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BUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE (fastenings specially adapted for footwear A43C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The following fasteners or their essential parts:

  • Buttons;
  • Pins;
  • Buckles or strap fasteners that are actuated or operated directly by hand and intended to releasably connect either (1) the ends of a single web or strap, or (2) the ends of two or more webs or straps together (e.g. safety belt buckles);
  • Slide fasteners;
  • "Other types" of fasteners that are actuated or operated directly by hand and frequently utilized or associated with accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery (e.g. snap fasteners, collar-studs). Appropriate 'other types' of fasteners must also be readily reusable and their normal securing or releasing operation not destructive or damaging to either the fastener itself or the structure it secures.

Making slide fasteners, touch-and-close fasteners (e.g. VELCRO®, hook-and-loop, barb-and-pile fabrics), and other fasteners of this subclass.

Accessories or ancillary devices for the fasteners of this subclass when they are used exclusively with one of the varieties of fasteners (e.g. button cards) or have their operations either influencing or being influenced by the operation of the fastener (e.g. slide fastener pulling cords).

The following additional devices associated with either the fasteners of this class or accoutrements, garments, and haberdashery:

  • key rings;
  • clamping or holding devices; and
  • mock-fastening devices that merely look like the fasteners, or one of their essential parts, of this subclass but do not function as fasteners (e.g. ornamental buttons on coats, fake zippers on clothing).

Note

The only "other types" of fasteners appropriate for this subclass are those that are capable of use with or actually used with accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery. Therefore, it must be either a commonly known practice to use a particular type of fastener with accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery (e.g., snap fasteners) or the patent documents for a particular type of fastener must frequently disclose their use with accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery. However, it is not required that all, or even the majority, of the fasteners covered by a particular category of fastener be specially adapted for use, or disclose their intended use, with accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

General relationship of A44B with F16B

Fasteners per se that either (a) require a tool for completing their normal fastening (e.g. screws, nails, stitches) or (b) are destroyed or destructively deformed to fasten or unfasten (e.g. staples, rivets) are excluded from A44B.

However, when F16B types of fasteners or other tool driven or deformed fasteners are used to mount fasteners or fastener components appropriate for A44B, and are attached to or cooperate with at least one of their components, they are properly classified within A44B as an additional feature of the fasteners with which they are utilized.

General relationship of A44B with subclasses for accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery

Fasteners appropriately classified within A44B are often broadly claimed or disclosed in combination with the structure they secure or fasten. If the detail of the structure they secure or fasten specifies only the portion of the structure (e.g. dress belt tip or holes) necessary for either completing the fastening operation or mounting the fastening means, the combinations are proper for A44B.

If the details of the accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery being secured are more than that needed to complete the fastening operation or mount the fastener, then the combination is appropriate for the accoutrements, garments, or haberdashery subclasses (e.g. A41D, A41F).

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fastening devices specially adapted for specific types of garments
Buttonholes or eyelets for buttonholes
Corset fasteners
Glove fasteners
Garter fasteners
Belts, girdles, or waistbands for trousers or skirts
Thumbtacks
Devices for fastening or securing constructional elements or machine parts together
Hand-manipulated hooks or eyes (e.g. swivel hook for dog leash)
For garments in general
For protective aprons having fastening devices
For neckties having fastening or holding devices associated with the knot or collar
For hats having fastening devices
For head covering fastening means other than hatpins
For laces in general and for footwear having fastening devices
For machines, tools, equipment, or methods for setting fasteners on footwear
For brooches or clips having decorative or ornamental aspects
For medals or badges having pin fastening devices
For hair-holding devices
For work bench type holding clamps
For paper clips or like paper fasteners for temporarily attaching sheets together
For elements specially adapted for fastening, fixing, or finishing upholstery
For sewing apparatus or machines with mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both for making ornamental pattern seams, for sewing buttonholes, for reinforcing openings, or for fastening articles (e.g. buttons) by sewing
For sewing needles
For hand operated latches or bolts for doors or windows (e.g., door hooks)

Places covering apparatus or methods for making, or for positioning on the structure being fastened, fasteners or components of fasteners appropriate for this subclass

Appliances or methods for marking-out, perforating, or making buttonholes
Appliances or methods for setting fasteners on garments
Processing sheet metal, tubes or profiles to make haberdashery
Processing sheet metal, tubes or profiles to make buttons
Processing sheet metal, tubes or profiles to make metal slide fasteners parts
Wire-working to produce devices for fastening (e.g. slide fastener elements, buttons)
Pressure or injection die casting of slide fasteners and slide fastener parts
Producing slide fastener elements from plastic or other substances in a plastic state
Producing buttons or semi-finished button parts from plastic or other substances in a plastic state
Special rules of classification within this subclass

This subclass covers buckles, velcro or slide fasteners whether used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing) or otherwise only if there's no other class for the specific application.

