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ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
Housing animals; Equipment therefor (building construction, features of buildings E04; ventilating buildings F24F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stable buildings and structural details therefore.

Shelters for animal other than pets.

Shelter and stables, may be transportable.

Partition walls and -grids may be incorporated.

Stables and shelters may comprise various installations, e.g. feeders, computer/ registration-systems, ventilation systems etc.

Movable animal enclosure, may be part of stable.

Wildlife homes, self-sustaining wildlife habitat sanctuary.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions.
Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings.
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like.
Milking stations.
Housing birds.
Pasturing equipment, e.g. tethering devices, Grids for...
Housing for domestic or laboratory animals.
Buildings or groups of agricultural purpose.
{Stable partitions (devices for fastening animals A01K 1/06; pasturing enclosures A01K 3/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for dividing stable room and/or limiting animal space.

Partitions; grids; box dividers; barriers.

Partitions etc. may be movable, existing of different materials and/or electrified.

Different ways of fastening partitions, e.g. yokes.

Doors (on or in stables); their actuation.

Doors, partitions etc. may serve for guiding or driving e.g. crowd gates, or for starting rodeos.

(Prefabricated) boxes which can serve as independent quarters, within stables.

Partitions may include ground-borne barriers such as thresholds.

Barriers controlling access to feeders

Separation possibilities between liquid/ solid manure.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animal; Equipment therefor
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals, e.g. fittings
Devices for immobilisation or restraint of animals, e.g. chutes
Milking station
Pasturing equipment, e.g. tethering devices; Grids for...
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Slaughtering pens
Race or rodeo starting gates or boxes...
Serving doors; Passing-through doors, (Pet doors)
{Cubicle partitions}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

A fence for laterally partitioning, forming cubicle partitions in a stable.

Divider may consist of single bent tube or more partitions. (mushroom-shape)

A cubicle partition may comprise at least one standing pipe, or a footles cubicle partition.

Partitions may be movable e.g. by rails.

Gate assembly for an animal enclosure such as milking parlour.

Box installations which are adjustable between an operative and an inoperative position in or to a stable.

Different ways for coupling the fence.

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{Gates, doors}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Gates, may be used as a fence and/or have a bumper system.

Gates may be extendible, e.g. have an adjustable frame.

Non-return gates, e.g. guillotine gate, tailgate.

Sheep control means, may comprise a workstation and/or a race and/or a drafting gate.

Doors may be automatically closing swing doors etc.

Device for prevent livestock passing through an open gate. (e.g. battery operated).

Hinge lock for animal gates, may have a releasable hinge mechanism.

Gate assembly for milking parlour, may be automatic.( e.g. trough rotating turnstile)

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{Sorting gates}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sorting gates:

  • may include an alley comprising an entrance, a main exit and a sorting exit.
  • may be adjustable.
  • may enable sorting according to weight, size, etc.
  • may contain a selective electronic confinement system, infra-red detector etc.

e.g. turnstile-type gate, swing-gate.

Livestock trap and sorter.

Gates may be adjustable, may include an opening e.g. for pedestrians.

Separating lactating animals in automatic milking installations by means of identification gates, switchable gates, enticement etc.

Feeding device for selective feeding cattle.

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{Crowding gates or barriers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Crowding gates or barriers:

  • may be foldable
  • may be attachable to wall/ fence, etc.
  • may be moved along a rails/ endless chain, etc.
  • may be electrified.

Assemblies for driving cattle along a route:

  • by means of a tailgate, mover member etc.
  • Animal catching and carrying devices.
  • For feeding control systems e.g. an electrified barrier.
  • Barrier for preventing passage of livestock.

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{Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for heating, cooling, ventilating, drying or humidifying stable rooms in general.

Method and system for disbursing ozone into a stable room e.g. deduction in flies, odour, dust etc.

Climate and ventilation control means, e.g. alarm system, responsive timer, etc.

Means of cleaning waste air:

  • may use filtering devices, remove dust, odours, ammonia etc.
  • may add pre-coated material, e.g. coke dust, lime dust.
  • may add disinfectants.

Methods for influencing and determining the airflow, e.g. metal panels.

Specially adapted details, e.g. roof lids, etc.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets.
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like.
Poultry house ventilation
Corresponding means for specific animal housing
Purposes
Incubators for poultry
Heating buildings
Ventilating buildings.
{Arrangement of fans or blowers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fans or blowers, for use in stable rooms in general.

  • may be movable.
  • may be placed in rows or back to back etc.
  • may have variable speed control.
  • may have cooling system, mist generator etc. included.

Wind diverters for fans and blowers.

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{Construction of air inlets or outlets in roofs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Construction of air inlets or outlets in roofs, e.g. fans and ducts etc.

  • may include evaporative coolers, ionizing apparatus, heat exchanging system, etc.

Methods of controlling ventilation in roofs.

Ventilation ceiling and panels therefor.

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{Construction of air inlets or outlets in walls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Construction of air inlets or outlets in walls.

  • by means of sheet metal panels with vents, ventilators, valves etc.

Ventilating system may be responsive to temperature, may be able to control humidity and movement of forced air etc.

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{Arrangement of curtain systems}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement of curtain systems.

  • may include selvedge reinforcement.
  • may include curtain control system.

Automatic curtain systems with ventilation monitoring, control, alarm and auto-release systems.

Blinds.

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{Arrangement of heaters or heat exchangers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Heating devices for a stall and method for operating the same. May include:

  • control device
  • one or more radiating elements
  • energy exchange unit
  • air control flow
  • air cleaning systems etc.
  • Heating devices may be energy saving
  • Ventilation heat recovery systems
  • Climate control systems

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{Water misting or cooling systems}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cooling station for animals, may be automatic. By means of liquid and air flow.

Evaporative cooling system e.g. fan guard mounted mister.

Cleaning waste air, e.g. by means of adding pre-coated material or water spray.

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Removal of dung or urine, {e.g. from stables} (A01K 1/015 takes precedence; {from poultry houses A01K 31/04} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collecting solid or liquid manure in stables, by any means, e.g. waste treatment bags, composting box, (liquid) manure tank etc.

Device for removing manure from animal stalls, e.g. bedding fork, scraper.

Device may be automatic, e.g. vehicle.

Device for transporting manure.

Bedding removal and refilling system for animal cages.

Treatment of manure, drying, heating, cooling, deodorizing.

Details of channels or (slatted) floors.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Cat trays; Dog urinals; Toilets for pets
Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets
Litter
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Dropping boards
Laying batteries
Poultry runs
Pumps
Snow ploughs
Obtaining proteins from animal waste
Treating manure.
{of liquid manure (treating manure A01C 3/00; treatment of water, waste water, sewage or sludge C02F) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stables and apparatus for collecting liquid animal manure, e.g. collection pit, tank etc.

  • may have arrangements for reducing ammonia emission.
  • may be transportable.
  • may include hydro flushing installations.

Details like dung channel, inlet valve etc.

Treatment of liquid manure, e.g. heating, cooling, deodorization, etc.

Different ways of converting liquid animal waste.

Devices and methods for cleaning stable floor.

  • may be automatic.

Apparatus for disposal or cleaning of waste-water.

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{Cat trays; Dog urinals; Toilets for pets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Indoors or outdoors toilets for pets.

Cat litter box, may be portable, disposable.

  • may include ventilation, filter system etc.
  • may include magnetic pet litter system.

Ready-made fillings for such toilets, may be for independent use.

Toilets may have flushing means, adaptations for human toilets, disinfection means, etc.

Paw-cleaning litter mat.

Pet-sheet, may be absorbing, impregnated with perfume, deodorant, disinfectant, pesticide etc.

Device for training animals to use toilets.

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{with means for removing excrement (A01K 1/0114 and A01K 1/0117 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In and outdoor toilets for pets, with automatic waste removement, by means of flushing, raking, etc.

may be connected to water supply, electric supply and to drains, e.g. household drains.

  • may be litter-free, or using water soluble litter etc.
  • may be movable.
  • may have appliances for washing the pet.
  • may include lavatory facility for toilet training.

Sanitizing apparatus for pet litter box, may have controllable temperature.

Sewerage device intended for domestic animals, cleaning device therefore.

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{Litter boxes with screens for separating excrement from litter}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Litter box may be portable.

Litter box may be disposable and may have litter included.

A litter box may contain a litter tray apparatus that collects particles of litter scattered from the paws.

The excrement may be separated by sifting, by means of:

  • rotating the Litter box.
  • a removable screen in corner of box.
  • lifting a reticulated structure from under the litter.
  • multiple layers of screens, etc.

Automated self-cleaning litter box:

  • by means of rake, comb, scoop, rotating auger etc.
  • may be direct responsive to the exit of a cat.
  • may include a rotatable enclosure.

Animal waste dispose apparatus by means of sifting.

Scoop for pet litter.

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{with conveying belts for removing excrement}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pet toilets or cages with waste disposal system, by means of endless belts, a hopper, etc.

May include a washing device, or adjustable litter supply.

May be portable.

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{adapted to fit on conventional toilets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Animal toilet adapted to fit on conventional toilets.

By means of adjustable toilet seat e.g. shelf segments, etc.

Litter box max be mountable on toilet.

  • may use flushable litter;
  • may include apparatus for training pets to use human toilet.

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{Foldable or collapsible litter boxes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Foldable or collapsible litter boxes:

  • may be (partly) disposable or made out of one piece.
  • may be pre-filled with litter.
  • may be lightweight, biodegradable etc.
  • may contain deodorization, flea repellent material etc.

