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APPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT (apparatus for passive exercising, massage A61H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Gymnastic or exercising apparatus:

  • Horizontal or parallel bars, balance beams, tightropes or similar apparatus;
  • Apparatus for jumping e.g. pole-vaulting poles, spring-boards, trampolines, high-jump apparatus, skipping-ropes;
  • Mats for absorbing the shock of landing, e.g. in pole-vaulting;
  • Freely-suspended apparatus e.g. swinging rings, trapezes, climbing-ropes;
  • Climbing poles, frames or stages, clubs, hoop exercising apparatus;
  • Fitness devices, exercising apparatuses for ACTIVE exercising (A63B 21/00-A63B 24/00).
  • Climbing or mountaineering apparatus, including apparatus for climbing trees or poles.
  • Swimming aids or equipment, e.g. fins, flippers, goggles.
  • Balls for ball games including:
  • Balls;
  • Balls with special arrangements e.g. handles or eccentric centres of gravity (e.g. in bowling balls); and
  • Apparatus or methods for manufacturing balls or for handling or treating them, e.g. cleaning.
  • Rackets, bats or other striking implements for ball games, e.g. tennis rackets and similar, golf clubs, baseball bats, cricket bats, hockey sticks.
  • Accessories for golf and other ball games.
  • Targets or goals for ball games; tennis and similar nets and accessories therefore.
  • Implements for throwing, e.g. darts, javelins, spears, throwing-hammers, boomerangs, discus discs, quoits, juggling clubs.
  • Miscellaneous sporting games, e.g. miniature golf, juggling, curling, badminton, shuttlecock or like games, games using a hockey puck; projectiles for these games which do not fall into the above category of balls for ball games.
  • Training appliances for particular sports, e.g. for fencing, riding, skiing, rowing, punching-balls for boxing, golf swing trainers, artificial mountain slopes.
  • Other games or sports accessories, e.g. indicating or scoring devices, body protectors.
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Skates, skis and their bindings, roller skates, skate-boards and the design or layout of playing-courts, rinks

Bowling-alleys, bowling-games and equipment for bowls

Amusement arrangements

Toys

Racing, riding sports and equipment therefore

Balls, working of plastics or substances in a plastic state

Balls, chemical or compositional aspects for golf balls

Data Management

Virtual trainers

G06F19/00M3T

Learning a movement

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

Protective equipment in the form of clothing or garments for sporting purposes

Uses of garments specially adapted for sport activities

In the form of caps or hats

Helmets

Measuring muscular strength for diagnostic purposes

Apparatus for passive exercising or massage

Video games

Manufacturing sport articles

Unicycles

Bicycles

Vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport

Life-saving in water

Breathing aids for swimming, e.g. snorkels

Divers' sleds or like craft

Exercising for producing mechanical power

Archers' finger tabs

F41B5/16

Traps for clay-pigeon targets

Controlling member being movable by hand, e.g. joystick

G05G6/047

Simulators for training

Devices for exercising or strengthening of fingers or arms in teaching music

Teaching repetitive work cycles; Sequence of movements

G06B19/00E

Prescription of physical exercise, e.g. virtual trainers

G06F19/00M3T

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Connecting valves to inflatable elastic bodies

Training of parachutists

Throwing weapons

E.g. sling-weapons

Stop watches

PDA - Personal Assistance Device

Timing devices

Signal device with lights

Displaying or advertising

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Support element

an apparatus element for supporting a body part during exercising, e.g. a handle for the hand, a seat for the buttocks;

Handle

a support element for a single hand or arm (upper limb);

Pedal

a support element for a single foot or leg (lower limb);

Steps

support elements for lower limbs;

Band

a continuous support element for upper or lower limbs, used at undetermined, variable places during exercising;

Platform

a support element of an exercising apparatus, used for any body part, e.g. for both feet

Body planes

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http://medical-dictionary.tfd.com/plane

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expression "the body-symmetrical plane" is often used as a synonyms of "midsagittal plane or median plane".

Horizontal bars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2006031372

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Athletic hurdles

Parallel bars or similar apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2007001122

Balance beams
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2006270523

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rope dancing

Other apparatus for improving balance

Apparatus for jumping ( mats for jumping A63B 6/00 ; for racing or riding sports, e.g. hurdles A63K)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US4323234

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US2004235620

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US2011077133

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Mats for jumping

Planes mounted on springs for playing

Bungee jumping

Devices for racing or riding sports, e.g. hurdles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mats or carpets for courts

Connections of rods or tubes

Elastic means are coded under

General features for injury prevention in sport apparatuses

Backstops, cages, enclosures or the like

Floating apparatus

Inflatable

Space saving arrangements, e.g. foldable or collapsible

Apparatus for multiple users

Mats or the like for absorbing shocks for jumping, gymnastics or the like { ( for jogging on the spot A63B 69/0035 ; resiliently-mounted floors E04F 15/22) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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FR2857878

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US4245838

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Mats for golf practice

small and/or yoga mats

Mats for jogging on the spot

Mats or carpets for courts

resiliently-mounted floors

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pavings for sport grounds

Freely-suspended gymnastic apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2008085058

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DE102009012127

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WO9108800

Climbing poles, frames, or stages { ( climbing walls for mountaineering training A63B 69/0048 ; endless loop ladders A63B 22/04) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Poles on a flexible support;
  • Rope networks;
  • Grids.

media13.jpg

WO2006079182

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Climbing walls for mountaineering training

Endless loop ladders

Playhouses, play-tents, big enough for playing inside

Playgrounds

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flat climbing nets

Three-dimensional rope or cable networks

With water spraying means

Games or sport accessories for large room or outdoor sporting games

used in water

inflatable

Planes mounted on springs

Means for fastening cables

Clubs, {e.g. for swinging exercises}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2008242436

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US2011034275

Resistances to the movement of the club are classified in A63B 21/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Regular golf clubs with weights attached for training

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Substantially flexible shaft

Telescopic shaft

Exercising apparatus combining several parts such as ladders, rods, beams, slides
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US4278250

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Used in water

Space saving

Hoop exercising apparatus { (A63B 21/0608 takes precedence; not driven by the user, e.g. motor driven, A63G 29/00 , A63G 31/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Non eccentric hoop exercisers (e.g. Hula hoops).

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US5492526

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Eccentric weights put into orbital motion by nutating movement of the user

Rolling drums

Hoop movement apparatuses not driven by the user, e.g. motor driven

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

used in water

inflatable

space saving

Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices ( electric or electronic controls therefor A63B 24/00 ; measuring muscular strength A61B 5/22)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This main group covers the construction features of the apparatuses for ACTIVE exercising

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

These further different aspects should be considered while classifying the apparatuses for active physical exercising (see also the flowchart annexed after A63B 24/00 and the Classification examples for A63B 22/00):

Use for cardio-vascular, agility or coordination

Use of the apparatus for strength training

Electric or electronic control

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

Sensors

Position of the user during training

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring muscular strength

Electric or electronic controls therefore

Space saving, e.g. collapsible

Multi station exercising machines

Special rules of classification within this group

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{ Exercise device moving as a whole during exercise, bar bells and dumb bells A63B 21/072 t.p., on wheels A63B 22/20}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Weight worn on user's body

Resisting device worn on user's body

Weights moving upon horizontal plane

Free weights, Dumbbells and Barbells

Moving as a whole on wheel

Exercise device not moving during use, benches A63B 21/00087 t.p., isometric exercising A63B 21/0023 , step exerciser A63B 23/0458 t.p., walk exerciser A63B 23/0464 t.p.]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media19.jpg
US6287244

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Support for the head or the back

Exercising device moving as a whole during use

K63B21/00A28

Benches

Step exercisers without moving parts

Walk exercisers without moving parts

{Mechanical means for variation of the resistance (A63B 21/06 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Variation of the resistance for weight resistance

Electronic variation of resistance

{Apparatus for active exercising which can be used also for passive exercising}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Apparatus for passive exercising

{Apparatus comprising additional means assisting the user to overcome part of the resisting force, i.e. assisted-active exercising}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Isokinetic exercising

{Resistance force provided by the user himself, e.g. exercising one body part against a resistance provided by another body part (A63B 21/068 takes precedence; isometric exercise A63B 21/0023) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Using user's body weight

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Isometric exercising

{Resistance provided by deformable materials having no elasticity, e.g. lead bars, kneadable masses}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Elastic materials with internal friction

{Resistance force provided by magnetic means (A63B 21/005 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Electromagnetic means

{Pulsed counterforce; e.g. vibrating resistance means (A61H 1/005 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Passive vibrating platform

isometric or isokinetic, i.e. substantial force variation without substantial muscle motion {or wherein the speed of the motion is independent of the force applied by the user}
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Isometric exercise

a type of strength training in which the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction;

Isokinetic exercise

dynamic muscle activity performed at a constant angular velocity; torque and tension remain constant while muscles shorten or lengthen;

Isotonic exercise

active exercise without appreciable change in the force of muscular contraction, with shortening of the muscle.

using electromagnetic or electric force-resisters
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Details of magnetic circuit

{using eddy-currents induced in moved elements, e.g. by permanent magnets}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Eddy-current type dynamo-electric brakes

H02K49/04B

{using an alternator or a dynamo}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Producing mechanical power from muscles

Distribution network

using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters {not used, see subgroups}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hydraulic transmissions

using frictional force-resisters { ( electromagnetically-controlled brakes A63B 21/0056) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Electromagnetic controlled friction brakes

{with surfaces rolling against each other without substantial slip}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2004248700

including rotating or oscillating elements {rubbing against fixed elements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2011224046

including a rope {or other flexible element} moving relative to the surface of elements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US4560160

using resilient force-resisters
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for anchoring non-resilient force resistors

User-manipulated weights
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Benches for exercising

{Details of the interface with the user related to strength training}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The interface of the user with the exercising apparatus.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Protective clothing or garments for sporting purposes

Weights worn on user's body

Resisting devices worn on the body

K63B21/18

Exercising belts with resisting devices

A63B21/26

with signalling or indicating means, e.g. of incorrect posture

Body protectors for players or sportsmen, e.g. gloves

{Special force transmissions therefor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transmission means between the resistance means and the interface with the user.

Supports for anchoring force-resisters
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening household utensils to tables, walls or the like

Freely suspended gymnastic apparatus

Supports for resilient resistors

Resisting devices with rotary bodies, {e.g. by overcoming gyroscopic forces (A63B 21/0608 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Eccentric weights put into orbital motion by the user

Devices for two persons operating in opposition
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also two persons operating in co-operation

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Resistance force provided by the user himself

Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements ( force-resisting aspects A63B 21/00 ; { for particular parts of the body, e.g. to strengthen particular limbs or muscles A63B 23/00 ; } electric or electronic controls therefor A63B 24/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Passive stretching or bending

Use of the apparatus for strength training

Special rules of classification within this group

The use of exercising apparatuses for ACTIVE physical training for cardio vascular, agility or coordination.

Within A63B 22/00 the main different aspects to be classified are:

which limbs (A63B 22/0002);movement-path direction (A63B 2022/0028);

combination of movements (A63B 2022/0033-A63B 2022/0043);Adjustability of path (A63B 22/0015); kind of path (A63B 22/0048-A63B 22/20).

