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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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MICRO-ORGANISMS OR ENZYMES ; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF( biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, containing micro-organisms, viruses, microbial fungi, enzymes, fermentates or substances produced by or extracted from micro-organisms or animal material A01N 63/00 ; food compositions A21 , A23 ; medicinal preparations A61K ; chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings, absorbent pads or surgical articles A61L ; fertilisers C05 ) ; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING OR MAINTAINING MICRO-ORGANISMS( preservation of living parts of humans or animals A01N 1/02 ) ; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING ; CULTURE MEDIA( micro-biological testing media C12Q )
NOTE
-
Documents relating to the use of vectors or hosts for the preparation of specific peptides, e.g. enzymes, are classified in subclass C07K or in group C12N 9/00 according to the peptides, with the appropriate indexing codes.


Attention is drawn to Notes (1) to (3) following the title of Class C12 .

When classifying in this group, classification is also made in group B01D 15/08 insofar as subject matter of general interest relating to chromatography is concerned.


WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC cheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

C12N1/11 covered by C12N 15/79
C12N1/13 covered by C12N 15/79
C12N1/15 covered by C12N 15/80
C12N1/19 covered by C12N 15/81
C12N1/21 covered by C12N 15/74
C12N5/02 covered by C12N 5/00 , C12N 5/04 to C12N 5/166
C12N5/07 - C12N5/095 covered by C12N 5/06 and subgroups
C12N5/18 - C12N5/28 covered by C12N 5/16 and subgroups
C12N5/08 covered by C12N 5/06 to C12N5/06R
C12N5/18 covered by C12N 5/16
C12N5/20 covered by C12N 5/163
C12N5/22 covered by C12N 5/16
C12N5/24 covered by C12N 5/163
C12N5/26 covered by C12N 5/166
C12N5/28 covered by C12N 5/166
C12N7/01 covered by C12N 7/00
C12N9/70 covered by C07K 14/3153
C12N15/05 covered by C12N 5/14
C12N15/06 covered by C12N 5/16
C12N15/07 covered by C12N 5/16
C12N15/08 covered by C12N 5/166
C12N15/12 covered by C07K 14/435
C12N15/13 covered by C07K 16/00
C12N15/14 covered by C07K 14/765
C12N15/15 covered by C07K 14/81
C12N15/16 covered by C07K 14/575
C12N15/17 covered by C07K 14/62
C12N15/18 covered by C07K 14/61
C12N15/19 covered by C07K 14/52
C12N15/20 covered by C07K 14/555
C12N15/21 covered by C07K 14/56
C12N15/22 covered by C07K 14/565
C12N15/23 covered by C07K 14/57
C12N15/24 covered by C07K 14/54
C12N15/25 covered by C07K 14/545
C12N15/26 covered by C07K 14/55
C12N15/27 covered by C07K 14/53
C12N15/28 covered by C07K 14/525
C12N15/29 covered by C07K 14/415
C12N15/30 covered by C07K 14/44
C12N15/31 covered by C07K 14/195 , C07K 14/005
C12N15/32 covered by C07K 14/325
C12N15/33 covered by C07K 14/005
C12N15/34 covered by C07K 14/01
C12N15/35 covered by C07K 14/015
C12N15/36 covered by C07K 14/02
C12N15/37 covered by C07K 14/025
C12N15/38 covered by C07K 14/03
C12N15/39 covered by C07K 14/065
C12N15/40 covered by C07K 14/08
C12N15/41 covered by C07K 14/085
C12N15/42 covered by C07K 14/09
C12N15/43 covered by C07K 14/105
C12N15/44 covered by C07K 14/11
C12N15/45 covered by C07K 14/115
C12N15/46 covered by C07K 14/14
C12N15/47 covered by C07K 14/145
C12N15/48 covered by C07K 14/15
C12N15/49 covered by C07K 14/155
C12N15/50 covered by C07K 14/165
C12N15/51 covered by C07K 14/02 , C07K 14/10 , C07K 14/18
C12N15/53 covered by C12N9/02
C12N15/54 covered by C12N 9/10
C12N15/55 covered by C12N 9/14
C12N15/56 covered by C12N 9/24
C12N15/57 covered by C12N 9/48
C12N15/58 covered by C12N9/72B
C12N15/59 covered by C12N9/64A
C12N15/60 covered by C12N 9/88
C12N15/61 covered by C12N 9/90
C12N15/83 covered by C12N 15/82
C12N15/84 covered by C12N 15/82


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Micro-organisms, e.g. protozoa ; Compositions thereof( medicinal preparations containing material from micro-organisms A61K 35/66 ; preparing medicinal bacterial antigen or antibody compositions, e.g. bacterial vaccines A61K 39/00 ) ; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving micro-organisms or compositions thereof ; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a micro-organism ; Culture media therefor
C12N 1/005
.
{
after treatment of microbial biomass not covered by C12N 1/02 to C12N 1/08
}
C12N 1/02
.
Separating micro-organisms from their culture media
.
Preserving or maintaining viable micro-organisms( immobilised micro-organisms C12N 11/00 )
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C12N 1/06
.
Lysis of micro-organisms
C12N 1/063
. .
{
of yeast
}
C12N 1/066
. .
{
by physical methods
}
C12N 1/08
.
Reducing the nucleic acid content
.
Protozoa ; Culture media therefor
.
Unicellular algae ; Culture media therefor( culture of multi-cellular plants A01G ; as new plants A01H 13/00 )
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.
Fungi( culture of mushrooms A01G 1/04 ; as new plants per se A01H 15/00 ;
{
fungi per se C12R 1/645 to C12R 1/885
}
)
Culture media therefor
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C12N 1/16
. .
Yeasts ; Culture media therefor
C12N 1/18
. . .
Baker`s yeast ; Brewer`s yeast
.
Bacteria
{
( bacteria per se C12R 1/01 to C12R 1/64 )
}
; Culture media therefor
C12N 1/22
.
Processes using, or culture media containing, cellulose or hydrolysates thereof
C12N 1/24
.
Processes using, or culture media containing, waste sulfite liquor
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C12N 1/26
.
Processes using, or culture media containing, hydrocarbons( refining of hydrocarbon oils by using micro-organisms C10G 32/00 )
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C12N 1/28
. .
aliphatic
C12N 1/30
. . .
having five or less carbon atoms
C12N 1/32
.
Processes using, or culture media containing, lower alkanols, i.e. C1 to C6
C12N 1/34
.
Processes using foam culture
C12N 1/36
.
Adaptation or attenuation of cells
C12N 1/38
.
Chemical stimulation of growth or activity by addition of chemical compounds which are not essential growth factors ; Stimulation of growth by removal of a chemical compound( C12N 1/34 takes precedence )
Spore forming or isolating processes
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Undifferentiated human, animal or plant cells, e.g. cell lines ; Tissues ; Cultivation or maintenance thereof ; Culture media therefor;( plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques A01H 4/00 )
NOTE
-
In this group, the following words are used with the meanings indicated: - a "totipotent" cell can differentiate into all somatic lineages (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm), the germ line and extra-embryonic tissues such as the placenta; - a "pluripotent" cell is a somatic stem cell which can differentiate into cells of at least two of the three somatic lineages (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm); - a "multipotent" cell is restricted to one lineage; - "progenitor" and "precursor" cells are further restricted within the lineage. If not explicitly forseen, totipotent cells are classified with pluripotent cells. Multipotent cells should not be classified with pluripotent cells. Unless provided for otherwise, committed progenitors are classified with their progeny.

C12N 5/0006
.
{
Modification of the membrane of cells, e.g. cell decoration
}
C12N 5/0012
.
{
Cell encapsulation
}
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C12N 5/0018
.
{
Culture media for cell or tissue culture( media for specific animal cell type C12N 5/06 )
}
. .
{
Culture media for plant cell or plant tissue culture
}
C12N 5/0031
. .
{
Serum-free culture media
}
WARNING
-
This group is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from January 1, 2012. The backlog of this group is being continuously reclassified to C12N 5/0037 to C12N 5/0056

C12N 5/0037
. .
{
Serum-free medium, which may still contain naturally-sourced components
}
C12N 5/0043
. .
{
Medium free of human- or animal-derived components
}
C12N 5/005
. .
{
Protein-free medium
}
C12N 5/0056
. .
{
Xeno-free medium
}
C12N 5/0062
.
{
General methods for three-dimensional culture
}
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C12N 5/0068
.
{
General culture methods using substrates( for specific animal cell type C12N 5/06 )
}
C12N 5/0075
. .
{
using microcarriers
}
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C12N 5/0081
.
{
Purging biological preparations of unwanted cells
}
C12N 5/0087
. .
{
Purging against subsets of blood cells, e.g. purging alloreactive T cells
}
C12N 5/0093
. .
{
Purging against cancer cells
}
.
Plant cells or tissues
{
( culture media C12N 5/0025 )
}
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C12N 5/06
.
Animal cells or tissues;
{
Human cells or tissues( preservation of living cells or tissues A01N 1/02 ); Not used, see subgroups
}
NOTE
-
In this group, the following words are used with the meanings indicated:
- a "totipotent" cell can differentiate into all somatic lineages (ectoderm, mesoderm,
endoderm), the germ line and extra-embryonic tissues such as the placenta;
- a "pluripotent" cell is a somatic stem cell which can differentiate into cells of at
least two of the three somatic lineages (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm);
- a "multipotent" cell is restricted to one lineage.
"Progenitor" and "precursor" cells are further restricted within the lineage. If not explicitely forseen, totipotent cells are classified with pluripotent cells. Multipotent cells should not be classified with pluripotent cells

C12N 5/0601
. .
{
Invertebrate cells or tissues, e.g. insect cells; Culture media therefor
}
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C12N 5/0602
. .
{
Vertebrate cells
}
NOTE
-
Three-dimensional culture, tissue culture or organ culture are classified with the corresponding cells, if not specially provided for

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C12N 5/0603
. . .
{
Embryonic cells( production of embryos, nuclear transfer A01K 67/027 ); Embryoid bodies
}
C12N 5/0604
. . . .
{
Whole embryos; Culture medium therefor
}
C12N 5/0605
. . . .
{
Cells from extra-embryonic tissues, e.g. placenta, amnion, yolk sac, Wharton's jelly
}
C12N 5/0606
. . . .
{
Pluripotent embryonic cells, e.g. embryonic stem cells( ES )( embryonic germ cells C12N 5/0611 , induced pluripotent stem cells C12N 5/0696 )
}
C12N 5/0607
. . .
{
Non-embryonic pluripotent stem cells, e.g. MASC
}
( induced pluripotent stem cells C12N 5/0696 )
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C12N 5/0608
. . .
{
Germ cells( production of embryos, nuclear transfer A01K 67/027 ); Not used, see subgroups
}
C12N 5/0609
. . . .
{
Oocytes, oogonia( fertilised oocytes C12N 5/0604 )
}
C12N 5/061
. . . .
{
Sperm cells, spermatogonia
}
C12N 5/0611
. . . .
{
Primordial germ cells, e.g. embryonic germ cells (EG)
}
C12N 5/0612
. . . .
{
sorting of gametes, e.g. according to sex or motility
}
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C12N 5/0613
. . .
{
Cells from endocrine organs( pancreas C12N 5/0676 , gonads C12N 5/0681 )
}
C12N 5/0614
. . . .
{
Adrenal gland
}
C12N 5/0615
. . . .
{
Pineal gland
}
C12N 5/0616
. . . .
{
Pituitary gland
}
C12N 5/0617
. . . .
{
Thyroid and parathyroid glands
}
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C12N 5/0618
. . .
{
Cells of the nervous system
}
C12N 5/0619
. . . .
{
Neurons
}
C12N 5/062
. . . .
{
Sensory transducers, e.g. photoreceptors; Sensory neurons, e.g. for hearing, taste, smell, pH, touch, temperature, pain
}
C12N 5/0621
. . . .
{
Eye cells, e.g. cornea, iris pigmented cells( photoreceptors C12N 5/062 )
}
C12N 5/0622
. . . .
{
Glial cells, e.g. astrocytes, oligodendrocytes; Schwann cells
}
C12N 5/0623
. . . .
{
Stem cells
}
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C12N 5/0625
. . .
{
Epidermal cells, skin cells; Cells of the oral mucosa
}
C12N 5/0626
. . . .
{
Melanocytes
}
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C12N 5/0627
. . . .
{
Hair cells
}
C12N 5/0628
. . . . .
{
Hair stem cells; Hair progenitors( mesenchymal stem cells from hair follicles C12N 5/0666 )
}
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C12N 5/0629
. . . .
{
Keratinocytes; Whole skin
}
C12N 5/063
. . . . .
{
Kereatinocyte stem cells; Keratinocyte progenitors
}
C12N 5/0631
. . . .
{
Mammary cells
}
C12N 5/0632
. . . .
{
Cells of the oral mucosa
}
C12N 5/0633
. . . .
{
Cells of secretory glands, e.g. parotid gland, salivary glands, sweat glands, lacrymal glands
}
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C12N 5/0634
. . .
{
Cells from the blood or the immune system
}
NOTE
-
Commited progenitors are classified with their progeny