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{by means of scrapers or the like moving continuously}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Barn and pit floor scrapers and details therefore, e.g. coupling etc.

may be attachable to a conventional vehicle, e.g. tractor etc.

Component structures, e.g. scraper blades.

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{by means of scrapers or the like moving to-and-fro or step-by-step}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Scrapers or the like moving to-and-fro or step-by-step.

details therefor e.g. blades, hinge flap side etc.

may operate by means of a shoe, friction type mechanism etc.

Drive system for scraper, e.g. rails, continuous cable etc.

Scraper may be used on stable floor or pit.

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{by means of conveyer belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Manure removal by means of conveyer belts.

details therefor e.g. rolling-up device, use of non-sticking material, etc.

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{by means of screw conveyers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Manure removal by means of screw conveyers, e.g. a worm conveyor, etc.

Details therefor e.g. a dung-collector-conveyer part, etc.

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{by means of a moving piston}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus for conveying manure, e.g. manure transfer system.

  • may include a pressure operated manure evacuation device, e.g. pressure chamber, etc.
  • may include a manure pump, e.g. ram-type pump, manure transfer pump, etc.

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{by means of manure-loaders, manure-ramps or manure-elevators associated with in-house removal systems (independent manure-loaders A01C 3/04) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Manure removal, by means of manure-loaders, manure-ramps or manure-elevators.

details therefor, e.g. manure lifter with a carrying fork, etc.

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Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets; {Stable floors (for poultry cages A01K 31/007) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Floors for stables or shelters, or their element.

Mats, beddings and other coverings for floors.

  • may include a heating device, e.g. heating pads for small animals, etc.
  • may include a drainage device.
  • may contain zeolites.

Spreading devices for animal bedding material.

  • may be automatic.

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DE-C-828939

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor.
Removal of dung or urine.
Pasturing equipment, e.g. tethering devices; Grids for...
Floors for poultry housings
A01K31/00G
Heating arrangements.
Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to...
Gratings; Grid-like panels.
Heating systems.
{Grids; Gratings; Slatted floors}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Floors for stables and shelters, like grids, gratings and slatted floors.

may comprise heating device.

Details therefor, e.g. attached rubber tiles, ribbed floor, anti-slip, etc.

Attachment means for floors, e.g. locking and fastening elements, etc.

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{Litter}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Litter or sheets for use in animal stables, cages, etc.

  • may be absorbent, deodorizing, dominating smells, insect repelling, biodegradable, dustless, coated, etc.
  • may contain zeolites, sawdust, disinfecting substances, etc.
  • may contain material for detecting infections.

Means and apparatus for making litter.

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{comprising inorganic material}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Litter comprising inorganic material, e.g. deodorants, insect repelling material, dyed, ph-indicating material, etc.

Litter may be absorbent, dust reducing, odour-inhibiting, etc.

Litter may comprise clay, gypsum, aluminium sulfate, material for detecting infections, etc.

Different means of processing litter.

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{comprising organic material}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Litter comprising organic material, e.g. (recycled) paper, wood, straw, etc.

Litter may be absorbing, clump able, dust reducing etc.

Methods for producing litter.

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{Mats; Sheets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mats and pet-sheets for use in animal stables or cages.

  • may be absorbing liquid, odour adsorbing, e.g. liquid permeable top sheet, etc.
  • may be moisture proof, washable, etc.
  • may contain disinfectant etc.

Devices for cleaning cat’s paws, e.g. magnetic pet litter system.

Floor covering for animal stables, may be suitable for covering floor/walls, e.g. animal matrass.

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{Floor heating or cooling systems}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Floor heating or cooling systems for in animal stables.

Details therefor, e.g. heating tube, etc.

Heating or cooling may be accomplishes by means of electrical heating units, water, etc.

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Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Farrowing pens and attachments.

Hog- or sheep shelters and -shades.

Calf boxes.

(Battery-) cages for piglets.

Pen buildings for hogs or sheep, if specially adapted therefor.

(Transport-) crates for pigs.

Details therefore, e.g. heating, ventilation, feeding system, etc.

Buildings may be movable, pre-fabricated, etc.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor
Stables partitions
Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle.
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Brooders
A01K31/15
{Feeding pens for pigs or cattle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Box-like confinements (normally for 1 animal) for ensuring mostly undisturbed feeding or drinking of an animal.

may include an identifying system, a balance, etc.

Closure/ opening of the box may be automatic.

Boxes may be transportable.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions.
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages.
Devices for immobilisation or restraint of animals...
Milking stations.
Pasturing equipment, e.g. tethering devices. Grids for...
Feed troughs; feed pails.
Automatic identification systems for animals.
{Farrowing or weaning crates}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Farrowing or weaning crates, mostly for pigs.

Details therefor, e.g. mats, side walls, piglet knee protector, etc.

Crates may include a heating device, registration device, etc.

Crates may be adjustable, collapsible, movable, etc.

Devices for preventing the sow to lie on the piglets.

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{Battery cages for piglets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Method and apparatus for rearing pigs in cages.

Battery cages may be adjustable in size, movable, collapsible, etc.

Battery cages may include heating, ventilation and/or feeding systems, etc.

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{ Transport boxes, bags, cages, baskets, harnesses for animals; Fittings therefor (for poultry A01K 31/002; for pigeons A01K 31/07) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transportation box for pets:

  • may be collapsible, demountable.
  • may be suitable for accommodation of animals.
  • may have fastening means for mounting on a car seat.
  • may be worn by user.

Harness/Restraining system for animals, may be attachable to seatbelt system.

Containment apparatus:

  • may be suitable for transportation; shipping, by air, truck etc.
  • may include an animal tying device.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For poultry
For pigeons
Housing for domestic or laboratory animals
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

(Battery-) cages for lab animals, rabbits, fur animals, etc.

Details and elements therefore, e.g. doors, locks etc.

Show stand or -cages.

Cages may be movable, collapsible, portable, adjustable etc.

Cages may be adaptable to other cages.

Artificial burrows, e.g. for foxes.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor.
Stable partitions.
Cat trays; Dog urinals; Toilets for pets.
Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets.
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals.
Washing, cleaning, or drying devices.
Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement.
Collapsible cages.
Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for.
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages.
{Cages for laboratory animals; Cages for measuring metabolism of animals}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cages for laboratory animals, e.g. breeding cages, etc.

  • may include an (automatic) drinking- and feeding system, sanitation system, etc.
  • may include a ventilating system, filter cap, etc.
  • may include a sample collection and drug delivery apparatus, toxin testing devices, etc.
  • may include a device for measuring animal behaviour.

Details therefor, e.g. cage locks, etc.

Rack systems for cages.

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{Rabbit-hutches or cages}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rabbit-hutches, cages or display units.

  • may be movable, collapsible, etc.
  • may include a nest box.

Feeding-drinking devices for these cages.

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{Cat or dog houses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cat or dog houses or shelters, may be foldable, transportable, adaptable in size, etc.

Houses or shelters may include ventilation/ climate control systems, etc.

Animal play-units and all-in-one animal houses.

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{Dog-kennels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Dog kennel, may be movable, collapsible, portable, etc.

Kennel may include an exercise area, shelter, etc.

Details therefor, door lock, isolating means, drainage system, etc.

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Devices for use in keeping domestic animals, e.g. fittings in housings, dog beds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of (laboratory-) caging system, e.g. demanuring, heating, ventilation, nesting, doors, etc.

Structures for monitoring or investigating laboratory animals’ behaviour.

Devices offering various facilities combined, for pets e.g. playing facilities.

Sanding facilities for e.g. chinchilla cages.

Cage washing devices.

Brooders for quadrupeds.

Portable steps for animals, e.g. dog ramp, etc.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings.
Cat trays; Dog urinals; Toilets for pets.
Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets.
Dog beds.
Washing, cleaning, or drying devices.
Training or exercise equipment.
Other apparatus for animal husbandry.
Housing birds.
Dropping boards; Devices for removing excrement.
Serving doors; Passing through doors.
{Dog beds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pet sheets, blankets, beds, matrasses, etc.

  • may be foldable, collapsible, portable, etc.
  • may be chew-proof.
  • may contain fluid, wood-shavings, foam, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. coverings, flea and insect rappelling elements, etc.

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{Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages (for poultry A01K 31/005, A01K 31/17, A01K 39/00; for birds A01K 31/06) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding and/or drinking devices adapted for small animal cages, e.g. bird cages, etc.

May include a control system, multiple-dosage system, toy function, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. securing apparatus, etc.

Devices may be gnaw resistant.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing for domestic or laboratory animals.
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals.
Feed troughs; Feed pails.
Cages
Feeding devices
For solid feed, e.g. grit-cake holders
Tethering-poles or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for attaching chains or the like to a fixed structure, to the ground or to a vehicle.

Attachment may be fixed or movable.

The means must be other than mere hooks, eyes or the like.

Guiding rails or cables, for attaching chains, etc.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for fastening animals, e.g. halters, toggles, ...
Devices for grooming or caring of animals; Tail-holders...
Training or exercise equipment.
Leads or collars, e.g. for dogs.
Devices for fastening animals, e.g. halters, toggles, neck-bars, chain fastenings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for fastening animals to stable structures.

may include chains, movable braces, etc.

Combinations of grids and other fastening means.

Devices for automatically trapping an animal, by means of automatically trapping an element, around the neck of an animal.

