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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 119]   CLASS 119,ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for methods or apparatus for the propagation, rearing, training, exercising, amusing, feeding, milking, grooming, housing, controlling, handling, or general care of a living animal unless provided for elsewhere.

(1) Note. The word "animal" is used in its generic biological meaning of a living sentient multicellular organism and is applicable to insects, fish, fowl, mammals, and other members of the animal kingdom.
(2) Note. This class is subdivided into:
(a) an array of specified animal culturing subclass groups, the common bond within each group being determined by the particular kind of animal that is the subject of the invention;
(b) an array of subclass groups directed to a method or apparatus for obtaining milk from an animal other than a human; and
(c) a number of subclass groups, the common bond within each group being determined by the function or mode of operation rather than the particular creature to which the invention is applied. The groups mentioned in (c) may include subject matter specifically limited in use to a human or to fowl, and patents directed to said specific uses are classified in subclasses having a distinctive title which provides for the respective human or fowl specific use. It should be noted that the subclass(es) that specifically provide for a human use are the only areas in this class providing for a human application, and since these subclasses are the residual areas for human application not otherwise provided for, the definitions of these subclasses are strictly limited. The outside classes listed in the search notes of both the class definition and the subclass(es) relating to a human should be exhausted before placement of a patent relating to a human application in this class.
(3) Note. A method provided for in this class is appropriately classified in a subclass specifically providing for the method or, absent a specific method subclass, in a subclass providing for the apparatus of this class used in the method.
(4) Note. A method of making an apparatus of this class is excluded from this class, and may be found in an appropriate manufacturing class.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

FOR SUBJECT MATTER RELATED TO MILKERS

Class 60, Power Plants, has pulsators distinguished from Class 119 and Class 137 Fluid Handling, subclasses 103+, pulsators or fluid distributors in that the former do not relate to through-flow mechanisms but rather effect the pulsing of a confined body of fluid, the same body of fluid, for example, operating upon a pressure responsive mechanism. Milking machine pulsators are broadly construed as valving arrangements which cyclicly control fluid flowing under pressure and not involving the same body of fluid. See References to Other Classes, below, labeled as having other subject matter related to milkers

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

5Beds,   appropriate subclass for animal beds consisting only of a sleeping surface and its support which would have utility for humans.
30Cutlery,   appropriate subclasses for hand manipulated cutting implements adapted for dehorning animals, but of more general utility.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   particularly subclasses 300+ for a check, label, or tag for attaching to an animal.
43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   for apparatus for capturing wild animals.
54Harness for Working Animal,   for work and training harness for animals.
54Harness for Working Animal,   for girth or surcingle devices not restricted by utility to milking organizations. (for subject matter related to milkers).
60Power Plants,   and see (1) Note of Lines With Other Classes, above. (For subject matter related to milkers).
62Refrigeration,   for cooling or refrigerating apparatus in which milking apparatus is identified by name only. (For subject matter related to milkers).
81Tools,   subclass 9.22 for a tattooing device, including means for reciprocating a perforating tool and for introducing coloring material into the perforations.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   for uncombined prime movers for converting the energy of a pressure fluid into mechanical work. Teat cups and teat compressors are not considered as motors of the type contemplated by Class 91. (For subject matter related to milkers).
101Printing,   for printing and branding instruments.
116Signals and Indicators,   for mechanical devices for giving signals of the nature of either alarms or indicators including milking apparatus where the milking apparatus is included by name only and is not modified in order to cooperate with the signal mechanism. (For subject matter related to milkers).
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 402+ for a self heating branding tool of general application.
128Surgery,   for catheters combining a treating function and a milking function or treating function, per se. The catheters of this class (119) are disclosed for milking only. (For subject matter related to milkers).
134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   for apparatus for cleaning milking equipment involving liquid contact, such apparatus not including additional means for some milking function. (For subject matter related to milkers).
137Fluid Handling,   (a) for general utility valving devices for cyclicly or periodically controlling pressure fluids even though known as and called "milking machine pulsators" except where such devices are modified by features restricting the said device to a milking function. Modified pulsators adapting them to be mounted or supported upon a receiver cover or wall, for example, where no more than is necessary for performing a supporting function is included, is not sufficient to place the patent in this class (119). See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, For Subject Matter Related to Milkers, above; (b) for tanks having general utility filling or discharging characteristics for handling milk; (c) for general utility valves combined with other structure not provided for elsewhere e.g., for general utility valves combined with a receiver cover where only so much of the cover is recited as to provide a seat for the valve; (d) for systems of fluid handling of general utility; and (e) for valve actuation not related to the elements of a milking system, and especially fluid pressure responsive devices, e.g., vacuum cutoffs of general utility. (For subject matter related to milkers).
165Heat Exchange,   appropriate subclasses, for heat exchange apparatus, per se. (For subject matter related to milkers).
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 473+ for a filter and receptacle (e.g., milk pail) combination. (For subject matter related to milkers).
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 227+ for an electrical branding iron having a fixed character or indicia, subclasses 385+ for a heating device combined with a container, enclosure, or support for material to be heated, or subclass 523 for a heating device having a housing, casing, or support insertable into material or space to be heated (e.g., immersion type).
220Receptacles,   for milk pails and cans and for leg and lap supported pails. (For subject matter related to milkers).
222Dispensing,   for dispensers not specialized to animal husbandry purposes.
222Dispensing,   for milk pails having a spout, pouring lip, or other material pouring guide. (For subject matter related to milkers).
248Supports,   for general supports for milking elements, pails and cans not limited by structure to use in milking operations. (For subject matter related to milkers).
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 175+ for a stool particularly adapted to facilitate the milking operation, as by the inclusion of a tail holder or pail support, and see the search notes thereto. (For subject matter related to milkers).
340Communications: Electrical,   for electric signaling devices including those having the combinations with milking apparatus by name only. (For subject matter related to milkers).
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 139+ for electromagnetic make and break circuits for milking machine electromagnetic controls. (For subject matter related to milkers).
417Pumps,   for devices, per se, for pumping fluids, having a relatively movable member and a relatively stationary member comprising a chamber and a contained impeller, the relative movements of which cause fluid from a source of supply to enter the chamber through an induction port and to be impelled therefrom through an eduction port, said ports in general being valved, and general utility pump elements. "Pump elements" of this class (119) permit through flow of fluids but lack, in general, valving ingress except that provided by the nature of the cow being milked. Super-atmospheric pressure is thereby utilized to discharge the fluid through the eduction port and to simultaneously relieve the negative pressure beyond the induction port. (For subject matter related to milkers).
418Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices,   for rotary expansible chamber devices, per se.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   appropriate subclass for a composition for preventing, alleviating, treating, curing, or diagnosing a disease or condition in an animal and for a process of using such a composition(s), or compound for such purposes, e.g., feeding a coccidiostat, etc., to poultry.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   for processes of treating milk and milk products. (For subject matter related to milkers).
433Dentistry,   subclass 1 for veterinary dentistry methods and apparatus. (For subject matter related to milkers).
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 191+ for an electrical connector combined with a fluent material transmission line. (For subject matter related to milkers).
449Bee Culture,   appropriate subclasses for the care and propagation of bees.
452Butchering,   subclasses 52+ for slaughtering apparatus.
606Surgery,   subclass 116 for marking animals, 117 for animal identification devices, 135+, for means for or to assist in animal sterilization, 167+, cutting, punching and piercing devices used on animal bodies, and in particular subclass 175 for snout cutters.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 6.5]    6.5ENTOMOLOGICAL CULTURE DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter employed in the propagation, care, or observation of an animal taxonomically classified in the class Insecta, i.e., an insect or an insect larva.
(1) Note. The propagation, care, or observation of a bee is excluded from this subclass. See the Search Class note below.
(2) Note. An insect observation center such as an "ant farm" is found in this subclass.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6,for the propagation or care of a silkworm caterpillar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

449Bee Culture,   appropriate subclasses for subject matter related to the propagation, care, or observation of a bee.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 6.6]    6.6Egg treatment, production, or storage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.5.  Subject matter including structure (1) for aiding in altering normal development of an externally deposited ovum, i.e., an egg, of an insect, (2) for enhancing laying of an insect egg, or (3) for holding or keeping an insect egg for a period of time, e.g., during transportation, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6.8,for avian egg treatment or production structure.
50.7,for structure used to place a distinguishing indication on an egg.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 6.7]    6.7WORM CULTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter employed in the propagation or care of an invertebrate animal taxonomically classified in the phyla Annelida, Nematoda, Platyhelminthes, Acanthocephala, Nematomorpha, or Nemertea, i.e., a worm.
(1) Note. The larval stage of an insect is not considered to be a worm for this subclass.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6,for the propagation or care of a silkworm caterpillar.
6.5,for the propagation, care, or observation of an insect or an insect larva.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 6.8]    6.8AVIAN EGG TREATMENT OR PRODUCTION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of structure (1) for aiding in altering normal development of an externally deposited ovum, i.e., an egg, of a bird or (2) enhancing laying of a bird egg.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6.6,for insect egg treatment, production, or storage structure.
45.2,and 50.7, for a structure used to place a distinguishing indication on an egg.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.01]    14.01MILKERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Methods and apparatus peculiarly designed for extracting milk from cows by force exerting or manipulative devices, and including ancillary devices, not provided for in other classes, associated with a collateral to milk extracting apparatus.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   subclass 236.01 for teat cup cleaning implements having a hard blade-like or scraping edge.
55Gas Separation,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 434+ for deflection type separating means peculiarly adapted for separating a fluid from a mixture of gas and liquid as for example in a vacuum line.
73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 61.64+ for sediment type milk testers, and subclasses 863+ for devices for obtaining samples, usually either of absolute volume or of a predetermined ratio to the source from which the sample is taken.
73Measuring and Testing,   subclass 34 for lactometers and visual inspecting means for detection of abnormal milk, e.g., strip cuts.
74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 20+ for drives for mechanical milking machines.
92Expansible Chamber Devices,   appropriate subclasses for an expansible chamber device, and particularly subclasses 34+ for a bellows type expansible chamber device, and subclasses 89+ for a collapsible wall type expansible chamber device.
95Gas Separation: Processes,   subclasses 241+ for degasification of liquid, per se.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   subclasses 155+ for degasifying means for liquid, per se.
99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus relating to the production of dairy products.
134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses, for such subject matter, and see the appropriate search class note in section I of the class definition of this class (119) for a statement of the line.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 103+ for vacuum type pulsators, per se, (see section I of the class definition of this class (119) for the line).
138Pipes and Tubular Conduits,   subclasses 37+ for flow restrictors and regulators including variable restrictors.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 416.1+ for a filter combined with a pump, gas pressure or suction source.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   subclasses 12+ for fluid actuated valves and subclasses 149+ for stall cocks and vacuum line connections.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   for process of treating milk.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.02]    14.02Methods of milking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Methods of extracting milk from cows and/or of obtaining milk directly from the cow under controlled conditions.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for milk preservation and treatment, and see the appropriate search class notes in section I of the main class definition of this class (119) for a statement of the line.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.03]    14.03Milking station arrangements; e.g., parlors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Structural arrangements, designed for sequential treatment of animals for purposes of conducting and facilitating milking, for milking or for milking in combination with other dairy operations, e.g., milk delivery, animal feeding, washing, exercising and the like.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.05+,for milk releasers not involving milking parlor structure.
15+,and 147+, for mere housing and confining or stanchion devices.

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439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 191+ for an electrical connector combined with a fluent material transmission line.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.04]    14.04With traveling platform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.03.  Arrangements including a moving platform on which the animal is carried while being milked, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 29+ for a residual building construction of more general application having a defined means mounted for movement, particularly subclass 31 for a rotating or endless type conveyor.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.05]    14.05Releasers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers having means to discharge milk from the milker apparatus during continuous milking while maintaining the milk conveying fluid pressure in the milker without interruption.
(1) Note. Trap valve milkers, subclasses 14.32+, operating on a pressure-vacuum cycle, discharging milk to atmosphere or to a receiver, are not considered as apparatus maintaining fluid pressure without interruption.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.32+,see (1) Note above.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclass for milk receivers and handling means of general utility.
222Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses for trap type dispensers where the trap is permanently connected to a source of supply and where the supply does not depend upon a milking operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.06]    14.06Alternating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.05.  Releasers having plural separate receivers which are alternately filled and which alternately discharge their contents to the atmosphere.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclasses 35+ and 59 for filling receptacles under vacuum in a continuous milk delivery system where the receptacle is not a permanent part of the system, e.g., transport can.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.07]    14.07With pulsator-controlled discharge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.05.  Releasers having means to vary pressures in the releaser apparatus cyclicly to effect intermittent discharge of the milk.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.08]    14.08With automatic control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Apparatus claiming some character of automatic control.
(1) Note. By automatic control is meant the provision of means to sense a condition (for example, means to sense stoppage of milk flow) which means causes operation of a control device.
(2) Note. The above definition is intended to exclude valves, check valves, and safety valves directly operated by gravity, inertia or fluid, but includes float valves which inter-dependently perform sensing and control functions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.05+,for cyclicly operated milk releasers including float valves.
14.44,for fluid pressure regulators.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.09]    14.09With cooling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Apparatus claimed in combination with means to cool the milk during its delivery from the cow to a milking machine receiver or upon delivery to the milking machine receiver.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.18,for apparatus involving a combined milking and receptacle filling function.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

62Refrigeration,   appropriate subclasses for refrigerating apparatus and see the search class note of section I of the main class definition of this class (119) for a statement of the line.
99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclass 213 for preservation of milk by treatment with chemical gases and subclass 455 for a cooling means used in combination with a dairy food treating means.
141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclass 82 for filling receptacles combined with cooling.
237Heating Systems,   appropriate subclasses, for heat exchange apparatus and see the appropriate search class note in section I of this class definition of this class (119) for a statement of the line.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.1]    14.1With supporting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers combined with means which carry the weight of the milking apparatus while the animal is milked; the means may be installed or portable.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.27+,for pulsators, traps and pumps supported on a receiver or wall.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 17.1+ for lap or leg supported pails and appropriate subclasses for milk cans.
248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for supports for milking elements, pails and cans not limited by structure to use in milking operations.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 177+ for a milker stool having an adjustable pail support.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.11]    14.11Vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.1.  Milker Supports provided with means for conveyance.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

417Pumps,   subclass 234 for pumps combined with means for conveyance.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.12]    14.12Surcingle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.1.  Girth suspensory type apparatus which supports the milker from the back of the animal.

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54Harness for Working Animal,   subclass 23 for girth or surcingle devices, per se, not restricted in utility to milking organizations.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.13]    14.13With biasing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.1.  Supports with means in addition to the effect of gravity to exert a force on the milker to effect a pull on the teat cups.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.18,for milkers combined with udder manipulative and teat cup biasing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.14]    14.14With signals, indicators, registers, and timers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers having means for indicating a condition (or lack thereof) or performing a measuring function during the milking operation.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   and see the appropriate search class note in section I of the class definition of this class (119) for a statement of the line.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 551+ for fluid handling apparatus including an indicator, register, recorder, alarm or inspection means, and subclasses 624.11+ for a fluid distribution system including a programmer or timer.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 500+ for electrically operated alarms.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.15]    14.15Flow indicating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.14.  Devices which indicate a fluid flow condition or lack thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 117 for fluid flow indicators.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.16]    14.16Transparent inspection means and/or flow line section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.15.  Devices having flow sight inspection means variously located in the apparatus, through which the flow of milk can be observed.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   subclasses 154+ for inspection devices for dispensers, especially subclass 159, for transparent flow line sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.17]    14.17Quantity indicating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.14.  Devices which indicate a quantitative condition in the milker.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 290+ and 426+ for volume determining devices, and subclasses 194+ for volume or rate of flow meters.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.18]    14.18Combined:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers claimed in combination with features other than receiver, pump, teat cups or pulsator structure, and supports therefor, including nonuse supports, and not provided for above.
(1) Note. In this subclass for example, are combinations with traction applying or teat supporting devices, filling, udder stimulation as by electric current or massage, strippers, air or milker washing apparatus, and fluid-pressure stabilizer.
(2) Note. All preceding subclasses must be investigated for particular combinations within this definition and shown by the preceding subclass titles.
(3) Note. Milkers in name only combined with subject matter outside the class definition are classified with the class providing for such subject matter.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.19]    14.19Catheter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers having a tubular device, dilator or conduit to be inserted in the teat canal whereby milk is drawn off.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.2]    14.2With vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.19.  Catheter milkers including vacuum means to assist in the withdrawal of milk.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.21]    14.21Catheter, per se:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.19.  Catheters claiming the tubular or conduit-like device, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

604Surgery,   subclasses 93.01+ for catheters for introducing or removing medicat material in the animal body.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.22]    14.22With hand compression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers in which the hand of the operator directly supplies force to the teat compressing means without intervening linkage, and in which the hand of the operator or the means contacted by the hand of the operator surrounds the cow"s teat.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.23]    14.23Conduit and/or teat cover with receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.22.  Hand milkers having a hand supported and/or manipulated conduit and/or teat cover (e.g., shield or glove-like mitt) and having a receiver for the extracted milk.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 86.1 for pails with inlets modified to receive the milk while milking.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.24]    14.24With mechanical compression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers in which the teats are compressed by mechanical squeeze mechanisms such as plates, cams, rollers and the like, or by fluid pressure means with mechanical intervention and having means for actuating such mechanisms.
(1) Note. The actuating means may consist of a drive shaft, hand lever or crank, foot crank, fluid or the like.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.25]    14.25With milk conveying vacuum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.24.  Milkers, having vacuum means to convey the extracted milk to a receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.26]    14.26Fluid-operated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.24.  Milkers in which the squeeze mechanism is operated by pulsing fluid.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

60Power Plants,   subclasses 533+ for devices effecting the pulsing of a confined body of fluid.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 103+ for a vacuum type pulsator, per se; subclasses 455+ for a line condition change responsive valve; subclass 624.14 for a self-cycling programmed or timed valve. See section I of the class definition of this class (119) for the line.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.27]    14.27With fluid compression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers in which the teats are compressed by fluid pressure directly applied to the teats without mechanical intervention, and having means cyclicly controlling said fluid pressure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

60Power Plants,   subclasses 533+ for devices effecting the pulsing of a confined body of fluid and see the appropriate search class note in section I of the main class definition of this class (119) for a statement of the line.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 103+ for a vacuum type pulsator, per se; subclasses 455+ for a line condition change responsive valve; subclass 624.14 for a self-cycling programmed or timed valve. See section I of the class definition of this class (119) for the line.
138Pipes and Tubular Conduits,   subclasses 37+ for flow regulators (pulsing timers) combined with pulsators in name only.
188Brakes,   subclass 297 for fluid braking mechanisms, e.g., fluid dashpots, for pulsators.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.28]    14.28With electromagnetic control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers, in which the fluid control means is electromagnetically operated.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

