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PHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY (methods or devices enabling invalids to operate an apparatus or a device not forming part of the body A61F 4/00; electrotherapy, magnetotherapy, radiation therapy, ultrasound therapy A61N)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy transmitted by direct physical contact with the external surface of the thorax portion of human bodies to induce or supplement normal breathing (e.g. iron lungs).

Apparatus or processes, which are not used for surgical purposes that are specially adapted to improve or promote the optical functioning of individuals (e.g. rectify defective vision, improve the natural operation of their eyes) by:

  • contacting eyes or their muscles directly to move the eyes,
  • subjecting the eyes of individuals to controlled muscle strain,
  • utilizing stimulators, such as flash illumination, to cause movement of eyes of individuals in a controlled manner, or
  • facilitating or training individuals through practice to move their own eyes in a beneficial manner.

Apparatus or devices that are explicitly designed for use by a single patient or disabled person for the purpose of helping them overcome a physical condition that impairs their ability to walk unassisted across the ground or similar support surface (e.g. crutches).

Apparatus or processes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies for therapy (e.g. massage). These therapy apparatus and processes are intended to facilitate the healing of diseases, promote or assist normal operation of a malfunctioning body part, reduce the impact of injuries, or beneficially influence the condition of disabled body parts either by the physical movement of body parts (e.g. devices for exercising a passive body member) or other types of physical stimulation (e.g. touching) transmitted though contact with:

  • external body surfaces or
  • surfaces of naturally occurring body cavities.

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied to human bodies by physical contact therewith (e.g. chiropractic) to treat, alleviate the effects of, or prevent disease or bodily malfunctions (e.g. misalignments of bone, aberrant joint) solely by manipulation, adjustment, or realignment of at least a portion of the skeletal system of the body (e.g. bone joints, tendons, spinal columns) by either:

  • impacting external surfaces of bodies to manipulate or adjust portions of their skeletons containing unbroken bones or
  • pulling or pushing on the external surfaces of bodies to extend or compress portions of their skeletons containing unbroken bones.

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) to rub, stroke, knead, tap, vibrate, or otherwise move a portion of the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities, to either:

  • physically relax individuals,
  • physically arouse or stimulate individuals, or
  • counteract or relieve bodily pains.

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes (e.g. baths) that are specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing human bodies, or portions of bodies, within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, mud) in a manner that is distinct from the common bathing process for cleaning human bodies and is intended to either:

  • counteract or relieve bodily pains,
  • physically relax individuals,
  • promote or assist healing of injured bodies or their parts, or
  • restore to health, or alleviate the effects of sicknesses or other types of abnormal conditions on, bodies or their parts.

Apparatus or processes (e.g. breast baths) specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing only one particular part of the human body within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, seaweed).

Articles of clothing (e.g. sweating suits for therapy) that at least partially enclose human bodies for the primary purpose of increasing the local temperature (e.g. insulated, include heating elements) or humidity (e.g. constructed of partially air tight material) of the portion of the human bodies covered to a point where the localized temperature or humidity is beyond the range that human beings normally consider physically comfortable (i.e. creates localized sauna-like environment) for therapy.

Specially adapted components for the above types of apparatus.

Auxiliary appliances or accessories specially adapted for use with any of the above types of apparatus or process (e.g. reflex point locators).

Other types of apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical (e.g. acupuncture devices) purposes that utilize mechanical energy directly applied to human bodies by physical contact for improving their functioning that are not specifically provided for elsewhere in another subclass.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

When used with animals

If an apparatus or process is usable for both humans and animals for the same purpose and in the same manner, and it is otherwise proper for this subclass, classification is made only in subclass A61H. Similar devices or processes to those covered by subclass A61H that are usable exclusively for animals, or are used in animals in a different manner or for different purposes than for humans, are classified in subclass A61D.

When used for physical relaxation

Subclass A61H covers apparatus or processes that are specially adapted to physically relax or stimulate individuals due either to

  • mechanical energy being directly applied upon human body parts to cause their physical movement, or stimulation, by direct physical contact with external surfaces of the body or surfaces of naturally occurring cavities in the body (i.e. massage) or
  • the calming or invigorating effects of bathing.

Subclass A61M covers devices or processes which are specially adapted to cause or precipitate a change in the state of consciousness of humans (e.g. induce sleep, awaken), or to increase or decrease the mental activity of humans while awake, which may also involve relaxing or stimulating individuals.

Medical Treatment

Several subclasses provide for apparatus or processes that are used for treating humans for medical conditions. The relationship between these subclasses is as follows:

Subclass A61B provides for surgical apparatus or processes in general.

Subclass A61B also provides for surgical apparatus or processes when

  • surgical apparatus or processes are combined with means used for other types of treatment (e.g. therapy, massage) for medical conditions or
  • the apparatus can be used both for surgery and for other types of treatment for medical conditions.

Subclass A61H provides for massage, chiropractic, or physical therapy apparatus or processes used for the treatment of disease, injuries, or disability (i.e. an abnormal condition of the body) by utilization of direct mechanical energy.

Subclass A61N provides for apparatus or processes used for the treatment of disease, injuries, or disability by utilization of forms of energy other than direct mechanical energy.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

Training or exercising equipment for animals

Garments with controlled internal environment

Ventilating, cooling or heating means in connection with bedsteads or mattresses

Apparatus for helping babies to walk

Baths; Showers; Appurtenances therefore for merely cleaning human bodies

Body washing or cleaning implements for merely cleaning human bodies

Dental implements for therapeutic treatment

Orthopaedic devices or methods

Devices for treatment of the eyes

Means for washing bed-ridden persons

Beds for promoting or observing sleep

A61G7/043

Blood pumps or devices for mechanical circulatory assistance

Sub aquatic intestinal cleaning

Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration

Devices for producing or ending sleep by mechanical, optical, or acoustical means (other than alarm clocks or the like)

Electrotherapy, magneto therapy, radiation therapy, ultrasound therapy

Electro medical massage devices applying continuous direct current by contact electrodes

Electrotherapy devices applying alternating or intermittent currents by contact electrodes

Applying ionized fluids to the human body for therapy

Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements

Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body

Exercising devices for feet or toes

Examples of places where the subject matter of this subclass is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Accessory implements for clippers or shavers carrying out massage or other functions than cutting hair

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods or devices enabling patients or disabled persons to operate an apparatus or a device not forming part of the body

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Therapy

Any medical treatment of an abnormal condition of a human or animal body (e.g. disease, impaired organ, injured limb) by means, instruments, devices, or methods that utilize forms of energy (e.g. mechanical energy) and which is not used for surgical purposes. In general, the treatment time for therapy is long-term relative to that for surgery which usually has a much more immediate effect on the body.

Disabled person

A human being that is unable to do a basic physical task (e.g. walking) without assistance due to a physical or mental impairment/condition.

Patient

A human being awaiting or undergoing any form of (a) medical care (e.g. testing) or treatment by medical staff (e.g. doctors, dentists, midwives, chiropractors) or (b) physical tending (e.g. feeding) by care providers (e.g. hospice or nursing home staff) due to impairment.

