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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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BRUSHES (handles not integral with brushware B25G)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the classification scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following groups:

A46B11/02 covered by A46B 11/00 or A46B 11/0017 or A46B 11/0017 or A46B 11/002
A46B11/04 covered by A46B 11/00 or A46B 11/0013

Brush bodies and bristles moulded as a unit
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A46B 3/00
Brushes characterised by the way in which the bristles are fixed or joined in or on the brush body or carrier (machines or appliances therefor A46D)
A46B 3/005
.
{
Bristle carriers and bristles moulded as a unit (A46B 1/00 takes precedence)
}
A46B 3/02
.
by pitch, resin, cement, or other adhesives
.
by mouldable materials, e.g. metals, cellulose derivatives, plastics (A46B 1/00 takes precedence)
.
by welding together bristles made of metal wires or plastic materials
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A46B 3/08
.
by clamping
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A46B 3/10
. .
into rings or the like
. . .
specially adapted for paint-brushes
. . .
specially adapted for street-cleaning or rail-cleaning brooms
A46B 3/16
.
by wires or other anchoring means, specially for U-shaped bristle tufts
A46B 3/18
.
the bristles being fixed on or between belts or wires
A46B 3/20
.
the bristles being fixed or joined in rubber bodies, e.g. in soft rubber
.
rubber bristles being fixed in or on brush bodies
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Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
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A46B 5/0004
.
{
Additional brush head
}
A46B 5/0008
. .
{
Brushes with two or more heads on the same end of a handle not intended for simultaneous use
}
A46B 5/0012
. .
{
Brushes with two or more heads on the same end of a handle for simultaneous use, e.g. cooperating with each-other
}
A46B 5/0016
. .
{
Brushes with heads on opposite sides or ends of a handle not intended for simultaneous use
}
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A46B 5/002
.
{
having articulations, joints or flexible portions
}
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. .
{
Brushes with elastically deformable heads that change shape during use
}
A46B 5/0029
. . .
{
Head made of soft plastics, rubber or rubber inserts in plastics matrix
}
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. .
{
bending or stretching or collapsing (A46B 7/023 takes precedence)
}
A46B 5/0037
. . .
{
Flexible resilience by plastic deformation of the material
}
A46B 5/0041
. . .
{
Mechanical joint or hinge, made up of several components
}
A46B 5/0045
. . .
{
Brushes articulated with more than one hinge
}
A46B 5/005
. . .
{
Brushes with a telescopic or similarly moveable portion
}
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A46B 5/0054
. .
{
designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body
}
A46B 5/0058
. . .
{
Mechanical joint or hinge made up of several components
}
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. . .
{
being flexible or resilient during use
}
A46B 5/0066
. . . .
{
Flexible resilience by elastic deformation of the material
}
A46B 5/007
. . . .
{
Inserts made of different material e.g. springs, plates
}
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. . .
{
being adjustable and stable during use
}
A46B 5/0079
. . . .
{
Adjustable and stable shaft or handle, e.g. generally in one piece
}
A46B 5/0083
. . . .
{
Mechanical joint allowing adjustment in at least one plane
}
A46B 5/0087
. . . .
{
Mechanical joint featuring a ball and socket
}
A46B 5/0091
. . .
{
promoting relative motion during use (bristle carriers moving during use A46B 7/06; driven brush bodies A46B 13/00)
}
.
{
Removable or interchangeable brush heads
}
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.
specially shaped for holding by the hand
A46B 5/021
. .
{
Grips or handles specially adapted to conform to the hand
}
A46B 5/023
. .
{
Grips or handles specially adapted for children
}
A46B 5/025
. .
{
Grips or handles specially adapted for handicapped persons
}
A46B 5/026
. .
{
Grips or handles having a nonslip section
}
A46B 5/028
. .
{
Handles featuring an adjustable thumbrest
}
A46B 5/04
.
shaped as gloves or finger-stalls
{
or other special holding ways e.g. by the tongue
}
A46B 5/06
.
in the form of tapes, chains, flexible shafts, springs,
{
mats
}
or the like
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Bristle carriers arranged in the brush body
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.
in an expanding or articulating manner
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. .
{
where the bristle carrier retracts or collapses, i.e. for storage
}
A46B 7/026
. . .
{
where the bristle carrier collapses
}
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.
interchangeably
{
removable bristle carriers
}
A46B 7/042
. .
{
Clip or snap connection for bristle carriers
}
. .
{
Sliding connections for bristle carriers
}
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A46B 7/046
. .