251Valves and Valve Actuation,   subclasses 129+ for electrical valve actuation.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 139+ for electromagnetic make and break circuits for milkers.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 191+ for an electrical connector combined with a fluent material transmission line.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.29]    14.29Plural pulsators operating in series:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers in which a primary or master pulsator establishes a pulsing fluid line which drives a secondary pulsator to cyclicly control fluid pressure on the teats.
(1) Note. Patents claiming a pulsing fluid line in combination with a secondary or driven pulsator are in this and indented subclasses.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

74Machine Element or Mechanism,   appropriate subclasses, for drives applicable to this subject matter, particularly subclasses 500.5+ for flexible cable transmitters.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.3]    14.3With continuous vacuum derived from pulsating line:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.29.  Milkers having some means usually in the form of check valve which is operated by the pulsing fluid line to derive therefrom a source of continuous vacuum.
(1) Note. The continuous vacuum is generally maintained in a receiver and is applied to the milk channel of the teat cup.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.31]    14.31With progressive collapse:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers including a sectionally collapsible teat compressor and having means to effect progressive or sectional collapse thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.24+,for mechanical compression milkers having progressive collapse features.
14.52,for sectionally collapsible teat compressor or cup, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.32]    14.32Valved trap chamber control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers having a cyclicly vacuumized chamber, including a milk port, a pressure port and a valved discharge port; the milk is drawn into the chamber on the vacuum cycle and discharged therefrom through the discharge port during the pressure cycle.
(1) Note. The milk conveying pressure fluid is cyclicly interrupted in contradistinction to the subject matter of subclass 14.05 above.
(2) Note. For a statement of the line between the subject matter of this subclass and Classes 60, 103 and 230, see the Search Class notes to these classes in section I of the main class (119) definitions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.05,for milker releasers maintaining the milk conveying fluid pressure without interruption. See (1) Note.
14.42,for trap type pumps into which the milk is drawn and from which it is discharged.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

417Pumps,   appropriate subclasses, and particularly subclasses 118+ for liquid pumping by the supplying and exhausting of a gaseous motivating fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.33]    14.33Vapor barrier means; e.g., baffle, filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.32.  Milkers provided with means for preventing the egress of milk or milk vapor through the pressure port.
(1) Note. Usually baffles or filters, but arrangements for imparting a swirling motion to the milk either at the inlet or in the trap are included.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   for apparatus for gas separation, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.34]    14.34Multiple chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.32.  Milkers having a plurality of valved trap chambers.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.35]    14.35With common discharge valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.34.  Milkers having a single valve means supported between a pair of chambers so as to alternately close the discharge port of one of the chambers while the other discharge port is opened.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.36]    14.36With milk conduit air inlet; e.g., antisurge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers having a milk conveying conduit provided with means to admit air behind the milk (e.g., at the claw or teat cup) so as to prevent surging or churning of the milk in its flow to a receiver, to relieve pressure on the teat, or to cause the cow to let down the milk more freely.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.37]    14.37Pulsator combined with claw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers having the fluid control means intimately associated with the teat-compressor coupling or claw.

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14.29+,for pulsator combined with claw in series with a master or primary pulsator or with a pulsing fluid line.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.38]    14.38Pulsator combined with teat cup:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers having the fluid control means intimately associated with the teat compressor.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.39]    14.39Pulsator mounted on receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers having the fluid pressure control associated with the cover of a receiver.
(1) Note. Compare with subclass 14.32 above. The fluid control means of this subclass 14.39 is distinguished from the trap chamber of subclass 14.32 by the fact that the control does not trap the milk and discharge it therefrom. The control in one position permits through vacuum and milk flow from the teat cup to the receiver and in an alternate position permits atmospheric air to relieve the pressure on the teat cup but does not disturb the vacuum in the receiver.

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14.32,see (1) Note.
14.46,for receiver structure modified to mount the pulsator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.4]    14.4With continuous vacuum on milk channel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.39.  Milkers having the fluid pressure to the outer chamber of the teat compressor cyclicly controlled and having uninterrupted vacuum applied to the interior portion of the teat compressor immediately surrounding the teat.

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14.46,for receiver structure modified to mount the pulsator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.41]    14.41Pulsator control with continuous vacuum on milk channel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers having the fluid pressure to the outer chamber of the teat compressor cyclicly controlled and having uninterrupted vacuum applied to the interior portion of the teat compressor immediately surrounding the teat.

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14.39,for combinations with two chambered teat cups where the vacuum on the interior portion of the teat compressor is cyclicly interrupted.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.42]    14.42With pump between teat cups and receiver; e.g., milk pump:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.27.  Milkers in which the fluid control means is a pump, usually double acting; the milk is drawn into the pump on the vacuum stroke and expelled on the pressure stroke. Provision in the pump to completely relieve the vacuum on the teat is not required but may be included.

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14.32,for trap chambers which have a milk port, a discharge port and a pressure port; the pressure port providing both pressure ingress and egress connections to a double acting air pump, and see the search notes to that subclass.
14.36,for means associated with the claw or teat cup to relieve vacuum in the line behind the milk.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.43]    14.43With receiver between teat cups and pump; e.g., vacuum pump:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers including a receiver and an air exhausting means for said receiver. Milk is drawn from the cow to the receiver under constant vacuum without cyclic control or interruption.

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417Pumps,   appropriate subclasses for vacuum pumps, per se.
418Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices,   appropriate subclasses for rotary expansible chamber type of vacuum pumps, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.44]    14.44With fluid pressure regulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Devices having means to regulate the degree and/or flow rate of pressure maintained in the milker.

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14.08,for automatic vacuum cut-offs.

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251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclasses for valve actuation in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.45]    14.45With nonuse securing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Milkers having some means for securing some part of the milking apparatus in some position other than the position in which it normally functions.

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14.1+,for means supporting the apparatus in position while the animal is being milked.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.46]    14.46Receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Apparatus having milk receiver or receptacle structure, either claimed in combination with specific milking mechanism, or restricted in utility to milking organizations.

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14.39,and 14.4, for pulsator-receiver combinations including the teat cups.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 863+ for interposed testing sampler, per se, and subclasses 426+ for measuring vessels.
137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclasses for fluid handling apparatus in general including tanks, valves, filling and discharging means, etc.
141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclass 59 for filling with exhausting the receiver, and subclasses 331+ for funnels.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 473+ for a receiver and filter combination.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 200+ for receptacle closures, and appropriate subclasses for milk pails and cans.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 566+ for milk pails having material pouring guide.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 441 for lactometers.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.47]    14.47Teat compressor or cup:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Devices which are applied to or receive the teats of the cow for compression thereof during the milking operation. The structure of the device, per se, is here involved.

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14.22+,14.24+ and 14.27+, for teat compressors in combination with means to operate and control them.

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29Metal Working,   subclass 235 for apparatus for applying teat cups to rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.48]    14.48Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.47.  Teat cups which have means whereby the size of the cup may be changed to accommodate various teats, or which may be adjusted to compensate for liner slack or wear, or which have features which permit a liner to be used with various shells.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.49]    14.49With liner separable from shell:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.48.  Teat cups of the conventional two chamber variety wherein the flexible liner or inflation may be separated from the shell or rigid casing.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.5]    14.5Reciprocating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.47.  Teat cups having means whereby a reciprocatory action is imparted to the teat cup and/or the teat cup is so constructed as to permit one section thereof to reciprocate with respect to another section apart from mere inherent resilience of the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.51]    14.51Connecting conduit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.47.  Teat cups distinguishable by a particularized fluid conveying tubular member or members connected to the shell and/or liner, integrally formed there with, or comprising coupling combinations there between.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.52]    14.52Predetermined collapse:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.47.  Teat cups having structural means whereby the nature and direction of contraction and/or flexure of the cup or liner is predetermined.

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14.31,for sectionally collapsible teat cups in combination with means for their operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.53]    14.53Plural fluid chambers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.47.  Teat cups having two separate and distinct fluid chambers for separately applying fluid pressures to the teats; one pressure being applied directly to the teat channel and the other exteriorly thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.54]    14.54Claw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.01.  Devices involving the structure of the coupling, manifold, or claw means which connects the teat cups with the pressure and/or milk lines.

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285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   appropriate subclasses for general utility pipe joints and couplings not identified as a claw or manifold for milking machines, especially subclasses 240+ for a nonmetal-to-metal coupling comprising a flexible tip pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 14.55]    14.55Fluid control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.54.  Claws provided with means whereby the flow of fluid through the device may be controlled.
(1) Note. Control is merely on or off, not cyclical for milking.

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14.08,for automatic fluid control means combined with claw structure.
14.37,for pulsator combined with claw structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 28.5]    28.5BED OR REST:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of structure upon which the animal may recline or be supported when inactive.
(1) Note. A bed or rest does not cover, completely enclose, or confine an animal although it may have sidewalls.

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19,for a portable animal housing, carrying container, or animal enclosing bag.
171+,for absorbent material, per se, used to absorb moisture from a waste product and which may additionally be used as bedding material.

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5Beds,   appropriate subclasses, for a bed intended to receive a reclining human body.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 50.7]    50.7EGG MARKING DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a structure for placing a distinguishing indication on an externally deposited ovum, i.e., an egg, of an animal.

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45.2,for a nesting appliance used to mark a bird egg.

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606Surgery,   for means for marking an animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.01]    51.01FEEDING DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of structure used to supply an animal with nourishment, i.e., a feeding device.
(1) Note. While a device utilizing feed in a flowable form is found hereunder, a device using liquid feed with a viscosity similar to water is found elsewhere in this class.

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51.5,for a feeding device combined with a watering device.
72+,for a device used for providing water, or liquid feed, e.g., buttermilk, etc., with a viscosity similar to water, to an animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.02]    51.02Having electronic identification and feed control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure includes electrical circuitry which incorporates a solid-state device or vacuum tube and is used to recognize the animal and regulate the amount of nourishment it is supplied.

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840+,for apparatus for sorting animals based upon some feature of the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.03]    51.03Solid or lick feeder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure presents a firm piece of food substance for the animal to consume by eating a portion thereof or lapping with its tongue.
(1) Note. The food substance, which may include salt blocks, suet, vegetables, etc., may be either movably or nonmovably supported.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.04]    51.04For aquatic animal; e.g., a fish, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure presents a food substance to an animal which lives in the water, e.g., an animal of the super class Pisces, etc.
(1) Note. This subclass includes a device which may dispense feed above or below the surface of the water which may be in a time release form which dissolves in water to release food.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.11]    51.11Timer-controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Feeding devices in which the time at which an element of the feeding device is actuated, or the length of time of a feeding operation, is controlled by a timer.

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222Dispensing,   subclass 650 for timer controlled dispensing of plant, or animal food, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.12]    51.12Trough access:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.11.  Feeding devices in which access, by an animal, to a feeding trough is controlled.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.13]    51.13Sequential discharge from plural sources:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.11.  Feeding devices in which discharge of feed from plural sources is sequentially controlled.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.14]    51.14Trip requiring reset:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.11.  Feeding devices in which a part of the feeder is biased in one direction, a latch holds the part against the bias and a trip for shifting the latch to releasing position is controlled, the part requiring relatching before the operation may be repeated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.15]    51.15Released by clock alarm mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.14.  Feeding devices in which the trip includes the alarm mechanism of an alarm clock.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 51.5]    51.5With watering devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Combined devices for supplying animals with both food and water.
(1) Note. For watering devices, per se, search this class, subclass 72, and indented subclasses.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   subclasses 540+ for a conveyor system comprising a gravity discharge material holder feeding to a power-driven conveyor section; subclass 616 for a supply bin having a power-driven conveyor section for withdrawing material therefrom; and subclasses 657+ for a power-driven conveyor section of the screw type, especially 671 thereunder for means for feeding to and discharging from the screw conveyor (e.g., gates, apertures, etc., in the housing thereof).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 52.1]    52.1Hopper and trough:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure consists of a receptacle used as a primary depository for the nourishment, i.e., a hopper, which outlets to a long, narrow, generally shallow, nourishment receiving receptacle, i.e., a trough, from which an animal may eat.

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74+,for a watering device having a supply fountain used to provide water, or liquid feed with a viscosity similar to water, to a trough.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 52.2]    52.2Having a perch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure includes specific structure for supporting the entire weight of the animal as it eats.

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57.8,for similar structure used in an arrangement other than a hopper and trough type.
72+,and subclass 77 in particular, for a device used to provide water or liquid feed, e.g., sugar water, etc., with a viscosity similar to water, to an animal, e.g. a hummingbird feeder, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 52.3]    52.3And feature for excluding undesirable animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.2.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure further includes structure for preventing an unwanted animal from obtaining nourishment.

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57.9,for similar structure used in an arrangement other than a hopper and trough type.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 52.4]    52.4Having selective feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure includes structure which permits only animals of a desired size to eat or which controls the spacing or number of animals along the trough.
(1) Note. Braces or partitions provided primarily for structural strengthening or shaping purposes are not included in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 53]    53Adjustable supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  Devices comprising in addition to the combined hopper and trough a means for regulating the amount of feed passing from the hopper to the trough, said means consisting usually of a manually adjustable valve or other device performing the function of a flow regulator.

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222Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses for other devices which regulate the flow of grain or ground feed from a hopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 53.5]    53.5Animal-controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 53.  Combined hoppers and troughs provided with means for causing or controlling the flow of feed from hopper to trough, operated by pressure from the feeding animal, generally applied through the animal"s nose or forehead.
(1) Note. For other animal-controlled feeding or watering devices, see this class, subclasses 54, 55, 62, 75, and 76.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 54]    54Animal-controlled supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  Combined hoppers and troughs provided with means for causing or controlling the flow of feed from hopper to trough operated by pressure from the feeding animal, generally applied through the animal"s nose or forehead.
(1) Note. Search this class, subclass 53.5 and 75.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 55]    55Platform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Combined hoppers and troughs having means whereby the weight of the feeding stock may control the flow of feed from hopper to trough or the uncovering of the trough, the essential feature lying in the fact that the stock seeking food controls access to it or the rate of its flow, or both, by stepping upon a platform or treadle.

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76,
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 56.1]    56.1Charge delivering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure transfers a specific quantity of nourishment from the hopper into the trough or elsewhere.

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51.11,for a timer controlled feeding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 56.2]    56.2Including horizontal transport device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure has a mechanism for transferring the nourishment along a path parallel to the horizon, i.e., horizontally.
(1) Note. A feeding device in which a horizontal auger, etc., functions solely as a discharge assistant for promoting the smooth flow of feed to an underlying trough or which includes a series of reciprocating paddles, etc., for moving feed back and forth over hopper discharge apertures, e.g., a sweep shuttle, etc., are not proper for this subclass absent any other horizontal transport structure for transferring a charge.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57]    57Movable trough-controlled supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  The supply of feed from hopper to trough is controlled by a device operatively connected to the trough, which upon receiving a charge of feed moves said device to shut off the source of supply.

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81,
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.1]    57.1Powered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure uses motorized structure for moving the nourishment or some component of the nourishment supplying structure.

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57.92,for a powered feeding structure used in an arrangement other than a hopper and trough type.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.2]    57.2Conveyor in a linear trough:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment moving motorized structure is used for moving the nourishment inside a straight portion of the trough.

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57.7,for a endless belt or screw conveyor hopper attachment used to dispense food above a stationary trough.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.3]    57.3Feed recirculated to hopper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.2.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment is returned to the hopper for reuse after passage through the trough.

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57.2,for arrangements whereby feed is simply recirculated about an endless circuit without final deposition into a supply hopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.4]    57.4Utilizing discrete troughs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure uses spaced apart troughs to provide separate animal eating places.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.5]    57.5Feed dispensing hopper portion or attachment moves relative to stationary underlying trough:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.1.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment moving motorized structure repositions a nourishment dispersing portion of the hopper, or apparatus connected to the hopper, to serve various locations above a static trough.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.6]    57.6Entire hopper moved:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.5.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment moving motorized structure repositions the complete hopper to various locations along the static trough.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.7]    57.7Endless belt or screw conveyor hopper attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.5.  Subject matter wherein the apparatus connected to the hopper is a (1) band-like structure movable continuously along a path defined by its longitudinal axis and providing an uninterrupted surface for carrying the nourishment, or (2) helical auger formation which is rotated about its longitudinal axis to move the nourishment.
(1) Note. While the nourishment carrying surface of the endless belt itself is uninterrupted, the inclusion of a sweep member or other mechanism which pushes feed from the belt surface to an underlying trough would be proper for this subclass.

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57.2+,for a conveyor found in a linear trough for moving the feed.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   particularly subclasses 657+ for a screw conveyor, per se, and subclasses 804+ for an endless conveyor, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.8]    57.8Having a perch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure includes specific structure for supporting the entire weight of the animal as it eats.

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52.2,for similar structure used in a hopper and trough arrangement.
72+,and subclass 77 in particular, for a device used to provide water or liquid feed, e.g., sugar water, etc., with a viscosity similar to water, to an animal, e.g., a hummingbird feeder, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.9]    57.9And feature for excluding undesirable animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 57.8.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure further includes structure for preventing an unwanted animal from obtaining nourishment.

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52.3,for similar structure used in a hopper and trough arrangement.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.91]    57.91Having feed scatterer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure includes apparatus for strewing the nourishment over an extended area, e.g., on the ground.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 57.92]    57.92Powered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Subject matter wherein the nourishment supplying structure uses motorized structure for moving the nourishment or some component of the nourishment supplying structure.

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57.1+,for a powered feeding structure used in a hopper and trough arrangement.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 58]    58Racks and troughs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Combinations of a rack for hay or coarse fodder and a trough for receiving and holding concentrated feed or for supporting the fodder in the rack or receiving it when dislodged from the rack.

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10,52, and indented subclasses, and 60, for details.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 59]    59Animal excluding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Combined racks and troughs having means to permit the exclusion of stock from the feed trough or rack, both or either, at the option of the attendant.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 60]    60Racks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Apparatus for holding the various fodder and bulky food, specially designed to prevent the wasting of said foods and characterized by the presence of open slat-work, grids, or parallel bars, for supporting or inclosing and preventing waste of fodder.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.1]    61.1Trough, bunk, or manger:
 This subclass is indented under 51.01. Subject matter for miscellaneous feeding devices consisting of open receptacles specially designed to receive and hold feed accessible to animals. Trough guards and similar devices designed to prevent the fouling and wasting of feed are also included in this subclass.

