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PHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY (methods or devices enabling invalids to operate an apparatus or a device not forming part of the body A61F 4/00; electrotherapy, magnetotherapy, radiation therapy, ultrasound therapy A61N)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy transmitted by direct physical contact with the external surface of the thorax portion of human bodies to induce or supplement normal breathing (e.g. iron lungs).

Apparatus or processes, which are not used for surgical purposes that are specially adapted to improve or promote the optical functioning of individuals (e.g. rectify defective vision, improve the natural operation of their eyes) by:

  • contacting eyes or their muscles directly to move the eyes,
  • subjecting the eyes of individuals to controlled muscle strain,
  • utilizing stimulators, such as flash illumination, to cause movement of eyes of individuals in a controlled manner, or
  • facilitating or training individuals through practice to move their own eyes in a beneficial manner.

Apparatus or devices that are explicitly designed for use by a single patient or disabled person for the purpose of helping them overcome a physical condition that impairs their ability to walk unassisted across the ground or similar support surface (e.g. crutches).

Apparatus or processes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies for therapy (e.g. massage). These therapy apparatus and processes are intended to facilitate the healing of diseases, promote or assist normal operation of a malfunctioning body part, reduce the impact of injuries, or beneficially influence the condition of disabled body parts either by the physical movement of body parts (e.g. devices for exercising a passive body member) or other types of physical stimulation (e.g. touching) transmitted though contact with:

  • external body surfaces or
  • surfaces of naturally occurring body cavities.

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied to human bodies by physical contact therewith (e.g. chiropractic) to treat, alleviate the effects of, or prevent disease or bodily malfunctions (e.g. misalignments of bone, aberrant joint) solely by manipulation, adjustment, or realignment of at least a portion of the skeletal system of the body (e.g. bone joints, tendons, spinal columns) by either:

  • impacting external surfaces of bodies to manipulate or adjust portions of their skeletons containing unbroken bones or
  • pulling or pushing on the external surfaces of bodies to extend or compress portions of their skeletons containing unbroken bones.

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) to rub, stroke, knead, tap, vibrate, or otherwise move a portion of the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities, to either:

  • physically relax individuals,
  • physically arouse or stimulate individuals, or
  • counteract or relieve bodily pains.

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes (e.g. baths) that are specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing human bodies, or portions of bodies, within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, mud) in a manner that is distinct from the common bathing process for cleaning human bodies and is intended to either:

  • counteract or relieve bodily pains,
  • physically relax individuals,
  • promote or assist healing of injured bodies or their parts, or
  • restore to health, or alleviate the effects of sicknesses or other types of abnormal conditions on, bodies or their parts.

Apparatus or processes (e.g. breast baths) specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing only one particular part of the human body within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, seaweed).

Articles of clothing (e.g. sweating suits for therapy) that at least partially enclose human bodies for the primary purpose of increasing the local temperature (e.g. insulated, include heating elements) or humidity (e.g. constructed of partially air tight material) of the portion of the human bodies covered to a point where the localized temperature or humidity is beyond the range that human beings normally consider physically comfortable (i.e. creates localized sauna-like environment) for therapy.

Specially adapted components for the above types of apparatus.

Auxiliary appliances or accessories specially adapted for use with any of the above types of apparatus or process (e.g. reflex point locators).

Other types of apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical (e.g. acupuncture devices) purposes that utilize mechanical energy directly applied to human bodies by physical contact for improving their functioning that are not specifically provided for elsewhere in another subclass.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

When used with animals

If an apparatus or process is usable for both humans and animals for the same purpose and in the same manner, and it is otherwise proper for this subclass, classification is made only in subclass A61H. Similar devices or processes to those covered by subclass A61H that are usable exclusively for animals, or are used in animals in a different manner or for different purposes than for humans, are classified in subclass A61D.

When used for physical relaxation

Subclass A61H covers apparatus or processes that are specially adapted to physically relax or stimulate individuals due either to

  • mechanical energy being directly applied upon human body parts to cause their physical movement, or stimulation, by direct physical contact with external surfaces of the body or surfaces of naturally occurring cavities in the body (i.e. massage) or
  • the calming or invigorating effects of bathing.

Subclass A61M covers devices or processes which are specially adapted to cause or precipitate a change in the state of consciousness of humans (e.g. induce sleep, awaken), or to increase or decrease the mental activity of humans while awake, which may also involve relaxing or stimulating individuals.

Medical Treatment

Several subclasses provide for apparatus or processes that are used for treating humans for medical conditions. The relationship between these subclasses is as follows:

Subclass A61B provides for surgical apparatus or processes in general.

Subclass A61B also provides for surgical apparatus or processes when

  • surgical apparatus or processes are combined with means used for other types of treatment (e.g. therapy, massage) for medical conditions or
  • the apparatus can be used both for surgery and for other types of treatment for medical conditions.

Subclass A61H provides for massage, chiropractic, or physical therapy apparatus or processes used for the treatment of disease, injuries, or disability (i.e. an abnormal condition of the body) by utilization of direct mechanical energy.

Subclass A61N provides for apparatus or processes used for the treatment of disease, injuries, or disability by utilization of forms of energy other than direct mechanical energy.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Training or exercising equipment for animals
Garments with controlled internal environment
Ventilating, cooling or heating means in connection with bedsteads or mattresses
Apparatus for helping babies to walk
Baths; Showers; Appurtenances therefore for merely cleaning human bodies
Body washing or cleaning implements for merely cleaning human bodies
Dental implements for therapeutic treatment
Orthopaedic devices or methods
Devices for treatment of the eyes
Means for washing bed-ridden persons
Beds for promoting or observing sleep
A61G7/043
Blood pumps or devices for mechanical circulatory assistance
Sub aquatic intestinal cleaning
Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration
Devices for producing or ending sleep by mechanical, optical, or acoustical means (other than alarm clocks or the like)
Electrotherapy, magneto therapy, radiation therapy, ultrasound therapy
Electro medical massage devices applying continuous direct current by contact electrodes
Electrotherapy devices applying alternating or intermittent currents by contact electrodes
Applying ionized fluids to the human body for therapy
Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
Exercising devices for feet or toes

Examples of places where the subject matter of this subclass is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Accessory implements for clippers or shavers carrying out massage or other functions than cutting hair
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods or devices enabling patients or disabled persons to operate an apparatus or a device not forming part of the body
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Therapy
Any medical treatment of an abnormal condition of a human or animal body (e.g. disease, impaired organ, injured limb) by means, instruments, devices, or methods that utilize forms of energy (e.g. mechanical energy) and which is not used for surgical purposes. In general, the treatment time for therapy is long-term relative to that for surgery which usually has a much more immediate effect on the body.
Disabled person
A human being that is unable to do a basic physical task (e.g. walking) without assistance due to a physical or mental impairment/condition.
Patient
A human being awaiting or undergoing any form of (a) medical care (e.g. testing) or treatment by medical staff (e.g. doctors, dentists, midwives, chiropractors) or (b) physical tending (e.g. feeding) by care providers (e.g. hospice or nursing home staff) due to impairment.

