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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 267]   CLASS 267,SPRING DEVICES
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class includes vehicle-springs, elastic extension devices, reciprocating-bed-cushioning devices, and miscellaneous spring structures which are not peculiar to any particular art.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

5Beds,   subclasses 246+ for a spring device disclosed as for a bed, subclasses 655.7+ for a spring containing support for a user"s body or part thereof, and subclasses 716+ for a mattress comprising an innerspring core.
29Metal Working,   subclasses 896.9+ for a miscellaneous or combined process of manufacturing a spring element made of metal.
72Metal Deforming,   appropriate subclasses for a process or apparatus for forming a metal spring wherein the metal is deformed during the process.
74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 501.5 for constant tension sustaining devices for flexible cable operators.
92Expansible Chamber Devices,   appropriate subclasses. See the SEARCH CLASS note to Class 267 in the class definition of Class 92, for the line between an expansible chamber device for Class 92, and a fluid spring device for Class 267.
100Presses,   subclass 265 for reciprocating platen presses having a spring actuator, and not elsewhere provided for.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses for a method of making a leaf spring involving the chemical bonding of plural leaves.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   appropriate subclasses for a process of making a nonmetallic spring by shaping.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclasses 544+ for stock materials, e.g., of indefinite length, which are all metal or have adjacent metal components, especially subclass 591 for such stock material having a feature for affording relative movement between components thereof.

SECTION III - GLOSSARY

The following terms are referenced by some of the definitions of subclasses 2+.

COIL SPRING

an element in the form of a spiral and which exhibits resilient characteristic when distorted from its original shape. May be in the form of a helix, a volute spiral or flat spiral.

HELICAL COIL SPRING

an element in the form of a serial lying on the surface of a cylinder and which exhibits resilient characteristics when distorted from its original shape.

LEAF SPRING

an element comprising a plate or bar or a plurality of superposed plates or bars and which exhibits resilient characteristics when a portion is deflected transversely of length of the element

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 1.5]    1.5PACKING EXPANDER OR CONSTRICTOR:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Structure adapted to bias a packing element in a radial direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 2]    2VEHICLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring devices under the class definition which includes a spring element to cushion relative movement between parts of a vehicle and which do not involve in their application to such use any substantial modification of the vehicle structure.
(1) Note. Generally, those patents which have no disclosure for vehicular use have not been cross-referenced to this and indented subclasses.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

113,through 182, appropriate subclass for a spring device of the nonsupport type useful in vehicles, or for supporting supplementary vehicle equipment (e.g., seat, motor, transmission).

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180Motor Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses for motor vehicles in which there is a special relationship between a spring element and parts peculiar to motor-vehicle construction.
244Aeronautics and Astronautics,   subclass 104 for spring devices disclosed and claimed in combination with parts peculiar to airplane construction.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 5.5+ for a general utility land vehicle including an active suspension responsive to a force encountered while the vehicle is in surface traversing motion which usually involves a spring device or element; subclasses 6.15+ for a general utility land vehicle including means, interposed between a vehicle body, chassis, or frame and running gear thereof, for altering height or levelness of the vehicle body, chassis, or frame which may or may not involve a spring device or element; subclass 79 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle provided with springs between the wheel or wheels and the load-support, noting the search notes provided therein; subclasses 124.1+ for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement; or subclasses 275+ or 283+ for a general utility occupant propelled-type land vehicle including yielding framework or running gear which may or may not involve a spring device or element (it is noted that in accordance with the (2) Note of Class 280, subclass 200, motorcycle frames and running gear, without features causing classification in Class 180, Motor Vehicles, are included in these subclasses). Patents classified in this class (Class 267) as originals may include vehicle parts directly related to vehicle suspension (e.g., fluid damper, upper or lower control arm) and vehicle parts which are nominally recited as either a reference or mounting structure for the spring.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 195.1+ for springs used in saddle seat construction; subclasses 285+ for springs used in chairs and seats so that a back is resiliently supported; subclass 312 for springs resiliently supporting independently movable sections of a seat bottom.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 3]    3Railway:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring devices especially adapted for railway rolling-stock and not classified in other subclasses of this class.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

213Railway Draft Appliances,   for spring devices in which the sole specific use is disclosed as a railway draft appliance (e.g., a draft or buffing means) or in which the claim is limited to a railway draft appliance.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 4]    4Coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Device wherein the spring element is a coil-spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 5]    5Perambulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring devices especially adapted for children"s carriages.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 6]    6Bolster:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring devices especially adapted for vehicle-bolsters.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 7]    7Leaf:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.  Device wherein the spring element is a leaf-spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 23]    23Leaf, coil, and fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device comprising a leaf- spring, a coil-spring, and a fluid-pressure spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 24]    24Leaf, fluid pressure and liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device comprising a leaf- spring and a fluid-pressure and liquid spring combined in the same structure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

64.25,for plural compressible fluid springs combined with a fluid retarder and adapted for use in a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 25]    25Leaf and torsion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device comprising a leaf-spring and a torsion-spring combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 26]    26Torsion coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Device wherein the torsion-spring element is of the coil type.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 27]    27Leaf-end-connecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Device wherein the torsion-coil-spring element forms an end connection for the leaf-spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 28]    28Leaf and coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device wherein a leaf-spring and a coil-spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 29]    29Leaf-end-connecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Device wherein the coil-spring element forms an end connection for the leaf-spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 30]    30Leaf and rubber type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device wherein a leaf-spring and a rubber type spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 31]    31Leaf and fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device wherein a leaf-spring and a fluid-pressure spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 32]    32Leaf-end-connecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Device wherein the fluid- pressure-spring element is interposed between the end of the leaf-spring and a supporting or supported member.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 33]    33Coil and rubber type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device wherein a coil-spring and a rubber type spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 34]    34Coil and fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device wherein a coil-spring and a fluid-pressure spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 35]    35Rubber type and fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Device wherein a rubber type spring and a fluid-pressure spring are combined in the same structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 36.1]    36.1Leaf:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device wherein the spring element comprises a leaf-spring*.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

158+,for a leaf spring of nonvehicular or generic application.
192+,for a leaf spring stabilizer.
195+,for a leaf spring and retarder (shock absorber).
229+,for a leaf-spring and torque-applying lever.
283,for a multilayer leaf-torsion spring.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 5.5+ for a general utility land vehicle including an active suspension responsive to a force encountered while the vehicle is in surface traversing motion which may or may not involve a leaf spring device or element; subclasses 6.15+ for a general utility land vehicle including means, interposed between a vehicle body, chassis, or frame and running gear thereof, for altering height or levelness of the vehicle body, chassis, or frame which may or may not involve a leaf spring device or element; subclass 79 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle provided with springs between the wheel or wheels and the load-support, noting the search notes provided therein; subclass 86.5 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle including an auxiliary axle assembly which may or may not have a leaf spring; subclasses 124.1+ for particular running gear construction of a general utility wheeled land vehicle, especially subclasses 124.11+, 124.131, 124.14, 124.163, 124.165, or 124.171+ for particular running gear constructions which employ a leaf spring; or subclasses 680 or 686 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle tandem axle running gear having a leaf spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 37.1]    37.1And covering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Spring device including a casing enclosing the spring element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 37.2]    37.2Spiral or elastic covering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 37.1.  Spring device including a casing which encloses the spring element and which is formed either from a strip of material coiled about and along the spring element, or from rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 37.3]    37.3Three serially arranged metallic segments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 37.1.  Spring device wherein the casing comprises three distinct sections oriented in an end-to-end fashion along the longitudinal axis or the leaf spring.
(1) Note. Typically, the individual sections are relatively moveable to permit flexure of the casing with the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 37.4]    37.4Having lubricant reservoir or pad:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 37.1.  Spring device including a compartment or material adapted to contain a fluid to be applied to relatively moving portions of the device to reduce friction therebetween.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

184Lubrication,   appropriate subclasses for devices of general utility applied externally to leaf-springs for the purpose of supplying them with lubrication and involving no cooperating modification of the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 38]    38Twin, axle interposed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device wherein the axle is disposed between a pair of substantially parallel and opposite leaf-springs.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 39]    39Side bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device wherein the leaf-spring which support the vehicle-body are secured to side-bars, which extend longitudinally of the body from axle to axle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 40]    40Longitudinal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device wherein the vehicle-body is supported on leaf-springs which extend longitudinally thereof from axle to axle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 41]    41Cantilever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device wherein the spring element is connected at one end to the axle and at its other end, and sometimes at an intermediate point also, to the vehicle-body or to a body-supporting spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 42]    42Elliptic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device wherein endless or continuous leaf-springs consisting of members having their adjacent ends only connected, integrally or otherwise, and having their intermediate portions free for relative approach or recession, except where the novelty resides in structure. (See definition of subclass 47).
(1) Note. Those patents which claim only end connecting structure for an elliptic spring have been classified in subclass 261 below.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 43]    43Elliptic and leaf:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device wherein leaf-springs comprising two leaf-spring elements secured together and bending in the same or substantially the same plane, one of said elements being of elliptic type.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 44]    44Semielliptic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device comprising leaf-springs of generally straight or semi-elliptic type, except where the novelty resides in structure. (See definition of subclass 47).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 45]    45Semielliptic and leaf:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Device in which leaf-springs comprising two leaf-spring elements secured together and bending in substantially the same plane, one of said elements being of semi-elliptic type.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 46]    46End-to-end connected:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Device wherein the semi-elliptic and leaf-spring elements are connected end to end.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 47]    47Structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device limited to the structure of the leaf-spring element, either of the individual leaf or the cooperating structure of the several leaves and parts without relation to their configuration in the bending-plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 48]    48Auxiliary tensioning elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Device wherein the leaf-spring element comprises one or more main leaves and one or more auxiliary leaves having a normal curvature different from that of the main leaves, so that when all of the leaves are secured together to form the spring element the auxiliary leaves in tending to assume their normal curvature exert tension on the main leaves.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 49]    49Antifriction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Device wherein the spring element comprises means for reducing friction between the leaves.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 50]    50Lubrication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Device wherein the spring element is structurally modified to provide for lubrication. Includes lubricant--carriers in the form of strips adapted to be interposed between the leaves of the spring element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 51]    51Broken-spring supports:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device which includes emergency devices adapted to be applied to broken leaf-springs to effect a temporary repair, devices permanently associated with leaf-springs and normally idle, but adapted to support the load in case of breakage of the spring, and devices normally performing the function of auxiliary springs, but which may be employed to repair the main spring in case of breakage.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 52]    52Intermediate supports:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Device having means for connecting leaf-springs other than cantilever-springs intermediate their ends to parts of the vehicle, together with cooperating leaf modifications.
(1) Note. An intermediate connection of the leaf spring for the purpose of enabling the axle to rock in its vertical axial plane are not proper for this class (267) but rather will be found in Class 280, Land Vehicles.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 124.1+ for particular running gear construction of a general utility wheeled land vehicle, especially subclasses 124.11+ wherein an axle or axle assembly is pivotally mounted upon the vehicle body, chassis, or frame which may involve a leaf spring, or subclasses 124.175+ for a residual leaf spring suspension including a connection feature; or subclasses 680 or 686 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle tandem axle running gear having a leaf spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 53]    53Clips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Devices for tying or clamping the individual leaves of leaf-spring elements together, with cooperating leaf modifications.
(1) Note. Devices of this character which are modified for cooperation with means for connecting the spring intermediate its ends to a part of the vehicle are found in this class, subclass 52.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.11]    64.11Comprising compressible fluid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  A spring device including a receptacle having a compartment whose volume can be changed, the compartment including a flowable material which can be compressed as the volume is decreased by the application of an external force and which will expand when the force is removed.
(1) Note. In a fluid-spring device when the compressible fluid is subjected to compressive force, none of the fluid escapes from the compartment (e.g., to without the device, or from one side to the other of a piston head), so that when the force is removed the compartment returns to its normal volume, due entirely to the expansion of the compressed fluid; whereas in a fluid dashpot the fluid does escape, and hence another force must be applied to the device in order to restore the compartment to its normal volume.
(2) Note. This subclass and its indents include the combination of a fluid spring and a retarder device (e.g., fluid dashpot).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