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72,for analogous devices, and subclass 65 and indented subclasses for easily portable feed troughs, pails, and boxes performing the function of the conventional "nose bag".
900through 903, for trough accessories.

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220Receptacles,   appropriate subclassfor metal troughs of general application.
248Supports,   subclass 362 for vacuum hold down.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.2]    61.2With handling, conveying, or dispensing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.1.  Subject matter including devices for moving feed to or within the receptacle.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   subclasses 300 through 320for conveying apparatus entirely supported by mobile ground engaging means. Subclasses 506 through 522 for conveyor having means specialized for collecting a load from a static support (e.g., the ground, etc.).
221Article Dispensing,   subclass 174 for supply feed means to dispensing hopper.
414Material or Article Handling,   subclasses 266 through 286for plural static structures for supporting discrete loads and charging or discharging means therefore.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.3]    61.3Covering, guard, or closure e.g., to minimize roosting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.1.  Subject matter including structure designed to fit over the top of the receptacle, usually to allow animal access to feed but decrease the occurrence of the animal sitting on the receptacle.

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220Receptacles,   subclass 200 for receptacle closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.31]    61.31Expandable feed opening(s):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.3.  Subject matter includes allowing the nourishment access in the structure on the receptacle to open wider.

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220Receptacles,   subclass 253 for closure members having alignable openings.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.4]    61.4Designed to be tipped to empty:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.1.  Subject matter comprising structure to allow the receptacle to be turned upside down in order to remove the feed.

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220Receptacles,   subclass 694 for container attachment or adjunct.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.5]    61.5Dish or bowl type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.1.  Subject matter comprising a concave plate-like holder or a concave hemispherical container.

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220Receptacles,   subclasses 574 through 575for table dish (e.g., plate, bowl, platter, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.51]    61.51Rodent type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.5.  Subject matter that includes the holder or container for a small gnawing mammal, e.g., mouse, squirrel, and rat.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.52]    61.52With heating or cooling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.5.  Subject matter including means for devices for raising or lowering the temperature of the holder or container contents.

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220Receptacles,   subclass 574.2 for dish with means for receiving a heat exchange medium (e.g., hot water, ice). Subclasses 592.01 through 592.28 for receptacle having means to facilitate maintaining contents above or below ambient temperature (e.g., compartment for holding a heat exchange medium).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.53]    61.53With insect guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.5.  Subject matter including structure to keep small, segmented invertebrate animals, usually ants, out of the holder or container.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   for appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.54]    61.54Anti-tip or spill:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.5.  Subject matter including structure to prevent the holder or container from overturning or accidentally flowing so as to be wasted.

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220Receptacles,   subclass 719 for drinking device with internal anti-splash or anti-spill device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.55]    61.55Having a top with a designed opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.54.  Subject matter including a cover with an aperture made to minimize overturning or accidental flow.

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220Receptacles,   subclasses 711 through 715for drinking device with removable closure having specific drinking means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.56]    61.56With handling or transporting means, e.g., handle, straps, folding, travel type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.5.  Subject matter including devices for picking up, carrying, or moving the holder or container.

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220Receptacles,   subclass 649 for externally attached sidewall reinforcing element circumferential band or belt handling ring or collar. Subclass 915.1 for hand carried container for transporting a beverage or prepared food (e.g., lunch box, dinner pail, picnic cooler).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 61.57]    61.57With structure for attaching to a vertical support, e.g., wall, stand:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.5.  Subject matter including a device fixed to hold or to steady the holder of the container against gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 62]    62Animal-opened:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.1.  Troughs normally closed, but adapted to be automatically opened by animals approaching them for the purpose of feeding.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 63]    63Animal-excluding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.1.  Troughs provided with means for excluding stock therefrom at the option of the attendant for the purpose of permitting him to place food in said trough without interference, of cleaning the same, or of limiting the quantity of food consumed.

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61.1,for troughs having a mere guard for preventing the fouling of food or for preventing the monopoly thereof by the stronger members of the feeding stock and which are not elsewhere placed.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 64]    64Anticribbing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Devices to be applied to the manger or trough to discourage, prevent, or cure the habit of seizing, sucking, or biting the manger or trough.

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823+,and indented subclasses for devices applied to the head of the animal to prevent cribbing.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 65]    65Feed bags:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Miscellaneous bags, nose bags, pails, boxes, etc., specially designed to be employed in feeding animals and adapted to be placed easily in position and removed therefrom for transportation or storage, the invention lying primarily in the structure of the receptacle. Inventions residing in the apparatus employed in supporting the feed-bag in operative position are classified in one of the subclasses hereunder.

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150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclasses 154+ for a flaccid protective cover which is configured for and supported by the article it protects.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 371+ for spring wound reel.
267Spring Devices,   subclass 69 , and indented subclasses for elastic supports of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 66]    66Halter-supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Feed-bags adapted to be supported from the head of the feeding animal by means of straps, halters, bridles, or other devices capable of holding said receptacles in operative position wherein the claimed invention includes the structure of the supporting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 67]    67Harness-supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Feed-bags provided with means for supporting them from the harness of an animal or some specially constructed devices secured to the animal about the base of the neck or body, or both, and designed so to support the receptacle as to allow free movement of the head of the animal with references to said receptacle, the invention residing in the means of support rather than in the construction of the feed-bag.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 68]    68Pole-supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Feed-bags provided with means for supporting them from the pole or thills of a vehicle, the invention residing in the supporting means rather than in the receptacle.

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248Supports,   subclasses 95+ for bag supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 69]    69Standard-supported:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Feed-bags to be supported by a standard adapted to rest upon the ground.

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248Supports,   subclasses 95+ for bag supports.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 69.5]    69.5BIRDBATH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a water holding or spraying structure for use by an animal taxonomically classified in the class Aves, i.e., a bird, to splash water on itself.
(1) Note. The bird may additionally use the birdbath for a drinking purpose.

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72+,for an animal watering device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 70]    70Poultry exercising:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Devices constructed to supply feed to poultry in a manner to promote exercise.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 71]    71Suckling appliances:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.01.  Devices having one or more nipples and a corresponding number of tubes leading to a source of liquid-food supply, designed to be employed in conveying liquid nourishment to the young of mammals. These devices may be of comparatively large capacity, such as pails, tanks, or casks, and the suckling appliances suitable for young calves, colts, pigs, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 72]    72WATERING OR LIQUID FEED DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Inventions not otherwise classifiable especially designed for supplying animals with drink. This subclass and the indented subclasses also include those devices designed for supplying liquid-food, such as buttermilk, etc., as well as structures equally adapted to use as a feeding or watering device.

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51.01+,for a feeding device used to supply nourishment to an animal wherein the nourishment, if in a flowable form, has viscosity characteristics significantly different from water.
51.5,for a feeding device combined with a watering device.
69.5,for a birdbath.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 72.5]    72.5Drop-delivering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Watering devices in which the water is delivered in drop form.

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222Dispensing,   subclasses 420+ for drop forming dispensers and see the notes thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 73]    73Temperature-controlling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Water holding devices for supplying stock involving a trough or the combination of a barometric fountain or other means of constant supply and a trough with means to prevent the freezing of the water or to regulate the temperature for other purposes.

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106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   subclasses 601+ , 605, 672+, and 122 for compositions useful for insulating purposes.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 374.1 for an open-top liquid heating vessel that may include a lid and a condition responsive feature.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 334+ for tanks and other fluid handling devices with means for heating as for preventing freezing and subclass 375 for tanks and other fluid handling provided with insulating jackets.
217Wooden Receptacles, and 220, Receptacles,   particulrly subclasses 560.12+ , 592.01+, and 903, for apparatus and methods relating to heat insulation.
252Compositions,   subclass 62 for heat insulating compositions.
392Electric Resistance Heating Devices,   subclasses 441 through 464for a tank- or container-type liquid heater.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses for a stock material product in the form of a single or plural layer web or sheet which may possess structure or be of such a composition as to inherently influence the loss or gain of heat; see particularly subclasses 304.4+ , 426+, 457+, and 920+ (a cross-reference art collection).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 74]    74Fountains and troughs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Devices not otherwise classifiable specially designed to serve water to domestic animals, involving a trough and source of supply therefor.

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52,for analogous structures designed to hold feed and usually involving those modifications incident upon the serving of solids instead of liquids.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 192+ for bin or hopper type building constructions with a material port.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 380.1 for an open-top liquid heating vessel that may include a lid having a supply of liquid to the vessel.
220Receptacles,   for metallic tanks and troughs of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 75]    75Animal-controlled supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Animal-watering fountains and troughs comprising a source of supply, a valve or pump controlling said supply, and means operatively connected to said valve or pump and operable by pressure exercised by the animal, generally by the nose of forehead for regulating or causing the supply to the trough.

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53.5,and 54, for details.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 76]    76Platform:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Stock-watering fountains and troughs comprising a source of supply and a means for controlling the source of supply adapted to be operated by the weight of the animal seeking water, generally applied by stepping upon a platform or treadle.

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51,and appropriate subclasses indented under subclass 51 for details.

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417Pumps,   appropriate subclasses for pumps details. Animal treadle operated pumps, not in combination with a receiving trough for the pumped fluid, are classified in Class 417.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 77]    77Barometric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Stock-watering fountains and troughs comprising a barometric fountain so related to the trough as to afford a constant supply of water to said trough at a fixed level.

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73,

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126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 374.1 for an open-top liquid heating vessel that may include a lid and a condition responsive feature.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 453+ for barometric level maintaining systems in general.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 353 , 437, 457, 479, and especially subclasses 585+ for barometric inkwells.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 78]    78Float-controlled supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Combined fountains and troughs wherein the supply to the trough is controlled by a float valve.

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126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclass 374.1 for an open-top liquid heating vessel that may include a lid and a condition responsive feature.
137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 409+ for fountains and troughs automatically controlled by a float where the means for control usually consists of an inlet valve so related to a float that the level of the liquid supplied is maintained at a predetermined point.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 79]    79Oscillating valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Fountains and troughs wherein a float-operated, hinged, flap, or oscillating valve controls the supply conduit.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 80]    80Reciprocating valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Fountains and troughs having a float-operated reciprocating valve controlling the source of supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 81]    81Movable trough-controlled supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Fountains and troughs having depressible water receptacles connected to a water-supply valve, so as to hold it open when in its uppermost position. The weight of the water in the receptacle causes the trough to move and close the supply valve.

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137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 386+ for tanks combined with automatic devices for maintaining a liquid level.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 161]    161WASTE TOILET OR RELATED DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a receiver for collecting an animal waste product, i.e., excrement or urine, or structure associated with such a use.

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171+,for moisture absorbing material, per se, which may be disclosed for use in a waste toilet.
867+,for a manure pouch used to receive animal excrement or urine.

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4Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons,   appropriate subclasses for a waste toilet suitable for use only by a human, i.e., without any animal accommodating feature.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   particularly subclasses 1.3+ for a sanitary handler for pet droppings.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 162]    162Mounted above or within existing human commode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Subject matter consisting of structure supported over or inside a waste toilet normally used by a human being.

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4Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons,   appropriate subclasses for a waste toilet intended for use by a human, i.e., without any animal accommodating feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 163]    163Activated by presence of animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Subject matter having an operating mechanism actuated in response to the animal approaching, using, or leaving the waste product collecting receiver or associated structure.

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159,for a washing or spraying device, respectively, used for antivermin treatment which may additionally be actuated by the presence of an animal.

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4Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons,   particularly subclasses 302+ and 313 for means to cause a toilet flushing device to operate automatically when a condition occurs.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 164]    164Underlying belt type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Subject matter wherein the actuated mechanism is a flexible, relatively continuous band of material or fabric positioned beneath the animal and used to help remove the animal waste product.
(1) Note. A belt may be formed from an uninterrupted length of material, a series of spaced bars, plates, or other transversely disposed members which, as a whole, are capable of supporting and removing an animal waste product. It may be an endless loop of material or a web of material feeding from a supply reel or source to a collection reel, etc.

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198Conveyors: Power-Driven,   particularly subclasses 810.1+ for a condition responsive, power-driven, endless conveyor.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 165]    165Walled receptacle; e.g., litter box, etc., containing moisture absorbent material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Subject matter wherein the waste product collecting receiver is configured to have bottom structure surrounded by upstanding side structure and to hold a substance which will soak up, i.e., absorb liquid present in the waste product collected.

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171+,for material, per se, used to absorb moisture present in a waste product.

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206Special Receptacle or Package,   particularly subclass 204 for a container including means for removing water, or water vapor, from the atmosphere within the container or the surface of container content.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 166]    166Having means for separating waste from absorbent material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter including structure which may be used to isolate the waste product from the liquid absorbing substance.

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169,for a walled receptacle having a moisture absorbing pad and often including a protective screen or grid placed above the pad to protect it from scratching by the animal.

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209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   particularly subclasses 233+ for a sifting device, per se, and subclasses 417+ for a manually supported sifter.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   particularly subclasses 1.3+ for a sanitary handler for pet droppings.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 167]    167Flaccid, liner-type separator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Subject matter wherein the waste product isolating structure is a thin, limp sheet or screen which extends upwardly along both an interior bottom and side surface of the waste product collecting receiver.

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170,for a walled receptacle having a flaccid liner used to contain both waste and absorbent material.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 168]    168Having foldable or pivotable portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter wherein the waste product collecting receiver includes a part thereof which is shaped by bending it beyond its elastic limit along a line to form a permanent crease or is otherwise rotated about an axial region.
(1) Note. The folding or pivoting feature must be more than just a lid, cover, separator, or flaccid liner pivotably mounted on or in the receptacle.

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229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   particularly subclasses 100+ for a paperboard box of general utility.
493Manufacturing Container or Tube From Paper; or Other Manufacturing From a Sheet or Web,   particularly subclasses 162+ for the manufacture of a container by folding.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 169]    169Pad-type absorbent material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter wherein the liquid absorbing substance is a sheet-like mat.
(1) Note. A pad made from a sheet of fabric, newspaper, etc., is proper for this subclass.

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166+,for a walled receptacle having a foraminous separator for sifting a waste product from litter.
170,for a walled receptacle having a flaccid, impervious sheet used as a liner.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 170]    170Having flaccid liner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter including a thin, limp, moisture impervious sheet which extends upwardly along both an interior bottom and side surface of the waste product collecting receiver for holding both the liquid absorbing substance and the waste product.
(1) Note. A flaccid liner is often used to protect the walled receptacle and permit easy disposal of both the waste and absorbent material.

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167,for a flaccid, liner-type separator used to isolate the waste product from the absorbent material.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 171]    171MATERIAL FOR ABSORBING MOISTURE FROM WASTE PRODUCT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a substance which is used to soak up, i.e., absorb, liquid present in animal excrement or urine.
(1) Note. The absorbent material, while usually in the form of small granular, formed, or cut pieces of matter, may also be in other forms, e.g., a pad, etc.
(2) Note. The absorbent material may additionally be used as bedding for an animal in some circumstances, e.g., in a stall, etc., in order to improve sanitary conditions, reduce odors, or provide comfort for lying animals.
(3) Note. A U.S. patent having a claimed disclosure to a type of absorbent material specifically provided for hereunder, i.e., paper related or clay component type, has been placed in the appropriate indented subclass as an original classification and cross referenced back to this outdent subclass when another embodiment is also disclosed or claimed, e.g., absorbent material containing alfalfa, peanut hulls, diatomaceous earth, wood shavings, etc.

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15+,for an animal confining or housing device which may include absorbent material spread over a bottom portion thereof.
28.5,for an animal bed or rest which may include absorbent material spread over a bottom portion thereof.
45+,for a nest or nest appliance in which a fowl may lay an egg.
165,for a walled receptacle which contains a material used to absorb liquid present in an animal waste product.

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424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   particularly subclass 76.6 for a deodorizing composition for fecal material, urine, pet litter, etc.
502Catalyst, Solid Sorbent, or Support Therefor: Product or Process of Making,   particularly subclasses 400+ for a solid sorbent composition in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 172]    172Having paper-related component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Subject matter wherein the liquid absorbing substance includes cellulose which is initially in the form of a thin, matted, fibrous sheet, i.e., paper, or is created from a pulp, sludge, or slurry associated therewith.
(1) Note. Wood or cellulose particles, per se, are not proper for this subclass.
(2) Note. Subsequently, the paper related component may be made into pellets, granules, cut strips, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 173]    173Having clay component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Subject matter wherein the liquid absorbing substance includes a naturally occurring, fine grained, earthy, hydrated aluminum silicate containing composition, i.e., clay.
(1) Note. Absorbent material in which clay serves only as a binder for the particles or is otherwise present in only minute quantities is excluded from this subclass.
(2) Note. The term "clay" includes materials commonly known as attapulgite, bentonite, fuller"s earth, halloysite, illite, kaolinite, montmorillonite, etc.

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172,for absorbent material wherein paper or a derivative thereof is present along with clay.

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502Catalyst, Solid Sorbent, or Support Therefor: Product or Process of Making,   particularly subclasses 80+ for a clay composition having sorbent characteristics and subclasses 400+ for a solid sorbent composition in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 174]    174MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter and not provided for in any of the above subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 200]    200AQUATIC ANIMAL CULTURING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter relating to the propagation and care of one or more water living animals.
(1) Note. This subclass includes marine mammals, such as the whale, etc., which normally reside in water.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 201]    201Handling and transportation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter including the preparation of and apparatus for sustaining one or more living aquatic animals during transfer, shipment, and temporary storage.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 202]    202Including vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Subject matter wherein the apparatus for transport includes a vehicle such as a ship or truck which has a portion in which the animals are held while transported.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 203]    203Fish transportation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Subject matter wherein the aquatic animals transported are fish (e.g., an animal of the super class Pisces).

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 54.1+ for receptacle for use in fishing for holding catch, bait, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 204]    204Crustacean culturing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter relating to the care and propagation of lobster, shrimp, or other aquatic arthropods that have a chitinous or calcareous exoskeleton.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 205]    205Mating, spawning, and hatching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter including methods and apparatus relating to crustacean egg fertilization, incubation, and emergent larva cultivation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 206]    206With separating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Subject matter including means for removing one or more crustacea from a community thereof for further culturing or use thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 207]    207Habitat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter including method or apparatus for housing and cultivating crustacea.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 208]    208Offshore:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Subject matter for particular use in a natural marine environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 209]    209Individual habitat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Subject matter wherein there are provided separate compartments each sized to house a single crustacean.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 210]    210With feeding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Subject matter including apparatus for providing a supply of food to each compartment.

