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CHAIRS (seats specially adapted for vehicles B60N 2/00; { hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats A01M 31/02; seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats A01K 97/22; bath seats A47K 3/12; shower seats A47K 3/282; chairs with toilet means A47K 11/04; seats for surgeons, dentists A61B 19/28; chairs for disabled persons A61G 5/00; operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs A61G 15/00; chairs with massage means A61H 2201/0149; ski-lift seats B61B 12/002; rail vehicles seats B61D 33/00; vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats B63B 29/04; aircraft seats B64D 11/06}); SOFAS; BEDS (upholstery in general B68G; { beds specially adapted for nursing A61G 7/00; sleeping accomodation for caravans B60P 3/38, sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles B61D 31/00; sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles B62D 33/0612; berths for vessels B63B 29/10})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating/lying furniture or objects convertible to/from seating/lying furniture not provided for in other part of the classification (see list below).

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

Tables; Desks; Cabinets in general

Children's furniture

Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows

Bath seats

Shower seats

Chairs with toilet means

Seats for surgeons or dentists

Chairs for disable persons

Medical beds

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

Chairs with massage means

Beds with massage means

Mattresses with massage means

Producing upholstery articles, e.g. cushions, seats

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

Sleeping accommodation for caravans

Ski-lift seats

Sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles

Rail vehicles seats

Sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

Berths for vessels

Aircraft seats

Upholstery in general

Jointing of furniture

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

Production of mattresses or cushions by moulding

Production of seats by moulding

Production of upholstery by moulding

Chairs adapted for special purposes (features relating to vertical adjustability A47C 3/20; convertible chairs A47C 13/00; chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons A61G 5/00; operating chairs, dental chairs A61G 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs adapted for special purposes e.g. reclining or easy chairs (see A47C 1/02); hairdressers' chair (see A47C 1/04); Theatre, auditorium or similar chairs (see A47C 1/12); beach or outdoor chairs (see A47C 1/14); chairs or seats detachably mounted on stadium benches (see A47C 1/16).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

Seating furniture for specified purposes not covered by main groups A47C 1/00 or A47C 9/00

Bath seats

Shower seats

Chairs with toilet means

Seats for surgeons or dentists

Chairs for disable persons

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

Chairs with massage means

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

Ski-lift seats

Rail vehicles seats

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

Aircraft seats

Exercising apparatus combined with chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats

Foldable, collapsible or dismountable chairs

Chairs of special materials

Part, details or accessories of chairs

Stools for specified purposes

Benches

Convertible chairs

Other seating furniture

Sofas; Couches

A47C 17/02 A74C17/04

having independently-adjustable supporting parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts, e.g. having independently-adjustable backrest, backrest-seat-unit or arm-rest

the parts being horizontally-adjustable seats; {Expandable seats or the like,e.g. seats with horizontally adjustable parts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seats having seating depth adjustment by horizontal adjustment of the seat or by horizontal movement of the backrest.

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WO0170072

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Adjustable vehicles seat-cushion length

Chairs for disable persons having adjustable depth seats

the parts, being the back-rest, or the back-rest and seat unit, having adjustable { and lockable} inclination
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media1.jpg

WO9419991

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FR2094463

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having movably-coupled adjustable seat and backrest

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest connected to movable backrest or backrest-seat-unit

Rocking chairs with central column and with backrest-seat-unit elastically mounted in a ridged frame

Seating furniture convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting the back-rest

Adjustable children's chairs

Vehicle seats with adjustable backrest

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Backrest-seat-unit

backrest and a seat permanently connected to each other

for changing a straight chair into an easy chair, { e.g. by inverting or tilting seat and back-rest in the base frame or by overturning the whole chair}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs convertible from a straight chair into an easy chair, e.g. by inverting or tilting seat and back-rest in the base frame or by overturning the whole chair

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chair or stool bases for uneven surfaces

Children's chairs convertible from high chair to low chair by reversing

Standing-up or seating -down aids

the parts being arm-rests {(conversion into a bed A47C 17/12)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Adjustable armrests adaptable to suitable arm position or to the size of the user

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US6296313

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Non-adjustable support armrests, e.g. movable to inoperative position or of detachable type.

Chairs with armrest tables

Sofas convertible to bed by tilting or extending the armrests

Sofa convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting a backrest with tilting or pivoting the armrest

Armrest for vehicles seats

Armrest for disable persons chairs

having coupled adjustable supporting parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having coupled simultaneously movable support parts with adjustable inclination, e.g. backrest-seat-coupled, leg-rest-seat-coupled, headrest-backrest-coupled.

The movements between the parts is concurrent, in that both move simultaneously.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Movably-coupled parts

movement of one part, e.g. seat causes the different movement of the other coupled part e.g. backrest

the parts being movably-coupled seat and back-rest (A47C 1/035 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having coupled simultaneously movable seat and back-rest; having adjustable and lockable inclination; characterised by elastic means, e.g. coil spring.

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EP189915

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EP247312

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GB1202658

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts, e.g. having independently-adjustable backrest, backrest-seat-unit

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest connected to movable-coupled seat and backrest

Rocking office chairs with central column having seat or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame

Adjustable children's chairs

Vehicle seats with adjustable backrest

the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest (A47C 1/037 takes precedence; { supports for the feet or the legs coupled to fixed parts of the chair A47C 7/50; independent foot-rests or leg-rests A47C 16/02})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having leg-rest or foot-rest coupled to other parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat, wherein their movement is simultaneous.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with head-rest

Supports for the feet or the legs coupled to non-movable parts of the chair

Stand-alone footrests or leg-rest

Lower-leg-rests for vehicles, e.g. calf-rests

Foot-rests for vehicle seats

Leg-rests or foot-rests for disable persons chairs

the parts including a head-rest
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having head-rest coupled to other movable parts of the chair, e.g. movable backrest or seat, wherein their movement is simultaneous.

