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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 514]   CLASS 514,DRUG, BIO-AFFECTING AND BODY TREATING COMPOSITIONS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

Class 514 is an integral part of Class 424. It incorporates all the definitions and rules as to subject matter of Class 424.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

A. GENERAL STATEMENT OF CLASS SUBJECT MATTER

(1) Official subclasses 1-789 do not provide for cross-reference patents which are originally classified in Class 260 (Compound area) or in the Class 530-570 series or in Class 585. Cross-reference patents that are originally classified in the Class 520 series are allowed.

(2) The cross-reference rule elaborated above means that a specific compound having a disclosed or even specifically claimed utility (i.e., compound X useful as an anti-cancer drug) will be classifiable only in Class 260 or in the Class 530-570 series or in class 585.

B. OFFICIAL CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS:

(1) Peptide and protein art collections (subclasses 800-809).

(2) Specifically disclosed disease condition and pharmaceutical effect (subclasses 810-935).

The official cross-reference art collections subclasses 800-935 take patents dating from Jan.1, 1965. These collections provide for data from all classes including Classes 260, 530-570, and Class 585.

C. OFFICIAL CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS:

Subclasses 936-975 provide for specifically disclosed carrier specified nonbioactive ingredient (subclasses 936-975).

This art collection provides (1) data from Class 260 (Compounds ) and Classes 530-570 series and Class 585 dating from Jan. 1, 1965, and (2) data from all other classes regardless of date.

Class 514 and Class 424 differ in scope as to cross-referencing procedure. Those subclasses identified as Class 424 will accept cross-references from all classes including 424, 260, Classes 530-570 series and Class 585 as has been done in the past. An exception within Class 424 are subclasses 1.11+ wherein the 514 rule is respected and therefore cross-referencing is not accepted.

SCHEDULE OUTLINE OF CLASS 514

The schedule is divided into a number of parts, each of which is distinct and provides for different types of subject matter. The following is a breakdown of the major areas and indicates the type of subject matter provided therein.

(A) Subclasses 1-768 provide for the subject matter proper under Class 424 containing a designated organic active ingredient (DOAI), methods of making such compositions and methods of using such compositions. Also included herein are method of using a specified DOAI.

(B) Subclasses 769-771 provide for subject matter relating to a designated inorganic nonactive ingredient (See Glossary below) other than water or designated elemental nonactive material (See Glossary). These subclasses provide for compositions which may have an organic active material and which active material does not qualify as a DOAI as well as to methods of preparing or using such compositions. These subclasses also provide for compositions containing a designated inorganic nonactive material other than water or designated elemental material and which composition qualifies as subject matter proper for Class 424 and is not provided higher in the classification schedule as well as to methods of preparing or using such compositions.

(C) Subclasses 772-788 provide for subject matter relating to a designated organic nonactive ingredient (See GLOSSARY) other than a hydrocarbon. These subclasses provide for compositions which may have an organic active material and which active material does not qualify as a DOAI as well as to methods of preparing or using such compositions.

(D) Subclass 789 is the miscellaneous subclass for subject matter proper in Class 424 or 514. This subclass provides for compositions, methods of preparing or using same.

(E) Subclasses 800-809 are art collections pertaining to protein and peptide and relate to subject matter only in Class 514.

(F) Subclasses 810-935 are art collections pertaining to specifically disclosed disease condition and pharmaceutical effect and relate to subject matter only in Class 514.

(G) Subclasses 936-975 are art collections pertaining to specifically disclosed carrier system; physical form or specified nonbioactive ingredient and relate to subject matter only in Class 514.

DESIGNATED ORGANIC ACTIVE INGREDIENT (DOAI)

DOAI is when (a) the active ingredient is identified by at least one chemical atom, e.g., organic phosphorus compound, etc. or (b) the active ingredient is identified as a generic type of chemical compound, e.g., alcohol, ether, etc.

The term active denotes a physiological, pharmacological or biological effect.

For purposes of this class organic active ingredient although inherently reciting the presence of a carbon atom is considered to be too broad and therefore will not be considered as DOAI"s is as follows: chalcogen, carboxylic acid, phosphorus containing, organic alkali or earth metal compound, hydrocarbon, halogenated hydrocarbon, etc.

The following list below is not exhaustive and merely emumerates certain materials that will not be considered as DOAI"s, e.g., organic compound, solvent, biocide, pharmaceutically active, medicine, preservative, diabetes active, pesticidal, active against rabies, antihistamine, anti-tussive, anti-caries, crystalline, antioxidant, etc.

It is important to remember that function of a material or even amount, e.g., pharmaceutical, etc., even if specific, e.g., diabetes active, etc., or 2% of a diabetes active ingredient, etc., does not meet any of the necessary criteria elaborated in 1 and 2 above. Function or amount therefore does not qualify as rendering an ingredient as "Designated".

RULES CONCERNING THE USE OF DOAI IN THE SCHEDULE

For purposes of Class 514, certain rules as to patent placement have been adopted. These rules pertain only to the subject matter in Class 514 and are not to be extrapolated to areas in Class 424.

The rules adopted pertaining to the use of the term "DOAI" are as follows:

(A) In those subclasses which recite a designated organic active ingredient (DOAI) in the title, the indented subclasses merely pertain to a further elaboration of the DOAI and do not relate to any other ingredient. An example of this is (subclass 497 in Class 514) which recites nitrogen containing and is indented under (subclass 496) which recites mercury and which in turn is indented under (subclass 492) heavy metal containing DOAI. The meaning of (subclass 497) is that an active ingredient contains both nitrogen and mercury atoms as part of a single molecule.

(B) In those subclasses which recite "with" as in (subclass 168) under a specified DOAI, such use is consistent with the term as used in other classes in that, at least two separate materials must be present, one of which is the DOAI and the other "with" ingredient. The "with" ingredient need not have an active function for Class 514 unless the subclass specifically requires an "active with ingredient" as in subclass 154.

EXAMPLES OF PATENT PLACEMENT WITHIN THE CLASS

Patentee Claims

(A) A biocide and starch as a carrier. The original classification is with the starch in subclass 778, since a chemical atom of the biocide is not recited.

(B) 2% of a biocide and starch as a carrier. Same classification as in (A) above, since 2% is not considered sufficient to be DOAI.

(C) An organic phosphorus containing biocide and starch as carrier. Original classification is on the basis of the biocide since an atom is recited. Entirely proper to look at disclosure to see the type of phosphorus compound encompassed by the term "organic phosphorus".

(D) A synergistic mixture of two biocides at least one of which is formaldehyde classifiable in subclasses 694+. The disclosure recites that the other biocide can be a organic phosphorus compound classifiable in subclasses 75+. Since the claim has only one DOAI recited (i.e., formaldehyde) original classification is in the formaldehyde species.

(E) A synergistic mixture of two biocides one of which is formaldehyde and the other is malathion. Formaldehyde is classified in subclass 694 and malathion is classified in subclass 122. The original is classified with malathion in subclass 122 as per normal classification rules.

RULES CONCERNING PLACEMENT OF SALTS WITHIN CLASS 514 AND SEARCH THEREFOR

Classification Practice

(A) Inorganic salts of organic materials are considered as organic and classified with the organic materials only, even when the organic material is not a DOAI by definition (see Glossary). No weight in the classification system is given to the inorganic material. However, when the inorganic segment of the salt is specifically claimed or disclosed as the only active segment of the salt molecule original classification is proper on the basis of the inorganic segment and cross-referenced to the organic material.

Example 1. R--R. SO4

classified on the basis of

R--R

segment only

Example 2 Organic. SO4

or

Organic pesticide. SO4 classified on the basis of the disclosed organic or organic pesticide material only.

Example 3. Organic. SO4

or

Amine. SO4

Wherein activity is recited only in the SO4 segment, original classification is with SO4 segment, cross-reference is highly desirable with the disclosed organic or amine material.

(B) When a nonsalt DOAI material (see section 2, Glossary) as well as a salt thereof are claimed a prima facie nonrebuttal presumption is established that only the nonsalt active material is effective, even if the salt is specifically claimed and even if different 424 utility is noted for the specific salt. The claims are classified as original with the nonsalt DOAI material and a cross-reference to the salt area, even if higher in the classification schedule is unnecessary.

(C) When an organic salt of a DOAI is solely specifically claimed (i.e., nonsalt species of material is not claimed) the following classification rules will apply:

(1) Both segments of the solely claimed salt, i.e., anion and cation, are designated

(a) both segments are claimed or disclosed as active for the utility intended, or where no evidence is shown that a particular segment is active or inactive (both through claims or disclosure), the entire molecule will be considered a DOAI and classified on the basis of the first appearing segment in the schedule hierarchy, an example of this is the treatment of amine-critic acid: original classification with citric acid is proper since both segments of the molecule are active and since amine is classified lower in the 514 schedule hierarchy then citric acid or

(b) only one particular segment is claimed or disclosed as active, the original classification is to the designated active segment and cross-referenced to the nonactive segment area if said nonactive segment is higher in the classification schedule.

(2) Only one segment of the solely claimed salt, i.e., anion or cation, is designated, the original classification is with the active segment, even if the active segment is nondesignated, e.g., "an amine salt of an organic compound" wherein the pesticide or organic compound is specifically claimed or disclosed to be active for the utility intended. Classification is on the basis of the disclosed pesticide or the organic compound and cross-referenced to the amine area if the amine is higher in the schedule hierarchy than the disclosed species of the pesticide or organic compound. However, when the nondesignated segment is claimed as "a pharmaceutically acceptable acid (or base or equivalent thereof), e.g., "an amine salt of a therapeutically acceptable or compatible acid", no weight is given to the "acceptable or compatible acid" and classification is based only on the designated segment, i.e., the amine.

Examination Practice

Due to the nature of the system of classification elaborated above a search to be complete must at times entail searching in a multiplicity of subclasses.

(A) Claims drawn to solely a salt. Claims are classified and searched as in Classification Practice, C, above.

(B) Claims drawn to a nonsalt DOAI and also to a salt thereof, either in a dependant claim or in a Markush group. Classified only with the nonsalt species but searched in all salt species which are classified higher in the classification schedule than the nonsalt species.

The rules for determining Class placement of the Original Reference (OR) for claimed chemical compositions are set forth in the Class Definition of Class 252 in the section LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS, subsection COMPOSITION CLASS SUPERIORITY, which includes a hierarchical ORDER OF SUPERIORITY FOR COMPOSITION CLASSES.

CLASS 514 TERMS

The following frequently used terms in Class 514 are referenced in References to The Current Class, below. These terms have also been entered into the Index of the U.S. Patent Classification.

A

Acronycines; Allantion; Amantadine; Amphetamine; Ampicillin; Amprotropine; Aspirin; Atropine

B

Barbituric acid; Benzocaine; Benzomorphans; Biotin

C

Capsaicin; Cephalocporins; Chlorpheniramine; Cholecalciferol; Chrysanthemic acid; Cobalamin; Codeine; Colchicine; Cortisone; Cupreine; Cycloheximide; Cyproheptadine; Cysteine ester

D

DDT; DDVP; Dextromethorphan; Dyphylline

E

Ephedrine; Estradiol;

F

Fluspirilene

G

Glaucine; Glucamine; Griseofulvin

H

Hexachlorophene; Hydrocortisone

I

Isoniazid

M

Malathion; Melatonin; Meperidine; Methadone; Methapyrilene; Methomyl; Morphinans; Morphine;

N

Nandrolone; Niacinamide; Nortestosterone

O

Oxolinic acid

P

Parathion; Pencillin G; Perimidines; Phenylephrine; Phenyltoloxamine; Pilocarpine; Pimozide; Piromidic acid; Perdnisolone; Procaine; Progesterone; Psoralen; Pteridine; Purines

Q

Quinicine; Quinidine; Quinine; Quinoxaline

R

Riboflavins

S

Salinomycin; Scopolamine

T

Tartaric acid; Tetracycline; Theophilline; Thiamines; Tocopherois; Tryptophan; Tyrosine; Tripelennamine

U

Uracil

V

Vinblastine; Vincamine; Viquidil

SECTION III - SUBCLASS REFERENCES TO THE CURRENT CLASS

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

52,Cobalamin
122,Malathion
132,Parathion
136,DDVP
152,Tetracycline
167,Cholecalciferol
165,Aspirin
178,Nortestosterone
179,Hydrocortisone
179,Cortisone
178+,Nandrolone
179,Perdnisolone
177,Progesterone
182,Estradiol
198,Ampicillin
199,Pencillin G
200+,Cephalocporins
249,Pteridine
249,Quinoxaline
251,Riboflavins
263.1through 263.4 , Purines
263.34,Theophilline
263.36,Dyphylline
269,Perimidines
270,Barbituric acid
274,Uracil
276,Thiamines
278,Fluspirilene
282,Codeine
283,Vincamine
283,Vinblastine
285,Acronycines
282,Morphine
284,Glaucine
289,Dextromethorphan
289,Morphinans
291,Oxolinic acid
291,Scopolamine
295,Benzomorphans
303,Piromidic acid
305,Cupreine
305,Quinidine
305,Quinine
314,Quinicine
314,Viquidil
323,Pimozide
325,Cyproheptadine
328,Cycloheximide
330,Meperidine
336,Methapyrilene
352,Tripelennamine
354,Isoniazid
355,Niacinamide
357,Chlorpheniramine
387,Biotin
390,Allantion
397,Pilocarpine
415,Melatonin
419,Tryptophan
455,Psoralen
458,Tocopherois
460,Salinomycin
462,Griseofulvin
477,Methomyl
534,Amprotropine
534,Atropine
535,Benzocaine
535,Procaine
550,Cysteine ester
567,Tyrosine
572,Chrysanthemic acid
574,Tartaric acid
627,Capsaicin
629,Colchicine
648,Methadone
651,Phenyltoloxamine
653,Ephedrine
653,Phenylephrine
654,Amphetamine
656,Amantadine
669,Glucamine
735,Hexachlorophene
748,DDT

SECTION IV - GLOSSARY

The following terms have been used in a number of subclass titles throughout Class 514. For convenience, these often used terms have been arranged into a Glossary. When any of these terms is used in particular subclass titles in Class 514, their meaning is to be consistent with the meaning in this Glossary.

ACYCLIC

Denotes a compound devoid of any ring-containing moiety. Thus an acyclic chain may contain any atom as long as it is not a member of a ring.

ALCOHOL

Denotes an organic compound having the general structure C-OH wherein the carbon atom bound to the oxygen atom of the hydroxyl group cannot be doubled bonded to oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium or triple bonded to nitrogen. The terms as used herein includes phenols.

ALDEHYDE

Denotes an organic compound having the general structure -C-[C(=O)]n-H or H-[C(=O)]n-H (n is 1 or more and wherein the carbon atom bonded to the-[C(=O)]-n group is not double bonded to oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium, or triple bonded to nitrogen.

ALICYCLIC RING OR RING SYSTEM

This term denotes a carbocyclic ring which is not a benzene ring or a polycyclo carbocyclic ring system which does not have a benzene ring as one of the cyclos.

AMINE-

Denotes an organic compound having a nitrogen atom single or double bonded to a carbon atom and wherein the carbon atom bonded to the nitrogen atom is devoid of a double bond to oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium or triple bonded to nitrogen. In addition, those compounds wherein the same nitrogen atom is bonded to a -C(=X)- group (X is O, S, Se, or Te) and to a carbon atom which is not double bonded to oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium, are not considered as being amines, e.g.,

-C-NH-C(X=)-

Although amides may be considered chemically as amines, it has been found expedient for this class to exclude compounds containing only amide nitrogen herefrom. Therefore, as used throughout this area, the term amide is not to be confused as being an amine. A compound, however, which contains a nitrogen atom bonded to a non -C(=X)- carbon atom and which contains either a nitrogen atom bonded to a -C(=X)- group or an amide group, is considered as being an amine.

AMINO NITROGEN

Denotes any nitrogen in an organic compound other than a nitrogen in an inorganic ion of an addition salt, a nitro (-NO2) or nitroso (-NO). Component parts of an "adduct" will be considered to be attached to each other ionically except if it is clear that the mode of attachment is nonionic.

ARYL RING OR RING SYSTEM

This term denotes a benzene ring or a polycyclo carbocyclic ring system having a benzene ring as one of the cyclos.

ATTACHED DIRECTLY OR BONDED DIRECTLY

These terms are used to show that specified moieties are connected by bonds only.

ATTACHED INDIRECTLY

This term denotes that at least one atom, as well as bond, connects specified moieties.

BENZENE RING

This term includes in all cases except where there are explicit limitations to the contrary, substituted benzene rings, including substitution in the form of an additional fused or bridged ring or ring system.

BICYCLO RING SYSTEM

This term denotes a polycyclo ring system which contains exactly two rings.

CARBOCYCLIC

This term denotes a ring or ring system where all ring members are carbons.

CHAIN

This term denotes a plurality of atoms which connect specified groups or atoms. The atoms of the chain must be nonionically attached to each other and to the specified groups or atoms. If the chain may not include any ring members it will be designated as acyclic. When the chain may include ring members the title will state that the chain may include a ring. The chain ends where it attaches to the specified groups or atoms and does not include any part of them. The chain may have substituents but the substituents are not part of the chain.

DESIGNATED ELEMENTAL NONACTIVE INGREDIENT

Denotes an elemental material either metallic or nonmetallic and which is identified by its chemical nature, e.g., iron, silver, etc., or is identified in a generic manner, e.g., alkali metal atom, etc. The term nonactive as used herein denotes the absence of any physiological, pharmacological or biological affect attributed to the elemental material.

DESIGNATED INORGANIC NONACTIVE INGREDIENT

Denotes an inorganic compound which is identified by at least one chemical atom, e.g., sodium-containing, etc., or is identified as a generic type of inorganic chemical compound, e.g., alkali metal-containing, etc. The term nonactive as used herein denotes the absence of any physiological, pharmacological or biological affect attributed to the inorganic material.

DESIGNATED ORGANIC ACTIVE INGREDIENT (DOAI) DENOTES

(1) The active ingredient is identified by at least one chemical atom, e.g., organic phosphorus compound, etc., or (2) The active ingredient is identified as a generic type of chemical atom, e.g., alcohol, ether, etc. The term active denotes the presence of a physiological, pharmacological or biological affect.

DESIGNATED ORGANIC NONACTIVE INGREDIENT DENOTES

(1) A nonactive ingredient is identified by at least one chemical atom or (2) the nonactive ingredient is identified as a generic type of chemical compound, e.g., starch, etc. The term nonactive denotes the absence of any physiological, pharmacological or biological affect attributed to the organic material.

ETHER

Denotes an organic compound having oxygen bonded directly to two carbon atoms, which carbons cannot be double bonded to oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium, or triple bonded to nitrogen.