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51.01+,for animal-feeding device and especially subclass 51.04 for a device for feeding an aquatic animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 211]    211Habitat with recirculation and filter means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Subject matter including means for housing and cultivating crustacea which means include a water containment structure which further includes means to cause recirculation of the contained water while removing contaminants therefrom as it passes through separating means.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 167.21 through 167.27for liquid purification or separation means in a structural installation with a closed circulating system for an aquarium.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 212]    212Feeding method:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter relating to a process for providing nutrients to crustacea.

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51.01+,for an animal-feeding device and especially subclass 51.04 for a device for feeding an aquatic animal.
230,for a fish-feeding method.
242,for a mollusk-feeding method.

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426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclass 2 for a method of feeding a live animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 213]    213Separation or harvest:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter including apparatus for removing one or more crustacean from a community thereof for further use including collection for human food purposes.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   particularly subclasses 4+ for hooking or gathering "fish" and 100+ for a trap used to catch "fish" (as defined "fish" includes crustacea).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 214]    214Preserving or storing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter directed to maintaining crustacean life during a period it is kept under conditions for future use such as for consumption or sale.
(1) Note. The conditions under which the crustacean is kept may include deprivation of food or providing less space which affects oxygen requirements, for example.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 215]    215Fish culturing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter relating to the care and propagation of fish (e.g., an animal of the super class Pisces).

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 300 for an animal marker.
43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclass 4 for a fishing method and apparatus and subclasses 7+ for a net.
405Hydraulic and Earth Engineering,   subclass 81 for fishway for passing obstruction in stream.
606Surgery,   subclass 117 for means for applying an animal (i.e., fish) identification device (i.e., tag).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 216]    216Live fish sorting or grading:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including apparatus for separating live fish according to size.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 217]    217Spawning, hatching, and early development:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including method or apparatus relating to fish egg fertilization, incubation, and emergent fry culturing.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 218]    218Fish incubator or hatching tray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Subject matter including apparatus by which fish eggs are hatched artificially under controlled environmental conditions.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 219]    219Fish diverter or barrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including means to prevent or control the movement of fish past or through certain objects or locations.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 220]    220Electric type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Subject matter wherein electricity is used, for example, to produce pulses in water sensed by fish to control their movement.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclass 17.1 for an apparatus for applying an electric current to fish or water to lure or drive them.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 106+ for an electrical pulse producing system.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 852 for an underwater electrical communication conductor.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 221]    221Artificial reef or habitat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including a device usually positioned on the sea bottom or in man-made bodies of water to facilitate fish-gathering and culturing thereon.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 222]    222With tire component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Subject matter wherein at least a portion of the habitat is constructed from one or more discarded rubberlike vehicle supporting members.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 223]    223Floating fish rearing assembly:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including means for buoyantly supporting within or on the water a habitat for housing and cultivating fish.
(1) Note. The assembly does not have to float at the water surface but may be all or partly submerged.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 224]    224Tank array:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including a plurality of interconnected or cooperatively arranged water containment structures for housing fish.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 225]    225Sequential or stepwise tank array:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Subject matter wherein the tanks are connected such that water serially flows therethrough.
(1) Note. The water flow direction may have vertical or horizontal components.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 226]    226Fish enclosure - recirculating type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including a water containment structure for sustaining fish and having means for removing a portion of the water and returning it to the containment structure after treatment to improve its life sustaining properties.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 167.21 through 167.27for liquid purification or separation means in a structural installation with a closed circulating system for an aquarium, subclass 170.02 for liquid purification or separation means for a fishpond, and subclass 416.2 for a filter with a cooperating pump adapted for use in an aquarium.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 4.12+ for a sectional tank for fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 227]    227With biological filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.  Subject matter wherein the recirculated water is treated by a passthrough apparatus in which living organisms are utilized for water treatment.

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260,for a biological-type aquarium filter.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 601+ for water treatment by a living organism.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 228]    228Fish enclosure - nonrecirculating type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including a water containment structure for sustaining fish life and absent any removal and return of treated water into such structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 229]    229With heat exchanger:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Subject matter including apparatus to affect the temperature of the water contained in the fish enclosure by heat transfer means.

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262,for an aquarium with a heat exchanger.

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392Electric Resistance Heating Devices,   subclass 441 , for a tank-type liquid heater, and subclass 458 for a heating device located outside the tank and in heat exchange relation to the liquid to be heated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 230]    230Feeding method:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter relating to a process for the nourishment of fish.
(1) Note. A method for food manufacturing (i.e., algae cultivating) is included herein if the food is available for nourishment.

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51.01+,for an animal-feeding device, especially subclass 51.04 for a device for feeding an aquatic animal.
212,for a crustacea-feeding method.
242,for a mollusk-feeding method.

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426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclass 2 for a method of feeding a live animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 231]    231Water treatment composition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter comprising chemical treatment including additives or other means to affect the life sustaining properties of the fish containing aqueous medium.
(1) Note. Included herein are "artificial seawater compositions."
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 232]    232Cleaning-sweeper or mechanical agitator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including apparatus utilizing pressurized water circulation to aid in removing fish tank sediment or apparatus to mechanically cause suspension of such sediment to aid in its removal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

134Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclass 22.18 for pressurized fluid or fluid manipulation, and subclass 24 for utilization of a nozzle when treating an interior surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 233]    233Cover, light or ray affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Subject matter including means to selectively intercept visible light and other radiation impinging upon the water surface of a fish pond or tank.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 234]    234Mollusk culturing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter relating to the propagation and care of oyster, clam, or other aquatic animals with a soft unsegmented body enclosed in a calcareous shell.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 235]    235Reclaiming oyster ground:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter related to the treating of tideland to remove infestation of starfish, burrowing shrimp, drills, and other vermin and to improve it for oyster cultivating.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 236]    236Spawning, hatching, and larval development:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter relating to mollusk egg production and fertilization and the early culturing of the hatched organism.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 237]    237Spat collector (cultch):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 236.  Subject matter wherein the larvae do not attach to objects (cultch) but are nonetheless successfully sustained and grown without them.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 238]    238Offshore habitat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter including method and apparatus for promoting the larvae, especially of the oyster, to "set" or attach itself to a surface suitable for further growing.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 239]    239Flotation type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter including method and apparatus for housing and cultivating mollusk in a natural marine environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 240]    240Multiple container assembly:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 239.  Subject matter wherein means are provided to supply positive buoyancy to at least a portion of the habitat.
(1) Note. The habitat does not have to float at the water surface but may be all or partly submerged.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 241]    241Cultchless cultivation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 239.  Subject matter wherein the habitat comprises a plurality of cooperating individual containment structures.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 242]    242Feeding method:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter relating to a process for the nourishment of mollusk.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

51.01+,for an animal-feeding device, especially subclass 51.04 for a device for feeding an aquatic animal.
212,for a crustacea-feeding method.
230,for a fish-feeding method.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclass 2 for a method of feeding a live animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 243]    243Purification:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter relating to the depuration of tainted mollusk.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 244]    244Pearl production:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter relating to the utilization of the necre-secreting cells within a pearl-producing mollusk.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 245]    245Aquarium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter relating to a water containing tank or vessel which ordinarily houses aquatic animals and which has one or more transparent portions so that the inhabitants thereof can be observed from the exterior.
(1) Note. This subclass includes aquarium equipment and accessories not elsewhere provided for.
(2) Note. In certain instances, the aquarium may be partially or fully emptied and used to house small land animals, for example.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 7+ for a fishing net.
137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclasses, and especially subclass 386 for a liquid level responsive or maintaining system.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 246]    246Aquarium combination (e.g., aquarium-terrarium, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter wherein there is in cooperation with aquarium structure additional structure directed to the housing and display of other life, such as plant, insect, or land animal life.

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47Plant Husbandry,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 247]    247Combined:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Aquariums claimed in combination with subject matter not provided for in this class and which perform a function other than to perfect means that are provided for in the class, for example, aquariums combined with lamps or articles of furniture are proper for this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 248]    248Multicompartment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter wherein the aquarium consists of a tank or vessel which is divided by structural means into two or more separate spaces.
(1) Note. The tank may include both animal habitat spaces as well as other integral spaces for components such as a filter.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 249]    249Supported water column:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter wherein atmospheric air pressure is utilized to support a portion of the aquarium water media above the ordinary atmospheric exposed water surface of an aquarium.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 250]    250For joining aquariums:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Subject matter wherein a water column provides a bridge between at least two separate aquariums.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 251]    251Tank within tank:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including an enclosure for water which is adapted to be at least partially submerged in cooperative relationship inside another such enclosure such as a larger aquarium.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 252]    252Breeder type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Subject matter including structure for allowing the escape of live babies from a fish giving birth in the innermost submerged tank.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 253]    253Ornamental:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including aquarium apparatus and structure of the kind to embellish or adorn the basic visual attractiveness of the aquarium.
(1) Note. Ornamental features include, among others, aquarium shape, underwater decoration, toys, aesthetic use of a water or aeration device, and aesthetically improved fish viewing apparatus.
(2) Note. Certain structures which conceal aquarium life support elements may be considered as visually enhancing and are included herein.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 15+ for three dimension imitation or "treated" natural product.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 254]    254Air operated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Subject matter including ornamental means which utilize pressurized gas to produce a visual effect such as a bubble driven ornament or device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 255]    255Liquid display:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Subject matter including ornamental means which utilize water beyond that ordinarily contained in the aquarium to produce a visual effect such as a waterfall.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 406+ for a display device with gas or liquid movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 256]    256Submerged display:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Subject matter wherein the ornamental structural feature is situated and viewed underwater while contained in the aquarium.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 257]    257Wall-type aquarium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Subject matter wherein the aquarium is structured to be mounted on or in a side or inner portion of a building or other such vertical structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 258]    258Employing mirror:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Subject matter wherein one or more reflective surfaces are utilized to enhance the visual appearance of the aquarium.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 838+ for mirror structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 259]    259Filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including means cooperating with the aquarium structure to cause recirculation of the contained water while removing contaminants therefrom as it passes through a media holding device.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 167.21 through 167.27for liquid purification or separation means in a structural installation with a closed circulating system for an aquarium.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 260]    260Biological type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Subject matter wherein the filtering system contains organisms which process wastes to decontaminate the circulated water.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

227,for a fish enclosure of the recirculating water type using a biological filter.

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210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 601+ for water treatment by a living organism.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 261]    261With aerator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Subject matter including means to provide oxygen enrichment to water in the aquarium.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

263,for an aquarium aerator, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 262]    262And heat exchanger:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 261.  Subject matter including means to raise or lower the aquarium water temperature.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

229,for a fish enclosure with a heat exchanger.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

219Electric Heating,   subclass 523 for a heating device having a housing, casing, or support Insertable into material or space to be heated (e.g., immersion type, etc.).
392Electric Resistance Heating Devices,   subclass 441 for a tank-type liquid heater and subclass 458 for a heating device located outside a tank in heat exchange relation to a liquid to be heated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 263]    263Aerator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including apparatus providing oxygen enrichment to water in the aquarium.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

261,for an aquarium aerator and filter combination.

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204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   especially subclasses 194+ for electrolytic water treatment apparatus.
205Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions,   especially subclasses 742+ for electrolytic treatment of water, sewage, or other waste water.
261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 122.1+ for a submerged screen through which a gas passes into liquid contained in a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 264]    264Aquarium cleaning (nonfilter type):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including apparatus for removing contaminants from the aquarium environment without utilizing a water filter.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 105+ for combined tools and subclasses 244.1+ for a sponge-type tool.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 265]    265Cover:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including a device extending over an air exposed opening of an aquarium to exclude dust or prevent the escape of an inhabitant therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 266]    266With light:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 265.  Subject matter including an illumination device in connection with the cover.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

362Illumination,   subclasses 217.01 through 217.17for an elongated source light unit or support.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 267]    267Aquarium illumination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including means cooperating with the aquarium structure to provide enhanced interior lighting thereof.

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362Illumination,   subclass 101 for a light source combined with a receptacle for holding a liquid.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 268]    268Chemical treatment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter wherein selective chemical substances are utilized to alter certain properties of the aquarium water and environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 269]    269Aquarium structural elements and assembly:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Subject matter including aquarium structure such as floor, wall, and sealing means necessary to permanently contain the water environment therein and apparatus or a method of associating such elements.
(1) Note. A patent is placed as an original in this subclass if it claims structural details of the containment structure (i.e., a mere nominal recitation of a floor or wall etc., is insufficient to place a patent here).

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220Receptacles,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 4.12+ for a tank for fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 270]    270SILKWORM CULTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter related to the care and propagation of the "worm" and other forms of those moths whose larvae produce silk.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6.5,for subject matter related to the propagation, care, or observation of an insect or an insect larva other than a silkworm.
6.7,for subject matter related to the propagation or care of a worm, e.g., belonging to the phyla Annelida, Nematoda, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 300]    300METHOD OF INCUBATION OR BROODING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Process disclosing poultry incubation or brooding, including moisture supply, ventilation and temperature regulation to provide optimum conditions inside the chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

302+,for apparatus for a brooder.
311+,for apparatus for incubation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 301]    301DUAL PURPOSE BROODER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices capable of (1) performing the functions of a brooder and incubator simultaneously, the combination involving a separate chamber for each function, both warmed from the same source of heat, (2) converting from an incubator to a brooder or visa versa, or (3) performing another function not related to animal husbandry, such as seedling propagation, concurrent with its brooding or incubating function.
(1) Note. The brooder is distinguishable from the incubator in that the brooder provides a hover or canopy for the chicks protection, while the incubator is merely designed to receive the newly hatched chicks pending their removal to the brooder.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

302+,for apparatus for a brooder.
311+,for apparatus for incubation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 302]    302BROODER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including a small, warmed chick housing chamber, provided with a hover, hover chamber, or canopy to perform the function of a mother fowl in providing shelter and warmth to the chicks.
(1) Note. For original classification of a patent in this and indented subclasses, there must be claimed some structure, in addition to a heating or ventilation system, which particularizes the device for the confinement or protection of the chicks. Merely calling a device a brooder is insufficient disclosure for placement in this subclass. Examples of particularizing structures are attraction lights, dropping boards, and spacers, or other antismothering devices.
(2) Note. The hover structure is a component within the brooder chamber constructed of a flexible material, usually feathers. The hover is designed to lie in close proximity to the chicks, so that in brushing against their backs, it provides not only warmth but a sense of security.
(3) Note. A hover chamber is a smaller compartment containing a hover structure as defined above which is enclosed within and distinct from the brooder chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

301,for a brooder combined with an incubator.
437+,for housing structure lacking a hover, hover chamber, or canopy structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   subclasses 2+ and 6 for an environmental regulation device for an incubator or brooder.
237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 303]    303Warmed by water (i.e., radiator or boiler):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Brooder with a fuel consuming heating system consisting of a series of coils or pipes through which a fluid medium (e.g., hot water or steam) circulates to warm the chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

304+,for a brooder warmed by air.
308+,for a brooder warmed by an electrical component.
310,for a brooder warmed by a fireless means.
312+,for a water warmed incubator.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 4 and 15 for a heating system for use in a brooder or incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 304]    304Warmed by directed air:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Brooder provided with a fuel consuming heating system which warms the incoming air and directs it, by means of conduits, fans, etc., throughout the brooder chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

303,for a brooder warmed by water.
308+,for a brooder warmed by an electrical component.
310,for a brooder warmed by a fireless means.
315+,for a air warmed incubator.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 58+ for air heating system.
237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3 and 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 305]    305Having a central heater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Brooder having a primary heating system located in the center of the chick chamber to warm the surrounding air.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

315+,for an air warmed incubator with a central heating source.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3 and 14 for a heating system for use in a brooder or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 306]    306With environmental control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Brooder including a sensing means, such as a thermostat, which is responsive to environmental changes within the brooder and in detecting a change will make adjustments to maintain optimum conditions within the chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

314,317 and 319, for an environmental control device used in an incubator.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ , and 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 307]    307With canopy to distribute warmth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Brooder including shielding structure within the chamber, generally constructed of rigid material and attached to the ceiling, which is intended to lie in close proximity to the chicks and whose primary functions include even distribution of heat over the chicks and prevention of drafts.
(1) Note. While the canopy is intended to lie in close proximity to the chicks, it should not brush against their backs as a hover does.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 308]    308Warmed by electrical component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Brooder which uses heat generated by an electricity conducting device, such as a heating coil, to warm the chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

318+,for an incubator heated by an electrical component.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

219Electric Heating,   subclasses 385+ for a heating device combined with a container, enclosure, or support for material to be heated.
338Electrical Resistors,   appropriate subclasses for electrical resistors, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 309]    309Incandescent lamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Brooder wherein the heat generated is from a filament enclosed in a sealed transparent envelope.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 310]    310Warmed by fireless heater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Brooders so constructed that the temperature is maintained in the brood chamber by (1) conserving warmth from a previous heating or (2) by utilizing the heat resulting from organic fermentation or any other heating process not due to the combustion of fuel.
(1) Note. If the patent provides no specific manner of heating, or only insulating material combined with a canopy or hover, it should be placed in subclass 302.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

437+,for housing structure lacking a hover, hover chamber, or canopy structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   subclasses 601+ , 605, 672+, and 122 for heat insulating plastic or coating compositions.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 273.5 and 375 for casings showing heat insulation.
217Wooden Receptacles,   for casings showing heat insulation.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 560.12+ , 592.01+, and 903, for casings showing heat insulation.
252Compositions,   subclass 62 for other heat insulating compositions.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses for a stock material product in the form of a single or plural layer web or sheet, and especially subclasses 304.4+ for a composite product in which at least one component is either porous or cellular (generally useful for insulation); and cross-reference art collection 920 for a similar product having heat insulating features.
501Compositions: Ceramic,   subclasses 80+ for heat insulating ceramic compositions.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 311]    311INCUBATOR:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter specifically designed to hatch fowls from eggs.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

302+,for housing structure not specifically designed to hatch fowls from eggs and having a hover, hover chamber, or canopy structure.
437+,for housing structure not specially designed to hatch fowls from eggs and lacking a hover, hover chamber, or canopy structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 113 and 508 for combined heaters and air moisteners, subclass 293 for manually operated combined dampers and ventilators.
236Automatic Temperature and Humidity Regulation,   for ventilation of heaters of general application, and for ventilators indivisibly related to temperature regulation and which are employed to perform the double function of regulating the temperature of the egg chamber and the amount of fresh air admitted thereto, and for thermostatic devices for regulating temperature.
261Gas and Liquid Contact Apparatus,   for the general art of air moistening.
454Ventilation,   for the generic art of ventilation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 312]    312Warmed by water:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Brooder with a fuel consuming heating system consisting of a series of coils or pipes through which a fluid medium (e.g., hot water or steam) circulates to warm the chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

