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OUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES (eye or ear protectors A61F 9/00, A61F 11/00; sweating suits A61H 36/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Straps, bands
Carrying straps
Carriers for hand articles
Fastening articles to the garment
Carriers for holding garments
Garment bags
Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient
Orthopaedic slings, straps for holding arms
Electromedical stimulation with electrodes
Magnetotherapy
Radiation therapy
Packaging for clothing
Supports for musical instruments, straps
Carrying straps around neck
Carrying straps around waist
Special rules of classification within this group

A41D does not comprise therapeutic devices.

Outerwear covers dressing-gowns, bathing costumes and pyjamas.

Outerwear does not cover shirts A41B 1/00, hosiery A41B 11/00, baby linen A41B 13/00 and hankerchiefs A41B 15/00.

For garments fastenings and suspenders class in A41F.

Machines, appliances or methods for making a particular article of apparel should be classed in the relevant group for the machine, appliance or method concerned in A41H and also as additional information under the symbol of the particular article of apparel concerned in A41B to A41F.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Dressing-gown
a loose gown worn while making one's toilet or when in dishabille.
Garments (for children A41D 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Masks or dominoes for concealing identity, e.g. for theatrical use
Sacks for dead corpses
Disguises for artists for life-like imitation of creatures
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises costumes and religious outfits.

[N: adapted to accomodate electronic equipment (patients' garments for medical monitoring A41D 13/1281; luminous ornaments A41D 27/085)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient
Electromedical stimulation with electrodes
Magnetotherapy
Radiation therapy
Wearable computers
Remote control of information storage system (audio/video media)
Conductors dispersed in non conductive materials
Switches
Mechanisms of switches
Semiconductors in flexible layers
Connections (switches)
Portable transceivers carried on body
Sound systems
Multilayer printed circuits
Printed circuits on textiles
Special rules of classification within this group

When invention is based mainly on electronic equipment give only the Indexing Code, and forward to relevant field.

For pockets adapted to receive electronic equipment class in A41D 27/205

[N: made by a helically or spirally wound material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Seaming making a tubular fabric by helically winding it
Jackets [N: (anoraks A41D 3/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For suit jackets classify in A41D 1/02.

For outer jackets classify in A41D 3/00.

Vests, jerseys, sweaters, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Knitting
Special rules of classification within this group

For vests with features specially meant for women, class in A41D 1/18

Trousers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises details of trouser cuffs.

For all types of shorts classify in A41D 1/08. For trousers adjusting its length classify in A41D 15/002 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For details of hems of trousers classify in A41D 27/24 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For protectors of the underedges of trousers classify only in A41D 27/145.

For fastening the trouser cuff to the shoe classify in A41F 17/00 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For leggings (leg outer coverings, over trousers) classify in A41D 17/00.

for sporting purposes, e.g. ski trousers, riding breeches
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Underwear panti-hose
Bermuda swimming shorts
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises all types of shorts.

For underwear panti-hose class in A41B 11/14 and lower groups.

For sportive tights class in A41D 1/08 and lower groups.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015.

For compression tights, elastic trousers with curative purposes forward to A61F 13/08.

[N: for skiing]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: for cycling]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)
Buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises padding for buttocks protection in cycling shorts.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers, e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

For buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area, class in A41D 13/0537.

[N: for horse riding]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Riding equipment or accessories
Saddling equipment
[N: Crotch reinforcement]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)
Buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area
Protectors for clothing, not in crotch area of sports trousers
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises sports pants with crotch area reinforcements, i.e. garment protection.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other,crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers e.g. garment protection, class only in A41D 1/088.

For buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area, class in A41D 13/0537.

For clothing protection, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, not in crotch area of sports trousers, class in A41D 27/12.