BODY PLANES

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http://medical-dictionary.tfd.com/plane

The body-symmetrical plane is also called midsagittal plane or median plane.

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Apparatus for passive exercising (A61H 5/00 takes precedence); Vibrating apparatus {(driving means for vibrating A61H 23/00)}; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus and processes intended to facilitate the healing of diseases, promote or assist normal operation of a malfunctioning body part, reduce the impact of injuries, or beneficially influence the condition of disabled body parts either by the physical movement of body parts (e.g. devices for exercising a passive body member) or other types of physical stimulation (e.g. pressure or blows on a part of the skeletal structure, vibration on the body).

Vibrating apparatus for passive exercising.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Exercisers for the eyes

Percussion or vibration massaging means

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active exercising has to be classified in A63B

Special rules of classification within this group

The driving means for vibrating are classified in A61H 23/00

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/855) is used.

{Apparatus for applying movements to the whole body}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Incorporated in furniture

Driving means

{Rocking or oscillating around a horizontal axis transversal to the body}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Oscillating beds

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For artificial respiration or heart stimulation

{Moveable, e.g. vibrating or oscillating, platform for standing, sitting, laying, leaning or kneeling}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Incorporated in furniture

Portable

Size reducing arrangement when not in use

Special rules of classification within this group

Vibration driving means are classified in A61H 23/00

{Apparatus for applying pressure or blows for compressive stressing of a part of the skeletal structure, e.g. for preventing or alleviating osteoporosis}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chiropractic tables

{Apparatus for applying pressure or blows almost perpendicular to the body or limb axis, e.g. chiropractic devices for repositioning vertebrae, correcting deformation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for chiropractic manipulation of the body of a user

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Percussion or tapping massage

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driving means

Stretching or bending {or torsioning} apparatus for exercising
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Device suitable for active OR passive exercising

Electric motor for active or passive exercising

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driving means

Interface with user

Position of user

{Rotation of a body part around its longitudinal axis}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

{Nutating movement of a body part around its articulation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

rocking, swaying, or nodding motion in the axis of rotation of a largely axially symmetric object, e.g. circular movement around a joint.

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DE29714490U

{Walking coordination of arms and legs }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking movement for legs

{by rotating cycling movement}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Device suitable for active OR passive exercising

Assisted exercising

for active exercising

Rotating interface

{Drawing-out devices (suspension devices for supporting the patient in upright walking or standing position A61H 3/008; orthopedic devices for non-surgical treatment A61F 5/01; stretching fractured limbs A61F 5/04)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for non-surgical treatment

Stretching fractured limbs

Suspension devices for supporting in a standing position

Driving means

Interface with user

Control means

Position of user

Interface with user for active exercising

{Traction tables (A61H 1/0229 take precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

by hanging the patient upside down or inclined downwardly

{by reducing gravity forces normally applied to the body, e.g. by lifting or hanging the body or part of it}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Suspension devices for a walking or standing position

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Patient immersed in liquid

Patient hanging

{Pulsating, alternating, fluctuating}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Percussion or vibration means

other driving means

{for the lower limbs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

devices specifically made forstretching or bending passively a joint for therapy or for supporting the movement of a joint of a disabled person in a daily activity.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for aiding disabled persons to walk

Interface for lower limbs

Therapy devices for lower limbs

{Knee (A61H 1/0255 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for lower limbs

Therapy devices for knees

{Hip (A61H 1/0255 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the pelvis

Therapy devices for hip

{by separating the legs laterally }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Device suitable for active OR passive exercising

Assisted exercising

for active exercising

{by moving the legs together laterally }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Position of the patient

{Both knee and hip of a patient, e.g. in supine or sitting position, the feet being moved in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane (A61H 1/0214 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

standing-up or sitting down aids

rotating cycling movement

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Position of the patient

Device suitable for active OR passive exercising

Assisted exercising

for active exercising

{moved by translation}
Special rules of classification within this group

This therapy is typically performed in a supine position, therefore the position supine A61H 2203/0456 does not need to be classified, only different positions are classified.

{Walking movement; Appliances for aiding disabled persons to walk (A61H 3/00 takes precedence)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Simulation of the walking movement, or part of it

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Appliances aiding disabled persons to walk

Walking coordination of arms and legs

{Foot}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also movement of ankle

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the foot

Therapy devices for the foot

for active exercising

{Toes}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

{for the upper limbs}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the upper limbs

Therapy devices for the upper limbs

for active exercising

{Elbow}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

{Shoulder}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for shoulders

Therapy devices for the shoulders

for active exercising

{Hand}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the hands

Therapy devices for the hand

for active exercising

{Fingers}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the hands

Therapy devices for the fingers

for active exercising

{for the spinal column (A61H 1/0218 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the back

Therapy devices for the back

for active exercising

{Neck}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the neck

Therapy devices for the neck

for active exercising

Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about (apparatus for helping babies to walk A47D 13/04;{ orthopaedic devices for correcting deformities of, or supporting, limbs A61F 5/0102}; exercising apparatus for the feet or toes A63B 23/10;{ stairways or ramps E04F 11/00})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Crutches, walkers, suspension devices or exoskeletons specifically made for aiding a disabled person to walk around, not on a treadmill.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Simulation of the walking movement, or part of it, of the legs

Walking coordination of arms and legs

Active exercise on a treadmill

Exoskeletons for increasing strength (not specifically for supporting disabled persons)

Control system for manipulators, e.g. exoskeletons

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks and Nordic walking sticks

Apparatus for helping babies to walk

Orthopaedic devices for correcting deformities of, or supporting limbs

Standing-up or sitting-down aids

Control means

Applying electrical currents by contact electrodes for stimulating motor muscles, e.g. walking assistance

Active exercise apparatus for the feet

Exercising apparatus for the feet or toes

Training for running, jogging or speed walking

Vehicles with legs

B62D57/03

Stairways or ramps

Special rules of classification within this group

Exoskeletons specifically made for aiding disabled persons to walk are classified here in A61H 3/00. If the exoskeleton is bending a joint (i.e. not only for supporting the weight), the joint which is moved has to be classified in A61H 1/0237, the exoskeletons are normally portable A61H 2201/0157 and wearable A61H 2201/165, whereby wearable takes precedence over portable and therefore portable does not have to be coded.

Use orthogonal classification for additional information as well as for invention information A61H 2003/001 to A61H 2003/007).