303,for a brooder warmed by water.
315+,for an incubator warmed by air.
318+,for an incubator warmed by an electrical component.
320+,for an incubator warmed by fireless means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 4 and 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 313]    313Having a lateral heater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Brooder having a primary heating system located to one side of the egg chamber to warm the surrounding air.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and subclasses 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 314]    314With environmental control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 313.  Incubator including a sensing means, such as a thermostat, which is responsive to environmental changes within the brooder and in detecting a change will make adjustments to maintain optimum conditions within the chamber

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

306,for a brooder with an environmental regulation means.
317,for a warm air-heated incubator with an environmental regulation means.
319,for an electrically heated incubator with an environmental control means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and subclass 15 for a heating system, a brooder, or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 315]    315Warmed by directed air:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Brooder provided with a fuel consuming heating system which warms the incoming air and directs it, by means of conduits, fans, etc., throughout the brooder chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

304+,for a brooder warmed by directed air.
312+,for an incubator warmed by water.
318+,for an incubator warmed by an electrical component.
320+,for an incubator warmed by a fireless means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 58+ for air heating system.
237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and subclasses 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 316]    316Having a lateral heater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 315.  Brooder having a primary heating system located to one side of the egg chamber to warm the surrounding air.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and subclasses 14+ for a heating system for use in a brooder or an incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 317]    317With environmental control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Incubator including a sensing means, such as a thermostat, which is responsive to environmental changes within the brooder and in detecting a change will make adjustments to maintain optimum conditions within the chamber

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

306,for a brooder with an environmental control.
314,for a warm water heated incubator with an environmental control.
319,for an electrically heated incubator with an environmental control.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and subclasses 14+ for automatic controls for heating systems in a brooder or incubator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 318]    318Warmed by electrical component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Incubator which uses heat generated by an electricity conducting device, such as a heating coil, to warm the chamber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

308+,for a brooder heated by an electrical component.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

219Electric Heating,   subclasses 385+ for a heating device combined with a container, enclosure, or support for material to be heated.
338Electrical Resistors,   appropriate subclasses for electrical resistors, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 319]    319With environmental control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 318.  Incubator including a sensing means, such as a thermostat, which is responsive to environmental changes within the brooder and in detecting a change will make adjustments to maintain optimum conditions within the chamber

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

306,for a brooder with an environmental control.
314,for a warm water heated incubator with an environmental control.
319,for an electrically heated incubator with an environmental control.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

237Heating Systems,   subclasses 3+ and 14+ for automatic controls for heating systems in brooders or incubators.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 320]    320Warmed by fireless heater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Brooders so constructed that the temperature is maintained in the brood chamber by (1) conserving warmth from a previous heating or (2) utilizing the heat resulting from organic fermentation or any other heating process not due to the combustion of fuel.
(1) Note. If the patent provides no specific manner of heating or only insulating material, it should be placed in subclass 311.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   subclasses 601+ , 605, 672+, and 122 for heat insulating plastic or coating compositions.
126Stoves and Furnaces,   subclasses 273.5 and 375 for casings showing heat insulation.
217Wooden Receptacles,   for casings showing heat insulation.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 560.12+ , 592.01+, and 903, for casings showing heat insulation.
252Compositions,   subclass 62 for other heat insulating compositions.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses for a stock material product in the form of a single or plural layer web or sheet, and especially subclasses 304.4+ for a composite product in which at least one component is either porous or cellular (generally useful for insulation); and cross-reference art collection 920 for a similar product having heat insulating features.
501Compositions: Ceramic,   subclasses 80+ for heat insulating ceramic compositions.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 321]    321Having egg contacting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 320.  Incubators having a device to convey heat to the eggs by physical contact with a warm body other than air.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 322]    322Egg tray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Incubator egg trays designed to be used for supporting eggs in an incubator during the period of incubation and turning them for the purpose of presenting a fresh supply of egg food to the growing chick.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

209Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids,   subclasses 510+ for egg testers combined with assorting means.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 61 for egg trays used to support eggs in a candling operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 323]    323Having an egg turner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Egg trays designed to turn the eggs during the period of incubation to present a fresh supply of nutrients to the growing embryo.
(1) Note. Excluded from this subclass are egg trays supported entirely by a handling system which merely transports an egg or group of eggs to or from the incubator rather than turning them for the purpose of supplying nutrients to the chick.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclass 242 for egg preserving apparatus combined with egg turners and egg turners, per se, used in preserving eggs.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 324]    324With rotary carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 323.  Incubator including an egg turner having a carrier or cup which turns about a single axis at least 180 degrees.
(1) Note. A rotating carrier generally consists of, but is not limited to, either a flat disc with egg cups rotating about its central axis or a cylindrical cage designed to turn about its longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 325]    325With tilting carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 323.  Incubator including an egg turner having a carrier designed to oscillate, thus imparting a rocking motion to the tray.
(1) Note. Those egg turners having carriers which rotate through an angle equal to or greater than 180 degrees should be placed in subclass 324.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 326]    326Attached to longitudinally moving support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 325.  Incubator including an egg turner having a carrier whose oscillating movement is achieved through a connection between the carrier and a linearly moving support.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 327]    327With endless belt or roller carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 323.  Incubator including an egg turner consisting of a plurality of rolls or endless belts designed to revolve thereby turning the egg.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 328]    328Attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Incubator including miscellaneous devices not provided for elsewhere, which are designed to improve the overall performance of the incubator, but are not necessary for its normal course of operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 329]    329BIRD NEST OR APPLIANCE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of (1) a small structure shaped to serve as a place in which a single fowl may lay an egg (i.e., a nest) or (2) a device used therewith.
(1) Note. Included herein are devices (intended to be used in conjunction with the bird nest) which perform a particular function for care of the nest fowl or egg and are not provided for elsewhere (i.e. timers, egg protectors, and sitting inhibitors).
(2) Note. Included herein are devices consisting of loose particulate or fibrous material, either manmade or natural, intended to be used as a nesting material for the fowl.

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437+,for poultry housing designed to hold a substantial number of bird nests or fowls.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 330]    330Egg and fowl trap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Nest designed to either (1) trap both the egg and the fowl or (2) be readily convertible from an egg trap to a fowl trap and visa versa.

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334+,for a trap which only captures an egg.
339+,for a trap which only captures a fowl.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 58+ for traps of general application and details applicable to this art.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 331]    331Having fowl actuated releasing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 330.  Egg and fowl trap including means whereby the fowl may release itself from the trap regardless of whether it lays an egg or not.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 332]    332Having egg actuated releasing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 330.  Egg and fowl trap whereby the laid egg activates a door releasing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 333]    333With fowl segregating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 332.  Egg and fowl trap including means to insure that the laying fowls are released into an area separate from the nonlaying fowls.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 334]    334Egg trap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Nest having a device to convey the egg from the nest or to a separate container out of reach of the fowl

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330+,for a trap which captures an egg and a fowl.
339+,for a trap which only captures a fowl.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 58+ for traps of general application and details applicable to this art.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 335]    335Having an inclining nest bottom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 334.  Egg trap including a nest bottom that forms an angle with the adjacent wall of the trap, sloping downward so that an egg may roll from the nest area.
(1) Note. Included herein is a nest bottom with a biasing means attached so that when the fowl leaves the nest it pivots, causing the egg to roll from the area.
(2) Note. This subclass does not provide for a nest disclosing no visible distinction between the wall and the bottom of the nest, such as oval nests, having an aperture yet sloping downward at some angle to direct the egg into the hole.

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334,for nests without a visible distinction between the walls and the bottom, such as oval nests having an aperture and sloping downward at some angle.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 336]    336Intended for use with plural nests:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 335.  A nest having an egg trap specifically intended to be used with other nests to form a battery of nests to receive a plurality of fowl.

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437+,for bird housing not claiming any means of egg or fowl trapping, yet designed to hold a comparatively large number of mature fowls, and which provides no significant disclosure as to the individual nests contained within the building.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 337]    337Which removes eggs via endless conveyor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Nest having an egg trap whereby an egg rolls from the inclined nest bottom and onto a conveyor belt.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 338]    338And providing additional care:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 337.  Nest having an egg trap wherein additional care is administered to either the fowl or the egg (i.e., feeding, cleaning, or watering).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 339]    339Fowl trap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Nest having a device which once actuated entraps the fowl and excludes others fowls from entering the nest during the period of occupancy.

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330+,for a trap which captures an egg and a fowl.
334+,for a trap which only captures an egg.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 58+ for traps of general application and details applicable to this art.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 340]    340Having attendant operated released means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Nest having a fowl trap with a device to prevent the escape of the fowl until released by an attendant.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 341]    341With movable floor or nest:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 340.  Nest having a fowl trap including a door closing means actuated by the fowls weight as it steps onto a nest, treadle, or platform.
(1) Note. A patent disclosing either a vertically moving nest or an oscillating nest, platform, or treadle would be included herein.

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342,for a fowl trap with a movable floor or nest.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 342]    342Having movable floor or nest:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Nest having a fowl trap including a door closing means actuated by the fowls weight as it steps onto a nest, treadle, or platform.
(1) Note. A patent disclosing either a vertically moving nest or an oscillating nest, platform, or treadle would be included herein.

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341,for an attendant operated fowl trap with a movable floor or nest.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 343]    343With pivotable nest:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 342.  A nest having a fowl trap wherein the nest is mounted within the trap so that the weight of the fowl stepping onto the nest causes the nest to tilt so that a door, structurally linked to the nest, closes and entraps the fowl.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 344]    344And distinct entry and exit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  A nest having a fowl trap wherein the door through which the fowl enters is separate from the door through which the fowl exits.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 345]    345Production recording appliance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  A nest appliance to (1) place a distinctive marking on an egg or fowl, (2) place an identifying marker such as a ring on the fowl, or (3) create a listing reflecting some feature of egg generation.
(1) Note. A feature of egg generation may include such characteristics as the quantity or grade of the egg laid.

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6.8,for subject matter relating to avian egg treatment or enhancing production thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 346]    346Support, framework, or collapsible nest:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Bird nest or appliance including therein significant disclosure from the structural framework designed to hold any loose or compacted material either fibrous or particulate which will serve as the fowl"s nest or nests having bases and sides designed to be easily assembled and disassembled to facilitate the cleaning or transportation of the nest.

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431+,for a collapsible fowl housing device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 347]    347Specific nest bottom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to the structure of the nest upon which the fowl rests.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include a patent for a nest wherein the sides are continuous with the nest bottom and no distinct bottom can be discerned (e.g., semispherical in shape).
(2) Note. This subclass provides for nest bottom structure which is more than simple fibers or particulate matter.
(3) Note. The disclosed nest bottom generally serves some specific purpose such as cushioning the egg, providing comfort to the fowl, facilitating cleaning, or disinfecting the nest.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 348]    348Artificially medicated egg:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  An imitation egg constructed of materials containing a medicament, such as an insecticide or a disinfectant, or so constructed that it may be charged with a volatile medicament.

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424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   for a medicinal or biocidal composition (e.g., disinfectant or insecticide) particularly 405+.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 400]    400RAILROAD CAR OR OTHER LIVESTOCK LONG DISTANCE CARRYING VEHICLE, (E.G., TRUCK, ETC.):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter relating to freight or stock cars or other animal shipping conveyances structurally adapted for lengthy transporting and caring for animals.

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201+,for handling and transporting of aquatic animals.

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105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclasses 355+ and appropriate subclasses for general freight car structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 401]    401Poultry transporter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Subject matter having a vehicle interior with means included to accommodate a number of domestic fowl.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 402]    402Having trough:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 401.  Subject matter including an elongated and accessible receptacle which is utilized for providing feed or water to the transported poultry.

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51.01+,for feeding device, particularly subclasses 52.1+, 57, 58, and 61.1 for trough related devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 403]    403With safeguard (e.g., interior buffers, slings, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Subject matter for preventing injury to an animal.
(1) Note. Injury may be prevented due to swaying or jerking of the vehicle as well as those due to long periods of standing.

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725+,for body sling means of general application.
728,for animal suspending means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 404]    404Having vestibule:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Having subject matter including a protected passageway to connect contiguous vehicles.

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105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclasses 8.1+ for vestibule structure of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 405]    405Convertible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Subject matter capable of being altered from a selectively open vehicle (i.e., open side slats) to a closed vehicle.
(1) Note. The vehicle is closed most often for protection against the weather.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 406]    406Having raised deck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Subject matter including at least one intermediate floor or platform to better utilize vehicle space for smaller stock or the like.

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105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclass 340 for a car with a double deck specifically adapted to carry human passengers.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 407]    407Movable or adjustable into place:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 406.  Subject matter wherein the deck is held in a ready or stored position and is then advanced to its working position.

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105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclasses 370+ for a convertible deck freight car of various recited structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 408]    408Having feeding or watering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Subject matter including means for supplying nourishment or drinking liquid to a transported animal.

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51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 72+ for watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 409]    409Trough:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 408.  Subject matter comprising an elongated accessible receptacle for supplying the nourishment or drinking water to a transported animal.

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51.01+,for feeding device, particularly subclasses 52.1+, 57, 58, and 61.1 for trough related devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 410]    410Pivoted into place:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 409.  Subject matter wherein the trough is swung about an axis into its operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 411]    411Having raising and lowering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 409.  Subject matter including means for moving the trough substantially vertically.
(1) Note. The trough is usually moved to the roof of the vehicle for storage and then returned to its operative lowered position.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 412]    412Having partition means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Subject matter comprising means which subdivide the stock car into stalls or penlike compartments useful for separating animals during transportation.

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516+,for stall means, particularly subclass 523 for stall sidewall partition.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 413]    413Flexible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Subject matter wherein the partition has the capability to bend or yield and recover as required.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 414]    414Having raising and lowering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Subject matter including means for moving the partition substantially vertically, usually to the roof of the car, and then to return it to its lowered position.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 415]    415With dynamic support (e.g., rail, slide, roller, rod, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Subject matter including means such as rail, slide, roller, and rod devices to support a partition for mechanical movement into and out of operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 416]    416CONFINING OR HOUSING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including a structure which is utilized to restrict an animal to a desired and protected area for facilitating its care for both short and long term management.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 417]    417For experimental purposes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter wherein confining or housing structure is adapted to allow for scientifically monitoring or studying the behavior or biology of a confined animal.
(1) Note. Requirements of contamination control of the environment, including water and air purity provided to the confined animal, have been taken as an indication of an experimental purpose hereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 418]    418With biologically isolating ventilation means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 417.  Subject matter wherein the air or breathing matter supplied to the confined animal is such as to prevent contamination from the surroundings.

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600Surgery,   subclasses 21+ for isolation treatment chamber.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 419]    419Utilizing air filtration device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 418.  Subject matter wherein the ventilation means employs a device through which air or breathing matter passes and is treated to remove biological contaminants.

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55Gas Separation,   for appropriate filter related subclasses such as 315+, 341.1+, and 361+.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 420]    420With gaseous medium treatment (e.g., inhalation chamber, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 417.  Subject matter wherein the confined animal is caused to breath fluid or vapor constituents.

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128Surgery,   subclasses 200.24+ , appropriate subclasses for respiratory method or device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 421]    421Having animal activity monitoring means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 417.  Subject matter including apparatus for sensing or measuring the physical position or locomotor activity of the confined animal.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 573.1+ for human or animal condition responsive indicating system.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 422]    422Course:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter including a confining device for controlling an animal on a defined pathway (e.g., on a racetrack, etc.).

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472Amusement Devices,   subclass 85 for racetrack in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 423]    423With racetrack starting means(e.g., gate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 422.  Subject matter including means confining an animal, usually a horse or dog on a racing course such that it may be released simultaneously with others at a given starting moment.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 424]    424Dog starting box:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Subject matter including an enclosure for retaining one or more dogs prior to a race and for simultaneously releasing such dogs at the start thereof.

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472Amusement Devices,   subclass 87 for dog type racetrack.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 425]    425In motion starting gate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Subject matter wherein the starting means is caused to travel on the track towards a starting point whereupon it is actuated to start the race.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 426]    426Starting gate release means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Subject matter including electrically or mechanically operable removable barrier means for starting a race.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 427]    427Holding and releasing means for sporting animal (e.g., bird, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter wherein an animal, such as a pigeon, is held in a trap and discharged therefrom.
(1) Note. In this subclass, a bird or pigeon may be released for various purposes such as target shooting, bird dog training, and bird racing.

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273Amusement Devices: Games,   subclasses 108+ for a game target for a surface projectile game and subclasses 317+ for a game target for an aerial projectile game.
473Games Using Tangible Projectile,   for a game target for a game which uses a tangible projectile (such as a target used for the games of baseball, basketball, football, golf, croquet, hockey, soccer, lacrosse, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 428]    428Birdhouse
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter wherein the structure comprises a small enclosure having an opening to admit and shelter a small bird.
(1) Note. The house usually includes means allowing for engagement to a tree or some elevated support.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 60+ for traps for animals in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 429]    429Combined shelter and feeder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 428.  Subject matter wherein the birdhouse includes means for providing access to nourishment as well as housing.

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51.01+,appropriate subclasses, for a feeding device, especially subclasses 52.2 and 57.8 for those having a perch.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 430]    430Converted container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 428.  Subject matter wherein the birdhouse is reconstructed from a receptacle used originally for another purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 431]    431Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 428.  Subject matter wherein the birdhouse is of such structure in its assembled state that it may be folded or disassembled therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 432]    432Having easy cleaning structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 428.  Subject matter whereby the birdhouse has an assembly which facilitates the removal of extraneous matter such as bird waste and used nesting material.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 433]    433Main body portion composition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 428.  Subject matter wherein the principal structural element of the birdhouse is of a specified material or substance.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 434]    434Metallic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Subject matter wherein the main body material is a metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 435]    435Plastic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Subject matter wherein the main body material is of a synthetic formed material known generally as plastic.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 436]    436Permanent building (e.g., barn, stable, hog house, poultry house, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter directed to an onsite, enclosed, and roofed structure for housing a substantial number of animals.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   appropriate subclasses for a building or building component having structural or functional characteristics that may relate to animal confinement or care.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 437]    437Poultry house:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 436.  Subject matter having structure and apparatus particularly suited for sheltering domestic fowl.
(1) Note. Included herein is poultry house equipment and furnishings not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 438]    438Revolving:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter wherein the housing structure is caused to move in a curved path around a center or axis.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 64 and 65 for rotatable building or component feature in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 439]    439Having conveyor type floor in direct contact with poultry (i.e., individual bird rests on floor):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter including a movably driven support surface upon which poultry is transferred.

