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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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DIAGNOSIS ; SURGERY ; IDENTIFICATION( analysing biological material G01N, e.g. G01N 33/48 ; obtaining records using waves other than optical waves, in general G03B 42/00 )
NOTE
-
This subclass covers instruments, implements and processes for diagnostic, surgical and person-identification purposes, including obstetrics, instruments for cutting corns, vaccination instruments, finger-printing, psycho-physical tests.

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
A61B 5/0295 covered by A61B 5/026A61B 5/1455 covered by A61B5/00N4A61B 5/1459 covered by A61B5/00N4BA61B 5/1464 covered by A61B5/00N4FA61B 5/1468 covered by A61B5/00N2A61B 5/1473 covered by A61B5/00N2BA61B 5/1477 covered by A61B5/00N2DA61B 5/1482 covered by A61B5/00N2FA61B 5/151 covered by A61B 5/1411A61B 5/153 covered by A61B 5/1405A61B 5/154 covered by A61B 5/1438A61B 5/157 covered by A61B 5/00 and s. gr. A61B17/03 covered by A61B 17/00A61B17/125 covered by A61B 17/122A61B17/138 covered by A61B 17/12A61B17/76 covered by A61B 17/744
A61B17/78 covered by A61B 17/744A61B17/90 covered by A61B 17/88A61B17/94 covered by A61B 17/29

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Guide Heading:
Diagnosis ; Psycho-physical tests
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Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes( examination of body cavities or body tracts using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves A61B 8/12 ; instruments, e.g. endoscopes, for taking a cell sample A61B 10/00 ; endoscopic cutting instruments A61B 17/32 ; surgical instruments using a laser beam being directed along or through a flexible conduit A61B 18/22 ; technical endoscopes G02B 23/24 ) ; Illuminating arrangements therefor( for the eyes A61B 3/00 )
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.
{
Operational features of endoscopes
}
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A61B 1/00004
. .
{
characterised by electronic signal processing
}
A61B 1/00006
. . .
{
of control signals
}
. . .
{
of image signals( G06T takes precedence )
}
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A61B 1/00011
. .
{
characterised by data transmission
}
A61B 1/00013
. . .
{
using optical means
}
. . .
{
using wireless means
}
. . .
{
using electrical cables
}
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A61B 1/0002
. .
{
provided with data storages
}
. . .
{
removable
}
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A61B 1/00025
. .
{
characterised by power management
}
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A61B 1/00027
. . .
{
characterised by power supply
}
A61B 1/00029
. . . .
{
externally powered, e.g. wireless
}
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. . . .
{
internally powered
}
A61B 1/00034
. . . . .
{
rechargeable
}
. . .
{
Means for power saving, e.g. sleeping mode
}
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. .
{
provided with data input arrangements for the user
}
. . .
{
for user message recording
}
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A61B 1/00043
. .
{
provided with signal output arrangements
}
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A61B 1/00045
. . .
{
Display arrangement
}
. . . .
{
Constructional features of the display
}
. . . .
{
for multiple images
}
. . . .
{
positioned at proximal end of the endoscope body
}
. . .
{
for alerting the user
}
. .
{
provided with means for testing or calibration
}
. .
{
provided with identification means for the endoscope
}
. .
{
provided with means for preventing overuse
}
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A61B 1/00064
.
{
Constructional details of the endoscope body
}
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. .
{
Proximal part of endoscope body, e.g. handles( A61B 1/0052 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
Valve switch arrangements
}
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. .
{
Insertion part of the endoscope body( A61B 1/0055 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
with externally grooved shaft
}
A61B 1/00075
. . .
{
with externally roughened shaft
}
. . .
{
with stiffening means
}
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. . .
{
characterised by distal tip features
}
. . . .
{
Balloons
}
. . . .
{
Baskets
}
. . . .
{
Tools( A61B 17/00234 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
Hoods
}
. . . .
{
Nozzles
}
. . . .
{
Suction openings
}
. . . .
{
Optical elements
}
. . . .
{
Deflecting means for inserted tools
}
A61B 1/00101
. . . .
{
the distal tip features being detachable
}
. .
{
designed for single use
}
. .
{
characterised by modular construction
}
. .
{
characterised by self-sufficient functionality for stand-alone use
}
. .
{
Manufacturing of endoscope parts
}
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.
{
Connection or coupling means
}
. .
{
Electrical cables for connection to external units
}
. .
{
Optical cables, e.g. for connection to an external light source
}
. .
{
Tubes or pipes, e.g. for fluid supply to the endoscope
}
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A61B 1/00121
. .
{
Connectors, fasteners and adapters, e.g. on the endoscope handle
}
. . .
{
electrical, e.g. electrical plug-and-socket connection
}
A61B 1/00126
. . .
{
optical, e.g. for light supply cables
}
. . .
{
mechanical, e.g. for tubes or pipes
}
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A61B 1/00131
.
{
Accessories for endoscopes
}
. .
{
Drive units, e.g. for endoscopic tools
}
. .
{
Oversleeves( A61B 1/00142 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
End pieces, e.g. caps, seals, forceps plugs
}
. .
{
Fastening elements for attaching accessories to the outside of an endoscope shaft, e.g. clips, clamps or bands
}
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.
{
with means for preventing contamination, e.g. by using a sanitary sheath
}
. .
{
Hygienic packaging
}
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.
{
Holding or positioning arrangements
}
. .
{
using articulated arms
}
. .
{
using everted tubes
}
. .
{
using guide tubes
}
. .
{
using self propulsion
}
. .
{
using magnetic field
}
. .
{
using motor drive units
}
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.
{
Optical arrangements( A61B 1/002 , A61B 1/06 take precedence )
}
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. .
{
with light-conductive means, e.g. fibre optics( A61B 1/07 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
Details of optical fibre bundles, e.g. shape or fibre distribution
}
. . .
{
Details of single optical fibres, e.g. material or cladding
}
. .
{
with means for scanning
}
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. .
{
characterised by the viewing angles
}
. . .
{
for 90 degrees side-viewing
}
. . .
{
for off-axis viewing
}
. . .
{
for multiple fixed viewing angles( A61B 1/00193 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
for variable viewing angles
}
. .
{
with imaging filters
}
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. .
{
with focusing or zooming features
}
. . .
{
characterised by variable lenses
}
. .
{
adapted for stereoscopic vision
}
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. .
{
with eyepieces
}
. . .
{
characterised by multiple eyepieces
}
.
having rod-lens arrangements( A61B 1/055 takes precedence )
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.
Flexible endoscopes
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. .
{
with controlled bending of insertion part [M1110
}
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. . .
{
Constructional details of control elements, e.g. handles
}
A61B 1/0053
. . . .
{
using distributed actuators, e.g. artificial muscles
}
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. . .
{
Constructional details of insertion parts, e.g. vertebral elements
}
A61B 1/0056
. . . .
{
the insertion parts being asymmetric, e.g. for unilateral bending mechanisms
}
. . .
{
Constructional details of force transmission elements, e.g. control wires
}
A61B 1/0058
. .
{
using shape-memory elements
}
. .
Articulations
. .
Guiding arrangements therefore
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A61B 1/012
.
characterised by internal passages or accessories therefor
. .
{
Endoscope within endoscope
}
. .
Control of fluid supply or evacuation
. .
for receiving instruments
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.
combined with photographic or television appliances
{
( camera adapters G03B 17/48 )
}
. .
{
Capsule endoscopes for imaging
}
. .
{
characterised by a proximal camera, e.g. a CCD camera
}
. .
{
for fluorescence imaging
}
A61B 1/045
. .
Control therefor
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A61B 1/05
. .
characterised by the image sensor, e.g. camera, being in the distal end portion
. . .
{
Details of CCD assembly
}
A61B 1/053
. . .
{
being detachable
}
A61B 1/055
. .
having rod-lens arrangements
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.
with illuminating arrangements
. .
{
for annular illumination
}
. .
{
for radial illumination
}
. .
{
for off-axis illumination
}
. .
{
for monochromatic illumination
}
. .
{
providing two or more wavelengths
}
. .
{
with illumination filters
}
. .
{
with wavelength conversion
}
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. .
{
Endoscope light sources
}
. . .
{
at proximal end of an endoscope
}
A61B 1/0676
. . .
{
at distal tip of an endoscope
}
A61B 1/0684
. . .
{
using light emitting diodes (LED)
}
. . .
{
head mounted
}
. .
using light-conductive means, e.g. optical fibres
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.
with cooling or rinsing arrangements
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. .
{
provided with means for cleaning post-use
}
. . .
{
using cleaning tools, e.g. brushes
}
. . .
{
using washing machines
}
. . .
{
using fluid circuits
}
. .
{
provided with means for cleaning in-use
}
. .
{
with means for preventing fogging( A61B 1/253 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
provided with means for regulating temperature
}
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A61B 1/227
.
for ears, i.e. otoscopes
A61B 1/2275
. .
{
with controlled air pressure
}
A61B 1/233
.
for the nose, i.e. nasoscopes,
{
e.g. testing of patency of Eustachian tubes
}
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.
for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors( tongue depressors per se A61B 13/00 ) ; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth( combined with saliva removers A61C 17/00 ; mouth openers for animals A61D 15/00 )
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A61B 1/247
. .
with means for viewing areas outside the direct line of sight, e.g. dentists` mirrors
A61B 1/253
. . .
with means for preventing fogging
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A61B 1/267
.
for the respiratory tract, e.g. laryngoscopes, bronchoscopes
A61B 1/2673
. .
{
for monitoring movements of vocal chords
}
A61B 1/2676
. .
{
Bronchoscopes
}
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A61B 1/273
.
for the upper alimentary canal, e.g. oesophagoscopes, gastroscopes
A61B 1/2733
. .
{
Oesophagoscopes
}
A61B 1/2736
. .
{
Gastroscopes
}
A61B 1/303
.
for the vagina, i.e. vaginoscopes
A61B 1/307
.
for the urinary organs, e.g. urethroscopes, cystoscopes
A61B 1/31
.
for the rectum, e.g. proctoscopes, sigmoidoscopes,
{
colonoscopes
}
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A61B 1/313
.
for introducing through surgical openings, e.g. laparoscopes
A61B 1/3132
. .
{
for laparoscopy
}
A61B 1/3135
. .
{
for examination of the epidural or the spinal space
}
A61B 1/3137
. .
{
for examination of the interior of blood vessels
}
A61B 1/317
. .
for bones or joints, e.g. osteoscopes, arthroscopes
.
Devices for opening or enlarging the visual field, e.g. of a tube of the body( dilators A61M 29/00 )
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Apparatus for testing the eyes ; Instruments for examining the eyes( eye inspection using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves A61B 8/10 ; devices for treatment of the eyes A61F 9/00 ; exercisers for the eyes A61H 5/00 ; optical systems in general G02B )
.
{
provided with illuminating means( A61B 3/117 takes precedence; goniolenses used for laser treatment A61F 9/009 ; illuminating means for optical instruments G02B 27/00 )
}
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A61B 3/0016
.
{
Operational features thereof
}
. .
{
characterised by electronic signal processing, e.g. eye models
}
. .
{
characterised by user input arrangements
}
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A61B 3/0041
. .
{
characterised by display arrangements
}
. . .
{
Constructional features of the display
}
. . .
{
for multiple images
}
. .
{
with identification means for the apparatus
}
.
{
provided with adjusting devices, e.g. operated by control lever( manipulators B25J )
}
.
{
provided with means for patient positioning
}
.
{
Fixation targets for viewing direction
}
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A61B 3/02
.
Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient
. .
{
for testing contrast sensitivity
}
. .
for determining the visual field, e.g. perimeter types
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A61B 3/028
. .
for testing visual acuity ; for determination of refraction, e.g. phoropters
A61B 3/0285
. . .
{
Phoropters
}
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. . .
Devices for presenting test symbols or characters, e.g. test chart projectors( A61B 3/036 takes precedence )
A61B 3/0325
. . . .
{
provided with red and green targets
}
A61B 3/036
. . .
for testing astigmatism
. . .
Trial frames ; Sets of lenses for use therewith( lenses per se G02C 7/02 )
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A61B 3/06
. .
for testing light sensitivity, e.g. adaptation ; for testing colour vision
A61B 3/063
. . .
{
for testing light sensitivity, i.e. adaptation
}
A61B 3/066
. . .
{
for testing colour vision
}
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A61B 3/08
. .
for testing binocular or stereoscopic vision. e.g. strabismus
A61B 3/085
. . .
{
for testing strabismus
}
A61B 3/09
. .
for testing accommodation
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.
Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients` perceptions or reactions
. .
{
for measuring distances inside the eye, e.g. thickness of the cornea( A61B 3/11 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
for examining the tear film
}
. .
{
for wavefront analysis
}
. .
{
for optical coherence tomography (OCT)
}
. .
{
for confocal scanning
}
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. .
for determining refraction, e.g. refractometers, skiascopes
. . .
{
for measuring astigmatism( testing astigmatism A61B 3/036 )
}
. .
for determining the shape or measuring the curvature of the cornea
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A61B 3/11
. .
for measuring interpupillary distance or diameter of pupils
. . .
{
for measuring interpupillary distance
}
A61B 3/112
. . .
{
for measuring diameter of pupils
}
. .
for determining or recording eye movement
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. .
for examining the anterior chamber or the anterior chamber angle, e.g. gonioscopes
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A61B 3/1173
. . .
{
for examining the eye lens
}
. . . .
{
for determining lens opacity, e.g. cataract
}
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. .
for looking at the eye fundus, e.g. ophthalmoscopes( A61B 3/13 takes precedence )
A61B 3/1208
. . .
{
Multiple lens hand-held instruments
}
A61B 3/1216
. . .
{
for diagnostics of the iris
}
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A61B 3/1225
. . .
{
using coherent radiation
}
A61B 3/1233
. . . .
{
for measuring blood flow, e.g. at the retina
}
A61B 3/1241
. . .
{
specially adapted for observation of ocular blood flow, e.g. by fluorescein angiography
}
. . .
with contact lenses( contact lenses per se G02C 7/04 )
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. .
Ophthalmic microscopes
A61B 3/132
. . .
{
in binocular arrangement
}
A61B 3/135
. . .
Slit-lamp microscopes
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. .
Arrangements specially adapted for eye photography
{
( apparatus or arrangements for taking photographs per se G03B )
}
A61B 3/145
. . .
{
by video means
}
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A61B 3/15
. . .
with means for aligning, spacing or blocking spurious reflection;
{
with means for relaxing
}
A61B 3/152
. . . .
{
for aligning
}
A61B 3/154
. . . .
{
for spacing
}
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A61B 3/156
. . . .
{
for blocking
}
. . . . .
{
of corneal reflection
}
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. .
for measuring intraocular pressure, e.g. tonometers
. . .
{
Non-contacting tonometers
}
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.
Arrangement of plural eye-testing or -examining apparatus
. .
{
characterised by modular construction
}
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Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes( radiation diagnosis A61B 6/00 ; diagnosis by ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves A61B 8/00 ) ; Identification of persons
{
( measuring or recording in general subclasses of G01; medical informatics G06F 19/30 )
}
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.
Remote monitoring of patients using telemetry, e.g. transmission of vital signals via a communication network( A61B 5/07 takes precedence; transmission systems for measured values G08C; transmission H04B; transmission of digital information H04L; wireless communication networks H04W )]
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A61B 5/0004
. .
{
characterised by the type of physiological signal transmitted
}
A61B 5/0006
. . .
{
ECG or EEG signals
}
A61B 5/0008
. . .
{
Temperature signals
}
A61B 5/0011
. . .
{
Foetal or obstetric data
}
A61B 5/0013
. . .
{
Medical image data( A61B 1/00011 , A61B 6/56 , A61B 8/56 take precedence )
}
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A61B 5/0015
. .
{
characterised by features of the telemetry system
}
. . .
{
transmitting optical signals( transmission by light H04B 10/00 )
}
A61B 5/002
. . .
{
Monitoring the patient using a local or closed circuit, e.g. in a room or building( A61B 5/0017 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/0022
. . .
{
Monitoring a patient using a global network, e.g. telephone networks, internet
}
A61B 5/0024
. . .
{
for multiple sensor units attached to the patient, e.g. using a body or personal area network
}
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A61B 5/0026
. .
{
characterised by the transmission medium
}
A61B 5/0028
. . .
{
Body tissue as transmission medium, i.e. transmission systems where the medium is the human body
}
A61B 5/0031
. .
{
Implanted circuitry
}
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A61B 5/0033
.
{
Features or image-related aspects of imaging apparatus classified in A61B 5/00 , e.g. for MRI, optical tomography or impedance tomography apparatus; arrangements of imaging apparatus in a room ( image data processing or generation G06T )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/0033 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation

A61B 5/0035
. .
{
adapted for acquistion of images from more than one imaging mode, e.g. combining MRI and optical tomography
}
A61B 5/0037
. .
{
Performing a preliminary scan, e.g. a prescan for identifying a region of interest
}
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A61B 5/004
. .
{
adapted for image acquisition of a particular organ or body part( A61B 5/0082 takes precedence; arrangements for optical scanning A61B 5/0062 )
}
A61B 5/0042
. . .
{
for the brain
}
A61B 5/0044
. . .
{
for the heart
}
A61B 5/0046
. .
{
Arrangements of imaging apparatus in a room, e.g. room provided with shielding or for improved access to apparatus
}
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.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording by applying mechanical forces or stimuli( A61B 5/021 , A61B 5/4884 and A61B 9/00 take precedence )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/0048 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/022 , A61B 5/11

. .
{
by applying vibrations
}
. .
{
by applying pressure, e.g. compression, indentation, palpation, grasping, gauging
}
. .
{
by applying suction
}
. .
{
by applying motion other than vibrations, e.g. rolling, rubbing, applying a torque, tribometry
}
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.
{
using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence( A61B 5/0093 , A61B 5/1455 , A61B 5/02416 and A61B 5/0261 take precedence )
}
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. .
{
Arrangements for scanning
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/0062 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group A61B 5/00 P

. . .
{
Body surface scanning
}
. . .
{
Optical coherence imaging
}
. . .
{
Confocal scanning
}
. .
{
by measuring fluorescence emission
}
. .
{
by tomography, i.e. reconstruction of 3D images from 2D projections( A61B 5/0066 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
by spectroscopy, i.e. measuring spectra, e.g. Raman spectroscopy, infrared absorption spectroscopy( A61B 5/0071 takes precedence )
}
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. .
{
Devices for viewing the surface of the body, e.g. camera, magnifying lens
}
A61B 5/0079
. . .
{
using mirrors, i.e. for self-examination
}
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. .
{
adapted for particular medical purposes
}
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. . .
{
for introduction into the body, e.g. by catheters( A61B 5/1459 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/0086
. . . .
{
using infra-red radiation
}
. . .
{
for oral or dental tissue
}
. . .
{
for mammography
}
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.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording by applying one single type of energy and measuring its conversion into another type of energy
}
. .
{
by applying light and detecting acoustic waves, i.e. photoacoustic measurements
}
. .
{
by applying acoustic waves and detecting light , i.e. acoustooptic measurements
}
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.
Measuring temperature of body parts;
{
Diagnostic temperature sensing, e.g. for malignant or inflammed tissue
}
( clinical thermometers G01K 5/22 ; thermometers for special purposes G01K 13/00 )
A61B 5/015
. .
[By temperature mapping of body parts]
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.
Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow ; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination ; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation ; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
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A61B 5/02007
. .
{
Evaluating blood vessel condition, e.g. elasticity, compliance
}
A61B 5/02014
. . .
{
Determining aneurysm
}
A61B 5/02021
. . .
{
Determining capillary fragility
}
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A61B 5/02028
. .
{
Determining haemodynamic parameters not otherwise provided for, e.g. cardiac contractility or left ventricular ejection fraction
}
A61B 5/02035
. . .
{
Determining blood viscosity
}
A61B 5/02042
. .
{
Determining blood loss or bleeding, e.g. during a surgical procedure
}
Collapse
. .
Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular conditions and different types of body conditions, e.g. heart and respiratory condition
. . .
{
Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular condition and temperature
}
Collapse
. .
Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels( A61B 5/0205 takes precedence )
WARNING
-
A61B 5/02108 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also group A61B 5/021

Collapse
A61B 5/02108
. . .
{
from analysis of pulse wave characteristics
}
A61B 5/02116
. . . .
{
of pulse wave amplitude( A61B 5/02225 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/02125
. . . .
{
of pulse wave propagation time
}
A61B 5/02133
. . .
{
by using induced vibration of the blood vessel
}
A61B 5/02141
. . .
Details of apparatus construction, e.g. pump units or housings therefor, cuff pressurising systems, arrangements of fluid conduits or circuits( A61B 5/02233 , A61B 5/0235 take precedence )]
Collapse
. . .
by means inserted into the body( catheters A61M 25/00 )
A61B 5/02152
. . . .
{
specially adapted for venous pressure
}
. . . .
{
by optical transmission
}
. . . .
{
Calibration means
}
. . . .
{
provided with two or more sensor elements
}
Collapse
. . .
by applying pressure to close blood vessels, e.g. against the skin ; Ophthalmodynamometers
WARNING
-
Subgroups of A61B 5/022 are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also this group

A61B 5/02208
. . . .
using the Korotkoff method
A61B 5/02216
. . . .
{
Ophthalmodynamometers
}
A61B 5/02225
. . . .
using the oscillometric method
Collapse
. . . .
{
Occluders specially adapted therefor( tourniquets A61B 17/132 )
}
A61B 5/02241
. . . . .
{
of small dimensions, e.g. adapted to fingers
}
Collapse
A61B 5/0225
. . . .
the pressure being controlled by electric signals, e.g. derived from Korotkoff sounds
A61B 5/02255
. . . . .
{
the pressure being controlled by plethysmographic signals, e.g. derived from optical sensors
}
. . . .
the pressure transducers comprising a liquid column
. . . .
Valves specially adapted therefor
Collapse
. .
Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate( A61B 5/0205 , A61B 5/021 take precedence )
A61B 5/02405
. . .
{
Determining heart rate variability
}
A61B 5/02411
. . .
{
of foetuses
}
Collapse
. . .
{
using photoplethysmograph signals, e.g. generated by infra-red radiation( A61B 5/14552 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/02422
. . . .
{
within occluders
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Details of sensor
}
A61B 5/02433
. . . . .
{
for infra-red radiation
}
. . .
{
with portable devices, e.g. worn by the patient
}
. . .
{
Details of sensor( A61B 5/02427 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
by using sensing means generating electric signals,
{
i.e. ECG signals
}
A61B 5/02455
. . . .
{
provided with high/low alarm devices
}
. . . .
within occluders, e.g. responsive to Korotkoff sounds( electric stethoscopes A61B 7/04 )
A61B 5/0255
. . .
Recording instruments specially adapted therefor
Collapse
. .
Measuring blood flow
{
( A61B 3/1233 , A61B 3/1241 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/0261
. . .
{
using optical means, e.g. infra-red light
}
A61B 5/0263
. . .
{
using NMR
}
Collapse
. . .
using electromagnetic means, e.g. electromagnetic flowmeter
. . . .
using catheters
Collapse
A61B 5/0275
. . .
using tracers, e.g. dye dilution
A61B 5/02755
. . . .
{
Radioactive tracers
}
A61B 5/028
. . . .
by thermo-dilution
A61B 5/0285
. . .
Measuring or recording phase velocity of blood waves
. . .
Measuring or recording blood output from the heart, e.g. minute volume
{
( A61B 8/065 takes precedence )
}
. . .
using plethysmography, i.e. measuring the variations in the volume of a body part as modified by the circulation of blood therethrough, e.g. impedance plethysmography
WARNING
-
This sub-group is not complete pending the completion of a reclassification; see also groups A61B 5/026

Collapse
.
Detecting, measuring or recording fluid pressure within the body other than blood pressure, e.g. cerebral pressure;
{
Measuring pressure in body tissues or organs( A61B 5/205 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
Intracranial pressure
}
A61B 5/032
. .
{
Spinal fluid pressure
}
Collapse
A61B 5/033
. .
{
Uterine pressure
}
A61B 5/035
. . .
{
Intra-uterine probes therefor
}
Collapse
. .
{
by means introduced into body tracts( A61B 5/032 and A61B 5/035 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/037
. . .
{
Measuring oesophageal pressure
}
A61B 5/038
. . .
{
Measuring oral pressure
}
Collapse
.
Detecting, measuring or recording bioelectric signals of the body of parts thereof
. .
{
adapted to neuroelectric signals, e.g. nerve impulses
}
A61B 5/04002
. .
{
Measuring direct current (D.C.) or slowly varying biopotentials
}
. .
{
Input circuits for EEG-, or EMG-signals
}
Collapse
. .
{
Detecting magnetic fields produced by bio-electric currents( measuring magnetic variables in general G01R 33/00 )
}
A61B 5/04007
. . .
{
specially adapted for magnetocardiographic signals
}
Collapse
A61B 5/04008
. . .
{
specially adapted for magneto-encephalographic signals
}
A61B 5/04009
. . . .
{
using evoked response
}
A61B 5/04011
. .
{
Vector-cardiography
}
Collapse
. .
{
Analysis of electro-cardiograms, electro-encephalograms, electro-myograms
}
Collapse
. . .
{
by measuring frequency distribution using a set of filters( arrangements for analysing frequency spectra in general G01R 23/00 )
}
A61B 5/04015
. . . .
{
provided with alarm devices
}
Collapse
A61B 5/04017
. . .
{
by using digital filtering
}
A61B 5/04018
. . . .
{
provided with alarm devices
}
Collapse
. .
Electrocardiography, i.e. ECG
A61B 5/04021
. . .
{
ECG simulator circuits
}
A61B 5/04023
. . .
{
Physical templates or devices for measuring ECG waveforms, e.g. an electrocardiograph ruler or caliper( A61B 5/04525 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/04025
. . .
{
Preparing electrode site, e.g. by abrasion
}
A61B 5/04026
. . .
{
Means for providing electrolyte, e.g. syringes
}
A61B 5/04028
. . .
{
Generation of artificial ECG signals based on measured signals, e.g. to compensate for missing leads
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B5/402K is not complete pending a reorganisation.

. . .
Hand-held devices
Collapse
. . .
Electrodes specially adapted therefor( for foetal cardiography A61B 5/0448 ; for electroencephalograph signals A61B 5/0478 ; for electromyography A61B 5/0492 )
. . . .
{
attached by means of suction
}
. . . .
{
Multiple electrode holders( A61B 5/04286 , A61B 5/0422 take precedence )
}
. . . .
{
using conductive adhesive means
}
A61B 5/0416
. . . .
connected by means of snap fasteners
Collapse
. . . .
for introducing into the body
A61B 5/0421
. . . . .
{
Endotracheal, oesophageal or gastric probes
}
. . . . .
{
Multiple electrode holders
}
. . . .
Protection against electrode failure
Collapse
A61B 5/0428
. . .
Input circuits specially adapted therefor
. . . .
{
using insulating or floating elements, e.g. transformers, opto-couplers( transformers for specific applications H01F 38/00 ; amplifiers H03F; optocouplers H04B 10/80 )
}
A61B 5/04284
. . . .
{
Capacitive or ionised electrodes, e.g. MOSFET
}
. . . .
{
Patient cord assembly, e.g. cable harness
}
. . . .
{
Switching circuits
}
Collapse
. . .
Recording apparatus specially adapted therefor
. . . .
{
using integrated circuit memory devices
}
Collapse
A61B 5/0436
. . . .
Magnetic recording apparatus
A61B 5/04365
. . . . .
{
Playback at speeds other than the recording speed
}
. . .
Displays specially adapted therefor
{
( arrangements for displaying electric variables or waveforms, e.g. cathode-ray oscilloscopes, G01R 13/00 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/0444
. . .
Foetal cardiography
Collapse
. . . .
Electrodes specially adapted therefor, e.g. scalp electrodes
. . . . .
{
attached by means of suction
}
Collapse
. . .
Detecting specific parameters of the electrocardiograph cycle
A61B 5/04525
. . . .
{
by template matching
}
. . . .
{
Detecting R peaks, e.g. for synchronising diagnostic apparatus
}
( physiological signal analysis for synchronising or triggering a measurement or image acquisition A61B 5/7285 )
A61B 5/046
. . . .
Detecting fibrillation
. . . .
Detecting tachycardy or brachycardy
A61B 5/0468
. . . .
Detecting abnormal ECG interval,
{
e.g. extrasystoles, ectopic heartbeats
}
A61B 5/0472
. . . .
Detecting abnormal QRS complex,
{
e.g. widening
}
Collapse
. .
Electroencephalography
{
( devices for psychotechnics A61B 5/16 )
}
. . .
Electrodes specially adapted therefor
. . .
Detecting the frequency distribution of signals
{
( analysing frequency spectra in general G01R 23/00 )
}
. . .
using biofeedback
{
( biofeedback per se A61B 5/486 )
}
Collapse
. . .
using evoked response
A61B 5/04842
. . . .
{
visually
}
. . . .
{
acoustically or auditory
}
A61B 5/04847
. . . .
{
olfactory or gustatory
}
Collapse
A61B 5/0488
. .
Electromyography
A61B 5/04882
. . .
{
of genito-urinary organs
}
A61B 5/04884
. . .
{
Detecting gastro-intestinal contractions
}
A61B 5/04886
. . .
{
specially adapted for electroglottography or electropalatography
}
. . .
{
Control of prosthetics
}
. . .
Electrodes specially adapted therefor, e.g. needle electrodes
. .
Electro-oculography, e.g. detecting nystagmus
{
( measuring or inducing nystagmus A61B 5/4863 )
}
Collapse
.
Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnosis by means of electric currents or magnetic fields;
{
Measuring using microwaves or radiowaves
}
( A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/04 , A61B 5/11 take precedence )
A61B 5/0507
. .
{
using microwaves or terahertz waves
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/0507 is not complete pending a reorganisation.

