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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 190]   CLASS 190,TRUNKS AND HAND-CARRIED LUGGAGE
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This is the generic class for receptacles which are used to transport personal items while traveling. Such receptacles combined with or convertible to other devices are included in this class.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

The suitcases and briefcases provided for in this class (190) are distinguished from the purses and wallets of Class 150 by both (1) the type of personal items they normally carry (e.g., clothes, books, papers versus money, keys, identification) and (2) their proximity to the person (e.g., left in the hotel or office room versus kept on or near the person) respectively.

A camp kit is included in this class if it has room for storage of supplies and is convertible into a desk or table. Otherwise, it is classified in Class 206, Special Receptacle or Package, subclasses 541+.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   appropriate subclasses, for trunk casters and hinges, even though combined with corner shields, and subclasses 110.01+ for a handle, per se.
24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   for a fastener, per se.
29Metal Working,   appropriate subclasses, for methods of assembly, in general.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 299.01+ , for a check, label or tag, per se.
70Locks,   appropriate subclasses, and in particular subclasses 63+ for an article of luggage combined with a lock of that class type (e.g., key, combination, etc.) wherein the modification of the article of luggage is only of a character to accommodate the lock.
106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   appropriate subclasses for material of that class type nominally claimed as an article of hand luggage.
116Signals and Indicators,   subclasses 200+ for indicators, per se.
150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclasses 100+ , for a purse (i.e., a container which is used to carry personal items such as money, credit cards identification on one"s person). Note. Purses and Wallets are distinguished from suitcases and briefcases by both (1) the type of personal items they normally carry (e.g., money, key, identification versus clothes, books, papers) and (2) their proximity to the person (e.g., kept on or near the person versus remain at the hotel or office) respectively.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   appropriate subclasses, for adhesive bonding in general.
206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 278+ for either (1) a special receptacle for apparel which is not of the 190 (for traveling) type or (2) an article of hand carried luggage which includes claimed structure to position or support the apparel, and in particular: subclasses 286+ for an article of hand carried luggage having an interior member for supporting an article of clothing and a second member for attachment to an external support; subclasses 289+ for an article of hand carried luggage having an apparel holding member hanging inside; and subclasses 292+ for an article of hand carried luggage which includes means for holding a clothing item in a predetermined position.
220Receptacles,   appropriate subclasses, for a rigid receptacle not otherwise provided for, and in particular, subclasses 4.01+ for an enclosed container having two similar or identical halves and for a knockdown receptacle.
224Package and Article Carriers,   appropriate subclasses, for an article of hand luggage having a strap or other means for supporting it on the body while allowing the bearer"s hands to remain free. Any article of luggage of this type is proper for Class 224 even if it also includes an element which optionally may be gripped by the bearer"s hand. This class (190) includes articles of hand carried luggage which are intended to be grasped by the hand. The test to be used is: as long as one of the bearer"s hands must remain occupied in order to carry the luggage, it is proper for this class (190) if it is also intended to be simultaneously slung over the bearer"s shoulder.
248Supports,   for a support, per se, and in particular, subclass 461 for a knockdown easel having a housing for the collapsed components.
252Compositions,   appropriate subclasses, for compositions of that class type nominally claimed as an article of luggage.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   appropriate subclasses, for a process of making an article of luggage by molding, casting, or shaping.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 37 , 47.131+ and 47.34+ for an article of luggage combined with transporting wheels wherein the claim recites only so much of the luggage structure as is necessary to mount or house the wheels.
292Closure Fasteners,   appropriate subclasses, for a means to fasten a closure, per se, and, in particular, Digest 42 for a trunk latch.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclass 244 for a receptacle of that class type combined with a carrying handle.
383Flexible Bags,   appropriate subclasses, for receptacles of that class type which are not articles of luggage, particularly subclass 2 for volume adjustment means, 6+ for bag handles, 33+ for a bag mouth biasing or stiffening means, 38+ for a compartmented bag, 41 for a bag having plural access openings, 66 for a sidewall closure and 86+ for mail bags.
425Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for an apparatus of that class type which is used to make an article of luggage.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses, and in particular, subclasses 34.1+ for stock material nominally claimed as an article of luggage.
441Buoys, Rafts, and Aquatic Devices,   subclass 125 for an article, in general, convertible to or from a flotation device. This Class 190, subclass 1 provides for an article of luggage convertible to a flotation device.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 1]    1CONVERTIBLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Structures which are capable of change to adapt them to other uses.

