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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class  24]   CLASS 24,BUCKLES, BUTTONS, CLASPS, ETC.
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for buckles, buttons, clasps, cord and rope holders, pins, separable fasteners, etc., which have become so varied in use and so allied in structure as to belong to no specific art, but are novel only as to their structures. There are, however, several types of fastenings included where the devices are but slightly identified with the art and are closely analogous to the main titles above cited. Such patents are retained under more or less art titles. Devices which embrace fastenings as above, but also include elements which connect them with various specific arts, have been excluded as far as practicable.

The fastenings have been classified structurally as far as possible, and where two or more simple fastenings are contained in one structure, it is found in subclasses indicating the kinds of fastenings so combined. This scheme is followed also through out those art subclasses which have been retained, where possible.

Many of the securing means placed within subclass 287 claim with the means an amount of structure-to-be-secured* necessary for either (a) completing the securing operation, (b) connecting components of the securing means together, (c) linking distinct securing means together, or (d) mounting the securing means. The mere naming of or recitation of the above (i.e., a-d) limited amount of structure-to-be-secured* will not exclude classification from Class 24, unless this subject matter is provided for elsewhere. Specific details or specificity of the structure-to-be-secured* going beyond this amount are excluded for this class and are placed in the particular class providing for that type of structure-to-be-secured*, combination, or mounting.

(1) Note. A securing means claimed in combination with a tool for operating it is classified in the appropriate class for the tool when a specific detail of the tool is claimed.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

All U.S. patents within subclass 287 are placed according to the following procedure: Original patents having claims defining subject matter within the scope normally associated with these subclasses should be placed within the first occurring subclass array and furthest, sequentially indented subclass thereunder which the claimed subject matter fits and if there are additional subclasses indented thereunder, on disclosure into the first occurring and furthest, sequentially indented subclass which the disclosed and claimed subject matter fits. It is additionally considered mandatory to cross-reference any independent claims(s), other than the one governing original placement or other claims defining the same subject matter, below into different subclass arrays using the same principles of placement by which the original is placed. Further, if the subject matter of the patent used in placing the original is a species of a generic claim and there are plural species disclosed in the patent, then it is mandatory to cross-reference the patent to the first subclass immediately above and under which the original"s subclass is indented which can fully accept the subject matter of all claimed and disclosed species. However, if the patents are more than 17 years old, the cross-referencing of any claimed subject matter to a different subclass array, either above or below that into which the original is placed, is solely discretionary and is not mandatory if it is felt that the claimed subject matter is already well represented in these other subclass arrays.

LINE BETWEEN CLASS 24 AND CLASS 2

The line with Class 2, Apparel, and this class (24) with respect to garment supporters is as follows:

Class 24 takes single or combined securing means used to support a garment or to hold parts of a garment supporter together when either (a) no significant structural feature of the garment or held parts is claimed or (b) the specific configuration of the held parts of the supporter is not claimed. Examples of the garment supporters proper for Class 24 are (1) two distinct securing means connected by a single nominally recited strip or strand, (2) cooperating components of a securing means located on the ends of a nominally recited belt, strip, or strand for holding the ends together to form a loop, and (3) securing means for holding together two or more named garments or named parts of a garment supporter.

Class 2 takes all other garment supporters or parts thereof not provided for elsewhere.

Patents claiming either (1) two or more discrete, rigid* or semirigid* (i.e., nonflaccid), joined members and details peculiar to their common joint or (2) a fastener constructed with features peculiarly adapting it for use with such members (e.g., angle clamp, converging clasp for members having divergent cross sections, jointed connector allowing relative movement between members) and disclosing that the members are (a) mere stock material having only general utility until joined together into a particular assemblage (e.g., framework members transmitting force to one another), (b) components of an assemblage, each of which have the same utility before and after joining, but when joined together interact with each other to accomplish a common task and no longer have any independent operation (e.g., torque transmitting rods, pipeline), (c) subcomponents of an assemblage one of which having utility only when interacting with the other to accomplish a specific task (e.g., windshield wiper and windshield), or (d) articles each having independent utility and when joined together cooperate with each other to change, enhance, or make interdependent their operation (e.g., articulated trailers) have been classified in the appropriate class (e.g., Class 64, Class 74, Class 248, Class 280, Class 285, Class 439, or Class 403) based on details of the members or joint.

LINE BETWEEN CLASS 24 AND CLASS 248

The line between this class (24) and Class 248 is largely based on disclosure. Thus, inventions which involve distinct means for engaging a support and a supported article wherein the sole disclosure is of a support against gravity are classifiable in Class 248 even though it may be possible to find other utility therefore. Subcombinations of such devices are classifiable in Class 248 in the absence of a clear indication of general utility for the subcombination. For example, a clip* in general is classified in this class (24) even when disclosed as having a supporting function; however, when a clip* is particularly adapted for service as a support against gravity (e.g., the gripping jaw is gravity actuated) or as a hold down and there is no other utility disclosed, then it is classified in Class 248.

Devices intended for transmitting an active pushing, pulling, lifting, or driving force through their structure from a force input element to a separate (a) transportable load, (b) piece of work or (b) tool are classified elsewhere based upon the type of function of the input element (e.g., if it is a cable, if it is a handle, if it is for a load grab of a vertically swinging load support, if it is a pushing or pulling implement, if it is for a tool holding chuck, if it is a press--See the search class notes below for this subject matter).

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener claimed in combination with either specific apparel structure or specific additional apparel supporting structure, and see (1) Note of this class definition for the line between Class 2 and Class 24.
16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   for a handle.
29Metal Working,   appropriate subclasses for a process or means to make a Class 24 fastener.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener either claimed in combination with information exhibiting structure (e.g., badge, tag) or claiming a special accommodating feature (e.g., holder) for information exhibiting structure.
63Jewelry,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener either (a) in combination with jewelry structure, (b) having an ornamental shape, (c) having a special accommodating feature (e.g., setting) for jewelry structure, or (d) constructed from valuable decorative material (e.g., gold).
70Locks,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener which either (a) is combined with distinct locking means or (b) requires the aid of a key or specialized tool to release it.
100Presses,   for a press.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 863 through 865for an animal collar or harness having a particular buckle, length-fixing, or end-joining means.
132Toilet,   subclasses 9+ for a device which fastens hair.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses for a method or an apparatus to fasten two members together with an adhesive.
163Needle and Pin Making,   appropriate subclasses for an apparatus for or a method to make a pin.
224Package and Article Carriers,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener which holds an article, while it is being transported between two locations, upon a person or vehicle.
248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener which supports an article against gravity, and see (5) Note of this class definition for the line between Class 24 and Class 248.
254Implements or Appartus for Pushing or Pulling Force,   if it is a pushing or pulling implement.
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses for means for holding an article at a location while it is being operated on or treated.
279Chucks or Sockets,   appropriate subclasses for means which grips a pipe, rod, or tool and transmits a rotating or reciprocating force thereto from an unclaimed power source.
285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   appropriate subclasses for a coupling means, per se, which has a structural feature particular to connecting pipes.
292Closure Fasteners,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener which is intended to hold a distinct closure in a position blocking an opening.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   appropriate subclasses for a fastener which transmits a force from a handle or hoist-line to an object or material moved thereby.
402Binder Device Releasably Engaging Aperture or Notch of Sheet,   appropriate subclasses for retaining means which passes through or forms an opening in a sheet of paper to releasably secure it.
403Joints and Connections,   appropriate subclasses for a joint between (a) two rigid* or semi-rigid* members, (b) two portions of a rigid* or semi-rigid* member, or (c) a flaccid* and a rigid* or semi-rigid* member which involves either an intrinsic property of one of the members or portions thereof or a particular relationship between the members or portions; and fastening means, per se, limited to such joints by their structure.
410Freight Accommodations on Freight Carrier,   appropriate subclasses for means to secure an article to a freight carrier.
411Expanded, Threaded, Driven, Headed, Tool-Deformed, or Locked-Threaded Fastener,   appropriate subclasses for a general utility fastener which is (a) tool driven, (b) tool manipulated, or (c) deformed during the fastening operation and devices used in conjunction with such fasteners.
414Material or Article Handling,   for a load grab of a vertically swinging load support.
439Electrical Connectors,   appropriate subclasses for a detachable connector (e.g., fastener), per se, which either (a) is specially designed for, (b) includes structure having particular utility for, or (c) has the sole disclosed utility of conducting electricity; and see the class definition of Class 439, section IV for the line between Class 24 and Class 439.

SECTION IV - GLOSSARY

Terms or phrases used in titles or definitions, either repeatedly or in a special and limited sense, are set forth below with the meaning each is to have for subclass 287. For economy of space, an asterisk (*) following a word indicates that reference should be made to this Glossary for the specific meaning thereof while an (*) following a hyphenated phrase, e.g., structure-to-be-secured(*), indicates that that entire hyphenated term as such has been defined in this Glossary.

BUCKLE(*)

A securing means wherein either member is adapted to allow structure-to-be-secured (*) to pass therethrough, or wherein the members are adapted to allow structure-to-be-secured(*) to pass completely therebetween in a path generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the members. Buckles are designed to adjustably secure belts, bands, or similar longitudinal articles and generally operate by having one end of the belt band, etc., fixed securely to one end of the buckle with another frictionally or resiliently securing the belt, band, etc., or by passing through a provided for aperture in the belt, band, etc., and generally also has two connected, relatively movable members.

CLASP(*)

A securing mechanism or element including two coacting members or member segments having gripping surfaces which engage portions of structure-to-be-secured* on opposite sides in a jawlike manner to thereby (a) prevent or hinder the movement of structure-to-be secured* relative to the surfaces in at least one direction, (b) prevent or hinder the separation of distinct portions of the structure-to-be-secured* from each other, or (c) perform a securement of structure-to-be-secured* by overedge engagement thereof. The gripping surfaces of the coacting members or member segments are intended to be always easily moved into and out of engagement with the structure-to-be-secured* by either direct manual or tool force thereon or actuation of an attached operator*. In addition, both of the coacting members or member segment, when engaging with or disengaging from the structure-to-be-secured*, do not exceed the elastic limit of or destroy any portion of the securing mechanism or element. If the mechanism or element is formed from either a single piece or plural fixedly attached pieces of rigid* material, then the structural shape of the gripping surfaces and the outward force of the compressed structure-to-be-secured* provide the gripping force required above.

CLIP(*)

A securing mechanism or element including a member which (1) is intended to be connected or attached to a rigid or semirigid supporting member (e.g., wall, floor, roof) or article (e.g., pen, vehicle) having an additional and usually principle function other than normally associated with this class, and (2) has a gripping surface intended to coact with the surface of the supporting member or article to engage the opposite sides of a distinct structure-to-be-secured* positioned therebetween to prevent or hinder either (a) the movement of the structure-to-be-secured* relative to the surfaces in one direction, or (b) the separation of a structure-to-be-secured* from the supporting member or article.

The gripping surface of the member is intended to be always easily moved into and out of engagement with the structure-to-be-secured* by either direct manual or tool force thereon or actuation of an attached operator*. In addition, the gripping surface, when engaging with or disengaging from the structure-to-be-secured does not exceed the elastic limit of or destroy any portion of the securing mechanism or element. If the mechanism or element is formed from either a single piece or plural fixedly attached pieces of rigid* material, then the structural shape of the gripping surfaces and the outward force of the compressed structure-to-be-secured provide the gripping force required above.

DRAWSTRING*

A securing mechanism including both a string (i.e., a thin elongated flaccid member) and guiding means therefor (e.g., eyelet, hollow hem) located on a portion of the structure-to-be-secured* which surrounds an opening; wherein the string (a) encircles the opening, (b) draws the perimeter of the structure-to-be-secured* toward the center of the opening to close or tighten it when a portion of the string is pulled through its guiding means to shorten the effective length of the remaining portion of the string encircling the opening, and (c) secures the perimeter of the structure-to-be-secured* in its new position when the extracted portion of the string which was pulled through the guide means is prevented from moving (e.g., tied).

FLACCID*

Structure which, when subjected to a distortion force less than or equal to earth"s gravitational force, is incapable (in at least one of its orientations) of maintaining its previous formational shape or being self-supporting over any appreciable dimension.

HAND-ACTUATED(*); HAND-OPERATED(*)

The term hand-actuated or hand-operated is used in the sense of like contact with a living being and solely applies to the use of the hand in operating a fastener (i.e., moving portions of the fastener relative to each other) of the Class 24 type.

LACED-FASTENER*

A securing mechanism including both a string (i.e., a thin elongated flaccid* member) and guiding means (e.g., path defining eyelets) therefor located on two spaced edges of the structure-to-be-secured*; wherein the string (a) links together the guiding means on opposite sides of and traverses the gap between the edges, (b) draws the edges toward each other when a portion of the string is pulled past its guiding means to shorten the effective length of the remaining portion of the string traversing the gap, and (c) secures the edges in fixed relationship to each other when the extracted portion of the string is prevented from moving (e.g., tied).

LOCKING MEANS*

A component having the sole function of restricting the movement between and holding in a particular position or orientation (e.g., not moving or reorienting) either (1) one portion of the fastener relative to another portion of the fastener, or (2) one fastener relative to another fastener.

OPERATOR*

A manipulable mechanical means which contacts and moves with respect to a shiftable portion of a fastener mechanism to reposition or transmit an input force to the shiftable portion. A mere spring which effects the movement of the parts of the fastener mechanism, for example, by utilizing stored energy to return its parts to a starting position, is not included in the meaning of this term.

PIN*

A securing mechanism having both (a) a portion specifically shaped (e.g., pointed) to facilitate impaling of and penetration into either the structure-to-be-secured* or a supporting member therefor during its operation and (b) a remaining portion (e.g., head) not intended to penetrate either the structure-to-be-secured* or a supporting member therefor in the final securing position of the mechanism. In addition, the penetrating portion of the securing mechanism is intended to be always easily impaled into and extracted from the penetrated area of the structure-to-be-secured* or its supporting member by unaided directed manual force. Finally, the normal securing or releasing operation of the mechanism requires no portion of the mechanism to be destroyed or undergo forces in excess of those causing plastic deformation of the material from which it is constructed.

RESILIENT*

Structure which is both capable (a) of distortion when subjected to a force of the magnitude normally encountered within the disclosed environment and (b) of complete resumption of its original shape due to the energy stored within it by the distortion force after its removal.

RIGID*

Structure which when subjected to a distortion force normally encountered within the environment (as defined by the disclosure and associated with the securing operation of a Class 24 fastener) is capable of resisting this force if applied to the structure in any orientation and maintaining its previous formational shape thereafter.

SEMIRIGID*

Structure which is both (a) capable of resisting distortion (i.e., maintaining its previous formational shape or being self supporting over all appreciable dimensions) caused by a force applied to it in any of its orientations which is of a magnitude equal to or less than the earth"s gravitational force and (b) incapable of resisting distortion caused by a force applied to it which is normally encountered in its working environment (e.g., ductile or resilient* structure).

SEPARABLE-FASTENER*

A securing mechanism including two, separate, dissociable, mating members having faces which directly or through a separate linking member (1) contact and interlock (i.e., the movement between the faces is restricted in the direction force is transmitted thereto by the structure-to-be-secured*) with each other when fastening either (a) spaced portions of the structure-to-be-secured* together, or (b) the structure-to-be-secured* to a supporting member having a principle function not associated with this class (e.g., door, wall) and (2) are intended to be always easily associated or dissociated from each other either by direct manual force or by actuation of an operator* attached to one of the members. Both of the mating members of this mechanism are intended to be attached to or formed from a section of either the structure-to-be-secured* or a supporting member therefor and neither of these members is ever structurally linked to the other by any structure other than the structure-to-be-secured* when their faces are not in their interlock position. In addition, both of the members when associated or dissociated do not exceed the elastic limit, or destroy any portion, or the material forming the faces.

STRUCTURE-TO-BE-SECURED*

Structure having a principle function other than that normally associated with this class (i.e., not a component of a Class 24 fastener) which is attached, fastened, gripped, or secured by a Class 24 fastener, either to itself or to another structure.

SUPPORT-CLAMP(*)

A securing mechanism or element which (1) is attached to the structure-to-be-secured* for subsequently mounting it on a rigid* or semirigid* member (e.g., wall, floor, roof) or article (e.g., pen, vehicle) having an additional and usually principal function other than normally associated with this class, and (2) having either (a) a gripping surface which is mounted to and intended to coact with an opposed gripping surface formed by the structure-to-be-secured* to engage the opposite sides of the rigid or semirigid member or article positioned therebetween, or (b) two coacting members or member segments having gripping surfaces which engage opposite sides of the rigid* or semirigid* member or article in a jawlike manner, and (3) having structure which hinders the movement of the gripping surfaces relative to the member or article and prevents the separation of the structure-to-be-secured* from the member or article. The gripping surfaces of the securing mechanism or element are intended to be always easily moved into and out of engagement with the rigid* or semirigid* member or article by either direct manual or tool force thereon or actuation of an operator* attached to the securing mechanism or element. In addition, the gripping surfaces of the securing mechanism or element, when engaging with or disengaging from the rigid* or semirigid* member or article, do not exceed the elastic limit of or destroy any portion of the securing mechanism or element. If the mechanism or element is formed from either a single piece or plural fixedly attached pieces of rigid* material, then the structural shape of the gripping surfaces and the outward force of the compressed structure-to-be-secured* provides the gripping force required above.

TOOLS(*)

An instrument for affecting the operation of a Class 24 fastener usually operated by hand and totally separable from the fastener after affecting operation.

ZIPPER(*)

A mechanism for either closing an opening in structure-to-be-secured*, or connecting together separate members of structure to be secured* including (a) two, opposed, elongated, cooperating, configured surfaces which are attached to the structure-to-be-secured* by mounting means and intended to directly contact and interlock with each other (i.e., the movement between the configured surfaces is restricted in the direction force is transmitted thereto by the structure-to-be-secured*) when closing or connecting, and (b) a sliding device which is much shorter in length than the surfaces and which travels along the length of the surfaces sequentially contacting and simultaneously camming against each segments of both surfaces to forcibly shift them into or out of interlocking engagement, the direction of travel of the device generally being perpendicular to the shifting motion of the interlocking configured surfaces.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 1]    1MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices not otherwise classifiable.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 2]    2ALBUM FASTENERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices specially adapted for the purpose of keeping albums and other books closed when not in use.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

70Locks,   appropriate subclasses for similar fastening devices as in this subclass (2) and their specific details.
292Closure Fasteners,   appropriate subclasses for similar fastening devices as in this subclass (2) and their specific details.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 2.5]    2.5GUN BAND TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices comprising bands which hold the barrel of a firearm to the stock and in addition perform some other function, e.g., support a hook and/or one or more loops.
(1) Note. The loops may be utilized for anchoring a gun sling and/or for gun stacking purpose.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

265,for strap-end-attaching devices.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

42Firearms,   subclass 85 for gun slings.
248Supports,   subclass 683 for article carried supports which support the article when in storage and remain with the article when in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.1]    3.1ARTICLE HOLDER ATTACHABLE TO APPAREL OR BODY:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device for fastening or holding an article (e.g., pencil, flower, napkin, spectacle, spectacle case, scissor) which is to be carried about on clothing, belt, or part of body.
(1) Note. Holder in this subclass is specially adapted for carrying a specific article.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 299.01 through 675,particularly subclasses 642.02 and 658-659 for ticket-holders.
224Package and Article Carriers,   subclasses 101 through 272for carrying devices that are: (1) intended for personal wear or (2) supported on a person.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 96+ for body supported reel devices wherein many of the reeled strands are adapted to be connected with, or attached to, an article (usually some article for personal use or wear) and subclass 136 for spool-holders attached to the person.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.11]    3.11Article held by clip with spring (e.g., leaf, coil) member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure includes a gripping member and a distinct elastic spring, separate from the gripping member, to firmly force the gripping members to engage a garment (e.g., belt, shirt, pants) or hat.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

224Package and Article Carriers,   subclass 252 for clip attaching receiver to support means on bearer.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.12]    3.12Article held by clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is an elastic clamp to grip a garment (e.g., belt, shirt, pants) or hat.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.13]    3.13Article held by flexible connector (e.g., chain):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is in the form of a pliable link between the article at one end (e.g, a watch, pacifier, key ring, ID) and the garment fastening point at the other end (e.g., a buttonhole, pocket).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.2]    3.2Arm or leg carried holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is located on the part of the body either between the shoulder and the fingers or between the hip and the toes.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.3]    3.3Eyeglass holder including retaining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article is a frame for holding vision correction lenses wherein the article carrying structure fastens to the frame and also has a means to fix said article carrying structure in the fastening position to the supporting structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.4]    3.4Neck supported holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is located on the part of the body between the head and shoulders.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.5]    3.5Holder contains pocket engager (e.g., antitheft device, wallet protector):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure has means to contact a piece of material sewed onto the outside of a garment with the top edge open.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.6]    3.6Key ring holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is designed to hold an implement to open a lock.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

70Locks,   subclass 459 for key holders combined with other articles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.7]    3.7Receptacle type holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is a small container designed to hold personal items (e.g., hair pins, cigarettes, rulers, money).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

3.3,for eyeglass holder including retaining means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

224Package and Article Carriers,   subclass 163 for carriers mounted on or formed as a part of a belt buckle and subclass 269 for a clip or hook attaching an article carrier to support means on a bearer.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.8]    3.8Eyeglass or spectacle case:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.7.  Device in which the article carrying structure is designed to hold vision correction lenses and frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 3.9]    3.9Open-ended holster type holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Device in which the article carrying structure is tubular shaped and designed to restrain small personal implements within the perimeter of the shape.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 4]    4Chatelaine safety hooks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Devices which are adapted for holding chatelaine-bags. The hook is provided with a safety device to prevent loss of the bag.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

224Package and Article Carriers,   subclasses 194 , 269, and 660-684 for similar devices where the purpose of transportation prevails.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 5]    5Flower:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Devices designed especially to hold flowers in those cases where the flowers are to be attached to the clothing.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

10,through 12, for pencil holders.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 41.01 for other cut flower or plant holders having moisture retaining means. See also the notes to that subclass for search fields for other types of cut flower or plant holders.
132Toilet,   subclasses 46+ for such devices to be attached to the hair.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 6]    6Pin attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Devices attached by means of a pin fastening.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

12,for pin attached pencil holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 7]    7Napkin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Devices containing features which make them specially adapted for use as napkin-holders. Includes holders which are convertible into napkin-rings when desired.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

138Pipes and Tubular Conduits,   appropriate subclasses for napkin holders comprising mere tubular structure.
248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for napkin holders which include support structure such as stands, brackets, or supporting bases.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 8]    8Hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.  Devices attached by a hook.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 9]    9Neck enclosing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.  Devices encircling the neck of the wearer.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 10]    10Pencil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Devices especially adapted for the purpose of holding pencils and like articles in pockets, including pencil-holders attached to the clothing.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

5,and 6, for flower holders.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   subclasses 249 and 250 for pockets with article attaching or retaining features; and subclass 252 for closing attachments.
150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclasses 106 , 112-117, and 132-146 for purses and wallets which have means to hold articles.
401Coating Implements With Material Supply,   subclasses 52 , 104-106, and 195 for a patent to the combination of a writing implement and means to retain it in a garment pocket, wherein more of the implement structure is claimed than is necessary to establish the relationship of the retaining means therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 11]    11Clasp attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Pencil-holders which are attached by means of a clasp.
(1) Note. Class 401, Coating Implements With Material Supply, includes the following subclasses which are loci for patents to an implement with material supply in which a clasp is associated with another device: 52, with a pencil, or the like; 104-106, with project-retract mechanism; and 195, with a tool which applies or spreads fluent coating material.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

30Cutlery,   subclass 123 for a pencil attachment including a clasp and a cutter.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 12]    12Pin attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Devices attached by means of a pin-fastening.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6,for pin attached flower holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 13]    13Pin attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Article-Holders which have a pin attachment.

