This class comprises methods and apparatus relating to (a)
the performing of the various and usually normal but required activities
pursuant to a selling or other mutually beneficent transaction at
a retail or like service level available to the public or (b) activities
directly relating to dining.
Note. The transaction is normally held between persons in
or at a building or other structure.
Note. The subject matter of the class is intended to include
the combination of a device classifiable, per se, in another class, e.g.,
conveyor, dispenser, etc., and structure adapting it for use in
a business establishment available to the public. No attempt has
been made to clear other classes of conflicting art and lines and/or
placement of art between other classes and this class remains the
Note. Dining activities include those which transpire between
a prospective diner and a person or apparatus whereby a contract
is satisfied or operations are completed whereby a certain desired
food or foods and related appurtenances are made available to the
diner for his or her consumption.
Note. Mere method of doing business which consists of nonstatutory
matter is not subject matter for this class.
Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,
subclasses 94+ for rotatable terraced horizontal planar surfaces,
for example, self-waiting tables; and subclasses 103+ for
plural related horizontal planar surface members which are rotatable
about a vertical axis.
Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management,
or Cost/price Determination,
subclass 15 for a data processing system for administration
of restaurant ordering; subclasses 16+ for a data processing
system having an electronic cash register or point of sale terminal.
This subclass is indented under subclass 2. There are a number of terminals to which the cars are switched
from the main line, the particular switch operated by a given carrier depending
on its configuration or size.
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. The propelling means is on the car in the form of a spring,
electric, or other motor. In some cases the cars run on a closed
track loop and distribute and collect selectively and automatically.
In other cases the cars are switched selectively and automatically
from the main line.
This subclass is indented under subclass 10. The track itself or a line parallel to and coextensive with
the track is an elastic cable or has springs inserted between its
ends and the supports. The car is propelled from either end by pulling
the line at the end and straining the elastic cable or the spring
at the opposite end and quickly releasing, when the car is propelled
through means of a projecting part on the line.
This subclass is indented under subclass 8. The end of the track upon which the car rests is tilted
to give the necessary impulse to propel the car along the remainder
of the track, which is not inclined. This subclass also includes cases
in which the car rest on the level portion of the track, the car
being impelled by a bunter running down the inclined portion of
the track, which is tilted, and the bunter released at will.
This subclass is indented under subclass 8. The car is given an impulse by the spreading apart at one
end of two members inserted between suitable parts on the car. In
some cases both members are flexible, in other cases one is flexible
and the other rigid, and one or both movable. In some cases one
member forms the track on which the car runs and the other is coextensive
with it, in other cases the second member extends for a limited
This subclass is indented under subclass 14. The carrier is propelled along a track by a continuously
running cable, to which when the carrier is placed in the proper
position it is automatically attached by means of a gripper on the
carrier. The carrier runs to a designated station, when the gripper
is automatically operated and the car switched to its terminal.
The point of release and switching is determined by the configuration
of the car.
This subclass is indented under subclass 14. A belt or cable in the form of a closed loop propels a wheeled
car or a flight usually along a track. A receptacle is carried
by the car or pushed by the flight and is itself deposited at a previously
selected point, or the contents of the receptacle are deposited
at the given point.
This subclass is indented under subclass 14. The carrier is attached to a cable and is propelled back
and forth in the same path between the terminals. It may be propelled
both ways by the cable or in one direction by the cable and in the
reverse by gravity. In some instances the carrier runs on a track,
in others it is suspended from the propelling cable.
This subclass is indented under subclass 17. Here the carrier is attached to the cable and is propelled
back and forth in the same path. The car runs on a track or is
suspended from the cable. Provision is made in some cases for lowering
the carrier at the terminals. In other instances it is lowered
at any intermediate point.
This subclass is indented under subclass 19. Mechanisms by which the carrier is directed to a particular
branch along a track, the point of switching depending upon the
configuration or size of the carrier. In some cases the switch
is movable, in others immovable.
This subclass is indented under subclass 20. The carrier is switched to a particular point, depending
upon the size or configuration of the carrier, the switch being
returned to its original position by action of the carrier after
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. Devices for hoisting or lowering a carrier from one level
to another. In some cases the devices operate between tracks at
different levels, in others between a station and a track at another level.
Note. A large number of these devices are shown in this class,
subclasses, 2, 3 and 8, and indented subclasses.
Elevator, Industrial Lift Truck, or Stationary
Lift for Vehicle,
subclasses 345+ for fluid dampening means regulating the movement
of an elevator car, and subclasses 373+ for an elevator
car supported brake actuated by a speed governor or sensor.
Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or
subclasses 264+ for apparatus for hauling or hoisting a load including
a driven device which contacts and pulls on a cable attached to
This subclass is indented under subclass 24. The retarding action is produced by the carrier sliding
on the buffer, which is in the form of an inclined plane. In some
cases the buffer is a wedge embraced by parts on a car.
This subclass is indented under subclass 26. Carriers running on wheels adapted to the service indicated
in the general definition of this class and not specifically included
in the remaining carrier subclasses.
This subclass is indented under subclass 27. Wheeled carriers in which the cash or parcel receptacle
is lowered from its normal position while still remaining attached
to the car. In some instances the car remains attached to some
part of the structure.
