PATENTS   
Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals >> Classification >>> Class Definition
    Class Numbers & Titles   | Class Numbers Only   | USPC Index   | International   | HELP  
You are viewing a Class definition.

 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 215]   CLASS 215,BOTTLES AND JARS
Click here for a printable version of this file

SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class includes receptacles, usually of glass or ceramic material, of the bottle, jar, or jug type, not special to some particular art and not separately classified. It includes features of construction in the receptacle itself, closures for the receptacle, and attachments of a temporary character--that is, which are not a permanent fixture on the receptacle, but may be used repeatedly on different receptacles.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 310+ for bottle labels or mere modification of the bottle to receive a label.
222Dispensing,   for dispensing containers in general.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclasses 31+ , for bottles and jars combined with gas or vapor treatment of contained material.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 2]    2BOTTOM FILLED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Receptacles which are filled from the bottom. These receptacles usually have closed necks, which are adapted to be broken to withdraw the contents from the container.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

47,for bottles having breakable necks for dispensing contents and not limited to bottom filling.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 3]    3EJECTING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Receptacles having means for positively ejecting the contents.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 4]    4Siphon type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Receptacles from which the contents are forced by gas-pressure. The novelty usually lies in the valve mechanism by which the contents are allowed to escape.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   subclasses 394+ for dispensers in which material is discharged by fluids under pressure that directly contact the material.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 5]    5Spring controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.  Receptacles in which the closure-valve is spring-actuated.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 6]    6COMPARTMENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Receptacles which are divided into compartments.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 600+ for compartmented metallic receptacles.
221Article Dispensing,   subclasses 92+ for article dispensers not otherwise classified having plural sources, stacks or compartments.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 129+ for dispensers with compartments.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclasses 123+ for a receptacle for a coating material supply including an applicator in a separate compartment.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 10]    10NESTING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Receptacles which are formed in a manner to particularly adapt them for nesting or stacking with others of the same kind.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 499 through 520for container heating or stacking means.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 503+ for stacking device for containers.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 130+ , and 143 for dispensers with nesting or stacking features.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 11.1]    11.1NURSING BOTTLES AND NIPPLES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including bottles and/or nipples intended for use in feeding infants.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclass 235.5 for an apparatus for applying nipples to nursing bottles.
248Supports,   subclasses 102+ for nursing bottle holders or supports.
604Surgery,   subclasses 77+ for a bottle and/or nipple used for therapeutic purposes wherein significance is attributed to the configuration, structure, or components for engaging part of the head of the user for introducing a body treating material into the oral cavity or esophagus of the user.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 11.2]    11.2With temperature responsive indicator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 11.1.  Subject matter including a temperature measuring or responsive device.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   subclasses 207 and 218+ for a temperature responsive indicator which does not give a quantative output.
374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 100+ for a quantative temperature responsive indicator, per se, particularly subclass 150 for a nursing bottle combined with a temperature measuring device wherein significant temperature measuring details are claimed.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 11.3]    11.3Collapsible liner or wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 11.1.  Subject matter including a flexible or flaccid liner for the liquid content, or having a wall or portion thereof which moves inwardly as the liquid content is withdrawn.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 23.9 and 495.01+ for a liner for a receptacle of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 11.4]    11.4With valve for liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 11.1.  Subject matter including a flow control device in the path of the liquid.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclass for a valve, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 11.5]    11.5With vent or valve for air:
 Subject matter under 11.1 including a flow control device which affects the entry of air into the bottle in response to the displacement of the liquid content.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclass for a valve, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 11.6]    11.6With cover:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 11.1.  Subject matter including a protective or insulating cover for the bottle or nipple or both.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 12.1]    12.1MULTILAYER BARRIER STRUCTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  A receptacle wherein at least one of the walls includes substantially coextensive plural piles, laminas, layers, strata or panels.
(1) Note. Included here are spaced or contiguous piles, self-sustaining or nonself-sustaining layers, planar or nonplanar strata, free or secured laminas as well as solid, foraminous, particulate, gas, or liquid layers.
(2) Note. Included here as multilayer barrier structure is a receptacle with an internal or external "lining".
(3) Note. Generally, specific multilayer structure as defined above combined with a specific receptacle characteristic is considered classifiable in this and indented subclasses. However, mere "nominal" inclusion of a receptacle in such combination is not considered "specific"and, as such, is considered merely multilayer barrier structure, per se, for Class 428. See (1) Note of Class 206.
(4) Note. The stated utility of a receptacle multilayer barrier, e.g., reinforcement, insulation, partition "shock protection", etc., will not exclude a patent for such structure (otherwise meeting the above definition) from this or indented subclasses.
(5) Note. Multilayer structure limited to a seam or joint is not provided for here.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 521+ for multilayer shock protection structure.
217Wooden, Receptacles,   subclass 3 for a wooden container lining.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 23.9 , 23.91, 62.11+, 495.01+, and 908.1+ for a residual locus for patents directed to a container with multilayer barrier structure, and subclass 903 for a cross reference art collection of insulating jackets for beverage containers.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 566+ for a multilayer bottle, jar or jug including claimed spout or pouring lip features.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   subclasses 89+ for a bottle wrapper and subclasses 117.27+ and 164.2 for a paperboard box having a lining.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses, for multilayer material, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 12.2]    12.2Coating or lamination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 12.1.  Subject matter wherein a wall of the receptacle has been coated (i.e., painted, plated, impregnated, sprayed or overspread) or is laminated (i.e., comprised of firmly united layers of material).
(1) Note. A heat shrunk structure is a type of lamination.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 903 for a cross reference art collection of insulating jackets for beverage containers.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 13.1]    13.1Insulating material between spaced wall panels:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 12.1.  Subject matter wherein a wall of a receptacle includes at least two self sustaining layers separated from one another in face to face relationship, and a material which inhibits the transfer of heat is located between the layers.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

12.1,for a receptacle having spaced wall panels with air or a vacuum between them.
12.2,for a receptacle having a coating or lamination.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 14]    14NONREFILLABLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Receptacles which have positive means to prevent refilling when the original contents are once withdrawn.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

7,and 8, for receptacles having means to indicate that the original contents have been tampered with but which do not prevent refilling.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 86.1+ for filling attachments for metallic receptacles.
222Dispensing,   subclass 147 for dispensers with refill preventing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 15]    15Air trap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Nonrefillable receptacles in which the refilling is prevented by a construction in the form of an air-trap.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 16]    16Ejecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Nonrefillable receptacles having means for positively ejecting the contents and which cannot be refilled when the contents have been ejected.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 17]    17Guard or valve type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Nonrefillable receptacles in which the invention lies in a peculiar valve construction or in a guard to prevent tampering with a valve.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

251Valves and Valve Actuation,   appropriate subclasses for valve structures of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 18]    18Valves:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Nonrefillable receptacles in which the novelty lies particularly in a valve construction. The valves are adapted to allow outflow of the contents, but prevent refilling.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 19]    19Single type spring controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.  Nonrefillable receptacles having a single spring-actuated valve.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 20]    20Single type float controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.  Subject matter which operate either owing to an inherent ability of float or which are controlled by a separate float member. These float-actuated valves are usually to prevent filling of the bottle while in an inverted position.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 21]    21Single type gravity controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.  Subject matter which are actuated by gravity. These valves depend on their own inherent weight and not on any external weight for their operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 22]    22Separate disconnected weight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Subject matter assisted in operation by a separate weight, which is not connected to the valve. This weight may serve either to seat or to unseat the valve.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 23]    23Pendant weight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Subject matter assisted in operation by a weight in the form of a pendant attached to the valve.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 24]    24Pivoted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Subject matter which are pivoted.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 25]    25Multiple type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.  Subject matter in which the novelty lies not in the specific construction of the valve but in the combination of a plurality of valves.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 26]    26Guards:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Nonrefillable receptacles in which the novelty lies in some form of guard for the purpose of preventing access to and tampering with the valve. The valve is usually conventional.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

18+,for guard structure with peculiar valve construction, and subclass 30 for guards in a separate receptacle neck.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 27]    27Integral with the container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Subject matter formed as an integral part of the container and not as a separate organization.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

30,for guards in separate necks.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 28]    28Cap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Subject matter in the form of a cap, which fits on the bottle-mouth.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 29]    29Fasteners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Subject matter having means by which the guard organization is held in the bottle-neck to prevent removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 30]    30Separate neck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter in which the valve and guard--is mounted in a neck, which is not an integral part of the bottle, but is cemented or otherwise attached thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 40]    40NECK:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bottle, jug, or jar including specified features of the narrowed top portion of the container.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 41]    41Drip-preventing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 40.  Subject matter wherein the neck includes a structure to catch dribble.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