BODY PLANES

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http://medical-dictionary.tfd.com/plane

The body-symmetrical plane is also called midsagittal plane or median plane.

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Apparatus for passive exercising (A61H 5/00 takes precedence) ; Vibrating apparatus { (driving means for vibrating A61H 23/00) } ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus and processes intended to facilitate the healing of diseases, promote or assist normal operation of a malfunctioning body part, reduce the impact of injuries, or beneficially influence the condition of disabled body parts either by the physical movement of body parts (e.g. devices for exercising a passive body member) or other types of physical stimulation (e.g. pressure or blows on a part of the skeletal structure, vibration on the body).

Vibrating apparatus for passive exercising.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Exercisers for the eyes
Percussion or vibration massaging means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active exercising has to be classified in A63B

Special rules of classification within this group

The driving means for vibrating are classified in A61H 23/00

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/855) is used.

{ Apparatus for applying movements to the whole body}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Incorporated in furniture
Driving means
{Rocking or oscillating around a horizontal axis transversal to the body}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For artificial respiration or heart stimulation
{ Moveable platform, e.g. vibrating or oscillating platform for standing, sitting, laying or kneeling}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Incorporated in furniture
Portable
Size reducing arrangement when not in use
Special rules of classification within this group

Vibration driving means are classified in A61H 23/00

{Apparatus for applying pressure or blows for compressive stressing of a part of the skeletal structure, e.g. for preventing or alleviating osteoporosis}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Chiropractic tables
{Apparatus for applying pressure or blows almost perpendicular to the body or limb axis, e.g. chiropractic devices for repositioning vertebrae, correcting deformation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for chiropractic manipulation of the body of a user

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Percussion or tapping massage
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving means
Stretching or bending {or torsioning} apparatus for exercising
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Device suitable for active OR passive exercising
Electric motor for active or passive exercising
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving means
Interface with user
Position of user
Rotation of a body part around its longitudinal axis
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
Nutating movement of a body part around its articulation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

rocking, swaying, or nodding motion in the axis of rotation of a largely axially symmetric object, e.g. circular movement around a joint.

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DE29714490U

Walking coordination of arms and legs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Walking movement for legs
{by rotating cycling movement}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device suitable for active OR passive exercising
Assisted exercising
for active exercising
Rotating interface
{ Drawing-out devices (suspension devices for supporting the patient in upright walking or standing position A61H 3/008; orthopedic devices for non-surgical treatment A61F 5/01; stretching fractured limbs A61F 5/04) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Orthopaedic devices for non-surgical treatment
Stretching fractured limbs
Suspension devices for supporting in a standing position
Driving means
Interface with user
Control means
Position of user
Interface with user for active exercising
{ Traction tables (A61H 1/0229 take precedence) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
by hanging the patient upside down or inclined downwardly
{ by reducing gravity forces normally applied to the body, e.g. by lifting or hanging the body or part of it}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Suspension devices for a walking or standing position
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Patient immersed in liquid
Patient hanging
Pulsating, alternating, fluctuating
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Percussion or vibration means
other driving means
{for the lower limbs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

devices specifically made forstretching or bending passively a joint for therapy or for supporting the movement of a joint of a disabled person in a daily activity.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for aiding disabled persons to walk
Interface for lower limbs
Therapy devices for lower limbs
{Knee (A61H 1/0255 takes precedence) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for lower limbs
Therapy devices for knees
{Hip (A61H 1/0255 takes precedence) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the pelvis
Therapy devices for hip
by separating the legs laterally
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device suitable for active OR passive exercising
Assisted exercising
for active exercising
by moving the legs together laterally
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Position of the patient
{Both knee and hip of a patient, e.g. in supine or sitting position, the feet being moved in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane (A61H 1/0214 takes precedence) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
standing-up or sitting down aids
rotating cycling movement
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Position of the patient
Device suitable for active OR passive exercising
Assisted exercising
for active exercising
{moved by translation}
Special rules of classification within this group

This therapy is typically performed in a supine position, therefore the position supine H61H203/04F2 does not need to be classified, only different positions are classified.

{ Walking movement; Appliances for aiding disabled persons to walk (A61H 3/00 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Simulation of the walking movement, or part of it

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Appliances aiding disabled persons to walk
Walking coordination of arms and legs
{Foot}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also movement of ankle

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the foot
Therapy devices for the foot
for active exercising
Toes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
{for the upper limbs}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the upper limbs
Therapy devices for the upper limbs
for active exercising
{Elbow}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
{Shoulder}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for shoulders
Therapy devices for the shoulders
for active exercising
{Hand}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the hands
Therapy devices for the hand
for active exercising
{Fingers}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the hands
Therapy devices for the fingers
for active exercising
{for the spinal column (A61H 1/0218 takes precedence) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the back
Therapy devices for the back
for active exercising
{Neck}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the neck
Therapy devices for the neck
for active exercising
Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about (apparatus for helping babies to walk A47D 13/04; { orthopaedic devices for correcting deformities of, or supporting, limbs A61F 5/0102} ; exercising apparatus for the feet or toes A63B 23/10; { stairways or ramps E04F 11/00} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Crutches, walkers, suspension devices or exoskeletons specifically made for aiding a disabled person to walk around, not on a treadmill.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Simulation of the walking movement, or part of it, of the legs
Walking coordination of arms and legs
Active exercise on a treadmill
Exoskeletons for increasing strength (not specifically for supporting disabled persons)
Control system for manipulators, e.g. exoskeletons
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Walking sticks and Nordic walking sticks
Apparatus for helping babies to walk
Orthopaedic devices for correcting deformities of, or supporting limbs
Standing-up or sitting-down aids
Control means
Applying electrical currents by contact electrodes for stimulating motor muscles, e.g. walking assistance
Active exercise apparatus for the feet
Exercising apparatus for the feet or toes
Training for running, jogging or speed walking
Vehicles with legs
B62D57/03
Stairways or ramps
Special rules of classification within this group

Exoskeletons specifically made for aiding disabled persons to walk are classified here in A61H 3/00. If the exoskeleton is bending a joint (i.e. not only for supporting the weight), the joint which is moved has to be classified in A61H 1/0237, the exoskeletons are normally portable A61H 2201/0157 and wearable A61H 2201/165, whereby wearable takes precedence over portable and therefore portable does not have to be coded.

Use orthogonal classification for additional information as well as for invention information A61H 2003/001 to A61H 2003/007).

