving the article or preform.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 119]    119Annealing by direct contact with gaseous heat exchange medium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Processes wherein a gaseous heat exchange medium contacts the article or preform to heat or cool the same; flame contact being included.

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120,for flame treating.

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432Heating,   subclass 11 for a residual process of treating an article by moving it through a heating zone or through heating and cooling zones.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 120]    120By flame:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Processes comprising contacting a glass preform with a flame.

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57,for a bonding process in which one of the parts may be heated by flame contact.
65,for a process of forming a glass product combined with fire-polishing.
104,for a process of reshaping including fire-polishing.
113,for severing a glass preform by use of a flame.
284,for fire-polishing apparatus; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
285,for apparatus to reshape a preform by use of flame pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 121]    121Blending of separate molten glass streams:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of mixing or flowing together of distinct streams of molten glass of identical or diverse compositions.

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53,for a bonding process including the step of forming at least two sheet like streams from the same source and uniting such streams.
145,for glass working apparatus combined with means feeding diverse glass melts to a common forming means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 122]    122Charging of molten glass into mold cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes comprising a step of depositing molten glass into a mold cavity without a significant shaping (i.e. shaping contributing to final configuration) by the mold cavity.

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72+,for a process of charging a mold cavity which includes a distinct step of forming hollow article in the mold cavity.
207+,for an apparatus including gob charging and shape imparting receptacle means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 123]    123By gravity and severing subsequent to charging mold cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Processes directed to charging the molten glass by gravity into a mold cavity and, while the molten glass communicates with both the supply of molten glass and the mold cavity, severing the molten glass from communication with supply.

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334,for molten glass charge cutting or scraping apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 124]    124By suction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Processes comprising sucking a glass charge into a mold by removing part of the air therefrom.

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73+,for a process of charging a mold cavity by suction and forming a hollow product in the cavity.
125,for a process of suction gathering molten glass from the upper surface of a glass pool into a receptacle which is not intended to function as a mold cavity.
210+,for gob charging and shape imparting apparatus including a suction gatherer mounted above a supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 125]    125Gathering from upper surface of glass pool:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes comprising isolating and removing a discrete portion of glass from an upper layer of a supply of molten glass.

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324+,for apparatus for dispensing molten glass; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 126]    126Discharging molten glass downwardly through orifice:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes of delivering molten glass downwardly through an orifice of a reservoir of molten glass.

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75,for a process of forming a hollow product in a mold cavity combined with charging by dispensing through an orifice in a bottom wall of a feeder.
325+,for apparatus for dispensing molten glass through an orifice located below a melt level.

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222Dispensing,   for processes and apparatus for dispensing material not elsewhere classified. See class definitions of Class 222 for dispensing processes and apparatus elsewhere classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 127]    127With gob shaping or treating subsequent to discharge through orifice:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Processes comprising treating, smoothing or shaping a gob of molten glass subsequent to discharge through the orifice but prior to delivery to a mold cavity.

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207,for gob charging and shape imparting receptacle means.
303,for gob shaping or treating means downstream of gob severing means.
304,for glass working or treating apparatus including gob handling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 128]    128With temperature modification at orifice:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Processes in which the glass is heated or cooled at or adjacent the orifice.

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327,for molten glass dispensing apparatus having auxiliary heating or cooling means at an orifice below the melt level.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 129]    129Regulating or arresting of flow into or out of orifice:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Processes which include the step of (1) regulating the rate of flow of, or (2) stopping the flow of, the molten glass through an orifice.

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183,for a glass working or treating apparatus which includes an extrusion die former with an upstream discharge assistant.
330+,for a molten glass dispensing apparatus including a reciprocating plunger-type discharge assistant.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 130]    130With or by differential gas pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Processes in which the rate of or the arrest of flow of molten glass through an orifice is affected by varying the pressure of a gas on the molten glass.

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329,for apparatus for applying a differential gas pressure to glass to assist its flow through an orifice below the melt level.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 131]    131With segregation prior to discharge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Processes which include the step of separating or isolating from the main body of the glass, prior to discharge through the orifice, a portion of the glass, and discharging the separated or isolated portion of the glass through the orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 132]    132With segregation prior to discharge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Processes which include the step of separating or isolating from the main body of the glass prior to discharge through the orifice of a portion of the glass and discharging the separated or isolated portion through the orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 133]    133Severing of molten glass stream:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes directed to cutting or dividing a stream of molten glass, usually to form a "gob".

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334,for charge cutting or scraping means; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.

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83Cutting,   appropriate subclasses, for gob shearing apparatus, especially subclass 600 for gob shears having simple oscillating motion only with means to move cooperating cutter member and subclass 623 for gob shears having simple rectilinear reciprocating motion only with means to move cooperating cutting member.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.1]    134.1Fining or homogenizing molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes directed to (a) heating molten or batch glass to a high temperature to decrease its viscosity thereby permitting occluded, entrapped, or undissolved gases formed during the chemical reaction of the batch material to rise more readily and escape from the molten glass, (b) removing undissolved batch material, or (c) making a melt uniform in physical characteristics or in composition throughout.

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178+,for glass working apparatus combined with an agitator for molten or soft glass.

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588Hazardous or Toxic Waste Destruction or Containment,   subclass 251 , 252-257 and 313-320 for the solidification or vitrification of waste for purposes of containment and for the treatment of slag to prevent the emission of hazardous or toxic gases.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.2]    134.2Subatmospheric pressure or vacuum utilized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein vacuum or pressure below that of the atmosphere is used during any stage of the purifying or homogenizing operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.3]    134.3Melt accelerator or color modifier utilized (e.g., fining agent, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein a material is added to softened glass or a glass charge to (a) speed up melting or (b) alter color.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.4]    134.4Oxygen enriched or nitrogen reduced gas utilized (i.e., modified air):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein atmospheric gas (air) has additional oxygen added or nitrogen partially or completely removed is used in fining or homogenizing the molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.5]    134.5By injecting gas below surface of molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein fining or homogenizing occurs when a gas is introduced below the surface of molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.6]    134.6Exhaust or top gas treated or recycled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein an exhaust or top gas is reused or treated prior to releasing into the atmosphere.

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95Gas Separation: Processes,   subclasses 241+ for a process of general application for separating gases by physical methods.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.7]    134.7Rotating furnace or chamber utilized (e.g., crucible, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein the movement of a furnace or chamber is in a circle or circular arc centered on its own axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.8]    134.8By melting toxic or waste material:
 Processes under 134.1 wherein undesired or toxic material is dissolved.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 134.9]    134.9By eliminating gaseous inclusions (e.g., bubbles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein gaseous bubbles or inclusions are removed.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.1]    135.1Glass conditioning channel section utilized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes utilizing a molten glass flow restricting area wherein the purity or homogeneity of the molten glass is adjusted.
(1) Note. Processes wherein ebullition or circulating currents of molten glass occur in a glass conditioning channel, generally caused by temperature differences within a pool of molten glass, are proper for this subclass.

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346,for apparatus with glass conditioning channel section.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.2]    135.2By agitating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein the molten or softened glass is mixed or stirred.

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178+,for glassworking apparatus combined with agitating means for molten or soft glass.
302,for article forming means utilizing mold motion to distribute molten glass therein.

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366Agitating,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus directed to agitating molten glass, per se. Patents defining apparatus for agitating molten glass which includes means for discharging the molten glass to a glassworking zone or in combination with a refining or treating zone of a glass furnace are classified here in Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.3]    135.3Mechanical stirrers utilized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.2.  Processes wherein the agitation is performed by the use of mechanical stirrers.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.4]    135.4Spiral:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.3.  Processes wherein the mechanical stirrer is spirally configured.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.6]    135.6Electric furnace utilized (e.g., induction or radiant heat from electric source, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein glass is melted or maintained in a molten condition (a) by passing an electric current between two electrodes, or (b) by using heat energy resulting directly from electrically induced radiation or induction.
(1) Note. Processes of using an electrical furnace which is not the primary heat source or using an electrical furnace in combination with other heating means are proper for this and indented subclasses.

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373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 27+ for apparatus and processes, respectively, directed to electric furnaces for melting glass batch material or heating molten glass. Patents claiming apparatus or a process for purifying or homogenizing molten glass in an electric furnace and defining in the claim specific electrical structure (e.g., electrodes) or specific electrical characteristics or the electrical energy (e.g., at least two different types of electrical energy or defining the magnitude) are classified in Class 373 otherwise the process is classified here in Class 65. The recitation of a glass "working," "treating," or "handling" operation by these words only is insufficient to exclude a patent from Class 373 unless a glass article is formed thereby (e.g., a filament), in which case classification is in Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.7]    135.7With submerged electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.6.  Processes wherein heating electrodes are located below the level of molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.8]    135.8Melting in separate zone of glass furnace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.7.  Processes wherein glass is melted in a distinct chamber or area apart from where the purifying or homogenizing operation is performed.
(1) Note. Processes of melting glass utilizing a multichambered electric furnace are properly classified here.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 135.9]    135.9By charging batch material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein a glass supply material to be liquified is delivered to a furnace (e.g., melter).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 136.1]    136.1Preheating batch material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.9.  Processes wherein the batch material is heated before being delivered to a furnace (e.g., melter).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 136.2]    136.2Directing batch feed to float on molten glass surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.9.  Processes wherein the batch feed material is guided to a surface of molten glass and made to float thereon.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 136.3]    136.3Burner directed towards batch or melt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.9.  Processes wherein a torch or burner is pointed directly at a batch or melt feed material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 136.4]    136.4By cooling molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.1.  Processes wherein the temperature of the molten glass is reduced.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 137]    137Cooling of molten glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.1.  Processes which include the step of lowering the temperature of molten glass.

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326+,for means to cool glass in combination with molten glass dispensing means.

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62Refrigeration,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and apparatus for cooling, per se. See notes to Class 62 definition for other pertinent fields of search.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 138]    138ELECTRONIC ENVELOPE HEADER, TERMINAL, OR STEM MAKING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus for making a glass closure of tube, disc or bead configuration having one or more electrical conductors bonded thereto and passing therethrough for use in manufacturing electric lamps or electronic tubes or space discharge devices.

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36,for processes of bonding glass to a formed part, and the "SEARCH CLASS" reference to Class 29 for the line between this class (65) and Class 29.
59.1,for a process of bonding glass to metal.
142,for apparatus of general application for bonding beads of glass to wire, e.g. pin-heading means.
152+,for apparatus for joining a preform to a glass part by means involving fusion, especially subclass 154 for glass to metal bonding means.
270,for apparatus for tipping off an electronic envelope with or without exhausting means.