Means for maintaining the crease
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Crease
the line or mark produced on the surface of anything by folding; a furrow in a surface, such as is caused by folding; a fold, wrinkle, ridge. specifically in trousers.
Means for hiding bandy legs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Bandy legs
curved laterally with the concavity inward
Skirts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Hooped skirts; Crinolines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Crinoline
a stiffened petticoat or underskirt made with a stiff fabric comprising a weft of horsehair and a warp of cotton or linen thread or an imitation fabric made of stiffened muslin or other material, designed to support the skirts of a woman’s dress.
Hooped skirt
stiffened or expanded by hoops of whalebone, cane etc.
Blouses
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brassieres combined with corsets
Brassieres combined with other garments
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises vests with features specially meant for women. For vests in general class in A41D 1/04

Maternity clothing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Maternity corsets
[N: Nursing clothing (brassiéres for nursing mothers A41C 3/04)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Comprises also other clothes worn by infant carer, i.e. stimulating baby

References relevant to classification in this group:

Infant toys
Educational appliances
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Baby-carriers
Other garments for ladies [N: (nursing clothing A41D 1/205)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises dresses and cleavage covers

Overgarments (fur garments A41D 5/00; for children A41D 11/00; professional or sporting protective garments A41D 13/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hoods attachable to clothing
Special rules of classification within this group

For suit jackets classify in A41D 1/02.

For outer jackets classify in A41D 3/00.

Overcoats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Raincoats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

with leg-protecting means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Leggings, rain protectors for legs alone
Capes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cover for sitting person
Fur garments; Garments of fur substitutes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Making garments from natural or artificial fur
Making articles from leather
Manufacture and treatment of leather
Artificial leather
[N: Garments of fur substitutes]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Accessories for fur garments, e.g. fur fasteners, artificial animal heads (fastening devices specially adapted for garments in general A41F 1/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Bathing gowns; Swim-suits, drawers, or trunks; Beach suits (bathing caps A42B 1/12)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Non-sinkable swim-suits, drawers or trunks (life-saving equipment in water B63C 9/08)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: provided with inflatable elements]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Bathing drawers or trunks (A41D 7/001 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises bermuda swimming shorts.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Beach clothing not designed for swimming]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Attention is drawn to the following places,which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas
Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams
Radiation therapy
A61N5/06Z, A61N 2005/0645
Fiber treatment
Dyeing textiles
Sun-shades
Tents
Filters with dyes
UV or other ranges of light protection
UV or other ranges of light permeability
Outdoor fabrics for tents
[N: Beach capes or robes]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Towels, body-drying implements
Pyjamas; Nightdresses
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for adults.

For sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for babies class in A41B 13/06.

Always forward also sleeping-bags to A47G 9/08.

Garments for children
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Height measuring
Babies' nappies or holders therefore
Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns (helmets A42B 3/00; clothing affording protection against [N: heat or harmful] chemical agents or for use at high altitudes A62B 17/00; life-saving garments for use at sea, diving-bell suits B63C; bulletproof or armoured clothing F41H; clothing affording protection against radiation G21F 3/02; electric heating elements H05B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fire-fighters' clothes
ABC suits (against chemical/ biological/ toxic environment)
Materials for clothing protecting against harmful chemical agents
Bulletproof vest
Camouflage flexible covers, screens, nets
Clothing protecting against X radiations
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises protective clothing having camouflage pattern.

For materials of protective clothing having camouflage pattern class in A41D 31/0011.

For ABC suits (used to protect against chemical/biological/toxic environment) forward to A62B 17/006 and do not class in A41D 13/00.

[N: Joints]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises sealing attachments between protective garments, also glove and protective garment sealing attachments.

For glove and sleeve attachments without sealing class either in A41D 19/0089 or A41D 19/0041.

[N: Garments with built-in harnesses (safety harnesses A62B 35/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Carrying straps
Safety harnesses for already walking children
Devices for lifting disabled patients
Life-saving, parachutes with clothing
Parachutes with harnesses
B67D17/30
[N: Garments protecting against insects]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For layered textiles in garments protecting against insects class only in A41D 13/001.

[N: Professional or protective garments with pockets for particular uses, e.g. game pockets or with holding means for tools or the like]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For professional or protective garments with pockets where the construction of the pocket is relevant per se class in A41D 27/20 and lower groups and as additional information in A41D 13/0012.

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies class in A41D 13/12 and in A41D 13/0012.

[N: Sports garments other than provided for in groups A41D 13/0007 to A41D 13/088 (sports overalls A41D 13/02)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Underwear panti-hose /body stocking
Sportive tights
Professional or sportive protective overalls
Elastic trousers with curative purposes, compression stockings
Elastic bands for exercising muscles
Weighted exercise suits
Elastic bands for exercising muscles worn on body
K63B21/18
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression garments which have a curative or medical effect.