C12N 5/0635
. . . .
{
B lymphocytes
}
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C12N 5/0636
. . . .
{
T lymphocytes
}
C12N 5/0637
. . . . .
{
Immunosuppressive T lymphocytes, e.g. regulatory T cells (Treg)
}
C12N 5/0638
. . . . .
{
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), lymphokine activated killer cells (LAK)
}
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C12N 5/0639
. . . .
{
Dendritic cells, e.g. Langherhans cells in the epidermis
}
C12N 5/064
. . . . .
{
Immunosuppressive dendritic cells
}
C12N 5/0641
. . . .
{
Erythrocytes
}
C12N 5/0642
. . . .
{
Granulocytes, e.g. basopils, eosinophils, neutrophils, mast cells
}
C12N 5/0643
. . . .
{
Osteoclasts
}
C12N 5/0644
. . . .
{
Platelets; Megakaryocytes
}
C12N 5/0645
. . . .
{
Macrophages, e.g. Kuepfer cells in the liver; Monocytes
}
C12N 5/0646
. . . .
{
Natural killers cells (NK), NKT cells
}
C12N 5/0647
. . . .
{
Haematopoietic stem cells; Uncommited or multipotent progenitors
}
C12N 5/0648
. . . .
{
Splenocytes
}
C12N 5/065
. . . .
{
Thymocytes
}
C12N 5/0651
. . . .
{
Lymph nodes
}
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C12N 5/0652
. . .
{
Cells of skeletal and connective tissues; Mesenchyme
}
C12N 5/0653
. . . .
{
Adipocytes; Adipose tissue
}
C12N 5/0654
. . . .
{
Osteocytes, Osteoblasts, Odontocytes; Bones, Teeth
}
C12N 5/0655
. . . .
{
Chondrocytes; Cartilage
}
C12N 5/0656
. . . .
{
Adult fibroblasts
}
C12N 5/0657
. . . .
{
Cardiomyocytes; Heart cells
}
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C12N 5/0658
. . . .
{
Skeletal muscle cells, e.g. myocytes, myotubes, myoblasts
}
C12N 5/0659
. . . . .
{
Satellite cells
}
C12N 5/066
. . . .
{
Tenocytes; Tendons, Ligaments
}
C12N 5/0661
. . . .
{
Smooth muscle cells
}
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C12N 5/0662
. . . .
{
Stem cells
}
C12N 5/0663
. . . . .
{
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC)
}
C12N 5/0664
. . . . .
{
Dental pulp stem cells, Dental follicle stem cells
}
C12N 5/0665
. . . . .
{
Blood-borne mesenchymal stem cells, e.g. from umbilical cord blood
}
C12N 5/0666
. . . . .
{
Mesenchymal stem cells from hair follicles
}
C12N 5/0667
. . . . .
{
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC); Adipose stromal stem cells
}
C12N 5/0668
. . . . .
{
Mesenchymal stem cells from other natural sources
}
C12N 5/0669
. . . .
{
Bone marrow stromal cells; Whole bone marrow( isolated stem cells from bone marrow C12N 5/0647 , C12N 5/0663 )
}
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C12N 5/067
. . .
{
Hepatocytes
}
C12N 5/0671
. . . .
{
Three-dimensional culture, tissue culture or organ culture; Encapsulated cells
}
C12N 5/0672
. . . .
{
Stem cells; Progenitor cells; Precursor cells; Oval cells
}
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C12N 5/0673
. . .
{
Cells from bone marrow stroma
}
C12N 5/0675
. . . .
{
Mesenchymal stem cells
}
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C12N 5/0676
. . .
{
Pancreatic cells
}
C12N 5/0677
. . . .
{
Three-dimensional culture, tissue culture or organ culture; Encapsulated cells
}
C12N 5/0678
. . . .
{
Stem cells; Progenitor cells; Precursor cells
}
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C12N 5/0679
. . .
{
Cells of the gastro-intestinal tract
}
C12N 5/068
. . . .
{
Stem cells; Progenitors
}
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C12N 5/0681
. . .
{
Cells of the genital tract; Non-germinal cells from gonads; Not used, see subgroups
}
C12N 5/0682
. . . .
{
Cells of the female genital tract, e.g. endometrium; Non-germinal cells from ovaries, e.g. ovarian follicle cells( oocytes C12N 5/0609 )
}
C12N 5/0683
. . . .
{
Cells of the male genital tract, e.g. prostate, epididymis; Non-germinal cells from testis, e.g. Leydig cells, Sertoli cells( spermatogonia C12N 5/061 )
}
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C12N 5/0684
. . .
{
Cells of the urinary tract or kidneys
}
C12N 5/0685
. . . .
{
Bladder epithelial cells
}
C12N 5/0686
. . . .
{
Kidney cells
}
C12N 5/0687
. . . .
{
Renal stem cells; Renal progenitors
}
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C12N 5/0688
. . .
{
Cells from the lungs or the respiratory tract
}
C12N 5/0689
. . . .
{
Stem cells; Progenitors
}
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C12N 5/069
. . .
{
Vascular Endothelial cells
}
C12N 5/0691
. . . .
{
Vascular smooth muscle cells; 3D culture thereof, e.g. models of blood vessels
}
C12N 5/0692
. . . .
{
Stem cells; Progenitor cells; Precursor cells
}
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C12N 5/0693
. . .
{
Tumour cells; Cancer cells
}
C12N 5/0694
. . . .
{
Cells of blood, e.g. leukemia cells, myeloma cells
}
C12N 5/0695
. . . .
{
Stem cells; Progenitor cells; Precursor cells
}
C12N 5/0696
. . .
{
Artificially induced pluripotent stem cells, e.g. iPS
}
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C12N 5/0697
. .
{
Artificial constructs associating cells of different lineages, e.g. tissue equivalents( blood vessels C12N 5/0691 )
}
C12N 5/0698
. . .
{
Skin equivalents
}
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C12N 5/10
.
Cells modified by introduction of foreign genetic material
{
Not used, see subgroups
}
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C12N 5/12
. .
Fused cells, e.g. hybridomas
. . .
Plant cells
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C12N 5/16
. . .
Animal cells
C12N 5/163
. . . .
{
one of the fusion partners being a B or a T lymphocyte
}
C12N 5/166
. . . .
{
resulting from interspecies fusion
}
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Viruses ; Bacteriophages ; Compositions thereof ; Preparation or purification thereof( preparing medicinal viral antigen or antibody composition, e.g. virus vaccines, A61K 39/00 )
WARNING
-
From March 15, 2012 groups C12N 7/02 - C12N 7/08 and subgroups thereof are no longer used for the classification of new documents. The documents in these (sub)groups are being reclassified to the corresponding codes in the range M12N710-M12N795.

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C12N 7/02
.
Recovery or purification
C12N 7/025
. .
{
Packaging cell lines, e.g. transcomplementing cell lines, for production of virus
}
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C12N 7/04
.
Inactivation or attenuation ; Producing viral sub-units
C12N 7/045
. .
{
Pseudoviral particles; Non infectious pseudovirions, e.g. genetically engineered
}
C12N 7/06
. .
{
Inactivation or attenuation
}
by chemical treatment
C12N 7/08
. .
{
Inactivation or attenuation
}
by serial passage of virus
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Enzymes ; Proenzymes ; Compositions thereof( preparations containing enzymes for cleaning teeth A61K 8/66 , A61Q 11/00 ; medicinal preparations containing enzymes or pro-enzymes A61K 38/43 ; enzyme containing detergent compositions C11D ;
{
enzymes with nucleic acid structure, e.g. ribozymes, C12N 15/113
}
)
; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating or purifying enzymes( preparation of malt C12C 1/00 )
NOTE
-
Enzymes are generally categorized below according to the "Nomenclature and Classification of Enzymes" of the International Commission on Enzymes. Where appropriate, this designation appears in the groups below in parenthesis.