These further different aspects should be considered while classifying the apparatuses for active physical exercising (see also the flowchart annexed after A63B 24/00 and the Classification examples for A63B 22/00):

Construction features of an exercise apparatus

Electric or electronic control

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

Sensors

Position of the user during training

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Examples in subject matters classify in this group

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A63B 22/001 : arms and legs simultaneously A63B 22/0061 :support pivoting in a horizontal plane A63B 22/0664 : Elliptical movement A63B 2022/067 : crank and handles being on opposite sides

A63B 22/0012 : arms and legs being functionally independent. A63B 22/203 : using rollers in a horizontal plane A63B 22/0664 : Elliptical movement A63B 2022/0676 : crank and handles being on the same side

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A63B 22/001 : arms and legs simultaneously A63B 2022/0005 : with particular movement of the arms provided by handles. A63B 22/0664 : Elliptical movement A63B 2022/0682 : support elements being cantilevered

A63B 22/001 : arms and legs simultaneously A63B 22/0061 : support pivoting in a horizontal plane A63B 22/0664 : Elliptical movement A63B 2022/0688 : cranks being substantially within the horizontal moving range of the support elements

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A63B 22/0056 : stepper in vertical plane If not in anti-phase: A63B 2022/0033 : simultaneously A63B 2022/0038 : independently

A63B 22/0058 : stepper, vertical plane is body-plane A63B 2022/0053 : parallelogram If one-way clutches A63B 21/00029 : ratchet-wheel links A63B 2022/0038: foot moving independently

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A63B 22/001 : arms and legs simultaneously A63B 22/0069 : pivoting around inclined axis K63B22/0P10T2: axis behind A63B 69/0022 : for skating A63B 69/182: cross-count

A63B 22/0069 : pivoting around inclined axis A63B 2022/0074 : axes in frontnot 22/00E10D because movement downward-outward

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A63B 22/0076 : Rowing A63B 2022/0084 : handlebar with horizontal axis A63B 22/0089: a counterforce being provided to the seat

A63B 69/06 : for rowing A63B 2022/0082 : pivoting handlebars A63B 21/285 : 2 in cooperation A63B 2225/107: multi-station, same kind of resistance

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A63B 22/0089 : resistance provided to seat A63B 22/001: for arms and legs

A63B 22/0694 : cycling movement, without integral seat, to be placed in front of a chair A63B 22/0605 : circular A63B 22/0023: inclination adjustable

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A63B 22/20 : using rollers over the floor K63B21/00A28: moving as a whole

A63B 22/203 : translating horizontally A63B 2022/0038 : foot supports moving independently A63B 22/0023: adjusting inclination

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A63B 22/001 : Arms and legs simultaneously A63B 22/205 : translating substantially vertically A63B 2022/206: on a curved path

A63B 22/0012 : Arms and legs simultaneously, independently A63B 22/203 : translating horizontally A63B 2022/206 : on a curved path A63B 2022/0038 : feet moving independently A63B 2022/0035: hands moving independently

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{involving an exercising of arms ( for strengthening the upper limbs A63B 23/12) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Exercising the strength of the upper limbs

Special rules of classification within this group

Exercising of legs is not classified per se, only in combination with arms.

{by simultaneously exercising arms and legs, e.g. diagonally in anti-phase (A63B 22/0076 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rowing machines

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Diagonally

left arm with right leg

Anti-phase

when the right leg moves forward, the left legs moves rearward

{with an adjustable movement path of the support elements}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Adjusting the resistance

{Particular aspects relating to the orientation of movement paths of the limbs relative to the body; Relative relationship between the movements of the limbs}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

for strength training

{Details of the support elements or their connection to the exercising apparatus, e.g. adjustment of size or orientation ( attachments of resisters or weights to the body of the user A63B 21/1403 ; using rollers, wheels, castors or gliding means to be moved over the floor or guide tracks A63B 22/20) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attachment of resisters or weights to the user

A63B21/12

Using rollers, wheels, castors or gliding means to be moved over the floor or guide tracks

{with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis (A63B 22/0076 takes precedence ) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rowing machines

{the pivoting movement being in a vertical plane, e.g. steppers with a horizontal axis ( platforms for rocking motion about a horizontal axis A63B 22/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The support elements are cantilevered and pivot about an axis, the axis being outside the vertical projection of the support elements.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Platforms for rocking motion about a horizontal axis

{the vertical plane being the frontal body-plane}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Movement on the frontal plane of the user,side-to side movement path, not forwards/backwards.

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US2003008750

{the pivoting movement being in a horizontal plane, e.g. skating movement ( platforms for reciprocating rotating motion about a vertical axis A63B 22/14) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media43.png

US2009239713

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Platforms for reciprocating rotating motion about a vertical axis

{about an axis inclined with respect to the horizontal plane, e.g. steppers with an inclined axis}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media44.png

{Rowing machines ( seats moving during exercise A63B 22/0087 ; training appliances for rowing or sculling on boats A63B 69/06) }
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Training appliances for rowing or sculling on boats A63B 69/06

Seats moving during exercise has to be classified in A63B 22/0087

{with a seat or torso support moving during the exercise, e.g. reformers (A63B 22/0076 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Pivoting movement to be classified in

Special rules of classification within this group

Translation movement not classified

{for training agility or co-ordination of movements}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Visualisation or indication relating to symmetrical exercise

{for active rehabilitation, e.g. slow motion devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Passive rehabilitation

{for avoiding blood stagnations, e.g. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Passive devices therefore

with movable endless bands {, e.g. treadmills (other training appliances for running on the spot A63B 69/0028) }
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Exercise equipments for training animals. A01K 15/027

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Belts for conveyors

Treadmills for producing mechanical power

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Suspension devices for supporting the body

Shock absorbing means for treadmills

Physical characteristics of the belt of a treadmill

Treadmills with separate belt for each leg, e.g. dual deck

Other training appliances for running on the spot

For wheelchair users

Measuring or simulating ambient conditions (e.g. wind)

Space saving

{with speed variation}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlled by user`s position on the belt

with movable {multiple} steps, {i.e. more than one step per limb, e.g. steps mounted on endless loops, endless ladders ( steppers with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis A63B 22/0048) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

If not differently coded the steps or platforms reciprocate in anti-phase (when one leg moves forwards, the other leg moves rearwards).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Steppers with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis

with {support elements performing a} rotating cycling movement, {i.e. a closed path movement} ( support stands for bicycles A63B 69/16 ; unicycles B62K 1/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rotating cycling movement for PASSIVE exercising

Support stands for bicycles

Unicycles

{performing a circular movement, e.g. ergometers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media45.jpg

US2010248905

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Bicycles

{performing an elliptic movement}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2004014494

{without integral seat, e.g. portable mini ergometers being placed in front of a chair, on a table or on a bed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2005123197

Small portable devices which can be placed in front of a chair, on a table, on a door or on a bed.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening household utensils to tables, walls or the like

Special rules of classification within this group

The kind of movement has to be classified in A63B 22/0605 if circular, in A63B 22/0664 if generally elliptical or A63B 22/06 if the cycling movement has any other shape.

for the legs, {i.e. only for the legs}
Special rules of classification within this group

This class is not used anymore, exercisers for legs only, have been reorganised to A63B 22/0605

Platforms for reciprocating rotating motion about a vertical axis {e.g. axis through the middle of the platform}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

axis passing substantially in the middle of a platform or between the platforms

media48.jpg

US4313603

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

devices with cantilevered platform like the one below

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US2009239713

these devices do not have the axis passing through their middle portion or between the platforms: these devices have to be classified in A63B 22/0061

Devices with cantilevered platform

Platforms for rocking motion about a horizontal axis {e.g. axis through the middle of the platform} ; Balancing drums; Balancing boards or the like { ( exercising apparatus with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis A63B 22/0056 ; other exercising apparatus for improving balance A63B 26/003) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Axis being situated generally in the middle portion of the platforms

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GB2377651

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Other exercising apparatus for improving balance

Special rules of classification within this group

Devices with cantilevered platform like the one below

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These devices with cantilevered platforms have the axis situated far from their middle portion: these devices have to be classified in A63B 22/0056

with elements, {i.e. platforms,} having a circulating, {nutating} or rotating movement, generated by oscillating movement of the user, {e.g. platforms wobbling on a centrally arranged spherical support} ( hoop exercising apparatus A63B 19/00 ; { eccentric weights put into orbital motion by nutating movement of the user A63B 21/0608 ; pots rotating or rocking by moving the whole body A63G 23/00} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media52.jpg

US2004018924

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hoop exercising apparatus

Eccentric weights put into orbital motion by nutating movement of the user

Pots rotating or rocking by moving the whole body

using rollers, wheels, castors or the like, {e.g. gliding means,} to be moved over the floor or other surface, {e.g. guide tracks,} during exercising
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2004198564

{for moving a support element in reciprocating translation, e.g. for sliding back and forth on a guide track}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All kind of devices for which the reciprocating movement cannot be classified in the subclasses A63B 22/203 or A63B 22/205.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reciprocating translation on a curved path

{in a horizontal plane}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media54.jpg

US5368533

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for supporting or limiting movement of body parts

{in a substantially vertical plane, e.g. for exercising against gravity ( exercising for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a user's body weight A63B 21/068 ; with adjustable inclination A63B 22/0023) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media55.jpg

US2008032869

media56.jpg

US5803880

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Exercising for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a user's body weight

With adjustable inclination of the main axis of the movement path

Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body (A63B 22/00 takes precedence; force-resisting aspects A63B 21/00 ; electric or electronic controls therefor A63B 24/00 ; devices for exercising or strengthening of fingers, or arms in teaching operation of keyboards G09B 15/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The use of the Exercising apparatuses for active strength physical training.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Passive stretching or bending

Use of the apparatus for cardio-vascular, agility or coordination

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Isometric or Isokinetic exercises

Devices for exercising or strengthening of fingers, or arms in teaching operation of keyboards

Special rules of classification within this group

These further different aspects should be considered while classifying the apparatuses for active physical exercising (see also the flowchart annexed after A63B 24/00 and the Classification examples for A63B 22/00).

Construction features of an exercising apparatus

Electric or electronic control

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

Sensors

Position of the user during training

media57.png

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Concentric exercise

exercise: the muscle shortens as it contracts, a concentric contraction of the biceps would cause the arm to bend at the elbow and hand to move from near to the leg, to close to the shoulder

Eccentric exercise

the muscle elongates while under tension due to an opposing force being greater than the force generated by the muscle. Rather than working to pull a joint in the direction of the muscle contraction, the muscle acts to decelerate the joint at the end of a movement

Isometric exercise

a type of strength training in which the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction

Isokinetic exercise

dynamic muscle activity performed at a constant angular velocity; torque and tension remain constant while muscles shorten or lengthen;

Isotonic exercise

active exercise without appreciable change in the force of muscular contraction, with shortening of the muscle.