A61B 5/0515
. .
{
Magnetic particle imaging
}
A61B 5/0522
. .
{
Magnetic induction tomography
}
Collapse
. .
Measuring electrical impedance or conductance of a portion of the body
Collapse
. . .
{
Measuring skin impedance
}
. . . .
{
specially adapted for acupuncture
}
. . . .
{
Measuring galvanic skin response, e.g. by lie detector
}
. . .
{
Testing vitality of teeth
}
. . .
{
impedance plethysmography
}
. . .
{
Impedance imaging, e.g. by tomography
}
. . .
{
Measuring body composition by impedance, e.g. tissue hydration or fat content
}
A61B 5/0538
. . .
{
invasively, e.g. using a catheter
}
Collapse
. .
involving electronic or nuclear magnetic resonance, e.g. magnetic resonance imaging( arrangements or instruments for measuring magnetic variables involving electronic or nuclear magnetic resonance, in general G01R 33/20 )
. . .
{
Means for positioning of patients( for radiation diagnosis or therapy A61B 6/04 )
}
Collapse
.
Devices, other than using radiation, for detecting or locating foreign bodies( or removing same A61B 17/50 );
{
determining position of probes within or on the body of the patient
}
Collapse
. .
{
Determining position of a probe within the body employing means separate from the probe, e.g. sensing internal probe position employing impedance electrodes on the surface of the body( A61B 1/00158 takes precedence )
}
WARNING
-
A61B 5/061 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group(s) A61B 5/06

. . .
{
using magnetic field
}
. . .
{
using impedance measurements
}
. . .
{
using markers( A61B 5/062 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
Determining position of the probe employing exclusively positioning means located on or in the probe e.g. using position sensors arranged on the probe
}
WARNING
-
A61B 5/065 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group A61B 5/06

. . .
{
Superposing sensor position on an image of the patient, e.g. obtained by ultrasound or x-ray imaging
}
A61B 5/067
. . .
{
using accelerometers or gyroscopes
}
A61B 5/068
. . .
{
using impedance sensors
}
Collapse
.
Endoradiosondes
. .
{
Intestinal transmitters
}
. .
{
Permanent implantations
}
( telemetry using implanted circuitry A61B 5/0031 ; implanted stimulators for therapy A61N 1/362 , A61N 1/372 )
Collapse
.
Detecting, measuring or recording devices for evaluating the respiratory organs( A61B 5/0205 takes precedence )
. .
{
Recording apparatus specially adapted therefor
}
. .
{
by whole-body plethysmography( measuring blood flow using plethysmography A61B 5/0295 ; impedance plethysmography A61B 5/053 ; measuring volume of the body or parts thereof A61B 5/1073 )
}
. .
{
by impedance pneumography
}
. .
{
Measurement of pulmonary parameters by tracers, e.g. radioactive tracers
}
. .
{
Measuring devices for examining respiratory frequency( measuring frequency of electric signals G01R 23/00 )
}
. .
{
Evaluation by breath analysis, e.g. determination of the chemical composition of exhaled breath( A61B 5/083 , A61B 5/091 take precedence )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/082 is not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group A61B 5/083

. .
{
Detecting or evaluating cough events
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/0823 is not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group/s A61B 5/08

. .
{
Detecting or evaluating apnoea events( A61B 5/4818 takes precedence )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/0826 is not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group A61B 5/08

Collapse
. .
Measuring rate of metabolism by using breath test, e.g. measuring rate of oxygen consumption
. . .
{
Measuring rate of oxygen consumption
}
. . .
{
Measuring rate of C02 production
}
. .
Measuring impedance of respiratory organs or lung elasticity
Collapse
. .
Measuring breath flow
. . .
{
Peak expiratory flowmeters
}
. . .
{
using optical means
}
. . .
{
using means carried by the fluid stream, e.g. free floating balls
}
. . .
{
using means deflected by the fluid stream, e.g. flaps
}
. . .
{
using temperature sensing means
}
. . .
using an element rotated by the flow
{
( toys actuated by air current A63H 33/40 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/091
. .
Measuring volume of inspired or expired gases, e.g. to determine lung capacity
Collapse
A61B 5/093
. . .
the gases being exhaled into, or inhaled from, an expansible chamber, e.g. bellows or expansible bag
A61B 5/0935
. . . .
{
Recording apparatus specially adapted therefor
}
A61B 5/095
. . . .
within a rigid container, e.g. the boundary being formed by a liquid surface
. .
Devices for facilitating collection of breath or for directing breath into or through measuring devices
Collapse
.
Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern,
{
colour,
}
size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes( A61B 5/08 takes precedence; measuring aids for tailors A41H 1/00 ; measuring instruments specially adapted for dentistry A61C 19/04 )
Collapse
. .
{
Determining colour for diagnostic purposes( measuring colour in general G01J 3/46 )
}
. . .
{
by means of colour cards
}
Collapse
. .
{
Measuring load distribution, e.g. podologic studies
}
A61B 5/1038
. . .
{
Measuring plantar pressure during gait
}
Collapse
. .
Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof
. . .
{
measuring angles, e.g. using goniometers( A61B 5/1123 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
measuring distances on the body, e.g. measuring length, height or thickness( A61B 5/1076 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
Measuring volume, e.g. of limbs
}
A61B 5/1074
. . .
{
Foot measuring devices
}
. . .
{
for measuring dimensions by non-invasive methods, e.g. for determining thickness of tissue layer( A61B 8/0858 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
for measuring dimensions inside body cavities, e.g. using catheters( A61B 3/1005 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Measuring of profiles
}
. . . .
{
by moulding
}
A61B 5/1079
. . .
{
using optical or photographic means
}
Collapse
. .
Measuring movement of the entire body or parts thereof, e.g. head or hand tremor, mobility of a limb( for measuring pulse A61B 5/02 )
{
( A61B 5/1038 takes precedence; motion detection to correct for motion artifacts in physiological signals A61B 5/721 )
}
A61B 5/1101
. . .
{
Detecting tremor
}
A61B 5/1102
. . .
{
Ballistocardiography
}
A61B 5/1103
. . .
{
Detecting eye twinkling
}
Collapse
. . .
{
induced by stimuli or drugs;( A61B 5/1102 takes precedence; investigating medicinal preparations G01N 33/15 )
}
A61B 5/1105
. . . .
{
of laboratory animals, e.g. activity
}
A61B 5/1106
. . . .
{
to assess neuromuscular blockade, e.g. to estimate depth of anaesthesia
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Measuring contraction of parts of the body, e.g. organ, muscle( apparatus for measuring work or force in general G01L )
}
A61B 5/1108
. . . .
{
of excised organs, e.g. muscle preparations
}
A61B 5/1109
. . . .
{
of wounds, e.g. at the operation site
}
A61B 5/1111
. . .
{
Detecting tooth mobility
}
. . .
{
Global tracking of patients, e.g. by using GPS
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Local tracking of patients, e.g. in a hospital or private home
}
A61B 5/1114
. . . .
{
Tracking parts of the body
}
A61B 5/1115
. . . .
{
Monitoring leaving of a patient support, e.g. a bed or a wheelchair
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Determining posture transitions
}
. . . .
{
Fall detection
}
. . .
{
Determining activity level
}
A61B 5/112
. . .
{
Gait analysis
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Determining geometric values, e.g. centre of rotation or angular range of movement
}
A61B 5/1122
. . . .
{
of movement trajectories
}
. . .
{
Discriminating type of movement, e.g. walking or running( A61B 5/1116 , A61B 5/112 take precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Determining motor skills
}
A61B 5/1125
. . . .
{
Grasping motions of hands
}
Collapse
. . .
{
using a particular sensing technique
}
. . . .
{
using markers
}
. . . .
{
using image analysis( A61B 5/1127 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/113
. . .
occurring during breathing
A61B 5/1135
. . . .
{
by monitoring thoracic expansion
}
Collapse
.
Identification of persons, e.g. finger-printing, foot-printing, impression techniques( dental impression cups or articulators A61C 9/00 , A61C 11/00 ; recognition of data G06K ; recognising finger-prints G06K 9/00 ; identification tags G09F 3/00 )
. .
{
Finger-printing
}
A61B 5/1174
. .
{
Foot-printing
}
A61B 5/1176
. .
{
Recognition of faces
}
A61B 5/1178
. .
{
Recognition by dental data
}
Collapse
.
Audiometering
{
Evaluation or the auditory system, not limited to hearing capacity( A61B 5/04845 , A61B 5/4023 take precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
evaluating hearing capacity
}
. . .
{
subjective methods
}
Collapse
. . .
{
objective methods
}
. . . .
{
measuring compliance or mechanical impedance of the tympanic membrane
}
. .
{
evaluating tinnitus
}
Collapse
A61B 5/14
.
Devices for taking samples of blood( hypodermic syringes A61M 5/00 ) ; Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration within the blood, pH-value of blood( measuring of blood pressure A61B 5/02 ; non-radiation detecting or locating of foreign bodies in blood A61B 5/06 )
WARNING
-
This group and its subgroups are no longer used for the classification of new documents as from April 1st, 2010. The backlog of these group is being continuously reclassified to A61B 5/15 and subgroups

Collapse
A61B 5/1405
. .
{
Devices for taking blood samples( devices for taking samples of other body liquids A61B 10/0045 )
}
A61B 5/1411
. . .
{
by percutaneous method, e.g. by lancet
}
A61B 5/1416
. . .
{
by syringes containing more than one piston( medical syringes in general A61M 5/178 )
}
A61B 5/1422
. . .
{
provided with indicating means, e.g. for vein entry
}
A61B 5/1427
. . .
{
Multiple blood sampling, e.g. at periodic or pre-established intervals
}
A61B 5/1433
. . .
{
provided with locking means( details of syringes A61M 5/315 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/1438
. . .
{
using pre-evacuated means
}
A61B 5/1444
. . . .
{
Safety means, e.g. for locking cannula( Removing or disposing of used needles or syringes A61M 5/3205 )
}
Collapse
.
Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value;
{
Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue
}
( measuring of blood pressure or blood flow A61B 5/02 ; non-radiation detecting or locating of foreign bodies in blood A61B 5/06 )
WARNING
-
Groups A61B 5/145 H, A61B 5/14539 and A61B 5/14546 are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also groups A61B 5/145

. .
{
invasive, e.g. introduced into the body by a catheter or needle or using implanted sensors( A61B 5/1459 , A61B 5/1464 , A61B 5/1473 , A61B 5/1482 , A61B 5/14865 take precedence )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/14507
. .
{
specially adapted for measuring characteristics of body fluids other than blood( devices for taking samples of body liquids A61B 10/0045 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/1451
. . .
{
for interstitial fluid
}
A61B 5/14514
. . . .
{
using means for aiding extraction of interstitial fluid, e.g. microneedles or suction
}
Collapse
A61B 5/14517
. . .
{
for sweat
}
A61B 5/14521
. . . .
{
using means for promoting sweat production, e.g. heating the skin( measuring sweat secretion A61B 5/4266 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/14525
. .
{
using microdialysis
}
A61B 5/14528
. . .
{
invasively
}
. .
{
for measuring glucose, e.g. by tissue impedance measurement
}
A61B 5/14535
. .
{
for measuring haematocrit
}
A61B 5/14539
. .
{
for measuring pH
}
. .
{
for measuring blood gases( A61B 5/14551 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/14546
. .
{
for measuring analytes not otherwise provided for, e.g. ions, cytochromes
}
Collapse
. .
using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters
Collapse
A61B 5/14551
. . .
{
for measuring blood gases
}
. . . .
{
Details of sensors specially adapted therefor
}
. . . .
{
specially adapted for cerebral tissue
}
. . . .
{
specially adapted for the eye fundus
}
. . . .
{
by fluorescence( A61B 5/14555 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
specially adapted to extracorporeal circuits
}
. . .
{
by polarisation
}
. . .
invasive, e.g. introduced into the body by a catheter
{
( A61B 5/1464 takes precedence )
}
. . .
specially adapted for foetal tissue
Collapse
. .
using chemical or electrochemical methods, e.g. by polarographic means
{
( A61B 5/1486 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
invasive, e.g. introduced into the body by a catheter
{
( A61B 5/1482 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/14735
. . . .
{
comprising an immobilised reagent
}
A61B 5/1477
. . .
non-invasive
. . .
specially adapted for foetal tissue
Collapse
. .
using enzyme electrodes, e.g. with immobilised oxidase
. . .
{
invasive, e.g. introduced into the body by a catheter or needle or using implanted sensors
}
A61B 5/1491
. .
Heated applicators
. .
Calibrating or testing of in-vivo probes
Collapse
.
Devices for taking samples of blood( hypodermic syringes A61M 5/178 )
NOTE
-
In these subgroups, the following terms are used with the meaning indicated: - "piercing element" means skin penetrating component e.g. blade, needle, lancet, laser beam; - "piercing or lancing device" means device ready to be used for lancing; - "driving device" means device for driving a piercing element e.g. spring

WARNING
-
This group and its subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation. See also A61B 5/14 , A61B 5/1405 and subgroups