For underwear panti-hose class in A41B 11/14 and lower groups.

For sportive tights class in A41D 1/08 and lower groups.

For underwear body stockings class in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls class in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015.

For compression stockings forward to A61F 13/08.

[N: specially adapted for women]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

with controlled internal environment [N: (ventilating means A41D 27/28)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): as additional information in A41D400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc): as additional information in A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add as additional information in A41D400/60 or A41D400/620.
[N: by means of forced air circulation]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Furniture ventilated covers
A47C7/74C
Vehicle's seat with ventilation
Portable air-conditioner units
with controlled temperature
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating / Cooling therapy
Heat-exchange apparatus (also coolers) with conduits
Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing
[N: Heated garments (heated divers` suits B63C 11/28)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating / Cooling therapy
Ohmic resist. heating in clothes
Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing
[N: Cooled garments]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating / Cooling therapy
Heat-exchange apparatus (also coolers) with conduits
Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing
[N: by means of dry ice]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises dry ice, ice packs, gel packs.

Illustrative examples:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ice-bags for therapeutic uses
Cold exchangers, ice pockets
Heat-storage apparatus in general, using latent heat
protecting against electric shocks or static electricity
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lightning conductors
with reflective or luminous safety means [N: (visible signalling arrangements G08B 5/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting signalling worn by driver
Lighting with clothing
Refracting surfaces
Visible signalling arrangements attached on persons, reflective safety belts
Illuminated signs
Indicating arrangements with diodes
Reflective surfaces radiated with aerials/antena
for aquatic activities, e.g. with buoyancy aids
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Boots with waterproof legs
Life-jackets
Diving suits
[N: with buoyancy aids]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Inflatable body suits
with shock-absorbing means (A41D 13/05 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads.

Illustrative examples:

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)
Special rules of classification within this group

Even if A41D 13/05 takes precedence, if the shock-absorbing is relevant per se, it should also be classed in A41D 13/015.

For protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment, class in A41D 13/05.

For materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means class in A41D 31/0044 and lower groups.

For padding for buttocks protection in cycling shorts, class in A41D 1/084.

[N: Shooting jackets with a recoil pad]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises also archery protectors in the form of a garment.

Illustrative example:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for archery
Archery
Special rules of classification within this group

When protector is only for the arm, classify in A41D 13/08.

inflatable automatically
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Backpacks with shoulder straps
Airbag triggering
Motorcycle safety equipment
Overalls [N: (patients' suits A41D 13/1263, babies' overalls A41B 13/005)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Underwear body stockings
Flying suits
Packaging for clothing
Special rules of classification within this group

Class drop-seat opening in A41D 2400/44 (donning facilities).

For underwear body stockings class in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls class in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015.

For compression tights, elastic garments with curative purposes forward to A61F 13/08.

Aprons; Fastening devices for aprons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)
Napkins attachable to clothing
Napkin with separate holding devices
Lap trays
Surgical drapes
Special rules of classification within this group

When protection is for children/babies, class in bibs A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, class in aprons A41D 13/04.

For protectors of neckties class in A41D 25/00.

[N: Aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions, e.g. butcher`s aprons]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Armour plate constructions
[N: Aprons secured to the user by means of one or more split hoops of resilient material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

protecting only a particular body part (sports brassiéres A41C 3/00 [N: crotch reinforcement for sports trousers A41D 1/088])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Helmets with chin protectors integrated
Hearing and cold protectors for the ear (internal & external)
Body protectors for players / sports
Special rules of classification within this group

Even if A41D 13/05 takes precedence over A41D 13/015, if the shock-absorbing is relevant per se it should also be classed in A41D 13/015.

Comprises protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment.

Comprises external impact protection for the ears.

For shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads, class in A41D 13/015.

For materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means class in A41D 31/0044 and lower groups.

When protection is for clothing and not for body part, class in A41D 13/04 or A41D 27/12

[N: Hip]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises groin, genitalia area.

Illustrative example:

Special rules of classification within this group

Includes hip shock-absorbing / protection pads, not shaping pads. For hip shaping pads classify in A41D 27/26.