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EP277870

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Head-rests connected to non-movable parts of the chair

Head-rests for vehicle seats

Head rest for operating or dental chairs

Head-rests for disable persons chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beauty salon chairs with head-rests

Hairdressers` or similar chairs, { e.g. beauty salon chairs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs (seats { detachably mounted on} stadium benches A47C 1/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs used in theatres auditoriums,or stadiums

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WO2005110157

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs or seats detachable mounted on stadium benches

Stackable chairs, Nesting chairs

Benches

Tribunes, grandstands, terraces or amphitheatres for spectators

Auditoriums

E04F3/30

Coin-freed apparatus for seats or footstools

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Parts or details of tipping-up chairs, e.g. of theatre chairs

Modular seating

Beach chairs; {Chairs for outdoor use, e.g. chairs for relaxation or sun-tanning}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs designed for relaxation and outdoor use, e.g. beach chairs, relaxation chairs, sun-tanning chairs or chaise longues.

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DE202006002291U

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US6761397

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DE926195

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with means to protect against weather

Camp, travelling, or sports stools

Stand-alone backrests without connected seat

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling and camp beds

{Chairs or} seats detachably mounted on stadium benches (detachably mounted children`s chairs A47D 1/10)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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FR2059821

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs

Detachable or loose seat cushions

Detachably mounted children's chairs

Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats (A47C 1/00, A47C 4/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rocking, stackable, nesting, shell shaped, of asymmetric shape and legless chairs; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats

Rocking chairs (specially for children A47D 13/10)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rocking chairs having elastic frame, having seat elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame or having a curved rocking member resting on the floor.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having elastically movably-coupled adjustable seat and backrest

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame

Children's rocking chairs

Rocking horses

Devices for rocking or oscillating perambulators

Swings in General

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Elastically mounted seats

Stools with exercising means

Beds with Oscillating or balancing mechanisms

Small beds fro newborns or infants with rocking means

Stackable chairs; Nesting chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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EP1468634

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FR2877821

with shell-shape seat and back-rest unit, e.g. having arm rests
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having backrest-seat-unit made of one continuous element, e.g. plastic shell

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WO2005102111

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Shell shaped bus seats

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Basket chars

Chairs made of plastic

of asymmetrical shape
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs asymmetrical with regard to a central vertical plane.

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Ex. DE20210397U

of legless type, e.g. with seat directly resting on the floor (A47C 3/14 takes precedence; detachably mounted on stadium benches A47C 1/16; children's chairs mounted on back-rest of chair A47D 1/10, { legless beach chairs A47C 1/146; inflatable chairs A47C 4/54}); Hassocks; Pouffes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media18.jpg

DE202004003245U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Legless beach chairs

Chairs or seats detachable mounted on the stadium benches

Inflatable chairs

Children's chairs capable of being suspended from tables or adult's chair

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs completely made of foam material

Stools for specified purposes

Bean bags

Chairs or stools with rotatable seat (adjustable in height by rotation A47C 3/24)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs adjustable in height by rotation

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stools for specified purposes

Chairs or stools with vertically-adjustable seats (tables with variable height A47B 9/00; {locking of telescopic systems in general F16B 7/10})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO03020078

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DE19528645

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BE864805

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Table with variable heights

Height adjustable children's chars

Chairs for disable persons having adjustable height

Locking of telescopic system in general

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stools for specified purposes

Dismountable chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having detachably interconnected joints configured to be dismounted without causing their destruction

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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US5429417

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Modular seating

Dismountable Travelling or camp beds

Dismountable bedsteads

Dismountable children's chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tubular metal chairs of dismountable type

Camp, travelling, or sports stool having several foldable or detachable legs converging in one point

Folding chairs with inflexible seats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2003011218

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US6361107

media26.jpg

DEU29909571

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Folding chair with flexible coverings for the seat or back

Foldable travelling or camp beds

Folding bedsteads

Upholstery attaching means for chairs in general

Locking of telescopic systeml

Foldable children's chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs collapsible into trunk shape

Tubular metal chairs of foldable or collapsible type

Camp, travelling, or sports stool having several foldable or detachable legs converging in one point

Special rules of classification within this group

If in the document there is no clear indication about material of the frame, e.g. made of wood, plastic or metal, this document should be classified in both classes A47C 4/08 (made of wood or plastic) and A47C 4/18 (made of metal).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Inflexible seat

rigid seat or seat with flexible fabric stretched in the frame in all stages of folding

Flexible seat

not rigid seat usually with fabric, being unstretched when unfolded

Folding chairs with flexible coverings for the seat or back elements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media27.jpg

FR2712158

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US2003052518

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WO8102383

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Folding chairs with inflexible seats

Inflatable chairs

Foldable travelling or camp beds

Folding bedsteads

Foldable children's chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs collapsible into trunk shape

Tubular metal chairs of foldable or collapsible type

Camp, travelling, or sports stool having several foldable or detachable legs converging in one point

Special rules of classification within this group

If in the document there is no clear indication about material of the frame, e.g. made of wood, plastic or metal, this document should be classified in both classes A47C 4/32 (made of wood or plastic) and A47C 4/42 (made of metal).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Inflexible seat

seat doesn't fold when folding the chair e.g. seats with flexible not foldable fabric stretched in the seat frame in all stages of folding

Flexible seat

seat folds when folding the chair, e.g. seats with flexible foldable fabric

Trunk chairs, i.e. chairs collapsible to { self contained carrying case, e.g. } trunk shape (trunk tables A47B 3/10)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Luggage or hand carried bags convertible into other articles or into objects for other use e.g. supplementary seats

Trunk beds; Travelling-case beds

Trunk tables

inflatable chairs (connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies B60C 29/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture having inflatable means

media30.jpg

WO0074533

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US4932721

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable inclination by fluid means

Fluid mattresses specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas

Inflatable pillows

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs or sleeping rugs with inflatable means

Connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies

Vehicle seats with hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detachable or loose seat cushions

{of paper, cardboard or similar pliable material}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs of 2-dimensional pliable materials, e.g. paper, cardboard or plastic sheet materials

media32.jpg

WO2004032685

{of woven material, e.g.} basket chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs made of woven material, e.g. basket chairs.

