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Outline
Indent Level:
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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HUMAN NECESSITIES
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SUBSECTION:
Agriculture
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AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
SOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY ; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL ( making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting, or manuring A01C 5/00 ; soil working for engineering purposes E01 , E02 , E21 ;
{
measuring areas for agricultural purposes G01B
}
)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC system. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A01B69/04 covered by A01B 69/008
A01B69/06 covered by A01B 69/005
A01B69/08 covered by A01B 69/006

PLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING (combined with general working of soil A01B 49/04; parts, details or accessories of agricultural machines or implements, in general A01B 51/00 to A01B 75/00;
{
apparatus for spreading sand or salt E01C; sowing and fertilising with aircraft B64D 1/16 to B64D 1/20
}
)
HARVESTING ; MOWING
{
( parts, details or accessories of agricultural machines or implements in general A01B 51/00 to A01B 75/00 )
}
NOTE
-
This subclass covers the shredding or pulverising of stubble, e.g. for the purpose of producing mulch, but does not cover other mechanical destruction of unwanted vegetation, which is covered by group A01M 21/02

In this subclass, in groups A01D 34/00 , A01D 42/00 , A01D 43/00 , A01D 57/00 , A01D 67/00 , A01D 69/00 and A01D 75/00 , it is desirable to add the indexing code of group A01D 2101/00

PROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE (devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs A23N 15/08)
HORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING (picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like A01D 46/00; plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques A01H 4/00; devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs A23N 15/08; propagating unicellular algae C12N 1/12; plant cell culture C12N 5/00)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A01G33/02 covered by A01G 33/00

NEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
MANUFACTURE OF DAIRY PRODUCTS (preservation, pasteurisation, sterilisation of milk products A23; for chemical matters, see subclass A23C)
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
NOTE
-
This subclass covers:
- equipment for the care, culture or rearing of all animals, or for obtaining their products, unless provided for elsewhere,e.g. milking A01J, shoeing animals A01L, veterinary devices A61D, culture of animal cells C12M, C12N; - methods of breeding animals or new animal breeds.

SHOEING OF ANIMALS
{
(making metal horseshoes by rolling B21H 7/12; making horseshoes or appurtenances therefor by forging or pressing B21K 15/02; casting of metals B22D)
}
CATCHING OR TRAPPING OF ANIMALS (apiculture A01K 47/00 to A01K 59/00; fishing A01K 69/00 to A01K 97/00; pesticides A01N); APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS (equipment fitted in or to aircraft for dropping or releasing powdered, liquid or gaseous matter, e.g. pesticides, herbicides, B64D 1/16)
NOTE
-
in this subclass, terms "killing" and "destruction" cover "non-chemical sterilisation" of invertebrates

PRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES (preparations for medical, dental or toilet purposes A61K; methods or apparatus for disinfection or sterilisation in general, or for deodorising of air A61L); PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS (decoys A01M 1/06; medicinal preparations A61K); PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS (compounds in general C01, C07, C08; fertilisers C05; soil conditioners or stabilisers C09K 17/00)
NOTE
-
This subclass covers:
- compositions, physical forms, methods of application of specific materials or the use of single compounds or compositions - chemosterilants for the sexual sterilisation of invertebrates, e.g. insects (sex sterilants for other purposes A61K).

This subclass does not cover materials which affect the growth of a plant solely by supplying nutrients, i.e. plant food, ordinarily required for growth or materials which are used to prevent or cure mineral deficiencies in plants, e.g. addition of iron chelates to cure iron chlorosis, which materials are covered by class C05.

In this subclass, the following expression is used with the meaning indicated:
- "plant growth regulators" are those materials which alter the plant through a chemical modification of the plant metabolism, such as auxins.