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294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclasses 141+ for convertible hand-held article carriers which are not of the receptacle type.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 2]    2Bed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices which are convertible into beds or couches, and which in folded or closed position hold at least the bed-clothing or mattress and usually have storage-room also for other clothing, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 3]    3Bureau:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices made up wholly or partly of drawers; small drawers in bookcases--such as are used for note-paper, stamps, etc., and which do not extend across the frame--and mirrors mounted upon cases without drawers are not considered as making the structures bureaus.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 4]    4Top and front opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Devices opening both at the top and at the front. The top opening usually gives access to a tray, as in the ordinary trunk, and the front opening permits the drawers to be drawn out.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 5]    5Compartment top:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.  Devices in which the cover for the top opening is itself a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 6]    6Front opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Devices in which the removal of a front cover or fastening permits the drawers to be drawn out.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 7]    7Compartment front:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.  Devices in which the closure of the front opening is itself a receptacle.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 8]    8Chair:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices which are convertible into chairs or seats.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 9]    9Shelved:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices which are provided with partitions, which are available in the converted position as shelves.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 10]    10Desk flap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Devices provided with flaps for writing use.

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312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclass 231 for cabinet structure provided with either a drafting board or means for supporting writing material, usually paper, for use.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 11]    11Desk or table:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices which are convertible into desks or tables.

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108Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces,   subclasses 10+ , for a desk capable of structural rearrangement to a different use; see subclass 18, wherein the rearrangement makes the Class 108 support structure inoperative.
294Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,   subclass 142 for a hand-held article carrier having legs by which it may alternately serve as a table.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 12]    12Camp kits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 11.  Devices which are in the form of trunks or traveling-bags adapted to carry supplies or baggage and are convertible into tables. Camp-kits in the form of convertible lunch-boxes, chairs, etc., but not containing the features of the above definition, are classified with these articles.

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206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 541+ for a camp or lunch kit.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 13]    13Wardrobe:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices in which, when converted, a space is left within which clothing can be suspended.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 14]    14Extensible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.  Devices provided with means by which increased height is gained.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 15]    15Telescopic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Devices in which the increased height is secured by extending parts which slide one within the other.

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22,for trunks which are not convertible that are provided with telescopic sections.
104+,for traveling bags with telescopic sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 15.1]    15.1Luggage carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Devices including component parts which may be arranged to form an enlarged open top container. These devices are for the most part converted into luggage carriers of the type adapted to be attached to a vehicle.

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21+,for extensible trunks.

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224Package and Article Carriers,   subclasses 400+ for carriers of this type including specific means for attaching it to a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 16]    16SAMPLE CASES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Trunks or traveling bags having features fitting them for commercial travelers" use. These features are usually the construction of the trays to hold the line of articles to be carried and disposition of trays to display the contents.

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206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 736+ for a receptacle convertible to or from a display device and subclasses 557+ for a tray type receptacle.
217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 8+ for folding boxes, including display boxes.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 17]    17Link-supported tray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 16.  Devices in which the trays are held in display position by links.

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30,and 34, for similar structure in nonsample cases.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 18]    18SUPPORTING DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices including legs and other structures for bearing the weight of the baggage.

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20,for trunks with circular ends which facilitate handling.
39,for handles of strap form.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclass 18 for casters and subclasses 113.1 and 114.1+ for trunk-handles of other types.
280Land Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses, for wheeled carriers for baggage, and for the combination of an article of baggage with transporting wheels where no more baggage structure is claimed than is necessary to mount or house the wheels and subclass 43.1 for a vehicle having vertically adjustable ground engaging means and which is unstable when in transporting position but which is stabilized by an attendant or an article to which the vehicle is temporarily attached.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 19]    19TRUNKS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter comprising transportation receptacles of somewhat larger size than traveling bags characterized generally by box shape and the location of the handles at opposite ends.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 20]    20Circular end:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Trunks in which the end is circular in section to permit rolling upon its edge without jar. The form is generally that of a cylinder or barrel.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 21]    21Extensible and sectional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Trunks which can be increased in capacity. This is usually accomplished by releasing telescoped or folded compartments or walls or by adding independent receptacles.