{by torsion of the body part around its longitudinal axis}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Arm wrestling

{for stretching exercises}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Exercise devices for active stretching exercises.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Passive stretching devices

for the abdomen, the spinal column or the torso {muscles related to shoulders (e.g. chest muscles) A63B 23/12 t.p.; exercising belts without indicating means A63B21/26}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media58.jpg

US7744510

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US2009239675

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Torsion movements

Position of the user during training

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Exercising belts without indicating means

A63B21/26

{Abdomen}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US7878957

{moving torso with immobilized lower limbs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2010216615

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US2005009678

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drawing-out, the patient hanging upside down

A61H1/02D2

Feet or leg holding means

A61H1/02D3

Attachment of lower limbs to exercising apparatus

K63B21/12A18

Leg restraining devices

{moving lower limbs with immobilized torso}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media63.png

US5273508

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US5080352

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US5147267

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Attachment of upper limbs to exercising apparatus

A63B23/12C

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

{moving torso and lower limbs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media66.png

WO2008077117

media67.jpg

US5531658

{moving torso or lower limbs laterally, i.e. substantially in the frontal plane}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media68.png

FR2950537

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Movement perpendicular to the body-symmetrical plane for cardio training

Cantilevered support platforms for cardio training

{Muscles of the back, e.g. by an extension of the body against a resistance, reverse crunch}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media69.jpg

US6287244

media70.png

US2008090709

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drawing-out, the patient hanging upside down

A61H1/02D2

Feet or leg holding means

A61H1/02D3

Attachment of lower limbs to exercising apparatus

K63B21/12A18

Attachment of upper limbs to exercising apparatus

A63B23/12C

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

{Spinal column ( for the neck A63B 23/025) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media71.png

US5324247

media72.png

GB2222085

{with signalling or indicating means, e.g. of incorrect posture, for deep-breathing exercises}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media73.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes

for the head or the neck
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Passive stretching devices for the neck

for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for cardio-training

for lower limbs { ( Training appliances for special sports A63B 69/00 ; For the purpose of producing mechanical power F03G 5/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Training appliances for special sports

for the purpose of producing mechanical power

for upper limbs {or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles ( bench press exercises A63B 21/078 ; for teaching music G09B 15/06) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Exercise devices for specifically training the strength of the upper limb or upper extremity which comprises the region extending from the deltoid region to the hand, including the arm, axilla and shoulder.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Horizontal bars for pull up exercising

Exercising upper limbs for teaching music

for improving respiratory function
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for creating vibrations in patient's airways

A61M2016/0006

for vaginal muscles {or other sphincter-type muscles}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Massage of the genitals

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Vaginal muscles or other sphincter-type muscles

called pubococcygeal muscles

Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; {Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Electric or electronic controls within exercising apparatuses for active physical training.
  • Electric or electronic controls for A63B 21/00-A63B 23/00 are specifically classified in A63B 24/0087.
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Passive physical training

Applications relating only to software and not dealing with mechanical features of the exercising apparatuses are classified in G, for example:

Applications for learning a movement

Database structure, Audio information retrieval

Database structure, Video information retrieval

Medical data management, patient records

Applications for virtual trainers

Recognition of body movements, e.g. for sport training

Data Management

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Video games

Controlling member being movable by hand, e.g. joystick

Image analysis

Image generation (2D)

Digital computing or data processing in general

Digital computing or data processing for games

G06F19/00B

Recognising movements or behaviour

Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins

Coin freed apparatus for sports or amusements

Special rules of classification within this group

These further different aspects should be considered while classifying the apparatuses for active physical exercising (see also the flowchart annexed after A63B 24/00 and the Classification examples for A63B 22/00):

Construction features of an exercising apparatus

Use of apparatus for cardio-vascular, agility or coordination

Use of the apparatus for strength training

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

Sensors

Position of the user

{Analysing the course of a movement or motion sequences during an exercise or trainings sequence, e.g. swing for golf or tennis}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Analysing movement for medical diagnosis

Recognition of whole body movements, e.g. for sport training

Teaching repetitive work cycles; Sequence of movements

G06B19/00E

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Analysis of motion from image

Differential GPS

G01S5/14B4

{Tracking a path or terminating locations}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tracking a path or terminating locations, including: position, e.g. in function of time, speed, acceleration.

{Exercising apparatus with reward systems}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Exercise devices with systems for rewarding the user and provide incentives to train.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Virtual environments for tracking the behaviour,

the purchases or the athletic activity of an user in order to customize services offered to the user:

Marketing, e.g. market research and analysis, surveying, promotions, advertising, buyer profiling, customer management, rewards; Price estimation and determination

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for conducting or scheduling competition, league, tournaments, rankings

K63B71/06A6

Virtual races

{Monitoring athletic performances, e.g. for determining the work of a user on an exercise apparatus, the completed jogging or cycling distance}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Monitoring performances for medical diagnosis

{Means for generating exercise programs or schemes, e.g. computerized virtual trainer, e.g. using expert databases}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Applications relating to a software and not to the exercising apparatus:

Prescription of physical exercise

G06F19/00M3T

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Time management

Task assignment

{Exercising apparatus with means for competitions, e.g. virtual races}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Exercise devices with means for competitions

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Applications relating only to the electronic means for competition, these should be dealt in:

Interaction between a plurality of game devices

Protocols for networked games

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interaction between a plurality of game devices

Ranking

Maps of tracks or courses

K63B71/06G

Wireless

Protocols for networked games

Digital computing special functions

Arrangements for interaction with the human body

Networking; advertising

Hopping-sticks, e.g. pogo sticks; {Hopping apparatus with a single resilient support ( devices for balloon jumping A63B 5/166) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for balloon jumping

{for improving balance or equilibrium ( balance beams A63B 4/00 ; apparatus for rope dancing A63B 7/08 ; balancing drums, balancing boards or the like A63B 22/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for improving balance or equilibrium

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Balance beams

Apparatuses for rope dancing

Balancing drums, balancing boards or the like

Wobbling platforms

Training surfing, i.e. without a sail, skateboarding, snowboarding

Apparatus for climbing poles, trees, or the like ( { ropes A63B 29/02} ; safety belts for climbers A62B 35/00 ; { climbing irons permanently attached to fixed structures E06C 9/04} )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices preventing persons from falling from ladders

Safety belts for climbers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ropes

Safety belts for climbers

Climbing irons permanently attached to fixed structures

Apparatus for mountaineering ( helmets A42B 3/00 ; non-skid devices or attachments for footwear, e.g. mountain climbing irons A43C 15/00 ; breathing masks or helmets for use at high altitudes A62B 18/00 ; { safety belts or body harnesses A62B 35/00} ; picks B25D 7/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for lowering persons, including "descendeurs", rope brakes etc

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Helmets

Non-skid devices or attachments for footwear, e.g. mountain climbing irons

Breathing masks or helmets for use at high altitudes

Safety belts or body harnesses

Picks

Arrangements on buildings for connecting safety-lines

Special rules of classification within this group

Devices for lowering persons are classified in A62B 1/06. This includes descendeurs, rope brakes etc.

Mountain guy-ropes or accessories, e.g. avalanche ropes { ( hooks, e.g. snaphooks, therefor F16B 45/00) } ; Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried, e.g. snow-buried, persons ( detecting hidden masses in general G01V)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rope-lowering devices for mountaineering

Rope-lowering devices for mountaineering with brakes sliding on the rope

Safety belts for climbers

Hooks, e.g. snaphooks, therefor

Detecting hidden masses in general

Special rules of classification within this group

Multiple entry classification in different classes is sometime used in borderline cases, i.e. documents are classified in the applicable groups and/or subgroups of two different sub-classes: A62B 1/00 and A63B 29/00.

For example:

media74.png

This document (EP 0 752 255 A1) is classified as follows (multiple entry classification in different classes):A62B 1/14 ; A62B 35/04 ; A63B 29/02

{Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried, e.g. snow-buried, persons ( detecting hidden masses in general G01V) }
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Distress signals

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting hidden masses in general

Special rules of classification within this group

Means for helping someone survive an avalanche are also classified here.

{Climbing chocks}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose

Friction-grip releasable fastenings

Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or to other objects; Caps or sleeves for fixing on cables or ropes

{Ropes specially adapted for mountaineering}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Ropes in general

Hand equipment for climbers
Special rules of classification within this group

This group includes ice axes.

Swimming aids ( teaching swimming A63B 69/10 to A63B 69/14 ; life-saving in water, {e.g. life-buoys, life-belts} , B63C 9/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

- Hydraulic force resistors for exercising

Body floating supports for relaxation

Body flotation supports, e.g. for children

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Teaching swimming

Life-saving in water, e.g. life-buoys, life-belts

Inflatable

Special rules of classification within this group

Body flotation supports, e.g. for children, are to be classified in B63C 9/00 and subgroups, even if they do not fit the definition "life-saving". This anomaly will be tidied up in due course.

Swim fins, flippers or other swimming aids held by, or attachable to, the hands, arms, feet or legs (A63B 31/18 takes precedence; worn as gloves A63B 31/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Swimming appliances with propulsive effect for hands and feet simultaneously

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Swimming aids worn as gloves

Swimming equipment attachable to the head, e.g. swim caps or goggles ( diving masks B63C 11/12 ; breathing aids, e.g. snorkels, B63C 11/18)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Helmets for swimming and/or playing water polo, and any other kind of swimming equipment whose function is intrinsically connected to the practise of any kind of sport in water.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bathing caps not specifically conceived for sporting purposes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Head protectors in the form of caps or hats

Bathing caps

Helmets

Other body protectors for the head

Breathing aids, e.g. snorkels

{Swimming goggles ( with means covering the nostrils B63C 11/12) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Protective goggles

Diving masks or goggles with means covering the nostrils

Special rules of classification within this group

Swimming goggles are considered to be diving masks for the purposes of classification if they cover the nostrils.

Swimming framework, {i.e. apparatus fixed to or held by the swimmer or diver} , with driving mechanisms operated by the swimmer or by a motor ( other vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport B63B 35/71 , B63B 35/73 ; divers` sleds or like craft B63C 11/46)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Other vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport

Divers` sleds or like craft

Solid balls; {Rigid hollow balls} ; Marbles ( heavy throwing balls A63B 65/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Heavy balls for throwing, e.g. medicine balls, shots

{Golf balls ( for practising drives A63B 69/3655 , for practising puts A63B 69/3688) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Golf balls for practising drives

Golf balls for practising putts

Special rules of classification within this group

Methods for moulding: B29

Chemical aspects: C08

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Irrespective of the wording and leaving aside the Coating/Markings (if any):

Cover - the outermost mechanical layer

Core - the innermost part of the ball

Intermediate layer - every layer therebetween

Therefore:

"Inner cover" - intermediate layer (not Cover)

"Outer core" - intermediate layer (not Core)

This is graphically exemplified as follows:

media75.png

Other terms:

"Multi-piece" balls - can be used both for three piece balls and balls having two or more intermediate layers.

Weight; Mass - used for, e.g. specific weight, but not for chemical weight ratios.

Core thickness - it must necessarily refer to the "Outer Core" (and, therefore, an Intermediate layer), as a "Core" is defined by its diameter and not by its thickness.

Thread wound core - only used for thread wound cores with nothing inside. It is therefore not to be used when a thread layer is wound around a core which is not thread wound.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following synonyms to the terms as employed in the scheme are often used:

Outer Cover

used for Cover

Shell

an Intermediate layer

Inner Core, Center, Centre

used for Core

{Protrusions}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media76.jpg

{Arrangement or layout of dimples}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media77.jpg

{Non-circular dimples}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media78.jpg

{Elliptical}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media79.jpg

{Polygonal}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media80.jpg

{Dimple profile, i.e. cross-sectional view}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media81.jpg

{Coatings, markings ( methods for marking A63B 45/02) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Varnish, paint etc. any thin layer coating the cover. Therefore, this encompasses only the coating and/or markings.

{Covers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Used only for the Cover.

{Materials other than ionomers or polyurethane}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

"Special materials", meaning any materials other than those which are normally used for covers or cores. (Poly)urethanes and ionomers are all normally used in covers, thus not "special".

Any material which makes the cover be translucent is considered "special" and, thus, classified here.

{Special materials}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

"Special materials" means any materials other than those which are normally used for covers or cores. (Poly)butadiene, (Poly)urethanes, ionomers are all normally used, thus not "special".

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods of marking

{Cores}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Used only for the Core.