{
Threaded or screw connections for bristle carriers
}
A46B 7/048
. . .
{
Lock screw to secure carriers
}
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A46B 7/06
.
movably during use,
{
i.e. the normal brushing action causing movement (driven brush bodies A46B 13/00)
}
A46B 7/08
. .
as a rotating disc
A46B 7/10
. .
as a rotating cylinder
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Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body
.
{
where the brushing material is not made of bristles, e.g. sponge, rubber or paper
}
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A46B 9/02
.
Position or arrangement of bristles in relation to surface of the brush body, e.g. inclined, in rows, in groups
. .
{
arranged like in cosmetics brushes, e.g. mascara, nail polish, eye shadow
}
A46B 9/023
. .
{
arranged like in hair brushes, e.g. hair treatment, dyeing, streaking
}
A46B 9/025
. .
{
the bristles or the tufts being arranged in an angled position relative to each other
}
A46B 9/026
. .
{
where the surface of the brush body or carrier is not in one plane, e.g. not flat (A46B 9/005 takes precedence)
}
A46B 9/028
. .
{
Bristle profile, the end of the bristle defining a surface other than a single plane or deviating from a simple geometric form, e.g. cylinder, sphere or cone
}
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. .
{
Arranged like in or
}
for toothbrushes
A46B 9/045
. . .
{
specially adapted for cleaning a plurality of tooth surfaces simultaneously
}
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.
Arrangement of mixed bristles or tufts of bristles, e.g. wire, fibre, rubber
A46B 9/065
. .
{
the bristles or the tufts being embedded in a different brushing material
}
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A46B 9/08
.
Supports or guides for bristles
A46B 9/10
. .
Adjustable supports
A46B 9/12
. .
Non-adjustable supports
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Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water (driven brush bodies A46B 13/00;
{
massage apparatus with liquid delivery A61H 7/002, A61H 2201/105
}
; applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces by liquid carrying members in general, e.g. by pads B05C 1/00, B05D 1/28)
A46B 11/0003
.
{
containing only one dose of substance, e.g. single-use toothbrushes
}
A46B 11/0006
.
{
specially adapted to feed the bristle upper surface
}
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A46B 11/001
.
{
with integral reservoirs (A46B 11/0003, A46B 11/0006 take precedence)
}
A46B 11/0013
. .
{
dispensing by gravity or by shaking
}
A46B 11/0017
. .
{
with pre-pressurised reservoirs, e.g. aerosols
}
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A46B 11/002
. .
{
pressurised at moment of use manually or by powered means
}
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A46B 11/0024
. . .
{
with a permanently displaceable pressurising member that remain in position unless actuated, e.g. lead-screw or ratchet mechanisms, toothpaste tube twisting or rolling devices
}
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A46B 11/0027
. . . .
{
Lead-screw mechanisms
}
A46B 11/0031
. . . . .
{
Means for influencing rotation of the knob, e.g. ratchet, click mechanisms, one way clutches
}
A46B 11/0034
. . . .
{
Means comprising a rachet mechanism or equivalent for advancing the piston stepwise
}
A46B 11/0037
. . . .
{
A piston or plunger advanced by direct pushing along the side of brush handle
}
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. . .
{
Flexible or deformable reservoirs, e.g. resilient bulbs, compressible tubes
}
A46B 11/0044
. . . .
{
where a tube is rolled up transverse to long axis
}
A46B 11/0048
. . . .
{
where a tube is twisted along length
}
A46B 11/0051
. . . .
{
Peristaltic pump
}
A46B 11/0055
. . .
{
with a reciprocating piston or plunger acting as the pressurising means
}
A46B 11/0058
. . .
{
with a metered dosage
}
A46B 11/0062
. .
{
Brushes where the reservoir is specifically intended for being refilled when empty
}
A46B 11/0065
. .
{
Brushes where the reservoir is specifically intended for being replaced when empty
}
A46B 11/0068
. .
{
Brushes where the reservoir is specifically intended for solid substance that dissolves gradually
}
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A46B 11/0072
.
{
Details
}
A46B 11/0075
. .
{
Means integral with the brush for opening, puncturing or piercing sealed reservoirs, e.g. on insertion
}
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A46B 11/0079
. .
{
Arrangements for preventing undesired leakage or dispensing
}
A46B 11/0082
. . .
{
Means for closing, sealing or controlling the flow using capillary action
}
A46B 11/0086
. . .
