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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class  54]   CLASS 54,HARNESS FOR WORKING ANIMAL
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class includes, besides the usual harness for attaching animals to vehicles, such harness arrangements or devices in connection with harnessed animals as are used for breaking or training animals, preventing their kicking; also horse-boots, riding saddles, spurs, ox-yokes, fly-nets, and such bonnets and protectors or shields for protecting the animal from sun, rain, etc., as are adapted to be attached to the animal or the harness; also, blanket-fasteners when not useful in other relations; also all pad, collar, and hame fasteners, halter, hame, and trace, trace and whiffletree couplings, and trace- carriers, generally relating to working animals.

General Note: Wherever the drawings are associated with the definitions, they are merely used to illustrate the basic concept encompassed by the definition of that subclass and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the subject matter covered by that subclass.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

Patents relating solely to harness buckles, hooks, clips, clamps, clasps, couplings or fastenings of a general nature are in Class 24, Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.

Holdback-hooks and other fastening devices especially adapted to secure the hold-back straps to the thills are in Class 278, Land Vehicles: Animal Draft Appliances, subclasses 127+.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 303 for indicia in the form of letters, symbols, etc., carried by harness parts.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 712+ for a device for controlling, restricting, or handling an animal, subclasses 850+ for body worn protective apparel, and subclasses 856+ for a body- or appendage-encircling device.
280Land Vehicles,   subclass 290 for body harness for the occupant of a velocipede.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 1]    1MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Harness structures and parts not classifiable in any of the other subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 2]    2TRACK:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Harness especially adapted to race-track purposes. Usually the collar and hames of the breast-collar is omitted and the thills are attached to the back-band or harness-saddles.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 3]    3YOKES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Double harness in which there is a cross-piece or pieces extending from one animal to the other and the draft connection is made between the animals to this cross-piece, much as the connection to an ox-yoke is made, the ordinary traces being omitted.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 4]    4BACKBANDS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Special forms of back-bands.

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38,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 5]    5BREECHING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Harness in which the novelty lies in the breeching-straps or their relative arrangements.
(1) Note. See the class definition, Lines with Other Classes, for holdback-hooks and other fastening devices especially adapted to secure the hold-back straps to the thills, and hooks and buckles of a general nature.

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248Supports,   subclasses 211 , 213, 215, 225.21, 227.1, 290.1, 294.1, 301, 303, 304+, 339+ for simple supporting hooks.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 6.1]    6.1BRIDLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter compring a headstall, a bit, and a rein used for guiding or restraining a working animal, such as a horse or mule.

A-Blinker; B-Brow band; C-Nose band; D-Check-strap; E-Head-strap;F-Throatlatch; G-Cheek strap; H-Bit

A-Blinker; B-Brow band; C-Nose band; D-Check-strap; E-Head-strap;F-Throatlatch; G-Cheek strap; H-Bit

(1) Note. A head-stall usually includes a blinker, a browband, a noseband, cheek-straps, a head strap, and throatlash. A bit usually consists of a metal bar which works on the corner of the horse"s mouth. It is fitted to rest on the gums of the mouth above the teeth and on the horse"s tongue. A rein consists of a long, narrow leather strap which is attached to each end of the bit and is usually held by a driver or rider to control or guide the working animal.

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7+,for bits.
10+,for blinds.
12,for brow bands.
24+,for halters.
36,for reins.

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119Animal Husbandry,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous subject matter designed to limit or restrain the free movements of animals.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 6.2]    6.2With halter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  Subject matter including an additional control device consisting of a loop, a link or a rope formed of material that is adapted to be patterned to correspond with the size of the head of a draft animal and is usually supported by a headstall and chinstrap.

A-Head  loop; B-Mouth loop; C-Halter; D-Pull piece; E-Browband;F-Throatlatch; G-Cheek strap; H-Bit;      J-Cheek ring

A-Head loop; B-Mouth loop; C-Halter; D-Pull piece; E-Browband;F-Throatlatch; G-Cheek strap; H-Bit; J-Cheek ring

(1) Note. During training of the draft animal the halter rope is used to tie back the animal without the animal pulling against the bit all the time and harming its mouth.

