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BRUSHES (handles not integral with brushware B25G)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus with brushes in general

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Subclass A45D covers hairdressing or shaving equipment; manicuring or other cosmetic treatmen

Subclass A47L covers domestic washing or cleaning; suction cleaner in general

Subclass A61C covers oral or dental hygiene

Subclass A61H covers physical therapy apparatus e.g. skin or gum massage

Subclass B05C covers apparatus for applying liquids to surfaces in general

Subclass B05D covers process for applying liquids to surfaces in general

Subclass B08B covers cleaning in general or prevention of fouling in general

Subclass B24B covers machine and process for grinding or polishing

Subclass B25G covers handles for hand implements

Subclass B43K covers writing implements e.g. pen or pencil

Subclass B44D covers artistic painting

Subclass B60S covers cleaning of vehicles

Subclass E01H covers street cleaning

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Body washing implements
Handle constructions
Attaching handles to the implements
Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles
Street cleaning
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Handles for hand implements
Special rules of classification within this group

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in A46B

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Tuft
a group of bristles
Brush bodies and bristles moulded as a unit
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The brush body or brush carrier and the bristles are moulded in one piece

EP0474934

Brushes characterised by the way in which the bristles are fixed or joined in or on the brush body or carrier (machines or appliances therefor A46D)
by mouldable materials, e.g. metals, cellulose derivatives, plastics (A46B 1/00 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bristles and carrier or body moulded in one piece
by welding together bristles made of metal wires or plastic materials
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines for fusing or gluing bristle to body
specially adapted for paint-brushes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes used for painting
A46B20/20A
specially adapted for street-cleaning or rail-cleaning brooms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes for street cleaning
A46B20/30G
Street cleaning apparatus with brush
rubber bristles being fixed in or on brush bodies
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bristles and body moulded in on piece
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bristle material
Brush material not made of bristles
A46B9/04EA
Mixed Bristles
Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bristles carrier
Attaching handles to implements
[N: Brushes with elastically deformable heads that change shape during use]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brushing action causing brush movements
A46B13/08A
[N: folding or collapsible (A46B 7/023 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bristle carrier retracts or collapse
[N: being flexibly resilient during use]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brush head being articulated with the handle during use.

[N: being adjustable and stable during use]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brush head fixed in one position relative to the handle during use.

[N: Removable or interchangeable brush heads]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Interchangeably bristle carrier
specially shaped for holding by the hand
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Handle shape facilitating handling
Gripping portion for writing implement
Bristle carriers arranged in the brush body
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brushes for which the bristles are not directly joined/attached to the brush body but through an intermediate bristle carrier.

in an expanding or articulating manner
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brush body with joints
[N: where the bristle carrier retracts or collapses, i.e. for storage]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Folding or collapsing brush body
interchangeably
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Removable brush head
[N: Sliding connections for bristle carrier]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Folding collapsing body
Articulated bristle carrier
Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fixation of the bristle in the body or carrier
Powered brushes with cylindrical, annular or disk shape
Bristle form or shape itself
[N: for cosmetics brushes, e.g. mascara, nail polish, eye shadow]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes characterized by their function, i.e. cosmetic brushes
A46B20/10F
for toothbrushes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes characterized by their function, i.e. toothbrushes
A46B20/10G
[N: where the brushing material is not made of bristles, e.g. sponge, rubber, paper or Velcro]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bristle material
Fixation of rubber bristles on body
Bristles surrounded with an other material
Arrangement of mixed bristles or tufts of bristles, e.g. wire, fibre, rubber
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brushes characterized by their function, i.e. cosmetic brushes
A46B20/10F
Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water (driven brush bodies A46B 13/00; [N: massage apparatus with liquid delivery A61H 7/00]; applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces by liquid carrying members in general, e.g. by pads B05C 1/00, B05D 1/28)
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Subclass B05C covers apparatus for applying liquids to a surface in general.

Subclass A61M covers device for introducing medical product onto the human body.