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198Conveyors: Power Driven,   appropriate subclasses for suitable devices useful for the above defined animal related purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 440]    440With egg transfer device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter including means for conveying within the poultry house a hard-shelled reproductive body.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 441]    441Compartmented:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter wherein structure is provided to divide a larger space within the poultry house into smaller housing spaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 442]    442With droppings handling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter including means for collecting, treating, or otherwise dealing with the poultry bodily waste matter.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 443]    443Having combined roost and droppings board:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 443.  Subject matter which comprises both a fowl support or rest and a device which receives or collects poultry bodily waste.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 444]    444Hog house:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 436.  Subject matter having structure and apparatus particularly suited for sheltering domestic swine.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 445]    445Farrowing house or shed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 444.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus particularly suitable for the birthing, nursing, and caring for the young piglets by the sow mother.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 446]    446With guard rail for piglets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 445.  Subject matter including a barrier whereby the body of a reclining sow is supported in a manner to prevent crushing of a piglet beneath her.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 447]    447With building sanitary device or system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 444.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus used for the disposal of the bodily hog waste.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 448]    448With heating or forced air ventilation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 436.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus for raising the environmental temperature or providing a driven circulation of air within the building.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 198+ for roof or cover over usable space including a fluid guiding port.
454Ventilation,   appropriate subclasses for a ventilating structure with air directing or controlling feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 449]    449Building with feeding related means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 436.  Subject matter including means related to the provision of animal nourishment especially feed storage and dispensing apparatus.

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57.1+,for a powered feeding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 450]    450Building floor having waste collecting gutter or draining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 436.  Subject matter wherein the ground or animal supporting surface of the building is provided with a channel or other flow gathering means for animal sewerage.

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198Conveyors: Power Driven,   appropriate subclasses directed to the various apparatus wherein the load-engaging and conveying part is in the form of a bucket.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 451]    451With mechanical scraper or conveyor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 450.  Subject matter including apparatus for utilizing a driven blade, belt, or similar device to gather sewage from the gutter or draining means.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   subclass 236.01 for scraper, and subclass 236.04 for gutter scraper.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 452]    452Animal display or open work enclosure (i.e., cage):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter including a confinement structure for securely housing an animal with at least a portion thereof being transparent or having reticulated (see through) portions of wire or barred material.
(1) Note. Included hereunder are the molded plastic transparent structures commonly used for rodents both in the home and laboratory.

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417+,for experimental housing structure including cages of various types.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 453]    453Transporting cage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter wherein the cage includes structure which facilitates its mobility or use thereof for shipment of a confined animal.
(1) Note. The cage may be transported on a mobile carrier or used with a manual carrier handle, for example.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 454]    454With feeding or watering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 453.  Subject matter including means for providing nourishment or drinking liquid to an animal being transported.

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51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 7+ for watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 455]    455Battery of cages:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter including a plurality of interrelated individual cages.
(1) Note. The cages are usually in various stacked arrangements.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 456]    456With feeding or watering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Subject matter including means for providing nourishment or drinking liquid to a battery cage confined animal.

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51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 72+ for watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 457]    457Automatic or powered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 456.  Subject matter including a feeding or watering device that is self-regulating or motively driven.

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57.1+,for a powered feeding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 458]    458With sanitary or cleaning means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus used for the gathering and disposal of animal and other waste from the cage battery.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 459]    459Bird cage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter wherein the cage is structured to facilitate the care for and display of any of a class (Aves) of warm-blooded and feathered winged vertebrates.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 460]    460With bath structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Subject matter including means provided in combination with the cage for a bird to utilize a liquid medium for cleaning purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 461]    461Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Subject matter wherein the cage is structured in a manner that allows a transformation between a fully assembled state and a disassembled state which includes folding into a reduced size or more compact structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 462]    462Having removable tray or drawer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Subject matter including a shallow lipped element that may be withdrawn from a collecting position within the cage.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 463]    463Having separable cage bottom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Subject matter including a lower end closing element of the cage which may be entirely removed providing cage access.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 464]    464With feeding or watering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Subject matter including means for providing nourishment or drinking liquid to a confined bird.

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51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 72+ for watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 465]    465Including jaw-type holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 464.  Subject matter wherein the feeding means grasps the food between two members biased toward one another.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 466]    466Bone holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 464.  Subject matter including means for supporting in a position accessible to a bird, a bill and claw maintenance means referred to as a cuttlebone.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 467]    467With attachment device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Subject matter including means connected with the basic cage structure and cooperating therewith to enhance its ability to confine, protect, and care for a bird within.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 468]    468Perch for cage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 467.  Subject matter including a roost for a bird provided in connection with the cage.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 469]    469Shield or guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 467.  Subject matter including a barrier usually connected in a manner to prevent scattering of feed or other matter outside the confines of the cage or a feed device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 470]    470Cover:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 467.  Subject matter including a device which is positioned to enclose or screen the cage for isolation or protective purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 471]    471Disposable floor mat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 467.  Subject matter including a cover for the bottom surface of the cage which is meant for removal after a period of use.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 472]    472Sectional cage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter wherein the larger enclosed cage space is structurally divided into a plurality of smaller enclosures.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 473]    473Having movable wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter wherein the cage includes at least one enclosure barrier having means imparting motion thereto.
(1) Note. The barrier is not intended as a door, for example, but rather is a major confining element such as a cage side.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 474]    474Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter wherein the cage is structured in a manner that allows a transformation between a fully assembled state and a disassembled state which includes folding into a reduced size or more compact structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 475]    475With feeding or watering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter including means for providing nourishment or drinking liquid to any animal confined in such a cage.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 72+ for watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 476]    476Automatic or powered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 475.  Subject matter including a feeding or watering device that is self-regulating or motively driven.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

57.1+,for a powered feeding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 477]    477Having attaching means to cage wire or bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 475.  Subject matter including apparatus which serves to mount or connect a feeding or watering device in operable animal serving position by engagement with the openwork of the cage.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 478]    478Having size adjustable access:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 475.  Subject matter wherein the feeding or watering means include structure which selectively controls the ability of an animal to enter and partake of the food or water according to its physical dimensions.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 479]    479Having animal water handling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter including means for collecting, treating, or otherwise dealing with the excrement from a cage confined animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 480]    480Cage floor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus related to the animal supporting bottom of the enclosure.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 481]    481Cage door:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure includes a usually swinging or sliding barrier by which an entry is opened or closed.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   appropriate subclasses for cage door such as subclasses 404+ for sliding type and subclasses 381+ for swinging door mounting.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 482]    482Often portable, small capacity, roofed housing structure (e.g., coop, hutch, kennel, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter including an oftentimes movable covered enclosure for providing a protective dwelling for a limited number of animals.
(1) Note. Many but not all of the structures hereunder have a portability feature such as a handle for a carrier or runners for dragging a small coop.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 483]    483Rabbit hutch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter particularly suited for housing any of a family (Leporidae) of long-eared, short-tailed lagomorph mammals with long hind legs.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 484]    484Human dwelling pet enclosure addition (e.g., window kennel) or pet exit/entrance means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter including either (1) an animal enclosure associated with a personal domicile or (2) a hatch-type entry or departure means structure to provide animal passage to such a domicile.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 87.01+ for specially mounted wall or window rack.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 485]    485With housing elevation means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter wherein the structure utilizes selectively operable elevation means to lift the structure above the ground.
(1) Note. Such means provides ground hazard avoidance.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 486]    486Below ground housing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter wherein at least a portion of the enclosure is located beneath the ordinary level of the earthen surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 487]    487Poultry enclosure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter particularly suited to shelter domestic fowl.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 488]    488Rail supported movable poultry house:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 487.  Subject matter including a poultry housing structure which may travel on a barlike structural member or support.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 489]    489Transporting type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 487.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure includes structure which facilitates the use thereof for shipment of confined fowl.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 490]    490For chicks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 487.  Subject matter especially facilitating the shipment of newborn fowl.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 491]    491Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 487.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure is structured in a manner that allows a transformation between a fully assembled or erect state and at least a partially disassembled or reduced state.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 492]    492Having hinged structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 491.  Subject matter wherein one or more of the enclosure elements is connected to allow movement, such as folding from the assembled state, about a pivoted attachment to provide the enclosure collapsibility feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 493]    493With ventilation means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 487.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus providing a circulation of air which may or may not be power driven.
(1) Note. A door or opening alone is not considered ventilation means hereunder without some further control over the air circulation (e.g., slidable roof, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 494]    494With enclosure door:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 487.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure includes a usually swinging or sliding barrier by which an entry is opened or closed.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   appropriate subclasses for enclosure door such as subclasses 404+ for sliding type and subclasses 381+ for swinging door mounting.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 495]    495Poultry self-operating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 494.  Subject matter wherein the door may be opened or closed as a result of actuation by one or more domestic fowl.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclasses 236+ for mechanical means imparting movement to the door and means to effect its operation by weight or impact.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 496]    496Transporting type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure includes structure which facilitates the use thereof for shipment or conveying of one or more animals confined therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 497]    497Hand or body-type carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 496.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure is of a size and weight to be ordinarily transported by a person either with the use of manually gripped handles or by torso wrapped strap means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 498]    498Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure is structured in a manner that allows a transformation between a fully assembled or erect state and at least a partially disassembled or reduced state.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 499]    499Having hinged structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 498.  Subject matter wherein one or more of the enclosure elements is connected to allow movement, such as folding from the assembled state, about a pivoted attachment to provide the enclosure collapsibility feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 500]    500With ventilation means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus providing a circulation of air which may or may not be power driven.
(1) Note. A door or opening alone is not considered ventilation means hereunder without some further control over the air circulation (e.g., slide able roof, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 501]    501Enclosure door:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter wherein the enclosure includes a usually swinging or sliding barrier by which an entry is opened or closed.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

49Movable or Removable Closures,   appropriate subclasses for enclosure door, such as subclasses 404+ for sliding type and subclasses 381+ for swinging door mounting.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 502]    502Pen or rack:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter including roofless or uncovered means to enclose or confine one or more animals and to protect against intrusion.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 503]    503Hog farrowing pen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus particularly suitable for the birthing, nursing, and caring for piglets by the sow mother.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 504]    504Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Subject matter wherein the pen is structured in a manner that allows a transformation between a fully assembled or erect state and at least a partially disassembled or reduced state.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 505]    505With automatic farrowing device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Subject matter including a self-regulating means utilized in the farrowing function.
(1) Note. Included hereunder is a device to diminish the speed or acceleration at which the sow lays down to allow escape of the piglets from under her (i.e., damped sow letdown).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 506]    506Adjustable enclosure element for piglet escape passage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Subject matter comprising a positionable confining member which allows evasion by the piglets when in danger of crushing by the reclining sow.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 507]    507Sow size adjustable pen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Subject matter wherein the pen may be made to accommodate various growth dimensions of mother hogs.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 508]    508Having heating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Subject matter including apparatus for raising the ambient temperature within the pen.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 509]    509Pen floor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus related to the bottom animal supporting portion of the pen.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 510]    510With crowd gate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Subject matter including a sweeping means to herd animals from a pen-type holding area.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 511]    511Platform scale rack:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Subject matter including an animal rack used to confine one or more animals on a raised structure for weighing purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 512]    512Portable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Subject matter including a pen or rack mounted upon apparatus such as wheels or skids to provide movement capability.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 513]    513Collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Subject matter wherein the pen or rack is structured in a manner that allows a transformation between a fully assembled or erect state and at least a partially disassembled or reduced state.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 514]    514Having hinged structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 513.  Subject matter wherein one or more of the pen or rack elements is connected to allow movement such as folding from the assembled state, about a pivoted attachment to provide the collapsibility feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 515]    515With feeding or watering means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Subject matter including means for providing nourishment or drinking liquid to a pen or rack-confined animal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 72+ for watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 516]    516Stall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter relating to one or more open compartments and serving as a means for segregating livestock, such as cattle, in a barn or the like, for protecting them from injury or locating them for feeding purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 517]    517With back contacting cattle excreta device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter including apparatus having an element for sensing through touch the humping of cattle prior to excreting and to respond by directing the excreta in a sanitary manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 518]    518With electrical system or device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter including means operated by electrical power for use in such functions as training and restraining in conjunction with an animal stall.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 519]    519Portable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter wherein the stall is structured so that it may be expeditiously moved between sites.
(1) Note. In some instances the stall hereunder is of the knockdown or collapsible type.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 520]    520Milking facilitating stall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus for expediting usage and preventing interference with milking, especially by machine, of a stall-confined cow.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 521]    521With feeding or watering device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter including means for providing nourishment or drinking liquid to the stall-confined animal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

51.01+,appropriate subclasses for feeding device, per se, and subclasses 72+ or watering device of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 522]    522Adjustable (e.g., stall size, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter wherein one or more stall elements may be repositioned to accommodate an animal with regard to its proportions such as the length thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 523]    523Stall side wall partition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter including the one or more elements that comprise the lateral confining barrier of a stall.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

412,for livestock carrying vehicle partition means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 524]    524Gate or door:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter including a movable barrier controlling the entrance or exit of the stall.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 525]    525Floor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Subject matter directed to structure and apparatus related to the bottom animal supporting portion of a stall.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 526]    526Mat-type covering or stall floor bedding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 525.  Subject matter wherein the stall floor is provided with a formed material overlayer or a material suitable for cushioning the floor for sleeping or resting thereupon.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 527]    527Drain-type floor with waste collection means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 525.  Subject matter including a floor having animal excrement funnelling means combined with means for accumulation thereof (e.g., trough or gutter etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 528]    528Floor including under support therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 525.  Subject matter including a floor structure having structural bearing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 529]    529Slotted surface flooring (e.g., separate slats, etc.) including connector or spacer means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 525.  Subject matter comprising spaced flooring elements with means for joining such with predetermined distance therebetween for draining or cleaning, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 530]    530Floor, per se, having drain openings or passages (e.g., one-piece floor having openings formed therein, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 525.  Subject matter including a floor that is either initially formed or has formed therein surface interruptions or channels for flowable animal waste to pass through.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 531]    531Poultry perch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter usually adapted to a poultry house or coop and including a rest for a roosting domestic fowl.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 532]    532Antivermin (e.g., trap, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 531.  Subject matter including structure and apparatus to prevent insect infestation of fowl using such a perch.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 533]    533Perch support includes insecticide barrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 532.  Subject matter wherein means upholding the perch includes a vermin killing or repelling means.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 534]    534Fumes utilization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 532.  Subject matter including means for using insecticide to produce an insect killing vapor to penetrate and protect roosting poultry.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 535]    535Wick device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 532.  Subject matter wherein material means are provided to draw insecticide from a source and transfer it to the site of a poultry roost for protective use.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 536]    536Wetting device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 532.  Subject matter including means for causing insecticide in the form of a liquid to saturate the poultry roost.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 537]    537Portable or nonconfined bird perch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Subject matter including a freely movable support or rest for a roosting bird.
(1) Note. Examples of such a perch include a human, shoulder-carried support device or a movable parrot roost.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 600]    600GROOMING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter particularly adapted to treat; the coat, i.e., the hair or skin of an animal.
(1) Note. Included here is currying, brushing, cleaning, massaging, or rubbing the coat of an animal.
(2) Note. The grooming of this and the indented subclasses comprises an operation "particularly adapted" to be used in the care of an animal. Note that since a comb is deemed to always align the hair of an animal and a brush may treat without aligning the hair, the concept of "particular adaptation" has been applied somewhat differently for a comb and for a brush.
A comb of the type recognized as usable on an animal is not considered to be of general utility unless there is specific disclosure of general utility, and therefor is found in this and the indented subclasses. Note that a hair aligning comb, for use on an animal, will be found herein, even if its sole disclosure is to remove vermin.
A brush of the type recognized as usable on an animal is considered to be of general utility unless there is a specific disclosure that it is intended for use only in grooming an animal. (See the note to Class 15, below.)

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

612,and 615, for the combination of a currycomb with a brush.
651,for a process of brushing under the definition of Class 119, without grooming.
664,for a brush used in antivermin treating or cleaning under the definition of Class 119.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   for cleaning, generally, particularly subclasses 23+ a machine for brushing by a rotary cylinder, subclasses 28+ for a machine for brushing by a rotary disk, subclasses 105+ for a combined cleaning machine, subclasses 160+ for a brush or broom for use with special work, and subclasses 171+ for a head or casing for a brush or broom. A brush, per se, is considered to be of general utility, and is to be found in Class 15. (See (2) Note above.)
  • The combination of cleaning by a vacuum or air supply with an animal grooming device is to be found in Class 15, particularly subclasses 300.1+, and more specifically, subclasses 398+ for the combination of a brush with an air blast or suction and subclasses 402 for a comb with an air blast or suction.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   for a dust collector, dust trap, or other device for purifying atmosphere, generally.
132Toilet,   subclasses 212+ for a device for treating, dressing or manipulating the hair of a person.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 601]    601Process:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Method of grooming.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 602]    602With means to supply treatment material to the animal; e.g., antivermin treatment, flame, attractant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device combined with means to provide a beneficial composition to the coat.

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650+,for supplying an antivermin treating or cleaning composition to an animal, without grooming.

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604Surgery,   for application of medicating material to an animal, generally, including the combination of a grooming device therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 603]    603Liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 602.  Grooming device wherein the material supplied to the coat is flowable and at a temperature below the vapor state.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 604]    604Sprayer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 603.  Grooming device wherein the liquid material supplied to the coat is in droplets.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

665+,for a sprayer for antivermin treating or cleaning.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 605]    605Powder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 602.  Grooming device wherein the material is supplied to the coat is in the form or very small particles.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 606]    606Air; e.g., to dry:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 602.  Grooming device wherein the material is supplied to the coat is the ambient mixture of the Earth"s environment, and the purpose is other than to clean.