Cattle head gate assembly, may be automatic.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
Tethering-poles or the like
Chain fastenings
Arrangements for simultaneously releasing several animals
Stanchions
{by means of grids with or without movable locking bars (A01K 1/08 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Grids for fastening animals between grids.

may have no, some or only movable bars. Bars may be movable in any plane or way.

Details therefor, e.g. locking systems, feeding rack beam, anti-hanging system, etc

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
Devices for fastening animals, e.g. halters, toggles,
Devices for immobilisation or restraint of animals,
Neck-bars
Arrangements for simultaneously releasing several animals
Feed racks
Milking stations
{Devices for immobilisation or restraint of animals, e.g. chutes (pens for animals while being shod A01L 13/00; appliances for supporting or fettering animals for operative purposes A61D 3/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices, in particular pens or boxes, for immobilising animals, e.g. animal chute, squeeze, crusher, etc.

may include animal head restrainer, weighing appliances, etc.

Devices may be mountable on a vehicle, portable, adjustable in size, etc.

The immobilisation is confining or cramping rather than fettering, lifting and/or overturning may be additional.

Details for these devices, e.g. doors, tail gates, etc.

Starting boxes for rodeos, pig holders, sheep cradles, drafting gates, etc.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit hutches or the like
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
By means of grids with or without movable locking bars
Pasturing equipment, Corrals, Grids for preventing cattle.
Devices for grooming or caring of animals
Devices for taming animals, overturning animals.
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Pens for animals while being shod
Slaughtering or stunning by electric current
Accessories for use during or after slaughtering
Slaughtering pens
Slaughterhouse arrangements
Neck-bars, {e.g. neck collars}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for tying up an animal; stanchions suspended from a structural part above, forming a movable collar-like frame.

may be automatic; self-locking.

Details therefor, e.g. alignment device, triggering mechanism, etc.

Stanchions do not form part of, nor cooperate with, a grid. They are independent of grids.

media62.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for fastening animals.
Arrangements for simultaneously releasing several animals.
Chain fastenings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for fastening chains, or similar elements around animals’ necks, to the stable structure.

may be fastened around the necks or bellies of the animals.

Fastening point(s) to stable may be movable.

Fastening element is carried by animal, independent of the stable structure.

Details therefore, e.g, hooks, halter fittings, etc.

media63.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Tethering-poles or the like
Devices for fastening animals
Arrangements for simultaneously releasing several animals
Arrangements for simultaneously releasing several animals
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for simultaneously releasing several fastening animals.

may be released by e.g. chain mechanism, etc. (Less important)

Fastening means may be of any possible kind.

Release means may be automatic, by hand, etc. (e.g. connected with door controls, or frightening means).

Parts of stable may be movable.

media64.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for fastening animals.
By means of grids with or without movable locking bars
Neck-bars
Chain fastenings
Feed racks, {e.g. associated with enclosures or troughs} (devices for impeding movement of animals A01K 15/04)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Barriers or containers for feeding roughage, indoors or outdoors. (except for poultry or small animals)

may be movable (by animal or motor), portable, collapsible, transportable.

Devices may contain a trough, incorporated in e.g. a hay rack.

Barriers may be electrified and may consist of e.g. a feeding rack, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. fastening grids, etc.

media65.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor
Stable partitions
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages.
By means of grids with or without movable locking bars
Feeding devices for stock or game
Feed troughs; Feed pails
{Movable feed barriers, slides or fences}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Movable feed barriers, slides or fences for use in or outside the stable. Mainly for cattle.

by means of moving fodder to the barriers or moving the barriers to the fodder.

Barriers are movable by means of wheels, rails, guiding cables, etc.

may include a motor.

media66.png

Milking stations (devices for milking A01J 1/00 to A01J 9/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Milking parlours or stables.

may be movable or transportable, e.g. outdoors.

Equipment therefor, except milking systems, e.g. feeding devices, udder massage and cleaning devices, identification methods, etc.

Fastening devices specially adapted to milking stations.

Cow positioning methods and apparatus, e.g. including crowd gate.

Door controls for milking-parlours, if part of a whole structure.

media67.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor
Stable partitions
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
By means of grids with or without movable locking bars
Milking machines
Automatic identification systems for animals
Washing, cleaning, or drying devices
{Mobile milking parlours}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mobile milking parlours, may be used in barn and on pasture ground.

  • may be motor-driven.
  • may be foldable, transportable, etc.
  • may be computer controlled.

media68.png

{Carousels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Milk units are arranged in carousel.

  • may be mobile.
  • may include rotary animal platform.

Details therefor, e.g. movement detectors, movable floor, wash-system, drive arrangements, etc.

media69.png

Pasturing equipment, e.g. tethering devices; {Guiding corridors; Corrals, e.g. portable, collapsible} ; Grids for preventing cattle from straying; Electrified wire fencing (construction of fencing in general E04H 17/00; electric circuits for fences H05C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fences and corrals for outdoor use, may be portable, collapsible, transportable or fixed.

may be electrified or may include chemicals.

Corrals may be combined with shelters, etc.

Fences may serve as windbreak.

Tools for installing or dismantling fences.

Details therefor, e.g. fastening devices, wire tightening equipment, posts, etc.

media70.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor
Stable partitions
Tethering-poles or the like
Feed racks
Feeding devices for stock or game
Training or exercise equipment
Slaughterhouse driving corridors
Electric circuits for fences
Wire Fencing in general, incl. posts
{Grids for preventing cattle from straying}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for preventing animals from passing through a gap in a fence where a road is passing. Vehicles or pedestrians may pass freely.

by means of grids, gates, etc.

Grids may be electrified or include movable parts, etc.

Gutter guards (other then mere gratings or the like), preventing cattle from stepping into gutters in stables.

Electronic cattle guard.

media71.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets
Cat or dog houses
Training or exercise equipment
Devices for impeding passage through fencing
Road profiles
E01F13/00B
{Electrified wire fencing (circuits H05C) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electric wire fencing, may be portable, movable, etc.

Components therefor, e.g. wire or tape, isolators, posts, etc.

Apparatus for dispensing and collecting electrified wire, may be attachable to vehicle.

Electrified gates, with e.g. electric fence panels, etc.

media72.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Grids for preventing cattle from straying.
Fence-wire.
Insulators; handles.
Fencing in general
Feeding devices for stock or game (A01K 1/10 takes precedence; for poultry A01K 39/00) {Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeders for roughage or general feed dispensing, may be transportable.

Tractor borne feeders, mainly for outdoor use.

Grating or roughage feeding corrals or barriers, transportable for outdoor use.

Mobile feeding stations, may include shelters.

bale distributors or -shredders for (outdoor) feeding.

Feeders may contain mixers. (e.g. mixing, mincing, weighing devices etc.)

media73.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
By means of grids with or without movable locking bars
Feed racks
Pasturing equipment; Grids for preventing cattle from
Automatic devices
With stable trolleys
Feeders for poultry
Distributing roughage
Preparing animal feed and roughage
Animal feed mixers
{Fodder distributors with mixer or shredder (adaptations of cutting machine A01F 29/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for mixing or shredding and distributing fodder.

  • may be mountable on vehicle.

Details therefor, e.g. cutter blade, loaders, etc.

media74.png

{with mixing or shredding element rotating on horizontal axis}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fodder distributors including a mixing or rotating element on a horizontal axis.

may be mountable or attachable to vehicle, e.g. tractor.

Details therefor, e.g. screws, cutting blade, scraping blades, etc.

Devices may include on or more mixing units, dispensing apparatus, etc.

media75.png

EP-A-699388

{with mixing or shredding element rotating on vertical axis}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fodder distributors including a mixing or rotating element on a vertical axis.

may be mountable or attachable to vehicle, e.g. tractor.

Devices may include weighing machine, mixing container, loading mechanism etc.

Details therefor, e.g. blades, etc.

media76.png

{where fodder, e.g. bales, is conveyed by conveyor or slide to mixing or shredding elements on transversal and horizontal axes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices including a conveyor or slide to mixing or shredding elements, including transversal and horizontal axes.

  • may be mountable or attachable to vehicle, e.g. tractor.
  • may include bale un-roller, bale loosening system, (un)loader, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. ejector, mixer, cutter, etc.

media77.png

{with mixing or shredding area contained inside an endless chain or belt conveyor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices with mixing or shredding area contained inside an endless chain or belt conveyor.

  • may be attachable to vehicle.
  • mixing element may be movable.

Details therefor, e.g. measuring equipment, cutting member, etc.

media78.png

EP-A-0838147

{Feed bags (nose-bags for oats B68B 5/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feed bags, mostly for horses.

Details therefor, e.g. attachments for feed bags, etc.

Bucket holders, e.g. for rearing calves, etc.

Feeding containers for animals, pig troughs, bracket for animal feeders, etc.

Devices may be portable, collapsible, etc.

media79.png

Feed troughs; Feed pails { (A01K 1/10 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Animal feed containers, may include cover lid, etc.

Feed troughs, may include reservoir, etc.

Racks for feeding bales of hay.

Feeding device holder, e.g. bucket holder, etc.

Feeding devices, may be movable, mountable (on walls, vehicles etc.), portable, adjustable, etc.

Feeding devices may be automatic, may include a weighing device, lifting system, etc.

media80.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor
Stable partitions
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Feed racks
Licking-stone holders
Automatic devices
With timing mechanisms
Gravity replenishment from a reserve
Watering equipment for stock or game
Feeding or drinking appliances for poultry or other birds
Feed troughs; Feed throwers
{Transportable fodder pails or troughs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transportable feeding devices, e.g. (round) hay racks, etc.