Special cores { (A63B 37/0001 , A63B 37/0003 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Balls with finger holes, e.g. for bowling

Golf balls

with eccentric centre of gravity
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Balls with finger holes, e.g. for bowling

Golf balls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

(non-solid) balls with an eccentric centre of gravity; with mechanism for changing the centre of gravity

Special coverings, {i.e. outer layer material (A63B 37/0001 , A63B 37/0003 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Balls with finger holes, e.g. for bowling

Golf balls

Special surfaces { (A63B 37/0004 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Surface depressions or protrusions on golf balls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stitchings

Hollow non-inflatable balls, {i.e. having no valves ( rigid balls A63B 37/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rigid hollow balls

Special rules of classification within this group

Hollow rigid balls are classified in A63B 37/0098

{using containers with pressurising means for balls not in use ( packages under vacuum or pressure, or special atmospheres B65D 81/20) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packages under vacuum or pressure, or special atmospheres

Hollow inflatable balls ( connecting valves to inflatable elastic bodies B60C 29/00 ; valves, e.g. self-closing valves F16K)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Connecting valves to inflatable elastic bodies

Valves, e.g. self-closing valves

Tools or devices for blowing up or closing balls ( { for pricking-balls A63B 39/04} ; air pumps F04)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Tools for blowing up pricking-balls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Air pumps

Muscle-powered pumps

Balls with special arrangements
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Heavy throwing balls, medicine balls and the like

{with special configuration, e.g. non-spherical ( discs for throwing A63B 65/10) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Discs for throwing

{with adhesive type surfaces, e.g. hook-and-loop type fastener}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

(Sports equipment in general) with adhesive type surfaces, e.g. Velcro

{Arrangements on balls for connecting lines or cords}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Balls tethered to a line or cord

{with means for improving visibility, e.g. special markings or colours ( illuminating or reflecting means A63B 43/06) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for improving visibility. Special markings or colours. Also special markings or indices for training purposes.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Balls with illuminating or reflecting means

with a handle
Special rules of classification within this group

Hopping balls for sitting and bouncing on: A63B 25/08

with an eccentric centre of gravity; with mechanism for changing the centre of gravity ( solid balls A63B 37/10 ; { motorised rolling toys A63H 33/005} )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cores with an eccentric centre of gravity for solid balls

Motorised rolling toys A63H 33/005

A63B33/00E

with illuminating devices; {with reflective surfaces}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Other means for approving visibility

Exercising or sporting devices provided with means enabling use in the dark

Apparatus or methods for manufacturing balls ( working of plastics or substances in a plastic state B29)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Producing hollow plastic balls

Producing plain plastic balls

B29D31/00G

Manufacture of vulcanised rubber balls

B29H7/02

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working of plastics or substances in a plastic state

Marking of balls
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Identification means which can be read by electronic detection means

Methods of printing

Printing apparatus

Devices for handling or treating balls, {e.g. for holding or carrying balls ( for maintaining ball pressure A63B 39/02 ; ball holders combined with racket presses A63B 49/16 , with racket covers or cases A63B 49/18 , fitted on golf bags A63B 55/02) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for maintaining ball pressure

Ball holders combined with racket presses A63B 49/16

With racket covers or cases A63B 49/18

Fitted on golf bags

Machines or devices designed for grinding spherical surfaces or parts of spherical surfaces on work

{Devices for dispensing balls, e.g. from a reservoir ( automatic teeing devices A63B 57/0006 ; devices for projecting balls A63B 69/40) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for projecting balls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Automatic teeing devices

Devices for alarm or indication, e.g. when empty

{Devices for measuring or verifying ball characteristics ( measuring or testing in general G01) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring or testing in general

Mechanical measuring of sport

for picking-up {or collecting}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media82.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Analogous devices for inserting a golf tee with a ball on it A63B 57/0037

{for picking-up automatically, e.g. by apparatus moving over the playing surface}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media83.jpg

{Autonomous machines which find their own way around the playing surface}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Robot-like machines running around collecting balls, able to respond autonomously to obstacles and the like. Not intended to be used for radio-controlled vehicles operated remotely by a person.

{Installations continuously collecting balls from the playing areas, e.g. by gravity, with conveyer belts}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf cups with ejector means

Targets or goals with ball returning means

for cleaning balls ( apparatus for cleaning balls, as accessories for bowling- or table alleys A63D 5/10)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for cleaning balls, as accessories for bowling- or table alleys

Tennis, badminton, or like rackets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Resonance frequency related characteristics

Special rules of classification within this group

Aspects of inventions which relate to various types of sports bats, of which rackets are just one example, are to be classified in A63B 59/00 and subgroups, e.g. shock damping means equally applicable to rackets, golf clubs and other sports bats are to be classified in A63B 59/0092

Details of manufacturing methods are additionally classified according to the relevant manufacturing process

{String guides on frames}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. grommets.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stringing tennis rackets

Devices arranged in or on the racket for adjusting the tension of the strings

{Means for clamping string ends on frames}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Using strings with different characteristics on the same frame

Using strings with different cross-sections, e.g. different thickness, on the same frame

Using strings with different tension on the same frame

With non-circular cross-section

Devices arranged in or on the racket for adjusting the tension of the string

{Means for achieving greater mobility of the string bed}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Using strings with different characteristics on the same frame

Using strings with different cross-sections, e.g. different thickness, on the same frame

Using strings with different tension on the same frame

With non-circular cross-section

Special rules of classification within this group

A63B 51/12 takes precedence.

Frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Resonance frequency related characteristics

{Throat section, i.e. sections and elements between head and handle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Throat sections, i.e. not necessarily a separate piece.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With variable thickness of the head in a direction perpendicular to the string plane

With variable thickness of the head in the string plane

{T-shaped connection elements between head and handle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. typically found in badminton racquets

{with head subframes for replacing the stringing}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pre-woven string-sets ready for insertion into a frame

with balancing devices { (A63B 59/0092 , A63B 59/0096 take precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

It is used for every kind of bat, not only for rackets.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Means for damping vibration

Movable ballast means for varying the centre of mass during the stroke, e.g. by centrifugal force

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clubs, e.g. for swinging exercises, with a weight movable along the longitudinal axis of the club due to centrifugal forces

with slits { ( slits for guiding strings A63B 49/002 ; slits for cooling or ventilation A63B 59/0037) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bat frames with long narrow cuts or openings. They might traverse the frame or not.

It is used for every kind of bat, not only for rackets.

media84.png

Example of a long narrow traversing opening.

media85.png

Example of a long narrow cut (i.e. non-traversing): GB293819

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Slits for guiding strings

Slits whose features, effects or function are to be classified according to the specific scheme for golf club heads, or that conform normal design features of a golf club head, such as the grooves on impact surface

A63B 53/14 and sub-groups

Bats with through holes (note: holes traversing the solid parts of the bat and which are not slits, i.e. non-elongated)

Example of through hole (A63B 59/0088) vs. slit (A63B 49/06):

media86.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bats with corrugated cross sections (e.g. with a plurality of slits in the longitudinal direction)

Bat handles or grips with holes for cooling, ventilating or sweat-reduction

Rackets comprising a wooden blade with perforations as a substitute for the strings

Special rules of classification within this group

Bat handles or grips with holes in the form of slits for cooling, ventilating or sweat-reduction are classified in A63B 59/0037

with special construction of the handle
Relationship between large subject matter areas

See also B25G 1/00 for handle construction and B25G 3/00 for fitting the handle on a shaft

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Special means for attachment of arms or hands to exercising or sports equipment

K63B23/12C

Throat sections with two legs having mutually different constructions

Handles or grips for bats

Special rules of classification within this group

Details are also to be classified in subgroups of A63B 59/0014 where appropriate

made of non-metallic materials, other than wood
Special rules of classification within this group

Characteristics of materials are classified in A63B 2209/00 and subgroups, e.g. long, oriented fibres, e.g. wound filaments, woven fabrics, mats A63B 2209/023

made of metal
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Resonance frequency related characteristics

Presses, {e.g. with ball holders ( ball holders in general A63B 47/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for pressing racket frames in order to keep the frame flat. Some presses have ball holders, but this feature is not essential for a press.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ball holders in general

Covers {or cases, e.g. with ball holders ( ball holders in general A63B 47/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ball holders in general

Stringing tennis rackets { ( string guides on frames A63B 49/002 ; clamping strings on frames A63B 49/005) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

String guides on frames

Camping strings on frames

{Devices for measuring the tension of the string ( for controlling the tension during stringing A63B 51/14 ; measuring force, in general G01L) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for controlling the tension during stringing

Measuring force, in general

Apparatus for or methods of measuring the tension in ropes, cables, wires, threads, belts, bands or like flexible members

{Pre-woven string-sets ready for insertion into a frame}
Special rules of classification within this group

Head subframes for replacing the stringing A63B 49/0294.

Strings; String substitutes; {Products applied on strings, e.g. for protection against humidity or wear ( ropes or cables in general D07B; yarns or threads for use in sports applications D02G 3/444 ; mechanical methods or apparatus in the manufacture of artificial filaments, threads, fibres, bristles or ribbons D01D; strings for musical instruments G10D 3/10) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Strings for sports rackets.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Methods of making a string for a racquet are usually classified in D02G 3/444

Yarn or threads for use in sports applications are ALSO classified in D02G 3/444

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ropes or cables in general

Yarns or threads for use in sports applications

Mechanical methods or apparatus in the manufacture of artificial filaments, threads, fibres, bristles or ribbons

Strings for musical instruments

Golf clubs { ( cleaning or maintenance A63B 57/0087 ; measuring, verifying or correcting golf-club characteristics A63B 59/0074 ; clubs or attachments on clubs for golf training A63B 69/3632) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs considered as a whole, e.g. documents disclosing clubs characterised by the form, balance, swingweight or frequency of the overall club. In many cases the documents should also be classified in subgroups for individual characteristics (see Technical Relationships).

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For special materials or manufacturing processes, the specific field concerned should be consulted, e.g. forged product B21K; making sport articles B21K 17/00; casting B22D; casting of metals/special casting B22D 19/00B22D 25/02; welding B23K; laser welding B23K 26/00; shaping composites B29C 70/00; sport equipment L29C591/00; clubs L29C591/02; producing articles from plastics B29D; heat treatment C21D; alloys C22C 19/055; metal matrix composite C22C 32/00; casting metallic material C23C.

Also classify where appropriate in A63B 2053/002, A63B 2053/005 (club sets), A63B 2059/0003, (resonance frequency related characteristics), and classes relating to specific parts of the club.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for measuring, verifying or correcting golf club characteristics

Cleaning or maintenance of golf-clubs, putters, shoes or other golf accessories

Clubs or attachments on clubs for golf training

Clubs or attachments on clubs for putting

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Documents relating to bats for sporting games in general

Special rules of classification within this group

Aspects of inventions which relate to various types of sports bats, of which golf clubs are just one example, are classified in A63B 59/00 and subgroups, e.g. shock damping means equally applicable to golf clubs, tennis rackets and other sports bats are classified in A63B 59/0092.

{Club sets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group relates to sets of golf clubs, i.e. golf clubs related by a common characteristic throughout the series, e.g. length, swingweight, resonant frequency. The characteristic may be constant or progressive throughout the set.

{the shaft axis being forwardly offset relative to the striking face of the head}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Handle for bats in general whose axis is different from the main axis of the bat

{adjustable angular orientation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs in which the angular orientation of the shaft relative to the head can be adjusted, e.g. US5511779 (see image below).

media87.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Substantially flexible or hinged shafts

{lie angle only, i.e. relative angular adjustment between the shaft and the club head about an axis parallel to the intended line of play when the club is in its normal address position}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs in which the lie angle of the shaft relative to the head can be adjusted, e.g. US2009264215 (see image below).

media88.jpg

{loft angle only, i.e. relative angular adjustment between the shaft and the club head about a horizontal axis perpendicular to the intended line of play when the club is in its normal address position}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs in which the loft angle of the shaft relative to the head can be adjusted, e.g. US5928087 (see image below).

media89.jpg

{about the longitudinal axis of the shaft only}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs in which the shaft can be adjusted about its longitudinal axis relative to the head, e.g. US6368230 (see image below).

media90.jpg

{with a range of alternative attachment points for the shaft}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs in which the shaft can be attached to the head at any of a range of alternative attachment points, e.g. US5533730 (see image below).

media91.jpg

Heads
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Documents which apply to nonspecific golf clubs including putters must be classified in both A63B 53/04 and A63B 53/0487.