113+,for the structure of a fluid spring, per se.
217+,for the combination of a mechanical spring device and a retarder device.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

188Brakes,   subclasses 297+ for a fluid dashpot, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.12]    64.12Having lockable strut:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.11.  A device wherein a rodlike member is attached to a movable part of the fluid spring and extends to the exterior of the device so that the rodlike member is itself longitudinally movable and including means for fixedly securing the rodlike member in a desired position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

188Brakes,   subclass 300 for a fluid retarder having a lockable strut.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.13]    64.13Including compressible liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.11.  A device wherein the compressible material remains in a liquid state under normal operating conditions.
(1) Note. Normally, liquids are not compressible; however, this subclass contains liquids possessing specific chemical natures which render them compressible.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.14]    64.14Including chamber at sub-atmospheric pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.11.  A device also including a second compartment, operatively associated with the first compartment, which is partially or completely evacuated.
(1) Note. The evacuation may take place either prior to, or during, operation of the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.15]    64.15With retarder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.11.  A device combined with a device which will not independently return to its original condition after application of an external force (e.g., a fluid dashpot), thus retarding the spring"s distortion or recovery.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

188Brakes,   subclasses 266+ for a retarder, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.16]    64.16Leveling device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.15.  A device including means operable to maintain the spring"s effective "working range" constant regardless of various loading conditions, so the "mean riding height" of the vehicle can be maintained substantially constant.
(1) Note. "Mean riding height" refers to the distance between sprung and unsprung parts of the vehicle when it is at rest, i.e., at the midpoint of the spring"s oscillation, or "working range".
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.17]    64.17Self-pumping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.16.  A device wherein the means to maintain the spring"s working range includes a mechanism to generate increased fluid pressure within the device, the mechanism operating in response to oscillation of the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.18]    64.18Having metering pin for varying spring rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.16.  A device including an orifice through which fluid flows, and a rodlike element projecting into the orifice to define a flow passage therebetween, wherein the rodlike element is adapted to reciprocate relative to the orifice, thus varying the size of the passage and variably regulating the flow therethrough to change either the rate of deflection or the rate of return of the device.
(1) Note. Devices in this subclass require that either the reciprocating rodlike element or the orifice be of varying diameter to regulate the flow.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.19]    64.19Having flexible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.16.  A device wherein the compartment is bounded by an enclosure comprising a pliantly deformable material.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.21]    64.21Including rolling lobe between telescoping members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.19.  A device including a pair of elements, one sliding into an open end of the other, the elements adapted to reciprocate with respect to one another, wherein the pliant material is fixedly attached at its opposite ends to each of the two elements, and excess material is provided which folds upon itself to form an overlapping, saclike portion intermediate the ends.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.22]    64.22Having metering pin for varying spring rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.15.  A device including an orifice through which fluid flows, and a rodlike element which projects into the orifice to define a flow passage therebetween, wherein the rodlike element is adapted to reciprocate relative to the orifice, thus varying the size of the passage and variably regulating the flow therethrough to change either the rate of reflection or the rate of return of the device.
(1) Note. Devices in this subclass require that either the reciprocating rodlike element or the orifice be of varying diameter to regulate the flow.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.23]    64.23Having flexible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.15.  A device wherein the compartment is bounded by an enclosure comprising a pliantly deformable material.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.24]    64.24Including rolling lobe between telescoping members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.23.  A device including a pair of elements, one sliding into an open end of the other, the elements adapted to reciprocate with respect to one another, wherein the pliant material is fixedly attached at its opposite ends to each of the two elements, and excess material is provided which folds upon itself to form an overlapping, saclike portion intermediate the ends.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.25]    64.25Having plural compressible fluid springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.15.  A device including two or more compartments of variable volume, each including a flowable material which can be compressed.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.26]    64.26Having telescoping cylinders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.15.  A device including two hollow cylinders, each having a closed end; the external diameter of one cylinder being smaller than the internal diameter of the other so that the smaller cylinder can slide into the larger cylinder, wherein the cylinders are adapted to reciprocate relative to each other against the opposition of fluid pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.27]    64.27Having flexible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.11.  A device wherein the compartment is bounded by an enclosure comprising a pliantly deformable material.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 64.28]    64.28Including means for charging or discharging spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.11.  A device wherein means is provided permitting access to its interior by which fluid may be either introduced into, or removed from, the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 66]    66Braces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Devices for positively limiting the recovery of the load-springs, whether applied directly to the spring or to the relatively-movable parts of the vehicle, devices for preventing the vehicle-body from swaying backward and forward or from side to side or for yieldingly resisting such swaying action, and devices for guiding the relatively-moving parts of the spring element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 67]    67Yielding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Devices wherein the brace is either of resilient material or has a spring associated with it for rendering its action yielding.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 68]    68Sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Devices in which there is a sliding connection between the brace and some part of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 69]    69ELASTIC EXTENSION DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Miscellaneous devices of more or less general application which contain one or more elastic elements, so that when said devices are subjected to tension they will be extended and when the tension is removed they will resume their normal length.
(1) Note. Devices whose construction especially adapts them to withstand both extension and contraction are not included here, but elastic draft-links are included and devices including a novel combination of fastening element and elastic element.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   subclasses 324 and 339, for garment supporters including spring devices.
59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   subclasses 79.1+ for elastic links intended to be connected end-to-end to like elements to form an elastic chain.
114Ships,   subclass 205 for tension relievers combined with a traveler for sail, and subclasses 213+ for tension relievers specific to use on ships.
124Mechanical Guns and Projectors,   subclasses 7+ for spring devices actuating projectile throwing arms, and subclasses 16+ for spring devices actuating a plunger or similar device to impel a projectile.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 226 and 251+ for a spring powered fishing reel, and 371+ for a spring powered reel of general use.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclass 895 for spiral or helical type antennas.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 70]    70Compression spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 69.  Structure wherein when the device is extended, the elastic medium is compressed in a line at right angles to its cross-section. If the elastic medium contains coils or bends, the compression is substantially at right angles to the plane of any of the coils or bends.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 71]    71Single:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 70.  Structure wherein the extension device comprises one spring element only.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 72]    72Drawbars inclosed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 71.  Structure wherein the single spring element incloses a plurality of draw-bars.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 73]    73Tension spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 69.  Structure wherein when the device is extended, the elastic medium is put under tension in the same direction, as explained in the definition of subclass 70 above.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 74]    74Single:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 73.  Structure wherein the extension device comprises one spring element only.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 75]    75RECIPROCATING-BED-CUSHIONING DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Cushioning devices arranged to check the momentum of the reciprocating bed of a machine, such as a printing-press, lathe, planing-machine, etc., near the end of its stroke. In some cases the energy stored up in overcoming the momentum of the bed is utilized for starting it in the opposite direction.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

119,130, for a press cushion fluid spring device and solid material spring device, respectively.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 80]    80SPRING PANEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device which includes an outline of rigid elongated mounting elements spaced from each other, and either (1) a resilient load supporting surface located on or between and connected to said elements, or (2) a rigid load supporting surface located on or between and connected to said elements by resilient means.
(1) Note. Although the load supporting surface may be capable of receiving the ultimate load directly, a more common arrangement would include padding and a covering material between the load and the supporting surface.
(2) Note. The devices classified in this and the indented subclasses are mainly the spring subcombinations of chair and seat cushions.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

5Beds,   subclasses 246+ for a bed bottom of springs and subclasses 716+ for a mattress comprising an innerspring core.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   appropriate subclasses, for flexible or portable panels in general.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 452.16+ for a chair or seat having a cushioned bottom or back.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 81]    81Composite springs of diverse material, e.g., metal and non-metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device which includes two or more springs differing in the kind of substance which they utilize to effect a spring action (as metal, rubber, air) and acting in concert to support the load.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 82]    82Vented fluid chamber modifies action of metallic spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Device in which one of the diverse springs is a metallic member and another of the springs comprises a fluid containing compartment having a restricted or valved orifice to regulate the flow of fluid into or out of the compartment, and the flow of fluid through the orifice dampens the movement of the metallic spring.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

217+,for a vehicular-type combined spring and dashpot device in which the dashpot modifies the movement of the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 83]    83Superposed layers; metal and non-metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Device wherein two or more laminae are disposed one above the other, and adjacent laminae are metallic and nonmetallic, respectively.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclasses 416 , 418, 432+, 444, 450, and 457+ for a nonstructural stock material product in the form of a composite web or sheet embodying a layer of metal next to a layer of nonmetal.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 84]    84Metal layer is compressible coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Device wherein the metal layer comprises spiral springs which receive the load axially of the spiral.