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US2006225399

Metal chairs, e.g. tubular (of rocking type A47C 3/023; of non-tubular folding, collapsible, or dismountable type A47C 4/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media34.jpg

DE19950872

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Tubular chairs of rocking type

Foldable chairs with inflexible seat having a frame made of metal

Foldable chairs with flexible coverings for the seat or backrest having a frame made of metal

characterised by the use of laminated wood
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media35.png

DE867740

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seats made of wooden, plastics, or metal sheet material, Panel seats

Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools (attaching to floor A47B 91/08)
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

Bath seats

Shower seats

Chairs with toilet means

Seats for surgeons or dentists

Chairs for disable persons

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

Chairs with massage means

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

Ski-lift seats

Rail vehicles seats

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

Aircraft seats

Exercising apparatus combined with chairs

{Chair or stool bases (A47C 3/20 takes precedence)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs or stools substructures at the ground level, e.g. legs, castors, pedestals.

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Feet for furniture in general

Reclining chairs by changing the length or inclination of the legs

Chairs or stools with vertically-adjustable seats

Bedsteads' legs

Castors in general

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs or stools with additional seat or legs of the chair or stool for varying height of seat

Seat parts (adaptation of seats to mounting in tubular chairs A47C 5/06; such parts not restricted to chairs A47C 23/00; removable upholstered units or cushions A47C 27/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific features related to the chair or stool seats, e.g. seat cushions, profiled seats, double seats, seats with adjustable shape, elastically mounted seats, panel seats, seats with foam material, upholstered seats, seats with springs.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having horizontally-adjustable seats

Seats detachable mounted on the stadium benches

Legless chairs with seat directly resting on the floor

Adaptation of seats to mounting in tubular chairs

Seat parts not restricted to chairs

Removable upholstered units or cushions

Measuring means for adapting chairs to the shape or weight of persons

Producing upholstery articles, e.g. cushions, seats

Upholstery in general

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

Production of mattresses or cushions by moulding

Production of seats by moulding

Production of upholstery by moulding

Seat cushions specially adapted for wheelchairs

for the head {(adjustable coupled to reclining or easy chairs A47C 1/036; for operating or dental chairs A61G 15/00; for car seats B60N 2/48)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Headrests connected to non-movable parts of the chair; Detachable or loose headrests

media39.png

EP0164267

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US6122784

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DE20006038U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having head-rest coupled simultaneously movable with other movable parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat

Pillows

Head rest for operating or dental chairs

Head-rests for vehicle seats

Head-rests for disable persons chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beauty salon chairs with head-rests

for the back
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture having adjustable in height backrest, double backrests, collapsible backrest, detachable or loose backrests.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Detachable or loose back supports associated with beds

Back cushions specially adapted for wheel chairs

{adjustable in height}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs with height adjustable backrest

media42.jpg

US6540296

{with double backrests}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs with double or split backrest

media43.png

{of collapsible type}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs with collapsible backrest

media44.jpg

EP1053702

of detachable { or loose} type {(detachable or loose back supports associated with beds A47C 20/027)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having detachable or loose backrest, e.g. portable

media45.png

US6422654

media46.jpg

US6959964

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Detachable or loose back supports associated with beds

Backrest for disabled persons chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dismountable chairs

Modular seating

Seating furniture convertible to beds by removing parts only

with elastically-mounted { back-rest or backrest-seat unit in the base} frame
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media47.jpg

US5902012

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having movable-coupled seat and backrest characterised by elastic means

Rocking chairs having elastic frames

Rocking chairs with seat, or with seat and back-rest unit, elastically mounted in a ridged frame

with special, e.g. adjustable, { lumbar region support} profile; "Ackerblom" profile chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs with lower back supports, e.g. adjustable lumbar support

media48.jpg

GB640336

media49.jpg

US5997094

media50.jpg

DE19930922

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Vehicle seat lumbar support

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

"Akerblom" chair

chair having special backrest profile corresponding to the curvature of the human beck (see GB640336A patented by Bengt Akerblom)

of freely-rotatable type
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having freely-rotatable and non-lockable backrest

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DE202004016253U

media52.png

FR789053

Supports for the feet or the legs { coupled to fixed parts of the chair}(coupled to other adjustable parts { of the chair} A47C 1/034, A47C 1/037; { stand-alone rests or supports for the feet or the legs, e.g.} footstools A47C 16/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture having supports for the feet or the legs coupled to non-movable parts of the chair; Seating furniture with double foot-rests or leg-rests

media53.png
media54.jpg

DE20116145U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having leg-rest or foot-rest coupled simultaneously movable with other parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat.

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest simultaneously movable with head-rest

Stand-alone footrests or leg-rest

Detachable or loose foot or leg supports for beds

Lower-leg-rests for vehicles, e.g. calf-rests

Foot-rests for vehicle seats

Leg-rests or foot-rests for disable persons chairs

Supports for the arms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having non-adjustable support armrests, e.g. movable to inoperative position or of detachable type.

media55.png
media56.jpg

FR2883526

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable armrests adaptable to suitable arm position or to the size of the user

Chairs with armrest tables

Sofas convertible to bed by tilting or extending the armrests

Sofa convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting a backrest with tilting or pivoting the armrest

Detachable or loose foot or leg supports for beds

Armrest for vehicles seats

Armrest for disable persons chairs

Parts or details of tipping-up chairs, e.g. of theatre chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media57.jpg

WO0219869

media58.jpg

EP1714582

media59.jpg

DE29514742U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Coin-freed apparatus for seats or footstools

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs having tipping-up seats

Separate chairs, connectable together into a row

Stackable chairs or nesting chairs with tipping-up seats

Accessories for chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for chairs, e.g. hat or coat holders, means for protecting against weather, arm-rest tables, illumination, radios, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating, cooling.

media60.jpg

US2003042768

Hat or coat holders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media61.jpg

WO2006018321

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Domestic Hat or coat Holders

Hats, clothes or clothes hangers used in vehicles

Means to protect against weather
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media62.jpg

US6899388

media63.png

DE202006019292U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Liquid impermeable removable or loose chair covers

Bathing or beach cabins

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beach chairs

Arm-rest tables; {or back-rest tables (suspended or hinged panels forming a table A47B 5/00); Cup holders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media64.jpg

US4861108

media65.jpg

EP1266596

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable armrests

Non-adjustable support armrests, e.g. movable to inoperative position or of detachable type.