Documents relating to woods must be classified in A63B 53/0466.

Documents relating to irons must be classified in A63B 53/047.

Special rules of classification within this group

Multiple entry classification is used, i.e. documents are classified in each subgroup that is applicable.

Club heads with the following features are additionally classified as follows:

Putter heads are classified in A63B 53/0487.

Adjustable heads are classified in A63B 53/06.

Synonyms and Keywords

media92.jpg
media93.jpg

{Heads with an impact surface provided by a face insert}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Striking surfaces in general coated with high-friction abrasive material

{with special crown configurations}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Heads with visual indicators for aligning the golf club

{with visual indicators for aligning the golf club}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Aiming or aligning devices for training purposes, for woods and irons ; for putters

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heads with special crown configurations

Special rules of classification within this group

Considering that almost all putter heads and many woods have some form of visual indicator for aligning the golf club, this class is only given to those documents which describe details of the visual indicator, or in which the visual indicator differs from a standard marking.

{Details of grooves or the like on impact surface}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of the surface of the striking face, e.g. special groove features, other protrusions or indentations.

Special rules of classification within this group

Note: with the exception of putters, almost all golf clubs have a grooved striking face. This class is only for golf clubs in which the surface is specified in detail; golf clubs for which it is merely stated that the striking surface with no further detail should not be classified here.

{wood-type}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Traditional wooden golf club heads, and also heads made of other materials but similar in shape to traditional wooden heads, e.g. US2009258727 (see image below). The front-to-rear length of the head is normally greater than the height, providing for a centre of gravity positioned far behind the striking face. These heads are for long-distance shots.

media94.jpg

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

A wood-type golf club head

has a large, bulbous form usually with a convexly curved strike face and is used for hitting the ball long distances. They were traditionally solid wooden heads, but are nowadays usually in the form of hollow shells using strong, lightweight materials, e.g. titanium, fibre composite.

Synonyms and Keywords

Hybrid club: a hybrid club combines the playing characteristics of both woods and irons.

Hybrid wood: a club which has a convexly curved strike face like a wood but which is usually lower from crown to sole than a wood and does not extend as far back from the strike face to the rear of the head. It may be solid or hollow.

{iron-type}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf club heads resembling the type that was traditionally made of solid iron or steel, typically with a large, flat, angled striking face, usually having grooves to increase friction with a golf ball, e.g. GB2451317 (see image below). This group also club heads of similar shape but made of other materials.

media95.png

Special rules of classification within this group

Irons with a cavity back, i.e. perimeter weighting but with the cavity open towards the rear of the club, should be classified here.

Irons with a hollow space which is completely closed on all sides including towards the rear should be classified in A63B 53/0475.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Iron -type golf club head

traditionally has a thin, blade-like body, usually with a planar strike face, and is made of iron or steel (forged or cast). Similar-shaped heads made of other materials, e.g. titanium, fibre composite, also fall into this category.

Cavity backs

Many irons feature peripheral weighting on some or all of the perimeter of the rear surface. Irons with weighting around most or all of the perimeter are known as "cavity backs".

{with one or more enclosed cavities}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Irons with a hollow space which is completely closed on all sides and towards the rear.

Examples:

US2005209023

media96.jpg

US2004266550

media97.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hybrid wood

Special rules of classification within this group

Irons with a cavity back, i.e. perimeter weighting but with the cavity open towards the rear of the club, should be classified in A63B 53/047.

Synonyms and Keywords

Hybrid club

a hybrid club combines the playing characteristics of both woods and irons.

Hybrid iron

a club which has a flat strike face like a traditional iron but which usually has an enclosed volume behind the strike face, providing a larger moment of inertia and a centre of gravity which is displaced further behind the strike face compared with a traditional iron.

{for putters (A63B 53/065 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media98.png

e.g. US2007243950

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Adjustable heads for putters

{with added weights, e.g. changeable, replaceable}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Normal golf clubs with externally attached weights, e.g. for warming-up

adjustable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf club heads with some form of adjustment means for varying the characteristics of the club head, e.g. US5501453, which displays adjustment means 3 (see image below).

media99.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

Golf club heads with added weights, e.g. changeable, replaceable, but not otherwise adjustable, should be classified in A63B 2053/0491 and one or more of A63B 53/04, A63B 53/0466, A63B 53/047 and A63B 53/0475.

{for putters}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Putter heads with some form of adjustment means for varying the characteristics of the head, e.g. US2011/014994, which displays a rotatable face (see image below).

media100.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

Putter heads with added weights, e.g. changeable, replaceable, but not otherwise adjustable, should be classified in A63B 2053/0491 and A63B 53/0487.

with special arrangements for obtaining a variable impact
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf clubs with some form of adjustment means for varying the characteristics of the club, e.g. the club's balance or centre of gravity. See for example WO2007111272, which displays a changing head weight (see image below).

media101.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

User-manipulated weights; fluids, e.g. water

K63B21/06A3B

Resisting devices with rotary bodies; flywheels

Striking surfaces coated with high-friction abrasive material

{Shafts, e.g.} non-metallic shafts { ( metallic A63B 53/12) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This class is for shafts made of composite materials and other non-metallic materials. This class is also given for characteristics of a shafts where the material is not mentioned and/or is not important to the invention.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Metallic golf club shafts

Shaft materials

Means for damping vibration

Weighted handle

Resonance frequency related characteristics

Substantially flexible shafts, hinged shafts

Telescopic shafts

Size reducing arrangements for stowing or transport

Special rules of classification within this group

Considering that all golf clubs have a shaft, this class is not required for documents mentioning a particular type of shaft if the shaft itself is not important to the invention disclosed and is well known per se; in such a case, classifying the invention alone is considered sufficient.

This class is also not required for documents disclosing a golf club in which the otherwise well known shaft is chosen to provide a golf club with specific characteristics. For example, a golf club with a carefully selected resonant frequency based on the length and stiffness of the shaft and the mass of the club head should be classified in A63B 53/00 and A63B59/00A1; a set of such clubs should also be classified in A63B 2053/005.

Documents relating to methods of manufacturing composite shaft should also be classified in B29C.

Metallic shafts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This class is for shafts made of metallic materials.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Shafts made of a composite material comprising metallic and non-metallic materials

Special rules of classification within this group

This class is not required for documents mentioning a particular type of metallic shaft if the shaft itself is not important to the invention disclosed and is well known per se; in such a case, classifying the invention alone is considered sufficient.

This class is also not required for documents disclosing a golf club in which an otherwise well known metallic shaft is chosen to provide a golf club with specific characteristics. For example, a golf club with a carefully selected resonant frequency based on the length and stiffness of the shaft and the mass of the club head should be classified in A63B 53/00 and A63B59/00A1; a set of such clubs should also be classified in A63B 2053/005

Handles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This class is for documents relating to the area or areas of the golf club gripped by the golfer when playing golf. It is for grips covering a part or parts of the club shaft. It is also for "gripless" shafts, i.e. shafts intended to be grasped directly by the hands of the golfer without an attached grip member.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Fitting handle on shaft

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Handles for bats

Special rules of classification within this group

"Gripless" shafts, i.e. shafts intended to be grasped directly by the hands of the golfer without an attached grip member, are to be classified here and also in A63B 53/10 or A63B 53/12.

Details are also to be classified in subgroups of A63B 59/0014 where appropriate.

{Weighted handles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This sub-group is also used for handles of any other kind of bat, not only for golf clubs.

Special rules of classification within this group

This sub-group is also used for handles of any other kind of bat, not only for golf clubs; therefore, a weighted golf club handle must be classified both in A63B 53/14 and in A63B 53/145.

adjustable
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Weighted handles, e.g. with removable weights

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Telescopic shafts

Bags for golf clubs; Stands for golf clubs for use on the course
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Golf bags.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stands for golf clubs for use on the course

Harness for carrying a golf bag

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Security means for locking golf clubs in the bag

Apparatus or equipment provided with article holders

{Warning devices for indicating missing golf clubs}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Theft alarms

{Security means for locking golf clubs in the bag}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Covers or hoods for golf bags

{Covers or hoods for golfbags}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Covers for club heads

{releasably attached}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This class is for covers which are removable from the golf bag. Such covers or hoods can either cover the opening of the bag or enclose the whole bag, e.g. travel bags or cases for golf bags.

{Covers for golf club heads; Connector means therefor}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Covers or hoods for golf bags

{Releasably mounted accessories fitted outside the bag, e.g. straps or holders (A63B 55/02 and A63B 55/04 take precedence; covers for golfbags A63B 55/004 ; covers for club heads A63B 55/007) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Covers or hoods for golf bags

Covers for golf club heads

Golf bags with special or detachable receptacles for the balls

Supports for golf bags

Details of carrying straps

with special {or detachable} receptacles for the balls
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Ball holders

Supports, {e.g.} with devices for anchoring to the ground
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Support means for golf bags

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Supports (other than bags) for golf clubs on the golf course

Wheeled carriers for golf bags ( running gear or propulsion features B60 ; { insofar as the features therof are generic to hand carts B62B} )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Running gear or propulsion features

Insofar as the features thereof are generic to hand carts

Trolley adapted to receive an ordinary/unspecified bag

Accessories or details for handcarts

Trolleys or handcarts for carrying golf articles, e.g. golf bags

Trolleys or handcarts for carrying golf clubs, i.e. not in a golf bag

Foldable or dismountable when not in use

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring distance travelled:

Measuring distance traversed for golf carts

{Means for mounting weather shields, e.g. umbrellas, on caddies}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Weather shields for a golf buggy

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas

Stands for golf clubs, {e.g.} for use on the course; {Golf club holders, racks or presses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for carrying one or more golf clubs, or for supporting one or more golf clubs fully or partially above the ground.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf bags

Accessories for stowing or putting away equipment for games played with rackets or bats

Show stands, hangers or shelves for displaying or storing golf clubs, e.g. in a shop

Cabinets or racks for storage

Golf game accessories, e.g. golf cups, golf tees
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group concerns devices and accessories used in the game of golf.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf clubs

Bags for golf clubs

Training appliances or apparatus for golf

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cigar holders

Slidably retracted in a housing when not in use

{Automatic teeing devices ( devices for automatically dispensing balls in general A63B 47/002) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for automatically dispensing balls in general

{Tees; Tee-holders; Devices for inserting or extracting tees}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With writing point

Means for releasably holding a ball in position prior to kicking, striking or the like

{Tee-holders ( to be fitted on golf bags or caddies A63B 55/008) ; Tee-gauges; Tee-repairing devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Holders for tees when not in use.

Special rules of classification within this group

When these devices are adapted to be releasably mounted on a golf bag, they should also be classified in A63B 55/008

{Brush-type tee}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tees which are conceived to penetrate the ground and where the ball is contacted only by flexible elements, no matter whether they constitute a "real brush" as such or something similar, as exemplified as follows:

With a "real brush":

media102.png
(WO0045905)

Not necessarily being a "real brush":

media103.png
(US8167741)

{Cups ( with automatic ball ejector A63B 57/0062) ; Hole or ball traps; Markers therefor, e.g. flags}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cups with automatic ball ejector means

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Variable in size

Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classes may be required in A63B 63/00(targets or goals for ball games) and A63B 69/36 (Training appliances or apparatus for golf) and subclasses

{Cups with automatic ball ejector means}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Targets or goals with ball returning means

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Variable in size

{Cleaning or maintenance of golf-clubs, putters, shoes or other golf accessories ( cleaning balls A63B 47/04 ; cleaning grips A63B 59/0062 ; cleaning footwear in general A47L 23/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cleaning footwear in general

Cleaning balls

Devices for cleaning handles or grips

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Maintenance or repair accessories, e.g. for courts, greens, sands

Cleaning in general

{Means for heating or drying golf clubs}
Special rules of classification within this group

Heated devices are additionally classified in K63B203/02.