[N: Neck or shoulders area]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Chest]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Loin or waist area]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Spine]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Back strengthening devices (orthopaedic corsets)
[N: Buttocks]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)
Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers, e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

[N: Legs (knee or foot A41D 13/06; protectors for the legs of players or sportmen A63B 71/1225)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Leggings
Protectors for clothing
Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches
Special rules of classification within this group

For protection of trousers from rain, soiling with leggings class in A41D 17/02.

For clothing protection, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, class in A41D 27/12.

For mending garments by adhesive or adhesive patches, class in A41H 27/00.

Knee or foot [N: (protectors for the legs of players or sportsmen A63B 71/1225)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

Socks with protection for the feet should be classified in A41B 11/02 and as additional information in A41D 13/06.

[N: Knee protectors]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Kneelers, prayer supports
Arm or hand (protective gloves A41D 19/015; [N: protectors for the hands of players or sportsmen A63B 71/14])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger
Elbow protectors for sportsmen
[N: Hand protectors]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises partial covering of hand.

Illustrative example:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger
Data gloves
Capacitive touch screens
Guards for hand cutting tools
Special rules of classification within this group

For complete covering of hand with fingers class in A41D 19/00 and lower classes (gloves).

[N: especially for the inner part of the hand]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Palm protectors for hand sewing
[N: especially for the outer part of the hand]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with at least one hole for a handle or a stick]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: especially for fingers]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manicuring implements
Nail protectors, finger stalls
Orthopaedic devices for fingers
Devices for preventing finger-sucking
Leaf turners
Thimbles, finger shields, protectors for hand sewing
Finger worn pointing device
Pointing devices
Mobile pen-type handsets
Facilitating the use of keys in mobile devices
[N: especially for the wrist]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bandages for supporting wrist
Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger
Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres (eye-masks A61F 9/04; [N: hoods affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents A62B 17/04])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Masks or dominoes for concealing identity, e.g. for theatrical use
Masks for cosmetic treatment of the face
Ear, face or lip protectors (cosmetics)
Hearing and cold protectors for the ear
Masks for respiratory patient treatment
Masks protecting chemical agents or high altitude
Filters for breathing protection purposes (with shape of mask)
Nose filters
Filter Cloth material
Respiratory apparatus (with filters)
Special rules of classification within this group

When mask protects against splashes/liquids, dust or exterior impact, classify in A41D 13/11 and lower groups.

When filtering or respiratory protection of the mask is relevant, classify in A62B 23/025.

When both kind of protection are specified, both classes should be given in A41D 13/11 and A62B 23/025.

[N: characterised by their shape]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with a horizontal pleated pocket]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with a duckbill configuration]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with a vertical fold or weld]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with a cup configuration]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: obtained by moulding]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with a hood]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Means for fastening to the user's head]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: forming a complete seal at the edges of the mask]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with protection for the eyes, e.g. using shield or visor]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Eye-masks
Surgeons' or patients' gowns or dresses [N: (operating gloves A61B 19/04)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises garments for medical staff other than surgeons, i. e. nursing personel. Illustrative examples:

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Surgeon's gowns or dresses
Special rules of classification within this group

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies classify here and in A41D 13/0012.

[N: Surgeons' gowns or dresses]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Patients' garments]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Insulin pumps portable on the body
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises gown shapes.

[N: for the upper part of the body]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: for the lower part of the body (A41D 13/0506 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Incontinence trousers for men
Clothing for holding urine or other body fluid receptacles
A61F9/449
[N: Suits]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Underwear body stockings
Patient restraining devices
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises pants and shirt shape

[N: specially adapted for babies]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with incorporated means for medical monitoring]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The garment construction to hold means for medical monitoring. Illustrative example:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Detecting for diagnostic purposes
Diagnosis by temperature mapping of body parts
A61B5/00H2
Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient
Marking methods by using thermochromic compounds, liquid crystals
Tenebrescent material (change wavelength)(darken or bleachen) i.e. crystals lenses
Dyeing with phototropic dyes
Photometry, using change in colour
Supports for thermometers
Measuring temperature upon phisical/ chemical changes, change of colour
Special rules of classification within this group

When the means for medical monitoring are relevant per se forward to A61B 5/00 and lower groups.