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15,for stranglers.
24,for halters.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclass 66 for halter-supported feed bags.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 7]    7Bits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  Inventions relating solely to the bridle-bit.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 8]    8Mouthpieces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.  Inventions relating solely to the part of the bit which is to be placed in the animal"s mouth or relating to the attachment of the mouthpiece to the end rings or cheek-pieces.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 9]    9Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 8.  Inventions relating to those bits characterized by two connected mouth-pieces so arranged as to be separated laterally or slid in opposite direction by the pull on the reins; also those patents in which the check-bit is attached to the driving-bit.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 10]    10Blinds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  Blinds and their attachment to the bridle.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclass 837 for a device for limiting use of an eye.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 11]    11Covering and uncovering:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Inventions which relate to such blinds as, by means of a cord or other connection operated by the driver, can be quickly brought entirely over the animal"s eyes to blindfold him. Usually employed when the animal takes fright.

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15,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 12]    12Brow bands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  Inventions relating to the brow-band of the bridle.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 13]    13Crown loops:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  The loops or guides on top of the bridle for guiding the overdraw-checkrein.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 14]    14Gag runners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  The runners or guides attached to the sides of the bridle and through which the side checkrein is made to pass.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 15]    15Stranglers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.1.  Devices to be operated by the driver, either through the driving-reins, a separate line, or other connection, adapted to interfere with the breathing of the animal, either by choking or by compressing or covering the nostrils, usually to stop runaway or vicious horses.

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11,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 16]    16CHECKREINS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Reins for holding up the animal"s head.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 17]    17Hook loops:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Retaining-loops or devices for connecting and holding the checkrein on the check-loop, Some rein-spreading bars are here included.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 18.1]    18.1COMBINED COLLAR AND HAME:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a ring or a roll made of leather or of similar material having a rigid frame with a means of attachment for the neck of a draft animal and against which the animal strains in pulling a load.

A-Collar; B-Hame

A-Collar; B-Hame

(1) Note. A hame consists of one of the two curved wooden or metal supports that go along the sides of the collar and often terminate in essentially nonfunctional projections.

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21,and 26+, for features of fastening devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 18.2]    18.2With padding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.1.  Subject matter including a cushion made up of or stuffed with soft material to protect a draft animal from friction or jarring.

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65+,for neck and back pads.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 18.3]    18.3Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.2.  Subject matter including a means for separating the collar to fit different size necks and which can also be taken apart for inspection or repair.

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19.3,for adjustable collar.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 19.1]    19.1COLLAR:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a ring or a roll made of leather or of similar material for the neck of a draft animal which is also a part of the harness against which the animal strains in pulling a load.

A-Forewale; B-Afterwale; C-Lining; D-Cap

A-Forewale; B-Afterwale; C-Lining; D-Cap

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18.1+,for combined collar and hame.
65+,for pads for collars.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 712+ for restraining devices, especially subclasses 856+ for neck-embracing bands, chains, or other flexible devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 19.2]    19.2Pneumatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.1.  Subject matter in which the collar is adapted to be filled by a cushion consisting of an element usually made of rubber, and is filled with air.

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18.2,for padded collar and hame.
65+,for back and neck pads.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 19.3]    19.3Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.1.  Subject matter including selectively usable apertures, teeth, or slots which permit the collar to fit different size necks and which can also be taken apart for inspection and repair.

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18.3,for a separable collar.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 20]    20Breast:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.1.  The collar portion of what is commonly known as "breast harness".
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 21]    21Fasteners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.1.  Means for fastening the collar ends together.

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26,and 68.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 22]    22CRUPPERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Inventions relating to harness-crupper.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 23]    23GIRTHS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Inventions in which the novelty lies in the saddle or harness girth or surcingle.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 24]    24HALTERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Novel forms of halters.

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6,and 15.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps,   etc., for clamps or coupling devices for rope halters.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 25]    25HAMES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Inventions in which the novelty resides in the hame structure.

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18,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 26]    26Fasteners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Devices for fastening the hames together when in position on the collar and on the animal.

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18,and 21.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 27]    27Lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Fastening devices involving a lever action in their operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 28]    28Strap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Such devices as comprise a strap fastening, usually with a specially adapted buckle.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 29]    29Top:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 26.  Devices for fastening the top or upper ends of the hames.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 30]    30HAME AND TRACE CONNECTORS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices or couplings for connecting together the hames and the tugs or traces.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   for pertinent subclass(es) as determined by schedule review.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 31]    31Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Such connections as are capable of an adjustment as to bring the point of connection higher or lower upon the hames.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 32]    32HAME TUGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  That part of the harness sometimes considered the forward part of the trace, but which connects the trace proper with the hame.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 33]    33Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Tugs adapted to be adjusted in length.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 34]    34HITCHING STRAPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Various devices for hitching animals, straps or ropes to be attached to bridle bits or halters or passed about the animal"s neck or nose, devices for engaging posts or similar stationary objects; also, arrangements for converting the driving rein into a hitching strap.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 769+ for such devices as are stationary and not adapted to be carried with the animal; also, such arrangements as are for tethering animals for grazing purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 35]    35MARTINGALES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices adapted to be attached to the animal"s head and also to the girth to serve as a means for properly holding the animal"s head.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 36]    36REINS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  The structure or arrangement of the driving reins.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 37.1]    37.1PACK SADDLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a high frame or a large mat-covered pad designed to secure a nonhuman load (e.g., equipment, miscellaneous articles) on the back of the load-carrying animal.