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14,for convertible wardrobe trunks which are extensible.

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217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 12+ and 43+ for knockdown boxes and grates.
220Receptacles,   subclasses 500+ , for compartmented receptacles.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 22]    22Telescopic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Trunks in which the increased capacity is obtained by drawing the telescoping member of one section out from the other section.

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15,for convertible trunks with telescopic sections to increase the height.
104+,for traveling bags with telescopic sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 23]    23Wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Trunks arranged to open while resting against the wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 24]    24Frames and interior braces:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices comprising structural details of the body of the trunk. Under "interior braces" are included brackets or strips upon the inside of the trunk to support the tray when the trunk is closed.

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29+,for tray movers and supporters which show supports for the tray in its position within the closed trunk.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 25]    25Reinforcing strips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices comprising strip and slat fastenings with the exterior strengthening bands which they hold.

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24,for frames and interior braces.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 26]    26Protecting harness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices comprising harnesses which are so arranged as to protect the trunk from jar or injury, while also keeping the trunk closed.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 27]    27Harness:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices comprising combinations of straps suitable for securing trunks in their closed position. Single straps are included when they are attached to the trunk or when the trunk is modified to accommodate the strap. Attached fasteners are included when they fasten the strap surrounding the trunk.

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26,for similar harnesses which have the additional function of protecting the trunk.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   subclasses 24+ for bale and package ties in the form of metal bands, subclasses 68+ for strap tighteners, and subclasses 712+ for lacing devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 28]    28Valances:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Trunks in which, the edges of the one part where the trunk opens, are extended in the form of strips to overlap the edges of the other part in order to relieve the hinges and fastenings from side strain and to protect the contents from the elements. These overlapping parts are called "valances".
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 29]    29Tray movers and supporters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices comprising constructions whose object is the lifting or shifting of the tray from the position which it occupies when the trunk is closed into another position permitting easier access to the trunk-body or to the tray or which support or retain the tray in that other position.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 30]    30Lid-operated, movement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.  Devices in which the tray is moved by the action of the lid.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 31]    31Pivoted tray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.  Devices in which the tray turns upon a pivot.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 32]    32Vertical pivot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Devices in which the tray moves in a horizontal plane upon its pivot. It usually has some vertical motion along the pivot also.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 33]    33Sliding tray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.  Devices in which the tray slides upon a track in approximately a horizontal plane.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 34]    34Link connections and props:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.  Devices in which arms ordinarily pivoted are used directly to operate or support the tray.

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17,for sample cases in which the trays are held in display position by links.
30,for trunks which include trays that are separated by movement of the lid.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 35]    35Trays:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices relating to the tray.

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24,for supports for the tray in the closed position of the trunk.
29+,for mechanism for moving the tray or in supporting it in a different position from that occupied by it when the trunk is closed.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 36]    36Followers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices relating to adjustable partitions insertible or movable after the contents is in place to compress or retain it. The follower is sometimes in the form of a tray.

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217Wooden Receptacles,   subclass 64 for followers in boxes and 86 for followers in barrels.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 37]    37Corner shields and buffers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices relating to protections for the corners of the trunk.

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23,for trunks arranged to be opened while resting against the wall.
25,for reinforcing strips for trunks.
26,for protecting harnesses for trunks.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclass 18 for corner-shields in combination with casters.
217Wooden Receptacles,   subclasses 69+ for stiffeners and braces for box- joints.
403Joints and Connections,   appropriate subclasses for structures which are mere joints or joint adjuncts.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 39]    39Handles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Devices relating to strap-handles and the fastenings therefor.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 110.1 , 113.1, and 114.1+ for handles suitable for trunk use.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 40]    40Materials:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 19.  Subject matter relating to "Material" which includes corrugations, combinations of layers, and other modifications of what might be called "raw materials" to suit them for use in the trunk-body generally.