C12N 9/0002
.
{
Antibodies with enzymatic activity; e.g. abzymes
}
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C12N 9/0004
.
{
Oxidoreductases (1.)
}
C12N 9/0006
. .
]N: acting on CH-OH groups as donors (1.1)]
C12N 9/0008
. .
{
acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors (1.2)
}
C12N 9/001
. .
{
acting on the CH-CH group of donors (1.3)
}
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C12N 9/0012
. .
{
acting on nitrogen containing compounds as donors( 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7 )
}
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C12N 9/0014
. . .
{
acting on the CH-NH2 group of donors (1.4)
}
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C12N 9/0016
. . . .
{
with NAD or NADP as acceptor (1.4.1)
}
C12N 9/0018
. . . . .
{
Phenylalanine dehydrogenase (1.4.1.20)
}
C12N 9/002
. . . .
{
with a cytochrome as acceptor (1.4.2)
}
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C12N 9/0022
. . . .
{
with oxygen as acceptor (1.4.3)
}
C12N 9/0024
. . . . .
{
D-Amino acid oxidase (1.4.3.3)
}
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C12N 9/0026
. . .
{
acting on CH-NH groups of donors (1.5)
}
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C12N 9/0028
. . . .
{
with NAD or NADP as acceptor (1.5.1)
}
C12N 9/003
. . . . .
{
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) (1.5.1.3)
}
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C12N 9/0032
. . . .
{
with oxygen as acceptor (1.5.3)
}
C12N 9/0034
. . . . .
{
Sarcosine oxidase (1.5.3.1)
}
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C12N 9/0036
. . .
{
acting on NADH or NADPH (1.6)
}
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C12N 9/0038
. . . .
{
with a heme protein as acceptor (1.6.2)
}
C12N 9/004
. . . . .
{
Cytochrome-b5 reductase (1.6.2.2)
}
C12N 9/0042
. . . . .
{
NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (1.6.2.4)
}
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C12N 9/0044
. . .
{
acting on other nitrogen compounds as donors (1.7)
}
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C12N 9/0046
. . . .
{
with oxygen as acceptor (1.7.3)
}
C12N 9/0048
. . . . .
{
Uricase (1.7.3.3)
}
C12N 9/0051
. .
{
acting on a sulfur group of donors (1.8)
}
C12N 9/0053
. .
{
acting on a heme group of donors (1.9)
}
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C12N 9/0055
. .
{
acting on diphenols and related substances as donors (1.10)
}
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C12N 9/0057
. . .
{
with oxygen as acceptor (1.10.3)
}
C12N 9/0059
. . . .
{
Catechol oxidase (1.10.3.1), i.e. tyrosinase
}
C12N 9/0061
. . . .
{
Laccase (1.10.3.2)
}
C12N 9/0063
. . . .
{
Ascorbate oxidase (1.10.3.3)
}
C12N 9/0065
. .
{
acting on hydrogen peroxide as acceptor (1.11)
}
C12N 9/0067
. .
{
acting on hydrogen as donor (1.12)
}
C12N 9/0069
. .
{
acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen, i.e. oxygenases (1.13)
}
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C12N 9/0071
. .
{
acting on paired donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen (1.14)
}
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C12N 9/0073
. . .
{
with NADH or NADPH as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen 1.14.13
}
C12N 9/0075
. . . .
{
Nitric-oxide synthase (1.14.13.39)
}
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C12N 9/0077
. . .
{
with a reduced iron-sulfur protein as one donor (1.14.15)
}
C12N 9/0079
. . . .
{
Steroid 11 beta monooxygenase( P-450 protein )(1.14.15.4)
}
C12N 9/0081
. . . .
{
Cholesterol monooxygenase( cytochrome P 450scc )(1.14.15.6)
}
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C12N 9/0083
. . .
{
Miscellaneous (1.14.99)
}
C12N 9/0085
. . . .
{
Steroid 17 alpha-monooxygenase (1.14.99.9)
}
C12N 9/0087
. . . .
{
Steroid 21-monooxygenase (1.14.99.10)
}
C12N 9/0089
. .
{
acting on superoxide as acceptor (1.15)
}
C12N 9/0091
. .
{
oxidizing metal ions (1.16)
}
C12N 9/0093
. .
{
acting on CH or CH2 groups (1.17)
}
C12N 9/0095
. .
{
acting on iron-sulfur proteins as donor (1.18)
}
C12N 9/0097
. .
{
acting on reduced flavodoxin as donor (1.19)
}
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C12N 9/10
.
Transferases (2.)( ribonucleases 9/22 )
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C12N 9/1003
. .
{
transferring one-carbon groups (2.1)
}
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C12N 9/1007
. . .
{
Methyltransferases (general) (2.1.1.)
}
C12N 9/1011
. . . .
{
Catechol O-methyltransferase (2.1.1.6)
}
C12N 9/1014
. . .
{
Hydroxymethyl-, formyl-transferases (2.1.2)
}
C12N 9/1018
. . .
{
Carboxy- and carbamoyl transferases (2.1.3)
}
C12N 9/1022
. .
{
transferring aldehyde or ketonic groups (2.2)
}
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C12N 9/1025
. .
{
Acyltransferases (2.3)
}
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C12N 9/1029
. . .
{
transferring groups other than amino-acyl groups (2.3.1)
}
C12N 9/1033
. . . .
{
Chloramphenicol O-acetyltransferase (2.3.1.28)
}
C12N 9/1037
. . . .
{
Naringenin-chalcone synthase (2.3.1.74), i.e. chalcone synthase
}
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C12N 9/104
. . .
{
Aminoacyltransferases (2.3.2)
}
C12N 9/1044
. . . .
{
Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase (2.3.2.13), i.e. transglutaminase or factor XIII
}
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C12N 9/1048
. .
{
Glycosyltransferases (2.4)
}
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C12N 9/1051
. . .
{
Hexosyltransferases (2.4.1)
}
C12N 9/1055
. . . .
{
Levansucrase (2.4.1.10)
}
C12N 9/1059
. . . .
{
Cellulose synthases( 2.4.1.12; 2.4.1.29 )
}
C12N 9/1062
. . . .
{
Sucrose synthase (2.4.1.13)
}
C12N 9/1066
. . . .
{
Sucrose phosphate synthase (2.4.1.14)
}
C12N 9/107
. . . .
{
1,4-Alpha-glucan branching enzyme (2.4.1.18)
}
C12N 9/1074
. . . .
{
Cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase (2.4.1.19)
}
C12N 9/1077
. . .
{
Pentosyltransferases (2.4.2)
}
C12N 9/1081
. . .
{
transferring other glycosyl groups (2.4.99)
}
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C12N 9/1085
. .
{
transferring alkyl or aryl groups other than methyl groups (2.5)
}
C12N 9/1088
. . .
{
Glutathione transferase (2.5.1.18)
}
C12N 9/1092
. . .
{
3-Phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase (2.5.1.19), i.e. 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase
}
C12N 9/1096
. .
{
transferring nitrogenous groups (2.6)
}
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C12N 9/12
. .
transferring phosphorus containing groups, e.g. kinases (2.7)
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C12N 9/1205
. . .
{
Phosphotransferases with an alcohol group as acceptor (2.7.1), e.g. protein kinases
}
C12N 9/1211
. . . .
{
Thymidine kinase (2.7.1.21)
}
C12N 9/1217
. . .
{
Phosphotransferases with a carboxyl group as acceptor (2.7.2)
}
C12N 9/1223
. . .
{
Phosphotransferases with a nitrogenous group as acceptor (2.7.3)
}
C12N 9/1229
. . .
{
Phosphotransferases with a phosphate group as acceptor (2.7.4)
}
C12N 9/1235
. . .
{
Diphosphotransferases (2.7.6)
}
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C12N 9/1241
. . .
{
Nucleotidyltransferases (2.7.7)
}
C12N 9/1247
. . . .
{
DNA-directed RNA polymerase (2.7.7.6)
}
C12N 9/1252
. . . .
{
DNA-directed DNA polymerase (2.7.7.7), i.e. DNA replicase
}
C12N 9/1258
. . . .
{
Polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase (2.7.7.8), i.e. polynucleotide phosphorylase
}
C12N 9/1264
. . . .
{
DNA nucleotidylexotransferase (2.7.7.31), i.e. terminal nucleotidyl transferase
}
C12N 9/127
. . . .
{
RNA-directed RNA polymerase (2.7.7.48), i.e RNA replicase
}
C12N 9/1276
. . . .
{
RNA-directed DNA polymerase (2.7.7.49), i.e. reverse transcriptase or telomerase
}
C12N 9/1282
. . . .
{
RNA uridylyltransferase (2.7.7.52)
}
C12N 9/1288
. . .
{
Transferases for other substituted phosphate groups (2.7.8)
}
C12N 9/1294
. . .
{
Phosphotransferases with paired acceptors (2.7.9)
}
C12N 9/13
. .
{
transferring sulfur containing groups (2.8)
}
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C12N 9/14
.
Hydrolases (3)
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C12N 9/16
. .
acting on ester bonds (3.1)
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C12N 9/18
. . .
Carboxylic ester hydrolases
{
(3.1.1)
}
C12N 9/20
. . . .
Triglyceride splitting, e.g. by means of lipase
C12N 9/22
. . .
Ribonucleases
{
RNAses, DNAses( catalytic nucleic acids C12N 15/113 )
}
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C12N 9/24
. .
acting on glycosyl compounds (3.2)
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C12N 9/2402
. . .
{
hydrolysing O- and S- glycosyl compounds (3.2.1)
}
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C12N 9/2405
. . . .
{
Glucanases
}
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C12N 9/2408
. . . . .
{
acting on alpha -1,4-glucosidic bonds
}
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C12N 9/2411
. . . . . .
{
Amylases
}
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C12N 9/2414
. . . . . . .
{
Alpha-amylase (3.2.1.1.)
}
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C12N 9/2417
. . . . . . . .
{
from microbiological source
}
C12N 9/242
. . . . . . . . .
{
Fungal source
}
C12N 9/2422
. . . . . . . .
{
from plant source
}
C12N 9/2425
. . . . . . .
{
Beta-amylase (3.2.1.2)
}
C12N 9/2428
. . . . . . .
{
Glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase (3.2.1.3), i.e. glucoamylase
}
C12N 9/2431
. . . . . .
{
Beta-fructofuranosidase (3.2.1.26), i.e. invertase
}
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C12N 9/2434
. . . . .
{
acting on beta-1,4-glucosidic bonds
}
C12N 9/2437
. . . . . .
{
Cellulases( 3.2.1.4; 3.2.1.74; 3.2.1.91; 3.2.1.150 )
}
C12N 9/244
. . . . . .
{
Endo-1,3(4)-beta-glucanase (3.2.1.6)
}
C12N 9/2442
. . . . . .
{
Chitinase (3.2.1.14)
}
C12N 9/2445
. . . . . .
{
Beta-glucosidase (3.2.1.21)
}
C12N 9/2448
. . . . . .
{
Licheninase (3.2.1.73)
}
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C12N 9/2451
. . . . .
{
acting on alpha-1,6-glucosidic bonds
}
C12N 9/2454
. . . . . .
{
Dextranase (3.2.1.11)
}
C12N 9/2457
. . . . . .
{
Pullulanase (3.2.1.41)
}
C12N 9/246
. . . . . .
{
Isoamylase (3.2.1.68)
}
C12N 9/2462
. . . .
{
Lysozyme (3.2.1.17)
}
C12N 9/2465
. . . .
{
acting on alpha-galactose-glycoside bonds, e.g. alpha-galactosidase (3.2.1.22)
}
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C12N 9/2468
. . . .
{
acting on beta-galactose-glycoside bonds, e.g. carrageenases( 3.2.1.83; 3.2.1.157 ); beta-agarase (3.2.1.81)
}
C12N 9/2471
. . . . .
{
Beta-galactosidase (3.2.1.23), i.e. exo-(1-->4)-beta-D-galactanase
}
C12N 9/2474
. . . .
{
Hyaluronoglucosaminidase (3.2.1.35), i.e hyaluronidase
}
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C12N 9/2477
. . . .
{
Hemicellulases not provided in a preceding group
}
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C12N 9/248
. . . . .
{
Xylanases
}
C12N 9/2482
. . . . . .
{
Endo-1,4-beta-xylanase (3.2.1.8)
}
C12N 9/2485
. . . . . .
{
Xylan endo-1,3-beta-xylosidase (3.2.1.32), i.e. endo-1,3-beta-xylanase
}
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C12N 9/2488
. . . . .
{
Mannanases
}
C12N 9/2491
. . . . . .
{
Beta-mannosidase (3.2.1.25), i.e. mannanase
}
C12N 9/2494
. . . . . .
{
Mannan endo-1,4-beta-mannosidase (3.2.1.78), i.e. endo-beta-mannanase
}
C12N 9/2497
. . .
{
hydrolysing N- glycosyl compounds (3.2.2)
}
C12N 9/26
. . .
acting on alpha -1, 4-glucosidic bonds, e.g. hyaluronidase, invertase, amylase
C12N 9/38
. . .
acting on beta-galactose-glycoside bonds, e.g. beta-galactosidase
C12N 9/42
. . .
acting on beta-1, 4-glucosidic bonds, e.g. cellulase
C12N 9/44
. . .
acting on alpha-1, 6-glucosidic bonds, e.g. isoamylase, pullulanase
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C12N 9/48
. .
acting on peptide bonds (3.4)
C12N 9/485
. . .
{
Exopeptidases (3.4.11-3.4.19)
}
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C12N 9/50
. . .
Proteinases
{
Endopeptidases (3.4.21-3.4.25)
}
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C12N 9/503
. . . .
{
derived from viruses
}
C12N 9/506
. . . . .
{
derived from RNA viruses
}
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C12N 9/52
. . . .
derived from bacteria
C12N 9/54
. . . . .
bacteria being Bacillus
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C12N 9/58
. . . .
derived from fungi
C12N 9/60
. . . . .
from yeast
C12N 9/62
. . . . .
from Aspergillus
C12N 9/63
. . . .
{
derived from plants
}
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C12N 9/64
. . . .
derived from animal tissue
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C12N 9/6402
. . . . .
{
from non-mammals
}
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C12N 9/6405
. . . . . .
{
not being snakes
}
C12N 9/6408
. . . . . . .
{
Serine endopeptidases (3.4.21)
}
C12N 9/641
. . . . . . .
{
Cysteine endopeptidases (3.4.22)
}
C12N 9/6413
. . . . . . .
{
Aspartic endopeptidases (3.4.23)
}
C12N 9/6416
. . . . . . .
{
Metalloendopeptidases (3.4.24)
}
C12N 9/6418
. . . . . .
{
from snakes
}
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C12N 9/6421
. . . . .
{
from mammals
}
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C12N 9/6424
. . . . . .
{
Serine endopeptidases (3.4.21)
}
C12N 9/6427
. . . . . . .
{
Chymotrypsins( 3.4.21.1; 3.4.21.2 ); Trypsin (3.4.21.4)
}
C12N 9/6429
. . . . . . .
{
Thrombin (3.4.21.5)
}
C12N 9/6432
. . . . . . .
{
Coagulation factor Xa (3.4.21.6)
}
C12N 9/6435
. . . . . . .
{
Plasmin (3.4.21.7), i.e. fibrinolysin
}
C12N 9/6437
. . . . . . .
{
Coagulation factor VIIa (3.4.21.21)
}
C12N 9/644
. . . . . . .
{
Coagulation factor IXa (3.4.21.22)
}
C12N 9/6443
. . . . . . .
{
Coagulation factor XIa (3.4.21.27)
}
C12N 9/6445
. . . . . . .
{
Kallikreins( 3.4.21.34; 3.4.21.35 )
}
C12N 9/6448
. . . . . . .
{
Elastases, e.g. pancreatic elastase (3.4.21.36); leukocyte elastase (3.4.31.37)
}
C12N 9/6451
. . . . . . .
{
Coagulation factor XIIa (3.4.21.38)
}
C12N 9/6454
. . . . . . .
{
Dibasic site splicing serine proteases, e.g. kexin (3.4.21.61); furin (3.4.21.75) and other proprotein convertases
}
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C12N 9/6456
. . . . . . .
{
Plasminogen activators
}
C12N 9/6459
. . . . . . . .
{
t-plasminogen activator (3.4.21.68), i.e. tPA
}
C12N 9/6462
. . . . . . . .
{
u-Plasminogen activator (3.4.21.73), i.e. urokinase
}
C12N 9/6464
. . . . . . .
{
Protein C (3.4.21.69)
}
C12N 9/6467
. . . . . . .
{
Granzymes, e.g granzyme A (3.4.21.78); granzyme B (3.4.21.79)
}
C12N 9/647
. . . . . . .
{
Blood coagulation factors not provided for in a preceding group or according to more than one of the proceeding groups
}
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C12N 9/6472
. . . . . .
{
Cysteine endopeptidases (3.4.22)
}
C12N 9/6475
. . . . . . .
{
Interleukin 1-beta convertase-like enzymes( 3.4.22.10; 3.4.22.36; 3.4.22.63 )
}
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C12N 9/6478
. . . . . .
{
Aspartic endopeptidases (3.4.23)
}
C12N 9/6481
. . . . . . .
{
Pepsins( 3.4.23.1; 3.4.23.2; 3.4.23.3 )
}
C12N 9/6483
. . . . . . .
{
Chymosin (3.4.23.4), i.e. rennin
}
C12N 9/6486
. . . . . . .
{
Renin (3.4.23.15)
}
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C12N 9/6489
. . . . . .
{
Metalloendopeptidases (3.4.24)
}
C12N 9/6491
. . . . . . .
{
Matrix metalloproteases (MMP's), e.g. interstitial collagenase (3.4.24.7); Stromelysins( 3.4.24.17; 3.2.1.22 ); Matrilysin (3.4.24.23)
}
C12N 9/6494
. . . . . . .
{
Neprilysin (3.4.24.11), i.e. enkephalinase or neutral-endopeptidase 24.11
}
C12N 9/6497
. . . . . . .
{
Endothelin-converting enzyme( 3.4.24.71 )
}
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C12N 9/78
. .
acting on carbon to nitrogen bonds other than peptide bonds (3.5)
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C12N 9/80
. . .
acting on amide bonds in linear amides
{
(3.5.1)
}
C12N 9/82
. . . .
Asparaginase
{
(3.5.1.1)
}
C12N 9/84
. . . .
Penicillin amidase
{
(3.5.1.11)
}
C12N 9/86
. . .
acting on amide bonds in cyclic amides, e.g. penicillinase
{
(3.5.2)
}
C12N 9/88
.
Lyases (4.)
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C12N 9/90
.
Isomerases (5.)
C12N 9/92
. .
Glucose isomerase
{
( 5.3.1.5; 5.3.1.9; 5.3.1.18 )
}
C12N 9/93
.
{
Ligases (6)
}
C12N 9/94
.
Pancreatin
.
Stabilising an enzyme by forming an adduct or a composition ; Forming enzyme conjugates
.
Preparation of granular or free-flowing enzyme compositions( C12N 9/96 takes precedence )
C12N 9/99
.
Enzyme inactivation by chemical treatment
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Carrier-bound or immobilised enzymes ; Carrier-bound or immobilised microbial cells ; Preparation thereof
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C12N 11/02
.
Enzymes or microbial cells being immobilised on or in an organic carrier
C12N 11/04
. .
entrapped within the carrier, e.g. gel, hollow fibre
C12N 11/06
. .
attached to the carrier via a bridging agent
C12N 11/08
. .
carrier being a synthetic polymer
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C12N 11/10
. .
carrier being a carbohydrate
C12N 11/12
. . .
Cellulose or derivative thereof
C12N 11/14
.
Enzymes or microbial cells being immobilised on or in an inorganic carrier
C12N 11/16
.
Enzymes or microbial cells being immobilised on or in a biological cell
C12N 11/18
.
Multi-enzyme systems
Treatment of micro-organisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy, e.g. magnetism, sonic waves
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Mutation or genetic engineering ; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification ; Use of hosts therefor( mutants or genetically engineered micro-organisms, per se C12N 1/00 , C12N 5/00 , C12N 7/00 ; new plants per se A01H ; plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques A01H 4/00 ; new animals per se A01K 67/00 ; use of medicinal preparations containing genetic material which is inserted into cells of the living body to treat genetic diseases, gene therapy A61K 48/00 )
.
Preparation of mutants without inserting foreign genetic material therein ; Screening processes therefor
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.
Preparation of hybrid cells by fusion of two or more cells, e.g. protoplast fusion
{
( monoclonal antibodies C07K 16/00 ; apparatus for cell fusion C12M )
}
C12N 15/03
. .
Bacteria
C12N 15/04
. .
Fungi
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.
Recombinant DNA-technology
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. .
Processes for the isolation, preparation or purification of DNA or RNA( chemical preparation of DNA or RNA C07H 21/00 ; preparation of non-structural polynucleotides from micro-organisms or with enzymes C12P 19/34 )
NOTE
-
After the symbol C12N 15/10 to C12N 15/10 D, and separated therefrom by a + sign, it is desirable to add the indexing codes selected from groups C12Q 2500/00 to M12Q599/00 , relating to relevant technical features of the invention. When more than one indexing code is selected, the different codes are separated by a + sign. Example : C12N 15/1037 + 537/125 + 521/537