FATTY ACID

Denotes an aliphatic monocarboxylic acid having an unbroken chain of at least seven carbon atoms bonded to the carboxyl group.

FUSED OR BRIDGED RING SYSTEM

Denotes a ring system having at least two rings which (a) share with each other two adjacent ring atoms, or (b) share with each other three or more ring atoms and wherein each ring having shared atoms is either a heterocyclic ring or a carbocyclic ring.

HALOGENATED HYDROCARBON

Denotes a compound containing only carbon, hydrogen, and halogen, or only carbon and halogen.

HETERO RING

Denotes the presence of one or more carbon atoms covalently bonded in a closed ring with at least one atom of oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium and having no other atoms in the ring.

INCLUDING HYDROGENATED

Denotes that a ring system which by definition has ring unsaturation possesses a degree of saturation which may be different than the ring system definition would normally indicate.

KETONE (INCLUDING KETENE)

Denotes an organic compound having the general structure -C-[C(=O)]n -C- (n is 1 or more) and whereinthe carbon atoms bonded to the-[C(=O)]ngroup are not double bonded to oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium. Ketone as used throughout includes ketene.

NONIONIC BONDING

As used in regard to bonding or attachment of specified moieties denotes the absence of ionic bonding between the moieties. If the moieties are attached directly, the bonds between them must be covalent or coordinate. If the moieties are attached indirectly, each atom of the connecting chain must be attached by covalent or coordinate bonding to another atom of the connecting chain or to one of the moieties. However, the connecting chain may have substituents thereon which include ionic bonding. Some examples will be given of compounds which could be classified in a subclass having the following titles: "Oxygen attached indirectly to the six-membered hetero ring by nonionic bonding".

Two typical compounds which would be classified in such a subclass are:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 0

The following three compounds would also be classified in such a subclass but they are not typical.

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 0

The three atypical examples are considered to meet the title since there is a chain of atoms between the hetero ring and the oxygen in which each atom is connected to the hetero ring, the oxygen, or another atom of the chain by nonionic bonding. The ionic bonding between the ring nitrogen and the oxygen in the two betaine inner salts is additional and does not keep the betaines out of such a subclass. However, a structure, such as

Image 3 for class 514 subclass 0

Image 4 for class 514 subclass 0

is excluded since no oxygen is attached to the six-membered hetero ring by nonionic bonding. The oxygen of an N—oxide, for example,

Image 5 for class 514 subclass 0

is considered attached to the ring by nonionic bonding (coordinated bonding).

POLYCYCLO RING SYSTEM

This term denotes a compound which contains fused or bridged rings. The polycyclo ring system must contain at least two rings and each ring of the system must share two or more of its atoms with another ring of the system. All ring members must be attached to each other by nonionic bonding. The polycyclo ring system is usually only a moiety within a compound. Indents such as bicyclo and tricyclo are meant to limit the number of rings or cyclos in the polycyclo ring system to exactly two rings and three rings, respectively.

For polycyclo systems having bridges it should be remembered that the system is regarded as composed only of the smallest number of smallest rings that will account for all atoms and valences. This is in accord with the nomenclature employed by The Ring Index. Second Edition, (1960).

An example of the use of this system of nomenclature is as follows. The compound (Ia)

Image 6 for class 514 subclass 0

can also be written as (Ib)

Image 7 for class 514 subclass 0

Said compound should also be considered as a (C4N—C4N—C2O) tricyclo system as in (Ia), rather than as a (C4N—C4 NO—C2O) tricyclo system as possibly seen in (Ib). The former interpretationis the one with smallest number of smallest rings that accounts for all atoms and valences. Some additional illustrative examples of the principle set forth above are: (II)

Image 8 for class 514 subclass 0

Compound II is considered as a bicyclo system composed of a C2N2O ring and a C4O ring; it is not considered a diazine ring for classification. Further, 3—aza—bicyclo [3.1.0] hexane

Image 9 for class 514 subclass 0

is classified with pyrrolidines considering the structure a five-membered ring and a three-membered ring rather than with piperidines which would require considering it a six-membered ring. However, see page XI of The Ring Index for an explanation of "valence bridges".

Image 10 for class 514 subclass 0

Similarly, the structure is considered to be a pentacyclo ring system have three six-membered carbocyclic rings, one five-membered hetero ring consisting of one ring oxygen and four ring carbons, and one six-membered ring consisting of one ring nitrogen and five ring carbons.

Betaine inner salts are sometimes shown as ring structures, etc.,

Image 11 for class 514 subclass 0

However, this is not a polycyclo ring system because nonionic bonding does not exist between the N and O atoms. The bonding between them is ionic and such as compound is classified as:

Image 12 for class 514 subclass 0

Additionally, a structure of the type:

Image 13 for class 514 subclass 0

is considered to be a polycyclo ring system composed of five rings:

C4N—C4O—C4N—C4O—C12N2O2.

SPIRO AND SPIRO RING SYSTEM

These terms denote the sharing of one common ring member only by exactly two rings. The following two structures are illustrative:

Image 14 for class 514 subclass 0

A structure such as:

Image 15 for class 514 subclass 0

is excluded because the carbon atom shared by two rings is also shared by a third ring.

The common ring member must be attached to two ring members of each of the rings by nonionic bonding. Therefore, stuctures such as:

Image 16 for class 514 subclass 0

are also excluded from consideration as "spiro ring systems" because ionic bonding exists between the hetero ring atom and an acyclic atom (an oxygen atom in both of these cases) in the formation of these betaine inner salts. These structures will be considered and classified as:

Image 17 for class 514 subclass 0

TRICYCLO RING SYSTEM

This term denotes a polycyclo ring system which contains exactly three rings.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1]    1DESIGNATED ORGANIC ACTIVE INGREDIENT CONTAINING (DOAI):
 Subject matter under Class 424 definition which contains a designated organic active ingredient, e.g., coal tar, coal tar oil, etc.
(1) Note. See Class Definition, Glossary, for the definition of "DOAI".

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

731,for a composition containing creosote or a coal tar acid.
800,and 801-809, for art collections pertaining to subclasses 1-21.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

208Mineral Oils: Processes and Products,   subclass 2 for a coal tar or coal tar oil which has the property of killing, repelling or preventing the growth of insects, fungi or bacteria and the process of preparing same.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.1]    1.1Peptide (e.g., protein, etc.) containing DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the designated organic active ingredient (DOAI) contains two or more amino acids joined covalently by peptide bonds.
(1) Note. A peptide bond is an amide bond between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another. For purposes of classification, the terms "peptide" and "protein" are used interchangeably.
(2) Note. For the purposes of this and indented subclasses, language such as "a pharmaceutical (or medicinal, bio-affecting, etc.) composition comprising protein ’X’" is considered a composition and is proper for this area as if it is a true composition comprising two or more ingredients.
(3) Note. A derivative is classified with the peptide when its function or utility is analogous to the named peptide and its structure corresponds to approximately half or more of the amino acid residues of the named peptide. The product of side chain substitution, C or N terminal chain will be classified with the named peptide as related peptides. The product of a replacement reaction will be classified as a related peptide so long as less than half the amino acid residues of the named peptide have been replaced. The product of a removal reaction or a partial sequence (i.e., fragments) will be classified as a related peptide if half the amino acid residues of the named peptide are present. Polypeptides which are formed by joining the named peptide of identical sequence to the named peptide should be originally classified on the basis of the named peptide and cross-referenced to the appropriate subclasses.
(4) Note. In the case where peptides are joined by covalent bonding, as by S-S bonds through cysteine, the number of amino acids in the peptide is the sum of the individual chains.
(5) Note. Subclasses herein provide for the delivery of a peptide (DOAI) which has a biological effect. For subclasses wherein the terms "affecting" or "utilizing" are used, the peptide administered is not always the substance named in the subclass title, rather the peptide administered may have an effect on this substance which may be naturally occurring within the living body.
(6) Note. A peptide acting as a potentiator or synergist for a nonpeptide active ingredient (DOAI) is considered as being an active ingredient (DOAI).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 94.1 through 94.67for enzyme containing pharmaceutical or bio-affecting compositions.
530Chemistry: Natural Resins or Derivatives; Peptides or Proteins; Lignins or Reaction Products Thereof,   subclasses 300 through 345for peptides, per se, and methods of preparing same; and subclasses 350-427 for proteins, per se, and methods of preparing the same.
930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclasses 10 through 320for peptide or protein sequences or four or more amino acids.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.2]    1.2Transporter affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a transporter peptide, or wherein a peptide is administered which has an effect on a transporter.
(1) Note. Transporters facilitate the carrying of molecular contents across the cell membrane.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.3]    1.3Prodrug utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is part of a molecule capable of being converted in vivo by chemical or enzymatic modifications of its structure into an active agent.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.4]    1.4Sepsis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide affects an acute systemic (bodywide) inflammatory response (also known as systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)) to the spread of a micro-organism or its toxin in the blood or tissues.
(1) Note. In sepsis, widespread release of inflammatory cytokines (especially, interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha)) and cytotoxic enzymes damage the endothelium which can result in tissue edema, hypotension, and intravascular thrombosis, and ultimately organ dysfunction or failure, and death.
(2) Note. The terms "sepsis," "severe sepsis," and "septic shock" are used to denote different extents of inflammation and infection. Severe sepsis is sepsis with organ dysfunction, hypotension, or hyperperfusion. Septic shock is sepsis-induced hypotension despite adequate fluid resuscitation.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

2.3,through 3.2, for a peptide composition which is effective in destroying or inhibiting the growth of a micro-organism when sepsis is not present.
15.6,for a peptide composition which affects the pressure of blood flow against the walls of the arteries, either to raise or lower said pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.5]    1.5Respiratory distress syndrome (e.g., ARDS, IRDS, etc.) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) including acute/adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS).
(1) Note. ARDS is respiratory failure in adults or children resulting from various injuries to the lung including massive transfusion, chest trauma, neurological injury, and sepsis. It is characterized by pulmonary edema, difficult rapid breathing, and hypoxemia.
(2) Note. Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome is also called hyaline membrane disease. It is a condition in newborn babies, in which the lungs are deficient in surfactant, preventing their proper expansion and causing the formation of hyaline material in the lung spaces.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15.5,for a peptide composition which affects or utilizes surfactant protein (e.g., SP-A, SP-B, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.6]    1.6Pneumonia affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating pneumonia, an illness of the lung characterized by inflammation, abnormal alveolar filling with fluid, and consolidation of lung tissue followed by resolution.
(1) Note. Pneumonia is chiefly caused by infection and is usually accompanied by fever, cough, chest pain, and difficulty in breathing.
(2) Note. Included but not limited thereto are bacterial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, atypical pneumonia, bronchial pneumonia, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.7]    1.7Asthma affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating asthma, a chronic respiratory system disorder marked by recurring episodes of airway obstruction that is triggered by various stimuli such as allergens, rapid change in air temperature, and environmental tobacco smoke.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.8]    1.8Cystic fibrosis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating cystic fibrosis, a hereditary disease involving the functional disorder of the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, wherein abnormally viscous mucus is produced.
(1) Note. Cystic fibrosis is manifested by faulty digestion due to a deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, by difficulty in breathing due to mucus accumulation in airways, and by excessive loss of salt in the sweat. It is also called fibrocystic disease of the pancreas, mucoviscoidosis, or mucoviscidosis.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 1.9]    1.9Arteriosclerosis (e.g., atherosclerosis, etc.) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating arteriosclerosis, an abnormal thickening and hardening of the arterial walls.
(1) Note. Different types of arteriosclerosis are atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis obliterans, medial calcific sclerosis, etc.
(2) Note. Atherosclerosis is the most common form of arteriosclerosis. It is a hardening of an artery specifically due to an atheromatous plaque containing cholesterol (free lipid), atheroma (abnormal fatty deposits), etc.
(3) Note. Arteriosclerosis is distinct from arteriolosclerosis, which is the hardening of arterioles.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.1]    2.1Endotoxin (e.g., LPS, etc.) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects endotoxin.
(1) Note. Endotoxin is a poisonous substance found inside pathogens such as bacteria. It is a structural component in the bacteria, for example, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipooligosaccharide (LOS), separable from the cell body only when the bacteria are lysed. It may cause fever and inflammation in a host.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.4,for endotoxin affecting peptide compositions used in the treatment of sepsis.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.2]    2.2Bactericidal/permeability-increasing (BPI) protein affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is bactericidal/permeability increasing protein (BPI), or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on BPI.
(1) Note. Antibiotic BPI can be used to kill bacteria or inhibit their growth by binding to bacterial lipopolysaccharides.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.3]    2.3Micro-organism destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying or inhibiting the growth of a single-celled organism which is of microscopic or ultramicroscopic size (0.2-200 micrometers).
(1) Note. For the purposes of this subclass and indented subclasses, the term "micro-organism" includes bacteria, actinomycetales, fungi (e.g., molds), protozoa, and viruses.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

804,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter containing a phleomycin peptide or derivative.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.4]    2.4Bacterium (e.g., Bacillus, etc.) destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying bacteria or in inhibiting their growth.
(1) Note. The destroying or inhibiting can involve treating a living host that has a bacterial infection or to preclude the possible infection of a living host by a bacteria. Furthermore, a peptide that is useful in destroying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria in any nonliving environment is also properly classified herein, e.g., room, etc.
(2) Note. Bacteria are microscopic single-cell organisms that have neither a membrane-bounded nucleus or other membrane bounded organelles.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.5]    2.5Lactoferrin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is lactoferrin, an iron-binding protein of very high affinity found in milk, tears, mucus, bile, and some white blood cells.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.6]    2.6Streptococcus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the bacterium is of the genus Streptococcus.
(1) Note. Streptococcus is a spherical Gram-positive bacterium.
(2) Note. Streptococcus bacteria can cause streptococcal pharyngitis or streptococcal sore throat (strep throat), meningitis, endocarditis, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.7]    2.7Staphylococcus (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the bacterium is of the genus Staphylococcus.
(1) Note. Staphylococcus is a Gram-positive spherical bacterium.
(2) Note. Staphylococcus bacteria are generally responsible for, for example, toxic shock syndrome, food poisoning, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.8]    2.8Gram negative bacterium (e.g., Escherichia coli, salmonella, Helicobacter, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the bacterium is considered to be Gram negative or does not retain the purple dye when stained by Gram’s stain.
(1) Note. Gram staining is an empirical method to distinguish Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria based on structural and composition differences in their cell walls. Gram-negative bacterium has a lipid outer layer and a thinner inner layer than Gram-positive bacterium and loses the purple color after decolorization in the Gram test. It is proper to classify an organism here considered to be Gram negative on the basis of phylogenetic relationship but which does not display the expected Gram staining characteristics, e.g., it stains Gram positive, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 2.9]    2.9Cyclopeptide utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a cyclic structure, wherein the cyclic structure is formed by peptide bonding, disulfide bonding, hydrocarbon bonding, or other types of bonding and has at least a dipeptide as an integral part thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

3.6,for a composition containing a cyclopeptide used in the treatment of a fungal infection.
21.1,for a composition containing a cyclopeptide for a function/utility not provided by a specific function/utility subclass in this class.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 260 for peptides or proteins with intrachain cysteine-cysteine bridges and subclass 270 for other cyclic peptides or proteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.1]    3.1Glycopeptide utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is bonded to a carbohydrate.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20.9,for a composition containing a glycopeptide for a function/utility not provided by a specific function/utility subclass in this class.
804,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter containing a phleomycin peptide or derivative.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.2]    3.2Amphiphilic or oligomer modified peptide (e.g., magainin, peptide nucleic acid, or PEGylated peptide, etc.) utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.4.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is characterized by the coexistence of a hydrophobic domain and a hydrophilic domain which can be due to a chemically attached lipophilic group or spatial segregation of hydrophobic and hydrophilic amino acid residues in the tertiary structure (e.g., alpha-helix, etc.), or the peptide administered is covalently functionalized by repeated organic functional moieties (e.g., nucleic acid or ethylene glycol, etc.).
(1) Note. Examples of peptides included in this subclass are magainin, peptide nucleic acid, and PEGylated peptide.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.3]    3.3Fungus (e.g., athlete’s foot, ringworm, etc.) destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying fungi or in inhibiting their growth.
(1) Note. The destroying or inhibiting can involve treating a living host that has a fungal infection or to preclude the possible infection of a living host with a fungus. Furthermore a peptide that is useful in destroying or inhibiting the growth of fungus in any nonliving environment is also properly classified herein (e.g., room, etc.).
(2) Note. Fungi are organisms that belong to the kingdom Fungi. They contain a chitinous cell wall (e.g., molds, yeasts, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.4]    3.4Candida (e.g., Candida albicans, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.3.  Subject matter wherein the fungus is of the genus Candida.
(1) Note. Candida albicans is the most common cause of vaginal infection Candidiasis is also called yeast infection or thrush.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.5]    3.5Yeast:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.3.  Subject matter wherein the fungus is a yeast.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.6]    3.6Cyclopeptide utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a cyclic structure, wherein the cyclic structure is formed by peptide bonding, disulfide bonding, hydrocarbon bonding, or other types of bonding, and has at least a dipeptide as an integral part thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

