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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 375]   CLASS 375,PULSE OR DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE CLASS SUBJECT MATTER

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

Telegraph and printing telegraph systems which include transmission or reception of a carrier are classified in Class 375 except for those systems specifically provided elsewhere, such as a spark gap and a coherer. See References to Other Classes, below.

A carrier which is modulated by a continuously variable (analog) signal is classified elsewhere (See References to Other Classes, below). A device which is convertible from analog to pulse or digital may have a time related parameter (e.g., pulse width, or repetition rate) continuously variable and be classified herein.

Light Wave Communication is classified elsewhere (See References to Other Classes, below), regardless of the type of modulation.

Duplexing or Multiplexing systems which utilize pulse or digital information signals are classified elsewhere (See References to Other Classes, below).

Code converters which may be utilized in a pulse or digital communication system, are classified elsewhere (See References to Other Classes, below).

Addressing of a particular pulse receiver is classified elsewhere (See References to Other Classes, below).

The combination of the subject matter of this class (375) and another art environment is generally classified with the other art environment where that environment is significant by virtue of the claimed relationship. For example: Error checking systems; Electroacoustic geophysical systems; Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval; Radar systems; Directive systems; Telemetering systems; Television. See References to Other Classes, below.

Significantly claimed pulse or digital communication handling techniques in combination with the subject matter of 700, Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications; 701, Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location; 702, Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing; 703, Data Processing: Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, and Emulation; 704, Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression; 705, Data Processing: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination; 706, Data Processing: Artificial Intelligence; 707, Data Processing: Database and File Management or Data Structures, or Document Processing; 708, Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating; 709, Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring; 710, Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output; 711, Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Memory; 712, Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures and Instruction Processing (e.g., Processors); 713, Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Support; 714, Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery; 716, Data Processing: Design and Analysis of Circuit or Semiconductor Mask; or 717, Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, and Management, are classified in these external classes.

Remote control of a transmitter and/or receiver is classified herein; however, the remote control of a device external to a communication system is classified elsewhere. Remote control of an external device by light wave communications is classified elsewhere. See References to Other Classes, below.

Electrical circuits or devices which may use pulse or digital handling techniques, but are not unique to communications, are classified in the appropriate classes. For example: Pulse characteristic discriminating, comparing or selecting. Pulse responsive selective systems; Pulse demodulation, per se; Pulse modulation converters to FM; Pulse modulation, per se; Pulse generating oscillator; pulse counting circuits and systems; Pulse counters and dividers; Pulse shaping or converting; Digital comparator systems; Data conversion. See References to Other Classes, below.

Digital television bandwidth reduction or expansion system is classified in Class 375, subclasses 240.01-240.29; analog television bandwidth reduction or expansion is classified with the television art. See References to Other Classes, below.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   appropriate subclasses for noncarrier wave telegraphic signalling. subclass 116 for a spark gap; subclass 117 for a coherer.
181Acoustics,   is the generic class for inventions directed to mechanical sound wave radiations, transmission, or reception.
235Registers,   for data conversion.
250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200+ provide for photoelectric cell circuits.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 560+ for pulse controlled servo systems.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 76.12+ for analysis of complex waves; subclasses 76.39+ for measuring the repetition rate of pulses; and subclasses 76.77+ for the phase comparison of pulse voltages.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 1+ for pulse characteristic discriminating or selecting and subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous pulse characteristic control.
329Demodulators,   subclasses 311+ for pulse demodulators, per se.
331Oscillators,   appropriate subclasses for pulsed or pulse generating oscillators.
332Modulators,   subclasses 106+ for pulse modulators, per se; subclass 183, for pulse modulation, per se and for pulse modulation converters to FM.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 9.1 through 9.17 for addressing of a particular pulse receiver; subclasses 12.1 through 13.38for pulse responsive selective actuation systems, especially subclasses 12.22-12.55 for remote control of a device external to a communication system (e.g., model airplane, etc.); subclass 146.2 for digital comparator systems; subclasses 870.01-870.44 for telemetering systems; and subclasses 870.18-870.24 for pulse modulated telemetering systems.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   for code transmission, generation or conversion, including code converters which may be utilized in a pulse or digital communication system.
342Communicatiions: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices,   subclasses 5+ for radar systems.
348Television,   subclasses 471 and 472 and subclasses 488-494 for color television systems utilizing pulse modulation and having receivers to detect same, subclasses 384.1-440.1 for analog bandwidth reduction systems, and subclasses 725-738 for noncolor television receivers.
358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclasses 426.01 through 426.16in facsimile systems for circuitry peculiar to the receiver.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 39+ for general processing of digital signals in a magnetic recording system.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 166+ for plural pulse responsive relays sequentially operated.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 189.011+ and 230.01+ for a read/write or addressing circuit which uses pulse signals in a static storage system.
367Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   appropriate subclass for the communication of information in the form of traveling stresses in an elastic medium; subclasses 14+ for electroacoustic geophysical systems.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 320 , 335, 342, 441, and 479 for code division multiplexing with spread spectrum techniques.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   for pulse counters and dividers.
380Cryptography,   subclasses 255 through 276for a communication system using cryptography.
398Optical Communications,   various subclasses for light wave communication; subclasses 106 through 114for remote control of an external device by light wave communications.
455Telecommunications,   for a carrier which is modulated by a continuously variable (analog) signal. however, simultaneous transmission of independent analog and pulse or digital information bearing signals is classified elsewhere.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring,   appropriate subclassesfor data transferring among multiple computer systems.
710Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output,   subclasses 1 through 74for Input/Output data processing involving peripherals and digital data processing systems.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for generic error checking of digital devices.

SECTION IV - GLOSSARY

COMMUNICATIONS

The transmission of information from one point to another.

DIGITAL

Of or pertaining to the class of devices or circuits in which the output varies in discrete steps (i.e., pulses or "on-off" operation).

PULSE

A variation of a voltage or current normally having a constant value. This variation is characterized by a rise and a decay approaching infinitesimal duration.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 130]    130SPREAD SPECTRUM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter utilizing a data modulated signal which has its energy spread over a transmitted bandwidth which is much greater than the bandwidth or rate of information being sent.
(1) Note. Four general types of modulation that are in the spread spectrum variety:
(a) Modulation of a carrier by a data modulation signal whose bit rate is much higher than the maximum possible repetition rate of the pulses or discrete steps. Such systems are called "direct sequence" modulated systems.
(b) Carrier frequency shifting in discrete increments in a pattern dictated by a code sequence. These are called "frequency hoppers." The transmitter jumps from frequency to frequency within some predetermined set; the order of frequency usage is determined by a code sequence.
(c) Pulse-FM or "chirp" modulation, in which a carrier is swept over a wideband during a given pulse interval.
(d) Ultra-wideband or ultra-short pulse modulation, in which information is transmitted using extremely short-duration signals.
(2) Note. Wideband FM (or FSK) is not classified here, see search this class, subclass below.
(3) Note. Closely akin to the frequency hoppers are "time hopping" and "time-frequency hopping" systems, whose chief distinguishing feature is that their time of transmission (usually of low duty cycle and short duration) is governed by a code sequence. In time-frequency hoppers it follows that the code sequence determines both the transmitted frequency and the time of transmission.
(4) Note. Spread-spectrum multiple-access systems are not classified here, see search class below.
(5) Note. Chirp signal processing techniques (e.g., chirp z-transforms) are not classified here unless they are specifically used in spread-spectrum communications.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

260,for systems transmitting a single message over multiple channels, including orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (also known as multi-carrier modulation or discrete multi-tone modulation).
272through 278, 303-307 and 334-337, for wideband FM (or FSK).
285,296 and 346-351,for noise or distortion reduction which may include related subject matter.
343,for correlative or matched-filter-type receivers, which may include related or overlapping subject matter.
367,for synchronization (bit, symbol, epoch, frame, etc.) using pseudo-noise as a synchronization word.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits and Systems,   subclass 164 , for hardware-based pseudo-random signal generators.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices,   for subject matter relating to radar, navigation and direction-finding systems using spread-spectrum signaling.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 203 , 208, 209, 320, 335, 342, 441 and 479, for spread spectrum multiple access systems.
380Cryptography,   subclasses 200 through 251and 255-53, for subject matter involving electric signal modification, including enciphering using pseudo-random codes, or using plural shifting frequencies, et al.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 42 through 45, 110-113 and subclasses 205-216, for wideband FM, subclasses 422.1-466 and subclasses 507-526, for subject matter relating to zoned or cellular communication systems.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation and Relative Location,   subclasses 400 through 541for subject matter relating to navigation systems using spread-spectrum signaling.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 250 through 256,314, and 422-426, respectively, for random number or sequence generation, matched filtering and correlators implemented in the types of systems found in this class. Chirp signal processing techniques per se are classified in subclasses 400-410.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 131]    131Hybrid form:
 This subclass is indented under subclass130.  Subject matter wherein the spread spectrum signals are made up of at least two different spread spectrum techniques.
(1) Note. Examples of hybrid forms may include: (a) simultaneous frequency hopping and direct sequence modulations, (b) simultaneous time and frequency hopping, or (c) simultaneous time-hopping and direct sequence modulations.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 132]    132Frequency hopping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Subject matter including a system in which the wide band signal is generated by jumping from one frequency to another over multiple number of frequency choices.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 133]    133End-to-end transmission system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter comprising at least two stations where signals are transmitted and received between stations.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 134]    134Having specific code acquisition or tracking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter comprising synchronization of hopping patterns used in signal transmission.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 135]    135Transmitter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter comprising formation and sending of signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 136]    136Receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter comprising recovery, demodulation and decoding of signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 137]    137Having specific code acquisition or tracking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Subject matter comprising synchronization of hopping patterns used in signal transmission.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 138]    138Time hopping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Subject matter including a system wherein waveforms are transmitted at times which are selected from among a plurality of time slots, with the selection of time slot being pseudo-random, if desired.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 139]    139Chirp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Subject matter including a signal format in which a pulsed carrier is transmitted and is varied continuously in frequency in a known way during the transmission of a given pulse.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 140]    140Direct sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Subject matter including a form of modulation wherein a code sequence is used to directly modulate a carrier, usually by some form of phase-shift keying.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 141]    141End-to-end transmission system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter comprising at least two stations where signals are transmitted and received between stations.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 142]    142Having correlation-type receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter in which transmitted signals are recovered using a structure or method that compares a transmitted spreading code sequence with a local spreading code sequence, generally by multiplicative means.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 143]    143Having matched-filter-type receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter in which transmitted signals are recovered using a structure or method that is designed to pass only the specific transmitted signal (i.e., spreading code), that is matched to the spreading code used to transmit the signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 144]    144Having multi-receiver or interference cancellation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter in which transmitted signals are recovered using a structure or method that either recovers multiple simultaneously-transmitted signals or recovers a transmitted signal and rejects spurious signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 145]    145Having specific signaling for code synchronization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter in which methods, involving the transmission of specific types of patterns or waveforms, are used to insure that proper spreading sequence timing is used at the receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 146]    146Transmitter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter comprising formation and sending of signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 147]    147Receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter comprising recovery, demodulation and decoding of signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 148]    148Multi-receiver or interference cancellation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter in which transmitted signals are recovered using a structure or method that either recovers multiple simultaneously-transmitted signals or recovers a transmitted signal and rejects spurious signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 149]    149Having specific code synchronization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter comprising acquisition or tracking of spreading sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 150]    150Correlation-type receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter in which transmitted signals are recovered using a structure or method that compares a transmitted spreading code sequence with a local spreading code sequence, generally by multiplicative means.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 151]    151Having SAW or charge-transfer device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 150.  Subject matter in which the receiver is implemented using at least one surface acoustic wave or charge-transfer (e.g., CCD) structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 150 through 155and 193-196 for SAW devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 152]    152Matched-filter-type receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter in which transmitted signals are recovered using a structure or method that is designed to pass only the specific transmitted signal (i.e., spreading code), that is, it is a matched to the spreading code used to transmit the signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 153]    153Having SAW or charge-transfer device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Subject matter in which the receiver is implemented using at least one surface acoustic wave or charge-transfer (e.g., CCD) structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 150 through 155and 193-196 for SAW devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 211]    211REPEATERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including apparatus wherein a pulse signal is received and retransmitted usually at a higher energy level.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 70+ for telegraph repeaters.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 279 and 293 for wireless and wired duplex repeaters respectively, subclass 315 for a wireless multiplex repeater, subclass 492 for a frequency division multiplexing repeater, and subclass 501 for a time division multiplexing repeater.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 338+ for telephone repeaters.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 7+ for modulated carrier wave repeaters.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 212]    212Ring or star configuration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Subject matter wherein the repeaters are formed in a loop or a star communication link.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 213]    213Testing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Subject matter for testing a pulse or digital signal repeater.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