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. . .
{
Extracting or separating nucleic acids from biological samples, e.g. pure separation or isolation methods; Conditions, buffers or apparatuses therefor
}
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. . . .
{
by means of a solid support carrier, e.g. particles, polymers
}
. . . . .
{
by chromatography, e.g. electrophoresis, ion-exchange, reverse phase
}
. . . . .
{
by using magnetic beads
}
. . . .
{
by filtration, e.g. using filters, frits, membranes
}
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. . .
{
Mutagenizing nucleic acids
}
. . . .
{
In vivo mutagenesis using high mutation rate "mutator" host strains by inserting genetic material, e.g. encoding an error prone polymerase, disrupting a gene for mismatch repair
}
. . . .
{
by DNA shuffling, e.g. RSR, STEP, RPR
}
. . . .
{
mutagenesis by gene assembly, e.g. assembly by oligonucleotide extension PCR
}
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. . .
{
Isolating an individual clone by screening libraries
}
. . . .
{
Screening libraries presented on the surface of microorganisms, e.g. phage display, E. coli display
}
. . . .
{
Ribosome/Polysome display, e.g. SPERT, ARM
}
. . . .
{
Preparation or screening of libraries displayed on scaffold proteins
}
s
. . . .
{
SELEX
}
. . . .
{
Gene trapping, e.g. exon-, intron-, IRES-, signal sequence-trap cloning, trap vectors
}
. . . .
{
Protein x Protein interaction, e.g. two hybrid selection
}
. . . .
{
Directional evolution of libraries, e.g. evolution of libraries is achieved by mutagenesis and screening or selection of mixed population of organisms
}
. . . .
{
mRNA-Display, e.g. polypeptide and encoding template are connected covalently
}
. . . .
{
Preparation or screening of tagged libraries, e.g. tagged microorganisms by STM-mutagenesis, tagged polynucleotides, gene tags
}
. . . .
{
Template( nucleic acid )mediated chemical library synthesis, e.g. chemical and enzymatical DNA-templated organic molecule synthesis, libraries prepared by non ribosomal polypeptide synthesis (NRPS), DNA/RNA-polymerase mediated polypeptide synthesis
}
. . . .
{
Differential gene expression library synthesis, e.g. subtracted libraries, differential screening
}
. . . .
{
by coupling phenotype to genotype, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
}
. . . .
{
Screening libraries by altering the phenotype or phenotypic trait of the host( reporter assays C12N 15/1086 )
}
. . . .
{
Preparation or screening gene libraries by chromosomal integration of polynucleotide sequences, HR-, site-specific-recombination, transposons, viral vectors
}
. . . .
{
Preparation or screening of expression libraries, e.g. reporter assays
}
. . . .
{
Design, preparation, screening or analysis of libraries using computer algorithms
}
. . . .
{
General methods of preparing gene libraries, not provided for in other subgroups
}
. . .
{
cDNA Synthesis; Subtracted cDNA library construction, e.g. RT, RT-PCR
}
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. .
DNA or RNA fragments ; Modified forms thereof( DNA or RNA not used in recombinant technology, C07H 21/00 ) ;
{
Non-coding nucleic acids having a biological activity
}
NOTE
-
Documents relating to DNA or its corresponding RNA and their use in recombinant DNA technology or the preparation of specific peptides, e.g. enzymes, are classified in subclass C07K or in group C12N 9/00 according to the peptides, with the appropriate indexing codes relating to their use in recombinant technology. Groups C12N 15/11 to C12N 15/117 cover also the use of non-coding nucleic acids as active ingredients in medicinal preparations. The C12N 2300/00 ICO scheme has to be applied to these groups. When documents classifiable in one or more subgroups disclose general principles of the technology applicable to the whole field, classification is also made in group C12N 15/11 M


. . .
{
General methods applicable to biologically active non-coding nucleic acids
}
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. . .
Non-coding nucleic acids modulating the expression of genes, e.g.antisense oligonucleotides;
{
Antisense DNA or RNA; Triplex- forming oligonucleotides; Catalytic nucleic acids, e.g. ribozymes; Nucleic acids used in co-suppression or gene silencing( when used in plants C12N 15/8218 )
}
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C12N 15/1131
. . . .
{
against viruses
}
C12N 15/1132
. . . . .
{
against retroviridae, e.g. HIV
}
C12N 15/1133
. . . . .
{
against herpetoviridae, e.g. HSV
}
. . . .
{
against oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes
}
C12N 15/1136
. . . .
{
against growth factors, growth regulators, cytokines, lymphokines or hormones
}
. . . .
{
against enzymes( viral enzymes C12N 15/1131 ; receptors C12N 15/1138 )
}
. . . .
{
against receptors or cell surface proteins
}
. . .
Aptamers, i.e. nucleic acids binding a target molecule specifically and with high affinity without hybridising therewith;
{
Nucleic acids binding to non-nucleic acids, e.g. aptamers
}
NOTE
-
Aptamers fused to compounds which are already classified in groups C12N 15/11 to C12N 15/117 , are classified with the corresponding compound

. . .
Nucleic acids having immunomodulatory properties, e.g. containing CpG-motifs
. . .
Genes encoding for enzymes or proenzymes
NOTE
-
In this group genes encoding for proenzymes are classified with the corresponding genes encoding enzymes.

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. . .
DNA sequences coding for fusion proteins
NOTE
-
In this group, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:
- "fusion" means the fusion of two different proteins.

. . . .
{
containing a sequence coding for a signal sequence
}
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. .
Introduction of foreign genetic material using vectors ; Vectors ; Use of hosts therefor ; Regulation of expression
. . .
{
Externally inducible repressor mediated regulation of gene expression, e.g. tetR inducible by tetracyline
}
. . .
General methods for preparing the vector, for introducing it into the cell or for selecting the vector-containing host
. . .
using markers( enzymes used as markers C12N 15/52 )
. . .
General methods for inserting a gene into a vector to form a recombinant vector using cleavage and ligation ; Use of non-functional linkers or adaptors, e.g. linkers containing the sequence for a restriction endonuclease
NOTE
-
In this group, the following expression is used with the meaning indicated:
- "non-functional linkers" means DNA sequences which are used to link DNA sequences
and which have no known function of structural gene or regulating function.

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. . .
General methods for enhancing the expression
. . . .
Stabilisation of the vector
. . . .
Increasing the copy number of the vector
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. . .
Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for E. coli
NOTE
-
This group covers the use of E. coli as host.

Shuttle vectors also replicating in E. coli are classified according to the other host.

. . . .
Expression systems using regulatory sequences derived from the trp-operon
. . . .
Expression systems using regulatory sequences derived from the lac-operon
. . . .
Expression systems using phage (lambda) regulatory sequences
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. . .
Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for prokaryotic hosts other than E. coli, e.g. Lactobacillus, Micromonospora
NOTE
-
This group covers the use of prokaryotes as hosts.

. . . .
{
for Agrobacterium; Rhizobium; Bradyrhizobium
}
. . . .
{
for lactic acid bacteria( Streptococcus; Lactococcus; Lactobacillus; Pediococcus; Enterococcus; Leuconostoc; Propionibacterium; Bifidobacterium; Sporolactobacillus )
}
. . . .
for Bacillus
. . . .
for Actinomyces ; for Streptomyces
. . . .
for Corynebacterium ; for Brevibacterium
. . . .
for Pseudomonas
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. . .
Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for eukaryotic hosts
NOTE
-
This group covers the use of eukaryotes as hosts.

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. . . .
for fungi
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. . . . .
for yeasts
. . . . . .
{
for yeasts other than Saccharomyces
}
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. . . .
for plant cells,
{
e.g. plant artificial chromosomes (PACs)
}
NOTE
-
Documents are being continuously reclassified into this new classification scheme. See Warning notes below

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C12N 15/8201
. . . . .
{
Methods for introducing genetic material into plant cells, e.g. DNA, RNA, stable or transient incorporation, tissue culture methods adapted for transformation
}
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C12N 15/8202
. . . . . .
{
by biological means, e.g. cell mediated or natural vector
}
C12N 15/8203
. . . . . . .
{
Virus mediated transformation
}
C12N 15/8205
. . . . . . .
{
Agrobacterium mediated transformation
}
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C12N 15/8206
. . . . . .
{
by physical or chemical, i.e. non-biological, means, e.g. electroporation, PEG mediated
}
C12N 15/8207
. . . . . . .
{
by mechanical means, e.g. microinjection, particle bombardment, silicon whiskers
}
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C12N 15/8209
. . . . . .
{
Selection, visualisation of transformants, reporter constructs, e.g. antibiotic resistance markers
}
NOTE
-
Standard selectable markers such as neomycin phosphotransferase (NPT) are not systematically classified in C12N 15/8209

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C12N 15/821
. . . . . . .
{
Non-antibiotic resistance markers, e.g. morphogenetic, metabolic markers
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8209

C12N 15/8212
. . . . . . . .
{
Colour markers, e.g. beta-glucoronidase (GUS), green fluorescent protein (GFP), carotenoid
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8209

. . . . . .
{
Targeted insertion of genes into the plant genome by homologous recombination
}
. . . . . .
{
Plastid transformation
}
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C12N 15/8216
. . . . .
{
Methods for controlling, regulating or enhancing expression of transgenes in plant cells
}
. . . . . .
{
Gene switch
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8216

C12N 15/8218
. . . . . .
{
Antisense, co-suppression, viral induced gene silencing (VIGS), post-transcriptional induced gene silencing (PTGS)
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8216

C12N 15/822
. . . . . .
{
Reducing position variability, e.g. by the use of scaffold attachment region/matrix attachment region (SAR/MAR); Use of SAR/MAR to regulate gene expression
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8216

. . . . . .
{
Transit peptides
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8216

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C12N 15/8222
. . . . . .
{
Developmentally regulated expression systems, tissue, organ specific, temporal or spatial regulation
}
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C12N 15/8223
. . . . . . .
{
Vegetative tissue-specific promoters
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8225
. . . . . . . .
{
Leaf-specific, e.g. including petioles, stomata
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8226
. . . . . . . .
{
Stem-specific, e.g. including tubers, beets
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8227
. . . . . . . .
{
Root-specific
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8229
. . . . . . . .
{
Meristem-specific, e.g. nodal, apical
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

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C12N 15/823
. . . . . . .
{
Reproductive tissue-specific promoters
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8231
. . . . . . . .
{
Male-specific, e.g. anther, tapetum, pollen
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8233
. . . . . . . .
{
Female-specific, e.g. pistil, ovule
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8234
. . . . . . . .
{
Seed-specific, e.g. embryo, endosperm
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

C12N 15/8235
. . . . . . . .
{
Fruit-specific
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8222

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C12N 15/8237
. . . . . .
{
Externally regulated expression systems
}
C12N 15/8238
. . . . . . .
{
chemically inducible, e.g. tetracycline
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8237

C12N 15/8239
. . . . . . .
{
pathogen inducible
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8237

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C12N 15/8241
. . . . .
{
Phenotypically and genetically modified plants via recombinant DNA technology
}
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. . . . . .
{
with non-agronomic quality (output) traits, e.g. for industrial processing; Value added, non-agronomic traits
}
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C12N 15/8243
. . . . . . .
{
involving biosynthetic or metabolic pathways, i.e. metabolic engineering, e.g. nicotine, caffeine
}
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C12N 15/8245
. . . . . . . .
{
involving modified carbohydrate or sugar alcohol metabolism, e.g. starch biosynthesis
}
C12N 15/8246
. . . . . . . . .
{
Non-starch polysaccharides, e.g. cellulose, fructans, levans
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8245

C12N 15/8247
. . . . . . . .
{
involving modified lipid metabolism, e.g. seed oil composition
}
C12N 15/8249
. . . . . . . .
{
involving ethylene biosynthesis, senescence or fruit development, e.g. modified tomato ripening, cut flower shelf-life
}
C12N 15/825
. . . . . . . .
{
involving pigment biosynthesis
}
NOTE
-
Transgenic plants with altered flower morphology are also classified in this group

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. . . . . . . .
{
Amino acid content, e.g. synthetic storage proteins, altering amino acid biosynthesis
}
C12N 15/8253
. . . . . . . . .
{
Methionine or cysteine
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8251

C12N 15/8254
. . . . . . . . .
{
Tryptophan or lysine
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8251

C12N 15/8255
. . . . . . . .
{
involving lignin biosynthesis
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8243

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C12N 15/8257
. . . . . . .
{
for the production of primary gene products, e.g. pharmaceutical products, interferon
}
C12N 15/8258
. . . . . . . .
{
for the production of oral vaccines (antigens) or immunoglobulins
}
C12N 15/8259
. . . . . . .
{
Phytoremediation
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8242

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. . . . . .
{
with agronomic (input) traits, e.g. crop yield
}
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C12N 15/8262
. . . . . . .
{
involving plant development( not used )
}
C12N 15/8263
. . . . . . . .
{
Ablation; Apoptosis
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8265
. . . . . . . .
{
Transgene containment, e.g. gene dispersal
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8266
. . . . . . . .
{
Abscission; Dehiscence; Senescence
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8267
. . . . . . . .
{
Seed dormancy, germination or sprouting
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8269
. . . . . . . .
{
Photosynthesis
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/827
. . . . . . . .
{
Flower development or morphology, e.g. flowering promoting factor (FPF)
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