393+,for a drip-catching attachment for a bottle or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 695+ for an attachment having an edge for removing excess material.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 42]    42Reinforcing structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 40.  Subject matter wherein the neck includes a structure to strengthen it.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 640+ for a receptacle of that class type having an open end edge which is reinforced by a separate reinforcing element and subclasses 656+ for a receptacle wherein the open end edge is integrally strengthened (i.e., does not include a separate reinforcing element).
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 43]    43Structure to receive a particular closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 40.  Subject matter wherein the neck includes a structure for receiving a specified type of closing means.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass is a structure for receiving closures such as snap closures and stoppers.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

222,for a receptacle-closure interlocking means constructed so that rotation of the closure with respect to the bottle, jug, or jar is less than 360 degrees.
224,for closure-receptacle interlocking portions, at least one of which is flexibly distorted while traversing the other portion (e.g., snap-type).
317,for a resiliently distortable cap of general application (i.e., not including closure removal impeding means).
318,for a snap-on, twist-off cap for a bottle or jar.
324+,for a crimped cap for a bottle or jar.
355+,for a stopper-type closure for a bottle or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   subclass 563 for a plug-type closure for a dispenser.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 44]    44Structure includes threads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein the structure includes a helical ridge for reception of a screw-type closure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

214,for a closure which is attached to the bottle, jug, or jar by means of threads, interrupted threads, or lugs.
217,for a closure in which threadlike means are provided for permitting simultaneous rotating and reciprocating movement between the bottle, jug, or jar and the closure; the threadlike means being either continuous or discontinuous.
276,for a closure secured by a screw-threaded ring.
329,for a cap-type closure secured by threads which have no means to impede closure removal.
356,for a stopper-type closure secured by threads which have no means to impede closure removal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

217Wooden Receptacles,   subclass 107 for a bung hole closure with screw-thread or bayonet locking means.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 288+ for a screw closure for a receptacle of that class type.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 549+ for dispensers with a screw-type closure, particularly subclass 552 for a dispenser with a screw plug.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   subclass 220 for a paper box having a screw-threaded closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 45]    45Structure includes a seal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein the structure includes a member acting at the junction of the closure and closure support or container mouth to oppose the passage of fluid therebetween.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

232,for a closure sealed or bonded to the bottle, jug, or jar; the sealing or bonding agent having been applied to the closure or receptacle prior to placing the closure in position.
233,for a closure which is placed in its closed position and subsequently sealed to the bottle, jug, or jar by application of a hardenable liquid or plastic material such as paraffin.
341,for a closure provided with a definite, identifiable gasket seal or liner, which may or may not be integral with the closure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 378 for a receptacle closure of that class type having a gasket or packing.
277Seal for a Joint or Juncture,   for a generic sealing means or process, subclasses 628+ for a static contact seal for other than an internal combustion engine, or a pipe, conduit, or cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 46]    46Means to aid in removing closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 40.  Subject matter wherein the neck has a specific structure to assist in removing a closure.
(1) Note. The closure is intended to be removed without breaking a portion of the receptacle neck.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

215,for a closure which requires insertion or use of a handheld instrument or tool to facilitate closure removal.
250+,for a closure having a portion or a connecting means which must be broken or smashed to give access to the receptacle or secondary closure.
295+,for a closure with means to facilitate closure removal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

81Tools,   subclasses 3.7+ for a closure cap or a cork-removing tool.
220Receptacles,   subclass 604 for a receptacle of that class type having a one-piece side and end wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 47]    47Frangible neck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 40.  Subject matter in which the neck is specially configured to be broken in order to dispense the container contents.
(1) Note. Usually there is no way to open the container other than to break the neck.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

2,for a bottle having a breakable neck and adapted to be filled from the bottom.
252,for a closure which is broken away from its attaching means upon rotation of the closure.
258,for a closure which when removed leaves a portion with the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclass 45.12 for a receptacle of that class type including a structure to tear or break at least a portion of the receptacle so that it may be subdivided or the content may be removed or exposed and subclass 532 for a unit dose container with means to tear or sever a portion to permit removal of the contents.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclass 132 for a supply cartridge for a hand-manipulable coating implement with material supply, which cartridge has a frangible part which is broken for establishing flow to the tool, and indented subclasses 133+ for such an implement which includes means for cutting or piercing the frangible part.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 48]    48Broken by manipulation of closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Subject matter in which the closure portion is maneuvered in order to fracture the neck.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

253,for structure wherein the closure or bottle, jug, or jar has one or more points of weakness which will fracture upon application of pressure.
258,for tamper-evident-type closure wherein a portion of the closure remains with the bottle, jug, or jar when the closure is removed.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 49]    49Nonreclosable container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Subject matter in which the bottle, jug, or jar is configured so that once it is opened, it cannot be reclosed.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 50]    50Stopper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Subject matter having a plug.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

294,for a stopper with a nonintegral clamp means engaging the interior receptacle surface.
296+,for a stopper-type closure having means to facilitate removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 51]    51Multiple stoppers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter having a plurality of plugs.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

251+,for a closure structure wherein the outer closure breaks or tears away to expose a second closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 52]    52Spring retainer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Subject matter having resilient means to secure the stoppers.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 53]    53Seal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Subject matter including means for sealing the stoppers (e.g., cement or wax).
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 54]    54Stopper fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter having means for securing a stopper in the container neck so that it cannot be removed without breaking the neck.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 55]    55Spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Subject matter including a resilient catch to secure the stopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 200]    200CLOSURES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Closures which are movable or removable and not special to some classified art.
(1) Note. Patents prior to 1940 have been classified on disclosure, not necessarily on the claims.
(2) Note. Patents claiming more receptacle detail than necessary to cooperate with the closure structure will not be found in this or any indented subclass. The broad recitation of common elements of a receptacle (bottom, sides, ends etc.) are not considered receptacle detail and are proper for this and the indented subclasses.
(3) Note. Where the closure is claimed with no significant closure structure but merely in terms of the composition or material of which it is composed, it will be classified in the appropriate composition or material class, even though there is no claim to the composition, per se. In this connection Classes 106, 148, 420, 156, 427. and 520, in the search note below, should be considered.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

49Movable or Removable Closures,   appropriate subclasses for closures of the type there provided for and see the search notes thereto in section IV for the loci of closures in other classes.
106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   note particularly the class definitions for the type of composition within the scope of Class 106.
148Metal Treatment,   particularly subclasses 400+ for materials which are products of processes of treating metals classifiable in Class 148, or for products distinguished only by the internal structure or characteristics of the metals, metallic composition or alloys comprising such structures.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 200+ and see the notes thereto for receptacle closures in general.
222Dispensing,   appropriate subclass for dispensing containers or for closures used with such containers where a dispensing feature, e.g., trap chamber, flow guide, etc., is specifically recited as part of the closure.
420Alloys or Metallic Compositions,   for articles defined solely by their metal or alloy composition.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclass 262 for methods of applying a liner to a closure cap including a cutting or punching operations.
427Coating Processes,   for processes of coating or impregnating a base and the resultant product or treating such a coated product.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses for a stock material laminate in the form of a web or sheet, particularly subclasses 544+ for such stock which is all metal or has adjacent metal components.
520Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   appropriate subclasses for synthetic resins or natural rubber and compositions thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 201]    201Having warning means or means impeding closure removal (e.g., child proof):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device provided with means to (1) call the attention of the user to the dangerous character of the contents of the receptacle or (2) otherwise provide obstructive means to negate easy or what would appear normal removal of the closure.
(1) Note. This and the indented subclasses are intended to provide a loci for patents relating to closures designed in such a manner as to make it difficult, if not impossible, for uninformed children or mentally deficient persons to remove the closure. Most, if not all of the patents herein, deal with closures for receptacles containing potentially dangerous or toxic material.
(2) Note. "Tamperproof" closures which involve a breaking or tearing of the closure or a component thereof will be found in this class (215), subclasses 250+.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