  • may be collapsible, portable, etc.
  • may include watering device.
  • may include shelter for animals.

Devices may be mountable on vehicle.

Details therefor, e.g. coupling system, etc.

media81.png

{Pet food dispensers; Pet food trays (time-controlled A01K 5/0291) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding devices for pets, e.g. cats and dogs, etc.

  • may include aroma, insect repelling devices, etc.
  • may be automatic, portable, collapsible, etc.
  • may include animal detection system.

Feed bowl support devices, covering for feed bowls, etc.

Pet food toys, e.g. toy ball feeder, treat dispensing toy, etc.

media82.png

Licking-stone holders (salt blocks A23K 1/16) ; {Other dispensers for minerals}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

(Minerals, salt) Licking-stone holders, mostly for pets and farm animals.

  • may be inserted in an animal feed container.

Details therefor, e.g. hoops for protection, etc.

media83.png

Automatic devices { (automatic identification devices for stock A01K 11/006) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic feeding devices and apparatus for controlling/ monitoring animal feeding.

  • by means of computer systems, registration device, solar actuated, etc.

Devices may control animal drug usage, feed components, temperature of food, mixture, etc.

Devices may include weighing apparatus, dosage system, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. valve, gate device for automatic feeding apparatus, etc.

Boredom-reducing feeding devices.

media84.png

EP-A-1161861

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Milking stations
Feeding devices for stock or game
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Automatic devices
Feeding devices
Filling automatically
Combined feeding and drinking appliances
Distributing forage
{with conveyer belts or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic feeding devices with conveyer belts or the like.

Weighing or dosing means may be incorporated.

Devices may include apparatus for tensioning a belt, belt retainer, stop device, etc.

Devices may be adjustable.

Cleaner apparatus for feeding devices with conveyor belt.

media85.png

{for the distribution of liquid fodder (A01K 9/00 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for (automatically) distributing fluid fodder, e.g. milk, slurry or paste, or other fluids, e.g. medication.

Devices may include, pumps, valves, pipes, dosage systems, containers, heaters, dispensing means (incidentally teats), etc.

Mixing devices to prepare the fodder.

Cleaning devices therefor.

Devices may be mountable on vehicles, e.g. trolleys.

Dispensing means may include licking wheels or -balls.

media86.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Watering equipment etc.
Sucking apparatus for young stock
Feeding or drinking appliances for bees
Preparing foodstuff
{Gravity replenishment from a reserve, e.g. a hopper (for poultry A01K 39/012) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding devices combined with a hopper or the like, e.g. combination hopper-trough.

may include drinking device.

Devices may include, dosing, weighing or timing means, e.g. pet feeder.

Details therefor, e.g. gate mechanism, dispensing mechanism, mixer, etc.

Self-feeding silo’s.

media87.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Feed racks
Feeding devices for stock or game
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Licking-stone holders
Automatic devices
For the distribution of liquid fodder
With mechanisms for delivery of measured doses
With timing mechanisms
Watering equipment for stock or game
Filling automatically
{dispensing by dosing means actively operated by the animal}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding devices dispensing by dosing means, actively operated by the animal.

Dosing devices may operate by means of e.g. a counter weight, remote control, valves, ball check, nipple feeder, etc.

may be in combination with a trough unit, feed transport device, drinking device, etc.

Devices may dispense solid or liquid food.

media88.png

{dispensing by means of stirring mechanisms or agitators operated by the animal}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding devices dispending by means of stirring mechanisms or agitators operated by the animal.

By means of a (rotating) wheel, rotor blades, ball check, a rod, deflector, etc.

Feeding devices may include water system.

Devices may dispend solid or liquid food.

media89.png

{with access to feeding place or trough only possible through access doors or lids to be opened by the animal}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding devices with access to feeding place or trough only possible through access doors or lids to be opened by the animal.

By means of a (reciprocable) closure unit, open and closed by activation unit.

  • may be activated by weight of animal, registration system (sensor), timer, etc.

Feeding devices may include controllable gates

Details therefor, e.g. hinge mechanism, etc.

media90.png

{with endless screws}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic feeding devices with endless screw.

  • may include a hopper, adjustable (un-) loader, feed lever sensor, feed intake cup apparatus, etc.
  • may be computer controlled.
  • may be movable, attachable to wall, etc.

media91.png

{with stable trolleys, e.g. suspended}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic feeding devices by means of trolleys for animals in stables (including poultry).

  • may include a reserve (e.g. one or more hoppers), mixing device, timing device or dosing device, identification device, etc.

Trolleys may be movable by rails, tracks, attachable to vehicle (e.g. tractor), etc.

Movements may be reciprocating, e.g. along an circular path.

media92.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding devices for stock or game
With mechanisms for delivery of measured doses
Sucking apparatus for young stock
Feeding devices
Preparing foodstuff
Distributing storage
{with mechanisms for delivery of measured doses (A01K 5/0233 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding devices by means of mechanisms for delivery of measured doses.

  • may transport solid and/or liquid food. Water devices may be included.

Devices may include means of weighing, timing mechanisms, metering unit(s), hopper(s), conveyors, mixing devices, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. pipes, valves, etc.

media93.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Automatic devices
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Feeding devices
Filling automatically
Other aviculture appliances
Feeding devices for fish
Feed or fodder as such
Preparing feed or fodder
{by weight}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic feeding devices with mechanics for delivery of measured doses by means of weighing.

Weighing may occur at any point of the system. (starting e.g. at the silo).

Weighing of (refused) feed or animals (any kind) may be included.

Devices may include a timing device, registration device, etc.

Included are weighing means for controlling the duration of distribution to stations where no weighing occurs.

media94.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
With mechanisms for delivering of measuring doses
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Other aviculture appliances
{with timing mechanisms, e.g. pet feeders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic feeding devices with timing mechanisms. For all kinds of animals.

Timing mechanisms must be of some specific importance.

Devices may include dosing means, weighing apparatus, etc.

Access can be given by opening lids, dispensing food, discovering bowls, switching off electric barriers, etc.

media95.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dosing feed
Feeders for fish
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Preparing foodstuff
Watering equipment for stock or game
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Watering equipment for animals, e.g. troughs, buckets, bowls, etc.

  • may be portable, foldable, elevated, collapsible, etc.

Watering devices may include fastening means, temperature controlling systems, anti-freeze, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. drinking fountains, vessels, teats, etc.

Devices may be combined with feeders.

Troughs may have water in- and outlets.

media96.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Sucking apparatus for young stock
Drinking appliances
Combined feeding and drinking appliances
Automatic devices, {e.g. actuated by weight of water; Medication dispensers} (construction of valves F16K)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic watering devices, disclosing several of the features of groups A01K 7/022- A01K 7/06.

Devices may deliver medicine, disinfectants, e.g. vaccination delivery system.

Devices may comprise feeding system.

Devices may be controlled by weight or level of water, e.g. water-level regulator, etc.

Feed-moisturizing devices, without feeder characteristics.

Devices may include dosing system, filling system, identification system, time-controlling system, anti-freeze devices, etc.

media97.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Feed troughs; Feed pails
Watering equipment for stock or game
Sucking apparatus for young stock
Drinking appliances
Water valves
Preparing feed fluid
Dosing
{Pumps actuated by the drinking animal}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Watering devices including pumps actuated by the drinking animal, e.g. piston pumps, vane pumps, etc.

by means of a pedal, movement detector, etc.

Devices may include liquid containing food.

media98.png

{ Water tanks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Watering devices where a heating and/or insulating aspect or a tank aspect is included.

Details or systems for tanks or containers, e.g. connections therefor, etc.

Devices may include filters, troughs or valves, etc.

Heating and cooling devices, e.g. cooling disk, electrical heater, etc.

Anti-freeze devices, (ice-fishing hole heater).

Thermal insulation means.

Devices may include anti-burst devices, e.g. expansion plugs.

media99.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For the distribution of liquid fodder
Watering equipment for stock or game
actuated by float
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic drinking devices actuated by floats.

Details therefor, e.g. float valve mechanism, valves, etc.

Water control valve may be adjustable.

Devices may include feeding system.

media100.png

actuated by the animal {through valve control (for poultry A01K 39/0213) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Automatic drinking devices actuated by the animal, by means of valves.

Devices may include bowl, troughs, cups, etc.

Actuation may be indirect, e.g. step-board switch.

Auxiliary features therefor, e.g. heating, fastening, etc.

Devices may be frost-proof.

media101.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sucking apparatus for young stock.
Nipple drinkers.
Valve features
Sucking apparatus for young stock; {Devices for mixing solid food with liquids}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for mixing or delivering liquid feed, e.g. milk substitute, to teats for young animals.

Details therefor, e.g. teats, guiding means (e.g. moving grids), weighing means, mixing devices, etc.

Devices may be movable, e.g. on stable rails.

Devices may include registration system, dry feeding system, etc.

An additional ingredient may be added by mixing, e.g. medicine.

media102.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
Feed troughs; Feed pails
For the distribution of liquid fodder
Actuated by the animal
{Teats or nipples (teats for feeding bottles for humans A61J 11/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Teats and nipples for animal feeding devices, mostly for liquid food, e.g. milk.

Teats may include a sensor for determining values, e.g. resistivity, temperature, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. valve assembly to control fluid movement, etc.

media103.png

Marking of animals (of poultry A01K 35/00; {of fish A01K 61/001} ; lead-sealing pliers B25B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Identification marks, e.g. tags, buttons, rings, collars, for animals other than birds or fish.