Collapse
A61B 5/150007
. .
{
Details
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150015
. . .
{
Source of blood
}
A61B 5/150022
. . . .
{
for capillary blood or interstitial fluid
}
A61B 5/15003
. . . .
{
for venous or arterial blood
}
A61B 5/150038
. . . .
{
for blood from umbilical cord
}
A61B 5/150045
. . . .
{
for blood from vagina, placenta, colon or mouth
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150053
. . .
{
for enhanced collection of blood or interstitial fluid at the sample site, e.g. by applying compression, heat, vibration, ultrasound, suction or vacuum to tissue; for reduction of pain or discomfort; Skin piercing elements, e.g. blades, needles, lancets or canulas, with adjustable piercing speed
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150061
. . . .
{
Means for enhancing collection
}
A61B 5/150068
. . . . .
{
by tissue compression, e.g. with specially designed surface of device contacting the skin area to be pierced
}
A61B 5/150076
. . . . .
{
by heating
}
A61B 5/150083
. . . . .
{
by vibration, e.g. ultrasound
}
A61B 5/150091
. . . . .
{
by electricity
}
A61B 5/150099
. . . . .
{
by negative pressure, other than vacuum extraction into a syringe by pulling on the piston rod or into pre-evacuated tubes
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150106
. . . .
{
Means for reducing pain or discomfort applied before puncturing; desensitising the skin at the location where body is to be pierced
}
A61B 5/150114
. . . . .
{
by tissue compression, e.g. with specially designed surface of device contacting the skin area to be pierced
}
A61B 5/150122
. . . . .
{
by heating
}
A61B 5/150129
. . . . .
{
by cooling
}
A61B 5/150137
. . . . .
{
by vibration( enhancing collection by vibration A61B 5/150175 )
}
A61B 5/150145
. . . . .
{
by negative pressure, e.g. suction, vacuum
}
A61B 5/150152
. . . . .
{
by an adequate mechanical impact on the puncturing location
}
A61B 5/15016
. . . . .
{
by accessories for bringing the piercing element into the body, e.g. through rotation of the piercing element
}
A61B 5/150167
. . . .
{
Adjustable piercing speed of skin piercing element e.g. blade, needle, lancet or canula, for example with varying spring force or pneumatic drive
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150175
. . .
{
Adjustment of penetration depth
}
A61B 5/150183
. . . .
{
Depth adjustment mechanism using end caps mounted at the distal end of the sampling device, i.e. the end-caps are adjustably positioned relative to the piercing device housing for example by rotating or screwing
}
A61B 5/15019
. . . .
{
Depth adjustment mechanism using movable stops located inside the piercing device housing and limiting the travel of the drive mechanism( mechanisms using distal end caps A61B 5/150183 , mechanisms at the piercing element carrier proximal end A61B 5/150198 )
}
A61B 5/150198
. . . .
{
Depth adjustment mechanism at the proximal end of the carrier of the piercing element
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150206
. . .
{
Construction or design features not otherwise provided for; manufacturing or production; packages; sterilisation of piercing element, piercing device or sampling device
}
A61B 5/150213
. . . .
{
Venting means
}
A61B 5/150221
. . . .
{
Valves
}
A61B 5/150229
. . . .
{
Pumps for assisting the blood sampling
}
A61B 5/150236
. . . .
{
Pistons, i.e. cylindrical bodies that sit inside the syringe barrel, typically with an air tight seal, and slide in the barrel to create a vacuum or to expel blood
}
A61B 5/150244
. . . .
{
Rods for actuating or driving the piston i.e. the cylindrical body that sits inside the syringe barrel, typically with an air tight seal, and slides in the barrel to create a vacuum or to expel blood
}
A61B 5/150251
. . . .
{
Collection chamber divided into at least two compartments, e.g. for division of samples( injection syringes having more than one chamber A61M 5/19 ; syringes for injection of two or more media A61M 5/2448 , A61M 5/284 ; sample preparation for further analysis A61B 5/150755 )
}
A61B 5/150259
. . . .
{
Improved gripping, e.g. with high friction pattern or projections on the housing surface or an ergonometric shape
}
A61B 5/150267
. . . .
{
Modular design or construction, i.e. subunits are assembled separately before being joined together or the device comprises interchangeable or detachable modules
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150274
. . . .
{
Manufacture or production processes or steps for blood sampling devices
}
A61B 5/150282
. . . . .
{
for piercing elements e.g. blade, lancet, canula, needle
}
A61B 5/15029
. . . . .
{
for driving devices i.e. means for driving the piercing element
}
A61B 5/150297
. . . . .
{
for piercing devices i.e. devices ready to be used for lancing or piercing( for piercing elements A61B 5/150282 , for driving devices A61B 5/15029 )
}
A61B 5/150305
. . . .
{
Packages specially adapted for piercing devices or blood sampling devices( kits for diabetes A61M 5/003 ; packaging in general B65D )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150312
. . . .
{
Sterilisation of piercing elements, piercing devices or sampling devices( piercing element stocking means, e.g. cartridges, A61B 5/15176 )
}
A61B 5/15032
. . . . .
{
by heating
}
A61B 5/150328
. . . . .
{
by aseptic fluid
}
A61B 5/150335
. . . . .
{
by radiation
}
A61B 5/150343
. . .
{
Collection vessels for collecting blood samples from the skin surface, e.g. test tubes, cuvettes( test tubes in general B01L 3/14 , sampling from within body cavities A61B 5/150015 , A61B 5/150045 )
}
A61B 5/150351
. . .
{
Caps, stoppers or lids for sealing or closing a blood collection vessel or container e.g. a test-tube or syringe barrel( caps for bottles or containers in general B65D 41/00 )
}
A61B 5/150358
. . .
{
Strips for collecting blood, e.g. absorbent( optical reagent test strips G01N 21/8483 ; chemical reagent test strips G01N 33/4875 , G01N 33/52 )
}
A61B 5/150366
. . .
{
Blood collection bags, e.g. connected to the patient by a catheter comprising means for removing a small sample of collected blood from the bag( collection bags as such A61J1/00T , A61M 1/0209 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150374
. . .
{
Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements( double-ended hollow needles A61B 5/150473 , A61B 5/150389 ; single-ended hollow needles A61B 5/150503 , A61B 5/150389 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150381
. . . .
{
Design of piercing elements
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150389
. . . . .
{
Hollow piercing elements, e.g. canulas, needles, for piercing the skin
}
A61B 5/150396
. . . . . .
{
Specific tip design e.g. for improved penetration characteristics
}
A61B 5/150404
. . . . . .
{
Specific design of proximal end
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150412
. . . . .
{
Pointed piercing elements, e.g. needles, lancets for piercing the skin( blade-like piercing elements A61B 5/150442 )
}
A61B 5/150419
. . . . . .
{
comprising means for capillary action
}
A61B 5/150427
. . . . . .
{
Specific tip design e.g. for improved penetration characteristics
}
A61B 5/150435
. . . . . .
{
Specific design of proximal end
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150442
. . . . .
{
Blade-like piercing elements, e.g. blades, cutters, knives, for cutting the skin
}
A61B 5/15045
. . . . . .
{
comprising means for capillary action
}
A61B 5/150458
. . . . . .
{
Specific blade design e.g. for improved cutting and penetration characteristics
}
A61B 5/150465
. . . . . .
{
Specific design of proximal end
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150473
. . . . .
{
Double-ended needles e.g. used with pre-evacuated sampling tubes( hollow piercing element tip design A61B 5/150396 ; needle sets for catheters A61M 25/06 ; needles for bringing media into the body A61M 5/32 )
}
A61B 5/15048
. . . . . .
{
Details of construction of proximal end
}
A61B 5/150488
. . . . . .
{
Details of construction of shaft
}
A61B 5/150496
. . . . . .
{
Details of construction of hub i.e. element used to attach the double-ended needle to a piercing device or sampling device
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150503
. . . . .
{
Single-ended needles( hollow piercing element tip design A61B 5/150396 , needle sets for catheters A61M 25/06 , needles for bringing media into the body A61M 5/32 )
}
A61B 5/150511
. . . . . .
{
Details of construction of shaft
}
A61B 5/150519
. . . . . .
{
Details of construction of hub i.e. element used to attach the single-ended needle to a piercing device or sampling device
}
A61B 5/150526
. . . . .
{
Curved or bent needles
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150534
. . . .
{
Design of protective means for piercing elements for preventing accidental needle sticks e.g. shields, caps, protectors, axially extensible sleeves, pivotable protective sleeves
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150541
. . . . .
{
Breakable protectors, e.g. caps, shields or sleeves, i.e. protectors separated destructively e.g. by breaking a connecting area
}
A61B 5/150549
. . . . . .
{
Protectors removed by rotational movement e.g. torsion or screwing
}
A61B 5/150557
. . . . . .
{
Protectors removed by bending
}
A61B 5/150564
. . . . . .
{
Protectors removed by pulling or pushing
}
A61B 5/150572
. . . . .
{
Pierceable protectors, e.g. shields, caps, sleeves or films, e.g. for hygienic purposes
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15058
. . . . .
{
Joining techniques used for protective means
}
A61B 5/150587
. . . . . .
{
by friction fit
}
A61B 5/150595
. . . . . .
{
by snap-lock( i.e. based on axial displacement )
}
A61B 5/150603
. . . . . .
{
by rotation, e.g. bayonet or screw
}
A61B 5/15061
. . . . . .
{
by material engagement e.g. welding, bonding
}
A61B 5/150618
. . . . . .
{
Integrally moulded protectors, e.g. protectors simultaneously moulded together with a further component, e.g. a hub, of the piercing element
}
A61B 5/150625
. . . . . .
{
by using additional parts e.g. clamping rings or collets
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150633
. . . . .
{
Protective sleeves which are axially extensible, e.g. sleeves connected to, or integrated in, the piercing or driving device; pivotable protective sleeves
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150641
. . . . . .
{
comprising means to impede repositioning of protection sleeve from covering to uncovering position
}
A61B 5/150648
. . . . . . .
{
fully automatically triggered, i.e. the triggering of the protective sleeve does not require a deliberate action by the user such as terminating the contact with the patient's skin
}
A61B 5/150656
. . . . . . .
{
semi-automatically triggered, i.e. in which the triggering of the protective sleeve requires a deliberate action by the user e.g. manual release of spring-biased extension means
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150664
. . . . .
{
Pivotable protective sleeves i.e. sleeves connected to, or integrated in, the piercing or driving device, and which are pivoted for covering or uncovering the piercing element
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150671
. . . . . .
{
comprising means to impede repositioning of protection sleeve from covering to uncovering position
}
A61B 5/150679
. . . . . . .
{
fully automatically triggered, i.e. the triggering of the pivotable protective sleeve does not require a deliberate action by the user such as terminating the contact with the patient's skin
}
A61B 5/150687
. . . . . . .
{
semi-automatically triggered, i.e. in which the triggering of the pivotable protective sleeve requires a deliberate action by the user such as manual release of spring-biased extension means
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150694
. . . . .
{
Procedure for removing protection means at the time of piercing
}
A61B 5/150702
. . . . . .
{
fully automatically removed, i.e. the removing does not require any action by the user
}
A61B 5/150709
. . . . . .
{
semi-automatically removed, i.e. before puncturing the protection is removed by a mechanism initiated by a deliberate action by the user, such as pressing a button
}
A61B 5/150717
. . . . . .
{
manually removed
}
A61B 5/150725
. . . . . .
{
removal procedure linked to further actions, e.g. cocking of the piercing device, which indicate that the piercing device is used or tempered
}
A61B 5/150732
. . .
{
Needle holders, for instance for holding the needle by the hub, used for example with double-ended needle and pre-evacuated tube,
}
A61B 5/15074
. . .
{
Needle sets comprising wings, e.g. butterfly type, for ease of handling
}
A61B 5/150748
. . .
{
Having means for aiding positioning of the piercing device at a location where the body is to be pierced( means for aiding positioning of devices for bringing media into the body A61M 5/427 , locating blood vessels A61B 5/489 )
}
A61B 5/150755
. . .
{
Blood sample preparation for further analysis, e.g. by separating blood components or by mixing
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150763
. . .
{
with identification means( identification means for surgical instruments A61B 19/44 )
}
A61B 5/15077
. . . .
{
characterized by physical shape
}
A61B 5/150778
. . . .
{
having complementary physical shapes for indexing or registration purposes
}
A61B 5/150786
. . . .
{
Optical identification systems e.g. bar codes, colour codes
}
A61B 5/150793
. . . .
{
Electrical or magnetic identification means
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150801
. . .
{
Means for facilitating use e.g. by people with impaired vision; means for indicating when used correctly or incorrectly; means for alarming
}
A61B 5/150809
. . . .
{
by audible feedback
}
A61B 5/150816
. . . .
{
by tactile feedback e.g. vibration
}
A61B 5/150824
. . . .
{
by visual feedback
}
A61B 5/150832
. . . .
{
by topography of the surface e.g. Braille, embossed printing
}
A61B 5/150839
. . .
{
Aesthetic features, e.g. distraction means to prevent fears of child patients
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150847
. . .
{
Communication to or from blood sampling device( transmitting measured data A61B 5/0002 )
}
A61B 5/150854
. . . .
{
long distance, e.g. between patient's home and doctor's office
}
A61B 5/150862
. . . .
{
intermediate range, e.g. within room or building
}
A61B 5/15087
. . . .
{
short range, e.g. between console and disposable( using implanted devices A61B 5/150877 )
}
A61B 5/150877
. . . .
{
with implanted devices
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150885
. . .
{
Preventing re-use
}
A61B 5/150893
. . . .
{
by indicating if used, tampered with, unsterile or defective
}
A61B 5/1509
. . . .
{
by disrupting a seal e.g. puncturing a piston seal
}
A61B 5/150908
. . . .
{
by disconnecting components e.g. breaking or rupturing of connected parts e.g. piston and rod
}
A61B 5/150916
. . . .
{
by blocking components e.g. piston, driving device or fluid passageway
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150923
. . . .
{
by means for destroying components or parts e.g. by cutting or piercing
}
A61B 5/150931
. . . . .
{
by including soluble parts
}
A61B 5/150938
. . . . .
{
by blunting or disabling needle
}
A61B 5/150946
. . .
{
Means for varying, regulating, indicating or limiting the speed or time of blood collection
}
A61B 5/150954
. . .
{
Means for the detection of operative contact with patient e.g. by temperature sensitive sensor
}
A61B 5/150961
. . .
{
Means for the detection of the presence or absence of a module, a component or an abnormal condition; detection of leaks
}
A61B 5/150969
. .
{
Low-profile devices which resemble patches or plasters, e.g. also allowing collection of blood samples for testing
}
Collapse
A61B 5/150977
. .
{
Arrays of piercing elements for simultaneous piercing
}
A61B 5/150984
. . .
{
Micro-needles or micro-blades
}
A61B 5/150992
. .
{
Blood sampling from a fluid line external to a patient, such as a catheter line, combined with an infusion line; blood sampling from indwelling needle sets, e.g. sealable ports, luer couplings, valves( tubing connectors and couplings A61M39 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/151
. .
{
Devices
}
specially adapted for taking samples of capillary blood, e.g. by lancets
{
, needles or blades
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15101
. . .
{
Details
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15103
. . . .
{
Piercing procedure
}
A61B 5/15105
. . . . .
{
Purely manual piercing, i.e. the user pierces the skin without the assistance of any driving means or driving devices
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15107
. . . . .
{
Piercing being assisted by a triggering mechanism
}
A61B 5/15109
. . . . . .
{
Fully automatically triggered, i.e. the triggering does not require a deliberate action by the user, e.g. by contact with the patient's skin
}
A61B 5/15111
. . . . . .
{
Semi-automatically triggered, e.g. at the end of the cocking procedure, for instance by biasing the main drive spring or when reaching sufficient contact pressure, the piercing device is automatically triggered without any deliberate action by the user
}
A61B 5/15113
. . . . . .
{
Manually triggered, i.e. the triggering requires a deliberate action by the user such as pressing a drive button
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15115
. . . .
{
Driving means for propelling the piercing element to pierce the skin, e.g. comprising mechanisms based on shape memory alloys, magnetism, solenoids, piezoelectric effect, biased elements, resilient elements, vacuum or compressed fluids
}
A61B 5/15117
. . . . .
{
comprising biased elements, resilient elements or a spring e.g. a helical spring, leaf spring, or elastic strap
}
A61B 5/15119
. . . . .
{
comprising shape memory alloys
}
A61B 5/15121
. . . . .
{
comprising piezos
}
A61B 5/15123
. . . . .
{
comprising magnets or solenoids
}
A61B 5/15125
. . . . .
{
comprising a vacuum or compressed fluids
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15126
. . . .
{
Means for controlling the lancing movement, e.g. 2D- or 3D-shaped elements, tooth-shaped elements or sliding guides
}
A61B 5/15128
. . . . .
{
comprising 2D- or 3D-shaped elements, e.g. cams, curved guide rails or threads( comprising tooth-shaped elements A61B 5/15132 )
}
A61B 5/1513
. . . . .
{
comprising linear sliding guides( comprising tooth-shaped elements A61B 5/15132 )
}
A61B 5/15132
. . . . .
{
comprising tooth-shaped elements, e.g. toothed wheel or rack and pinion
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15134
. . .
{
Bladeless capillary blood sampling devices, i.e. devices for perforating the skin in order to obtain a blood sample but not using a blade, needle, canula, or lancet, e.g. by laser perforation, suction or pressurized fluids
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15136
. . . .
{
by use of radiation e.g. laser
}
A61B 5/15138
. . . . .
{
provided with means to ensure the protection of the user e.g. to avoid laser light entering the eyes of a user
}
A61B 5/1514
. . . .
{
by use of gaseous agents, e.g. using suction aspiration or pressurized gas
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15142
. . .
{
Devices intended for single use, i.e. disposable
}
A61B 5/15144
. . . .
{
comprising driving means, e.g. a spring, for retracting the piercing unit into the housing
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15146
. . .
{
Devices loaded with multiple lancets simultaneously, e.g. for serial firing without reloading, for example by use of stocking means.( multiple simultaneous cutting or piercing A61B5/1561 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15148
. . . .
{
Constructional features of stocking means e.g. strip, roll, disc, cartridge, belt or tube
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15149
. . . . .
{
Arrangement of piercing elements relative to each other
}
A61B 5/15151
. . . . . .
{
Each piercing element being stocked in a separate isolated compartment
}
A61B 5/15153
. . . . . .
{
Multiple piercing elements stocked in a single compartment
}
A61B 5/15155
. . . . . .
{
Piercing elements which are specially shaped or are provided with fittings or attachments to facilitate nesting, stacking or joining together end-to-end or side-by-side
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15157
. . . . .
{
Geometry of stocking means or arrangement of piercing elements therein
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15159
. . . . . .
{
Piercing elements stocked in or on a disc
}
A61B 5/15161
. . . . . . .
{
Characterized by propelling the piercing element in a radial direction relative to the disc
}
A61B 5/15163
. . . . . . .
{
Characterized by propelling the piercing element in an axial direction relative to the disc
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15165
. . . . . .
{
Piercing elements stocked in or on a strip
}
A61B 5/15167
. . . . . . .
{
Characterized by a folded strip
}
A61B 5/15169
. . . . . . .
{
Characterized by a rolled strip
}
A61B 5/15171
. . . . . . .
{
Characterized by propelling the piercing element perpendicular to the direction of movement of the strip
}
A61B 5/15173
. . . . . . .
{
Characterized by propelling the piercing element parallel to the direction of movement of the strip
}
A61B 5/15174
. . . . . .
{
Piercing elements stocked in the form of a stack or pile
}
A61B 5/15176
. . . . .
{
Stocking means comprising cap, cover, sheath or protection for aseptic stocking
}
A61B 5/15178
. . . . .
{
Stocking means comprising separate compartments or units for new and for used piercing elements( separate compartments for used piercing elements in piercing devices A61B 5/15184 )
}
A61B 5/1518
. . . .
{
Security or safety mechanism to be deactivated for forwarding next piercing element
}
A61B 5/15182
. . . .
{
Means for keeping track or checking of the total number of piercing elements already used or the number of piercing elements still remaining in the stocking e.g. by check window, counter, display
}
A61B 5/15184
. . . .
{
Piercing device comprising a separate compartment or unit for used piercing elements( separate compartments for used piercing elements in stocking means A61B 5/15178 )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15186
. . .
{
Devices loaded with a single lancet, i.e. a single lancet with or without a casing is loaded into a reusable drive device and then discarded after use; drive devices reloadable for multiple use
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15188
. . . .
{
Constructional features of reusable driving devices
}
A61B 5/1519
. . . . .
{
comprising driving means, e.g. a spring, for propelling the piercing unit
}
Collapse
A61B 5/15192
. . . . .
{
comprising driving means, e.g. a spring, for retracting the lancet unit into the driving device housing
}
A61B 5/15194
. . . . . .
{
fully automatically retracted, i.e. the retraction does not require a deliberate action by the user, e.g. by terminating the contact with the patient's skin
}
A61B 5/15196
. . . . . .
{
semi-automatically retracted, i.e. in which the retraction of the piercing unit requires a deliberate action by the user such as manual release of spring-biased retraction means
}
A61B 5/15198
. . . . . .
{
purely manually retracted
}
Collapse
A61B 5/153
. .
{
Devices
}
specially adapted for taking samples of venous or arterial blood, e.g. with syringes
A61B 5/1535
. . .
{
comprising means for indicating vein or arterial entry(A61B 5/1545 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
A61B 5/154
. . .
{
Devices
}
using pre-evacuated means
A61B 5/1545
. . . .
{
comprising means for indicating vein or arterial entry
}
A61B 5/155
. .
{
Devices
}
specially adapted for continuous or multiple sampling, e.g. at predetermined intervals
{
( devices loaded with multiple lancets simultaneously A61B 5/15146 )
}
A61B 5/157
. .
{
Devices
}
characterised by integrated means for measuring characteristics of blood
Collapse
.
Devices for psychotechnics( testing capability G09B 1/00 to G09B 5/00 ) ; Testing reaction times ; [Devices for evaluating the psychological state]
WARNING
-
Groups A61B 5/167 and A61B5/5/16L are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also group A61B 5/16