For further additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{on steps or stairways}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lift associated with stairs

Built-in aids for ascending or descending stairs

{with attached or incorporated article carrying means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For walking sticks

Sticks or Umbrellas with coat-hangers

Holders or carriers for hand articles

{Umbrellas}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas

Holder for umbrellas

{Trays}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sticks or umbrellas with containers for storing objects

Sticks or umbrellas with tables

{with knee, leg or stump rests}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats

Interface for lower limbs

{with forearm rests, i.e. for non-used arms}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for arms

{secured to the patient, e.g. with belts}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Physical interface with patient

Wearable

{Using suspension devices for supporting the body in an upright walking or standing position, e.g. harnesses (drawing-out devices A61H 1/0218)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices suspending a disabled person walking or standing

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

For small children

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Thorax holding means

Body harness

Crutches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks

Telescoping connections

{Crutches with no pivoting movement during use, e.g. tripods}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{with curved ground-engaging means, i.e. rockers }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{Crutches in which movement is limited to a pivoting in one plane, e.g. 2-point supports}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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{with means for grasping or picking-up objects}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Collecting crops spread on the soil

Devices for picking-up balls

{convertible from armpit- into forearm-model}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface for the upper limbs

{convertible from armpit crutch into cane}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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EP0236708

{convertible from forearm crutch into cane}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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NL2000270C

{Arrangements for storing or keeping upright when not in use}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks with hanging means

Cane or umbrella stands or holders

{with devices for securing a pair of crutches together }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for binding skis in pairs

{on a single crutch for being fixed on or supported by a wall, furniture or the like }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for fastening to tables, walls or the like

{on walls or furniture for receiving single crutches }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for fastening to tables, walls or the like

{with magnetic fixing }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for binding skis in pairs with magnets

{on a single crutch allowing it to remain upright when not in use, e.g. retractable tripods (A61H 2003/0205 takes precedence)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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GB2470738

{Shock absorbers therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

shock absorbers for active exercising

{using elastomeric material }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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WO2009006488

{Ferrules or tips therefor (for walking sticks or umbrellas A45B 9/04)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ferrules or tips for walking sticks

{comprising a ball-and-socket joint }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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US2011094552

Wheeled walking aids for disabled persons {(A61H 3/06 takes precedence)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media11.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Wheelchairs

Walking aid using suspension devices for supporting

Walking aids for blind persons

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand carts

{with a drive mechanism }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also driven by human, by means of a driving mechanism, not by pushing it through handles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driving means for hand carts

{with braking means }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Braking means for hand carts

Walking {or guiding} aids for blind persons (walking sticks {in general} A45B; replacing direct visual perception by another kind of perception A61F 9/08)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks

Replacing direct visual perception by another kind of perception

{with electronic detecting or guiding means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Replacing direct visual perception by another kind of perception

Systems using wave reflection for anti-collision

Teaching or communicating with blinds

{with tactile perception }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Device or method change consciousness by the tactile sense

A61M21/ 00A4

Means for aiding people with impaired vision by tactile feedback

Communicating with blinds using tactile presentation of information

{in the form of braille }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Typewriters or selective printing for printing in Braille

Printing processes for printing Braille

{Installations on the floor, e.g. special surfaces, to guide blind persons}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Construction of surfaces for roads, sport grounds or the like

Road signs or traffic signals

{Sticks for blind persons}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For walking sticks

Communicating with blind persons by means of audio signals

Systems using wave reflection for anti-collision

Exercisers for the eyes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes, which are not used for surgical purposes that are specially adapted to improve or promote the optical functioning of individuals (e.g. rectify defective vision, improve the natural operation of their eyes)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for testing the eyes

Apparatus for determining the visual field

Special rules of classification within this group

For further additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Exercisers for training the stereoscopic view}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stereoscopic television system

Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for (Electro-medical massage devices applying electric current by contact A61N 1/18 { Brushes in general A46; Bathing sponges, brushes, gloves or similar cleaning or rubbing implements not specially for massage A47K 7/02; Suction devices for nursing A61M 1/06, A61M 1/08; Rollers or balls therefore, A61H 15/00})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) to rub, or knead, a portion of the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Footwear with protrusions for acupressure

Brushes in general

Bathing sponges, brushes, gloves or similar cleaning or rubbing implements not specially for massage

Layer between the skin and massage elements

Suction device for nursing

Special rules of classification within this group

Rollers and balls therefore are classified in A61B15/00.

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{without substantial movement between the skin and the device}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Pressing acupuncture points

{by rubbing or brushing}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brushes in general

{Hand-held or hand-driven devices}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Brushes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driven by a human being

{power-driven e.g. electrical}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage means is power-driven, whole device or only interface

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Power-driven brushes

Power-driven toothbrushes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibrating driving means

Artificial respiration or heart stimulation power-driven

with electric or magnetic drive

with hydraulic or pneumaic drive

{hand-held}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-held nozzles

Handheld

{Helmets for head-massage (baths for the head A61H 35/008; washing, rinsing, drying A45D)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Washing, rinsing, drying

Baths for the head

Hair care preparations for care of hair

{Kneading}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kneading is a circular technique by which the skin and its underlying structure are moved in a circular rotating motion on the underlying structures (e.g. of muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones). Tissue is lifted and rolled away from the bone, and then back towards the bone with a squeezing compressive action

{Suction kneading}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kneading massage in which the lifting of the tissue is obtained by vacuum

media12.png
WO2007147964

{having massage elements mounted on parallel output axis turning in opposite sense }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kneading massage in which the lifting of the tissue is obtained by rotation of elements mounted on parallel axis . The axis can be parallel or perpendicular to the skin.

Parallel

media13.png

FR2347035

Perpendicular

media14.png

FR2854566

Pneumatic or hydraulic massage, {e.g. sprays(A61H 13/00 takes precedence; underwater massage, spraying systems acting on a body or body part immersed in water A61H 33/00, A61H 35/00; brushes with fluid supply A46B 11/00; nozzles per se B05B)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pneumatic or hydraulic massage means acting either directly on the skin or on a layer positioned between the skin and the massage means

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Gum massage

Hydraulic or pneumatic drive

Hydraulic or pneumatic transmission means

Using fluids loaded with particles

K61H201/25

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brushes with fluid supply

Underwater massage, spraying system acting on a body or body part immersed in water

Layer between the skin and massage elements

Nozzles per se

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Pulsating (percussion massage A61H 23/006; nozzles for pulsating streams in bathing devices A61H 33/6057)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Percussion massage

Nozzles for pulsating streams in bathing devices

{with particles, e.g. sand }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fluids loaded with particles

{Hand-held devices for spraying and removing liquid while moved on the skin}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Liquid jets for localized massage on a body not immersed in water.

media15.png

WO8804918

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Massaging with hydrostatic pressure

Having a layer between the skin and the fluid

Surface of interface being disposable

Heated or cooled

Control means

Specific part of the body to be treated

{Hydraulic massage}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

medical suction-irrigation

A61M1/00K A61M1/00T2

dental suction-irrigation

{with cabin for the whole body }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media16.png
DE202008009644U

{with water recirculation }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hand-held devices for spraying and removing liquid while moved on the skin

{Pneumatic massage}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Iron lungs

Cupping glasses e.g. for removing venom by suction

{Suction (suction kneading A61H 7/008)}
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:

suction kneading massage

{suction by releasing a flexible cup after deformation, i.e. without further vacuum source }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable

{by localized pressure, e.g. air streams or jets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Air streams or jets for localized massages

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Using fluids loaded with particles

{With intermittent or alternately inflated bladders or cuffs (beds with inflatable chambers A61G 7/05769)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

mattresses for preventing bed-sores with alternated pressurised chambers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heated or cooled

Control means

Specific part of the body to be treated

Controlled by heartbeat rate

{Inflated by user's body movement, e.g. ambulatory devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driven by human being

{Cuffs therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shoes with internal pneumatic chambers

Having a layer between the skin and the fluid

Surface of interface being disposable

Belts, strips or combs for massage purposes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) through belts or strips to massage a portion of the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{with belt or strap expanding and contracting around an encircled body part }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Artificial respiration or heart stimulation (CPR)

Massage devices with strips oscillating lengthwise
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media17.png

Gum massage
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Hydraulic gum massage (instruments or machines for rinsing the teeth A61C 17/02)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Instruments or machines for rinsing the teeth

Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The massage means acting either directly on the skin or on a layer positioned between the skin and the massage means

Roller chains are connected flexible series of links fastening a series of rollers for massaging purposes.