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242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclass 136 for a strand spool holder and subclasses 371-385 for a spring powered reel of general use.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 15]    15Sleeve holder (e.g., for inner coat):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.1.  Devices for holding the inner coat-sleeve while an outer coat is being put on. This subclass also includes other sleeve-holders which do not come under the above definition, but are placed there because they are sleeve-holders nominally.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 16]    16BALE AND PACKAGE TIES, HOSE CLAMPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices especially adapted for bundling papers, bales, packets, etc., and for clamping hoses, by means of straps, bands or the like.

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115,for devices for holding the ends of cords or ropes.

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99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclass 350 for bands or binders for cooking food.
138Pipes and Tubular Conduits,   subclass 99 for similar devices to be used as a patch for a leaky pipe or hose.
217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 66 through 68for similar devices adapted for use on wooden boxes by reason of fastenings, and subclasses 91-95 for barrel hoops. Barrel hoops consisting of a strip, with means for securing the ends together, except for tightening the hoop are in this class (24).
410Freight Accommodation on Freight Carrier,   subclasses 34 through 41for a wraparound load binder securing a group of articles to a freight carrier surface; and subclasses 97-100 for a wraparound similarly securing general freight load units.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 17]    17Packet holders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Devices specially adapted for bundling or packing such articles as sheet-paper, currency, gloves, and the like, but excludes such as are receptacles. They consist of various arrangements of bands, straps, cords, and wires in connection with some form of tying or fastening means. On account of the close similarity in structure umbrella-ties, trunk strap fastenings, bag-holders, etc., have been included where the invention is not classifiable as a fastening device simply.

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30.5,for bag-fasteners which are peculiarly adapted for closing bags.
66+,for devices adapted for holding the edges or ends of a number of sheets of paper so as to permit writing on same or reference to individual sheets.

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2Apparel,   subclasses 311 through 322,particularly subclasses 321 and 322 for similar devices in garment supporters and retainers.
100Presses,   subclass 212 for pressing devices not elsewhere provided for which are supported from the ground or from a material penetrating element and in which the material is pressed within a bendable filament, strand or band by contracting it around the material. See the reference to Class 24 in the class definition of Class 100 for a statement of the line between the classes.
190Trunks and Hand-Carried Luggage,   subclass 27 for combinations of straps suitable for securing trunks in their closed position or straps attached to the trunks.
229Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes,   subclasses 78.1 and 78.2 for metallic closure fasteners for paper envelopes.
292Closure Fasteners,   subclass 325 for seal type strap-end fasteners.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 137 for similar devices in which a handle or carrying portion is included.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 18]    18Cord:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Packet-holders which make use of cord or rope and have a metallic fastener for holding the ends and which provide for the cord passing about the package in two directions.

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115,when the cord-holder is intended for cords which only pass around the package in one direction.

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292Closure Fasteners,   subclass 307 for seals, per se, and subclass 327 for seal bolts.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 149 for hand-held article carriers having similar structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 19]    19With tighteners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Devices relating to means for tightening the bundling or clamping straps or bands.

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12,for lashing means, including a tightener for securing a four-wheel vehicle to the freight carrier on which it is shipped.
32,for tightener fasteners for driving-belts.
38,in which the load unit is a group of articles.
68,for strap-tightener fasteners, per se.
100,in which the load unit is indiscriminate freight and the lashing means is a wraparound.
103,for a lashing subcombination to an anchor which, in this subclass, includes a tightener.

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54Harness for Working Animal,   subclass 27 for hame fasteners with a lever.
100Presses,   subclass 212 for pressing devices not elsewhere provided for, which are supported from the ground or from a material penetrating element and in which the material is pressed within a bendable filament, strand or band by contracting it around the material. See the reference to Class 24 in the class definition of Class 100 for a statement of the line between the classes.
215Bottles and Jars,   subclasses 273 through 292for closure fasteners for bottles and jars.
217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 94 and 95 for barrel hoops with tighteners permanently a part thereof.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 320 and 321 for similar fasteners for metallic receptacle closures.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclasses 199 through 263for portable implements or apparatus used to tension flexible material (e.g., package ties) from which the implement or apparatus is then detached after the desired amount of tension is applied.
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses. Class 269 is the residual locus for patents to a device for clamping, supporting and/or holding an article (or articles) in position to be operated on or treated. See notes thereunder for other related loci.
285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   subclasses 365+ and 407+ for flanged pipe couplings comprising band clamps with means to draw pipe ends together.
292Closure Fasteners,   appropriate subclasses for other closure fasteners.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 150 for hand-held article carriers having an article-retaining strap and a strap tightener.
301Land Vehicles: Wheels and Axles,   subclasses 87+ for nonresilient tires which include a tightener fastener.
410Freight Accommodation on Freight Carrier,   for a tightener used with means (e.g., wraparound means) lashing a load unit to a freight carrier, the following subclasses being particularly relevant:
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 20]    20Metal bands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Devices in which the tie is a metallic band, and the connection is made by means of some integral part of the band, either by bending, cutting, or forming up a portion of the same. Devices are also included where the invention is the band itself.

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100Presses,   subclass 212 for pressing devices not elsewhere provided for, which are supported from the ground or from a material penetrating element and in which the material is pressed within a bendable filament, strand or band by contracting it around the material. See the reference to Class 24 in the class definition of Class 100 for a statement of the line between the classes.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 21]    21Separate connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Devices where the metal band is connected by means of a separate part or parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 22]    22One piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Devices where the separate connection is made of one piece.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 23]    23Sheet metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Devices where the connection is made of sheet metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 24]    24Pivoted parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Devices where the connecting parts are pivoted together.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 25]    25Wedging parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Devices where wedges or rolls are used to clamp the band in the connection.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 26]    26Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Devices where the connection is made of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 27]    27Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Devices composed of wire, having the ends so made or formed as to be capable of fastening without other parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 28]    28Separate connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Devices where the wire tie is fastened by means of a separate connection.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 29]    29Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Devices where the separate connection is also of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 30]    30Wooden bands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Devices where the tie is made of wood and is usually used as a barrel-hoop. Some are made with a separate metallic connecting part.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 30.5]    30.5BAG FASTENERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices fastening around the neck of a bag for holding the same closed.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclasses 42 through 99for a fastener combined with a bag.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 31]    31BELT FASTENERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices specially adapted for connecting together the ends of driving-belts.

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123+,for couplings or fasteners for round belts or ropes.

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428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses for a stock material product in the form of a single or plural layer web or sheet.
474Endless Belt Power Transmission Systems or Components,   particularly subclasses 218 and 253-258 for belt connectors in combination with power transmission belts to form an endless loop by connecting opposite ends of a band.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 32]    32Tighteners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices where the additional function permits adjustment at any time when the belt is too loose or too tight.

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69Leather Manufactures,   subclass 1.5 for devices wherein initial stretch is taken out of the belt.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclass 199 for portable implements or apparatus used to tension flexible material from which the implement or apparatus is then detached after the desired amount of tension is applied.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 33]    33Hinged:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices hinged so as to facilitate its passage over a pulley.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 34]    34Lacing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices for lacing belts by means of flexible laces.

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39,for wire lacing.
712,through 715.7, for a laced-fastener*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 35]    35One piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Belt-fasteners which are made of a single integral piece for the entire connection or joint.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 36]    36Deflecting prong:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 35.  Devices including one-piece connections in which prongs are passed through the belt and are then bent or turned over to complete the fastening.

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31,for rivet-fastenings.
94,through 96, for deflecting-prong button fastenings.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 37]    37Screw clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices fastened to the belt ends by screws.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 38]    38Splices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices where the belt ends are cut in various ways and spliced together to make the connection.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 39]    39Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices made of wire. This subclass includes wire-lacing devices.

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123,for round belts or driving-ropes.
712,through 715.7, for a laced fastener*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 40]    40BUTTONERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for drawing a button into engagement with a buttonhole, used principally on gloves shoes, corsets, collars, and cuffs.

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132Toilet,   subclasses 79+ for toilet kits which may include a shoe buttoner combined with other toilet devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 41.1]    41.1CUFF HOLDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device specially adapted for the purpose of holding a separate wrist encircling cuff to a sleeve.

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97,through 100 and 102, for cuff links which close a wrist encircling cuff.
455,through 571, for clasps.
572+,for separable fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 42]    42Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Cuff-holders in which adjustment of the cuff is obtained by means of a special provision in the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 43]    43Sleeve clasp and button for cuff:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Devices having a clasp to grip a sleeve and a button to engage the cuff.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

342.1,for other clasp-button fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 44]    44Sleeve clasp and clasp for cuff:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Cuff holders having a clasp for the cuff and a clasp for a sleeve.

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335,for other clasp-clasp fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 45]    45Sleeve clasp and hook for cuff:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Cuff holders having a clasp for a sleeve and a hook to engage the buttonhole of the cuff.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

343,through 349, for other clasp-hook fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 46]    46Sleeve clasp and pin for cuff:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Cuff holders having a clasp at one end of the same and a pin-fastening at the other end.

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351,through 355, for other clasp-pin fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 47]    47Sleeve pin and button for cuff:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Devices comprising a pin-fastening for a sleeve and a button for the cuff.

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305,for other combined fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 48]    48Pin fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.1.  Cuff holders having a pin-fastening at one end and any form of attachment at the other end.

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46,for clasp-pin cuff holders.
47,for pin-button cuff holders.
356,through 368 and 706-711.5, for other pin fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 49.1]    49.1NECKTIE FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device specially adapted for properly holding a necktie on a garment for the upper part of the body.
(1) Note. Devices for engaging the fabric of the necktie band itself are included.

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2Apparel,   subclasses 145 and 156 for any device, even in combination with a fastener, which is necessary or requisite in the formation of the tie, and subclass 157 for devices which consist of a tip on the band and designed to lock in some part of the necktie after having been adjusted.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 50]    50Bands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Devices specially adapted for fastening the band of a necktie, either to prevent the same from riding up on the collar or for the purpose of connecting the ends of the bands together.

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2Apparel,   subclass 157 for special forms of band-tips used in connection with a device on the necktie itself for fastening the same.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 51]    51End-securing pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Devices to hold the band after being drawn up to its proper position about the collar.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 52]    52Gripping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Devices comprising a clasp for gripping the band.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 53]    53Depressors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Devices which are specially designed to prevent the necktie band from riding up over the collar.

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62,for collar buttons with a necktie clasp.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 54]    54Button engaging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 53.  Devices including a means of a connection with the collar-button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 55]    55Pin or spur:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 53.  Devices including pin or spur attached devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 56]    56Button engaging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Devices attached to the necktie proper and adapted for engaging the collar-button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 57]    57Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Devices including means for adjusting the position of the necktie.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 58]    58Cord loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Devices comprising a cord loop engaging the collar-button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 59]    59Pivoted or sliding jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Devices wherein the button engagement is obtained with the aid of pivoted or sliding jaws.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 60]    60Pin attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Devices which have some form of pin-fastening to engage the necktie.

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56,for those devices which include mere wire attachment or those in which the prongs are bent over to permanently fasten the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 61]    61Collar button combined:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Necktie-fastener combined with a collar-button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 62]    62Clasp attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.  Devices including a clasp attached to the collar-button to hold the necktie.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 63]    63Pin attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.  Devices including a pin-fastener attached to the collar-button for holding the necktie in place.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 64]    64Separable fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.  Devices in which some form of separable fastener is used to connect the collar button to the necktie attachment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 65]    65Tie, attached hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Necktie-fasteners which consist of a hook which engages over the collar or neckband.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.1]    66.1Magnetic, adhesive, or snap type fastener connects tie to shirt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises component elements including (a) magnetic attraction, (b) adhesive or glue type material, or (c) at least two interlocking type elements which includes an element for attachment to a garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.11]    66.11Ornamental:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a component designed for a pleasing and attractive appearance.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.12]    66.12Key shaped:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.11.  Device in which the ornamental component has a shape of an implement to open a lock.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.13]    66.13Resilient clasp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises elastic gripping members biased together by their own resilience.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.2]    66.2Tie engaging loop with shirt engaging fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a portion that loosely surrounds the necktie and another portion which attaches to a garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.3]    66.3Tie knot engaging and collar attaching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a portion secured to the knot of a necktie interlaced part and another portion attached to the neckline part of a garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.4]    66.4Tie clip and shirt clasp attaching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a necktie gripping portion and a catch portion for securement to a garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.5]    66.5Tie clip and fastening pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a necktie gripping portion and a garment penetrating member.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.6]    66.6Tie pin with shirt fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a necktie penetrating member portion and another portion to grip a garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.7]    66.7Tie stiffener with shirt fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a stiff portion for straightening a necktie and a portion to grip a garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.8]    66.8With pivotal jaws having spring means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises at least one pair of gripping members hingedly secured to each other upon an axis and a distinct means for resiliently biasing the two members into a clamping position.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 66.9]    66.9Slider:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.1.  Device in which the necktie holder comprises a generally tubular shaped portion which is configured to surround the necktie.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67]    67PAPER FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device including means to clamp or adhere a sheet-like body to a base or to a second sheet-like body.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

455,through 571, for clasps*, clips* or support-clamps*.
706,through 711.5, for paper pin-fasteners.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 388 through 405for a hinge-mounted file item and subclasses 530-537 for a hinge-mounted display item (e.g., sheet, etc.).
211Supports: Racks,   appropriate subclasses for built-up open structures (e.g., racks, frames, etc.), including sheet holding means.
225Severing by Tearing or Breaking,   subclasses 27 through 31for a severing device of this class in combination with clamp holding means for securing a pad, a book or a stack of individual sheets, which sheets are severed (e.g., ripped, torn, broken, etc.), by manually forcing a portion of the sheet against a fixed edge of the severing device.
281Books, Strips, and Leaves,   subclasses 45 through 50for a book or leaf holder of that class.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   appropriate subclasses for a cabin of that class including sheet holding means (e.g., clamp, follower, etc.), disposed therein. (See especially subclasses 183 -193.4).
402Binder Device Releasably Engaging Aperture or Notch of Sheet,   appropriate subclasses for a device including a sheet retainer which passes through a sheet opening and releasably secures such sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67.1]    67.1With screw threaded or notch engaging securing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.  Device wherein the clamping action of the clamp means is accomplished by means in the form of (1) a series of discreat recesses or (2) a continuous helical groove.

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402Binder Device Releasably Engaging Aperture or Notch of Sheet,   subclasses 46 through 56for sheet retainers which may include notched or threaded securing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67.11]    67.11Mounted on support means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.9.  Device wherein the clamp means is mounted on a base which base underlies a portion of the sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67.3]    67.3Resiliently biased:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.  Device wherein the clamping action of the clamp means is accomplished by spring-like elastic means.

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67,for a fastener of a readily deformable material which is bent to engage and secure the paper.
67.1,for a resiliently biased fastener including a screw-threaded or notched securing means.

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402Binder Device Releasably Engaging Aperture or Notch of Sheet,   subclasses 70 through 72for a similar device wherein that portion of the fastener engaging the sheet includes means (e.g., teeth, etc.), which penetrate the sheet.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67.5]    67.5Including means to open or close fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.3.  Device provided with manipulating means (e.g., handle) operable to disengage or engage the clamp means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67.7]    67.7Pivotally mounted on pintle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.5.  Device wherein the means to manipulate the clamp means open is rotatably mounted on one or more discrete hinge pins.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 67.9]    67.9One piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.3.  Device wherein the paper clamp means is a unitary body.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 68]    68STRAP TIGHTENERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices usually used in place of buckles on shoes, gloves, corsets, belts, etc. The distinction from other forms of fastenings lies in the drawing-up or strap-tightening feature of the device.

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19,for strap tighteners.

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36Boots, Shoes, and Leggings,   subclasses 64 and 65 for this device with detachable antislipping means for shoes, boots, etc.
54Harness for Working Animal,   subclass 27 for this device in combination with a harness hame.
152Resilient Tires and Wheels,   subclasses 241 and 242 for tighteners in combination with resilient tire antiskid devices.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclasses 199 through 263for portable implements or apparatus used to tension flexible material (e.g., straps) from which the implement or apparatus is then detached after the desired amount of tension is applied.
292Closure Fasteners,   subclass 246 for bolts in the form of swinging loops, bails or open links.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 69]    69Cam lever and loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Devices comprising levers, usually pivoted, which pass through a loop and are turned down, the parts being drawn together by this movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 70]    70Step adjusted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 69.  Devices adjustable by means of a step-by-step movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 71]    71Strap-attached folding lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Devices wherein a lever and a strap are permanently connected together.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 71.1]    71.1Midline:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Devices adapted to be attached to a wire or other line at a point in its length and to take up slack, remaining a permanent part of the line. Combinations of said device with tools for use particularly therewith are here.

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115,for mere cord and rope adjusters not having a drawing up or tightening feature.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclass 119.15 for midline tighteners combined with clothesline props.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 388.1 through 388.5for a reeling device adapted to grip a midportion of an elongated material which may include a midline tightener.
267Spring Devices,   subclasses 69 through 74for midline tighteners in the form of mere spring devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 72.1]    72.1TROUSER GUARDS, CLIPS, STRAPS (E.G., ABOVE SHOETOPS):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device specially adapted for binding or holding to the lower leg of the user the lowest portion of a garment that extends from the waist to the shoetops.

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530,through 569, for circular resilient clasps*.

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2Apparel,   subclasses 47 , 222, and 232 for the combination of a fastener and a garment.
36Boots, Shoes, and Leggings,   subclasses 56 and 70 for the combination of a device and boots, shoes, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 72.5]    72.5BEDCLOTHES HOLDERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices specially adapted for holding bedclothes in position.
(1) Note. See the search notes to this subclass located under subclass 455 for the classification line maintained between this subclass and subclasses 455-571 during the reclassification of the clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* art. No attempt was made to transfer patents not conforming to this line from the bedclothes holder subclass to the clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* subclasses during the reclassification of the clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* art.

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5Beds,   subclasses 494 and 498 for devices accessory to a bed for holding bedclothes in close position over the sleeper or for holding such clothes closely to the bed when up-ended.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 72.7]    72.7T-HEAD NONGRIPPING, FABRIC ENGAGING TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices comprising nongripping type fasteners for use with frames or other apparatus in the stretching of a fabric, hide, or other sheet material, having (1) a leading end (e.g., a rigid arm or flexible strand) adapted to pass through an opening in the material sheet, and (2) a trailing end (the cross-bar of the T) which trailing end is too large to pass through the opening so that when the leading end is tensioned, the cross-bar exerts a pull on the sheet material.

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41.1,for cuff holders.
67,for paper fasteners.
90.1,through 114.12, especially subclass 102 for buttons.
115,for cord and rope holders.
230.5,for hooks.
265,for strap-end-attaching devices.
435,for an independent, headed, aperture-pass-through fastener.
573+,for a three part separable-fastener*.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 4 through 17for stretching type carpet fasteners.
38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   subclasses 102 through 102.91for textile sheet stretching and spreading apparatus; e.g., subclasses 102.1-102.91 for a stretching frame.
69Leather Manufactures,   subclass 1.5 for leather, canvas or other belt stretching apparatus and subclasses 19.1-19.3 for a skin or hide stretcher.
118Coating Apparatus,   subclass 33 for coating apparatus combined with stretching means.
140Wireworking,   subclasses 108 through 110for wire fabric stretching apparatus and subclasses 123.5 and 123.6 for wire stretching implements.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 328 and 329 for means to engage opposite edges of a fabric panel to mount and stretch the same, and subclasses 372-376 and 378 for fabric panels mounted in frames having fabric stretching features.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 89]    89INTERCHANGEABLE BUTTON LOOP AND PIN:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices provided with button-engaging parts and also with a pin-fastening, the pin-fastening being designed to be used when the other fastening gives out for any reason.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 90.1]    90.1BUTTON WITH FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Device comprising a disk-shaped body and the various means for attaching the body onto a supporting substrate (e.g., a garment).