. .
{
Flicker fusion testing( eye testing A61B 3/00 )
}
. .
{
Testing reaction times( reaction-time training with a substantial physical effort A63B 69/0053 ; reaction-time games A63F 9/0096 )
}
A61B 5/164
. .
{
Lie detection
}
A61B 5/165
. .
{
Evaluating the state of mind, e.g. depression, anxiety
}
A61B 5/167
. .
{
Personality evaluation
}
A61B 5/168
. .
{
Evaluating attention deficit, hyperactivity
}
. .
for vehicle drivers
{
or machine operators
}
Collapse
.
for measuring urological functions
{
restricted to the evaluation of the urinary system
}
( A61B 5/4375 takes precedence )]
. .
{
Assessing renal or kidney functions
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/201 is not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group A61B 5/20

Collapse
. .
{
Assessing bladder functions, e.g. incontinence assessment
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/202 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also group A61B 5/20

. . .
{
Determining bladder volume
}
. . .
{
Determining bladder or urethral pressure
}
Collapse
A61B 5/207
. .
{
Sensing devices adapted to collect urine
}
. . .
{
adapted to determine urine quantity, e.g. flow, volume
}
Collapse
.
Ergometry ; Measuring muscular strength or the force of a muscular blow(
{
exercising apparatus A63B 21/00
}
; measuring of work or force in general G01L )
Collapse
A61B 5/221
. .
{
Ergometry, e.g. by using bicycle type apparatus
}
A61B 5/222
. . .
{
combined with detection or measurement of physiological parameters, e.g. heart rate
}
Collapse
A61B 5/224
. .
{
Measuring muscular strength
}
A61B 5/225
. . .
{
of the fingers, e.g. by monitoring hand-grip force
}
A61B 5/227
. . .
{
of constricting muscles, i.e. sphincters
}
. . .
{
of masticatory organs, e.g. detecting dental force( measuring instruments for dentigraphy A61C 19/04 )
}
Collapse
.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the nervous system( A61B 5/4806 , A61B 5/4821 , A61B 5/4824 take precedence )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/40 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/0476 , A61B 5/048 , A61B 5/145 , A61B 5/16 , A61B 5/18 .

Collapse
. .
{
for evaluating the sensory system( A61B 5/12 , A61B 5/4058 take precedence )
}
. . .
{
Evaluating olfaction, i.e. sense of smell
}
. . .
{
Evaluating sense of taste
}
. . .
{
Evaluating sense of balance
}
Collapse
. .
{
for evaluating the peripheral nervous systems( A61B 5/04001 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
Evaluating the autonomic nervous system
}
Collapse
A61B 5/4041
. . .
{
Evaluating nerves condition
}
A61B 5/4047
. . . .
{
afferent nerves, i.e. nerves that relay impulses to the central nervous system
}
A61B 5/4052
. . . .
{
efferent nerves, i.e. nerves that relay impulses from the central nervous system
}
Collapse
. .
{
for evaluating the central nervous system( A61B 5/4806 , A61B 5/4821 take precedence )
}
. . .
{
Evaluating the brain( A61B 5/031 , A61B 5/0476 , A51B5/1455N4 take precedence )
}
. . .
{
Evaluating the spinal cord( A61B 5/4896 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
Diagnosing or monitoring particular conditions of the nervous system( A61B 5/4821 , A61B 5/4824 take precedence )
}
. . .
{
Diagnosing or monitoring movement diseases, e.g. Parkinson, Huntington or Tourette
}
. . .
{
Diagnosing of monitoring cognitive diseases, e.g. Alzheimer, prion diseases or dementia
}
. . .
{
Diagnosing or monitoring seizure diseases, e.g. epilepsy
}
Collapse
A61B 5/41
.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the immune or lymphatic systems
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/41 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/04 , A61B 5/05 , A61B 5/145 .

. .
{
Detecting or monitoring allergy or intolerance reactions to an allergenic agent or substance
}
. .
{
Detecting or monitoring sepsis
}
. .
{
Monitoring transplanted tissue or organ, e.g. for possible rejection reactions after a transplant
}
Collapse
. .
{
Evaluating particular organs or parts of the immune or lymphatic systems
}
A61B 5/415
. . .
{
the glands, e.g. tonsils, adenoids or thymus
}
A61B 5/416
. . .
{
the spleen
}
A61B 5/417
. . .
{
the bone marrow
}
A61B 5/418
. . .
{
lymph vessels, ducts or nodes
}
Collapse
.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the gastrointestinal, the endocrine or the exocrine systems( A61B 1/00 , A61B 5/4857 , A61B 5/486 , A61B 5/4866 , A61B 5/4869 take precedence )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/42 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/0488 , A61B 5/145 .

. .
{
Evaluating swallowing
}
. .
{
Diagnosing or evaluating reflux
}
. .
{
Diagnosing or evaluating gastrointestinal ulcers
}
Collapse
. .
{
Evaluating particular parts, e.g. particular organs
}
. . .
{
endocrine glands, i.e. thyroid, adrenals, hypothalamic, pituitary
}
. . .
{
oesophagus
}
. . .
{
stomach
}
. . .
{
liver
}
. . .
{
pancreas
}
. . .
{
Intestines, colon or appendix
}
Collapse
. .
{
Evaluating exocrine secretion production( A61B 3/101 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
sweat secretion
}
. . .
{
sebum secretion
}
. . .
{
saliva secretion
}
A61B 5/4283
. . .
{
gastrointestinal secretions, e.g. bile production
}
A61B 5/4288
. . .
{
mammary secretions
}
. . .
{
vaginal secretions
}
Collapse
A61B 5/43
.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the reproductive systems
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/43 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/04 , A61B 5/05 , A61B 5/053 , A61B 5/103 , A61B 5/11 , A61B 5/145 .

Collapse
A61B 5/4306
. .
{
for evaluating the female reproductive systems, e.g. gynaecological evaluations
}
. . .
{
Breast evaluation or disorder diagnosis( A61B 5/0091 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Evaluation of the lower reproductive system( A61B 5/4343 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/4325
. . . .
{
of the uterine cavities, e.g. uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries
}
. . . .
{
of the cervix( A61B 5/435 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/4337
. . . .
{
of the vagina
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Pregnancy and labour monitoring, e.g. for labour onset detection
}
. . . .
{
Assessing cervix alteration or dilation
}
. . . .
{
Assessing uterine contractions( A61B 5/033 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
Assessing foetal parameters
}
. . .
{
Sexual arousal evaluation
}
Collapse
A61B 5/4375
. .
{
for evaluating the male reproductive system
}
. . .
{
Prostate evaluation or disorder diagnosis
}
. . .
{
Testicles, seminal vesicles or sperm ducts evaluation
}
. . .
{
Sexual arousal or erectile dysfunction evaluation, e.g. tumescence evaluation
}
Collapse
.
{
Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the integumentary system, e.g. skin, hair or nails( A61B 5/117 takes precedence )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/44 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/05 , A61B 5/053 , A61B 5/103 , A61B 5/145 , A61B 5/68 : A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/01 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/03 , A61B 5/04 , A61B 5/05 , A61B 5/06 , A61B 5/07 , A61B 5/08 , A61B 5/103 , A61B 5/12 , A61B 5/145 , A61B 5/20 , A61B 5/22

Collapse
. .
{
Skin evaluation, e.g. for skin disorder diagnosis
}
. . .
{
Evaluating skin mechanical properties, e.g. elasticity, hardness, texture, wrinkle assessment
}
. . .
{
Evaluating skin constituents, e.g. elastin, melanin, water
}
. . .
{
Evaluating skin marks, e.g. mole, nevi, tumour, scar
}
. . .
{
Evaluating skin irritation or skin trauma, e.g. rash, eczema, wound, bed sore
}
. . .
{
Scalp evaluation or scalp disorder diagnosis, e.g. dandruff
}
A61B 5/447
. . .
specially adapted for aiding the prevention of ulcer or pressure sore development, i.e. before the ulcer or sore has developed
. .
{
Hair evaluation, e.g. for hair disorder diagnosis
}
. .
{
Nail evaluation, e.g. for nail disorder diagnosis
}
Collapse
.
{
For evaluating or diagnosing the musculoskeletal system or teeth( A61B 5/1036 , A61B 5/1074 , A61B 7/006 take precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
Bones( A61B 5/4547 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/4509
. . .
{
Bone density determination
}
A61B 5/4514
. .
{
Cartilage
}
. .
{
Muscles( A61B 5/0488 , A61B 5/224 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/4523
. .
{
Tendons
}
. .
{
Joints( A61B 5/4533 , A61B 5/4538 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/4533
. .
{
Ligaments
}
Collapse
A61B 5/4538
. .
{
Evaluating a particular part of the muscoloskeletal system or a particular medical condition
}
Collapse
A61B 5/4542
. . .
{
Evaluating the mouth, e.g. the jaw
}
A61B 5/4547
. . . .
{
Evaluating teeth
}
A61B 5/4552
. . . .
{
Evaluating soft tissue within the mouth, e.g. gums or tongue
}
A61B 5/4557
. . . .
{
Evaluating bruxism
}
. . .
{
Evaluating static posture, e.g. undesirable back curvature( A61B 5/1116 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/4566
. . .
{
Evaluating the spine( A61B 5/4561 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/4571
. . .
{
Evaluating the hip
}
A61B 5/4576
. . .
{
Evaluating the shoulder
}
A61B 5/458
. . .
{
Evaluating the elbow
}
A61B 5/4585
. . .
{
Evaluating the knee
}
A61B 5/459
. . .
{
Evaluating the wrist
}
A61B 5/4595
. . .
{
Evaluating the ankle
}
Collapse
.
{
Other medical applications
}
. .
{
Speech analysis specially adapted for diagnostic purposes
}
Collapse
. .
{
Sleep evaluation( A61B 5/4821 takes precedence; devices for inducing sleep A61M 21/02 )
}
A61B 5/4809
. . .
{
Sleep detection, i.e. determining whether a subject is asleep or not
}
A61B 5/4812
. . .
{
Detecting sleep stages or cycles
}
. . .
{
Sleep quality
}
. . .
{
Sleep apnoea
}
. .
{
Determining level or depth of anaesthesia( A61B 5/1106 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
Touch or pain perception evaluation( A61B 5/4821 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/4827
. . .
{
assessing touch sensitivity, e.g. for evaluation of pain threshold
}
A61B 5/483
. . . .
{
by thermal stimulation
}
. .
{
Assessment of subject’s compliance to treatment
}
Collapse
. .
{
Diagnosis combined with treatment in closed-loop systems or methods
}
. . .
{
combined with drug delivery
}
. .
{
Monitoring progression or stage of a disease
}
A61B 5/4845
. .
{
Toxicology, e.g. by detection of alcohol, drug or toxic products( A61B 5/4848 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
Monitoring or testing the effects of treatment, e.g. of medication
}
. .
{
Prosthesis assessment or monitoring( A61B 5/04888 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
Diagnosis based on concepts of traditional oriental medicine
}
. .
{
Indicating the phase of biorhythm( clocks or watches with indicators for biological cycles G04B 19/264 )
}
. .
{
Bio-feedback( A61B 5/0482 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/4863
. .
{
Measuring or inducing nystagmus
}
. .
{
Evaluating metabolism( A61B 5/083 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
Determining body composition
}
. . .
{
Body fat
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Hydration status, fluid retention of the body
}
A61B 5/4878
. . . .
{
Evaluating oedema
}
A61B 5/4881
. . .
{
Determining interstitial fluid distribution or content within body tissue( measuring analytes in interstitial fluid in-vivo A61B 5/1451 )
}
. .
{
inducing physiological or psychological stress, e.g. applications for stress testing
}
Collapse
A61B 5/4887
. .
{
Locating particular structures in or on the body
}
. . .
{
Blood vessels
}
. . .
{
Nerves
}
. . .
{
Epidural space
}
Collapse
.
{
Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/68 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/01 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/03 , A61B 5/04 , A61B 5/05 , A61B 5/06 , A61B 5/07 , A61B 5/08 , A61B 5/103 , A61B 5/12 , A61B 5/145 , A61B 5/20 , A61B 5/22