For further additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

on steps or stairways
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lift associated with stairs
Built-in aids for ascending or descending stairs
with attached or incorporated article carrying means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For walking sticks
Sticks or Umbrellas with coat-hangers
Holders or carriers for hand articles
Umbrellas
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Umbrellas
Holder for umbrellas
Trays
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sticks or umbrellas with containers for storing objects
Sticks or umbrellas with tables
with knee, leg or stump rests
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats
Interface for lower limbs
with forearm rests, i.e. for non-used arms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for arms
secured to the patient, e.g. with belts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Physical interface with patient
Wearable
{Using suspension devices for supporting the body in an upright walking or standing position, e.g. harnesses (drawing-out devices A61H 1/0218) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices suspending a disabled person walking or standing

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For small children
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Thorax holding means
Body harness
Crutches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Walking sticks
Telescoping connections
Crutches with no pivoting movement during use, e.g. tripods
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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with curved ground-engaging means, i.e. rockers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Crutches in which movement is limited to a pivoting in one plane, e.g. 2-point supports
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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with means for grasping or picking-up objects
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Collecting crops spread on the soil
Devices for picking-up balls
convertible from armpit- into forearm-model
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface for the upper limbs
convertible from armpit crutch into cane
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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EP0236708

convertible from forearm crutch into cane
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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NL2000270C

{Arrangements for storing or keeping upright when not in use}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Walking sticks with hanging means
Cane or umbrella stands or holders
with devices for securing a pair of crutches together
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for binding skis in pairs
on a single crutch for being fixed on or supported by a wall, furniture or the like
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for fastening to tables, walls or the like
on walls or furniture for receiving single crutches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for fastening to tables, walls or the like
with magnetic fixing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for binding skis in pairs with magnets
on a single crutch allowing it to remain upright when not in use, e.g. retractable tripods (A61H 2003/0205 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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GB2470738

{Shock absorbers therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
shock absorbers for active exercising
using elastomeric material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2009006488

{Ferrules or tips therefor (for walking sticks or umbrellas A45B 9/04) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ferrules or tips for walking sticks
comprising a ball-and-socket joint
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2011094552

Wheeled walking aids for disabled persons { (A61H 3/008 ,A61H 3/06 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheelchairs
Walking aid using suspension devices for supporting
Walking aids for blind persons
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand carts
with a drive mechanism
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also driven by human, by means of a driving mechanism, not by pushing it through handles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving means for hand carts
with braking means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Braking means for hand carts
Walking {or guiding} aids for blind persons (walking sticks {in general} A45B; replacing direct visual perception by another kind of perception A61F 9/08)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Walking sticks
Replacing direct visual perception by another kind of perception
{ with electronic detecting or guiding means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Replacing direct visual perception by another kind of perception
Systems using wave reflection for anti-collision
Teaching or communicating with blinds
with tactile perception
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device or method change consciousness by the tactile sense
A61M21/ 00A4
Means for aiding people with impaired vision by tactile feedback
Communicating with blinds using tactile presentation of information
in the form of braille
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Typewriters or selective printing for printing in Braille
Printing processes for printing Braille
{ Installations on the floor, e.g. special surfaces, to guide blind persons}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Construction of surfaces for roads, sport grounds or the like
Road signs or traffic signals
{ Sticks for blind persons}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For walking sticks
Communicating with blind persons by means of audio signals
Systems using wave reflection for anti-collision
Exercisers for the eyes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes, which are not used for surgical purposes that are specially adapted to improve or promote the optical functioning of individuals (e.g. rectify defective vision, improve the natural operation of their eyes)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for testing the eyes
Apparatus for determining the visual field
Special rules of classification within this group

For further additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{ Exercisers for training the stereoscopic view}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stereoscopic television system
Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for (Electro-medical massage devices applying electric current by contact A61N 1/18 { Brushes in general A46; Bathing sponges, brushes, gloves or similar cleaning or rubbing implements not specially for massage A47K 7/02; Suction devices for nursing A61M 1/06, A61M 1/08; Rollers or balls therefore, A61H 15/00} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) to rub, or knead, a portion of the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Footwear with protrusions for acupressure
Brushes in general
Bathing sponges, brushes, gloves or similar cleaning or rubbing implements not specially for massage
Layer between the skin and massage elements
Suction device for nursing
Special rules of classification within this group

Rollers and balls therefore are classified in A61B15/00.

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{without substantial movement between the skin and the device}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Pressing acupuncture points
{by rubbing or brushing}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes in general
{Hand-held or hand-driven devices}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driven by a human being
{power-driven e.g. electrical}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage means is power-driven, whole device or only interface

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Power-driven brushes
Power-driven toothbrushes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibrating driving means
Artificial respiration or heart stimulation power-driven
A61H31/00A4
with electric or magnetic drive
with hydraulic or pneumaic drive
{hand-held}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand-held nozzles
Handheld
{Helmets for head-massage (baths for the head A61H 35/008; washing, rinsing, drying A45D) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Washing, rinsing, drying
Baths for the head
Hair care preparations for care of hair
{ Kneading}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kneading is a circular technique by which the skin and its underlying structure are moved in a circular rotating motion on the underlying structures (e.g. of muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones). Tissue is lifted and rolled away from the bone, and then back towards the bone with a squeezing compressive action

{ Suction kneading}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kneading massage in which the lifting of the tissue is obtained by vacuum

media12.png
WO2007147964

having massage elements mounted on parallel output axis turning in opposite sense
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kneading massage in which the lifting of the tissue is obtained by rotation of elements mounted on parallel axis . The axis can be parallel or perpendicular to the skin.

Parallel

media13.png

FR2347035

Perpendicular

media14.png

FR2854566

Pneumatic or hydraulic massage, {e.g. sprays (A61H 13/00 takes precedence; underwater massage, spraying systems acting on a body or body part immersed in water A61H 33/00, A61H 35/00; brushes with fluid supply A46B 11/00; nozzles per se B05B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pneumatic or hydraulic massage means acting either directly on the skin or on a layer positioned between the skin and the massage means

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gum massage
Hydraulic or pneumatic drive
Hydraulic or pneumatic transmission means
Using fluids loaded with particles
K61H201/25
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes with fluid supply
Underwater massage, spraying system acting on a body or body part immersed in water
Layer between the skin and massage elements
K61H201/16A22
Nozzles per se
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{ Pulsating (percussion massage A61H 23/006; nozzles for pulsating streams in bathing devices A61H 33/6057) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Percussion massage
Nozzles for pulsating streams in bathing devices
with particles, e.g. sand
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fluids loaded with particles

{Hand-held devices for spraying and removing liquid while moved on the skin}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Liquid jets for localized massage on a body not immersed in water.

media15.png

WO8804918

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Massaging with hydrostatic pressure
Having a layer between the skin and the fluid
Surface of interface being disposable
Heated or cooled
Control means
Specific part of the body to be treated
{ Hydraulic massage}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
medical suction-irrigation
A61M1/00KA61M1/00T2
dental suction-irrigation
with cabin for the whole body
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media16.png
DE202008009644U

with water recirculation
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hand-held devices for spraying and removing liquid while moved on the skin
{ Pneumatic massage}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Iron lungs
Cupping glasses e.g. for removing venom by suction
{ Suction (suction kneading A61H 7/008) }
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
suction kneading massage
suction by releasing a flexible cup after deformation, i.e. without further vacuum source
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
{ by localized pressure, e.g. air streams or jets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Air streams or jets for localized massages

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Using fluids loaded with particles
{ With intermittent or alternately inflated bladders or cuffs (beds with inflatable chambers A61G 7/05769) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
mattresses for preventing bed-sores with alternated pressurised chambers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heated or cooled
Control means
Specific part of the body to be treated
Controlled by heartbeat rate
{ Inflated by user's body movement, e.g. ambulatory devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driven by human being
{ Cuffs therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shoes with internal pneumatic chambers
Having a layer between the skin and the fluid
Surface of interface being disposable
Belts, strips or combs for massage purposes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) through belts or strips to massage a portion of the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

with belt or strap expanding and contracting around an encircled body part
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Artificial respiration or heart stimulation (CPR)
Massage devices with strips oscillating lengthwise
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media17.png

Gum massage
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Hydraulic gum massage (instruments or machines for rinsing the teeth A61C 17/02) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Instruments or machines for rinsing the teeth
Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The massage means acting either directly on the skin or on a layer positioned between the skin and the massage means

Roller chains are connected flexible series of links fastening a series of rollers for massaging purposes.

