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MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines or Equipment, including e.g. hand tools or trays, for preparing, shaping and processing edible dough, namely for mixing, kneading, dividing, working, forming, shaping, cutting, proving, handling the dough before the baking, cooking or prebaking process with optional subsequent freezing.

Machines or equipment, including hand tools, for handling baked or prebaked articles made from edible dough.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dough and dough or bakery products as such, e.g. chemical treatment, recipes, preservation
Pasta and noodles as such
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Baker's ovens; machines or equipment for baking
Confectionary
Machines for shaping or working of foodstuff not fully covered by other subclasses, e.g. A21C
Machines for mixing
Machines for packaging articles
Machines for arranging, feeding or orienting biscuits
Transport or storage devices in general
Measuring or metering of fluent solids other than dough by volume
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Dough
is understood to be an edible substance being baked before consumption. The dough can be in a semi-liquid state, e.g. batter, or the dough can be a pasty.
Mixing or kneading machines for the preparation of dough (domestic mixing or kneading machines A47J 43/00, A47J 44/00; mixing in general B01F; mixing or kneading of substances in a plastic state in general B29B 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for the mixing and/or kneading of dough, this preparation only concerning the mechanical aspects of it, i.e. the mixing of the individual components to obtain a homogeneous dough and/or its subsequent mechanical kneading to achieve the desired consistency.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
In general, methods or devices which are directed to the chemical aspects of the dough preparation (e.g. chemical composition, use of specific additives, operating steps intended to modify the properties of the dough -consistency, leavening, development of the mass, preparation for the baking step, etc.-) not being directly related to the mixing and/or kneading machine
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Household appliances
Mixing devices in domestic bread preparation machines
Mixing in general
Special rules of classification within this group

In this subclass, as a general rule, the type of dough mixer is to be specified, as well as the specific structural elements which are characteristic of this kind of device.

Additional details of the mixing or kneading device for which no specific classification information can be found in A21C 1/00 are classified under the corresponding sub-groups of B01F (mixing in general).

[N: Methods]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods.

Example:

with vertically-mounted tools; Machines for whipping or beating
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mixing deviceswith relative displacement between stirrer and receptacle
[N: by calendering, i.e. working between rollers (using rollers for shaping dough A21C 3/02)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For example:

[N: having a receptacle rotating about a vertical axis cooperating with rotary rollers]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For example:

[N: Drives]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Drive units, transmissions, brakes or couplings per se, i.e. when said elements and/or their details are the essential part of the described or claimed invention.

Brakes
Couplings
Electric motors
Hydraulic motors
Transmissions
Wind motors
[N: Safety arrangements (A21C 1/1485 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Safety devices in general
Doors; Closures; Operating, e.g. safety, mechanisms of mixing or kneading machines
[N: Arrangements for cooling or heating (receptacles with means for guiding fluids per se A21C 1/149); Arrangements for applying super- or sub-atmospheric pressure]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Heating or cooling elements in combination with the mixing device, the specific details of the heat-exchange means not being of relevance.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Heat exchangers in general
Receptacles with means for guiding fluids per se
Machines or apparatus for shaping batches of dough before sub-division
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for shaping dough, supplied in batches or continuously, to a semi-finished products, followed by sub-division and/or another shaping step.

Machines for twisting discrete strips of dough to obtain the final shape, e.g. for making pretzel.

Machines for twisting strips of dough followed by sub-division to obtain the final shape.

Machines for coiling sheets of dough to obtain the final shape or followed by sub-division.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dough extruding machines producing a string already having the final shape, with or without following cutting step
Dough-dividing machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for dividing batches of dough or batter, i.e. semi-liquid dough, into equally sized portions.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dough dividing apparatus followed by a merging, e.g. sheeting step to obtain a semi-finished product
for dispensing liquid or semi-liquid dough, e.g. batter
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Batter dispensing and baking apparatus, e.g. for pancakes
with division boxes and ejection plungers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for measuring fluent solid materials with piston type measuring chambers
with radial, i.e. star-like, cutter-blades slidable in the slots of, and relatively to, a pressing-plunger [N: (A21C 7/06 takes precedence)]
Special rules of classification within this group

Dividers featuring cutter blades other than radial, e.g. having a square pattern, are also classified in this group.

Machines which homogenise the subdivided dough by working other than by kneading
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for working or rounding discrete dough portions.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Kneading dough
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressins/words "working, rounding (E)", "wirken (G)" and "travailler (F)" are often used as synonyms.

combined with dividing machines with radial, i.e. star-like, cutter-blades slidable in the slots of, and relatively to, a pressing-plunger
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dough dividing machines which, as an additional feature, homogenise the dough
Special rules of classification within this group

Machines combined with dividers featuring cutter blades other than radial, e.g. having a square pattern, are also classified in this group.

Other apparatus for handling dough or dough pieces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Other apparatus for handling (opposed to shaping or forming) dough or dough pieces in the broadest sense not covered by groups A21C3 to A21C7 and A21C13 to A21C14, such as:

Apparatus for conveying, positioning dough or dough pieces or dough carriers, e.g. tins or pans.

Apparatus for filling, e.g. by injection or folding, and apparatus for coating dough pieces, e.g. by brushing on a coating with a sweeping action, and laminating dough sheets.

Other apparatus like hand tools, dust hoods, cleaning arrangements and trays.

Apparatus for spreading granular material on, or sweeping or coating the surfaces of, pieces or sheets of dough [N: (coating baked articles A21C 15/002)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coated foodstuff
Breading apparatus
Depositing, arranging and conveying apparatus for handling pieces, e.g. sheets of dough [N: (for handling liquid or semi-liquid dough, e.g. batter A21C 5/006)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Charging or discharging ovens
Other machines for forming the dough into its final shape before cooking or baking
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines not covered in A21C 3/00 to A21C 9/00 performing the final shaping or slitting of the dough prior to baking or cooking, of e.g. pasta.

Apparatus for slotting, slitting or perforating the surface of pieces of dough
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Slitting apparatus or tool per se
Provers, i.e. apparatus permitting dough to rise [N: (testing dough properties G01N 33/10)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Climate controlled spaces or chambers for dough.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Prover combined with oven are classified also in A21B.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Prover combined with oven
Treating methods for dough prior to baking
Testing dough properties
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressins/words "proofer, prover, proofing, proving, to proof, to prove, rise, rising (E)", "Gärschrank, gären, treiben, aufgehen (G)" and "fermenter, cuver (F)" are often used as synonyms.

Machines or equipment for making or processing dough, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus, devices and hand tools used for marking dough.

Apparatus for handling baked articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for handling baked articles in the broadest sense, such as:

Apparatus for conveying, manipulating baked articles.

Apparatus for further refinement of baked articles, e.g. filling, coating, spreading materials onto, shaping.

Apparatus for specifically cutting baked articles other than bread.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Discharging baked goods from tins
Cutting or slicing bread
Machines for packaging articles in general
Machines for arranging, feeding, orientating and packaging biscuits
Transport and Storage Devices in general
Apparatus for coating the surface of baked articles of which at least the dispensing part is hand-held, e.g. comprising a flexible container, pouch or gun-like applicator
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Piping Bags for confectionary
Apparatus for shaping or moulding baked wafers; Making multi-layer wafer sheets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for baking wafers
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Wafer
any sheet like baked product being, at ambient temperature, either rigid or soft
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressins/words "waffle, wafer (E)","gaufre (F)" and "Waffel (G)" are often used as synonyms.

Cutting or slicing machines or devices specially adapted for baked articles other than bread (for cutting or slicing bread B26B, B26D)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Halving buns
Cutting e.g. pies in segments
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013