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257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   subclass 434 for light responsive active solid-state devices with housing or encapsulation means, including a window (e.g., of glass).
445Electric Lamp or Space Discharge Component or Device Manufacturing,   subclass 65 for similar subject matter in combination with other manufacturing operations or means (e.g., filament shaping) and see the search notes thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 139]    139With means inserting wire into glass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Apparatus including mechanical means for inserting the conductors into the glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 140]    140By press mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Apparatus including a press mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 141]    141MELT DISINTEGRATOR AND SOLIDIFIER INCLUDING FLUID-MELT CONTACT MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising melt puffing means or comminuting means comprising means shock cooling a melt by enhancing surface contact therewith by a cooling fluid.

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20,for a process of foaming slag to make cellular bodies.
181,for hard glass comminuting means combined with Class 65 subject matter.
483+,for mineral wool making apparatus.

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62Refrigeration,   for a comminutor or cutter combined with a refrigeration producer.
134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses, for a fluid-solid contacting apparatus of general application.
241Solid Material Comminution or Disintegration,   subclasses 38+ for comminution apparatus for solids combined with means applying fluid to the material.
261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for gas-liquid contacting apparatus of general application.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 7 for means making particulate material and means providing a solidifying zone for particles of the comminuted melt.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 142]    142PARTICULATE BEAD OR BALL MAKING APPARATUS (E.G., PIN HEADING):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means working soft or molten glass into small discrete particulate bodies, e.g. spheres, or means to form and to bond by fusion, a glass particle onto rod shaped stock, e.g. wire.

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21.1+,for a process of making self-supporting particle.
141,for ball making apparatus including fluid-melt contacting means.
207+,for means for forming glass melt into a gob-type charge combined with glass working means.

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163Needle and Pin Making,   subclasses 6+ for pin making.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 110 for composite article manufacturing apparatus comprising means to shape fluent or bulk stock and unite the same with a preform while in a molding area, subclasses 332+ for means to roll a discrete change into a ball, and subclass 801 for button makers.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 143]    143By rolling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Apparatus wherein the glass working means comprises rolling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 144]    144MEANS SHAPING PREFORM FROM GRANULAR MATERIAL WITH FUSION MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means to shape an article from a mass of particulate material (e.g. quartz) combined with means to fuse the mass into a preform or article.

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17.3+,for a process under the class definition combined with shaping of particulate material into a preform with subsequent firing.
33.1,for a process of melting quartz with subsequent shaping into a preform.

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99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclass 353 for apparatus to shape and to cook food products.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus to shape particulate material (e.g., powders, etc.) and downstream firing (e.g., kiln, etc.) means, especially see subclass 404 for a shaping means and downstream product treating means (see the search notes thereunder).
501Compositions: Ceramic,   subclass 86 for processes of making synthetic precious stones from ceramic compositions.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 145]    145PLURAL SOURCES FEEDING DIVERSE GLASS MELTS TO COMMON FORMING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means feeding diverse glass melts, generally of different color, to a common forming means, e.g. laminating means.

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121,for a process of blending of separate molten glass streams.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 146]    146WITH MEANS TO FEED DIVERSE MATERIAL TO GLASS WORKING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means supplying nonglass material to soft or molten glass being worked to form a composite stock or article.

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36+,for a process of bonding glass to a formed part, especially subclasses 49, 50 and 59 for bonding of glass to nonglass.
142+,for means forming a glass bead on a pin.
154,for means uniting glass to metal parts without means feeding the metal parts.
172,for means to add parting material to glass working apparatus.

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221Article Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses for means individually dispensing an article, e.g., electric wire, from a source of supply of a plurality of articles, per se.
228Metal Fusion Bonding,   subclasses 101+ especially subclasses 122.1+, 188 and 903 for the process of uniting glass to metal by a metallurgical bond and see the "SEARCH NOTES", thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 147]    147Wire laminating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Apparatus wherein the means feeds wire.

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50+,for a process of forming a glass sheet combined with a step of fusion bonding thereto of a nonglass part.

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118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 404+ for immersion type coating apparatus including means for wiping off excess coating from a coated base.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclass 433 for laminating apparatus, of general application including surface bonding means combined with assembly means for running lengths of sheet or strand.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 148]    148Sheet rolling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Apparatus including rolling means for forming sheet glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 149]    149Sandwiching wire between opposed glass feeds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Apparatus comprising means feeding wire between plural means feeding glass to the glass forming roll means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 150]    150Roll coacting with platen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Apparatus wherein the rolling means cooperates with a flat pressure plate.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 151]    151Embedding means on roll:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 150.  Apparatus including means protruding from the surface of the rolling means which forces the wire into the surface of soft glass.

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44,for a process of embossing or corrugating while bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 152]    152FUSION BONDING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means to effect a bonding by a glass working operation, i.e., involving fusion, between: (a) parts, at least one of which is an article or preform, or (b) different parts of the same preform.

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36+,for a process of bonding glass to a formed part.
145,for a forming means charged by a feed of diverse glass.
146+,for analogous subject matter combined with means to feed a nonglass material thereto.

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29Metal Working,   subclass 25.35 for piezoelectric device making, subclasses 25.41+ for electric condenser making, 592.1+ for other electric device making, and subclasses 428+ for a process of assembly and/or joining not otherwise provided for.
118Coating Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for coating apparatus of general application.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses for bonding and/or assembly means utilizing adhesive bonding.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 603+ for fusion bonding means in metal working apparatus.
269Work Holders,   for work holders, per se, especially subclasses 37+ for plural holders to hold work pieces relative to each other.
285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   subclass 423 for nonmetallic pipe joints or coupling means.
438Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process,   particularly subclasses 107+ and 455+ for methods for joining plural semiconductor substrates; see the search notes therein.
445Electric Lamp or Space Discharge Component or Device Manufacturing,   especially subclass 22 for a method under the class definition including shaping of the lamp or device envelope.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 153]    153Concentric body making (e.g., vacuum bottle making, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Apparatus including means to hold or assemble parts (e.g., of a vacuum bottle) to be united in a concentric relation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 154]    154Glass to metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Apparatus in which one of the parts is metallic.

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142,for pin heading apparatus comprising means to apply a glass bead to a wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 155]    155Electronic device making:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Apparatus wherein the parts are elements of an electronic device.

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34,for a process of sealing off of an exhaust opening.
138+,for apparatus for making a header, terminal or stem for an electronic device.
146,for similar subject matter combined with means to feed terminals to the joining apparatus.
153,for similar subject matter including means to hold or assemble the parts in concentric relation.
154,for similar subject matter where one part is metallic.
270,for electronic envelope tipping off apparatus, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 156]    156With article molding means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Apparatus including a female mold for performing a glass shaping operation.

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47+,for a process of bonding glass to a formed part combined with a step of molding of an article in a cavity.
140,for a press mold in electronic header, terminal or stem making apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 157]    157MEANS PROVIDING SPECIAL ATMOSPHERE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means providing an atmosphere other than air in which a glass is worked or treated.

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30,for chemical treatment of glass involving a reaction.
32.1+,for a process utilizing a reducing or inert atmosphere.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 158]    158WITH SIGNAL, INDICATOR, INSPECTION MEANS, REGISTER, OR RECORDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with a signal, indicator, inspection means, register or recorder means.

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29.1+,and 29.12+, for a process which includes the step of testing or inspecting.

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73Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and apparatus for making a measurement or test of any kind on glass, per se.
116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses, for signalling and indicating devices, per se.
177Weighing Scales,   appropriate subclasses for weighing scales, per se.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus relating to measuring and/or testing (or sensing) of electrical properties. See the "SEARCH NOTES" under the class definition.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 500+ for electrical automatic condition responsive indicating systems.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 32 through 35.5for glass strain analysis including the polarized light examination of sheet glass, subclasses 364 through 370 for polarized light testing of glass articles for flaws generally; subclass 600 for flatness testing generally; and subclasses 429 through 431 for monitoring of webs or thread, for optical properties or flaws and subclasses 239.1 through 239.8 for inspection of transparent or translucent articles for flaws or imperfections.
374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for measuring a thermal parameter or characteristic of glass, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 159]    159WITH APPARATUS SAFETY MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means to prevent damage of apparatus in event of malfunctioning of a portion thereof.

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181,for a means to protect or to improve comfort of an attendant combined with apparatus under the class definition.

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192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   subclasses 129+ for safety stop mechanisms of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 160]    160CONTROL RESPONSIVE TO CONDITION SENSING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus having means responsive to variations in an operating or "stock" condition and control means responsive thereto to effect an operation or change.

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73Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for condition sensing means, per se, and see the "Search Notes" in Class 73.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 161]    161Glass working fluid or treating fluid control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Apparatus in which the means controlled includes regulating means for the delivery of a glass working fluid or glass treating fluid.

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137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclasses for fluid control means responsive to conditioning sensing means, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 162]    162Temperature or heater control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Apparatus in which the means controlled consists of temperature regulating means.

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236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   appropriate subclasses for automatic temperature control means, per se, see the "Search Notes" under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 163]    163Speed control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Apparatus in which the means controlled includes a speed regulating means for the apparatus or a portion thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 164]    164Molten glass dispenser or gatherer control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Apparatus in which the means controlled is a molten glass dispenser or gatherer.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 165]    165WITH REJECT CATCHER, DEFLECTOR, OR HOLDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means to catch, divert or otherwise dispose of rejected material (e.g., broken hard glass or rejected gobs) to prevent contamination of stock or apparatus or to prevent injury of apparatus, or to conserve stock or heat.

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28,for a process which includes reclaiming, renewing or repairing or crack run interruption of glass.
269,for means to handle a "moil" after severance from a product.

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209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   appropriate subclasses, for methods and apparatus for rejecting defective glass articles, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 166]    166PERFORATOR FOR ARTICLE OR PREFORM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus for making a hole through preshaped glass when in a soft stage, or the combination of glass working means combined with mechanical drilling or boring means for hard glass.

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56,for a process of bonding glass to a preformed part combined with the step of cutting, perforating or breaking of glass.
105,for a process of reshaping a glass preform combined with cutting, severing or perforating.
112,for a process of severing or perforating a glass preform by a glass working operation.
315,for a press molding means with a core withdrawing means.

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408Cutting by Use of Rotating Axially Moving Tool,   appropriate subclasses for a single operation of that class on hard glass, and see the "Search Notes" under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 167]    167CONVERTIBLE TO DIFFERENT OPERATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus to perform a distinct operation but being convertible to perform a different operation either by reassembling of all or some of its parts in a different relationship to each other or by the addition or omission of a part.