  • may be attachable to neck, tail, leg, etc. of the animal, or sticking labels.
  • may contain pesticides, ID-transmitters, electronic memory element etc.

Tools for applying marks, dying devices for marking animals.

ID-codes suitable for marks.

Biologically marking methods and apparatus, e.g. applying antigen.

media104.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Nose-rings; Fastening tools therefor...
Marking poultry or other birds.
Sorting, grading counting or marking live fish.
Sealing pliers...
Tag application...
Tags, labels...
{Ear-tags}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ear-tags for marking animals, mostly cattle.

Details therefor, e.g. locking system, security features, etc.

Ear-tags may include transponder housing, insecticide dispenser, identification system, etc.

Devices for applying ear-tags.

media105.png

{Pliers specially adapted for fixing ear-tags to ears}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ear-tag applicators, mostly for cattle.

  • may include movable applicator member.
  • may be power driven.

Tag punch system for punching symbols into tags.

Details therefor, e.g. security features, locking members, etc.

media106.png

{Branding or tattooing devices for animals}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tattooing devices; small-holes punching devices.

  • details therefor, e.g. needles, tattooing paste, etc.

Branding devices, e.g. branding iron.

Marking by means of freezing.

Marking by means of stamping or dying.

Marking devices for detection of mating, e.g. oestrus detector device, etc.

Marking fluids.

Marking carcasses in the above ways.

Marking may be automatic, by explosives (e.g. tattoo-gun), by hand, etc.

media107.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Marking poultry or other birds
Marking carcasses for splitting
Marking meat
Tattooing in general
A61M37/00X
{ Automatic identification systems for animals, e.g. electronic devices, transponders for animals (identification systems for access to feeding pens A01K 1/0209; ear tags with electronic identification means A01K 11/004) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for electronic livestock data collection, e.g. transponder systems.

Automatic coding and/or decoding of identity information, also registration of additional information, e.g. on milk yield, weight, etc.

Transmission of such information, e.g. by microwaves, radio frequency, etc.

Processing of such information, e.g. the display.

System may include automatic feeding.

Manual intervention may be involved, e.g. for actuating checking device.

Methods for locating animals.

media108.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
With mechanisms for delivery of measured doses
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Implantable transmitters
Identification
A61B5/10H
Sorting
Radar
Access control involving ID tag
{Boluses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices, mostly placed or inserted in the stomach of a ruminant animal, for determining the physical state of an animal, and/or identifying an animal.

Monitoring/identification system therefor.

media109.png

Devices for grooming or caring of animals, e.g. curry-combs (scissors B26B) ; Fetlock rings (bandages, poultices A61D) ; Tail-holders (as part of the harness B68B 5/04) ; Devices for preventing crib-biting; Washing devices (milking machine accessories for treatment of udders or teats A01J 7/04; for medical purposes A61D 11/00) ; Protection against weather conditions or insects
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applying substances onto and/or into animal’s bodies, not covered by other groups, nor restricted to veterinary art.

Improving the comfort of an animal, by means of cooling, heating, watering devices, blowing air, etc.

Grooming stands.

Devices for preventing unhealthy behaviour of animals, e.g. anti-crib-biting devices.

Improving atmosphere by, e.g. electrical field.

media110.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Air-conditioning
Floor coverings
Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
Tethering-poles or the like
Devices for fastening animals
Devices for taming animals
Training or exercise equipment
Dehorners: Horn trainers
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Scissors
Fetlock rings (bandages, poultices)
Tail-holders (as part of the harness)
Milking machine accessories for treatment of udders/teats
Farriers stands
Care of hoofs
Slaughtering pens; conveyors
Veterinary cares
{Washing, cleaning, or drying devices (for veterinary purposes A61D 7/00, A61D 11/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for cleaning, washing and/or drying animals.

may be automatic.

may be stationary, transportable or portable.

may include brushes.

The cleaning may include disinfecting, deparasitation.

Bathing devices for animals other than birds.

(Sheep-) dipping devices.

Sand-bathing devices, e.g. for chinchillas

media111.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Devices for grooming or caring of animals
Curry-combs; Shearing sheep chemically
Training or exercise equipment
Housing birds
Other aviculture appliances
Applying medication upon animals
Medical washing devices
Hoof cleaners
Udder-cleaning with milking machines
{Curry-combs; Shearing sheep chemically (shearing sheep B26B 19/24) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Animal grooming devices, e.g. combs, scrapers or brushes.

  • may be hand held or automatic.
  • may be combined with suction devices or blowers.
  • may include dispensing methods, for e.g. medicine, pesticides, etc.

Application may be for parts of the body other than the skin or fur, e.g. toothbrushes.

Chemical sheep shearing, e.g. by applying coatings.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Washing, cleaning, or drying devices
Devices for applying insecticides or medication
Scraping carcasses; coating carcasses
{Devices for applying insecticides or medication (A01K 27/005 takes precedence; for veterinary purposes A61D) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for applying insecticides, disinfectant or medication to animal skin. (outside or in chambers)

  • mostly by means of spraying, but also dipping or brushing.
  • may be combined with feeding device.

Dispensing material may be powder or fluid.

Animal collar or pendant with pesticide.

Dust bags, e.g. for dogs.

Animal oilers without scratching action.

Fly traps.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Marking of animals
Washing, cleaning, or drying devices
Curry-combs; Shearing sheep chemically
Rubbing-posts
Training or exercise equipment
Leads or collars
Insecticides
Applying medication upon animals
{Rubbing-posts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices enabling animals to rub and scratch themselves.

May be automatic (motor action), computer regulated.

may be actuated by animal.

Dispensers for fluid or powder may be incorporated, but scratching is essential.

Doors with brushes incorporated, e.g. for cats.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing for domestic or laboratory animals
Curry-combs; Shearing sheep chemically
Devices for applying insecticides or medication
Scratching devices
{Tail-holders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tail holders, mostly for cows or horses.

  • may be attachable to animal or wall of stable.
  • may be disposable.

Tail lengthener for horses.

Anti-kick apparatus for cows.

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{Protective coverings (shoeing of animals A01L; for veterinary purposes A61D) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Protective garment or blankets for animals, e.g. support garment.

  • may be heat retaining, heat-reflecting, bullet-proof, etc.
  • may leave parts of the body open for treatment.
  • may be sprayed-on films, e.g. naked sheep.

Devices for movement restriction.

Protective footwear and leg protectors for animals.

Udder and teat protectors.

Animal tail control/ protection devices.

Protective devices for scaring insects, e.g. fringes, face mask, etc.

Collars for preventing animals from licking/ biting e.g. their wounds.

Devices for protecting limbs or other parts from knocking against each other.

Artificial horns, horn protectors.

media116.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for grooming or caring of animals
Washing, cleaning, or drying devices
Curry-combs; Shearing sheep chemically
Devices for impeding movement, passage through fencing
Devices for assisting or preventing mating
Constraining birds
Other aviculture appliances
Elastic soles or covers for hoofs
Blankets
Bottom pads or clothes for saddles
Protective covers
Coating for dehairing
Veterinary bandages
{Leg, hoof or foot protectors}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Foot protection systems for animals.

Hoof shoe, may be permanently or temporarily attachable.

  • may be elevated, elastic, etc.

Knee protection systems, e.g. knee caps.

Ankle protection systems.

Claw protection cover for cats.

Devices may include protection against insects.

Sheets for cooling the legs.

Boots for dogs and cats.

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{Horse blankets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Blankets, mostly for horses.

  • may be heat-reflective, waterproof, breathable, heat retaining, windproof, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. fastening means, etc.

Therapeutic blankets, e.g. magnetic blanket.

Blankets may contain an anti-rubbing devices.

Blankets may have anti-insect cover.

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Removing the fleece from live sheep or similar animals (hand-held cutting tools B26B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removing the fleece from live sheep or similar animals, by means of a net, e.g. a fleece retention coat.

Sheep-shearing apparatus.

Wool harvesting systems.

Systems for processing waste products of wool harvesting.

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Devices for taming animals, e.g. nose-rings, hobbles; Devices for overturning animals in general; Training equipment; Covering boxes ( {animal holding devices A01K 1/0613} ; devices for veterinary purposes A61D 3/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for handling/ restraining animals.

  • may be movable, portable, rotatable, etc.

Animal catching devices.

Animal carrying devices.

Restraining devices for research table.

Devices may include lifting mechanism.

Sheep rollover devices.

Neck / Head holding devices.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Animal holding devices
Devices for veterinary purposes
{Nose-rings; Fastening tools therefor; Catching or driving equipment}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Nose-rings, may include e.g. anti-bite devices, fastenings, etc.

Devices for applying a nose-ring.

Devices for catching or holding any animals, may be hand-held.

Devices for controlling animals by mainly squeezing a part of the body, mainly the nose, e.g. animal twitch.

(Cattle) pods, non-electrical.

Lassos. Holders and containers therefor, etc.

Bull halters.

Devices may be vehicle-mounted, or combined with trolleys.

NB. Not included are: (movable) confinement devices

media121.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Devices for immobilisation of animals
Pasturing equipment
Marking of animals
Devices for impeding passage of animals under fences
Devices for impeding movement
Gaffs
Traps
Driving devices in slaughterhouses
Noose equipment. Boathooks and the like
{Devices for impeding passage of animals under fences, preventing butting or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for restraining animals from attacking.