WARNING
-

The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A01N43/824 covered by A01N 43/82
A01N43/828 covered by A01N 43/82
A01N43/832 covered by A01N 43/82
A01N43/836 covered by A01N 43/82
A01N53/02 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N53/04 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N53/06 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N53/08 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N53/10 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N53/12 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N53/14 covered by A01N 53/00
A01N55/10 covered by A01N 55/00


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SUBSECTION:
Foodstuffs; tobacco
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BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
BAKERS` OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING (domestic baking equipment A47J 37/00; combustion apparatus F23; domestic stoves or ranges being wholly or partly ovens F24B, F24C)
MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
TREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
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BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
SLAUGHTERING
PROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH (preserving A23B; obtaining protein compositions for foodstuffs A23J 1/00; fish, meat or poultry preparations A23L; disintegrating, e.g. chopping meat, B02C 18/00; preparation of proteins C07K 1/00)
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FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the following places:

C08B Polysaccharides, derivatives thereof
C11 Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes
C12 Biochemistry, beer, spirits, wine, vinegar
C13 Sugar industry

PRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS (preserving foodstuffs in general A23L 3/00; preserving in general A61L; applying food preservatives in packages B65D 81/28)
DAIRY PRODUCTS, e.g. MILK, BUTTER, CHEESE ; MILK OR CHEESE SUBSTITUTES ; MAKING THEREOF ( obtaining protein compositions for foodstuffs,
{
e.g. from milk
}
, A23J 1/00 ; preparation of peptides, e.g. of proteins, in general C07K 1/00 )
NOTE
-
This subclass covers:

- the chemical aspects of making dairy products
- the apparatus used for performing techniques provided for
therein, e.g. for concentration, evaporation, drying,
preservation, or sterilisation, unless such apparatus is
specifically provided for in another subclass, e.g. A01J
for treatment of milk or cream for manufacture of butter
or cheese.

EDIBLE OILS OF FATS, e.g. MARGARINES, SHORTENINGS, COOKING OILS (animal feeding-stuffs A23K 1/00; foods or foodstuffs containing edible oils or fats A21D, A23C, A23G, A23L; obtaining, refining, preserving C11B, C11C; hydrogenation C11C 3/12)
COFFEE; TEA; THEIR SUBSTITUTES; MANUFACTURE, PREPARATION, OR INFUSION THEREOF (coffee or tea pots A47G 19/14; tea infusers A47G 19/16; apparatus for making beverages, e.g. coffee or tea, A47J 31/00; coffee mills A47J 42/00)
COCOA ; COCOA PRODUCTS, e.g. CHOCOLATE ; SUBSTITUTES FOR COCOA OR COCOA PRODUCTS ; CONFECTIONERY ; CHEWING GUM ; ICE-CREAM ; PREPARATION THEREOF
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:
- "ice-cream" includes any edible frozen or congealed semi-liquid or pasty substance, e.g. slush ice

In this subclass, subject matter which cannot be completely classified in a single one of the main groups should be classified in each relevant main group


The classification symbols of groups:
A23G 1/305 , A23G 1/56 , A23G 3/343 , A23G 3/346, A23G 4/062 , A23G 9/322 and A23G 9/52
can be followed by additional symbols preceded by the sign "+", e.g. A23G 1/56 +D8. The symbols give further information concerning structure, composition or form and have the meaning as listed below:
D . Containing organic compounds
D2 .. containing micro-organisms, enzymes
D4 .. containing vitamins, antibiotics
D6 .. containing beet sugar or cane sugar if specifically mentioned; containing other carbohydrates, e.g. starches, gums, alcohol sugar, polysaccharides, dextrins
D8 .. containing cocoa fat if specifically mentioned; containing products of cocoa fat; containing other fats, e.g. fatty acid, fatty alcohol, their esters, lecithin, paraffins
D10 .. containing amino-acids, proteins, e.g. gelatine, polypeptides
D12 .. containing dairy products
D14 .. containing fruits, nuts, e.g. almonds, seeds, plants or their extracts (gums D6)
F . Containing inorganic compounds
H . Products with special structure
H2 .. foamed, gas-expanded or cellular products
H4 .. products with a supported structure
H4D ... products with an inedible support, e.g. a stick
H4F ... products with an edible support, e.g. a cornet
H6 .. products with a composite structure, e.g. laminated products
H8 .. hollow products, e.g. with inedible or edible filling, fixed or movable within the cavity

PROTEIN COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS; WORKING-UP PROTEINS FOR FOODSTUFFS; PHOSPHATIDE COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS (fodder A23K; protein compositions or phosphatide compositions for pharmaceuticals A61K; phosphatides per se C07F 9/10; proteins per se C07K)
FODDER
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups are classified in the following CPC groups:

A23K1/20 covered by A23K 1/003
A23K1/24 covered by A23K 1/003 , A23K 1/1826
A23K3/04 covered by A23K 1/143

FOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B TO A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT (shaping or working, not fully covered by this subclass, A23P); PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS (machines for cutting straw or fodder A01F 29/00; disintegrating, e.g. shredding, B02C; severing, e.g. cutting, splitting, slicing B26B, B26D)
SHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS (shaping substances in a plastic state in general B29C)
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to subclasses A01J, A21C, A22C, A47J, B02C, in addition to other subclasses of A23, in connection with the shaping or working of foodstuffs

INDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
NOTE
-
This subclass constitutes an internal scheme for indexing only.

INDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO LACTIC OR PROPIONIC ACID BACTERIA USED IN FOODSTUFFS OR FOOD PREPARATION
NOTE
-

This subclass constitutes an internal scheme for indexing only. The indexing codes of K23Y are used when classifying technical subjects in the food-related subclasses A23B-A23L.

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TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS` REQUISITES
MANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
MACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
CIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
SMOKERS` REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES (lighters F23Q)
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SUBSECTION:
Personal or domestic articles
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WEARING APPAREL
SHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
CORSETS; BRASSIERES
OUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES (eye or ear protectors A61F 9/00, A61F 11/00; sweating suits A61H 36/00)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:
- "outerwear" covers dressing-gowns, bathing costumes and pyjamas

GARMENT FASTENINGS; SUSPENDERS
ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS; WIGS; MASKS; FEATHERS
APPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR (machines, appliances, or methods for making particular articles of apparel, see the relevant groups for these articles in A41B to A41F; cutting tools or machines in general B26; weaving, braiding, lace-making, knitting, tufting, treating of textiles D03 to D06; sewing-machines, sewing appliances, seam-ripping devices D05B; cutting or otherwise severing textile materials D06H 7/00)
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HEADWEAR
HATS; HEAD COVERINGS (headbands, head-scarves A41D 20/00, A41D 23/00)
MANUFACTURING OR TRIMMING HATS OR OTHER HEAD COVERINGS
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FOOTWEAR
CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
- A43B21/10-A43B21/16 covered by A43B 21/06 - A43B21/34 covered by A43B 21/24

FASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
MACHINES, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT OR METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OR REPAIRING FOOTWEAR
NOTE
-
In this subclass, a method of manufacturing footwear which is dependent on a distinct machine or tool, is classified in the group covering the machine or tool for the manufacture.

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HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
BUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE ( fastenings specially adapted for footwear A43C )
NOTE
-
This subclass covers buckles or slide fasteners whether used as haberdashery or otherwise.

WARNING
-
The following IPC group is not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by this group is classified in the following CPC group:
- A44B1/16 covered by A44B 1/14

JEWELLERY; BRACELETS; OTHER PERSONAL ADORNMENTS; COINS (jewel boxes A45C 11/16)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A44C11/02 covered by A44C 5/18

INDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO BUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES OR SLIDE FASTENERS, AND TO JEWELLERY, BRACELETS OR OTHER PERSONAL ADORNMENTS
NOTE
-
This subclass constitutes an internal scheme for indexing only.

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HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
WALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES` OR LIKE FANS (cane or umbrella stands or holders A47G 25/12)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:

- "umbrellas" also covers sunshades similar in construction to
umbrellas

PURSES; LUGGAGE; HAND CARRIED BAGS (sacks or packs carried on the body A45F containers in general B65D, e.g. portable flexible containers, B65D 27/00 to B65D 37/00; making leather, canvas, or like articles B68F)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:
- "luggage" means containers for personal belongings for a journey, e.g. travelling bags, suitcases, trunks.