224+,for other testing of pulse or digital communication equipment.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 214]    214Including pulse regeneration or conversion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Subject matter including conversion (e.g., multilevel to binary or parallel-serial-parallel) or where signal pulses are regenerated as regards shape and instant of occurrence.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 70+ for telegraph repeaters.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 165+ for miscellaneous rectangular or clock waveform regeneration and subclass 317 for distortion by limiting or clipping.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   appropriate subclasses for code converters, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 215]    215Phase locked loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.  Subject matter having a closed-loop electronic servomechanism the output of which locks onto and tracks a received clock signal to provide the frequency and phase aligned receiver clock.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 216]    216APPARATUS CONVERTIBLE TO ANALOG:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the transmission system, transmitter, or receiver may be altered to alternately send either digital or analog information.
(1) Note. Systems or elements that simultaneously convey analog and digital information are not in this class but in Class 370, Multiplex. Systems wherein the digital data is the address signal for the analog message are not here but in Class 340, subclasses 7.2-7.63.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 217]    217Muting circuit and squelch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.  Subject matter including a means to automatically quiet the receiver by reducing its gain in response to a specified characteristic of the input digital signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 218]    218EARTH OR WATER MEDIUM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the ground or water supplies the natural medium for the transmission of pulse or digital signals.
(1) Note. The subject matter of this subclass has a specific underground or underwater structure at each station.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclass 719 for antenna systems buried underground or submerged underwater.
367Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   subclasses 141+ , for signal transducers under water type.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 40 for analog communications via an earth or water medium.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 219]    219TRANSCEIVERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which a transmitter and a receiver are at the same location and transmit and receive over the same medium to-and-from the same remote station.
(1) Note. The simultaneous operation of a transmitter and receiver is a duplex operation and is classified in Class 370, Multiplex Communications, subclasses 276+.
(2) Note. This and indented subclasses accept nominal recitation of a digital data processing system or function in combination with transceivers and data sets. Significant digital data pre- and postprocessing in combination with transceivers are classified elsewhere.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

455Telecommunications,   subclasses 73+ for analog carrier wave transceivers.
710Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output,   subclasses 1+ for transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripheral of information processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 220]    220Transmission interface between two stations or terminals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Subject matter including an interfacing means for communicating between two stations.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 221]    221Loopback mode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Subject matter wherein the transceiver or transceiver"s component is compared by connecting a received path to a transmitted path and monitoring the output as an indication of the condition of the transceiver or transceiver"s component.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 222]    222Modems (data sets):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Subject matter including a device that transform a characteristic of a typical two level pulse or digital data signal into another form suitable for transmission over a transmission circuit.
(1) Note. An example of a modem is a device which converts two level pulse signals into two tone signals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

257+,for cable systems and components.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

329Demodulators,   for demodulators only.
332Modulators,   for modulators, per se.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 90.01+ where data is sent over lines specifically claimed as telephone lines.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring,   appropriate sublassesfor data transferring among multiple computer or digital data processing system.
710Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output,   subclasses 1+ for transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripheral of information processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 223]    223Angle modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.  Subject matter in which the transmitted characteristic or pulses to be transmitted vary the phase or frequency of a carrier wave.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

211,for angle modulated pulse repeaters.
271+,for pulse modulated carrier systems which are angle modulated.
302+,for angle modulated carrier pulse transmitters.
322+,for angle modulated carrier pulse receivers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

398Optical Communications,   subclass 187 and 188 for frequency and phase modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 224]    224TESTING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which at least part of the system is tested.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

231,for calibration of automatic equalizers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   for electrical testing or measuring in general.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 241+ for diagnostic testing of a multiplexing system.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 90.01+ testing of telephone systems, some of which may be digital.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 67.11 through 67.7for modulated carrier system testing; subclasses 115.1-115.4 for transmitter testing; and subclasses 226.1-226.4 for receiver testing.
702Data Processing: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing,   subclass 79 for a time-related parameter (e.g., pulse width, period, delay, etc.) measurement.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 225]    225Data rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Subject matter including a means for measuring the speed at which digital information is transmitted or received.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 226]    226Phase error or phase jitter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Subject matter including a means for measuring abrupt, spurious variations in the phase of the frequency modulation of successive pulses referenced to the phase of a continuous oscillator.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 227]    227Signal noise:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Subject matter including a means for measuring a signal-to-noise ratio.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 228]    228With indicator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Subject matter including a means for displaying to a human observer digital information concerning the system characteristics being measured.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 229]    229EQUALIZERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including a delay line tapped at the pulse or discrete step interval; a set of adjustable attenuators connected to each tap, except for a main tap, which attenuators can be used to multiply remaining tap signals by any number between 1 and minus 1; and a summing network.
(1) Note. Equalizers, per se, if they include a means to perform mathematical calculations, are found in Class 708, subclasses 300+ and 819.
(2) Note. Equalizers, per se, are classified in Class 333. See "SEARCH CLASS" below. To be classified here, there must be a pulse or digital communication apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 18 for automatically controlled systems with control of equalizers or delay network; and subclass 28 for coupling networks with equalizer.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 230]    230Automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Subject matter having means responsive to the received pulses for adjustment of the attenuators (i.e., nonmanual).
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 231]    231Training period or initial set up:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.  Subject matter in which there is an initial adjustment of the automatic equalizer prior to use or where a test pulse is sent through the communication channel to determine what the equalizer settings should be.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 232]    232Adaptive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.  Subject matter where the equalizer tap adjustment is automatically changed for optimum equalization using the normal message data signals.
(1) Note. The term "normal message data signals" excludes special calibration signals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

230,for automatic equalizers using special calibration signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 233]    233Decision feedback equalizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Subject matter wherein the equalized signal is the sum of the outputs of the forward and feedback part of the equalizer.
(1) Note. The forward part is a linear transversal equalizer. Decisions made on the equalized signal are fed back via a second transversal filter (i.e., feeback part).
(2) Note. The DFE generally eliminates the intersymbol interference(ISI).
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 234]    234Fractionally spaced equalizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Subject matter wherein the delay line taps of the equalizer are spaced at an interval T which is less than, or a fraction of the symbol interval.
(1) Note. The cascaded equalizers combined with a fractionally spaced equalizer claimed is classified herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 235]    235Quadrature channels:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Subject matter in which the received signal is processed to provide two components, one which differs in phase from the other by 90 degrees.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 236]    236Accumulator or up/down counter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Subject matter including either a device which stores a number and which, on receipt of another number, adds the two and stores the sum, or a counter with the capability of counting in an ascending or descending order.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 237]    237PULSE NUMBER MODULATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the number of pulses in a group conveys the information to be transmitted.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 1+ for miscellaneous pulse characteristic discriminating and subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous pulse charateristic modifying.
329Demodulators,   subclasses 311+ for pulse demodulation.
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclass for multiplexing systems using pulse modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 238]    238PULSE WIDTH MODULATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which the width of a transmitted pulse conveys the transmitted information.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 31+ for miscellaneous circuits providing pulse width or spacing discriminating and subclasses 172+ for miscellaneous rectangular or pulse waveform width control.
329Demodulators,   subclass 312 for pulse width demodulators.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 205 for a multiplexing system using both pulse width and pulse position modulations, and subclass 212 for a multiplexing system using pulse width modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 239]    239PULSE POSITION, FREQUENCY, OR SPACING MODULATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which the information to be transmitted is conveyed by means of the relative position of the pulses in a series of transmitted pulses, the time or spacing between pulses, or the repetition rate (frequency) of the pulses.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 1+ for miscellaneous pulse characteristic discriminating and subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous pulse characteristic modifying.
329Demodulators,   subclasses 313+ for pulse rate or position demodulators.
332Modulators,   subclasses 112+ for a pulse position, frequency or spacing modulator, per se.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 205 for a multiplexing system using both pulse width and pulse position modulations, and subclass 213 for a multiplexing system using pulse position modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240]    240BANDWIDTH REDUCTION OR EXPANSION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where the width of the frequency spectrum of a pulse or digital signal is either reduced or expanded.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

