Skip over navigation
MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS (machines for cutting straw or fodder A01F 29/00; disintegrating, e.g. shredding, B02C; severing, e.g. cutting, splitting, slicing B26B, B26D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for post-harvest processing of fruit, vegetables or flower bulbs in bulk, or on an industrial scale (A23N 1/00 - A23N 15/00); Apparatus for preparing fodder for feeding animals (A23N 17/00)

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Household devices
Agricultural machinery, such as harvesters
Treatment of grain
Processing sugar containing produce
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines for cutting straw or fodder
Disintegrating, e.g. shredding in general
Severing, e.g. cutting, splitting, slicing
Extracting presses in general
Machines or apparatus for extracting juice (preparation of non-alcoholic beverages, e.g. by adding ingredients to fruit or vegetable juices, A23L 2/00; apparatus for making beverages A47J 31/00 {centrifuges B04B} ; extracting presses B30B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Household devices for extracting juice
Extraction of juice (processes)
Production of sugar juices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Preparation of non-alcoholic beverages, e.g. by adding ingredients to fruit or vegetable juices
Apparatus for making beverages
Centrifuges as such
Extracting presses in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Apparatus for post-harvest processing of fruit, vegetables or flower bulbs in bulk, or on an industrial scale (A23N 1/00 - A23N 15/00); Apparatus for preparing fodder for feeding animals (A23N 17/00)

{especially for citrus fruits}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines or apparatus for extracting juice in bulk, or on an industrial scale, dedicated for citrus fruit

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Household devices
Extraction processes of juice from citrus fruit
Machines for coring or stoning fruit, characterised by their feeding device (A23N 4/00 takes precedence; {kitchen devices for stoning fruit A47J 25/00} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for coring or stoning fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale, characterised by their feeding device

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media0.png

(source: Fig. 4 of EP0056790 A1)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for coring or stoning characterised by their stoning or seed removing device
Kitchen devices for stoning fruit
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Conveyors
with feeder-drums
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Screw or rotary spiral conveyers
with endless feeder-belts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Conveyers having endless load-conveying surfaces
with feeder-tables
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Conveyers comprising a cyclically-moving, e.g. reciprocating, carrier or impeller which is disengaged from the load during the return part of its movement
Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device (for peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections A23N 7/08; domestic devices for stoning fruit A47J 23/00, for coring fruit A47J 25/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale, characterised by their stoning or removing device

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Apparatus for peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections for coring fruit
Domestic devices for stoning fruit
Domestic devices for coring fruit
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections
Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
Cutters in general
Arrangements for guiding hand cutting tools in general
Punching tools or dies, cutting-out knives or dies in general
for stoning fruit
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for stoning fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale, characterised by their stoning device

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media1.png

(source: Fig. 1 of US5992310 A)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections for coring fruit
Domestic devices for stoning fruit
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections
Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
Synonyms and Keywords
Stone
core, kernel, nut, seed
for coring fruit { (for household appliances B26B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for removing seed-containing sections from fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale, characterised by their removing device, and not suitable for stoning

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media2.png

(source: Fig. 1 of US4416195 A)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections for coring fruit
Domestic devices for stoning fruit
Domestic devices for coring fruit
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Peeling fruit and removing seed-containing sections
Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
For household appliances
Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts { (household nutcrackers A47J 43/26) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Household nutcrackers
{for palmnuts (A23N 5/002 and A23N 5/08 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for hulling, husking or cracking of in particular palmnuts in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for skinning nut kernels
Machines for removing fleshy or fibrous hulls of nuts
Household nutcrackers
{for chestnuts (A23N 5/002 and A23N 5/08 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for hulling, husking or cracking chestnuts in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for skinning nut kernels
Machines for removing fleshy or fibrous hulls of nuts
Household nutcrackers
{for almonds (A23N 5/002 and A23N 5/08 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for hulling, husking for almonds etc. in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for skinning nut kernels
Machines for removing fleshy or fibrous hulls of nuts
Household nutcrackers
Special rules of classification within this group

other nuts with like processes: cashew nuts

for removing fleshy or fibrous hulls of nuts (for peanuts A23N 5/01)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for removing fleshy or fibrous hulls of nuts in bulk or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stoning of fruit in general
Machines for removing the hull from peanuts
Peeling vegetables or fruit (devices for skinning onions A23N 15/08; {peeling by non-mechanical means A23P} ; peeling machines of the household type A47J 17/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for peeling vegetables or fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for skinning onions
Peeling by non-mechanical means
Peeling machines of the household type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Splitting layers from work by peeling off
Synonyms and Keywords
Peel
outer skin of fruit and vegetables
{Peeling pinaeapples (A23N 7/005 and A23N 7/01 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for peeling pineapples, in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Peeling machines of the household type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Peeling with steam
Peeling using chemical substances, e.g.lye
Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit ( {A23N 7/005 and} A23N 7/01 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Peeling machines of the household type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Peeling with steam
Peeling using chemical substances, e.g.lye
Cutting of fruit
Peeling asparagus ( {A23N 7/005 and} A23N 7/01 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for peeling asparagus in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Peeling machines of the household type
Peeling with steam
Peeling using chemical substances, e.g.lye
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting of fruit
Driving mechanisms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Driving mechanisms used in machines for peeling vegetables or fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Cutting devices in general B26D