Suspended or hinged panels forming a table in general

Bed tables

Tables combined with seats

Children's chairs with trays

Tables or trays for use in vehicles

Tables, working plates, trays for disable persons chairs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stackable and nesting chairs

Adaptations for incorporating lamps, radio sets, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Chairs having accessories, e.g. lamps, radio, bars, telephones, display screens, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with lumbar support adjustable by fluid means

Beds with lighting, radio or telephone means

Beds with ventilating, cooling or heating devices

Pillows with cooling or heating means

Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body

Heating or ventilating devices for vehicle seats

Accessories for vehicle, e.g. for vehicle seats such as radio sets, television sets, telephones

Combination of lightening devices with furniture

Stools for specified purposes (with rotatable seats A47C 3/18; with vertically adjustable seats A47C 3/20; footstools A47C 16/02; prayer stools A47C 16/04; platforms or seat-boxes specially adapted for angling A01K 97/22){other seating furniture for specified purposes A47C 15/004}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stools for specified purposes not provided in other part of the classification and seating furniture for specified purposes not provided in other part of the classification.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seats, e.g. seat-boxes adapted for angling

Chairs of legless type; Hassocks, Pouffes

Stools with rotatable seats

Stools with vertically adjustable seats

Stool bases

Footstools

Prayer stools

Other seating furniture for specific purpose

{with exercising means or having special therapeutic or ergonomic effects}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Domestic or office stools having therapeutic or ergonomic effect, e.g. using dynamic seat support.

media66.jpg

NL1017456C

media67.jpg

GB2348124

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rocking chairs

Chairs' seats especially profiled and adapted to the body contour

Chairs' seats of adjustable shape; elastically mounted

Exercising apparatus combined with chairs

{High stools, e.g. bar stools (children's high chairs A47D 1/00)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media68.jpg

DE9400912U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Children's chairs, e.g. height chairs

Office stools {not provided for in main groups A47C 1/00, A47C 3/00 or A47C 7/00}; Workshop stools
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stools used in offices or while working

media69.jpg

US6520609

media70.jpg

CH362190

media71.jpg

US2003080524

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Beauty salon chair with auxiliary seat

Chairs characterised by structural features, chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats

Parts, details or accessories of chairs or stools

Kneeling stools; kneeling supports

Carriers for supporting persons when working in the field

Workshop workers' supports, e.g. mechanics' creepers

Milking stools
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media72.jpg

US2100877

Wall stools; {Stools hingedly mounted against the wall}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stools and chairs mounted to the wall

media73.jpg

GB2419084

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Wall beds

Shower seats

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with tipping-up seats

Chairs stowable in floor or wall

Music stools
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media74.jpg

US2004145221

Camp, travelling, or sports stools (walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats, hunting sticks A45B 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stools used for camping, travelling or sport

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

Seats, e.g. seat-boxes adapted for angling

Walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats

Hanging seats for travelling or camping

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Foldable, collapsible or dismountable chairs

Chairs or stools bases for uneven surface

Benches not otherwise provided for (school forms A47B 39/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Benches e.g. church benches or benches having multiple separate seats fixed to the bench frame

media75.jpg
media76.png

BE892829

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Theatre, auditorium or similar chairs

Separate chairs, connectable together into a row

School forms

Step-stools
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Low stool having steps, e.g. convertible into a short stepladder

media77.jpg

DE29606175U

Convertible chairs, stools, or benches (step-stools requiring conversion between the step and seat functions A47C 12/02; stretchers, for patients or disabled persons, convertible into chairs A61G 1/017)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture convertible to different seating arrangement not provide for in other part of the classification (see list below)

media78.jpg
US4733905

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats

Luggage or hand carried bags convertible into other articles or into objects for other use e.g. supplementary seats

Tables convertible into chairs

Step-stool requiring conversion between the step an seat function

Seating furniture, couches, settees convertible into beds

Children's chairs convertible from high chair to a low one by reversing

Children's chairs convertible to push chairs

Children's chairs convertible to a rocking chair

Children's chairs convertible into tables

Chairs convertible into children's chairs

Stretchers convertible into chairs

Medical beds convertible into a chair

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Modular seating

Other seating furniture (school forms A47B 39/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture not provide for in other part of the classification, e.g. corner seating furniture, floating seats, seats for sexual intercourse.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

School forms

Pneumatic mattresses

{Corner seating furniture, e.g. corner sofas (changing corner couches into double bed A47C 17/36)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media79.jpg

DE29500436U

media80.png

WO9907258

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Corner couches convertible into a double bed

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sofas without movable parts

{Seating furniture for specified purposes not covered by main groups A47C 1/00 or A47C 9/00}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture for specific purpose not elsewhere covered in A47C or A47D, e.g. shoe shining type chairs, meditation seats, video games chairs, seats for photographer's, astronomical observation seats, underwater chairs, high umpire seats, for sexual intercourse

media81.jpg

GB2422102

media82.jpg

DE202004011613U

media83.jpg

US4705274

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

Hairdressers' or similar chairs

High stools, e.g. bar stools

Bath seats

Shower seats

Chairs with toilet means

Seats for surgeons or dentists

Chairs for disable persons

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

Chairs with massage means

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

Ski-lift seats

Rail vehicles seats

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

Aircraft seats

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Body floating supports for relaxation in water

Floating devices with seat for pleasure or sports

Floatable furniture

{Stand-alone} rests or supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head (associated with chairs A47C 7/00; associated with beds or sofas A47C 20/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rests or supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head not connected in any way with the seating furniture

media84.jpg

US6270160

media85.jpg

US5303890

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head associated with not-movable parts of chairs

Supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head associated with beds

Loos or removable covers for chairs

Baby feeding cushions

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

stand-alone

not connected in any way with the seating furniture

{Back-rests}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stand-alone backrests

media86.jpg

US2384234

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts, e.g. having independently-adjustable backrest, backrest-seat-unit

Chairs having movably-coupled adjustable seat and backrest

Beach chairs of legless type

Detachable or loose back supports associated with beds

Footstools; Foot-rests; Leg-rests
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stand-alone foot-rests or leg-rests; Footstools

media87.jpg

US6045192

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs having leg-rest or foot-rest movable-coupled to other parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat.