A-Pack saddle

A-Pack saddle

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 195.1+ for saddle seats in general, e.g., for a velocipede or a bicycle.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 38.1]    38.1HARNESS SADDLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a device comprising a saddle tree, a tree plate, and a checkhook mounted as a support for gear or tackle centered on a draft animal"s back.

A-Saddle tree; B-Tree plate; C-Check hook; D,E-Securingmeans

A-Saddle tree; B-Tree plate; C-Check hook; D,E-Securingmeans

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23,for girth.
36,for reins.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 39.1]    39.1Cart:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.1.  Subject matter especially adapted for attaching a two-wheeled or a four-wheeled vehicle to a horse or other draft animal--the vehicle being used for carrying loads.

A-Saddle tree (to support shaft); B-Castle section;       C-Pommel section; D-Saddle pads; E,F-Girth bands;    G-Buckle

A-Saddle tree (to support shaft); B-Castle section; C-Pommel section; D-Saddle pads; E,F-Girth bands; G-Buckle

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2,for racetrack harness; patents for two-wheeled vehicles used in races (e.g., sulky) are classified in this subclass 2.
50+,for thill tugs.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 63+ for two-wheeled land vehicles.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 40.1]    40.1Pivoted side plates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.1.  Subject matter consisting of a plurality of smooth, flat, relatively thin, rigid bodies of uniform thickness or "jockey" plates which are rotated or swung either to each other or to a central intermediate piece in order to adapt the saddle to different draft animals.
(1) Note. Some of the pivots are adapted to be clamped at any desired adjustment, while others are free to permit the plates to move.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 41.1]    41.1Cushion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.1.  Subject matter including a pad made of or stuffed with soft material to protect a horse or other draft animal from friction or jarring.

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65+,for back and neck pads.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 42.1]    42.1Saddle connecting means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.1.  Subject matter consisting of a slot, a lug, and projection and frictional retaining means adapted to secure a hook to the check-rein and a tree plate to the saddle tree.

A-Saddle tree; B-Tree plate; C-Check hook; D-Securing pin;a,b,c-Apertures; i-Slot; i"-Lug

A-Saddle tree; B-Tree plate; C-Check hook; D-Securing pin;a,b,c-Apertures; i-Slot; i"-Lug

  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 43.1]    43.1Tug bearers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.1.  Subject matter including guides consisting of a metallic plate or a loop used for fastening the thill-tug straps.
(1) Note. A thill consists of either of the two long shafts between which an animal is fastened when pulling a wagon or carriage.

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50+,for thill tugs.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.1]    44.1RIDING SADDLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a seat made of leather or of similar material secured on a draft animal"s back and shaped to fit the inside contours of the buttocks of a rider.

A-Skirt; B-Seat; C-Cantle; D-Pommel; E-Saddle flap; F-Panel;G-Stirrup or (under skirt)

A-Skirt; B-Seat; C-Cantle; D-Pommel; E-Saddle flap; F-Panel;G-Stirrup or (under skirt)

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297Chairs and Seats,   subclasses 195.1+ for saddle seats, in general.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.2]    44.2Including supplemental child saddle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter including an auxiliary or secondary seat used in conjunction with the standard riding saddle and shaped to fit the inside contours of the buttocks of a child allowing the child to ride on a standard saddle.

A-Main saddle horn; B- Main saddle cantle; C-Child"s saddle

A-Main saddle horn; B- Main saddle cantle; C-Child"s saddle

(1) Note. Also included in this subclass are small, miniaturized saddles or similar toy saddles which are adapted to be strapped to the back or to the shoulder of an adult person to carry a child or to simulate the child riding a horse.