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91+,for spring panels comprising compressible coil springs.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 85]    85Multistage springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device in which either (1) a plurality of springs are provided, which springs are superposed upon each other so as to be serially effective, or (2) an additional spring contacting support is provided inwardly of the spring"s connection to the frame, which support is engageable by the spring during its movement to vary the effective length of the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 86]    86Diverse types of superposed metallic springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device in which two or more different types of metal springs (as leaf, coil, zigzag, elliptical, etc.) cooperate to support the load, and the different types are disposed one above the other.

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151+,for compound springs, in general.
259+,for a compound spring especially adapted for vehicle use.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 87]    87Sinuous spring loading surface supported by other spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  Device wherein the uppermost layer, composed of a series of zigzag springs, is mounted on a layer composed of a different kind of spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 88]    88Compressible coil spring loading surface supported by other spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  Device wherein the uppermost layer, composed of a series of axially loaded compressible spiral springs, is mounted on a layer composed of a different kind of spring.

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84,for spring panels made of diverse materials in which one layer is composed of coil-springs.
91+,for spring panels composed of coil- springs.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 89]    89With means to vary preliminary tension of spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device in which a means is provided to impose an initial stress upon the spring prior to the reception thereon of the ultimate load, so as to vary the effective resilience.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 90]    90With means to dampen vibration of springs, e.g., sound deadening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device which includes a means to absorb or brake the oscillating movements of a spring.

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82,for spring panels in which the spring action is dampened by a dashpot.
91+,for coil-springs enclosed in nonmetallic covers.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 91]    91Spring panel comprises vertically oriented compressible coil springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device wherein the panel is composed of a series of spiral springs, arranged with the axes of the spirals parallel to each other and aligned in the direction the load is received, and in which the spiral springs are of the type which receive the load in compression.

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166+,for helical coil-spring element, per se.

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5Beds,   subclasses 248 and 256 for a bedstead having only coil-springs.
140Wireworking,   subclass 3 for a method of making a coil-spring mattress.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 92]    92Plural superposed coils:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device which includes two or more coil-springs or spring panels, one above the other.

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86+,for superposed springs of different types.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 93]    93Panel comprises spring of varying capacities:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which the various springs have different coefficients of resilience (because of differences in size, temper or material).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 94]    94With padding protector on spring end:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which the upper extremities of the springs carry or horizontally disposed, overlying sheet, plate or web to increase the load bearing and contacting area of the springs.

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86+,for horizontally disposed spring surfaces, overlying vertically oriented coil-springs, which surfaces incidentally increase the load bearing and contacting area of the underlying coil springs to thereby protect padding.

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5Beds,   subclasses 401+ for pad protectors, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 95]    95Loading surface includes component other than coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which the surface which supports the load includes both a coil-spring and a portion which is not a coil-spring and is not directly supported by a coil spring.

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94,for guards which are interposed between a coil-spring and the padding.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 96]    96With resilient side or end, e.g., edge roll:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device wherein an end of the panel is provided with a spring surface or extension, generally normal to the plane of the loading surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 97]    97With reinforcement or extension for border wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which the periphery of the loading surface of the panel is encompassed by a border wire, and in which an additional wire member is provided parallel to the border wire and attached thereto to strengthen it or enlarge its dimension.

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5Beds,   subclass 250 for a margin rim having connections for border wires.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 98]    98With diagonal surface-to-frame brace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which a stay is connected to and extends between the load receiving surface and an underlying support on which the springs are mounted.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 99]    99Resiliently mounted on frame by tensile springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which the coil springs are elastically supported on an underlying support by springs which yield in tension.

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112,for panels resiliently supported from a frame by springs which yield in tension.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 100]    100Mounted on frame spanning strips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which elongated substantially rigid bars extend from one side of the frame to the other and are supported by the frame sides, and wherein the springs are connected and supported by these bars.
(1) Note. These elongated bars are known in the art as "furniture strips".
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 101]    101Spring rows supported by row separating stringers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Device in which the coil springs are arranged in rows and mounted on rods or bars which extend between the rows.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 102]    102With cantilevered surface extension, i.e., "soft edge":
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device wherein a portion of the load supporting surface extends outwardly beyond the means which connect the load supporting surface to the underlying frame or mounting elements, which portion is not supported outwardly of its juncture with the said means.
(1) Note. These devices, when connected to a common border wire, are known in the art as "soft edges", because they yield under load more readily than the main surface.

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85,for superposed springs, serially effective.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 103]    103Spring means spacing loading surface vertically from plane of supporting frame:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device in which the load receiving surface extends generally parallel to the frame and is connected thereto and maintained in a plane separate from the frame by springs.
(1) Note. The spacing spring means may be integral with and form an extension from the load receiving surface; however, to fall within the confines of this and the indented subclasses, there must be an identifiable portion which yieldingly supports the load receiving surface.

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111+,for load receiving panels secured to supporting frames directly.

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5Beds,   subclasses 246+ for a bed bottom of springs and subclasses 716+ for a mattress comprising an innerspring core.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 104]    104With supplementary spacing means intermediate ends of surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein additional spacing means are provided, which additional means are connected at one of its ends to the loading surface between its edges, and connected at its other end to the spacing means or to a subjacent support.

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102,for spacing means connected intermediate the edges of a loading surface where the extending edge is not supported.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 105]    105Stiffener or bracer for loading surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein a device is connected to spaced portions of the loading surface, so that the resiliency of one of the spaced portions is modified by the transmission and distribution of part of the load to another spaced portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 106]    106Multiple sections span frame:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the elements which constitute the load surface extend less than the full width between the outermost frame elements, and a composite load surface is effected by utilizing two or more elements.

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104,for supplementary spacing means intermediate the ends of a one piece, frame spanning load receiving element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 107]    107By inwardly bowed portion, i.e., "fishmouth" type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device in which the spring spacing means of at least one side of the panel includes a generally U-shaped portion, connected at the ends thereof to the panel and the load supporting surface, respectively, and in which the apex of the U extends inwardly of the panel elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 108]    108With coiled apex, i.e., "safety pin" type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 107.  Device in which the apex of the V-shaped portion includes a coil spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 109]    109By outwardly bowed portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Device wherein the spring spacing means of at least one side of the panel includes a generally U-shaped portion, connected at the ends thereof to the panel and the load supporting surface, respectively, and in which the apex of the U extends outwardly of the panel elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 110]    110Panel secured peripherally to supporting frame:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Device wherein the load receiving surface extends generally parallel to the frame and is connected at its outer edges to the frame.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass (110) are devices wherein the loading surface is bowed upwardly from the frame and wherein a load applied to the loading surface tends to urge the frame members away from each other.

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103+,for devices wherein the loading surface is connected to the frame by spring spacing means and see (1) Note to that subclass for the line.

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5Beds,   subclass 259.1 for connecting clips (plate and wire) for bedsteads, which hold the end of the spring panel in place against the frame; and subclass 260 for a margin rim having connections for border wires.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 111]    111Panel secured to tension frame inwardly:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Device wherein the load receiving surface is so mounted on or below the level of the frame that a load applied to the surface tends to urge the frame members inwardly toward each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 112]    112Secured by resilient connectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Device wherein the surface is attached to the frame by elastic devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 113]    113FLUID:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element is a gas or a liquid within an enclosure.
(1) Note. A spring device enclosure substantially filled with solid material is excluded from this subclass, even though the material be fluent, or liquid-saturated or air-saturated.

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64.11+,for a fluid spring device in a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 114]    114Time delay:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Spring device in which the enclosure is subject to decompression or fluid loss; and means for effecting said decompression or fluid loss to a predetermined extent over a predetermined interval.

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195+,for a vehicle spring combined with means for retarding its distortion or recovery; e.g., fluid dash pot.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 115]    115Draft gear:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Spring device for interpositioning between bodies in tow relation with one another to minimize the transfer of forces therebetween resulting from changes in velocity.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 116]    116Bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Spring device attachable either to a fixed, or to an approaching body at a location where it would be positioned between the bodies to minimize collisive impact.

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139+,for a bumper using a solid-material spring device.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 117]    117Cushion for person:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Spring device for positioning immediately contiguous to a human body part; e.g., to a chair seat, back rest, mat.
(1) Note. The spring device of this subclass may be separated from direct contact with the human by nothing more than a flexible covering.

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142+,for a spring device for human comfort (e.g., seat cushion), in which a solid- material spring element is used for the cushioning effect.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 118]    118Expansible-contractible chamber device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Spring device in which the enclosure is bounded by structure defining top, bottom and side walls, one of which walls is substantially rigid and another is displaceable, throughout a broad area thereof, to recoverably vary the cubic capacity of the enclosure.

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113,for a fluid spring device enclosure entirely of flexible wall structure; or a fluid spring device flexible wall which is deflected at only a localized point thereof since it has no means for distributing a localized force throughout the wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 119]    119Press cushion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Spring device for minimizing the force of impact in the shaping operation apparatus utilizing a high degree of impactive force (e.g., sheet metal drawing apparatus).

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75,for a reciprocating-bed-cushioning device.
130,for a solid-material (e.g., coil spring) press cushion.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 120]    120Vehicle; for non-support or accessory support cushioning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Spring device for use for cushioning either (a) parts of a vehicle supported by means other than said spring device or (b) structure for only auxiliary or temporarily association with a vehicle (e.g., seat or lading, respectively).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 121]    121Compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Spring device comprising (a) separate contractible-expansible chambers of which one is piston-modified and the other bellows or diaphragm modified, or (b) one such chamber and solid-material-spring means, other than for a mere piston-impetus purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 122]    122Diaphragm or bellows:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Spring device in which the displaceable wall comprises either (a) a separate, bidirectionally flexible wall member connected throughout its periphery to the side walls, or (b) accordion-pleated side wall structure.
(1) Note. The bidirectionally flexible member may be a septum between, common to, and flexible simultaneously and inversely vary the capacity of, contiguous enclosures.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 123]    123For valve or throttle control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Spring device useful for affecting the operation of either a liquid-flow regulator or means for controlling the air-fuel mixture of an internal combustion engine.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 124]    124Piston:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Spring device in which the side wall structure defines a cylinder and the displaceable wall is a rigid member movable along and in substantially sealing proximity to said wall structure interior.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 125]    125For use in well drilling or operating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Spring device useful in an environment including apparatus for either (a) erecting access means to a subterranean supply of liquid or (b) extracting liquid from a subterranean supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 126]    126System:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Spring device including (a) passage means communicating between opposite sides of the piston for movements of the liquid or gas therebetween or (b) an accumulator or reservoir for the fluid communicating with the piston-provided enclosure.
(1) Note. Unless separated from the piston chamber by a passage of significant length or substantial construction, a cubic capacity will be recognized only as an extension of a piston chamber and not a separate reservoir or accumulator for this subclass; and see (1) Note in subclass 127.