7+,for receptacles having means for indicating that the contents have been tampered with or for indicating the quantity of material in the receptacle.
206,for closures provided with combination actuated locks.
207,for closure fasteners provided with key actuated locks.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 202]    202Barbed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which the closure comprises pointed prong-like members engageable by the hand to call the attention of the user to the dangerous character of the receptacle contents.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 203]    203With exhibitive feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which the closure is provided with visible means by which attention is directed to the dangerous aspect of the closure contents.
(1) Note. The visible means may include readable matter, distinctive closure shape or any other type of indicia appealing to the sense of sight.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 310+ for bottle carried indicia and see the search notes thereunder for related art areas.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 204]    204Receptacle opening sealed by each of plural closures:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which there are provided more than one closure for the same receptacle opening, the closures being sequentially removable.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 205]    205Closure at or forms receptacle base:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices which (1) form the receptacle base or (2), are located in, at or about the receptacle base.
(1) Note. The devices in this subclass are usually for the purpose of subterfuge in that the top portion of the receptacle may be made to include that which resembles a normal closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 206]    206Having registerable indicia to facilitate closure removal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which alignable markings are provided on the closure and the receptacle or on relatively movable closure portions to facilitate removal of the closure from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 207]    207With key-actuated lock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices, including locking means that requires for unlocking the use of a separate hand held key, such key being unique to the specific locking means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

215,for a closure which is specifically adapted for use with a hand held tool, such tool not being unique to the specific locking or closure means.
302,for "nonchildproof" closure having means to facilitate closure removal utilizing a hand held tool.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

70Locks,   appropriate subclasses indented under subclass 158 for locks for covers, lids, caps and enclosing shields.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 208]    208Multidirectional turn or twist type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which the closure or the closure and receptacle are provided with means by which rotative effort in opposite directions is required for removing the closure from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 209]    209Closure removal includes receptacle deformation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which the receptacle includes a flexible portion having closure engaging means integral therewith, flexing of the flexible portion either (1) disengages the closure engaging means from the closure to allow for closure removal or (2) exerts a force on the closure for removing the closure from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 210]    210Closure removal includes receptacle tilting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices wherein the obstruction means comprises a gravity influenced part movable to alternate positions for either permitting or not permitting removal of the closure from the receptacle, at least a partial inversion of the receptacle being required to move the part into one or the other of its alternate positions.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 211]    211Closure or closure portion engagingly enters receptacle opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which the closure or portion thereof has a sealing relationship with an inner surface portion of the receptacle opening about the inner periphery thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

355+,for stopper type closures not so constructed as to impede closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 212]    212Expandable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Devices, provided with means to deform the closure into sealing relationship with the inner surface of the receptacle neck or mouth.
(1) Note. This and the indented subclasses do not include closures formed solely from a mass of resilient or deformable material which deforms as the closures are inserted into the receptacle mouth, e.g., corks.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

280,for separate expanding fasteners which are applied to the closure.
358,for expanding stoppers of the "nonchildproof" type.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 78 , 79, 108, and 109 for expanding type closures and bungs.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 233+ for expansible plugs for metallic receptacles.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 213]    213With movable closure removal obstacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Devices, in which there is provided means obstructing ready removal of the closure which means having at least portions thereof either repositioned to an alternate portion on the receptacle or entirely removed therefrom to enable the closure to be grasped for removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 214]    214Closure guided in simultaneous turning and reciprocating movement (e.g., threaded):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Devices which are attached to the receptacle by means of threads, interrupted threads or lugs which require a rotary movement of the closure for removal thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

329+,for cap type closures secured by threads and subclasses 356+ for stopper type closures secured by threads, neither of which are so construed as to impede closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 215]    215With provision for opening tool:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices, wherein the obstruction means comprises insertion or use of a hand held instrument or tool to facilitate closure removal.
(1) Note. A tool is differentiated from a key in that a key is unique to the lock to be opened, where as a tool may be improvised, e.g., knife substituted for a screwdriver.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

207,for closures with key actuated lock; 302, for closures of the "nonchildproof" type having tool engaging means to facilitate closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 216]    216Flexible locking member integral with or attached to closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices, in which the closure includes a flexible obstruction means, either integral therewith or attached thereto, for cooperating with complementary means on the receptacle for securing the closure on the receptacle, the obstruction means being movable to allow for closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 217]    217Closure guided in simultaneous turning and reciprocating movememnt (e.g., screw threaded):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices in which threads or thread-like means are provided allowing for simultaneous rotating and reciprocating movement between the closure and the receptacle, the thread-like means being either continuous or discontinuous and may have a length substantially less than the circumference of the receptacle neck.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 218]    218Closure threaded to receptacle and/or rotatable closure removal obstruction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Devices, wherein a threaded rotatable obstruction surrounds the neck of the receptacle and is attached to the closure in such a manner that relative rotation between the closure and the obstruction must be achieved in a prescribed manner to allow closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 219]    219Encompassing closure removal obstacle and closure engaging for concurrent movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Devices in which the closure included an overlying buffer or obstacle for shielding the closure from direct hand engagement, and mounted for relative rotary and/or axial movement therewith, but being either movable to or having a portion thereof movable to engage the closure in clutching relationship for simultaneous opening and/or closing movement therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 220]    220Axially movable closure removal obstacle or obstacle portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Devices wherein the overlying obstacle means or portion thereof is movable in a direction along the axis of the receptacle mouth to engage the closure for simultaneous axial movement therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 221]    221Closure removal obstacle movable to unobstructive position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Devices in which there is provided obstacle means which are movable to an alternate position to enable the closure to be grasped for removal from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 222]    222Quick removal (e.g., bayonet):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Devices wherein the closure and receptacle include interlocking means constructed to permit rapid removal of the closure, rotation of the closure to be either secured to or removed from the receptacle being less than 360°.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 223]    223Closure guided in sequential turning and reciprocating movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Devices wherein the closure and receptacle portion cooperating therewith include structure requiring sequential rotary and axial movement therebetween, such sequential movement allowing closure removal in a step-by-step manner.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

208,for similar structure where the direction of rotation or axial movement of the closure must be reversed at least once when removing the closure from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 224]    224Snap-type closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Device wherein the closure and receptacle include mating interlocking portions, at least one of the portions being flexibly distorted while traversing the other, the interlocking portions serving to fixedly maintain the closure in closed position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

317,for resiliently distortable caps of general application, i.e., not including closure removal impeding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 225]    225With movable closure removal obstacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Devices, wherein a guard or retainer means is provided to normally shield the closure thereby preventing normal closure removal action, the guard or retainer means or a part thereof being movable to an adjusted position whereby the closure may be removed from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 226]    226Substitute closure having means to remove original closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is a substitute or replacement closure and has attached thereto means, such as a corkscrew or a crown-cap remover, for removing the closure to be replaced.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 227]    227With structure for removably holding an article or material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Device wherein a disparate article or material is separable from (1) the closing means, or (2) a retainer associated with the closing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 228]    228Combined or convertible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices wherein the closure is (1) associated with a disparate article or (2) when not in use as a closure will function as a disparate article or is modifiable or rearrangable to function as a disparate article.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

231,for a closure or means associated therewith, which purposely depresses or contacts the receptacle contents.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 229]    229With straw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Devices combined with a drinking straw.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 230]    230Including visual indicia:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices in which the closure includes or is provided with claimed characteristic marks, colors, signs, etc. comprising visible means to impart information to a would-be user of the receptacle contents.
(1) Note. Mere displacement of a member or a part or adjunct thereof to a position where it may be more readily seen is not considered to be indicia for classification here.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 231]    231Provided with means to purposely depress or contact receptacle contents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure or means associated with the closure (1) depresses the receptacle contents below a given or desired level or (2) is specifically designed to contact the receptacle contents for an expressed purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 232]    232Retained by bonding or adhesive means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices wherein (1) the closure is attached, welded or fused to the receptacle by the application of thermal, sonic or other energy form or (2) the closure is secured by adhesive or other bonding material which was applied to the closure or receptacle mouth prior to placing the closure in closed position.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 233]    233With hardenable liquid or plastic seal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, which are placed in their closed position and subsequently sealed to the receptacle by the application of a hardenable liquid or plastic material such as paraffin.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

232,for closures sealed or bonded to the receptacle, the sealing or bonding agent having been applied to the closure or receptacle prior to placing the closure in closed position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

277Seal for a Joint or Juncture,   for a generic sealing means or process, subclasses 650+ for a static contact seal for other than an internal combustion engine, or a pipe, conduit, or cable having a particular sealing material or construction.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 234]    234With liquid seal at closure seat on receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, in which a reservoir of liquid is located at the closure-receptacle interface to seal the interior of the receptacle from the ambient atmosphere.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