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111,for buttons with separate thread bars.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 315 for a button carrying indicia.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 3 for ornamental features on buttons.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 90.5]    90.5Loss-preventing devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons having devices additional to the conventional parts of a button for guarding against unbuttoning and devices peculiar to that use.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 91]    91Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons usually used as collar-buttons in which there is some means for adjusting the button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 92]    92Cloth shanks and covers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  A button having a shank made of cloth for use in attaching the button. Also includes buttons covered with cloth.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 93]    93Multiple attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices in which several buttons are fastened on by means of a common fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 94]    94Deflecting prong or rivet:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices having fasteners in which metal prongs or rivets are bent over or upset in attaching the button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 95]    95Anvil or plate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Devices provided with a part which deflects the prongs by contact and pressure thus doing away with riveting tools.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 96]    96Integral:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Devices where the prongs or rivets are a part of the button or are firmly attached and are pushed through the material, being clenched on the opposite side. Those using washers are also included if they have no part in deflecting the prongs.

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146,for hook-stud lacing devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 97]    97Hinged leaf:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices where the button is of the type in which movable leaves permit the easy insertion of the button in the buttonhole, after which the leaves prevent the withdrawal of the button.

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609,through 611, for separable-fastener* projection having pivotally connected components.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 98]    98Axially rotating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 97.  Devices where the leaves swing about the axis of the button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 99]    99Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 97.  Devices having two hinged leaves. It does not include those in which there is one hinged leaf and one rigid leaf, these being found in subclass 97.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 100]    100Sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 97.  Devices where there is a sliding movement of the leaf. It includes those in which there is a combined pivoted and sliding movement.

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100.5,for sliding bar type buttons and fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 100.5]    100.5Sliding bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons having a transversely sliding member which is retracted for the purpose of removing the button.

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100,for sliding hinged leaf type.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 101]    101Integral or rigid stud:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons of the collar or cuff button type which are either made of one piece or are so built up as to be a rigid button when complete, and thus equivalent to an integral button.

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90.1,for other one-piece buttons, such as those which are to be sewed on. for button pads.
713.9,through 714.5, for a hook shaped lace directing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 102]    102Link:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons with two heads, adapted for use on cuffs, mattress tufting, and similar uses.

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5Beds,   subclasses 408 and 696 for tufted mattresses and cushions.
29Metal Working,   subclasses 91 through 91.8for upholstery making.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 103]    103Pin attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons, badges, etc., which are attached to the garment by means of a pin, provide the invention lies in the pin fastening.

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63,for collar button type.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 104]    104Separable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Buttons of the type in which two parts are adapted to be joined together or separated at will.

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64,for separable fasteners in necktie-collar button combinations.
572+,for other separable fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 105]    105Screw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 104.  Devices where one part is screwed into another part.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 106]    106Spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 104.  Devices where the two parts are sprung together.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 107]    107Resilient head:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Devices which have resilient or spring heads and rigid sockets.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 108]    108Resilient socket:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Devices where the socket member contains the resilient part.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 109]    109Rotating head:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Devices where the head is rotated to connect or disconnect the two members.

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590+,for head and socket type fasteners with rotating head.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 110]    110With operating devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Devices where the two parts are sprung together, and there is some independent device which must be operated to release the parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 111]    111Separate thread bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices where the thread-bar is a separate piece.

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90.1,through 114.12, for integral and other thread-bars.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 112]    112Spiral fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices where the engaging part is a spiral which is screwed into the buttonhole.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 113]    113Covers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices relating to the cover of the button or in the mode of applying the same. Usually the idea is to permit the use of various covers as occasion arises.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 315 for devices to be applied to buttons carrying indicia such as conductor, motorman, etc.
63Jewelry,   subclasses 26 through 31for devices for attaching stones or like ornaments, even though to a button, and the devices are not peculiar to buttons.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114]    114Pads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Devices with protecting-pads so attached to the buttons that metallic contact with the skin is prevented.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.05]    114.05Button with shank for friction grip fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body comprises a shaft portion, extending from a rear face of the body, adapted to be securely inserted into a receiving hole of a dissociable mating member.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.1]    114.1Flexible button:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is made of an elastic material to permit the body to flex so as to pass through a buttonhole.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.11]    114.11For cuff or collar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is designed to secure either a wrist encircling portion or a neck encircling band of a shirt.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.12]    114.12Fabric embracing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is covered with a piece of cloth.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.2]    114.2Swivel button:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body comprises a peripheral portion which can be freely revolved on a central supporting structure when attached to the garment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.3]    114.3Tufting type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is for upholstery.

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5Beds,   subclass 696 for an uphostered mattress or cushion which has tufting.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.4]    114.4Button with cavity for friction grip fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device wherein the disk-shaped body contains a bore, indentation, or slot into which a complementary portion of the attaching means is placed for securement.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.5]    114.5STRAP CABLE OR PIPE BUTTON:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices forming a part of or in the nature of an attachment to strap, chain, cable, pipe or the like, constituting an enlargement thereof and designed for use as a trip or obstacle to the free passage of said strap, chain, cable or pipe through other members.

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59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   subclass 93 for chain attachments.
175Boring or Penetrating the Earth,   particularly subclass 422 for a clasp (e.g., a well slip assembly) which separately travels with an earth boring shaft or which cooperates with specifically shaped well structure which stops or actuates the clasp.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.6]    114.6Heat or adhesive secured type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is attached by means of either (a) a thermally fusible material, or (b) an adhesive or glue type material.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.7]    114.7Thread or wire through apertured button:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is attached by means of a filament type material through holes in the body.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.8]    114.8Eye shank type button:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body comprises a shaft portion extending from a rear face of the body and turning into a loop to receive the attachment means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 114.9]    114.9Ornamental type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.1.  Device in which the disk-shaped body is designed for a pleasing and attractive appearance.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 115]    115CORD AND ROPE HOLDERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for gripping and holding cord, rope, wire, and, in some cases, chain, when the device is analogous. Devices for holding or gripping the end of a strap or band, but which are not properly buckles, have been placed in Rope-holders. These devices are usually as well adapted for rope as for bands and are more commonly used as hitching-strap holders.
(1) Note. See the search notes to this subclass located under subclasses 455 and 572, respectively, for the classification lines maintained between this subclass (and its indented subclasses) and subclasses 455-571 and 572+ during the reclassification of the clasp* and separable-fastener* art. No attempt was made to transfer patents not conforming to these lines from the cord and rope holder subclasses to the clasp* or separable-fastener* subclasses during the reclassification of the clasp* and separable-fastener* art.

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18,for packet holders.
455,through 571, for a cord or rope engaging fastener which is a component of a clasp* and holds one portion of a cord or rope relative to another portion of a cord or rope where the cord or rope is utilized as an encircling griping surface and does not have another principal function (i.e., it is not the structure-to-be-secured* since it lacks principle utility outside this class).
572+,for a separable-fastener component* located on the end of a cord or rope which does not utilize any of the characteristics of the cord or rope in the fastening operation (i.e., its ability to bend) and for cord or rope engaging structure which is a component of a separable-fastener* wherein the cord or rope has no other disclosed utility other than use in a separable-fastener* (i.e., it is not a structure-to-be-secured* since it lacks principle utility outside this class).
712.1,through 712.9, for a device for holding a drawn portion of lacing.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 202 through 209for devices for anchoring the ends of sash cords.
104Railways,   subclasses 202 through 239for cable-grippers analogous in some respects to cord and rope holders.
114Ships,   subclasses 199 and 218 for devices analogous to cord and rope holders, but specially adapted for ship use.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclasses 5 through 7for a strand engaging device with torso harness.
188Brakes,   subclasses 65.1 through 65.5for strand brakes for those devices in which a pulley by its peculiar construction acts as the rope grip and also those in which a clamping part cooperates with a pulley to grip the rope, but where a mere guide bar or pulley is included as an independent element or where any form of pivoted cam is found it is not considered to be a pulley, and the patents are classified in this subclass.
211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 119.01 through 119.18for rope holders combined with flexible clotheslines trained between isolated supports.
212Traversing Hoists,   subclasses 106 through 109for rope-holders which coact with a button or the like on the rope, and 110-114 for devices which grip the rope to hold it.
242Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding,   subclasses 388.1 through 388.5and 398-406 for a reeling device of general use and subclass 125 for a device for holding a thread.
248Supports,   subclass 32 for cord retainers for suspended pictures, subclasses 49-74.5 for pipe or cable clamps combined with their supports or limited by structure to use for supporting a pipe or cable and subclass 353 for rope holders combined with clothesline props.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   subclasses 4 through 10for similar structures in tube compressors for controlling fluid flow.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclass 408 for cable guides designed to grip the cable between the pulley and its support.
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses. Class 269 is the residual locus for patents to a device for clamping, supporting and/or holding an article (or articles) in position to be operated on or treated. See notes thereunder for other related loci.
383Flexible Bags,   subclasses 71 through 77for a bag closure or cord.
410Freight Accommodation on Freight Carrier,   subclasses 101 through 116for an anchor to secure an end of a load lashing member to a freight carrying vehicle so that the remainder of the member may be used to lash a freight load unit to the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 116]    116Chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices similar to cord-holders but in which a chain is held instead of a cord.

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59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   subclass 93 for various devices attached at or intermediate the ends of the chain and becoming a part of and being used in connection with the chain, and see the notes thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 122.3]    122.3Sheathed strand:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices specially designed for gripping or holding a sheathed strand, i.e., a cord, rope or other flexible strand which is enclosed in a tubular covering therefor.
(1) Note. The term "covering" as herein used, includes, for example, coatings of fibrous, plastic, or other material, and also armors or sheaths formed of wires concentrically arranged about a central core-strand.

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122.6,for cord or rope holders specialized for gripping or holding plural-strand cords or ropes other than those of the armored or central core type.

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174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 74 through 94for connector and terminal devices for armored sheathed, or insulated electrical conductors.
439Electrical Connectors,   appropriate subclasses for electrical connectors, per se, having in many instances structure similar to that provided for in Class 24 and often specially designed to grip or hold a sheathed conductive strand, cable, or wire; and see the class definition of that class (439), for the line between Classes 24 and 439.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 122.6]    122.6Plural-strand cord or rope:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices specialized for gripping or holding cords or ropes which are formed from a plurality of strands twisted together or otherwise assembled into a unitary structure. These devices are characterized by having a structure or mode of operation (a) which requires or causes the separation (as by untwisting, bending back, etc.) of the individual strands of the cord, rope, or cable, or (b) in which individual strands of a cord, rope, or cable are separately gripped or held.

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122.3,for similar devices when some of the strands of the cord, rope, or cable are arranged to form an armor or covering for a central core.

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174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 74 through 90for connectors and terminal devices for plural-strand electrical conductors.
439Electrical Connectors,   appropriate subclasses for electrical connectors, per se, having in many instances structure similar to that provided for in Class 24 and often specially designed to grip or hold a plural-strand conductive cable, or wire, and see the class definition of that class (439), section IV for the line between Classes 24 and 439.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 127]    127Friction disk:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices wherein the cord or rope is wound around a central portion and is held by a disk, which frictionally engages the cord.

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712.9,for a device which holds a drawn portion of lacing by either winding it about or wedging it in the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 128]    128Knot engaging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices wherein the cord is knotted at suitable points and the holding device is designed to make use of the knots to hold the cord after tightening.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 129]    129One-piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices in which only one integral piece is used.

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174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 174 and 175 for similar electrical cord holders.
188Brakes,   subclasses 65.1 through 65.5for strand-type brakes having similar holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 130]    130Wedge slot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Devices wherein a V-shaped slot catches the cord or rope when properly positioned.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 131]    131Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Devices made of wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 132]    132Pivoted part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices wherein a pivoted part enters into the construction of the rope-gripping device.

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712.6,for a device having a pivoted part for engaging and holding a drawn portion of lacing.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 133]    133Lever tension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Devices wherein an extra lever or arm projects from this device, and the rope passing over the same by its tension forces the pivoted part into closer engagement with the rope.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 134]    134Cam lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Devices wherein the pivoted part is so constructed that tension on the rope pulls the pivoted part more tightly into the rope, the pivoted part being either cam-shaped or equivalent thereto in its action.

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188Brakes,   subclass 65.1 for similar structure in brake combinations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 135]    135Screw clamp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices wherein the gripping is caused by turning a screw or bolt either in a nut or a part of the device itself.

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125,for screw clamp couplings.

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174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclasses 169 through 171for insulators with similar structure.
188Brakes,   subclass 65.1 for similar structure in brake combinations.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 778 through 782,784, 785, 791-795, 797, 798, and 801-815 for an uninsulated electrical connector having a screw-threaded operated securing part.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 136]    136Sliding part or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Devices wherein a sliding movement is used in clamping the cord. It includes wedges which slide and like devices.

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126,171, and 194, for other fasteners having a sliding wedge.

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188Brakes,   subclasses 65.1 through 65.5for similar structure in brake combinations.
227Elongated-Member-Driving Apparatus,   subclass 29 for similar structure in fire escape combinations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 163]    163BUCKLES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices which are designed for the purpose of adjusting as well as holding straps, bands, and similar articles. Some forms of buckles are closely related to clasps in structure, but are always distinguished in having provision for the band passing through the structure, so that it may be pulled tight for the purpose of adjustment, a clasp being only suitable for gripping the end or edge of the material or band.

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16,for bale ties.
115,for devices which resemble buckles, but are more closely related to cord and rope holders in structure as well as use. The more common use of these devices is as hitching-strap holders.

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2Apparel,   subclasses 321 , 322, and 333 for buckle type fastening devices in combination with a garment supporter.
D2Apparel and Haberdashery,   subclasses 405+ for designs for apparel buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 164]    164Harness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Buckles peculiarly adapted for use in harness constructions or with leather straps.

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54Harness for Working Animal,   subclasses 28 , 50, 54, and 55 for combined buckles and hooks, and subclass 74 for rein holds.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 165]    165Combined buckles and snap hooks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices in which a buckle and snap-hook are combined in the same structure, sometimes with a working connection between the buckle-tongue and the snap-hook closure.

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54Harness for Working Animal,   subclasses 51 and 55 for similar structure in harness combinations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 166]    166Lock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices with independent means to prevent the tongue of the buckle from disengaging.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 167]    167Key:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Devices wherein the means which locks the tongue is operated by means of a key.

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70Locks,   appropriate subclasses for specific lock structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 168]    168Clamping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices in which the strap is held by clamping solely, without any penetrating tongue or stud.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 169]    169One-piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Devices made of a single integral part.

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198,for one piece buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 170]    170Pivoted part or lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Devices in which the clamping is done by a jaw attached to a pivoted lever usually hand-operated, but includes strap-tightened jaws.

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191,through 193, for other pivoted lever buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 171]    171Sliding part or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Devices in which the gripping of the strap is accomplished by means of a sliding part, commonly a wedge, wedge-like in action.

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25,and 194, for other fasteners having a sliding part.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 172]    172Cross bails:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices including two frames or bails, both of which form loops entirely inclosing the straps and so interlaced that a tension on the strap throws the bails into such a position as to more tightly grip the same. Studs or tongues are sometimes used in connection with the clamping action. This subclass contains those which depend entirely on the clamping action.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 173]    173Pivoted stud plate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Devices including a pivoted plate with a penetrating stud attached to one of the frames to further assist in holding the straps.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 174]    174Rigid stud:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Devices including a stud attached rigidly to one of the frames.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 175]    175Guarded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices having a penetrating tongue which is protected by some device, so as to prevent the point from engaging or catching.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 176]    176One-piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices having a penetrating tongue and which the frame and stud are in one integral piece.

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186,through 190, for one piece buckles with a penetrating prong.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 177]    177Multiple:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices having two or more penetrating tongues or studs.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 178]    178Pivoted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices having a penetrating tongue pivoted to the frame.

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188,and 189, for buckles with a pivoted penetrating prong.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 179]    179Lever actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Devices wherein a lever is attached to the pivoted tongue for withdrawing the tongue from engagement with the strap without first loosening the buckle.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 180]    180Stud:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Devices wherein a pivoted stud is used instead of a tongue, the distinction being that a stud passes vertically through the strap and has no support on the frame, as is the case with a tongue-buckle.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 181]    181Sliding part or wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices in which the gripping of the strap is accomplished by means of a sliding part, usually wedge-like, and there is a penetrating tongue or stud to further assist in holding the strap.

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194,through 196, for other buckles having a sliding part.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 182]    182Strap loops and attaching devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices for holding the strap end after buckling and means for attaching the same to a fabric, otherwise called "billet-loops".

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54Harness for Working Animal,   subclasses 28 and 32 for similar structure in harness combinations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 183]    183Loop shields:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Devices attached to buckles for preventing wear on the strap, being so designed that the attaching device engages with the metal of the buckle and not on the strap.

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54Harness for Working Animal,   subclass 28 for similar structure in harness combinations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 184]    184Garment shielded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Buckles which are so constructed that no metal part of the buckle will come in contact with the garment underneath.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 185]    185Hook attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Buckles in which a pressure-bar clamps the band and has at the same time a projection which guards the hook, usually used as a suspender-buckle.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 186]    186One-piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Devices in which prongs are the means of holding the strap or band, and which are in one integral piece.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

176,for one piece buckles with penetrating tongues.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 187]    187Hook attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Devices which have a hook attached.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 188]    188Pivoted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Devices in which the buckle-frame and a penetrating prong are pivoted together.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

178,through 180, for buckles with pivoted penetrating prongs.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 189]    189Hook attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 188.  Devices which have a suspending hook attached.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 190]    190Slide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Devices wherein the frame and a penetrating prong part are adapted to slide on each other to cause engagement.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 191]    191Pivoted lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Devices wherein a lever pivoted to the buckle-frame serves as the clamping means. It may be either hand-operated or it may have the band attached to it. The gripping-jaws may be toothed or smooth.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

78,and 170, for other pivoted lever buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 192]    192Hook attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Devices which have suspending hooks.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 193]    193Looped strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  A pivoted-lever buckle in which a looped-strap-clamping device is used.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 194]    194Sliding part of wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Buckles which have a sliding part which serves to clamp the fabric either wedge-like or by pressing a toothed jaw into the same. Includes devices in which a separate part engages the two jaws and is moved back and forth to operate the same.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

171,and 181, for similar structure in harness buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 195]    195Hook attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 194.  Devices with a suspending-hook attached.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 196]    196Looped strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 194.  Devices wherein the sliding part passes through a looped strap and is drawn down to clamp the fabric.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 197]    197Looped strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Devices wherein the clamping of the strap or band is accomplished by means of looping or doubling the band on itself, the two portions of the band being pressed into contact in such a manner as to grip and hold.

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193,196, and 200, for other "looped strap" buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 198]    198One-piece:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Buckles composed of one piece of metal.

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169,176, and 186, for other one piece buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 199]    199Hook attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 198.  Devices wherein a supporting-hook is an integral part of the buckle.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 200]    200Looped strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 198.  Devices wherein the band is held by means of looping or doubling the band.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 265]    265STRAP-END-ATTACHING DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for attaching the strap or band to buckles, clasps, snap-hooks, and like articles, including permanent attaching means, and also those temporary attachments which are not properly buckles or any other recognized form of fastening.

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2.5,for gun band type devices combined with strap-end-attaching devices.
715.4,through 715.7, for means to cover the tip of lacing.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 108 and 109 for ferrules, rings and thimbles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 267]    267PIVOTED EDGE STAYS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices which consist of two parts or jaws pivoted at one end and having some means for locking the jaws when in a closed position. They are commonly used on gloves, shoes, and dress-plackets and take the place of other fastenings.

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2Apparel,   subclass 218 for similar structure in placket closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 268]    268Wedge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices wherein the tightener comprises a wedge.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 269]    269Winder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices wherein the tightening is accomplished by winding a portion of the strap on winder means, which remains with the tie.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 270]    270Self-locking (dead center or snap action):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices which include a tightening means, usually a lever, that is self-locking either by dead center or snap action.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 271]    271Adjustable girth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Devices with means providing for variations in the circumference of the objects to be clamped.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 272]    272Rack bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Devices in which the fastener connection includes a rack bar and means coacting therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 273]    273Lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices in which the tightening is accomplished by lever means and may include separate lever locking means to retain the lever in tightening position.

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270,for similar devices with self-locking lever means having auxiliary locking devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 274]    274Worm and tooth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices wherein worm gear means on the tightener co-acts with a strap portion provided with teeth.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 275]    275Integral thread:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices in which a means on the fastener portion engages a thread on the integral free end portion of the strap or band.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 276]    276External thread:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 275.  Devices wherein the thread is on the external surface of the strap or band.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 277]    277Both ends threaded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 276.  Devices in which the free ends of the strap are threaded.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 278]    278Radial screw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices in which a radial screw, with respect to the axis of the strap or band, engages means to effect tightening.

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275,through 277, for screws on the integral free end portions of the straps.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 279]    279Tangential screw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices in which a tangential screw, with respect to the axis of the strap, engages means to effect tightening.

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275,through 277, for screws which are integral end portions of the straps.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 280]    280Adjustable girth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Devices having girth adjustment afforded by the connection between the tie and the fastener. The fastener may be wholly or partially separable from the tie.

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284,in which the tie itself has features which provide for girth adjustment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 281]    281Step adjustment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Devices providing for step adjustment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 282]    282Plural separable parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 281.  Devices in which the strap is of plural separable parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 283]    283Wire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Devices which are constructed of wire.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

27,through 29, for ties constructed of wire where the tightening is by a separate tool.
270,through 272, for wire ties having a dead center or snap action.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 284]    284Plural separable parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Devices with straps comprising separable parts and which may also provide adjustment of the strap solely by strap features.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 285]    285Pivotal strap parts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Devices wherein the strap is comprised of pivoted parts.