130through 153, for spread spectrum communications.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclasses 500+ for bandwidth reduction or expansion of audio signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.01]    240.01Television or motion video signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Subject matter wherein the signal source is a sequence of images which normally vary with time and are intended to portray motion.
(1) Note. The signal source is originally in or converted to digital format before the frequency range compression process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.02]    240.02Adaptive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein a coding process varies according to changes in the input or output signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.03]    240.03Quantization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.02.  Subject matter wherein the varied process is the number of discrete signal amplitudes.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.04]    240.04Feed forward:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.03.  Subject matter wherein the number of discrete signal amplitudes is varied according to signal characteristics determined upstream from the quantization process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.05]    240.05Feed back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.03.  Subject matter wherein the number of discrete signal amplitudes is varied according to signal characteristics determined downstream from the quantization process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.06]    240.06Feed forward:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.02.  Subject matter wherein the coding process is varied according to signal characteristics determined upstream from the coding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.07]    240.07Feed back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.02.  Subject matter wherein the coding process is varied according to signal characteristics determined downstream from the coding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.08]    240.08Feature based:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein coding is performed on the basis of shapes, objects, or other features contained within images.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.09]    240.09Polygonal approximation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.08.  Subject matter wherein objects in images are coded by approximating the shape of each object by polygons.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.1]    240.1Separate coders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.08.  Subject matter wherein separate coding processes are performed for different portions of an image.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.11]    240.11Subband coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.1.  Subject matter wherein the image signal is divided into a plurality of frequency bands.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.12]    240.12Predictive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein the value of an image portion is predicted based on the value of an earlier or later image portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.13]    240.13Intra/inter selection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.12.  Subject matter wherein intra-picture and inter-picture coding processes are selectively switched.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.14]    240.14Plural:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.12.  Subject matter wherein more than a single predicted value for an image portion is generated.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.15]    240.15Bidirectional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.1.  Subject matter wherein the value of an image portion is predicted based on the values of both earlier and later (transmitted/received) image portions.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.16]    240.16Motion vector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.12.  Subject matter wherein a signal is produced which represents the spatial change of an image portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.17]    240.17Half-pixel refinement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.16.  Subject matter wherein the spatial change has increments equal to half the distance between two picture elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.18]    240.18Transform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein image values are remapped using a mathematical transformation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.19]    240.19Wavelet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.18.  Subject matter wherein the mathematical transformation involves the use of an oscillation waveform which persists only one or a few cycles.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.2]    240.2Discrete cosine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.18.  Subject matter wherein the mathematical transformation involves the discrete cosine transformation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.21]    240.21Subsampling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein less than a complete number of samples are used to represent an entire image.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.22]    240.22Vector quantization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein a limited number of image values are stored in a codebook and used to represent the input image values.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.23]    240.23Variable length coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein image data are selectively assigned codes such that the most frequently occurring values receive the shortest codes.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.24]    240.24Block coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter wherein data is processed in units of matrices consisting of plural picture elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.25]    240.25Specific decompression process:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter involving details of a decoding process which is not merely the converse of the coding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.26]    240.26Associated signal processing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.01.  Subject matter involving additional signal processing unique to the coding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.27]    240.27Error detection or correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.26.  Subject matter wherein the additional signal processing involves the detection or correction of errors in the coding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.28]    240.28Synchronization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.26.  Subject matter wherein the additional signal processing involves maintaining a proper time or phase correspondence between the coded signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 240.29]    240.29Pre/post filtering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.26.  Subject matter wherein the additional signal processing involves blocking or separating data or signals before or after the coding process.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 241]    241Pulse code modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Subject matter wherein the pulse or digital signal to be transmitted is sampled or compared and then converted into a digital pulse train which represents the amplitude of the sampled signal at the instant of sampling or comparison, and this digital pulse train is transmitted so it may be reconverted into a duplicate of the original signal at a receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 242]    242PULSE CODE MODULATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which a signal to be transmitted is sampled or compared and then converted into a digital pulse train which represents the amplitude of the sampled signal at the instant of sampling or comparison, and this digital pulse train is transmitted so it may be reconverted into a duplicate of the original signal at a receiver.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

332Modulators,   subclasses 106+ for a pulse modulator, per se.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   for code converters to convert from analog or digital information appropriate subclasses to pulse code.
348Television,   subclasses 488+ for pulse code modulation television transmission.
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclass for pulse code type modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 243]    243Correcting or reducing quantizing errors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 242.  Subject matter in which there is a correction made for errors or inaccuracies in the encoding of the analog signal.

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254,for pulse code modulation noise reduction.

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714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   appropriate subclasses for error correction in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 244]    244Differential:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 242.  Subject matter where the difference between the actual amplitude and a predicted, or locally decoded, value of the amplitude is encoded and transmitted.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

240+,for predictive bandwidth compression of a digital signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 245]    245Quantizer or inverse quantizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Subject matter including a means for converting the instantaneous amplitude of the transmitted signal to the nearest of a fixed number of discrete amplitude levels, or reverse quantizer.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 246]    246Length coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Subject matter wherein words of the converted digital signal are in a bit length.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 247]    247Single bit (delta):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Subject matter where there is transmitted at most one pulse for each sample of the analog signal.
(1) Note. The pulses transmitted represent the variations of the analog signal and not their real amplitude.
(2) Note. Usually a pulse is transmitted only when the analog signal has changed by an incremental amount.

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341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   subclass 77 for delta code converters and subclass 143 for analog to or from delta code conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 248]    248Nonamplitude delta (area, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter where whether a pulse is sent or not is determined by a criteria other than the amplitude difference of the sampled and locally decoded waveforms.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 249]    249Compand (overload prevention):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter in which the size of the incremental amount is variable over a wide dynamic range in response to predetermined patterns in the transmitted series of digital bits or "delta bits" (delta modulation pulse train).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 14 for companders, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 250]    250Redundancy removal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Subject matter where the delta modulation pulse train is replaced, for transmission purposes, by a derived pulse train containing fewer pulses, and converting the derived pulse train back to the delta modulation pulse train at the receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 251]    251Syllabic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Subject matter in which the companding is instantaneous.
(1) Note. There are two types of syllabic adaptative modulators namely, the analog syllabic adaptative modulators and the digital syllabic adaptative modulators depending on whether the gain control signal of the amplifier is derived from the input analog input signal or from the coded digital output signal. The gain control signal may be derived from the input analog signal using a simple envelope detector. Similarly, the gain control signal may be derived from the digital output by means of a syllabic filter. Such syllabic adaptative modulators will provide a continuous adaptation of the gain of the amplifier so as to vary the amplitude of the steps of the integrator accordingly. The instantaneous adaptation or companding is derived from the digital output signal on a short time basis.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 252]    252Plural feedback loops:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter having more than one signal path which feeds part of an output signal back to its input.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 253]    253Length coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 242.  Subject matter wherein words of the converted digital signal are in a bit length.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 254]    254Noise or distortion reduction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 242.  Subject matter where there is provision for removing or correcting for the effects of extraneous pulses or distortion.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 256]    256PULSE TRANSMISSION VIA RADIATED BASEBAND:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where pulses are radiated into free space but are not modulated onto a carrier wave.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 257]    257CABLE SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter where pulses are transmitted on a cable or transmission line.

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222+,for modems which can be used with a cable system.

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370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for multiplex communication systems using cables.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 258]    258Transformer coupling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Subject matter including an inductive coupling which is used between the driver and the transmission line or between the receiver and the transmission line for isolating the d.c. value.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 259]    259SYSTEMS USING ALTERNATING OR PULSATING CURRENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter using alternating, sine, or similar wave currents or using pulsating currents in the transmission and reception of pulse or digital communications.
(1) Note. A system includes both a transmitter and a receiver.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 66.1+ for telegraph systems using alternating current.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 1+ for miscellaneous pulse characteristic discriminating and subclasses 100+ for miscellaneous pulse characteristic modifying.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 260]    260Plural channels for transmission of a single pulse train:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Subject matter in which more than one transmission channel is utilized to convey one pulse train.
(1) Note. A channel is a normally independent transmission path.
(2) Note. Multi-carrier modulation techniques (also known as orthogonal frequency division multiplexing or discrete multi-tone modulation) are properly classified here, rather than in Class 370, unless they are used to transmit multiple sources of information data.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for frequency division multiplexing where multiple sources of information data are transmitted over a common transmission medium.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 59 for single analog signal transmission via plural carrier waves.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 261]    261Quadrature amplitude modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Subject matter in which the transmitted signal can be represented as the superposition of two modulated signals, each being obtained by pulse amplitude modulation of a signal sequence on a sinusoidal carrier, the two signal sequences being generated in synchronization at the same rate, and the two carriers being of the same frequency but 90 degrees apart in phase.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

298,for quadrature amplitude modulation transmitters.
316+,for quadrature amplitude modulation receivers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 20 for independent signals on quadrature carriers.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 60 for analog transmission via plural phases of one carrier.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 262]    262Maximum likelihood decoder or viterbi decoder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Subject matter for choosing an estimate code word for each possible received sequence of a demodulation output.
(1) Note. This method is generally used for decoding the convolution codes.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 786+ for digital data error correction having a convolution code, particularly subclasses 794 and 795 for maximum likelihood and Viterbi decoding.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 263]    263Partial response:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Subject matter where the binary data rate is above the Nyquist rate (equal to twice the transmission bandwidth, and commonly regarded as the upper limit on the rate of binary data transmission) thereby dispersing the individual input pulses over more than one signalling interval.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 264]    264Multilevel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Subject matter in which the transmitted pulse waveform has more than two discrete amplitude levels.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 265]    265Trellis encoder or Trellis decoder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Subject matter for improving the noise immunity of digital transmission system without bandwidth expansion or reduction of data rate.
(1) Note. The encoder employs redundant nonbinary modulation in combination with a finite-state encoder which governs the selection of modulation signals to generate the coded signal sequence.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 267]    267Diversity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Subject matter where the two or more channels carrying the same message go from the transmitter to the receiver via different paths, frequencies, or times of transmission.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

455Telecommunications,   subclasses 132+ for diversity receivers and subclasses 504+ for fading elimination in a diversity system.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 268]    268Amplitude modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Subject matter in which the pulses are multiplied with a carrier wave so as to produce and transmit at least one sideband equal to the carrier plus or minus the baseband.
(1) Note. In amplitude modulation the amplitude of the carrier wave does not change. The carrier wave can represent the average amplitude of the envelope and, since this is the same irrespective of the presence or absence of modulation, the carrier wave transmits no information. The information is carried by the sidebands.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

332Modulators,   for amplitude modulation and pulse modulators.
455Telecommunications,   for nonpulse amplitude modulation systems, transmitters, and receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 269]    269With phase or frequency shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 268.  Subject matter wherein the phase or frequency of the amplitude modulated carrier wave is shifted between at least two phases or frequencies.

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273,for phase shift keying with additional frequency shift keying.