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231,for diverse distinct glass working apparatus including a blank mold removably encaseable in a blow mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 168]    168WITH POSITIVE CLEANING MEANS FOR APPARATUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including positive means to remove undesirable material from a glass working or treating apparatus.

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27,for process of cleaning glass working or treating apparatus.

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134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses for a process of, or apparatus for cleaning of general application. See the "Search Notes" in the class definition of Class 134.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 169]    169WITH MEANS PROVIDING PARTING MATERIAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means to apply a material to a work contacting surface of apparatus, which material prevents adhesion of glass being worked or treated.
(1) Note. The parting material may be a preformed layer or a fluent coating material.

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24+,for a process which includes the step of utilizing a parting or lubricating layer.
170,for glass working apparatus having means to lubricate moving parts thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 170]    170WITH APPARATUS LUBRICATING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means to apply a lubricant to moving parts of glass working or treating apparatus.

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169,for apparatus having means to apply a parting material to the work contacting surface of glass working or treating apparatus.

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184Lubrication,   appropriate subclasses, for devices employed to lubricate bearing parts in a machine where such lubricating device forms no part of the machine structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 171]    171WITH REPAIR, ASSEMBLY, OR DISASSEMBLY MEANS FOR APPARATUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means (1) to repair the apparatus, or (2) to assemble the apparatus or portions thereof, or (3) to disassemble the apparatus or portions thereof.

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27+,for a glass working process combined with the step of repairing or cleaning of the apparatus, or batch dust prevention or control.
167,for means permitting the substitution of parts so as to permit change in kind or product size.
310,for means to supply detachable independent dies to an actuating common piston rod.
323,for product centering means, or mold and/or core aligning means.
355,for means heating or cooling glass working or treating apparatus.
361,for support means for a mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 172]    172To replace worn or damaged parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Apparatus having means to aid repair of worn, or damaged, or destroyed parts by removal of said damaged or worn parts and substitution therefor of spare or usable parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 173]    173To provide alternately used parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Apparatus including means mounting identical parts permitting use of one and then the other.

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168,for a similar arrangement combined with positive cleaning means.
217+,for suction charging means combined with diverse molds mounted to travel in concentric orbits.
221+,for a mold charging feeds of the tank feeder type combined with means movably mounting plural molds for travel.
229+,for diverse distinct glass working apparatus including press and blow means, especially subclass 240 for plural traveling mold carriers.
264,for a blow mold machine including means mounting a mold for travel.
308+,for a press mold machine including a plunger coating with successively presented molds.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 174]    174WITH MECHANICAL CUTTER, SCORER, OR SCRIBER FOR ARTICLE OR PREFORM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with mechanical means to cut, score, or aid in describing lines on shaped stock (i.e., articles or incomplete articles of manufacture).

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56,for a process of bonding glass to a formed part combined with cutting, perforating or breaking of glass.
97,for a process of forming sheet from molten glass combined with severing or perforating.
105,for a process of reshaping a glass preform combined with severing or perforating.
112,for a process of severing or perforating a glass preform by a glass working operation.
207+,for gob charging means including means to sever a stream of glass into increments, combined with shape imparting receptacle means.
303,for gob shaping or treating means downstream of gob severing means.
334,for charge cutting or scraping means coating with a mold or dip stick to remove material therefrom.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

83Cutting,   subclasses 879+ for scoring apparatus, per se; see the collection of search notes thereunder for mechanically cutting, scoring or scribing hard or soft glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 175]    175With annealing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 174.  Apparatus in combination with annealing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 176]    176Running length:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 174.  Apparatus wherein the glass working or treating apparatus supplies material in continuously moving lengths to the cutter, scorer or scriber.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 177]    177Associated with article mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 174.  Apparatus wherein the cutter, scorer, or scriber is mounted adjacent to or on an article mold or preform mold.

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334,for a dynamic cutting means coating with a surface of a mold or charge confining means to sever a charge (gob) being fed thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 178]    178WITH AGITATOR FOR MOLTEN OR SOFT GLASS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means to agitate molten glass.

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35,for a process of vibrating, oscillating or agitating a preform combined with glass working or treating.
132.2+,and 134+, for a process of purifying or homogenizing molten glass which may include agitation of the molten glass.
302,for article forming means utilizing mold motion to distribute molten glass therein.

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366Agitating,   appropriate subclasses, for apparatus directed to agitating molten glass, per se. Patents defining apparatus for agitating molten glass which includes means for discharging the molten glass to a glass working zone or in combination with a refining and/or treating zone of a glass furnace are classified in Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 179]    179Delivery area associated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Apparatus in which the agitator is associated with a delivery area, e.g., gathering pool or feeding boot.

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330+,for glass feeder means including a plunger type discharge assistant means which may inherently agitate.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 180]    180Orifice associated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Apparatus in which the agitator is located adjacent a delivery orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 181]    181COMBINED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus which comprises means in addition to or combined with glass working apparatus (1) having working or treating functions other than glass working or treating, or (2) which serve to perfect the apparatus for its intended purpose.

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62,for a glass working process with a nonglass working operation.
335,for batch charging means combined with a glass furnace.

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53Package Making,   subclasses 79+ for means sealing-off glass receptacles by glass working combined with receptacle filling means.
118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 47+ for coating means involving carbonizing, flame contact or burning off of a coating ingredient (e.g., a carrier for glass enamel or fit); and subclasses 58+ for means for drying or means providing a noncoating treatment by gas or vapor.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 497 and 499 for means for applying and firing or fusing a ceramic decal to a glass substrate.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 182.1]    182.1WITH FLUID SUPPORT FOR ARTICLE OR PREFORM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means for supporting, e.g., floating, the glass on a fluid current or fluid surface, e.g., molten metal.

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25.1+,for a process which includes the injection of a gaseous fluid layer (acting as a parting material) between glass and the apparatus.
99.2+,for a process of forming a sheet glass by pouring molten glass onto a molten metal forming surface.

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226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   subclasses 97.1+ for apparatus for advancing material of indeterminate length utilizing fluid current support means.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 615.11+ a residual locus for a material fluid suspension guide or guard.
406Conveyors: Fluid Current,   appropriate subclasses for fluid current conveyors, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 182.2]    182.2Gaseous support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.1.  Apparatus in which the fluid support is gaseous.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 182.3]    182.3Means for treating or maintaining molten metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.1.  Apparatus including means for treating or maintaining the molten metal support.
(1) Note. Included herein are means to maintain better temperature distribution in the metal bath, means to limit contact with atmospheric gas, and means to free or prevent undesirable material from accumulating in the metal bath, etc.
(2) Note. Also included is molten metal effecting treatment of upper surface of glass advanced on molten metal bath.

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182.5,for differences in liner thickness or arrangement to cause desired heat transfer conditions along molten metal bath.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 182.4]    182.4Including preform width maintaining or stretching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.1.  Apparatus including means adjacent a sheet source to exert opposed lateral forces thereto to overcome the natural tendency of the sheet to narrow, or to adjust or maintain the sheet width.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 182.5]    182.5Structure or composition of lining material or arrangement with shell:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.1.  Apparatus in which the refractory lining is (a) made up or associated with specific material or has special structure, (b) specially arranged or associated with the outer shell.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 183]    183EXTRUSION DIE FORMER WITH UPSTREAM DISCHARGE ASSISTANT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including a molding orifice for shaping soft glass extruded therethrough by force applying means upstream thereof.

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495+,for an extrusion bushing in a filament or fiber making apparatus.

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72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 253.1+ for extrusion of metal through an orifice.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 376.1+ for shaping by die expressing apparatus of other nonmetallic material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 184]    184MEANS CHARGING CONTINUOUS FILM OR STRIP TO SEPARATE AND DISTINCT FORMER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including separate and distinct means for charging a claimed glass forming means with a continuous web of preliminary shaped sheet or ribbon of glass while in a workable condition.

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89,for a process of forming a film on a surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 185]    185Into sheet rolling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Apparatus wherein a sheet rolling means is the forming means.

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147+,for a similar combination combined with means for feeding and incorporating a wire layer.
245,for plural sheet rolling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 186]    186With auxiliary heating or cooling means upstream of rolling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Apparatus including means for heating or cooling the charge prior to rolling.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 187]    187MEANS DRAWING TUBE OR ROD STOCK FROM BATH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means utilizing inherent tackiness of molten glass for pulling glass into tube or rod form from a supply of molten glass - the initial form being defined, generally, by a bait.

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86+,for a process of drawing and simultaneously forming hollow stock.
89,for a process of film forming of hollow stock onto a surface.
183,for tube forming means comprising an extrusion die with discharge assistant means.
184,for tube formers including means charging a glass film on a mandrel.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 188]    188Drawing vertically upward:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 187.  Apparatus wherein the pulling means is located vertically above the molten supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 189]    189With product take-down means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Apparatus combined with means for subsequently handling a tubular or rod-shaped product thereof.

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414Material or Article Handling,   subclass 24 for glass cylinder take-down means, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 190]    190Means correlating air supply and bait movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Apparatus including means correlating an internal air supply means for the tube being drawn with movement of a bait.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 191]    191With internal core or centering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Apparatus including means located within a tube being drawn to control the shape of, or the surface of the internal wall of the tube, or means to center the tube during drawing.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 192]    192Air injection means extending through bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Apparatus wherein an internal air supply means for a tube being formed passes through the molten glass source into the lower portion of the tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 193]    193MEANS DRAWING SHEET FROM BATH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means utilizing inherent tackiness of molten glass for pulling glass in sheet form from a molten mass - the initial form generally being defined by bait means.

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90+,for a process of forming sheet from molten glass.
188+,for a means drawing a cylinder which subsequently may be cut and/or reshaped into panes.
253+,for sheet rolling means including means feeding a glass melt thereto.
258+,for a sheet casting means.

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226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   for means handling indeterminate lengths of sheet, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 194]    194With annealing or tempering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus combined with means for annealing or tempering the formed sheet.

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95+,for a process of forming a sheet including a step of annealing or tempering of the sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 195]    195Means dividing and recombining melt in draw chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus including means to separate a flow of molten glass into plural streams or films, usually two, and reuniting the streams to form the sheet.

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53,for a process of forming plural sheets or sheet-like streams from a common source in combination with a step of bonding; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 196]    196Vertically upwardly with means bending sheet to horizontal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus including means for continuously drawing a sheet vertically upwardly combined with means to change the direction of flow to the horizontal.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 197]    197With moving endless drawing or flattening table:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Apparatus combined with moving endless support means for drawing and/or flattening the sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 198]    198With coacting roll contacting surface of supply bath:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Apparatus including roller means positioned above, but in contact with the molten glass, and which determine the area of draw of sheet from the bath.