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284,for straps of separable pivoted parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 286]    286Plural wrap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Devices which have straps modified to permit winding plural wraps with the ends of the strap aligned to accept the fastener means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 287]    287FREIGHT CONTAINER TO FREIGHT CONTAINER FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter drawn to fasteners specifically adapted for securing freight-container structures together.

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206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclass 159 for portable segregating containers for plural cylindrical-type receptacles provided with a clip-type retainer between juxtaposed receptacles.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 1.5 and 1.6 for freight containers provided with freight-container fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 288]    288DRUM OR CAN SPACER FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter drawn to fasteners specifically adapted for securing containers, drums, or cans in a spaced relationship.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 289]    289TRIM MOLDING FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a fastener specially adapted for securing a rigid or semirigid decorative strip to a rigid vehicle or similar body.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclass 492 for snap-type fasteners securing a closure seal.
52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclass 466 for separate anchor element securing a nonsustaining bridged strip over junctures of panels; subclass 511 for mounting means attaching a facer to an upholstery structure; subclasses 718.01-718.03 for fasteners combined with static structures for attaching a striplike channel or trim member to the static structures or for striplike channel or trim member fasteners in which the fastener is specifically modified in structure to mate with a specific construction or configuration of the Class 52 structure; and subclass 769 for a spring including retaining means holding a separate structure against a facer.
293Vehicle Fenders,   appropriate subclasses for various types of fasteners combined with vehicle fender structure.
301Land Vehicle: Wheels and Axles,   subclasses 37.1+ for fasteners combined with protectors or trim members attached to land vehicles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 290]    290Having externally threaded attaching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Subject matter provided with an elongated shank means provided with a continuous helical rib.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 291]    291And laterally extending biasing appendage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 290.  Subject matter further provided with a resilient member extending laterally from and yieldingly urging a main body member of the fastener to move in a predetermined direction.

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292,for a trim molding fastener provided with a laterally extending biasing appendage without bolt or screw means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 292]    292Having laterally extending biasing appendage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Subject matter provided with a resilient member expanding laterally from and yieldingly urging a main body member of the fastener to move in a predetermined direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 293]    293Resilient metal type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Subject matter wherein the fastener is composed of spring metal, e.g., steel.

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301Land Vehicle: Wheels and Axles,   subclasses 108.1 through 108.5for hubcap trim objects being formed from resilient metal material or hubcaps secured to wheeled vehicles by the use of resilient metal fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 294]    294Strip formed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Subject matter wherein the fastener is formed from a metal strip.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 295]    295Sheet metal formed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Subject matter wherein the fastener is formed from sheet metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 296]    296Wire formed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Subject matter wherein the fastener is formed from a metallic strand element.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 297]    297Plastic type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 289.  Subject matter wherein the fastener is composed of a substance produced by polymerization.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 298]    298PLURAL FASTENERS HAVING INTERMEDIATE FLACCID CONNECTOR:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein plural fasteners are attached by a connector comprising an elongated intermediate configuration having little resistance to longitudinally compressive or shear forces.
(1) Note. See (1) Note of the class definition for the line between this and indented subclasses and Class 2, Apparel.
(2) Note. To be proper in this and indented subclasses, the fasteners must be fastening or attaching to different structures-to-be-secured(*) or portions thereof and not fastening to each other.

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17,for bail and package ties utilizing plural fasteners and flaccid-type configurations.

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2Apparel,   subclass 321 for garment supporters and retainers utilizing plural fasteners having intermediate flaccid-type connectors; and subclass 323 for garment supporters and retainers consisting of strip-connected spaced holders or fasteners.
165Heat Exchange,   subclass 98 for plural fasteners with intermediate flaccidly adjustable connectors for adjustably securing radiator face coverings to radiator configurations.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 814 and 815 for plural fasteners having intermediate flaccid connectors utilized in securing and/or carrying skis.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 144 for hand carriers or grippers having a flaccid receiver, support, or fastener for articles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 299]    299Chain connector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 298.  Subject matter wherein the connector comprises a series of connected links.

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2Apparel,   subclass 271 for sleeve or leg closures utilizing chains as an intermediate connector.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 300]    300Elastic connector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 298.  Subject matter wherein the connector is composed of a resilient substance.

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2Apparel,   subclass 326 for garment supporters and retainers consisting of plural crossed or diverging suspension strips or strands utilizing plural fasteners having an intermediate strap connector; subclass 332 for plural crossed or diverging suspension strips or strands with running strips or strands comprising a straplike flaccid connector; and subclass 334 for plural crossed or diverging suspension strips or straps utilizing a strap as an intermediate flaccid connector having a pivot member normal to the strip or strap.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 301]    301Strap connector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Subject matter wherein the connector is formed of a band of elastic substance.

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68,for strap tighteners provided with strap intermediate connectors.

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2Apparel,   subclass 309 for garment supporters and retainers in a form of a strap partially encircling limb or torso; and subclass 315 for torso or limb encircling garment supporters and retainers provided with plural holding means secured together by strap connectors.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 302]    302Strap connector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 298.  Subject matter wherein the connector is formed of a band of flaccid substance.

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30,for ball and package ties in the form of wooden straps or bands.
68,for straps provided with tighteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 303]    303HAVING MAGNETIC FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter provided with a fastener including, having, or comprising material utilizing magnetism.

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248Supports,   subclasses 206.5 and 309.4 for combined diverse fasteners utilizing or having a magnet to be used for a bracket.
296Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops,   subclasses 97.1 through 97.13for fasteners utilized to hold or support glare screens to land vehicle bodies utilizing or having a magnet.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 302 through 306for permanent magnet structure or material and subclass 219 for a magnet combined with a diverse-type art device.
362Illumination,   subclass 398 for illumination supports utilizing or having a magnet.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 304]    304HAVING ADHESIVE FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter provided with a fastener comprising material utilizing molecular adhesive forces.
(1) Note. The adhesive fasteners of this subclass are intended to provide or accomplish the desired fastening between either different structures-to-be-secured(*) or different portions of a structure-to-be-secured(*) and are not intended to mount or secure a separate, distinct fastener used for or accomplishing a desired fastening between different structures-to-be-secured(*) or portions thereof.

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2Apparel,   subclass 337 for combined fasteners utilizing adhesive means, particularly friction-type devices for supporting and retaining garments.
248Supports,   subclasses 205.3 and 205.4 for brackets specially mounted or attached by use of adhesives.
296Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops,   subclasses 97.1 through 97.13for glare screens attached or fastened to body configurations by use of adhesives.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 305]    305COMBINED DIVERSE MULTIPART FASTENERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a combination of two or more diverse fasteners of this class in which the combination is composed of two or more elements and in which each fastener is different, and distinct from each other.
(1) Note. For documents to be proper in this and indented subclasses, none of the fasteners can utilize the structure-to-be-secured(*) as a component in completing or performing a or its fastening function, e.g., a clip* using the structure-to-be-secured(*) as a mounting to secure other structure-to-be-secured(*) therebetween. Similarly, plural, even if diverse, fasteners which simultaneously or serially fasten, or release to perform a fastening operation, e.g., zippers(*) or combined safety belt and harness buckles(*), are excluded from this and indented subclasses. Any fastener either actuated by a tool, permanently altered in shape or deformed to perform its fastening function not in combination with a fastener of this class is provided for in other classes, e.g., Class 411. In addition, to be proper in this and indented subclasses, the fasteners must each be fastening to structure-to-be-secured(*); plural diverse fasteners merely fastening to each other are excluded herein.
(2) Note. One or single piece combined fasteners are excluded from this and indented subclasses and are properly classified in lower portions of the Class 24 schedule and discretionarily cross-referenced to these combined fastener subclasses.
(3) Note. See Lines With Other Classes under the class definition for the line between this and indented subclasses and Class 2, Apparel.
(4) Note. For the purposes of this and associated definitions, the term "distinct" is taken to mean that the diverse fasteners are either independently operable, i.e., the operation of a first fastener does not directly produce the fastening function of a second fastener and similarly the operation of the second fastener does not produce the fastening operation of the first, or the fasteners are differently shaped or configured from each other, however small the different shape or configuration may be.

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49.1,through 66.13, for necktie fasteners utilizing various types of combined fasteners.
67,for various combined fasteners used to fasten papers.
115,for various combined fasteners used to hold cords and ropes.
390,for a zipper(*) combined with a distinct separable-fastener(*).

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36Boots, Shoes, and Leggings,   subclasses 50.1 through 54and 58 for combined fasteners used in closing boot and shoe uppers.
244Aeronautics and Astronautics,   subclass 151 for combined fasteners utilized in connecting parachute harness configurations.
248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for combined fasteners utilized as supports, particularly subclasses 317 through 344for various combined fasteners utilized as suspended supports.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   appropriate subclasses for combined fasteners used in releasing hoist-line or grab-type hooks.
296Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops,   subclasses 97.1 through 97.13for various combined fasteners utilized for securing or holding glare screens to land vehicle bodies.
362Illumination,   subclasses 122 and 123 for combined fasteners utilized in securing or holding plantlike ornaments or wreaths, particularly trees.
403Joints and Connections,   appropriate subclasses for combined fasteners used in joints and connections.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 11 for combined fasteners utilized in supporting or holding together various type of special occasion ornaments such as Christmas tree, balls, bells, or star-shaped objects.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 306]    306Combined with diverse fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means in combination with a diverse fastener proper for this class (e.g., mounting pin, clasp, etc.).

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305,through 380, for other combined diverse multipart fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 307]    307Buckle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Subject matter wherein one of the fasteners comprises a buckle* in the form of a securing means having two connected relatively movable members, wherein either one member is adapted to allow structure-to-be-secured(*) to pass therethrough or the members are adapted to allow structure-to-be-secured(*) to pass completely therebetween in a path generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the members.
(1) Note. Buckles* are usually designed to secure or tighten belts, bands, or similar articles and are generally operated by having one end of the belt, band, etc., fixedly secured to one end of the buckle* with another portion of the buckle* frictionally or resiliently securing the belt, band, etc., or by passing through a provided for aperture in the belt, band, etc. This feature of allowing the belt, band, etc., to pass through the buckle* distinguishes a buckle* and a clasp*.
(2) Note. One-piece buckles*, e.g., wire formed, or sheet metal stamped, are excluded from this subclass and are provided for in latter parts of the schedule.

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163,for single buckles, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 308]    308And buckles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter provided with another buckle(*).
(1) Note. To be proper in this subclass, the combined buckles(*) must be the type such that each buckle(*), if separated from the other, can function as a buckle(*), and each buckle(*) must be different as to configuration or composition; otherwise, the document is properly classified in subclass 163 and discretionarily cross-referenced to this and indented subclasses.

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2Apparel,   subclass 314 for torso or limb-encircling garment supporters and retainers having pendant holding means provided with plural buckle structures; and subclass 334 for plural crossed or diverging suspension strips provided with a pivot member normal to the strip utilizing plural buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 309]    309Having separate material adjustment means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Subject matter having disparate means specially adapted to modify the amount of structure-to-be-secured(*) being passed through or between the buckle(*).

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2Apparel,   subclass 237 for plural buckles provided with adjustment means for waist bands in trousers or overalls; and subclass 307 for garment supporters or retainers utilizing plural buckles having adjustment means for waistline-type garments.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 310]    310Having separate disconnect means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Subject matter provided with initially separate or movably attached means allowing the two buckles* to be relatively easily engaged or disengaged from each other.

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312,and 313, for plural diverse buckles(*) having an integral disconnectable configuration.
319,for buckle(*) and hook fasteners having disconnectable means.
341,for plural diverse clasps(*) having disconnectable means.
358,and 359, for plural diverse hooks having disconnectable means.
572+,for separable fasteners, per se.

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2Apparel,   subclass 321 for torso or limb encircling garment supporters or retainers utilizing a belt buckle provided with a separable fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 311]    311Pivotal lever type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 310.  Subject matter wherein the separate disconnectable means includes a releasing member hinged to one of the buckles* for disconnecting the buckles* one from the other.

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33,for plural buckles provided with hinge adjustment means.
178,for single buckles provided with separate adjusting means in the form of a penetrating tongue utilized in harness configurations.
188,for single buckles provided with pivoted separate adjustment means in the form of a penetrating prong.
191,for single buckles provided with a separate adjusting means in the form of a pivoted lever.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 312]    312Having disconnect structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Subject matter provided with rigid configuration integral with each buckle* allowing two buckles* to be relatively easily engaged or disengaged from each other.

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2Apparel,   subclass 301 for garment supporters or retainers in the form of plural buckles having disconnect configuration; subclass 316 for torso or limb encircling garment supporters in the form of plural buckles having disconnect configuration; and subclass 317 for torso or limb encircling garment supporter or retainer with a member between the ends of a circulating strip.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 313]    313Resilient cooperating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Subject matter wherein the rigid integral configuration is in the form of members composed of resilient substance and which are adapted to mate with each other wherein their resiliency at least in part retains the members together.

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324,for plural diverse buckles(*) provided with snap fastener for an attached fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 314]    314And pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Subject matter provided with a wire section having a piercing end.

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186,for a one-piece single buckle provided with a penetrating prong.
317,for combined diverse plural buckle(*) fasteners having a pin.
351,through 355, for combined diverse clasp(*) and pin fasteners.
356,through 368, for combined diverse plural pin fasteners.

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2Apparel,   subclass 319 for torso or limb encircling garment supporters and retainers in the form of a buckle structure having a pin or prong-type structure detachable from or slidable on a belt.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 315]    315Crossed belt accommodating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Subject matter wherein the structure-to-be-secured(*) fastened by a first buckle* is angled with and overlaps a second structure-to-be-secured(*) fastened by a second buckle*.

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2Apparel,   subclass 306 for garment supporters and retainers supporting plural garments in spaced relationship; subclass 332 for buckles accommodating plural crossed or diverging strip type members; and subclass 333 for torso or limb encircling garment supporters and retainers accommodating plural crossed or diverging strips having a detachable or movable feature between the strips.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 316]    316And clasp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter provided with a fastener in the form of a clasp(*) which either (a) has connected gripping jaws adapted to engage structure-to-be-secured(*), or (b) performs a securement by over edge engagement of structure-to-be-secured(*).
(1) Note. Clasps* are usually designed to be secured to belts, bands, or similar articles generally operated by having one end of the belt, band, etc., fixedly secured to one end of the clasp with the other hinged and engaging the structure-to-be-secured(*) and relies on inherent resilience or friction for securement. See (1) Note under subclass 307 for the difference between a clasp and a buckle.
(2) Note. One piece clasps*, e.g., wire-formed clips*, sheet metal V or J clips* are excluded from this subclass and are provided for in latter parts of the schedule.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 317]    317And pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter provided with a fastener comprising a piece of wire having a head or headlike configuration at one end and a penetrating point at the other.

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351,through 355, for clasp(*) and pin diverse fasteners.
356,through 368, for plural diverse pin fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 318]    318And hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter provided with a fastener in the form of a book comprising either an elongated wire or rod section, one end of which is curved or sharply bent, or an element having a J-shaped configuration utilized as a hook.

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165,for single buckles specially adapted for use with harness configurations structures having combined snap hooks with the buckle.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 319]    319Having disconnect means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 318.  Subject matter provided with separate means to allow the buckle* and hook to be relatively easily engaged or disengaged from each other.

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323,and 324, for plural diverse buckle(*) fasteners provided with separable fastening means for an attached fastener.
341,for plural diverse resilient clasp(*) fasteners provided with disconnectable means.
358,and 359, for plural diverse pin fasteners provided with disconnect means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 320]    320Having penetrating prong:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 318.  Subject matter provided with means formed from a sheet metal or metal strip section having a sharp projection stamped, cut, or formed thereon capable of entering into and tending to hold the structure-to-be-secured(*) to the buckle.

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347,for clasp(*) and hook fasteners in which a clasp(*) jaw has penetrating gripping structure.
350,for clasp(*) and penetrating prong fasteners.
368,for pin and penetrating prong fasteners.
377,for hook and penetrating prong fasteners.
380,for combined diverse multipart fasteners, one of which is a penetrating prong.

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2Apparel,   subclass 319 for a torso or limb encircling garment supporter or retainer provided with a buckle hook fastener and penetrating prong.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 321]    321Buckle having plural receiving slots:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 318.  Subject matter wherein a buckle* is provided with two or more openings.
(1) Note. Generally, the buckle(*) is adapted to receive two or more different structures-to-be-secured(*) or two or more portions thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 322.1]    322.1Including a button fastening element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter comprising a generally disk-shaped body designed to pass through and cooperate with a buttonhole or loop to produce securement.

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90.1,through 114.12, for buttons utilized as articles combined with a fastener for securing the article to another configuration.
342.1,for clasp* and button fasteners.
367.1,for pin and button fasteners.
378.1,for hook and button fasteners.
379.1,for combined diverse multipart fasteners, one of which is a button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 323]    323And separable fastening means for attached fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter wherein a buckle* is provided with separate disconnect means to easily disengage another fastener permanently attached to structure-to-be-secured(*).
(1) Note. The other fastener is usually attached at or near an end of the structure-to-be-secured(*).

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341,for plural resilient clasps(*) provided with disconnect means.
358,for plural pins provided with disconnect means.
572+,for separable-fasteners(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 324]    324Snap fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 323.  Subject matter wherein the disconnect means is in the form of a circular male member having an upstanding projection formed thereon and a female member having a resilient complimentary socket formed therein receiving and retaining the male member.

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614,through 627 and 662-681, for head and socket snap fasteners, per se.

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2Apparel,   subclass 322 for torso or limb encircling garment supporters provided with a buckle and separate fastening means in the form of a snap fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 325]    325Having roller means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter provided with a rotatable elongated cylindrical structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 326]    326Clasp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Subject matter wherein one of the fasteners is in the form of a clasp* which either (a) has connected gripping jaws adapted to engage structure-to-be-secured(*), or (b) performs a securement by overedge engagement of structure-to-be-secured(*).
(1) Note. Clasps* are usually designed to be secured to belts, bands, or similar articles generally operated by having one end of the belt, band, etc., fixedly secured to one end of the clasp* with the other hinged and engaging the structure-to-be-secured(*) and relies on inherent resilience or friction for securement. See (1) Note under subclass 307 for the difference between a clasp* and a buckle.
(2) Note. One-piece clasps*, e.g., wire formed clips*, sheet metal V or J clips*, are excluded from the this subclass and are provided for in latter parts of the schedule.

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3,for article holders utilized to secure articles to the human body using a combined clasp-type fastener.
16,for combined clasp fasteners utilized as bail and package ties.
455,through 571, for clasps, per se.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 651 and 652 for a check label or tag type of holder utilizing clasps.
248Supports,   subclasses 316.1 through 316.7for article holding bracket-type configurations in the form of clasps or clamps.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 814 and 815 for ski holders utilizing clasps or clasp-like configuration.
297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 468 through 485for body restrainers such as seat belts and harnesses utilizing clasp as a retractable holder.
362Illumination,   subclass 396 for illumination supports in the form of a clasp, clamp, or hook-type configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 327]    327Having pivoted members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Subject matter wherein the clasp* is provided with two hinged members, the unhinged ends thereof being capable of engaging structure-to-be-secured(*).

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135,for cord or rope holders utilizing a screw, clamp, or clasp having pivoted members.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 642.02 through 661.12for a check label or tag holders in the form of a pivotable member clasp.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclass 813 for a device for restraining a cow"s tail that utilizes a clasp having pivotable members or resilient-type configuration.
248Supports,   subclasses 229.13 and 229.23 for brackets in the nature of a clamp having pivotable member.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclasses 278 and 279 for watchcase holders in the form of pivotable member clasp.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 328]    328Cam type member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 327.  Subject matter wherein one of the pivoted member has a dimension where the members are hinged such that in one pivoted position the member acts with another member to engage and secure the structure-to-be-secured(*) and in another pivoted position the members acts to disengage and release the structure-to-be-secured(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 329]    329Plural clasps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 327.  Subject matter wherein two or more clasps(*) are provided.
(1) Note. To be proper in this and indented subclasses, the combined clasp(*) must be the type that each clasp(*), if separated or separable from each other, could function as a clasp(*) and each clasp(*) must be different as to configuration or composition; otherwise the document is properly classified in subclasses 243+ and discretionarily cross-referenced to this and indented subclasses.

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44,for cuff holders utilizing plural clasps.
335,through 341, for plural resilient clasps.

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269Work Holders,   subclass 98 for plural clasp or clamp-type fastening means having pivotable members used in holding work.
403Joints and Connections,   subclass 385 for plural clasp or clamp-type configurations utilized to secure rods or plates together; and subclass 387 for plural clasps or clamps utilized to secure flanged or grooved rods together.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 330]    330And toggle operator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter further provided with a second pair of hinged elements attached or cooperating with one or more of the clasp* members such that a force applied to the hinged joint of the second pair of elements causes the elements to straighten out and apply forces at the unhinged ends of the second pair of elements, the end forces being transmitted to the one or more of the clasp* members.

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403Joints and Connections,   subclass 303 for a distinct end coupler in the form of a single toggle-type operator for plural connectors.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 331]    331Spring biased:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter provided with a resilient means which regains its original shape after distortation and is assembled with the clasp* so as to force a hinged member thereof to move in a certain direction.

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338,for plural resilient clasps(*) having a spring biased jaw.
371,for plural hooks having a biasing spring.
499,through 511, 531, and 532-534, for pivoted or similar types of swinging, resiliently biased plural clasps(*).

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439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 819 through 824for an uninsulated electrical connector having a rigid nonresilient clamping part operated by a separate spring means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 332]    332Coil:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 331.  Subject matter wherein the resilient means is a helical wire.

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334,for pivoted member clasps(*) having a coil spring.
509,510, 531, 533, and 534, for pivoted or similar types of swing, coil biased, plural clasps(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 333]    333And cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 329.  Subject matter provided with means having an eccentric dimension cooperating with and moving one of the pivoted members.