This subclass is indented under the class definition. Apparatus comprising means by which a purchaser or user
may personally and directly consummate a purchase or other transaction with
a seller or other agent.
This subclass is indented under subclass 35. Apparatus provided with means by which two or more diverse
retailing operations may be performed either simultaneously or sequentially
from a specific locus.
Note. For example, a person may order groceries or food from
an automobile while having the tank of the automobile filled with
This subclass is indented under subclass 38. Apparatus wherein a dining establishment includes a device
into which sensible encoded menu information is fed, the device
upon sensing the menu information initiating one or more activities
relating to a dining operation.
This subclass is indented under subclass 38. Apparatus wherein a public conveyance is provided with a
food carrier means, the carrier means conveying food to the vicinity
of passengers from a food storage or preparation area.
This subclass is indented under subclass 38. Apparatus wherein there is provided means directly available
to a motorist while in or at a vehicle either for selecting items
from a menu or for receiving selected items when delivered.
This subclass is indented under subclass 38. Apparatus comprising a dining structure surface for supporting
food or drink being consumed by a diner in the act of eating, the structure
being secured to a movable support movable in a fixed path of travel
into and out of a dining area.
This subclass is indented under subclass 38. Apparatus in which there is provided a moving conveyor or
carrier and there is further provided a means to cleanse the conveyor
or carrier at a zone or station as it moves therepast.
Note. Removing dishes or the like from a moving conveyor
is not considered to be conveyor cleansing for classification here.
Classification of such structure will be based on other features.
This subclass is indented under subclass 38. Apparatus comprising a support structure for supporting
a variety of foods from which a selection may be made, consumption
of the food selected being at a place spaced from the support structure.
This subclass is indented under subclass 46. Apparatus wherein there is provided structure to raise or
lower either the wheeled device or a load bearing part thereof whereby
to transport food for dining from one level to another.
Note. An inclined trackway, per se, for a food carrier carrying
prepared food to a dining area is not considered proper subject
matter for classification here, classification of such subject matter
being based on other features.
This subclass is indented under subclass 46. Apparatus wherein the rail or fixed path means is fixed
to or otherwise mounted to support structure at or adjacent the
ceiling of a dining establishment so that the load carrying parts supported
on the wheel device are suspended therefrom.
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. Apparatus wherein there is provided means directly available
to a motorist, while in or at a vehicle, either for selecting merchandise
or for receiving the delivery of selected merchandise.
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. Apparatus wherein the retail or like establishment is provided
with a partitioned cooling area for perishable items, the partition
having a see-through door means for permitting item removal.
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. Apparatus having an order make-up means comprising a control
means spaced from a gate means or the like on the supply or stock
structure is actuated for dispensing desired items of merchandise
therefrom, the selected dispensed items being conveyed either to
a control station or to a point of assembly for further processing of
This subclass is indented under subclass 55. Apparatus wherein the control means comprises a device into
which sensible encoded order information is fed whereby the control means
actuates respective gate or the like means mounted on the supply
or stock structure for selecting desired items of merchandise.
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. Apparatus wherein there is provided a merchandise supply
or stock structure and a customer or clerk support or station, at
least one of which being movable relative to the other to facilitate
item selection by the customer or clerk.
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. With order carrier movable or track means: Apparatus provided
with fixed path means upon which a container for receiving selected items
of merchandise is supported for travel therealong.
Note. A shopper pushing a cart in the aisles and selecting
items from adjacent racks is not considered proper for classification
This subclass is indented under subclass 52. Apparatus comprising store structure to which a purchaser
may bring his selected items of merchandise either for payment or
for otherwise completing the transaction.
Note. It is not necessary for a cash register or the like
to be claimed with the checkout counter structure for classification
This subclass is indented under subclass 59. Apparatus wherein the store structure comprises means for
at least allowing utilization of a scanning or other device for
reading price information placed on merchandise.
This subclass is indented under subclass 59. Apparatus wherein the store structure comprises means on
or at the store structure or the cart for facilitating the emptying
or other handling of a shopping cart.
Note. The store structure (i.e., checkout counter) must cooperate
with a grocery cart in a special way other than merely having the
grocery cart brought into proximity thereto.
This subclass is indented under subclass 62. Apparatus wherein there is provided means on either the
store structure or the shopping cart to facilitate unloading of
the shopping cart by a checkout clerk.
This subclass is indented under subclass 63. Apparatus provided with means on or at the store structure
coacting with means on the shopping cart for discharging items of
merchandise from the shopping cart, one of said means being connected
to a source of power.
This subclass is indented under subclass 63. Apparatus comprising a hoist or other means for raising
the shopping cart or a part thereof whereby items of merchandise
may be more readily accessible for removal therefrom by the checkout
This subclass is indented under subclass 59. Apparatus provided with (a) means on or at the store structure
for holding a supply of bags into which items of merchandise may
be placed after checkout or (b) means on or at the store structure
and convenient to a clerk for supporting a bag into which the checked-out
items of merchandise are placed.
business system =fees =forms=help =laws/regulations =definition
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