21.1,for a composition containing a cyclopeptide for a function/utility not provided by a specific function/utility subclass in this class.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 260 for peptides or proteins with intrachain cysteine-cysteine bridges and subclass 270 for other cyclic peptides or proteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.7]    3.7Virus destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying a virus or in inhibiting its growth.
(1) Note. The destroying or inhibiting can involve treating a living host that has a viral infection or to preclude the possible infection of a living host with a virus. Furthermore, a peptide that is useful in destroying or inhibiting the growth of a virus in any nonliving environment is also properly classified herein (e.g., room, etc.).
(2) Note. A virus is encapsulated RNA or DNA enclosed within a protective protein coat. Outside of a host cell a virus is unable to grow or reproduce.
(3) Note. The following are some of the diseases caused by a virus (e.g., Polio, smallpox, the common cold, chickenpox, shingles, herpes, rabies, Ebola, AIDS, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.8]    3.8Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.7.  Subject matter wherein the virus is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
(1) Note. HIV refers to any of a group of viruses that infect and destroy cells of the immune system causing the marked reduction in their numbers that leads to a diagnosis of AIDS.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 3.9]    3.9Cluster of differentiation protein (e.g., CD4, etc.) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects cluster of differentiation molecules found on the surface of a leukocyte.
(1) Note. Cluster of differentiation proteins are a group of cell surface molecules present on leukocytes.
(2) Note. CD4 is a primary receptor used by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to gain entry into host T-cells.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.1]    4.1HIV protease inhibitor affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the activity of an HIV protease inhibitor or wherein the peptide administered is a protease inhibitor which inhibits the activity of an HIV protease.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.2]    4.2Herpesviridae:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.7.  Subject matter wherein the virus is of the family herpesviridae, which can cause inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes characterized by watery blisters.
(1) Note. Some members of the herpesviridae family of viruses which cause disease in humans include herpes simplex virus-1, herpes simplex-2, varicella zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.3]    4.3Hepatitis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.7.  Subject matter wherein the virus is the hepatitis virus (e.g., hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, etc.) which damages the liver.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.4]    4.4Protozoa destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying a unicellular eukaryotic organism or in inhibiting its growth (e.g., amoebas, ciliates, flagellates, sporozoans, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.5]    4.5Insect destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying insects or in inhibiting their growth.
(1) Note. Insects are arthropods of the class Insecta.
(2) Note. Included but not limited thereto are cockroaches, ants, beetles, moths, grasshoppers, bees, wasps, helicoverpa zea, lepidoptera, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.6]    4.6Parasite (e.g., tapeworm, roundworm, nematode, etc.) destroying or inhibiting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is effective in destroying parasites or in inhibiting their growth.
(1) Note. A parasite is an organism that lives in or on a host (another organism) to the detriment of the host organism.
(2) Note. Parasites include tapeworms, roundworms, nematodes, trematodes (i.e., flukes), etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.7]    4.7Lactation affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the formation or secretion of milk by the mammary glands of female animals.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.8]    4.8Weight regulation affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects body weight (e.g., treating obesity, increasing feed efficiency and weight gain of animals, varying the fat-flesh ratio, etc.).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   for compositions wherein the nutritional ingredients (e.g., fat, carbohydrate, or protein, etc.) are varied to achieve a certain fat-flesh ratio in an animal, or for compositions intended to nourish an animal by natural oral ingestion, which may contain an additive necessary to maintain the normal metabolism of the animal (e.g., vitamins, minerals, amino acids, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 4.9]    4.9Appetite or satiation affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects hunger sensations, cravings, or the sensation of fullness or gratification derived from oral consumption of food.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.1]    5.1Growth hormone (GH) or derivative utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is growth hormone or a derivative thereof.
(1) Note. Growth hormone is alternatively known as somatotrophin, somatotropin, somatotropic hormone, somatotrophic hormone, STH, human growth hormone.
(2) Note. Somatotrophin contains 191 amino acids.
(3) Note. Somatotrophin has important functions, which include stimulating body growth and strengthening bones and tendons in humans.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.2]    5.2Neuropeptide (e.g., NPY, PYY, dynorphin, etc.) or derivative utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a neuropeptide derived from neural tissues or a derivative thereof.
(1) Note. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36 amino acid peptide neurotransmitter found in the brain and autonomic system. NPY increases food intake and increases the proportion of energy stored as fat.
(2) Note. Peptide YY (PYY) is a 36 amino acid peptide produced by neurons in the brainstem, and released by L cells in the gastrointestinal tract, especially the ileum and colon in response to feeding. It inhibits gastric motility, increases efficiency of digestion and nutrient absorption, and decreases appetite.
(3) Note. Dynorphin is an opioid peptide that arises from the precursor protein prodynorphin. Dynorphin is produced in the arcuate nucleus and in orexin neurons of the lateral hypothalamus and affects the control of appetite.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.3]    5.3Peptide hormone or derivative utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a hormone or a derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.4]    5.4Iron affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered promotes or inhibits iron absorption, uptake, storage, or recycling to treat conditions including iron insufficiency and iron overload (e.g., by reducing gastrointestinal side effects, improving bioavailability, or binding iron).
(1) Note. Iron as a metal is an important component of proteins and enzymes responsible for regulating cell growth, differentiation, and oxygen transport.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.5]    5.5Nutrition enhancement or support:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered contributes to improved absorption or utilization of a nutrient, or wherein the peptide composition administered to nourish an animal is designed to be delivered to the animal via routes other than the alimentary canal (e.g., by rectal or parenteral injection, etc.) or via a tube through the alimentary canal or stomach wall.
(1) Note. Improved absorption or utilization of nutrients may promote wound healing or increase resistance to disease.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   for compositions intended to nourish an animal by natural oral ingestion, which may contain an additive necessary to maintain the normal metabolism of the animal (e.g., vitamins, minerals, amino acids, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.6]    5.6Containing whey:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.5.  Subject matter wherein the composition administered includes whey.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.7]    5.7Containing casein:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.5.  Subject matter wherein the composition administered includes casein.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.8]    5.8Leptin or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is leptin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide is administered which has an effect on leptin.
(1) Note. Leptin is a naturally occurring hormone which affects appetite and regulates energy intake and energy expenditure.
(2) Note. Leptin has a molecular weight of 16,000 daltons.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 5.9]    5.9Insulin or derivative utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is insulin or a derivative thereof, in which neither a peptide chain nor a disulfide link between chains is broken.
(1) Note. Insulin is a peptide hormone produced in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. While the position and/or kind of amino acids in the chain(s) may vary (depending on the animal from which it originates), it appears that insulin contains at least an "A" chain of 21 acid units linked by disulfide moieties to a "B." An additional disulfide moiety bridges the 6 and 11 positions of chain A.
(2) Note. A synthetic form of insulin is classified as if it is naturally occurring.
(3) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide here if it is characterized as insulin or a derivative thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
8.5,for a composition containing an insulin-like growth factor.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

530Chemistry: Natural Resins or Derivatives; Peptides or Proteins; Lignins or Reaction Products Thereof,   subclass 303 for insulin, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.1]    6.1Truncated insulin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.9.  Subject matter wherein the insulin contains fewer amino acids than natural insulin (i.e., one or more of the amino acid residues on the insulin molecule are absent (e.g., Phe at B25 position is deleted, etc.).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6.2,for insulin wherein an amino acid of the A-chain is substituted with another amino acid and the insulin contains the same number of amino acids as natural insulin.
6.3,for insulin wherein an amino acid of the B-chain is substituted with another amino acid and the insulin contains the same number of amino acids as natural insulin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.2]    6.2A-chain modified insulin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.9.  Subject matter wherein the A-chain structure of insulin is changed (e.g., one or more amino acids are added to the A-chain, a different amino acid is substituted for the amino acid normally found in that position of the A-chain, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.3]    6.3B-chain modified insulin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.9.  Subject matter wherein the B-chain structure of insulin is changed (e.g., one or more amino acids are added to the B-chain, a different amino acid is substituted for the amino acid found in that position of the B-chain, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.4]    6.4Zinc containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.9.  Subject matter wherein the insulin contains zinc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.5]    6.5With an additional active ingredient:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.9.  Subject matter wherein the insulin is admixed with another active ingredient.
(1) Note. A potentiator is considered as an active ingredient and can be an additional peptide or a nonpeptide.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.6]    6.6With protamine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.5.  Subject matter wherein the insulin or derivative is admixed with protamine.
(1) Note. Protamine is a positively charged polypeptide which prolongs the effect of insulin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.7]    6.7Insulin affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects insulin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.8]    6.8Blood sugar affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered has an effect on the concentration of sugar in the blood.
(1) Note. Glucose and other sugars are transported via the blood stream, and are the primary sources of energy for the cells.
(2) Note. Glucose is the primary blood sugar.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 6.9]    6.9Diabetes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating diabetes.
(1) Note. Diabetes as defined by the American Diabetes Association (2008) is a condition where a subject has a fasting plasma glucose level (FPG) above 126 mg/dl, while a level between 100 and 125 mg/dl is considered pre-diabetes. For purposes of this subclass, any FPG level of 100 mg/dl or higher is considered as being diabetic.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.1]    7.1Somatostatin or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.9.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is somatostatin or a derivative thereof, or wherein a peptide is administered which has an effect on somatostatin.
(1) Note. Somatostatin is alternatively known as growth hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH) or somatotropin release-inhibiting factor (SRIF).
(2) Note. Somatostatin is secreted in the digestive system and in the hypothalamus. It inhibits both insulin and glucagon secretion.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
806,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving peptide compositions having somatostatin-like activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.2]    7.2Glucagon, glucagon-like peptide (e.g., GLP-1, etc.) or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.9.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is glucagon, a glucagon-like peptide, or a derivative thereof, or wherein a peptide is administered which has an effect on glucagon or a glucagon-like peptide.
(1) Note. Glucagon is a 29 amino acid polypeptide hormone that is produced by the pancreas that promotes an increase in the sugar content of the blood by increasing the rate of glycogen breakdown in the liver.
(2) Note. GLP-1 is derived from the same precursor as glucagon, which is proglucagon. GLP-1 inhibits glucagon and stimulates secretion of insulin.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.3]    7.3Type I diabetes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.9.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating Type I diabetes (i.e., Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)), an autoimmune disease that results in destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.4]    7.4Lipid or cholesterol affecting (e.g., dyslipidemia, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered has an effect on lipid or cholesterol levels in the body.
(1) Note. Lipid (e.g., fats, oils, sterols, waxes, etc.) is a water-insoluble biomolecule or organic compound which is a structural constituent of a living cell affecting, modulating, or regulating cellular metabolic functions together with carbohydrates and proteins or peptides.
(2) Note. Cholesterol is an important constituent of cell membranes as a lipid, responsible for permeability of metabolites and nutrients across the cell membrane of an animal cell.
(3) Note. Dyslipidemia is characterized by abnormal concentrations of lipids or lipoproteins in the blood.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.5]    7.5Protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) which catalyzes the phosphorylation of tyrosine residues in a protein.
(1) Note. Phosphorylation of proteins by kinases is an important mechanism in signal transduction for regulation of enzyme activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.6]    7.6Growth factor or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a growth factor or a derivative thereof, which regulates cell proliferation, development, migration, or differentiation of cells or tissues, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a growth factor.
(1) Note. The term "growth factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that is growth stimulatory or growth inhibitory (i.e., that will stimulate or inhibit clonal expansion of cells).
(2) Note. The term "growth factor" is sufficient for placement of a peptide into this subclass.
(3) Note. Cytokines produced by both immune cells (i.e., antigen-presenting cells, lymphocytes, basophils, dendritic cells, granulocytes, helper T-cells, leukocytes, macrophages, and mast cells) and other cell types and cytokines where the origin is unspecified (not claimed, disclosed, or otherwise known) are cross-referenced here as appropriate.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
9.7,through 13.1, for a peptide hormone, especially subclass 11.3 for a growth hormone.
18.9,for a peptide composition which affects apoptosis.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 85.1 through 85.7for compositions containing cytokines, soluble immune mediators, produced by the cells of the immune system (i.e., antigen-presenting cells, lymphocytes, basophils, dendritic cells, granulocytes, helper T-cells, leukocytes, macrophages, and mast cells) and cytokines produced by both immune cells and other cell types.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.7]    7.7Erythropoietin (EPO) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is erythropoietin (EPO) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on erythropoietin.
(1) Note. EPO is a glycoprotein (a protein with a sugar attached to it). It is a growth hormone produced by the kidney that promotes the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow. Human EPO has a molecular weight of approximately 34,000 daltons.
(2) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is characterized as an erythropoietin growth factor regardless of function.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.8]    7.8Thrombopoietin (TPO) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is thrombopoietin (TPO) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on TPO.
(1) Note. TPO is a glycoprotein (a protein with a sugar attached to it). It is a hormone produced mainly by the liver and the kidney that regulates the production of platelets by the bone marrow.
(2) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is characterized as an thrombopoietin growth factor regardless of function.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 7.9]    7.9Hematopoiesis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a growth factor that has an effect on the formation and development of blood cells.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.1]    8.1Vascular endothelial growth factor (e.g., VEGF-A, VEGF-B, etc.) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is vascular endothelial growth factor or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on vascular endothelial growth factor.
(1) Note. Vascular endothelial growth factor is a signaling peptide that stimulates the formation of new blood vessels, as well as new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. It is also important in the development of the embryonic circulatory system.
(2) Note. Vascular endothelial growth factors (e.g., VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGF-C, placenta growth factor (PIGF), etc.) are a subfamily of growth factors.
(3) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is characterized as an endothelial or vascular growth factor regardless of function.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
13.3,for a peptide composition which affects angiogenesis.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.2]    8.2Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on PDGF.
(1) Note. PDGF plays a significant role in blood vessel formation, as well as the growth of blood vessels from already existing blood vessel tissue.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.3]    8.3Nerve tissue or nerve cell growth affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a growth factor which affects the proliferation, development, migration, or differentiation of nerve cells or nerve tissues.
(1) Note. Nervous tissue is the material composed of neurons that make up the brain, spinal cord, and network of nerves around the body.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.4]    8.4Nerve growth factor (NGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 8.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is nerve growth factor (NGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on NGF.
(1) Note. NGF is a naturally occurring peptide in the body which stimulates growth and differentiation of the sympathetic sensory nerves. It consists of alpha, beta, and gamma polypeptide chains.
(2) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is characterized as a nerve growth factor regardless of function.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.5]    8.5Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is an insulin-like growth factor (IGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on IGF.
(1) Note. IGF may also be called somatomedin.
(2) Note. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2), etc. are part of a complex system that cells use to communicate with their physiologic environment and which has a high sequence similarity to insulin.
(3) Note. IGF-1 is also called somatomedin C and IGF-2 is also called somatomedin A.
(4) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is categorized as IGF, regardless of use.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.6]    8.6Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 8.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on IGF-1.
(1) Note. IGF-1 may also be called somatomedin C.
(2) Note. IGF-1 is a natural hormone consisting of 79 amino acids in a single chain with 3 intra-molecular disulfide bridges with a molecular weight of 7,649 daltons.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.7]    8.7Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 8.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on IGFBP.
(1) Note. IGFBP is a family of cysteine rich (16-20 cysteines) proteins which binds IGF.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.8]    8.8Bone morphogenic protein (BMP) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a bone morphogenic protein (BMP) or derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on BMP.
(1) Note. BMPs are generally involved in the formation of bone or cartilage.
(2) Examples of BMPs include osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1), BMP-3, OP-2, BMP-4, etc.
(3) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is categorized as BMP, regardless of use.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 8.9]    8.9Transforming growth factor (TGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a transforming growth factor (TGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on TGF.
(1) Note. TGF (e.g., TGF-beta, etc.) is generally involved in inducing cellular transformation and in stimulating the growth of normal cells.
(2) Note. It is proper to classify a peptide in this subclass if it is characterized as TGF, regardless of use.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.1]    9.1Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a fibroblast growth factor (FGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on FGF.
(1) Note. FGFs are particularly involved in wound healing, angiogenesis, and embryonic development.
(2) Note. The FGF family consists of four members: FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, and FGFR4.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
9.4,for a peptide composition which affects wound healing or repair.
13.3,for a peptide composition which affects angiogenesis.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.2]    9.2Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.1.  Subject matter wherein the fibroblast growth factor administered is keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on KGF.
(1) Note. KGF, also known as fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7), has an important role in wound healing or repair.
(2) Note. KGF stimulates the growth of epithelial cells in the skin and in the lining of the mouth, stomach, and intestines.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
9.4,for a peptide composition which affects wound healing or repair.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.3]    9.3Fibronectin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is fibronectin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on fibronectin.
(1) Note. Fibronectin is a glycopeptide growth factor of 2,000 daltons molecular weight with two polypeptide chains linked by disulfide bonds.
(2) Note. Functions of fibronectin include cellular adhesion mediation, cell shape, and migration control.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.4]    9.4Wound healing or wound repair affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a growth factor or derivative thereof, which affects the natural process of regenerating internal or external tissues which have been damaged, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a growth factor whose function is to regenerate internal and external tissues which have been damaged.
(1) Note. Wound healing or repair is a complex and dynamic process of restoring cellular structures and tissue layers.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.5]    9.5Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on HGF.
(1) Note. HCF, also known as scatter factor, is a polypeptide involved in cellular growth, motility, and morphogenesis.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.6]    9.6Epidermal growth factor (EFG) or epidermal growth factor-like or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is an epidermal growth factor (EGF) or epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like), or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on EFG.
(1) Note. EGF stimulates and sustains the replication of epidermal cells (of ectodermal or endodermal origin).
(2) Note. Human EGF is a 6,045-dalton protein with 53 amino acid residues and 3 intramolecular disulfide bonds.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.7]    9.7Hormone or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a hormone, which affects, enhances, or modulates the carrying of information for metabolic function from host cell to target cell or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a hormone.
(1) Note. The term "hormone" is sufficient for placement of a peptide into this subclass. It is not necessary that the peptide described as a "hormone" be used for that purpose.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.8]    9.8Fertility:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a hormone, or a derivative thereof, which affects the physiological mechanisms or conditions that inhibit or promote ability to produce offspring, or wherein a peptide is administered which has an effect on a hormone which is involved in inhibiting or promoting the ability to produce offspring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 9.9]    9.9Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which is normally produced by the pituitary gland or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on FSH.
(1) Note. FSH promotes reproductive function by stimulating the growth of follicles in the ovary or inducing the formation of sperm in the testes.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.1]    10.1Luteinizing hormone (LH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is luteinizing hormone (LH) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on LH.
(1) Note. LH controls the length and sequence of the female menstrual cycle, including ovulation, preparation of the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg, and ovarian production of both estrogen and progesterone. In males, it stimulates the testes to produce androgen.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
10.2,for a peptide which affects androgen or estrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.2]    10.2Androgen (e.g., testosterone, etc.) or estrogen affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered has an effect on androgen or estrogen levels in the body.
(1) Note. Androgens include testosterone.
(2) Note. Estrogen is secreted by the ovaries.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.3]    10.3Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is gonadatropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on gonadatropin-releasing hormone.
(1) Note. GnRH, also known as luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone (LHRH), is a decapeptide which stimulates the synthesis and secretion of the gonadotropins from the anterior pituitary.
(2) Note. Gonadotropins include luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
800,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving compositions containing peptides that influence the release of luteinizing hormone.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.4]    10.4Cetrorelix, leuprolide, or deslorelin utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is cetrorelix, leuprolide, or deslorelin, synthetic analogues of naturally occurring gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
(1) Note. Cetrorelix is a synthetic decapeptide which acts as an injectable GnRH antagonist.
(2) Note. Leuprorelin, which is a synonym for leuprolide, is a synthetic nonapeptide analogue of GnRH.
(3) Note. Deslorelin is a synthetic nonapeptide analogue of the natural GnRH.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.5]    10.5Ovulation affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.3.  Subject matter wherein the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (i.e., GnRH) or derivative thereof, administered affects the process in the menstrual cycle during which a mature ovarian follicle ruptures and discharges an ovum (i.e., oocyte, female gamete, egg).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.6]    10.6Synthetic gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a synthetic peptide that competes with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) for its receptor, thus decreasing or blocking GnRH action.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.7]    10.7Melanocortin (e.g., melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), etc.) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is a melanocortin, which is normally produced by the pituitary gland or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a melanocortin.
(1) Note. Melanocortins are known to be involved in regulating other hormones involved in cell pigmentation.
(2) Melanocortins include melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), etc.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.8]    10.8Corticotropin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.7.  Subject matter wherein the melanocortin administered is corticotropin, which is normally produced by the pituitary gland, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on corticotropin.
(1) Note. Corticotropin is also known as adrenocorticotropin (ACTH).
(2) Note. Corticotropin stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol and other steroid hormones.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
805,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving a peptide composition having adrenocorticotropic activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 10.9]    10.9Vasopressin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is vasopressin, which is normally produced by the pituitary gland, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on vasopressin.
(1) Note. Vasopressin, also called antidiuretic hormone (ADH), is involved in the regulatory function of the circulatory system, including constricting blood vessels, raising blood pressure so as to help keep a regular balance of salts in the blood, and controlling the amount and frequency of urination. Without vasopressin, too much water is lost in the urine.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
11.6,for a composition containing oxytocin or a derivative thereof.
807,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving a peptide composition related to oxytoxin, vasopressin, or a derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.1]    11.1Somatostatin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is somatostatin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on somatostatin.
(1) Note. Somatostatin is also known as growth hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH) or somatotropin release-inhibiting factor (SRIF).
(2) Note. Somatostatin is secreted in the digestive system and in the hypothalamus. Somatostatin inhibits both insulin and glucagon secretion and also inhibits the secretion of several gastrointestinal hormones (e.g., gastrin, etc.) and affects nutrient absorption and motility in the gastrointestinal tract.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
806,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving peptide compositions having somatostatin-like activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.2]    11.2Growth-hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) or a derivative thereof, which stimulates the release of growth hormone, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on GHRH.
(1) Note. GHRH is also known as growth-hormone-releasing factor (GRF or GHRF) or somatocrinin.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.3]    11.3Growth hormone (GH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is growth hormone (GH), normally produced by the anterior lobe of pituitary gland which stimulates growth and cell reproduction in humans and other animals, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on GH.
(1) Note. GH is alternatively known as somatotrophin, somatotropin, somatotropic hormone, somatotrophic hormone, STH, and human growth hormone (hGH).
(2) Note. Human somatotrophin contains 191 amino acids.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.4]    11.4Human growth hormone (hGH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 11.3.  Subject matter wherein the growth hormone administered is human growth hormone (hGH) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on hGH.
(1) Note. HGH consists of 191 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 22,124 daltons.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.5]    11.5Prolactin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is prolactin, which is normally produced by the pituitary gland, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on prolactin.
(1) Note. Prolactin is alternatively known as lactogenic hormone, lactotropin, luteotropic hormone, and luteotropin.
(2) Note. Human prolactin is a single chain polypeptide of 199 amino acids with a molecular weight of approximately 24,000 daltons. The molecule is folded due to the activity of three disulfide bonds.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.6]    11.6Oxytocin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is oxytocin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on oxytocin.
(1) Note. Oxytocin is a polypeptide hormone secreted by the posterior portion of the pituitary gland. Oxytocin stimulates the contraction of smooth muscle of the uterus during childbirth and facilitates ejection of milk from the mammary glands.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
807,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving a peptide composition related to oxytoxin, vasopressin, or a derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.7]    11.7Glucagon, glucagon-like peptide (e.g., GLP-1, GLP-2, etc.) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is glucagon or a glucagon-like peptide, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on glucagon or glucagon-like peptide.
(1) Note. Glucagon is a polypeptide hormone that is produced by the pancreas that promotes an increase in the sugar content of the blood by increasing the rate of glycogen breakdown in the liver.
(2) Note. Examples of glucagon-like peptides include GLP-1 which inhibits glucagon and stimulates the release of insulin, and GLP-2 which enhances intestinal growth and function.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.8]    11.8Parathyroid hormone (PTH) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is parathyroid hormone (PTH), which is derived from the parathyroid gland, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on PTH.
(1) Note. PTH, also known as parathormone, is a polypeptide containing 84 amino acids produced by the parathyroid glands that regulate the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the body. PTH has a molecular weight of approximately 9,500 daltons.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 11.9]    11.9Calcitonin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is calcitonin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on calcitonin.
(1) Note. Calcitonin is a peptide hormone containing 32 amino acids produced by the thyroid gland that lowers the levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood and promotes the formation of bones.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
808,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving a peptide composition related to calcitonin or a derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.1]    12.1Muscle contraction affecting (e.g., muscle twitch, muscle relaxation, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered affects the process leading to shortening or tensing of a muscle or muscle fiber in action or movement, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a hormone which affects muscle contraction.
(1) Note. The muscle may lengthen, shorten, or remain the same while under tension.
(2) Note. A muscle relaxant alleviates muscle contraction and reduces muscle spasm and twitch.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.2]    12.2Anti-inflammatory:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered affects conditions characterized by redness, warmth, swelling, or pain, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a hormone which affects inflammation.