CN200973812Y

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Portable
Power driven
Specific driving means
K61H2012/12
Handheld, driven by human being
Layer between the skin and massage elements
K61H201/16A22
Specific part of the body to be treated
Special rules of classification within this group

Types of rollers should be classified in the orthogonal classification K61H15/00A2, A61H 2015/0071.

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media18.png
US6974427

cylinder-like, i.e. rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media19.png
US2011230804

multiple on the same axis
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media20.png
US2011087141

disc-like, i.e. diameter substantially greater than width
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media21.png
US2011082400

multiple on the same axis
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media22.png

WO2011027426

media23.png

EP2347789

Balls or spheres
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media24.png
DE202008005686U

multiple on the same axis
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media25.png
US2011313333

the axis being resiliently biased
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media26.png

DE202006006704U

media27.png

FR2854566

with freely rotating spheres
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Freely rotating spheres like a ball-pen or roll-on on deodorants

media28.png
US754925

with balls or rollers having built-in vibrating means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibrating means
{power-driven}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage means is power-driven, whole device or only interface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibration driving means
Driving means
{hand-held}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand-held nozzles
Hand-held for other kind of devices in A61H
{hand-held (A61H 15/0085 takes precedence) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand-held nozzles
Hand-held for other kind of devices in A61H
adapted for simultaneous treatment with light, heat or drugs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances specially adapted for applying liquid, e.g. using roller or ball
Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use
Heated or cooled
Further special therapeutic means
Aromatherapy
Electrotherapy
Magnetotherapy
Radiation therapy
Chromotherapy
Infra-red
Ultraviolet
Radiation by LEDs
Massage for the genitals; { Devices for improving sexual intercourse (penis erection devices A61F 5/41; vibration or percussion related aspects A61H 23/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage devices used for increasing the experience during sexual intercourse

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Artificial penis erection devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Taking sperma sample
Condoms
Vibration means
Incorporated in furniture
Portable
Heated or cooled
Driving means
Disposable
Control means
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{ Devices for external stimulation of the genitals}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Surface with enhanced rubbing effect
{ for inserting the genitals therein e.g. vibrating rings for males or breast stimulating devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
{ For clitoral stimulation}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Surface with enhanced rubbing effect
{ Devices insertable in the genitals}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Watertight
{ Having substantially cylindrical shape, e.g. dildos}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interchangeable
{ Devices for use during sexual intercourse}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage devices used between more persons during sexual intercourse

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Seating furniture for sexual intercourse
A47C15/00P4
Massage devices for cavities of the body { e.g. nose, ears and anus (for the genitals A61H 19/00) ; Vibration or percussion related aspects A61H 23/00}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage devices for nose, ears and anus

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Massage of the genitals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibration means
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms { (apparatus for passive exercising A61H 1/00; generating or transmitting mechanical vibrations in general B06B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) to tap or vibrate the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ultrasound therapy
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for passive exercising
Generating of transmitting mechanical vibrations in general
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

having a percussion element combined with a passive spacer element for bearing against the skin
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media29.png

EP2095843

{ With mechanical drive, e.g. spring mechanism or vibrating unit being hit for starting vibration and then applied to the body of a patient}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media59.png

{ Percussion or tapping massage (hand percussion A61H 23/06) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Alternated pressure on the skin, characterised by higher amplitude, higher force applied and lower frequency respect to a vibration massage. Normally it implies an intermittent contact between the skin and the massaging unit.

{using shock waves}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
extra-corporal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
with electric or magnetic drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
electric or magnetic drive not for percussion or vibration
H61H201/12A
powered with frequencies not related to mains frequency
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Frequency controlled AC motor
H61H201/12A2B
{with alternating magnetic fields producing a translating or oscillating movement}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Magnetotherapy
with magnetostrictive elements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Magnetostrictive elements can convert magnetic energy into kinetic energy, or the reverse.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Piezo-electric transducers
A61H23/P
{using sonic waves, e.g. using loudspeakers}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
powered with frequencies not related to mains frequency
{with ultrasonic transducers, e.g. piezo-electric}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Magneto-strictive elements
{with rotary motor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rotating means linked by eccentrics, cams to an interface to set it in vibration

media30.png
media31.png

US2009139354

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rotating unbalanced masses
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electric or magnetic drive not for percussion or vibration
H61H201/12A
{ using rotating unbalanced masses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The unbalanced masses causing the driving unit and the parts connected to it to vibrate

media32.png
WO2004105868

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rotating means linked by eccentrics, cams to an interface to set it in vibration
multiple masses each rotated by an individual motor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media33.png
WO2007096594

multiple masses driven by the same motor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media34.png
FR2655539

with variable angular positioning
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media35.png
media36.png

WO03096860

with hydraulic or pneumatic drive { (Hydraulic or Pneumatic massages, A61H 9/00; Underwater massages, A61H 33/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
hydraulic or pneumatic drive not for percussion or vibration
H61H201/12C
using hydrostatic pressure, e.g. high density fluids
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media37.png
EP0181814

media38.png
US6179797

Hand percussion { , i.e. Hand driven (Chiropractic devices, A61H 1/008, A61H 1/006) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Chiropractic devices
A61H1/00PA61H1/00L
Artificial respiration or heart stimulation ( {blood pumps A61M 1/10} ; artificial respiration by treatment with gas or air, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration A61M 16/00; applying electric currents by contact electrodes for stimulation, e.g. heart pace-makers A61N 1/36; {teaching or training models, rhythm indicators G09B 23/288} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy transmitted by direct physical contact with the external surface of the thorax portion of human bodies to stimulate the heart in case of emergency or induce/supplement normal breathing (e.g. iron lungs)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Blood pumps
Mouth-to-mouth respiration
Heart pace-makers
Rhythm indicators
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

fixed on the chest by suction
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Suction cups used for fixing in active exercising devices
fixed on the chest by adhesives
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adhesive type surfaces in active exercising devices
with alternated thorax decompression due to lateral compression
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media39.png
media40.png

WO2004004548

{ Heart stimulation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only for exterior mechanical heart stimulation