277Seal for a Joint or Juncture,   for a generic sealing means or process, subclasses 590+ for a seal between fixed parts or having static contact against relatively movable parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 235]    235Closure pivoted about receptacle opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is pivotally attached to the receptacle about the mouth or opening thereof in such a manner as to swing to and from a closing position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 810+ for pivoted closures for metallic receptacles.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 236]    236Pivoted at right angle to plane of closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Devices, wherein the closure pivot is perpendicular to the plane of the closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 237]    237With fastening means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.  Devices, wherein the pivoted closure is provided with means to positively fasten it in its closed position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

273,for separate applied fasteners for nonpivoted closures.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 315 for means for fastening closures to metallic receptacles.
292Closure Fasteners,   for general closure fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 238]    238Cam type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Devices, utilizing a camming action to fasten the closure in place.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 239]    239Closure mounted on lever-actuated yoke:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Devices, wherein the closure is pivoted on a yoke or bail and is fastened in closed position by a lever action.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

284,for separate applied fasteners of the lever actuated clamp type.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 240]    240With specific closure structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 239.  Devices, wherein the novelty lies in the specified structure of the closure itself.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 241]    241Yoke-receiving slot or hole:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Devices, wherein the closure is provided with a peculiar hole or slot through which the yoke or bail passes.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 242]    242Lever bears directly on closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 239.  Devices, wherein the closure is clamped in place by means of a lever which bears directly on the closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 243]    243Screw-type clamp or threaded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Devices wherein the closure is fastened in place by means of a screw type clamp bearing on the closure or by mating screw threads on the closure and receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 244]    244Spring type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Devices, wherein the fastening means is in the form of one or more springs.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 245]    245Catch or hook type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Devices, wherein the closure is fastened in place by means of a resilient catch or hook which cooperates with a mating indent, detent or like member.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 246]    246Shrinkable closure, fastener, or seal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, in which a closure, or a fastener or seal associated therewith, shrinks into its applied position on the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

273,for nonshrinkable, separately applied closure fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 247]    247Self-sealing, piercable-type closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure includes an elastic or rubber like portion intended to be penetrated by a hollow needle or like means through which the contents of the receptacle may be removed. The elastic or rubber like portion seals itself about the needle when inserted, and likewise, seals itself after the needle has been withdrawn.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 248]    248With vent and air filter means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Devices, wherein the closure means includes a vent means provided with a porous substance to cleanse air entering the receptacle in response to removal of contents therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 249]    249With frangible cover portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Devices, wherein the piercable closure is provided with an overlying cover or cover portion, the removal of such cover requiring the breaking of its connection to the remainder of the closure means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

250+,for frangible closures, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 250]    250Frangible member or portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices which are attached to the receptacle in such a manner that all or a portion of the closure or its connecting means must be broken or smashed in order to give access to the receptacle or secondary closure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

249,for pierceable type closures protected by a frangible cover.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 265+ , for metallic receptacles having frangible closures.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclass 132 for a supply cartridge for a hand-manipulable coating implement with material supply, which cartridge has a frangible closure which is broken for establishing flow to the tool; and indented subclasses 133+ for a hand implement which includes means for cutting or piercing the frangible closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 251]    251Outer closure breaks or tears away to expose second closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 250.  Devices, wherein an outer closure or seal is designed to be totally or partially destroyed to give access to an inner or secondary closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 252]    252Twist-off motion frees reusable closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 250.  Devices, wherein rotation of the closure causes it to fracture from the means which retained or connected the closure to the receptacle. The closure itself is not damaged and may be reused until the contents of the receptacle have been consumed.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 253]    253About line or point of weakness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 250.  Devices, wherein the closure or its receptacle attaching means is provided with one or more points or lines of weakness which will fracture upon the application of pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 254]    254Tear strip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.  Devices, wherein the weakened lines or points define a strip which can be grasped and torn away.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 255]    255With nonintegral actuator (e.g., attached pull ring):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.  Devices, wherein the tearstrip has attached thereto by means of a rivet, weld, etc., an actuator which may be grasped to initiate the fracture of the weakened areas.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 256]    256Line of weakness extends circumferentially of receptacle mouth opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.  Devices, wherein the lines of weakness extend around the circumference of the neck or mouth of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 257]    257With cutting or tearing means (e.g., wire or string rip cord):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 250.  Devices, having a string, wire or the like, which when pulled will rip or tear the closure and allow it to be removed.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 258]    258Closure removal causes portion thereof to remain with receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure includes a part normally secured thereto, but which separates therefrom and remains with the receptacle in the act of removing the closure.
(1) Note. The separated part remaining with the closure is usually intended to indicate unauthorized tampering.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

250+,for closures of the same type which are frangible rather than merely separable.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 259]    259Gas passes through a liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, provided with a liquid barrier through which gas must pass as it enters or escapes from the closed receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 260]    260With pressure-responsive valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is (1) provided with a valve means which is automatically responsive to a positive pressure within the receptacle, or (2) the closure itself acts as a valve and moves responsive to internal pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 261]    261Barrier permeable to gas and impermeable to liquid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein gas enters or escapes from a receptacle by flowing through a member impervious to liquid.
(1) Note. Aged or very dry cork may naturally be permeable to gas and impermeable to liquid. The mere usage of cork in a closure, without a clear indication that the cork was used for this quality, will not permit classification in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 262]    262With vacuum breaker:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is provided with means to manually release a negative pressure within the receptacle.
(1) Note. The devices in this subclass are usually for the purpose of assisting in closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 263]    263Nonresealable, nonremovable closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is not removable from the receptacle, and when moved to its open position may not be moved back to its closed position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

307+,for movable, resealable closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 264]    264Applied from within receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is of the stopper type and is drawn from its nonclosing position within the interior of the receptacle, to its closing position within the neck or mouth of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 265]    265Plural closures:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Devices, wherein the receptacle opening is provided with at least two closures, at least one of which is drawn from its nonclosing position within the interior of the receptacle to its closing position within the neck or mouth of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 266]    266Ball type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Devices, wherein the closure is in the shape of a sphere or ball and is usually made of elastic or rubber like material.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 267]    267With manipulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Devices, wherein the closure is provided with means extending to the exterior of the receptacle, forming a manipulator to move the closure to its open and closed positions.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 268]    268Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 267.  Devices, wherein the manipulator is of wire or like material.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 269]    269Having an inflatable member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure includes means having a closed chamber with at least one deformable wall, and means to introduce fluid into or to pressurize fluid within said chamber to expand and move said wall to effect sealing of the closure to the container.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 270]    270With pressure-responsive seal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is provided with sealing means which is responsive to a pressure differential existing between the container interior and the ambient to effect sealing of the closure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

260,for a closure with a pressure responsive valve.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 271]    271Closure expands responsive to internal receptacle pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is provided with means allowing it to expand in response to an increase in internal receptacle pressure, thus providing an increase in total receptacle-closure sealer without unseating the closure from its closed position.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 272]    272Cap type with manually actuated means to contract depending skirt part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, having some positive manually actuated means for contracting the depending skirt portion of the closure or parts thereof, about the external wall of the receptacle.
(1) Note. Depending lugs would be considered skirt portions for the purposes of this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 273]    273With separate applied fastener to hold closure in closed portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is held in its closed position by a separate and distinct fastening means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

237+,for pivoted closures provided with fastening means.
293,and 294, for closures with attached fastening means.
329,for cap closures with integral screw threads.
346,for a gasket, seal or liner which seal or liner secures the closure to the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

292Closure Fasteners,   for closure fasteners, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 274]    274Ring type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Devices, wherein the fastener is in the form of a ring which surrounds the receptacle mouth and closure binding them together. A ring of this type would not, in and of itself, form a closure.
(1) Note. An example of a ring type fastener is the screw threaded ring which holds the closure in place on the standard "Mason" jar. This note is meant purely as an example as the inclusion of a screw thread would place the patent in indented subclass 276.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 319+ for closure fasteners for metallic receptacles in the form of a ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 275]    275Contracting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.  Devices, in which the ring fastener contracts or is provided with means to contract it into engagement with the receptacle and closure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

272,for closures with attached contracting fastening means.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 276]    276Screw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 274.  Devices, in which the ring fastener fits into screw-threaded engagement with the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 277]    277Cap-type fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Devices, wherein the closure is held in its closed position by a retainer which completely surrounds, overlies or envelopes the closure. As defined, a cap must have a depending skirt or portion thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 278]    278Bound or tied:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 277.  Devices, wherein the cap type retainer is bound or tied to the receptacle by means of a wire, cord, integral strand like portion, or the like.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 279]    279Expanding fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Devices, wherein the fastener includes means which expand or may be expanded into contact with the receptacle or closure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 320 for expanding-ring closure-fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 280]    280Clamping fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Devices, wherein the fastening means exerts a positive force on the closure or a part thereof causing the closure to remain in a closed position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 315+ for closure fasteners for metallic receptacles.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 281]    281Inclines to interrupted threads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices, wherein the fastening means exerts a clamping action by reason of a sliding engagement with one or more inclined surfaces or interrupted threads. The sliding action is caused by a rotation of the closure or the fastener about a vertical axis.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