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C12N 15/8271
. . . . . . .
{
for stress resistance, e.g. heavy metal resistance
}
C12N 15/8273
. . . . . . . .
{
for drought, cold, salt resistance
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8271

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C12N 15/8274
. . . . . . . .
{
for herbicide resistance
}
C12N 15/8275
. . . . . . . . .
{
Glyphosate
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8274

C12N 15/8277
. . . . . . . . .
{
Phosphinotricin
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8274

C12N 15/8278
. . . . . . . . .
{
Sulfonylurea
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8274

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C12N 15/8279
. . . . . . . .
{
for biotic stress resistance, pathogen resistance, disease resistance
}
C12N 15/8281
. . . . . . . . .
{
for bacterial resistance
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8279

C12N 15/8282
. . . . . . . . .
{
for fungal resistance
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8279

C12N 15/8283
. . . . . . . . .
{
for virus resistance
}
C12N 15/8285
. . . . . . . . .
{
for nematode resistance
}
C12N 15/8286
. . . . . . . . .
{
for insect resistance
}
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C12N 15/8287
. . . . . . .
{
for fertility modification, e.g. apomixis
}
C12N 15/8289
. . . . . . . .
{
Male sterility
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8287

C12N 15/829
. . . . . . . .
{
Female sterility
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8287

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C12N 15/8291
. . . . . . .
{
Hormone-influenced development
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8293
. . . . . . . .
{
Abscisic acid (ABA)
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8294
. . . . . . . .
{
Auxins
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8295
. . . . . . . .
{
Cytokinins
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8297
. . . . . . . .
{
Gibberellins; GA3
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

C12N 15/8298
. . . . . . . .
{
Brassinosteroids
}
WARNING
-
Incomplete, see also C12N 15/8261

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. . . .
for animal cells
C12N 15/8509
. . . . .
{
for producing genetically modified animals, e.g. transgenic
}
NOTE
-
The purpose of the modified animal is indicated using the codes under A01K 2267/00

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C12N 15/86
. . . . .
Viral vectors
WARNING
-
From March 15, 2012 groups C12N 15/861 - C12N 15/869 and subgroups thereof are no longer used for the classification of new documents. The documents in these (sub)groups are being reclassified to the corresponding codes in the range M12N710-M12N795

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C12N 15/861
. . . . . .
Adenoviral vectors
C12N 15/8613
. . . . . . .
{
Chimaeric vector systems comprising heterologous sequences for production of another viral vector
}
C12N 15/8616
. . . . . . .
{
Special methods for targeting systems
}
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C12N 15/863
. . . . . .
Poxviral vectors,
{
e.g. entomopoxvirus
}
C12N 15/8633
. . . . . . .
{
Avian poxviral vectors
}
C12N 15/8636
. . . . . . .
{
Vaccina virus vectors
}
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C12N 15/864
. . . . . .
Parvoviral vectors,
{
e.g. parvovirus, densovirus
}
C12N 15/8645
. . . . . . .
{
Adeno-associated virus
}
C12N 15/866
. . . . . .
Baculoviral vectors
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C12N 15/867
. . . . . .
Retroviral vectors
C12N 15/8673
. . . . . . .
{
Special methods for packaging systems
}
C12N 15/8676
. . . . . . .
{
Special methods for targeting systems
}
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C12N 15/869
. . . . . .
Herpesviral vectors
C12N 15/8695
. . . . . . .
{
Herpes simplex virus-based vectors
}
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C12N 15/87
. .
Introduction of foreign genetic material using processes not otherwise provided for, e.g. co-transformation
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C12N 15/873
. . .
Techniques for producing new embryos, e.g. nuclear transfer, manipulation of totipotent cells or production of chimeric embryos
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C12N 15/877
. . . .
Techniques for producing new mammalian cloned embroys
C12N 15/8771
. . . . .
{
Bovine embryos
}
C12N 15/8772
. . . . .
{
Caprine embryos
}
C12N 15/8773
. . . . .
{
Ovine embryos
}
C12N 15/8775
. . . . .
{
Murine embryos
}
C12N 15/8776
. . . . .
{
Primate embryos
}
C12N 15/8777
. . . . .
{
Rabbit embryos
}
C12N 15/8778
. . . . .
{
Swine embryos
}
C12N 15/88
. . .
using micro-encapsulation, e.g. using
{
amphiphile
}
liposome vesicle
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C12N 15/89
. . .
using micro-injection
C12N 15/895
. . . .
{
using biolistic methods
}
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C12N 15/90
. . .
Stable introduction of foreign DNA into chromosome
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C12N 15/902
. . . .
{
using homologous recombination
}
C12N 15/905
. . . . .
{
in geasts
}
C12N 15/907
. . . . .
{
in mammalian cells
}
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C12N 2009/00
Enzymes ; Proenzymes ; Compositions thereof( preparations containing enzymes for cleaning teeth A61K 8/66 , A61Q 11/00 ; medicinal preparations containing enzymes or pro-enzymes A61K 38/43 ; enzyme containing detergent compositions C11D ;
{
enzymes with nucleic acid structure, e.g. ribozymes, C12N 15/113
}
)
; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating or purifying enzymes( preparation of malt C12C 1/00 )
NOTE
-
Enzymes are generally categorized below according to the "Nomenclature and Classification of Enzymes" of the International Commission on Enzymes. Where appropriate, this designation appears in the groups below in parenthesis.

C12N 2009/02
.
Oxidoreductases (1.)
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C12N 2015/00
Mutation or genetic engineering ; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification ; Use of hosts therefor( mutants or genetically engineered micro-organisms, per se C12N 1/00 , C12N 5/00 , C12N 7/00 ; new plants per se A01H ; plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques A01H 4/00 ; new animals per se A01K 67/00 ; use of medicinal preparations containing genetic material which is inserted into cells of the living body to treat genetic diseases, gene therapy A61K 48/00 )
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C12N 2015/09
.
Recombinant DNA-technology
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C12N 2015/63
. .
Introduction of foreign genetic material using vectors ; Vectors ; Use of hosts therefor ; Regulation of expression
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C12N 2015/79
. . .
Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for eukaryotic hosts
NOTE
-
This group covers the use of eukaryotes as hosts.

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C12N 2015/85
. . . .
for animal cells
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C12N 2015/8509
. . . . .
{
for producing genetically modified animals, e.g. transgenic
}
NOTE
-
The purpose of the modified animal is indicated using the codes under A01K 2267/00

C12N 2015/8518
. . . . . .
{
expressing industrially exogenous proteins, e.g. for pharmaceutical use, human insulin, blood factors, immunoglobulins, pseudoparticles
}
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C12N 2015/8527
. . . . . .
{
for producing animal models, e.g. for tests or diseases
}
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C12N 2015/8536
. . . . . . .
{
Animal models for genetic diseases
}
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C12N 2015/8545
. . . . . . . .
{
for Alzheimer''s disease
}
C12N 2015/8554
. . . . . . . . .
{
Invertebrates models for Alzheimer''s disease
}
C12N 2015/8563
. . . . . . . .
{
for autoimmune diseases, e.g. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
}
C12N 2015/8572
. . . . . . .
{
Animal models for proliferative diseases, e.g. comprising an oncogene
}
C12N 2015/8581
. . . . . . .
{
Animal models for infectious diseases, e.g. AIDS
}
C12N 2015/859
. . . . . . .
{
Animal models comprising reporter system for screening tests
}
C12N 2303/00
Indexing codes associated with general methodologies in the field of biologically active non-coding nucleic acids
NOTE
-

Indexing codes of group C12N 2303/00 are only used in combination with group C12N 15/111

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Structure or type of the nucleic acid
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.
Type of nucleic acid
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C12N 2310/11
. .
Antisense
C12N 2310/111
. . .
spanning the whole gene, or a large part of it
C12N 2310/113
. . .
targeting other non-coding nucleic acids, e.g. antagomirs
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C12N 2310/12
. .
catalytic nucleic acids, e.g. ribozymes
C12N 2310/121
. . .
Hammerhead
C12N 2310/122
. . .
Hairpin
C12N 2310/123
. . .
Hepatitis delta
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C12N 2310/124
. . .
based on group I or II introns
C12N 2310/1241
. . . .
Tetrahymena
C12N 2310/126
. . .
involving RNAse P
C12N 2310/127
. . .
DNAzymes
C12N 2310/128
. . .
processing or releasing ribozyme
C12N 2310/13
. .
Decoys
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C12N 2310/14
. .
interfering N.A.
C12N 2310/141
. . .
MicroRNAs, miRNAs
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C12N 2310/15
. .
Nucleic acids forming more than 2 strands, e.g. TFOs
C12N 2310/151
. . .
more than 3 strands, e.g. tetrads, H-DNA
C12N 2310/152
. . .
on a single-stranded target, e.g. fold-back TFOs
C12N 2310/153
. . .
with the aid of a protein, e.g. recombinase
C12N 2310/16
. .
Aptamers
C12N 2310/17
. .
Immunomodulatory nucleic acids
C12N 2310/18
. .
acting by a non-sequence specific mechanism( other than 310/16 or 310/17 )
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.
Chemical structure
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. .
of the backbone
C12N 2310/311
. . .
Phosphotriesters
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C12N 2310/312
. . .
Phosphonates
C12N 2310/3125
. . . .
Methylphosphonates
C12N 2310/313
. . .
Phosphorodithioates
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C12N 2310/314
. . .
Phosphoramidates
C12N 2310/3145
. . . .
with the nitrogen in 3' or 5'-position
C12N 2310/315
. . .
Phosphorothioates
C12N 2310/316
. . .
Phosphonothioates
C12N 2310/317
. . .
with an inverted bond, e.g. a cap structure
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. . .
where the PO2 is completely replaced, e.g. MMI or formacetal
C12N 2310/3181
. . . .
Peptide nucleic acid, PNA
C12N 2310/3183
. . . .
Diol linkers, e.g. glycols or propanediols
C12N 2310/319
. . .
linked by 2'-5' linkages, i.e. having a free 3'-position
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. .
of the sugar
. . .
2'-O-R Modification
. . .
2'-R Modification
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. . .
modified ring structure
C12N 2310/3231
. . . .
having an additional ring, e.g. LNA, ENA
C12N 2310/3233
. . . .
Morpholino-type ring
C12N 2310/3235
. . . .
having the O of the ribose replaced by another atom
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. .
of the base
C12N 2310/331
. . .
Universal or degenerate base
C12N 2310/332
. . .
Abasic residue
C12N 2310/333
. . .
Modified A
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C12N 2310/334
. . .
Modified C
C12N 2310/3341
. . . .
5-Methylcytosine
C12N 2310/335
. . .
Modified T or U
C12N 2310/336
. . .
Modified G
C12N 2310/337
. . .
in alpha-anomeric form
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. .
Spatial arrangement of the modifications
C12N 2310/341
. . .
Gapmers, i.e. of the type ===---===
C12N 2310/342
. . .
Hemimers, i.e. of the type ====----
C12N 2310/343
. . .
having patterns, e.g. ==--==--==--
C12N 2310/344
. . .
Position-specific modifications, e.g. on every purine, at the 3'-end
C12N 2310/345
. . .
having at least two different backbone modifications
C12N 2310/346
. . .
having a combination of backbone and sugar modifications
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C12N 2310/35
. .
Nature of the modification
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C12N 2310/351
. . .
Conjugate
C12N 2310/3511
. . . .
intercalating or cleaving agent
C12N 2310/3513
. . . .
Protein ; Peptide
C12N 2310/3515
. . . .
Lipophilic moiety, e.g. cholesterol
C12N 2310/3517
. . . .
Marker ; Tag
C12N 2310/3519
. . . .
Fusion with another nucleic acid
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C12N 2310/352
. . .
linked to the nucleic acid via a carbon atom
C12N 2310/3521
. . . .
Methyl
C12N 2310/3523
. . . .
Allyl
C12N 2310/3525
. . . .
MOE, methoxyethoxy
C12N 2310/3527
. . . .
Other alkyl chain
C12N 2310/3529
. . . .
Aromatic substituent
C12N 2310/353
. . .
linked to the nucleic acid via an atom other than carbon
C12N 2310/3531
. . .
Hydrogen
C12N 2310/3533
. . .
Halogen
C12N 2310/3535
. . .
Nitrogen
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C12N 2310/50
.
Physical structure
C12N 2310/51
. .
in polymeric form, e.g. multimers, concatemers
C12N 2310/52
. .
branched
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C12N 2310/53
. .
partially self-complementary or closed
C12N 2310/531
. . .
Stem-loop ; Hairpin
C12N 2310/532
. . .
Closed or circular
C12N 2310/533
. . .
having a mismatch or nick in at least one of the strands
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Applications ; Uses
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.
in screening processes
. .
for the determination of target sites, i.e. of active nucleic acids
C12N 2320/12
. .
in functional genomics, i.e. for the determination of gene function
. .
in a process of directed evolution, e.g. SELEX, acquiring a new function
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.
Special therapeutic applications
C12N 2320/31
. .
Combination therapy
C12N 2320/32
. .
Special delivery means, e.g. tissue-specific
C12N 2320/33
. .
Alteration of splicing
C12N 2320/34
. .
Allele or polymorphism specific uses
C12N 2320/35
. .
based on a specific dosage / administration regimen
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.
Methods for regulating/modulating their activity
C12N 2320/51
. .
modulating the chemical stability, e.g. nuclease-resistance
C12N 2320/52
. .
modulating the physical stability, e.g. GC-content
C12N 2320/53
. .
reducing unwanted side-effects
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Production
.
naturally occurring
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C12N 2330/30
.
chemically synthesised
C12N 2330/31
. .
Libraries, arrays
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C12N 2330/50
.
Biochemical production, i.e. in a transformed host cell
C12N 2330/51
. .
Specially adapted vectors
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C12N 2500/00
Specific components of cell culture medium
C12N 2500/02
.
Atmosphere, e.g. low oxygen conditions
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C12N 2500/05
.
Inorganic components
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C12N 2500/10
. .
Metals ; Metal chelators( cobalamine C12N 2500/38 )
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C12N 2500/12
. . .
Light metals, i.e. alkali, alkaline earth, Be, Al, Mg
C12N 2500/14
. . . .
Calcium ; Ca chelators ; Calcitonin
C12N 2500/16
. . . .
Magnesium ; Mg chelators
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C12N 2500/20
. . .
Transition metals
C12N 2500/22
. . . .
Zinc ; Zn chelators( insulin-zinc complexes C12N 2501/33 )
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C12N 2500/24
. . . .
Iron ; Fe chelators ; Transferrin
C12N 2500/25
. . . . .
Insulin-transferrin ; Insulin-transferrin-selenium
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C12N 2500/30
.
Organic components( metal chelators C12N 2500/10 ; calcitonin C12N 2500/14 ; transferrin C12N 2500/24 )
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C12N 2500/32
. .
Amino acids
C12N 2500/33
. . .
other than alpha-amino carboxylic acids, e.g. beta-amino acids, taurine
C12N 2500/34
. .
Sugars
C12N 2500/35
. .
Polyols, e.g. glycerin, inositol
C12N 2500/36
. .
Lipids
C12N 2500/38
. .
Vitamins
C12N 2500/40
. .
Nucleotides, nucleosides, bases( cyclic nucleotides C12N 2501/01 , anti-neoplasic drugs C12N 2501/06 )
C12N 2500/42
. .
Organic phosphate, e.g. beta glycerophosphate
C12N 2500/44
. .
Thiols, e.g. mercaptoethanol
C12N 2500/46
. .
Amines, e.g. putrescine
C12N 2500/50
.
Soluble polymers, e.g. polyethyleneglycol (PEG)
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C12N 2500/60
.
Buffer, e.g. pH regulation, osmotic pressure
C12N 2500/62
. .
DMSO
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C12N 2500/70
.
Undefined extracts( conditioned medium C12N 2502/00 )
C12N 2500/72
. .
from bacteria
C12N 2500/74
. .
from fungi, e.g. yeasts
C12N 2500/76
. .
from plants
C12N 2500/78
. .
from protozoa
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C12N 2500/80
. .
from animals
C12N 2500/82
. . .
from invertebrates
C12N 2500/84
. . .
from mammals
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C12N 2500/90
.
Serum-free medium, which may still contain naturally-sourced components
C12N 2500/92
. .
Medium free of human- or animal-derived components
C12N 2500/95
. .
Protein-free medium and culture conditions
C12N 2500/98
.
Xeno-free medium and culture conditions
C12N 2500/99
.
Serum-free medium
WARNING
-
This group is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from January 1, 2012. The backlog of this group is being continuously reclassified to C12N 2500/90 to C12N 2500/98