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337,for plural resilient clasps(*) provided with a cam.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 334]    334Coil spring biased:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 327.  Subject matter wherein a spring in the form of a helical wire is assembled with the clasp(*) to force one of the hinged members in a certain direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 335]    335Plural clasps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Subject matter wherein two or more clasps(*) are provided.
(1) Note. to be proper in this and indented subclasses, the combined clasps(*) must be the type that each clasp(*), if separated from each other, can function as a clasp(*), and each clasp(*) must be different as to configuration or composition; otherwise, the document is properly classified as an original in subclasses 243+ and discretionarily cross-referenced to this and indented subclasses.

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44,for plural clasp cup holders.

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36Boots, Shoes, and Leggings,   subclass 70 for plural clasps utilized in attaching garment protectors to boots, shoes, and leggings.
132Toilet,   subclass 47 for bow or ribbon-type hair fasteners in the form of plural clasps.
248Supports,   subclass 73 for plural clasps interlocking brackets and supports for pipes or cables.
403Joints and Connections,   subclass 385 for plural clasps or clamps connecting rods or plates together.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 775 through 864for an uninsulated electrical connector for clamping and electrically interconnecting plural conductors.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 336]    336Resilient type clasp:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 335.  Subject matter wherein one of the clasps(*) is composed of elastic substance which regains its original shape after distortion.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 658 through 659for check labeled or tag holders in the form of a resilient clip or clips.
47Plant Husbandry,   subclass 46 for resilient clasp for linearly supporting plants.
52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclass 285.1 for resilient plural clasp means securing together various modular section portions at right angles; subclasses 357-360 for plural resilient clasps securing the back of a support and front of a settable material receiving backer; subclass 489.1 for separable clip-type resilient fasteners utilized to secure facer or facer panels to frame or shaft; subclass 582.1 for resilient clasp or clasp-joining panels or modules with edgewise connecting features; and subclass 714 for resilient integral sheet or wire tie members for securing open work, e.g., tress, trellis, grills, etc.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclass 812 for resilient one-piece clamping jaws for restraining a cow"s tail.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 178.1 through 178.3and 902 for plural resilient clasp utilized in securing Venetian blinds.
248Supports,   subclasses 27.1 and 27.3 for plural resilient clasps utilized in securing instruments in panels; subclass 72 for resilient plural clasps connecting beams and brackets; and subclass 229.1 for resilient plural clasps interlocking a bracket in a support of an aperture board.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 11.37+ for plural resilient clasps utilized in securing skis; and subclass 184 for plural resilient clamp or clasp-type configurations utilized in securing reigns or whip to wheeled vehicles.
281Books, Strips, and Leaves,   subclass 42 for resilient plural clasps utilized in holding or marking book leaves.
292Closure Fasteners,   subclass 288 for portable closure fasteners utilizing resilient plural clasps engaging right angle planar work.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclass 140 for showcase-type cabinet structure joints and connectors utilizing plural resilient clasp type configuration.
403Joints and Connections,   subclass 387 for plural resilient clasps securing flanged or grooved rods to plates; and subclass 397 for resilient clips utilized in securing rods to plate or similar configurations.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclass 577 for wall plate or panel mounting configurations in the form of plural resilient radially expanding spring members extendable through or into panel openings.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 337]    337And cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter provided with means having an eccentric dimension cooperating with and moving a portion of a clasp.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 338]    338Spring biased jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter provided with separate elastic means assembled with a clasp(*) to force a jaw portion of the clasp(*) to move in a certain direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 339]    339Circular work engageable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter wherein the clasp(*) is specially configured to engage structure-to-be-secured(*) having a circular or substantially circular cross section.

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10,through 12, for resilient plural clasps utilized in engaging in or holding pencils to the human body.
129+,for resilient plural clasps for holding or fastening cords or ropes.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 310 and 311 for check label or tag holders in the form of resilient plural clasps engageable with bottles.
81Tools,   subclass 15.8 for tools for applying resilient plural clasps to antiskid chains being applied to tires.
131Tobacco,   subclasses 257 through 260for plural resilient clasps for holding or securing various tobacco products.
174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclass 40 for plural resilient clasps engaging overhead round-type conductors; subclass 94 for plural resilient clasps engaging or joining bare conductors; subclass 138 for plural resilient clasp capable of engaging and securing various circular cross-sectional insulators; and subclasses 172-175 for resilient plural clasps for securing insulated conductors.
248Supports,   subclasses 37.3 and 37.6 for resilient plural clasp supports for supporting or holding cutlery; subclass 61 for resilient plural configuration used in suspending overhead or messenger cables; subclass 68.1 for plural resilient clasps utilized in bracketing or supporting plural pipes or cables; and subclasses 74.1-74.5 for resilient plural clasps or clamps structure for supporting or bracketing pipes or cables.
256Fences,   subclass 57 for resilient clasps connecting cross pieces of fencing wire.
285Pipe Joints or Couplings,   subclass 114 for pipe joint or coupling configuration provided with resilient clasps for strain relief.
403Joints and Connections,   subclass 387 for plural resilient claps securing or fastening flanged or grooved rods to plates.
439Electrical Connectors,   subclasses 786 through 788for an uninsulated electrical connector having resilient or spring-operated securing means for electrically joining plural conductors.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 340]    340And pin attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter provided with a fastener comprising a piece of wire having a head or headlike configuration at one end and a penetrating point at the other.

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351,through 355, for clasp(*) and pin fasteners.
356,through 368, for plural diverse pin fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 341]    341And disconnect means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter provided with separate means allowing the two clasps(*) to be relatively easily engaged or disengaged from each other.

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358,for plural pin fasteners provided with disconnect means.
572+,for separable-fasteners(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 342.1]    342.1Including a button fastening element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Subject matter comprising a generally disk-shaped body designed to pass through and cooperate with a buttonhole or loop to produce securement.

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43,for cuff holders in the form of a combined clasp and button fastener.
90.1,through 114.12, for clasp-type fasteners utilized in fastening buttons as articles.
367.1,for pin and button fasteners.
378.1,for hook and button fasteners.
379.1,for combined diverse multipart fasteners, one of which is a button.

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2Apparel,   subclass 302 for garment supporters and retainers for supporting hose material utilizing clasp and button fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 343]    343And hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Subject matter provided with a fastener in the form of a hook comprising either a wire or rod section, one end of which is curved or sharply bent, or an element having a J-shaped configuration utilized as a hook.

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44,for cuff holders in the form of combined clasp and hook fasteners.
360,for plural pin fasteners provided with a hook.
363,for pin and hook fasteners.
369,through 378.1, for plural hook fasteners.

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160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclass 348 for clasp and hook-type structure utilized in hanging and pleating draperies.
248Supports,   subclass 493 for mirror or picture supports in the form of clasp and hook fasteners suspending cords to retainers.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 344]    344Having intermediate connector allowing movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  Subject matter provided with means attaching the hook to a clasp(*) wherein the hook is capable of moving relative to the clasp(*).

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362,for plural pins having an intermediate connector.
364,for a pin and hook fastener having an intermediate connector.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 345]    345And adjustment means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 344.  Subject matter further provided with means to rigidly position the hook in any one of a plurality of selectable positions relative to the clasp.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 346]    346Having gripping configuration on clasp jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  Subject matter wherein the clasp has a pair of gripping jaws, wherein a jaw is constructed to grasp and hole the structure-to-be-secured(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 347]    347Penetrating type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter wherein the jaw is constructed to have a piercing point capable of penetrating at least partly into the structure-to-be-secured(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 348]    348Having cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  Subject matter provided with pivotal means having an eccentric dimension such that the pivotal means can move from an engaging to a disengaging position relative to the structure-to-be-secured(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 349]    349Having separable jaws:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 343.  Subject matter wherein the clasp(*) has gripping jaws capable of moving towards, away, and removeable from each other.
(1) Note. A screw is capable of being a clasp(*) jaw for purposes of this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 350]    350And penetrating prong:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Subject matter provided with a sheet metal or metal strip section having a sharp projection stamped, cut, or formed thereon capable of penetrating structure-to-be-secured(*).

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368,for pin and penetrating prong fasteners.
377,for hook and penetrating prong fasteners.
380,for combined diverse fasteners, one of which is a penetrating prong.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 4 through 17for clasp and penetrating prong configurations utilized in fastening carpets.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 662 through 670for check label or tag fasteners in the form of a clasp provided with a resilient prong.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclass 402 for fabric fastening means to elongated elements by the use of a clasp and prong type fastener; and subclass 404 for fabric fastening means to an elongated element by the means of a pointed, pierced, or hook element.
248Supports,   subclass 71 for a pipe or cable bracket provided with penetrating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 351]    351And pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Subject matter provided with a pin fastener in the form of a piece of wire having a head or headlike configuration at one end and a penetrating point at the other.

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46,for cuff holders in the form of a clasp and pin fastener.
356,through 368, for plural pin fasteners.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 4 through 17for combined clasp and pin fasteners utilized for fastening or securing carpets.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 352]    352Having separate pin loss prevention means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Subject matter wherein the pin fastener is provided with means or a configuration specially adapted to guard against loss of the pin fastener.
(1) Note. The prevention means may either be independent of the pin or incorporated with the body if the clasp(*) and pin structure.

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706.2,through 710.2, for a pin having guiding, holding, or protecting means for its penetrating portion.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 353]    353Pin coextensive, coplanar, and contiguous with clasp jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 352.  Subject matter wherein a jaw of the clasp(*) has the same special limits as, lies on the same longitudinal planar axis as, and is adjacent to the pin fastener.

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354,for clasp(*) and pin fasteners in which the pin is coextensive, coplanar, and contiguous with a clasp(*) jaw.

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63Jewelry,   subclass 2 for miscellaneous type loss-prevention devices for jewelry; and subclass 20 for ornamental pins provided with pin loss prevention means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 354]    354Pin coextensive, coplanar, and contiguous with clasp jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Subject matter wherein the pin fastener has the same special limits as, lies on the same plane as, and is adjacent to the pin fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 355]    355Pin forms part of clasp jaw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Subject matter wherein the pin fastener acts as jaw of the clasp(*) to secure the structure-to-be-secured(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 356]    356Pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter provided with a pin fastener comprising a piece of wire having a head or headlike configuration at one end and a penetrating point at the other.

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6,for article holder holding flowers to the human body in the form of a pin.
13,for holding various articles to the human body utilizing a pin fastener.
48,for cuff holders in the form of a pin fastener.
150+,for a single pin fastener of the Class 24 type.

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248Supports,   subclass 239 for projecting pin-type fasteners for securing or bracketing shelves or scaffolds.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 357]    357And pin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 356.  Subject matter provided with a second pin fastener in the form of a piece of wire having a head or headlike configuration at one end and a penetrating point at the other.
(1) Note. To be proper in this and indented subclasses, the combined pins must be the type that, in addition to being composed of plural elements, the pins are different in configuration or composition, e.g., in length, cross-sectional dimension, shape of the point, etc; otherwise the document is properly classified in subclasses 150+ and discretionarily cross-referenced to this and indented subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 358]    358And disconnect means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 357.  Subject matter provided with disconnectable means which allow the two pins to be relatively easily engaged or disengaged from each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 359]    359Hook and eye type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 358.  Subject matter wherein the disconnect means comprises a first component in the form of a hook composed of wire sharply bent or curved at one end specially adapted to engage and disengage with a second component in the form of a eye fastener composed of a wire curved back and attached onto itself.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 360]    360And hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 357.  Subject matter further provided with a hook comprising either a wire or rod section, one end of which is curved or sharply bent, or an element having a J-shaped configuration utilized as a hook.

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363,through 366, for pin and hook fasteners.
369,through 378.1, for plural hook fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 361]    361Having connector allowing movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 360.  Subject matter provided with means for attaching either the hook to the pins or the pins to each other, wherein the hook or pins are movable with respect to each other subsequent to attachment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 362]    362Having intermediate connector allowing movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 357.  Subject matter provided with means attaching the pins to each other, wherein the pins are movable with respect to each other.

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364,for pin and hook fasteners having an intermediate connector allowing movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 363]    363And hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 356.  Subject matter provided with a hook either in the form of a wire rod section, the end of which is curved or sharply bent, or an element having a J-shaped configuration utilized as a hook.

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369,for combined hook fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 364]    364Having intermediate connector allowing movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 363.  Subject matter provided with means attaching the pin to the hook wherein the pin and hook are moveable relative to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 365]    365And adjustment means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 364.  Subject matter provided with means to rigidly position the hook in any one of a plurality of selectable positions relative to the pin.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 366]    366Hook having locking means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 363.  Subject matter wherein the hook is provided with means capable of moving from a securing to an unsecuring position relative to the curved or bent end.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 367.1]    367.1Including a button fastening element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 356.  Subject matter comprising a generally disk-shaped body designed to pass through and cooperate with a buttonhole or loop to produce securement.

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47,for combined pin and button fasteners for cuff holders.
60,for combined button and pin fasteners for fastening or securing neckties.
103,for pin fasteners utilized to secure or fasten buttons as articles.
378.1,for hook and button fasteners.
379.1,for combined diverse multipart fasteners, one of which is a button.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 368]    368And penetrating prong:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 356.  Subject matter provided with means having a sheet metal or metal strip section having a sharp projection stamped, cut, or formed thereon capable of penetrating structure-to-be-secured(*).

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377,for hook and penetrating prong fasteners.
380,for combined diverse multipart fasteners, one of which is a penetrating prong.
690,for separable-fasteners(*) provided with deformable and penetrable mounting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 369]    369Hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter provided with a hook either in the form of a wire or rod section, the end of which is curved or sharply bent or, an element having a J-shaped configuration utilized as a hook.

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230.5,for single hooks, per se.
231,for snap hooks, per se.
713.9,through 714.5, for a hook shaped lace directing means.

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43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclass 43.16 for various hooks used for or as artificial bait in fishing.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclass 348 for various drapery hooks used in hanging or suspending drapes with pleating means or other drapery facilitating functions.
248Supports,   subclass 215 for hook type brackets on horizontal bars or rods; subclass 340 for bar supported hook type suspended supports.
362Illumination,   subclass 396 for hook type supports for illumination devices.
452Butchering,   subclasses 187 through 193for the supporting and shackling animal carcasses by means of a hook.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 370]    370And hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 369.  Subject matter provided with a second hook either in the form of a wire or rod section, one end of which is curved or sharply bent, or an element having a J-shaped configuration utilized as a hook.
(1) Note. To be proper in this and indented subclasses, the combined hooks must be the type that, in addition to being composed of plural elements, the hooks are different in configuration or composition, e.g., in length, cross-sectional dimension, etc.; otherwise the document is properly classified in subclasses 230.5+ and discretionarily cross-referenced to this and indented subclasses.

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165Heat Exchange,   subclass 98 for adjustable radiator covering means utilizing plural hook structures.
182Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold,   subclass 206 for ladders provided with hook structure.
267Spring Devices,   subclass 73 for tension springs provided with plural hook structures.
292Closure Fasteners,   subclass 288 for portable closure fasteners provided with plural hook structure.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclasses 87.1 through 87.28for multiple object grapples in the form of plural hook structures.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 371]    371Having biasing spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Subject matter provided with separate elastic means assembled with the hooks to force the hooks toward or away from each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 372]    372Separately connected:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Subject matter wherein the hooks are engageable or disengageable from each other.

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572+,for separable connectors, per se.

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59Chain, Staple, and Horseshoe Making,   subclass 85 for chain link structures, per se, provided with disconnect means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 373]    373Having securing means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Subject matter wherein a hook is provided with securing means capable of moving from a securing to an unsecuring position relative to an open end of the hook.

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152Resilient Tires and Wheels,   subclasses 236 and 237 for cross chain antiskid devices utilizing plural hooks with locking means.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 374]    374Sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter wherein the securing means comprises an element capable of moving in smooth continuous contact with a portion of the hook adjacent the open end.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 375]    375Snap type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter wherein the securing means comprises a spring or a member biased by a spring such that the spring or member is normally in a secured position with respect to the open end of the hook.
(1) Note. The structure-to-be-secured(*) with the hook usually engages and moves the spring or member to the unsecured position and then allows the spring or member to return to the secured position thereby securing the struc-ture-to-be-secured(*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 376]    376Pivoted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 373.  Subject matter wherein the securing means comprises a member adapted to swing about an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 377]    377Having penetrating prong:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 369.  Subject matter provided with a sheet metal or metal strip section having a sharp projection stamped, cut, or formed thereon capable of penetrating structure-to-be-secured(*).

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380,for combined diverse multipart fasteners, one of which is a penetrating prong.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 378.1]    378.1Including a button fastening element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 369.  Subject matter wherein one of the fasteners comprises a generally disk-shaped body, designed to pass through and cooperate with a buttonhole or loop, to produce securement.

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379.1,for combined diverse fasteners, one of which is a button.

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2Apparel,   subclass 302 for hook and button fasteners used in supporting or retaining hose garments.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 379.1]    379.1Button fastening element including another fastener element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Subject matter wherein one of the fasteners comprises a generally disk-shaped body designed to pass through and cooperate with a buttonhole or loop to produce securement and other fastener is of a different size, shape, or type.

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102,for fasteners securing buttons as articles wherein the fastener is a link-type fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 380]    380Penetrating prong:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter wherein one of the fasteners comprises a sheet metal or metal strip section having a sharp projection stamped, cut, or formed thereon capable of penetrating structure-to-be-secured(*).
(1) Note. For this definition, the term "penetrating" is defined as an elastic deformation of the structure-to-be-secured(*) without piercing of same.

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690,for separable-fasteners(*) provided with deformable and piercing mounting means.

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602Surgery: Splint, Brace, or Bandage,   subclass 79 for bandage retainers in the form of a penetrating prong combined with another fastener.
606Surgery,   subclass 221 for wound closing clips or serrefines.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 381]    381ZIPPER OR REQUIRED COMPONENT THEREOF:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a zipper* or a required component of a zipper* (i.e., interlocking configured surface or sliding device).
(1) Note. An interlocking configured surface which is disclosed as having both utility as a subcomponent of a zipper* and as a separable-fastener* is classified here and crossed to separable-fastener*.
(2) Note. See the class definition for patent placement procedure.

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29Metal Working,   subclass 33.2 for plural diverse manufacturing apparatus for shaping or assembling a metal zipper or zipper component; subclasses 408-410 for a method of making a zipper; and subclasses 766-770 for apparatus which assembles a zipper or components thereof.
66Textiles: Knitting,   subclass 80 for machines for knitting stringer tapes which incorporate unknit or fleece-type material (e.g., coiled wire) into a knitted fabric; and subclasses 192 and 193 for a warp knit fabric incorporating an unknitted material (e.g., nominally recited zipper tooth).
112Sewing,   subclass 475.16 for zipper tapes attached by sewing.
139Textiles: Weaving,   appropriate subclasses for machines for weaving stringer tapes which incorporate additional material (e.g., coiled wire); and subclass 384 for woven fabrics having a special shape (e.g., zipper stringer tapes and nominally recited zipper tooth).
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclass 252 for separately molding different shaped article portion (teeth) along a sheet edge (e.g., zipper stringer tape) to produce a composite article; and subclasses 280-290.7 for reshaping indefinite length work.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 3.6 for zipper* pulling tools.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses, and cross-reference art collection 814 for means to inject mold component parts of a zipper.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 382]    382Plural zippers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Subject matter including two or more zippers* which are distinct from each other.
(1) Note. The zippers* are considered distinct if at least (a) there are two distinct sets (i.e., two opposed pairs), of interlocking surfaces which are either noncolinear or if collinear have a structural member preventing movement of a common sliding device along both sets of surfaces, and (b) the sets of interlocking surfaces are either operated by independently movable sliding devices or a sliding device which connects two distinct surface camming portions together which each operate on a different one of the sets.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 383]    383Zipper chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter in which plural sets of interlocking surfaces are fabricated together during manufacture on a common assembly strip (i.e., stringer) intended to be cut into separate zippers* in a latter manufacturing step.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 384]    384Having surface sealing structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 282.  Subject matter including structure which prevents the passage of a particular substance (e.g., fluid, dust, water, air) through the joint formed in the structure-to-be-secured* by the interlocking surfaces of the zippers*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 385]    385Having slider or interconnected sliders with access opening for diverse-art member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* provided with either a single sliding device or two interconnected sliding devices having an open region located therein or therebetween, respectively, through which a member not forming a part of the zipper and utilized in subject matter proper for another class is intended to extend.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 386]    386Plural independently movable sliders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* provided with two or more independently movable sliding devices each traveling along at least one common segment of a single set of interlocking surfaces.

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382,for plural zippers* having sets of interlocking surfaces with a common longitudinal axis and plural sliding devices which never traverse any common segment of the sets of surfaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 387]    387With distinct, stationary means for anchoring slider:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* provided with stationary, nonrepetitive means distinguishable from the interlocking surface and its supporting structure which is either positioned at one of the terminal ends thereof or a particular point therealong and intended to cooperate with a portion of the sliding device to hold it at a particular location.

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418,through 425, for position locking-means* supported by the slider and intended to cooperate with repetitive structure located along the length of the interlocking surface to anchor the slider at any position on the surface.

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70Locks,   for zippers in combination with locks.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 388]    388And for aligning surfaces or obstructing slider movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.  Stationary holding means having additional structure for either (a) aligning the interlocking surfaces of the zipper*, or (b) preventing or slowing the movement of the sliding device along the interlocking surfaces beyond the point at which they contact.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 389]    389With distinct member for sealing surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* provided with a member which does not form a portion of the interlocking surfaces and which prevents the passage of a particular substance (e.g., water, air, fluid, dust) through the joint formed in the structure-to-be-secured* by the interlocking surfaces of the zipper*.

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384,for plural zippers having surface sealing structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 390]    390With distinct separable-fastener:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Subject matter provided with a separable-fastener* which is distinct from the interlocking configured surface and not directly contacting the sliding device or effecting the zipper"s* operation.