Collapse
. .
{
specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Sensor mounted on worn items
}
. . . .
{
Head-worn items, e.g. helmets, masks, headphones or goggles
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Garments; Clothes
}
. . . . .
{
Vests
}
. . . . .
{
Gloves
}
. . . . .
{
Footwear
}
. . . .
{
Diapers
}
. . . .
{
Wristwatch-type devices
}
. . . .
{
External prosthesis
}
. . . .
{
Orthopaedic devices
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Specially adapted to be attached to a specific body part( A61B 5/6802 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Head
}
Collapse
. . . . .
{
Ear
}
A61B 5/6816
. . . . . .
{
Ear lobe
}
A61B 5/6817
. . . . . .
{
Ear canal
}
. . . . .
{
Nose
}
. . . . .
{
Mouth, e.g., oral cavity; tongue; Lips; Teeth
}
. . . . .
{
Eye
}
. . . .
{
Neck
}
. . . .
{
Trunk, e.g., chest, back, abdomen, hip
}
. . . .
{
Arm or wrist
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Hand
}
. . . . .
{
Finger
}
. . . .
{
Leg
}
. . . .
{
Foot or ankle
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Means for maintaining contact with the body( A61B 5/6802 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
Straps, bands or harnesses
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
using adhesives( A61B 5/04087 takes precedence )
}
. . . . .
{
Adhesive patches
}
. . . .
{
using vacuum
}
. . . .
{
Supports or holders, e.g., articulated arms
}
. . . .
{
Sutures
}
. . . .
{
Clamps or clips
}
. . . .
{
Anchoring means, e.g. barbs
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Indicating the position of the sensor on the body
}
. . . .
{
by using templates
}
. . . .
{
by marking the skin
}
. . .
{
Monitoring or controlling sensor contact pressure
}
. . .
{
Monitoring or controlling distance between sensor and tissue
}
Collapse
. .
{
specially adapted to be brought in contact with an internal body part, i.e. invasive
}
Collapse
. . .
{
mounted on an invasive device
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Needles
}
. . . . .
{
in combination with a needle set
}
. . . .
{
Microneedles
}
. . . .
{
Guide wires
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Catheters
}
. . . . .
{
with a balloon
}
. . . . .
{
with a distal curved tip
}
. . . . .
{
with a distal loop
}
. . . . .
{
with a distal pigtail shape
}
. . . . .
{
with a distal basket, e.g. expandable basket
}
. . . . .
{
with multiple distal splines
}
. . . .
{
Permanently implanted devices, e.g. pacemakers, other stimulators, biochips( A61B 5/6861 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
Capsules, e.g. for swallowing or implanting
}
. . . .
{
Stents
}
. . . .
{
Burr holes
}
. . . .
{
Access ports
}
. . . .
{
Extracorporeal blood circuits, e.g. dialysis circuits
}
Collapse
. . .
{
specially adapted to be attached or implanted in a specific body part( A61B 5/6847 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/6868
. . . .
{
Brain
}
A61B 5/6869
. . . .
{
Heart
}
A61B 5/687
. . . .
{
Oesophagus
}
A61B 5/6871
. . . .
{
Stomach
}
A61B 5/6873
. . . .
{
Intestine
}
. . . .
{
Bladder
}
. . . .
{
Uterus
}
A61B 5/6876
. . . .
{
Blood vessel
}
A61B 5/6877
. . . .
{
Nerve
}
A61B 5/6878
. . . .
{
Bone
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Means for maintaining contact with the body( A61B 5/6847 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/688
. . . .
{
using adhesives
}
. . . .
{
Anchoring means
}
. . . .
{
Sutures
}
. . . .
{
Clamps or clips
}
. . .
{
Monitoring or controlling sensor contact pressure
}
. . .
{
Monitoring or controlling distance between sensor and tissue
}
Collapse
. .
{
mounted on external non-worn devices, e.g. non-medical devices
}
. . .
{
Cabins
}
. . .
{
Rooms
}
. . .
{
Furniture
}
. . .
{
Mats
}
. . .
{
Cars
}
. . .
{
Wheel chairs
}
. . .
{
Sport equipment
}
. . .
{
Toys
}
. . .
{
Computer input devices, e.g. mice or keyboards
}
. . .
{
Portable consumer electronic devices, e.g. music players, telephones, tablet computers
}
Collapse
.
{
Means for positioning the patient in relation to the detecting, measuring or recording means
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/70 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation, see also groups A61B 5/00 , A61B 5/01 , A61B 5/02 , A61B 5/03 , A61B 5/04 , A61B 5/05 , A61B 5/06 , A61B 5/07 , A61B 5/08 , A61B 5/103 , A61B 5/12 , A61B 5/145 , A61B 5/20 , A61B 5/22

. .
{
Posture restraints
}
. .
{
Tables
}
. .
{
Indicia not located on the patient, e.g. floor marking
}
. .
{
Breast positioning means
}
Collapse
A61B 5/72
.
{
Signal processing specially adapted for physiological signals or for diagnostic purposes( algorithms for computer assisted diagnosis G06F 19/34 ; pattern recognition G06K 9/00 )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/72 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also other subgroups of A61B 5/00

Collapse
A61B 5/7203
. .
{
for noise prevention, reduction or removal
}
Collapse
A61B 5/7207
. . .
{
of noise induced by motion artifacts
}
A61B 5/721
. . . .
{
using a separate sensor to detect motion or using motion information derived from signals other than the physiological signal to be measured
}
A61B 5/7214
. . . .
{
using signal cancellation, e.g. based on input of two identical physiological sensors spaced apart, or based on two signals derived from the same sensor, for different optical wavelengths
}
A61B 5/7217
. . .
{
of noise originating from a therapeutic or surgical apparatus, e.g. from a pacemaker
}
A61B 5/7221
. .
{
Determining signal validity, reliability or quality( A61B 5/7207 and A61B 5/7217 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/7225
. .
{
Details of analog processing, e.g. isolation amplifier, gain or sensitivity adjustment, filtering, baseline or drift compensation( A61B 5/04004 , A61B 5/04012 , A61B 5/0428 take precedence; transformers for specific applications H01F 38/00 ; amplifiers H03F )
}
A61B 5/7228
. .
{
Signal modulation applied to the input signal sent to patient or subject; demodulation to recover the physiological signal( modulation H03C )
}
A61B 5/7232
. .
{
involving compression of the physiological signal, e.g. to extend the signal recording period
}
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A61B 5/7235
. .
{
Details of waveform analysis( A61B 5/0452 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/7239
. . .
{
using differentiation including higher order derivatives
}
A61B 5/7242
. . .
{
using integration
}
A61B 5/7246
. . .
{
using correlation, e.g. template matching or determination of similarity
}
A61B 5/725
. . .
{
using specific filters therefor, e.g. Kalman or adaptive filters( A61B 5/04014 and A61B 5/04017 take precedence )
}
Collapse
A61B 5/7253
. . .
{
characterised by using transforms
}
A61B 5/7257
. . . .
{
using Fourier transforms
}
A61B 5/726
. . . .
{
using Wavelet transforms
}
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A61B 5/7264
. . .
{
Classification of physiological signals or data, e.g. using neural networks, statistical classifiers, expert systems or fuzzy systems( neural networks per se G01N 3/00 ; expert systems per se G06N 5/00 )
}
A61B 5/7267
. . . .
{
involving training the classification device
}
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A61B 5/7271
. .
{
Specific aspects of physiological measurement analysis( A61B 5/04012 , A61B 5/0452 and A61B 5/048 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/7275
. . .
{
Determining trends in physiological measurement data
}
; Predicting development of a medical condition based on physiological measurements, e.g. determining a risk factor
A61B 5/7278
. . .
{
Artificial waveform generation or derivation, e.g. synthesising signals from measured signals( A61B 5/04028 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/7282
. . .
{
Event detection, e.g. detecting unique waveforms indicative of a medical condition( A61B 5/4094 , A61B 5/4818 , A61B 5/0452 , A61B 5/0823 take precedence )
}
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A61B 5/7285
. . .
{
for synchronising or triggering a physiological measurement or image acquisition with a physiological event or waveform, e.g. an ECG signal( A61B 6/5205 , A61B 6/541 , A61B 8/5207 , A61B 8/543 take precedence )
}
A61B 5/7289
. . . .
{
Retrospective gating, i.e. associating measured signals or images with a physiological event after the actual measurement or image acquisition, e.g. by simultaneously recording an additional physiological signal during the measurement or image acquisition
}
A61B 5/7292
. . . .
{
Prospective gating, i.e. predicting the occurrence of a physiological event for use as a synchronisation signal
}
A61B 5/7296
. . .
for compensation of signal variation due to stress unintentionally induced in the patient, e.g. due to the stress of the medical environment or examination( deliberately inducing physiological or psychological stress A61B 5/4884 )
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A61B 5/74
.
{
Details of notification to user or communication with user or patient( indicating measured values G01D 7/00 ); user input means( input or output arrangements for computers G06F 3/00 )
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 5/74 and subgroups are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also other subgroups of A61B 5/00

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A61B 5/7405
. .
{
using sound
}
A61B 5/741
. . .
{
using synthesised speech
}
A61B 5/7415
. . .
{
Sound rendering of measured values, e.g. by pitch or volume variation( A61B 5/741 takes precedence )
}
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A61B 5/742
. .
{
using visual displays( A61B 5/044 takes precedence )
}
A61B 5/7425
. . .
{
Displaying combinations of multiple images regardless of image source, e.g. displaying a reference anatomical image with a live image( geometric transforms for image registration G06T 3/0068 ; enhancement using image fusion G06T 5/50 ; algorithms for registration of images G06T 7/0024 )
}
A61B 5/743
. . .
{
Displaying an image simultaneously with additional graphical information, e.g. symbols, charts, function plots
}
A61B 5/7435
. . .
{
Displaying user selection data, e.g. icons in a graphical user interface
}
A61B 5/744
. . .
{
Displaying an avatar, e.g. an animated cartoon character
}
A61B 5/7445
. . .
{
Display arrangements, e.g. multiple display units
}
A61B 5/745
. . .
{
using a holographic display
}
A61B 5/7455
. .
{
characterised by tactile indication, e.g. vibration or electrical stimulation
}
A61B 5/746
. .
{
Alarms related to a physiological condition, e.g. details of setting alarm thresholds or avoiding false alarms( alarms per se G08B )
}
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A61B 5/7465
. .
{
Arrangements for interactive communication between patient and care services, e.g. by using a telephone network( telemetry of measured physiological signal A61B 5/0002 )
}
A61B 5/747
. . .
{
in case of emergency, i.e. alerting emergency services
}
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A61B 5/7475
. .
{
User input or interface means, e.g. keyboard, pointing device, joystick
}
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A61B 5/748
. . .
{
Selection of a region of interest, e.g. using a graphics tablet
}
A61B 5/7485
. . . .
{
Automatic selection of region of interest
}
A61B 5/749
. . .
{
Voice-controlled interfaces
}
A61B 5/7495
. . .
{
using a reader or scanner device, e.g. barcode scanner
}
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Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment( analysis of materials using radiation G01N 23/00 , detecting hidden objects by radiation G01V 5/0008 , radiodiagnostic or X-ray contrast preparations A61K 49/00 ; radiation therapy per se A61N 5/00 ; instruments measuring radiation intensity for application in the field of nuclear medicine, e.g. in vivo counting G01T 1/161 ; apparatus for taking X-ray photographs G03B 42/02 ; X-ray photographic processes G03C 5/16 ; irradiation devices G21K; X-ray apparatus or circuits therefor H05G 1/00 )
WARNING
-
Groups A61B 6/40 to A61B 6/58 do not correspond to former or current IPC groups. Concordance CPC - IPC for these groups is as follows: - A61B 6/40 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/42 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/44 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/46 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/48 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/50 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/52 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/54 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/56 : A61B 6/00 - A61B 6/58 : A61B 6/00

Collapse
.
Devices for diagnosis sequentially in different planes ; Stereoscopic radiation diagnosis
. .
{
Stereoscopic imaging
}
. .
{
Tomosynthesis
}
. .
{
characterised by the use of a particular data acquisition trajectory, e.g. helical or spiral
}
Collapse
. .
Computerised tomographs(
{
diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging A61B 5/055 ; echo-tomography A61B 8/14 ;
{
medical informatics G06F 19/30
}
}
)
Collapse
. . .
{
Transmission computed tomography (CT)
}
. . . .
{
Mechanical aspects of CT
}
. . .
{
Emission tomography( detector details for PET G01T 1/2985 , detector details for SPECT G01T 1/1644 )
}
Collapse
.
Positioning of patients ; Tiltable beds or the like( operating tables A61G 13/00 ; operating chairs A61G 15/00 )
Collapse
. .
{
Tables or beds
}
. . .
{
Tables or beds with compression means
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Tables or beds with immobilising means
}
. . . .
{
Patient cradles
}
. . .
{
Tables or beds with means for imaging suspended breasts
}
. . .
{
Tables or beds made from non-metallic materials
}
. . .
{
Tables or beds with heating or cooling means
}
. .
{
Servo-controlled positioning
}
. .
{
Supports mounted to ceiling
}
. .
{
Endless-band supports
}
. .
{
Patient positioning chairs
}
. .
{
Inflatable rests for lifting of patients
}
. .
{
using markers or indicia for aiding patient positioning
}
.
Diaphragms
{
for particular diagnostic applications, e.g. tomography, i.e. not of general applicability( diaphragms, e.g. variable, or collimators in general G21K 1/02 )
}
.
Auxiliary means for directing the radiation beam to a particular spot, e.g. using light beams
Collapse
.
Application or adaptation of safety means( protection against dangerous radiation in general G21F )
Collapse
. .
{
Protection against mechanical damage, e.g. anti-collision devices
}
. . .
{
Braking or locking devices
}
. .
{
Protection against radiation, e.g. shielding( techniques for handling radiation not otherwise provided for G21K )
}
.
Devices for detecting or locating foreign bodies( A61B 6/02 takes precedence;
{
radio-opaque markers A61B 19/54
}
)
Collapse
.
Applications or adaptations for dentistry
. .
{
by intraoral means( X-ray tubes having a small cross-section to facilitate introduction into small cavities H01J 35/32 )
}
Collapse
.
{
with arrangements for generating radiation specially adapted for radiation diagnosis( X-ray tubes or details thereof H01J 35/00 )
}
Collapse
. .
{
characterised by using a plurality of source units( circuit arrangements driving apparatuses comprising more than one X ray tube H05G 1/70 )
}
. . .
{
arranged in multiple source-detector units
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving movement of the focal spot
}
. . .
{
resulting in acquisition of views from substantially different positions, e.g. EBCT
}
Collapse
. .
{
the source being combined with a filter or grating( filters for radiation per se G21K 1/10 )
}
WARNING
-
Groups A61B 6/4035 and A61B 6/4042 are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also A61B 6/06

. . .
{
K-edge filters
}
. .
{
Source units adapted to modify characteristics of the beam during the data acquisition process( A61B 6/4021 , A61B 6/4035 take precedence; arrangements changing the time structure of an already generated radiation beam G21K 1/043 )
}
. .
{
by using a source unit in the interior of the body( A61B 6/037 takes precedence; X-ray tubes with small cross-section H01J 35/32 )
}
Collapse
. .
{
adapted for producing a particular type of beam
}
WARNING
-
Groups A61B 6/40 L, A61B 6/4071 , A61B 6/4078 and A61B 6/4085 are not complete pending a reorganisation; see A61B 6/03 B, A61B6/03B2 , A61B6/03B4 and A61B6/03B12