285,and 286, for bail type fasteners which clamp by means of sliding contact with an inclined surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 282]    282Spring-type clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 281.  Devices, wherein the fastening means comprises a spring type clamp acting in cooperation with inclines or interrupted threads.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 283]    283Screw actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices, wherein the clamp fastening means is actuated by means of a rotatable screw or nut type device.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 284]    284Lever actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices, wherein the clamp type fastening means is actuated by means of a lever.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 285]    285Bail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 284.  Devices, wherein a lever actuates a generally "U" shaped element, the legs of which are either directly or indirectly pivotally connected to the receptacle on opposite sides of the passage to be closed, and the cross member of which bears directly or indirectly against the closure to clamp it in the closed position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

286,for nonlever actuated bails.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 286]    286Bail type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices, wherein the clamping member is a "U" shaped element, the legs of which are either directly or indirectly pivotally connected to the container on opposite sides of the passage to be sealed and the cross-member of which directly or indirectly bears against the closure to hold it in the sealing position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

285,for lever actuated bails.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 287]    287Spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices, wherein the clamping action is obtained by means of a resilient spring member.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

293,for spring type fasteners which are attached to the closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 288]    288Coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Devices, wherein at least a portion of said spring member includes a plurality of consecutively disposed windings.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 289]    289Closure engaging spring arm hinged to receptacle or support thereon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Devices, wherein said spring member is a wire, bar, or other elongate single-piece body having one end thereof permanently hinged to the receptacle, or to a separate stationary support on the receptacle, for rotation about a horizontal axis, and releasably engageable with (1) the closure alone, or (2) the closure and the receptacle, or (3) the closure and a separate retainer on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 290]    290Spring clip traverses closure, with depending ends thereof diametrically gripping receptacle exterior:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Devices, wherein said spring member is a wire, bar, or other elongated single-piece body forming (1) a cross-member extended completely across, and engaged, directly or indirectly with at least one point on the upper surface of a closure, and (2) end portions turned downward from said cross-member and releasably gripping the exterior side surface of the receptacle at points substantially diametrically apposed thereon, whereby said cross-member is biased downward against said closure upper surface.
(1) Note. Included here is a clip the cross-member of which (1) carries a separate member that contacts a closure, or (2) contacts a separate member seated on a closure, e.g., a wedge.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

286,for a bail type clamping fastener the cross-member of which carries a spring engageable with a closure to resiliently bias it against a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 291]    291Flexible tie:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices, consisting of flexible members such as string, wire, paper, etc., which wrap around, extend through or otherwise secure the closure to the receptacle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14+,for receptacles modified in such a manner as to provide a wire or flexible tie which renders the receptacle substantially nonrefillable.
278,for such devices combined with cap type fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 292]    292Disk exerts radial force against cup-shaped closure within receptacle mouth or neck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Devices, wherein the closure is retained by a disk superposed thereon, both closure and disk being positioned within the neck or mouth of the receptacle and the disk exerting a radical force on the closure, against the internal wall of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 293]    293With attached nonintegral spring-type clamping fastener engaging exterior receptacle surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein a spring type fastener is permanently attached to the closure, or is designed in such a manner as not to be intentionally removed during normal use, and engages the exterior walls of the receptacle about the neck or mouth thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

287+,for spring type fasteners which are separately applied to and removable from the closure during normal use.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 294]    294Stopper with attached, nonintegral clamp means engaging interior receptacle surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure is of the stopper type and has attached thereto a clamping type fastener which engages the inner walls of the receptacle usually in the area about the neck or mouth thereof. The fastening means usually expands or is caused to expand to provide the clamping action.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

279,for separate expanding fasteners applied to the closure.
358,for stopper type closures which expand.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 295]    295With means to facilitate closure removal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure was specifically designed or is provided with specific means, the sole purpose of which is to facilitate or assist in the removal or opening thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

250,for closures designed to be broken or smashed but having no means for breaking the closure.
296,for opening devices for stopper-type closures.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

81Tools,   subclasses 3.7+ for closure cap and/or cork removing tools.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 260+ for opening devices for closures for metallic receptacles.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 296]    296Stopper-type closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Devices, wherein the opening means is designed to assist in removing a closure which has no external depending flange, skirt or portion thereof, and which depends into the mouth or neck of the receptacle and engages the internal walls thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 297]    297Piercing-type closure extractor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 296.  Devices, including a separate member having at least one spike thereon that is thrust into or through the closure when the closure is to be removed, the member then being moved away from the mouth of the receptacle to withdraw the impaled closure from the latter.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 298]    298Disk-type closure with finger-engageable projection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 296.  Devices, wherein the stopper type closure is in the form of a disk and is modified to provide a hand or finger pull tab.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

305,for hand or finger tabs on cap or crown type closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 299]    299Permanently secured in stopper cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 296.  Devices, wherein (1) the closure is formed with a cavity such as an aperture or a groove, and (2) a portion of a wire, cord, or other means facilitating removal of the closure is permanently positioned in said cavity and serves as a pre-assembled part of the receptacle-closure package supplied to a consumer.
(1) Note. Included here is a closure under the class definition having a closure removing member, or part associated therewith, either thrust into the closure or inserted into a preformed cavity therein.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

296,for a stopper having a wire cord or other member pressed into its side surface as the stopper is pushed into the mouth of a receptacle with the aforesaid element lying between the receptacle and the stopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 300]    300Cavity extends circumferentially of stopper surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Devices, wherein said cavity is formed in the wall of the closure which faces the inner surface of the mouth of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 301]    301Actuated by downwardly applied force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Devices, wherein the closure has a receptacle gripping means, and such means is disengaged from the receptacle when the closure receives a downwardly applied force. Usually the applied force causes a depending flange or skirt to flare outwardly.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 302]    302Tool engaging means or closure or receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Devices, wherein the closure or receptacle is modified in such a manner as to accept a tool for the purpose of closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 303]    303Separate opening means associated with closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Devices, wherein the opening means is separate and distinct from the closure and may or may not be physically attached thereto.
(1) Note. Included here is a closure with a nonintegral tab or projection that can be pulled to remove the closure from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 304]    304Lever-type, pry-off means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Devices, wherein the opening means is in the form of a lever.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 305]    305Hand or finger engageable projection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Devices, wherein the closure is modified to provide hand or finger engaging projection or to facilitate closure removal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 306]    306Retainer (e.g., closure tethered to receptacle):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, having means to loosely attach the closure to the receptacle when the closure is in open position to prevent the loss or accidental mislaying of such closure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 375 for metallic closures having a single strand type retainer.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 538+ , 543 and 544+ for dispensers with retaining means for discharge guides, removable outlet elements and closures respectively, and see the notes thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 307]    307Receptacle interior communicable with exterior with closure in applied position (e.g., vented):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure (1) has a aperture extending therethrough, (2) a portion of the closure is spaced from the receptacle wall when in closed position, or (3) is nonremovable, but movable to an open or partially open position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 366.1 and 367.1+ for vented closures for metallic receptacles.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 478+ for dispenser with plural openings or discharge guides.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 308]    308Communicating through a filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Devices, wherein the passage includes a filtering means.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 309]    309With separate inlet and outlet passages:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Devices, provided with a separate passage to admit fluid into the receptacle as the contents are removed.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 310]    310Communicable through small, openable aperture in disk-type closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Devices, wherein the closure is of the disk type which has a small, openable aperture therein which usually serves as a pouring opening or aperture through which a drinking straw is received.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 311]    311With valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Devices, wherein the aperture or passage is provided with a flow regulating or retarding valve.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 312]    312Ball type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Devices, wherein the valve is a ball type valve.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 313]    313Rotary type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Devices, wherein the valve or an element thereof is rotated to an open and closed position.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 314]    314Screw actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Devices, in which the valve is operated by a screw type actuator.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 315]    315Spring actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Devices, in which the valve is operated by a spring type actuator.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 316]    316Cap type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure rests on top of the receptacle and has a depending skirt or flange or portion thereof, which envelopes the mouth of the receptacle and embraces the external walls thereof.
(1) Note. A cap type closure combined with stopper structure (structure which depends into the mouth or neck of the receptacle and engages the internal walls thereof) is classified in this (316) subclass.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