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Peeling machines of the household type
Removing pith from stems
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for removing pith from stems

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coring of fruit or vegetables
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Pith
The soft internal tissue of a plant part; esp. a central cylinder of parenchyma in a stem or root
Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts (methods for treating, e.g. roasting, coffee or cocoa, A23F, A23G; cleaning, e.g. washing, or drying grain B02B 1/00; separating solids from solids for cleaning B07B; cleaning in general B08B; heating devices per se, see the relevant classes, e.g. F24; drying machines in general F26B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts in bulk, or on an industrial scale

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Devices and methods for treating, e.g. roasting, coffee or cocoa, A23F, A23G, as far as they also allow processing other matter of plant origin

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Roasting, coffee or cocoa
Cleaning, e.g. washing, or drying grain
Separating solids from solids for cleaning
Cleaning in general
Heating devices per se, see the relevant classes
Drying machines in general
for washing or blanching (A23N 12/06 takes precedence; blanching methods A23B 7/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for washing or blanching fruits or vegetables on an industrial scale; with or without washing aids, such as brushes etc.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Domestic devices for washing vegetables or the like
Washing grain
Combined with subsequent drying
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Blanching methods
Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials or wet separating in general
for blanching
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for blanching (exclusively)

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Documents relating to blanching methods in A23B 7/06 may also comprise claims to blanching machines

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Blanching methods as such
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Blanching
short term heating for inactivating enzymes, removing gas inclusions, etc.
Synonyms and Keywords
Inactivating
de-activating, de-naturing
for drying or roasting (A23N 12/06 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for drying or roasting of fruit and vegetables in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying
Beverage-making apparatus with incorporated grinding or roasting means for coffee
Coffee mills combined with roasting devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Domestic devices for roasting
Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs { (treatment of coffee, other than drying or roasting A23F; treatment of cocoa A23G 1/02) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for treatment of cocoa
Machines for processing fruit or vegetables, as defined therein
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Treatment of tea or coffee, other than drying or roasting
Special rules of classification within this group

Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes in bulk, or on an industrial scale, not provided for in other subclasses (A23N 15/02 - A23N 15/06);

Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs in bulk, or on an industrial scale (A23N 15/08)

for stemming, piercing, or stripping fruit { (for household appliances A47J 21/00) } ; Removing sprouts of potatoes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for stemming, piercing, or stripping fruit in bulk, or on an industrial scale; Removing sprouts of potatoes

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Vintaging machines
Household appliances for removing stalks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Separating solids in general
Devices for topping fruit or vegetables (topping onions A23N 15/08)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for topping fruit or vegetables in bulk, or on an industrial scale

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Cutting in general B26D

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for topping onions
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting fruit or vegetables in general
Devices for other treatment of fruit e.g. marking, maturing, polishing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for other post-harvest treatment of fruit e.g. marking, maturing, polishing in bulk, or on an industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for other processing fruit or vegetables, as defined therein
Special rules of classification within this group

Only to be used when none of the other classes in A23N, A01D applies, and the document is directed to processing fruit or vegetables only

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
polishing
providing the surface with a smoother and, if possible, shiny appearance, in particular by polishing aids such as cloths etc.
Devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs in bulk, or on an industrial scale

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Cutting in general B26D

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Topping fruit or vegetables in general
Cutting fruit or vegetables in general
for shelling peas or beans
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for shelling peas or beans

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Combine harvesters: A01D 41/00, may comprise shelling devices

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Apparatus for shelling peanuts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for shelling of nuts
Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs { (automatic devices for the distribution of liquid fodder for stock or game A01K 5/0216; sucking apparatus for young stock A01K 9/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs in bulk, or on industrial scale

Relationship between large subject matter areas

apparatus for working or shaping of foodstuff in general: A23P

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Preparation methods for animal feeding-stuffs, and their products:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sucking apparatus for young stock
Automatic devices for the distribution of liquid fodder for stock or game
Sucking apparatus for young stock
{by treating with chemicals, e.g. ammoniac, sodium hydroxide (processes A23K 1/12) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs in bulk, by treating with chemicals, e.g. ammoniac, sodium hydroxide

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Related processes
{for treating of meat, fish waste or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus specially adapted for treating of meat, fish waste or the like for preparing animal feeding-stuffs in bulk

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Apparatus for processing meat, fish etc. for human consumption: A22C

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Animal feeding stuffs from meat, fish or bones
{for treating by application of heat, e.g. by means of potato cookers (drying F26B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs with treating by application of heat, e.g. by means of potato cookers

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Preservation of materials to produce animal feeding-stuffs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Drying and roasting of fruit or vegetables
Drying apparatus in general
{for shaping by moulding, extrusion, pressing, e.g. pellet-mills (processes A23K 1/001; presses in general B30B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs with shaping by moulding, extrusion, pressing, e.g. pellet-mills

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Processes for shaping animal foods and their products
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for shaping or moulding of foodstuff in general
Shaping of materials in general:
Presses in general
{for mixing feeding-stuff components}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus specially adapted for mixing feeding-stuff components in bulk

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fodder distributors with mixers or shredders
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mixing in general
Fodder mashers (household implements for mashing potatoes or other foodstuffs A47J 19/04)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fodder mashers for producing animal foodstuffs in bulk, e.g. in industrial scale

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Household implements for mashing potatoes or other foodstuffs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Crushing or disintegrating in general
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013