{
Means for closing or sealing, e.g. toothpaste outlet when brush not in use thereby preventing leakage or drying out
}
A46B 11/0089
. . .
{
Caps or covers for bristles
}
A46B 11/0093
. .
{
Arrangements for catching drips or overflow
}
A46B 11/0096
. .
{
Indication of the level of the remaining fluid, e.g. through transparent walls
}
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.
connected to supply pipe
{
or to other external supply means (A46B 11/0003 and A46B 11/0006 take precedence)
}
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A46B 11/063
. .
{
by means of a supply pipe
}
A46B 11/066
. . .
{
with means for introducing an additive, e.g. soap
}
A46B 11/08
.
with heating means
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Brushes with driven brush bodies
{
or carriers
}
(power-driven toothbrushes A61C 17/16)
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.
{
Cylindrical or annular brush bodies
}
A46B 13/003
. .
{
made up of a series of annular brush rings; Annular brush rings therefor
}
A46B 13/005
. .
{
made up of a series of longitudinal strips or segments
}
A46B 13/006
. .
{
formed by winding a strip tuft in a helice about the body
}
.
{
Disc-shaped brush bodies
}
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.
Power-driven
{
carriers
}
A46B 13/023
. .
{
with means for inducing vibration to the bristles
}
A46B 13/026
. .
{
Brushes which automatically reverse direction of rotation, e.g. using gravity switches
}
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. .
with reservoir or other means for supplying substances
. . .
with brush driven by the supplied medium
.
hand-driven
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A46B 15/00
Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
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A46B 15/0002
.
{
Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
}
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A46B 15/0004
. .
{
with a controlling means
}
A46B 15/0006
. . .
{
with a controlling brush technique device, e.g. stroke movement measuring device
}
A46B 15/0008
. . .
{
with means for controlling duration, e.g. time of brushing
}
A46B 15/001
. . .
{
with means indicating the remaining useful life of brush
}
A46B 15/0012
. . .
{
with a pressure controlling device
}
A46B 15/0014
. . .
{
with a controlling temperature device
}
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A46B 15/0016
. .
{
with enhancing means
}
A46B 15/0018
. . .
{
with antistatic properties
}
A46B 15/002
. . .
{
with a means for removing or creating static electricity
}
. . .
{
with an electrical means
}
A46B 15/0024
. . .
{
with means generating ions
}
A46B 15/0026
. . .
{
with a magnetic means
}
A46B 15/0028
. . .
{
with an acoustic means
}
A46B 15/003
. . .
{
Enhancing with heat
}
. . .
{
with protrusion for polishing teeth
}
A46B 15/0034
. . .
{
with a source of radiation, e.g. UV, IR, LASER, X-ray for irradiating the teeth and associated surfaces
}
. . .
{
with a lighting means, e.g. laser, bulb (A46B 15/0034 takes precedence)
}
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A46B 15/0038
. .
{
with signaling means
}
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A46B 15/004
. . .
{
with an acoustic signaling means, e.g. noise
}
A46B 15/0042
. . . .
{
with musical signaling means
}
A46B 15/0044
. . .
{
with light signaling means (A46B 15/0034, A46B 15/0036 takes precedence)
}
A46B 15/0046
. . .
{
with vibrating signaling means
}
A46B 15/0048
. .
{
Drip collector, e.g. collecting the liquids dripping from the brush during a brushing process
}
A46B 15/0051
. .
{
Brushes fitted with ventilation means, e.g. with air buffers, air vents
}
. .
{
Brushes fitted with ventilation suction, e.g. for removing dust (vacuum cleaner A47L 7/00)
}
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A46B 15/0055
.
{
Brushes combined with other articles normally separate from the brushing process, e.g. combs, razors, mirrors
}
A46B 15/0057
. .
{
Brushes fitted with a device for cleaning the ears
}
A46B 15/0059
. .
{
Brushes with a comb
}
A46B 15/0061
. .
{
with a container for accessories, e.g. pills, polish, condoms, cells (A46B 11/00 takes precedence)
}
A46B 15/0063
. .
{
Brushes with a device for opening containers, e.g. shoes polish (A46B 11/0093 takes precedence)
}
A46B 15/0065
. .
{
Brush with an additional cutting tool, e.g. nail clippers, hair cutting
}
A46B 15/0067
. .
{
Brushes fitted with a drinking device, i.e. brushes with devices allowing drinking
}
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. .
{
Brushes fitted with a interdental devices, e.g. toothpick (A46B 2200/108 takes precedence)
}
. . .