355+,for stopper structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 317]    317Resilient distortion of closure skirt holds it in closed position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, which are (1) made of an elastic, flexible or semi-flexible material or (2) are constructed in such a manner that flexibility is inherent in order that the closure will "snap" into a closed position or otherwise frictionally engage the external portion of the receptacle mouth.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

272,for cap closures having positive means, usually hand manipulable, to contract the depending skirt portion about the receptacle neck.
293,for closures having attached thereto spring type fastening means.
322,for closures that slide in a plane transverse to the receptacle axis in the opening and closing movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 318]    318Push on, twist off:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Devices, wherein the closure is pushed over the mouth of the receptacle and elastically conforms to thread like members on the receptacle and requires a twisting or turning movement for removal thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 319]    319Specifically designed to accommodate plural sizes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Devices, wherein the closure is designed in such a manner that it will fit more than one size of receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 320]    320Combined with stopper structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Devices, wherein a portion of the closure depends into the mouth or neck of the receptacle and engages the interior surface thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

321,for closures wherein the closure and receptacle have preformed, coating configurations.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 321]    321Closure and receptacle having preformed, coacting configurations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Devices, wherein the closure and receptacle have preformed or shaped areas, such as indents and detents, which coact with each other to hold the closure in closed position.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 322]    322Slidable transverse to receptacle opening axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, wherein the closure or receptacle is provided with structure which requires the closure to slide into the closed or open position in a direction which is transverse to the axis of the receptacle mouth or opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 323]    323Skirt made of separate strip bent into cylinder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, including (1) a strip formed into a cylinder by bringing opposite ends thereof adjacent each other, and (2) a disc closing one end of said cylinder.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 324]    324Crimped flange or skirt portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, wherein the depending flange or skirt portion is crimped or pleated about the receptacle neck to hold it in place. Such crimping is usually done in-situ.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 325]    325Closure portion engagingly enters receptacle mouth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Devices, wherein the closure structure includes stopper type structure which extends into and engages the internal receptacle walls.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 326]    326Flexible material (e.g., paper or foil):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Devices, which are made of thin flexible material such as paper, cardboard or thin metal foil.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 327]    327Crimp deforms seal against receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Devices, wherein a resilient seal member is deformed or compressed by the crimped portion of the cap against the exterior wall of the receptacle, thus holding the cap on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 328]    328With vertical corrugation (e.g., crown cap):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Devices, wherein at least a part of depending portion of the cap skirt is deformed (crimped) into circumferentially alternating, vertically disposed ridges and crests, the crimping action forcing the ridges into contact with the external walls of the receptacle neck.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 329]    329Removably attached to receptacle by relative rotation between keepers (e.g., screw threads or lugs):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, wherein (1) the closure and the receptacle are respectively provided with keepers, and (2) relative rotation between said keeper secures the closure in, or releases it from, a closing position on the receptacle.
(1) Note. The keepers may be in the form of indents, detents, slots, grooves, bends or any other form which produces threads, lugs or bayonet joint.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 288 through 304,254.7, 259.3 through 259.4 for a screw closure for a metallic receptacle.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 549+ for dispensers with screw type closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 330]    330With means to prevent unintentional rotation in closure releasing direction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, having means preventing unintentional rotation of the closure in the direction which releases the closure from the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 331]    331Projection engages keeper to stop rotation in closure applying direction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, including a member that juts from a wall of the closure or the receptacle and engages a keeper to stop its rotation when the closure has reached a predetermined applied position on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 332]    332Keeper has vertically and horizontally extending slots (e.g., bayonet):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein one keeper projects from the closure or receptacle wall, and the other keeper is a slot having substantially vertical and horizontal portions that successively receive the projecting keeper as the closure and receptacle are being interlocked.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 333]    333Keeper formed by bend in bead encircling lower edge of cap skirt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein (1) the lower portion of the closure skirt is turned upward around its entire perimeter to form a narrow reinforcing rim thereon, and (2) rim is displaced inwardly, flattened, or otherwise deformed to form a keeper engageable with a keeper on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 334]    334Keeper formed only on inner wall of double-wall cap or consists of separate member on cap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein (1) the keeper on the closure is a separate member, or (2) the closure skirt includes a first wall formed with a keeper, and a second wall disposed outside the first wall and not formed with a keeper.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include a double-wall cap having a smooth exterior surface if the inner cap wall is a liner which conformably abuts a keeper-forming corrugation by keeper indentation on the inner surface of the outer cap wall.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

337,for a cap in which abutting inner and outer walls are corrugated or indented as a unit in forming a keeper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 335]    335Keeper consists of separate member on receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein the keeper is on the receptacle and is nonintegral or has been separately applied thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 336]    336Keeper consists of tab or strip struck from cap skirt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein (1) at least one slit extends through a sheet forming the closure skirt, said slit being spaced from the edge of said sheet, and (2) a portion of said sheet is deflected inward to separate the opposed edges of said slit and form a projection engageable with a keeper on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 337]    337Cap skirt impressed with circumferential inclined keeper indent, or with circumferentially spaced keeper indents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein a sheet forming the closure skirt is bent to form (1) a keeper-forming indent extending circumferentially of, and inclined relative to, the axis of revolution of the skirt, or (2) keeper-forming indents spaced circumferentially of said skirt.
(1) Note. The keeper forming indent may be concave toward either the interior or exterior of the cap skirt.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 338]    338Keeper shaved from inner surface of cap skirt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein a superficial of the closure skirt wall is cut away to form a keeper strip attached at one end to said wall and projecting inwardly therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 339]    339Keeper formed by inward facing beads spaced along lower edge of cap skirt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Devices, wherein the lower edge of the closure skirt is curled upward and inward at points spaced apart circumferentially thereof, forming projections engageable with keepers on the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 340]    340Keeper formed by horizontal flange projecting inward from lower edge of cap skirt:
 Devices under 329, wherein a projection extends substantially, horizontally inward from the lower edge of the closure skirt to form a keeper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 341]    341With identifiable, integral, or separate gasket, seal, or liner:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Device, wherein the closure is provided with a definite, indentificable gasket, seal or liner, which may or may not be integral with the closure.
(1) Note. This and the indented subclasses are intended to provide a loci for patents in which the inventive concept lies in the structure of the gasket, seal or liner, or in the manner in which the gasket seal or liner cooperates with the closure, receptacle or there-between. The mere claiming of a gasket seal or liner would not, in and of itself, be sufficient to place a patent in this or the indented subclasses.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 378 for packing for metallic receptacle closures.
277Seal for a Joint or Juncture,   for a generic sealing means or process, subclasses 628+ for a static contact seal for other than an internal combustion engine, or a pipe, conduit or cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 342]    342Spring biased:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Device, wherein the seal means is held in sealing position by a resilient, deformable means compressed between the closure and the seal. The closure itself may be so structured as to function as the spring.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 343]    343Depending sealing rib engages receptacle top:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Device, wherein the closure, gasket or seal has an annular depending portion which fits into sealing engagement at or about the top of the receptacle opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 344]    344Integral with closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  Device, wherein the annular sealing depending part comprises an inseparable component of the closure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 345]    345Rib on seal ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  Devices, wherein said annular portion depends from a substantially horizontal portion of a seal ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 346]    346Seal locks closure to receptacle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Devices, wherein the closure and/or receptacle is provided with a rib, groove or like means against which the seal coacts to simultaneously seal and positively secure the closure of the receptacle.
(1) Note. The seal means may or may not be deformable.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 347]    347Distinct layers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Devices, in which the gasket, seal or liner comprises a unitary layered structure wherein at least one of the layers or sheets is made of a material or has properties differing from other layers or sheets of the seal.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 348]    348Foam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Devices, wherein the seal means comprises an elastic material having voids or cells uniformly distributed therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 349]    349Disk:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Devices, wherein the seal means is an imperforate member extending across the mouth of the receptacle and having a substantially circular perimeter and no depending skirt.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 350]    350Closure structure retains disk:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 349.  Devices, wherein the closure includes means, integral with or attached thereto, to hold the disk type seal in a fixed position therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 351]    351Annular depending deformation on closure engages disk:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 349.  Devices, wherein the closure is deformed to provide an annular depending ring shaped portion which engages the disk and holds it against the mouth of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 352]    352Ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Devices, wherein the seal means is a separate annular member and may or may not be mounted on the closure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