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44.1,for child saddles which are independently supported like standard saddles.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.3]    44.3Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter including a plurality of selectively usable appertures, teeth, slots, or similar means to allow for changing the configuration of the saddle or for disassembly thereof for inspection or repair.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.4]    44.4With spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter including an elastic, resilient means to constitute a cushioned seat for the rider.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.5]    44.5With padding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter consisting of a thin, cushion-like mass of soft material used as filling to protect a horse or draft animal from friction or jarring and to provide a cushioned seat for the rider.

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65+,for back and neck pads.

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5Beds,   subclasses 652+ for a cushion.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.6]    44.6Pneumatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.5.  Subject matter wherein the padding consists of an element preferably made of rubber or of similar material adapted to be filled with air.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 44.7]    44.7Specific material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to the material from which the saddle or a part thereof is made.
(1) Note. Normally the saddles are made of leather or wood. However, to be classified in this subclass, a claim must include a recitation of the material which is of a novel nature, e.g., specially treated leather, plastic, or Teflon.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 45.1]    45.1Side:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter especially adapted for a female rider wherein the rider usually keeps both her legs on one side of the horse or other draft animal.

A-Saddle crutch; B,C-Stirrup; D-Offside strap; E-Saddleflap

A-Saddle crutch; B,C-Stirrup; D-Offside strap; E-Saddleflap

  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 46.1]    46.1With stirrup strap or connector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter including a flat-based loop, a ring, or a long, narrow band equipped with an adjustable fastener which is hung from either side of a horse or other draft animal"s saddle to support the rider"s foot in mounting and riding or as a girth for the horse.

A-Stirrup; B-Stirrup strap; C-Fender; D-Belt; E-Inner strip;F-Outer strip

A-Stirrup; B-Stirrup strap; C-Fender; D-Belt; E-Inner strip;F-Outer strip

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23,for girths.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 46.2]    46.2With rigging bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.1.  Subject matter including a generally horizontal rigid piece of solid material which provides points of attachment for various saddle harness elements to a saddle tree.

A-Saddle; B-Saddle skirt; C-Saddle rigging

A-Saddle; B-Saddle skirt; C-Saddle rigging

  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 47]    47STIRRUPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Riding stirrups and their housing or fenders.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 48]    48Elastic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Stirrups so constructed as to yield under the rider"s weight to reduce the jar of the animal"s motions.

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267Spring Devices,   subclasses 69+ .
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 49]    49Safety:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Stirrups constructed with a view to preventing the rider"s foot hanging or catching after dismounting or in case the rider is thrown.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 49.5]    49.5With spurs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Stirrups combined with spurs and spurs, per se, designed to be attached to stirrups.

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83,for spurs worn by the rider.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 50]    50THILL TUGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  The tug, lug, or loop attached to the harness saddle and through which the shaft or thill is passed to be supported.

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54,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 51]    51Open:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Tugs adapted to be opened laterally so the thill can be put in from the side without the necessity of inserting it into the tug end first.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 52]    52TRACES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Novel trace structure.

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30,for the connecting devices between the hame and trace or tug.
32,for the forward portion of the tug or trace which extends from the hame to the backband.
53,for the connections to the whiffle-tree.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps,   etc., for trace or tug buckles.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 53]    53Whiffletree connectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Devices including the usual cockeyes for attaching the traces to the whiffletree.

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278Land Vehicles: Animal Draft Appliances,   subclasses 111+ for such whiffletree-hooks and trace-coupling devices as do not involve any modifications of the trace part.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 54]    54TRACE CARRIERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices adapted to guide, hold, or support the trace at some point between the hame and single-tree, usually opposite the back-band or harness-saddle.

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50,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 55]    55Hook:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Such carriers as are adpated to hook into or around the trace (usually a chain trace) to support it.

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56,and 62.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 56]    56TRACE END SUPPORTERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Hooks, clips, or other devices to which the free ends of traces are attached after being unhitched from the whiffletree.

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55,and 62.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 57]    57UNDERCHECKS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices attached below the animal"s head to hold it up and in proper position. Usually the device is a rigid bar and acts to push up the head of the animal.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 58]    58BREAST STRAPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Straps or chains which are attached to the hames and to the neck-yoke or wagon-tongue to hold up the latter.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 59]    59Shields and connectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Various slides, shields, or other arrangements for protecting the strap from the wear of the neck-yoke; also, other connecting devices between the strap and neck-yoke.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 61]    61CHECKHOOKS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Hooks, usually attached to the harness-saddles or back-bands for holding the checkreins.

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42,for the means for securing the hook to the saddle,
70,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 62]    62Movable keeper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.  Checkrein-hooks which have a movable part to keep the rein in the hook.