Movement control devices for animals, e.g. restraining devices for neck and head, etc.

Animal pokes.

Animal yokes.

Collars for animals, for restraining their movement, e.g. against biting, licking their own skin, etc.

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Training or exercise equipment (A01K 15/04 takes precedence) ; {Electric shock devices (circuits therefor H03K 3/537) ; Toys, e.g. for pets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for training and/or exercising animals, e.g. a leash, collar, etc.

Devices for entertaining animals, e.g. toys, may be eatable.

Details therefor, e.g. sensors.

Training devices for cowboys, e.g. mechanical calves.

Anti-butting devices, animal repellent devices, cow trainers, chemical agents, treadmills, electric prods, radio/satellite control, etc.

Devices for protecting birds against other animals, e.g. cats, squirrels.

media123.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stable partitions
Cat trays; Dog urinals
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Grids for preventing cattle from straying
Electrified wire fencing
With timing mechanism
Automatic identification systems for animals
Devices for grooming or caring of animals
Washing, cleaning or drying devices
Nose-rings; Fastening tools therefor
Scratching devices for cats
Leads or collars
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Other aviculture appliances
Methods or means of catching fish in bulk not provided
Scaring animals
Water therapy
Treadmills
Racing equipment
Slaughterhouse drive corridors
Electric weapon sticks
{Electronic training devices specially adapted for dogs or cats}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Training apparatus, by means of electronic devices specially adapted for dogs or cats, e.g. a collar.

  • may operate by means of electric shocks, vibrations, sound, etc.
  • may include pet identification system, e.g. Global Positioning System.

Details therefor, e.g. remote control, etc.

Devices for controlling animal behaviour.

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{Anti-barking devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anti-bark devices.

By means of collars including shock, cold fluid, high frequency devices, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. vibration sensor, etc.

media125.png

{Anti-evasion devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Satellite animal confinement systems, e.g. global positioning. Electronic animal confinement systems, ultrasonic animal deterrent system, echo-ranging electronic boundary system, etc.

Animal repelling devices.

Devices may include bark-inhibitor.

Details therefor, collars in combination with an anti-evasion device.

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{Scratching devices, e.g. for cats}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Scratching devices, e.g. for cats.

  • may be attachable to wall, door, furniture, etc.
  • may include cat housing, feeding device, toys, perch, etc.

Climbing posts including scratching devices.

Litter boxes with abrasive surface.

media127.png

{Toys, e.g. for chewing}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Toys for pets, may be edible.

Toys may be attachable to wall.

Toys may be scented, spinning, reelable, etc.

Toys may include food dispensing system, sound device, (moving) light beam, etc.

Crawling tube for small pets.

Toys may include exercise device.

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{Exercising equipment, e.g. tread mills, carousels (equipment for racing or riding sports events A63K) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Animal training devices (mostly for horses), by means of endless belts, treadmills, etc.

  • may include monitoring systems.

Details therefor, e.g. detachable harness assembly, etc.

Running wheel for small animals.

Devices may be attachable to vehicle, transportable, etc.

Dog jumping devices.

Swimming pools for training animals.

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{Cow trainers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cow training devices for in stables. Mostly cow positioning devices, e.g. training cattle to step back when defecating, etc.

  • by means of electric cow trainer, barrier, pressure, etc.

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Devices for impeding movement; Devices for impeding passage through fencing, {e.g. hobbles or the like; Anti-kicking devices (impeding passage under fences A01K 15/006) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anti-kicking devices for cows.

Restraining devices, e.g. grooming restraining device for dogs, etc.

Animal harnesses.

(Dog) leash attachments, e.g. to vehicle.

Passage trough fencing, e.g. one way animal gate, fence security system, etc.

Cuffs for restraining animals, e.g. leg cuffs.

Head restraining devices.

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Dehorners; Horn trainers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Dehorning or preventing horns from growing. Treatment may be chemical or thermal.

  • by means of electric dehorning.
  • by means of a heating device, e.g. gas-fired heating device.
  • by means of freeze-branding.
  • by means of cutting, e.g. for slaughtered animals.

Changing shape of horns, e.g. by weights.

Details therefor, e.g. stencils or holders.

Cutting claws, e.g. for birds.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Debeaking etc., of birds
Cropping tails or ears
Trimming hoofs
Cutting bones
Bone-shears; Bone-crushers
Weaning apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anti-sucking devices for cattle, may be attached to mother animal or her young, e.g. muzzles, halters, etc.

may operate by means of electric chocks or contains sharp elements.

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Devices for assisting or preventing mating (covering boxes A01K 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for preventing mating, e.g. harness for dogs, bulls, rabbits, etc.

Diapers for female dogs.

Stimulation of ovulation methods and devices.

Means for guiding a boar past sows, e.g. boar cart.

media134.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Automatic devices
Protective coverings
Devices for taming animals
Manure or urine pouches
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Manure or urine pouches { (picking up dog excrement from the ground E01H 1/1206) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for receiving excrements from animals, either fastened on the animal, or situated immediately close to it.

Harnesses for attaching waste collecting containers, bags, sacks, etc. to animal.

Anti-splash shields for dogs.

Details therefor, e.g. bags, sacks, holders, etc.

Harness may also serve for protection against mating, etc.

Devices for taking samples of excrements of animals.

Diapers for animals.

media135.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cat trays; Dog urinals; Toilets for pets
Protective coverings
Devices for assisting or preventing mating
Picking up excrements from ground
{Manure or urine collecting devices used independently from the animal, i.e. not worn by the animal but operated by a person}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Manure collecting devices used independently from the animal, e.g. waste scooper devices.

Pet excrement scoop, may be in combination with a (plastic) bag.

  • may comprise a elongated handle.
  • pick-up waste bag, used without any tools.

Leash mounted storage device.

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Muzzles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for encapsulating an animals head, mostly for dogs.

  • may include a control and leash combination for e.g. training, guiding, restraining a dog.
  • may be remotely releasable.

Grazing regulators for cows.

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Leads or collars, e.g. for dogs (devices specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material B65H 75/34)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collars mostly for dogs, or for similar animals.

  • may contain anti-parasite material.
  • may be in combination with leads or harnesses (A01K 15/04).

Multiple animal leashes.

Details therefor, e.g. closure members, dampers, safety connections, etc.

Lead-storing or -dispending means, e.g. adjustable length leash.

Devices may be attachable to vehicles, walls, etc.

Devices may be intended for children.

media138.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tethering-poles or the like
Devices for fastening animals, e.g. halters
Chain fastenings
Marking of animals
Devices for applying insecticides or medication
Tail holders
Nose-rings; Fastening tools therefor
Training or exercise equipment
Devices for impeding movement
Muzzles
Pest-repellants
Safety belts for dogs in cars
B60R21/10H3
Harnesses
Retractable leads
{ Leads, leashes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for retractable leashes.

  • may include waste disposal bag dispenser.

Details therefor, e.g. locking/brake mechanism, retractor, etc.

Compact dog leash, may be attached to collar of dog or concealed in hollow walking stick.

media139.png

{ Quick-couplings, safety-couplings or shock-absorbing devices between leash and collar}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Shock absorbing devices, by means of e.g. stretching leash, extensible mechanism, elastic section, etc.

Break away assembly.

Quick release leash, one hand operated dog leash.

  • locking systems.

Shock absorbing lead grip.

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{ with light-emitting or ornamental devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Dog leashes or collars with light-emitting, or other ornamental devices.

  • may include e.g. a container, identification device, bag dispenser mechanism, decorations, flashlight, etc.

Leash and collar may be illuminating, water-resistant, etc.

Collar may contain flea-repelling material or insecticide, etc.

media141.png

{ with insecticide-dispensing means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collars (or ear-tags) witch protect against fleas, ticks, lice and other insects/ parasites.

  • may be naturally (herbs), chemically or by entrapment.

Flea-repelling pet accessory, e.g. a pet toy.

(Disposable) pendants, may be deodorizing, insect-repelling, etc.

Drug or insect-repelling dispensing devices, may be attachable to collar.

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{ with electric-shock, sound, magnetic- or radio-waves emitting devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for controlling animal behaviour with electric-shock collars.

Collars may include therapeutic devices, by means of magnets.

Devices may work with remote control.

Collars may include identification device, pet locator, etc.

media143.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electronic training and confining equipment
Other apparatus for animal husbandry { (detecting birth of animals A61D 17/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Detecting heat, mating, pregnancy, birth, or other particular conditions of animals.

Administration or planning, for breeding activities.

Physical preparation for breeding, e.g. irradiation of sperm or eggs.

Transporting or loading animals, e.g. a ramp, other than for birds and fish and not covered elsewhere.

Administration or management of herds in general.

Measuring physical properties of animals, e.g. performance testing.

Snake venom milking.

Sorting of animals, e.g. by size, weight (not covered elsewhere).

Influencing biological activity, (not covered elsewhere).

Monitoring or measuring activity of animals. (including fish)

Procedures or recipes for feeding animals, e.g. for rapid growth.

Weighing animals.

Detecting mating by marking devices actuated by animals.

Anti-theft devices.

Animal-rescue devices for swimming pools.

media144.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Devices for immobilisation or restraint of animals
With mechanisms for delivery of measured doses
Branding or tattooing devices for animals
Automatic identification systems for animals
Other aviculture appliances
Culture of fish, catfish, lobster, sponges, pearls or the like
Receptacles for live fish
Breeding vertebrates
Obstetrical devices
Detecting birth
Animal transport vehicles
{Monitoring or measuring activity, e.g. detecting heat or mating}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Livestock data collection/receiving systems.