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124,for a piston-operated fluid spring device provided with vent means to the ambient environment, or with access means for ambient air.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 127]    127Trans-piston passage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Spring device including means through the piston member for movement of liquid or gas to either side of said piston.
(1) Note. Mere clearance between the piston and the cylinder interior wall structure is not considered passage means for this subclass, even though particularly dimensioned for this purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 128]    128Rigid-material-spring impelled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Spring device in which an impetus for movement of the piston is provided by a separate, solid, resilient member.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 129]    129Seal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Spring device including significant means for eliminating the passage of fluid between the periphery of the piston and the interior cylinder wall structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 130]    130PRESS CUSHION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device for minimizing the force of impact in the shaping operation of apparatus using a high degree of impactive force (e.g., sheet metal drawing apparatus).

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119,for a fluid-spring press cushion.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 131]    131SEAT SUPPORT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device having one end attachable to a base portion of a seat for a human and another end extending therefrom for attachment to the seat portion over said base portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 132]    132Velocipede or motorcycle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Spring device in which the seat is part of a human-propelled vehicle or of a motorcycle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 133]    133Flexural:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Spring device which is the sole means for retention of the seat portion above the base portion; and for arcuate, to-and-fro movement of the seat portion about a horizontal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 134]    134FRICTION SNUBBER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which a portion of a spring element is movable in rubbing contact with a surface of a solid body or through a viscous body; said movement being responsive to the application of a force and impeded by said rubbing contact.
(1) Note. Movement, for this subclass, may be (and usually is) that of a portion of a spring body as a consequence of the deformation of the body as a whole. The surface for rubbing contact may be that of another, concentric spring body.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 135]    135Snubbed coil spring or ring pack:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.  Spring device in which said portion is the surface portion of a spirally wound body or one of the annuli of a set of plural, concentric (usually longitudinally spaced) annuli.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 136]    136RESILIENT SHOCK OR VIBRATION ABSORBER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring devices for inhibiting or minimizing the undesirable effect of the force of an unintended blow or undesirable oscillation.

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113+,for a fluid-spring shock absorber.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclass 300 for a motor vehicle having a specific motor-to-body-frame relationship and wherein is provided yieldable means for minimizing the rocking of the motor about principal supports.
248Supports,   subclasses 560+ for a resilient means which forms part of a support structure. See the note to this class (267) under the definition of subclass 560 for the line between Class 248 and Class 267.
405Hydraulic and Earth Engineering,   subclass 214 for shock-absorbing fenders for marine structures which employ a coil spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 137]    137Tool movement dampening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Spring device in which the body constitutes means in moving contact with work to modify the work and in which the spring device minimizes undesirable oscillation incident to said movable contact and work modification.

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125,for a piston-type fluid spring device for dampening the operation of a well drill.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 138]    138Draft gear:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Spring device in which the body is one of a pair of vehicle bodies in tow relation with one another and the spring device is interposable between the vehicle bodies to minimize the transfer of forces therebetween resulting from changes in velocity.

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115,for fluid-spring device-type draft gear.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 139]    139Bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Spring device in which the body is one of a pair of bodies (e.g., vehicle and dock bodies) likely to undergo collisive impact and the spring device is positionable to minimize the effect of said impact.

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116,for a bumper using a fluid spring device.

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293Vehicle Fenders,   subclasses 135+ for the combination of a bumper and a spring support therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140]    140Rubber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Spring device in which the spring element comprises a body of elastomeric material; i.e., a product of latex or a synthetic substitute or equivalent of latex.

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153,for a spring device of general utility, including a spring element of rubber; and see the search notes thereof.

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293Vehicle Fenders,   subclass 136 for the combination of a bumper and an elastomeric support therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.11]    140.11Including energy absorbing means or feature (e.g., supplemental vehicle equipment, such as motor mount, seat, etc., including additional fluid or friction energy absorber):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Structure wherein a means or feature, distinct from a resilient means, absorbs mechanical energy from a vibrating component, converts such absorbed energy to another form of energy, such as heat and thereby damps the absorbed energy.
(1) Note. A mere spring, acting alone or in concert with others, is not considered an energy absorbing member for this subclass as the energy transferred is not changed in form or dissipated but returned almost in full to the vibrating member.
(2) Note. Spring devices of the supporting type useful to cushion relative movement between vehicle parts and which do not involve substantial modification of the vehicle structure are not found herein and in the indented subclasses, but are found in other subclasses within this class.
(3) Note. Devices in this and the indented subclasses include vehicle engine mounts many of which include hydraulic damping.

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2+,for individual vehicle suspension components.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 300+ for motor mounts having a specific motor to body frame relationship.
248Supports,   subclasses 562+ for a support including a spring and energy absorbing means. (See line note under Search Class in Class 248, subclass 560).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.12]    140.12Having concentric coaxial spring between plural confining means for radial force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.11.  Structure wherein the resilient means is an elastomeric or like spring radially disposed between two approximately concentric rigid tubular members with the energy from the vibrating component being applied not parallel to the central axis of the tubular members and the resilient means.
(1) Note. Many of the devices included herein and the indented subclass have an inner tube which extends approximately all the way through the outer tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.13]    140.13Axial:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.11.  Subject matter wherein the resilient means is an elastomeric or like spring disposed between the vibrating component and a supporting component with the energy from the vibrating component being applied approximately parallel to the central axis of the resilient means.
(1) Note. Many of the devices found herein and in the indented subclass have the spring located between two members spaced along the central axis of the spring either located as two end members or as an end member and an intermediate member.
(2) Note. Many of the devices found herein and in the indented subclass have a conically shaped or tapered spring and have one of the end or intermediate members of cup-shape receiving the spring (e.g., cup/bush type).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.14]    140.14With electronic or magnetic control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.13.  Structure wherein the means or feature for absorbing mechanical energy has its damping effect varied (increased or decreased) by application of electrical energy.
(1) Note. Included herein are devices which increase or decrease the vibration damping effect by using fluids which undergo a change in viscosity upon application of electrical energy (i.e., electroviscous fluids) and devices wherein a flow passage between fluid containing chambers is varied in effective cross-section by means responsive to application of electrical or magnetic energy.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.15]    140.15With electronic or magnetic control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.11.  Structure wherein the means or feature for absorbing mechanical energy has its damping effect (increased or decreased) by application of electrical energy.
(1) Note. Included herein are devices which increase or decrease the vibration damping effect by using fluids which undergo a change in viscosity upon application of electrical energy (i.e., electroviscous fluids) and devices wherein a flow passage between fluid containing chambers is varied in effective cross-section by means responsive to application of electrical or magnetic energy.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.2]    140.2Variably preloaded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Structure comprising means for varying the loading, e.g., tension, compression, shear, etc., of the resilient element so as to vary its characteristics.

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248Supports,   subclass 575 for a resilient support comprising variably preloaded resilient means.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.3]    140.3Having diverse resilient element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Structure wherein a single spring comprises a plurality of resilient elements, at least one of which is different from another.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.4]    140.4Metallic and nonmetallic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.3.  Structure comprising metallic and nonmetallic element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 140.5]    140.5Diverse resistance to vibration along different axes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Structure wherein the resilient means provides for vibration along at least two distinct translational and/or rotational axes and wherein the resistance of said resilient means to such vibration along one axis is different from that along at least one other axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141]    141Nonmetallic, resilient element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Structure comprising a nonmetallic, resilient element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.1]    141.1Plural resilient elements with rigid spacer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Structure comprising a plurality of resilient elements which elements are separated by at least one nonresilient spacer element.

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384Bearings,   appropriate subclasses for a laminated bearing of nonmetallic resilient material separated by a nonresilient spacer.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.2]    141.2Confined between coaxial, vibrating annular members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Structure wherein the resilient element is disposed between two coaxial rigid annular members and at least a part of the resilient element is restrained from radial movement by said members.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.3]    141.3Including radial contact surface, e.g., tapered or shouldered member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.2.  Structure comprising a radial surface, such as a taper or shoulder, on one of the members which contacts the resilient element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.4]    141.4Annular flange or collar embedded in resilient element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.3.  Structure wherein one of the members comprises an annular flange or collar at least one edge of which is surrounded by the resilient element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.5]    141.5Flanged or collared innermost member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.4.  Structure wherein the flange or collar is on the member which most closely surrounds the common axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.6]    141.6Collapsible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.3.  Structure comprising a three-dimensional free space bounded on at least one side by a resilient element whereby vibration of the members will cause the resilient element to distort and vary the shape and/or volume of the free space.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 141.7]    141.7Arcuate or tapered contact surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.3.  Structure wherein the surface which contacts the resilient element is (a) of arcuate configuration, or (b) inclined with respect to the axis of the annular members.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 142]    142CUSHION FOR HUMAN COMFORT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device for positioning to bear the weight of a person, in a position directly to receive the force of said weight; i.e., separated therefrom by no more than a flexible covering.
(1) Note. This subclass includes spring devices for seat cushions, back rests, resting mats, bed springs, etc.

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117,for an air spring cushion for human comfort.
182,for a seat cushion spring support (e.g., bracket).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 143]    143Compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Spring device comprising a plurality of spring elements of construction diverse from one another.
(1) Note. Diversity of construction is recognizable by separate, coordinate classification concerning the element; e.g., coil, torsion, rubber.

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151+,for compound coil springs of general utility; e.g., subclass 152, in which one of the diverse elements is an elastomeric body.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 144]    144Zigzag:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Spring device in which the spring element is unitary and undulating in shape.

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165,for a zigzag spring device of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 145]    145Rubber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Spring device in which the spring element is an elastomeric body; i.e., of latex or a synthetic substitute or equivalent.

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153,for a rubber spring device of general utility; and see the subclass search notes.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 146]    146Fibrous pad:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Spring device comprising a cushion body made of nonmetallic filamentary material.

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148+,for a fibrous-body spring device of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 147]    147COMPRESSED WIRE MESH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element comprises an open work fabric of interwoven and densitized, and thereby crinkled, wire.