. . .
{
Pencil beams
}
. . .
{
Fan-beams
}
. . .
{
Cone-beams
}
. . .
{
for producing synchrotron radiation
}
Collapse
.
{
with arrangements for detecting radiation specially adapted for radiation diagnosis( details of radiation detection G01T 1/00 )
}
Collapse
. .
{
characterised by using a particular type of detector
}
. . .
{
using storage phosphor screens( details of stimulable phosphor sheets G01T 1/2012 )
}
. . .
{
using image intensifiers
}
. . .
{
using matrix detectors( for semiconductor radiation detectors G01T 1/24 , G01T 1/2928 )
}
. . .
{
using energy resolving detectors, e.g. photon counting( detectors for nuclear medicine G01T 1/16 , G01T 1/29 )
}
. . .
{
using detectors specifically adapted to be used in the interior of the body( detector details for in vivo counting G01T 1/161 )
}
. . .
{
for detecting non x-ray radiation, e.g. gamma radiation( A61B 6/037 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
characterised by using a plurality of detector units( A61B 6/4014 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
using a detector unit almost surrounding the patient , e.g. more than 180°
}
. .
{
characterised by a detector unit being housed in a cassette
}
. .
{
the detector being combined with a grid or grating
}
Collapse
.
{
Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis
}
. .
{
the device being mobile or portable, e.g. mounted on a trolley or handheld
}
. .
{
the device being modular
}
. .
{
related to combined acquisition of different diagnostic modalities
}
. .
{
related to hygiene or sterilisation
}
Collapse
. .
{
related to the mounting of source units and detector units( A61B 6/02 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
the source unit and the detector unit being coupled by a rigid structure
}
. . . .
{
the rigid structure being a C-arm or U-arm
}
. . . .
{
Tiltable gantries
}
. . .
{
the source unit and the detector unit being able to move relative to each other
}
. . .
{
the source unit or the detector unit being attached to robotic arms
}
. . .
{
the source unit or the detector unit being mounted to ceiling
}
. . .
{
the source unit or the detector unit being mounted to counterpoise or springs
}
Collapse
. .
{
related to servo controlled movement of the source unit
}
. . .
{
involving power assist circuits
}
. .
{
Means for cooling( A61B 6/045 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
Means for identifying the diagnostic device
}
Collapse
.
{
with special arrangements for interfacing with the operator or the patient
}
Collapse
. .
{
Displaying means of special interest
}
. . .
{
characterised by constructional features of the display
}
. . .
{
characterised by displaying multiple images or images and diagnostic data on one display
}
. . .
{
involving a plurality of displays
}
. . .
{
adapted to display user selection data, e.g. icons or menus
}
. . .
{
adapted to display 3D data( 3D image rendering G06T 15/00 ; manipulating 3D models for computer graphics G06T19 )
}
Collapse
. .
{
characterised by special input means
}
. . .
{
allowing annotation or message recording
}
. . .
{
for selecting a region of interest (ROI)
}
Collapse
.
{
Diagnostic techniques( A61B 6/022 , A61B 6/032 , A61B 6/037 take precedence )
}
. .
{
involving the use of contrast agents
}
. .
{
involving multiple energy imaging
}
. .
{
involving scattered radiation
}
. .
{
involving phase contrast X-ray imaging
}
. .
{
involving fluorescence X-ray imaging
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving generating temporal series of image data
}
. . .
{
involving fluoroscopy
}
. .
{
involving pre-scan acquisition
}
Collapse
.
{
Clinical applications( dentistry A61B 6/14 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
involving diagnosis of head, e.g. neuroimaging, craniography
}
. .
{
involving diagnosis of breast, i.e. mammography
}
. .
{
involving diagnosis of heart
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 6/503 is not complete pending a reorganisation; see A61B 6/504

. .
{
involving diagnosis of blood vessels, e.g. by angiography
}
. .
{
involving diagnosis of bone
}
. .
{
involving diagnosis of nerves
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 6/506 is not complete pending a reorganisation; see A61B 6/00 D

. .
{
involving determination of haemodynamic parameters, e.g. perfusion CT
}
WARNING
-
Group A61B 6/507 is not complete pending a reorganisation; see A61B 6/00 D

. .
{
for non-human patients
}
Collapse
.
{
Devices using data or image processing specially adapted for radiation diagnosis( image processing per se G06T )
}
WARNING
-
Groups of A61B 6/52 are not complete pending a reorganisation; see A61B 6/00 , A61B 6/00 D, A61B 6/00 F, A61B 6/03 , A61B 6/032 and A61B 6/04

. .
{
involving processing of raw data to produce diagnostic data
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving processing of medical diagnostic data
}
. . .
{
extracting a diagnostic or physiological parameter from medical diagnostic data( details of algorithms to analyse biomedical images G06T 7/0012 ; algorithms for computer assisted diagnosis G06F 19/34 )
}
. . .
{
generating planar views from image data, e.g. extracting a coronal view from a 3D image
}
Collapse
. . .
{
combining image data of a patient, e.g. combining a functional image with an anatomical image( details of algorithms for image registration G06T 7/0024 )
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
combining images from the same or different radiation imaging techniques, e.g. PET and CT
}
. . . . .
{
combining overlapping radiation images, e.g. by stitching
}
. . . .
{
combining images from different diagnostic modalities, e.g. X-ray and ultrasound
}
. . .
{
removing objects from field of view, e.g. removing patient table from a CT image
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving detection or reduction of artifacts or noise( details of algorithms for image enhancement G06T 7/0022 )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
due to motion
}
. . . .
{
using data from a motion artifact sensor( A61B 6/5276 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
involving measuring table sag
}
. . .
{
due to scatter
}
. .
{
involving retrospective matching to a physiological signal
}
. .
{
involving using additional data, e.g. patient information, image labeling, acquisition parameters
}
Collapse
.
{
Control of devices for radiation diagnosis
}
. .
{
involving acquisition triggered by a physiological signal
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving control of exposure
}
. . .
{
dependent on patient size
}
. .
{
involving automatic set-up of acquisition parameters
}
. .
{
involving tracking of position of the device or parts of the device( using an image of a phantom A61B 6/584 )
}
. .
{
Remote control of radiation diagnosis devices
}
Collapse
.
{
Details of data transmission or power supply, e.g. use of slip rings
}
. .
{
involving image data transmission via a network( transmission or management of patient information G06F 19/32 )
}
. .
{
involving communication between imaging systems
}
Collapse
.
{
Testing, adjusting or calibrating devices for radiation diagnosis
}
. .
{
Remote testing of the device
}
Collapse
. .
{
Calibration
}
Collapse
. . .
{
using calibration phantoms( models for medical purposes G09B 23/28 )
}
. . . .
{
determining position of components of the device using images of the phantom
}
. . .
{
Calibration of detector units
}
. .
{
Detection of faults or malfunction of the device
}
. .
{
Alignment of source unit to detector unit
}
. .
{
Setting distance between source unit and detector unit
}
. .
{
Setting distance between source unit and patient
}
Collapse
Instruments for auscultation
.
{
Detecting cranial noise, e.g. caused by aneurism
}
.
{
Detecting lung or respiration noise
}
.
{
Detecting noise caused by implants, e.g. cardiac valves
}
.
{
Detecting skeletal, cartilage or muscle noise( A61B 7/003 and A61B 7/008 take precedence )
}
.
{
Detecting noise of gastric tract, e.g. caused by voiding
}
Collapse
.
Stethoscopes
{
( acoustic details thereof G10K 11/00 )
}
. .
{
for introduction into the body, e.g. into the oesophagus( oesophageal ECG probes A61B 5/0421 )
}
A61B 7/026
. .
{
comprising more than one sound collector
}
Collapse
. .
Electric stethoscopes( microphones, acoustic transducers therefor H04R )
. . .
{
Detection of Korotkoff sounds( A61B 5/0225 takes precedence; measuring blood pressure A61B 5/021 )
}
Collapse
Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves( imaging of objects using sonar G01S 15/00 )
WARNING
-
Groups A61B 8/40 - 8/58 do not correspond to former or current IPC groups. Concordance CPC : IPC groups is as follows: - A61B 8/40 - 8/44N : A61B 8/00 - A61B 8/445 : A61B 8/12 - A61B 8/4455 - 8/46 : A61B 8/00 - A61B 8/48 - 8/52 : A61B 8/08 - A61B 8/54 - 8/58 : A61B 8/00

.
Measuring pulse or heart rate
.
Measuring blood pressure
Collapse
.
Measuring blood flow( measuring volume flow in general G01F , e.g. G01F 1/66 , G01F 1/72 ; measuring speed of fluids in general G01P 5/00 )
. .
{
to determine blood output from the heart( in general A61B 5/029 )
}
Collapse
.
Detecting organic movements or changes, e.g. tumours, cysts, swellings( A61B 8/02 to A61B 8/06 take precedence )
Collapse
. .
{
for diagnosis of the brain
}
. . .
{
using echo-encephalography
}
. .
{
for diagnosis of the breast, e.g. mammography
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving detecting or locating foreign bodies or organic structures
}
. . .
{
for locating instruments
}
. . .
{
for locating body or organic structures, e.g. tumours, calculi, blood vessels, nodules
}
A61B 8/0858
. .
{
involving measuring tissue layers, e.g. skin, interfaces
}
. .
{
involving foetal diagnosis; pre-natal or peri-natal diagnosis of the baby
}
. .
{
for diagnosis of bone( A61B 5/4504 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
for diagnosis of the heart
}
. .
{
for diagnosis of blood vessels
}
.
Eye inspection
.
In body cavities or body tracts, e.g. by using catheters( catheters per se A61M 25/00 )]
Collapse
.
Tomography( A61B 8/10 , A61B 8/12 take precedence; tomography for radiation diagnosis A61B 6/02 )
Collapse
. .
Echo-tomography
. . .
{
characterised by scanning multiple planes
}
. .
Transmission-tomography
Collapse
.
{
Positioning of patients, e.g. means for holding or immobilising parts of the patient's body
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/00

. .
{
using compression means
}
. .
{
using means for diagnosing suspended breasts
}
Collapse
.
{
Details of probe positioning or probe attachment to the patient
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/00

Collapse
. .
{
by using holders, e.g. positioning frames
}
. . .
{
characterised by articulated arms
}
. . .
{
characterised by straps, belts, cuffs or braces
}
. . .
{
characterised by adhesive patches
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving determining the position of the probe, e.g. with respect to an external reference frame or to the patient
}
. . .
{
using sensors mounted on the probe
}
. . .
{
using sensors not mounted on the probe, e.g. mounted on an external reference frame
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving the acoustic interface between the transducer and the tissue
}
. . .
{
characterised by sound-transmitting media or devices for coupling the transducer to the tissue
}
. . .
{
characterised by determining or monitoring the contact between the transducer and the tissue
}
Collapse
.
{
Constructional features of the ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic diagnostic device
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/00

. .
{
Device being mounted on a trolley
}
. .
{
Device being modular
}
. .
{
related to combined acquisition of different diagnostic modalities, e.g. combination of ultrasound and X-ray acquisitions
}
. .
{
related to hygiene or sterilisation
}
. .
{
Device being portable or laptop-like
}
. .
{
involving a docking unit
}
. .
{
Means for identifying the diagnostic device, e.g. barcodes
}
Collapse
. .
{
related to the probe
}
. . .
{
Details of catheter construction
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/12

. . .
{
Features of the external shape of the probe, e.g. ergonomic aspects
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Features of the scanning mechanism, e.g. for moving the transducer within the housing of the probe
}
. . . .
{
involving deflection of the probe
}
. . .
{
Wireless probes
}
. .
{
using several separate ultrasound transducers or probes
}
Collapse
. .
{
characterised by features of the ultrasound transducer
}
. . .
{
the transducer being a phased array
}
. . .
{
characterised by the arrangement of the transducer elements( devices for short-range imaging using particular transducer elements arrangements under G01S 15/8909 ; arrangements of transducers in generation of mechanical vibrations of infrasonic, sonic or ultrasonic frequency B06B 1/0607 )
}
Collapse
.
{
Ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic diagnostic devices with special arrangements for interfacing with the operator or the patient
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/00

Collapse
. .
{
Displaying means of special interest
}
. . .
{
characterised by constructional features of the display
}
. . .
{
characterised by displaying multiple images or images and diagnostic data on one display( composite display in devices for short-range imaging with acoustic waves G01S 7/52074 )
}
. . .
{
involving a plurality of displays
}
. . .
{
adapted to display user selection data e.g. icons or menus
}
. . .
{
adapted to display 3D data( 3D imaging and stereoscopic displays in devices for short-range imaging with acoustic waves G01S 15/8993 and G01S 7/52068 , respectively; 3D image rendering G06T 15/00 ; manipulating 3D models for computer graphics G06T 19/00 )
}
Collapse
. .
{
characterised by special input means
}
. . .
{
allowing annotation or message recording
}
. . .
{
for selection of a region of interest
}
Collapse
.
{
Diagnostic techniques( A61B 8/13 takes precedence )
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/08

. .
{
involving the use of contrast agent, e.g. micro-bubbles introduced into the bloodstream( analysis of echo signal exploiting properties of a contrast enhancer in devices for short-range imaging with acoustic waves G01S 7/52039 )
}
. .
{
involving the acquisition of a 3D volume of data
}
. .
{
involving measuring strain or elastic properties
}
. .
{
involving arbitrary m-mode
}
. .
{
involving Doppler signals
}
Collapse
.
{
Devices using data or image processing specially adapted for diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves( image processing per se G06T )
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/08 and A61B 8/14

. .
{
involving processing of raw data to produce diagnostic data, e.g. for generating an image( reconstruction G06T 11/00 )
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving processing of medical diagnostic data
}
. . .
{
for extracting a diagnostic or physiological parameter from medical diagnostic data( for algorithms to analyse biomedical images G06T 7/0012 ; for algorithms for computer assisted diagnosis G06F 19/34 )
}
. . .
{
for generating planar views from image data in a user selectable plane not corresponding to the acquisition plane
}
Collapse
. . .
{
for combining image data of patient, e.g. merging several images from different acquisition modes into one image( for image registration algorithms G06T 7/0024 )
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
combining images from the same or different imaging techniques, e.g. color Doppler and B-mode
}
. . . . .
{
combining overlapping images, e.g. spatial compounding
}
. . . .
{
combining images from different diagnostic modalities, e.g. ultrasound and X-ray
}
Collapse
. .
{
involving detection or reduction of artifacts( for image enhancement algorithms G06T 5/00 )
}
. . .
{
due to motion
}
. .
{
involving retrospective matching to a physiological signal
}
. .
{
using additional data, e.g. patient information, image labeling, acquisition parameters
}
Collapse
.
{
Control of the diagnostic device
}
. .
{
involving acquisition triggered by a physiological signal
}
. .
{
involving monitoring or regulation of device temperature
}
Collapse
.
{
Details of data transmission or power supply
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/00

. .
{
involving data transmission via a network( management of patient information using digital computers G06F 19/32 )
}
Collapse
.
{
Testing, adjusting or calibrating the diagnostic device
}
WARNING
-
This subgroup is not complete pending a reorganisation, see A61B 8/00