CN200973812Y

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable

Power driven

Specific driving means

Handheld, driven by human being

Layer between the skin and massage elements

Specific part of the body to be treated

Special rules of classification within this group

Types of rollers should be classified in the orthogonal classification K61H15/00A2, A61H 2015/0071.

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media18.png
US6974427

{cylinder-like, i.e. rollers }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media19.png
US2011230804

{multiple on the same axis }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media20.png
US2011087141

{disc-like, i.e. diameter substantially greater than width }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media21.png
US2011082400

{multiple on the same axis }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media22.png

WO2011027426

media23.png

EP2347789

{Balls or spheres }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media24.png
DE202008005686U

{multiple on the same axis }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media25.png
US2011313333

{the axis being resiliently biased }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media26.png

DE202006006704U

media27.png

FR2854566

{with freely rotating spheres }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Freely rotating spheres like a ball-pen or roll-on on deodorants

media28.png
US754925

{with balls or rollers having built-in vibrating means }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibrating means

{power-driven}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage means is power-driven, whole device or only interface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration driving means

Driving means

{hand-held}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-held nozzles

Hand-held for other kind of devices in A61H

{hand-held (A61H 15/0085 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-held nozzles

Hand-held for other kind of devices in A61H

adapted for simultaneous treatment with light, heat or drugs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Appliances specially adapted for applying liquid, e.g. using roller or ball

Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use

Heated or cooled

Further special therapeutic means

Aromatherapy

Electrotherapy

Magnetotherapy

Radiation therapy

Chromotherapy

Infra-red

Ultraviolet

Radiation by LEDs

Massage for the genitals; { Devices for improving sexual intercourse(penis erection devices A61F 5/41; vibration or percussion related aspects A61H 23/00)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage devices used for increasing the experience during sexual intercourse

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Artificial penis erection devices

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Taking sperma sample

Condoms

Vibration means

Incorporated in furniture

Portable

Heated or cooled

Driving means

Disposable

Control means

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Devices for external stimulation of the genitals}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Surface with enhanced rubbing effect

{for inserting the genitals therein e.g. vibrating rings for males or breast stimulating devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wearable

{For clitoral stimulation}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Surface with enhanced rubbing effect

{Devices insertable in the genitals}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Watertight

{Having substantially cylindrical shape, e.g. dildos}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interchangeable

{Devices for use during sexual intercourse}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage devices used between more persons during sexual intercourse

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seating furniture for sexual intercourse

Massage devices for cavities of the body { e.g. nose, ears and anus (for the genitals A61H 19/00); Vibration or percussion related aspects A61H 23/00}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Massage devices for nose, ears and anus

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Massage of the genitals

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration means

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms {(apparatus for passive exercising A61H 1/00; generating or transmitting mechanical vibrations in general B06B)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy directly applied upon human bodies by physical contact (e.g. massage) to tap or vibrate the external surface of human bodies, or the surfaces of their naturally occurring body cavities

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Ultrasound therapy

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for passive exercising

Generating of transmitting mechanical vibrations in general

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{having a percussion element combined with a passive spacer element for bearing against the skin}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media29.png

EP2095843

{With mechanical drive, e.g. spring mechanism or vibrating unit being hit for starting vibration and then applied to the body of a patient}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media59.png

{Percussion or tapping massage (hand percussion A61H 23/06)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Alternated pressure on the skin, characterised by higher amplitude, higher force applied and lower frequency respect to a vibration massage. Normally it implies an intermittent contact between the skin and the massaging unit.

{using shock waves}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

extra-corporal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

with electric or magnetic drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

electric or magnetic drive not for percussion or vibration

{powered with frequencies not related to mains frequency }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Frequency controlled AC motor

{with alternating magnetic fields producing a translating or oscillating movement}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Magnetotherapy

{with magnetostrictive elements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Magnetostrictive elements can convert magnetic energy into kinetic energy, or the reverse.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Piezo-electric transducers

A61H23/P

{using sonic waves, e.g. using loudspeakers}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

powered with frequencies not related to mains frequency

{with ultrasonic transducers, e.g. piezo-electric}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Magneto-strictive elements

{with rotary motor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rotating means linked by eccentrics, cams to an interface to set it in vibration

media30.png
media31.png

US2009139354

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rotating unbalanced masses

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric or magnetic drive not for percussion or vibration

{using rotating unbalanced masses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The unbalanced masses causing the driving unit and the parts connected to it to vibrate

media32.png
WO2004105868

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Rotating means linked by eccentrics, cams to an interface to set it in vibration

{multiple masses each rotated by an individual motor }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media33.png
WO2007096594

{multiple masses driven by the same motor }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media34.png
FR2655539

{with variable angular positioning }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media35.png
media36.png

WO03096860

with hydraulic or pneumatic drive {(Hydraulic or Pneumatic massages, A61H 9/00; Underwater massages, A61H 33/00)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

hydraulic or pneumatic drive not for percussion or vibration

{using hydrostatic pressure, e.g. high density fluids }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media37.png
EP0181814

media38.png
US6179797

Hand percussion { , i.e. Hand driven(Chiropractic devices, A61H 1/008, A61H 1/006)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chiropractic devices

Artificial respiration or heart stimulation ({blood pumps A61M 1/10;} artificial respiration by treatment with gas or air, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration A61M 16/00; applying electric currents by contact electrodes for stimulation, e.g. heart pace-makers A61N 1/36{; teaching or training models, demonstration models for medical purposes G09B 23/288})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes utilizing mechanical energy transmitted by direct physical contact with the external surface of the thorax portion of human bodies to stimulate the heart in case of emergency or induce/supplement normal breathing (e.g. iron lungs)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Blood pumps

Mouth-to-mouth respiration

Heart pace-makers

Rhythm indicators

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{fixed on the chest by suction }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Suction cups used for fixing in active exercising devices

{fixed on the chest by adhesives }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesive type surfaces in active exercising devices

{with alternated thorax decompression due to lateral compression }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media39.png
media40.png