Please note that there are also additional symbols in A44D other than the ones relating to Indexing Code mirror.

For classification of additional funtions or features the non-Mirror Indexing Code symbols of A44D should be used.

Decorative mock-fastening devices that do not function as fasteners (e.g. ornamental buttons on coats, fake zippers on clothing), but that look like the fasteners or one of their essential parts covered by A44B, are classified within the main groups of this subclass that provide for the fasteners they are intended to resemble.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Button
A hand manipulated fastener that includes a rigid or semirigid portion (i.e. button) which is attached (e.g. sewn) to the structure it is intended to fasten or secure (e.g. clothing) in a manner that allows its reorientation by either movement about its attachment or movement of the structure it secures. A button is intended to be used with a complementary opening having a flaccid portion (e.g. buttonholes, looped cords) that forms the second essential part of the fastener.
Buckle
A hand manipulated fastener including engaging or holding means and structure for guiding during fastening, which can selectively hold a cooperating strap or belt that is either the structure secured (e.g. end of a dress belt) or a second portion of the fastener (e.g. securing strap of a backpack flap).
Pin
A hand manipulated fastener that includes both (1) a portion specifically shaped (e.g. pointed) to facilitate impaling of and penetration into the structure fastened or secured and (2) a remaining portion (e.g. head) intended to be manually pushed on that does not penetrate the structure fastened or secured.
Slide fastener
A hand manipulated fastener that includes (1) two, opposed, elongated, configured surfaces that are each attached by mounting means to a secured structure and are intended to directly contact and interlock with each other when fastened and (2) a sliding device that is much shorter in length than the surfaces and which travels along their length to forcibly shift them into or out of interlocking engagement
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following words "slide fastener" and "zipper" are often used as synonyms.

In patent documents the following words "cufflink" and "sleeve-link" are often used as synonyms.

Buttons ( setting on garments A41H 37/10 ; setting on footwear A43D 100/08 ; making buttons: see the relevant groups in the classes for making articles from particular materials )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brooches with a safety pin fastening
Brooches in their decorative aspect
Badges
Special rules of classification within this group

In American English "Button" is used for "Badge", correct class for Badges is A44C 3/001.

For removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener, class in A44B 1/18 and in A44C 3/001.

Contains buttons with perfume.

Contains buttons with further safety means avoiding debuttoning.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Button
A knob or stud of metal or other material sewn or fixed by a shank or neck to articles of dress, usually for the purpose of fastening one part of the dress to another by passing through a button-hole, but often merely for ornament.
Badge
Any distinctive device, emblem, or mark worn to indicate a person's affiliation, rank, office, name, etc., or membership of an organization or support for a cause; also a small piece of metal, card, plastic, etc., bearing a distinguishing design or words and often worn purely for ornament.
characterised by their material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Ornamental buttons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Special rules of classification within this group

In American English "Button" is used for "Badge", correct class for Badges is A44C 3/001.

For removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener, class in A44B 1/18 and in A44C 3/001.

Assembling of buttons ( covering by braiding D04D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Constructional characteristics
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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washable
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Laundry button protectors
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Classification is done here only if the document specifically mentions constructional characteristics in the context of promoting the washing or laundry ability.

covered by fabric
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with a removable fabric covering}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Manufacture not otherwise provided for}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with replaceable {or protective} coverings { ( removable fabric coverings A44B 1/123 ; sleeve-links concealing a sewed-on button A44B 5/007) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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adapted for special ways of fastening
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Special rules of classification within this group

In American English "Button" is used for "Badge", correct class for Badges is A44C 3/001.

For removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener, class in A44B 1/18 and in A44C 3/001.

If they fasten through a safety pin, it should also be classed in A44B 9/16.