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Belt or strap expanding and contracting around an encircled body part
K61H11/00A
{ with feedback for the user}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control means - Interfaces to the user
Artificial respiration with computer control
{ Power driven}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
with electric or magnetic drive
with hydraulic or pneumaic drive
{ Manual driven}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driven by human being
{ Supine patient supports or bases, e.g. improving air-way access to the lungs}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Patient in supine position
"Iron-lungs", {i.e. involving chest expansion by applying underpressure thereon} , whether or not combined with gas breathing means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rooms for treatment of patients at over- or under-pressure or at a variable pressure
Influencing respiratory system by gas treatment
Active exercising at over- or under-pressure or at a variable pressure
K63B203/05
using the same pump for pressure and vacuum, not being driven at the respiratory rate, e.g. blowers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Driven at the respiratory rate
Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes (A61H 35/00 takes precedence; {sprays acting on a body or body part not immersed in water A61H 9/00; means for washing bed-ridden persons A61G 7/0005} ; for subaquatic intestinal cleaning A61M 9/00; {isolation tanks A61M 21/0094} ; electric or magnetic baths, applying ionised fluids A61N 1/44; {heated bath tubs F24H 1/0072} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes (e.g. baths) that are specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing human bodies, or portions of bodies, within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, mud) in a manner that is distinct from the common bathing process for cleaning human bodies

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Baths for specific parts of the body
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bathing devices
Means for washing bed-ridden persons
Sprays acting on a body or a body part not immersed in water
Means for sub-aquatic intestinal cleaning
Isolation tanks
Devices for spraying media on the human body
Electric or magnetic baths, applying ionised fluids
Heater for bath tubs
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Bathing devices specially adapted for treating burned patients
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Means for washing bed-ridden persons
Baths for specific parts of the body
Arrangement for cleaning the installation before or after use (not used)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines for cleaning floors, furniture, walls, etc.
Implements for cleaning floors, furniture, walls, etc.
by rinsing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Without soap or with clean water to remove soap, detergent, dirt, or impurities.

using cleansing products
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

using specific products for thoroughly cleaning

by blowing air through the installation after the bath has been emptied
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In order to reduce residual water and reduce the possibility that bacteria and other pathogens may become present in the system.

by connecting the air lines with the drain
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In order to reduce residual water and reduce the possibility that bacteria and other pathogens may become present in the system.

with ultrasonics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ultrasonic transducers for percussion or vibration massage
by draining-off pumps, nozzles, waterlines by gravity
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In order to reduce residual water and reduce the possibility that bacteria and other pathogens may become present in the system.

Arrangement for cleaning the fluid during use
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Treatment of water with magnetic or electric fields
Cleaning and recovery of the fluid without mixing the cleaned and uncleaned fluid, e.g. using a recovery tank
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media41.png
media42.png

EP0356529

with heat-recovery of waste fluid
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heated or cooled using heat exchangers (fresh/used fluids)
K61H201/02E
{ Electrical circuits therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Non-electrical components therefore
Control means
with liquid level detectors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Other sensor
controlled by the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control means - Interfaces to the user
with electro-pneumatic or -hydraulic switches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulically controlled
Pneumatically controlled
with low-voltage switching, e.g. using optical isolators, isolated transformers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Means for preventing injuries
with capacitors, e.g. proximity switches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Limit switches
with opto-electric switches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Optical sensors
using remote control signal transmission devices, e.g. ultrasonic, infra-red
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Illumination
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Illumination related features
{Therapeutic baths with agitated or circulated water}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Generating a current of water for swimming training
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heated or cooled
{Water agitated by means moving in the bath, i.e. without water connections to an outside pump circuit}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media43.png
FR19974E

{Arrangements for varying the temperature of the liquid}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heated or cooled
Bathing devices for use with gas-containing liquid, or liquid in which gas is led or generated, e.g. carbon dioxide baths { (A61H 33/6026 takes precedence) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Nozzles in the bathtub connected to an outside pump circuit without modification of the bathtub walls
Nozzles having flow-regulation means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control means
Nozzles in general
Pool nozzles
with control means for regulating the air volume aspirated by a water jet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Gas-water mixing nozzles
Nozzles with flow regulating means
with means in the air supply lines to prevent back-feed of water, e.g. anti-backflow valves, draining devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Components specifically designed therefor
{Aerating mats or frames, e.g. to be put in a bath-tub}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Components specifically designed for therefor
{Gas nozzles specially adapted therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Nozzles in general
Pool nozzles
{Gas-water mixing nozzles therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
with control means for regulating the air volume aspirated by a water jet
{Means for producing a flow of gas, e.g. blowers, compressors}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
mixer provided with a venturi element
Appliances for sand, mud or foam baths; Appliances for metal baths, e.g. using metal salt solutions
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Baths
using fluids loaded with particles
Baths with dry sand or other dry particles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
matresses with fluid-like particles
using fluids loaded with particles
Mud baths; Baths using sand or other particles in water
gas-fluidised or -heated during use
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heated or cooled
Foam baths
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media44.png
CH146707

Baths with herbs, e.g. infusions
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Massage by means of rollers and treatment with drugs
Means for delivering media, e.g. drugs or cosmetics
Liquid-metal baths
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic massage with particles, e.g. sand
Baths with dry sand or other dry particles
Mud baths; Baths using sand or other particles in water
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic massage with particles, e.g. sand
Baths with dry sand or other dry particles
Baths using solutions, e.g. salts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic massage with particles, e.g. sand
Massage by means of rollers and treatment with drugs
Baths with dry sand or other dry particles
Mud baths; Baths using sand or other particles in water
Means for delivering media, e.g. drugs or cosmetics
Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths ( {artificial climate rooms A61G 10/02} )
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use
Treatment room with artificial climate
Components specifically designed therefor
Heated or cooled
Artificial hot-air baths
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Artificial cold-air baths
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
{ Heaters specifically designed therefor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specifically designed for Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Steam boilers
{ with steam generators}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mechanism for heating or cooling
{ Cabins therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Further components specifically designed therefor
{ Installations for the inside of such cabins, e.g. seats}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Further components specifically designed therefor
Steam baths
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Steam baths for the face
Steam boilers
Air douches for hygienic purposes (hair-driers A45D 20/00; body-drying devices A47K 10/48; electric heating elements H05B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hair-driers
Body-drying devices
Inhalators A61M 15/009
Heated
Cooled
Mechanism for heating or cooling
Devices on tubs for steam baths
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

bathtub covers e.g. for steam baths

Steam baths for the face
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Steam baths
Devices for gas baths with ozone, hydrogen, or the like (production of ozone or hydrogen C01B, C25B 1/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of Hydrogen
Production of Ozone
Apparatuses for separating the constituents of gaseous mixtures by liquefaction or solidification
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sealing means for masks
A61M2016/0627
with ionised gas, e.g. ozone
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of Ozone
with oxygen
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of Oxygen
with CO2
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of CO2
with nitrogen
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of Nitrogen
with hydrogen
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Production of Hydrogen
{ Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H 33/00 (plumbing E03C 1/00) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Plumbing in general
Heaters for bath tubes
{ Special constructive structural details of the bathtub, e.g. of the walls or supporting structure}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Specific construction of the walls or the supporting structure of a bathtub
  • Specific layout of the bathtub or the seats in it
{ Inlet to the bath}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To take water into the bathtub