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C12N 2501/00
Active agents used in cell culture processes, e.g. differentation
NOTE
-
Whenever possible, indexation is done by signalling pathway and not by chemical structure, e.g. the group of a protein covers not only peptide analogs of it and the corresponding nucleic acids, as in C07K14, but also antibodies, anti-idiotypic antibodies, non-peptide ligands of the receptor, the receptor itself, antibodies against the receptor or inhibitors of the conversion enzyme which processes the protein precursor. Unless otherwise provided for, ligands and substrates take precedence over receptors and enzymes.

C12N 2501/01
.
Modulators of cAMP or cGMP, e.g. non-hydrolysable analogs, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, cholera toxin
C12N 2501/02
.
Compounds of the arachidonic acid pathway, e.g. prostaglandins, leukotrienes
C12N 2501/03
.
Compounds acting on the NO pathway, e.g. nitrososarginine
C12N 2501/04
.
Immunosuppressors, e.g. cyclosporin, tacrolimus
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C12N 2501/05
.
Adjuvants
C12N 2501/051
. .
Lipid A( MPA, MPL )
C12N 2501/052
. .
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS)
C12N 2501/054
. .
Muramyle peptides
C12N 2501/056
. .
Immunostimulating oligonucleotides, e.g. CpG
C12N 2501/06
.
Anti-neoplasic drugs, anti-retroviral drugs, e.g. azacytidine, cyclophosphamide
C12N 2501/065
.
Modulators of histone acetylation
C12N 2501/07
.
Heat shock proteins
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C12N 2501/10
.
Growth factors
C12N 2501/105
. .
Insulin-like growth factors (IGF)
C12N 2501/11
. .
Epidermal growth factor (EGF)
C12N 2501/113
. .
Acidic fibroblast growth factor( aFGF, FGF-1 )
C12N 2501/115
. .
Basic fibroblast growth factor( bFGF, FGF-2 )
C12N 2501/117
. .
Keratinocyte growth factors( KGF-1, i.e. FGF-7; KGF-2, i.e. FGF-12 )
C12N 2501/119
. .
Other fibroblast growth factors, e.g. FGF-4, FGF-8, FGF-10
C12N 2501/12
. .
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)
C12N 2501/125
. .
Stem cell factor (SCF), c-kit ligand (KL)
C12N 2501/13
. .
Nerve growth factor (NGF) ; Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ; Cilliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) ; Glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) ; Neurotrophins (NT) ; Neuregulins
C12N 2501/135
. .
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)
C12N 2501/14
. .
Erythropoietin (EPO)
C12N 2501/145
. .
Thrombopoietin (TPO)
C12N 2501/148
. .
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-a)
C12N 2501/15
. .
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-?)
C12N 2501/155
. .
Bone morphogenic proteins (BMP) ; Osteogenins ; Osteogenic factor ; Bone inducing factor
C12N 2501/16
. .
Activin ; Inhibin ; Mullerian inhibiting substance
C12N 2501/165
. .
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
C12N 2501/17
. .
Angiopoietin
C12N 2501/175
. .
Cardiotrophin
C12N 2501/18
. .
Liver cell growth factor( LCGF, Gly-His-Lys )
C12N 2501/185
. .
Osteoprotegerin ; Osteoclast differentiation factor( ODF, RANKL )
C12N 2501/19
. .
Growth and differentiation factors (GDF)
C12N 2501/195
. .
Heregulin, neu differentiation factor
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C12N 2501/20
.
Cytokines ; Chemokines
C12N 2501/21
. .
Chemokines, e.g. MIP-1, MIP-2, RANTES, MCP, PF-4
C12N 2501/22
. .
Colony stimulating factors( G-CSF, GM-CSF )
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C12N 2501/23
. .
Interleukins (IL)
C12N 2501/2301
. . .
Interleukin-1 (IL-1)
C12N 2501/2302
. . .
Interleukin-2 (IL-2)
C12N 2501/2303
. . .
Interleukin-3 (IL-3)
C12N 2501/2304
. . .
Interleukin-4 (IL-4)
C12N 2501/2305
. . .
Interleukin-5 (IL-5)
C12N 2501/2306
. . .
Interleukin-6 (IL-6)
C12N 2501/2307
. . .
Interleukin-7 (IL-7)
C12N 2501/2308
. . .
Interleukin-8 (IL-8)
C12N 2501/2309
. . .
Interleukin-9 (IL-9)
C12N 2501/231
. . .
Interleukin-10 (IL-10)
C12N 2501/2311
. . .
Interleukin-11 (IL-11)
C12N 2501/2312
. . .
Interleukin-12 (IL-12)
C12N 2501/2313
. . .
Interleukin-13 (IL-13)
C12N 2501/2314
. . .
Interleukin-14 (IL-14)
C12N 2501/2315
. . .
Interleukin-15 (IL-15)
C12N 2501/2316
. . .
Interleukin-16 (IL-16)
C12N 2501/2317
. . .
Interleukin-17 (IL-17)
C12N 2501/2318
. . .
Interleukin-18 (IL-18)
C12N 2501/2319
. . .
Interleukin-19 (IL-19)
C12N 2501/232
. . .
Interleukin-20 (IL-20)
C12N 2501/2321
. . .
Interleukin-21 (IL-21)
C12N 2501/2322
. . .
Interleukin-22 (IL-22)
C12N 2501/2323
. . .
Interleukin-23 (IL-23)
C12N 2501/2324
. . .
Interleukin-24 (IL-24)
C12N 2501/2325
. . .
Interleukin-25 (IL-25)
C12N 2501/2326
. . .
Interleukin-26 (IL-26)
C12N 2501/2327
. . .
Interleukin-27 (IL-27)
C12N 2501/2328
. . .
Interleukin-28 (IL-28)
C12N 2501/2329
. . .
Interleukin-29 (IL-29)
C12N 2501/233
. . .
Interleukin-30 (IL-30)
C12N 2501/2331
. . .
Interleukin-31 (IL-31)
C12N 2501/2332
. . .
Interleukin-32 (IL-32)
C12N 2501/2333
. . .
Interleukin-33 (IL-33)
C12N 2501/2334
. . .
Interleukin-34 (IL-34)
C12N 2501/2335
. . .
Interleukin-35 (IL-35)
C12N 2501/235
. . .
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF)
C12N 2501/237
. .
Oncostatin M (OSM)
C12N 2501/24
. .
Interferons (IFN)
C12N 2501/25
. .
Tumour necrosing factors (TNF)
C12N 2501/26
. .
Flt-3 ligand( CD135L, flk-2 ligand )
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C12N 2501/30
.
Hormones( derived from pro-opiomelanocortin, pro-enkephalin or pro-dynorphin C12N 2501/85 )
C12N 2501/305
. .
Growth hormone (GH), aka. somatotropin
C12N 2501/31
. .
Pituitary sex hormones, e.g. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH) ; Chorionic gonadotropins
C12N 2501/315
. .
Prolactin
C12N 2501/32
. .
Angiotensins (AT), angiotensinogen
C12N 2501/33
. .
Insulin( together with transferrin C12N 2500/25 ; Insulin-like growth factors C12N 2501/105 )
C12N 2501/335
. .
Glucagon ; Glucagon-like peptide (GLP) ; Exendin
C12N 2501/34
. .
Calcitonin ; Calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRO) ; Amylin
C12N 2501/345
. .
Gastrin ; Cholecystokinins (CCK)
C12N 2501/35
. .
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) ; Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP)
C12N 2501/355
. .
Leptin
C12N 2501/36
. .
Somatostatin
C12N 2501/365
. .
Endothelin
C12N 2501/37
. .
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
C12N 2501/375
. .
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
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C12N 2501/38
. .
with nuclear receptors
C12N 2501/385
. . .
of the family of the retinoic acid recptor, e.g. RAR, RXR ; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)
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C12N 2501/39
. . .
Steroid hormones
C12N 2501/392
. . . .
Sexual steroids
C12N 2501/395
. . .
Thyroid hormones
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C12N 2501/40
.
Regulators of development
C12N 2501/405
. .
Cell cycle regulated proteins, e.g. cyclins, cyclin-dependant kinases
C12N 2501/41
. .
Hedgehog proteins ; Cyclopamine (inhibitor)
C12N 2501/415
. .
Wnt ; Frizzeled
C12N 2501/42
. .
Notch ; Delta ; Jagged ; Serrate
C12N 2501/48
. .
Regulators of apoptosis
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C12N 2501/50
.
Cell markers ; Cell surface determinants
C12N 2501/505
. .
CD4 ; CD8
C12N 2501/51
. .
B7 molecules, e.g. CD80, CD86, CD28 (ligand), CD152 (ligand)
C12N 2501/515
. .
CD3, T-cell receptor complex
C12N 2501/52
. .
CD40, CD40-ligand (CD154)
C12N 2501/53
. .
CD2
C12N 2501/58
. .
Adhesion molecules, e.g. ICAM, VCAM, CD18 (ligand), CD11 (ligand), CD49 (ligand)
C12N 2501/585
. .
Integrins
C12N 2501/59
. .
Lectins
C12N 2501/599
. .
with CD designations not provided for elsewhere
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C12N 2501/60
.
Transcription factors
C12N 2501/602
. .
Sox-2
C12N 2501/603
. .
Oct-3/4
C12N 2501/604
. .
Klf-4
C12N 2501/605
. .
Nanog
C12N 2501/606
. .
c-Myc
C12N 2501/608
. .
Lin28
C12N 2501/65
.
Micro-RNA
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C12N 2501/70
.
Enzymes
C12N 2501/71
. .
Oxidoreductases( EC 1. )
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C12N 2501/72
. .
Transferases( EC 2. )( acetylation of histones C12N 2501/065 )
C12N 2501/724
. . .
Glycosyltransferases( EC 2.4. )
C12N 2501/727
. . .
Kinases( EC 2.7. )
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C12N 2501/73
. .
Hydrolases( EC 3. )
C12N 2501/734
. . .
Proteases( EC 3.4. )
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C12N 2501/80
.
Neurotransmitters ; Neurohormones
C12N 2501/805
. .
Acetylcholine
C12N 2501/81
. .
Adrenaline
C12N 2501/815
. .
Dopamine
C12N 2501/82
. .
Histamine
C12N 2501/825
. .
Serotonine (5-HT) ; Melatonine
C12N 2501/83
. .
Tachykinins, e.g. substance P
C12N 2501/835
. .
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) ; Peptide YY (PYY)
C12N 2501/84
. .
Excitatory amino acids
C12N 2501/845
. .
Gamma amino butyric acid (GABA)
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C12N 2501/85
.
Hormones derived from pro-opiomelanocortin, pro-enkephalin or pro-dynorphin
C12N 2501/855
. .
Corticotropin (ACTH)
C12N 2501/86
. .
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
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C12N 2501/90
.
Polysaccharides
C12N 2501/905
. .
Hyaluronic acid
C12N 2501/91
. .
Heparin
C12N 2501/998
.
Proteins not provided for elsewhere
NOTE
-
Classification by pathway does not apply.

C12N 2501/999
.
Small molecules not provided for elsewhere
NOTE
-
Classification by pathway does not apply.