Bats, rackets, or the like, for other games ( bats with a ball tethered thereto A63B 67/20) ; { Hand-held throwing or catching aids; Details or accessories of bats, rackets or the like, not limited to one of the groups A63B 49/00 to A63B 57/00 , or not otherwise provided for }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Clubs for swinging exercises in general

Bats with a ball tethered thereto

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bats in general (not only rackets) whose frames disclose slits

Special rules of classification within this group

The subgroups of A63B 59/00 should also be used where appropriate to classify the respective features of tennis racquets and golf clubs.

Details of manufacturing methods are additionally classified according to the relevant manufacturing process.

Aspects of inventions which relate to specific types of sports bats should be classified in the relevant group, e.g. rackets in A63B 49/00, golf clubs in A63B 53/00, specific types of bat see A63B 59/02 - A63B 59/185

{having special surfaces reducing air resistance}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of the surface, e.g. dimpled.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Airfoil shapes, wings or air passages

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Surfaces reducing air resistance in general

Special rules of classification within this group

Forms, profiles or through holes for reducing air resistance (i.e. special aerodynamic features which are not related to specific details of the surface) are classified in A63B 2225/01.

{Handles or grips (A63B 49/08 takes precedence ) }
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Handles for hand implements: B25G 1/00

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Weighted handles for bats in general (not only golf clubs)

Attachments of exercising apparatus to the upper limbs of the user

Example of document for A63B 59/0014 and A63B 21/1442:

media104.png

Special rules of classification within this group

Handles for rackets should be classified in A63B 49/08 rather than A63B 59/0014, although details of handles for rackets should be classified in the subgroups of A63B 59/0014 where appropriate.

Handles for golf clubs should be classified in A63B 53/14 or A63B 53/145 or A63B 53/16 plus subgroups of A63B 59/0014 where appropriate.

Other types of bat should be classified in the appropriate class according to the type of bat.

{Means for indicating or measuring the pressure on the grip}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring force related parameters

Sensors arranged on the exercise apparatus or sports implement

{contoured according to the anatomy of the user's hand}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Special rules of classification within this group

Handles or grips with corrugated cross sections are additionally classified in A63B 59/0077.

{Coverings specially adapted therefor, e.g. sleeves, ribbons}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Relationship between large subject matter areas

Layered products in strips: B32B 7/14

{Caps, ferrules}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{with grooves or holes for cooling, ventilating or sweat-reduction; with powder dispensers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rackets with slits, i.e. elongate holes

Bats with through holes

Special rules of classification within this group

Racket handles or grips with holes or slits for cooling, ventilating or sweat-reduction are classified here rather than ECLAA63B 59/0088 or A63B 49/06 respectively.

{with two handgrips}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{adjustable in length}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Telescopic shafts

{with adjustable perimetric length}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{with means for changing the angular position of the handle about its longitudinal axis}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{the handle axis being different from the main axis of the bat or racket}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media122.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

The shaft axis of a golf club being forwardly offset relative to the striking face of the head

Bats or rackets with holding means provided inside, on the edge or on the rear face of the striking surface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Throat sections with two legs having mutually different constructions

{Devices for cleaning handles or grips}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cleaning in general

{Bats or rackets with holding means provided inside, on the edge or on the rear face of the the striking surface (A63B 59/02 and A63B 59/04 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

For lacrosse, pelota or similar games

For table tennis

{Devices for measuring, verifying, correcting or customizing characteristics of golf-clubs, bats or rackets ( having a weight movable along the longitudinal axis of the club due to centrifugal forces A63B 15/005) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Measuring characteristics of implements; custom fitting bats, rackets or golf clubs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clubs having a weight movable along the longitudinal axis of the club due to centrifugal forces

Testing, calibrating or measuring of equipment

Resonance frequency related characteristics

For measuring of sport goods in general

Special rules of classification within this group

Bats or rackets for swinging exercises having a weight movable along the longitudinal axis of the club due to centrifugal forces should also be classified in A63B 15/005

Details relating to measuring of physical parameters relating to a sporting activity should also be classified in A63B 2220/00.

{corrugated cross sections}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Special rules of classification within this group

Handles or grips contoured to the anatomy of the user's hand are additionally classified in A63B 59/0025.

{Substantially flexible shafts, hinged shafts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Flexible shafts (with or without a hinge).

It is also used for shafts with a hinge (independently of whether the hinged parts are flexible on their own or not).

It is also used when a certain degree of stiffness is mentioned, independently of whether the flexibility is explicitly mentioned, as both flexibility and stiffness are relative terms which refer in the end to the same property (i.e. a bigger or smaller degree of bendability).

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Flexible shafts, e.g. US 2009/0082124 A1

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Hinged shafts, e.g. WO 2011/019369 A1

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Allowing adjustable angular orientation of the head of a golf club with respect to the shaft of the golf club

{Telescopic shafts}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Handles adjustable in length which are not telescopic

{Bats with through holes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Used for non-elongated holes traversing the solid parts of the bat (can also be the blade, if solid). It is also used for important holes in the bat, even if they do not exactly traverse the bat completely (i.e. "through" has to be understood in a broad way).

Only used for through holes which have not been subsequently filled-in with another material. However, it is used when only a lid or a cap has been placed on the through hole, subsequently covering it but not completely filling it in.

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Example of through holes completely traversing the shaft.

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Example of through holes completely traversing a solid blade.

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Example of important holes (8, 10) in the frame, not exactly traversing it, but still of an special relevance. US patent 5,232,220.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

String guides on frames

Bats with slits (i.e. long narrow cuts or openings which might traverse the frame or not)

Iron-type golf club heads with one or more enclosed cavities

Handles or grips with grooves or holes for cooling, ventilating or sweat-reduction (including handles or grips for rackets)

Tennis rackets comprising a wooden blade with perforations as a substitute for the strings

Through holes whose features, effects or function are to be classified according to the specific scheme for golf club heads

A63B 53/14 and subgroups

Through holes that conform normal design features of a golf club head, such as the hole for the insertion of the shaft, enclosed cavities, through holes for inserting weights, etc.

A63B 53/00 and subgroups

Golf club heads with added weights inserted in through holes

Example of through hole (A63B 59/0088) vs. slit (A63B 49/06):

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Example of through holes for adding weights to a golf club head (A63B 2053/0491) and which through holes, therefore, are not classified in A63B 59/0088:

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{Means for damping vibration (A63B 15/005 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Clubs for swinging exercises having a weight movable along the longitudinal axis of the club due to centrifugal forces

Means for damping vibration in general

{Movable ballast means for varying the centre of mass during the stroke, e.g. by centrifugal force (A63B 15/005 takes precedence; weights set in movement on impact of the ball for damping vibrations A63B 59/0092) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Clubs with a weight movable along the longitudinal axis due to centrifugal forces

for lacrosse, pelota or similar games; {Bats or rackets having means for catching or holding a ball, e.g. pockets, netting, adhesive type surface; Hand-held throwing or catching aids ( juggling games with integral catching arrangements A63B 67/083) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Juggling games with integral catching arrangements

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-held mechanical projectors, e.g. for balls

Dog ball launchers

for croquet; {Mallet-form bats ( polo mallets A63B 59/16) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Polo mallets

for ice hockey { (A63B 59/12 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hockey sticks where the type (i.e. field, ice) is not specified

Special rules of classification within this group

Similar sports such as, e.g. "Ringette" are also classified here.

Circular {or similar planar} bats for other games { not covered by groups A63B 59/02 to A63B 59/16}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bats for specific sports

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Games using a bat or racket with a body, e.g. a ball tethered thereto

{Paddles for paddle tennis, pádel tennis or platform tennis ( stringed rackets for tennis or the like A63B 49/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stringed rackets for tennis or the like

Tennis nets or accessories for tennis or like games, {e.g. volley-ball ( devices for holding or carrying balls A63B 47/00 ; for table tennis A63B 67/04) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Accessories for stowing or putting sports equipment away

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for holding or carrying balls

Accessories for table tennis

{Nets for tennis or like games or accessories therefor ( straining or adjusting devices on the posts A63B 61/02) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Straining or adjusting devices on the posts

{Accessories for training purposes mounted on the net}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Other training appliances or apparatus for tennis

Posts; Revolvably-mounted posts; {Straining or adjusting devices on the posts, e.g. coin- or time operated}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Supports, e.g. floor sockets for removable posts or poles

Straining or adjusting devices for nets, {e.g. centre strainers, single-double adjusters, net height meters ( straining or adjusting devices on the posts A63B 61/02) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Straining or adjusting devices on the posts

Targets or goals for ball games ( golf cups A63B 57/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Targets for games

Fixing nets to objects

Dartboards

Targets for weapons

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Golf cups

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Football (unless American football is specified)

Soccer (Association football)

with {substantially} horizontal opening for ball, e.g. for basketball { (A63B 57/0056 , A63B 63/06 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf cups

Moving targets, e.g. moving or revolving on impact

Implements for throwing ( throwing toys A63H 33/18 ; throwing weapons F41B) ; {Mechanical projectors, e.g. using spring force}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stationarily-arranged devices for projecting balls

Golf cups with ball ejector means

Throwing weapons

Sling weapons

Throwing toys

Darts

Shooting or hurling games

Trap machines for trapshooting and clay-pigeon targets

Spears or the like; {Javelins ( darts F42B 6/003) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Archery arrows

Discus discs; Quoits { ( flying disc toys A63H 33/18) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Flying disc toys such as frisbees

Ball-throwing apparatus with or without catchers; { ( hand-held throwing or catching aids A63B 59/02) ; Mechanical projectors, e.g. using spring force}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stationary devices for projecting balls

Sticks for lacrosse, pelota or similar; hand-held throwing or catching aids

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Toys for animals

For propelling or projecting the balls in miniature bowling alleys

Apparatus for projecting balls for indoor games

A63F7/10

{Hand-held mechanical projectors, e.g. for balls}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Sticks for lacrosse, pelota or similar; hand-held throwing or catching aids

{Games using balls, not otherwise provided for}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Special rules of classification within this group

Amongst other games, Beer Pong games are classified here but also additionally classified in A63F 7/0017 and A63F 2250/024.

{Games similar to volleyball or basketball and played on trampolines or the like, e.g. "Spaceball" or "Aeroball"}
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents with trampolines are additionally classified in A63B 5/11

{played in water}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus used in water

Special golf games, e.g. miniature golf, {e.g. golf putting games played on putting tracks; putting practice apparatus having an elongated platform as a putting track ( mats for golf practice A63B 69/3661) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mats for golf practice

{with incorporated means acting on the track surface for varying its topography, e.g. slope}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Slopes or trails for skiing

Table games physically beneficial for the human body, modelled on outdoor sports, e.g. table tennis ( { tables for table tennis A47B 25/003} ; other table games A63F)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Tables for table tennis

Other table games

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus generating unpredictable signals for reaction time training

Special rules of classification within this group

Table games modelled on outdoor sports with ball rebound surfaces other than the horizontal table surface, are to be classified here and also in A63B 69/0097.

Ring or disc tossing games, {e.g. quoits; Throwing or tossing games, e.g. using balls; Games for manually rolling balls, e.g. marbles}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

For bowling-alleys

Special rules of classification within this group

This group also covers the game of "Disc golf".