Devices for monitoring behaviour of animals.

Devices for monitoring feeding behaviour of animals.

Devices for monitoring movement/ activity of animals.

Devices for monitoring animal health, e.g. temperature, weight, etc.

Sensors for detecting movement.

Identification method and apparatus.

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Housing birds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Installations or devices for housing birds, not covered elsewhere, or not specified.

Poultry houses for battery or free-floor rearing, not specified.

Bird-washing (disinfecting) devices.

General aspect of mass-rearing of poultry. (housing aspect)

Buildings may include heating, cooling and ventilating means.

Curtain control devices for poultry houses.

media146.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housing animals; Equipment therefor
Air-conditioning
Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement
Perches
Chicken coops or houses
Poultry runs
Buildings for agricultural purposes
{Poultry cages, e.g. transport boxes (poultry transport A01K 45/005) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cages or boxes for transporting birds or other small animals.

may be collapsible, foldable, portable, mountable on vehicle, etc.

may include feeding and/or drinking devices.

may be adapted for shipping, shipping containers.

Cages may be arranged in stacks or rigs (shelf like containers).

Other poultry cages, not included for battery utilisation.

Means and devices for (un-) loading poultry.

media147.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Battery breeding cages, with or without auxiliary...
Transportable cages
Collapsible cages
Other aviculture appliances
Containers for animals
{Battery breeding cages, with or without auxiliary features, e.g. feeding, watering, demanuring, heating, ventilation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Battery cage systems for breeding poultry, e.g. broilers.

  • may be transportable, e.g. to slaughterhouse.

Details of such system, e.g. feeding/drinking devices, ventilation, egg collecting means, etc.

Battery cages may be suitable for breeding, rearing and fattening, e.g. growing aspect.

Building structure may be included.

media148.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
Housings for domestic or laboratory animals
Poultry-cages
Floors
Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement
Laying-nests for poultry
Chicken coops or houses
Feeding devices
{Floors (for stables A01K 1/015) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Flooring systems for use in raising poultry, e.g. battery cages, transport cages, etc.

  • may include methods for processing manure.

Poultry nests may be included.

Systems for preventing breast blisters, swollen hocks, etc.

Floors specially adapted for egg laying poultry.

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Door appliances; Automatic door-openers ( {laying-nests A01K 31/16} ; counters for specific applications G07C 9/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Door appliances for poultry housings, e.g. return-gate, latch, etc.

may be time-controlled, automatic, etc.

Locking means for poultry cages.

Trap doors, may be automatically closing.

Means for preventing entrance of e.g. a fox.

media150.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Trap doors
Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for removing excrements from poultry housings, (e.g. batteries, single cages).

  • may be collecting, drying, or otherwise treating excrements from cage or poultry house.
  • may include conveyor belts, scrapers, blowers for drying air, water flushers, heating means, liquid sprayers, etc.

Bedding material, collecting and dispensing means therefor, recycling methods.

Drying blowers may be in combination with ventilation means or heating.

Vehicles for manure treatment, cleaning apparatus.

media151.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Removal of dung or urine
Cat trays; Dog urinals; Toilets for pets
Litter
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Housing birds
Poultry-cages
Floors
Cages
Laying batteries
Poultry runs
Treating excrements
Cages, {e.g. for singing birds (for poultry A01K 31/002) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cages for domestic birds, indoor or outdoor, e.g. volières, etc.

  • may be transportable, foldable, etc.
  • may include birdbaths, feeders, waste trays, etc.

Cages may be suitable for assembling into batteries.

Heaters for cages.

Covers and supporting means therefor.

Accessories for cages, e.g. toys, nest holders, vermin traps, etc.

Hangers or stands for cages.

media152.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housings for domestic or laboratory animals
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Poultry cages
Battery breeding cages
Floors
Door appliances; Automatic door-openers
Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement
Collapsible cages
Doors; Trap-doors
Perches
Laying batteries
For solid feed
Other aviculture appliances
Transportable cages (A01K 31/08 takes precedence) ; {Travelling cages for pigeons; Opening or closing of cages}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transportable cages, may be single cages, containers, crates, etc.

  • may be portable, disposable, etc.
  • may be mountable on vehicle, e.g. car, ship, etc.
  • may include drinking/feeding devices.

Containers may be subdivided in compartments.

Details therefor, e.g. doors, locks, wheels, etc.

media153.png

Collapsible cages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

(Bird-) cages in which the collapsible aspect is dominating or characteristic.

  • may be used for pet birds, transporting pigeons, exhibiting birds, breeding, etc.

Cages may be prefabricated, disposable, connectable to each other, etc.

  • features may enable them to be shipped, or stored under restricted space conditions (even only once, before assembly).

media154.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Housings for domestic or laboratory animals
Cages
Nest-boxes
Doors; Trap-doors { (for laying-nests A01K 31/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Doors for (bird-) cages, battery cages, nests, etc.

Trap-doors for bird-houses.

Means of locking doors, traps, a locking assembly.

Doors may be automatic.

media155.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Door appliances
Perches {for poultry or birds, e.g. roosts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Perches or roosts (perch arrays) for poultry or other birds.

  • may be movable, foldable, heated, lighted, etc.
  • may enable trimming a birds nails.

Fastening means for perches to cage, feeding device, etc. (e.g. clamping mechanism).

Disinfecting perch constructions.

Cleaners for perches.

Ant-vermin perches.

Shoulder-mountable perches.

media156.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Training or exercise equipment
Floors
Cages
Poultry runs
Filling automatically
Feed troughs
Nest-boxes, {e.g. for singing birds or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Nest-boxes, nesting structures for different kind of birds, e.g. earth burrowing birds.

  • may include feeding- and drinking devices.
  • may include viewing possibilities, e.g. viewing window.

Size of the nests may be adaptable. Nests may be collapsible.

Bird nest protection systems.

Birdhouse kit construction.

Multiple nesting structures, e.g. for cliff swallows.

media157.png

Laying-nests for poultry; Egg collecting { (nest floors A01K 31/007) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Laying nests, single or in batteries, for hen houses or cages.

Egg-collecting and -counting means connected therewith.

Nest bowls for poultry.

Details therefor, e.g. trapdoors, if integral part of specific structure.

Nests may be intended for other birds than poultry.

Nests may have manual or mechanical egg-collecting features, e.g. conveyers.

Cleaning devices for e.g. nest pad, etc.

Registration devices, e.g. registering the number of eggs laid by a hen.

media158.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Poultry-cages
Floors
Egg collecting or counting
Poultry runs
{Egg collecting or counting}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for collecting eggs, in particular from battery nests or cages.

Devices for counting eggs.

Devices for transporting eggs, e.g. escalators, etc.

above devices may be cooperating.

Details therefor, e.g. conveyor belts, guiding devices, if connected with nest or cage.

Devices may include weighing apparatus, cleaning apparatus, marking device, etc.

media159.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Floors
Laying-nests for poultry
Laying batteries
Poultry runs
Counting of objects
Counting of separate objects on conveyor
Laying batteries {including auxiliary features, e.g. feeding, watering, demanuring, heating, ventilation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Battery structures for housing poultry.

  • may include movable cages, easy mountable, dismountable, etc.
  • may include ventilating, heating, demanuring means, etc.

Support for cages.

Feeding and drinking devices, egg-receiving devices, may be part of a battery.

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Chicken coops or houses {for baby chicks} ; Brooders {including auxiliary features, e.g. feeding, watering, demanuring, heating, ventilation (battery breeding cages A01K 31/005) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Structures for housing chicks (or other young animals).

Characteristic must be the growing of the chicks, e.g. adjustment of structure to growth.

  • may include brooder incubators, (NB: for young chicks) but not as the main future.

Poultry rearing device, other than brooders, e.g. mere shelters.

Heating, ventilation and drinking/feeding-device, may be part of whole structure.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
Housing birds
Battery breeding cages
Brooders
Heating arrangements
Poultry runs
Brooders; {Foster-mothers; Hovers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brooders for raising poultry.

  • may be portable.

Heating devices as part of a brooder, e.g. electric heaters, infra-red gas heaters, etc.

Heat lamps, dampers, in combination with brooders.

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Heating arrangements; {Ventilation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Climate control features applicable to brooder houses or brooders, e.g. heaters, (coolers), ventilation system.

The heating or ventilating aspect must be a characteristic.

Devices may also be meant for conventional battery cages.

Heating may be electric, infra-red gas heater, etc. (e.g. floor-heating).

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Air-conditioning
Floor coverings
Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
Housing birds
Brooders
Poultry runs
Incubators for poultry
Controlling humidity in incubators
Poultry runs; {Poultry houses, including auxiliary features, e.g. feeding, watering, demanuring (air-conditioning of poultry runs or houses A01K 1/0047) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for raising poultry free, e.g. without cages inside houses.

  • may include methods for controlling environmental condition e.g. ventilation and heating devices.
  • may include methods of processing poultry manure.

Free floor raising aspect must be present.

Poultry houses may consist of free areas (runs).

Details therefor, e.g. chicken fences.

Poultry houses may be movable, e.g. wheeled.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Air-conditioning
Housing birds
Floors
Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement
Perches
Chicken coops or houses
Other aviculture appliances
Dovecots; Pigeon lofts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Dovecots, pigeon lofts and trap assemblies for pigeons, e.g. battery pigeon loft, etc.