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C12N 2502/00
Coculture with ; Conditioned medium produced by
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C12N 2502/02
.
embryonic cells
C12N 2502/025
. .
extra-embryonic cells, e.g. amniotic epithelium, placental cells, Wharton's jelly
C12N 2502/03
.
non-embryonic pluripotent stem cells
C12N 2502/04
.
germ cells
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C12N 2502/07
.
endocrine cells
C12N 2502/072
. .
adrenal cells
C12N 2502/074
. .
pinealocytes
C12N 2502/076
. .
pituitary cells
C12N 2502/078
. .
thyroid, parathyroid cells
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C12N 2502/08
.
cells of the nervous system
C12N 2502/081
. .
neurons
C12N 2502/083
. .
sensory transducers
C12N 2502/085
. .
eye cells
C12N 2502/086
. .
glial cells
C12N 2502/088
. .
neural stem cells
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C12N 2502/09
.
epidermal cells, skin cells, oral mucosa cells
C12N 2502/091
. .
melanocytes
C12N 2502/092
. .
hair cells
C12N 2502/094
. .
keratinocytes
C12N 2502/095
. .
mammary cells
C12N 2502/097
. .
oral mucosa cells
C12N 2502/098
. .
cells of secretory glands, e.g. parotid gland, salivary glands, sweat glands, lacrymal glands
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C12N 2502/11
.
blood or immune system cells
C12N 2502/1107
. .
B cells
C12N 2502/1114
. .
T cells
C12N 2502/1121
. .
Dendritic cells
C12N 2502/1128
. .
Erythrocytes
C12N 2502/1135
. .
Granulocytes
C12N 2502/1142
. .
Osteoclasts
C12N 2502/115
. .
Platelets, megakaryocytes
C12N 2502/1157
. .
Monocytes, macrophages
C12N 2502/1164
. .
NK cells
C12N 2502/1171
. .
Haematopoietic stem cells
C12N 2502/1178
. .
Spleen cells
C12N 2502/1185
. .
Thymus cells
C12N 2502/1192
. .
Lymphatic cells
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C12N 2502/13
.
connective tissue cells ; generic mesenchyme cells, e.g. so-called "embryonic fibroblasts"
C12N 2502/1305
. .
Adipocytes
C12N 2502/1311
. .
Osteocytes, osteoblasts, odontoblasts
C12N 2502/1317
. .
Chondrocytes
C12N 2502/1323
. .
Adult fibroblasts
C12N 2502/1329
. .
Cardiomyocytes
C12N 2502/1335
. .
Skeletal muscle cells, myocytes, myoblasts, myotubes
C12N 2502/1341
. .
Tenocytes, cells from tendons and ligaments
C12N 2502/1347
. .
Smooth muscle cells
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C12N 2502/1352
. .
Mesenchymal stem cells
C12N 2502/1358
. . .
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC)
C12N 2502/1364
. . .
Dental pulp stem cells, dental follicle stem cells
C12N 2502/137
. . .
Blood-borne mesenchymal stem cells, e.g. Msc from umbilical cord blood
C12N 2502/1376
. . .
Mesenchymal stem cells from hair follicles
C12N 2502/1382
. . .
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), adipose stromal stem cells
C12N 2502/1388
. . .
Mesenchymal stem cells from other natural sources
C12N 2502/1394
. .
Bone marrow stromal cells ; whole marrow
C12N 2502/14
.
hepatocytes
C12N 2502/16
.
fibroblasts
WARNING
-
This group is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from January 1, 2012. The backlog of this group is being continuously reclassified to subgroups of C12N 2502/13

C12N 2502/21
.
bone marrow stromal cells
WARNING
-
This group is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from January 1, 2012. The backlog of this group is being continuously reclassified to subgroups of C12N 2502/13

C12N 2502/22
.
pancreatic cells
C12N 2502/23
.
Gastro-intestinal tract cells
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C12N 2502/24
.
Genital tract cells, non-germinal cells from gonads
C12N 2502/243
. .
Cells of the female genital tract , non-germinal ovarian cells
C12N 2502/246
. .
Cells of the male genital tract, non-germinal testis cells
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C12N 2502/25
.
Urinary tract cells, renal cells
C12N 2502/253
. .
Bladder cells
C12N 2502/256
. .
Renal cells
C12N 2502/27
.
Lung cells, respiratory tract cells
C12N 2502/28
.
Vascular endothelial cells
C12N 2502/30
.
tumour cells
C12N 2502/45
.
Artificially induced pluripotent stem cells
C12N 2502/50
.
invertebrate cells
C12N 2502/70
.
Non-animal cells
C12N 2502/99
.
genetically modified cells
NOTE
-
Use M12N501 to index the expressed products.

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C12N 2503/00
Use of cells in diagnostics
NOTE
-
When testing involves a protein, a receptor, an enzyme or a nucleic acid merely expressed by a cell M07K203/00 , M07K205/00 , M12N203/00 or M12N205/00 .

C12N 2503/02
.
Drug screening
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C12N 2503/04
.
Screening or testing on artificial tissues
C12N 2503/06
. .
Screening or testing on artificial skin
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C12N 2506/00
Differentiation of animal cells from one lineage to another ; Differentiation of pluripotent cells
NOTE
-
This scheme indexes the starting point of a differentiation process and is used in combination with classification in C12N 5/06 for the end product. Differentiation of a restricted progenitor cell into its expected progeny is not indexed. Differentiation of totipotent cells and dedifferentiation are always indexed.

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C12N 2506/02
.
from embryonic cells
C12N 2506/025
. .
from extra-embryonic cells, e.g. trophoblast, placenta
C12N 2506/03
.
from non-embryonic pluripotent stem cells
C12N 2506/04
.
from germ cells
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C12N 2506/07
.
from endocrine cells
C12N 2506/072
. .
from adrenal cells
C12N 2506/074
. .
from pinealocytes
C12N 2506/076
. .
from pituitary cells
C12N 2506/078
. .
from thyroid, parathyroid cells
C12N 2506/08
.
from cells of the nervous system
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C12N 2506/09
.
from epidermal cells, from skin cells, from oral mucosa cells
C12N 2506/091
. .
from melanocytes
C12N 2506/092
. .
from hair cells
C12N 2506/094
. .
from keratinocytes
C12N 2506/095
. .
from mammary cells
C12N 2506/097
. .
from oral mucosa cells
C12N 2506/098
. .
from cells of secretory glands, e.g. parotid gland, salivary glands, sweat glands, lacrymal glands
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C12N 2506/11
.
from blood or immune system cells
C12N 2506/115
. .
from monocytes, from macrophages
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C12N 2506/13
.
from connective tissue cells, from mesenchymal cells
C12N 2506/1307
. .
from adult fibroblasts
C12N 2506/1315
. .
from cardiomyocytes
C12N 2506/1323
. .
from skeletal muscle cells
C12N 2506/133
. .
from tenocytes
C12N 2506/1338
. .
from smooth muscle cells
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C12N 2506/1346
. .
from mesenchymal stem cells
C12N 2506/1353
. . .
from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC)
C12N 2506/1361
. . .
from dental pulp or dental follicle stem cells
C12N 2506/1369
. . .
from blood-borne mesenchymal stem cells, e.g. MSC from umbilical blood
C12N 2506/1376
. . .
from mesenchymal stem cells derived from hair follicles
C12N 2506/1384
. . .
from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), from adipose stromal stem cells
C12N 2506/1392
. . .
from mesenchymal stem cells from other natural sources
C12N 2506/14
.
from hepatocytes
C12N 2506/21
.
from bone marrow stromal cells ; from mesenchymal stem cells
WARNING
-
This group is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from January 1, 2012. The backlog of this group is being continuously reclassified to subgroups of C12N 2502/13

C12N 2506/22
.
from pancreatic cells
C12N 2506/23
.
from cells of the gastro-intestinal tract
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C12N 2506/24
.
from cells of the genital tract, from non-germinal gonad cells
C12N 2506/243
. .
from cells of the female genital tract cells, from non-germinal ovarian cells
C12N 2506/246
. .
from cells of the male genital tract cells, from non-germinal testis cells
C12N 2506/25
.
from renal cells, from cells of the urinary tract
C12N 2506/27
.
from lung cells, from cells of the respiratory tract
C12N 2506/28
.
from vascular endothelial cells
C12N 2506/30
.
from cancer cells, e.g. reversion of tumour cells
NOTE
-
Unless the tumourigenic phenotype is totally reversed, the end product is still classified under C12N 5/0693 .