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185+,for sheet rolling means downstream of means forming and charging a sheet or strip of soft glass thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 199]    199With width maintaining and/or lateral stretching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus combined with means adjacent a sheet source or meniscus to exert opposed lateral forces thereto to overcome the natural tendency of the sheet to narrow during drawing or to increase the sheet width.

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91,for a process of forming a sheet including a step of applying internal tension to the sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 200]    200Stretching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 199.  Apparatus wherein the means applies sufficient forces transverse to the direction of draw to stretch the sheet laterally.

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92,for a process of forming a sheet including a step of smoothing the sheet subsequent to sheet formation.

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26Textiles: Cloth Finishing,   subclasses 71+ for cloth finishing apparatus comprising stretching or spreading means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 201]    201Adjustable width maintaining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 199.  Apparatus including means for positional adjustment of the width maintaining means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 202]    202With pivoted lip tile:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus including pivoted closure means which substantially isolate the atmosphere of a drawing chamber from that of the remainder of a glass furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 203]    203With auxiliary heating means for draw pot or drawing chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus including auxiliary means to heat glass in the draw pot or drawing chamber.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 204]    204With cooling means in drawing chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus including means in a drawing chamber to facilate cooling of the sheet.

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83,for a process of forming a glass article from molten glass including a step of cooling the glass at the forming area only.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 205]    205With radiant heat reflector in draw pot or drawing chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus including means in the drawing chamber or pot adjacent the sheet source for reflecting radiant energy.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 206]    206With skimmer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Apparatus comprising means to skim the surface of the molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 207]    207GOB CHARGING MEANS WITH SHAPE IMPARTING RECEPTACLE MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means dispensing discrete charges or portions of molten or soft glass combined with a receiving container means for preliminary shaping the charge and/or mold means for making a parison or product.

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72,for a process of forming a hollow article in mold cavity with step of charging mold cavity.
122,for a process of charging molten glass into mold cavity.
164,for a gatherer with control means responsive to a condition sensing means.
184+,for means charging soft sheet or strip glass to a glass forming means.
187+,for means for drawing a tubular preform.
193+,for means for continuous drawing tube or sheet, respectively.
258+,for sheet casting means including ladling or pot pouring means.

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141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coating Means,   appropriate subclasses for a process of, or apparatus of general application for dispensing fluent material including a receiver or receiver coaction.
249Static Molds,   appropriate subclasses, for shape imparting receptacle means, per se, for shaping glass.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 256+ for a female mold and means to feed measured charges of fluent material thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 208]    208With glass treating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Apparatus including means to anneal, temper, or otherwise treat the product formed.

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30+,for a process of chemically treating glass, and see the "Search Note" therein.
33.1+,for a process of devitrifying or vitrifying a crystalline glass preform.
303,for a gob shaping or treating means, per se, downstream of gob severing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 209]    209By fluid pressure discharge assistant means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Apparatus including means utilizing differential fluid pressure to assist or cause feeding of a charge.

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183,for extrusion die forming means having a positive discharge assistant means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 210]    210By suction gatherer mounted above supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Apparatus wherein a suction utilizing dispensing means is movably mounted above a pool of glass and cooperates therewith to gather a charge of glass therefrom.

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73,for a process of forming a hollow article combined with a step of charging a mold cavity by suction from upper surface of pool.
124,for a process of charging molten glass in a mold by utilizing suction.
125,for a process of gathering from an upper surface of a glass pool.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 211]    211With means correlating movable pool-closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Apparatus wherein a pool closure means has operating means correlated with means positioning the dispensing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 212]    212Gatherer moving transversely from orbit of traveling mold (i.e., ram type):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Apparatus including means mounting the gatherer for movement radially into, and out-of an orbit defined by traveling molds.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 213]    213Mold is gatherer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Apparatus wherein the dispensing means is structurally shaped to form an article or preform in situ.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 214]    214Parison mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.  Apparatus wherein the dispensing means is a mold for forming a hollow blank or preform.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 215]    215With plunger movable relative to mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.  Apparatus including a reciprocating part coating with the mold to force glass into contours of the mold, or which forms the initial cavity for a subsequent blowing.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 216]    216With separate, distinct blow mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Apparatus including a sequentially used separate and distinct blow mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 217]    217Diverse molds traveling concentric orbits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.  Apparatus including blank molds mounted to travel in an orbit concentric to orbiting molds of diverse type.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 218]    218Finish mold pivotally mounted below parison"s orbit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Apparatus including means pivotally mounting a finish mold below the orbit of the blank mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 219]    219With blow means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.  Apparatus including means to form the initial opening in the glass charge by gas pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 220]    220Sequentially used, distinct molds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Apparatus wherein the glass is formed in sequentially used distinct molds.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 221]    221By delivery from tank feeder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Apparatus wherein dispensing is through orifice means below the level of molten glass in a glass delivery zone.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 222]    222To parallel mold tables:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Apparatus including means distributing the charges to sets of molds carried by mold supporting means arranged in parallel.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 223]    223With press means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Apparatus including plunger means coating with the mold means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 224]    224With diverse molding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.  Apparatus combined with diverse molding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 225]    225With gob guide means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Apparatus with means to guide the gob to a shape imparting receptacle means.

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222,for a charge distributor combined with a tank feeder and mold means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 226]    226With press means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Apparatus wherein the shaping means includes press molding means.

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215,for similar structure combined with a suction gathering means having a dual function of forming a parison.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 227]    227DIVERSE DISTINCT GLASSWORKING APPARATUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus having glass working means identifiable as separate units each doing a complete operation of a different kind, e.g. glass pressing means and glass blowing means.

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78+,for a process including diverse glass working steps for making a hollow product in a mold cavity.
140,for press mold means combined with uniting means in electronic envelope header, terminal or stem making apparatus.
156,for fusion bonding means combined with article molding means.
166+,for a perforator combined with other glass working means.
174+,for cutting, scoring or scribing means combined with a glass working or treating means.
184+,for means charging a strip or sheet to a separate and distinct forming means.
207+,for diverse glass working means combined with means to charge soft glass thereto.

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425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 324+ for diverse distinct shaping means; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 228]    228Marvering means with blow means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Apparatus including plate on which a gather of glass is rolled, shaped and cooled combined with means to blow glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 229]    229Press means with blow means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Apparatus comprising press forming means combined with means to shape by inflating a charge or preform.

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79+,for a process of forming a hollow article including steps of pressing and blowing.
215+,for press and blow means combined with a suction gatherer.
224,for press forming means combined with diverse molding means and gob feeding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 230]    230With reheating means therebetween:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Apparatus in combination with means located between the press-forming means and the blowing means to reheat the material being shaped.

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63,for a process of forming a glass part from molten glass, reheating and reworking the same.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 231]    231Blank mold encaseable in finish mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Apparatus comprising a blank mold nested within a blow mold during a parison forming operation with means withdrawing the blank mold to permit subsequent blowing of the parison mold in the blow mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 232]    232With mold inverting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Apparatus including a mold with mounting means for turning the mold upside down or vice versa.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 233]    233With pneumatic charge compacting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Apparatus including means for creating a pressure differential between a charging opening of a mold and another passage whereby a charge is forced into contact with the mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 234]    234Settle-blow means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.  Apparatus comprising means for applying super-atmospheric pressure through the charge opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 235]    235Neck mold inverting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Apparatus wherein the mold is a neck mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 236]    236With parison mold inverting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Apparatus wherein a parison mold also is inverted.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 237]    237Diverse molds traveling concentric orbits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Apparatus including a group of press forming molds and a group of blow molds with movable carrier means therefor, the carrier means transporting one group in an orbit concentric to an orbit over which the other group is moved.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 238]    238With diverse motion of mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Apparatus wherein molds of one group are mounted for diverse movement other than for mere opening or closing of a segmented mold.

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218,for gob charging and shape imparting receptacle means having diverse molds traveling concentric orbits including a finish mold pivotally mounted below a parison mold"s orbit.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 239]    239With movable work transfer means between orbits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Apparatus in combination with means to transfer work from a mold of one group to a mold in the other group.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 240]    240Plural traveling mold carriers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Apparatus combined with movable carrier means for press mold means and movable carrier means for blow mold means.

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237+,for diverse molds mounted to travel concentric orbits.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 241]    241With movable intermediate work transfer means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Apparatus in combination with work transfer means for transferring work from the press mold means to the blow mold means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 242]    242Reciprocating mold bottom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Apparatus including a mold having a bottom portion mounted to reciprocate with respect to side walls thereof between a first and second position.

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231,for a parison mold encaseable in a finish mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 243]    243PLURAL DISTINCT GLASSWORKING APPARATUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising two or more glass working means, identifiable as separate units, of the same kind, e.g. plural pressing apparatus.
(1) Note. Plural preform reshaping apparatus which cooperate to produce a unitary result are excluded from this subclass and are located in subclasses 275 and 286.

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77,for a process of forming a hollow article involving plural distinct shaping steps.
227+,for plural blow means combined with press means (generally the press means being limited to the formation of the initial cavity in a charge with simultaneous neck forming of the article).

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425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 334 for sets of preform convoluting or twisting means, subclasses 335+ for sets of shaping means comprising an endless surface, subclasses 340+ for plural preform reshaping means, and subclasses 346+ for plural sets of male-female shaping couples.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 244]    244Spaced preform reheating means with reshaping means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Apparatus comprising at least two work stations each including reheating and reshaping means.

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64,for a process of forming apart from molten glass, reheating and grossly reshaping same.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 245]    245Sheet rolling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Apparatus comprising plural rolling means arranged to provide plural distinct rolling operation.

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98,for a process of simultaneously forming plural separate sheets.
185+,for means charging sheet or strip to separate and distinct glass forming rolls.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 246]    246Plural presses:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Apparatus comprising plural male-die means and plural molds, each die-mold couple providing a separate shaping of soft glass.

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227+,for diverse distinct glass working apparatus.
305+,for a press molding machine having a single plunger and plural molds or having plural plungers and a single mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 247]    247Plungers sequentially coacting with same mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Apparatus including plural plunger means mounted and actuated to cooperate sequentially with the same mold.

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305+,for a press molding machine and especially subclasses 308+ for a single plunger coating with successively presented molds; see the "Search Notes" under subclass 305.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 248]    248With relative rotation between plunger and mold during withdrawal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Apparatus including means to cause relative rotation between the plunger and mold during the extraction of the plunger from a molded article.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 249]    249Plungers oppositely disposed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 248.  Apparatus wherein plungers are mounted to coact through opposite walls of a mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 250]    250Plungers oppositely disposed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Apparatus wherein plungers are mounted to coact through opposite walls of a mold.