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332Modulators,   subclasses 120+ for a frequency modulator incorporating amplitude modulation and subclass 145 for a phase modulator incorporating amplitude modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 270]    270Vestigial or single sideband or suppressed carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 268.  Subject matter where less than two complete sidebands are transmitted, with or without the carrier or two complete sidebands are transmitted without the carrier.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

277,for vestigial, or single sideband-frequency shift keyed systems.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

332Modulators,   subclasses 167+ or 170+ for a suppressed carrier type or a single or vestigial sideband type amplitude modulator, per se.
348Television,   appropriate subclasses for television systems and transmitters that use vestigial sidebands.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 46 and 47 for suppressed carrier and single or vestigial sideband systems; subclass 109 for amplitude modulation transmitters; and subclasses 202 through 204 for amplitude modulated receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 271]    271Angle modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Subject matter where the digital information or pulses to be transmitted vary the phase angle or frequency of a carrier wave.
(1) Note. In angle modulation, the total energy content of the output spectrum is generally kept constant. The amplitude of the carrier component depends on the modulation index.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

211,for angle modulated repeaters.
223,for angle modulated carrier pulse transceivers.
302,for angle modulated carrier pulse transmitters.
322,for angle modulated carrier pulse receivers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

329Demodulators,   subclasses 315+ for frequency demodulators, subclasses 300+ for a frequency shift keying demodulator, per se, and subclasses 304+ for a phase shift keying demodulator, per se.
332Modulators,   subclasses 117+ for a frequency modulator, per se, and subclasses 144+ for a phase modulator, per se.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 215 for phase modulation, and subclass 483 for angle modulation.
398Optical Communications,   subclasses 187 and 188 for frequency and phase modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 272]    272Frequency shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Subject matter where the instantaneous frequency of the pulse or digitally modulated carrier wave is shifted (generally between two frequencies) according to the presence or absence of a pulse, or a mark or space, being transmitted.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

211,for frequency shift keyed repeaters.
223,for frequency shift keyed transceivers.
303+,for frequency shift keyed transmitters.
334+,for frequency shift keyed receivers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

398Optical Communications,   subclass 187 for frequency modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 273]    273Combined with phase shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Subject matter where phase shift keying is combined with the frequency shift keying.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 274]    274Minimum shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Subject matter wherein the difference between the mark and space frequencies is at the minimum value still presenting orthogonality (zero cross-correlation) between the mark and space signals and thus providing for efficient detection of the data.
(1) Note. Continuous phase is maintained at the mark-space transitions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

305,for minimum shift keyed transmitter.
336,for minimum shift keyed receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 275]    275More than two frequencies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Subject matter in which the carrier wave is shifted between more than two frequencies.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 276]    276One cycle or less per bit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Subject matter in which the carrier frequency is shifted after one or less cycle of the carrier has been transmitted.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

274,and 336, for minimum shift keying.
240,for band width conservation of a digital signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 277]    277Vestigial or single sideband, or suppressed carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Subject matter wherein one complete sideband, with or without the carrier wave and with or without the complimentary sideband, is utilized.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

270,for vestigial or single sideband, or suppressed carrier pulse amplitude modulated carrier systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 278]    278Antinoise or distortion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Subject matter with provision for correction or reduction of distortion or for removing or correcting for the effects of extraneous pulses.

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284+,for antinoise or distortion in a phase shift keying system.
285,for antinoise or distortion in a pulse modulated carrier system.
313,for key click prevention in a keying circuit.
346+,for antinoise or distortion in pulse modulated carrier wave receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 279]    279Phase shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Subject matter wherein the instantaneous phase of the carrier wave departs from a reference phase in accordance with the transmission of pulses.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

223,for phase shift keyed transceivers.
273,for phase shift keyed combined with frequency shift keyed systems.
308,for phase shift keyed transmitter.
329+,for phase shift keyed receivers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

398Optical Communications,   subclass 188 for phase modulated light wave transmitter
455Telecommunications,   subclass 23 for phase shift keyed repeaters.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 280]    280More than two phases:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Subject matter in which the phase of the carrier wave is shifted between three or more phases.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 281]    281Quaternary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Subject matter where the phases are 90 degrees apart.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 282]    282Biphase (manchester codes):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Subject matter where the carrier is an elementary alternating current signal having for each data bit a zero crossing in the same direction at the beginning of each bit and also at the end of each bit, a constant duration, a zero crossing only once intermediate the beginning and the end of each bit, the intermediate zero crossing representing one of the two signalling conditions when occurring before the middle of the data bit and the other of the two signalling conditions when occurring after the middle of the data bit.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 283]    283Differential phase shift keying (diphase):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Subject matter where the reference phase is the phase used to transmit the previous data pulse.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

244,for differential pulse code modulation.
330,for differential phase shift keyed receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 284]    284Antinoise or distortion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Subject matter where there is provision for correction or reduction of the effects of extraneous pulses or of distortion of the wave shape of the transmitted signals.

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278,for antinoise or distortion in a frequency shift keyed system.
285,for antinoise or distortion in pulse modulated carrier systems in general.
313,for key click prevention in a pulse modulated carrier transmitter.
346+,for pulse modulated carrier wave receivers with antinoise or antidistortion provisions.
353,for transmitter/receiver feedback compensation in a repeater.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 285]    285Antinoise or distortion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Subject matter with provision for correction or reduction of distortion of the wave shape of the carrier wave or for the correction or reduction of the effects of extraneous pulses.

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267,for pulse modulated carrier wave systems with diversity.
278,for frequency shift keyed systems with antinoise or antidistortion.
284,for phase shift keyed systems with antinoise or antidistortion.
313,for transmitters with key click prevention.
346,for receivers with interference or noise reduction.

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333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 28 for passive equalizers; and subclasses 165 through 212 for filters, per se.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 63.1 through 65for noise reduction systems; and subclasses 296-312 for noise reducing receivers.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 300+ and 819 for filters and equalizers which perform mathematical functions during operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 286]    286MULTILEVEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which the transmitted pulse waveform has more than two discrete amplitude levels.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 287]    287With threshold level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter wherein the received or transmitted signal is compared with a reference voltage to determine the discrete amplitude level.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 288]    288Transmission line:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter including one or more insulated conductors arranged to transmit the pulse waveform from one locality to another.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 289]    289Bipolar signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter wherein the transmitted pulse waveform has two level-signaling.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 290]    290Partial response:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter where the binary data rate is above the Nyquist rate (equal to twice the transmission bandwidth, and commonly regarded as the upper limit on the rate of binary data transmission) thereby dispersing the individual input pulses over more than one signalling interval.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 291]    291Duobinary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 290.  Subject matter wherein the binary data rate is at half the baud rate (w=p/T).
(1) Note. The duobinary signaling is generally used for controlling the intersymbol interference (ISI).
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 292]    292Disparity reduction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter where the average transmitted amplitude level for a predetermined group of bits is reduced as far as possible in attempting to reduce d.c. components.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 293]    293Synchronized:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter in which the transmitter (coder) and receiver (decoder) operate in predetermined timed relationship.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

354+,for synchronizers in general.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 503+ for synchronization in multiplex communications.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 294]    294Phase locked loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Subject matter having a closed-loop electronic servomechanism the output of which locks onto and tracks a received clock signal to provide the frequency and phase aligned receiver clock.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 295]    295TRANSMITTERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for forming and transmitting pulses.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 291+ for miscellaneous circuits producing a clock or a pulse wave form.
332Modulators,   subclasses 106+ for pulse modulators, per se.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   subclasses 20+ and 173+ for code transmitters.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 296]    296Antinoise or distortion (includes predistortion):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Systems where any undesired modulation components accompanying a desired modulated carrier wave signal, which components are due to electrical disturbances within the useful frequency band or any undesired carrier wave distortion and which may originate at a source external to the transmitter or which may be generated internally in the transmitter, are reduced, eliminated or compensated for, or where the transmitted signal may, prior to transmission, be distorted in a manner complementary to the distortion introduced in the transmission medium.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 297]    297Power amplifier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 296.  Subject matter including an amplifier which is used for the modulation process in the transmitter.
(1) Note. Compensation is made to the amplifier due to amplifier nonlinearality characteristics.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 298]    298Quadrature amplitude modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Subject matter in which the transmitted signal can be represented as the superposition of two modulated signals, each being obtained by pulse amplitude modulation of a signal sequence on a sinusoidal carrier, the two signal sequences being generated in synchronization at the same rate, and the two carriers being of the same frequency but 90 degrees apart in phase.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

261,for quadrature amplitude modulation system using alternating or pulsating current.
316+,for quadrature amplitude modulation receivers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 206 for multiplex communications using quadrature carriers.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 60 for analog transmission via plural phases of one carrier.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 299]    299Plural diversity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Subject matter including two or more transmitters transmit the same messages through two or more channels via different paths, frequencies or times of transmission.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 300]    300Amplitude modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Subject matter in which the pulses are multiplied with a carrier wave so as to produce and transmit at least one sideband equal to the carrier plus or minus the baseband.
(1) Note. In amplitude modulation the amplitude of the carrier wave does not change. The carrier wave can represent the average amplitude of the envelope and, since this is the same irrespective of the presence or absence of modulation, the carrier wave transmits no information. The information is carried by the sidebands.

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332Modulators,   for amplitude modulation and pulse modulators.
455Telecommunications,   for nonpulse amplitude modulation systems, transmitters, and receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 301]    301Single or vestigial sideband or suppressed carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Subject matter where less than two complete sidebands are transmitted, with or without the carrier, or two complete sidebands are transmitted without the carrier.

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332Modulators,   subclasses 167+ or 170+ for a suppressed carrier type or a single or vestigial sideband type amplitude modulator, per se.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 109 for single sideband amplitude modulated carrier wave transmitters.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 302]    302Angle modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Subject matter where the digital information or pulses to be transmitted vary the phase angle or frequency of a carrier wave.
(1) Note. In angle modulation, the total energy content of the output spectrum is generally kept constant. The amplitude of the carrier component depends on the modulation index.

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211,for angle modulated repeaters.
223,for angle modulated carrier pulse transceivers.
271,for angle modulated carrier pulse system using alternating or pulsating current.
322,for angle modulated carrier pulse receivers.

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329Demodulators,   subclasses 315+ for frequency demodulators, subclasses 300+ for a frequency shift keying demodulator, per se, and subclasses 304+ for a phase shift keying demodulator, per se.
332Modulators,   subclasses 117+ for a frequency modulator, per se, and subclasses 144+ for a phase modulator, per se.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 215 for phase modulation, and subclass 483 for angle modulation.
398Optical Communications,   subclass 187 and 188 for frequency and phase modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 303]    303Frequency shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Subject matter where the frequency of the carrier wave shifts between predetermined values in accordance with the value of the modulating pulse wave.

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211,for frequency shift keyed repeaters.
272,for frequency shift keyed systems.
334+,for frequency shift keyed receivers.

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398Optical Communications,   subclass 187 for frequency modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 304]    304Antenna tuning with frequency shift:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter where the transmitter is connected to an antenna circuit which is tuned to the instantaneous frequency of the transmitted carrier wave.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 305]    305Minimum shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter wherein the differences between the mark and space frequencies is at the minimum value still preserving orthogonality (zero cross-correlations) between the mark and space signals and thus providing for efficient detection of the data. Continuous phase is maintained at the mark-space transitions.

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274,for minimum shift keyed systems.
336,for minimum shift keyed receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 306]    306One oscillator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter where the modulated carrier wave is generated by altering the frequency of an oscillator in the transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 307]    307Two or more oscillators:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter where the carrier wave is generated by switching between two or more oscillators of differing frequency
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 308]    308Phase shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Subject matter where the carrier wave is modulated by varying its phase in accordance with the pulses to be transmitted.

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239,for phase shift keyed repeaters.
279,for phase shift keyed systems.
329+,for phase shift keyed receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 309]    309Keying circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Subject matter wherein the output signal of the transmitter is initiated and terminated by a keying device, such as a manually or automatically operated switch.
(1) Note. The keying device may control the active elements of the transmitter (oscillator or modulator) or the coupling circuits.
(2) Note. Where the claims are drawn to a keying device controlling an oscillator or an amplifier without additional details of the transmitter, classification is in Class 331, subclasses 172+ or Class 330, respectively.