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24,for other trunk frames and interior braces.

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217Wooden Receptacles,   subclass 1 for wooden receptacles in which the slats are bent into the desired shape.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   appropriate subclasses for a stock material product in the form of a single or plural layer web or sheet not elsewhere provided for, and especially subclasses 174+ for such a product having a nonplanar uniform thickness (e.g., corrugations, pleats) and subclasses 411.1+ for a nonstructural composite web or sheet defined only by the composition of the layers.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 100]    100HAND LUGGAGE (SUITCASE, BRIEFCASE, ETC.):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the article of hand luggage is a container that can be carried in one hand.
(1) Note. The suitcases and briefcases provided for in this class are distinguished from the purses and wallets of Class 150 by both (1) the type of personal items they normally carry (e.g., clothes, books, papers versus money, keys, identification) and (2) their proximity to the person (e.g., remain at the hotel or office room versus kept on or near the person).

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1+,for an article of hand luggage which is disclosed as being transformable into a nonluggage device.
16,for a sample case.
18,for an article of hand luggage having legs or other structures for bearing the weight of the luggage.

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150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclasses 100+ for a purse, and see (1) Note above.
206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 284+ for an article of hand luggage having an internal member for supporting an article of clothing, and a second member projecting from the luggage for attachment to an external support; subclasses 289+ for an article of hand luggage which includes an apparel holding member hanging inside; subclasses 292+ for an article of hand luggage having means for holding a clothing item in a predetermined position.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 101]    101Theft resistant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes means for preventing or deterring an unwanted taking of the hand luggage.

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120,for means to prevent an unauthorized opening of the hand luggage.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 102]    102With means for securing an accessory:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes an element for attaching to it an adjunct.

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108,for plural, independently usable, articles of hand luggage.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 103]    103Variable volume:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein means are provided for changing the capacity of the hand luggage.

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21+,for an extensible trunk.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclass 2 for a flexible bag having means to selectively adjust the volume.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 104]    104Telescoping sections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Subject matter wherein the means for changing the capacity of the hand luggage includes two slidably connected parts, one of which fits inside the other.

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22,for an extensible trunk having telescoping sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 105]    105Selectively adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 104.  Subject matter wherein the telescoping sections include means which allow them to be optionally changed from one discrete content holding configuration to another, and back.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 106]    106With means to bias luggage mouth into open configuration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes means which force the mouth to remain open when it is not secured in its closed position.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclasses 33+ for a flexible bag with means to maintain the bag mouth in open configuration.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 107]    107Knockdown or collapsible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes folding or disassembling means for facilitating its manipulation into a nonuse configuration.

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220Receptacles,   subclasses 4.08 , 4.16, and 6 for a knockdown receptacle and subclasses 9.2+ for a receptacle having flaccid walls united with a collapsible, skeletal framework.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 108]    108Plural:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter comprising two or more independently usable articles of hand luggage.
(1) Note. One article of hand luggage can be removably contained within another, or detachable from an external surface of another.

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109,for a single article of hand luggage having plural compartments.
110,for a compartment forming member that is releasable secured to an article of hand luggage, but is not independently usable as an article of hand luggage.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 109]    109Compartmented:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes a barrier which forms two content holding sections.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclasses 38+ for a flexible bag having compartments.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 110]    110Removable compartment or compartment- forming member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 109.  Subject matter wherein the means for forming one of the content holding sections is either unattached to or releasably secured to the hand luggage so that it may be dissociated therefrom.

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108,for two independently usable articles of hand luggage which are releasably secured together.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 111]    111Independently closable compartments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 109.  Subject matter wherein each of two of the content holding sections includes its own closure member which can be used to open or close its section without opening or closing the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 112]    112With plural access openings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes two or more openings which are usable for insertion or removal of content.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclass 41 for a flexible bag having plural access openings.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 113]    113Closure panel struck from luggage wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter including a closure panel which is a unitary part of the luggage wall and which is partially detached therefrom along its periphery to allow access to the luggage interior.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclass 66 for a flexible bag having a closure for an access opening in the bag sidewall.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 114]    114Coacting closure elements hinged to opposed side walls:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes two closure members which are hingedly secured to each of two opposing side walls and which act together to close the hand luggage.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 115]    115With handle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes an element which is to be grasped by the hand in order to lift, carry, or otherwise move it.