345,for an annular ring type seal having an annular rib depending therefrom.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 353]    353Having flaired skirt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, wherein the depending portion of the cap has a larger diametral dimension at its rim than at its connection to the top of the cap.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 354]    354Closure portion engagingly enters receptacle mouth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 316.  Devices, wherein the closure structure includes stopper type structure which extends into and engages the internal receptacle walls.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 355]    355Stopper type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Devices, wherein the closure extends into and is encircled by the receptacle mouth and engages the interior walls of the receptacle.
(1) Note. See the appropriate class for stoppers peculiar to a classified art.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

4Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons,   subclass 295 for plugs for sink strainers.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 801+ for slip type closures for metallic receptacles.
222Dispensing,   subclass 563 for plug closures for dispensers.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 356]    356Removably attached to receptacle by rotation (e.g., screw threaded or lugged):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 355.  Devices, wherein the closure is concurrently or successively directed in rotary and reciprocatory movement about continuous or discontinuous screw threads or thread like means in an ever tightening or loosening action.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

329,for like devices for cap type closures.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

217Wooden Receptacles,   subclass 107 for bung-hole closures with screw-thread or bayonet locking means.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 288+ for screw-type closures for metallic receptacles.
222Dispensing,   subclass 552 , for dispensers with screw plugs.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 357]    357Interrupted threads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 356.  Devices, wherein the screw threads are interrupted or do not extend continuously around the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 358]    358Expanding type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 355.  Devices, wherein the stopper is expanded into scaling engagement with the mouth of the receptacle to be sealed.
(1) Note. This and the indented subclasses do not include stoppers formed solely from a mass of resilient or deformable material which deforms as the stoppers are inserted into the receptacle mouth, e.g., corks.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 78 , 79, 108, and 109, for expanding type closures and bungs.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 233+ , for expansible pluts for metallic receptacles.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 359]    359Cam or lever actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 358.  Devices, provided with means having a specially configured surface or a pivoted actuating bar to effect expansion of the stopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 360]    360Screw actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 358.  Devices, wherein threaded means are employed to effect expansion of the stopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 361]    361Stem operated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 358.  Devices, wherein a rod-like member coacts with the stopper to effect expansion and contraction of the stopper.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 362]    362Permanently deformed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 358.  Devices, wherein the stopper is composed of material which is expanded beyond its elastic limit into permanent sealing relationship with the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 363]    363Disk type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 355.  Devices, wherein the stopper type closure is in the form of a disk.
(1) Note. This subclass is intended to include all simple disk type stopper closures whether they are flat or slightly convex or concave.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

227,for disk closures with hand engageable tab opening means.
292,for disk type fasteners for stopper type closures.
310,for disk closures with a small, openable aperture therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 364]    364Composite:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 355.  Devices, which are composed of a plurality of specified parts or materials.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 365]    365Plural closures:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Receptacles having means to indicate: (1) an amount of content, either within the receptacle or being withdrawn, (2) the nature of the content, usually that of being dangerous to human consumption, or (3) that the content has been altered in some way.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

47,and 250, for frangible necks and closures respectively.
201+,for "childproof" closures.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 310+ for bottle labels or mere modification of the bottle to receive a label.
73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 427+ for measuring receptacles having means for indicating quantity of material therein.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 23+ for dispensing receptacles with indicators.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclass 194 for a coating implement with material supply having signal or indicator means perceptible for determining the amount, condition or rate of flow of the material.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 10.1+ for a combination of a Class 424 composition with an identification or warning feature.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 366]    366Ball type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Receptacles wherein the structure to indicate is located interior of the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 367]    367With manipulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Receptacles wherein the indicating means is designed to warn the potential user as to the harmful or poisonous nature of the contents.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 72 for poison-containers which make a noise or produce an alarm when moved.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 370]    370END WALL STRUCTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bottle, jug, or jar wherein a structure forming the end or bottom wall of the container is claimed.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 600+ for an end wall structure of a receptacle of that class type.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 371]    371One-piece side and end wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Subject matter wherein the side and end wall are of one-piece construction.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 604 for a receptacle of that class type having a similar structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 372]    372Support structure permanently affixed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Subject matter including a structure attached to or part of the side or end wall, which structure is not removable, and which supports the bottle, jug, or jar against the pull of gravity when resting on a surface.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

376,for a similar support structure for a bottle, jug, or jar which does not have a one-piece side and end wall.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 605 for a receptacle under the class definition having a similar structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 373]    373One-piece with the container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Subject matter wherein the support is formed one-piece with the end wall or side wall.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 606 for a receptacle of that class type having a similar structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 374]    374Footed support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter wherein the support structure includes at least one foot (i.e., a protrusion) extending from the bottom wall.
(1) Note. A foot is considered to encompass a portion extending beyond the bottle, jug, or jar bottom which supports the container against the pull of gravity when resting on a supporting surface. This can be a goblet-type container which includes a base portion and an elongated stem connecting the container and base portion.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

376,for a similar support structure which does not have a one-piece side and end wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 375]    375Plurality of feet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 374.  Subject matter wherein the bottle, jug, or jar is supported by more than one foot.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 376]    376Support structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Subject matter including a structure attached to or part of the side wall or end wall, which structure supports the bottle, jug, or jar against the pull of gravity when resting on a surface.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

372,for a similar support structure for a bottle, jug, or jar which has a one-piece side and end wall.
394,for a support structure which holds as well as supports the bottle, jug, or jar.
399,for means attached to a bottle, jug, or jar for fastening it to a wall or similar support member.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 628 for a receptacle of that class type having a similar structure.
248Supports,   subclasses 682+ for an article carried support in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 377]    377Footed support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 376.  Subclass matter wherein the structure includes at least one foot or protrusion.
(1) Note. A foot is considered to encompass a portion extending beyond the bottle, jug, or jar bottom which supports the container against the pull of gravity when resting on a supporting surface. This can be a goblet-type container which includes a base portion and an elongated stem connecting the container and base portion.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

374,for a similar support structure for a bottle, jug, or jar which has a one-piece side and bottom wall.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclass 426 for a package or receptacle for a goblet-type drinking container.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 378]    378Apertured end wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Subject matter having an opening, other than for dispensing, in the end wall (e.g., an opening for venting).
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 379]    379SIDEWALL STRUCTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bottle, jug, or jar including a structure which constitutes the main or side walls of the container.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

12.1,for a bottle, jug, or jar having spaced wall panels with air or a vacuum there between.
12.2,for a bottle, jug, or jar having coated or laminated walls.
13.1,for a bottle, jug, or jar having spaced wall panels with an insulating material between them.
364,for an end wall structure in a closure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 660 for a sidewall structure in a receptacle of that class type.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 380]    380Having an inlet or outlet opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 379.  Subject matter wherein the sidewall has an opening intended to receive or permit removal of the container contents.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coating Means,   various subclasses, particularly subclasses 297+ for a container having a funnel.
220Receptacles,   subclass 661 for a receptacle of that class type having an inlet or outlet opening.
222Dispensing,   various subclasses, particularly subclasses 566+ for a nozzle, spout, or pouring device.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 381]    381Pressure-responsive structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 379.  Subject matter wherein the sidewall is designed to move outwardly in response to pressure within the bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

900,for a cross-reference art collection of containers having a collapsible wall structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 666 for a receptacle of that class type having a collapsible wall feature and cross-reference art collection 907 for beverage cans having a collapsible wall structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 382]    382Contoured sidewall (e.g., curved, corrugated, ribbed, variable thickness, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 379.  Subject matter wherein the sidewall has a nonplanar configuration.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 669 for a receptacle of that class type wherein the sidewall has a similar nonplanar configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 383]    383Recess in sidewall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter wherein the sidewall structure includes a depression.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

10,for a bottle, jug, or jar having a recess for stacking.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 310 for a modification of a bottle to receive a label.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 23.2+ for horizontally attached receptacle sets having attachment recesses.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 384]    384Specified gripping structure:
 Subject matter under 383 wherein the sidewall has a one recessed portion intended to be used to grasp the bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

222Dispensing,   subclasses 465.1+ for a dispensing container with a handle or handgrip.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 385]    385Apertured sidewall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 379.  Subject matter wherein the sidewall has an opening which is not an access opening for the bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 676 for a receptacle of that class type wherein the sidewall has an opening which is not an access opening.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 386]    386ATTACHMENT OR ADJUNCT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Miscellaneous attachment for a bottle, jug, or jar under the ... in the form of an additional or supplemental device to be secured to or in combination with the container.
(1) Note. An attachmentlike structure which is unitary or one-piece with a bottle, jug, or jar for which there is no other classification will be classified here.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 387]    387Drinking device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Subject matter wherein the attachment includes a structure to aid in the consumption of the liquid contents of the container.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 703+ for attachments of that class type having structure intended to aid in the consumption of liquid contents.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 388]    388With straw or drinking tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.  Subject matter combined with a tubular element which is intended to be used to suck liquid from the bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