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55,
56,
70,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 63]    63TERRETS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Guides or rings usually attached to the back-band, harness-saddle, collar, or hames to guide the driving reins.

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25,for means for attaching the terret to its support.
38,
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 64]    64HITCHING STRAP HOLDERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices, usually clips, clasps or clamps, attached to some convenient part of the harness for holding the free end of the hitching-strap when the latter is not in use.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 65]    65PADS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Various cushioning-pads for harness.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 66]    66Back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Pads especially designed to be placed upon the animal"s back as harness and riding-saddle pads.

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41,and 44, for such pads as are adapted to be permanently attached to and become part of the harness or riding-saddle.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 67]    67Neck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Neck-pads, usually for collars.

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19,
65,for shoulder pads for collars.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 68]    68Fasteners:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Devices for fastening the pads to the harness part.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 69]    69ATTACHING AND DETACHING DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Special arrangements of harness and such special vehicle attachments as are to cooperate therewith for quickly connecting and disconnecting the animal and vehicle. Usually the driver can operate the disconnecting devices without leaving the vehicle. Usually the connection is made to the thills opposite the back-band or thill- loops, no singletree being used.

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278Land Vehicles: Animal Draft Appliances,   subclass 21 for such attaching and detaching devices as involve no harness modification other than the usual trace-eye connection, which is usually between the tugs or traces and the singletree ends.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 70]    70CHECKING AND UNCHECKING DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for this purpose which are adapted to be operated by the driver while remaining in the vehicle.

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56,for check-hook structures, 61 and 62.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 71]    71BREAKING AND TRAINING DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Various harness arrangements for controlling vicious or unruly animals or training animals to trot, pace, etc. Kicking-straps, devices for throwing animals, stopping them from running away, increasing leg or knee action, etc., are here included.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 712+ for a device for controlling or handling an animal, and subclasses 856+ for a body- or appendage-encircling device.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 72]    72Leg spreaders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 71.  Devices for pulling or causing the animal to throw the legs farther apart in traveling to prevent interference.

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82,for such devices as are in nature of so-called "horseboots".
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 73]    73REIN GUARDS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Various devices, other than terrets, carried by the harness for guiding or guarding the reins to prevent them catching on the harness or under the animal"s tail.

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78,for devices for holding the animal"s tail to prevent it being switched about or over the reins.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 74]    74REIN HOLDS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Various hand-loops, buttons, clamps, or other devices designed to enable the driver to get a firmer or better grip or pull on the reins.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 75]    75Covered:
 Various covered harness-trimmings, such as buckles, rings, check-hooks, terrets, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 76]    76Ornamental:
 The various ornamental harness attachments, such as rosettes, plumes, tassels, etc.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 303 for indicia in the form of letters, symbols, etc., carried by harness parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 77]    77OX YOKES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Yokes for oxen.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 78]    78TAIL HOLDERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for holding the animal"s tail for various purposes, such as to keep it out of the mud, prevent it from being switched about or over the reins, to cause it to hang in proper curve, or to take out undesirable curves or shapes.

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119Animal Husbandry,   subclass 165 and indented subclasses thereunder for devices for holding a cow"s tail while she is being milked.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 79.1]    79.1BLANKET OR GARMENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a piece of fabric or of article of outer clothing used exclusively as a covering to protect the body of the horse or other animal from cold, illness, or that may be used as a covering to decorate the animal.

A-Blanket

A-Blanket

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80.1+,for bonnet or shield, for a means to protect any part of the animal (e.g., head, nose, eyes, or mouth).

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2Apparel,   appropriate subclasses for a body covering.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 850+ for shields designed to protect the animals.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 79.2]    79.2With retaining means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.1.  Subject matter consisting of a link, a bar, a resilient loop, or a strap with a buckle used to hold the blanket or garment tightly against the draft animal.

A-Blanket; B,C-Retaining Means

A-Blanket; B,C-Retaining Means

  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 79.3]    79.3With padding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.1.  Subject matter including a thin, shock absorbing, cushion-like mass of soft material used as filling to protect the animal from friction or jarring.

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44.5,for a riding saddle having padding.

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5Beds,   subclasses 652+ for a cushion.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 79.4]    79.4Specific material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.1.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to the material from which the blanket or garment is made.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 80.1]    80.1BONNET OR SHIELD:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including a shade, a deflector, or a protector consisting of an article made from canvas, synthetic flexible sheet material (e.g., nylon), or other flexible material (e.g., woven straw) adapted to be attached to the animal to protect a portion of the animal from sun, wind, rain, dust, or insects.