Juggling or spinning ball games played as games of skill; {Juggling games ( games using tethered bodies, e.g. balls A63B 67/10 , A63B 67/20) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Other games using tethered balls

Games using a bat or racket with a ball tethered thereto

Games with thread-suspended or swingably-mounted bodies, e.g. balls, pointed bodies shaped as birds, animals, or the like, for aiming at and hitting targets ( games using a bat with a ball tethered thereto A63B 67/20 ; pin games with tethered balls A63D 7/00) ; {Games using tethered bodies, e.g. balls, not otherwise provided for}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Games using a bat or racket with a body, e.g. a ball tethered thereto

Bats tethered to a line or cord

Pin games with tethered balls

Indoor games using small tethered balls

K63F7/18T

Curling stone; Shuffleboard; Similar sliding games
Special rules of classification within this group

This group also covers ice hockey pucks

Training appliances or apparatus for special sports ( training of parachutists B64D 23/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Simulators for teaching or training purposes

Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce

Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body

Training of parachutists

Teaching in general

Special rules of classification within this group

The control aspect should be classified in A63B 24/00

The interface features should be classified in A63B 71/06

The sensors should be classified in A63B 2220/00 or A63B 2230/00

The position of the user should be classified in A63B 2208/00

The specific sport should be classified in A63B 2243/00 or A63B 2244/00, unless covered by the title of the group.

{for football ( American-football dummies A63B 69/345) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

American-football dummies

{for skating}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skates with multiple blades

Ice-skating or roller-skating rinks

{for running, jogging or speed-walking ( movable endless bands A63B 22/02) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Movable endless bands

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The person using trunk supports resisting forward motion of user

{for the martial arts, e.g. karate, judo (A63B 69/20 , A63B 69/34 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Punching balls, e.g. for boxing; other boxing training devices, e.g. bags

Dummies, e.g. for boxing or American-football

Boxing rings

{Apparatus generating random stimulus signals for reaction-time training involving a substantial physical effort ( testing reaction time A61B 5/162 ; reaction-time games A63F 9/0096) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for projecting balls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for testing reaction times

Reaction-time games

{Means for physically limiting movements of body parts (A63B 23/0211 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attachment of exercising apparatus to the body of the user

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Moving torso with immobilized lower limbs

{worn by the user}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also limiting movement between grip and body parts (apart from the hand)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attachments of exercise devices to the body without movement restriction

{Leg restraining devices}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attachment of exercising apparatus to the legs of the user

Golf stance aids, i.e. means for positioning golfer´s feet

{Attachments on the trainee preventing falling}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Suspension devices for supporting the body in an upright walking or standing position, e.g. harnesses

{for wind-surfing}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Sailing simulators (for teaching or training purposes)

{Means for releasably holding a ball in position prior to kicking, striking or the like ( golf tees A63B 57/0018) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf tees

{Suspending a ball on an upright stream of air or water}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stationarily-arranged devices with pneumatic propelling means for projecting balls

Indoor games with playing bodies projected by compressed air

Water toys, floating toys or like buoyant toys

{Balls tethered to a line or cord (A63B 43/007 takes precedence; other games using tethered balls A63B 67/10 ; games using a bat or racket with a ball tethered thereto A63B 67/20) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements on balls for connecting lines or cords

Other games using tethered balls

Games using a bat or racket with a ball tethered thereto

Special rules of classification within this group

Hollow rigid balls are classified in A63B 37/0098

Arrangements on balls for connecting lines or cords A63B 43/007 takes precedence.

{the line or cord being attached to the user (A63B 21/0608 takes precedence; punching balls attached to the user A63B 69/26) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Eccentric weights put into orbital motion by nutating movement of the user

Punching balls attached to the user

{Ball rebound walls ( with holes or in combination with nets A63B 63/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walls with holes or in combination with nets

Backstops, cages, enclosures or the like, e.g. for spectator protection, for arresting balls

for fencing, {e.g. means for indicating hits ( fencing foils, sabres or epees F41B 13/02) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Fencing foils, sabres or epees

Special rules of classification within this group

Fencing masks are classified in A63B 69/02 and also in A63B 2071/105 and A63B 71/10.

simulating the movement of horses ( toy animals for riding A63G 19/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Toy animals for riding

for rowing or sculling
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also canoeing, kayaking.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Canoes, kayaks or the like B63B 35/71.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rowing machines for fitness

with water-filled pools
Special rules of classification within this group

This group includes any rowing training which takes place in a real boat.

{Devices for generating a current of water in swimming pools}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Producing waves in swimming pools

In baths

Therapeutic baths with agitated or circulated water

Teaching frames for swimming; {Swimming boards ( life-buoys, life-belts B63C 9/08) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Body floating supports for relaxation

Life-buoys, life-belts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Other vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport

for cycling, {i.e. arrangements on or for real bicycles ( home-trainers A63B 23/0476) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Home-trainers for the legs by rotating cycling movement

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means providing for a stabilised ride

Special rules of classification within this group

This group is also used for wheelchair training on rollers - such documents are additionally coded A63B 2071/0018.

for skiing
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices enabling skis to be used whilst held in a particular configuration with respect to each other, e.g. for training purposes

Accessories for skiing or snowboarding (fittings on vehicles for carrying skis)

Slalom gate poles, posts or marking sticks for sport field

{for cross-country-skiing (A63B 23/0417 , A63B 69/0022 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Exercising apparatus for the legs with guided foot supports moving parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane by translation

Training devices for skating

{for water-skiing}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Waterskis

Accessories, e.g. sticks for water skiing

Punching balls, {e.g. for boxing; Other boxing training devices, e.g. bags (A63B 69/34 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Dummies, e.g. for boxing or American football

attached to the human body
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Other tethered balls being attached to the user

for golf
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Training appliances or apparatus used when training golf, i.e. equipment which is not normally used during the game of golf.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf clubs

Bags and stands

Golf game accessories

Scoring devices

Special rules of classification within this group

Control must be classified in A63B 24/00.

The interface features must be classified in A63B 71/06.

The sensors must be classified in A63B 2220/00 or A63B 2230/00.

The position of the user must be classified in A63B 2208/00.

{Attachments on the body, e.g. for measuring, aligning, restraining (A63B 69/0059 , A63B 69/3673 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts

Means for physically limiting movements of body parts worn by the user

Golf stance aids, i.e. means for positioning a golfer´s feet

Foot inclining aids

{not used, see A63B 69/36 and subgroups}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Head group for special indicating features for golf training.

Special rules of classification within this group

This group is used as a head group and should not be used for classification. For classification the sub groups should be used.

{using electro-magnetic, magnetic or ultrasonic radiation emitted, reflected or interrupted by the golf club}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All types of training means using electro-magnetic, magnetic or ultrasonic radiation e.g. laser aiming, interruption of beams or lamps attached to golf club.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Optical or opto-electric sensors

Powered illuminating means

{Striking surfaces with impact indicating means, e.g. markers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means indicating the actual impact point, i.e. point of contact, with the ball.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Means indicating the preferred impact point for normal golf clubs, i.e. visual indicators for aligning the golf club

Visual indicators for training purposes for indicating the preferred impact point or aligning the golf club

Visual indicators for putting training purposes for indicating the preferred impact point or aligning the putter

Special rules of classification within this group

Note: the means indicate the actual impact point, i.e. point of contact, with the ball; means indicating the preferred impact point for normal golf clubs should be coded in A63B 2053/0441, and for training purposes in A63B 69/3632 or A63B 69/3685.

{for driving (A63B 69/3608 , A63B 69/3658 , A63B 69/3661 , A63B 69/3667 and A63B 69/3691 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attachments on the body, e.g. for measuring, aligning, restraining

Means associated with the ball for indicating or measuring, e.g. speed, direction

Mats for golf practice, e.g. mats having a simulated turf, a practice tee or a green area

Golf stance aids, e.g. means for positioning a golfer`s feet

Golf courses; Golf practising terrains having a plurality of driving areas, fairways, greens

{Clubs or attachments on clubs, e.g. for measuring, aligning (A63B 69/3614 takes precedence; clubs for swinging exercises in general A63B 15/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bats with a ball tethered thereto

Clubs, weighted hand bars for swinging exercises not related to golf technique

Golf clubs not used for training with visual indicators for aligning the club

Golf training apparatus using electro-magnetic, magnetic or ultrasonic radiation emitted, reflected or interrupted by the golf club

{with sound-emitting source}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for indicating or measuring the pressure on the grip

{Normal golf clubs with directly attached weights}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Clubs, weighted hand bars for swinging exercises not related to golf technique

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

User-manipulated weights; fluids, e.g. water

K63B21/06A3B

Fluid-like particles, e.g. gun shot, sand

K63B21/06A3D

{with guides for guiding the swing}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Contacting and non-contacting means for guiding the swing.

It is also used for putting, not only for driving

media135.png

US2005197199 (Example of non-contacting means)

{with a flexible member fixed on the club and rotating around a fixed supporting point}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Resilient force resistors of the extension element type

Elastic ropes or bands

User-manipulated weights

{Balls, ball substitutes, or attachments on balls therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Short-distance or low-velocity balls for training, or for playing on a reduced area

{Mats for golf practice, e.g. mats having a simulated turf, a practice tee or a green area}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Surfaces simulating grass

{for putting (A63B 69/3608 , A63B 69/3661 , A63B 69/3667 and A63B 69/3697 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Putting tracks

Attachments on the body, e.g. for measuring, aligning, restraining

Mats for golf practice, e.g. mats having a simulated turf, a practice tee or a green area

Golf stance aids, e.g. means for positioning a golfer`s feet

Golf courses; Golf practising terrains having a plurality of driving areas, fairways, greens

Golf courses with putting taking place on a green other than the target green

{Putters or attachments on putters e.g. for measuring, aligning (A63B 69/3614 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Golf training apparatus using electro-magnetic, magnetic or ultrasonic radiation emitted, reflected or interrupted by the golf club

{Golf courses; Golf practising terrains having a plurality of driving areas, fairways, greens ( special golf games, e.g. miniature golf, A63B 67/02 ; mats for simulating golf greens A63B 69/3661) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Special golf games, e.g. miniature golf, golf putting games played on putting tracks; putting practice apparatus having an elongated platform as a putting track

Mats for golf practice, e.g. mats having a simulated turf, a practice tee or a green area

Pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds; [N: Drainage, irrigation or heating of sports grounds]

for tennis { (A63B 61/006 , A63B 69/0073 and A63B 69/0097 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Accessories for training purposes mounted on the net

Means for releasably holding a ball in position; balls constrained to move around a fixed point, e.g. by tethering

Ball rebound walls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices measuring hand characteristics to determine correct grip size

Means for indicating or measuring the pressure on the grip

Special rules of classification within this group

control must be classified in A63B 24/00.

The interface features must be classified in A63B 71/06.

The sensors must be classified in A63B 2220/00 or A63B 2230/00.

The position of the user must be classified in A63B 2208/00.

Stationarily-arranged devices for projecting balls {or other bodies ( ball-dispensing devices A63B 47/002 ; golf cups with ball ejector means A63B 57/0062 ; targets with means for returning balls by gravity or mechanically A63B 63/00) } ; ( sling weapons F41B 3/00 ; traps for clay-pigeon targets F41J 9/18)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Implements for throwing

Dog ball launchers

Golf cups with ball ejector means

Targets with means for returning balls by gravity or mechanically

Sling weapons

Traps for clay-pigeon targets

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ball-dispensing devices

Ball dispensers having means preventing bridge formation during dispensing

{with spring-loaded propelling means}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Catapults

Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B 1/00 to A63B 69/00 ( starting appliances A63K 3/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B 1/00 to A63B 69/0015.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Race starting appliances

{for handicapped persons}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Games and apparatus for handicapped persons.