229,for a closure combined with a straw or drinking tube.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 705+ for an attachment of that class type including a tubular element which is intended to be used to suck liquid from the receptacle.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   subclass 103.1 for a paper receptacle having a drinking straw or tube.
239Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing,   subclass 33 for a portable drinking tube or straw.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 389]    389Integral or nonseparable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.  Subject matter wherein a portion of the straw or drinking tube is either integral with, or not removable from, the container or its closure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 709 and 710 for a receptacle of that class type having a straw or drinking tube which may form part of a closure or container.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 390]    390Tool or implement holder or attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Subject matter wherein the attachment has structure for supporting a tool or implement intended to be used to manipulate a bottle, jug, or jar or its contents.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

Dig. 5,,for a spoon associated with a bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

211Supports: Racks,   subclass 69.2 for a pen-rack attachment to an ink bottle.
220Receptacles,   subclass 697 for a holder for a tool or brush having a scraper element and subclasses 735+ for a holder for a tool or implement.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 391]    391For withdrawing contents from the container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Subject matter wherein the implement or tool is configured and intended to be used to withdraw contents from the bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

3+,for a bottle, jug, or jar having means for positively ejecting the contents.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 574.1 for a table dish with an attached device which aids in removing food from the dish.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 392]    392Drip-catching attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Subject matter including a structure to absorb or collect moisture of condensation or drip accumulation on the exterior of a bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

12.1+,for a protective jacket on a bottle and subclass 41 for a drip-catching feature as part of the neck structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclasses 695+ for attachments having an edge intended to remove surplus material from a tool or implement when scraped across the edge and Dig. 5 for a collection of antidrip structures.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 108+ for a drip-catching structure on a dispenser and the search references under section 7 of that class definition for other drip and waste catchers.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 393]    393Container base support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 392.  Subject matter wherein the drip-catching structure supports the bottle, jug, or jar when resting on a surface.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

372+,for a bottle, jug, or jar, with a one-piece side and end wall, having support structure.
376+,for a bottle, jug, or jar, without a one-piece side and end wall, having support structure.
399+,for means attached to a bottle, jug, or jar for securing it to a wall or similar support.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclass 502 for a cup and saucer.
248Supports,   subclass 346.11 or a coaster, per se, not attached to a container.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 394]    394Absorbent layer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter wherein the support includes a layer which has moisture-absorbing properties.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

248Supports,   subclass 346.11 for a coaster which may have moisture-absorbing properties.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 395]    395Container support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Subject matter including a structure intended to receive and support a bottle, jug, or jar when resting on a surface or when lifted.
(1) Note. These holders usually remain with the container (i.e., bottle, jug, or jar) during use, are removed after use, and then are reused with another container.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

81Tools,   subclasses 3.07+ and 3.49 for a jar holder.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 737+ for a structure intended to receive and support a receptacle of that class type and subclass 756 for a handle having a secondary function other than hand manipulation (e.g., as a support).
222Dispensing,   various subclasses for a holder combined with dispensing means.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   subclasses 1.5+ for a holder for a disposable cup.
248Supports,   subclasses 682+ for an article carrier.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclasses 27.1+ for hand-type receptacle grasping lifters not claiming any particular receptacle structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 396]    396Handle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter including a structure intended to facilitate manual lifting or carrying of a bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

384,for a bottle, jug, or jar having a recess in the side wall which is used for grasping.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 110.1+ for a handle, per se.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 752+ for a receptacle of that class type having a handle.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 210+ , 323+, 441, and 465.1+ for a dispensing container having a handle or handgrip.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 397]    397Bail-type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 396.  Subject matter including a member having the general shape of an inverted U with opposite ends configured to be attached to a bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 322 for a bail handle which acts as a closure-securing means, subclass 814+ for a closure mounted for compound movement about a container bail, subclass 760 for a bail handle removably attached to a container, subclass 768 for a handle on a receptacle top wall, subclass 769 for a handle or handle-attaching means attached to the top edge (e.g., rim) of a receptacle sidewall, and subclasses 773+ for a nonremovable bail handle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 398]    398Permanent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 396.  Subject matter wherein the handle is not intended to be removed from the bottle, jug, or jar.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

385,for a bottle, jug, or jar having an aperture in the sidewall for gripping.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

220Receptacles,   subclass 771 for receptacle of that class type having a handle which is of one-piece construction with the receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 399]    399Hanger:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter which includes structure which permits a bottle, jug, or jar to be suspended from a wall or support.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 67 for a hanging support for a plant receptacle.
206Special Receptacle or Package,   cross-reference art collection 806 for suspending means.
220Receptacles,   subclass 751 for a device for hanging a receptacle of that class type from a support.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   for a box having a lifting or suspending element.
248Supports,   subclass 317 for a suspended support intended for use with a receptacle or bowl.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   appropriate subclasses for a device for hoisting a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 400]    400MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Container of the bottle, jar, or jug type, usually made of plastic, glass, or ceramic material, which is not classifiable in any of the preceding subclasses.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 900]    900COLLAPSIBLE WALL STRUCTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bottle, jug, or jar in which the wall structure includes means (e.g., fold lines, corrugations, etc.) which permit the container to assume a configuration of reduced dimension or to be compressed into compact form, when empty.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

11.3,for a nursing bottle having a collapsible wall structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclass 218 for a drinking vessel which is reduced in size when not in use and subclass 277 for a squeeze tube for dispensing contents.
220Receptacles,   subclass 666 for a receptacle of that class type having a collapsible wall structure.
222Dispensing,   subclasses 92+ for a collapsible wall-type container for dispensing.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 901]    901TAMPER-RESISTANT STRUCTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bottle, jug, or jar having structure to inhibit or minimize unauthorized use of the container.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14+,for a bottle, jug, or jar having positive means to prevent refilling after the original contents have been withdrawn.
49,for a frangible neck bottle, jug, or jar which is not reclosable.
250+,for a closure for a bottle or jar having a frangible member or portion.
258,for a closure for a bottle or jar wherein a portion of a closure remains with the bottle, jug, or jar upon removal of the closure.
263,for a closure for a bottle, jug, or jar that is nonresealable and nonremovable.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

206Special Receptacle or Package,   cross-reference art collection 807 for receptacles of that class type having a structure to inhibit or minimize unauthorized removal of the receptacle contents.
220Receptacles,   subclass 214 for a receptacle closure having sealing means for indicating unauthorized closure movement and Dig. 34 for a collection of antitamper pharmaceutical capsules.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   subclass 102 for a box with tamper-indicating means.
383Flexible Bags,   subclass 5 for a bag with tamper-indicating means.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   cross-reference art collection 916 for fraud- or tamper-detecting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 215 subclass 902]    902VENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bottle, jug, or jar including a structure which provides a venting passageway from the interior to the exterior of the container.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

11.5,for a nursing bottle having a valve or vent for gas.
307+,for a bottle, jug, or jar closure having a vent.
  

This page is produced by the Office of Classification Support (Office of Patent Classification) for the Reference Tools Project.

Please send questions and comments to usptoinfo@uspto.gov .

Note: The Patent and Trademark Depository Library Program (PTDLP) administers a nationwide network of public, state and academic libraries designated as Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries authorized by 35 U.S.C. 13 to: Disseminate Patent and Trademark Information Support Diverse Intellectual Property Needs of the Public. PTDL Contact Information

Note: For information/comments on electronic information products, such as purchasing USPTO data, or to discuss system requirements for magnetic tape products, contact:

     Information Products Division -- U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Information Products Division Contact Information
     Or, browse their on-line catalog.

KEY: e Biz=online business system fees=fees forms=formshelp=help laws and regs=laws/regulations definition=definition (glossary)

The Inventors Assistance Center is available to help you on patent matters.Send questions about USPTO programs and services to the USPTO Contact Center (UCC). You can suggest USPTO webpages or material you would like featured on this section by E-mail to the webmaster@uspto.gov. While we cannot promise to accommodate all requests, your suggestions will be considered and may lead to other improvements on the website.


|.HOME | SITE INDEX| SEARCH | eBUSINESS | HELP | PRIVACY POLICY