WO2004004548

{Heart stimulation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only for exterior mechanical heart stimulation

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Belt or strap expanding and contracting around an encircled body part

{with feedback for the user}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control means - Interfaces to the user

Artificial respiration with computer control

{Power driven}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

with electric or magnetic drive

with hydraulic or pneumaic drive

{Manual driven}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driven by human being

{Supine patient supports or bases, e.g. improving air-way access to the lungs}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Patient in supine position

"Iron-lungs", {i.e. involving chest expansion by applying underpressure thereon}, whether or not combined with gas breathing means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rooms for treatment of patients at over- or under-pressure or at a variable pressure

Influencing respiratory system by gas treatment

Active exercising at over- or under-pressure or at a variable pressure

{using the same pump for pressure and vacuum, not being driven at the respiratory rate, e.g. blowers }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Driven at the respiratory rate

Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes (A61H 35/00 takes precedence; {sprays acting on a body or body part not immersed in water A61H 9/00; means for washing bed-ridden persons A61G 7/0005;} for sub aquatic intestinal cleaning A61M 9/00; {isolation chambers A61M 21/0094; }electric or magnetic baths, applying ionised fluids A61N 1/44{; heater for bath tubs F24H 1/0081})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes (e.g. baths) that are specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing human bodies, or portions of bodies, within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, mud) in a manner that is distinct from the common bathing process for cleaning human bodies

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Baths for specific parts of the body

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bathing devices

Means for washing bed-ridden persons

Sprays acting on a body or a body part not immersed in water

Means for sub-aquatic intestinal cleaning

Isolation tanks

Devices for spraying media on the human body

Electric or magnetic baths, applying ionised fluids

Heater for bath tubs

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Bathing devices specially adapted for treating burned patients}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for washing bed-ridden persons

Baths for specific parts of the body

{Arrangement for cleaning the installation before or after use (not used)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines for cleaning floors, furniture, walls, etc.

Implements for cleaning floors, furniture, walls, etc.

{by rinsing}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Without soap or with clean water to remove soap, detergent, dirt, or impurities.

{using cleansing products}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

using specific products for thoroughly cleaning

{by blowing air through the installation after the bath has been emptied}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In order to reduce residual water and reduce the possibility that bacteria and other pathogens may become present in the system.

{by connecting the air lines with the drain}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In order to reduce residual water and reduce the possibility that bacteria and other pathogens may become present in the system.

{with ultrasonics}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ultrasonic transducers for percussion or vibration massage

{by draining-off pumps, nozzles, waterlines by gravity}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In order to reduce residual water and reduce the possibility that bacteria and other pathogens may become present in the system.

{Arrangement for cleaning the fluid during use}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Treatment of water with magnetic or electric fields

{Cleaning and recovery of the fluid without mixing the cleaned and uncleaned fluid, e.g. using a recovery tank}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media41.png
media42.png

EP0356529

{with heat-recovery of waste fluid}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heated or cooled using heat exchangers (fresh/used fluids)

{Electrical circuits therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Non-electrical components therefore

Control means

{with liquid level detectors}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Other sensor

{controlled by the user}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control means - Interfaces to the user

{with electro-pneumatic or -hydraulic switches}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulically controlled

Pneumatically controlled

{with low-voltage switching, e.g. using optical isolators, isolated transformers}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for preventing injuries

{with capacitors, e.g. proximity switches}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Limit switches

{with opto-electric switches}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Optical sensors

{using remote control signal transmission devices, e.g. ultrasonic, infra-red}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wireless

{Illumination }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Illumination related features

{Therapeutic baths with agitated or circulated water}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Generating a current of water for swimming training

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heated or cooled

{Water agitated by means moving in the bath, i.e. without water connections to an outside pump circuit}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media43.png
FR19974E

{Arrangements for varying the temperature of the liquid}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heated or cooled

Bathing devices for use with gas-containing liquid, or liquid in which gas is led or generated, e.g. carbon dioxide baths {(A61H 33/6026 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Nozzles in the bathtub connected to an outside pump circuit without modification of the bathtub walls

{Nozzles having flow-regulation means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control means

Nozzles in general

Pool nozzles

{with control means for regulating the air volume aspirated by a water jet}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gas-water mixing nozzles

Nozzles with flow regulating means

{with means in the air supply lines to prevent back-feed of water, e.g. anti-backflow valves, draining devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Components specifically designed therefor

{Aerating mats or frames, e.g. to be put in a bath-tub}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Components specifically designed for therefor

{Gas nozzles specially adapted therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Nozzles in general

Pool nozzles

{Gas-water mixing nozzles therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

with control means for regulating the air volume aspirated by a water jet

{Means for producing a flow of gas, e.g. blowers, compressors}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

mixer provided with a venturi element

Appliances for sand, mud or foam baths; Appliances for metal baths, e.g. using metal salt solutions
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Baths

using fluids loaded with particles

{Baths with dry sand or other dry particles}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

matresses with fluid-like particles

using fluids loaded with particles

Mud baths; Baths using sand or other particles in water

{gas-fluidised or -heated during use}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heated or cooled

{Foam baths}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media44.png
CH146707

{Baths with herbs, e.g. infusions }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Massage by means of rollers and treatment with drugs

Means for delivering media, e.g. drugs or cosmetics

{Liquid-metal baths}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulic massage with particles, e.g. sand

Baths with dry sand or other dry particles

{Mud baths; Baths using sand or other particles in water}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulic massage with particles, e.g. sand

Baths with dry sand or other dry particles

{Baths using solutions, e.g. salts}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulic massage with particles, e.g. sand

Massage by means of rollers and treatment with drugs

Baths with dry sand or other dry particles

Mud baths; Baths using sand or other particles in water

Means for delivering media, e.g. drugs or cosmetics

Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths ({artificial climate rooms A61G 10/02})
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use

Treatment room with artificial climate

Components specifically designed therefor

Heated or cooled

{Artificial hot-air baths}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
{Artificial cold-air baths}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
{Heaters specifically designed therefor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specifically designed for Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Steam boilers

{with steam generators}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanism for heating or cooling

{Cabins therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Further components specifically designed therefor

{Installations for the inside of such cabins, e.g. seats}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Further components specifically designed therefor

{Steam baths}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Steam baths for the face

Steam boilers

Air douches for hygienic purposes (hair-driers A45D 20/00; body-drying devices A47K 10/48; electric heating elements H05B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hair-driers

Body-drying devices

Inhalators A61M 15/009

Heated

Cooled

Mechanism for heating or cooling

Devices on tubs for steam baths
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

bathtub covers e.g. for steam baths

Steam baths for the face
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steam baths

Devices for gas baths with ozone, hydrogen, or the like (production of ozone or hydrogen C01B, C25B 1/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Production of Hydrogen

Production of Ozone

Apparatuses for separating the constituents of gaseous mixtures by liquefaction or solidification

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing means for masks

A61M2016/0627

{with ionised gas, e.g. ozone }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Production of Ozone

{with oxygen}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Production of Oxygen