Special rules of classification within this group

Wheelchair training on rollers is classified in A63B 69/16 and additionally in A63B 2071/0018.

{Accessories for stowing, putting away or transporting exercise apparatus or sports equipment ( handling or treating balls A63B 47/00 ; for golf clubs A63B 55/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for stowing, putting away or transporting exercise apparatus or sports equipment.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Handling or treating balls

Bags and stands for golf clubs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-propelled vehicles for transporting sport articles

{specially adapted for games played with rackets or bats}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for stowing, putting away or transporting exercise apparatus or sports equipment, specially adapted for games played with rackets or bats.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for storing or displaying elongated objects such as fishing rods, guns etc.

{Features for injury prevention on an apparatus, e.g. shock absorbers ( mats or the like for absorbing shocks for jumping A63B 6/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Mats or the like for absorbing shocks for jumping

{Protective housings covering the working parts of the apparatus}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Protective housings covering the working parts of the apparatus.

for large-room or outdoor sporting games
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Design or layout of playing courts, rinks, bowling greens or areas for water-skiing

Outdoor lighting

F21S8/00T

{Stays or guy-ropes ( for masts E04H 12/20 , for tents E04H 15/34) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stays or guy-ropes for masts

Stays or guy-ropes for tents

{Backstops, cages, enclosures or the like, e.g. for spectator protection, for arresting balls}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Targets or goals for ball games

Training appliances for cricket

Ball rebound walls

{Supports, e.g. poles}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Fixation by suction cups

{stabilised by weight}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sockets filled with water, sand or the like

{Floor sockets for removable poles ( sockets for poles in general E04H 12/22) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sockets for poles in general

for small-room or indoor sporting games
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Design or layout of playing courts, rinks, bowling greens or areas for water-skiing

Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, {or for other sports activities}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Details of notification to user or patient for diagnostic purposes

For fencing

For arrow or dart games

For card games

{Decision makers and devices using detection means facilitating arbitration}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Line foul detectors for bowling

Decision makers for riding sports

Target indicating system, score detecting system for guns

Devices used in petanque for measuring distance or difference in distance

{Means for conducting or scheduling competition, league, tournaments or rankings}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Competitions, virtual races

{Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

PDA

Signal devices with lights

{Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

MP3-player associated to further apparatuses

{Emitting sound, noise or music}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rhythm indicators for respiratory exercises

Golf clubs for training with sound emitting source

{when used improperly, e.g. by giving a warning}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user

rhythm indicators

A63B69/00C

for respiratory exercises

in golf clubs for training

{with display speed of moving landscape controlled by the user's performance}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The load of the exercise apparatus being controlled in synchronism with visualising systems, e.g. hill slope

{arranged on the user}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Head mounted display

Wearable computers

Transceiver s arranged on the body

{worn on the wrist, e.g. wrist bands}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Time pieces combined with an external data detector

for measuring physiological data

G04G1/02B

{Score-keepers or score display devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrist worn watch type

{using non-electronic means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Computing aids in which the computing members form at least part of the displayed result and manipulated directly by hand, e.g. abacus, pocket adding device

{Timers, rhythm indicators or pacing apparatus using electric or electronic means}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Pedometers

Sport timing

Regulating music

Automatically producing a series of tones

For respiratory exercises

Synonyms and Keywords

cadence = strokes, strides etc per second.

{Visual indication, e.g. Indicia}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Advertising

Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, {i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions} ( protective clothing or garments for sporting purposes A41D 13/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective clothing or garments for sporting purposes

{fluid-filled, e.g. air-filled}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable

{using bubble wrap}
Special rules of classification within this group

Location of protection should be classified in A63B 71/08.

{Mouth or teeth protectors (A63B 71/081 takes precedence; protective face masks A41D 13/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Protective face masks

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid-filled, e.g. air-filled body protectors

{Mouth inserted protectors with breathing holes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mouth inserted protectors with breathing holes.

Also for holes (i.e. airway opening) in the front portion of the mouthguard due to the manufacturing and/or customizing process.

{Mouth inserted protectors with tether or strap}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mouth inserted protectors with tether or strap, e.g. to be fixed to a helmet.

for the head ( {A63B 71/081 takes precedence } ; in the form of caps or hats A42B 1/08 ; helmets A42B 3/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Head protectors in the form of caps or hats

Helmets

Face guards for ice hockey

for the ears

Helmets for swimming or water polo

Fluid-filled, e.g. air-filled, body-protectors for players or sportsmen

Special rules of classification within this group

Fencing masks are also classified in A63B 2071/105 and A63B 69/02.

{Fencing mask}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fencing mask, also for masks used in kendo.

Special rules of classification within this group

These documents should also be classified in A63B 71/10 and A63B 69/02.

for the body, {e.g. shoulders} , or the legs { (A63B 71/081 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Fluid-filled, e.g. air-filled, body-protectors for players or sportsmen

{for the genital area}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Crotch reinforcement

Suspensory bandages

{for the legs, e.g. thighs, knees, ankles, feet ( bandages, e.g. orthesis-like supports or braces A61F 5/0102 ; for strengthening joints A61F 13/06) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bandages, e.g. orthesis-like supports or braces

Bandages or dressings for strengthening joints

{for the neck ( as a part of a helmet A42B) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Protectors for the neck as a part of a helmet

for the hands e.g. baseball, boxing or golfing gloves ( archer`s finger tabs F41B 5/16)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Archer`s finger tabs

F41B5/16

{in the form of gloves ( gloves in general A41D 19/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Swimming gloves

Gloves in general

Brush bodies shaped as gloves

Gloves for washing the body

Gloves for domestic washing or cleaning

Operating gloves

Gloves for glove-boxes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gloves in general

Hand protectors

{Baseball or hockey gloves}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also gloves for CRICKET batsmen, or LACROSSE.

{Gloves for bowling and other ball games}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also gloves for FOOTBALL (SOCCER) goal keepers.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Football (i.e. soccer)

Protective gloves with protection against crushing

Protective gloves including rigid elements

Hand protectors especially for fingers

Protective gloves absorbing shocks or vibrations

Special rules of classification within this group

Multiple entry classification in different classes is often used, i.e. documents are classified in the applicable groups and/or subgroups of two different sub-classes: A41D 19/00 (maybe also A41D 13/08) and A63B 71/148.

For example:

media136.png

This document (WO 2007/103985) is classified as follows (multiple entry classification in different classes):A41D 19/01588 ; A63B 71/148 ; A63B 2243/0025

Exercising or sporting devices provided with means enabling use in the dark
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Hand tools with lighting devices F21V 33/008.

Powered illuminating means
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

In balls

In golf club for training

Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player (not used) ( measuring physical characteristics of the user A63B 2230/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Measuring physical parameters of the user

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring physiological parameters of the user

Squatting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sitting on the heels.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Squat exercises

with stretched legs, like on a bed
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Recumbent.

Hanging
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The person hanging upside-down or in an inverted position.

upright
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

i.e. in the normal body position for standing, with head at top and feet at bottom.

on hands and feet ( for push-ups A63B 23/1236)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Push-up exercises

incorporated in chairs
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chairs with exercising means

incorporated in beds, sofas
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Attached to beds e.g. hospital beds during revalidation

Size reducing arrangements for stowing or transport
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Foldable camping beds

foldable beds

Size reducing arrangements for physical therapy

Rackets with easily dismountable parts

Accessories for stowing

Inflatable

Incorporated in furniture

Foldable elastic frame members automatically resuming their expanded state when released
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Flexible frames for tents

with electrotherapy
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Electrotherapy in physiotherapy

K61H201/07

Devices using electric currents for producing or ending sleep or stupor

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electrotherapy

with respiratory gas delivering means, e.g. O2
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Medical treatment rooms

under hypoxy conditions, i.e. oxygen supply subnormal
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Medical treatment rooms

Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The purpose of the measurement should take precedence over the measuring method or device.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Measuring of sport goods G01B 5/0023.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Measuring torque, work, mechanical power, or mechanical efficiency in general

Positions
Special rules of classification within this group

Not used and not for distance or speed or acceleration determination.

Angular positions
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also for indicating the direction of e.g. a flight path of a ball, the orientation of a player etc.

Counting, e.g. counting periodical movements, revolutions or cycles, or including further data processing to determine distances or speed
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Frequency

Cycle computers

Angular speed
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cycle computers

Acceleration
Special rules of classification within this group

Not for force or torque measurement.

Force related parameters
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Measuring torque, work, mechanical power, or mechanical efficiency in general

Special rules of classification within this group

This code not used; use subgroups.

Torque
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also for deformation, flexion, deflection, torsion.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Measuring torque, mechanical power or mechanical efficiency in general G01L 3/00.

Pressure
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Atmospheric pressure

Measuring pressure on grips

Measurement of force related parameters by electric or magnetic means
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Measuring torque, Mechanical power or mechanical efficiency in general G01L 3/00.

Time or time measurement used for time reference, time stamp, master time or clock signal
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Used for time reference, time stamp, master time or clock signal.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Reaction time

Registering, indicating or recording the time of events or elapsed time in connection with sports or games

Frequency, e.g. of vibration oscillation
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Resonance frequency related properties of bats or rackets

Temperature
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Temperature of the user

Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only special sensors for, or specific aspects related to a sport implement.

Contact switches
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Examples: shock sensors, vibration detectors for detecting an event (where the magnitude of shock or vibration is not important).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Motion sensors
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Motion sensors in general where the motion parameter is not specifically indicated, i.e. any movement.

Sensors arranged on the exercise apparatus or sports implement
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cycle computers

Other characteristics of sports equipment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sports OR exercising equipment.

Special aerodynamic features, e.g. airfoil shapes, wings or air passages
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bats, rackets or the like having special surfaces reducing air resistance; details of the surface of the bats, rackets or the like, e.g. dimpled

A63B59/00A5

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bats with through holes

Testing, calibrating or measuring of equipment
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Measuring or verifying ball characteristics

Measuring or verifying club, bat or racket characteristics

with suction cups
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Suction cups used as force resisting device

Height
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Telescopic systems with locking in discrete positions

Multi-station exercising machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. radially extending from a central linking element.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Compound apparatus for fitness training: A63B 23/03558 takes precedence

with identification means that can be read by electronic means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. a smart card.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Identification of a person

Record carriers for use with machines

Individual entry or exit registers

Cards for payment

with means for remote communication, e.g. internet or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

networking.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

with wireless data transmission

PDA

digital computing special functions

advertising

Floating
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Inflatable apparatus

Exercising apparatus comprising buoyant volumes to be submerged

K63B21/06A3P

Inflatable
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid filled, e.g. air-filled body protectors

Measuring physiological parameters of the user
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Measuring correct grip size

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Game controllers involving biosensors worn by the player, e.g. for measuring heart beat, limb activity

blood pressure (A63B 2230/04 takes precedence )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Heartbeat characteristics, e.g. E.G.C., blood pressure modulations

temperature
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring temperature

calorie expenditure
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This code is used even where the calorie consumption is calculated from other measurements, rather than directly measured.

Also indicated as MET (Metabolic Equivalent of Task).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Computing aids in which the computing members form at least part of the displayed result and manipulated directly by hand, e.g. abacus, pocket adding device

Football ( American football A63B 2243/007)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

American football

Special rules of classification within this group

This class is intended for the game of soccer

Combat sports ( Rugby, American football A63B 2243/0066)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rugby, American football

Boxing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Boxing rings

Dancing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All types of dancing, including ballet.

Pole dancing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rigid poles and also swaying rods.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supports for anchoring force resistors between horizontal surfaces, e.g. floor and ceiling

Climbing poles

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013