{
Toothbrushes with flossing arrangements (A61C 15/04 takes precedence)
}
A46B 15/0073
. . .
{
Brushes with an arrangement for using the floss
}
A46B 15/0075
. .
{
Brushes with an additional massage device
}
A46B 15/0077
. .
{
Brushes fitted with a mirror
}
A46B 15/0079
. .
{
Brushes fitted with a rasor or other shaving equipments
}
A46B 15/0081
. .
{
Brushes with a scraper, e.g. tongue scraper
}
A46B 15/0083
. .
{
Brushes with a shoehorn
}
A46B 15/0085
.
{
Brushes provided with an identification, marking device or design
}
A46B 15/0087
.
{
Brushes with decoration on or in the handle
}
A46B 15/0089
.
{
Brushes with figurines such as animals on the handle
}
.
{
Container, e.g. bag or box with a collection of various devices
}
.
{
Magazins or sets of brushes components, e.g. plurality of brushes linked as a package
}
A46B 15/0095
.
{
Brushes with a feature for storage after use
}
.
{
Self supporting, e.g. brushes that stand upright or in other particular ways
}
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Accessories for brushes
.
Devices for holding brushes in use
.
Protective covers for the bristles
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A46B 17/06
.
Devices for cleaning brushes after use
A46B 17/065
. .
{
Sterilising brushes; products integral with the brush for sterilising, e.g. tablets, rinse, disinfectant
}
.
Other accessories, e.g. scrapers, rubber buffers for preventing damage to furniture
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A46B 2200/00
Brushes characterized by their functions, uses or applications
.
Disposable brush (A46B 11/0003, A46B 5/0004 take precedence)
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.
For human or animal care
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A46B 2200/1006
. .
Brushes for cleaning the hand or the human body
A46B 2200/1013
. . .
Brushes for cleaning fingers or finger nails
. .
Brush specifically designed for massaging the skin or scalp (A46B 2200/1026 takes precedence)
A46B 2200/1026
. .
Gum massaging brush i.e. specifically designed for massaging the gums
. .
Brush for applying or spreading shaving foam or soap
. .
Hair brush (bristles arrangements for hair brushes A46B 9/023)
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. .
Brush used for applying cosmetics (bristles arrangements for cosmetic brushes A46B 9/021)
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A46B 2200/1053
. . .
Cosmetics applicator specifically for mascara
A46B 2200/106
. . . .
Cosmetics applicator specifically for mascara including comb like element
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. .
Toothbrush for cleaning the teeth or dentures (A61C 17/16 takes precedence; bristles arrangements for toothbrushes A46B 9/04)
. . .
Denture toothbrush, i.e. used for dentures specifically
. . .
Inter-dental toothbrush, i.e. for cleaning interdental spaces specifically
. . .
Toothbrush for cleaning animal teeth specifically
A46B 2200/1093
. .
Brush for use on animal (A46B 2200/1086 takes precedence)
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.
Brushes for applying products to surfaces in general (A46B 2200/10 takes precedence)
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A46B 2200/202
. .
Applicator paint brush
A46B 2200/205
. . .
Artist paint brush, e.g. paint brushes that as a rule come to a point for fine work
A46B 2200/207
. .
Food brush, i.e. used in cooking for applying substances on the surface of the food
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.
Brushes for cleaning or polishing
A46B 2200/3006
. .
Brushes for cleaning bottles or hollow containers
A46B 2200/3013
. .
Brushes for cleaning the inside or the outside of tubes
A46B 2200/302
. .
Broom
A46B 2200/3026
. .
Dusting brush
A46B 2200/3033
. .
Household brush, i.e. brushes for cleaning in the house or dishes
A46B 2200/304
. .
Lavatory brush, i.e. brushes for cleaning toilets
A46B 2200/3046
. .
Brushes for cleaning cars or parts thereof
A46B 2200/3053
. .
Clothes brush, i.e. brushes specifically designed for cleaning clothes
A46B 2200/306
. .
Shoe cleaning or polishing brush
A46B 2200/3066
. .
Brush specifically designed for use with street cleaning machinery
A46B 2200/3073
. .
Brush for cleaning specific unusual places not otherwise covered, e.g. gutters, golf clubs, tops of tin cans, corners
A46B 2200/308
. .
Curling brooms
A46B 2200/3086
. .
Brushes for polishing
A46B 2200/3093
. .
Brush with abrasive properties, e.g. wire bristles
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.
Other application
A46B 2200/405
. .
Brush used for purposes that are not conventional brushing, e.g. holder or support
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013