{with quick, thread-like, anchoring means avoiding the use of a separate needle and thread}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Thread-like
Filiform, used as an alternative to textile threads.
attached by thread visible to the front { (A44B 1/185 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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attached by thread not visible to the front { (A44B 1/185 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Eye-buttons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Capitoné furniture upholstery buttons
B68G 7/08, A47C31/02B2
with resilient shank
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with shank and counterpiece
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Screw-buttons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Shank inserted into counterpiece and locked by sliding or rotating
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with snap-action counterpiece
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Difference between buttons fixed to material, i.e. textile, with snap-action counterpiece A44B 1/34 and snap-fasteners A44B 17/00 is that the snap-fastener fastens two pieces of material, i.e. textile, by snap-fastening; while the button is fixed to one piece of material, i.e. textile by snap-fastening but does not use snap fastening to fasten two pieces of material, i.e. textile.

with counterpiece in the form of cotter, split-pin, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Clamping by spring action
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with helical wire-shank screwed into material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with deformable prongs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with deformable counterpiece
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Collar-studs
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Collar-stud
A stud used to fasten a collar to a shirt
completely rigid
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with head tiltable as a whole
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with head formed as two tiltable flaps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with head and base separable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Sleeve-links
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Sleeve-link
A link used for fastening the loose sides of a wristband or cuff, esp. the cuff of a shirt-sleeve.
{with head tiltable as a whole}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{formed as two tiltable flaps}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{concealing a sewed-on button ( buttons with replaceable coverings A44B 1/14) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Retainers or tethers for neckties, cravats, neckerchiefs, or the like, e.g. tie-clips, spring clips with attached tie-tethers, woggles, pins with associated sheathing members tetherable to clothing ( tie-pins A44B 9/08 ; decorative or ornamental aspects A44C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Cards for buttons, collar-studs, or sleeve-links
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Packaging, articles attached to webs
Simple pins
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Ordinary pins
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pin for general purpose without specific use.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Hat-pins ( other fastening means for head coverings A42B 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Tie-pins ( pins with associated sheathing members tetherable to clothing A44B 6/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Safety devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Safety devices for pins classified as simple pins.

Also includes safety devices which do not cover the tip.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Ordinary safety-pins
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Brooches; Breast-pins
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Buttons for fastening
Brooches in their decorative aspect
Badges
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises brooches with a safety pin fastening. For brooches in their decorative aspect class in A44C 1/00.

Safety pins also to be found in button & badges fastenings A44B 1/18, A44C 3/001.

In American English "Button" is used for "Badge", correct class for Badges is A44C 3/001.

For removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener, class in A44B 1/18 and in A44C 3/001.

If they fasten through a safety pin, it should also be classed in A44B 9/16.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words “brooch” and “breast pin” are often used as synonyms.

Hinges; Locking devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Attaching heads of glass or the like to pin shafts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods for attaching heads of glass or the like to pin shafts. May also comprise machines for attaching if it is not the main subject of the invention

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dogs collars couplings
Buckles to reduce size in caps / hats
Buckles to reduce size in helmets
Magnetic coupling in handbags, accessories
Hangers for hanging articles
Supports, holders for household use
Tourniquets
Buckles for goggles/lenses (A. Espuch is stock manager)
Swimming fins
Swimming googles
Hand-tools for fastening wire or strip
Sheet fastening
Tighteners for securing of load on vehicles
Securing luggage straps
Diving masks
Ratchet type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened
Straps for window shutters
Carabiner hooks
Cord stoppers (buckle for every round strap)
Chain coupling, swivels
Means for preventing, limiting movements of parts of a control mechanism by a locking member
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers buckles whether used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing) or otherwise only if there's no other class for the specific application.