{with CO2}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Production of CO2

{with nitrogen}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Production of Nitrogen

{with hydrogen}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Production of Hydrogen

{Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H 33/00(plumbing E03C 1/00)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Plumbing in general

Heaters for bath tubes

{Special constructive structural details of the bathtub, e.g. of the walls or supporting structure}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Specific construction of the walls or the supporting structure of a bathtub
  • Specific layout of the bathtub or the seats in it
{Inlet to the bath}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To take water into the bathtub

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for use with gas-containing liquid

{Cascade massage}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media45.png
GB463284

{Nozzles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Nozzles specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H 33/0087, A61H 33/02, A61H 33/04 and A61H 33/06

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Nozzles for use with gas-containing liquid

Nozzles in general

Pool nozzles

{Nozzles in the bathtub connected to an outside pump circuit without modification of the walls}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Aerating mats or frames, e.g. to be put in a bath-tub

{Extendible or retractable}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control means

{Hand-held connected to a supply hose}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls

Handheld

{Used also as outlet}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media46.png
EP1293189

{With incorporated pump means}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Recirculating pumps for swimming pool water

{Having flow regulating means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Nozzles with control means for regulating the air volume aspirated by water jet

{Comprising means producing pulsating or intermittent streams (for massage, A61H 9/0007)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Pulsating or intermittent streams for massage

{Specifically adapted for fitting in bathtub walls}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Generating a current of water for swimming training

{Outlet from the bath}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To drain water from the bathtub

{Intake mouths for recirculation of fluid in whirlpool baths}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To drain water from the bathtub to a recirculation system

{Combined with waste outlets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media47.png
EP0418204

{For filling to the border or edge of the bath, i.e. no border to be seen}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Circumferential gutters for swimming pools

{Specific construction features for further massaging means, i.e. not for the nozzles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprising the hydraulic massage brought around by the nozzles of the bathtub and also further massage means

{Extending through the wall of the bathing device}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The walls of the bathing tub being provided with apertures for the further massaging means

Baths for specific parts of the body {(electric circuits therefor A61H 33/005; specific components therefor A61H 33/60)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or processes which are not used for surgical purposes (e.g. baths) that are specially adapted for covering, soaking, or immersing specific portions of bodies, within fluids (e.g. steam, water) or fluent materials (e.g. sand, mud) for specific therapeutic purposes, in a manner that is distinct from the common bathing process for cleaning human bodies

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bidets without upward-spraying means

A47K3/22

Showers

Body washing or cleaning

Devices for specific parts of the body

Irrigators

Devices for sub aquatic intestinal cleaning

Domestic plumbing

Special rules of classification within this group

Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of this groups are classified in A61H 33/60

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Breast baths}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for the breast

{for the whole body except the head }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes for the whole body

{for the feet}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Implements for cleaning the feet or toes

Devices for the feet

{for the head (A61H 35/02 and A61H 35/04 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for the head

for the eyes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Limited to real baths (pools)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

for introducing droplets in the eyes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for the eyes

for the nose
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Massage devices for cavities, e.g. nose

Inhalators

Devices for the nose

Sweating suits
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Articles of clothing that at least partially enclose human bodies for the primary purpose of increasing the local temperature (e.g. insulated, include heating elements) or humidity (e.g. constructed of partially air tight material) of the portion of the human bodies covered to a point where the localized temperature or humidity is beyond the range that human beings normally consider physically comfortable (i.e. creates localized sauna-like environment)

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Accessories for massage
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specially adapted components for the above types of apparatus (e.g. body floating supports for relaxation in water).

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Body floating supports for relaxation in water}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Swimming boards

Life-buoys, life-belts

Devices for locating or stimulating specific reflex points of the body for physical therapy, e.g. acupuncture (chiropodists` instruments A61B 17/54; {for radiation therapy A61N 5/0619})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Auxiliary appliances or accessories specially adapted forlocating and stimulating specific reflex points, as tipically known form the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chiropodist's instruments

Footwear with acupressure points

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

{Using electric currents (electrotherapy A61N 1/32)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electrotherapy

further special therapeutic means, e.g. electrotherapy

Electrotherapy combined with active exercising

{by means of electromagnetic waves, e.g. I.R., U.V. rays}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Magnetotherapy

Radiation therapy

Chromotherapy

Infra-red

Ultraviolet

Radiation by LEDs

{Stimulation by mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ultrasonic transducers for vibration massage

Devices for locating such points
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring impedance, e.g. skin conductivity

Devices for pressing such points, e.g. Shiatsu { or Acupressure}(Massage or pressure on general areas A61H 9/00 to A61H 23/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Massage without substantial movement between the skin and the device

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For specific parts of the body

Devices for heating or cooling such points within cell-life limits (cauterisers, moxaburners, cryogenic apparatus A61B17/36; heating or cooling appliances for medical treatment of general areas of the human body A61F 7/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use

Heaters for hot-air baths

Heating or cooling

Control of temperature

Devices for applying needles to such points, i.e. for acupuncture; { Acupuncture needles or accessories therefor}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For specific parts of the body

{Needle tubes}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective casings for instruments for surgery or diagnosis

Packages specially adapted for needles

{Acupuncture needles}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Needles

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

General massage methods without technical means, non patentable per se, are classified here

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional information the orthogonal classification (A61H 2201/00, A61H 2230/85) is used.

Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Classes which are used for refining the preceding scheme

Constructive details
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Classes which are used for specifying the constructive details not defined in the preceding scheme

inflatable
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

inflated cuffs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds for nursing with inflatable chambers

inflatable active exercising devices

modular
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Employing or involving modules in design or construction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Interchangeable interface surface

watertight
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Surface of the interface

used in water
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The patient being immersed in liquid

Support for the device
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anchorage or support for the device during use

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

on a door
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Jamb

frame of the door

on a wall
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Suction cups
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Suction cups for massaging

Suction cups for active exercising devices

Cushion or similar support
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

incorporated in furniture
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Beds
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sofas, Couches, Beds

Beds for nursing

For active exercising

Mattresses
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds for nursing

Seat or chair
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs

For active exercising

Massaging seats for vehicles

hand-held
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The whole device being hand-held, not just the interface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls

Hand-held nozzles

portable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Build to be easily carried or moved

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Handheld or hand-driven device for rubbing or brushing

Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls

Handheld

Wearable interface

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Size reducing arrangements

Size reducing arrangements when not in use, for stowing or transport
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Folding or stowable tables

Foldable chairs

Size reducing for active exercising apparatus

Damping, vibration related features
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shock absorbers for active exercising

Noise reduction
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

by controlling the vibration

Means for preventing injuries
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

By stopping operation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

By limiting the applied torque or force
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

by raising an alarm
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Interface to the user

Illumination related features
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Illumination in bathing devices

Specific means for adjusting dimensions
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

heated or cooled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Heating or cooling for massage purposes, not for a correct functioning of the device

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use

Heaters for hot-air baths

Control of temperature

heated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

warming pads for medical or therapeutic use

For active exercising

Heated bath tubs

cooled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling bags for medical or therapeutic use