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305,through 380, for combined diverse multipart fasteners which do not include zippers*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 391]    391Having coiled or bent continuous wire interlocking surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* including at least one interlocking surface consisting of a slender coiled or bent, rigid* or semirigid* filament which extends the full length of the surface.
(1) Note. Patents having peculiar interlocking structure (i.e., head) have been crossed into this subclass from its indented subclasses.

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575,for a separable-fastener* having two similarly shaped, sized, and operated interlocking faces.

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264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 280 through 290.7for shaping indefinite length work.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 392]    392With stringer tape interwoven or knitted therewith:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Zipper* provided with an intermediate mounting strip which is attached to the coiled or bent filament by the intertwining of plural slender elements which form the material of the strip and the filament during a weaving or knitting operation.

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66Textiles: Knitting,   subclasses 192 and 193 for a warp knit fabric incorporating an unknitted material (e.g., nominally recited interlocking wire for zipper).
139Textiles: Weaving,   subclass 384 for woven fabrics having a special shape (e.g., zipper stringer tapes and nominally recited zipper tooth).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 393]    393With stringer tape having specific weave or knit pattern:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Zipper* provided with an intermediate mounting strip which both (a) connects the filament to the structure-to-be-secured*, and (b) is formed by intertwining plural slender elements into a piece of material having a particular woven or knitted pattern.

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66Textiles: Knitting,   subclasses 192 and 193 for a warp knit fabric incorporating an unknitted material.
139Textiles: Weaving,   subclass 384 for woven fabrics having a special shape.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 394]    394With core encircled by coils or bends:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Zipper* provided with a member which extends the length of the interlocking surface and is encircled by the coils or bends of the filament.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 395]    395With mounting portion having structural formations complementary to stitching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Coiled or bent filament provided with structural formations positioned along its length which are intended to cooperate with stitching utilized in attaching the filament to either the structure-to-be-secured* or an intermediate mounting strip (e.g., stringer tape) intended to be connected to the structure-to-be-secured*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 396]    396Attached by stitching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Coiled or bent filament attached by stitching to either the structure-to-be-secured* or an intermediate mounting strip intended to be connected thereto.

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393,394, and 395, for structure which is usually used in conjunction with stitching to mount the interlocking surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 397]    397String or stringer tape having distinctive property (e.g., heat sensitive):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 396.  Coiled or bent filament wherein a distinctive physical property of either (a) the stitching string which is utilized in the stitching operation, or (b) the structure-to-be-secured* or the mounting strip to which the filament is attached by the string, is utilized to enhance the attachment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 398]    398With stringer tape having distinctive property (e.g., heat sensitive):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Zipper* provided with an intermediate mounting strip having a distinctive physical property used to enhance the attachment between the strip and the filament.

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397,for a continuous wire interlocking surface attached to a stringer tape by stitching and either the string or stringer tape having a distinctive property which effects the attachment.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 399]    399Having interlocking surface with continuous cross section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* including at least one interlocking surface consisting of either a single member or plural aligned members having a specific and continuous cross-sectional formation perpendicular to and along the full length of the interlocking surface.

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576,for a separable-fastener* having two elongated, similarly shaped, interlocking faces which each have parallel cross sections of identical shape along their full length.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 400]    400Opposed interlocking surface having dissimilar cross section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 399.  Zipper* in which the two opposed interlocking surfaces have different cross-sectional formations.

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587,for a separable-fastener* having an elongated, resilient, interlocking face with identically shaped, parallel cross sections along its full length.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 401]    401Having interlocking surface formed from single member with varying cross section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zippers* including at least one interlocking surface formed from a single member and having a cross-sectional shape which varies at different points perpendicular to and located along its length.

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577,for a separable-fastener* having two, similarly shaped, interlocking faces which each have parallel cross sections of varying shape along their length.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 402]    402Opposed surface having dissimilar cross section:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 401.  Zipper* in which the two opposed interlocking surfaces have different cross-sectional formations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 403]    403Interlocking surface constructed from plural elements in series:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* including specific details of an interlocking surface which is constructed from plural, discrete elements (i.e., teeth) attached in a series either directly to the structure-to-be-secured* or to an intermediate mounting strip (i.e., stringer) which is intended to be connected to the structure-to-be-secured* in another distinct operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 404]    404Having either noninterlocking element in, interrupted, or unequal length series:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Zipper* wherein the series of elements of one of the interlocking surfaces either (a) includes one or more elements in the series having no exterior face intended to interlock with an element of the mating surface, (b) includes a gap between two of the elements in the series which is significantly larger than the spacing between the majority of elements in the series, or (c) extends a significantly longer distance than the opposed series of elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 405]    405With element structural feature unrelated to interlocking or securing portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Element constructed with a functional or design feature (e.g., guide slots for sliding devices) not essential to, nor perfecting, either the portion of the element which (a) contacts and interlocking with an opposed element, or (b) attaches the element to the structure-to-be-secured* or mounting strip.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 406]    406Dissimilar opposed elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Zipper* wherein at least one discrete element of an interlocking surface is dissimilar in construction or configuration to the discrete element in the opposed surface with which it is intended to engage when the zipper* is closed.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 407]    407Wire element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Element wherein the portion of the element intended to contact and interlock with an element of the mating interlocking surface is formed from a slender, rigid* or semirigid* filament.

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391,through 398, for an interlocking surface formed from a single coiled or bent continuous wire.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 408]    408Preattached to mounting cord:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Discrete elements premounted during the manufacture of the zipper* to a distinct strand before being attached as a unit in a latter manufacturing step.

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401,and 402, for an interlocking surface formed (e.g., molded) from a single continuous member having a varying cross section at different points along its length.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 409]    409Having interlocking portion with specific shape:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Element wherein the portion of the discrete element intended to contact and interlock with a portion of an identical discrete element or elements of the mating interlocking surface includes a face having specific shape or contour (e.g., hooked).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 410]    410Including symmetrical formations on opposite walls for engaging mating elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 409.  Discrete element face including two identically shaped symmetrical formations located on opposite sides of the discrete element for interlocking engagement with identical formations on two different discrete elements of the mating interlocking surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 411]    411Including complementary formations on opposite walls for engaging mating elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 409.  Discrete element face including two, complementary-shaped formations (e.g., cavity and projection) located on opposite sides of the discrete element for interlocking with complementary formations on two different discrete elements of the mating interlocking surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 412]    412Mating elements having reversed orientation of formations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 411.  Discrete element face wherein the discrete elements of the mating surface which interlock therewith have identically shaped formations turned in the opposite direction of slider travel.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 413]    413Having mounting portion with specific shape or structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Discrete element wherein the portion of the element intended to contact and facilitate attaching it to either the structure-to-be-secured* or the mounting strip includes a particular structural formation.

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682.1,through 696, for a separable-fastener* having means for mounting one of its members to the structure-to-be-secured* or a support therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 414]    414Including embracing jaws:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 413.  Element attaching portion including a pair of opposed cooperating jaws which embrace either the structure-to-be-secured* or the mounting strip.

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688,through 690, for a separable-fastener* with one of its members provided with deformable means formed from or fixedly attached to it for mounting it to the structure-to-be-secured* or a support therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 415]    415Slider having specific configuration, construction, adaptation, or material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* in which a portion or component of the sliding device (1) has either a particular (a) shape or contour, (b) assembled relationship, or (c) perfecting feature unrelated to its primary function of shifting interlocking surfaces, or (2) is made from a particular composition of matter.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 416]    416Including relatively movable spaced wings (i.e., restraining walls):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device including two spaced walls located on opposite sides of the structure-to-be-secured* which are connected together in a manner allowing relative movement therebetween and utilized both (a) to support the interlocking surface camming and shifting components of the device, and (b) to restrain the separation of the interlocking surfaces.
(1) Note. The spaced walls of this subclass merely restrain the separation of the contacted segment of the interlocking surfaces within a fixed bounded region for alignment purposed and do not shift the surfaces into an interlocked position.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 417]    417Including converging channel and relatively movable separator island:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device in which the surface camming and shifting components include (a) two converging walls forming a channel which forces the two interlocking surfaces towards each other and into engagement when the sliding device is traveling in one direction, and (b) a member located between and movable relative to both of the channel walls which forces the two interlocking surfaces away from each other and out of engagement when the sliding device is traveling in the opposite direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 418]    418Including position locking-means attached thereto:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device including locking-means* attached thereto and operated either (a) by a sudden separation force on the structure-to-be-secured*, or (b) by hand for anchoring the sliding device at any position located along the length of the interlocking surfaces.

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387,and 388, for nonrepetitive stationary means distinguishable from the interlocking surface for anchoring the slider.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 419]    419Protrusion on pull tab directly engaging interlocking surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 418.  Sliding device provided with a movably attached member (e.g., bar, chain) by which the pulling force necessary to shift the device along the length of the surfaces is transmitted, and wherein the locking-means* for the sliding device consists of either an integrally formed or rigidly affixed protrusion which is located on the pull member and engages with the interlocking surfaces when the pull member is moved relative to the slider.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 420]    420Having surface engaging element shifted by reorientation of pull tab:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 418.  Sliding device provided with a movably attached member (e.g., bar, chain) by which the pulling force necessary to shift the device along the length of the interlocking surfaces is transmitted, and wherein the locking-means* for anchoring the sliding device includes an element either separate from or movably attached to the pull member which is engaged with the interlocking surfaces when the pull member is reoriented or relocated relative to the sliding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 421]    421Resilient or spring biased element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 420.  Locking-means* wherein the interlocking surface engaging element is either (a) constructed to be resilient* (b) made from a resilient* material, or (c) is attached to a spring which pulls it toward an initial position.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 422]    422Selectively shifted by either of two pull tabs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Locking-means* in which the resilient* or spring biased element may be shifted into engagement with the interlocking surfaces by either of two distinct pull members.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 423]    423With relatively movable link:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Locking-means* provided with a separate, motion transmitting, linking member located between the pull member and the resilient* or spring biased element and movable relative to each.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 424]    424Biased by distinct spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Locking-means* in which the interlocking surface engaging element is biased by a spring which is not integral therewith.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 425]    425Having aperture cooperation with guide post:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Locking-means* in which an aperture is formed in the interlocking surface engaging element for encircling a relatively fixed column or finger which limits this encompassing portion of the element to travel along the column"s length.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 426]    426Including means preventing bunching of structure-to-be-secured or stringer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device including means either formed from or attached to the sliding device for preventing the gathering, puckering, or wrinkling of either (a) the structure-to-be-secured*, or (b) an intermediate mounting strip utilized in mounting the interlocking surfaces to the structure-to-be-secured* at one location during the travel of the sliding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 427]    427Having specific contour or arrangement of converging channel, separator island, or wing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device including specific details of either the shape of or the assembled relationship between (a) a channel portion of the sliding device having converging walls which partially encompass and force together the interlocking surfaces when the sliding device travels in one direction, (b) a wedging portion of the sliding device which pushes between and forces apart the interlocking surfaces when the device travels in the opposite direction, or (c) a wall portion of the sliding device which supports the channel and wedging portions and restrains the outward movement of the interlocking surfaces within a fixed bounded region for alignment purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 428]    428Spaced segments of each wall of channel supported by different wings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 427.  Sliding device in which each of the converging walls of the channel portion includes two distinct sections which have (a) an open gap therebetween and (b) are each supported by a different restraining wall of the sliding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 429]    429Including pull tab attaching means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device including both (a) member through which the pulling force necessary to shift the device along the length of the interlocking surface is transmitted to the sliding device and (b) means for attaching this member to the sliding device.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 430]    430Including means for attaching components of slider together:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding devices including means for attaching separate components of the sliding device together into a unit.

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429,for pull tab-attaching means which may attach additional components of the slider together.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 431]    431With ornamental slider:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Sliding device provided with at least one component intended to enhance the appearance of the sliding device (e.g., decorative indicia thereof, a symbolic configuration, ornamental material attached thereto).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 432]    432With means for concealing surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* provided with a member which covers the interlocking surfaces concealing them from view and is either formed for a portion of an intermediate strip (i.e., stringer) utilized in mounting the interlocking surfaces to the structure-to-be-secured*, an independent piece of material attached to either the mounting strip or the structure-to-be-secured.

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389,for a member which conceals the interlocking surfaces from view and prevents the passage of a particular substance through the joint (e.g., water).

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2Apparel,   subclasses 265 and 266 for general apparel structure (e.g., cover flap) which is used with attachment fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 433]    433Including complementary, aligning means attached to ends of interlocking surfaces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* including means having a component located at the terminal portion of each of the interlocking surfaces which are structurally complementary to each other and align the ends of the interlocking surfaces.

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388,for complementary aligning means combined with structure for anchoring the slider.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 434]    434Having specific mounting connection or reinforcing structure at connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Aligning means having either (a) specific structure for attaching the aligning means to the structure-to-be-secured* or to an intermediate mounting strip utilized in interconnecting the aligning means to the structure-to-be-secured*, or (b) specific structure near the attachment joint for reinforcing and preventing damage to the structure-to-be-secured* or the mounting strip.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 435]    435Including means attaching interlocking surfaces together:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* including means distinct from the interlocking surfaces for attaching at least one portion of an interlocking surface to the opposed interlocking surface.

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390,for a separable-fastener* which secures the upper ends of two stringer tapes together without effecting the operation of the zipper* (i.e., the securing is not necessary for the normal operation of the zipper*).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 436]    436Including means for obstructing movement of slider:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Zipper* including means separate from the sliding device which prevents or slows the movement of the device along the interlocking surfaces beyond the point at which it is located (e.g., end of surface).

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388,for means which obstruct slider movement combined with structure for anchoring the slider.
435,for means which obstruct slider movement and attaches the interlocking surfaces together.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 437]    437SLIT CLOSING MEANS INCLUDING GUIDES ON OPPOSITE EDGES OF SLIT AND SLIDABLE BRIDGING COMPONENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising means which either pulls together or covers an elongated opening in the structure-to-be-secured*, and includes (a) guides located on the opposite longitudinal edges of the opening, and (b) a component which contacts both opposed guides and slides thereon when moving to or from a position where it extends across the gap between the longitudinal edges of the opening to shut or cover it.
(1) Note. See the class definition for patent placement procedure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

36Boots, Shoes, and Leggings,   subclasses 50.1 through 54for closure for uppers.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 438]    438With hand-actuated lever for shifting bridging component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter provided with a hand-actuated*, rigid* element which is pivotally connected to the sliding component and shifts the component between different positions when manual force is applied thereto and the element is swung about the pivot connection.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 439]    439Including structure linking and allowing variations in separation between opposite-guide-contacting portions of component:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Sliding component including structure which (a) is located between and connects together the distinct portions of the component which contact the guides positioned on opposite sides of the opening, and (b) allows the distance between these guide contacting portions to change or be adjusted.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 440]    440Having bridging components attached in series along carrying element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter including plural sliding components connected in sequential order along the length of a common, distinct element (e.g., cord) which transmits to the components the force necessary to shift them along the guides.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 441]    441Having separate, independently movable, bridging components:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 437.  Subject matter including plural, separate, sliding components which are movable independently along the same set of opposed guides.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 442]    442INCLUDING READILY DISSOCIABLE FASTENER HAVING NUMEROUS, PROTRUDING, UNITARY FILAMENTS RANDOMLY INTERLOCKING WITH, AND SIMULTANEOUSLY MOVING TOWARDS, MATING STRUCTURE (E.G., HOOK-LOOP TYPE FASTENER):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including means (1) for securing a segment of the structure-to-be-secured* to either supporting structure therefor or a distinct segment thereof in a manner allowing the securement to be quickly detached, and (2) having a multiplicity of individual threadlike (i.e., the size of a cross-sectional area thereof taken perpendicular to its longitudinal axis being extremely small when compared to the area of the common mounting surface for the members) members which (a) each have all of their components integral with or fixedly attached to one another (b) are mounted to a common mounting surface anchored to the structure-to-be-secured* or a support structure therefor from which they extend upwardly, and (c) are intended to move both without preorientation and in unison towards engagement with separate, opposed structure attached to, formed from, or consisting of the distinct segment of the structure-to-be-secured* or the support structure therefor with which each threadlike member individually and mechanically interlocks (i.e., its movement is restricted in the direction in which force is transmitted thereto by the structure-to-be-secured*) to complete the securement.
(1) Note. To be proper for this and the indented subclasses several of the threadlike members should, by disclosure, be mounted along each side of the common mounting surface to allow random alignment of the means with the opposed structure at any given orientation of the mounting surface.
(2) Note. Patents which claim only structure details of a single, interlocking, threadlike member which is solely disclosed as being utilized in a securing means proper for this and the indented subclasses have been placed in these subclasses on a disclosure basis.
(3) Note. See the class definition for patent placement procedure.
(4) Note. Pointed or barbed threadlike members which pierce the unmodified surface of the structure-to-be-secured* or a support therefor to complete the securement operation are considered proper for this and the indented subclasses.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

31,for a fastener of the type proper for this subclass which is utilized in connecting together the ends of a driving belt.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

28Textiles: Manufacturing,   subclass 161 for pile fabric specifically fabricated or treated for utilization in forming a separable-fastener*.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclass 100 for a structurally defined web or sheet including a hook or barb fastener for attachment to an external surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 443]    443With distinct structure for sealing securement joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means provided with structure which does not form a portion of any of the interlocking, threadlike members and which prevents the passage of a particular substance (e.g., water) through the joint formed between the interlocking members and the opposed structure with which they interlock during the securing operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 444]    444With feature facilitating, enhancing, or causing attachment of filament mounting surface to support therefor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Threadlike member mounting surface provided with a special structural feature which is intended to assist in, expedite, improve the quality of, or cause its anchoring to either the distinct segment of the structure-to-be-secured* or the support structure therefor.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

682.1,through 696, for a separable-fastener* having means for mounting one of its members to a distinct segment of the structure-to-be-secured* or the support structure therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 445]    445Having filaments formed from continuous element interwoven or knitted into distinct, mounting surface fabric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means having at least two of the individual threadlike members both formed from a common continuous element which is mounted to the mounting surface by the intertwining of the element with a plurality of distinct (i.e., having different structural shape or assembled orientation from element), slender strands forming the material of the mounting surface during a weaving or knitting operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 446]    446Having filaments of varied shape or size on same mounting surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means in which the individual threadlike members located on the common mounting surface have a diversity of configurations or dimensions.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 447]    447With feature facilitating or causing attachment of filaments to mounting surface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means provided with a feature which is specifically intended to assist in, expedite, improve the quality of, or cause the mounting of the threadlike members to the mounting surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 448]    448Thermal or adhesive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 447.  Mounting feature utilizing either the thermal properties or molecular adhesive forces of the threadlike members, mounting surface, or a separate mounting substance in the mounting operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 449]    449Having several, repeating, interlocking formations along length of filaments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Threadlike members having several, similar structural formations formed along the length of the members, which formations are each intended to be capable of interlocking with the opposed structure during at least some of the securing operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 450]    450Having opposed structure formed from distinct filaments of diverse shape to those mating therewith:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means wherein the opposed structure with which the threadlike members of the securing means interlock is also formed from a multiplicity of individual threadlike members having a configuration which is different from that of the members they engage and interlock with.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 451]    451Having filaments constructed from coated, laminated, or composite material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Threadlike members having their individual structure formed either (a) one substance enclosed within a layer of another distinct substance, (b) two distinct layers of different substances united together or, (c) two distinct substances each forming different portions of the same member.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 452]    452Having mounting surface and filaments constructed from common piece of material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Securing means having the mounting surface and their threadlike members formed (e.g., molded, cut) from a single piece of material.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 453]    453INDEPENDENT, HEADED, APERTURE-PASS-THROUGH FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a securing means which (1) is separated from (i.e., not mounted or attached to) both the structure-to-be-secured* and any supporting structure therefor, (2) includes a relatively narrow shank portion intended to (a) first pass freely through (i.e., not interlock with) an initial preformed aperture in the structure-to-be-secured* or supporting structure therefor and (b) then interlock with (i.e., movement of the securing means is restricted in a direction force is exerted thereon by the structure-to-be-secured*) an aligned structural modification (e.g., aperture) or peculiarity (e.g., bend) in either the supporting structure or a separate area of the structure-to-be-secured*, and (3) includes an enlarged, insertion-force-transmitting head portion which in final position contacts the surface area around the initial aperture preventing the terminal end of the securing means from passing therethrough.
(1) Note. The area around the aperture in the structure-to-be-secured* is held or gripped between the headed portion of the securing means and the face of the structural modification or peculiarity after interlock has taken place.
(2) Note. The shank portion of the fastening means is always narrower in at least one dimension than the headed portion thereof during the insertion operation, however, it may include a section which before or after it is passed through the aperture expands from a contracted configuration to a configuration as wide or wider than the headed portion.
(3) Note. A securing means which in addition includes a component which does not pass through the aperture and engages the tip of the shank to complete its interlock with the modifications or peculiarities is only considered proper for this subclass if the component is totally separate from the remainder of the securing means and is found in subclasses 455-571 if linked by connecting structure (see subclass 455, (1) Note.
(4) Note. See the class definition for patent placement procedures.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

41.1,through 48, for cuff holders having similar structure and operation to the fasteners of this subclass.
573+,for similar fasteners which include three separate components and have at least two of these components formed from either (1) material distinct from that of the structure-to-be-secured* or a support therefor and not encompassed thereby, or (2) the material of the structure-to-be-secured* or the support therefor, however, in this instance, both of these components if one includes an apertures must either, (a) have their interlocking structure remain unaligned with each other along the central axis of the aperture when in their final interlocked position, or (b) have the third element engage each in a separate distinct interlocking operation.
706,for a headed pin fastener.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