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677+,for an air supplier for antivermin treating or cleaning.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   for the combination of cleaning by a vacuum or air supply with animal grooming, particularly subclasses 300.1+ , and more specifically, subclasses 398+ for the combination of a brush with an air blast or suction and subclasses 402 for a comb with an air blast or suction.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 607]    607Means to apply decorative trim to animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device particularly adapted to attach an ornamental member to the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 608]    608Driven:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device including means movable relative thereto to cause a component thereof to move with respect to the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 609]    609By motor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 608.  Grooming device including a prime mover to cause the movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 610]    610Movable cutter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 609.  Grooming device wherein the moved component comprises a sharp cutting edge.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 611]    611Including simultaneously used comb and other grooming device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 609.  Grooming device including a first grooming device having spaced apart fingers intended to inter-fit between the hairs of a coat, so that the hairs can be dragged therethrough to align the hairs; and including a distinct grooming device intended to be used at the same time.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 612]    612Brush:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 611.  Grooming device wherein the other grooming device comprises adjacent flexible fingers.
(1) Note. The fingers of a brush may flex to interfit between the hairs of the coat in the manner of a comb or may flex so that the ends of the fingers will conform to the generally planar surface of the coat.

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664,for a brush for antivermin treating or cleaning.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

132Toilet,   subclasses 120+ for a comb combined with a brush for use by a person.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 613]    613Including separately used comb and other grooming device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 609.  Grooming device including a first grooming device having spaced apart fingers intended to interfit between hairs of the coat, so that the hairs can be dragged therethrough to align the hairs; and including a distinct grooming device intended to be used at a different time.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 614]    614Removable other device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 613.  Grooming device in which the other grooming device is intended to be readily detached from the first device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 615]    615Brush:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 614.  Grooming device wherein the detachable other grooming device comprises adjacent flexible fingers.
(1) Note. The fingers of a brush may flex to interfit between the hairs of the coat in the manner of a comb or may flex so that the ends of the fingers conform to the generally planar surface of the coat.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

664,for a brush for antivermin treating or cleaning.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 616]    616Another comb:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 614.  Grooming device where the second grooming device also has spaced apart fingers intended to interfit between hairs of the coat, so that the hairs can be dragged therethrough to align the hairs.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 617]    617Distinct edges of a single blade:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 613.  Grooming device wherein the comb comprises fingers extending out of a marginal portion of a plate, which plate includes other marginal portions which comprise the other grooming device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 618]    618Including means to apply increased tensile force to hair:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device having provision to cause more pulling effort to be transmitted to the hair than would be normal for such a grooming device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 619]    619Gripper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 618.  Grooming device including provision to squeeze a hair or a plurality of hairs to exert pulling force thereon.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 620]    620Having abrasive surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 618.  Grooming device including a surface roughened for the specific purpose of increasing the pulling effort on hair engaged thereby.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 621]    621Passive; e.g., rub-block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device that is immobile relative to the earth during use.
(1) Note. The device of this subclass usually allows an animal to groom itself; e.g., by rubbing against the device.
(2) Note. A toothed member intended to bite into the coat of a passing animal to drive other structure on a "rub-block is not considered to be a grooming device, since it does not align the hairs of the animal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

652,for a rubbing post including antivermin or cleaning means, particularly subclasses 656+ for a rubbing post having an animal actuated treatment supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 622]    622Passageway:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 621.  Grooming device comprising an opening through which an animal may (or must) pass, intended to engage the coat of the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 623]    623Straight, smooth bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device comprised of a rigid rod-like or planar member having a linear rubbing surface without irregularities thereon.
(1) Note. Some portion of the bar of this subclass must be straight.

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600,for a grooming device comprised of a planar member having a curved rubbing surface without irregularities therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 624]    624Smooth wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device comprised of a straight, curved or coiled flexible strand-like member having a rubbing surface without irregularities thereon.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 625]    625Comb:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 600.  Grooming device comprising fingers intended to interfit between hairs of the coat, so that the hairs can be dragged therethrough to align the hairs.
(1) Note. A toothed member intended to bite into the coat of a passing animal to drive other structure on a "rub-block" is not considered to be a grooming device, since it does not align the hairs of the animal.

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621,for a toothed member intended to bite into the coat of a passing animal to drive other structure on a "rub-block".

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132Toilet,   subclasses 219+ for a comb designed to be inserted into the hair of a person. Generally but not always, a comb to be used by a person is an elongated, planar member having teeth in the plane, extending laterally from an elongated edge; whereas a comb to be used in animal husbandry is rake-like in configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 626]    626Having vermin or dust trap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Comb having a particular structure intended to capture or hold organic or inorganic foreign material for the coat during grooming.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 627]    627Mounted for movement during use:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Comb designed to be repositioned by reaction from contact with the coat to which it is applied.
(1) Note. A resiliently mounted tooth is included herein only if it is specifically disclosed as movable during use.

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632,for a grooming device including spike (e.g., wire) teeth mounted in a resilient base without reference to the teeth being movable during use.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   subclasses 23+ for cleaning generally by a rotary cylindrical brush and subclasses 28+ for cleaning generally by a rotary disk brush.
19Textiles: Fiber Preparation,   subclass 60 for a brush used in a textile gin.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 628]    628Self-cleaning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Comb provided with means for dislodging hair and dirt from the teeth or body thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 629]    629By pivoting stripper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 628.  Comb including a member supported for movement about an axis with respect to the comb teeth to pull the dislodged hair or dirt from the teeth or body thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 630]    630Reticulated wire teeth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Comb including teeth, each comprised of a loop of wire wherein the wire loops interfit between the hairs of the coat in the manner of a comb.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 631]    631Serrated strip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Comb comprised of a planar panel of material having an edge scalloped to present teeth therealong.
(1) Note. The "planar" band of this subclass, usually made of sheet metal, may be curved or straight. The "teeth" of this subclass may look like those on a saw blade.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 632]    632Spike-toothed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Comb wherein the fingers are rod-like, and untapered, other than at the tip.
(1) Note. Wires extending from a planar member are considered to be "rod-like" fingers. Such device are sometimes called "cards", especially if the fingers are bent intermediate their extent.

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19Textiles: Fiber Preparation,   subclasses 98+ for a card used in aligning textile fibers which may be similar in structure to the device of this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 633]    633Handle detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 625.  Grooming device comprising specific details of a finger-hold, or other configuration designed to facilitate the engagement of a grooming device by the hand of a groomer; or specific means for securing the handle to the frame or plate of a grooming device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 650]    650ANTIVERMIN TREATING OR CLEANING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Invention for applying medicament to, washing, or otherwise treating an animal to free the animal of filth or a parasite or for repelling a parasite, topical application of means for healing a sore, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

69.5,for a birdbath.
600+,for currying, brushing, cleaning, massaging, or rubbing the coat of an animal. Note. The grooming device of subclass 600 and the indented subclasses comprises one "particularly adapted" to be used in the care of an animal. Note that since a comb is deemed to always align the hair of an animal and a brush may treat without aligning the hair, the concept of "particular adaptation has been applied somewhat differently for a comb and brush.
  • A comb of the type recognized as usable on an animal is not considered to be of general utility unless there is specific disclosure of general utility, and therefor is found in subclasses 600+; including a comb whose sole disclosure is to remove vermin while sliding through the hair of an animal.
  • A brush of the type recognized as usable on an animal is considered to be of general utility unless there is a specific disclosure that it is intended for use only in grooming an animal. Such a general utility brush is to be found in subclasses 650 if it is for antivermin treatment or cleaning.

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118Coating Apparatus,   for a coating apparatus of general applicability.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 405+ for an insecticide composition, especially subclasses 411+ for said composition, combined with a nominally recited collar.
514Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   for a particular chemical composition used for treating an animal in the manner of the process or apparatus of Class 119.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 651]    651Process:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 650.  Method of antivermin treating or cleaning.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 652]    652Means engaging animal directly; e.g., daubing or rubbing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 650.  Device for applying a medicament to animals by contact or friction.
(1) Note. Included herein is a rubbing post, a fowl-greasing device, or a nose-tarring device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

621,for a rubbing post including means to groom an animal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 76+ for a coating apparatus, generally, in which coating material in self-sustaining form is rubbed on work.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclasses 49+ for a hand-manipulable coating implement having a supply of self-sustaining coating material which is rubbed on the work surface to apply a coating thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 653]    653Carried externally by animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device adapted to ride on the animal being treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 654]    654Body or appendage encircling collar or band; e.g., flea collar etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device intended to pass around the main trunk of an animal, or to pass around a protuberance extending therefrom.
(1) Note. The device of this subclass may extend about the torso, neck, ear, leg, etc. of an animal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

850+,for a protective shield or apparel, particularly subclass 855 for a neck or throat protector.
856+,for a body or appendage encircling collar or band, generally; particularly subclass 860 for such a collar or band having a releasable chemical agent for a purpose other than antivermin treating or cleaning.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 124+ for vermin destroying.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 411 for a flea collar where the collar is only nominally recited as a support for the insecticide.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 655]    655Having means passing through the animal skin; e.g., ear tag:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 653.  Device including means intended to pass through a dermal portion of an animal.

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834+,for a device intended to penetrate the snout of an animal to control the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 656]    656Having animal actuated treatment supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device including a storage of treating material and a means to bring or allow passage of the material from storage to the location of application which is effected by the animal being treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 657]    657With food trough or attractant means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 656.  Device combined with means to provide the animal with food, or with particular means to appeal to the animal to approach the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 658]    658Animal actuated valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 656.  Device wherein the treatment material is flowable, comprising a passage with means to open and shut the passage, which means is operated by the action of the animal to allow flow of the material.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 659]    659Animal actuated transfer means moving out of reservoir:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 656.  Device including a member inside a container holding treatment material which member is intended to travel out of the container and carry said material therewith for engagement with the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 660]    660Having capillary treatment supply wick:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device including a generally flexible member having very small passages intended to transport treating material upwardly against the force of gravity from a storage to the point of application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 661]    661Yieldable, horizontally extending web or rod adapted to slide over animal passing thereunder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device including a laterally extending (a) panel member or (b) bar member, which may be hollow, intended to be engaged by an animal passing between the member and the ground to transfer treatment material to the animal engaged thereby.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 662]    662Having distinct treatment reservoir:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 661.  Device provided with a container of treatment material that is separate from the web or rod.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 663]    663Roller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device including a rotatable member intended to rollingly engage the skin of the animal to apply treatment material thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 664]    664Brush:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 652.  Device including a flexible, bristled member intended slidingly engage the skin of the animal with the exposed ends of the bristles to apply treatment material to the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 665]    665Sprayer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 650.  Device adapted to project liquid into engagement with an animal; e.g., from a nozzle-like member or other type projector.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 300+ for apparatus in which the coating material is sprayed, flung or otherwise projected onto the work.
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   for spraying apparatus of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 666]    666Animal actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 665.  Device including means to cause or control the projecting of liquid, dependant on a condition of the animal being treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 667]    667Pass-through type; e.g., chute:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 666.  Device including side walls but without permanent end walls, intended for the animal being treated to move in one end and out the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 668]    668With air supply; e.g., for drying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 665.  Device combined with means to cause atmospheric gas to engage the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 669]    669Pass-through type; e.g., chute:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 665.  Device including side walls but without permanent end walls, intended for the animal being treated to move in one end and out the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 670]    670Teat spray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 665.  Device particularly adapted to direct fluid into engagement with the udder of an animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 671]    671Having animal encasing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 665.  Device including structure to enclose an animal for spraying therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 672]    672Duster:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 650.  Device adapted to cause powder to engage an animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 673]    673Immersing chamber; e.g., dip or wash means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 650.  Device comprising a vessel for holding a liquid and for receiving an animal, or a portion of an animal to inundate the animal or portion under the liquid.
(1) Note. A dipping vat is included herein. Also a washing tub is included herein.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 400+ for immersion coating apparatus, generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 674]    674Having means to lift animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 673.  Device including means to raise the animal against the force of gravity.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 675]    675Transportable; e.g., vehicle mounted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 673.  Device particularly adapted for movement from one location to a distant second location.
(1) Note. An immersing chamber mounted on a vehicle is included herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 676]    676With restraining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 673.  Device combined with means intended to hold the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 677]    677Fumigating or air supplying means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 650.  Device adapted to cause a vapor or gas (including atmospheric gas) to engage an animal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

118Coating Apparatus,   subclasses 715+ for apparatus for coating with gaseous or vaporized material, generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 678]    678Animal encasing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 677.  Device comprising structure to contain substantially the entire animal being treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 700]    700TREADMILL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of an apparatus having a movable surface, e.g., roller, endless belt, turntable, etc., upon which an animal may simulate travelling while remaining in essentially the same location relative to a fixed underlying supporting surface, e.g., a floor surface, etc.
(1) Note. A treadmill may be used for a wide variety of purposes including exercise, amusement, breaking, training, or laboratory study purposes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

702+,for an exercise or amusement device for an animal other than a treadmill, particularly subclasses 703+ for a device for forcing an animal to travel over a stationary floor, track, etc. See the (1) Note under subclass 702.
712+,for a device for controlling an action of an animal, including a device for breaking or training an animal.

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185Motors: Spring, Weight, or Animal Powered,   particularly subclass 3 for an animal powered composite motor.
472Amusement Devices,   particularly subclass 48 for an amusement walkway or passageway for a human having a movable floor or stair step and subclasses 90+ for a surface for a human riding a skiing or skating vehicle, e.g., for skis, ice, or roller skates, etc., including a sloped treadmill used to imitate a ski slope.
482Exercise Devices,   particularly subclass 54 for an exercise treadmill for use by a human.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 701]    701ROUNDABOUT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of apparatus for compelling an animal to travel in a closed looped pathway while connected to rotatably or circuitously supported restraining or load means.
(1) Note. The animal may be compelled to travel by a mechanical means, e.g., motor driven or by human urging.
(2) Note. The purpose of the device may be for simple exercise as well as training or "breaking" an animal to bear a load for example.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 702]    702EXERCISE OR AMUSEMENT DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of means used to (a) condition or develop a muscle of an animal or to participate in an athletic activity by an animal, or (b) to provide entertainment for an animal.
(1) Note. A patent for a treadmill frequently discloses a use for an exercise or amusement purpose. A cross-reference to this subclass array should be considered only if an additional exercise or amusement feature is also disclosed. See the search notes below.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14.03+,for a milking station arrangement used for sequential treatment of an animal for the purpose of conducting and facilitating milking in combination with another dairy operation such as exercising.
15+,for an animal maze combined with a significant confining or housing device.
70,for a device constructed to supply feed to poultry in order to promote exercise.
700,for a treadmill for an animal which may be used for an exercise or amusement purpose.
712+,for a device for controlling an action of an animal, e.g., an animal restraining, breaking, or training device, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

54Harness for Working Animal,   appropriate subclasses for an animal harness for a draft or work purpose, per se, and particularly subclasses 71+ for an animal breaking or training harness, per se.
273Amusement Devices: Games,   appropriate subclasses for a game-type amusement device involving competition between human beings.
446Amusement Devices: Toys,   appropriate subclasses for a toy-type amusement device for a human being.
472Amusement Devices,   appropriate subclasses for an amusement device not provided for elsewhere for a human being.
473Games Using Tangible Projectile,   for a game-type amusement device used in a game involving competition between human beings and in which a tangible projectile is used, and for a practice or training device used by a player of such a game, which practice or training device may involve exercising by the user.
482Exercise Devices,   appropriate subclasses for an exercise device for a human being.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 703]    703Animal forced to travel relative to an underlying, stationary, supporting surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 702.  Subject matter wherein the conditioning, developing, or entertaining means causes the animal to tread upon a static, weight bearing surface area, e.g., a floor, track, etc.
(1) Note. The animal usually is forced to travel so that it may obtain a desired amount of exercise by walking, running, etc. The device may be used to provide mild exercise for cooling an animal off after a race or other activity.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

700,for a treadmill which may simulate travel over a floor, track, etc.
712+,for an animal-controlling device, particularly subclasses 780+ for a hitching or tethering device employing a rotary arm to limit the travel of an animal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

231Whips and Whip Apparatus,   particularly subclasses 2.1+ for a whip or goad used by a human to force an animal to perform a desired action.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 704]    704Constrained to travel in circuitous path:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 703.  Subject matter wherein the treading causing means limits the treading of the animal to a closed loop pathway.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 705]    705Hurdle, jump, or support therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 702.  Subject matter wherein the conditioning, developing, or entertaining means is a barrier which the animal must leap over or across or is a holding member for such a barrier.
(1) Note. The animal may leap over or across the barrier while traveling along an underlying surface, e.g., in a steeplechase hurdle, etc., or it may leap over or across it as a goal in itself, e.g., in a high jump or broad jump attempt, etc.