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39,for a trunk with a handle.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 110.1+ , especially 113.1 and 114.1+ for a handle, per se.
312Supports: Cabinet Structure,   subclass 244 for a receptacle of that class type combined with a carrying handle.
383Flexible Bags,   subclasses 6+ for a flexible bag with a handle.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 116]    116Detachable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Subject matter including means for facilitating the removal of the handle from the hand luggage.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclass 13 for a flexible bag having a detachable handle.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 117]    117Plural interengaging elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Subject matter wherein at least two separable handle elements have means for holding them together when they are being used to move the hand luggage.
(1) Note. The "handle elements" may be either two separate handles or two parts of a single handle.

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383Flexible Bags,   subclass 15 for a flexible bag having a handle with plural interengaging elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 118]    118Closure locking means manipulated via handle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes an element which is responsive to movement by the handle to either (1) fasten or unfasten the closure fastener or (2) prevent the closure fastener from being inadvertently unfastened.

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117,for plural interengaging handle elements which may also function to maintain the hand luggage in its closed condition.
120,for other means to prevent accidental or unauthorized release of the fastener.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 119]    119With means to fasten the hand luggage in closed condition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes an element which releasably secures the luggage against opening.

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26,for a trunk having a harness which keeps it closed.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   for a fastener, per se.
292Closure Fasteners,   for a means to fasten a closure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 120]    120And means to prevent inadvertent or unauthorized opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes, in addition to the fastening element, means for preventing accidental or unauthorized release of that element.

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101,for means to discourage an unauthorized taking of the article of luggage.
118,for a closure locking means manipulated via the handle.

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70Locks,   subclasses 63+ for an article of luggage combined with a lock of that class type (e.g., key, combination, etc.) wherein the modification of the article of luggage is only of a character to accommodate the lock.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 121]    121Fastening means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Fastening means secured to mouth frame: Subject matter wherein the fastening means is attached to an elongated, relatively rigid element or plurality of elements which extend along substantially the entire periphery of the access opening.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   for a fastener, per se.
150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclass 123 for purse mouth fasteners.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 122]    122Including frame or frame members substantially surrounding luggage mouth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes an elongated, relatively rigid element or plurality of elements which extend along substantially the entire periphery of the access opening.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass is a frame, per se.

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28,for a trunk having a mouth frame.

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150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclass 124 for a purse having a mouth frame.
383Flexible Bags,   subclasses 34+ for similar subject matter for a flexible bag mouth.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 123]    123Including means to facilitate attachment to the hand luggage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Subject matter wherein the frame includes a particular modification which makes it easier to secure it to the hand luggage.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   for a fastener, per se.
150Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers,   subclass 124 for similar subject matter relating to a purse mouth-frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 124]    124Wall detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter wherein the luggage wall includes specific structure or a specified feature.

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24,for a trunk having structural body details.
40,for a trunk made of a specific material.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 125]    125Multi-layer or ply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Subject matter wherein there is more than one layer of material over substantially the entire surface area of the hand luggage.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 126]    126Specified seam structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Subject matter including details of a joint which connects two parts of the hand luggage wall material.
(1) Note. The mere recitation of a "seam" or "connection" is not included here.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 127]    127Reinforced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 124.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage includes means which strengthen it.

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37,for a trunk having corner protecting devices.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 900]    900BRIEF CASE TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the hand luggage is the type usually used to hold and transport written documents (e.g., legal briefs, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 901]    901Flat opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 900.  Subject matter wherein the brief case has two opposed walls hinged (flexibly joined) together along a line so that the walls lie in the same plane when the brief case is opened.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 902]    902With closure flap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 900.  Subject matter wherein the brief case includes a piece of material which extends across the access opening and overlaps the side wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 190 subclass 903]    903ZIPPER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having a zipper-like closure.
  

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