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18.7,for skin affecting anti-inflammatory peptide compositions which are not hormones.
803,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter wherein the peptide composition has kinin-like activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.3]    12.3Gastrin hormone or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is gastrin, which is normally produced by the G cells, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on gastrin.
(1) Note. G cells are specialized cells in the stomach that secrete gastrin.
(2) Note. Forms of gastrin include gastrin-34, gastrin-17, gastrin-14, etc.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
19.7,for a composition containing bombesin or a derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.4]    12.4Natriuretic peptide or derivative (e.g., atrial natriuretic peptide, brain natriuretic peptide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is a natriuretic peptide, which induces natriuresis, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a natriuretic peptide hormone.
(1) Note. Examples of natriuretic peptides include atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), etc.
(2) Note. Natriuresis is the process of excretion of sodium in the urine via the action of the kidneys. Natriuresis lowers the concentration of sodium in the blood and also tends to lower blood volume because osmotic forces tend to make water follow sodium out of the body’s blood circulation and into the urine.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.5]    12.5Bradykinin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is bradykinin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on bradykinin.
(1) Note. Bradykinin is a nonapeptide that that causes blood vessels to enlarge, and therefore causes blood pressure to lower.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
803,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter wherein the peptide composition has kinin-like activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.6]    12.6Cholecystokinin (CCK) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is cholecystokinin (CCK), or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on CCK.
(1) Note. CCK, also known as pancreozymin, is a peptide hormone secreted especially by the duodenal mucosa that regulates the emptying of the gallbladder and secretion of enzymes by the pancreas, and that has also been found in the brain.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.7]    12.7Relaxin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is relaxin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on relaxin.
(1) Note. Relaxin is a peptide hormone produced by the corpus luteum that facilitates birth by causing relaxation of the pelvic ligaments.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.8]    12.8Secretin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is secretin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on secretin.
(1) Note. Secretin is an intestinal hormone capable of stimulating secretion of digestive enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 12.9]    12.9Thymosin (e.g., thymosin alpha 1, thymosin beta 4, etc.) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is thymosin or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on thymosin.
(1) Note. Thymosin is an actin-binding protein in cells isolated from the thymus.
(2) Note. Examples of thymosins include thymosin alpha 1, thymosin beta 4, etc.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.1]    13.1Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide hormone administered is vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on VIP.
(1) Note. VIP is a peptide hormone containing 28 amino acid residues produced in many areas of the human body, including the gut, pancreas, and suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus in the brain.

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1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.2]    13.2Digestive tract ulcer affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating or preventing the erosion of the lining of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
(1) Note. Ulcers are normally caused by the imbalance of the acidic environment in the regions of the GI tract which include the stomach, duodenum, and intestines.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.3]    13.3Angiogenesis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects angiogenesis, the process of developing new blood vessels.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.4]    13.4Blood substitute:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is part of a biocompatible composition which in its use mimics blood in performing the normal vital physiological functions normally associated with blood in a living organism.

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13.5,for a peptide composition containing a blood protein or a peptide composition which affects the blood.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.5]    13.5Blood affecting or blood protein utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a blood protein, or wherein the peptide administered affects the specialized biological fluid as an essential carrier or medium of metabolic nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other waste products in a living organism.

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424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 529 through 534for therapeutic or body treating compositions containing an extract or material of undetermined chemical constitution derived from blood.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.6]    13.6Fibrin or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is fibrin, an essential component for blood clotting over a wound site, or a derivative thereof, or wherein a peptide is administered which has an effect on fibrin.
(1) Note. Fibrin is formed by the action of thrombin on fibrinogen when blood clots.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
802,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter wherein the peptide composition is related to fibrinopeptides, blood-coagulation factors, or derivatives.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.7]    13.7Coagulation affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the process by which the blood forms clots.
(1) Note. Coagulation is an important part of hemostasis (i.e., the cessation of blood loss from a damaged vessel) whereby a damaged blood vessel wall is covered by clot-forming constituents to stop bleeding and begin repair of the damaged vessel.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

802,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter wherein the peptide composition is related to fibrinopeptides, blood-coagulation factors, or derivatives.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.8]    13.8Platelet aggregation or adhesion affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the process by which platelets clump together or attach to the collagen that is exposed by endothelial damage.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 13.9]    13.9Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GP IIb/IIIa), an integrin found on the surface of platelets.
(1) Note. GP IIb/IIIa is a receptor for fibrinogen and aids in platelet activation.
(2) Note. GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors can be used to prevent blood clots in an effort to decrease the risk of heart attack or stroke.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.1]    14.1Factor VIII or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is factor VIII or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on blood coagulation factor VIII.
(1) Note. Factor VIII is a glycoprotein found in blood plasma that plays a crucial role in blood clotting.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.2]    14.2Plasma protease affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects a plasma protease.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.3]    14.3Factor VIIa affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.2.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects coagulation factor VIIa.
(1) Note. Factor VIIa (trypsin-like serine protease) is the activated form of factor VII.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 94.64 for therapeutic or body-treating compositions containing factor VIIa.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.4]    14.4Factor Xa affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.2.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects coagulation factor Xa, a serine endopeptidase which cleaves prothrombin to yield the active thrombin.
(1) Note. Factor Xa may also be known as thrombokinase.
(2) Note. Factor Xa is the activated form of Factor X.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 94.64 for therapeutic or body-treating compositions containing factor Xa.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.5]    14.5Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.4.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on tissue factor pathway inhibitor, a single-chain polypeptide which can reversibly inhibit factor Xa.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.6]    14.6Urokinase affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.2.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects urokinase, a proteolytic enzyme involved in the process of thrombolysis, which is the dissolution of blood clots.
(1) Note. Urokinase may also be known as urokinase-type plasmninogen activator (uPA).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 94.64 for therapeutic or body-treating compositions containing urokinase.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.7]    14.7Thrombin affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.2.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects thrombin, the coagulation protein formed from prothrombin that facilitates the clotting of blood by catalyzing conversion of soluble fibrinogen to insoluble strands of fibrin.
(1) Note. Thrombin may also be known as factor IIa.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 94.64 for therapeutic or body-treating compositions containing thrombin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.8]    14.8Hirudin or derivative utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is hirudin or a derivative thereof.
(1) Note. Hirudin contains 65 amino acids.
(2) Note. Hirudin is normally derived from the buccal glands of leeches and affects the coagulation properties of blood and is known to inhibit thrombin.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 14.9]    14.9Thrombosis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide affects the undesired formation of a clot, or thrombus, inside a blood vessel obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system (e.g., by preventing the formation of a clot or dissolving an existing clot).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.1]    15.1Oxidative stress affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the condition of increased oxidant production in blood cells, characterized by the release of free oxygen radicals and resulting in cellular degeneration, or a disorder resulting from a shortage of oxygen, such as ischemia or reperfusion injury.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.2]    15.2Albumin or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is albumin, a common protein found in the blood, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on albumin.
(1) Note. Albumin is a major plasma protein which is an integral transporter of nutrients within the body. Albumin may also assist in maintaining blood volume in the arteries and veins.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.3]    15.3Plasma protein affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a plasma protein, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a plasma protein.
(1) Note. Plasma is the liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes up about half of its volume. Plasma is the colorless constituent of the blood in which the red and white blood corpuscles are suspended and is composed of water, dissolved proteins, glucose, clotting factors, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.4]    15.4Kidney affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  The subclass is indented Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the kidney, an organ with numerous metabolic functions, whose primary role is to maintain the homeostatic balance of bodily fluids.
(1) Note. Three important homeostatic functions of the kidney include:
(a) Filter waste materials out of the blood and pass them out of the body as urine.
(b) Regulate blood pressure and the levels of metabolites (e.g., water, salts, minerals in the body, etc.).
(c) Produce hormones that control other body functions.

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15.6,for a peptide composition which affects blood pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.5]    15.5Surfactant protein (e.g., SP-A, SP-B, etc.) or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is surfactant protein or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a surfactant protein.
(1) Note. Surfactant protein is a component of the pulmonary surfactant system. Pulmonary surfactant is a lipid-protein complex which is synthesized and secreted by the respiratory epithelium of the lungs to the alveolar spaces. The main function of the pulmonary surfactant is to reduce the surface tension at the air/liquid interface in the lung, thereby minimizing the work of breathing.
(2) Note. Surfactant proteins include SP-A, SP-B, SP-C, and SP-D.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
1.5,for a peptide composition which affects respiratory distress syndrome (e.g., ARDS, IRDS, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.6]    15.6Blood pressure affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the pressure of blood flow against the walls of the arteries, either to raise or lower said pressure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

803,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter wherein the peptide composition has kinin-like activity.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.7]    15.7Hypertension:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating patients who suffer from high blood pressure (i.e., a systolic pressure of 120 mm/Hg or higher and a diastolic pressure of 80 mm/Hg or higher).
(1) Note. Technically, patients having a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm/Hg and a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm/Hg are considered as having hypertension, or high blood pressure, whereas patients whose systolic pressure is between 120 and 139 mm/Hg, and whose diastolic pressure is between 80 and 90 mm/Hg are considered pre-hypertensive. For purposes of this subclass, pre-hypertension is considered to be the same as hypertension.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.8]    15.8Renin inhibitor affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the activity of a renin inhibitor, or wherein the peptide administered is a renin inhibitor and inhibits the enzyme renin.
(1) Note. Renin is a part of the renin-angiotensin system which is a group of related substances which act together to regulate blood pressure as well as the body’s salt and water balance. Renin, also known as angiotensinogenase, is an enzyme secreted by the kidneys that catalyzes the formation of angiotensin 1.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 15.9]    15.9Dipeptide renin inhibitor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.8.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered, which inhibits rennin, consists of an uninterrupted chain of only two amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.1]    16.1Endothelin (e.g., ET-2, ET-3, etc.) or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is endothelin, which is produced by the vascular endothelium, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on endothelin.
(1) Note. Endothelin is a 21-amino acid peptide that functions as a vasoconstricting peptide and also maintains a delicate balance between vasodilation and vasoconstriction in controlling hypertension.
(2) Note. Examples of endothelin include endothelin-1 (ET-1), endothelin-2 (ET-2), and endothelin-3 (ET-3).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.2]    16.2Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) that converts angiotensin I to its activated form, angiotensin II.
(1) Note. Angiotensin II is a peptide that can act as a vasoconstricting agent (causing blood vessels to narrow).
(2) Note. Peptides which inhibit or slow the activity of the enzyme ACE (ACE inhibitors), thereby decreasing the production of Angiotensin II, can lower the effects of hypertension by dilating blood vessels.
(3) Note. ACE is alternatively known as angiotensin I converting enzyme, carboxycathepsin, dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I, kininase II, peptidase P, and peptidyl dipeptidase I.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.3]    16.3Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) that converts angiotensin I to its activated form, angiotensin II.
(1) Note. Angiotensin II is a peptide that can act as a vasoconstricting agent (causing blood vessels to narrow).
(2) Note. ACE is alternatively known as angiotensin I converting enzyme, carboxycathepsin, dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I, kininase II, peptidase P, and peptidyl dipeptidase I.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.4]    16.4Cardiac disease (i.e., heart disease) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the structure or a function of the heart to treat disease.
(1) Note. This subclass only refers to the cardiac muscle and its related pathological condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.5]    16.5Tissue development affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the progression of a cell cluster over time, from its formation to its mature structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.6]    16.6Rheumatoid arthritis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating a chronic autoimmune disease, called rheumatoid arthritis, characterized by pain, swelling, inflammation, and destruction of the joints.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.7]    16.7Bone affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the rigid calcified connective tissue that constitutes the skeletal framework of living organisms, or is useful in preventing conditions that affect the bone.
(1) Note. Bone is composed of a matrix of collagen, phosphate, and other minerals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

17.1,for a peptide composition which affects cartilage.
17.2,for a peptide composition wherein collagen or a derivative is affected or utilized.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.8]    16.8Osteoarthritis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating the loss of the connective tissue between two or more bones, or in preventing the onset of osteoarthritis.
(1) Note. Osteoarthritis develops when the cartilage (cushioning at the ends of the bones) breaks down.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 16.9]    16.9Osteoporosis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating the loss of bone density caused by reduced calcium absorption, or in preventing the onset of osteoporosis.
(1) Note. Osteoporosis is a disease condition that leads to reduction of bone mineral density, or disruption of microarchitecture resulting in increased risk of fracture.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.1]    17.1Cartilage affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the connective tissue that covers the ends of bones, or is useful in preventing the onset of conditions that affect cartilage.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.2]    17.2Collagen or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is collagen or a derivative thereof, or wherein a peptide is administered which has an effect on collagen.
(1) Note. For the purposes of this subclass, gelatin is considered a derivative of collagen.
(2) Note. Collagen’s molecular weight is approximately 130,000 daltons. The collagen molecule contains three peptide chains, each having 1,000 amino acids. Nearly one third of all the residues are glycine, with typical repeating sequences being Gly-Pro-Hyp and Gly-Pro-Ala. The chains are arranged in a triple helix and contain intramolecular cross-links.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
801,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter wherein the peptide composition contains collagen, gelatin, or derivatives.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.3]    17.3N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects a type of glutamate receptor, called N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, that participates in excitatory neurotransmission.
(1) Note. Activation of NMDA receptors results in the opening of an ion channel that is nonselective to cations which allows flow of sodium and small amounts of calcium into the cell and potassium out of the cell.