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258,for a press plunger combined with movable core means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 251]    251Plungers orbiting above orbiting molds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Apparatus including means orbiting the plungers above orbiting molds.

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237+,for a similar relationship in a press and blow machine including molds traveling concentric orbits.
240+,for a similar relationship in a press and blow machine including traveling mold carriers.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 252]    252Fire-polishing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Apparatus comprising distinct fire-polishing means.

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284,for fire-polishing means, per se, and see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 253]    253ROLLING MEANS TO FORM SHEET OR STRIP:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising a pass defined by a roll, and a coating surface between which a feed of soft glass is formed into a sheet.

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90+,for a process of forming sheet from molten glass, especially subclasses 99+ for sheet rolling.
143+,for ball rolling apparatus; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
148+,for glass to wire laminating means including means to feed the wire thereto.
154,for glass to wire laminating means.
185+,for means charging a continuous strip or film to sheet rolling means.
193+,for forming rolls combined with sheet drawing means.
245,for plural distinct rolling means.
370.1,for roller means for glassworking, tempering, or annealing.

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29Metal Working,   appropriate subclasses, for combined metal working and diverse mechanical or miscellaneous manufacturing devices which include rollers.
72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 199+ and 365.2 for a process or apparatus for rolling metal.
100Presses,   appropriate subclasses, for presses having rolls.
164Metal Founding,   subclass 428 for continuous metal casting apparatus including cooperating rolls.
165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 89+ for heated or cooled rolls, per se.
404Road Structure, Process, or Apparatus,   subclasses 122+ , for road and pavement smoothing devices.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 363+ for a press forming means, press reshaping means or vulcanizing means comprising an endless surface and coating means; see the search notes thereunder.
492Roll or Roller,   for a roll, per se, not elsewhere classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 254]    254With treating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Apparatus combined with glass treating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 255]    255With corrugating or surface imprinting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Apparatus including (1) a means for impressing a design or particular configuration in the surface of the sheet, or (2) means for corrugating the sheet.

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93,for a process of sheet forming with step of corrugating, embossing or surface deformation of sheet.

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101Printing,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 3.1+ for embossing apparatus, per se.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses for laminating combined with surface deformation; note especially subclasses 183+ for sheet deforming means, per se.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 152 for a glass sheet which may have a rugose or other textured surface, subclasses 156+ for stock material including a layer of varying thickness, subclasses 182+ for a stock material product having corrugations, and subclasses 194+ for a glass article having a differential or discontinuous coating thereon (e.g., print, design).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 256]    256Roll coacting with planar platen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Apparatus in which the coating surface comprises a flat plate.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 257]    257Reciprocating platen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 256.  Apparatus including means to reciprocate the plate with respect to the roll.

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100,for a process of forming a sheet including the step of pouring molten glass onto a moving surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 258]    258SHEET CASTING AND RECEIVING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising molten glass pouring means combined with a receiving means providing a flat surface in which the molten glass spreads by force of gravity.

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99.2+,for a process of forming sheet glass by pouring molten glass onto a forming surface.

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156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 500 for casting means combined with adhesive bonding apparatus.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 396 for means casting on an endless surface with cooperating harvesting means, and subclass 224 for a fluent stock casting means operably associated with a shaping surface to form an indefinite length product.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 259]    259With pot handling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 258.  Apparatus wherein the pouring means comprises a melting pot combined with means for handling and pouring from the pot.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 260]    260WITH MEANS ABOVE MOLD TO TAKE-OUT OR TRANSFER PRODUCT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including mold means combined with means mounted to remove the product from an upper side of the mold.
(1) Note. Since product ejectors working through the bottom of the mold are widely used, no collection of art has been made; thus, a search for such ejectors includes all of subclasses 261+ and 305+.

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239,and 241, for transfer means in a press-blow machine.

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414Material or Article Handling,   appropriate subclasses for article transfer means, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 261]    261BLOWING MEANS WITH BLOW MOLD:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means utilizing differential gas pressure inflating a glass charge having a preliminary cavity therein in a female mold thereby imparting a shape thereto.

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81,for a process of forming a hollow product in a mold cavity utilizing differential gas pressure.
207+,for glass blowing apparatus combined with means charging a gob thereto.
227+,for glass blowing apparatus combined with diverse glass working means.
243+,for apparatus including plural distinct glass blowing units.

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425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 297 for the combination of means shaping a parison from bulk material with downstream blow shaping means and severing means therebetween; subclass 326 for extrusion shaping apparatus with downstream blow shaping means and subclasses 387+ for a preform reshaping means utilizing work contacting fluid pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 262]    262With treating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Apparatus in combination with means to treat a product being formed.

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69,for a process of forming a hollow article in a mold cavity combined with annealing or tempering.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 263]    263Combined with vacuum means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Apparatus in combination with means to reduce the pressure exteriorly of the charge to less than atmospheric.

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233+,for a press and blow machine utilizing vacuum means to compact a charge in a mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 264]    264Traveling mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Apparatus including moving mold support means mounting a mold for travel from one position to another.
(1) Note. Opening and closing means for segmented molds are classified below in subclasses 357+.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 265]    265With means heating and/or cooling apparatus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Apparatus in combination with apparatus heating or cooling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 266]    266Mold rotary about own axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Apparatus in combination with means to rotate the mold about its own axis.

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71,for a process of forming a hollow article in a mold cavity combined with a step of spreading the glass by rotation of the mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 267]    267With means heating and/or cooling apparatus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Apparatus in combination with apparatus heating or cooling.

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265,for a blow mold machine including a traveling mold and apparatus heating or cooling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 268]    268PREFORM RESHAPING MEANS WITH TREATING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising preform reshaping means combined with distinct treating means.

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104,for a process of reshaping a glass preform combined with annealing, tempering or fire-polishing.
227+,for diverse distinct glass working apparatus including fire-polishing means.

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148Metal Treatment,   subclass 11.5 for combined working and heat treatment of metals; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 269]    269GLASSWORKING OR PREFORM BY OR WITH REHEATING MEANS (E.G., FLAME SEVERING):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising preform supporting means combined with heating means for accomplishing a glass working operation.
(1) Note. Heating of a preform so that the outer surface becomes molten and is shaped by surface tension and/or gravity is considered a glass working operation.

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102+,for a process of reshaping a glass preform.
152+,for fusion bonding means including work holders and heating means; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.

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148Metal Treatment,   subclass 9 for a process of cutting metal by heat.
432Heating,   subclasses 122+ , for a residual heating device having means manipulating or orienting an article.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 270]    270Envelope tipping off type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus for tipping off a glass envelope (e.g., of an electronic device) with or without means to exhaust gas therein.

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34,for a process of sealing off a gas evacuating opening.

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53Package Making,   subclasses 79+ for apparatus including means for gas filling and/or evacuating of a receptacle and closing means.
141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coating Means,   subclass 65 for evacuation means in fluent material handling apparatus having receiver or receiver coating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 271]    271Heating means movable relative to work during shaping operation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus in which the heating means is movable relative to the stock during a reshaping operation.
(1) Note. Means merely positioning a burner are classified in the remaining subclasses under subclass 269.

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57,for a process of bonding which includes relative rotation of work and heating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 272]    272Work, workholder, or tool correlated burner control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus wherein the heating means is a burner having control means therefore mechanically connected for correlation with the movement of a preform, a work holder, or tool.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 273]    273Planar sheet preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus including means for converting sheet stock to or from planar sheet.

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103,for a process of reshaping a preform utilizing a heat sink or shield.
106,for a process of bending or curving sheet stock.
197,for means drawing sheet vertically combined with means to flattening the sheet after directional change to the horizontal.
268,for sheet flattening means combined with annealing means.
287+,for sheet bending molds, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 274]    274With spaced preheating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus including preheating means spaced from the reheating and/or reshaping means.

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244,for plural distinct glass working apparatus including spaced preform reheating and reshaping means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 275]    275Mechanical means to reshape preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus in combination with mechanical means for performing a shaping or finishing operation on a softened preform.

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64,for a process of forming a glass part from molten glass, reheating and grossly reshaping it.
140,for press mold means used to reshape preforms in electronic envelope header making apparatus.
244+,for preform heating means combined with spaced reshaping means.

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72Metal Deforming,   appropriate subclasses, for apparatus for bending or otherwise shaping metal while in self-sustaining condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 276]    276Tubular type preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 275.  Apparatus wherein the preform is of tubular shape.

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108+,for a process of reshaping a tubular preform, with retention of internal cavity.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 277]    277By resizing mandrel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Apparatus including means internally of the stock to shape the bore thereof to an accurate cross-section (generally utilizing differential air pressure to force the softened glass to conform to the contour of the internal means).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 278]    278Means supporting and orbiting preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Apparatus including means movably supporting the stock for travel in a circular or elliptical path.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 279]    279Preform supported horizontally:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.  Apparatus in which the stock is supported horizontally.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 280]    280Preform supported vertically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.  Apparatus in which the stock is supported vertically.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 281]    281By bending means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Apparatus comprising means to curve stock, or to straighten curved stock.

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273,for means for converting sheet stock to or from planar sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 282]    282By internal forming means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Apparatus comprising means for reshaping an internal surface of the stock.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 283]    283By stretching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Apparatus including means to elongate.

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270,for glass envelope tipping off by stretching means.
278,for hollow stock stretching means including orbiting stock supporting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 284]    284Fire-polishing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus including means to heat a surface layer of a preform to a molten condition whereby surface tension and/or gravity eliminates defects thereon.

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65,for a process of forming an article from molten glass followed by fire-polishing.
104,for a process of reshaping combined with fire-polishing a preform.
120,for a process of treating a preform by flame only.
227+,for diverse glass working including fire-polishing.
252,for plural distinct fire-polishing means in a single apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 285]    285To reshape preform by flame pressure or gravity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Apparatus wherein a preform supporting means holds a heat softened preform in a manner permitting reshaping by gravity or pressure of a flame.

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113,for a treating process including perforating or severing by flame.
166,for perforating apparatus including flame means.
273,for apparatus for reshaping sheet stock including sagging on a bending mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 286]    286PREFORM RESHAPING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means for performing a shaping operation on a previously formed blank while in a soft state.

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102+,for a process of reshaping of a glass preform.
275+,for glass preform reshaping apparatus combined with reheating means.

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425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 383+ for a preform reshaping or resizing means, or means to vulcanize a preform on a conforming support; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 287]    287Sheet bending mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Apparatus for bending sheet glass which apparatus includes a mold surface having a desired configuration onto which a sheet in a soft state settles freely into conformity with the shaping surface.
(1) Note. Also included within the scope of this and indented subclasses are patents claiming means to assist in the bending operation.