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for use with gas-containing liquid
{ Cascade massage}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media45.png
GB463284

{ Nozzles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Nozzles specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H 33/0087, A61H 33/02, A61H 33/04 and A61H 33/06

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Nozzles for use with gas-containing liquid
Nozzles in general
Pool nozzles
{ Nozzles in the bathtub connected to an outside pump circuit without modification of the walls}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Aerating mats or frames, e.g. to be put in a bath-tub
{ Extendible or retractable}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control means
{ Hand-held connected to a supply hose}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls
Handheld
{ Used also as outlet}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media46.png
EP1293189

{ With incorporated pump means}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Recirculating pumps for swimming pool water
{ Having flow regulating means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Nozzles with control means for regulating the air volume aspirated by water jet
{ Comprising means producing pulsating or intermittent streams (for massage, A61H 9/0007) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Pulsating or intermittent streams for massage
{ Specifically adapted for fitting in bathtub walls}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Generating a current of water for swimming training
{ Outlet from the bath}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To drain water from the bathtub

{ Intake mouths for recirculation of fluid in whirlpool baths}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To drain water from the bathtub to a recirculation system

{ Combined with waste outlets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media47.png
EP0418204

{ For filling to the border or edge of the bath, i.e. no border to be seen}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Circumferential gutters for swimming pools
{ Specific construction features for further massaging means, i.e. not for the nozzles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprising the hydraulic massage brought around by the nozzles of the bathtub and also further massage means

{ Extending through the wall of the bathing device}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The walls of the bathing tub being provided with apertures for the further massaging means

Baths for specific parts of the body { (electric circuits therefor A61H 33/005; specific components therefor A61H 33/60) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes (e.g. baths) that are specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing specific portions of bodies, within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, mud) for specific therapeutic purposes, in a manner that is distinct from the common bathing process for cleaning human bodies

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bidets without upward-spraying means
A47K3/22
Showers
Body washing or cleaning
Devices for specific parts of the body
Irrigators
Devices for sub aquatic intestinal cleaning
Domestic plumbing
Special rules of classification within this group

Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of this groups are classified in A61H 33/60

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Breast baths}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for the breast
for the whole body except the head
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes for the whole body
{for the feet}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Implements for cleaning the feet or toes
Devices for the feet
{for the head (A61H 35/02 and A61H 35/04 takes precedence) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for the head
for the eyes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Limited to real baths (pools)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
for introducing droplets in the eyes
A61F9/00B
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for the eyes
for the nose
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Massage devices for cavities, e.g. nose
Inhalators
Devices for the nose
Sweating suits
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Articles of clothing that at least partially enclose human bodies for the primary purpose of increasing the local temperature (e.g. insulated, include heating elements) or humidity (e.g. constructed of partially air tight material) of the portion of the human bodies covered to a point where the localized temperature or humidity is beyond the range that human beings normally consider physically comfortable (i.e. creates localized sauna-like environment)

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Accessories for massage
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specially adapted components for the above types of apparatus (e.g. body floating supports for relaxation in water).

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Body floating supports for relaxation in water}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Swimming boards
Life-buoys, life-belts
Devices for locating or stimulating specific reflex points of the body for physical therapy, e.g. acupuncture (chiropodists` instruments A61B 17/54; {for radiation therapy A61N 5/0619} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Auxiliary appliances or accessories specially adapted forlocating and stimulating specific reflex points, as tipically known form the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chiropodist's instruments
Footwear with acupressure points
A43B7/14A30A,
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{ Using electric currents (electrotherapy A61N 1/32) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electrotherapy
further special therapeutic means, e.g. electrotherapy
Electrotherapy combined with active exercising
K63B213/05E
by means of electromagnetic waves, e.g. I.R., U.V. rays
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Magnetotherapy
Radiation therapy
Chromotherapy
Infra-red
Ultraviolet
Radiation by LEDs
{Stimulation by mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ultrasonic transducers for vibration massage
Devices for locating such points
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring impedance, e.g. skin conductivity
Devices for pressing such points, e.g. Shiatsu { or Acupressure} (Massage or pressure on general areas A61H 9/00 to A61H 23/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Massage without substantial movement between the skin and the device
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For specific parts of the body
Devices for heating or cooling such points within cell-life limits (cauterisers, moxaburners, cryogenic apparatus A61B17/36; heating or cooling appliances for medical treatment of general areas of the human body A61F 7/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use
Heaters for hot-air baths
Heating or cooling
Control of temperature
Devices for applying needles to such points, i.e. for acupuncture; { Acupuncture needles or accessories therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For specific parts of the body
{ Needle tubes}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protective casings for instruments for surgery or diagnosis
Packages specially adapted for needles
{ Acupuncture needles}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Needles
Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

General massage methods without technical means, non patentable per se, are classified here

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Classes which are used for refining the preceding scheme

Constructive details
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Classes which are used for specifying the constructive details not defined in the preceding scheme

inflatable
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
inflated cuffs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Beds for nursing with inflatable chambers
inflatable active exercising devices
K63B201/02
modular
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Employing or involving modules in design or construction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Interchangeable interface surface
watertight
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Surface of the interface
used in water
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
The patient being immersed in liquid
Support for the device
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anchorage or support for the device during use

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
on a door
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Jamb
frame of the door
on a wall
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Suction cups
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Suction cups for massaging
Suction cups for active exercising devices
K61H225/05
Cushion or similar support
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
incorporated in furniture
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Beds
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sofas, Couches, Beds
Beds for nursing
For active exercising
Mattresses
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Beds for nursing
Seat or chair
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chairs
For active exercising
Massaging seats for vehicles
hand-held
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The whole device being hand-held, not just the interface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls
Hand-held nozzles
portable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Build to be easily carried or moved

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Handheld or hand-driven device for rubbing or brushing
Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls
Handheld
Wearable interface
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Size reducing arrangements
Size reducing arrangements when not in use, for stowing or transport
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Folding or stowable tables
Foldable chairs
Size reducing for active exercising apparatus
Damping, vibration related features
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shock absorbers for active exercising
Noise reduction
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

by controlling the vibration

Means for preventing injuries
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
By stopping operation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
By limiting the applied torque or force
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
by raising an alarm
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interface to the user
Illumination related features
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Illumination in bathing devices
Specific means for adjusting dimensions
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
heated or cooled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Heating or cooling for massage purposes, not for a correct functioning of the device