Convertible garments
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: in their length]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjusting sleeve lengths
Special rules of classification within this group

For pants adjusting its length class in A41D 15/002 and A41D 1/06.

[N: reversible garments]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Skirts convertible into trousers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Garments convertible into other articles (for travelling or camp articles A45F 4/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Travelling/sleeping rugs convertible into robes
Parking covers for cycles
B60J19/00
Gaiters; Spats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stockings without foot parts
Overshoes
Overshoes for sporting purposes
Special rules of classification within this group

When worn under garments or shoes, class in stockings without foot parts A41B 11/08.

When worn over garments and/or shoes, class in Gaiters/Spats A41D 17/00 and lower groups.

When worn only over shoes, forward to Overshoes A43B 3/16, A43B 5/18.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Gaiter
a covering of cloth, leather, etc. for the ankle, or ankle and lower leg.
Spat
a short gaiter worn over the instep and reaching only a little way above the ankle, usually fastened under the foot by means of a strap.
[N: Fastening means for gaiters]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Straps on the lower end of legs of trousers for holding-down
Overshoes
Overshoes for sporting purposes
Leggings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rain protectors for legs.

Illustrative example:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Panti-hose (underwear tights)
Outerwear tights
Outerwear sportive tights
Special rules of classification within this group

Does not comprise tights worn as underwear, outerwear or for sporting purposes.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Legging
leg outer covering, i.e. over trousers.
Puttees
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Puttee
a long strip of cloth or leather wound spirally round the leg from the ankle to the knee and worn by soldiers, walkers, etc., for protection and support in rough terrain.
Gloves ([N: brush bodies shaped as gloves A46B 5/04; gloves for washing the body A47K 7/02; gloves for domestic washing or cleaning A47L 13/18 ]; operating gloves A61B 19/04; swimming gloves A63B 31/02; as accessories for games or sports, e.g. baseball, boxing or golf gloves A63B 71/14; gloves for glove-boxes B25J 1/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises complete covering of hand with fingers.

Illustrative examples:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Glove for curing / therapy
Gloves delivering cosmetics
Yarns (for gloves)
Knitting gloves
Special rules of classification within this group

For partial covering or protection of hand class in A41D 13/081 (hand protectors).

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class additionally in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245

[N: made of several layers of material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Linings]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with openings, e.g. for the nails or for exposing jewellery]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with slits for the fingers or part of the hand]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with pockets]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with accessories]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for massage
Finger worn pointing device
Data gloves
Pointing devices
Capacitive touch screens
Mobile pen-type handsets
Facilitating the use of keys in mobile devices
[N: Measuring instruments, e.g. watch, thermometer]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fixation of watch cases on items of clothing
[N: Whistles or other warning devices]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Retaining means]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), class only in A41F 1/06 .

For fastening glove in other area, class only in A41F 1/06. For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment class in A41D 13/0005

[N: for fastening an article to the glove]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: for connecting the glove to the garment or the arm of the user]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove in other area, classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove to another garment classify in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment classify in A41D 13/0005.

[N: Cuff portions]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), class only in A41F 1/06 .

For fastening glove in other area, class only in A41F 1/06. For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment with sealing class in A41D 13/0005.

[N: Decorations]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Plastic or rubber gloves]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Glove dispensers in surgery / diagnosis
Gloves delivering cosmetics
Dipping process
Shaping by coating a mould
Encapsulating inserts in plastic
Producing gloves from plastics
Dispensing flat articles
Reinforced macromolecular compounds
Coating shaped articles
Magnet detectable rubber gloves
C08K33/22C08L 21/00
Latex compounds
Oilcloth obtained by covering fibrous webs with rubber, PU
Safety control of machines
Tags for object detection
Alarms, ferromagnetic tags
G08B13/24B2
Surgery instruments detector
K16B19/00Q4
[N: Three-dimensional gloves]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: made of one layer of material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with a textile layer underneath]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dipping process
Weft knitting for gloves
[N: Two-dimensional gloves, i.e. obtained by superposition of two sheets of material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sanitary / disposable caps (food / hospital)
[N: made of one layer of material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: permitting handling and containing of waste materials]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand implements for removing excrements
[N: with channels for conveying fluids]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Details]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Nail-like attachments]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Joints between glove and cuff or garment]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove in other area, classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or here (A41D 19/0089).