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106+,for a process of reshaping a glass sheet.
197,for flattening tables combined with glass drawing means.
273,for apparatus to reshape planar stock combined with reheating means.

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72Metal Deforming,   appropriate subclasses, for a process or an apparatus for bending or otherwise shaping metal plastically.
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses for work holders of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 288]    288With heat shield or heat sink:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Apparatus having (1) means thereon capable of absorbing large quantities of heat and used as a heat absorber or reservoir, or (2) barrier means preventing heat from reaching a portion of an apparatus or stock.

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103,for a process reshaping a glass preform utilizing a heat shield or sink.
104,for a process of reshaping a glass preform which includes a step of fire polishing, tempering or annealing.

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126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 400 for a heat accumulator, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 289]    289Including auxiliary movable sheet support or movable sheet guide means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Apparatus wherein additional movable sheet supporting or sheet guide means are provided to aid in the glass bending operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 290]    290Movable mold section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Apparatus wherein the mold has a movable section.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 291]    291Having movable section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Apparatus wherein the mold has a movable section.

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368+,for a segmented forming mold having a cavity.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 292]    292Cylindrical preform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Apparatus in which the preformed blank is cylindrical in cross-section, e.g. bottle necks.

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108+,for a process of reshaping a hollow glass preform.
276+,for hollow stock reshaping apparatus combined with reheating means.

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72Metal Deforming,   subclasses 274+ for a process or apparatus for "drawing" metal through an orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 293]    293By threading means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Apparatus in which the reshaping means includes means to form threads.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 294]    294By expansible mandrel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Apparatus in which the reshaping means includes an internal forming spindle having means to increase its effective diameter.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 295]    295By crimping means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Apparatus in which the reshaping means includes crimping means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 296]    296By internal and external forming means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Apparatus wherein the reshaping means includes separate means for simultaneously reshaping internal and external surfaces of cylindrical stock.

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282,for similar apparatus combined with reheating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 297]    297Both rotary driven:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 296.  Apparatus in which both forming means are caused to rotate by driving means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 298]    298Rotary internal, stationary external:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 296.  Apparatus in which the internal forming means is caused to rotate while the external forming means remains stationary.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 299]    299By flaring means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Apparatus in which the shaping means consists of means to spread or flare the end portion of cylindrical stock.

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295,for flaring means combined with crimping means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 300]    300MEANS APPLYING PNEUMATIC PRESSURE INSIDE OF DISCRETE CHARGE (I.E., BLOW MEANS):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means subjecting a discrete portion of soft glass, having a cavity therein, to a differential gas pressure to cause ballooning thereof.

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110,for a process for reshaping hollow shaped preform utilizing vacuum or gas pressure.
187+,for tube drawing means including means for introducing air in the tube simultaneously.
243+,for plural blowing means.
261+,for a glass blowing machine utilizing a blow mold.
276+,for hollow glass preform reshaping means including inflating means combined with reheating means.
292+,for apparatus for reshaping cylindrical stock including inflating means.
353+,for a drawing bait with air supply means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 301]    301With selective control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Apparatus in combination with means to selectively control the ballooning.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 302]    302ARTICLE FORMING MEANS UTILIZING MOLD MOTION (E.G., CENTRIFUGAL CASTING):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising forming means including a mold, and means imparting motion to the mold to cause or enhance shaping of a charge of soft glass.

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71,for a process of forming a hollow article in a mold cavity combined with the step of spreading the glass by rotating the mold.
266,for blow molding apparatus including means to rotate a mold about its axis.

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164Metal Founding,   subclasses 286+ for centrifugal metal casting apparatus and subclass 114 for corresponding methods.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 425+ for means utilizing mold motion to distribute or compact stock therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 303]    303GOB SHAPING OR TREATING MEANS DOWNSTREAM OF GOB SEVERING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means to shape, modify, or treat a gob prior to its entry into a mold, with a severing means located upstream therefrom.

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127,for a process of gob shaping or treating subsequent to the discharge of the gob through an orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 304]    304WITH GOB HANDLING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus combined with means for conveying and/or delaying a glass charge from a feeding means to its point of use, e.g. a mold.

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225,for the combination of a gob feeder, conveyor, or guide means and shape imparting receptacle means.

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193Conveyors, Chutes, Skids, Guides, and Ways,   appropriate subclasses, for chute type apparatus for handling glass charges, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 305]    305PRESS MOLDING MACHINE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Article forming means comprising a dynamic male member co-acting with a cavity in a female mold.
(1) Note. If a neck-ring, baffle, or plunger follower contacts the female mold prior to, or simultaneous with a pressing operation on a charge, the patent is placed here.

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140,for electronic envelope header, terminal or stem making apparatus including press mold means.
156,for article forming means combined with uniting means.
166,for perforating means combined with glass press molding means.
177,for mechanical cutting scoring or scribing means combined with mold means.
207+,for press means combined with means to charge a mold, especially subclasses 215+, 223 and 226.
227+,for a press molding machine combined with diverse glass working means.
246+,for a combination of plural press machines.
247+,for press molding apparatus wherein a neck-ring, baffle, or plunger follower preliminarily shapes a charge with subsequent and final shaping accomplished by a dynamic plunger.

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100Presses,   appropriate subclasses, for residual processes and apparatus for subjecting material to compressive forces.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 406+ for a press forming apparatus having opposed press members; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 306]    306With product treating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus combined with product treating (e.g. annealing) means.

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69,for a process of forming a hollow article in a mold cavity with the step of annealing or tempering.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 307]    307Mold ring or baffle laterally and movably supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus including mold closure means or mold rings mounted by a lateral support for movement to or from engagement with a mold body.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 308]    308Plunger coacting with successively presented molds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus comprising a single plunger co-acting with individual molds of a group successively presented by movable mold support means.

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251+,for orbiting plungers cooperating with orbiting molds in a press molding machine.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 309]    309Relative rotation between plunger and orbiting mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Apparatus including means providing relative rotation between a plunger and a mold traveling in an orbit.

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248+,for similar structure in a multiple press.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 310]    310Independent dies actuated by common plunger:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Apparatus comprising a plurality of male shaping members detachably carried and independently inserted into a mold by a single, commonly used reciprocating shaft.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 311]    311Means providing orbiting mold with diverse motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Apparatus including means to cause movement (other than mere opening and closing in situ) of an orbiting mold, as a unit, into and out of a path defined by the orbit of the mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 312]    312Mold orbiting about horizontal axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Apparatus wherein a mold while orbiting defines a vertical layer having a horizontal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 313]    313Vertically segmented orbiting mold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Apparatus including an orbiting mold divided perpendicularly with respect to a horizontal plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 314]    314Plural motors coaxial with plunger:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus including plural motors arranged coaxially with a plunger.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 315]    315With core drawing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus in combination with means to withdraw a core from a mold cavity.

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249Static Molds,   subclasses 63+ for mold with core and having means to remove core.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 316]    316With means to rotate plunger during withdrawal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus including means to provide relative rotation between a plunger and a mold during separation thereof.

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248+,for a similar relationship in apparatus providing plural molds and plural co-acting plungers.
309+,for a similar relationship of plunger and mold in apparatus providing plural orbiting molds with a single co-acting plunger.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 317]    317Means reciprocating or oscillating female mold member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus including means movably mounting a female mold for oscillatory or reciprocatory movement, generally to provide engagement with a substantially stationary male member.

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232+,for mold inverting means in a press and blow machine.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 318]    318With means varying plunger pressure during pressing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus including means to vary the pressure applied to a plunger during pressing.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 319]    319With means for heating or cooling apparatus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus combined with means to heat or cool the apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 320]    320Selectively operated plural plungers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus comprising plural plungers with means to selectively present and individually operate them at a single station - generally to a manually presented female mold.

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308+,for apparatus including a single plunger co-acting with a single mold of a group with movable mold supporting means successively presenting a mold to the plunger.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 321]    321Plunger penetrating superimposed mold table:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus comprising a plunger reciprocating from a position below a mold table into a pressing position through the table.

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232,for a press and blow machine including mold inverting means, especially subclasses 235+ for a plunger operating from below.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 322]    322With means to adjust plunger stroke:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Apparatus including means to adjust the travel of the plunger.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 323]    323PRODUCT OR PARISON CENTERING MEANS, OR MOLD AND/OR CORE ALIGNING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means for (1) orientating a product with respect to a glass working or handling means prior to co-action therewith, or (2) product hold-down means for retaining a product"s position upon opening of a mold or shaping means, or (3) means for aligning parts of a mold or a mold and its core during or upon completion of translation thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 324]    324MOLTEN GLASS DISPENSING MEANS (E.G., FEEDER OR LADLE):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means (with or without severing means) to supply increments of molten glass to a shaping tool or machine by slug feeding means, gathering means or ladling means.

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125,for a process of gathering from an upper surface of a glass pool.
207+,for the combination of molding apparatus and means to charge the apparatus.
336,for a gathering pool-type glass furnace.
347+,for residual glass furnaces.

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212Traversing Hoists,   subclasses 336+ for non motor powered traversing hoists.
221Article Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses, for article dispensing of general utility.
222Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses, for processes and apparatus of general application for dispensing of materials which may be in any physical state, e.g. liquid, gas, etc.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 447+ for a shaping surface and means to feed fluent stock thereto; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 325]    325Discharge orifice below melt level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Apparatus wherein the glass is discharged through an orifice or weir located below the level of the melt.

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126+,for a process of discharging molten glass downwardly through an orifice.
221+,for similarly apparatus combined with shape imparting receiving means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 326]    326With auxiliary heating or cooling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 325.  Apparatus with additional heating or cooling means for conditioning the glass.

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337+,for supplemental heating or cooling means associated with the pool of a glass furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 327]    327At orifice:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Apparatus wherein the heating or cooling means is located at, or immediately adjacent to the discharge orifice.

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128,for a process of discharging molten glass downwardly through an orifice with the step of varying the temperature of the glass at or adjacent the orifice.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 328]    328Plural plunger-type discharge assistants or discharge orifices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 325.  Apparatus having: (1) A plurality of plungers which act as discharge assistants, or (2) a plurality of orifices through which glass is discharged.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 329]    329By differential gas pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 325.  Apparatus in which the molten glass is caused to be discharged through the orifice by (1) fluid means under pressure and in direct contact with the glass, or (2) vacuum means.