In this subclass, the following terms are used with the meaning indicated:
- "flexible" means providing a structure with no considerable resistance against deformation or decrease of the enclosed volume, whereby a two-dimensional stability may be provided, e.g. by a stiffened bottom
- "semi-rigid" means providing a structure with three-dimensional stability in an unloaded state and resilient resistance against deformation, or allowing a limited decrease, of the enclosed volume, e.g. by a resilient frame or a rigid frame with flexible side walls
-"rigid" means providing a structure with three-dimensional stability allowing no deformation leading to a considerable decrease of the enclosed volume
- "collapsible" means providing a feature other than use of flexible material for reducing the dimensions of flexible luggage or the enclosed volume of semi-rigid or rigid luggage
- "extensible" means providing a feature other than use of flexible material for increasing the enclosed volume of flexible, semi-rigid or rigid luggage

HAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT (wigs, toupees, or the like A41G 3/00, A41G 5/00; hairdressers` chairs A47C 1/04; hair cutting appliances, razors B26B)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by this group is classified in the corresponding CPC groups as it follows: - A45D97/00 covered by A45D 44/00

TRAVELLING OR CAMP EQUIPMENT; SACKS OR PACKS CARRIED ON THE BODY (hand carried bags or luggage A45C)
NOTE
-
This subclass covers only the equipment specified in its subdivisions. Travelling or camp equipment is normally classified in the classes for the equipment concerned, e.g. camp furniture A47.

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BRUSHWARE
BRUSHES (handles not integral with brushware B25G)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the classification scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following groups:

A46B11/02 covered by A46B 11/00 or A46B 11/0017 or A46B 11/0017 or A46B 11/002
A46B11/04 covered by A46B 11/00 or A46B 11/0013

MANUFACTURE OF BRUSHES
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FURNITURE (arrangements of seats for, or adaptations of seats to, vehicles B60N); DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL (ladders E06C)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:

- "furniture" covers also easels or stands, e.g. for blackboards or
drawing tables.

TABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE (furniture jointing F16B)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following terms are used with the meanings indicated:
- "tables" covers also tables or underframes therefor for other than domestic use; - "cabinets" or "racks" covers also cabinets or racks for storage in general.

WARNING
-

The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups are classified in the following CPC groups: A47B21/013 and subgroups are covered by A47B 21/00 and subgroups

CHAIRS (seats specially adapted for vehicles B60N 2/00;
{
hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats A01M 31/02; seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats A01K 97/22; bath seats A47K 3/12; shower seats A47K 3/282; chairs with toilet means A47K 11/04; seats for surgeons, dentists A61B 19/28; chairs for disabled persons A61G 5/00; operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs A61G 15/00; chairs with massage means A61H 2201/0149; ski-lift seats B61B 12/002; rail vehicles seats B61D 33/00; vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats B63B 29/04; aircraft seats B64D 11/06
}
)
; SOFAS; BEDS (upholstery in general B68G;
{
beds specially adapted for nursing A61G 7/00; sleeping accomodation for caravans B60P 3/38, sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles B61D 31/00; sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles B62D 33/0612; berths for vessels B63B 29/10
}
)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A47C1/038 covered by A47C 1/0355
A47C23/053 covered by A47C 23/05, A47C23/05B2, A47C23/05B3

FURNITURE SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CHILDREN (school benches or desks A47B 39/00, A47B 41/00)
SPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A47F1/14 covered by A47B 87/0207
A47F1/16 covered by A47F 5/0037
A47F1/18 covered by A47F 5/0025
A47F3/022 covered by A47F 1/06
A47F3/024 covered by A47F 1/08
A47F3/026 covered by A47F 1/10

HOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT (book-ends A47B 5/00; knives B26B)
NOTE
-
This subclass covers equipment for similar use in hotels, dressing rooms, vehicles, or the like, not otherwise provided for

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A47G25/42 covered by A47G 25/40, A47G 2025/4092
A47G25/46 covered by A47G 25/44, A47G 2025/448
A47G25/64 covered by A47G 25/62, A47G 2025/629

FURNISHINGS FOR WINDOWS OR DOORS (concerned with the functioning of the door or window E05; roller blinds E06B)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A47H13/10 covered by A47H 15/02
A47H13/12 covered by A47H 15/04

KITCHEN EQUIPMENT
{
(domestic washing or cleaning A47L; refuse receptacles B65F 1/00)
}
; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES (disintegrating, e.g. mincing, B02C; severing, e.g. cutting, slicing, B26B, B26D)
SANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR (connecting to water supply or waste pipe, sinks E03C; water-closets E03D); TOILET ACCESSORIES (cosmetic equipment A45D)
DOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING (brushes A46B; cleaning quantities of bottles or of other hollow articles of one kind B08B 9/00; laundry D06F); SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL (cleaning in general B08)
NOTE
-
Machines or implements which can be used for cleaning windows, window shades, window screens, venetian blinds, as well as floors, carpets. furniture, walls or wall coverings are classified in group A47L 11/00 or A47L 13/00.