403Joints and Connections,   subclasses 405+ for a separate connector, fastener, or retainer for connecting together rigid or semirigid panels in which either (a) a peculiar cooperating configuration between the panels is claimed, or (b) plural connectors, fasteners, or retainers are claimed in a particular arrangement.
411Expanded, Threaded, Driven, Headed, Tool-Deformed, or Locked-Threaded Fastener,   for headed fastener which are either (a) impact driven, (b) rotated by a torque applying tool, (c) have a permanently deformed tip, or (d) have a pointed material impaling tip.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 454]    454FASTENER WITH REVOLVING COMPONENT WRAPPING STRUCTURE-TO-BE-SECURED ABOUT FASTENER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a fastener having a component revolving about (i.e., rotating at least 360°) a relatively stationary component of the fastener along with a continuously engaged segment of a flaccid* structure-to-be-secured* to thereby wind the structure-to-be-secured* about at least one component of the fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 455]    455CLASP, CLIP, SUPPORT-CLAMP, OR REQUIRED COMPONENT THEREOF:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising a clasp*, clip*, support clamp*, or required component (i.e., a surface of the mechanism having the sole purpose of gripping a structure-to-be-secured*) thereof.
(1) Note. Securing means having a component cooperating with a structural modification formed in or from a portion of the structure-to-be-secured* (e.g., extending through an aperture formed in the structure-to-be-secured*) when operating are not considered proper for this and the indented subclasses if the sole function of this modification is for the securing operation and are generally found in separable-fasteners*. The only exceptions to this statement are when (a) the component of the securing means cooperating with the modification is used to connect the article gripping face of a support-clamp* to the structure-to-be-secured* which forms the opposed gripping face, of the support-clamp*, it is then proper for subclass 458 if the article gripping face is claimed and the supporting article has no special structural modification (e.g., another aperture being gripped by the faces), or (b) the component is located on one gripping face of an independent clasp* (i.e., a clasp* unconnected in any manner to either another portion of the structure-to-be-secured* or a supporting structure therefor) which is intended to merely grip two segments of the structure-to-be-secured* together and has its component supporting gripping face linked to its opposed gripping face solely by structure which does not pass through the structural modification in the structure-to-be-secured*.
(2) Note. See Lines With Other Classes of the class definition of this class for the line between Classes 24 and 248. Also, see the search note to Class 24 in the class definition of Class 248.
(3) Note. Securing means having a component which penetrates or forms a passageway through the structure-to-be-secured* when operating are not considered proper for this and the indented subclasses and are found generally below in subclass 706 and its indented subclasses. The only exception is when the penetrating component is (a) intended to enhance the gripping action and is located on and protrudes at an angle skewed to the structure-to-be-secured* contacting surface of one of the relatively movable, interconnected, opposed gripping faces of a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*, and (2) not restricted by structure which contacts the portion of the penetrating component extending through the structure-to-be-secured* to prevent its removal in a direction opposed to that of its entry into the structure-to-be-secured*.
(4) Note. See the class definition for patent placement procedures.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

41.1,through 48, for devices for holding cuffs.
67,for paper fasteners, clipboards, and other paper clamping devices which cooperate with specific paper structure for holding the paper in a given position. Paper fasteners of a more general utility are classified under subclass 455 or its indented subclasses.
72.5,for clasps*, clips* or support- clamps* which cooperate with specific bedclothes structure for holding bedclothes in a given position. Bedclothes holders of a more general utility are classified under subclass 455 or its indented subclasses.
115,for a cord or rope engaging fastener which is a component of a clasp* and holds one portion of a cord or rope relative to another portion of a cord or rope where the cord or rope has another principal function (i.e., it is the structure-to-be-secured* since it has principle utility outside this class).
163,for devices which grasp belt like bands in the manner of a buckle.
265,for a strap-end-attaching device combined with an unclaimed clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*.
706.2,through 710.2, for devices which grasp pins to prevent their loss.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   subclasses 300 through 342for clasps*, clips*, support-clamps* used to support or retain garments or to hold parts of a garment supporter together where significant structure or features of the garments or parts held (i.e., details not required for gripping) are claimed. See (1) Note of the class definition of this class.
5Beds,   particularly subclasses 402 through 410for devices for securing a cover to a pad or bottom of a bedstead; subclass 411 for devices for securing a portion of a mattress on to a section of a bed which has been unfolded or extended; and subclass 498 for devices for holding bedclothes on the bed or details of the bedclothes. Details of the specific bedclothes, bed, or portion thereof must be claimed.
15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   particularly subclass 257.2 for a clasp* for attaching dustpans to brushes or brooms.
16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   particularly subclasses 4+ through 17for a device (e.g., clip*, clasp*, or support-clamp*) peculiar to, or having a sole disclosure for use in, securing a carpet to the floor of a building; and subclass 428 for a device peculiar to, or having a sole disclosure for use in, securing a cord pull handle to window blind.
29Metal Working,   particularly subclass 13 and 400.1+, for a process of manufacturing a metal clasp*, clip* or support-clamp*. Search in particular subclasses 33, 650, and 700-283.5 for the means for performing the process.
38Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing,   particularly subclass 102.91 for fabric fasteners attached to a stretcher frame.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   particularly subclasses 16.4+ for a check, label, or tag holder using a clamp for attachment to a body.
63Jewelry,   particularly subclasses 12 through 14.9for earrings which claim the details of the ornamental setting or of the ear engaging portions.
69Leather Manufactures,   particularly subclasses 19 through 19.3for apparatus (e.g., a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*) peculiar to or having a sole disclosure for use in the stretching or holding of leather.
72Metal Deforming,   particularly subclasses 293 -323, 422, and 423 for a clasp* used in deforming metal.
73Measuring and Testing,   particularly subclasses 831 through 833and 856-860 for apparatus (e.g., a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*) peculiar to or having a sole disclosure for use in specimen measuring and testing.
74Machine Element or Mechanism,   particularly subclasses 144 through 169for a device (e.g., a clasp*) which intermittently grips, for the purpose of moving, a member (e.g., a polish rod); and subclass 579 for a pitmen or connecting rod and its gripping device.
132Toilet,   particularly subclass 41 for hair retained curlers with a clasp* type hair fastener; and subclasses 46 and 48 for curl, clasp*, or barrette-type hair fasteners.
140Wireworking,   particularly subclasses 82 and 83 for devices for making or forming a wire clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   particularly subclass 66 for a method of manufacturing an adhesively bonded clasp *, clip *, or support-clamp *.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   particularly subclasses 349.1 and 349.2 for hung drapes combined with drape holding means; and subclasses 382-404 for fabric fastening means.
164Metal Founding,   particularly subclasses 1 through 138for process of molding a metallic clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*.
173Tool Driving or Impacting,   particularly subclasses 163+ for a machine wrench which grips and rotates a pipe or rod (e.g., a well pipe to move it into and out of a material).
175Boring or Penetrating the Earth,   particularly subclass 422 for a clasp* (e.g., a well slip assembly) which separately travels with an earth boring shaft or which cooperates with specifically shaped well structure which stops or actuates the clasp*. A broader claiming of a well drilling apparatus is not sufficient for placement in Class 175.
188Brakes,   particularly subclass 67 for a brake (e.g., a clasp*) mechanically connected to a relatively stationary structure and which holds a pipe or rod at various locations along the pipe"s or rod"s length for short, quick linear assembly or disassembly during a work or manufacturing operation, or preparatory to a working operation, done by the pipe, rod, or a pipe supported tool.
211Supports: Racks,   appropriate subclasses for structure which supports and article against the pull of gravity or holds it in a storage position; particularly subclasses 119.11 through 119.13for article gripper means supported by, and in combination with, a clothesline.
248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for structure which supports an article against the pull of gravity or holds it in a storage position.
249Static Molds,   particularly subclasses 205+ for mold adjuncts which function to hold the mold parts in operative relation.
254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   appropriate subclasses for a clasp* attached to a work pushing or pulling implement or apparatus.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   particularly subclasses 239 through 339for a process of mechanical shaping or molding to form or reform a shaped, plastic or nonmetallic clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*.
269Work Holders,   appropriate subclasses for clamps which hold an article (e.g., a well pipe or rod) while modifying work is done on it, or while a plurality of articles are being located in an assembled arrangement.
279Chucks or Sockets,   appropriate subclasses for a chuck or socket which grips a pipe, rod, or tool which is intended to be rotated or repeatedly reciprocated by an unclaimed power boring source.
280Land Vehicles,   particularly subclasses 170 through 178and 183-192 for whip and rein holders on a vehicle.
281Books, Strips, and Leaves,   particularly subclass 42 for book leaf holders and marks.
292Closure Fasteners,   particularly subclasses 305 and 306 for rod clamps for securing closures in an adjusted position.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   particularly subclasses 86+ and 102 for a grapple which is disclosed for gripping articles (e.g., well pipes or rods) being moved between two locations by either a hand or cable lifting force.
373Industrial Electrical Heating Furnaces,   particularly subclasses 94 through 101for clamps for holding electrodes in an arc furnace.
396Photography,   appropriate subclasses and particularly subclasses 511 through 528for devices peculiar to the holding of photographic film.
402Binder Device Releasably Engaging Aperture or Notch of Sheet,   appropriate subclasses for clamping devices which cooperate with an aperture or notch in sheet material.
403Joints and Connections,   appropriate subclasses for means securing plural members together whereby the means is involved in a particular cooperation or relation with the members. See in particular subclasses 344 , 345-400, and digest 5 for carbon rod holders.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for means to injection mold plastic or earthenware component parts of a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*.
439Electrical Connectors,   appropriate subclasses for a clamping device associated with connecting conductors of electricity.
602Surgery: Splint, Brace, or Bandage,   subclass 79 for bandage restrainers.
623Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, or Aids and Accessories Therefor,   subclass 57 for hooks of the artificial hand type.
D2Apparel and Haberdashery,   particularly subclasses 405+ for clothing fastener designs.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 456]    456Gripping member adapted for tool actuation or release:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having a gripping member specifically shaped or arranged for direct cooperation with a separate hand or power operated, force transmitting implement (i.e., a tool) which causes an engaging surface of the gripping member to be nondestructively moved into or out of securing contact with a structure-to-be-secured* or supporting member by direct force from the implement.
(1) Note. Clasps*, clips*, or support- clamps* having intermediate operators* such as cams, screws, or bolts which are actuated or released by a tool are not proper for this subclass and may be found elsewhere under subclass 455.
(2) Note. The combination of a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* and a positively claimed tool is found in the class providing for the particular tool.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

703,for a nonflaccid fastener destructively secured and reshaped or deformed by a tool distortion force.
704,for a two part, interlocking fastener requiring either destructive or tool disengagement.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

411Expanded, Threaded, Driven, Headed, Tool-Deformed, or Locked-Threaded Fastener,   for headed fasteners which are either (a) impact driven, (b) rotated by a torque applying tool, (c) have a permanently deformed tip, or (d) have a pointed material impaling tip.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 457]    457With specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* provided with specific means for attaching it to a rigid* or semirigid* (a) supporting structure, or (b) structure-to-be-secured*.
(1) Note. The actual mounting means, per se, must be positively claimed for the combination to be considered proper for this subclass. The mere claiming of a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* which is "adapted" for mounting is considered insufficient for placement herein. The clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp*, after being mounted to the supporting structure or the structure-to-be-secured* is then capable of gripping a structure-to-be-secured* or supporting structure, respectively.
(2) Note. See (1) Note of subclass 455 for the line between this subclass and subclass 572, Separable-Fastener or Required Component Thereof.
(3) Note. A rigid* or semirigid* linking structure (e.g., a suspension ring or a wire coat hanger) which merely (i.e., its sole disclosed function) connects the clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* to another structure which supports both the clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* and the linking structure is not considered alone to be a rigid* or semirigid* support structure.
(4) Note. This subclass does not include peculiar mounting formations which either (1) (a) require the supporting structure to first pass through the passageway formed by opposed structure-to-be-secured* engaging surfaces and (b) are extensions of this passageway simply located further therealong or (2) are intended to be capable of alternately being utilized to grip the structure-to-be-secured* (e.g., not plural clasping sections).
(5) Note. See Lines With Other Classes in the class definition of this class for the line between Classes 24 and 248. Also, see the search note to Class 24 in the class definition of Class 248.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

67,for paper fasteners, clipboards and other paper clamping devices which cooperate with specific paper structure for holding the paper in a given position. Paper fasteners of a more general utility are classified under subclass 455 or its indented subclasses.
289,through 297, for similar fasteners attaching a decorative trim molding strip to the exterior of a vehicle or similar body.
485,for independently operable clasp*, clips*, or support-clamps* connected by a rigid*, nongripping, specifically shaped portion, e.g., a yoke.
478,479, 489, 497, 529, and 532, for a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* provided with mounting means for attaching to a flaccid* supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured*.
531,for integrally combined, independently operable, diverse, resilient* clasp*, clips*, or support-clamps*.
545,through 563, for plural, one-piece, resilient* fastener faces connected by an integral connecting structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 13+ for special article supports; and subclasses 86+ for specially mounted or attached supports or racks.
223Apparel Apparatus,   subclasses 85 through 98for clamps combined with a specific apparel hanger.
248Supports,   appropriate subclasses for mounted supports in general.
403Joint and Connections,   for a separate connector, fastener, or retainer for connecting together rigid* or semirigid* panels in which either (a) a peculiar cooperating configuration between the panels is claimed, or (b) plural connectors, fasteners, or arrangement.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 458]    458For cooperating with aperture in supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 457.  Attaching means which cooperates with a preformed opening in either the supporting structure or the structure-to-be-secured.
(1) Note. A support-clamp* mounted to a structure-to-be-secured* via an aperture therethrough must not pass through an additional aperture on the supporting structure which is for the sole purpose of cooperating with the support-clamp*. See subclass 455, (1) Note.
(2) Note. See subclass 453, (3) Note and subclass 573, (2) Note for further distinctions between those subclasses and this.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

289,through 297, for similar fasteners used to attach a decorative trim molding strip to the exterior of a vehicle or similar body.
573+,for a separable-fastener* which includes three separate components and either (a) has at least two of these components formed from material other than that of the structure-to-be-secured* or a support structure therefor or (b) has two of these components formed from the material of the structure-to-be-secured* or a support structure therefor, but not aligned with each other when in their final fastening position.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 459]    459Dissociable gripping members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp* having two completely detached gripping members (i.e., the gripping members not being connected to each other in any manner) which are intended to mate or interlock with each other at a specific location while grasping the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

530,through 567, for a resilient mechanism which mates or interlocks with structure which has an additional and usually principle function other than normally associated with this class (e.g., a lawn chair frame or a curtain rod) for grasping the structure-to-be-secured* (e.g., the lawn chair webbing or the curtain) therebetween.
572+,for detached gripping members not gripping the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween when interlocking.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 4 through 17for similar mechanisms for grasping carpets.
160Flexible or Portable Closure, Partition, or Panel,   subclasses 391 and 392-394 for similar mechanisms for fastening fabric to an elongated element.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 460]    460Channel and inserted bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Detached gripping members including one gripping member having a generally C-shaped cross section and the other gripping member being a rodlike element which fits into the opening of the C-shaped gripping member when grasping the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween.
(1) Note. A channel or bar of any suitable length is considered appropriate for this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 461]    461Having operator or locking means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 460.  Detached gripping members having either (a) an operator* for moving one of the gripping members into contact with the structure-to-be-secured*, or (b) locking means* not directly engaging the structure-to-be-secured* itself but retaining the opposed gripping members in contact therewith.
(1) Note. The operator* must not directly contact the structure-to-be-secured* to be proper for this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 462]    462Resilient channel or bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 460.  Detached gripping members wherein at least one of the gripping members is either (a) constructed to be resilient*, or (b) made from a resilient* material to aid in the mating or interlocking of the gripping members.
(1) Note. A gripping member merely formed from a resilient* material but wherein the resiliency does not aid in the mating or interlocking operation is not considered proper for this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 463]    463Having gripping member actuated by fluid force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having a gripping member moved into or out of engagement with the structure-to-be-secured* by a fluid force or fluid driven operator*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 464]    464Having inserted and receiving interlocking members connected by bendable, nonbiasing strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp* having (a) a projecting portion of one gripping member (e.g., button, hook) inserted within a cavity portion of the opposed gripping member (e.g., open loop, aperture, or slot member) which receives both it and the structure-to-be-secured* in such a manner as to subsequently restrict their relative movement in the direction in which force is transmitted thereto by the structure-to-be-secured* and (b) a flexible nongripping, elongated material through which the gripping members are solely attached and which is capable of bending at several points along its length without any essential resilient biasing of either gripping member (i.e., the elongated material, when formed from a resilient* substance, could theoretically be replaced by a flaccid* material and the clasp* would still function properly).
(1) Note. The mere intermeshing or mating of opposed gripping members is not considered to be interlocking unless the intermeshing or mating portions tightly interfit or are otherwise held together to restrict the separation of the gripping members.
(2) Note. Patents in which both interlocking members include a cavity (e.g., open loop, aperture, or slot) which at least partially encompasses a portion of the opposed member"s structure are placed in this and the indented subclasses according to the following rule: The cavity or receiving member is always the member whose opening encompasses the larger portion of the mating structure"s surface at the interlocking connection (i.e., area of mutual contact). The only exception to this rule is when a hook (i.e., a projection having its end bent back towards its connection to the structure-to-be-secured*) is maneuvered through a closed encircling member, in this situation, the fully encircling member is always considered the cavity or receiving member.
(3) Note. The flexible, nonbiased material need not be fixedly attached to either of the gripping members but may allow for the sliding of either gripping member relative to the material.
(4) Note. See subclass 487 definition and notes for the distinction between an elongated strap and a hinge.

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298,for plural fasteners having an intermediate flaccid connector.
487,for gripping members connected by integral, thin, nonbiasing or discrete flaccid, connecting hinge.
530,through 567, for interlocking, gripping members connected by a resiliently biased flexible (e.g., plastic) strap which is essential to the proper functioning of the clasp*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 465]    465Discrete flaccid strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 464.  Flexible, nonbiased, elongated material made from a separate, flaccid* material.
(1) Note. A multilink chain which acts in a flaccid* manner is considered to be flaccid* even if its individual links are rigid*.
(2) Note. While the flaccid* material must be separate from both the inserted and the receiving members it may wrap around either and form part or all of the member"s engaging surface.

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487,for gripping members connected by a discrete, flaccid* connecting hinge.
530,for interlocking, gripping members connected by a flexible, biased, elongated material (e.g., elastic) whose biasing force is essential to the proper function of the clasp*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 466]    466With distinct means for preventing separation of members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Clasps* in which the gripping members are provided with means remote from their projecting and cavity portions which both prevents the gripping members from uncoupling and does not contact the structure-to-be-secured*.
(1) Note. The remote means may additionally cause the gripping members to move into or out of contact with the structure-to-be-secured*.

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469,for means which prevent separation of the gripping members and contact the structure-to-be-secured*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 467]    467Slidably mounted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 466.  Uncoupling prevention means which is slidably guided and moves relative to the structure-to-be-secured* engaging surface of its gripping member while sliding along a linear or curvilinear path.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 468]    468With separate flaccid flap or pocket for protecting structure-to-be-secured:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Clasp provided with an attached separate (i.e., nonintegral) piece or envelope of flaccid* material which is located between one of the gripping members and the structure-to-be-secured* to prevent injury to the structure-to-be-secured* by this gripping member when the members are coupled together.
(1) Note. The envelope may be an attached separate pocket of protective material in which a gripping member is inserted in a readily removable manner without requiring disassembly of the device before the gripping members are coupled together.
(2) Note. The separate flap or envelope does not conform to the specific shape of either gripping member"s interlocking portions when in the uncoupled position (i.e., it is not a form fitted cavity or projection member covering).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 469]    469With separate, cavity-blocking gate on receiving member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Cavity gripping member provided with a nonunitary, relatively movable, structure-to-be-secured* engaging portion which blocks the withdrawal path of the projection gripping member (a) preventing its uncoupling from the cavity gripping member, and (b) aiding in the gripping of the structure-to-be-secured*.

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466,and 467, for means which prevent the separation of the gripping members but does not contact the structure-to-be-secured*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 470]    470Resilient inserted or receiving member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Projection or cavity gripping member which is either (a) made from a resilient* material, or (b) shaped in such a manner that it is resiliently biased, to facilitate the coupling of gripping members and the structure-to-be-secured*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 471]    471Inserted or receiving member substantially covered or coated for protection or to promote gripping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 470.  Resilient* projection or cavity gripping member completely covered or coated on all significant engaging surfaces with a separate, uniformly thick material which will (a) prevent either gripping member from damaging the structure-to-be-secured* during use, or (b) enhance the gripping of the structure-to-be-secured*.
(1) Note. While the covering or coating may conform to the shape of either the cavity or the projection gripping member engaging surface it is not intended to form any of the interlocking protrusions, etc., per se, and its primary purpose must be the protection or gripping of the structure-to-be-secured*.
(2) Note. The portion of the inserted or receiving member used for attaching it to the flaccid* connecting strap or other clasp* portion is the only portion considered to be insignificant.

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468,for a mechanism with a protecting flap or pocket separate from the flaccid* connecting strap and between the gripping members and the structure-to-be-secured*.
473,through 476, for resilient* projections having a nonmetallical engaging faces which help form its interlocking protrusions, etc., per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 472]    472Resilient inserted member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 470.  Projection gripping member made from a resilient* material or shaped such that it is resilient*.
(1) Note. The receiving member may also be resilient* but need not be so.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 473]    473Having engaging face formed from nonmetallic material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 472.  Projection gripping member having an engaging surface made, at least in part, from a nonmetallic material (e.g., rubber, wood) which is either resilient* itself or biased by a resilient* portion of the projection gripping member.