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178Telegraphy,   subclass 116 for keyed spark gap or arc converter transmitters.
398Optical Communications,   subclasses 187 and 188 for frequency and phase modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 310]    310Remote controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Subject matter wherein the keying device has its control part located at a point some distance removed from the transmitter.
(1) Note. This subclass includes relay controlled keying, wherein the operator key controls the relay, the armature controlled contacts being in the transmitter circuit.
(2) Note. This distance between the operator key and the transmitter circuit controlled thereby may be considerable or the distance may be small as with relay controlled keying.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 311]    311Automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Subject matter wherein the keying of the transmitter is automatically controlled as opposed, for example, to a manual control.
(1) Note. The automatic keying devices of this subclass include rotating cylinders, disks, etc., with cams or conductive segments arranged in a predetermined fashion for closing contacts in the transmitter circuit and controlling the transmission of intelligence.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 312]    312Power or bias voltage supply keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Subject matter wherein the keying device for controlling the operation of the transmitter is in the power or bias voltage supply circuit.

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331Oscillators,   subclasses 173+ for oscillators controlled by keying the power supply circuit.
332Modulators,   subclass 181 for plate circuit modulation in an amplitude modulator.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 313]    313Key shock or click prevention:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Subject matter including provision to eliminate or prevent the electrical disturbances produced by abrupt operation of the key.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 314]    314Including auxiliary control tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Subject matter including an auxiliary electron discharge tube in the keying circuit, the conduction of which controls the operation of the transmitter and is responsive to the keying means.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 315]    315Modulation by absorption of signal, changing antenna dimension or changing antenna impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 309.  Subject matter including means controlled by the keying operation to absorb the oscillations during spacing periods as when the transmission of intelligence is by marks and spaces, or to change the impedance or dimension of the antenna to cause modulation of the carrier.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 316]    316RECEIVERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including apparatus to decode, demodulate, or otherwise recover the transmitted intelligence.

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238,for pulse width receivers.
239,for pulse position, frequency, or number receivers.
242+,for pulse code modulation and delta receivers.
256,for radiated baseband receivers.
257,for cable receivers.
286+,for multilevel receivers.
353,for pulse amplitude receivers.

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178Telegraphy,   subclasses 63 and 118 for telegraphy receivers.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 200.1+ for miscellaneous pulse circuits.
329Demodulators,   subclasses 311+ for pulse demodulators, subclasses 300+ for a frequency shift keying demodulator, per se, and subclasses 304+ for a phase shift keying demodulator, per se.
332Modulators,   subclasses 106+ for a pulse modulator, per se.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   subclasses 126+ for digital to analog converters.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   appropriate subclasses for radar receivers in which ranging or position determining is claimed.
370Multiplex Communications,   for receivers used for multiplex systems.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 130+ for nonpulse radio receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 317]    317Automatic baseline or threshold adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter where the received signal is compared to a reference voltage or current level, the reference level being automatically adjusted.

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329Demodulators,   appropriate subclasses for automatically controlled demodulators.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 318]    318Differential amplifier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Subject matter including a circuit that amplifies the difference between the received signal and the reference signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 319]    319Automatic bias circuit for DC restoration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Subject matter including a means for eliminating unwanted DC offset voltages in a receiver for decoding the digitally modulated signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 320]    320Amplitude modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter wherein the receiver extracts a modulating signal from an input AM signal whose amplitude of a carrier varies over a continuum of values in accordance with the modulating signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 321]    321Single or vestigial sideband or suppressed carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 320.  Subject matter in which the receiver is responsive to pulses which are amplitude modulated onto a carrier wave in such a manner that less than a full carrier or less than two complete sidebands are created by the modulation process.

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270,for similar systems.
301,for similar transmitters.

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455Telecommunications,   subclasses 202 through 204for similar analog carrier wave receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 322]    322Angle modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter where the angle of the sine wave carrier is varied in accordance with the pulse or digital information.

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329Demodulators,   subclasses 315+ for frequency demodulators and subclasses 345+ for phase demodulators, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 323]    323Combined phase shift keyed and frequency shift keyed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter in which the received carrier has been modulated both as to its phase and frequency.

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273,for frequency shift and phase shift keyed systems.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 204 for multiplex communications with plural diverse modulation techniques.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 324]    324Particular demodulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including a specified type of circuit for recovering the pulse or digital signal from the modulated carrier wave.

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329Demodulators,   subclasses 311+ for pulse demodulators, subclasses 315+ for frequency demodulators, subclasses 345+ for phase demodulators, and subclasses 347+ for amplitude demodulators.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 214 for analog frequency modulation receivers with particular discriminator.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 325]    325Including coherent detector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Subject matter including a detecting circuit for deriving additional information from the phase of the carrier signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 326]    326Carrier recovery circuit or carrier tracking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Subject matter including means for extracting a carrier signal from the modulated signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 327]    327Phase locked loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Subject matter wherein the demodulator includes a local oscillator synchronized in phase and frequency with the received signal.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 156+ for miscellaneous synchronizing circuits having a phase lock loop.
329Demodulators,   particularly subclasses 307+ , 325+, and 360+ for locked oscillator demodulators.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 328]    328Including switching or gating (digital circuits):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Subject matter including circuits such as logic gates and counters for processing the angle modulated wave in the receiver.

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303,for frequency shift keying transmitters with digital circuits.

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326Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry,   appropriate subclasses for electronic digital logic circuits.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 365+ for miscellaneous gating circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 329]    329Phase shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter in which the phase of the carrier detected has been varied according to the pulse or digital information.

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279+,for phase shift systems.
308,for phase shift keyed transmitters.

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329Demodulators,   subclasses 304+ for a phase shift keying or quadrature amplitude demodulator, per se.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 205 for frequency modulation receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 330]    330Differential (diphase):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter in which the bit interval representing one of the two binary levels is formed by a change in the phase of the received signal relative to the preceding bit interval, and the bit interval representing the other of the two binary levels is formed by the absence of a change of phase of the received signal.

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283,for diphase systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 331]    331More than two phases:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 330.  Subject matter in which there are at least three possible phases that the received signal can assume.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 332]    332Plural phase (>2):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter where the received signal can assume one of at least three possible phases during a bit interval.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 333]    333Biphase (manchester code):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter wherein the data to be detected has been encoded as a 0-1 transition for one bit of information and a 1-0 transition for the other bit.

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282,for biphase systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 334]    334Frequency shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter where the carrier has been modulated by shifting its frequency in accordance with the pulses transmitted.

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211,for frequency shift keying repeaters.
223,for frequency shift keying transceivers.
272+,for frequency shift keying systems.
303+,for frequency shift keying transmitters.

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331Oscillators,   subclass 179 for frequency shift keying of oscillators.
398Optical Communications,   subclass 187 for frequency modulated light wave transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 335]    335More than two frequencies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 334.  Subject matter in which the input signal detected has three or more frequencies representing three or more pieces of information.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 336]    336Minimum shift keying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 334.  Subject matter for receiving a signal having frequency shifts equal to the minimum necessary to distinguish a mark from a space.

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274,for minimum shift keying systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 337]    337Separate mark and space channels:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 334.  Subject matter in which one frequency is received over one channel and the other frequency is received over another separate channel within the receiver.
(1) Note. Systems with entirely independent paths between the transmitter and receiver will not be found here but in subclass 260.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 338]    338Interrupted carrier wave:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter in which the pulse or digital information is received on a carrier wave which is turned on and off at a rate much higher than the signal rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 339]    339Carrier controlling local generator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 338.  Subject matter comprising means whereby the local generator or oscillator is triggered, gated, or otherwise controlled by the received signal.
(1) Note. This controlled generator signal is then recorded or otherwise used.

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331Oscillators,   subclasses 172+ for means for triggering oscillators.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 340]    340Particular pulse demodulator or detector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter including specific details of the apparatus to convert the pulse signal back to baseband.
(1) Note. Angle modulation demodulators are not found here but in subclass 324.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 341]    341Maximum likelihood decoder or viterbi decoder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 340.  Subject matter wherein a decoding method is used for choosing an estimate code word for each possible received sequence of a demodulation output.
(1) Note. This method is generally used for decoding the convolution codes.

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262,for maximum likelihood decoder or viterbi decoder of systems using alternating or pulsating current.

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714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 786+ for digital data error correction having a convolution code, particularly subclasses 794 and 795 for maximum likelihood and Viterbi decoding.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 342]    342Locating predetermined portion of pulse:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 340.  Subject matter in which the demodulator locates a predetermined portion of the pulse such as a maxima, minima, or zero crossing.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 343]    343Correlative or matched filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 340.  Subject matter where a signal to be demodulated is compared point to point with an internally generated reference signal which is constructed in such a way that it is at all times a prediction of what the signal to be demodulated should be at that time.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 320 , 335, 342, 441, 479, and 515 for correlation detection in multiplex environment.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 300+ for digital filters, per se, subclasses 422+ for digital correlators, subclasses 813+ for analog correlation, and subclass 819 for analog filtering.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 344]    344Automatic frequency control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter where a receiver frequency response characteristic is set or adjusted in response to frequency changes in the input signal or charges in the receiver parameters.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 345]    345Automatic gain control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter where the amplification of the receiver is automatically adjusted in accordance with the strength of the received signal.

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330Amplifiers,   subclasses 129+ and 254 for gain controlled amplifiers.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 234.1+ for nonpulse carrier wave automatic gain control.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 346]    346Interference or noise reduction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter where the deleterious effects of extraneous signals are eliminated or suppressed at the receiver.

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285,for systems with antinoise provisions.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses and particularly subclasses 310+ , 384+, and 551+ for miscellaneous or unwanted signal suppression.
348Television,   subclasses 607+ for noise or undesired signal reduction.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 296+ for carrier wave receivers with noise reduction not limited to or claiming pulse type signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 347]    347Diversity (frequency or time):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter including two separate receivers receiving the same signal on two different frequencies or at two different locations on the same frequency or one receiver receiving the same signal at different times and combining the two thus received signals into a more noise free signal.

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455Telecommunications,   subclass 132 for general diversity; and subclasses 296+ for receiver diversity.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 348]    348Intersymbol interference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter to prevent successive data bits or symbols from interleaving or influencing one another.

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229+,for equalizers.
290+,for partial response system.

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455Telecommunications,   subclass 296 for anti-multipath receivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 349]    349Plural signal paths in receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter including more than one signal channel included between the receiver input and output.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 350]    350By filtering (e.g., digital):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter wherein the noise is reduced by a frequency domain or digital sequence filter. The filter may remove interference or pass only desired signals.

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455Telecommunications,   subclass 307 for carrier wave receivers with filters for noise reduction.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 300+ for digital filter.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 351]    351Gating, blanking, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter where noise pulses are eliminated by the operation of switches to open or short the signal path to delete the undesired signals.