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428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 605 for a fibrous metal mass.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 148]    148FIBROUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element is a filamentary, nonmetallic element; or a body made of such elements (e.g., rope, mat).

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428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 605 for a fibrous metal mass.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 149]    149Glass fiber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Spring device in which the filamentary element is a vitreous silicaceous product.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 150]    150CENTERING DEVICE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device connectible to a pivotable body (e.g., aircraft caster wheel) so as to be unstressed when said body is in a normal position and to be put under stress by pivotal movement of said body from said position, whereby said spring device tends to return said body to said normal position.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 151]    151COMPOUND:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device comprising a plurality of spring elements of construction diverse from one another.
(1) Note. Diversity of construction is recognized by separate, coordinate classification in this class; e.g., coil, torsion, rubber.

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121,for a compound spring one of the elements of which is a piston-type fluid spring.
143,for a compound spring device in a cushion for human comfort (e.g., seat cushion, rest pad or mat).
259+,for compound vehicle spring construction.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 152]    152Rubber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 151.  Spring device in which one of the spring elements is an elastomeric body of latex, or a synthetic substitute or equivalent.

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30,for a leaf-and-rubber type compound vehicle spring.
33,for a coil-and-rubber type compound vehicle spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 153]    153RUBBER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device comprising an elastomeric body; i.e., a latex product of a synthetic substitute or equivalent.

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140,for a rubber spring device in shock- absorbing bumper construction.
141,for a rubber spring device in a shock absorber of the nonsupport type.
145,for a rubber spring device in a cushion for human comfort.
292+,for a rubber-type vehicle spring device.

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384Bearings,   subclasses 220+ and 297 for a nonmetallic mounting means, or a sleeve or liner for a plain rotary bearing appropriate subclasses for flexible laminated bearings.
403Joints and Connections,   subclass 228 for a composite bushing having an elastomeric component.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 154]    154TORSION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element is a unitary member having a portion subject to a deforming force while another portion is retained against movement or is subject to a force which is substantially lesser than or opposite in direction to the first force; which element either (a) includes an unconvoluted portion to which the force is applied as an axial twist, or (b) constitutes a spirally wound body the number of turns of which tend to be changed by the application of the first-mentioned force.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 155]    155Coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Spring device in which the spring element is in the form of a spirally wound body.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 156]    156Volute:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Spring device in which the winding of the body is in the form of a substantially flat spiral.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 157]    157Also compressible or expansible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Spring device which is subject to a compressive or expansive force; as well as said first-mentioned force.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 158]    158BENDABLE ALONG FLAT SURFACE (E.G., LEAF SPRING):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element is substantially planar through a cross-section thereof whereat bending occurs under a load.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 159]    159Snap spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Spring device in which the spring element is a unitary member, including a portion under stress resisting movement toward one side of a plane passing through the bending axis, which stress is reversible when said element or portion crosses said plane whereby to continue urging said element or portion away

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171,for an over-center spring device energized by a coil-spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 160]    160Flexural support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Spring device in which the spring element, or a group thereof, constitutes the sole support for a movable load member and the sole connection between said load member and another member fixed to its environment; whereby the direction of (generally, arcuate) movement of said load member is determined by the bending of said element, or group.

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162,for (1) a spring device including a resilient ring pack and spaced members connected to each of the ends thereof; which members are merely end connection elements of the spring device, rather than load members and (2) the combination of load means, a spring ring pack and rigid rod means extending through the common central aperture of the pack, whereby the control of movement of the load by the flexure of the spring device ring elements is negated or, at least, significantly inhibited or modified.
178,for a flexural support including a series of coil-springs between a fixed member and a relatively movable support which is the load member.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 161]    161Ring or annular spider:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Spring device in which the spring element is annular in general configuration; or is generally circular and includes within the confines of its circle an annularly arranged group of separate, spaced, finger-like formations.

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163,for a spring device element comprising a circular body and a plurality of extensions extending irregularly outwardly (rather than generally annularly and within the confines) thereof, so that neither the device nor the spider-like formation is generally annular.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 162]    162Pair or pack:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Spring device in which there are a plurality of superposed and adjacent, annular spring elements or element portions for bending about a common flexural arc.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 163]    163Including tang or spider:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Spring device in which the spring element is provided with an elongated separation (e.g., slot) to define either spaced portions extending from an end thereof or finger-like formation within the confines of said element.

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161+,for a bendable spring device element including an annularly arranged spider formation.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 164]    164Bow spring or superposed spring elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Spring device in which either (a) the spring element is a unitary member bent back upon itself intermediate the ends thereof to present superposed or confronting portions or (b) a group (e.g., pair) of separate, overlapping spring elements is provided; whereby said confronting portions or overlapping elements present a common bending plane or flexural arc.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 165]    165Zigzag or plural:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Spring device comprising either (a) the structure of part (b) of the definition of subclass 164 or (b) the unitary spring element bent back upon itself at least twice to provide at least three portions sharing the common bending plane or flexural arc.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 166]    166COIL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element is in the form of a helix and is adapted to be extended or compressed in the direction of the helix axis.

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428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 592 for metallic stock of helical configuration or having a helical component.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 166.1]    166.1Conical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Spring device wherein the turns of the helix lie upon the surface of a cone.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 167]    167Circular:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Spring device maintained in the form of an endless loop.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 168]    168Plural, one within another:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Spring device including a pair of said elements, one of which surrounds the other directly (i.e., with no structural element intervening therebetween).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 169]    169Including internal brace:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Spring device provided with means extending a substantial distance within the confines of the coils for limiting transaxial flexure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 170]    170Including end thrust member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Spring device including, in the use condition thereof, a member which is (a) separate from the spring element, (b) positioned at one end thereof, and (c) movable therewith during said extension or compression.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 171]    171Equilibrium or over-center:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device, further including a second end thrust member at the other end of the spring element; and in which the spring element is adapted either (a) to maintain said end thrust members a predetermined distance apart or (b) selectively to maintain one of the members, or the contact point between said one member and the end of the element, at each of a pair or predetermined positions on opposite sides of the helix axis.

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159,for an over-center snap spring of leaf or disc construction.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 172]    172Including cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device and means having a surface movable along a path intersecting a position of the end thrust member for thrust reaction momentary engagement therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 173]    173Including lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device in which the end thrust member constitutes, or is associated with, means movable about a fulcrum for a thrust reaction with said spring element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 174]    174For dynamic or work environment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device wherein said end thrust member, has a movement intended to effect a condition change (e.g., actuate a valve, make or break a circuit), work stroke (e.g., piston movement), or work modification (i.e., tool function).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 175]    175Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 174.  Spring device, including means for selectively varying the spring force of the spring element whereby the character of movement of the member may correspondingly be selectively varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 176]    176Reset:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 174.  Spring device in which the spring element is adapted to resist said movement and to return said member to a starting position.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 177]    177Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device including means for selectively varying the spring force of the spring element whereby the character of the thrust reaction may be correspondingly varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 178]    178Support type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device either (a) for retaining an object against the forces of gravity, or (b) for supplementing the retention against gravity of a cantilever-supported object.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 179]    179Particular end connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Spring device in which both the spring element and the end thrust member are particularly preshaped for the purpose of attachment with one another.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 180]    180Irregular:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Spring device in which the spring element is of one-piece construction and (a) includes plural, intervoluted coils; or (b) is out-of-round in cross-section; or (c) in the unstressed condition thereof, includes portions which vary, one from another in (1) helix angle, or (2) distance from a common, central, longitudinal axis, or (3) cross-section.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 181]    181FORAMINATED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Spring device in which the spring element is a multiperforate body.

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147,for a compressed wire mesh spring element.
161+,or 163, for a spring device flat-surfaced element which is slotted to provide bending planes.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 182]    182MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter not classifiable elsewhere.
(1) Note. This subclass includes supports, per se, (e.g., frame, bracket) for a seat cushion spring device.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 183]    183Parallel depression (e.g., having stabilizer bar):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device combined with equalizing means which tends to cause uniform displacement of all points along a substantially horizontal line contained in the vehicle chassis or body.
(1) Note. The equalizing means typically factions to cause uniform displacement along a lateral axis, or along a longitudinal axis of the vehicle body antiroll.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 5.5+ for a general utility land vehicle including an active suspension responsive to a force encountered while the vehicle is in surface traversing motion which may or may not involve a stabilizer or torsion bar, especially subclass 5.511 involving sway or torsion bar regulation; or subclass 124.107 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement preventing lateral or sideways tilt of the vehicle body, chassis, or frame through a centrifugal force transmission linkage.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 184]    184Duplex:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means acts in two planes, thereby tending to cause uniform displacement of the chassis along both the lateral and longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 185]    185Single pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Spring device wherein all forces applied to the chassis by the equalizing means cause uniform displacement about a single point.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 186]    186Fluid stabilizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means employs a pressure fluid to case uniform displacement of the chassis of body.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 187]    187Including torque bar or pump:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means further comprises either (a) an elongated member which exhibits resilient characteristics when subjected to axial twist while transmitting equalizing stresses from one point to another on the vehicle, or (b) a discrete apparatus for dynamically increasing the pressure or velocity of the pressure fluid.

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188,for a torsion stabilizer, per se.
273,for a vehicle torsion spring or torque bar, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 188]    188Torque bar or tube stabilizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means includes an elongated member formed of metal or a similar material, and which exhibits resilient characteristics when subject to an axial twist while transmitting equalizing stress for one point to another on the vehicle.

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187,for a torsion bar equalizer combined with a fluid-operated equalizer.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 189]    189And elastomeric member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means further comprises a member formed for rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.

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259,for torque bar or tube combined with a rubber spring for use on a vehicle other than as an equalizer.
276,for a torque bar or tube-vehicle suspension spring combined with an elastomeric bushing.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 190]    190And coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Spring device including a coil-spring* which is employed either to cushion relative movement between parts of the vehicle, or to supplement the elongated resilient member in transmitting equalizing stresses from one point to another on the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 191]    191And retarder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Spring device including nonreacting means (e.g., a dashpot) for opposing and slowing distortion or recovery or a spring element.
(1) Note. The spring element may serve to cushion relative movement of vehicle parts, or it may serve as an equalizer to ensure parallel depression of the parts.

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195+,for a mechanical spring and retarder (e.g., shock absorber), per se.