C12N 2506/45
.
from artificially induced pluripotent stem cells
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C12N 2509/00
Methods for the dissociation of cells, e.g. specific use of enzymes
C12N 2509/10
.
Mechanical dissociation
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C12N 2510/00
Genetically modified cells
C12N 2510/02
.
Cells for production
C12N 2510/04
.
Immortalised cells
C12N 2511/00
Cells for large scale production
C12N 2513/00
3D culture
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C12N 2517/00
Cells related to new breeds of animals
C12N 2517/02
.
Cells from transgenic animals
C12N 2517/04
.
Cells produced using nuclear transfer
C12N 2517/10
.
Conditioning of cells for in vitro fecondation or nuclear transfer
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C12N 2521/00
Culture process characterised by the use of hydrostatic pressure, flow or shear forces
C12N 2521/10
.
Sound, e.g. ultrasounds
C12N 2523/00
Culture process characterised by temperature
C12N 2525/00
Culture process characterised by gravity, e.g. microgravity
C12N 2527/00
Culture process characterised by the use of mechanical forces, e.g. strain, vibration
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C12N 2529/00
Culture process characterised by the use of electromagnetic stimulation
C12N 2529/10
.
Stimulation by light
C12N 2531/00
Microcarriers
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C12N 2533/00
Supports or coatings for cell culture, characterised by material
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C12N 2533/10
.
Mineral substrates
C12N 2533/12
. .
Glass
C12N 2533/14
. .
Ceramic
C12N 2533/18
. .
Calcium salts, e.g. apatite, Mineral components from bones, teeth, shells
C12N 2533/20
.
Small organic molecules
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C12N 2533/30
.
Synthetic polymers( thermoreactive polymers, e.g. PNIPAm, C12N 2539/10 )
C12N 2533/32
. .
Polylysine, polyornithine
C12N 2533/40
. .
Polyhydroxyacids, e.g. polymers of glycolic or lactic acid( PGA, PLA, PLGA ) ; Bioresorbable polymers
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C12N 2533/50
.
Proteins
C12N 2533/52
. .
Fibronectin ; Laminin
C12N 2533/54
. .
Collagen ; Gelatin
C12N 2533/56
. .
Fibrin ; Thrombin
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C12N 2533/70
.
Polysaccharides
C12N 2533/72
. .
Chitin, chitosan
C12N 2533/74
. .
Alginate
C12N 2533/76
. .
Agarose, agar-agar
C12N 2533/78
. .
Cellulose
C12N 2533/80
. .
Hyaluronan
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C12N 2533/90
.
Substrates of biological origin, e.g. extracellular matrix, decellularised tissue
C12N 2533/92
. .
Amnion ; Decellularised dermis or mucosa
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C12N 2535/00
Supports or coatings for cell culture characterised by topography
C12N 2535/10
.
Patterned coating
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C12N 2537/00
Supports and/or coatings for cell culture characterised by physical or chemical treatment
C12N 2537/10
.
Cross-linking
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C12N 2539/00
Supports and/or coatings for cell culture characterised by properties
C12N 2539/10
.
Coating allowing for selective detachment of cells, e.g. thermoreactive coating
C12N 2700/00
Viruses
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C12N 2710/00
dsDNA Viruses( not used )
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C12N 2710/00011
.
dsDNA Viruses
C12N 2710/00021
. .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/00022
. .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/00023
. .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/00031
. .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/00032
. .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/00033
. .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/00034
. .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/00041
. .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/00042
. . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/00043
. . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/00044
. . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/00045
. . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/00051
. .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/00052
. . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/00061
. .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/00062
. . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/00063
. . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/00064
. . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/00071
. .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/00088
. .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/10011
. .
Adenoviridae
C12N 2710/10021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/10022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/10023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/10031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/10032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/10033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/10034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/10041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/10042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/10043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/10044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/10045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/10051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/10052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/10061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/10062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/10063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/10064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/10071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/10088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/10111
. . .
Atadenovirus, e.g. ovine adenovirus D
C12N 2710/10121
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/10122
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/10123
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/10131
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/10132
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/10133
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/10134
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/10141
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/10142
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/10143
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/10144
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/10145
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/10151
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/10152
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/10161
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/10162
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/10163
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/10164
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/10171
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/10188
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/10211
. . .
Aviadenovirus, e.g. fowl adenovirus A
C12N 2710/10221
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/10222
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/10223
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/10231
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/10232
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/10233
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/10234
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/10241
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/10242
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/10243
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/10244
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/10245
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/10251
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/10252
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/10261
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/10262
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/10263
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/10264
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/10271
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/10288
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/10311
. . .
Mastadenovirus, e.g. human or simian adenoviruses
C12N 2710/10321
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/10322
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/10323
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/10331
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/10332
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/10333
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/10334
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/10341
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/10342
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/10343
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/10344
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/10345
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/10351
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/10352
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/10361
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/10362
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/10363
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/10364
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/10371
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/10388
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/12011
. .
Asfarviridae
C12N 2710/12021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/12022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/12023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/12031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/12032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/12033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/12034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/12041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/12042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/12043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/12044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/12045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/12051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/12052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/12061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/12062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/12063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/12064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/12071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/12088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/14011
. .
Baculoviridae
C12N 2710/14021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/14022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/14023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/14031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/14032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/14033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/14034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/14041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/14042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/14043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vectore
C12N 2710/14044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/14045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/14051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/14052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/14061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/14062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/14063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/14064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/14071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/14088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/14111
. . .
Nucleopolyhedrovirus, e.g. autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus
C12N 2710/14121
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/14122
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/14123
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/14131
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/14132
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/14133
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/14134
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/14141
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/14142
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/14143
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/14144
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/14145
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/14151
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/14152
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/14161
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/14162
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/14163
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/14164
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/14171
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/14188
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16011
. .
Herpesviridae
C12N 2710/16021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2710/16061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16111
. . .
Cytomegalovirus, e.g. human herpesvirus 5
C12N 2710/16121
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16122
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16123
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16131
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16132
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16133
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16134
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16141
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16142
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16143
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16144
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16145
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
Collapse
C12N 2710/16151
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16152
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16161
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16162
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16163
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16164
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16171
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16188
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16211
. . .
Lymphocryptovirus, e.g. human herpesvirus 4, Epstein-Barr Virus
C12N 2710/16221
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequencess
C12N 2710/16222
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16223
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16231
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16232
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16233
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16234
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16241
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16242
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16243
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16244
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16245
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16251
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16252
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16261
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16262
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16263
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16264
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16271
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16288
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16311
. . .
Mardivirus, e.g. Gallid herpesvirus 2, Marek-like viruses, turkey HV
C12N 2710/16321
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16322
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16323
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16331
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16332
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16333
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16334
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16341
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16342
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16343
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16344
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16345
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16351
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16352
. . . . .
relating to complementin g cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16361
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16362
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16363
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16364
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16371
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16388
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16411
. . .
Rhadinovirus, e.g. human herpesvirus 8
C12N 2710/16421
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16422
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16423
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16431
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16432
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16433
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16434
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16441
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16442
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16443
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16444
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16445
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16451
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16452
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16461
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16462
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16463
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16464
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16471
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16488
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16511
. . .
Roseolovirus, e.g. human herpesvirus 6, 7
C12N 2710/16521
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16522
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16523
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16531
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16532
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16533
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16534
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral
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C12N 2710/16541
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16542
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16543
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16544
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16545
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16551
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16552
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16561
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16562
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16563
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16564
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16571
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16588
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16611
. . .
Simplexvirus, e.g. human herpesvirus 1, 2
C12N 2710/16621
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16622
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16623
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16631
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16632
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16633
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16634
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16641
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16642
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16643
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16644
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16645
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16651
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16652
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16661
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16662
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16663
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16664
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16671
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16688
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/16711
. . .
Varicellovirus, e.g. human herpesvirus 3, Varicella Zoster, pseudorabies
C12N 2710/16721
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/16722
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/16723
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/16731
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/16732
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/16733
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/16734
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/16741
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/16742
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/16743
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/16744
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/16745
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/16751
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/16752
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/16761
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/16762
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/16763
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/16764
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/16771
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/16788
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/18011
. .
Nimaviridae
C12N 2710/18021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/18022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/18023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/18031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/18032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/18033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/18034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/18041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/18042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/18043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/18044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/18045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/18051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/18052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2710/18061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/18062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/18063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/18064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/18071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/18088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/20011
. .
Papillomaviridae
C12N 2710/20021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/20022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/20023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/20031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/20032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/20033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/20034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/20041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/20042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/20043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/20044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/20045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/20051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/20052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2710/20061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/20062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/20063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/20064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/20071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/20088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/22011
. .
Polyomaviridae, e.g. polyoma, SV40, JC
C12N 2710/22021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/22022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/22023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/22031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/22032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/22033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/22034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/22041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/22042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/22043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/22044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/22045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/22051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/22052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/22061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/22062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/22063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/22064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/22071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/22088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/24011
. .
Poxviridae
C12N 2710/24021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/24022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/24023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/24031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/24032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/24033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/24034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/24041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/24042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/24043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/24044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/24045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/24051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/24052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/24061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/24062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/24063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/24064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/24071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/24088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/24111
. . .
Orthopoxvirus, e.g. vaccinia virus, variola
C12N 2710/24121
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/24122
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/24123
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/24131
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/24132
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/24133
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/24134
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/24141
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/24142
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/24143
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/24144
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/24145
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/24151
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/24152
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/24161
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/24162
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/24163
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/24164
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/24171
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/24188
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2710/24211
. . .
Parapoxvirus, e.g. Orf virus
C12N 2710/24221
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2710/24222
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2710/24223
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2710/24231
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2710/24232
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2710/24233
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2710/24234
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2710/24241
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2710/24242
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2710/24243
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2710/24244
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2710/24245
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2710/24251
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2710/24252
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2710/24261
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2710/24262
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2710/24263
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2710/24264
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2710/24271
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2710/24288
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2720/00
dsRNA Viruses( not used )
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C12N 2720/00011
.
dsRNA Viruses
C12N 2720/00021
. .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2720/00022
. .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2720/00023
. .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2720/00031
. .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2720/00032
. .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2720/00033
. .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2720/00034
. .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2720/00041
. .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2720/00042
. . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2720/00043
. . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2720/00044
. . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2720/00045
. . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2720/00051
. .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2720/00052
. . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2720/00061
. .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2720/00062
. . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2720/00063
. . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2720/00064
. . .
by serial passage
C12N 2720/00071
. .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2720/00088
. .
For redistribution
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C12N 2720/10011
. .
Birnaviridae
C12N 2720/10021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2720/10022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2720/10023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2720/10031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2720/10032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2720/10033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2720/10034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2720/10041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vectorn
C12N 2720/10042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2720/10043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2720/10044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2720/10045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2720/10051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2720/10052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2720/10061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2720/10062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2720/10063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2720/10064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2720/10071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2720/10088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2720/12011
. .
Reoviridae
C12N 2720/12021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2720/12022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2720/12023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2720/12031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2720/12032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2720/12033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2720/12034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2720/12041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2720/12042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2720/12043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2720/12044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2720/12045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2720/12051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2720/12052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2720/12061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2720/12062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2720/12063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2720/12064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2720/12071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2720/12088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2720/12111
. . .
Orbivirus, e.g. bluetongue virus
C12N 2720/12121
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2720/12122
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2720/12123
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2720/12131
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2720/12132
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2720/12133
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2720/12134
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2720/12141
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vectorn
C12N 2720/12142
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2720/12143
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2720/12144
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2720/12145
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2720/12151
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2720/12152
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2720/12161
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2720/12162
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2720/12163
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2720/12164
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2720/12171
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2720/12188
. . . .
For redistribution
Collapse
C12N 2720/12211
. . .
Orthoreovirus, e.g. mammalian orthoreovirus
C12N 2720/12221
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2720/12222
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2720/12223
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2720/12231
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2720/12232
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2720/12233
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2720/12234
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2720/12241
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2720/12242
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2720/12243
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2720/12244
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2720/12245
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
Collapse
C12N 2720/12251
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2720/12252
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2720/12261
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2720/12262
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2720/12263
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2720/12264
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2720/12271
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2720/12288
. . . .
For redistribution
Collapse
C12N 2720/12311
. . .
Rotavirus, e.g. rotavirus A
C12N 2720/12321
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2720/12322
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2720/12323
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2720/12331
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2720/12332
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2720/12333
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2720/12334
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2720/12341
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2720/12342
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2720/12343
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2720/12344
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2720/12345
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2720/12351
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2720/12352
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2720/12361
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2720/12362
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2720/12363
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2720/12364
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2720/12371
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2720/12388
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2730/00
Reverse Transcribing DNA Viruses( not used )
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C12N 2730/00011
.
Reverse Transcribing DNA Viruses
C12N 2730/00021
. .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2730/00022
. .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2730/00023
. .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2730/00031
. .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2730/00032
. .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2730/00033
. .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2730/00034
. .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2730/00041
. .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2730/00042
. . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2730/00043
. . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2730/00044
. . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2730/00045
. . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2730/00051
. .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2730/00052
. . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2730/00061
. .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2730/00062
. . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2730/00063
. . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2730/00064
. . .
by serial passage
C12N 2730/00071
. .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2730/00088
. .
For redistribution
Collapse
C12N 2730/10011
. .
Hepadnaviridae
C12N 2730/10021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2730/10022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2730/10023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2730/10031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2730/10032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2730/10033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2730/10034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
Collapse
C12N 2730/10041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2730/10042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2730/10043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2730/10044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2730/10045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
Collapse
C12N 2730/10051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2730/10052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2730/10061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2730/10062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2730/10063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2730/10064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2730/10071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2730/10088
. . .
For redistribution
Collapse
C12N 2730/10111
. . .
Orthohepadnavirus, e.g. hepatitis B virus
C12N 2730/10121
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2730/10122
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2730/10123
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2730/10131
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2730/10132
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2730/10133
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2730/10134
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2730/10141
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2730/10142
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2730/10143
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2730/10144
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2730/10145
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
Collapse
C12N 2730/10151
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2730/10152
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2730/10161
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2730/10162
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2730/10163
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2730/10164
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2730/10171
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2730/10188
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/00
Reverse Transcribing RNA Viruses( not used )
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C12N 2740/00011
.
Reverse Transcribing RNA Viruses
C12N 2740/00021
. .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/00022
. .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/00023
. .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/00031
. .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/00032
. .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/00033
. .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/00034
. .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/00041
. .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/00042
. . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/00043
. . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/00044
. . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/00045
. . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/00051
. .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/00052
. . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/00061
. .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/00062
. . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/00063
. . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/00064
. . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/00071
. .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/00088
. .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/10011
. .
Retroviridae
C12N 2740/10021
. . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/10022
. . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/10023
. . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/10031
. . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/10032
. . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/10033
. . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/10034
. . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/10041
. . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/10042
. . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/10043
. . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/10044
. . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/10045
. . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/10051
. . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/10052
. . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/10061
. . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/10062
. . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/10063
. . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/10064
. . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/10071
. . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/10088
. . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/11011
. . .
Alpharetrovirus, e.g. avian leucosis virus
C12N 2740/11021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/11022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/11023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/11031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/11032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/11033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/11034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/11041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/11042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/11043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/11044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/11045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/11051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/11052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/11061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/11062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/11063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/11064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/11071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/11088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/12011
. . .
Betaretrovirus, e.g. mouse mammary tumour virus
C12N 2740/12021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/12022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/12023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/12031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/12032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/12033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/12034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/12041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/12042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/12043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/12044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/12045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/12051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/12052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/12061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/12062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/12063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/12064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/12071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/12088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/13011
. . .
Gammaretrovirus, e.g. murine leukeamia virus
C12N 2740/13021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/13022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/13023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/13031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/13032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/13033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/13034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/13041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/13042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/13043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/13044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/13045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/13051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/13052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/13061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/13062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/13063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/13064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/13071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/13088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/14011
. . .
Deltaretrovirus, e.g. bovine leukeamia virus
C12N 2740/14021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/14022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/14023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/14031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/14032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/14033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/14034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/14041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/14042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/14043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/14044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/14045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/14051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/14052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/14061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/14062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/14063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/14064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/14071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/14088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/15011
. . .
Lentivirus, not HIV, e.g. FIV, SIV
C12N 2740/15021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/15022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/15023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/15031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/15032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/15033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/15034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/15041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/15042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/15043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/15044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/15045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/15051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/15052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/15061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/15062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/15063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/15064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/15071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/15088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/16011
. . .
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV
C12N 2740/16021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/16022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/16023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/16031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/16032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/16033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/16034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/16041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/16042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/16043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/16044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/16045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/16051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/16052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/16061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/16062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/16063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/16064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/16071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/16088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/16111
. . . .
concerning HIV env
C12N 2740/16122
. . . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/16134
. . . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
C12N 2740/16171
. . . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/16188
. . . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/16211
. . . .
concerning HIV gagpol
C12N 2740/16222
. . . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/16234
. . . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
C12N 2740/16271
. . . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/16288
. . . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/16311
. . . .
concerning HIV regulatory proteins
C12N 2740/16322
. . . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/16334
. . . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
C12N 2740/16371
. . . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/16388
. . . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2740/17011
. . .
Spumavirus, e.g. chimpanzee foamy virus
C12N 2740/17021
. . . .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2740/17022
. . . .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2740/17023
. . . .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2740/17031
. . . .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2740/17032
. . . .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2740/17033
. . . .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2740/17034
. . . .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2740/17041
. . . .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2740/17042
. . . . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2740/17043
. . . . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2740/17044
. . . . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2740/17045
. . . . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2740/17051
. . . .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2740/17052
. . . . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
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C12N 2740/17061
. . . .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2740/17062
. . . . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2740/17063
. . . . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2740/17064
. . . . .
by serial passage
C12N 2740/17071
. . . .
Demonstrated in vivo effect
C12N 2740/17088
. . . .
For redistribution
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C12N 2750/00
ssDNA Viruses( not used )
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C12N 2750/00011
.
ssDNA Viruses
C12N 2750/00021
. .
Viruses as such, e.g. new isolates, mutants or their genomic sequences
C12N 2750/00022
. .
New viral proteins or individual genes, new structural or functional aspects of known viral proteins or genes
C12N 2750/00023
. .
Virus like particles [VLP]
C12N 2750/00031
. .
Uses of virus other than therapeutic or vaccine, e.g. disinfectant
C12N 2750/00032
. .
Use of virus as therapeutic agent, other than vaccine, e.g. as cytolytic agent
C12N 2750/00033
. .
Use of viral protein as therapeutic agent other than vaccine, e.g. apoptosis inducing or anti-inflammatory
C12N 2750/00034
. .
Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein
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C12N 2750/00041
. .
Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a vector
C12N 2750/00042
. . .
virus or viral particle as vehicle, e.g. encapsulating small organic molecule
C12N 2750/00043
. . .
viral genome or elements thereof as genetic vector
C12N 2750/00044
. . .
Chimeric viral vector comprising heterologous viral elements for production of another viral vector
C12N 2750/00045
. . .
Special targeting system for viral vectors
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C12N 2750/00051
. .
Methods of production or purification of viral material
C12N 2750/00052
. . .
relating to complementing cells and packaging systems for producing virus or viral particles
Collapse
C12N 2750/00061
. .
Methods of inactivation or attenuation
C12N 2750/00062
. . .
by genetic engineering
C12N 2750/00063
. . .
by chemical treatment
C12N 2750/00064
. . .
by serial passage
C12N 2750/00071
. .
Demonstrated in vivo effect