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248Supports,   particularly subclasses 200+ for a support bracket in general, which may be used to support a member against the force of gravity.
256Fences,   for fence structure.
482Exercise Devices,   particularly subclasses 15+ for a hurdle or jump used by a human being in a track or field sport.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 706]    706Climbing or claw scratching device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 702.  Subject matter wherein the animal may ascend, descend, or crawl upon the conditioning, developing, or entertaining means or may abrade its nail thereon.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15+,for an animal confining or housing device which may also have a climbing or claw scratching feature, including an animal maze combined with a significant confining or housing device.
28.5,for an animal bed or rest which may also have a climbing or claw scratching feature.
83+,for a device against which an animal may rub for a grooming purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 707]    707Toy, lure, fetch, or related device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 702.  Subject matter wherein the conditioning, developing, or entertaining means is to be played with, entice, or be retrieved by the animal or is associated with such means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15.1+,for a confining device used for management of an animal upon a roadway, racetrack, or other defined path.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   particularly subclasses 2+ for a decoy usually used to lure an animal into danger.
104Railways,   particularly subclasses 89+ for a suspended device and subclasses 118+ for a monorail railway device, each of which may be a lure carrier used for a dog race.
105Railway Rolling Stock,   particularly subclasses 141+ for a monorail carrier and subclasses 148+ for a suspended carrier, each of which may be a lure carrier used for a dog race.
124Mechanical Guns and Projectors,   appropriate subclasses for an apparatus for mechanically projecting an object.
273Amusement Devices: Games,   appropriate subclasses for a game-type amusement device involving competition between human beings.
446Amusement Devices: Toys,   appropriate subclasses for a toy-type amusement device for a human being.
472Amusement Devices,   particularly subclasses 86+ for a racetrack for a nonhuman animal, often in combination with a lure which may be used to lead an animal, e.g., a dog, etc., around the racetrack.
473Games Using Tangible Projectile,   for a game-type amusement device used in a game involving competition between human beings and in which a tangible projectile is used, and for a practice or training device used by a player of such a game, which practice or training device may involve exercising by the user.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 708]    708Suspended:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 707.  Subject matter wherein the means being played with, enticing, or being retrieved by the animal is hung from above.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 709]    709Mastication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 707.  Subject matter wherein the means being played with, enticing, or being retrieved is constructed for chewing by the animal.
(1) Note. While any toy, lure, or fetch device may be bitten by the animal using it, to be proper for this subclass it must be intended to have a significant chewing related operation performed on it by the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 710]    710Flavor enhanced or supplemented:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 709.  Subject matter wherein the means constructed for chewing has an existing taste intensified, or a new taste added thereto, which appeals to the animal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

711,for a toy, lure, or fetch device having a scent attractant, e.g., a catnip-filled toy, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   particularly subclass 805 for a pet food for a dog, cat, bird, or fish and subclass 807 for feed for poultry or a ruminant animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 711]    711Having scent attractant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 707.  Subject matter wherein the means being played with, enticing, or being retrieved has a smell which appeals to the animal.
(1) Note. This subclass includes a catnip filled toy, lure, or fetch device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

710,for a flavor enhanced toy, lure, or fetch device which an animal chews and which may also have a scent attractant.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 712]    712ANIMAL CONTROLLING OR HANDLING (E.G., RESTRAINING, BREAKING, TRAINING, SORTING, CONVEYING, ETC.):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein animal limiting means is used to deter an undesired action or promote a desired action of an animal; or to manipulate, direct, or cause an animal or body part thereof to be restrained, positioned, or repositioned, or to move an animal to a different location.
(1) Note. The action of the animal may be deterred or promoted either physically, e.g., by a physical restraint, an electrical shock, etc., or mentally, e.g., by breaking, training, etc.
(2) Note. This subclass array is the residual location for a tether for a lower (i.e., nonhuman) animal not classifiable elsewhere. Subclass 770, indented hereunder, is the residual location for a tether for a human being.
(3) Note. A body-carried diaper or manure pouch used to collect animal waste or to prevent an animal from depositing its waste in an undesirable location is also not considered to control the animal. See the search notes below.
(4) Note. An animal-controlling device deters or promotes an action of an animal to which it is secured while a shield for subclass 850 below acts as a barrier, pad, etc., for protecting the animal from an external source, e.g., dirt, a disease, an injury, an insect, or itself or another animal, etc.
(5) Note. A collar encircling a torso, neck, or appendage or a harness embracing a portion of an animal body is excluded from this subclass unless:
(a) it is combined with animal-controlling structure, e.g., a claimed drag, weight, leash, poke, etc., or
(b) by its structural nature it is adapted to restrain a body part on its own, e.g., a mouth restraining muzzle, etc. See the search notes below.
(6) Note. A method of controlling an animal would be classified in the subclass providing for the associated structure used in the method. A method not associated with any particular structure, or using a structure not provided for hereunder, would be classified in this subclass (712).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15+,for an animal maze combined with a significant confining or housing device.
700,for a treadmill which may also control an animal.
702+,for an exercise or amusement device which may also control an animal.
770,for a tether for a human being having a disclosure not classifiable in another class. See the (2) Note above.
840,for animal sorting.
843+,for an animal relocating, loading, or unloading means, e.g., a gangway, chute, lift, conveyor, turntable, elevator, etc., particularly for a conveyor which may include an animal holding device used only for the purpose of restraining an animal while being conveyed.
850+,for a body-carried protective shield or apparel for an animal used as a barrier or pad and not as means for controlling an action of the animal.
856+,for a body- or appendage-encircling collar, band, or harness not combined with animal controlling, handling, or protecting means, particularly subclass 857 for a collar or body harness for a human being having a disclosure not classifiable in another class. See the search class notes thereunder for other classes having harness structure.
867+,for a manure.
907,for a harness of general utility.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   for a human body harness in combination with or constituting apparel, including a bib for an infant which may also be used to restrain the infant, and particularly subclass 44 and 45 for a body brace or support, subclass 102 for vest apparel, and subclasses 300 through 342 for a garment supporter or retainer, e.g., subclass 311 for a belt having a handle which is worn by a motorcyclist so that a motorcycle passenger may grasp the handle as necessary.
5Beds,   for a bed or bed accessory for a human body, particularly subclasses 600+ for a body harness used with an invalid bed or surgical support and subclasses 424+ for a restraint disclosed for protecting a person from injury or from rolling out of a bed.
24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   particularly subclasses 712+ for a drawstring or laced-fastener, subclasses 115+ for a cord or rope holder, subclasses 163+ for a buckle, subclasses 455+ for a clasp, subclasses 572+ for a separable fastener, subclasses 598.4+ for a snap hook, subclasses 698.1+ for a hook and subclass 265 for a strap-end-attaching device.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 299.01+ for a card, label, or tag, per se, which may be intended for attachment to a Class 119 device, e.g., a collar, harness, leash, etc., particularly subclasses 300+ for an animal marker, subclass 303 for a harness-supported animal marker, subclass 304 for a leg band type animal marker, subclasses 633+ for an identification bracelet and subclasses 642+ for a card, label, or tag holder.
54Harness for Working Animal,   for an animal harness for a draft, work, breaking, or training purpose, particularly subclasses 71+ for a harness for controlling a vicious or unruly animal or training an animal to trot, pace, etc.
114Ships,   particularly subclass 39.18 for a body harness designed to be connected to a sailboard-type marine vessel.
116Signals and Indicators,   particularly subclasses 22+ for automatic and periodic actuation of a mechanical signal which may be used to frighten an animal.
128Surgery,   particularly subclasses 846+ for a body protecting or restraining device for a patient or an infant, particularly subclasses 869+ for a body restraining or immobilizing device, e.g., cropped ear restraint for a dog.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   particularly subclasses 3+ for a torso harness disclosed for supporting a workman or for a rescue or escape operation and which may employ an anchoring tether.
224Package and Article Carriers,   for a body harness for a living bearer combined with package and article carrying means, particularly subclass 158 for a carrier for a person and subclass 184 for means attached to a person for towing an object along a surface, e.g., a game animal, etc.
231Whips and Whip Apparatus,   for a whip-related apparatus which may be used to control an animal.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 370+ for a reeling device.
244Aeronautics and Astronautics,   for the combination of significant aircraft structure with body harness, particularly subclass 122 for a device for holding an occupant to an aircraft seat and subclass 151 for a device for attaching a parachute to a person or object being lowered slowly to the ground.
256Fences,   for a fence used as a physical barrier to an animal.
269Work Holders,   for apparatus used to restrain a work piece during a work treating operation.
280Land Vehicles,   particularly subclass 290 for a body harness for attaching a human occupant to an occupant-propelled wheeled vehicle and subclasses 801.1+ for a safety belt or harness combined with significant vehicle structure and used to prevent, restrain, or limit movement of a human occupant relative to the vehicle in the event of a sudden, unexpected movement.
297Chairs and Seats,   particularly subclass 275 for a belt or garment restrainer with an oscillatory suspended baby jumper and subclasses 464+ for a body restrainer disclosed for confining a seated human occupant to a chair or seat, wherein the seat may be in a vehicle if no significant vehicle structure is claimed.
434Education and Demonstration,   particularly subclass 225 for subject matter related to teaching a human being the occupations of farming, ranching, or occupations otherwise related to an animal.
441Buoys, Rafts, and Aquatic Devices,   particularly subclasses 80+ for a water rescue or life protecting apparatus for a person which may include tether structure.
452Butchering,   particularly subclasses 54+ for a device employed in holding an animal for slaughtering.
602Surgery: Splint, Brace, or Bandage,   subclasses 1+ for an orthopedic bandage for a human or an animal, particularly subclasses 5+ for a splint or brace.
604Surgery,   particularly subclasses 358+ for an absorbent body-carried pad, e.g., a diaper, etc., for a human or an animal.
606Surgery,   particularly subclasses 204.15+ for an instrument for applying pressure to the head of a human or animal, e.g., for bending a horn, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 713]    713Bird:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the animal being limited is taxonomically classified in the class Aves, i.e., a bird.
(1) Note. To be properly classified as an original classification hereunder, the claimed disclosure of a patent must restrict use of a device, or a portion thereof, to controlling a bird. An animal-controlling device having general utility on a variety of animals, or specifically directed to an animal other than a bird, is found elsewhere under subclass 712.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

843+,for bird relocating, loading, or unloading, e.g., a conveyor, etc.
853,for a bird-carried shield for protecting it or for protecting another being or object from a bird.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 714]    714Body worn:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 713.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means is carried about upon the anatomy of the bird.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

853,for a body-carried bird protective shield or apparel.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 715]    715Head carried:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 714.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means is configured to be supported upon a head portion of the bird anatomy.
(1) Note. This type of device is often used as an "antipicking" or "antipecking" device.

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821+,for an animal-carried mouth guard used to limit the use of the mouth of an animal other than a bird, e.g., a muzzle, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 716]    716Suspends inverted bird by leg or foot only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 713.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means supports the bird upside down in a freely hanging manner solely by a lower limb or extremity thereof.

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728,for means for suspending an animal other than a bird.
816+,for an animal-carried leg restraining device.
843+,for a bird relocating, loading, or unloading means, e.g., a conveyor, etc., that suspends a bird upside down.

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452Butchering,   particularly subclass 53 for apparatus for conveying a live animal to slaughtering apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 717]    717Handheld catching and holding tool:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 713.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means is a hand-carried implement which may be manipulated by a human user to both capture and to inhibit movement of the bird.
(1) Note. A bird catching and holding tool usually has a bird engaging portion which embraces some part of the bird while being readily removable from the bird without inflicting injury.

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751+,for a holding crate or trap for controlling an animal.
769+,for a hitching device used to secure or tether an animal.
801+,for a hand held animal catching and holding tool not restricted to or specifically designed to catch and hold a bird.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   particularly subclasses 58+ for a trap for a burglar or an animal which is not domesticated.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   particularly subclasses 106+ for a similarly used grapple tool having a pivoted jaw.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 718]    718Responsive to voice (e.g., bark, cry, etc.) of animal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means reacts to a vocal sound created by the animal.
(1) Note. The limiting means may react to a vocal sound actually emitted by the animal or to the vocal sound as it is being generated, e.g., by detecting the vibration of a vocal cord of the animal, etc. The vocal sound may be in the form of a bark, cry, screech, scream, shriek, howl, bleat, neigh, etc.

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859,for a collar with an electrical element.
908,for a shocking device used to control an animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 719]    719Mechanical wave producing device (e.g., sound, ultrasound, vibration, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means generates a vibratory energy wave which is transmitted through a medium to deter or promote the action of the animal.
(1) Note. Limiting means using ultrasonic sound to control the animal is included in this subclass. The sound may control the animal directly or indirectly, e.g., by ultrasonic sound activation of an electrical shocking collar. Ultrasonic sound is an acoustic frequency above approximately 20,000 cycles per second which is higher than is detectable by the human ear.
(2) Note. The transmission medium may be air, water, the body of the animal, etc.

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720+,for an electromagnetic remote control device for controlling an animal.
859,for a collar with an electrical element.
908,for an electrical device for controlling an animal.

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116Signals and Indicators,   particularly subclasses 22+ for a periodic mechanical signal for frightening an animal and subclasses 137+ for a mechanical horn, whistle, or compression wave generator used for a signaling purpose.
340Communications: Electrical,   particularly subclasses 384+ for an electrical device used for producing an audible sound for a communication purpose, e.g., simulated noise in a training program, etc.
446Amusement Devices: Toys,   particularly subclasses 202+ for a mouth-operated device for producing sound other than music, e.g., a dog whistle, etc., and subclasses 213+ for a sound producing amusement device not having a mouthpiece.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 720]    720Electromagnetic remote control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means employs a wave of the electromagnetic spectrum emitted through the air at a spaced distance from the animal to deter or promote the action of the animal.
(1) Note. The electromagnetic wave may control the animal indirectly, e.g., by remote activation of an electrical shocking collar, etc.

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719,for a mechanical wave producing device, using sound, ultrasound, vibration, etc., to remotely control an animal.
859,for a collar with an electrical element.
908+,for an electrical device for controlling an animal which is in direct contact with the animal.

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318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   particularly subclass 16 for an electric motor controlled by radio energy.
340Communications: Electrical,   particularly subclasses 12.22 , 12.5-12.53, and 13.24-13.3 for a wireless remote control device of an insignificantly disclosed or claimed external art device.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   particularly subclass 176 for a transmitter for a remote control signal of an insignificantly claimed external art device.
455Telecommunications,   particularly subclasses 352+ for light wave remote control of an insignificantly claimed external art device.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 721]    721Animal confined to predetermined territorial location:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 720.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means restricts travel of the animal to a predefined geographical area.
(1) Note. The remote control feature, e.g., a buried wire, above ground fence, central transmitter, etc., may operate in conjunction with animal-carried circuitry. An above ground electric fence which only limits travel of the animal by direct electrical contact with the animal is not proper for this subclass nor is a remote control device held by a human to control the actions of the animal, unless the remote control device includes structure limiting the animal to a predetermined territorial location.

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256Fences,   particularly subclass 10 for an above ground electric fence which imparts a shock to an animal coming into contact with it.
340Communications: Electrical,   particularly subclass 564 for a condition responsive indicating system in which the entry or attempted entry by a living being into a protected area is detected and subclasses 573.1+ for a condition responsive indicating system which responds to a condition of a human being or an animal other than indicating its location.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 722]    722Having tiltable support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means includes a repositionable member for holding the animal against the pull of gravity during turning movement of the member from an initial animal holding orientation to a different animal holding orientation.

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728,for a restraint which suspends an animal against the pull of gravity and does not involve tilting a support.
753+,for a stationary table used as an animal restraint.

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5Beds,   for a bed or bed accessory which may be tiltable while supporting a human body, particularly subclasses 607+ and 610 for a tiltable invalid bed or surgical support and subclasses 424+ for a restraint disclosed for protecting a person from injury or from rolling out of a bed and subclasses 633+ for a support means for supporting back portions of a user sitting or reclining on a bed.
128Surgery,   particularly subclass 845 for a human body rest, support, or positioner used for a therapeutic purpose.
248Supports,   for a support not limited to use in a particular art. For structure for retaining an article on a support surface see subclass 499 for a tie down, subclasses 500+ for a hold-down, or subclass 510 for a clamp-down retainer.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 723]    723About longitudinal axis only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 722.  Subject matter wherein the animal holding member rotates solely about an axial line generally parallel with a longitudinal line passing through the animal along its long dimension.
(1) Note. The longitudinal line would be generally parallel to the spine of a vertebrate animal and extend from the head or shoulder area to the tail or rear end of the animal. The longitudinal axis does not necessarily pass through the body of the animal.

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5Beds,   particularly subclasses 607+ for an invalid bed or surgical support for a human which is tiltable about a longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 724]    724Including flexible animal securing element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 723.  Subject matter wherein the animal holding member has a readily bendable animal fastening component, e.g., a strap, cord, chain, etc.

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725+,for a flexible sling restraint which suspends an animal against the pull of gravity and does not involve a tilting support.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 725]    725Body sling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means employs a flexible band or strand passing beneath the torso of the animal to support the animal.
(1) Note. A sling may be provided with means for partially or wholly raising the animal off its feet. The flexible band or strand may be of any width and may be made from a plurality of rigid segments, e.g., from chain links, etc., which when taken as a whole form a flexible band or strand. A flexible band or strand passing beneath the animal, absent any disclosure for supporting the weight of the animal, is not considered to be a body sling.

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724,for a tiltable support which rotates only about a longitudinal axis and which includes a flexible animal securing element.
757,for a stationary table having a downwardly curved animal support portion.

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5Beds,   particularly subclass 89.1 for a sling used in an invalid lift or transfer for a human.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 726]    726With discrete leg restraint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 725.  Subject matter wherein the flexible band or strand for supporting the animal is combined with separate limiting means for holding a limb of the animal which is used for land travel.
(1) Note. The discrete leg restraint may merely restrain the leg from moving or may be used to position the leg so that it, or a part thereof, may be worked upon, e.g., during the shoeing of a horse, etc.

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816+,for an animal-carried leg restraint.

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5Beds,   particularly subclasses 17+ for a bed section for supporting a human which moves out forwardly or backwardly relative to a bed.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 727]    727Wheeled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 725.  Subject matter wherein the flexible band or strand for supporting the animal has travel wheels associated therewith.

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843+,for an animal handling conveyor for moving an animal from one location to another.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 728]    728Suspending:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means supports a major portion of the animal in a freely hanging manner against the pull of gravity.
(1) Note. The animal does not necessarily hang completely above the ground. A portion of the animal, e.g., its feet, etc., may lightly touch an underlying ground or floor surface. A downward pointing, cone shaped holder in which an animal is wedged in a head-first position while being worked upon, e.g., castrated, inoculated, having a nose ring inserted, etc., is not considered to suspend the animal in a freely hanging manner. See the search notes below.

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19,for an easily portable animal carrying structure, e.g., a bag, etc., which may be suspended during transportation by a handle.
722+,for a tiltable support which may at times suspend an animal against the pull of gravity depending on the orientation of the support.
751+,for a holding crate or trap for confining or capturing an animal, including a cone shaped holder in which an animal is wedged in a head-first position while being worked upon. See the (1) Note above.
753+,for a stationary table used as an animal restraint.
843,for an animal elevator.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 729]    729Head or neck stock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 712.  Subject matter wherein the limiting means is a rigid framework which securely holds the head or neck region of the animal in a substantially immovable position.
(1) Note. The head or neck region of an animal is considered to contain the skull, brain, and upper vertebrae of a vertebrate animal, e.g., a head or neck of a cow, hog, etc., and is located above or in front of the main trunk of the body of the animal, e.g., in front of its shoulder, etc.
(2) Note. While a head or neck stock is a rigid framework, it may include a rigid component which pivots, slides, shifts, etc., into a fixed position relative to the animal, or another part of the framework. A mere nose hole in a wall is not considered to be a head or neck stock.
(3) Note. A head or neck stock may be used to facilitate the application of another restraining device, the removal of the animal"s coat, the performance of a surgical operation, etc.

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713+,for an immobilizing device for holding a bird in a substantially immovable position.
738+,for a stanchion for restraining an animal while permitting more freedom of movement than a head or neck stock. See the (3) Note thereunder.
800,for a removable lip or nose clasp, e.g., a twitch, etc.
814+,for an animal-carried restraining device for inhibiting the use of a specific body part, particularly 815 for limiting bending of the neck, and 837 for limiting use of the head, face, or horn to, for example, butt or gore.
855,for a neck or throat protector.
856+,for a body- or appendage-encircling collar or band worn by an animal and not combined with a controlling, handling, or protecting means.
907,for a harness of general utility.

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452Butchering,   particularly subclasses 54+ for a device employed in holding an animal for slaughtering.
  
[List of Patents for class 119 subclass 730]    730Animal actuated:</