. .
{
Remote testing of the device
}
. .
{
Automatic set-up of the device
}
. .
{
Calibration phantoms( models for medical purposes G09B 23/28 )
}
Collapse
Instruments for examination by percussion ; Pleximeters
.
{
Electric apparatus for detecting reflex action, e.g. monitoring depth of anaesthesia( detection of movements A61B 5/11 )
}
Collapse
Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis( vaccination prophylaxis, vaccination therapy A61B 17/20 ) ; Sex determination ; Ovulation-period determination( menstruation tables G06C 3/00 ) ; Throat striking implements
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to group A61F 13/15 which provides for swabs

.
{
Ovulation-period determination( for animals A61D 17/002 )
}
A61B 10/0035
.
{
Vaccination diagnosis other than by injuring the skin, e.g. allergy test patches
}
.
{
Devices for taking faeces samples; Faecal examination devices( anal receptacles A61F 5/451 )
}
.
{
Detection of breast cancer( mammography by transillumination A61B 5/0091 , by X-rays A61B 6/502 , by ultrasonic means A61B 8/0825 )
}
Collapse
.
{
Devices for taking samples of body liquids( devices for taking blood samples A61B 5/1405 )
}
A61B 10/0048
. .
{
for taking amniotic fluid samples
}
. .
{
for taking saliva or sputum samples( devices for receiving spittle A61J 9/00 )
}
. .
{
for taking sperm samples( artificial insemination A61B 17/43 ; for animals A61D 19/021 ; genital receptacles for the male member A61F 5/453 ; massage of the genitals A61H 19/00 )
}
. .
{
for taking sweat or sebum samples( measuring sweat production A61B 5/4266 )
}
. .
{
for taking urine samples( measuring urological functions A61B 5/20 ; genital receptacles A61F 5/451 ; urinals for bed-ridden persons A61G 9/006 )
}
.
{
Casings for storing test samples( A61B10/00C , A61B 10/0038 and A61B 10/0045 take precedence; preservation of living parts of the human or animal body A01N 1/02 ; containers for retaining a material to be analysed B01L 3/50 ; test tubes B01L 3/14 ; containers for enzymology or microbiology C12M 1/16 ; swab-sampler being part of enzymology or microbiology container C12M 1/30 )
}
Collapse
.
{
Instruments for taking a cell sample or for biopsy( A61B 10/0038 and A61B 10/0045 take precedence; needle locating or guiding means A61B 17/3403 ; samplers for enzymology or microbiology C12M 1/26 ; sampling or preparing biological specimens G01N 33/48 )
}
Collapse
A61B 10/0233
. .
{
Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments
}
. . .
{
for prostate
}
. . .
{
for taking bone, bone marrow or cartilage samples
}
Collapse
. . .
{
means for severing sample
}
. . . .
{
with sample notch, e.g. on the side of inner stylet
}
. . .
{
with vacuum aspiration, e.g. caused by retractable plunger or by connected syringe( A61B 10/025 , A61B 10/0266 take precedence )
}
. .
{
for uterus( A61B 10/0045 takes precedence )
}
. .
Endoscopic instruments
. .
Biopsy forceps
{
e.g. with cup-shaped jaws
}
Instruments for depressing the tongue( combined with illuminating and viewing instruments A61B 1/24 )
Devices specially adapted for vivisection or autopsy( similar devices for medical purposes, see the relevant groups for such devices;
{
autopsy tables A61G 13/0027
}
)
Collapse
Guide Heading:
Surgery
Collapse
Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets( A61B 18/00 takes precedence; contraceptive devices, pessaries, or applicators therefor A61F 6/00 ; eye surgery A61F 9/007 ; ear surgery A61F 11/00 )
A61B 17/00008
.
{
Vein tendon strippers( tube strippers A61M 1/0078 )
}
A61B 17/00234
.
{
for minimally invasive surgery( A61B 17/0218 , A61B 17/0469 , A61B 17/12013 , A61B 17/1285 , A61B 17/29 , A61B 17/320016 take precedence )
}
A61B 17/00491
.
{
Surgical glue applicators( surgical adhesives A61L 24/00 ; two-component delivery syringes A61M 5/19 )
}
A61B 17/0057
.
{
Implements for plugging an opening in the wall of a hollow or tubular organ, e.g. for sealing a vessel puncture or closing a cardiac septal defect( sutures A61B 17/04 ; closing rectum or urethra near body surface A61F 2/0009 )
}
Collapse
.
for holding wounds open ; Tractors(
{
specula A61B 1/32
}
; drainage appliances for wounds A61M 27/00 )
. .
{
with antagonistic arms as supports for retractor elements
}
. .
{
for minimally invasive surgery( A61B 17/0218 , A61B 17/0281 , A61B 17/0469 , A61B 17/12013 , A61B 17/1285 , A61B 17/29 , A61B 17/320016 take precedence )
}
. .
{
for eye surgery
}
. .
{
Joint distractors
}
. .
{
Abdominal wall lifters
}
. .
{
with ring member to support retractor elements
}
Collapse
.
for suturing wounds ; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials( suture materials A61L 17/00 )
. .
{
Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors( A61B 17/0642 takes precedence; fixation devices for tendons or ligaments A61F2/08B6 )
}
. .
{
Suture bridges
}
. .
{
Instruments for cutting sutures( surgical cutting instruments A61B 17/32 )
}
. .
{
Suturing instruments for use in minimally invasive surgery, e.g. endoscopic surgery
}
. .
{
Needle or suture guides( guides for drills, pins or wire A61B 17/17 ; for puncturing needles A61B 17/3403 )
}
. .
{
Hand-held instruments for holding sutures( A61B 17/0469 takes precedence; other holders for needles or sutures A61B 17/06061 ; surgical forceps A61B 17/28 ; surgical pincettes A61B 17/30 )
}
. .
{
Devices or means, e.g. loops, for capturing the suture thread and threading it through an opening of a suturing instrument or needle eyelet
}
. .
{
Suture clamps, clips or locks, e.g. for replacing suture knots; Instruments for applying or removing suture clamps, clips or locks( suture anchors A61B 17/0401 ; wound clamps or clips A61B 17/08 ; ligaturing clamps or clips A61B 17/122 )
}
. .
{
Sewing machines for surgery
}
. .
{
Protective devices for suturing, i.e. for protecting the patient`s organs or the operator
}
Collapse
. .
Needles;
{
Sutures; Needle-suture combinations
}
; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials( puncturing needles A61B 17/34 ; nerve needles A61C 5/02 ; hypodermic needles A61M 5/32 ;
{
sewing needles D05B 85/00
}
)
. . .
{
Means for attaching suture to needle( tipping A61B 17/06195 ; connecting wire to other metallic objects B21F 15/00 )
}
. . .
{
Holders for needles or sutures, e.g. racks, stands( hand-held holding instruments A61B 17/0483 ; holders for articles A61B 19/0256 ; racks for syringes or for hypodermic or infusion needles A61M 5/008 )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Needles, e.g. needle tip configurations( making needles B21G 1/00 )
}
. . . .
{
Big needles, either gripped by hand or connectable to a handle
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Packages or dispensers for needles or sutures( packages for sharps A61B 19/0262 ; for dental floss A61C 15/043 ; packages for needles in general B65D 85/24 )
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
of cylindrical shape
}
. . . . .
{
Flat cylinders, e.g. including an inner reel
}
. . . . .
{
Elongate cylinders, i.e. tubes
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
of parallelepipedal shape, e.g. made of rectangular or slightly oval panels
}
. . . . .
{
including a retainer comprising three or more foldable panels
}
. . .
{
Devices for removing or collecting used needles or sutures( A61B 17/0467 takes precedence; for sharps A61B 19/0288 )
}
. . .
{
Sutures( suture materials A61L 17/00 ; manufacture of artificial threads D01D ; treatment of threads D06M )
}
. . .
{
Apparatus or means for preparing the cut end of the suture thread to be attached to the needle, e.g. tipping to prevent brooming( A61B 17/06004 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
Needle manipulators
. . . .
{
the needle being specially adapted to interact with the manipulator, e.g. being ridged to snap fit in a hole of the manipulator( A61B 17/06109 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
.
Surgical staples,
{
i.e. penetrating the tissue
}
. .
{
for bones, e.g. for osteosynthesis or connecting tendon to bone
}
. .
{
with separate closing member, e.g. for interlocking with staple
}
. .
{
penetrating the tissue, deformable to closed position
}
Collapse
.
{
Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
}
( staplers containing only one staple A61B 17/10 ; magazines or containers for staples A61B 17/105 ; for performing anastomosis A61B 17/115 ;
{
staplers in general B25C 5/00
}
)
Collapse
. .
{
for applying U-shaped staples or clamps, e.g. without a forming anvil
}
. . .
{
having a forming anvil staying above the tissue during stapling
}
. . .
{
having a forming anvil staying below the tissue during stapling
}
Collapse
. .
for applying a row of staples in a single action, [e.g. the staples being applied simultaneously]
. . .
{
the staples being applied sequentially
}
. . .
Reinforcements for staple line, e.g. pledgets
.
for removing surgical staples
{
or wound clamps
}
Collapse
.
Wound clamps
{
or clips, i.e. not or only partly penetrating the tissue( suture bridges A61B 17/0466 ); Devices for bringing together the edges of a wound
}
. .
{
Clips, e.g. resilient
}
. .
{
with adhesive layer
}
Collapse
.
for applying or removing wound clamps,
{
e.g. containing only one clamp or staple( A61B 17/076 takes precedence; containing multiple wound clamps A61B 17/068 )
}
; Wound clamp magazines( containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for particular articles or with special means for dispensing contents B65D 83/00 , B65D 85/00 )
. .
{
Wound clamp magazines( for packaging sharps A61B 19/0262 )
}
Collapse
.
for performing anastomosis ; Buttons for anastomosis
. .
{
of the digestive tract, e.g. bowels or oesophagus
}
. .
{
of nerves
}
. .
{
of tendons
}
Collapse
. .
Staplers
{
for performing anastomosis in a single operation
}
. . .
{
applying the staples on the outside of the lumen
}
. . .
Circular staplers comprising a plurality of staples
Collapse
.
for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels, umbilical cord( specially adapted for vas deferens or fallopian tubes A61F 6/20 ; materials for ligaturing blood vessels A61L 17/00 )
Collapse
. .
{
Implements for ligaturing other than by clamps or clips, e.g. using a loop with a slip knot
}
. . .
{
for use in minimally invasive surgery, e.g. endoscopic surgery
}
Collapse
. .
{
Occluding by internal devices, e.g. balloons or releasable wires( plugging an opening in the wall of an organ A61B 17/0057 ; occluders for the cervical canal A61F 6/146 ; vas deferens occluders A61F 6/20 )
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12027
. . .
{
Type of occlusion( A61B 17/12113 takes precedence )
}
A61B 17/12031
. . . .
{
complete occlusion
}
A61B 17/12036
. . . .
{
partial occlusion
}
Collapse
A61B 17/1204
. . . .
{
temporary occlusion
}
A61B 17/12045
. . . . .
{
double occlusion, e.g. during anastomosis
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12099
. . .
{
characterised by the location of the occluder
}
A61B 17/12104
. . . .
{
in an air passage
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12109
. . . .
{
in a blood vessel
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12113
. . . . .
{
within an aneurysm
}
A61B 17/12118
. . . . . .
{
for positioning in conjunction with a stent
}
A61B 17/12122
. . . .
{
within the heart( for closing a cardiac septal defect A61B 17/0057 )
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12131
. . .
{
characterised by the type of occluding device
}
A61B 17/12136
. . . .
{
Balloons
}
Collapse
A61B 17/1214
. . . .
{
Coils or wires
}
A61B 17/12145
. . . . .
{
having a pre-set deployed three-dimensional shape( methods of manufacturing A61B 2017/00526 )
}
A61B 17/1215
. . . . .
{
comprising additional materials, e.g. thrombogenic, having filaments, having fibers, being coated
}
A61B 17/12154
. . . . .
{
having stretch limiting means
}
A61B 17/12159
. . . .
{
Solid plugs; being solid before insertion
}
A61B 17/12163
. . . .
{
having a string of elements connected to each other
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12168
. . . .
{
having a mesh structure( A61B 17/1214 takes precedence )
}
A61B 17/12172
. . . . .
{
having a pre-set deployed three-dimensional shape( methods of manufacturing A61B 2017/00526 )
}
A61B 17/12177
. . . . .
{
comprising additional materials, e.g. thrombogenic, having filaments, having fibers or being coated
}
Collapse
A61B 17/12181
. . . .
{
formed by fluidized, gelatinous or cellular remodelable materials, e.g. embolic liquids, foams or extracellular matrices
}
A61B 17/12186
. . . . .
{
liquid materials adapted to be injected
}
A61B 17/1219
. . . . .
{
expandable in contact with liquids
}
A61B 17/12195
. . . . .
{
comprising a curable material
}
Collapse
. .
Clamps or clips,
{
e.g. for the umbilical cord( for the vas deferens A61F 6/206 )
}
. . .
{
Packages or dispensers therefor( clip magazines incorporated in a clip-applying instrument A61B 17/128 ; for surgical articles A61B 19/026 )
}
. . .
{
Spring clips
}
Collapse
. .
for applying or removing clamps or clips
. . .
{
for minimally invasive surgery
}
Collapse
. .
Tourniquets
{
( sphygometers A61B 5/02 )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
comprising a flexible encircling member( A61B 17/135 takes precedence )
}
. . . .
{
with means for applying local pressure( pressure pads A61F 5/30 )
}
. . . .
{
Tensioning clamps
}
Collapse
. . .
inflatable( for measuring blood pressure A61B 5/022 ; inflatable pressure pads A61F 5/34 )
. . . .
{
Automated control means therefor
}
Collapse
.
Surgical saws(
{
A61B 17/1637 takes precedence
}
; tooth saws A61C 3/12 ;
{
saws for jaw bone A61C 8/0089
}
; cast-cutting saws A61F 15/02 )
;
{
Accessories therefor
}
WARNING
-
New subgroups of A61B 17/14 are not complete, pending a reorganisation. See provisionally also group A61B 17/14

A61B 17/141
. .
{
Saw blades
}
A61B 17/148
. .
{
reciprocating
}
Collapse
. .
Guides therefor
{
( arrangements for guiding straight saw blades in general B23D 51/025 )
}
Collapse
A61B 17/151
. . .
{
for corrective osteotomy
}
A61B 17/152
. . . .
{
for removing a wedge-shaped piece of bone
}
Collapse
. . .
{
for preparing bone for knee prosthesis
}
. . . .
{
Cutting femur
}
. . . .
{
Cutting tibia
}
. . . .
{
Cutting patella
}
Collapse
.
{
Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g.
}
Osteoclasts ; Drills or chisels for bones ; Trepans
{
( arthroscopic bone cutters A61B 17/320016 ; dental implant drills potentially for other surgical use A61C 8/0089 ; bone grinders A61F 2/4644 , A22C 17/06 ; A61B 17/1662 takes precedence over all other subgroups except A61B 17/17 )
}
WARNING
-
New groups A61B 17/1679 , A61B 17/1682 , A61B 17/1684 , A61B 17/1686 , A61B 17/1688 , A61B 17/1691 and A61B 17/1693 are not complete, pending a reorganisation. See provisionally also group A61B 17/16 and subgroups

Collapse
. .
{
Chisels; Rongeurs; Punches; Stamps
}
Collapse
A61B 17/1606
. . .
{
of forceps type, i.e. having two jaw elements moving relative to each other
}
Collapse
A61B 17/1608
. . . .
{
the two jaw elements being linked to two elongated shaft elements moving longitudinally relative to each other
}
A61B 17/1611
. . . . .
{
the two jaw elements being