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455Telecommunications,   subclasses 218+ for squelch and noise blankers.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 352]    352With electromagnetic relay or solenoid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Subject matter including an electromagnetically operated switch or an electromagnet with an armature which reciprocates within and along the axis of an energized coil.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 139+ for control circuits for electromagnetic devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 353]    353PULSE AMPLITUDE MODULATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which the amplitude of the transmitted pulses represents the transmitted information.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 50+ for miscellaneous pulse amplitude discriminating and subclasses 178+ for miscellaneous rectangular or pulse waveform amplitude control.
329Demodulators,   subclass 311 for pulse amplitude demodulation.
332Modulators,   subclasses 115+ for a pulse amplitude modulator, per se.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 533 for a multiplexer or distributor using pulse amplitude modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 354]    354SYNCHRONIZERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for synchronizing the operation of the receiving and transmitting mechanisms.
(1) Note. This subclass may include multiplex techniques used to control synchronization of the transmitter and receiver; however, when the information content is multiplexed, classification is in Class 370.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   particularly subclasses 141+ for miscellaneous synchronizing circuits.
348Television,   for synchronization TV system.
358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclasses 409 through 424for synchronization in facsimile.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 503+ for synchronizing multiplex communications.
704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, And Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclass 270.1 for speech assisted network.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring,   subclass 248 for synchronization of plural computers.
713Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems: Support,   subclasses 375 through 601for digital data processing system timing, per se.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclass 12 for synchronization fault recovery.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 355]    355Synchronizing the sampling time of digital data:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter wherein the sampling time of a sampler is synchronized to the transmission baud rate, or twice, or more of the transmission baud rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 356]    356Network synchronizing more than two stations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter for synchronizing more than two input or output points along a communication system.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include multiplex synchronization.

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704Data Processing: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, And Audio Compression/Decompression,   subclass 270.1 for speech assisted network.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 357]    357Synchronization failure prevention:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter in which there is apparatus to prevent the failure of the synchronization apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 358]    358Feedback, receiver to transmitter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter in which there is a signal sent from the receiver to the transmitter to control the synchronization of the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 359]    359Self-synchronizing signal (self-clocking codes, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter that receives the synchronizing information from the information signal itself rather than requiring the transmission and ultimate reception and separation of a special synchronizing signal interleaved with the incoming information signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 360]    360With transition detector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter including a circuit for detecting the changes of a signal level of the received encoded signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 361]    361Manchester code or biphase code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter wherein the information signal is encoded as a 0-1 transition for one bit of information and a 1-0 transition for the other bit.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 362]    362Frequency or phase control using synchronizing signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter which uses the transmission and ultimate reception and separation of a special synchronizing signal interleaved with the incoming information signal.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 491 and 500 for pilot insertion in a multiplex communications using frequency or time channels.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 363]    363Synchronization bit insertion into artificially created gaps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Subject matter where there are gaps created in the transmitted bit stream in which synchronization bits are transmitted.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 504 for multiplex synchronization where a gap is the synchronization reference point.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 364]    364Synchronization signals with unique amplitude, polarity, length, or frequency:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Subject matter where the synchronization signals are distinguishable from data signals by a differing amplitude, polarity, length, or frequency.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 365]    365Synchronization word:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Subject matter in which the synchronization signal is a multidigit word which is not a member of the set of valid data words.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 366]    366Plurality of synchronization words:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Subject matter having at least two or more sync words.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 367]    367Pseudo noise:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Subject matter where the unique synchronizing word has the property of being produced by a definite calculation process while simultaneously satisfying one or more of the standard tests for statistical randomness.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 515 for a pseudo-random sync word in a multiplex environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 368]    368Synchronizer pattern recognizers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Subject matter which includes apparatus for recognizing the unique synchronizing word.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 369]    369Start - stop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Subject matter where there are synchronization signals at both the start and the end of a data word.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 305+ for start-stop synchronization of a low speed asynchronous data system.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 370]    370With asynchronous data:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 369.  Subject matter having a variable time interval between successive bits, characters or events of the incoming data stream.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 371]    371Phase displacement, slip or jitter correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Subject matter which corrects for errors in the time of occurrence of transmitted pulses.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 372]    372Elastic buffer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Subject matter wherein a first in-first out (FIFO) storage is operated to receive data that is synchronized with a write clock from the input signal and therefrom synchronized with the read clock of the FIFO storage.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 373]    373Phase locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Subject matter wherein the receiver clock and received data are brought into frequency and phase alignment or coherence.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 374]    374With charge pump or up and down counters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter including a means for controlling the voltage which applied to the voltage control oscillator (VCO) as to change the frequency of the phase lock loop.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 375]    375With frequency detector and phase detector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter including a frequency detecting device to ensure the frequency alignment before a phase detector adjusts the phase locking.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 376]    376Phase locked loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter having a closed-loop electronic servomechanism the output of which locks onto and tracks a received signal to provide the frequency and phase aligned receiver clock.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass 377]    377MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter not provided for in any of the preceding subclasses of this class.
  

E-SUBCLASSES

NOTE—E-subclasses in USPC Class 375/E1.001-E7.281 were created as duplicates of EPO groups in H04B 1/69-1/76 and H04N 7/24-7/68. With the implementation of CPC, these E-subclasses should no longer be used. Instead, use CPC groups in H04B 1/69-1/76 and H04N 7/24-7/68.

The E-subclasses in U.S. Class 375 provide for Spread Spectrum techniques in signal modulation for transmission and systems for the transmission of digital video signal using pulse code modulation.