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with head-rest

Supports for the feet or the legs coupled to non-movable parts of the chair

Lower-leg-rests for vehicles, e.g. calf-rests

Foot-rests for vehicle seats

Leg-rests or foot-rests for disable persons chairs

Prayer-stools; Kneeling stools; Kneeling supports (hassocks or pouffes A47C 3/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media88.jpg

GB2405327

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hassocks or Pouffes

Stools with forward inclined seat, e.g. with knee-supports

Stools for working at ground level

Church benches, confessionals

Sofas; Couches; Beds (bedsteads A47C 19/00; spring mattresses A47C 23/00; divan bases A47C 23/00; stuffed mattresses A47C 27/00; beds with special provisions for nursing A61G 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sofas, couches, wall beds, cabinet beds, travelling beds, camp beds, suspended beds

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hammocks

Bed frames, Bedsteads

Rests for beds or sofas, e.g. headrests, footrests

Attachments for beds; Ventilating, cooling or heating means for beds

Spring mattresses with ridged frame, e.g. box springs

Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses for beds or sofas

Bed canopies, Mosquito nets

Details and accessories for beds

Show stands for furniture e.g. beds or mattresses

Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows

Devices for preventing wetting or pollution of the bed, e.g. absorbent protective pads

Stretchers

Medical beds

Beds with massage means

Sleeping accommodation for caravans

Sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles

Sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles

Berths for vessels

Upholstery in general

Jointing of furniture

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

Exercising apparatus combined with beds or mattresses

Production of mattresses or cushion by moulding

Production of upholstery by moulding

Sofas, couches, settees, or the like, without movable parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sofas, couches, settees or the like having neither adjustable nor convertible parts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs, stools or Benches

{Seating furniture, e.g.} sofas, couches, settees, or the like, with movable parts [changeable to beds]; Chair beds
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Convertible chairs, stools or benches (except conversion to bed)

Convertible children's beds

Vehicle seats convertible to beds

Stretchers convertible into chairs

Medical beds convertible into a chair

{Seating furniture having loose or by fabric hinge connected cushions changeable to beds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media89.png

DE2136598

media90.png

FR2401638

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Several spring, stuffed or fluid mattress/cushions to be put together in one cover

changeable to beds by tilting or extending the arm-rests
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media91.jpg

DE19947187

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable armrests

Non-adjustable support armrests, e.g. movable to inoperative position or of detachable type.

Chairs with armrest tables

Sofa convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting a backrest with tilting or pivoting the armrest

Detachable or loose armrest for beds

Armrest for vehicles seats

Armrest for disable persons chairs

{Seating furniture having non-movable backrest} changeable { to beds} by increasing the available { seat} part, e.g. by drawing { seat cushion} forward
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by pulling the seat cushion.

media92.jpg

GB1171323

media93.jpg

GB406768

media94.jpg

DE20007132

media95.jpg

NL109206C

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the movable-coupled backrests and seat

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the backrest with seat cushion consisting of multiple superposed parts, wherein at list on lower hidden part is sliding forward out of the frame

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the backrest with seat cushion consisting of multiple superposed parts, wherein at list on lower hidden part is pivoted by linkages out of the frame

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by uncovering previously hidden

changeable to beds by removing parts only
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media96.png

DE202005010087U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture with loose or connected by the fabric hinge cushions, convertible to bed

Dismountable bedsteads

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dismountable chairs

Chairs with dismountable or loose backrest

Modular seating

{Seating furniture} changeable to beds by tilting or pivoting the back-rest
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting the backrest.

The backrest can also be connected to the movable seat parts.

media97.jpg

GB883581

media98.jpg

DE4017809

media99.jpg

FR2880247

media100.jpg

US3867730

media101.jpg

US5956785

media102.jpg

EP395531

media103.jpg

FR1385325

media104.jpg

EP1208772

media105.jpg

DE19750571

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture having non-movable backrest changeable to beds by increasing the available seat part, e.g. by drawing seat cushion forward

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by uncovering previously hidden mattress or articulated bed cushions

{Seating furniture having non-movable back-rest changeable to beds} with means for uncovering a previously hidden mattress or similar bed part
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by uncovering previously hidden mattress or articulated bed cushions.

media106.png

GB322523

media107.jpg

BE765002

media108.jpg

DE20000226U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the backrest thereby uncovering previously hidden parts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seating furniture having non-movable backrest changeable to beds by increasing the available seat part, e.g. by drawing seat cushion forward.

Changing a single bed into a double bed by extending, pivoting, or tilting a previously hidden second mattress or other bed part
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Single bed convertible into a double bed.

media109.jpg

DE29800162

media110.jpg

CH261593

media111.png

DE9408479U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Changing corner couches into a double beds

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Parts for jointing separate bedsteads

Extendible bedsteads

Extensible children's play-pens

Joining seats, chairs, or couches to form beds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media112.png

US1825055

media113.jpg

AT200201891

Changing sofas or the like into beds by means of furniture other than seats or chairs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media114.jpg

GB2179849

Wall beds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds firmly connected to/at the wall

media115.jpg

FR2177172

media116.jpg

EP0011531

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible into beds

Cabinet beds, Wardrobe beds

Travelling or camp beds

Folding bedsteads

Wall attached dressing-tables

Cabinet beds; Table beds, or like beds; Wardrobe beds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media117.jpg

US5913769

media118.jpg

FR595290

media119.jpg

US4631764

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible into beds

Wall beds

Travelling or camp beds

Folding bedsteads

Travelling or camp beds (adjusting members for rests A47C 20/00; travelling or camp sacks or packs convertible into beds or mattresses A45F 4/06; stretchers A61G 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media120.png

US4914768

media121.jpg

WO0234089

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hammocks

Convertible travelling/camp sacks or packs convertible into beds or mattresses

Beach chairs

Folding, collapsible or dismountable chairs

Trunk chairs

Camp, travelling or sport stools

Dismountable bedsteads

Folding bedsteads

Foldable or dismountable spring mattress with rigid frame

Foldable dressing tables for children

Foldable beds for children

Foldable small beds for newborns or infants

Foldable play-pens

Foldable or collapsible stretchers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs or stool bases for uneven surfaces

Bed canopies

Mosquito nets

Self inflating mattresses

Suspended beds, e.g. suspended from ceiling (hammocks A45F 3/22)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds suspended from the horizontal support surface above the bed, e.g. ceiling or movable to non-use position against the ceiling.