Subclass B05B covers spraying apparatus in general

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Driven brush bodies
Massage apparatus with liquid delivery
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cosmetic container with brush applicator
Cleaning devices with liquid supply arrangements
Applying liquids to surfaces by liquid carrying members in general, e.g. by pads
Container with brush applicator
[N: Flexible reservoirs, e.g. resilient bulbs, compressible tubes]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device for squeezing flexible tubes
connected to supply pipe [N: or to other external supply means (A46B 11/0003 and A46B 11/0006 take precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brush with a single dose substance
Specially adapted to feed bristles upper surface
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Implement for cleaning floors or furniture connected to the water supply
A46L13/23
Domestic water supply line with means to add soap, disinfectant
Brushes with driven brush bodies [N: or carriers] (power-driven toothbrushes A61C 17/16)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines for cleaning floors, carpet furniture, walls or wall coverings
Power driven tooth cleaning device
[N: Cylindrical or annular brush bodies]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Street cleaning devices
[N: Disc-shaped brush bodies]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The bristle carrier or body forms a disk and the bristles are positioned on a face of said disk.

Power-driven [N: carriers]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Manually actuated mechanism for generating the movement of the brush
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Power driven toothbrush
with reservoir or other means for supplying substances
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brush with reservoir
with brush driven by the supplied medium
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bathing device water-flow operated
hand-driven
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Simple flexion or deformation of the brush head
Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
[N: With an electric means]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Powered brushes
Electric toothbrushes
[N: With protrusion for polishing teeth]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brush for polishing
A46B20/30N
[N: With a lighting means e.g. laser, bulb (A46B 15/0034 takes precedence ]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brush with a radiation source
[N: Brushes fitted with ventilation suction e.g. for removing dust (vacuum cleaner A47L 7/00 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Structural features of vacuum cleaners
Vacuum cleaners adapted for additional purposes
Details or accessories of vacuum cleaners
[N: Brushes fitted with inter-dental devices e.g. toothpick (A46B 2200/108 takes precedence) ]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Inter-dental brushes
A46B20/10G4
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Additional brush head
[N: Toothbrushes with flossing arrangements (A61C 15/04 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Flossing tools
[N: Container e.g. bag or box with a collection of various devices]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For exemple a kit with a brush and other products in a bag.

[N: Magazins or sets of brushes components, plurality of brushes linked as a package]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For exemple a blister or package containing two or more brushes.

[N: Self supporting e.g. brushes that stand upright or in other particular ways ]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Storing of cleaning tools
Accessories for brushes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for toilet tables (bathroom)
Devices for holding brushes in use
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Toothbrush holders
Paintbrush holders
Protective covers for the bristles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Closure for brush with reservoir
A46B11/10C6
Other accessories, e.g. scrapers, rubber buffers for preventing damage to furniture
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brush combined with other articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Implement for cleaning floors, furniture, walls
Brushes characterized by their functions, uses or applications
Disposable brush (A46B 11/0003, A46B 5/0004 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brush containing a single dose substance
Additional brush head
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Removable bristle carrier
For human or animal care
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Body washing cleaning equipment
Brush specifically designed for massaging the skin or scalp (A46B 2200/1026 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brushes where the principal function is massage.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Subclass A67H covers physical therapy apparatus e.g. skin or gum massage

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Additional massage device
Gum massage
A46B20/10C
Brush for applying or spreading shaving foam or soap
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Shaving accessories
Hair brush (bristles arrangements for hair brushes A46B 9/023 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hair drying accessories
Brush used for applying cosmetics (bristles arrangements for cosmetic brushes A46B 9/021 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cosmetic applicators where the brush aspect is important

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Subclass A45D covers cosmetic applicators in general

Toothbrush for cleaning the teeth or denture (A61C 17/16 takes precedence; bristles arrangements for toothbrushes A46B 9/04 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Power driven toothbrushes
Denture toothbrush, i.e. used for dentures specifically
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cleaning device for prostheses removed from oral cavity
Inter-dental toothbrush, i.e. for cleaning interdental spaces specifically
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brushes where inter-dental cleaning is principal function

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Additional inter-dental device
Toothbrush for cleaning animal teeth specifically
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Instruments for treating animals' teeth
Brushes for applying products to surfaces in general (A46B 2200/10 takes precedence)
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Subclass B05C covers apparatus for applying liquids to surfaces in general

Subclass B43K covers writing implements e.g. pen or pencil

Brushes for cleaning or polishing
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Subclass A47L covers domestic washing or cleaning; suction cleaner in general.

Subclass B08B covers cleaning in general or prevention of fouling in general.

Subclass E01H covers street cleaning.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Body washing implements
Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles
Other application
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brush where the brushing function is not the principal purpose

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013