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment class in A41D 13/0005.

[N: Retaining means, e.g. loops for hanging the gloves]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices to assist donning of gloves
Glove hooks on walls
[N: Means for resisting mechanical agressions, e.g. cutting or piercing]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

with undivided covering for all four fingers, i.e. mittens ([N: A41D 19/0055], A41D 19/015 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Kitchen pot holders
Protective gloves [N: (A41D 19/0055 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: resistant to mechanical agressions, e.g. cutting, piercing]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: made of wire-mesh, e.g. butchers' gloves]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Armour plate constructions
[N: with protection against crushing, e.g. of the finger tips]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: absorbing shocks or vibrations]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with thermal or fire protection]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Heated gloves]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating / cooling therapy of human body
Ohmic-resist. heating in clothes
Hand heating / cooling
Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing
[N: Cooled gloves]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating / cooling therapy of human body
Hand heating / cooling
Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing
[N: with grip improving means]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: using hooks and loops fastening system]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: using a layer of grip improving material (A41D 19/01552 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: using strips of material]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with luminous or reflective means (protective garments with reflective or luminous safety means A41D 13/01)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting signalling worn by driver
Structural combinations of lighting devices with clothing, gloves
Structural combination of light devices with fire-fighting equipment
Refracting surfaces
Visible signalling arrangements attached on persons, reflective safety belts
Illuminated signs
Indicating arrangements with diodes
Special rules of classification within this group

Reflective means include mirrors.

[N: with means to restrain or support the hand]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Orthopaedic devices for fingers
[N: including rigid elements]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with accessories, e.g. tools, receptacles]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Arrangements for cutting-out, or shapes of, glove blanks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Appliances for making gloves; Measuring devices for glove-making
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Glove-turning machines (turning inside-out of tubular articles D06G 3/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Measuring devices for glove-making]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring instruments
Wristbands or headbands, e.g. for absorbing sweat (hat fittings A42C 5/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Towels, body-drying implements
Special rules of classification within this group

For exterior protection on arm to use as handkerchief, class in A41D 27/12 and as additional information in A41B 15/00.

If it has the shape of an armband, class additionally in A41D 20/00.

Scarves; Head-scarves; Neckerchiefs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Soft caps, turbans
Bonnets
Veils
Neckties
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Decorative bow structures
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises ascot ties, bow ties and cravates.

Comprises protectors of neckties.

[N: Making neckties]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Neckties provided with holding devices, e.g. button holes or loops for securing them to a shirt or for holding the two ends of the necktie]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shirt collars with supports for neckties
with ready-made knot or bow, with or without bands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: with knot simulated by a ring or the like]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Means for forming the knot or bow, e.g. combined with means for holding the tie]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Means for holding the necktie (A41D 25/025 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shirt collars with supports for neckties
[N: Bands]; Fastening devices for the bands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

with knot, bow or like tied by the user
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Means for forming or tying the knot, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Means for holding the knot, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

attachable to the collar or stud
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shirt collars with supports for neckties
Means for forming and holding simultaneously
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Linings; Stiffening-pieces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Linings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Removable linings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Stiffening-pieces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Trimmings; Ornaments (trimmings in general D04D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printing imitating patterns
Decoration of surfaces
Decoration of surfaces by etching
Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
Decoration with light effects, holograms
Imitation of artists work
Labelling fabrics
Mechanical ornamentation of leather
Decorative bow structures
Embroidery
Decorating textiles
Decorating textiles with glass beads or other particulate material
Etching with laser for patterning surfaces
Mobile advertising by a carrier person / animal
Labels/ identification means
Signs
Mobile advertising fixed on human dresses
Brooches (Decorative ornament or jewellery to be fastened on clothing)
[N: Luminous ornaments]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Decoration with light effects, holograms
Lighting with clothing
Illuminated signs, luminous advertising being electroluminescent
Indicating arrangements with diodes
Circuits for light sources, controlling
Special rules of classification within this group

Light emitting electronic textiles classed & treated in G09F 13/22, G09F 9/33

Sleeves; Armholes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Shields or protectors
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protectors for shirt collars
Protectors for shirt cuffs
Protective undergarments, when protection done by textile only
Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)
Napkins attachable to clothing
Napkin with separate holding devices
Lap trays
Surgical drapes
Bibs for babies/children
Aprons
Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)
Leggings
Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises protection of interior of clothing, usually for absorbing sweat. Comprises also protection of exterior of clothing, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, except in the cases mentioned below.

