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SHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS (shaping substances in a plastic state in general B29C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus and processes for shaping and working of foodstuff in general, not particular to any special kind of food. Processes are concerned with apparatus or process parameters (equipment to be used, configuration of said equipment, parameters such as pressure, temperature, duration of progress by equipment setup), rather than referring to products characteristics, such as recipes, ingredients etc.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Pharmaceutical or cosmetic products: A61K;

shaped and worked foodstuffs in general, and their corresponding processes: A23L 1/0014

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Apiculture
Baker's ovens, machines or equipment for baking
Grain treatment
Foods, foodstuff or non-alcoholic beverages not covered by subclasses A23B-A23J, their preparation or treatment, e.g. cooking, modification of nutritive qualities, physical treatment, preservation
Domestic, e.g. household or kitchen apparatus for processing food
Preservation of alcoholic beverages
Devices for drying foodstuffs
Machines for making dough or baked dough products
Processing meat, poultry or fish
Preserving meat, fish, eggs, fruit, vegetables, edible seeds; chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
Milk products
Edible oils or fats; e.g. margarines, shortenings, cooking oils
Coffee, tea or their substitutes; manufacture, preparation or infusion thereof
Cocoa, cocoa products, substitutes thereof, confectionery, chewing gum, ice-cream
Working-up proteins for foodstuffs
Animal foods
Post harvest processing of fruit and vegetables
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shaping substances in a plastic state in general
Cutting in general
Dispensing, delivering or transferring liquids
Emulsifiers in general
Purifying water, e.g. by ion-exchange
Essential oils in general
Special rules of classification within this subclass

May include, along with a description of mechanical elements or structures, characteristic features of the products to be manufactured, in such a case, a double classification in the corresponding subgroups of A23L 1/0014 is necessary.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Food
In addition to the commonly accepted foods or foodstuffs, the term in this subclass also extends to cover food ingredients, such as thickening agents (e.g. starch), flavouring agents, artificial sweeteners, food colouring agents, etc.
Shaping or working of foodstuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus and process aspects of processing of food items in general, not related to specific food types

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Processes related to products, product properties, such as recipes, ingredients: A23L 1/0014

[N: Fixation on a non-edible supporting member (confectionery, chocolate, ice-cream A23G)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines and process for fixation of foodstuff on a non-edible supporting member, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Chocolates and confectionery: A23G

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Table service (dishes and tableware)
Agglomerating; Granulating; Tabletting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines and processes for agglomerating, granulating, tabletting of food products in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Agglomeration, granulation, tabletting of pharmaceuticals: A61K 9/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Agglomerated, granulated or tabletted food products, and their related processes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shaping presses in general
Crushing or disintegrating in general
Encapsulation of particles, e.g. foodstuff additives (flavouring agents A23L 1/22)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines and processes for encapsulation of particles, e.g. foodstuff additives in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Encapsulation of pharmaceuticals: A61K 9/48

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Encapsulated food products, and their related processes
Flavouring agents
Making free-flowing or instant powder (A23P 1/02, A23P 1/04 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines and processes for making free-flowing or instant food powders in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Food products in the form of free-flowing or instant powders, and their related processes
Non-alcoholic beverages in dry form
Chocolate drinks, in powdered form
Agglomerating; Granulating; Tabletting
Encapsulation of particles
Coating of foodstuffs; Coatings therefore; Making of laminated, multilayered or stuffed foodstuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines and processes for coating of foodstuffs, coatings therefore, making of laminated, multilayered or stuffed foodstuffs in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Coating of confectionery items: A23G 3/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coated food products, coatings therefore, laminated or multi-layered foodstuff, and their related processes
Packaging
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coating processes and apparatus in general
[N: Apparatus or processes for dip-coating in a liquid or semi-liquid bath (dip-coating in general B05D 1/18, B05C 3/02)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes for dip-coating in a liquid or semi-liquid bath

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dip-coating in general
[N: Other apparatus or processes for coating with liquid or semi-liquid products, e.g. spray-coating, fluidised-bed coating, coating by casting (combined with breading A23P 1/082; coating processes and apparatus in general B05C, B05D)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Other apparatus or processes for coating of food products with liquid or semi-liquid products, e.g. spray-coating, fluidised-bed coating, coating by casting, not provided for in other classes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coating processes and apparatus in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Combined with breading A23P 1/082

Other shaping methods, e.g. moulding
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Shaping methods for food products, e.g. moulding, extruding etc, not specific to a particular type of food products, and their respective apparatus

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Shaped or worked products, and methods related thereto
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shaping of items in general
Extruding
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Shaping of food products by extrusion in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Extruded food products and extrusion methods linked to said products
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Extrusion in general
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013