[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.001]    E1.001SPREAD SPECTRUM TECHNIQUES IN GENERAL:
 This maingroup provides for subject matter utilizing a data modulated signal which has its energy spread over a transmitted bandwidth which is much greater than the bandwidth or rate of information being sent. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/69.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.002]    E1.002Using direct sequence modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.003]    E1.003With code acquisition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.002. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.004]    E1.004Setting of lock conditions, e.g., threshold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A7.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.005]    E1.005Code identification:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A11.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.006]    E1.006Multimode search, i.e., using multiple search strategies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A15.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.007]    E1.007Using partial detection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.008]    E1.008Partial correlation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.007. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A1A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.009]    E1.009Partial phase search:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.007. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A1C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.01]    E1.01Multistage acquisition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A3.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.011]    E1.011Multidwell schemes, i.e., multiple accumulation times:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.01. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A3A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.012]    E1.012Parallel schemes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.01. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A3C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.013]    E1.013Setting of search window, i.e., range of code offsets to be searched:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A5.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.014]    E1.014Masking/slewing, i.e., jumping within the code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A9.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.015]    E1.015With increased resolution, i.e., higher than half a chip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707A13.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.016]    E1.016Using a code tracking loop, e.g., a delay locked loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.002. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.017]    E1.017With demodulation by means of convolvers, e.g., of the SAW type, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.002. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.018]    E1.018With demodulation by means of matched filters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.002. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.019]    E1.019With asynchronous demodulation, i.e., not requiring code synchronisation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.002. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.02]    E1.02Interference-related aspects:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.002. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.021]    E1.021The interference being narrowband:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.02. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.022]    E1.022With estimation filters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.021. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F1E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.023]    E1.023With transform to frequency domain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.021. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F1T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.024]    E1.024The interference being multiple access interference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.02. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.025]    E1.025Using joint detection techniques, e.g., linear detectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.024. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2J.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.026]    E1.026Using decorrelation matrix:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.025. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2J1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.027]    E1.027Using minimum mean squared error (MMSE) detector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.025. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2J2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.028]    E1.028Using maximum-likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.025. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2J3.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.029]    E1.029Using subtractive interference cancellation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.024. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.03]    E1.03Successive interference cancellation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.029. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2S1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.031]    E1.031Parallel interference cancellation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.029. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F2S2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.032]    E1.032The interference being multi path interference, e.g., RAKE receivers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.02. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/707F3.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.033]    E1.033Using frequency hopping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/713.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.034]    E1.034Arrangements for generation of hop frequencies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.033. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/713C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.035]    E1.035Arrangements for generation of hop sequences:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.033. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/713D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.036]    E1.036Interference related aspects:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.033. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/713F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E1.037]    E1.037Arrangements for sequence synchronization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E1.033. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04B1/713S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.001]    E7.001SYSTEMS FOR THE TRANSMISSION OF TELEVISION SIGNALS USING PULSE CODE MODULATION:
 This main group provides for systems for the transmission of television signals using pulse code modulation, i.e. transmission systems wherein the television signal is a digital video signal or a bit stream carrying visual content; e.g., systems, devices and methods for video bit stream assembling, disassembling, transport, processing, delivery or control, for source coding or decoding of digital video signal, for error protection, detection or correction of digital video signal, for channel coding or decoding of digital video signal. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.002]    E7.002Arrangements for interfacing to the transmission channel or to the communication network:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.003]    E7.003Bitstream control arrangements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.004]    E7.004Involving pointers to the video stream:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C10.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.005]    E7.005Involving the control of media objects:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C12.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.006]    E7.006Presentation therefor, e.g., on the basis of a scene description:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.005. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C12C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.007]    E7.007User interaction therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.005. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C12M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.008]    E7.008With hot-spots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.007. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C12M2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.009]    E7.009Intellectual Property Rights management and protection therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.005. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C12P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.01]    E7.01Synchronization therefor, e.g., synchronization of elementary stream objects at the sync layer with time stamps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.005. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C12S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.011]    E7.011Involving control of the complexity properties of the video bitstream, e.g., spatial or temporal resolution, SNR, bit rate, region of interest selection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C14.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.09,E7.091 and E7.078 for scalable encoding of video.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.012]    E7.012Where the control is performed by the receiver of the video, e.g., active selection by the receiver from a scalable bitstream or selective multicast subscription:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.011. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C14R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.013]    E7.013Where the control is performed by the transmitter of the video, e.g., active selection by the transmitter of parts of scalable bitstream to be sent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.011. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C14T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.014]    E7.014Involving buffer level management:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.015]    E7.015Involving a control signal to the decoder, e.g., from the medium specific interface unit, or from the network:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.016]    E7.016Involving a control signal to the encoder, e.g., from the medium specific interface unit, or from the network:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.017]    E7.017Involving an exchange of control commands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.003. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24C8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.018]    E7.018Bitstream embedding arrangements, e.g., arrangements for blending, replacing, hiding, compositing or associating at bitstream level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24E.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.089,for arrangements involving bandwidth reduction signal processing.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.019]    E7.019Bitstream network arrangements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24N.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.02]    E7.02Bitstream transport arrangements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.021]    E7.021Bitstream processing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.02. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24T2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.022]    E7.022Involving modification of bitstream parameters, e.g., restamping of time stamps, remapping of identifiers transmultiplexing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.021. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24T2M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.023]    E7.023Involving switching between bitstreams:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.021. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24T2S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.024]    E7.024Involving transporting of additional information over the bitstream:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.02. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24T4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.025]    E7.025Involving transporting of the bitstream over a delivery medium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.02. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/24T6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.026]    E7.026Using bandwidth reduction; source coding or decoding of digital video signal, e.g., digital video signal compression; Pre- or postprocessing therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.027]    E7.027Decoder-specific arrangements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.028]    E7.028For compensating inverse transform mismatch, e.g., IDCT mismatch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.027. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26D2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.029]    E7.029Involving sub-band coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.03]    E7.03In combination with temporal predictive coding, e.g., in "inter" mode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.029. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.031]    E7.031With motion compensated temporal filtering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.03. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.032]    E7.032With at least one adaptive element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.03. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.033]    E7.033Involving variable length or entropy coding, e.g., Huffmann or arithmetic coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.032. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.034]    E7.034Involving normalization or quantizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.032. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50E4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.035]    E7.035Involving a bit-rate or bit-amount target:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.032. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50E5.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.036]    E7.036With adaptive target allocation among the components:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.035. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50E5A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.037]    E7.037With interframe prediction not only of coefficient values:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.03. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.038]    E7.038Suited to an interframe bitstream syntax:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.03. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.039]    E7.039Using sub-band domain temporal integration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.03. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H50T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.04]    E7.04Of a single image:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.029. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.041]    E7.041In more than two frequency dimensions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.042]    E7.042Of arbitrarily shaped image segments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.043]    E7.043With details relating to the sub-band filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.044]    E7.044Concerning filter definition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.043. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30D1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.045]    E7.045Concerning filter implementation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.043. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30D2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.046]    E7.046With at least one adaptive element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.047]    E7.047Involving variable length or entropy coding, e.g., Huffmann or arithmetic coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.046. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.048]    E7.048Involving normalization or quantizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.046. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30E4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.049]    E7.049Involving a bit-rate or bit-amount target:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.046. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30E5.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.05]    E7.05With adaptive target allocation among the components:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.049. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30E5A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.051]    E7.051Control aspects therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.052]    E7.052Controlled element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.051. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.053]    E7.053Subband structure, e.g., number of subbands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.052. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C1B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.054]    E7.054Filter type or filtering coefficients:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.052. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C1D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.055]    E7.055Error protection, detection or correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.052. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C1K.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.056]    E7.056Scan or transmission order of coefficients or bitplanes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.052. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C1S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.057]    E7.057Switching of direction, e.g., horizontal, diagonal, vertical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.056. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C1S3.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.058]    E7.058Unit of control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.051. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.059]    E7.059Relating to sub-band structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.058. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C2B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.06]    E7.06Hierarchical level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.059. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C2B6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.061]    E7.061Directional tree, e.g., low-high (LH), high-low (HL), high-high (HH):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.059. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C2B8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.062]    E7.062Object or region:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.058. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C2J.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.063]    E7.063Element used for control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.051. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C3.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.064]    E7.064Position or location within image, e.g., center or periphery of picture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.063. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C3R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.065]    E7.065Involving user interaction or information input by receiving side:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.063. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30C3V.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.066]    E7.066With prediction other than mere runlength:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.067]    E7.067Intraband:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.066. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30F1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.068]    E7.068Interband:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.066. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30F2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.069]    E7.069Involving the arranging of coefficients or bits, e.g., for scalability or progressive transmission:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30H.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.07]    E7.07Involving scan according to levels, e.g., breadth-first:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.069. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30H1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.071]    E7.071Involving scan according to trees, e.g., depth-first:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.069. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30H2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.072]    E7.072Coding of bitplanes or significance, e.g., zero tree:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.069. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30H6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.073]    E7.073Involving error protection, detection or correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30K.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.074]    E7.074Suited to a bitstream syntax:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.075]    E7.075With grouping into blocks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.04. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26H30Q.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.076]    E7.076Involving video objects:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.077]    E7.077Involving both synthetic and natural picture components, e.g., synthetic natural hybrid coding (SNHC):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.076. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J10.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.078]    E7.078Scalability, e.g., involving base and at least one enhancement video object layers (VOL):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.076. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J14.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.079]    E7.079Spatial scalability:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.078. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J14S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.08]    E7.08Temporal scalability, e.g., layered VOP frame rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.078. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J14T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.081]    E7.081Shape coding therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.076. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.082]    E7.082Using binary alpha-plane coding, e.g., Context based Arithmetic Encoding (CAE):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.081. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J2A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.083]    E7.083Model based coding therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.076. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.084]    E7.084Using a three-dimensional model:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.083. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J4T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.085]    E7.085Coding of regions that are present throughout a whole video segment, e.g., sprites:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.076. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.086]    E7.086Of static sprites, e.g., background, mosaic :
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.085. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J6B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.087]    E7.087Scene description coding, e.g., binary format for scenes (BIFS) compression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.076. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26J8.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.003,for command descriptors and the like.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.088]    E7.088Involving coding of different picture or data components:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.089]    E7.089Involving the insertion of extra data, e.g., in the video data, in the coding parameters or by modification of said video data or parameters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.088. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26E10.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.018,for arrangements for embedding at bitstream level.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.09]    E7.09Involving separate coding of the error signal, i.e., the difference between the original picture and the locally reconstructed one:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.088. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.091]    E7.091Involving arrangements for adaptive allocation of coded information to different channels:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.088. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26E4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.092]    E7.092Involving multi-layer decomposition; subsequent reconstruction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.088. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26E6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.093]    E7.093Implementation arrangements, e.g., implementation by hardware of software:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.094]    E7.094Memory arrangements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.093. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.095]    E7.095Memory downsizing methods:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.094. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L2D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.096]    E7.096Display on the fly, e.g., simultaneous writing to and reading from decoder memory:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.095. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L2D2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.097]    E7.097With 3:2 pulldown:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.096. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L2D2P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.098]    E7.098Recompression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.095. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L2D4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.099]    E7.099Decimation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.098. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L2D4D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.1]    E7.1Motion estimation and/or compensation hardware:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.093. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.101]    E7.101Data flow inside motion estimator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.1. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L4A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.102]    E7.102Access to external memory:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.1. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L4B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.103]    E7.103Parallel arrangements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.093. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26L6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.104]    E7.104Motion estimation therefor; processing of motion vectors for bandwidth reduction purposes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.105]    E7.105Methods:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.104. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.106]    E7.106Global motion vector estimation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.105. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2G.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.107]    E7.107Multiresolution or hierarchical method:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.105. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2H.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.108]    E7.108Multistep search method, e.g., 3-step, 2D-log, One-at-a-Time Search (OTS):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.105. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.109]    E7.109Non block-based processing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.105. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2N.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.11]    E7.11Using feature points or meshes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.109. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2N2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.111]    E7.111Using regions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.109. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2N4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.112]    E7.112Contour motion estimation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.111. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2N4C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.113]    E7.113Sub-pixel accuracy:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.105. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.114]    E7.114Transform domain motion estimation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.105. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M2T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.115]    E7.115Details:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.104. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.116]    E7.116Spatially constrained motion estimation, e.g., at image or region borders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.117]    E7.117Dealing with occlusions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.118]    E7.118Early exit, i.e., stopping a systematic computation based on a certain criteria, e.g., error magnitude is too large:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.119]    E7.119Search initialization, i.e., estimating a good candidate to initiate a search:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4I.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.12]    E7.12Padding, i.e., filling non object values in an arbitrary shaped block for motion estimation purposes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.121]    E7.121Rate-distortion criteria:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.122]    E7.122Variable search window size or shape:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.115. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M4V.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.123]    E7.123Processing of motion vectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.104. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.124]    E7.124Encoding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.123. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M6E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.125]    E7.125Predictive encoding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.124. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26M6E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.126]    E7.126Adaptive or control aspects therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.127]    E7.127Methods, elements or tools for adaptive control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.126. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A10.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.128]    E7.128LaGrangian method:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.127. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A10L.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.129]    E7.129Side information:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.127. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A10S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.13]    E7.13Iterative methods:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.127. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A10T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.131]    E7.131Two pass methods:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.13. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A10T2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.132]    E7.132Controlled element or parameter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.126. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.133]    E7.133Predictor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.134]    E7.134Target code amount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.135]    E7.135Filtering, e.g., for pre- or post-processing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4F.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.054,for subband or wavelet filter banks.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.136]    E7.136Grid, i.e., regular pattern of elementary coding units in a picture, e.g., block grid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4G..
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.137]    E7.137Encoder, i.e., selection among a plurality of heterogeneous encoders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4K.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.138]    E7.138Encoding parameters processing, e.g., initialization, alteration, compression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.139]    E7.139Quantizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4Q.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.14]    E7.14Details of quantization, normalization or weighting functions, e.g., normalization parameters or matrices, variable uniform quantizes, weighting matrices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.139. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4Q2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.141]    E7.141Resource allocation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.142]    E7.142Transform coefficients scan, e.g., zig-zag scan :
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.143]    E7.143Transformer, e.g., 8x8 or 2x4x8 DCT, selection among a plurality of different transform operations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.144]    E7.144Variable length coding (VLC) or entropy coding, e.g., Huffmann or arithmetic coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4V.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.145]    E7.145Skipping or zeroing of coding units, e.g., adaptive decimation, frame skipping, transform coefficient masking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4Z.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.146]    E7.146Coding or prediction mode selection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.132. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.147]    E7.147Intra coding, e.g., selection among a plurality of spatially predictive coding modes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.146. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4C1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.148]    E7.148Refresh, i.e., intra-coding mode decision, e.g., at macroblock or picture level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.146. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4C2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.149]    E7.149Inter coding, i.e., selection among a plurality of temporally predictive coding modes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.146. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4C3.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.15]    E7.15Picture structure, e.g., interlaced/progressive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.146. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4C4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.151]    E7.151Group-of-pictures (GOP) structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.146. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A4C6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.152]    E7.152Controlling element, parameter or criteria:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.126. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.153]    E7.153Rate distortion criteria:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.154]    E7.154Data rate or code amount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.155]    E7.155Using a combination of feedforward and feedback control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.154. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.156]    E7.156Using feedforward control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.154. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.157]    E7.157Based on model-estimated code amount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.156. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E4E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.158]    E7.158Based on off-line generated code amount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.156. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E4G.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.159]    E7.159Feedback control, i.e. control using output code amount, e.g., buffer fullness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.154. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.16]    E7.16Single-pass constant bit rate (CBR) encoding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.159. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6E6S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.161]    E7.161Input video signal characteristics:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.162]    E7.162Complexity, e.g., activity, edges:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.161. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6C2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.163]    E7.163Motion, e.g., field or frame difference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.161. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6C4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.164]    E7.164Using motion vectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.163. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6C4C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.165]    E7.165Scene cut:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.161. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6C6.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.192,scene cut detection in conjunction with bandwidth reduction.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.166]    E7.166Chrominance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.161. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6C8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.167]    E7.167Visual quality:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6Q.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.168]    E7.168Resource availability:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.169]    E7.169Coding mode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.17]    E7.17Picture or macroblock type, e.g., I,P,B:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.169. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6S2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.171]    E7.171Picture structure, e.g., interlaced/progressive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.169. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6S4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.172]    E7.172User input:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6U.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.173]    E7.173Receiver or channel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.152. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6W.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.174]    E7.174Transmission errors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.173. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A6W2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.175]    E7.175Unit of control, i.e., structural or semantic portion of the video signal being the object of the control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.126. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.176]    E7.176Block or macroblock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.177]    E7.177Transform coefficient:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.178]    E7.178Pixel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.179]    E7.179Group-of-pictures (GOP):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8G.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.18]    E7.18Slice, e.g., line of blocks, group of blocks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8L.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.181]    E7.181Picture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.182]    E7.182Image region, e.g., region of interest (ROI), object:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.183]    E7.183Scene or shot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8S.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.192,for scene cut detection in conjunction with bandwidth reduction.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.184]    E7.184Bit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.185]    E7.185Chrominance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8U.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.186]    E7.186Layer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.175. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26A8Y.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.187]    E7.187Compressed domain processing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26C.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.188]    E7.188Involving subsampling at the transmitter and restitution of the omitted samples by interpolation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26N.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.189]    E7.189Involving preprocessing or postprocessing therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.19]    E7.19Involving reduction of coding artifacts, e.g., of blockiness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.189. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26P4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.191]    E7.191Involving cinematographic video sequences, e.g., sequences originated from film and converted to video through 3:2 pulldown:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.189. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26P6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.192]    E7.192Involving scene cut detection in conjunction with bandwidth reduction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.189. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26P8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.193]    E7.193Filtering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.194]    E7.194In a prediction loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.193. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26F2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.195]    E7.195Standard related documents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.196]    E7.196Normative references, e.g., working documents of standardization bodies like ISO/IEC, ITU-T, SMPTE in the domain of digital image and video coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.195. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26S1.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.197]    E7.197Illustrative references, e.g., overviews, reviews:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.195. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26S2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.198]    E7.198Transcoding therefor, i.e., conversion of video data, coding parameters, syntax or the like in order to realize interoperability between different video coding standards:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.199]    E7.199Syntax aspects, e.g., source coding bistream syntax:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Y.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.001+,and E7.267+, for syntax aspects related to a packetized or transport video stream.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.2]    E7.2Miscellaneous of specific spread spectrum techniques using bandwidth reduction; source coding or decoding of digital video signal, e.g., digital video signal compression; or pre- or post processing therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.026,includes specific techniques for spread spectrum using bandwidth reduction not provided elsewhere.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.201]    E7.201Involving N-Tree coding, e.g., quadtree, octree:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z10.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.202]    E7.202Involving run length coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z12.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.203]    E7.203Involving matching pursuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z14.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.204]    E7.204Involving fractal coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z16.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.205]    E7.205Adaptive dynamic range coding (ADRC):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.206]    E7.206Involving both PCM encoding and DPCM encoding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.207]    E7.207Using a dither signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.208]    E7.208Using noise or error feedback, e.g., quantization noise feedback, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.2. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/26Z8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.209]    E7.209Using vector coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/28.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.21]    E7.21Involving pulse code modulation and predictive coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/48.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.211]    E7.211Involving transform and predictive coding, e.g., hybrid coding, Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG) coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.212]    E7.212Involving the use of at least one adaptive element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.211. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.213]    E7.213Involving variable length or entropy coding, e.g., Huffmann or arithmetic coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.212. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.214]    E7.214Quantization, normalization or weighting techniques therefor, e.g., normalization parameters or matrices, variable uniform quantizers, weighting matrices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.212. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.215]    E7.215The output data rate being minimized down to or below the channel capacity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.212. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E5.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.216]    E7.216With feedback control only of the data rate, e.g., buffer fullness being used:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.215. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E5B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.217]    E7.217With feedforward control only of the data rate, e.g., formation amount estimator or sorter being used:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.215. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E5F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.218]    E7.218With feedforward and feedback control of the data rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.215. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E5H.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.219]    E7.219With iterative control of the data rate, e.g., multipass:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.215. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E5L.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.22]    E7.22Involving adaptive allocation of the frame type, e.g., adaptive group-of-pictures (GOP) structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.212. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.221]    E7.221Motion adaptive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.212. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50E8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.222]    E7.222Multiplexing arrangements therefor, e.g., suited to a video bitstream syntax:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.211. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50M.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.223]    E7.223Using nontransform coding for certain blocks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.211. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50N.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.224]    E7.224Forced updating therefor, e.g., refresh techniques, intra/inter-coding mode selection at macroblock or picture level:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.211. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.225]    E7.225Using transform domain integration, i.e., the transform being operated outside the prediction loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.211. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/50T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.226]    E7.226Involving transform coding, e.g., using discrete cosine transform (DCT):
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.227]    E7.227Transforming in more than two dimensions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.228]    E7.228Of arbitrarily shaped image segments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.229]    E7.229Involving the use of at least one adaptive element, e.g., Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.23]    E7.23Adaptive scanning order of DCT coefficients, e.g., alternate scanning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.229. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E10.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.231]    E7.231Involving variable length or entropy coding, e.g., Huffmann or arithmetic coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.229. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.232]    E7.232Quantization, normalization or weighting techniques therefor, e.g., normalization parameters or matrices, variable uniform quantizers, weighting matrices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.229. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.233]    E7.233The output data rate being minimized down to or below the channel capacity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.229. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E5.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.234]    E7.234With feedback control only of the data rate, e.g., buffer fullness being used:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.233. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E5B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.235]    E7.235With feedforward control only of the data rate, e.g., information amount estimator or sorter being used:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.233. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E5F.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.236]    E7.236With feedforward and feedback control of the data rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.233. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E5H.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.237]    E7.237With iterative control of the data rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.233. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E5L.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.238]    E7.238The output quality being above a minimum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.229. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30E7.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.239]    E7.239Involving hierarchical transmission of the transform coefficients, e.g., progressive JPEG:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30H.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.24]    E7.24Involving error detection or error correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30K.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.241]    E7.241Involving pre-processing of the picture element samples before transform coding or post-processing of the same after transform decoding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30P.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.242]    E7.242Involving zonal sampling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.226. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/30S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.243]    E7.243Involving predictive coding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.026. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/32.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.244]    E7.244At least one coding element being controlled by the buffer fullness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/32B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.245]    E7.245With an adaptive quantizer characteristic, e.g., controlled by forward or backward adaptation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/32E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.246]    E7.246With error correction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/32K.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.247]    E7.247Involving delta modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/38.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.248]    E7.248Using subsampling at the coder or sample restitution by interpolation at the coder or decoder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.249]    E7.249With adaptive prediction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.248. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.25]    E7.25With motion compensated interpolation, e.g., involving bidirectional frame interpolation, i.e., use of B-pictures:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.248. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46E.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.251]    E7.251Involving a generalized motion field, e.g., nonblock-based processing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.25. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46E6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.252]    E7.252Involving spatial subsampling or upsampling; Alteration of picture size or resolution:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.248. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.253]    E7.253Involving temporal subsampling, e.g., frame decimation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.248. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46T.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.254]    E7.254With control of frame rate, skipping or repetition at encoding or decoding side:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.253. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/46T2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.255]    E7.255Using temporal prediction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.256]    E7.256Using motion compensation, e.g., by means of motion vectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.255. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