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124,for a process of charging a mold with molten glass by suction.
130+,for a process of controlling flow through a delivery orifice by use of differential gas pressure.
209,for gob charging means utilizing fluid pressure discharge assistant means in combination with shape imparting receiving means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 330]    330By reciprocating plunger-type discharge assistant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 325.  Apparatus including means reciprocally plunging within the molten glass substantially co-axial with the orifice whereby the volume is controlled or varied.

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129,for a process of discharging molten glass downwardly through an orifice with means permitting flow control or arresting of flow through the orifice.

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222Dispensing,   subclasses 282+ for dispensing means having volume varying means, and subclass 340 for reciprocating impeller volume varying means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 331]    331With diverse motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 330.  Apparatus wherein the plunger has motion in addition to reciprocating.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 332]    332With severing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 330.  Apparatus combined with means to sever the dispensed glass.

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221+,for similar structure combined with molding apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 333]    333Discharge lip with discharge assistant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Apparatus comprising a pulsating means creating wave like motion in the glass causing discrete portions of glass to break over a weir-type discharge opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 334]    334WITH MOLTEN GLASS CHARGE CUTTING OR SCRAPING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including (1) molten glass severing or scraping means, per se, constructed to co-act with a surface of a charge confining means (e.g. a surface of a mold), or (2) such means claimed in combination with a fragment of glass working apparatus, or (3) gob shears, per se, not elsewhere classified.

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133,for a process comprising severing a stream of molten glass; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
207+,for combination apparatus comprising gob charging means and shape imparting receptacle means with or without molten glass severing means.
303,for a gob shaping or treating means located downstream of a gob severing means.
324,for molten glass dispensing means with or without molten glass severing means, especially subclass 332 for a tank feeder with a plunger-type discharge assistant and a severing means.

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83Cutting,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 600 and 623 for gob shears, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 335]    335GLASS FURNACE WITH FURNACE CHARGING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means to feed raw materials combined with a melting furnace including structurally defined refining or delivery zones.

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146,for means to feed coloring additives to a glass melt.
347,for glass furnaces, per se.

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414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 147+ for a chamber of a type utilized for a heating function and means for charging or discharging the chamber, and see particularly subclasses 165+ of that area.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for glass heating apparatus combined with a glass batch feeder to form molten glass and not including structural features peculiar to working or treating of the molten glass. The claiming of means to convey the molten glass to a working zone does not exclude the patent from Class 432 unless the zone is structurally defined.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 336]    336GATHERING OR DRAWING POOL TYPE FURNACE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising furnaces having a structurally defined area, permitting removal (e.g., by drawing, ladling, etc.) of molten glass from a pool by means located there above.

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125,for a process of gathering from an upper surface of a glass pool.
324+,for glass furnaces including means to dispense glass.

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432Heating,   appropriate subclasses, for glass heating apparatus including means to heat molten glass in a receptacle from which molten glass is gathered or drawn therefrom to form a glass product; however, structure peculiar to gathering, or drawing will cause placement in Class 65.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 337]    337Supplemental heating or heat exchange means associated with pool:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Apparatus including heating or cooling means located within or immediately adjacent the pool area.

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203,for sheet drawing means in combination with heating means in the drawing area.
204,for sheet drawing means in combination with cooling means in the drawing area.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 338]    338With deputer, draw ring, or draw shield:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 337.  Apparatus including (1) means in molten glass defining a source of draw and/or (2) means shielding an area of draw.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 339]    339Separate and distinct means defining pool (e.g., floor-supported dam):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Apparatus including means isolating the pool area from a refining and/or melting area.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 340]    340Movably mounted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Apparatus comprising support means movably mounting structure defining a pool.

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173,for identical pool structures mounted for alternate use.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 341]    341Cascadingly connected:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Apparatus including a connection between two pools arranged in a step wise or cascading fashion wherein the glass residing in the upper pool flows into the lower level in a falling stream.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 342]    342By bridge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Apparatus wherein the isolating means is a wall retained bridge-type barrier providing for molten glass passage thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 343]    343Floating bridge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 342.  Apparatus wherein a bridge floats in the molten glass and is restrained to vertical movement by guide means in a furnace wall.
(1) Note. A floating bridge, per se, is placed here.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 344]    344With deputer, draw ring, or draw shield:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Apparatus including (1) means in a pool of molten glass defining a source of draw and/or (2) means shielding an area of draw.
(1) Note. A deputer, per se, is placed in this subclass.

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338,for a similar combination combined with a heater or heat exchange means for the deputer, draw ring, or draw shield.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 345]    345By suspended baffle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Apparatus including baffle means suspended downward from above the molten glass into or adjacent the glass for controlling the flow of heater gasses above the glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 346]    346GLASS CONDITIONING CHANNEL SECTION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means defining a flow confining channel between furnace sections with means in the channel to adjust the consistency of molten glass therein.

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324+,for a glass furnace combination including molten glass dispensing means especially subclass 326 for auxiliary heating or cooling means in a dispensing zone.
337+,for supplemental heating or heat exchange means in a gathering pool type furnace.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 347]    347MELTING POT OR FURNACE WITH STRUCTURALLY DEFINED DELIVERY OR FINING ZONE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising a furnace or melting pot including (1) a melting zone and a structural defined refining zone and/or (2) a structurally defined delivery zone without requiring a dispensing means or structure defining a gathering pool.

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134.1+,for a process of purifying glass subsequent to flowing from a melting zone.
178+,for a glass furnace combined with means for agitating molten glass.
324+,for a glass furnace combined with molten glass dispensing means.
335+,for a combination of furnace charging means and a glass furnace.
336+,for a glass furnace of the gathering or drawing pool type.
346+,for a channel section including means to place a glass melt into working condition.

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219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclasses, especially 772 for a capacitive dielectric heater peculiar to fluent material.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 27+ for glass furnaces having electrical heating means and for processes of manipulating an electric glass furnace. See subclass 134 in Class 65 for the lines between Class 65 and Class 373.
432Heating,   appropriate subclasses for furnaces or melting pots of general application including glass melting furnaces or pots without structurally defined fining or delivery zones.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 348]    348PRODUCT COOLING MEANS (E.G., TEMPERING):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including positive means to cool a glass product, e.g. air blast tempering means.

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69,for a process of forming a hollow article in mold cavity with the step of annealing or tempering.
114+,for a process of tempering.
161,for similar apparatus including automatic control means.
194,for sheet drawing means combined with annealing or tempering means.
204,for sheet drawing means combined with sheet cooling means.
262,for glass blowing apparatus combined with treating means.
268,for the combination of preform reshaping means and treating means.
303,for gob treating means downstream of gob shearing means.
306,for a press molding machine combined with treating means.
507+,and 510+, for means to heat or cool a formed glass fiber.

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34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses for a process or apparatus for gas-solid contacting not elsewhere provided for.
148Metal Treatment,   appropriate subclasses for a metal treating process.
165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses for process or apparatus of general application for exchanging heat, especially subclasses 58+ for combined heating and cooling.
219Electric Heating,   subclass 388 for electrical heating means combined with an article conveyor.
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   appropriate subclasses for spray nozzle arrangements and nozzle detail.
266Metallurgical Apparatus,   subclasses 249+ for solid metal treating apparatus.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 445+ for means treating a product of apparatus of this class not otherwise provided for; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 349]    349With preceding reheater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 348.  Apparatus combined with means to heat the product prior to exposure to positive cooling means.

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165Heat Exchange,   subclass 65 for a heater and cooler successively traversed by material moving through a heat exchanger of general utility.
219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclasses for an electric heater.
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   appropriate subclasses for an electric furnace.
432Heating,   subclasses 77+ , for a residual heater combined with work cool down means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 350]    350Plural spaced reheaters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 349.  Apparatus wherein means to heat comprise spaced distinct heating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 351]    351Plural spaced cooling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 349.  Apparatus including spaced cooling means providing distinct cooling zones downstream of the heating means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

115,for a process of differential or localized tempering.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 352]    352DRAWING BAIT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising means for starting and defining the shape of a draw of glass from a source molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 353]    353With air supply means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 352.  Apparatus including means to supply air internally of the glass being drawn.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 354]    354With heating or cooling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 353.  Apparatus including heating or cooling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 355]    355MEANS HEATING OR COOLING APPARATUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including means to heat or cool the apparatus.

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169,for positive means for cleaning apparatus some of which inherently heat or cool.
265,for apparatus heating or cooling means in a glass blowing machine having traveling molds.
267,for similar structure combined with blowing apparatus.
319,for a press molding machine including apparatus heating or cooling means.
326+,for molten glass dispensing means with auxiliary heating or cooling means.
337+,for supplemental heating or heat exchange means in a gathering pool of a furnace.
354,for a bait having heating or cooling means.

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165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses for residual heat exchange apparatus of general application.
219Electric Heating,   appropriate subclasses for electrical heating means, per se.
249Static Molds,   subclasses 79+ for molds including heating means and subclass 111 for molds including a solid heat conductor, i.e., chill or insulator.
431Combustion,   appropriate subclasses for liquid or gaseous fuel burners, per se.
432Heating,   subclasses 233+ , for a residual heating apparatus element having protective cooling structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 356]    356Internally positioned:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 355.  Apparatus in which the heating or cooling means is (1) encased by parts of the apparatus, or (2) involves internal structure thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 357]    357MOLD WITH SEPARATING MEANS OR CLAMPING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus including (1) a mold and means which acts to separate the mold into two or more distinct portions, or (2) a mold combined with mold clamping means.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 455+ for clamps of general utility; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
74Machine Element or Mechanism,   appropriate subclasses, for mechanical movements, per se.
292Closure Fasteners,   appropriate subclasses for closure fasteners of general application.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 450+ for a segmented female mold and mold opening and closing or clamping means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 358]    358Core drawing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 357.  Apparatus in which the separating action includes or consists of drawing a core from the mold.

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219+,for a combination of gob charging and blow molding means including movable core means.
250,for a plunger oppositely disposed from a movable core means.
315,for a press molding machine including core withdrawing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 359]    359With mold support or carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 357.  Apparatus in combination with means to support or carry the mold or portions thereof.

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361,for molds with supporting means, per se; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 360]    360Pivoted mold sections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Apparatus in which portions of the mold pivot about an axis during separation.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 361]    361MOLD WITH SUPPORTING OR CARRYING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising molds supporting means combined with only those details of a mold required to cooperate therewith.

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207+,for mold support means combined with gob charge and shape imparting means.
232+,for mold inverting means in a press and blow machine.
237+,for mold support means movably mounting diverse molds for travel in concentric paths in a press and blow machine.
240+,for plural mold carriers supporting diverse molds in a press and blow machine.
246+,for a plural press machine including mold support means.
264+,for a blow mold machine including movable support means for a mold.
266,for mold support means mounted on a mold for rotation about its own axis in a blow machine.
302,for article forming utilizing mold motion.
308+,for means successively presenting molds in a press mold machine.
317,for mold support means reciprocating or oscillating a mold in a press machine.