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SUBSECTION:
Health; amusement
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MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
DIAGNOSIS ; SURGERY ; IDENTIFICATION ( analysing biological material G01N, e.g. G01N 33/48 ; obtaining records using waves other than optical waves, in general G03B 42/00 )
NOTE
-
This subclass covers instruments, implements and processes for diagnostic, surgical and person-identification purposes, including obstetrics, instruments for cutting corns, vaccination instruments, finger-printing, psycho-physical tests.

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A61B 5/0295 covered by A61B 5/026 A61B 5/1455 covered by A61B5/00N4 A61B 5/1459 covered by A61B5/00N4B A61B 5/1464 covered by A61B5/00N4F A61B 5/1468 covered by A61B5/00N2 A61B 5/1473 covered by A61B5/00N2B A61B 5/1477 covered by A61B5/00N2D A61B 5/1482 covered by A61B5/00N2F A61B 5/151 covered by A61B 5/1411 A61B 5/153 covered by A61B 5/1405 A61B 5/154 covered by A61B 5/1438 A61B 5/157 covered by A61B 5/00 and s. gr. A61B17/03 covered by A61B 17/00 A61B17/125 covered by A61B 17/122 A61B17/138 covered by A61B 17/12 A61B17/76 covered by A61B 17/744
A61B17/78 covered by A61B 17/744 A61B17/90 covered by A61B 17/88 A61B17/94 covered by A61B 17/29

DENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE (non-driven toothbrushes A46B;
{
tongue scrapers A61B 17/24;
}
preparations for dentistry A61K 6/00; preparations for cleaning the teeth or mouth A61K 8/00, A61Q 11/00)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A61C5/09 covered by A61C 5/08
A61C5/11 covered by A61C 5/08
A61C7/24 covered by A61C 7/20
A61C7/26 covered by A61C 7/20
A61C7/32 covered by A61C 7/28
A61C8/02 covered by A61C 8/0004
A61C11/04 covered by A61C 11/00
A61C13/003 covered by A61C 13/26
A61C13/007 covered by A61C 13/01
A61C13/03 covered by A61C 13/01
A61C13/07 covered by A61C 13/0025
A61C13/093 covered by A61C 13/1006
A61C13/103 covered by A61C 13/1009
A61C13/105 covered by A61C 13/1009
A61C13/107 covered by A61C 13/0001
A61C13/113 covered by A61C 13/0001
A61C13/15 covered by A61C 19/003
A61C13/23 covered by A61C 13/0025
A61C13/263 covered by A61C 13/225
A61C13/271 covered by A61C 13/26
A61C13/32 covered by A61C 13/225
A61C13/36 covered by A61C 13/1016
A61C13/38 covered by A61C 13/12
A61C17/024 covered by A61C 17/02
A61C17/032 covered by A61C 17/02
A61C17/06 covered by A61C 17/00
A61C17/08 covered by A61C 17/00
A61C17/10 covered by A61C 17/00
A61C17/12 covered by A61C 17/00
A61C17/18 covered by A61C 17/16


VETERINARY INSTRUMENTS, IMPLEMENTS, TOOLS, OR METHODS
NOTE
-
This subclass covers only instruments, implements, tools, or methods specially adapted for use with animals

FILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS (dental prosthetics A61C)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A61F2/48 covered by A61F 2/02
A61F2/56 covered by A61F 2/54
A61F2/62 covered by A61F 2/60
A61F 2/70 covered by A61F 2/68, A61F 2/72
A61F2/74 covered by A61F 2/68
A61F5/045 covered by A61G 13/12
A61F5/052 covered by A61F 5/05
A61F5/447 covered by A61F 5/445
A61F5/452 covered by A61F 5/451
A61F5/457 covered by A61F 5/451
A61F5/458 covered by A61F 5/451
A61F6/10 covered by A61F 6/08
A61F9/01 covered by A61F 9/00802-A61F 9/00825
A61F9/011 covered by A61F 9/00802-A61F 9/00825
A61F13/22 covered by A61F 13/206 A61F13/24 covered by A61F 13/2037 A61F13/30 covered by A61F 13/26
A61F13/32 covered by A61F 13/26
A61F13/40 covered by A61M 35/006


TRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS ; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS ; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY ; FUNERAL DEVICES ( embalming corpses A01N 1/00 ;
{
chairs or beds in general A47C; walking aids A61H 3/00
}
)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A61G3/04 covered by A61G 3/02
A61G7/043 covered by A61G 7/05
A61G7/12 covered by A61G 7/10
A61G7/14 covered by A61G 7/10
A61G 7/16 covered by A61G 7/10
A61G15/04 covered by A61G 15/02
A61G15/06 covered by A61G 15/02
A61G17/013 covered by A61G 17/00

PHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY (methods or devices enabling invalids to operate an apparatus or a device not forming part of the body A61F 4/00; electrotherapy, magnetotherapy, radiation therapy, ultrasound therapy A61N)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following expression is used with the meaning indicated:
- "physical therapy" covers the treatment of disease or disability by means, e.g. mechanical means, as opposed to drugs or surgery. It includes, by way of example, massage, whirlpool baths or devices for exercising a passive body member.

CONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
PREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES ( devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms A61J 3/00 ; chemical aspects of, or use of materials for deodorisation of air, for disinfection or sterilisation, or for bandages, dressings, absorbent pads or surgical articles A61L ;
{
compounds per se C01 , C07 , C08 , C12N
}
; soap compositions C11D ;
{
micro-organisms per se C12N
}
)
NOTE
-
This subclass covers the following subject matter, whether set forth as a composition (mixture), process of preparing the composition or process of treating using the composition:
Drug or other biological compositions which are capable of:
- preventing, alleviating, treating or curing abnormal or pathological conditions of the living body by such means as destroying a parasitic organism, or limiting the effect of the disease or abnormality by chemically altering the physiology of the host or parasite (biocides A01N 25/00 to A01N 65/00 );
- maintaining, increasing, decreasing, limiting, or destroying a physiological body function, e.g. vitamin compositions, sex sterilants, fertility inhibitors, growth promotors, or the like (sex sterilants for invertebrates, e.g. insects, A01N ; plant growth regulators A01N 25/00 to A01N 65/00 );
- diagnosing a physiological condition or state by an in vivo test, e.g. X-ray contrast or skin patch test compositions (measuring or testing processes involving enzymes or micro-organisms C12Q ; in vitro testing of biological material, e.g. blood, urine, G01N , e.g. G01N 33/48 )

Body treating compositions generally intended for deodorising, protecting, adorning or grooming the body, e.g. cosmetics, dentifrices, tooth filling materials.


Attention is drawn to the definitions of groups of chemical elements following the title of section C.

Attention is drawn to the notes in class C07 , for example the notes following the title of the subclass C07D , setting forth the rules for classifying organic compounds in that class, which rules are also applicable, if not otherwise indicated, to the classification of organic compounds in A61K .

In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A61K 6/033 covered by A61K6/06A
A61K9/133 covered by A61K 9/127
A61K9/18 covered by A61K 9/14
A61K9/22 covered by A61K 9/20
A61K9/24 covered by A61K 9/209
A61K9/26 covered by A61K 9/2077 , A61K 9/2081
A61K9/30 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/32 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/34 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/36 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/38 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/40 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/42 covered by A61K 9/28
A61K9/44 covered by A61K 9/2072
A61K9/46 covered by A61K 9/0007
A61K9/52 covered by A61K 9/50
A61K9/54 covered by A61K 9/5073 , A61K 9/5078 , A61K 9/5084
A61K9/56 covered by A61K 9/50
A61K9/58 covered by A61K 9/50
A61K9/60 covered by A61K 9/50
A61K9/62 covered by A61K 9/50
A61K9/64 covered by A61K 9/50
A61K9/66 covered by A61K 9/48
A61K9/68 covered by A61K 9/0058
A61K9/72 covered by A61K 9/0073
A61K45/08 covered by A61K 31/00 , A61K 47/00
A61K47/04 covered by A61K 47/02
A61K50/00 covered by A61K 9/0009 , C09J 9/02