For active exercising

Mechanism for heating or cooling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use

Heaters for hot-air baths

Control means

Temperature sensors

Control of temperature

heated by an electric resistance element
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric heating for medical or therapeutic use

Thermistors with Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

PTC non-adjustable resistors

by a fluid circulating in the apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

within the apparatus, not on the user

by direct air flow on the patient's body
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Gas-fluidised or -heated sand baths

Artificial hot-air baths

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

hot or cold fluid for medical or therapeutic use

by a heat accumulator, e.g. a sand or liquid reservoir
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Appliances for sand, mud, or foam baths

using heat exchanger, e.g. between fresh and used fluids
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bathing or washing device with waste-fluid-heat recovery

by chemical reaction
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heat by chemical reaction for medical or therapeutic use

with Peltier elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Air-conditioning devices using Peltier effect

Machines cooling with Peltier effect

Thermo-electric devices using Peltier effect

with microwaves
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Microwaves for heating fluids

with further special therapeutic means e.g. electrotherapy, magneto therapy or radiation therapy, chromo therapy, infra-red or ultraviolet therapy
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Electrotherapy for causing a change in the consciousness

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic use

Heated or cooled

Aromatherapy

Electrotherapy

Electrotherapy combined with active exercising

Magnetotherapy

Radiation therapy

Chromotherapy

Infra-red

Ultraviolet

Radiation by LEDs

Preparations for care of the skin

with aromatherapy
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Aromatherapy

A61M21/00A3

with means for delivering media, e.g. drugs or cosmetics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Appliances specially adapted for applying liquid, e.g. using roller or ball

Respiratory gas
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Respiratory gas for active exercising

Driving means
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Special force transmission means

Physical interface with the patient

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration driving means

with electric or magnetic drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration electric or magnetic driving means

Rotary drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration electric or magnetic rotary driving means

Frequency controlled AC motor
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration driving means powered with frequencies not related to mains frequency

Linear drive
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Unit containing a rotary drive and a conversion system transforming the rotation in a linear movement, e.g. screw-jack

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Movement conversion means separated from the drive unit

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Translation or oscillation resulting from magnetic field

Linear movement of interface

with hydraulic or pneumatic drive
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pneumatic or hydraulic massage

Vibration hydraulic or pneumatic driving means

For active exercising

by piston-cylinder systems
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulic piston-cylinder for active exercising

Pneumatic piston-cylinder for active exercising

driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Handheld or hand-driven device for rubbing or brushing

Handheld suction-kneading massage, power driven

Bladders inflated by user's body movement

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls, power driven

Handheld massage by means of rollers, balls

Handheld

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand percussion

combined with active exercising of the patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for passive exercising which can be used also for active exercising

Passive exercise driven by movement of healthy limbs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media48.png
US2011224585

by the other leg or arm
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media49.png
US2008312053

using own weight
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Bladders inflated by user's body movement

Using own weight for active exercising

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Traction table

Patient hanging

Therapy performed on humans by animals
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. Fishes, shells, etc for skin treatment or horse-saddle with massage effect for a rider

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Therapy specially adapted for being performed on animals

Special force transmission means, i.e. between the driving means and the interface with the user
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Driving means

Physical interface with the patient

Hydraulic or pneumatic means
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulic or pneumatic transmission means for active exercising

Cam
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cam shaped pulleys transmission means for active exercising

Wobbling plate
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media50.png
EP1000600

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

media51.png
US3678924

Wobbling movement of interface

Special crank assembly
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific applications of crank assemblies for massage and therapy devices

Overrunning clutches; One-way clutches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Special bearing arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. bearings on both sides of a rotating unbalanced mass for stabilizing the structure

media52.png
DE1928876

Special speed variation means, i.e. speed reducer
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific applications for massage and therapy devices

Planetary gearing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media53.png
US2003125754s

Special movement conversion means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific applications for massage and therapy devices

rotation-linear or vice-versa
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Single unit containing a itself rotary drive and a conversion system transforming the rotation in a linear movement

Physical interface with patient
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Interfaces implying an exchange of forces with the user

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Driving means

Special force transmission means

Electronic interface with the user

A61H201/50F

kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific features of the interface with the patient

Special rules of classification within this group

Part of the body to be treated to be classified in A61H 2205/00

Head
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with support for the head

Beds, sofas or the like with support for the head

Devices for treating head

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the head for active exercising

Neck
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for treating the neck

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the neck for active exercising

Shoulder, e.g. for neck stretching
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for treating the shoulders

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the shoulders for active exercising

Thorax
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for treating the thorax

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the chest/back for active exercising

Back
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with support for the back

Devices for treating the back

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the back for active exercising

Pelvis
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also waist

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for treating the crotch

Devices for treating the buttocks

Devices for treating the genitals

Devices for treating the hip

holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the waist for active exercising

Seat (A61H 2201/0149 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Benches for active exercising

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs

Hand or arm, e.g. handle (hand-held, A61H 2201/0153; fore-arm support, A61H 2003/006)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

also handrails

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with support for the arms

Beds, sofas or the like with support for the arms

Devices for treating the arms

Devices for treating the hands

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the upper limb for active exercising

Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

all parts of leg, e.g. knee

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with support for the legs or feet

Stand alone support for the legs or feet

Beds, sofas or the like with support for the legs

Devices for treating the legs

Holding means therefor
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

holding means for the lower limbs for active exercising

contoured to fit the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

the anatomy of a particular individual
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of patient

Wearable interfaces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

interface to be worn and portable or attachable to a massaging or exercising device, i.e. a vest or a armband which can be used alone or attached to a machine and enables at least small movements of the user respect to the machine (NOT a band attached to a device and used for fixing a user to the device)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable

holding means for body specific parts

Harness
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

A set of straps enabling the application of a force in at least one direction to a person carrying it without sliding-off, alone or within a garment

US7993248

media54.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Body harness

Layer between the skin and massage elements, e.g. fluid or ball
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

To be used for all kind of massages, when a layer is used between the user and the massage elements, e.g. for protecting, for keeping dry, for distributing the force on the skin.

Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Movement of the part of the device which is contact with the patient

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Electronic interface with the user

A61H201/50F

Free spatial automatic movement of interface within a working area, e.g. Robot
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Three-dimensional movement freely programmable according to the needs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Free movement of interface for active exercising

Wobbling interface e.g. Stewart platform or Hexapod (nutating movement, A61H 2001/0207)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media55.png
US3678924

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Nutating movement

Wobbling plate as transmission means

linear
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

knee and hip moved by translation

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Linear drive

multidimensional
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Free spatial automatic movement of interface

A61H201/16B2

moving along the body in a reciprocating manner
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Physical interface contoured to fit the user

Reciprocating interface for active exercising

rotational
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stretching or bending by rotating cycling movement

Massage by means of rollers, balls

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rotary drive

A61H201/12A2

Rotating interface for active exercising

Multidimensional rotation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Multiple axis of rotation

Pivoting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pivoting interface for active exercising

Means for angularly oscillating massage elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control means

not moving
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active exercising device not moving during use

Surface of interface
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Movement of interface

interchangeable (modular devices, A61H 2201/0107)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Modular

disposable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. disposable covers for the interface, to treat different users

Physical characteristics of the surface, e.g. material, relief, texture or indicia
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Surface characteristics of the treading belt of a treadmill

Enhanced rubbing effect
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. texture

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rubbing or brushing massages

Breathability of the material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Breathability of garments

Breathable absorbent pads

Control means thereof
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Means for controlling a set of similar massage devices acting in sequence at different locations on a patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Intermittent or alternatively inflated bladders or cuffs

for controlling frequency distribution, modulation or interference of a driving signal
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Frequency controlled AC motor

computer controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Free spatial automatic movement of interface

connected to external computer devices or networks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wireless

With means for remote communication for active exercising

Wireless for active exercising

Maintenance, remote assistance for active exercising

A63B230/R

using the internet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With means for remote communication for active exercising

using specific interfaces or standards, e.g. USB, serial, parallel
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With means for remote communication for active exercising

Coin operated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coin operated active exercising devices

Card operated, e.g. pre-paid card, credit card or ID card
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins

Interfaces to the user
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Control interfaces

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Physical interface with the user

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Local control for medical informatics, e.g. GUI

Activation means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Control activation means

Contact activation, i.e. activated at contact with a surface of the user to be treated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Limit switches

Contact switches for active exercise

Inertia activation, i.e. activated by movement
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Switches operated by change of acceleration

having a fixed single program
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Basic devices having a controlling unit provided with a single program of use

Several programs selectable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices having a controlling unit provided with several programs of use

freely programmable by the user
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices having a contrtolling unit programmable by the patient or the therapist

control is restricted to certain individuals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for preventing injuries

Displays
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

For active exercising

Touch screens
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control panel with display for surgical instruments

A61B17/00C5

Touch screens for games

Audio interfaces, e.g. voice or music controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Speech recognition

hydraulically controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Computer controlled

A61H201/50C

mechanically controlled
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Computer controlled

A61H201/50C

pneumatically controlled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also specific pneumatic valves, e.g. mechanically rotated pneumatic valves for distributing air

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Computer controlled

A61H201/50C

Sensors or detectors
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For the control means

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Sensors for the physical parameters of the user

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangement of sensor for diagnostic

Force sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Position sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Limit switches
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Relative position sensors for active exercising

Angle sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Angular position sensor for active exercising

Angular speed sensor for active exercising

Angular acceleration sensor for active exercising

Pressure sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

using electric pressure transducers with proportional output
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sensors for measuring force related parameters by electric or magnetic means, for active exercising

Frequency sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Velocity sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Temperature sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Acceleration sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Flow rate sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hydraulic massage

Hydraulic or pneumatic drive

Gas sensors, e.g. for oxygen or CO2
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pneumatic massage

Hydraulic or pneumatic drive

Optical sensor
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

with patient markers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Image processing for measuring for active exercising

Sensors on the body of the user for active exercising

wireless
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bathing or washing devices using remote control signals

With means for remote communication for active exercising

Wireless for active exercising

Maintenance, remote assistance for active exercising

A63B230/R

Additional characteristics concerning the patient
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Classes which are used for specifying the details concerning the patient not defined in the preceding scheme

immersed in liquid
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Body floating supports for relaxation in water

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Device used in water

A61H201/01E

Device used in water for active exercising

user immersed in water for active exercising

especially adapted for animals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/14

Position of the patient
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02

Standing on the feet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02B

Kneeling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02C

Squatting, i.e. sitting on the heels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02D

Sitting on the buttocks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02E

in 90°/90°-position, like on a chair
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02E2

with stretched legs, like in a bed
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

substantially horizontal
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02F

with legs in a kneeled 90°/90°-position
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02F1

Supine
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02F2

with legs stretched and hips in 90°-position
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Torso being substantially horizontal and the legs being perpendicular to the torso

Prone
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02F4

on the side
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02F6

Hanging
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02L

upright
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

for active exercising

A63B208/02L2

by hanging the patient upside down or inclined downwardly
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drawing-out devices

Devices for specific parts of the body (A61H 1/02, A61H 13/00, A61H 19/00, A61H 21/00, A61H 35/00 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Stretching or bending specific body parts

Gum massage

Massage of the genitals

Massage devices for cavities of the body (nose, ears, anus)

Bath for specific body parts

Special rules of classification within this group

Part of the body interfaced with the device to be classified in A61H 2201/1602

Head
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bath therefore

Support for the head

A61H201/16A2

Scalp
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head

A61H201/16A2

Preparations for care of the skin

Face
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head

A61H201/16A2

Nose
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bath therefore

Support for the head

A61H201/16A2

Eyes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bath therefore

Support for the head

A61H201/16A2

Forehead
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head

A61H201/16A2

Mandible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head

Ears
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head

Temples
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head

neck
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the neck

Arms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the arm or hand

Shoulders
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the shoulders

Hands
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the arm or hand

Fingers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the arm or hand

Trunk
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the thorax

A61H201/16A8

Back
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the back

Breasts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bath therefore

Support for the thorax

A61H201/16A8

Abdomen
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the thorax

A61H201/16A8

Chest
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the thorax

A61H201/16A8

Crotch
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the pelvis

Buttocks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the pelvis

Genitals
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Massage for the genitals

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the pelvis

Hip
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the pelvis

Leg
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the feet or leg

Knee
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the feet or leg

Patella
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the feet or leg

for the lower legs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the feet or leg

for the upper legs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the feet or leg

Feet
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bath therefore

Support for the feet or leg

Foot reflex zones
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for locating or stimulating specific reflex points

Support for the feet or leg

Anti-cellulite devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Specific parts of the body to be treated

Devices for avoiding blood stagnation, e.g. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active exercises therefore

Flowcharts

media56.png

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media58.png

Measuring physical parameters of the user
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Heartbeat characteristics, e.g. E.G.C., blood pressure modulation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring blood flow parameters

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Heartbeat rate
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring pulse rate or heart rate

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Other bio-electrical signals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Electroencephalographic signals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Blood composition characteristics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Glucose
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

partial CO2-value
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

partial O2-value
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Blood flowrate, e.g. by Doppler effect
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring blood flow

Measuring blood composition for active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring blood composition for active exercising

Blood pressure (A61H 2230/04 takes precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring blood pressures

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus (A61H 2230/045 takes precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Respiratory characteristics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Rate
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Temperature
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Muscle strain, i.e. measured on the user, e.g. Electromyography (EMG)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

muscle activity

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Posture
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Impedance, e.g. skin conductivity, capacitance
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Body fat
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Weight
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For active exercising

Height, e.g. length
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user

Contour of the body
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user

Contoured to fit the user

used as a control parameter for the apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Setting of device automatically adjusted according to anthropometric data of the user

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013