E7.1,for hardware implementations of the subject matter of this subclass type.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.257]    E7.257Long-term prediction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.256. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C10.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.258]    E7.258Block-based:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.256. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.259]    E7.259Using overlapping blocks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.258. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C2V.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.26]    E7.26With sub-pixel accuracy:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.256. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C4.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.261]    E7.261Non block-based:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.256. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C6.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.262]    E7.262Multiple frame prediction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.256. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36C8.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.263]    E7.263Using motion detection, e.g., with detection of moving zones:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.255. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.264]    E7.264Involving conditional replenishment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.263. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/36D2.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.265]    E7.265Using spatial prediction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.243. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/34.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.266]    E7.266By separate coding of pixel blocks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.265. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/34B.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.267]    E7.267Systems for transmission of a pulse code modulated video signal with one or more other pulse code modulated signals, e.g., an audio signal, a synchronizing signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/52.
(1) Note: Subject matter of this subclass includes assembling of a system multiplex stream from mono-media streams or disassembling of a system multiplex stream into mono-media streams.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.268]    E7.268Involving more than one video signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/58.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.269]    E7.269The signals being asynchronous:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.268. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/58A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.27]    E7.27The signals being synchronous:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.268. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/58S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.271]    E7.271Said other signal being a related audio signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/52A.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.272]    E7.272Said other signal being a private data stream, e.g., teletext, graphics:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/52D.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.273]    E7.273According to geometrical constraints of the communication medium, e.g., data formatting for subsequent transmission to a digital storage medium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/52R.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.274]    E7.274Isochronously with the horizontal video sync, e.g., according to bit-parallel or bit-serial interface formats, as SMPTE 259M:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/52S.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.275]    E7.275The signals being synchronous:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/54.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.276]    E7.276Synchronizing systems therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.275. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/56.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.277]    E7.277The signals being asynchronous:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.267. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/60.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.278]    E7.278Synchronizing systems therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.277. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/62.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.279]    E7.279Systems for detection or correction of transmission errors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.001. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/64.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.28]    E7.28Using redundant codes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.279. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/66.
  
[List of Patents for class 375 subclass E7.281]    E7.281Using error concealment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass E7.279. This subclass is substantially the same in scope as ECLA classification H04N7/68.
  

FOREIGN ART COLLECTIONS

Any Foreign patents or non-patent literature from subclasses that have been classified have been transferred directly to FOR Collections listed below. These collections contain only foreign patents or non-patent literature. The parenthetical references in the collection titles refer to the abolished subclasses from which these collections were derived.

FOR 100SPREAD SPECTRUM:
 Subject matter utilizing a data modulated signal which has its energy spread over a trans bandwidth which is much greater than the bandwidth or rate of information being sent.
  
FOR 101Hybrid forms:
 Subject matter wherein the spread spectrum signals are made up of at least two different spread spectrum techniques such as (a) simultaneous frequency hopping and direct sequence modulations, (b) simultaneous time and fre hopping, or (c) simultaneous time-hop and direct sequence modulations.
  
FOR 102Frequency hopping:
 Subject matter including a system in which the wideband signal is generated by jumping from one frequency to another over a large number of frequency choices
  
FOR 103Time hopping:
 Subject matter including a system wherein waveforms are transmitted at times which are selected from among a plurality of time slots, with the selection of time slot being pseudo-random if desired.
  
FOR 104Pulsed FM or chirp:
 Subject matter including a signal format in which a pulsed carrier is transmitted and is varied in frequency in a known way during the transmission.
  
FOR 105Direct sequence:
 Subject matter including a form of modulation wherein a code sequence is used to directly modulate a carrier, usually by phase-shift keying.
  
FOR 106Matched filter:
 Subject matter including a filtering means for passing a specific signal with minimum loss while passing minimum noise.
  
FOR 107Pseudo-noise correlation:
 Subject matter including a time domain analyzing means for detecting a periodic information signal buried in pseudo-noise.
  
FOR 108Auto-correlation:
 Subject matter including a means for measuring the similarity between a signal and a phase-shifted replica of itself.
  
FOR 109Cross-correlation:
 Subject matter including a means for measuring the similarity between two different signals.
  

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