The following IPC indexing codes are not used in the CPC scheme:
A61K101/00 - A61K135/00

Subgroups of A61K 48/00 are incomplete (Jan. 2003). Documents are being reclassified from A61K 48/00 to its subgroups


METHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL ; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR ; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES ; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES ( preservation of bodies or disinfecting characterised by the agent employed A01N ; preserving, e.g. sterilising, food or foodstuffs A23 ; preparations for medical, dental or toilet purposes A61K ; preparation of ozone C01B 13/10 )
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC system. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A61L33/10 covered by A61L 33/0011
A61L33/14 covered by A61L 33/0011
A61L33/16 covered by A61L 33/0047

IPC7 groups A61L 2/07 and subgroups, and A61L 9/012 to A61L 9/014 might be incomplete as relevant documents might still be classified in the hierarchical higher groups

DEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY ( introducing media into or onto the bodies of animals A61D 7/00 ; means for inserting tampons A61F 13/26 ; devices for administering food or medicines orally A61J; containers for collecting, storing or administering blood or medical fluids A61J 1/05 ) ; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY ( surgery A61B; chemical aspects of surgical articles A61L ) ; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
NOTE
-

This subclass covers suction, pumping or atomising devices for medical use (e.g. cups, breast relievers, irrigators, sprays, powder insufflators, atomisers, inhalers), apparatus for general or local anaesthetics, devices or methods for causing a change in the state of consciousness, catheters, dilators, apparatus for introducing medicines into the body other than orally


Void


When classifying in this group, classification is also made in group B01D 15/08 insofar as subject matter of general interest relating to chromatography is concerned


WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A61M1/18 covered by B01D 63/02 , B01D 63/04
A61M1/20 covered by B01D 63/06
A61M1/22 covered by B01D 63/08
A61M1/24 covered by B01D 63/10
A61M3/04 covered by A61M 3/02
A61M5/175 covered by A61M 5/168
A61M5/303 covered by A61M 5/30
A61M5/307 covered by A61M 5/30
A61M23/00 covered by A61M 25/01 , A61M 29/00
A61M25/08 covered by A61M 25/0105
A61M25/082 covered by A61M 25/0116
A61M25/085 covered by A61M 25/0122
A61M25/088 covered by A61M 25/01
A61M25/092 covered by A61M 25/0133
A61M25/095 covered by A61M 25/01 , A61B 5/00 , A61N 1/056 A61M25/098 covered by A61M 25/0108
A61M25/12 covered by A61M 25/10 , A61M 29/02
A61M25/14 covered by A61M 25/0021
A61M25/16 covered by A61M 25/0009
A61M25/18 covered by A61M 25/0014
A61M29/04 covered by A61M 29/02
A61M36/00 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10
A61M36/02 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10
A61M36/04 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10 , A61M 15/02 A61M36/06 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10 ; A61M 15/02 A61M36/08 covered by A61M 5/1785
A61M36/10 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10
A61M36/12 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10
A61M36/14 covered by A61M 37/0069, A61N 5/10

ELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY (measurement of bioelectric currents A61B; surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body A61B 18/00; anaesthetic apparatus in general A61M; incandescent lamps H01K; infra-red radiators for heating H05B)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated: In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated: • "therapy" implies that the treatment, when it aims at destroying sick or abnormal cells, is performed within the limits of healthy cell life, the destruction thereof being undesired, contrary to that which takes place with instruments, devices or methods covered by group A61B 18/00.

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A61N1/34 covered by A61N 1/36021, A61N 1/36071 A61N2/04 covered by A61N 2/02
A61N5/067 covered by A61N 5/06 A61N5/08 covered by A61N 5/06 A61N2/08 covered by A61N 2/06
A61N2/10 covered by A61N 2/06
A61N5/073 covered by A61N 5/06, A61N 2005/073

SPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
NOTE
-

1. This subclass covers the use of cosmetics or similar toilet preparations already classified as such in main group A61K 8/00 or in addition thereto in subclasses C11D and C12N or in classes C01, C07 and C08. 2. Since subclass A61P is not activated in ECLA, relevant IPC Note (2) is not applicable.