media122.png

GB2276315

media123.jpg

US4888836

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hammocks

Wall beds

Parts or details for beds, sofas or couches only not fully covered in a single one of the sub-groups A47C 17/02, A47C 17/04, A47C 17/38, A47C 17/52, A47C 17/64, or A47C 17/84; {Drawers in or under beds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Drawers in or under beds and parts or details for beds, sofas or couches not fully covered in the above groups and sub-groups

media124.jpg

EP1374741

media125.jpg

DE2004014824

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Accessories for chairs

Combinations of bedsteads with other additional furniture or with accessories, e.g. with bedside cabinets or tables

Bedsteads (spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead A47C 23/00; bed jointing members or fittings for bedsteads F16B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Travelling or camp beds

Spring mattresses with ridged frame, e.g. box springs

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fitting for bedsteads

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Bedstead

Bed frame having non-elastic support forming lowest part of the bed

Spring mattress with rigid frame

Mattress having a rigid frame and elastic elements fixed to the rigid frame. Such mattress can be positioned on top of the bedstead, e.g. box-springs or directly on the floor, e.g. divan or slatted bed bases

Stuffed or fluid mattress

Mattress without a rigid frame stuffed with fibrous material, foam, fluid or springs.Such mattress can be placed on top of bedstead, box-spring, or directly on the floor, e.g. futon.

{dismountable}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds having detachably interconnected joints configured to be dismounted without causing their destruction.

media126.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Dismountable chairs

Dismountable travelling or camp beds

Foldable or dismountable spring mattress with rigid frame

Dismountable children's beds

Dismountable children's pens

Collapsible stretchers

Parts or details of bedsteads not fully covered in a single one of the following sub-groups, e.g. bed rails, post rails
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Parts or details of bedsteads, e.g. bed rails, legs, head or foot boards; cross-bars

media127.png
media128.png
media129.jpg

WO2005112705

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fitting for bedsteads

Extensible bedsteads, e.g. with adjustment of length, width, height (for children`s beds A47D 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media130.jpg

WO9422349

media131.jpg

US5713091

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Children's bed with adaptable length to the growth of the children

Extensible Children's play-pens

Medical beds with rising or lowering the whole mattress frame

Operating tables with rising or lowering the whole table surface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Single bed convertible into a double bed by extending, pivoting or tilting

Folding bedsteads (travelling or camp beds A47C 17/64)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media132.jpg

EP1166685

media133.jpg

CH358910

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Folding, collapsible or dismountable chairs

Seating furniture convertible into beds

Foldable travelling or camp beds

Dismountable bedsteads

Foldable or dismountable spring mattress with rigid frame

Foldable dressing tables

Foldable beds for children

Foldable small beds for newborns or infants

Foldable play-pens

Foldable or collapsible stretchers

Multi-stage bedsteads; { e.g. bunk beds}(multiple-wall beds A47C 17/50; suspended beds A47C 17/84); Bedsteads stackable to multi-stage bedsteads
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bunk beds; Mezzanine bed; Stacking or nesting bedsteads

media134.jpg

DE1004052192

media135.png

DE29921485U

media136.jpg

EP1155642

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Multiple-wall beds

Suspended beds

Sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles

Sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles

Berths for vessels

Combinations of bedsteads with other furniture or with accessories, e.g. with bedside cabinets (bed-tables A47B 23/00; {bedside cabinets A47B 79/00})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds combined with other furniture, e.g. tables, bedside cabinets, etc.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bed-tables

Bedside cabinets

Drawers in or under beds

Headrests, footrest, armrest, backrests or like rests associated with beds, sofas or the like

Head -, foot -, or like rests for beds, sofas or the like (book rests or bed tables A47B 23/00; bed-rests specially adapted for nursing A61G 7/065)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Headrests, footrest, armrest, backrests or like rests associated with beds, sofas or the like

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Medical bed with rests, e.g. head, torso or limbs rests

of detachable { or loose} type (A47C 20/04, A47C 20/08 take precedence; { for chairs A47C 7/00; pillows A47G 9/10})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media137.png

US6874183

media138.png

US1156523

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Detachable or loose seat cushions for chairs or stools

Detachable or loose head or neck supports for chairs

Detachable or loose back supports for chairs

Detachable feet or the legs supports for chairs

Stan-alone supports for feet, legs, back or head

Baby feeding cushions

Restraining devices for children's beds

Pillows

Medical beds with head or torso support

Medical beds with limbs support

Medical beds with rests adapted for lifting patients or disabled persons

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds having backrest, footrests or headrests with adjustable inclination

with adjustable inclination (A47C 20/08 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds with independently-adjustable backrests, footrests or headrests.

media139.jpg

FR2871670

media140.jpg

US3277501

media141.png

US6857689

media142.jpg

WO2006135360

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable parts, e.g. backrest or footrest

Seating furniture convertible to beds

Beds with entire frame height or inclination adjustment

Beds with two or more rests adjustable simultaneously

Medical beds with adjustable mattress frame

Operating tables with adjustable sections

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling or camp beds

Bedsteads head or foot boards

Detachable or loose supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head associated with beds

with means for adjusting two or more rests simultaneously
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds with simultaneously-adjustable backrests, footrests or headrest.

media143.jpg

US7093312

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Beds with independently-adjustable backrests, footrests or headrests.

Medical beds with adjustable mattress frame

Operating tables with adjustable sections

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Medical beds divided in to different adjustable sections, e.g. Gatch position

Attachments or accessories for beds or mattresses not provided in other part of classification

Attachments for beds, e.g. sheet holders, bed-cover holders (bed tables supported on the bedstead A47B 23/02; for children`s beds {A47D 7/00}, A47D 15/00); Ventilating, cooling or heating means in connection with bedsteads or mattresses
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Attachments or accessories for beds or mattresses not provided in other part of classification

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bed-tables

Bedside cabinets

Accessories for chairs

Drawers in or under beds

Combinations of bedsteads with other additional furniture or with accessories, e.g. with bedside cabinets or tables

Accessories of children's furniture

{Lighting, radio, telephone or the like connected to the bedstead}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds with electrical appliances, e.g. lighting, radio, telephone or etc.

media144.jpg

WO2006081162

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with lightning, radio, telephone or etc.