{Attachment of buckle to strap ( for safety buckles A44B 11/2553) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{extensible}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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frictionally engaging surface of straps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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without movable parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with strap tightening means (A44B 11/125 takes precedence; tighteners for securing of load on vehicles B60P 7/0823 ; buckles attached to the end of a strap for bundling articles B65D 63/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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roller displaceable in wedge-shaped slot
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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sliding wedge
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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turnable clamp
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with strap tightening means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Strap tightening means incorporated in buckles which frictionally engage the surface of straps using turnable clamps.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tighteners for securing of load on vehicles
Securing luggage straps
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers buckles frictionally engaging surface of straps with a turnable clamp and strap tightening means whether used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing) or otherwise only if there's no other class for the specific application.

with snap-action
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Strap held by spring action
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Strap held by threading through linked rings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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engaging holes or the like in strap
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Buckles or similar fasteners which engage holes or recesses or projections formed in the strap.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dogs collars
Buckles to reduce size in caps / hats
Buckles to reduce size in helmets
Buckles for goggles/lenses (A. Espuch is stock manager)
Straps, buckles, attachment of headbands in goggles
Breathing masks
Swimming fins
Swimming goggles
Swimming goggles with means covering the nostrils
Diving masks
Ratchet type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened
Special rules of classification within this group

For straps locking head gear, forward to A42B 3/145 or A42B 1/22.

Buckle with fixed prong
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{fixed on a movable element}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with cover plate}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Buckle with movable prong
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with two or more separable parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Safety buckles ( safety belts in vehicles B60R 22/00 ; safety belts for aircraft B64D 25/02) }
Special rules of classification within this group

Usually in metallic material.

Comprises safety buckles used in safety belts for vehicles or aircraft.

Does not comprise the safety belts for vehicles or aircraft.

{actuated by a push-button}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{acting perpendicularly to the main plane of the buckle, e.g. placed on the front face of the buckle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with two buttons acting in opposite directions}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{acting parallel to the main plane of the buckle and in the same direction as the fastening action}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with an operating lever}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{acting in the same plane or in a plane parallel to the main plane of the buckle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with the sliding motion of the buckle providing the opening or closing action}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with a pivoting bar retaining a loop of the strap itself}
Definition statement
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{actuated by a rotatable element, e.g. combined with other actuating means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding devices for storing or regulating straps
{Details}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bulletproof vest
Special rules of classification within this group

Single action to release simultaneously multiple buckles are in F41H 1/02, in (gc180811 and A44B) and also some in A44B 11/266.

{Fastening of other buckle elements to the main buckle ( buckles with several tongues released by the same mechanism A44B 11/2507 to A44B 11/2542) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Three-point seat belt anchoring for children
{Attachment of buckle to strap}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with strap length adjustment}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Tongue elements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Illuminated buckles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification within this subgroup

If illumination only in the buckle, class in A44B 11/2565

If illumination in the webbing of the belt but no change in the webbing construction, forward to B60Q 3/02

If illumination in the webbing & webbing being constructionally changed, forward to B60Q 3/02 and B60R 22/12

{Safety measures ( buckles for releasing in a vehicle emergency B60R 22/32 ; control, alarm, or interlock systems for the correct application of safety belt buckles in vehicles B60R 22/48) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Illumination in the webbing of the belt
Bulletproof vest
Special rules of classification within this group

Single action to release simultaneously multiple buckles are in F41H 1/02, in (gc180811 and A44B) and also some in A44B 11/266.

{Locking means preventing an unauthorised opening, e.g. by children}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric of magnetic means
Locks
{Buckle covers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{fastening by superposing one part on top of the other (A44B 11/2503 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{followed by sliding in the main plane of the buckle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{combined with one buckle element rotating or pivoting}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{fastening by sliding in the main plane or a plane parallel to the main plane of the buckle (A44B 11/2503 , A44B 11/2584 take precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{the movement being transverse to the longitudinal direction of the strap or chain}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with push-button fastenings { (A44B 11/2507 takes precedence; press-button fasteners A44B 17/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification within this group

Usually in plastic material.

{with a push-button acting perpendicularly to the main plane of the buckle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with at least one push-button acting parallel to the main plane of the buckle and perpendicularly to the direction of the fastening action}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bulletproof vest
Special rules of classification within this group

Single action to release simultaneously multiple buckles are in F41H 1/02, in (gc180811 and A44B) and also some in A44B 11/266.

with hooks engaging end-pieces on the strap { (A44B 11/2503 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Hook or eye fasteners
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dogs collars couplings
Carabiner hook
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers hook or eye fasteners used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing). For other specific applications see References.

{made of wire}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{made of metal plate}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{made of plastics}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with spring closure of hook
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dogs collars couplings
Carabiner hook
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers hook or eye fasteners used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing). For other specific applications see References.