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188Brakes,   subclass 129 for a frictional shock absorber with no restoring means (spring), and subclasses 266+ for a fluid resistance dashpot or shock absorber, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 192]    192Leaf spring stabilizer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means comprises a leaf-spring*.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 193]    193Leaf spring acting between pivoted links:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Spring device wherein portions of the leaf-spring* which are deflected relatively to each other are each connected to the vehicle by an intermediate element which turns about an attached pin or equivalent structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 194]    194Plural nontorsion coil springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Spring device wherein the equalizing means includes two discrete coil-springs* adapted to be extended and compressed in the direction of their central axes.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 195]    195Mechanical spring and nonresilient retarder (e.g., shock absorber):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device including a nonfluid (mechanical) spring element for cushioning relative movement between the vehicle parts combined with nonreacting means for opposing and slowing the distortion or recovery of the spring element.
(1) Note. This subclass and its indents include shock absorber which are combined with a nonfluid spring element for returning the vehicle parts connected by the shock absorbers to a neutral position after they have been displaced therefrom.

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64.15+,for a fluid spring combined with a motion retarder (shock absorber).

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105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclasses 197.05+ for a snubber combined with railway truck structure.
188Brakes,   subclasses 266+ for an internal resistance motion retarder, wherein energy absorbed during displacement of the parts out of normal position is not returned to restore the parts to normal position.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 196]    196Friction (e.g., "snubber"):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Spring device wherein the retarder comprises two friction surfaces which are caused to rub against each other to slow the distortion or recovery of the spring element.

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134+,for a friction snubber which is not peculiarly adapted for use on a vehicle.

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188Brakes,   subclasses 129+ for a vehicle friction shock absorber, per se, having a spring biased friction surface, but in which there is no distortion of the spring as the parts move relative to each other.
213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclasses 22+ for a cushioned railway draft appliance employing a spring and friction surfaces, and subclasses 220+ for a car end bumper or buffer, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 197]    197Including flexible strap connector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device including an elongated flaccid element connected to or forming part of the retarder, and having one end connected to one of the sprung vehicle parts, whereby relative motion of the vehicle parts away from each other is accommodated through the flaccid element, and the spring element subsequently draws the vehicle parts toward one another through the flaccid element.

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188Brakes,   subclass 65.1 for a brake which operates on a strand such as a rope, band, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 198]    198Strap forms friction element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 197.  Spring device wherein one of the two surfaces which are caused to rub against each other is on the elongated flaccid element.
(1) Note. The surfaces must be that of a flaccid element and not of a separate brake shoe attached to the flaccid element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 199]    199Flat spiral spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 197.  Spring device wherein the spring element comprises a coil of at least one complete turn about an axis and wherein all turns lie in a single plane.

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198,for a device in which the friction occurs between the spiral spring element and the flaccid element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 200]    200Having lubricating feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device including a friction reducing fluid, or means to store or facilitate the application of the friction reducing fluid.

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37.4,for leaf-spring covering provided with a lubricant reservoir or pad.
268,for end connection for a vehicle leaf- spring provided with means to apply or pass a lubricant.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 201]    201Elastomeric spring or friction element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device an element formed of rubber or a material exhibiting similar characteristics and which serves either (a) as the spring element, (b) a friction surface, or (c) as a means for biasing the friction surfaces against each other.

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292,for a rubber spring element, per se, which is peculiarly adapted for use on a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 202]    202And helical coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Spring device including a helical coil-spring element which acts between the parts of the vehicle.
(1) Note. Those devices having coil- springs which bias friction elements only are excluded.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 203]    203Plural coil springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Spring device including a second discrete helical coil-spring* element which acts between the parts of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 204]    204Friction surface on helical spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device wherein one of the surfaces which rub against each other is located on a helical coil-spring*.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 205]    205Including cam or wedge friction element or actuator therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device including two members or portions having contacting relatively moving surfaces, wherein at least one of the surfaces is sloped or curved to force the friction surfaces against each other.
(1) Note. The cam or wedge surface may also serve as the "friction surfaces".

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201+,for a retarder which employs a cam or wedge for compressing an elastomeric friction element.

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213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclasses 32+ for similar devices which are peculiar to railway use.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 206]    206Helical cam surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Spring device wherein the sloped or curved surface defines or is formed upon a helix.

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204,for retarding devices where a helical spring serves as one of the friction surfaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 207]    207Plural axially spaced expandable friction rings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Spring device having a central axis along which parts or the device connected to the sprung vehicle portions are caused to move, wherein a plurality or discrete expandable annular members, each carrying a friction surface on its peripheral face, are located at different points along the axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 208]    208Including relatively rotating friction surfaces (e.g., drum type):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Spring device wherein one of the rubbing surfaces is caused to revolve or swing in contact with the other surface.

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213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclass 28 for similar devices peculiar to railway use.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 209]    209Including helical coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Spring device including a helical coil-spring* which serves either as the spring element for cushioning the relatively moving parts of the vehicle or for biasing the friction, wedge or cam surfaces toward or away from one another.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 210]    210Transversely oriented coil for biasing friction surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Spring device wherein the helical coil-spring* serves to resiliently urge the friction surfaces toward or away from one another, and the central axis of the spring is oriented at an angle to the vertical when the device is mounted on the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 211]    211Plural laterally spaced coils (e.g., spring group):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Spring device including a second helical coil-spring*, wherein a substantial part of one of the helical coil-spring*, wherein the axes of the two springs are spaced from each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 212]    212Nested coil springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Spring device including a second helical coil-spring*, wherein a substantial part of one of the helical springs occupies the area within the other helical spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 213]    213Inside friction shell:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Spring device wherein a substantial portion of each helical spring lies within a hollow member on which is located one of the frictions surfaces.

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204,for similar devices in which the spring rubs against the surface of the shell to provide the snubbing action.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 214]    214Friction surface formed on or biased by additional spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device including a second element which exhibits resilient characteristics and which tends to force the friction surface into or out of contact with each other.
(1) Note. Devices having a spring which serves to bias the vehicle parts and the friction elements are not classified here on that basis.
(2) Note. The friction surface may be on the spring itself, but see this class, subclass 204 for those devices which employ a friction surface formed on a helical spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 215]    215Relatively rotating friction surfaces (e.g., drum type):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.  Spring device wherein one of the rubbing surfaces is caused to revolve or swing while in contact with the other surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 216]    216Coil spring for biasing vehicle parts and friction surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Spring device wherein the spring element which serves to cushion relative movement between the parts of the vehicle comprises a coil-spring* which also tend to force the rubbing surfaces toward or away from each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 217]    217Fluid retarder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Spring device wherein the viscosity of a liquid or gas is employed for opposing and slowing the distortion or recovery of the spring element.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 51+ and 66+ for a fluid check and spring system for use with a closure (e.g., door).
105Railway Rolling Stock,   subclass 197.05 for a hydraulically-dampened spring bolster for a railway truck.
188Brakes,   subclasses 266+ for a fluid retarder with no claimed spring element.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 124.1+ for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement, especially subclasses 124.145+ or 124.154+ wherein a wheel is separately supported upon an individual stub axle including a vertically extending strut which may or may not include a fluid damper or retarder.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 218]    218With separate pump or adjustment for spring loading:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Spring device including either (a) Discrete means in addition to the fluid retarder for raising, transferring or compressing the liquid or gas, or (b) means by which the spring force exerted on the vehicle parts at a particular relative position of the parts may be varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 219]    219Elastomeric spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Spring device wherein the spring element is formed of rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.

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35,for a fluid spring combined with an elastomeric spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 220]    220Mounted at end of retarder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Spring device wherein the rubber or rubber-like spring element is attached at or immediately adjacent to a terminal portion of the retarder.
(1) Note. The rubber or rubber-like bushing is normally located at the point or attachment to the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 221]    221Helical coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Spring device wherein the spring element is a helical coil-spring*.

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34,for a fluid spring combined with a helical coil-spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 222]    222Quadrilateral suspension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Spring device including four links pivoted together to form a four-sided polygon, wherein the relatively moving parts of the vehicle are connected to or serve as separate links, whereby relative movement between the vehicle parts cause the shape of the polygon to change.
(1) Note. Typically, the links comprise the upper and lower control arms, the wheel axle support, and the vehicle chassis, and the arrangement is applied to separate wheels as an "independent suspension" system.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 223]    223And rocking actuator arm or rotary fluid displacement member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Spring device wherein the retarder includes either (a) a pivoted lever which is caused to pivot upon relative motion between the vehicle parts to effect operation of the retarder, or (b) a rotatably mounted member having a surface thereon which displaces or moves through the retarding fluid to effect the opposing and retarding action.

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188Brakes,   subclasses 266+ for a fluid dashpot, per se, particularly subclasses 306+ for those having an arcuately oscillating thrust member.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 224]    224Plural mechanical spring for biasing vehicle parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.  Spring device including a second discrete nonfluid spring element which cushions relative movement between the vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 225]    225Plural mechanical springs for biasing vehicle parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Spring device including a second discrete nonfluid spring element which cushions relative movement between the vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 226]    226Spring within coaxial fluid chamber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Spring device including an enclosure for containing the liquid or gas, wherein a substantial portion of the helical coil-spring* element is located within the enclosure, and the central longitudinal axis of the enclosure coincides with the central axis of the spring helix.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 227]    227Leaf spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Spring device wherein the spring element is a leaf-spring*.

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31+,for a fluid spring combined with a leaf- spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 228]    228Lever and nontorsion spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device including a discrete swingably mounted, force multiplying link through which stress is applied to a spring element to compress, expand or laterally deflect a portion of the spring element.
(1) Note. Devices in which the link forms an essential part of the spring element are excluded.

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195+,for a spring connected through a lever to a shock absorber, especially subclasses 201+, 219, and 221+.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 5.5+ for a general utility land vehicle including an active suspension responsive to a force encountered while the vehicle is in surface traversing motion which may or may not involve a lever acting upon a spring device or element; subclasses 6.15+ for a general utility land vehicle including means, interposed between a vehicle body, chassis, or frame and running gear thereof, for altering height or levelness of the vehicle body, chassis, or frame which may or may not involve a lever acting upon a spring device or element; subclass 79 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle provided with springs between the wheel or wheels and the load-support, noting the search notes provided therein; subclasses 124.1+ for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement; or subclasses 275+ or 283+ for a general utility occupant propelled-type wheeled land vehicle including yielding framework or running gear which may or may not involve a spring device or element (it is noted that in accordance with the (2) Note of Class 280, subclass 200, motorcycle frames and running gear, without features causing classification in Class 180, Motor Vehicles, are included in these subclasses). Patents classified in this class (Class 267) as originals may include vehicle parts directly related to vehicle suspension (e.g., fluid damper, upper or lower control arm) and vehicle parts which are nominally recited as either a reference or mounting structure for the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 229]    229Leaf spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Spring device including a spring element in the form of a leaf-spring* for cushioning relative movement of the vehicle parts.