Combination of lightening devices with hospital beds

Illuminated bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs, sleeping rugs or pillows

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs, sleeping rugs or pillows with sound equipment

{Oscillating, balancing or vibrating mechanisms connected to the bedstead (for children`s beds A47D 9/02)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beds having mechanisms causing oscillation or vibration of the bed.

media145.png

DE202006006297U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rocking chairs in general

Small beds for newborns or infants with rocking mechanisms

Children's rocking chairs

Swings in general

Medical beds for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns having alternately movable parts

Beds with massage means

Devices for rocking or oscillating perambulators

{Holders for loose bed elements, e.g.} sheet holders; bed cover holders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Holders for loose bed elements, e.g. sheet holders, bed cover holders, for airing duvets or covers, pillow holders, mattress holders, holders for facilitating making a bed

{Sheet holders; Bed cover holders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Children's beds with bed-cover holders preventing babies from throwing-off the bed cover

Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows

Medical beds with bed-cloth supports to alleviate the weight of the body-cloth on the patient

{Pillow holders; Mattress holders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media149.png

US3506988

media150.jpg

DE29907771U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Spring mattresses with ridged frame, e.g. box springs

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas

Pillows

{Holders for facilitating making the bed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media151.jpg

US2006075557

media152.jpg

WO2003020082

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Medical beds with dispensers of disposable sheets

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds with entire frame height or inclination adjustment

Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Lying furniture having ventilating, cooling or heating means

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with ventilating, cooling or heating devices

Pillows with cooling or heating means

Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body

Heating or ventilating devices for vehicle seats

Medical beds for preventing bed-sores with ventilating means

Mattress underlays {(mattress tickings or covers A47C 27/002)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mattress underlays are layers or inserts positioned between bed-frame/box- spring and the upper mattress to increase the upper mattress ventilation, firmness or protect from damage.

media153.png

FR2624711

Devices for prevention against falling-out, e.g. detachable sidewalls (for children`s beds A47D 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media154.jpg

GB2286115

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Children's beds

Small beds for newborns or infants

Children's play-pans

Restrain devices for children's beds

Side bolsters for medical beds

Side-rails for medical beds

Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead; Divan bases; {Slatted bed bases}(unframed spring units A47C 25/00; spring units forming part of stuffed mattresses A47C 27/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bedsteads

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas

Upholstery attaching means

Springs in general

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Bedstead

Bed frame having non-elastic support forming lowest part of the bed

Spring mattress with rigid frame

Mattress having a rigid frame and elastic elements fixed to the rigid frame. Such mattress can be positioned on top of the bedstead, e.g. box-springs or directly on the floor, e.g. divan or slatted bed bases

Stuffed or fluid mattress

Mattress without a rigid frame stuffed with fibrous material, foam, fluid or springs.Such mattress can be placed on top of bedstead, box-spring, or directly on the floor, e.g. futon.

{with separate support elements, e.g. elastomeric springs arranged in a two-dimensional matrix pattern}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media155.png

NL1021778C

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Spring mattress with rigid frame having springs of special type

{foldable or dismountable}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Foldable travelling or camp beds

Dismountable bedsteads

Folding bedsteads

{Edge stiffeners (for chair seats A47C 7/342; for stuffed mattresses A47C 27/06)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media156.jpg

US2007011818

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with seat having compressed springs with edge reinforcement

Stuffed or fluid mattresses without a rigid frame having ticking or covers with edge welts or rolls

Stuffed or fluid mattresses without a rigid frame having spring inlays with edge stiffeners

Edge welts for upholstery in general

using leaf springs, e.g. metal strips (wooden springs A47C 23/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media157.png

WO2007049135

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with movable-coupled seat and backrest characterised by leaf spring

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame characterised by leaf springs

Chairs with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type

Slatted wooden bed bases

Mattress with rigid frame using tensioned springs, e.g. flat type

using springs in compression, e.g. coiled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media158.png

DE2536882

media159.jpg

DE2536882

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with seat parts having springs in compression, e.g. coil springs

Spring mattresses with rigid frame having combination of nets with springs in compression

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas with spring inlays

Upholstery attaching means

Making wire network, e.g. wire nets for spring mattresses

Mounting of mattress innersprings on border frames

Springs in general

using wooden springs, e.g. of slat type; {Slatted bed bases}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media160.png

DE202009005204U

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WO9917640

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Spring mattresses with rigid frame with leaf springs

Mattress with rigid frame using tensioned springs, e.g. flat type

using tensioned springs, e.g. flat type (A47C 23/02 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media162.jpg

NL7302612

media163.jpg

DE19913523

media164.jpg

DE1237745

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type

Spring mattresses with rigid frame with leaf springs

Slatted wooden bed bases

using combinations of springs covered by more than one of the groups A47C 23/04, A47C 23/06 and A47C 23/12; Frames therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mattresses with rigid frame using combination of compressed springs, wooden springs and/or tensioned springs

media165.jpg

FR1012674

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GB511347

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with seats having combination of different springs

Stuffed or fluid mattresses specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas (arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor, A61G 7/057; ready-made upholstery pads in general B68G 5/00; making mattresses B68G 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for chairs, beds or sofas

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with detachable or loose seat cushions

Bedsteads

Mattresses with rigid frame, e.g. spring boxes

Upholstery attaching means

Sacks or packs convertible into beds or mattresses

Mattresses for children's beds

Show stands for furniture e.g. beds or mattresses

Medical beds with arrangement for preventing bed-sores or for supporting the patients with burns

Making wire network, e.g. wire nets for spring mattresses

Resilient upholstery pads in general

Manufacturing mattresses

Machines for sewing quilts or mattresses

Springs in general

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

Production of mattresses or cushion by moulding

Production of upholstery by moulding

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Bedstead

Bed frame having non-elastic support forming lowest part of the bed

Spring mattress with rigid frame

Mattress having a rigid frame and elastic elements fixed to the rigid frame. Such mattress can be positioned on top of the bedstead, e.g. box-springs or directly on the floor, e.g. divan or slatted bed bases

Stuffed or fluid mattress

Mattress without a rigid frame stuffed with fibrous material, foam, fluid or springs.Such mattress can be placed on top of bedstead, box-spring, or directly on the floor, e.g. futon.