BONNET:  A-Head; B-Bonnet; C,D,E-Straps; F-Side band; G-Flexiblematerial

BONNET: A-Head; B-Bonnet; C,D,E-Straps; F-Side band; G-Flexiblematerial

SHIELD:  A-Protective shield; B-Reinforcing piece;    C-Strap;D-Buckle

SHIELD: A-Protective shield; B-Reinforcing piece; C-Strap;D-Buckle

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2Apparel,   subclasses 15+ for eyeshields and subclasses 171+ for head coverings for human beings.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 850+ for shields designed to protect the animals.
135Tent, Canopy, Umbrella, or Cane,   for canopies which are adapted to be carried by the vehicle or its thills or shafts, subclasses 87+ , portable shelter, i.e., tent or canopy.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 80.2]    80.2Eye shield:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.1.  Subject matter including a flexible mask portion especially adapted for protecting the eyes of the horse or other draft animal.

A-Net-like panels; B-Binding strips

A-Net-like panels; B-Binding strips

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10+,for blinds.

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2Apparel,   subclasses 410+ , for guards and protectors for a wearer"s head.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 712+ for restraining devices, especially subclass 836 for blinders.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 80.3]    80.3Nose guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.1.  Subject matter including a generally cylindrical body with a cup-shaped bottom end formed of a material having sufficient flexibility especially adapted for protecting a horse or other draft animal"s nostrils.

A-Mask; B-Band; C, D-Straps

A-Mask; B-Band; C, D-Straps

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   subclasses 410+ for guards and protectors for a wearer"s head.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 821+ for mouth restraints, and subclasses 850+ for shields.
128Surgery,   subclasses 206.12+ for a face mask covering with a breathing passage.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 80.4]    80.4Fly net:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.1.  Subject matter consisting of a fabric made of threads, cords, or ropes woven or knitted together at regular intervals such as a mesh or screen used for protecting an animal against insects.

A-Body of fly net; B-Fly net strings; C-Straps

A-Body of fly net; B-Fly net strings; C-Straps

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

75,for covered trimmings, and 79.1 for a blanket or a garment.

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2Apparel,   subclasses 455+ for guards and protectors.
43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclass 8 for net-handling apparatus.
119Animal Husbandry,   subclasses 827 and 832 for a muzzle having mesh or screen structure and subclasses 850+ for shields.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 80.5]    80.5Face guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.4.  Subject matter consisting of a body member of cloth, leather, or plastic shaped to fit over, to cover, and to protect the head and face of an animal against flies or insects.

A- Horsehead; B- Brow band; C- Face guard strands

A- Horsehead; B- Brow band; C- Face guard strands

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

2Apparel,   subclass 4 for an insect-repelling guard or a protector and subclasses 9 and 24 for a face guard or a protector.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 82]    82HORSE BOOTS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Various devices, commonly styled "horse- boots", adapted to be secured to the animal"s leg or hoof to secure protection, prevent interfering, hold medicating substances, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

168Farriery,   subclass 26 and indented subclasses for such devices as in any way engage or pass beneath the hoof to cushion, protect, or hold medicating substances.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 83.1]    83.1SPUR:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter consisting of a pointed device worn on a rider"s heels which is used to urge a horse or other draft animal forward.

A- Arms; B- Shank; C- Aparture; D- Rowel (pointed device)

A- Arms; B- Shank; C- Aparture; D- Rowel (pointed device)

(1) Note. Spurs are usually made of polished steel or brass, some being silver-plated.

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49.5,for stirrups with spurs.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

36Boots, Shoes, and Leggings,   subclass 74 , for spur-attached sole or heel.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 83.2]    83.2Adjustable to operative position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.1.  Subject matter consisting of a hinge or a spring by which the spur may be adapted to be held in a projecting or in an operative position when desired. It also may be adapted to be held in an inoperative position when desired.

A- Arms; B- Rowel (pointed device); C- Adjusted means

A- Arms; B- Rowel (pointed device); C- Adjusted means

  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 84]    84SUPPORTS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices for suspending or supporting harness, usually so it can be quickly lowered upon the animals, as for fire-engines, police-patrols, hospital-vans, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 85]    85Connectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Limited to the various metallic connecting pieces employed on strap halters.

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24,and 34.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps,   etc., for metallic couplings for rope halters.
  
[List of Patents for class 54 subclass 87]    87LOOPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Such loops and rings as are adapted for use on various parts of the harness where two or more straps are to be joined or connected together.
  

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