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COCOA; COCOA PRODUCTS, e.g. CHOCOLATE; SUBSTITUTES FOR COCOA OR COCOA PRODUCTS; CONFECTIONERY; CHEWING GUM; ICE-CREAM; PREPARATION THEREOF
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Confectionery products, chocolate, cocoa products, chewing gums, ice creams and frozen confections. Processes of preparation, Decorating sweetmeats including cakes and apparatus adapted for manufacture of these products.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Bakery or pastry products, cookies, biscuit (A21D), other cereal products (e.g. granola bars: A23L or A21D), non-frozen dairy products (A23C), fruits products (A23B, A23L), sugars or sweeteners per se. (A23L 1/236, C07H), sugar industry (C13B), other saccharides (C13K)

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bakery or pastry products, cookies, biscuits
Cereal products, granola bars
Puddings, dry powder puddings
Snack fruit products
Edible, soluble films
Sweetening agents
Dairy products, yogurt
Sugars, derivatives thereof
Polysaccharides
Sugar industry
Other saccharides
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fat, oil compositions
Marmelade, jams, Jellies, simulated fruit products
Honey
Chewing tobacco
Cigarette substitute
Kitchen equipmentIce cream scoops
Preparation for medical, dental or toilet purposes
Medical chewing gums
Pills, tablets
Medical dragees, coated pills or tablets, coating process
Medical preparation in capsules of chocolate
Preparations for care of the teeth
Ice cream packages
Refrigeration machines, cooling freezing
Drying
Special rules of classification within this subclass

In this subclass, subject matter which cannot be completely classified in a single one of the main groups should be classified in each relevant main group.

The main group A23G 3/00 takes precedence over A23G 1/00 and A23G 9/00.

Special processing steps not included in main groups A23G 1/00 ad A23G 9/00 are classified in the appropriate subgroup of A23G 3/00.

The classification symbols of groups:

A23G 1/305, A23G 1/56, A23G 3/343, A23G 3/346, A23G 4/062, A23G 9/322 and A23G 9/52 can be used in combination with Indexing Codes A23G. Only one symbol is added after the classification symbol. If necessary, the classification symbol with a different additional symbol is repeated e.g. A23G 1/56, A23G 2200/02

The additional symbols give further information concerning structure, composition or form.

A23V 2002/00 Indexing Code system should be used as much as possible in combination with the subgroups A23G 1/30, A23G 3/34, A23G 4/06 and A23G 9/32 and lower.

Cocoa; Cocoa products, e.g. chocolate; Substitutes therefor (kitchen equipment for cocoa preparation A47J, e.g. apparatus for making beverages A47J 31/00)
[N: Products for covering, coating, finishing, decorating]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

coating compositions, edible inks

characterised by the fats used (containing dairy products A23G 1/46)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

structure, composition or amount of fatty component

characterised by the carbohydrates used, e.g. polysaccharides (containing dairy products A23G 1/46)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • carbohydrates used in the cocoa products, e.g. polysaccharides;
  • artificial sweetening agents used in the cocoa products (dipeptide sweeteners A23G 1/44)
[N: containing vitamins, antibiotics]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

vitamins, antibiotics, other medicinal or pharmaceutical products contained in the cocoa products, A23G 1/48 takes precedence

containing peptides or proteins (containing dairy products A23G 1/46)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

peptides, proteins or amino acids contained in the cocoa products

Composite products, e.g. layered [N: laminated], coated, filled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • composites products, e.g. layered, laminated, coated, filled;
  • microstructures e.g. encapsulated additives
making liquid products, e.g. for making chocolate milk [N: drinks and the products for their preparation, pastes for spreading, milk crumb, (A23G 1/305 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • intermediate products, e.g. special fat for chocolate, milk crumb, chocolate powder.
  • Chocolate drinks in powder or liquid form
[N: Processes of manufacture not relating to composition and compounding ingredients]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

processes and method steps for manufacturing confectionery products

Special rules of classification within this group

When description of mechanical elements or structures (apparatus) is present, a double classification in the corresponding subgroups of A23G 3/02 is necessary.