Key-rings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Separable rings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Fobs}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bags/wallets for holding keys
Bags/wallets for holding keys, combined with other articles
Bags/wallets for holding keys, stored pivotably (when key has head)
Fastening keys inside bags
Fastening keys with spring reel
Fastening keys to garments
A45F5/02K
Key holders/boards
Screwdrivers
Hand tools (for disengaging key-rings)
B25B33/10
Multi-hand tool
Pockett knives
Combination of writing implements with other articles
Bottle opener
Illuminated devices for locks or keys
Keys stored pivotably (when keys don't have head)
Dummy/simulated locks
Rope/chain adjustment buckle
Light
Electronically operated keys
Coin holders
Coins for coin free mechanism
Cart coin free mechanism
Anti-loss alarms
Id tags for keys
Press-button or snap fasteners
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Joining sheets by rivets
Press-fasteners in general
Resilient clamping means for holding electric components to structure
Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Difference between buttons fixed to material, i.e. textile, with snap-action counterpiece A44B 1/34 and snap-fasteners A44B 17/00 is that the snap-fastener fastens two pieces of material, i.e. textile, by snap-fastening; while the button is fixed to one piece of material, i.e. textile by snap-fastening but does not use snap fastening to fasten two pieces of material, i.e. textile.

{Press-button fasteners in which the elastic retaining action is obtained by a spring working in the plane of the fastener}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Press-button fasteners consisting of two parts (A44B 17/0029 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Press-button fasteners consisting of three parts (A44B 17/0029 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Press-button fasteners consisting of four parts (A44B 17/0029 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises press-button fasteners consisting of four parts or more.

Fasteners of the touch-and-close type; Making such fasteners ( making pile fabrics D03 , D04)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Method of manufacturing velcro fasteners for absorbing pads
Velcro fasteners for absorbing pads, diapers
Cleaning, use of a film provided with piles of nano range to prevent fouling or dust deposits
Bundling articles with straps
Delivering devices
Basic microstructures
B81B3/00K20, B81B 3/0005
Manufacturing micro-or nano- structures
B81C (Philippe Foussier)
Arrays of nanoscale structures
Nano-structures
Adhesive in form of film/foils
Suction cups for attachment and equivalent means using adhesives
Joining sheets by velcro
Adhesive with protrusions
Nano-fibers
Y01N6/00
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers velcro fasteners whether used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing) or otherwise only if there's no other class for the specific application (see Informative References).

This subclass does not cover piles with nanometer dimension (also called "dry adhesive", surface treatment, van de Waals force), it's not a velcro as there's no counterpart for fastening. These should be forwarded to:

Adhesive in form of film/foils
Adhesive with protrusions
Nano-fibers
Y01N6/00
{in which each part has similar elements}
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises mixed, hermaphrodite elements.

{Woven or knitted fasteners}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Woven pile fabrics
Knitted pile fabrics
{Details}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Joining sheets by velcro
{Adaptations for being fixed to a moulded article during moulding}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Moulding rigid plastic, sealing-off parts of inserts
Fixed in mould by magnetic means
Moulding by foaming, avoiding impregnation of a preformed part
Slide fasteners
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Zippers in suitcases
Production of slide fasteners, continuous profiled strip
Machines placing fasteners on bags
B31B19/90C
Application of profiled strips to bags
Tamper evident device for packaging
For bags, packaging
B65D33/25A2
Locks for suitcases
Theft alarm actuated by tampering fastening
Status alarms
Switches in zippers
H01H 1/00, zippers ( H01H)
Connections in zippers
H01R 4/58, zippers ( H01R)
Filling of bags, packaging
L65B9/20P
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers slide fasteners whether used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing) or otherwise only if there's no other class for the specific application (see Informative References).

Does not comprise slide fasteners for packaging or plastic bags, even when this application is not claimed but it appears in the figures or in the description.

{Stringers arranged edge to edge when fastened, e.g. abutting stringers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with substantially rectangular members having interlocking projections and pieces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Stringers arranged side-by-side when fastened, e.g. at least partially superposed stringers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media118.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises hidden teeth.