{with several cushions, mattresses or the like, to be put together in one cover}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media167.png

WO2009048209

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible to bed with loose or connected by the fabric hinge cushions

Foamed mattresses with several layers

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing bed-sores having modules blocks, or inserts, with layer of different material

{Mattress tickings or covers (bed cover holders A47C 21/02; mattress hand-straps A47C 31/08; bed linen or counterpanes A47G 9/0238)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mattress tickings or cover forming integral part of the mattress

media168.png

DE20309794U

media169.jpg

US1450102

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Beds with sheet holders or bed cover holders

Mattress hand straps

Loose or removable mattress covers

Bed Linen; Blankets, Counterpanes

Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs;

Sleeping bags

Medical beds with dispensers of disposable sheets

Devices for preventing wetting or pollution of the bed, e.g. absorbent protective pads

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Use of three-dimensional fabrics

Anti-mite, anti-allergen or anti-bacterial means

with spring inlays (A47C 27/20 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mattresses without a rigid frame stuffed with springs e.g. helical springs

media170.jpg

DE1232712

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DE1429452

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US4476595

media173.jpg

US3920609

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WO2004039215

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GB704611

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with seat parts having springs in compression, e.g. coil springs

Spring mattresses with rigid frame having springs in compression, e.g. coiled springs

Spring mattress with rigid frame having combination of nets with springs in compression

Foamed mattresses with springs moulded in, or situated in cavities or openings in foam materials

Upholstery attaching means

Manufacturing mattresses

Springs in general

{Pneumatic mattresses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media176.png

US7150060

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Inflatable chairs

Chairs with lumbar support adjustable by fluid means

Beds with fluid means adjustable inclination

Spring mattresses with rigid frame with inflatable elements

Liquid mattresses

Fibrous mattresses with inflatable elements

Foam mattresses with inflatable bodies

Inflatable pillows

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs or sleeping rugs with inflatable means

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having inflatable chambers

Vehicle seats with hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape

Devices for lowering persons from buildings by making use of jumping devices, e.g. jumping-mattresses

Tents or canopies with inflatable mattresses

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid mattress with means for connecting opposite sides of the mattress, e.g. internal ties or strips

Fluid mattress filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam

Fluid mattress with plurality independently-fillable chambers

{Liquid mattresses, e.g. filled with water or gel}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media177.jpg

DE19542135

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having fluid like particles, e.g. sand, mud, seeds, gel, beads

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs or sleeping rugs with liquid means

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid mattress filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam

Fluid mattress with plurality independently-fillable chambers

{Fluid-like particles mattresses, e.g. filled with beads}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mattresses or cushions filled with beans, balls, beads, granules, seeds, pellets, spheres, chips or other small particles

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WO2009029806

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having fluid like particles, e.g. sand, mud, seeds, gel, beads

{with means for connecting opposite sides of the mattress, e.g. internal ties or strips}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media179.png

US818321

{Fluid mattresses filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fluid mattresses filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam spring or coil springs, forming additional suspension inside the mattress

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Fluid-like particles mattresses, e.g. filled with beads

Foam mattresses with inflatable bodies

with two or more independently-fillable chambers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media180.jpg

GB2392088

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having two groups of alternately inflated chambers

Vehicle seats with hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape

with fibrous inlays, e.g. made of wool, of cotton
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media181.jpg

GB735469

media182.jpg

DE9113467U

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Mattresses with both fibrous and foamed inlays

Mattresses for children's beds

Finishing upholstery mainly composed of fibrous material

with foamed material inlays
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs completely made of foam material

Chairs with seats having foamed material including in cushioning part

Stuffed mattresses for beds or sofas with spring inlays having foam material in top, bottom or side layers

Fluid mattress filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam

Mattresses with both fibrous and foamed inlays

Mattresses for children's beds

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having integral body-bearing projections or protuberances

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having modules blocks, or inserts, with layers of different material

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having cut-outs or depressions in order to relieve the pressure on the parts of the body

Resilient upholstery pads of cellular material, e.g. sponge rubber

Finishing upholstery mainly composed of resilient material, e.g. foam rubber

Production of mattresses or cushion by moulding

Production of seats by moulding

Production of upholstery by moulding

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid-like particles mattresses, e.g. filled with beads

with both fibrous and foamed material inlays
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media186.jpg

DE8533414U

Nets for protection against insects in connection with chairs or beds (insect nets for animals A01K 13/00; insect nets as travelling equipment A45F 3/52); Bed canopies
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media187.png
media188.png

GB1210201

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Insects nets for animals

Travelling or camp articles with nets affording protection against insects

Isolation chambers used for isolating individuals from external stimuli

Tents or canopies with inflatable mattresses

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seating or laying furniture with anti-earthquake means

Children's beds

{Fireproof means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media189.jpg

US2006048301

{Anti-earthquake means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media190.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Isolation chambers used for isolating individuals from external stimuli

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bed canopies

{Means for protecting against undesired influence, e.g. magnetic radiation or static electricity}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media191.jpg

WO0074461

{Use of aromatic materials, e.g. herbs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating or laying furniture using aromatic materials, e.g. herbs

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bed-covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs, sleeping rugs, sleeping bags or pillows comprising deodorising or fragrance realising substance

{Use of three-dimensional fabrics}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seating or laying furniture with three-dimensional fabric or spacer fabric

media192.png

Upholstery attaching means (quilting, quilting means, fastening, fixing or finishing upholstery B68G 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Upholstery attaching means of seating or laying furniture not provided for in other parts of the classification

media193.jpg

GB693314

media194.jpg

EP0372340

media195.jpg

USRE27336

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attachment of upholstery or fabric to frames of foldable chairs with inflexible seats

Attachment of upholstery or fabric to frames of foldable chairs with flexible coverings

Attachment of upholstery or fabric to frame of tubular metal chairs

Attachment of covering in vehicle seat

Making upholstery

Elements specially adapted for fastening, fixing, or finishing, in upholstery work

Mattress hand-straps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media196.jpg

EP1741365

Loose { or removable} furniture covers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media197.png

US5007123

media198.jpg

US4838610

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Removable or loose covers for chairs' headrests

Children's beds with bed-cover holders preventing babies from throwing-off the bed cover

Bed linen, blankets or counterpanes

Seat covering for cars

Removable protective covers for car seats

Means, e.g. measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons (body measuring means for clothing manufacture A41H 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Body measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons

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FR2777077

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EP0792604

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for taking measurements on the human body for manufacturing clothing

Measuring of the body profile for diagnostic purpose

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013