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use
Heaters for hot-air baths
Control of temperature
heated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
warming pads for medical or therapeutic use
For active exercising
K63B203/02
Heated bath tubs
cooled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cooling bags for medical or therapeutic use
For active exercising
K63B203/04
Mechanism for heating or cooling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use
Heaters for hot-air baths
Control means
Temperature sensors
Control of temperature
heated by an electric resistance element
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electric heating for medical or therapeutic use
Thermistors with Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
PTC non-adjustable resistors
by a fluid circulating in the apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

within the apparatus, not on the user

by direct air flow on the patient's body
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gas-fluidised or -heated sand baths
Artificial hot-air baths
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
hot or cold fluid for medical or therapeutic use
by a heat accumulator, e.g. a sand or liquid reservoir
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for sand, mud, or foam baths
using heat exchanger, e.g. between fresh and used fluids
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bathing or washing device with waste-fluid-heat recovery
by chemical reaction
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heat by chemical reaction for medical or therapeutic use
with Peltier elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Air-conditioning devices using Peltier effect
Machines cooling with Peltier effect
Thermo-electric devices using Peltier effect
with microwaves
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Microwaves for heating fluids
with further special therapeutic means e.g. electrotherapy, magneto therapy or radiation therapy, chromo therapy, infra-red or ultraviolet therapy
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Electrotherapy for causing a change in the consciousness
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use
Heated or cooled
Aromatherapy
Electrotherapy
Electrotherapy combined with active exercising
K63B213/05E
Magnetotherapy
Radiation therapy
Chromotherapy
Infra-red
Ultraviolet
Radiation by LEDs
Preparations for care of the skin
with aromatherapy
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Aromatherapy
A61M21/00A3
with means for delivering media, e.g. drugs or cosmetics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances specially adapted for applying liquid, e.g. using roller or ball
Respiratory gas
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Respiratory gas for active exercising
K63B213/05F
Driving means
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Special force transmission means
Physical interface with the patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibration driving means
with electric or magnetic drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibration electric or magnetic driving means
Rotary drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibration electric or magnetic rotary driving means
Frequency controlled AC motor
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vibration driving means powered with frequencies not related to mains frequency
Linear drive
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Unit containing a rotary drive and a conversion system transforming the rotation in a linear movement, e.g. screw-jack

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Movement conversion means separated from the drive unit
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Translation or oscillation resulting from magnetic field
Linear movement of interface
with hydraulic or pneumatic drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pneumatic or hydraulic massage
Vibration hydraulic or pneumatic driving means
For active exercising
by piston-cylinder systems
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic piston-cylinder for active exercising
A63B21/008BB2
Pneumatic piston-cylinder for active exercising
driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Handheld or hand-driven device for rubbing or brushing
Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven
Bladders inflated by user's body movement
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven
Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls
Handheld
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand percussion
combined with active exercising of the patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for passive exercising which can be used also for active exercising
Passive exercise driven by movement of healthy limbs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media48.png
US2011224585

by the other leg or arm
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media49.png
US2008312053

using own weight
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bladders inflated by user's body movement
Using own weight for active exercising
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Traction table
Patient hanging
Therapy performed on humans by animals
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. Fishes, shells, etc for skin treatment or horse-saddle with massage effect for a rider

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Therapy specially adapted for being performed on animals
Special force transmission means, i.e. between the driving means and the interface with the user
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Driving means
Physical interface with the patient
Hydraulic or pneumatic means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic or pneumatic transmission means for active exercising
Cam
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cam shaped pulleys transmission means for active exercising
Wobbling plate
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media50.png
EP1000600

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

media51.png
US3678924

Wobbling movement of interface
Special crank assembly
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific applications of crank assemblies for massage and therapy devices

Overrunning clutches; One-way clutches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Special bearing arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. bearings on both sides of a rotating unbalanced mass for stabilizing the structure

media52.png
DE1928876

Special speed variation means, i.e. speed reducer
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific applications for massage and therapy devices

Planetary gearing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media53.png
US2003125754s

Special movement conversion means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific applications for massage and therapy devices

rotation-linear or vice-versa
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Single unit containing a itself rotary drive and a conversion system transforming the rotation in a linear movement
Physical interface with patient
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Interfaces implying an exchange of forces with the user

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Driving means
Special force transmission means
Electronic interface with the user
A61H201/50F
kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific features of the interface with the patient

Special rules of classification within this group

Part of the body to be treated to be classified in A61H 2205/00

Head
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chairs with support for the head
Beds, sofas or the like with support for the head
Devices for treating head
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the head for active exercising
A61B21/14A1
Neck
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for treating the neck
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the neck for active exercising
A61B21/14A1
Shoulder, e.g. for neck stretching
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for treating the shoulders
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the shoulders for active exercising
A61B21/14A2
Thorax
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for treating the thorax
K61H205/08BK61H205/08D
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the chest/back for active exercising
A61B21/14A4
Back
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chairs with support for the back
Devices for treating the back
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the back for active exercising
A61B21/14A4
Pelvis
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also waist

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for treating the crotch
Devices for treating the buttocks
Devices for treating the genitals
Devices for treating the hip
holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the waist for active exercising
A61B21/14A5
Seat (incorporated in seats or chairs, A61H 2201/0149)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Benches for active exercising
A61B21/14K2
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand or arm, e.g. handle (hand-held, A61H 2201/0153; fore-arm support, A61H 2003/006)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also handrails

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chairs with support for the arms
Beds, sofas or the like with support for the arms
Devices for treating the arms
Devices for treating the hands
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the upper limb for active exercising
A61B21/14A8
Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

all parts of leg, e.g. knee

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chairs with support for the legs or feet
Stand alone support for the legs or feet
Beds, sofas or the like with support for the legs
Devices for treating the legs
Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
holding means for the lower limbs for active exercising
A61B21/14A7
contoured to fit the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
the anatomy of a particular individual
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of patient
Wearable interfaces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

interface to be worn and portable or attachable to a massaging or exercising device, i.e. a vest or a armband which can be used alone or attached to a machine and enables at least small movements of the user respect to the machine (NOT a band attached to a device and used for fixing a user to the device)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Portable
holding means for body specific parts
Harness
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

A set of straps enabling the application of a force in at least one direction to a person carrying it without sliding-off, alone or within a garment

US7993248

media54.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Body harness
Layer between the skin and massage elements, e.g. fluid or ball
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To be used for all kind of massages, when a layer is used between the user and the massage elements, e.g. for protecting, for keeping dry, for distributing the force on the skin.

Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Movement of the part of the device which is contact with the patient

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Electronic interface with the user
A61H201/50F
Free spatial automatic movement of interface within a working area, e.g. Robot
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Three-dimensional movement freely programmable according to the needs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Free movement of interface for active exercising
Wobbling interface e.g. Stewart platform or Hexapod (nutating movement, A61H 2001/0207)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media55.png
US3678924

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Nutating movement
Wobbling plate as transmission means
linear
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
knee and hip moved by translation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Linear drive
multidimensional
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Free spatial automatic movement of interface
A61H201/16B2
moving along the body in a reciprocating manner
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Physical interface contoured to fit the user
Reciprocating interface for active exercising
rotational
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stretching or bending by rotating cycling movement
Massage by means of rollers, balls
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rotary drive
A61H201/12A2
Rotating interface for active exercising
Multidimensional rotation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Multiple axis of rotation

Pivoting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pivoting interface for active exercising
Means for angularly oscillating massage elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control means
not moving
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Active exercising device not moving during use
Surface of interface
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Movement of interface
interchangeable (modular devices, A61H 2201/0107)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
disposable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. disposable covers for the interface, to treat different users

Physical characteristics of the surface, e.g. material, relief, texture or indicia
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Surface characteristics of the treading belt of a treadmill
A63B21/02C
Enhanced rubbing effect
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. texture

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rubbing or brushing massages
Breathability of the material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Breathability of garments
Breathable absorbent pads
Control means thereof
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Means for controlling a set of similar massage devices acting in sequence at different locations on a patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Intermittent or alternatively inflated bladders or cuffs
for controlling frequency distribution, modulation or interference of a driving signal
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Frequency controlled AC motor
computer controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Free spatial automatic movement of interface
connected to external computer devices or networks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wireless
With means for remote communication for active exercising
Wireless for active exercising
Maintenance, remote assistance for active exercising
A63B230/R
using the internet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
With means for remote communication for active exercising
using specific interfaces or standards, e.g. USB, serial, parallel
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
With means for remote communication for active exercising
Coin operated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coin operated active exercising devices
Card operated, e.g. pre-paid card, credit card or ID card
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins
Interfaces to the user
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Control interfaces

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Physical interface with the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Local control for medical informatics, e.g. GUI
Activation means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Control activation means

Contact activation, i.e. activated at contact with a surface of the user to be treated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Limit switches
Contact switches for active exercise
Inertia activation, i.e. activated by movement
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Switches operated by change of acceleration
having a fixed single program
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Basic devices having a controlling unit provided with a single program of use

Several programs selectable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices having a controlling unit provided with several programs of use

freely programmable by the user
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices having a contrtolling unit programmable by the patient or the therapist

control is restricted to certain individuals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Means for preventing injuries
Displays
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For active exercising
Touch screens
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control panel with display for surgical instruments
A61B17/00C5
Touch screens for games
Audio interfaces, e.g. voice or music controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Speech recognition
hydraulically controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Computer controlled
A61H201/50C
mechanically controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Computer controlled
A61H201/50C
pneumatically controlled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also specific pneumatic valves, e.g. mechanically rotated pneumatic valves for distributing air

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Computer controlled
A61H201/50C
Sensors or detectors
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For the control means

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sensors for the physical parameters of the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of sensor for diagnostic
Force sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Position sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Limit switches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Relative position sensors for active exercising
Angle sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Angular position sensor for active exercising
Angular speed sensor for active exercising
Angular acceleration sensor for active exercising
Pressure sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
using electric pressure transducers with proportional output
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sensors for measuring force related parameters by electric or magnetic means, for active exercising
Frequency sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Velocity sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Temperature sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Acceleration sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Flow rate sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic massage
Hydraulic or pneumatic drive
Gas sensors, e.g. for oxygen or CO2
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pneumatic massage
Hydraulic or pneumatic drive
Optical sensor
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
with patient markers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Image processing for measuring for active exercising
Sensors on the body of the user for active exercising
wireless
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bathing or washing devices using remote control signals
With means for remote communication for active exercising
Wireless for active exercising
Maintenance, remote assistance for active exercising
A63B230/R
Additional characteristics concerning the patient
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Classes which are used for specifying the details concerning the patient not defined in the preceding scheme

immersed in liquid
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Body floating supports for relaxation in water
A61H37/00H
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device used in water
A61H201/01E
Device used in water for active exercising
K63B201/01
user immersed in water for active exercising
especially adapted for animals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/14
Position of the patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02
Standing on the feet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02B
Kneeling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02C
Squatting, i.e. sitting on the heels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02D
Sitting on the buttocks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02E
in 90°/90°-position, like on a chair
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02E2
with stretched legs, like in a bed
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
substantially horizontal
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02F
with legs in a kneeled 90°/90°-position
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02F1
Supine
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02F2
with legs stretched and hips in 90°-position
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Torso being substantially horizontal and the legs being perpendicular to the torso

Prone
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02F4
on the side
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02F6
Hanging
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02L
upright
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
for active exercising
A63B208/02L2
by hanging the patient upside down or inclined downwardly
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Drawing-out devices
Devices for specific parts of the body (A61H 1/02, A61H 13/00, A61H 19/00, A61H 21/00, A61H 35/00 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stretching or bending specific body parts
Gum massage
Massage of the genitals
Massage devices for cavities of the body (nose, ears, anus)
Bath for specific body parts
Special rules of classification within this group

Part of the body interfaced with the device to be classified in A61H 2201/1602

Head
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bath therefore
Support for the head
A61H201/16A2
Scalp
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the head
A61H201/16A2
Preparations for care of the skin
Face
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the head
A61H201/16A2
Nose
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bath therefore
Support for the head
A61H201/16A2
Eyes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bath therefore
Support for the head
A61H201/16A2
Forehead
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the head
A61H201/16A2
Mandible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the head
Ears
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the head
Temples
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the head
neck
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the neck
Arms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the arm or hand
Shoulders
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the shoulders
Hands
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the arm or hand
Fingers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the arm or hand
Trunk
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the thorax
A61H201/16A8
Back
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the back
Breasts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bath therefore
Support for the thorax
A61H201/16A8
Abdomen
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the thorax
A61H201/16A8
Chest
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the thorax
A61H201/16A8
Crotch
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the pelvis
Buttocks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the pelvis
Genitals
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Massage for the genitals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the pelvis
Hip
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the pelvis
Leg
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the feet or leg
Knee
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the feet or leg
Patella
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the feet or leg
for the lower legs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the feet or leg
for the upper legs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Support for the feet or leg
Feet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bath therefore
Support for the feet or leg
Foot reflex zones
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for locating or stimulating specific reflex points
Support for the feet or leg
Anti-cellulite devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Specific parts of the body to be treated
Devices for avoiding blood stagnation, e.g. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Active exercises therefore

Flowcharts

media56.png

media60.png

media57.png

media58.png

Measuring physical parameters of the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Heartbeat characteristics, e.g. E.G.C., blood pressure modulation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring blood flow parameters
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Heartbeat rate
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring pulse rate or heart rate
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Other bio-electrical signals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Electroencephalographic signals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Blood composition characteristics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Glucose
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
partial CO2-value
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
partial O2-value
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Blood flowrate, e.g. by Doppler effect
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring blood flow
Measuring blood composition for active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring blood composition for active exercising
Blood pressure (A61H 2230/04 takes precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring blood pressures
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus (A61H 2230/045 takes precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Respiratory characteristics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Rate
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Temperature
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Muscle strain, i.e. measured on the user, e.g. Electromyography (EMG)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

muscle activity

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Posture
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Impedance, e.g. skin conductivity, capacitance
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Body fat
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Weight
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For active exercising
Height, e.g. length
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user
Contour of the body
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user
Contoured to fit the user
used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013