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17.4,for a peptide composition which affects an ion channel protein.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.4]    17.4Ion channel protein affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects a pore-forming protein complex, called ion channel protein, which resides at the cell periphery.
(1) Note. Ion channel proteins facilitate the diffusion of ions across biological membranes or phospholipid bilayers.
(2) Note. Ion channels provide a high conducting, hydrophilic pathway across the hydrophobic interior of the membrane.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.5]    17.5Mental disorder or mental illness (e.g., psychoses, etc.) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating a condition of psychological or clinical impairment or a disorder of the normal emotional or behavioral function in an individual.
(1) Note. Disorders include, but are not limited to, mood, anxiety, psychotic, eating, developmental, personality, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.6]    17.6Anti-depressant or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.5.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is an antidepressant, an agent used to prevent or treat clinical depression, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on an anti-depressant.
(1) Note. Clinical depression is characterized by pervasive low mood, loss of interest in normal activities, and diminished ability to experience pleasure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.7]    17.7Nervous system (e.g., central nervous system (CNS), etc.) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects conditions or processes of the central or peripheral nervous systems.
(1) Note. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) extends outside the central nervous system (CNS) and its primary purpose is to connect the CNS to the limbs and organs.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.8]    17.8Alzheimer’s disease:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating the disease called Alzheimer’s disease, marked by loss of cognitive ability typically associated with abnormal tissue and protein deposit buildup in the cerebral cortex.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 17.9]    17.9Multiple sclerosis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating the disease called multiple sclerosis, a chronic, progressive disease marked by gradual degeneration of the nerve cells in the central nervous system that control voluntary muscle movement.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.1]    18.1Neurotransmitter or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a neurotransmitter, a substance which relays, amplifies, and modulates signals between a neuron and another cell or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on a neurotransmitter.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.2]    18.2Neuropathy affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating an abnormal condition or disorder, called neuropathy, characterized by inflammation and degeneration of peripheral nervous system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.3]    18.3Pain affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.7.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered suppresses or alleviates pain or treats hyperanalgesia by increasing the body’s response to a painful stimulus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.4]    18.4Opioid receptor affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered binds to receptors in the brain and other organs to alleviate pain.
(1) Note. Opioids are narcotic drugs that are generally prescribed to manage pain.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.5]    18.5Enkephalin or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is enkephalin, a pentapeptide, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on enkephalin.
(1) Note. Enkephalin performs opiate and analgesic activities and has a marked affinity for opiate receptors.
(2) Note. Forms of enkephalin include Met-enkephalin, Leu-enkephalin, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
809,for a cross-reference art collection of subject matter involving neurological peptides related to enkephalin or endorphin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.6]    18.6Skin affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects a natural protective body covering, excluding hair and nails, which is the site of the sense of touch.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 78.02 for a topical body preparation containing solid synthetic organic polymer as designated organic active ingredient (DOAI).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.7]    18.7Anti-inflammatory:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating inflammatory conditions of the skin characterized by redness, warmth, swelling, or pain.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.8]    18.8Cosmetic enhancement or care:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 18.6.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in beautifying and improving the appearance of the skin.
(1) Note. Included herein are skin creams for the improvement of beauty, especially that of the complexion of the skin.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 59 for a topical sun or radiation screening, or tanning preparation; subclass 62 for a composition which bleaches or removes color from live skin; subclass 63 for a composition which is applied topically for coloring the skin in either a limited or overall area (e.g., blemish cover, cheek rouge, eye shadow, etc.); subclass 69 for face or body powders for grooming, adorning, or absorbing; subclass 70.1 for a nontherapeutic composition for grooming or adorning the scalp; and subclass 78.02 for a topical body preparation containing solid synthetic organic polymer as designated organic active ingredient (DOAI).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 18.9]    18.9Apoptosis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the death of cells characterized by a programmed sequence of events which leads to the elimination of cells without releasing harmful substances into the surrounding area.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.1]    19.1Cellular adhesion affecting or cell adhesion molecule ( placeCAM) affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the cell adhesion process or the peptide administered is a cell adhesion molecule.
(1) Note. Cellular adhesion is the binding of a cell to another cell or to an extracellular matrix. Cellular adhesion is regulated by specific CAMs that interact with molecules on opposing cells or surfaces.
(2) Note. CAMs are integral membrane proteins that have cytoplasmic, transmembrane, and extracellular domains.
(3) Note. Examples of CAMs include intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), vascular-cell adhesion molecule (VCAM), endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.2]    19.2Neoplastic condition affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating or preventing the abnormal growth of cells in a tissue (e.g., tumor, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.3]    19.3Cancer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.2.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating or preventing a malignant growth caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.4]    19.4Breast:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating or preventing a malignant growth associated with the breast.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.5]    19.5Prostate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating or preventing a malignant growth associated with the prostate gland.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.6]    19.6Leukemia:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is useful in treating or preventing a malignant condition of the blood or bone marrow, called leukemia, which is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.7]    19.7Bombesin or derivative affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is bombesin, or a derivative thereof, or wherein the peptide administered has an effect on bombesin.
(1) Note. Bombesin is a polypeptide which has been shown to play a role in cancer. Bombesin may stimulate the growth or migration of certain cancer cells.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.8]    19.8Metastasis affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the spreading, settling down, and growth of a cancerous tumor from one organ or part to another nonadjacent healthy organ or part.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 19.9]    19.9Cyclopeptide utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a cyclic structure, wherein the cyclic structure is formed by peptide bonding, disulfide bonding, hydrocarbon bonding, or other types of bonding, and has at least a dipeptide as an integral part thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 260 for peptides or proteins with intrachain cysteine-cysteine bridges and subclass 270 for other cyclic peptides or proteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.1]    20.1Protease inhibitor affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the activity of a protease inhibitor or wherein the peptide administered is a protease inhibitor and inhibits the activity of protease.
(1) Note. Protease inhibitors prevent proteases from splitting proteins into peptides.
(2) Note. A protease is an enzyme which degrades proteins into smaller component peptides.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.2]    20.2Cysteine protease inhibitor affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the activity of a cysteine protease inhibitor, or wherein the peptide administered is a cysteine protease inhibitor and inhibits the activity of a cysteine protease.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.3]    20.3Serine protease inhibitor affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the activity of a serine protease inhibitor, or wherein the peptide administered is a serine protease inhibitor and inhibits the activity of a serine protease.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 94.64 for therapeutic or body-treating compositions containing serine proteases.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.4]    20.4Elastase inhibitor affecting or utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.3.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects the activity of an elastase inhibitor or wherein the peptide administered is an elastase inhibitor and inhibits the activity of the enzyme elastase.
(1) Note. Elastase hydrolyzes proteins, including elastin which is responsible for the elastic properties of vertebrate tissues.
(2) Note. Elastases include pancreatic elastase, neutrophil elastase, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 94.64 for therapeutic or body-treating compositions containing elastase.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.5]    20.5Cyclosporine or derivative utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a cyclic oligopeptide, called cyclosporine, or a derivative thereof.
(1) Note. Cyclosporine is used to inhibit organ transplant rejection.
(2) Note. Cyclosporine is also known as ciclosporin and cyclosporin.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1.1,for definition of the term "derivative."
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.6]    20.6G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered affects G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), which affects signal transmission into the cell.
(1) Note. GPCRs constitute a large and diverse family of proteins whose primary function is to transduce extracellular stimuli into intracellular signals. GPCRs are found only in eukaryotes.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.7]    20.7Hair affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating or preventing conditions affecting the fine, flexible peptide strands that grow from the follicles on the skin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.8]    20.8Eye affecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide is useful in treating or preventing conditions of the eye, the organ that detects light and sends signals along the optic nerve to the visual and other areas of the brain.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 20.9]    20.9Glycopeptide utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is bonded to a carbohydrate.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.1]    21.1Cyclopeptide utilizing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is a cyclic structure, wherein the cyclic structure is formed by peptide bonding, disulfide bonding, hydrocarbon bonding, or other types of bonding, and has at least a dipeptide as an integral part thereof.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 260 for peptides or proteins with intrachain cysteine-cysteine bridges and subclass 270 for other cyclic peptides or proteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.2]    21.2100 or more amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 100 or more amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.3]    21.325 to 99 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 25 to 99 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.4]    21.416 to 24 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 16 to 24 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.5]    21.512 to 15 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 12 to 15 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.6]    21.69 to 11 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 9 to 11 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.7]    21.77 or 8 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 7 or 8 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.8]    21.85 or 6 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 5 or 6 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.9]    21.93 or 4 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 3 or 4 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.91]    21.912 amino acid residues in the peptide chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered consists of an uninterrupted chain of 2 amino acid residues.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 21.92]    21.92Produced by or extracted from animal tissue:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.1.  Subject matter wherein the peptide administered is derived from animal material.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 22]    22Lignin or derivative DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient is lignin or a reaction derivative thereof, e.g., lignin sulfonate, etc.
(1) Note. Lignin is a noncarbohydrate, polymeric substance found in wood. It is isolated directly from wood or wood products or from the treatment of wood, e.g., waste sulfite liquor or black liquor. The structure of the lignin monomer is not completely known.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 23]    23Carbohydrate (i.e., saccharide radical containing) DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient is a saccharide or polysaccharide, the monomeric saccharide radical units of which contain at least five carbon atoms, or their reaction products wherein the carbon skeleton of the saccharide or polysaccharide of the unit is not destroyed.
(1) Note. Included herein is cellulose, cellulose derivatives, starch, starch derivatives, tannins, O-glycosides, N-glycosides and S-glycosides.
(2) Note. Alcohols and acids corresponding to carbohydrates are excluded.
(3) Note. Cascara sagrada is excluded herefrom and is classified with plant extracts. See Search Notes below.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

251,for a composition containing riboflavin DOAI.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 725 through 779for plant extracts.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 24]    24S-glycoside:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein the saccharide is a thioacetal derivative of a cyclic form of sugars in which the hydrogen atom of the hemithioacetal sulfhydryl group has been replaced by an alkyl, aralkyl or aryl group.
(1) Note. A S-glycoside is a compound having a sugar moiety connected to an aglycone moiety via sulfur.
(2) Note. An aglycone is a noncarbohydrate material, e.g., benzene, indoxyl, alkyl, anthracene, etc.
(3) Note. The cyclic sugars referred to in the definition are normally pyranoses or furanoses.
(4) Note. Glycosides derived from aldoeses are referred to as aldosides, and those ketoses are ketosides.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 25]    25O-glycoside:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein the saccharide is an acetal derivative of a cyclic form of sugars in which the hydrogen atom of the hemiacetal hydroxyl has been replaced by an alkyl, aralkyl or aryl group.
(1) Note. An O-glycoside is a compound having a sugar moiety connected to an aglycone moiety via oxygen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 26]    26Cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein an aglycone moiety of the glycoside contains a cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus, i.e.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 26

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 27]    27Oxygen of the saccharide radical bonded directly to a nonsaccharide hetero ring or a polycyclo ring system which contains a nonsaccharide hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein a nonsaccharide hetero ring or a fused or bridged ring system which contains a nonsaccharide hetero ring is attached to an oxygen of the saccharide radical, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 27

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 28]    28The hetero ring has 8 or more ring carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject mater wherein the nonsaccharide hetero ring has eight or more ring carbon members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 29]    29The hetero ring has exactly 13 ring carbons (e.g., erythromycin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter wherein the nonsaccharide hetero ring has exactly 13 carbon atoms, e.g., erythromycin, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 30]    30The hetero ring has exactly 15 ring carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter wherein the nonsaccharide hetero ring has exactly 15 carbon atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 31]    31The hetero ring has 20 or more ring carbons (e.g., nystatin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter wherein the nonsaccharide hetero ring has 20 or more ring carbon atoms, e.g., nystatin, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 32]    32Oxygen of the saccharide radical bonded to a nonsaccharide hetero ring by acyclic carbon bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein a hetero ring or polycyclo ring system which contains a nonsaccharide hetero ring is directly linked to an oxygen of the saccharide radical directly through only acyclic carbon bonding, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 32

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 33]    33Oxygen of the saccharide radical bonded directly to a polyclo ring system of three or more carbocyclic rings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein the oxygen of the saccharide radical is directly bonded to a polycyclo ring system of three or more carbocyclic rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 34]    34Oxygen of the saccharide radical bonded directly to a polycyclo ring system of four carbocyclic rings (e.g., daunomycin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 33.  Subject matter wherein the oxygen of the saccharide radical is directly bonded to a polycyclo ring system of exactly four carbocyclic rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 35]    35Oxygen of the saccharide radical bonded directly to a cyclohexyl ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein a cyclohexyl radical is bonded directly to an oxygen of the saccharide radical, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 35

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 36]    36Two or more nitrogen atoms bonded directly to the cyclohexyl ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 35.  Subject matter wherein two or more nitrogen atoms are bonded directly to the cyclohexyl radical, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 36

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 37]    37The nitrogen atoms are in N-C(=N)-N groups (e.g, streptomycin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Subject matter wherein all the nitrogen atoms which are bonded directly to the cyclohexyl group are part of a N-C(=N)-N group, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 38]    38Two saccharide radicals bonded through only oxygen to adjacent ring carbons of the cyclohexyl ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Subject matter wherein the cyclohexyl radical is separately, independently and directly bonded through only oxygen of two saccharide radicals at adjacent ring carbons, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 39]    39Three or more saccharide radicals (e.g., neomycin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.  Subject matter wherein the cyclohexyl radical is bonded directly or indirectly to three or more saccharide radicals, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 40]    40Two saccharide radicals bonded through only oxygen to 4- and 6- positions of the cyclohexyl ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Subject matter wherein the cyclohexyl radical is separately, independently and directly bonded through only oxygen of two saccharide radicals at the 4- and 6- position carbons of the cyclohexyl ring, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 41]    41Kanamycin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 40.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient is Kanamycin or a derivative thereof, i.e., as illustrated below, wherein R is NH2 and R" is NH2 or OH.

Kanosamin, deoxystreptamine

Kanosamin, deoxystreptamine

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 42]    42N-glycoside:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein the saccharide is a glycosidic derivative or the cyclic form of saccharides or polysaccharides in which an aglycone portion is attached through nitrogen to the saccharide moiety by substituting it for the hemiacetal hydroxyl of the sugar.
(1) Note. The aglycone can be noncyclic.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 43]    43Nitrogen containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 42.  Subject matter wherein the aglycone portion contains a nitrogen containing hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 44]    44Polynucleotide (e.g., RNA, DNA, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter which has the following structure, illustrated below, wherein n is a whole number equal or greater than two, R" is H or OH and R" is purine or pyrimidine or a substituted purine or pyrimidine.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 44

(1) Note. Substituted pyrimidine or purine includes only those derivatives which are substituted on rather than in the respective ring position, i.e., illustrated below, is present in the structure. The internal ring bonding may be altered by tautomerism or by the addition of substituents without excluding a compound from this subclass.

Or

Or

Image 3 for class 514 subclass 44

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

536Organic Compounds,   appropriate subclasses for nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides like RNA or DNA compounds as well as chemical methods for synthesizing these compounds. Search specifically subclasses 23.1+ for fragments of DNA which could have utility in recombinant processes or gene therapy and subclasses 26.4+ for vitamin B-12 and its derivatives.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 45]    45Purines (including hydrogenated) (e.g., adenine, guanine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein the hetero ring is a purine, as illustrated below, or substituted purine.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 45

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 46]    46Adenosine or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Subject matter wherein the compound is adenosine, illustrated below, or derivative thereof.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 46

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 47]    47Phosphorus containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Subject matter wherein the adenosine or derivative thereof contains phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 48]    48Phosphorus containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Subject matter wherein the purine compound contains phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 49]    49Pyrimidines (including hydrogenated) (e.g., cytosine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein the hetero ring is a pyrimidine, as illustrated below, or substituted pyrimidine.
(1) Note. The structure below shows the position numbering used for 1, 3-diazines.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 49

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 50]    502, 4-diketone pyrimidine or derivative (e.g., uracil, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 49.  Subject matter wherein oxygen atoms are directly double bonded to the 2 and 4 positions of the pyrimidine ring, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 51]    51Phosphorus containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 50.  Subject matter wherein the 2, 4-diketone pyrimidine compound contains phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 52]    52Phosphorus containing (e.g., vitamin B12, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter which contains phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 53]    53Disaccharide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient contains two saccharide radicals bonded via a glycosidic linkage and which on hydrolysis yields two units of monosaccharides (e.g., sucrose, lactose, maltose, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 54]    54Polysaccharide
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient contains more than two saccharide radicals directly or indirectly bonded together.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 55]    55Chitin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  wherein the polysaccharide has the following repeating units:

Repeating unit of chitin.