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271,for an end connection in the form of a shackle for a vehicle leaf-spring.
283,for a multilayer leaf torsion spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 230]    230Quadrilateral suspension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device including four rigid links pivoted together to form a four-sided polygon, wherein the relatively moving parts of the vehicle are connected to different links, and one link servers as the "lever" connected to the spring element, whereby relative movement between the vehicle parts causes the shape of the polygon to change.
(1) Note. Typically, the links comprise the upper and lower control arms, the wheel axial support, and the vehicle chassis, and the arrangement is applied to separate wheels as an "independent suspension".
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 231]    231And coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device further including a second spring element in the form of a coil-spring* for cushioning relative movement of the vehicle parts.
(1) Note. The lever may act upon either the leaf-spring or the coil-spring, or both.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 232]    232And roller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Spring device including a generally round rotatable element which is caused to roll along the surface of the leaf spring or an adjacent member as the vehicle parts move relatively and the leaf spring is deflected.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 233]    233And "overload" bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Spring device including a member or portion which limits relative movement of the vehicle parts by striking another member or portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 234]    234Including adjustment for spring loading:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Spring device including means by which the force exerted by an spring element on the vehicle parts at a particular relative position of the parts may be selectively varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 235]    235Adjusting screw coaxial with coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Spring device wherein the means to selectively vary the spring force includes and elongated helically ribbed element rotatable about its longitudinal axis, which coincides with the central axis of the coil-spring* element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 236]    236Plural coils between vertically spaced leaf springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Spring device including a second leaf-spring* located above the first leaf-spring* with respect to the vehicle, wherein two discrete coil-springs* are located between the two leaf-springs.
(1) Note. Elliptical and semielliptical leaf-spring* arrangements are considered to be "vertically spaced".
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 237]    237Plural coaxial coils:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Spring device including a second coil-spring* for cushioning relative movement of the vehicle parts, wherein the central axes of the two coils coincide.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 238]    238Nested coils:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Spring device wherein the coil-springs* are coaxial and a substantial portion of one spring is located within the other spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 239]    239Having leaf-end-connecting lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 321.  Spring device wherein the discrete link connects the end of the leaf- spring* to the vehicle, or to another spring element which is in turn connected to the vehicle.
(1) Note. A mere shackle connecting a leaf-spring* with the vehicle or another leaf-spring is not considered to be a "lever" for purposes of classification in this subclass.

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271,for a leaf-spring combined with shackle for connecting it to the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 240]    240Coil spring between lever and vehicle part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 239.  Spring device wherein one end of the coil-spring* engages the discrete link or structure rigidly connected thereto, and the other end engages one of the sprung vehicle parts or structure rigidly connected thereto.
(1) Note. A coil-spring* which is connected to the leaf-spring* at or immediately adjacent to the leaf spring"s point of attachment to a vehicle part is considered to "engage one of the sprung vehicle parts".
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 241]    241And fluid pressure spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device including, in addition to the leaf-spring*, and apparatus which utilizes a fluid medium to provide a resilient cushion between the relatively moveable vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 242]    242Including adjustment for spring loading:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device including means by which the spring force exerted ton the vehicle parts at a particular relative position of the parts may be selectively varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 243]    243And roller or bearing to accommodate deflection of spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device including structure which permits rolling or sliding contact between the leaf-spring* element, or adjacent vehicle structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 244]    244Vertically spaced leaf springs (e.g., elliptic):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device including a second discrete leaf-spring* spaced above the first leaf-spring* with respect to the vehicle.
(1) Note. One spring must be located above or below the other spring when the device is unstressed or in equilibrium.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 245]    245Having serially pivoted levers at end of spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device wherein the discrete link is pivotally connected to the spring element, and a second discrete link is pivotally connected to the first link and additionally to one of the sprung vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 246]    246Transverse leaf spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device wherein the longitudinal axis of the leaf-spring* is oriented laterally with respect to the vehicle chassis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 247]    247Center acting or resiliently biased lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.  Spring device wherein either (a) the discrete link acts through a point along the length of the leaf-spring which is closer to its longitudinal center that an end thereof, or (b) the discrete link or a separate element is formed of an elastically deformable material to bias the link against the leaf-spring*
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 248]    248Coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Spring Device wherein the spring element comprises a coil-spring*.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 249]    249Enclosed spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 248.  Device including a housing which surrounds the spring element.
(1) Note. The "housing" may comprise one or more members which collectively enclose the spring, and may serve some additional purpose in addition to merely enclosing the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 250]    250Plural coaxial coils in enclosure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Spring device wherein a second coil-spring* is located within the housing, and the longitudinal axes of the coils coincide.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 251]    251Plural nontorsion coil springs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 248.  Spring device including a second coil-spring* element for cushioning relative movement of the vehicle parts, wherein each of the coil-spring elements is deflected axially upon relative movement of the vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 252]    252Coaxial:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Spring device wherein the two coil-spring* elements have the some longitudinal axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 253]    253Differentially deflected by lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Spring device wherein the discrete link causes simultaneous deflection of both coil-spring* elements in unequal amounts for a giver displacement of said link.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 254]    254Quadrilateral suspension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 248.  Spring device including four rigid links pivoted together to form a four-sided polygon, wherein the relatively moving parts of the vehicle are connected to different links and one link serves as the "lever" connected to the spring element, whereby relative movement between the vehicle parts causes the shape of the polygon to change.
(1) Note. Typically, the links comprise the upper and lower control arms, the wheel axle support, and the vehicle chassis, and the arrangement is applied between a vehicle wheel and chassis as an "independent suspension".

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222,for a quadrilateral vehicle suspension which includes a shock absorber and coil-springs.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 255]    255Including adjustment for spring loading:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 248.  Spring device including means by which the spring force exerted on the vehicle parts at a particular relative position of the parts may be varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 256]    256Fluid spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Spring device which utilizes a compressible fluid to resiliently cushion the vehicle parts, wherein the discrete link is employed to transmit relative motion of the vehicle parts to a surface bearing against the fluid.

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64.11+,for other fluid springs adapted for use in vehicles.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 5.5+ for a general utility land vehicle including an active suspension responsive to a force encountered while the vehicle is in surface traversing motion which may or may not involve a fluid spring device or element; subclasses 6.15+ for a general utility land vehicle including means, interposed between a vehicle body, chassis, or frame and running gear thereof, for altering height or levelness of the vehicle body, chassis, or frame which may or may not involve a fluid spring device or element; subclass 79 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle provided with springs between the wheel or wheels and the load-support, noting the search notes provided therein; subclasses 124.1+ for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement which may or may not involve a fluid spring device or element, especially subclasses 124.157+ which are directed to a residual fluid suspension (in accordance with industry and mechanical engineering convention, a fluid shock absorber, per se, is not deemed a fluid suspension device for subclasses 124.157+ since it does not normally support any weight but merely retards the extent of motion provided by a spring device attempting to distort or return to its undeflected condition); or subclasses 275+ or 283+ for a general utility occupant propelled-type wheeled land vehicle including yielding framework or running gear which may or may not involve a fluid spring device or element (it is noted that in accordance with the (2) Note of Class 280, subclass 200, motorcycle frames and running gear, without features causing classification in Class 180, Motor Vehicles, are included in these subclasses). Patents classified in this class (Class 267) as originals may include vehicle parts directly related to vehicle suspension (e.g., fluid damper, upper or lower control arm) and vehicle parts which are nominally recited as either a reference or mounting structure for the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 257]    257Elastomeric spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Spring device wherein the spring element is formed of rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.

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248Supports,   subclasses 560+ for a resilient support, and see the subclass 560 definition or a statement of the line.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 258]    258Annular or spherical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Spring device wherein the spring element is either in the form of a cylindrical ring or a sphere.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 259]    259Compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device having individual diverse spring elements each of which serves to cushion relative movement between parts of the vehicle.
(1) Note. The original basis of classification in this and indented subclasses was by total disclosure rather than by claimed disclosure; i.e., if a claimed spring element was specifically intended to be used in combination with a leaf-spring, the leaf-spring is considered to be part of the device for classification purposes, even though not actually claimed.
(2) Note. An elastomeric or rubber bushing employed to mount a spring element in most cases is not considered to be an "individual" spring element itself, particularly where its cushioning effect is negligible when compared with the spring element itself. However, where the disclosure clearly indicates or implies a cushioning effect upon the vehicle parts, an elastomeric or rubber element has been considered to be a separate spring element proper for classification in these subclasses. Analogously, a torsion tube assembly comprising a steel torsion rod with a surrounding elastomeric or rubber sleeve to cushion the vehicle parts is not considered to be diverse spring elements for classification in these subclasses, but rather has been deemed an individual torsion spring proper for this class (267), subclasses 273+, provided later in the class schedule.

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121,for a compound spring, one element of which is a piston-type fluid spring.
143,for a compound spring employed in a cushion for human comfort (e.g., seat cushion).
151+,for a compound spring of general utility.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 124.1+ for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement which may or may not involve plural spring devices or elements, especially subclasses 124.162+ which are directed to a residual fluid suspension combined with a mechanical spring device or element or subclass 124.165 which is directed to a combination of plural, diverse mechanical spring devices or elements; or subclasses 275+ or 283+ for a general utility occupant propelled-type wheeled land vehicle including yielding framework or running gear which may or may not involve plural spring devices or elements (it is noted that in accordance with the (2) Note of Class 280, subclass 200, motorcycle frames and running gear, without features causing classification in Class 180, Motor Vehicles, are included in these subclasses).
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 260]    260Having specific end connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.1.  Spring device wherein significance is attributed to the particular structure used to attach and end of the leaf spring to part of the vehicle.
(1) Note. Cantilever springs are excluded.

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30,for a leaf-spring combined with an elastomeric spring which is disclosed as having a cushioning effect upon the vehicle parts.
229+,for a leaf-spring having and end connection in the form of a lever for applying stress to the spring.