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425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclasses 453+ for the combination of a dynamic carrier or a dynamic support and a female mold; see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 362]    362PLUNGER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus comprising (1) a male forming element constructed to cooperate with a female mold, or (2) a plunger-type discharge assistant for a molten glass feeder.

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305+,for a press molding machine including a plunger, especially subclass 317 for a reciprocating female mold member co-acting with a stationary male die; see the "Search Notes" thereunder.

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425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   subclass 457 for a dynamic male shaping means including mechanical movement or power means and subclass 469 for a shaping plunger, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 370.1]    370.1ROLLER MEANS FOR GLASSWORKING, TEMPERING, OR ANNEALING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus having a generally cylindrical work contacting surface, which surface revolves about the longitudinal axis of the cylinder with rolling motion relative to the surface (a) of molten or hot semisolid glass during glassworking or (b) of solid or semisolid glass during heat treatment to effect tempering or annealing thereof or during other treatment to effect physical or chemical changes thereof.
(1) Note. A patent to a roller, per se, disclosed solely for use in a glassworking apparatus is not classified in Class 65 if the roller is solely for conveying or feeding to a work treating station or between work treating stations provided that the roller is not synchronized with or controlled by means associated with the operation of a work treating station.

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253+,for a rolling means to form sheet or strip.

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165Heat Exchange,   subclasses 86+ for a roller with heating or cooling surfaces under the class definition.
193Conveyors, Chutes, Skids, Guides, and Ways,   subclass 37 for a nonpowered conveying
198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   subclasses 780+ for a powered conveying roller.
219Electric Heating,   subclass 244 for an electric heating device combined with a rotatable pressure application means.
226Advancing Material of Indeterminate Length,   subclasses 190+ for a roll under the class definition.
271Sheet Feeding or Delivering,   subclasses 264+ for a sheet feeding roller.
432Heating,   subclasses 239+ for a work feeding, agitating or conveying roller within a furnace.
492Roll or Roller,   for a roller, per se, not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 374.1]    374.1APPARATUS MADE OF SPECIAL MATERIAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Apparatus characterized in part by the material of which it is made.

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106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   subclasses 38.2+ for compositions, per se, formulated for use in making or coating molds.
249Static Molds,   subclasses 114+ for a mold having a specific coating or adherent layer; and subclasses 134+ for a mold made of a specific composition.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 374.11]    374.11Metal-nonmetal composite:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 374.1.  Apparatus in which at least one layer or portion is made of a specified metal or alloy and at least one other layer or portion is made of a nonmetallic material.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 374.12]    374.12Metallic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 374.1.  Apparatus made of a specified metal or alloy.
(1) Note. There may be one or more defined metal layers in the apparatus.

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374.11,for apparatus comprising a metal layer or portion together with a nonmetal layer or portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 374.13]    374.13Ceramic material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 374.1.  Apparatus comprising a ceramic material.
(1) Note. For the purpose of this classification, a ceramic material is an inorganic composition which may be either thermoplastic, such as a glass, or thermosetting, such as a refractory composition, frequently, although not necessarily, made of a mixture of metallic oxides and/or silicates, or baked clay-like substances. All substance defined in Class 501, Compositions: Ceramic, as being ceramic are herein contemplated. Thus, e.g., apparatus made of a composition comprising primarily carbides or nitrites would be included herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 374.14]    374.14Asbestos containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 374.1.  Apparatus which is made, at least in part, of asbestos.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 374.15]    374.15Elemental carbon containing (e.g., graphite, charcoal, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 374.1.  Apparatus wherein at least part of the apparatus is made of a substance containing elemental carbon.
(1) Note. The elemental carbon may be disclosed as, e.g., graphite, charcoal, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 375]    375MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 376]    376PROCESSES OF MANUFACTURING FIBERS, FILAMENTS, OR PREFORMS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Processes directed to producing (a) rodlike stock of sufficiently small diameter, either as (i) continuous filaments of indefinite length, or (ii) short discrete pieces, or (b) stock material intended to be used in fiber and filament making.
(1) Note. For the purposes of this class "mineral wool" is wool formed from slag.
(2) Note. Fiber and filament treating combined with a step of making stock material intended to be used in fiber and filament making are included herein.

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28Textiles: Manufacturing,   subclasses 103 , 172.1, 178, 190, 217, and 247 for processes and apparatus involving mechanical interengaging of fibers or strands not combined with a glassworking or glass treating operation.
73Measuring and Testing,   subclass 159 for measuring and testing of a fiber, per se.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 62.4 for processes for adhesively laminating plural preforms which include the step of liberating or form glass fibers with bulk deposition thereof to form at least one of the preforms. See subclasses 167 and 433-441 for a process or apparatus for forming glass filaments combined with the steps of applying an adhesive to the filaments and assembling them to form a strand (a patent which dis but does not claim the assembly operation above is classified in Class 65 even though the sole disclo relates to the formation of a strand composed of bonded fila). A patent claiming the steps of applying a coating material to glass filaments and assembling the coated filaments and having a specification disclosing several coating materials one of which is not an adhesive is classified in Class 65 unless a claim recites an adhesive coating material, in which case the patent is classified in Class 156; and see subclasses 345.1-345.55 for apparatus for etching of glass fibers or filaments, per se.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 3 and 100+ for chemical liberation of fibers and felting in paper manufacturing.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   subclass 192.29 for forming a transparent optical conductor by sputtering; follow the general guidelines for placement of an operation involving the combination of at least one Class 204 step in sequence with a separate Class 65 step as explained at the beginning of the Class 204 definition under I, (4) and (5) Notes.
205Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions,   subclasses 687+ for electrolytic material treatment, especially subclass 769 for electrolytic treatment of solid glass, silica, quartz, or optical material.
241Solid Material Comminution or Disintegration,   appropriate subclasses for comminution of solid materials of general application.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   for shaping, molding, or casting of nonmetallic materials other than glass, especially subclasses 1.24+ for shaping, treating, or extruding optical fibers, subclasses 5+ for processes, within the class definition, of liquid comminuting and solidifying of general application, and subclasses 165+ for processes of forming indefinite-length fibers or filaments from materials which may be disclosed to be siliceous materials in solution or suspension by precipitation in a reactive or solvent extractive bath or by evaporation of the solvent.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Processes,   for molding, casting, or shaping plastic, ceramic, or nonmetallic material (excluding glass, Class 65), subclasses 6+ for liquid comminuting means forming particulate material (e.g., granules, fibers, etc.) directly from molten material including means providing a solidifying zone, subclass 66 for filament forming means combined with product advancing means, subclasses 67+ for apparatus comprising a filament shaping orifice discharging into a liquid bath or shower, subclasses 80.1+ for molding apparatus including air-felting means for forming self-sustaining bodies from particulate material, and for processes directed to the formation of filaments from siliceous materials in solution (e.g., silicates by precipitation from said solution or evaporation of solvent therefrom, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 377]    377With measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 376.  Processes including measuring, controlling, programming, sensing, timing, indicating, or testing fibers, filaments, or preforms during any stage of their manufacture or treatment.
(1) Note. Patents directed to measuring, controlling, sensing, inspecting, indicating, or testing the contour, shape, coating, internal molecular arrangement, or specific composition of fibers, filaments, or preforms are included in this subclass.
(2) Note. Process controls responsive to sensed conditions including program, cyclic, time, or automatic controls are proper for this and indented subclasses.
(3) Note. Equivalent terms include examining, diagnosing, analyzing, eval­ uating, and monitoring.

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29.12,for processes of measuring, controlling, sensing, indicating, or testing glass during any stage of manufacture or treatment excluding fibers, filaments, or preforms thereof.
158,for apparatus for measuring, sensing, indicating, or testing glass manufacture or treatment excluding fibers, filaments, and preforms thereof.
484,for apparatus for measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing glass fibers, filaments, or preforms during any stage of manufacture or treatment.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclass 293 for liquid level/depth gauge with illumination, subclasses 488+ for speed/acceleration testing that may use optical waveguides, subclass 653 for optical indication of vibration, subclass 705 for an optical fluid pressure gauge, subclass 800 for optical stress or strain testing, and subclass 861.08 for optical measurement of volume or rate of flow.
116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 202 for visual light signal indicators.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 73.1 for optical fiber or waveguide inspection subclasses 241.1 for inspection borescopes in general, subclass 459 for ring laser gyros including optical waveguides, and subclasses 454, 506, and 519 for Fabry-Perot cavities.
436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 73+ for testing for the presence of metals or metal compounds, 83 for testing for the presence of synthetic or natural resin, 106+ for testing for the presence of nitrogen, and 124+ for testing for the presence of halogen involving a chemical reaction.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 378]    378Optical property:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 377.  Processes combined with measuring, controlling, programming, sensing, timing, indicating, or testing the properties of light or visual characteristics associated with the fibers, filaments, or preforms during manufacture or treatment thereof.
(1) Note. Class 65 patents directed to measuring, controlling, sensing, indicating, inspecting, or testing divergence, convergence, transmittance, or internal reflection of light rays passing through optical fibers, filaments, or preforms are proper for this subclass.

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485,for apparatus having means for measuring, controlling, sensing, indicating, or testing visual characteristics or light properties associated with the fibers, filaments, or preforms during manufacture or treatment thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 379]    379Fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 377.  Processes including measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing a force per unit area of fluid associated with the fibers, filaments, or preforms during manufacture or treatment thereof.
(1) Note. Patents directed to measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing vacuum, atmospheric pressure, or flow rates are proper for this subclass.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

489,for apparatus having means for measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing a force per unit area of a fluid associated with the manufacture or treatment of fibers, filaments, or preforms.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 380]    380Molten material level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 377.  Processes directed to measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing any height variance of the surface of a molten pool of glass used during manufacture or treatment of the fibers, filaments, or preforms.

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490,for apparatus having means for measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing any variance of the height of a pool of molten glass.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 381]    381Winder or puller movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 377.  Processes directed to measuring, controlling, sensing, programming, timing, indicating, or testing (a) fiber tautness, (b) rotational speed, or (c) position of a winder or puller during any stage of manufacture or treatment of the fibers, filaments, or preforms.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

486,for apparatus having means to measure, control, sense, program, time, indicate, or test (a) fiber tautness, (b) rotational speed, or (c) position of a winder or puller during any stage of manufacture or treatment of the fibers, filaments, or preforms.
  
[List of Patents for class 65 subclass 382]    382