Repeating unit of chitin.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 56]    56Heparin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Subject matter wherein the polysaccharide has the following repeating unit, illustrated below, wherein the degree of sulfation of the individual components in the polysaccharide chain, and derivatives thereof.
(1) Note. Heparin is a substance which can be found in various tissues of mammals, especially the lung, spleen, liver and muscle, and has been used medicinally for coagulation of blood and metabolism of lipids.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 57]    57Cellulose or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Subject matter wherein the polysaccharide consists of repeating glucose units having the following structure:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 57

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 58]    58Dextrin or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Subject matter wherein the polysaccharide consists of various gummy polysaccharides produced by thermal or acid degradation of starch, and derivatives of such compounds.
(1) Note. Dextrins are carbohydrates, intermediate between starch and sugars. Degradation of dextrins yields maltose and glucose.
(2) Note. Derivatives of dextrins which remain gummy polysaccharides are classified herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 59]    59Dextran or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  wherein the polysaccharide is composed of D-glucose units which are linked by 1, 6 glucosidic bonds.
(1) Note. Dextrin and dextrine are not variant spelling of "Dextran", instead they are respectively a starch hydrolysis product and a variant spelling of dextrin.
(2) Note. Controlled hydrolysis of native dextran yields clinical dextran of lower molecular weight which is useful as a blood plasma substitute.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 60]    60Starch or derivative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Subject matter wherein the polysaccharide has amylose and amylopectin as their main components.
(1) Note. Starches are heterogeneous in that the amylose and amylopectin occur in different ratios to each other.
(2) Note. Starches yield dextrins upon extensive thermal of acid degradation and yield glucose upon completed hydrolysis.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 61]    61Tri- or tetrasaccharide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein a glucose moiety is substituted with one or more amino groups, or derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 62]    62Silicon containing DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 23.  Subject matter wherein a glucose moiety is substituted with one or more amino groups, or derivative thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 63]    63Silicon containing DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter in which the organic active ingredient contains silicon.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 64]    64Boron containing DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  in which the organic active ingredient contains boron.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 65]    65Pyrethrum plant derived material or plant derive rotenone compound containing DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter which contains pyrethrum plant derived material or plant derived rotenone compound containing material, e.g., ground pyrethrum flowers or extract of cube root or derris root, etc.
(1) Note. This subclass does not contain chemically identified derivatives of naturally occurring pyrethrum plant derived material or plant derived rotenone containing material since such derivatives are classified on the basis of the chemical structure.
(2) Note. Synthetically produced active compounds which would be identical with the active constituents of pyrethrum or rotenone containing plant such as derris root, cube root are not classified herein but are classified of the chemical structure of the synthetically produced compound. See, for example, subclass 531 for allethrins.
(3) Note. The active constituents of pyrethrum includes pyrethrins I and II, cinerins I and II and jasmolins I and II.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 66]    66With heterocyclic compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Subject matter which contains a heterocyclic compound in addition to the pyrethrum derived material or plant derived rotenone compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 67]    67Methlenedioxyphenyl group containing (e.g., piperonyl butoxide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Subject matter which contains methylenedioxyphenyl group, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 68]    68With carboxylic acid ester:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Subject matter which contains a carboxylic acid ester in addition to the pyrethrum derived material or plant derived rotenone compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 69]    69With carboxylic acid metal salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Subject matter which contains a carboxylic acid metal salt in addition to the pyrethrum derived material or plant derived rotenone compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 70]    70With organic nitrogen containing compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Subject matter which contains a nitrogen containing organic compound in addition to the pyrethrum derived material or plant derived rotenone compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 71]    71Sulfur containing organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 70.  Subject matter wherein the nitrogen containing organic compound contains sulfur.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 72]    72With organic oxygen containing compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Subject matter which contains oxygen containing organic compound in addition to the pyrethrum derived material or plant derived rotenone compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 73]    73Phosphorus or halogen containing organic oxygen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 72.  Subject matter wherein the oxygen containing organic compound contains phosphorus or halogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 74]    74With hydrocarbon or halohydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Subject matter which contains hydrocarbon or halohydrocarbon in addition to the pyrethrum derived material or plant derived rotenone compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 75]    75Phosphorus containing other than solely as part of an inorganic ion in an addition salt DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient contains a phosphorus atom.
(1) Note. Inorganic phosphorus salts of the organic active ingredient are excluded herefrom and classified with the active moiety.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 76]    76Amine addition salt of organic phosphorus containing acid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient is an amine addition salt of the phosphorus compound, wherein said salt forming group is the nitrogen atom of said amine, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 77]    77Inner salt (e.g., betaine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient is an inner salt, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 77

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 78]    78Lecithins:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Subject matter wherein the inner salt contains the following structurewherein R is an organic radical.

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 79]    79Nitrogen containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen as a hetero atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 80]    80Polycyclo ring system having a ring nitrogen in the system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a polycyclo ring system (bridged or fused), e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 81]    81Nonshared hetero atoms in at least two rings of the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a polycyclo ring system which contains nonshared hetero atoms in at least two rings of the polycyclo ring systems, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 82]    82Quinolinyl or isoquinolinyl (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a quinolinyl or isoquinolinyl group, (including hydrogenated).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 83]    83Hetero ring is three-membered consisting of one nitrogen and two carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a three-membered heterocyclic ring which contains one nitrogen and two carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 84]    84Hetero ring is six-membered consisting of three nitrogens and three carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a six-membered heterocyclic ring which consists of three nitrogens and three carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 85]    85Hetero ring is six-membered consisting of two nitrogens and four carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a six-membered heterocyclic ring which consists of two nitrogens and four carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 86]    86Nitrogen atoms occupy 1 and 3- positions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 85.  Subject matter wherein the nitrogen atoms are at the 1- and 3- position of the six member ring, i.e., 1, 3-diazines.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 87]    87PX- bonded directly to 1, 3-diazine at 2-position (X is chalcogen):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  Subject matter in which a PX- is bonded directly to the 1,3-diazine at the 2-position. (X is chalcogen), e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 88]    88Two or more PX- groups attached to the same 1,3-diazine (X is chalcogen):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  in which at least two PX"s are bonded directly to the 1,3-diazine moiety, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 89]    89Hetero ring is six-membered and includes only one ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a heterocyclic ring which has six members and includes only one therein, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 90]    90Chalcogen in the six-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 89.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a six-membered heterocyclic ring which also contains a chalcogen atom as well as the nitrogen, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 91]    91Hetero ring is five-membered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a heterocyclic moiety which has five members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 92]    92Two or more hetero atoms in the five-membered ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a five-membered heterocyclic moiety which contains two or more hetero atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 93]    93Triazoles (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 92.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a five-membered heterocyclic moiety which consists of three nitrogens and two carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 94]    94Diazoles (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 92.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a five-membered heterocyclic moiety which contains two nitrogens and three carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 95]    95Sulfur containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a heterocyclic ring which contains at least one sulfur atom as a ring member.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 96]    96Polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a bridged or fused ring system which has a heterocyclic sulfur containing ring as one of the cyclos.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 97]    97Two or more sulfurs in the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains at least two sulfur atoms as ring members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 98]    98Oxygen in the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a heterocyclic ring which contains at least one sulfur atom and at least one oxygen atom as ring members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 99]    99Oxygen containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains at least one oxygen atom as a ring member.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 100]    100Polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a fused or bridged ring system which contains a heterocyclic oxygen-containing ring as one of the cyclos.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 101]    101Two or more oxygen in the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a heterocyclic ring which contains at least two oxygen atoms as ring members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 102]    102Two or more phosphorus atoms directly or indirectly bonded together by only covalent bonds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains at least two nonionically bonded phosphorus atoms.
(1) Note. Organic phosphorus salts and complexes of a phosphorus containing compound and other compounds are excluded unless the phosphorus containing moiety has at least two nonionically bonded phosphorus atoms, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 103]    103Phosphorus acid ester of polyhydric alcohol or thioalcohol(e.g., P-X-R-X-P group, etc., wherein X is chalcogen and R is the residue of the polyhydric alcohol or thioalcohol):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound is a phosphorus acid ester of a polyhydric alcohol or thioalcohol, e.g., P-X-(R) XP group, etc., wherein X is chalcogen and R is the residue of a polyhydric alcohol.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 104]    104Benzene ring in the alcohol moiety:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Subject matter in which the polyphosphorus compound corresponds to the structure -P-X-(R)-X-P-, wherein R is the residue of a polyhydric alcohol which is aromatic in nature (i.e., contains a benzene ring and wherein X is chalcogen).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 105]    105Phosphorus is part of a ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter in which a phosphorus atom is part of a ring, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 106]    106P-O-P or P-S-P containing (e.g., anhydrides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter which contains a polyphosphorus compound wherein two phosphorus atoms are linked to each other through a single oxygen or sulfur (i.e., P-O-P OR P-S-P).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 107]    107Benzene ring containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter in which the phosphorus compound contains a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 108]    108Acyclic and contains at least one carbon atom between the phosphorus atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter in which the phosphorus compound is acyclic and contains at least one carbon between the phosphorus atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 109]    109P-X-X containing (X is chalcogen):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound has a single phosphorus atom linked directly to a chalcogen atom which in turn is linked directly to another chalcogen atom, e.g., as illustrated below, wherein X is chalcogen.

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 110]    110Phosphorus is part of a ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains the phosphorus atom as part of a ring, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 111]    111Polycyclo ring system having the phosphorus containing ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a fused ring system or bridged ring system of which the phosphorus containing ring is a part, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 112]    112Cyano or isocyano containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains at least one nitrile or isonitrile radical bonded to a carbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 113]    113Cyano or isocyano bonded directly to a benzene ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter in which the nitrile or isonitrile radical bonded to a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 114]    114Nitrogen, other than nitro or nitroso, bonded indirectly to phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a nitrogen, other than nitro or nitroso, which is not directly bonded to the phosphorus atom, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 114

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 115]    115N-C(=X)-N containing (S is chalcogen):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains the radical NN wherein X is chalcogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 116]    116Sulfur single bonded directly to nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a sulfur atom which is directly bonded to a nitrogen by a single bond.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 117]    117N-(=O)S(=O) containing (i.e., sulfonamides):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains the sulfonamido group, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 117

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 118]    118Phosphorus single bonded directly to nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a nitrogen which is directly bonded to a phosphorus atom by a single bond, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 119]    119C(=O)N containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains an amido group, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 120]    120C=O other than as ketone or aldehyde, attached directly or indirectly to phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains a carbonyl group, other than as ketone or aldehyde, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 121]    121Plural C=O groups, other than as ketone or aldehyde:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound contains two C=O groups which are other than a ketone or aldehyde, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 122]    122Malathion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound is malathion, i.e.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 123]    123With N-C(=O)-O containing compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Subject matter wherein another compound is present, along with malathion, which has the N(C=O)-O group therein, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 124]    124C=O, other than as ketone or aldehyde, attached to a benzene ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject Matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound contains a C=O group other than as ketone or aldehyde attached directly to a benzene ring, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 125]    125Ketone or aldehyde containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound contains at least one carbonyl group in the form of an aldehyde or ketone.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 126]    126Sulfur not bonded directly to phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains sulfur and wherein said sulfur is not bonded directly to the phosphorus atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 127]    127Thioether, sulfoxide or sulfone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound contains sulfur in the form of a thioether, sulfoxide or sulfone group.
(1) Note. This subclass contains the groups: C-S-C; C- C, and C- C
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 128]    128Sulfur bonded directly to a benzene ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Subject matter wherein the sulfur is directly bonded to a carbon of a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 129]    129Oxygen bonded directly to a carbon or hydrogen and wherein the oxygen is not bonded directly to phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound contains an oxygen which is bonded directly to a carbon or hydrogen and wherein the oxygen is not bonded to phosphorus, e.g .,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 129

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 130]    130The oxygen is bonded directly to a benzene ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Subject matter wherein the oxygen therein is directly bonded to a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 131]    131Nitro group bonded to a carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound contains at least one nitro substituent bonded to a carbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 132]    132Nitro group is directly bonded to a benzene ring which benzene ring is either bonded directly bonded to phosphorus or indirectly bonded to phosphorus through a chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter wherein the nitro is directly attached to a benzene ring which is directly bonded to phosphorus, or indirectly bonded to phosphorus through a chalcogen, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 133]    133Two or more such benzene rings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter wherein two or more such nitro substituted benzene rings are present.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 134]    134Acyclic carbon to carbon unsaturation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has at least one unsaturated group between adjacent carbon atoms and wherein said unsaturation is present other than as an aromatic compound, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 135]    135Alkyne
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.  Subject matter wherein the unsaturation is in the form of a triple bond, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 136]    136Phosphate ester having three ester groups (e.g., DDVP, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 134.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound is a triester of otho-phosphoric acid, e.g., as illustrated below, or sulfur analog thereof, etc.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 136

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 137]    137Nitrogen bonded directly to phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has at least one phosphorus to nitrogen bond.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

118,when another nitrogen atom other than nitro or nitroso is present in the molecule which nitrogen is not directly bonded to phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 138]    138N-P-N or N-N-P containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has a N-P-N or N-N-P chain therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 139]    139Phosphorus bonded directly to halogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has at least one phosphorus to halogen bond.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 140]    140(C)(R)P=X(-XC) containing (i.e., phosphinate) (X is chalcogen; R is C or H):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound is an ester of phosphinic acid, illustrated below, wherein R and R" are organic radicals and X is chalcogen.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 140

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 141]    141(CX-) (C) P=X (XH) OR (CX-) (R) P=X (XC) containing (e.g., phosphonate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound is an ester of phosphonic acid, illustrated below, wherein R is an organic radical and X is chalcogen.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 141

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 142]    142(CX-)(C)P(C),(CX-)(RX-)P (C), (CX-) P (XH)(XH or (CX-)P(-XR) containing (X is chalcogen: R is C or H) (e.g., phosphinite, phosphonite, phosphite, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 75.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound is (a) an ester or phosphinous acid (i.e., first illustration below), (b) an ester of phosphonous acid, as in the second illustration, below, or (c) an ester of phosphorus acid, as in the third illustration, below, wherein R or R in any of the above formulas is an organic radical and X is chalcogen.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 142

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 143]    143Ester or (HX) P=X (XH) (XH) (X is chalcogen) (e.g., phosphate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 775.  Subject matter in which the organo-phosphorus compound is an ester of an acid whose structural formula is, as illustrated below, wherein X is chalcogen.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 143

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 144]    144Triester:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 143.  Subject matter which the organo-phosphorus compound is a triester of orthophosphoric acid, illustrated below, wherein X is chalcogen.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 144

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 145]    145Three benzene rings bonded directly to chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has three benzene rings attached directly to chalcogens which are bonded directly to a single phosphorus atom.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

146,for the compound, illustrated below, which is considered to have only two benzene rings attached to chalcogens which are bonded directly to phosphorus.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 145

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 146]    146Two benzene rings bonded directly to chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has at least two benzene rings attached directly to chalcogens which are bonded to a single phosphorus atom.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

147,for the compound, illustrated below, which is considered to have only one benzene ring bonded to chalcogen which is bonded directly to phosphorus.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 146

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 147]    147One benzene ring bonded directly to chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has one benzene ring attached directly to a chalcogen which is directly bonded to a phosphorus atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 148]    148Diester:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 143.  Subject matter wherein the organo-phosphorus compound has the formula, illustrated below, wherein R is an organic radical and X is chalcogen.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 148

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 149]    149Azoxy DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the active DOAI contains the azoxy group, i.e., -N(O)=N-, wherein each nitrogen is bonded directly to carbon.
(1) Note. Subject matter containing a -N=N- groups as part of a ring is classified in subclass 183.
(2) Note. The azoxy group may also be represented as shown below.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 149

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 150]    150Acyclic nitrogen double bonded to acyclic nitrogen, acyclic nitrogen triple bonded to acyclic nitrogen or azide DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the active DOAI contains an acyclic nitrogen which is double or triple bonded to another acyclic nitrogen, i.e., -N=N- or --ANION, as illustrated below, (diazonium) or azide, etc.

e.g.,

e.g.,

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 150

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

183,for a -N=N- group as part of a hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 151]    151Acyclic C-N=N-N containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 150.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient contains the C-N=N-N grouping e.g.,

,etc.

,etc.

(1) Note. Subject matter which contains -N=N-N- as part of a ring is classified in subclass 183.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 152]    1523,10-dihydroxy-2-naphthacene carboxamide or derivative (e.g., tetracycline, etc.) DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter which contains an active DOAI which has the 3,10 dihydroxy-2-naphthacenecarboxamide nucleus, e.g., (tetracycline),

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 153]    153With stabilizer or preservative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Subject matter wherein an additional agent is present which is disclosedas a stabilizer or preservative for the 3,10-dihydroxy-2-naphthacenecarboxamide compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 154]    154With an additional active ingredient (excludes reaction product or complex):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Subject matter which contain a compound and an additional active ingredient.
(1) Note. Reaction products, complexes and mixtures comprising two or moreactive compounds which havethe 3,10-dihydroxy-2-naphthacenecarboxamide nucleus are included herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 155]    155Para-N-benzene - sulfoxy-N containing DOAI, and said benzene ring is not part of a polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter which contains a DOAI which has the structural group, as illustrated below and no ring of any type is fused onto the benzene nucleus, e.g., sulfanilamide, p-nitrobenzenesulfonylhydrazone, etc.

Or

Or

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 155

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 156]    156Hetero ring containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient having at least one group, shown in the first illustration below, also contains a heterocyclic group, e.g., sulfapyridine, shown in the second illustration, below.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 156

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 157]    157The hetero ring is six-membered and includes at least two nitrogens and no other hetero atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic ring has six members and includes at least two nitrogen and no other hetero atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 158]    158The hetero ring is five-membered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic group has five members, e.g., sulfamoxole,

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 159]    159Ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid (i.e., salicylic acid) or derivative DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient contains salicylic acid as shown in the first illustration, below, or a derivative thereof which contains the moiety, as shown in the second illustration, below, said derivative being other than another ring fused onto the benzoic acid moiety or the ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid salts of a bioactive organic compound.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 159

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 159

(1) Note. This subclass includes ring structures derived from the carboxy and hydroxyl moieties.
(2) Note. The ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid salts of organic compounds are excluded herefrom and are classified in the appropriate subclasses below based on the bioactive compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 160]    160With additional ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein two or more bioactive organic compounds each having the moiety are present.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 160

(1) Note. The combination of salicylic acid and a salt thereof is in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 161]    161With heterocyclic compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein a heterocyclic compound is present in addition to the salicylic acid compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 162]    162With organic nitrogen containing compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein an organic nitrogen compound is present in addition to the salicylic acid compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 163]    163With carboxylic acid, ester or metal salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein a carboxylic acid, ester or metal salt thereof is present in addition to the salicylic acid compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 164]    164With organic oxygen containing compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein an organic oxygen compound is present in addition to the salicylic acid compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 165]    165Aspirin, per se, (i.e., 2-(acetyloxy) benzoic acid):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient is 2-(acetyloxy benzoic acid):

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 165

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 166]    166Nitrogen containing (e.g., anilides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 159.  Subject matter wherein the salicylic acid compound contains nitrogen, e.g., anilides, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 167]    1679,10-seco cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system (e.g., vitamin D, etc.) DOAI:
 Subject matter under subclass wherein the organic active ingredient contains a 9, 10-seco-cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus, i.e.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 167

(1) Note. Such terms as "activated ergosterol", vitamin D, ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol and antirachitic vitamin will suffice for classification of an active ingredient in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 168]    168With a vitamin type active ingredient:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter wherein an additional vitamin type active compound is present in addition to the 9, 10 seco-cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene compound, e.g., vitamin A, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 169]    169Cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the organic active ingredient has the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus, illustrated below, and may contain double bond between its members.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 169

(1) Note. Included herein is lanolin as the active ingredient.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 170]    170Plural compounds containing cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.  Subject matter wherein two or more bioactive compounds are present each of which contains the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 171]    171With additional active ingredient:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.  Subject matter wherein an organic bioactive ingredient is present in addition to the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring containing compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 172]    172Hetero ring containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.  Subject matter wherein the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring containing compound contains a heterocyclic ring. Included herein are:

and

and

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 173]    173Spiro ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Subject matter wherein a spiro ring is attached directly or indirectly to a carbon of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 174]    174-O-C-O- is part of a hetero ring (e.g., acetonide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Subject matter wherein an -O-C-O- containing hetero ring is attached or fused to the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 175]    175-C(=O)-O- is part of a hetero ring (e.g., lactone, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Subject matter wherein -O-C(=O)- is part of the hetero ring attached or fused to the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 176]    176Nitrogen containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 172.  Subject matter wherein the hetero ring contains at least one nitrogen atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 177]    177Oxygen double bonded to a ring carbon or the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.  Subject matter wherein a nuclear carbon of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus is bonded to an oxygen atom through a double bond (C=O).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 178]    178Oxygen single bonded to a ring carbon of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Subject matter wherein one nuclear carbon of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus is bonded to an oxygen through a double bond and wherein another nuclear carbon atom of said cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene is bonded to at least one other oxygen through a single bond as, e.g., ether, hydroxy or alcoholate, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 179]    179Modified C-ring (except methyl in 13-position) (e.g., double bond containing substituted, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter wherein the C-ring of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system contains a double bond or is substituted, other than -CH3 in 13-position, i.e., 18-methyl.
(1) Note. For the purpose of this classification, the C-ring is defined as including positions 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, and 14.
(2) Note. See subclass 169 for the numbering system of a cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus.
(3) Note. This subclass contains for example:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 179

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 180]    1809-position substituted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Subject matter wherein the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene is substituted.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 181]    18121-position substituted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter wherein the carbon in the 21 position is directly bonded to an atom other than carbon or hydrogen.
(1) Note. This subclass contains, for example:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 181

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 182]    182Oxygen singly bonded to a ring carbon of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.  Subject matter wherein a nuclear carbon of the cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus is bonded to an oxygen through a single bond

Cholestrol.