Apparatus specially adapted for manufacture or treatment of sweetmeats or confectionery; Accessories therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus and accessories, e.g mixing elements, extrusion screw, moulds, control systems, manual handled equipment like piping bags for manufacture or treatment of confectionery products.

Special rules of classification within this group

When description of the obtained product, process or method steps is present, a double classification in the corresponding subgroups of A23G 3/0002 is necessary.

[N: Products for covering, coating, finishing, decorating]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

coating compositions, edible inks

[N: Finished or semi-finished products in the form of powders, paste or liquids (A23G 3/343 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Intermediate products, e.g. special fat for confectionery products, special carbohydrates and products in powder form to be finished with a liquid.
  • Products in liquid form.
[N: containing vitamins, antibiotics]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

vitamins, antibiotics, other medicinal or pharmaceutical products contained in the sweetmeats, A23G 3/48 takes precedence

characterised by the fats used (containing dairy products A23G 3/46)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

nature, structure, composition or amount of fatty component

characterised by the carbohydrates used, e.g. polysaccharides (containing dairy products A23G 3/46)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

carbohydrates used in the sweetmeats, e.g. polysaccharides;

  • artificial sweetening agents used in the sweetmeats, (dipeptide sweeteners A23G 3/44), (A23G 3/38 takes precedence)
containing peptides or proteins (containing dairy products A23G 3/46)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

peptides, proteins, amino acids contained in the sweetmeats

Composite products, e.g. layered, coated, filled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • composites products, e.g. layered, coated , filled
  • microstructures e.g. encapsulated additives
Apparatus specially adapted for manufacture or treatment of chewing gum
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

apparatus or method of manufacture

[N: Products for covering, coating, finishing, decorating]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

coating compositions, edible inks, rolling compounds

[N: characterised by the fat used]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

nature, structure, composition or amount of fatty component

characterised by the carbohydrates used, e.g. polysaccharides (containing dairy products A23G 4/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Carbohydrates used in chewing gum, e.g. polysaccharides,
  • artificial sweetening agents used in chewing gum, (dipeptide sweeteners A23G 4/14)
[N: containing vitamins, antibiotics]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

vitamins, antibiotics, other medicinal or pharmaceutical products contained in chewing gum, A23G 4/068 takes precedence.

containing peptides or proteins (containing dairy products A23G 4/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

peptides, proteins, amino acids contained in chewing gum

Composite products, e.g. centre-filled, [N: multi-layer, laminated]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • composites products, e.g. layered, coated , filled
  • microstructures e.g. encapsulated additives
[N: Products for covering, coating, finishing, decorating]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

coating compositions, edible inks

[N: characterised by the fatty product used, e.g. fat, fatty acid, fatty alcohol, their esters, lecithin, glycerides (butter, dairy cream or milkfat A23G 9/40)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

nature, structure, composition or amount of fatty component

characterised by carbohydrates used, e.g. polysaccharides (characterised by the dairy products used A23G 9/40)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • carbohydrates used in frozen sweets, e.g. polysaccharides
  • artificial sweetening agents used in frozen sweets (dipeptide sweeteners A23G 9/38)
[N: containing vitamins, antibiotics]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

vitamins, antibiotics, medicinal or pharmaceutical products contained in frozen sweets, A23G 9/42 takes precedence.

containing peptides or proteins (characterised by the dairy products used A23G 9/40)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

peptides, proteins, amino acids contained in frozen sweets

Composite products, e.g. layered, [N: laminated], coated, filled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • composite products, e.g. layered, laminated, coated, filled
  • microstructures e.g. encapsulated additives
Liquid products; Solid products in the form of powders, flakes or granules for making liquid products; [N: Finished or semi-finished solid products, frozen granules]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

premix for ice cream, intermediate product for ice cream or frozen dessert preparation

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
ice cream
any edible frozen or congealed semi-liquid or pasty substance, e.g. slush ice
slush ice
semi-frozen beverage, granité
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013