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403Joint and Connections,   appropriate subclasses for a connection between the end of a spring and another member and including only as much of the spring as is necessary to effect the connection.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 582 for a metallic intermediate article or blank which is provided with an outward flange.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 261]    261For elliptic spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device wherein the spring element comprises two distinct bowed leaf-springs* joined together at each end to form an ellipse.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 262]    262Sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device wherein the connecting structure constrains the end of the spring element to relative transnational motion with respect to the connecting structure or the vehicle part to which it is connected.

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243,for a lever-actuated leaf-spring and a bearing or roller to accommodate deflection of the spring element.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 362+ for a hinge which allows relative translation of the hinged member.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 263]    263Including spring for biasing pivotal connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device wherein the connection structure swingably connects the leaf-spring to the vehicle, and a resilient element in addition to the connecting structures is provided and acts between the end of the leaf-spring and the connecting structure of vehicle part.

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259+,for an end connection in the form of a diverse-type spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 264]    264Including threaded or grooved bearing surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device wherein the connecting structure includes a first apertured element in which pivots a second element, wherein the apertured element and the exterior of the second element are provided with cooperating threads or otherwise grooved or ridged surfaces to restrict relative sliding movement between the two elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 265]    265Including spring position adjustment or geared connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device where in the connecting structure includes either (a) means to selectively fix the leaf-spring* in any one of a plurality of relative position with respect to the part of the vehicle to which it is connected, or (b) a first rotary member having teeth which mesh with teeth formed on a second relatively movable member, whereby relative motion between the leaf-spring* and vehicle part causes relative movement between the toothed members.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 266]    266Universal joint:
 Spring device under subclass wherein the connecting structure permits relative pivotal movement between the leaf-spring* and the vehicle part to which it is connected, wherein the pivotal movement occurs about two orthogonal axes.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 366+ for a hinge which permits movement of hinged members about plural axes.
403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 52+ for articulation axes.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 267]    267Having rolling antifriction elements (e.g., ball bearing):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device wherein the connecting structure includes a plurality of discrete elements having a circular cross section and located between relatively moving surfaces to eliminate friction between the surfaces.

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384Bearings,   appropriate subclasses for an antifriction bearing (e.g., ball or roller bearing) and nominally claimed spring and vehicle structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 268]    268Having lubrication feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device including means at the end connection to store or facilitate the application of a friction reducing fluid.

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37.4,for a vehicle leaf-spring covering having a lubricant reservoir or pad.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 269]    269Including elastomeric material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device including a portion formed of rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.

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30,for a leaf-spring combined with a rubber spring which is employed to cushion the parts of the vehicle. The patents classified in this subclass generally disclose a bushing whose cushioning effect on the vehicle parts is negligible compared with that of the leaf-spring (i.e., the bushing is intended to impart "give" to leaf spring end about an axis).

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384Bearings,   subclasses 220+ and 297 for nonmetallic sleeves on liners for supporting the ends of an oscillating rotary shaft.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 270]    270Including tapered bushing or inner and outer sleeve for cylindrical bushing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Spring device wherein the connecting structure allows pivotal movement and includes either a hollow conical or tubular elastomeric element, the latter having contiguous relatively rigid tubular elements along its inside and outside surfaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 271]    271Including shackle pivoted to spring and to vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 260.  Spring device wherein the connecting structure includes a rigid link having one end swingably connected to the end of the leaf-spring, and the other end swingably connected to the part of vehicle.

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229+,for a leaf-spring which is deflected by a lever.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 272]    272Flat spiral:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device which includes a coil-spring* element, all turns of which lie in the same plane.

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199,for a vehicle suspension employing a flat spiral spring to both resiliently cushion and dampen motion between the vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 273]    273Torsion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device wherein the spring element is subjected to a twisting force about its central axis when the vehicle parts are relatively displaced, and undergoing a resultant elastic deformation about said axis.

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154+,for a torsion spring or general utility.
188+,for a vehicle torque bar or tube-type stabilizer.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 5.5+ for a general utility land vehicle including an active suspension responsive to a force encountered while the vehicle is in surface traversing motion which may or may not involve a torsion spring device or element; subclasses 6.15+ for a general utility land vehicle including means, interposed between a vehicle body, chassis, or frame and running gear thereof, for altering height or levelness of the vehicle body, chassis, or frame which may or may not involve a torsion spring device or element; subclass 79 for a general utility wheeled land vehicle provided with springs between the wheel or wheels and the load-support, noting the search notes provided therein; or subclasses 124.1+ for a general utility wheeled land vehicle running gear suspension arrangement which may or may not involve a torsion spring device or element, especially subclass 124.107 which is directed to an antiroll or antisway suspension including a sway or torsion bar, subclasses 124.116, 124.13, 124.137, 124.149, or 124.152 for a particular suspension arrangement which includes a torsion rod stabilizer, or subclasses 124.166+ for a torsion spring suspension arrangement, per se.
464Rotary Shafts, Gudgeons, Housings, and Flexible Couplings for Rotary Shafts,   subclass 97 for a coaxial torsion bar coupling for a rotary shaft.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 274]    274Quadrilateral suspension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device including four rigid links pivoted together to form a four-sided polygon, wherein the relatively moving parts of the vehicle are connected to or serve as separate links, whereby relative movement between the vehicle parts causes the shape of the polygon to change.
(1) Note. Typically, the links comprise the upper and lower control arms, the wheel axle support, and the vehicle chassis, and the arrangement is applied to separate wheels as an "independent suspension" system.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 275]    275Helical torsion coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device wherein the spring element is in the form of a spiral lying in the surface of a cylinder, and is subjected to a twisting force about the axis of the cylinder to cushion the relatively moving vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 276]    276And separate elastomeric member (e.g., bushing):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device including a member formed of rubber or a device which exhibits similar characteristics, and which contributes at most an insignificant cushioning effect upon the vehicle parts.

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259+,for a torsion spring combined with an elastomeric spring, each of which has a significant cushioning effect upon the vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 277]    277And adjustment for varying spring loading:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device including means by which the spring force exerted on the vehicle parts at a particular relative position of the parts may be varied.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 278]    278Screw threaded adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 277.  Spring device wherein the means for varying the spring loading comprises two contacting elements, one having a helically ribbed surface which engages cooperating structure on the other element, whereby relative rotation between the two elements causes a corresponding change in spring loading.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 279]    279Elastomeric torsion spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device wherein the spring element is formed of rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.

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384Bearings,   subclasses 220+ and 297 for a nonmetallic sleeve or liner for a rotary plain bearing.
464Rotary Shafts, Gudgeons, Housings, and Flexible Couplings for Rotary Shafts,   appropriate subclasses for a nonmetallic torsion spring coupling or housing for a rotary shaft.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 280]    280Plural axially spaced elastomeric elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Spring device including a second discrete torsion spring element formed of rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics and which also serves to cushion relative movement between the vehicle parts, wherein the two spring elements are spaced apart along the torsion axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 281]    281And attached inner and outer metallic sleeves:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Spring device including an inner and an outer ring, each formed of metal and fastened to the spring element in such a manner that the spring element occupies an annular space defined between the two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 282]    282Plural concentric elastomeric rings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 281.  Spring device including a second discrete annular torsion spring element which is formed of rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics, wherein the central axes of the two spring elements coincide, and one spring element is located within the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 283]    283Multilayer leaf:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device wherein the spring element comprises a plurality of contiguous, superposed plates or bars which are subjected to a twisting force about their length.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 284]    284And housing enclosing spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device including a casing which substantially surrounds the spring element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 285]    285Plural torsion spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Spring device including a second spring element which is subjected to a twisting force about its central axis when the vehicle parts are relatively displaced, and undergoes a resultant elastic deformation about that axis.
(1) Note. Patents claiming only one torsion spring and showing an identical spring arrangement on another axle or vehicle portion have not been included in this subclass.

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259+,for a torsion spring used in combination with a different-type spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 286]    286Coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device wherein the spring element comprises a *coil-spring.
(1) Note. Patents having claims to the spring element structure, per se, (e.g., cross section, composition) have been classified in subclasses 166+ even if a generic disclosure includes vehicle use.

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166+,for coil-spring element structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 287]    287Having stiffener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Spring device including a device attached between the coils of the spring element to increase the spring constant of the spring element.
(1) Note. An additional coil-spring is not considered to be a "stiffener" as defined above.

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290,for a first coil-spring element having a second nested coil spring element which serves to increase the spring constant of the overall device.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 288]    288Conical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Spring device wherein the turns of the coil-spring* lie on the surface of a cone.

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166.1,for a conical coil-spring which is not specifically adapted for vehicle use.
231+,for a vehicle spring device comprising a conical coil-spring, a leaf-spring, and a lever through which stress is applied to the leaf spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 289]    289Plural coils:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Spring device including a second coil-spring* element for cushioning movement between the vehicle parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 290]    290Nested:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Spring device wherein a substantial part of one of the spring element lies within the other spring element.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 291]    291Having guide rods extending through coils:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Spring device wherein each of two coil-spring elements have a rigid bar or tube located inside and oriented along or parallel to the central axis of the coil, and which slidingly engages cooperating structure attached to the other end of the coil as the spring elements are compressed.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 292]    292Elastomeric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Spring device wherein the spring element which cushions relative movement between the vehicle parts is formed or rubber or a material which exhibits similar characteristics.

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153,for an elastomeric spring of general utility.
183,for an elastomeric stabilizer.
259+,for a compound spring including an elastomeric spring.
275+,for an elastomeric spring and lever actuator.
279+,for an elastomeric torsion spring.

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384Bearings,   subclasses 220+ for an nonmetallic resilient mounting for a plain rotary bearing, and subclass 297 for a nonmetallic sleeve or liner for a plain rotary bearing.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 293]    293Including central guide rod or tube through spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Spring device wherein the elastomeric spring element is provided with a central opening through which an elongated bar or cylinder extends, wherein the bar or cylinder is caused to slide along cooperating structure during relative displacement of the vehicle parts, thereby restricting movement of portions of the spring device to the along the longitudinal axis of the bar or cylinder.

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201+,for a similar device which includes a friction retarder.
219+,for a similar device which includes a fluid retarder.
  
[List of Patents for class 267 subclass 294]    294Having rigid spacer plate between plural elastomeric segments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Spring device wherein the spring element includes a relatively thin planar member formed of a substantially nonresilient material and attached between two adjacent elastomeric portions.
  

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