Cholestrol.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 183]    183Heterocyclic carbon compounds containing a hetero ring having chalcogen (i.e., O, S, Se, or Te) or nitrogen as the only ring hetero atoms DOAI:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter which includes a compound containing a ring composed of carbon and at least one element from the group consisting of nitrogen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium and oxygen as DOAI.
(1) Note. Excluded herefrom are those carbon compounds wherein the only heterocyclic nucleus present is produced by salt formation between amino and acid groups, e.g., betaines, which are placed with the corresponding open chain compounds, particularly subclass 556.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 184]    184Heavy metal-containing (including salts):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which the heterocyclic compound includes a heavy metal.
(1) Note. This subclass includes salts.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 185]    185Polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic compound which includes a heavy metal is a part of a fused ring or bridged ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 186]    186Bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo system comprises only two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 187]    187Quinolines or isoquinolines (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo forms a quinoline or isoquinoline ring or hydrogenated forms thereof, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 187

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 188]    188Hetero ring is six-membered consisting of one nitrogen and five carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic ring consists of five carbons and one nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 189]    189Tin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter wherein the heavy metal is tin.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 190]    190Mercury:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter wherein the heavy metal is mercury.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 191]    191Aluminum (including salts):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 184.  Subject matter in which the heterocyclic compound includes aluminum.
(1) Note. This subclass includes salts.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 192]    1921-thia-4-aza-bicyclo (3.2.0.) heptane ring containing (including dehydrogenated) e.g., penicillins, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic compound contains a 1-thia- 4- aza-bicyclo (3.2.0) heptane ring system having the following structure, and may contain a double bond between ring members, e.g., penicillins, etc.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 192

(1) Note. The Ring Index uses a different system for numbering the ring members. However, in the indents hereunder which refer to positions, the numbers shown in the definition are employed.
(2) Note. Patents reciting broadly "penicillins," "penicillin type," or "penicillin drugs" are placed herein.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclass 43 for processes of producing penicillin by microbial fermentation.
540Organic Compounds,   subclasses 304+ for a penicillin compound, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 193]    193Spiro or addition polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter which contains a spiro ring system, or an additional polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 194]    1946,6-di-substituted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo heptane ring system contains two substituents other than hydrogen in 6-position.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 195]    1953-position substituent contains -COOC- group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter wherein a substituent in 3-position of the bicyclo heptane ring system contains a -COOC- group, e.g., ester, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 196]    1966-position substituent contains hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter wherein a substituent in 6-position of the bicyclo heptane ring system contains a hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 197]    1976-position substituent contains carbocyclic ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter wherein a substituent in 6-position of the bicyclo heptane ring system contains a carbocyclic ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 198]    198Ampicillin, per se, or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 197.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic compound is ampicillin having the following structure, illustrated below, or salt thereof.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 198

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 199]    199Penicillin G, per se, or salt thereof (e.g., procaine penicillin G, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 197.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic compound is penicillin G or salt thereof, e.g.,

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 200]    2001-thia-5-aza-bicyclo (4.2.0) octane ring containing (including dehydrogenated) (e.g., cephalosporins, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic compound contains a 1-thia-5-aza-bicyclo (4.2.0.) octane ring system having the following structure, illustrated below, and may contain double bond between ring members, e.g., cephalosporin, etc.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 200

(1) Note. The Ring Index uses a different system for numbering the ring members. However, in the indents hereunder which refer to positions, the numbers shown in the definition are employed.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 201]    2017,7-di-substituted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo octane ring system contains two substituents other than hydrogen in 7-position.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 202]    202Addition hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo octane ring system contains an additional hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 203]    2033-Position substituent contains pyridine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter wherein a substituent in 3-position of the bicyclo octane ring system contains a pyridine ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 204]    2043-position substituent contains sulfur:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter wherein a substituent in 3-position of the bicyclo octane ring system contains sulfur, e.g.,

etc.

etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 205]    205The additional hetero ring is part of a polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring is part of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 206]    2067-position substituent contains hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter wherein a substituent in 7-position contains a hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 207]    207Alkyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, or alkanoloxyalkyl bonded directly to 3-position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter wherein alkyl, alkyl-OH, alkyl-O-alkyl, or alkyl-C(=O)-O-alkyl is bonded directly to 3-position of the bicyclo octane ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 208]    208Sulfur containing substituent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo octane ring system contains sulfur.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 209]    209Alkyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, or alkanoloxyalkyl bonded directly to 3-position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Subject matter wherein alkyl, alkyl-OH, alkyl-O-alkyl, alkyl-C(=O)-O-alkyl is bonded directly to 3-position of the bicyclo octane ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.01]    210.01Hetero ring is four-membered and includes at least one ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter which contains a heterocyclic ring consisting of four atoms, at least one of which is nitrogen.
(1) Note. The heterocyclic ring may include other hetero atoms of the group set forth in the definition of subclass 183 and the relative positions of the hetero atoms may vary.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

540Chemistry, Carbon Compounds, Part of the Class 532-570 Series,   subclasses 200 through 364for a compound which includes a four-membered lactam ring.
548Carbon Compounds, Part of the 532-570 Series,   subclasses 950 through 953,for a compound which includes a non-lactam four-membered hetero ring containing nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.02]    210.02Chalcogen double bonded directly to a ring carbon of the four-membered hetero ring which is adjacent to the ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.01.  Subject matter wherein chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium) is double bonded directly to one of the carbons of the four-membered hetero ring which is adjacent to the ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.03]    210.03Polycyclo ring system having the four-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.02.  Subject matter wherein the four-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 210.03

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.04]    210.04Bicyclo ring system having the four-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.03.  Subject matter in which the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.05]    210.05Plural ring hetero atoms in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.04.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system contains an additional hetero atom (i.e. nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 210.05

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

192,for when the additional hetero atom is sulfur, and the bicyclo ring system is 1-thia-4-aza-bicyclo (3.2.0) heptane.
200,for when the hetero atom is sulfur, and the bicyclo ring system is 1-thia-5-aza- bicyclo (4.2.0) octane.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.06]    210.06Ring oxygen in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.05.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero atom is oxygen
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.07]    210.07The other cyclo of the bicyclo ring system is six-membered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.06.  Subject matter wherein a six membered ring is the other cyclo of the bicyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.08]    210.081-Oxa-5-aza-bicyclo(4.2.0)octanes (including unsaturated ):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.07.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo ring system has the following basic structure, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) and the structure may contain double bonds between ring members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 210.08

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.09]    210.09The other cyclo of the bicyclo ring system is five-membered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.04.  Subject matter wherein the other cyclo in the bicyclo ring system consists of five members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.1]    210.1Sulfur bonded directly to the five-membered cyclo of the bicyclo ring system (e.g., thienamycin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.09.  Subject matter wherein the five-membered cyclo of of the bicyclo ring system is bonded directly to sulfur.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 210.1

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.11]    210.11Additional hetero ring attached directly to the sulfur by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.1.  Subject matter wherein the sulfur is attached directly by nonionic bonding to an additional hetero ring (i.e. a ring consisting of carbon and at least one ring member selected from nitrogen and chalcogen).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.12]    210.12The additional hetero ring contains ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.11.  Subject matter wherein nitrogen is a ring member of the additional hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.13]    210.13Having C(=X)- , wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the additional hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.12.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring is bonded directly to a C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.14]    210.14Polycyclo ring system bonded to the five-membered cyclo of the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.09.  Subject matter wherein the five-membered cyclo of the bicyclo ring system is bonded directly to a polycyclo ring system
(1) Note. The polycyclo ring system may include a nitrogen- or chalcogen-containing hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.15]    210.15Chalcogen bonded directly to the ring nitrogen of the four-membered ring by nonionic bonding
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.02.  Subject matter wherein a chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to the ring nitrogen of the four-membered ring by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.16]    210.16Polycyclo ring system having the four- membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.01.  Subject matter wherein the four-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos in a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.17]    210.17Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the four membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.01.  Subject matter wherein a -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium), is attached directly to the four membered hetero ring.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 210.17

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.18]    210.18Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the four-membered heteroby nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.17.  Subject matter wherein the four-membered hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.19]    210.19Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the four-membered hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.01.  Subject matter wherein the four-membered hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding.to an additional hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.20]    210.20The additional hetero ring contains ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.19.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring contains at least one nitrogen as a ring hetero atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 210.21]    210.21Polycyclo ring system having the additional hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.20.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring is part of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.01]    211.01Hetero ring contains seven members including nitrogen, carbon, and chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter which contains a hetero ring having exactly seven members consisting of carbon, nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium as its only ring members).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

540Chemistry, Carbon Compounds, Part of the 532-570 Series,   subclasses 488 through 491for seven-membered lactams containing a chalcogen ring atom in the lactam ring, subclasses 544 through 552 for non-lactam seven-membered hetero ring compounds which include nitrogen and chalcogen as ring atoms of the seven-membered hereto ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.02]    211.02Monocyclic cyclopentyl ring bonded directly to the seven-membered hetero ring (e.g., prostaglandins, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is bonded directly to a monocyclic cyclopentyl ring
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.03]    211.03Chalcogen double bonded directly to a ring carbon which is adjacent to the ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.01.  Subject matter wherein a chalcogen (i. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is double bonded directly to a ring carbon which is adjacent to the ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.04]    211.04Polycyclo ring system which contains the seven-membered hetero ring as of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.03.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 211.04

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.05]    211.05Bicyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.04.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.06]    211.06Ring chalcogen and ring nitrogen are in the 1,5 positions of the seven-membered hetero ring
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.05.  Subject matter wherein chalcogen and nitrogen are in the 1- and 5-positions, respectively, of the seven-membered hetero ring .
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 211.06

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.07]    211.07Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring by acyclc nonionic bonding ( e.g. Diltiazem, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.06.  Subject matter wherein the ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Diltiazem is 2-(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-acetoxy- 5-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl-1,5-benzothiazepin-4-one, of the following formula:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 211.07

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.08]    211.08Plural ring nitrogens in the seven-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring contains at least two ring nitrogens.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

540Chemistry, Carbon Compounds, Part of the 532-570 Series,   subclass 545 , for compounds which contain chalcogen and at least two ring nitrogens in a seven-membered hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.09]    211.09Polycyclo ring system which contains the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.1]    211.1Three ring hetero atoms in the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.09.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system contains at least three ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 211.1

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.11]    211.11Tricyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 Subject matter under 211.09 wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly three rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.12]    211.12Ring nitrogen is shared by plural cyclos of the tricyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.11.  Subject matter wherein plural cyclos of the tricyclo ring system share ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.13]    211.13Nitrogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the seven-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.11.  Subject matter wherein a ring carbon of the seven-membered hetero ring is bonded directly to nitrogen.
(1) Note. Examples of active ingredients provided for herein are,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 211.13

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.14]    211.14Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the seven-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.11.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is bonded to a C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 211.15]    211.15Additional nitrogen containing hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the seven-membered hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional nitrogen-containing hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.01]    212.01Hetero ring is seven-membered consisting of one nitrogen and six carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter wherein the hetero ring has seven members and consists of one ring nitrogen and six carbon atoms.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

540Chemistry, Carbon Compounds, Part of the 530-570 Series,   subclasses 519 through 540for a lactam ring compound wherein the ring consists of nitrogen and six carbon atoms, and subclasses 576-612 for a non-lactam compound having a hetero ring consisting one nitrogen and six carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.02]    212.02Spiro:
 Subject matter under 212.01 wherein a ring is spiro fused directly or indirectly to the seven-membered hetero ring.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 212.02

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.03]    212.03Chalcogen double bonded directly to a ring carbon of the seven-membered hetero ring which is adjacent to the ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.01.  Subject matter wherein chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is double bonded directly to a ring carbon of the seven-membered hetero ring which is adjacent to the ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.04]    212.04Polycyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.03.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.05]    212.05Plural cyclos of the polycyclo ring system share ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.04.  Subject matter wherein the ring nitrogen of the seven membered hetero ring is shared by plural cyclos of the polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.07]    212.07Bicyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.04.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 212.08]    212.08Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to the seven-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.03.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly to an additional hetero ring by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 212.08

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 213.01]    213.01Polycyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 214.01]    214.01Ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring is shared by an additional cyclo of the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.01.  Subject matter wherein the ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring is also a member of an additional cyclo of the polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 214.02]    214.02Plural ring nitrogens in the polycyclo ring system
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.01.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system has two or more ring nitrogens.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 214.03]    214.03Two of the cyclos share at least three ring members (i.e. bridged):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 214.01.  Subject matter wherein two cyclos of the polycyclo ring system share at least three ring members.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 214.03

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 215]    215Additional hetero atom in the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.01.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system contains at least one ring hetero atom in addition to the ring nitrogen of the seven-membered hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 216]    216Two of the cyclos share at least three ring carbons (i.e., bridged):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.01.  Subject matter wherein two cyclos of the polycyclo ring system share at least three ring carbons.
(1) Note. An example of a compound provided for herein is:

 etc.

etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217]    217Tricyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.01.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly three rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.01]    217.013-Benzazepines (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 213.01.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system has the following structure which may contain double bonds between its members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 217.01

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.02]    217.02Benzene ring bonded directly to ring carbon of the seven-membered hetero ring:
 Subject matter under 217.01 wherein a ring carbon of the seven-membered hetero ring is bonded directly to an optionally substituted benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.03]    217.03Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the seven-membered hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding.to an additional hetero ring
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.04]    217.04The additional hetero ring is six-membered and contains nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.03.  Subject matter wherein nitrogen is a ring member of the additional hetero ring, which is six-membered.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.05]    217.05Plural ring hetero atoms in the additional hetero ring:
 Subject matter under 217.04 wherein the additional hetero ring has at least two ring hetero atoms
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.06]    217.06The additional hetero ring is a 1,3 diazine (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.05.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring has the following structure

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 217.06

(1) Note. An example of active ingredients provided for herein is,

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 217.06

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.07]    217.07Polycyclo ring system having the additional six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.04.  Subject matter wherein the additional six-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.08]    217.08The additional hetero ring is five-membered and contains nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.03.  Subject matter wherein nitrogen is a ring member of the additional hetero ring, which is five-membered.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.09]    217.09Plural hetero atoms in the additional hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.08.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring contains at least two ring hetero atoms, e.g. diazoles, etc.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 217.09

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.1]    217.1Chalcogen is one of the ring hetero atoms:
 Subject matter under 217.09 wherein one of the hetero atoms in the additional hetero ring is a chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.11]    217.11Nitrogen or -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the seven- membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is bonded directly to .nitrogen or to a -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 217.12]    217.12Nitrogen or C(=X), wherein X is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the seven-membered hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.01.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is attached indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding to nitrogen or to a C(=X) group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium),
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 218]    218Hetero ring is seven-membered consisting of two nitrogen and five carbon atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter which contains a seven-membered heterocyclic ring consisting of two nitrogen and five carbon atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 219]    219Polycyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter wherein the seven-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 220]    220Tricyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly three rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 221]    221Bicyclo ring system having the seven-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 222.2]    222.2Hetero ring is six-membered and includes at least nitrogen and sulfur as ring members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which the hetero ring contains at least nitrogen and sulfur as ring hetero atoms and is six-membered.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 222.2

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 222.5]    222.5Three or more ring hetero atoms in the six-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.2.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring contains at least three ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 222.5

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 222.8]    222.8Polycyclo ring system having the six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.5.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 222.8

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 223.2]    223.21,2,4,-benzothiadiazine-1, 1-dioxides (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.8.  Subject matter in which the polycyclo ring system has the following basic structure, which may contain double bonds between ring members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 223.2

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 223.2

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 223.5]    223.5With additional active ingredient:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.2.  Subject matter in which, in addition to the 1,2, 4-benzothiadiazine-1, 1-dioxide compound, an additional active ingredient is present.
(1) Note. This subclass provides for subject matter wherein plural nonidentical 1,2, 4-benzothiadiazine-1, 1-dioxide compounds are each present as active ingredients.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 223.8]    223.81,3,5-thiadiazines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.5.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring has the following basic structure, which may contain double bonds between ring members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 223.8

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 2 for class 514 subclass 223.8

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 224.2]    224.2Polycyclo ring system having the six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., 1,3- and 1,4-benzothiazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.22.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 224.5]    224.5At least three cyclos in the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.2.  Subject matter in which the polycyclo ring system contains three or more cyclos.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 224.8]    224.8Phenothiazines (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.5.  Subject matter in which the polycyclo ring system has the following basic structure, which may contain double bonds between ring members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 224.8

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 225.2]    225.2Hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the phenothiazine ring nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.8.  Subject matter in which the phenothiazine ring nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly to a hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 225.5]    225.5The hetero ring is monocyclic piperidine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.2.  Subject matter in which monocyclic piperidine is the hetero ring.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 225.8]    225.8The hetero ring contains plural ring nitrogens:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.2.  Subject matter in which the hetero ring contains more than one ring nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 226.2]    226.2Chalcogen or nitrogen attached indirectly to the phenothiazine ring nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.8.  Subject matter in which the phenothiazine ring nitrogen is attached indirectly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) or to nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 226.5]    226.5One of the cyclos is a 1, 2-thiazine (e.g., 1, 2-benzothiazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.2.  Subject matter in which a 1, 2-thiazines is one of the cyclos of the polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 226.8]    226.81, 3-thiazines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.2.  Subject matter in which the hetero ring has the following basic structure, which may contain double bonds between ring members:

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(1) Note. An example of an ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 227.2]    227.2Chalcogen or nitrogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the six-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.8.  Subject matter in which a ring carbon if the 1, 3-thiazine ring is bonded directly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) or to nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 227.5]    227.51, 4-thiazines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 222.2.  Subject matter in which the hetero ring has the following basic structure, which may contain double bonds between ring members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 227.5

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 227.8]    227.8Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the 1, 4-thiazine by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.5.  Subject matter in which the 1, 4-thiazines is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional hetero ring.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 227.8

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 228.2]    228.2Polycyclo ring system having the additional hetero ring as one if the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.8.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 228.2

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 228.5]    228.5Three or more ring hetero atoms in the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.2.  Subject matter in which the polycyclo ring system contains at least three ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 228.8]    228.8Hetero ring is six-membered and includes at least nitrogen and oxygen as ring hetero atoms (e.g., monocyclic 1, 2- and 1, 3-oxazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which the hetero ring contains at least nitrogen and oxygen as ring hetero atoms and is six-membered.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 229.2]    229.2Three or more ring hetero atoms in the six-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.8.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring contains at least three ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 229.2

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 229.5]    229.5Polycyclo ring system having the six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., maytansinoids, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.8.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 229.8]    229.8Tricyclo ring system having the six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.5.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a tricyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 230.2]    230.2Ring nitrogen shared by two of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.8.  Subject matter in which the tricyclo ring system contains a ring nitrogen which is shared by two of the cyclos.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 230.5]    230.5Bicyclo ring system having the six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., 1 4-benzoxazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 229.5.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a bicyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 230.8]    230.8Chalcogen bonded directly to ring carbon of 1, 4-oxazine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.8.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring has the following basic structure which may contain double bonds between ring members, as illustrated below, and in which chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to a ring carbon of the six-membered hetero ring.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 230.8

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 231.2]    231.2Morpholines (i.e., fully hydrogenated 1, 4-oxazines):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.8.  Subject matter in which the six-membered hetero ring has the following basic structure:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 231.2

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 231.5]    231.5Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the morpholine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.2.  Subject matter in which the morpholine ring is attached to an additional hetero ring by direct or indirect nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 231.8]    231.8Plural morpholine rings attached directly or indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.5.  Subject matter in which the compound contains two or more morpholine rings attached to each other by direct or indirect nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 232.2]    232.2Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the morpholines by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.8.  Subject matter in which the morpholines are attached to an additional hetero ring by direct or indirect nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 232.5]    232.5Polycyclo ring system having the additional hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.2.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 232.8]    232.8Polycyclo ring system having the additional hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.5.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 233.2]    233.2Ring nitrogen shared by two of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.8.  Subject matter in which two of the cyclos in the polycyclo ring system share a ring nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 233.5]    233.5Bicyclo ring system having the additional hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.8.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a bicyclo ring system.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 233.8]    233.8Plural ring hetero atoms in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.5.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo ring system contains two or more ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 234.2]    234.2Three or more ring hetero atoms in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.8.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo ring system contains at least three ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 234.5]    234.5Plural ring nitrogens in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.8.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo ring system contains two ring nitrogens.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 234.8]    234.8Quinoxalines (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.5.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo ring system has the following basic structure which may contain double bonds between ring members:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 234.8

(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 235.2]    235.2Ring nitrogen in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.5.  Subject matter in which the bicyclo ring system contains a ring nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 235.5]    235.5Ring nitrogen in the additional hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.5.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring contains a ring nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 235.8]    235.8Plural ring nitrogens in the additional hetero ring (e.g., imidazole, pyrazine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.5.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring contains plural ring nitrogens.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 236.2]    236.2Three or more ring hetero atoms in the additional hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.8.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring contains at least three ring hetero atoms.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 236.5]    236.5The ring nitrogens are bonded directly to each other (e.g., pyridazine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.8.  Subject matter in immediately adjacent to each other in the ring.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 236.8]    236.8Ring chalcogen in the additional hetero ring (e.g., oxazole, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 235.5.  Subject matter in which the additional hetero ring also contains a ring chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 237.2]    237.2The additional hetero ring is attached indirectly to the morpholine ring by an acyclic chain having a hetero atom as a chain member
 The additional hetero ring is attached indirectly to the morpholine ring by an acyclic chain having a hetero atom as a chain member:
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 237.5]    237.5Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the morpholine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.2.  Subject matter in which the morpholine ring is bonded directly to-C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 237.8]    237.8Nitrogen attached indirectly to the morpholine ring by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.2.  Subject matter in which the morpholine ring is attached indirectly to nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 238.2]    238.2Chalcogen attached directly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.8.  Subject matter in which the nitrogen is attached directly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 238.5]    238.5The nitrogen is double or triple bonded directly to carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.8.  Subject matter in which carbon is bonded directly to the nitrogen by a double or triple bond.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 238.8]    238.8Chalcogen attached indirectly to the morpholine ring by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.2.  Subject matter in which the morpholine ring is attached indirectly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 239.2]    239.2The chalcogen is bonded directly to two carbon atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 238.8.  Subject matter in which each of two carbon atoms is bonded directly to the chalcogen.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 239.5]    239.5Carbocyclic ring attached indirectly to the morpholine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.2.  Subject matter in which the morpholine ring is attached indirectly to a carbocyclic ring by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of an active ingredient provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 241]    241Hetero ring is six-membered consisting of three nitrogens and three carbon atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient contains a six-membered heterocyclic nucleus consisting of three nitrogen atoms and three carbon atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 242]    242Asymmetrical (e.g., 1,2,4-triazine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 241.  Subject matter wherein the heterocyclic ring is asymmetrical e.g., (1,2,4- triazine)

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 243]    243Polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 242.  Subject matter wherein the triazine is a part of a fused ring or bridged ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 244]    244Hexamethylenetetramines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 241.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient comprises the following structure (i.e., hexamethylenetertramines).

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[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 245]    245Nitrogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 241.  Subject matter wherein the six-membered heterocyclic compound has nitrogen bonded directly to at least one of the ring carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 246]    246Polycyclo ring system having a 1,3,5-triazine as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 241.  Subject matter wherein the six-membered heterocyclic compound is a 1,3,5-triazine which is a part of a fused ring or bridged ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 247]    247Hetero ring is six-membered consisting of two nitrogens and four carbon atoms (e.g., pyridazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient has a six-membered heterocyclic nucleus which consists of two nitrogen and four carbon atoms, e.g.,

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 248]    248Polycyclo ring system having a 1,2-or 1,4-diazine as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter wherein the six-membered heterocyclic ring is a part of a fused ring or bridged ring system wherein the two nitrogens occupy the 1,2, or 1,4-positions of the diazine ring, e.g.,

, etc.

, etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 249]    2491,4-diazine as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 248.  Subject matter wherein a 1,4-diazine ring is a part of the fused or bridged ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 250]    250At least three rings in the polycyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 249.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient is a tricyclo and has the 1,4-diazine nucleus as one of the cyclos, e.g.,

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 251]    251Isoalloxazine (e.g., riboflavins, vitamin B2, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 250.  Subject matter in which the 1,4, diazine is part of a radical having the following structure:

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 251

(1) Note. In a derivative, the ring structure and carbonyl moieties must remain intact. Any position on the ring may be substituted.
(2) Note. This subclass provides for a vitamin B2 (or G) composition.
(3) Note. A patent with a claim directed to a riboflavin composition will be placed here and not in subclass 23.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.01]    252.011,2-diazines attached directly or indirectly to an additional hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter wherein the six-membered hetero ring is a 1,2 diazine ring which is attached directly or indirectly to an additional hetero ring by nonionic bonding.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

544Carbon Compounds,   subclasses 224 through 241for compounds which include a 1,2-diazine ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.02]    252.02The additional hetero ring is a diazine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring is a six-membered hetero ring consisting of two nitrogens and four carbon atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.03]    252.03The additional hetero ring is six-membered consisting of one nitrogen and five carbon atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring consists of five carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.04]    252.04Polycyclo ring system having the additional six-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.03.  Subject matter wherein the additional six-membered hetero ring is a cyclo of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.05]    252.05The additional hetero ring is a five-membered nitrogen containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring has five members, at least one of which is nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.06]    252.06Polycyclo ring system having the additional five-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.05.  Subject matter wherein the additional nitrogen containing five-membered hetero ring is a cyclo of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.1]    252.11,4 diazines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter wherein the six-membered hetero ring is a 1, 4-diazine ring..

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

544Carbon Compounds,   subclasses 336 through 410,for compounds which include a 1,4-diazine ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.11]    252.11Plural 1,4-diazine rings attached directly or indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.10.  Subject matter wherein an additional 1,4-diazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to the 1,4-diazine ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.12]    252.12Piperazines (i.e. fully hydrogenated 1,4-diazines):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.10.  Subject matter wherein the 1,4-diazine ring is fully saturated.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.13]    252.13Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.12.  Subject matter wherein the piperazine ring is attached directly or indirectly to an additional hetero ring by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.14]    252.14The additional hetero ring is a 1,3-diazine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.13.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring consists of four carbon atoms and two nitrogens; the nitrogens are in the 1- and 3- positions of the ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.15]    252.15Spiro ring system containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.14.  Subject matter wherein the active ingredient containing the diazine rings includes a spiro ring system.
(1) Note. Neither the 1,4-diazine ring nor the 1,3-diazine ring has to be part of the spiro ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.16]    252.16Polycyclo ring system having the additional 1,3-diazine ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.14.  Subject matter wherein the additional 1,3-diazine ring is a cyclo of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.17]    252.17The polycyclo ring system is quinazoline (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.16.  Subject matter wherein the 1,3-diazine is part of a quinazoline ring system, which may be hydrogenated.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.18]    252.18Additional six-membered hetero consisting of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the 1,3-diazine by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.14.  Subject matter wherein the 1,3-diazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional six-membered hetero ring that consists of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.19]    252.19Five-membered nitrogen hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the 1,3-diazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.14.  Subject matter wherein the 1,3-diazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional five-membered nitrogen hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 252.2]    252.2Oxygen hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the 1,3-diazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.14.  Subject matter wherein the 1,3 diazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to a hetero ring having oxygen as a ring member.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.01]    253.01The additional hetero ring is six-membered consisting of one nitrogen and five carbon atoms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.13.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring has exactly six members and consists of five carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.02]    253.02Polycyclo ring system having the additional six-membered nitrogen hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional six-membered hetero ring consisting of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen is a cyclo of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.03]    253.03Tricyclo ring system having the additional six-membered nitrogen hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.02.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system containing the additional six-membered hetero ring consisting of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen has exactly three cyclos.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.04]    253.04Bicyclo ring system having the additional six-membered nitrogen hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.02.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system containing the additional six-membered hetero ring consisting of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen has exactly two cyclos.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.05]    253.05Isoquinolines (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.04.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system is an isoquinoline ring system, which may be hydrogenated.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.06]    253.06Quinolines (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.04.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system is a quinoline ring system which may be hydrogenated.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.07]    253.07Chalcogen bonded directly to carbon of the hetero ring of the quinoline ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.06.  Subject matter wherein a chalcogen atom (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to a ring carbon of the hetero ring of the quinoline ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.08]    253.08Having -C (=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to carbon of the hetero ring of thequinoline ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.07.  Subject matter wherein a -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), is bonded directly to carbon of the hetero ring of the quinoline ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.09]    253.09Five-membered nitrogen hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.01.  Subject matter wherein the piperazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to a five-membered hetero ring having ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.1]    253.1The five-membered nitrogen hetero ring has chalcogen as a ring member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.09.  Subject matter wherein the five-membered nitrogen hetero ring also contains chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) as a member of the hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.11]    253.11Chalcogen hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.01.  Subject matter wherein a hetero ring having chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) as a ring member is attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.12]    253.12Chalcogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the additional six-membered nitrogen containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional six-membered nitrogen containing hetero ring consisting of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen has a chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) bonded directly to carbon of its ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 253.13]    253.13Having -C (=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the additional six-membered nitrogen hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 253.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional six-membered nitrogen hetero ring consisting of five ring carbons and one ring nitrogen has a -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), bonded directly thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.01]    254.01The additional hetero ring is five-membered having ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.13.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring has exactly five members, including ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.02]    254.02The additional five-membered hetero ring also has chalcogen as a ring member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.01.  Subject matter wherein nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) are ring members of the additional five-membered hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.03]    254.03The additional five-membered hetero ring consists of two ring carbons, two ring nitrogens, and one ring chalcogen (e.g., oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.02.  Subject matter wherein the additional five-membered hetero ring has two nitrogens and one chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) as the ring hetero atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.04]    254.04The additional five-membered hetero ring consists of three ring carbons, and of nitrogen and chalcogen in adjacent ring positions (e.g., isoxaazolyl, isothiazolyl, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.02.  Subject matter wherein one chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) and one nitrogen are adjacent ring members of the additional five-membered hetero ring, and the remaining ring members are carbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.05]    254.05Plural nitrogens in the additional five-membered hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.01.  Subject matter wherein the additional five-membered hetero ring contains at least two ring nitrogen atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.06]    254.06Polycyclo ring system having the plural nitrogen containing additional five-membered hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.05.  Subject matter wherein the additional plural nitrogen containing five-membered hetero ring is a cyclo of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.07]    254.07Chalcogen hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.05.  Subject matter wherein a chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) containing hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.08]    254.08Polycyclo ring system having the additional five-membered nitrogen hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.01.  Subject matter wherein the five-membered hetero ring is a cyclo of a ploycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.09]    254.09Indole ring system (including hydrogenated) attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.08.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of exactly two ortho-fused rings with the nitrogen being in the 1-position of the five-membered hetero ring, and the second ring consisting of six carbon atoms.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.1]    254.1Ring oxygen in the additional hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.13.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring has at least one ring oxygen atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 254.11]    254.11Polycyclo ring system having the additional oxygen hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 254.10.  Subject matter wherein the additional oxygen containing hetero ring is a cyclo of a polycyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 255.01]    255.01Nitrogen or -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the piperazine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.12.  Subject matter wherein nitrogen or a -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), is bonded directly to the piperazine ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 255.02]    255.02Chalcogen bonded directly to a piperazine ring carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.12.  Subject matter wherein a chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to carbon of the piperazine ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 255.03]    255.03Carbocyclic ring bonded directly to the piperazine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.12.  Subject matter wherein the piperazine ring is bonded directly to a carbocyclic ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 255.04]    255.04Plural carbocyclic rings bonded directly to the same acyclic carbon atom which is attached directly or indirectly to the piperazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.12.  Subject matter wherein the piperazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an acyclic carbon atom which is bonded to plural carbocyclic rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 255.05]    255.05Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the 1,4-diazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.10.  Subject matter wherein the 1,4-diazine ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional hetero ring
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 255.06]    255.06Nitrogen or -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to ring carbon of the 1,4- diazine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 252.10.  Subject matter wherein a ring carbon of the 1,4-diazine ring is bonded directly to a nitrogen atom or a -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 256]    2561,3-diazines (e.g., pyrimidines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 247.  Subject matter in which the ring nitrogen atoms occupy the 1,3 positions of the diazine nucleus i.e.,

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 256

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 257]    257Polycyclo ring system having 1,3-diazine as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 256.  Subject matter in which the 1,3 - diazine is a part of a polycyclo ring system, e.g.,

,etc.

,etc.

  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 258.1]    258.1Bicyclo ring system having the 1,3-diazine as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Subject matter wherein the polycyclo ring system consists of two rings.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.1]    259.1A ring nitrogen is shared by the two cyclos of the bicyclo ring system (e.g., pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrimidine, imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 258.1.  Subject matter wherein the 1,3-diazine ring shares a ring nitrogen with the second ring of the bicyclo ring system.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.2]    259.2Ring chalcogen in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.1.  Subject matter wherein the ring that shares a ring nitrogen with the 1,3-diazine ring contains a ring chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.3]    259.3The shared ring nitrogen is bonded directly to a ring nitrogen of the second ring of the bicyclo ring system (e.g., pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine , etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.1.  Subject matter wherein the ring nitrogen shared by the 1,3-diazine ring with the second ring is bonded directly to a ring nitrogen of the second ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.31]    259.31The second ring of the bicyclo ring system is a five-membered hetero ring containing three ring nitrogens (e.g., triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.3.  Subject matter wherein the second ring that shares a ring nitrogen with the 1,3-diazine ring is a five-membered hetero ring containing three ring nitrogens.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.4]    259.4The second ring of the bicyclo ring system is six-membered consisting of five ring carbons and the shared ring nitrogen (e.g., pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidine):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.1.  Subject matter wherein the second ring that shares a ring nitrogen with the 1,3-diazine ring is six-membered containing the shared nitrogen as its only hetero atom.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.41]    259.41Additional hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly to the bicyclo ring system by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.4.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to an additional hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 259.5]    259.5Chalcogen bonded directly to a ring carbon of the 1,3-diazine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.1.  Subject matter wherein a ring carbon of the 1,3-diazine ring is bonded directly to a chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 260.1]    260.1Ring chalcogen in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 258.1.  Subject matter wherein the second ring of the bicyclo ring system contains a ring chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 261.1]    261.1Exactly five ring nitrogens in the bicyclo ring system (e.g., triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 258.1.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system has exactly five ring nitrogens.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 262.1]    262.1Exactly four ring nitrogens in the bicyclo ring system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 258.1.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system has exactly four ring nitrogens.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 263.1]    263.1Purine (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.1.  Subject matter wherein the bicyclo ring system is the purine nucleus, (illustrated below) including hydrogenated forms thereof.

Image 1 for class 514 subclass 263.1

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

45,for bio-affecting or body treating compositions containing as the active ingredient N-glycoside with the aglycone portion being a purine or a substituted purine.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 263.2]    263.2Additional hetero ring attached directly or indirectly to the purine ring system by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 263.1.  Subject matter wherein the purine ring system is attached directly or indirectly to an additional hetero ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 263.21]    263.21The additional hetero ring is a 1,3-diazine ring (including hydrogenated):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 263.2.  Subject matter wherein a 1,3-diazine ring is the additional hetero ring, including hydrogenated compounds thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 263.22]    263.22The additional hetero ring is six-membered consisting of one nitrogen and five carbons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 263.2.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring is six-membered consisting of five carbons and one nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 263.23]    263.23The additional hetero ring consists of carbon and chalcogen as the only ring members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 263.2.  Subject matter wherein the additional hetero ring includes at least one atom each of chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) and carbon, and contains no other elements as ring members.
  
[List of Patents for class 514 subclass 263.24]    263.24