Interlocking member in the shape of a continuous helix
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of slide fasteners, continuous helix
interlocking member having uniform section throughout the length of the stringer { ( for sacks or bags B65D 33/2508) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of slide fasteners, continuous profiled strip
Machines placing fasteners on bags
B31B19/90C
Application of profiled strips to bags
For bags, packaging
B65D33/25A2
Filling of bags, packaging
L65B9/20P
Special rules of classification within this group

Does not comprise slide fasteners for packaging or plastic bags, even when this application is not claimed but it appears in the figures or in the description.

Details
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Zippers in suitcases
Tamper evident device for packaging
Locks for suitcases
Theft alarm actuated by tampering fastening
Status alarms
Switches in zippers
H01H 1/00, zippers ( H01H)
Connections in zippers
H01R 4/58, zippers ( H01R)
{for slide fasteners with edges of stringers having uniform section throughout the length thereof ( for sacks or bags B65D 33/2591) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of slide fasteners, continuous profiled strip
Machines placing fasteners on bags
B31B19/90C
Application of profiled strips to bags
For bags, packaging
B65D33/25A2
Filling of bags, packaging
L65B9/20P
Special rules of classification within this group

Does not comprise slide fasteners for packaging or plastic bags, even when this application is not claimed but it appears in the figures or in the description.

constructed to be removable from at least one stringer; {Sliders with movable parts to permit releasing of the slider in the event of jamming or obstruction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with means for locking in position
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media120.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Zippers in suitcases
Locks for suitcases
Means for making slide fasteners gas or watertight
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tamper evident device for packaging
For bags, packaging
B65D33/25A2
Means for permanently uniting the stringers at the end; Means for stopping movement of slider at the end
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of slide fasteners, continuous profiled strip
Machines placing fasteners on bags
B31B19/90C
Application of profiled strips to bags
For bags, packaging
B65D33/25A2
Means at the end of stringer by which the slider can be freed from one stringer, e.g. stringers can be completely separated from each other
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{"Two-way" or "double-acting" separable slide fasteners}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Separable slide fasteners with quick opening devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Relationship between large subject matter areas

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{Top end stop means for quick opening slide fasteners}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Connection of separate interlocking members}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines and feeders for fitting together or separating metal parts
{Connection of one-piece interlocking members}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of slide fasteners, continuous profiled strip
Application of profiled strips to bags
Filling of bags, packaging
L65B9/20P
Making by processes not fully provided for in one other class, e.g. B21D 53/50 , B21F 45/18 , B22D 17/16 , B29D 5/00 { ( attaching closure devices, e.g. slide fasteners, to bags B31B 19/00 ; making package opening by applying or incorporating profile strips, e.g. for reclosable bags B65B 61/188) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines and feeders for fitting together or separating metal parts
Production of slide fasteners, continuous profiled strip
Machines placing fasteners on bags, packaging
B31B19/90C
Application of profiled strips to bags
Filling of bags, packaging
L65B9/20P
Methods of stamping metal to manufacture teeth, only from metal sheets
B21D53/53
Securing metal interlocking members to ready-made stringer tapes ( making metal slide fastener parts combined with attaching B21D 53/52)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Making metal fastener parts combined with attaching, only from metal sheets
Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fixing of plants to supports, e.g. using clips
Clamps for shoes drawn tight by laces
Credit card holders
Fastening articles to the garment
Show stands, hangers shelves
Means for holding napkins to clothes
Hangers with clamps
Clamps for holding towels
Fastening means for diapers/absorbent articles
Baby-comforters
Clamps for tools, workshop equipment
Stationary clamps for paper sheets
Drawing pins, thumb-tacks
Arrangements for holding or mounting articles in vehicles
Clamps for packaging use, i.e. for packaging clothes, for closing a chips bag
Clothes pegs with pivoted clamp (for hanging to dry)
Tent fastenings
Friction grip releasable fastening, pivoting jaws for constructional machines
Friction grip releasable fastening, sliding jaws for constructional machines
Joining sheets by riveting
Hooks with pivoting closing members
Clamps for fastening cables or ropes
Mounting stands as support for apparatus
Internal mounting of support for computer equipment
Fastening for a badge label
Mounting arrangement of contructional parts
Mounting structure of assembly printed circuits with electric components
Securing means for mounting electric apparatus
Special rules of classification within this group

This subclass covers clamp fasteners or other holding devices used as haberdashery (i.e. for clothing). For other applications, see Informative References.

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013