WARNING
-
The groups of subclass A61Q are incomplete. See provisionally also A61K7/00 and subgroups

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LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING (ladders E06C)
DEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING (valves specially adapted for medical use A61M 39/00; life-saving devices, apparatus or methods specially adapted for use in water B63C 9/00; divers` equipment B63C 11/00; specially adopted for use with aircraft, e.g. parachutes, ejector seats,
{
B64D 17/00, B64D 25/10
}
; rescue devices peculiar to mining E21F 11/00)
FIRE-FIGHTING ( fire-extinguishing compositions, use of chemical substances in extinguishing fires A62D 1/00 ; spraying, applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05; alarm arrangements G08B, e.g. fire alarms actuated by smoke or gases G08B 17/10 )
CHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES OR FOR COMBATING OR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A62D1/02 covered by A62D 1/0007, A62D 1/0071
A62D1/04 covered by A62D 1/0071
A62D1/08 covered by A62D 1/0007 to A62D 1/0028, A62D 1/0057, A62D 1/0092

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SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
APPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING ; BALL GAMES ; TRAINING EQUIPMENT ( apparatus for passive exercising, massage A61H )
WARNING
-
1. The following IPC groups are not used in the internal classification scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A63B7/06 covered by A63G 1/00
A63B 21/075 covered by A63B 21/072
A63B 21/08 covered by A63B 21/06
A63B 22/08 covered by A63B 22/0605 in absence of A63B 22/0002
A63B22/10 covered by A63B 22/0605 in combination with A63B 22/0002
A63B22/12 covered by A63B 22/0605 in combination with A63B 22/001
A63B29/04 covered by A63B 29/00
A63B31/16 covered by A63B 31/14
A63B 49/06 covered by A63B 49/02
A63B51/16 covered by A63B 51/14
A63B55/06 covered by A63B 55/04
A63B63/02 covered by A63B 63/00
A63B63/04 covered by A63B 63/00
A63B69/22 covered by A63B 69/20
A63B69/28 covered by A63B 69/20
A63B69/30 covered by A63B 69/20
A63B71/16 covered by A63B 71/081

SKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE (devices for underwater sports A63B 31/00, A63B 33/00, B63C 11/00; devices for gliding on water, e.g. water skis, B63B 35/79, B63B 35/81, B63B 35/83)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

A63C5/025 covered by A63C 5/00
A63C5/14 covered by A63C 5/12

BOWLING-ALLEYS; BOWLING GAMES; BOCCIA; BOWLS; BAGATELLE; BILLIARDS (balls A63B; indoor games using small moving playing bodies, e.g. balls, A63F 7/00)
CARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
MERRY-GO-ROUNDS; SWINGS; ROCKING-HORSES; CHUTES; SWITCHBACKS; SIMILAR DEVICES FOR PUBLIC AMUSEMENT
TOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A63H3/33 covered by A63H 3/28
A63H17/267 covered by A63H 17/262
A63H17/273 covered by A63H 17/26
A63H17/385 covered by A63H 17/36
A63H17/39 covered by A63H 17/36
A63H17/41 covered by A63H 17/40
A63H25/00 covered by A63H 29/16, A63H 31/00
A63H25/02 covered by A63H 29/16, A63H 31/00
A63H27/01 covered by A63H 27/007
A63H27/127 covered by A63H 27/12
A63H27/133 covered by A63H 27/12
A63H27/16 covered by A63H 27/001, A63H 33/16
A63H27/18 covered by A63H 27/00, A63H 27/02
A63H27/20 covered by A63H 27/00
A63H27/22 covered by A63H 27/00, A63H 29/18
A63H27/24 covered by A63H 27/02, A63H 29/00, A63H 29/22
A63H27/26 covered by A63H 27/06
A63H27/28 covered by A63H 27/008
A63H27/30 covered by A63H 27/02
A63H27/32 covered by A63H 27/00



DEVICES FOR THEATRES, CIRCUSES, OR THE LIKE; CONJURING APPLIANCES OR THE LIKE (buildings for meetings, entertainments or sports E04H 3/10)
RACING; RIDING SPORTS; EQUIPMENT OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR (stop watches G04F 7/06; timing G07C 1/22; indicating arrangements for variable information by selection or combination of individual elements G09F 9/00)
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Last Modified: 10/10/2013