Does not comprise protection of shirt's collar, or shirt's cuffs.

For protection of shirt collars, class in A41B 3/18.

For protection of shirt cuffs, class in A41B 7/12.

For protecting exterior front part from getting dirty class in:

When protection is for children/babies, class in bibs A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, class in aprons A41D 13/04.

For exterior protection on arm to use as handkerchief, class in A41D 27/12 and in A41B 15/00.

For protectors of neckties class in A41D 25/00.

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection) A41D 1/088

For protection of trousers from rain, soiling with leggings class in A41D 17/02

For mending garments by adhesive or adhesive patches, class additionally in A41H 27/00

Under-arm shields
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protective undergarments when protection done by textile only
Absorbent pads for breast / torso
Additives (for odour) of absorbent pads
A61F13/15H8
Absorbent pads attaching to the body
Body deodorants
Textiles containing perfume or deodorants
Special rules of classification within this group

For separate under-arm shields for underwear or outerwear, usually for absorbing sweat, classify in A41D 27/13.

For underwear having integral sweat/odor protection means classify in A41B 9/12.

on the underedge of the garment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Piping edges; Protectors for the edges of trouser legs]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Piping edges (clothing having trimming stitched in seams or along edges).

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Collar-shields
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises protectors for collars of outerwear, not of shirts.

Illustrative example:

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Protection of shirt collars
Special rules of classification within this group

For protection of shirt collars, class in A41B 3/18.

For protection of shirt cuffs, class in A41B 7/12.

Cloth collars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Neckbands for shirts
Collars for shirts
Pockets; Making or setting-in pockets
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Special rules of classification within this group

For professional or protective garments with pockets where the construction of the pocket is relevant per se classify in A41D 27/20 and lower groups and in A41D 13/0012.

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies classify in A41D 13/12 and in A41D 13/0012.

[N: Pocket closures]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Making or setting-in pockets (machines or appliances for folding the edges of pockets while manufacturing A41H 33/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

[N: Pockets adapted to receive a mobile phone or other electronic equipment]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Loops or hooks for hanging-up (with locking devices E05B 69/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Show hangers
Clothes hangers
Hems; Seams
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Treating selvedges or other edges
Seaming textiles
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises stitch, when stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For details of hems of trousers class in A41D 27/24 and A41D 1/06.

[N: made by welding or gluing (joining of plastics by welding or gluing B29C 65/00; sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams D05B 17/00; thermal or chemical fixing of seams and hems D06M)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread
Joining of performed parts
B29C65/00M12C6
Ultrasonic welding
Applying adhesive
Welding & severing by ultrasonic vibrations
B29C65/74D16
Laminating using adhesive
Layered products using adhesive
Forming selvedges by adhesion
Thermal or chemical fixing of seams, hems and cuttings
Thermal or chemical fixing of seams, hems and cuttings
Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches
Special rules of classification within this group

When stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For methods of joining garment parts or blanks by gluing or welding, class also in A41H 43/04.

Shoulder-pads; Hip-pads; Bustles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shoulder cushioning attachments for shoulder straps
Special rules of classification within this group

Includes only shaping pads, not protection pads.

For hip shock-absorbing / protection pads, refer to A41D 13/0506 and A41D 13/015.

Means for ventilation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ventilation in shoes
Special rules of classification within this group

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

-Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.

-When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.

-When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.

Uniforms; Parts or accessories of uniforms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Selection of special materials for outerwear
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Composite separation membranes
Woven fabrics characterised by material
Knitted with synthetic threads
Making textile fabrics from fibers
Other non-woven fabrics
Mechanical treatment on fabrics
Coating fibres
Textiles containing perfume or deodorants
Flexible sheet materials
[N: made from a plurality of interconnected elements (A41D 31/0011 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Armoured clothing plate construction
[N: Selection of special materials for protective garments (composition of materials for clothing affording protection against harmful chemical agents A62D 5/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprises materials of protective clothing having camouflage pattern.