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471,for a projection gripping member covered or coated by a separate, uniformly thick material which conforms to the shape of the projection gripping member engaging surface.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 474]    474Having head and neck type engaging face:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 73.  Nonmetallic engaging surface consisting of a body with an enlarged engaging head formed on or attached to a relatively narrower engaging stem (e.g., mushroom shaped).
(1) Note. The engaging head may be enlarged in only one transverse direction with respect to the stem.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 475]    475Having internal supporting or reinforcing element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 474.  Projection gripping member having a supporting or strengthening element located inside the nonmetallic head or stem.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 476]    476Circular head or neck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 475.  Projection gripping member wherein either the enlarged engaging head or stem has a circular cross section in the direction transverse to the longitudinal axis of the head or stem.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 477]    477Having wedge shaped, inserted and receiving members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Clasp* having tapered projection and complimentary shaped cavity gripping members which, because of their tapered shape, grasp the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween with increasing force as they are moved towards each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 478]    478With specific means for attaching to flaccid strap or supporting strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Clasp* wherein either (a) one of the gripping members is provided with specific means for attaching it to the flaccid* material connecting the gripping members together, or (b) a part of the clasp* is provided with specific means for attaching the clasp* to a support strap (e.g., garter strap).
(1) Note. Details of the means for attaching must be positively claimed for proper document placement herein as an original classification.

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265,for strap-end-attaching devices not claiming the clasp*, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 479]    479On the inserted member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 478.  Specific attaching means on the projection gripping member for attaching it to the flaccid* or the supporting strap.
(1) Note. Details of the strap-end-attaching portion of the inserted member must be claimed for placement herein as an original.
(2) Note. There may also be attaching means claimed connecting (a) the cavity member to the flaccid* strap, or (b) the clasp* to a support strap.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 480]    480Having necked button sliding along length of closed, variable width loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Clasp* having (a) a projection gripping member consisting of an enlarged engaging head formed on or attached to a relatively narrower, rigid*, engaging stem (e.g., mushroom shaped) and (b) a cavity gripping member consisting of an encircling band or strip forming a variable width opening (e.g., keyhole shaped), whereby the engaging stem of the projection gripping member is moved from a wider portion of the cavity gripping member opening to a narrower portion to securely grasp the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween and prevent separation of the opposed projection and cavity gripping members.
(1) Note. The cavity gripping may be attached to the flaccid* strap or a supporting strap in such a manner as to form the closed loop when viewed as a whole.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 481]    481Having flaccid gripping member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having at least a portion of one gripping member formed from flaccid* material.
(1) Note. A multilink chain which acts in a flaccid* manner in all directions is considered to be flaccid* even if its individual links are rigid.
(2) Note. This subclass is not intended to include rigid* or semirigid* engaging members covered by a flaccid* piece of material.

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115,for a cord or rope engaging fastener which is a component of a clasp* and holds one portion of a cord or rope relative to another portion of a cord or rope where the cord or rope has another principal function (i.e., it is the structure-to-be-secured* since it has principle utility outside this class).
703,for a permanently deformed clasp* for holding ends of a flaccid* bandlike material together (e.g., a garter clasp*).

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclass 131 for a work holder using a flaccid, constrictable loop to grip an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 482]    482Formed from elastic material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 481.  Flaccid* gripping member formed from a material having a natural springiness which both allows it to significantly elongate in at least one direction when a tensional force is applied to it in that direction and fully return to its original length (i.e., it suffers no permanent deformation) after this force is removed.

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267Spring Devices,   subclass 153 for a rubber band, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 483]    483Encircling gripping member including semirigid band and operator for tightening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp* or support-clamp* wherein the gripping member is completely wrapped around the structure-to-be-secured* or a portion thereof and includes both a semirigid* strap which at least partially encircles the structure-to-be-secured* and an operator* for moving this strap into engagement with the structure-to-be-secured*.
(1) Note. The semirigid* strap may be a chain which is not flaccid* in all direction.
(2) Note. The operator* must not directly contact the structure-to-be-secured* to be proper for this subclass.

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19,through 286, and the line notes thereunder, for similar art devices for bundling bales, packages, or clamping hoses or the like.
68+,for strap tightener fasteners, per se.
115+,for a cord or rope engaging fastener which is a component of a clasp* and holds one portion of a cord or rope relative to another portion of a cord or rope where the cord or rope has another principal function (i.e., it is the structure-to-be-secured* since it has principal utility outside this class).
463,for an encircling, semirigid* band tightened by a fluid force.

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclasses 130 through 132for a work holder using a constrictable loop to grip an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 484]    484Encircling gripping member including semirigid band and means for adjusting girth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp* or support-clamp* wherein the gripping member is completely wrapped around the structure-to-be-secured* or a portion thereof and includes a semirigid* strap which at least partially encircles the structure-to-be-secured* and is provided with means permitting its length to be increased or decreased to engage different sizes or amount of structure-to-be-secured*.
(1) Note. The semirigid* strap may be a chain which is not flaccid in all directions.

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16,and the line notes thereunder, for similar art devices for bundling bales, packages, or clamping hoses or the like.
68,and 483, for strap tighteners, per se, which also have an adjustable girth.
115,for a cord or rope engaging fastener which is a component of a clasp* and holds one portion of a cord or rope relative to another portion of a cord or rope where the cord or rope has another principal function (i.e., it is the structure-to-be-secured* since it has principle utility outside this class).

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclasses 130 through 132for a work holder using a constrictable loop to grip an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 485]    485With specifically shaped, nongripping, rigid structure for connecting independently operable clasps, clips, or support-clamps:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* provided with a rigid* specifically shaped, nongripping body (e.g., a yoke) or region for connecting together two or more clasp*, clips*, or support-clamps* which are each capable of functioning separately from one another and which are not formed as a one piece body.
(1) Note. The rigid* connecting structure may be either integral with or separate from the clasps*, clips*, or support-clamps* but must be for connecting one independently operable clasp*, clip*, and support-clamp* to another and not merely connecting opposing gripping members of either or both clasp*, clip*, and support-clamps* together. If the rigid* connecting structure is integral with either or both clasps*, clip*, or support-clamp*, the entire assemblage must be multipart in nature (i.e., both clasps*, clips*, or support-clamps* and the rigid* structure must not be formed together of a single piece of material).
(2) Note. A rodlike, straight connecting body or region with a constant cross section throughout its length is not considered specifically shaped.

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298,for plural fasteners having intermediate flaccid* connector.
305,for combined, diverse multipart fasteners.
457,and 458, for clasps*, clips*, or support- clamps* connected to a mounting means for attachment to a rigid-supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured*.
530,for plural, resilient* opposing gripping members connected by integral or separate rigid structure.
531,for integrally combined, independently operable, diverse, resilient* clasps*, clips*, or support-clamps*.
545,through 563, for plural, one piece, resilient fasteners connected by an integral connecting structure.
900.1,for shirt collar holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 486]    486Gripping member face integral with or rigidly affixed to screw-driving portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* wherein an engaging surface of a gripping member is either formed from or rigidly affixed to the end portion of a screw-threaded propelling device.

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502,514, 525, 535, and 569, for a screw type operator* propelling a separate relatively movable gripping member face.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 487]    487Having either discrete flaccid or thin, nonbiasing, integral, connecting hinge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having two opposed gripping members connected by either (1) a separate flaccid* connector, or (2) a unitary, relatively thin, nonbiasing, connecting portion which has both (a) its length no longer than its width (i.e., not elongated) and (b) a bending segment about which one of the gripping members moves in a pivoting manner (i.e., similar to a conventional pivot pin arrangement).
(1) Note. The connector"s or connecting portion"s length is considered to be the distance it extends between the opposed gripping members while its width is transverse to its length and larger than the similarly transverse thickness.
(2) Note. Because of the short length of the connector or connector portion, it only bends at a single location along its length.

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464,through 480, for gripping members connected by a bendable, nonbiasing elongated connecting strap.
489,through 521, for pivoted gripping members, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 488]    488Having equally spaced or continual gripping faces revolving about central axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having evenly spread or relatively smooth and uninterrupted, engaging surfaces with the extremities thereof equidistant from a region about which the surfaces can completely rotate (i.e., at least 360°) to aid in grasping structure-to-be-secured* or support structure.
(1) Note. This subclass includes rollers or balls which revolve about a translating central axis to engage the structure-to-be-secured*.

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489,through 521, for a pivoted gripping member which swings about a constantly contacted region.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 489]    489Including pivoted gripping member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* including a gripping member connected to another separate cooperating gripping member in a manner allowing it to both (a) swing in an arcuate path about a constantly contacted region located on either the other member or intermediate structure linking it to the other member, and (b) have relative movement between the contacting members or member and link at the region.
(1) Note. A distinct pivoted gripping member which swings about a nonfixed point within a fixed region of and maintains constant contact with the other member or linking structure is included herein.
(2) Note. The constantly contacted region may never be a spring for biasing the gripping members but may be a coat hanger rod if just claimed as a generic type pivot rod without any further details of the hanger.
(3) Note. Gripping members which pivot only for the purpose of adjustment prior to movement between a gripping and a nongripping position are not considered proper for this subclass.

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454,for a single rigid* gripping member pivotally mounted to the fastener and wrapping the structure-to-be-secured* therearound when pivoted.
465,through 480, for gripping members connected by a flaccid strap* or hinge.
488,for a clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having equally spaced or continued gripping faces revolving about a central axis.
530,through 567, for gripping members formed from or mounted on a resilient* member without maintaining separate constant contact between the pivoted gripping member and either the other member or linking structure.

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223Apparel Apparatus,   subclasses 85 through 98for clamps combined with a specifically claimed apparel hanger.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 490]    490Pivoted member also slides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Swinging gripping member which additionally moves in a sliding manner along the contact region of the opposed gripping member.
(1) Note. The pivoted gripping member may slide either transversely to or along the constantly contacted region.
(2) Note. A slidable engaging face (e.g., button) mounted on a pivoted nonsliding gripping member is not considered proper for this and the indented subclass.

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492,for a pivoted gripping member which either supports or coacts with a sliding engaging face.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 491]    491Tapered face:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 490.  Gripping member which has nonparallel engaging surfaces which cooperate with the engaging surfaces of the other gripping member and wedge the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween.

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522,for track or way guided sliding gripping members which do not pivot.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 492]    492Pivoting gripping member either supports or coacts with sliding engaging face:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Swinging gripping member which either (a) carries a separate, sliding, structure-to-be-secured* engaging surface for cooperation with an opposed gripping member, or (b) coacts with an opposed gripping member which has a separate sliding, structure-to-be-secured* engaging surface carried thereon.

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490,and 491, for a pivoted member which also slides along its pivot contact region.
503,504, 515, and 516, for a pivoted gripping member having a sliding cam operator*.
505,and 517, for a pivoted gripping member having sliding, locking means*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 493]    493Having three or more pivotally connected gripping members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* wherein at least two swinging gripping members cooperate with a third gripping member to grasp the structure-to-be-secured* therebetween.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 494]    494Having toggle operator for moving:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* wherein the swinging gripping member is shifted between positions by an operator* including two rigid* arms, the first arm being pivotally attached at opposite ends to both the second arm and to the separate, swinging gripping member while the second arm is additionally pivotally attached to the other gripping member or to structure linking it thereto, the operator* transmitting a force of varying intensity to the separate, swinging gripping member as pressure is applied by moving the common connection of the two arms in a direction transverse to the longitudinal axis of either of the arms.
(1) Note. The operator* must not directly contact the structure-to-be-secured* to be proper for this subclass.

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493,for similar structure in which one of the arms contacts the structure-to-be-secured*.

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclass 228 for toggle type means actuating a movable jaw for holding an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 495]    495Having rigid linking arm pivotally connected to each gripping member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip* or support-clamp* having the swinging gripping member connected to the other gripping member by a rigid* linking element which has two spaced, nonaxially aligned, constantly contacted rotational regions, one for each gripping member.
(1) Note. While the mechanism herein may function in a togglelike manner it is not a toggle operator* since the swinging gripping member acts as one of the togglelike arms.
(2) Note. The rigid* linking arm never positively engages (i.e., exerts a holding force thereon) the structure-to-be-secured* in a gripping manner although they may touch one another.

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493,for similar mechanisms in which the link positively engages the structure-to-be-secured*.
494,for a pivoted engaging member moved by a separate toggle operator*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 496]    496With extended lever portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 495.  Linking element having a portion thereof which (a) extends beyond one of the element"s rotational connections, and (b) transmits a force exerted thereon to manipulate the swinging gripping member into interlocking connection with the other gripping member.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 497]    497Having lever end modified for attachment to support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 496.  Linking element having the end of its extending portion provided with structural modification for connecting it to supporting structure (e.g., a garter strap).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 498]    498Pivoted gripping member applies camming force:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp wherein the periphery of the engaging surface of the swinging gripping member coacts against the engaging surface of an opposed gripping member and applies continuous and progressively increasing pressure against the structure-to-be-secured* as the swinging gripping member is swung towards its final position.

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519,for a U-shaped body having a pivoted projecting member on one leg which pushes the structure-to-be-secured* through a cavity in the other leg.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 499]    499Spring or resiliently biased about pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Swinging gripping member which is swung about its connection and held into or out of contact with the structure-to-be-secured* by the biasing force stored in either (a) a separate spring, or (b) an integral, resilient* portion of either gripping member which does not engage the structure-to-be-secured*.

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512,and the subsequent subclasses under 489 for similar clasp*, clips*, or support-clamps* for which there is no resilient* biasing spring or portion claimed.
518,for pivoted gripping members with springs or resilient* portions which only restrain the members to prevent relative movement but do not bias the pivoted member about its axis region (e.g., hinge locks).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 500]    500Distinct spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 499.  Swinging gripping member wherein the biasing force on the swinging gripping member is applied by a spring separate from both gripping members.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 501]    501Attaching solely by spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Swinging gripping member which (a) is attached to the outer gripping member only through the separate spring, and (b) maintains a separate different, contact region about which it swings but is not attached.

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530,through 567, for a gripping member mounted on a resilient* or spring member without maintaining a separate, different, contact region.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 502]    502With operator for moving pivoted member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Swinging gripping member provided with an operator* to cause the swinging motion between the gripping members.
(1) Note. To be proper for this and the indented subclasses the operator* must not directly contact the structure-to-be-secured*.

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463,for a gripping member moved directly by fluid force.
494,for a pivoted gripping member moved by a separate toggle operator*.
495,through 497, for a pivoted gripping member pivotally connected to the other gripping member by a rigid* linking arm in a togglelike manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 503]    503Camming or wedging element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 502.  Operator* including either a rigid* or semirigid*, rotatable camming or shiftable wedging element having a contact surface which slides against, for causing the movement of, a cooperating contact surface on or attached to either the swinging gripping member or the other opposed gripping member when a rotating or shifting force is applied to the camming or wedging element and wherein the relative orientation or contour of one of the contacting surfaces causes the movement of the contacted surface of one of the gripping members to be in a direction other than (i.e., not identical to) that of the shifting or rotating movement of the element.

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclasses 229 through 236for cam, eccentric, or wedge-type means actuating a movable jaw for holding an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 504]    504Pivoted or rotated element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 503.  Camming or wedging element which is pivoted or rotated relative to the swinging gripping member or the opposed gripping member to cause the swinging gripping member to move.

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498,for a rotatably mounted cam gripping member.
502,for a rotating screw-type operator*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 505]    505With position locking-means for gripping members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* provided with locking-means* which (a) prevents the separation of the swinging gripping member from the opposed gripping member while holding the relative position therebetween and (b) never directly contacts and grasps the struc-ture-to-be-secured* (i.e., is not itself a gripping surface).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 506]    506Including pivoted arm:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 505.  Locking-means* including an arm connected to either one of the gripping members or some intermediate linking structure in a manner allowing it to swing with relative movement at its connection about a constantly contacted region.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 507]    507Having specific surface material or irregularity on or along engaging face:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* wherein one of the gripping members includes either a specific, different substance or uneven surface formation forming the structure-to-be-secured* engaging surface of the gripping member.
(1) Note. Either a specific substance different in composition from that of its gripping member or details of the facial contour must be positively claimed for proper document classification placement herein as an original.
(2) Note. The facial contour may be either integral with, or on structure distinct from and attached to, the gripping member.
(3) Note. An engaging surface existing solely in a single plane and formed along a curved, looped, or bent, gripping member is not considered to be irregular since it is not uneven in the gripping direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 508]    508Having specific handle structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having a specific portion or element directly engaged by a living being for applying or removing the clasp*, clip or support-clamp* to or from a structure-to-be-secured* or for transporting it.
(1) Note. Details of the handle structure must be positively claimed for proper document classification herein as an original.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 509]    509Coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Spring wound or molded in the form of at least two complete similarly shaped loops successively coiled around a common central axis.
(1) Note. The loops need not be circular in shape but the ends of the coil must at least subtend an arc at 720° or greater.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 510]    510Having coil portion coaxial or parallel with pivotal axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 509.  Spring having either its looped portion wound about the constantly contacted region of the gripping members or its central axis collateral with that about which the gripping member swings.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 511]    511Flat or leaf spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Spring consisting of a thin, semirigid*, resilient* strip or plate which is bendable about a line parallel to the largest planar surface thereof when applying its biasing force.
(1) Note. The spring or plate may be curved in shape, e.g., tubelike.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 512]    512Closed by gravity or weight of structure-to-be-secured:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Swinging gripping member moved into a final gripping position by either (a) the force of gravity alone thereon or upon structure linked therewith, or (b) the weight of the structure-to-be-secured*.

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454,for a pivoted, gripping member which wraps the structure-to-be-secured* about a portion of the clasp* when pivoted.

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211Supports: Racks,   subclasses 50 through 58and 60.1-70.8 for card, sheet, or slender article type gravity actuated, supported holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 513]    513With operator means for moving pivoted member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Swinging gripping member provided with an operator* to cause the swinging motion between the gripping members.
(1) Note. To be proper for this and the indented subclasses, the operator* must not directly contact the structure-to-be-secured*.

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463,for a gripping member moved directly by fluid force.
494,for a pivoted gripping member moved by separate toggle operator*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 514]    514Threaded cylindrical rod and mating cavity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 513.  Operator* including a helically threaded, cylindrical rod for cooperating with a relatively rotatable helically threaded, cylindrical cavity which moves relative to and along the longitudinal axis of the rod.

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclasses 240 through 253for screw-nut type means actuating a movable jaw for holding an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 515]    515Camming or wedging element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 513.  Operator* including either a rigid* or semirigid*, camming, or shiftable wedging element having a contact surface which slides against, for causing the movement of, a cooperating contact surface on or attached to either the swinging gripping member or the other opposed gripping member when a rotating or shifting force is applied to the camming or wedging element and wherein the relative orientation or contour of one of the contacting surfaces causes the movement of the contacted surface of one of the gripping members to be in a direction other than (i.e., not identical to) that of the shifting or rotating movement of the element.

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269Work Holders,   particularly subclasses 229 through 236for cam, eccentric, or wedge-type means actuating a movable jaw for holding an object which is being worked upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 516]    516Pivoted or rotated element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 515.  Camming or Wedging element which is pivoted or rotated relative to the swinging gripping member or the opposed gripping member causing the swinging gripping member to move.

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498,for a rotatably mounted cam gripping member.
514,for a rotating screw-type operator*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 517]    517With position locking-means for gripping members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* provided with locking-means* which (a) prevents the separation of the swinging gripping member from the opposed gripping member while holding the relative position therebetween and (b) never directly contacts and grasps the struc­ture-to-be-secured* (i.e., is not itself a gripping surface).
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 518]    518Integral locking-means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 517.  Locking-means* having all portions thereof formed on and unitary with (i.e., not separately movable or rigidly attached to) the opposed gripping members.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 519]    519Having inserted and receiving interlocking engaging faces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having a projecting engaging surface portion on one gripping member (e.g., button, hook) inserted within a cavity engaging surface portion on the opposed gripping member (e.g., open loop, slot member) which receives both it and the structure-to-be-secured* in such a manner as to subsequently restrict their relative movement in the direction force is transmitted thereto by the structure-to-be-secured*.
(1) Note. The mere intermeshing or mating of opposed gripping members is not considered to be interlocking unless the intermeshing or mating portions tightly interfit or are otherwise held together to restrict the separation of gripping members.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 520]    520Resilient gripping member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 519.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* having at least one gripping member (a) made from a resilient* material, or (b) shaped in such a manner that it is resiliently biased, to facilitate their coupling.

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499,through 511, for interlocking gripping members resiliently biased about their pivotal connection and into or out of contact with the structure-to-be-secured*.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 521]    521Having specific surface material or irregularity on or along engaging face:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 489.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* wherein one of the gripping members includes either a specific, different substance or uneven surface formation forming the structure-to-be-secured* engaging surface of the gripping member.
(1) Note. Either a specific substance different in composition from that of its gripping member or details of the facial contour must be positively claimed for proper document classification herein as an original.
(2) Note. The facial contour may be either integral with, or on structure distinct from and attached to, the gripping member.
(3) Note. An engaging surface existing solely in a single plane formed along a curved, looped, or bent gripping member, is not considered to be irregular since it is not uneven in the gripping direction.
  
[List of Patents for class 24 subclass 522]    522Including track or way guided and retained gripping member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 455.  Clasp*, clip*, or support-clamp* including two separate, opposed gripping members permanently retained by and linked to each other or an intermediate structure by two distinct, rigid* or semirigid* formations which (1) are each integral with or attached to a different one of the members, and (2) have mutually cooperating surfaces both (a) in sliding or rolling contact with each other, and (b) restricting the movement of one of the gripping members relative to the other gripping member to a substantially single, primary direction along a linear or curvilinear path when moving between a gripping and nongripping position.
(1) Note. Gripping members which slide only for the purpose of adjustment prior to movement between a gripping and a nongripping position are not considered proper for this subclass.
(2) Note. The gripping members are never intended to be connected to each other by an operator* (e.g., threaded rod or piston/cylinder) alone.

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459,through 462, for dissociable track or wedge guided gripping members.
463,for gripping member actuated by fluid force.
464,through 480, for interlocking, sliding gripping members connected by a bendable strap.
486,and 569, for gripping members connected to each other by a threaded bar.
489,through 521, for a pivotally guided gripping member.
568,and 569, for gripping members connected by operators*.