Illustrative examples:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Materials for clothing protecting against harmful chemical agents
Camouflage flexible covers, screens, nets
Clothing protecting against X radiations
Special rules of classification within this group

For protective clothing having camouflage pattern class in A41D 13/00.

[N: of layered products (A41D 31/0022 to A41D 31/0077 take precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Layered products, next to fibrous layer
Laminating processes
Laminated products with one fibrous layer
Two or more fibrous layers
Double or multi-ply fabrics
Producing multi-layer textile fabrics
Special rules of classification within this group

For layered textiles in garments protecting against insects classify only in A41D 13/001.

[N: against fire and heat]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fireproof yarns
Woven fabrics using heat / flame proof threads
Knitted with synthetic threads
[N: with thermal protective materials (heat and fire resistant materials A41D 31/0022)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only thermal protection against cold.

Illustrative examples:

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Thermal insulation in general
[N: using layered materials]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Duvets
Pillows
Loose filling materials for upholstery
Filling of cushions, mattresses
Non-woven fabrics formed by filamentary materials
Quilting and filling with feathers
Treatment of feathers
[N: with shock absorbing materials]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cushioning for helmets
Cushions in bicycle seats
Loose filling materials for upholstery
Chemical aspects of damping compositions
Springs, dampers
Shock absorbers
Protective helmets (bulletproof)
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means.

For protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment, class in A41D 13/05

For shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads, class in A41D 13/015.

[N: resistant to mechanical aggressions, e.g. pierceproof materials (aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions A41D 13/043)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cut resistant yarns
Armoured clothing plate construction
Special rules of classification within this group

Also contains abrasion resistant materials

[N: against electric shocks or static electricity]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Anti-static materials
[N: with antibacterial or antimicrobial materials]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Anthrax
Special rules of classification within this group

For ABC suits (used to protect against chemical/biological/toxic environment) forward to A62B 17/006 and do not class in A41D 13/00.

[N: using layered materials]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Laminates for surgical drapes
[N: with retroreflective materials]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Reflective materials of electromagnetic waves, protecting against them.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods producing reflective surfaces
[N: using layered materials]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

of layered materials [N: (A41D 31/0011 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Waterproof/breathable material construction for non-protective garments, i.e. Gore-Tex.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Layered products, next to fibrous layer
Laminating processes
Laminated products with one fibrous layer
Two or more fibrous layers
Double or multi-ply fabrics
Producing multi-layer textile fabrics
Treating fabrics with fluorine
Hoods
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Soft hoods
Hoods attachable to clothing
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Drawstrings inside pants
Special rules of classification within this group

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class additionally in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245.

made by welding or gluing
Special rules of classification within this group

When stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245.

inflatable
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises also already inflated sealed structures, i .e. air bubbles

Air permeability; Ventilation
Special rules of classification within this group

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

-Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.

-When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.

-When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.

Reducing drag or turbulence in air or water
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Flying suits
Special rules of classification within this group

For increasing drag or turbulence in air or water, class in A41D 2400/80

UV light protection
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Umbrellas
Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams
Radiation therapy
A61N5/06Z, A61N 2005/0645
Fiber treatment
Dyeing textiles
Sun-shades
Tents
Filters with dyes
Outdoor fabrics for tents
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises also protection for ranges other than UV, i.e. IR

UV light permeability
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Umbrellas
Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams
Radiation therapy
A61N5/06Z, A61N 2005/0645
Fiber treatment
Dyeing textiles
Sun-shades
Tents
Filters with dyes
Outdoor fabrics for tents
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises also protection for ranges other than UV, i.e. IR

Deoderising or perfuming
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holders for air deodorants
Body deodorants
Perfumes encapsulated in a carrier
Perfumes released by thermal or chemical activation
Textiles containing perfume or deodorants
Containers for holding perfume
Donning facilities
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises drop-seat opening for overalls

Moisture handling or wicking function
Special rules of classification within this group

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

-Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.

-When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.

-When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.

through several layers
Special rules of classification within this group

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

-Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.

-When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.

-When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.

-When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.

Friction or grip reinforcement
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises function of increasing drag or turbulence in air or water

Welding
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Masks/eye protectors for welders
Welding protection for head
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013