  • may include a waste disposal system, ventilating system, etc.
  • may be movable and size/height may be adjustable.

Details therefor, entrance, cleaning systems, etc.

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Nest-eggs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Nest eggs or hatching simulation device.

  • may be vermin-destroying.

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Marking poultry or other birds { (marking meat A22C 17/10) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Marking poultry by means of rings, tags, wing bands, clips, etc.

Transponder may be included.

Detection devices therefor.

Devices for placing or removing rings.

Devices may include anti-parasite material.

Storage device for tagging rings.

Branding devices for poultry.

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Constraining birds, e.g. wing clamps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for preventing birds from flying, escaping, sitting down, picking or dropping excrements.

  • by means of clamps, locking system (beak), harness, boots, etc.

Attachments rings for birds feet.

Anti-picking devices, e.g. blinders, lenses or goggles.

Constraining birds for artificial insemination.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manure or urine pouches
Marking poultry or other birds
Cramming appliances
Other aviculture appliances
Cutting beaks, claws, wings
Constraining for operation
Artificial insemination
A61D7/02
Hanging-up slaughtered birds
Feeding or drinking appliances for poultry or other birds { (A01K 31/005, A01K 31/06, A01K 31/17 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding/drinking devices for poultry, may be automatic. (e.g. battery feeding system)

Window mountable bird feeders.

Bird feeding supports.

Feeding devices for wild animals, e.g. hummingbird feeders.

Bird feeder may be disposable.

Bird feeder may recycle bird food.

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Feeding devices, {e.g. chainfeeders} (A01K 39/04 takes precedence; {panfeeding systems, feeding pans A01K 39/0125} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Poultry feeders comprising mechanical distributing means from a storage to one or more feeding stations, e.g. a long trough.

Conveying chains/belts therefor, conveying cables.

Hoppers therefor, including vibrators or controls.

Conveyer/trough combinations therefor, e.g. conveyer in trough wall.

Battery feeding systems, without other important battery features.

Devices may include level detectors.

Trough-type feeders with connection means for distributing systems.

Feed-flow regulating means.

Bird-feeding devices for outside, may be insect-proof.

Nectar feeder access devices.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Filling automatically
Feed troughs
A01K19/014
{for solid feed, e.g. grit-cake holders (licking-stone holders for stock or game A01K 5/015) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bird food holders, mostly for feeding birds outside, e.g. wire mesh tubular feeder.

  • may be attachable to wall, tree, etc.

Devices may also be used for feeding other animals, e.g. squirrels.

Bird feeders may be disposable.

Feed blocks.

Hand-held bird feeders.

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{with means to prevent other animals or insects, e.g. squirrels or ants, from eating also}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Squirrel proof bird feeding device, by means of e.g. a spinning mechanism triggered by weight, electric shock device, slippery side panels, etc.

Baffles for preventing animals from climbing up a birdhouse.

Rodent repelling by means of e.g. several water filled moats, protective pet dish, etc.

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filling automatically, {e.g. by gravity from a reserve}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bird or poultry feeding devices with automatic filling of a feed compartment, e.g. gravity.

  • may be actuated by the animal.

Devices include a storage, e.g. incorporated hopper.

Excluded are the possible conveying means from a storage to the feeder(s): See A01K 39/01.

Means for controlling the feeding device, e.g. animal actuated.

Device may be liquid-feeding, e.g. for hummingbirds.

Devices may include prevention means for another animals to feed.

Devices may be combined with shelters.

Devices may include time-control means.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Feeders for livestock
Nest-boxes
Feeding devices
Feed troughs
Feeders for fish
{Panfeeding systems; Feeding pans therefor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pan feeding systems for poultry.

Device may include an adjustable feed level control.

Means of controlling supply of feed to the trough.

Feeding device may include time controlling means.

Details therefor, e.g. feed drop tube, etc.

Feeding pans, feed box, etc.

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Feed troughs; Feed throwers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bird troughs, e.g. with bird-actuated covers.

Bird throwers, i.e. throwing-out feed, by means of e.g. propelling, centrifugal.

Troughs for batteries.

Grids for troughs, anti-roost devices for troughs.

Trough aspect is prevailed, feeder may include a hopper or other delivery means, e.g. a foraminous hopper for direct access.

Devices may include a shelter.

Heating or lighting means may be incorporated.

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See also:

A01K 1/0356 Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages.

A01K 5/01 Feed troughs; Feed pails.

A01K 31/14 Nest-boxes.

A01K 39/00 Feeding or drinking appliances for poultry or other birds.

A01K 39/01 Feeding devices.

A01K 39/012 Filling automatically.

A01K 61/025 Culture of bivalves.

Drinking appliances (A01K 39/04 takes precedence; construction of valves F16K)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Poultry watering systems involving features of more than one subgroup of A01K 39/02.

Devices may be bird-actuated, other than nipples.

Drinking system may be remote controlled.

Flush apparatus for watering system.

Drinking troughs; their accessories, e.g. covers.

Details of general importance, e.g. anti-freeze devices, heating devices, over flow plug, etc.

Battery drinking systems.

Cleaning apparatus for watering devices.

Structures for supporting water systems, e.g. a hanger.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Watering equipment for stock or game
Feed troughs; Feed throwers
Drinking appliances
Nipple drinkers
{Nipple drinkers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Water or liquid food dispensing by means of nipple drinkers/drinking valves.

  • may include medicine dispensing means.
  • may include cleaning system.
  • may be animal-operated.

Details therefor, e.g. pipes, valves, etc.

Pressure regulators.

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with weight-controlled supply
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Poultry watering systems, with weight-controlled supply, e.g. suspension-type drinking system.

  • by means of e.g. a valve for regulating amount of water, closure mechanism, etc.

Cleaning devices therefor, may be self cleaning.

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with float-controlled supply
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Poultry watering systems, with float-controlled supply.

Float controlled valve mechanisms.

Details therefor, e.g. valves, float box, etc.

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kept filled to constant level from incorporated storage
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Drinking devices kept filled to constant level from incorporated storage, e.g. water supply container.

  • may include heating devices, anti-roost device, etc.

Devices may be in combination with a feeding device.

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Combined feeding and drinking appliances, {e.g. also for batteries}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Combined feeding and drinking appliances for birds/ poultry.

  • may include anti-freeze devices, time-control devices, etc.

Device may be in combination with shelter.

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Cramming appliances, {e.g. helical force-feeders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cramming appliances.

Special cages with constraining means for cramming animals.

Force-feeders.

Devices may include a weight/quantity controller, pump, etc

Trolleys for moving along (an operator) in front of cages.

Metering feed-pistols, etc.

Animals may be other than birds, e.g. laboratory animals.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cages
Constraining birds
Feeding devices
Introducing materials into animals
Incubators for poultry
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for incubating eggs and hatching devices.

  • may include ventilating devices, lightning, climate control, temperature control device, etc.

Devices for turning eggs.

Devices may be transportable.

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Heating arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Heating arrangements for incubators for poultry.

  • by means of electric heating, heat exchange fluid, warm air flow, etc.

Devices may be in combination with ventilation means, humidity control, etc.

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{Devices for regulating temperature}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for regulating temperature in incubators for poultry.

Devices may be in combination with ventilating means, etc.

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{Heating with water}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Incubators for poultry, heated with water.

Details therefor, e.g. heat regulating means, heat exchange liquid, thermostatic control device, etc.

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Controlling humidity in incubators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for controlling humidity in incubators.

  • by means of e.g. weighing device.

Devices may be in combination with ventilation and temperature control device, e.g. air-control unit.

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Egg-turning appliances for incubators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Egg-turning devices for incubators.

Devices for rolling eggs.

Transfer devices for eggs, e.g. rotator assembly.

Control devices, e.g. turning control signal.

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{Egg drawers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Egg drawers, e.g. for incubators for poultry.

Drawers may include egg-turning device.

Drawers may be divided in different compartments, cells, etc.

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Testing, sorting or cleaning eggs (investigating or analysing eggs, e.g. by candling G01N 33/08) ; {Conveying devices (for batteries A01K 31/165) ; Pick-up devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for performing different kind of treatment steps with eggs, e.g. transporting, conveying, picking up, putting down, ordering, aligning, emptying, irradiating etc, impregnating, crack-checking, cracking (e.g. for embryo extraction), sorting, measuring/weighing, etc.

Devices for packaging and storing eggs.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Egg collecting or counting
Other aviculture appliances
Opening, or yolk-white separating, in bulk
Investigating or analysing eggs, e.g. by candling
Sorting
Packing
Conveying
Counting of objects.
{Cleaning, washing of eggs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Egg washing and cleaning devices.

Egg sanding devices.

Details therefor, brushes, water spray, conveyor, etc.

Devices may include a combination of different cleaning features, e.g. washing, drying, sanding, etc.

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Grading eggs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for grading eggs.

Devices may be in combination with cleaning, sorting devices.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sorting according to weight in general
according to size
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Grading eggs according to size.

Devices may include measuring device.

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according to weight (sorting according to weight in general B07C 5/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Grading eggs according to weight.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sorting according to weight in general
Grading and stamping
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for grading and stamping of eggs.

Devices for printing on eggs, e.g. inkjet printer.

Egg dyeing devices, laser devices, etc.

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Other aviculture appliances, e.g. devices for determining whether a bird is about to lay
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transporting or conveying birds (in particular poultry in quantities).

Devices for sex determination of poultry.

Sorting, weighing and/or counting birds.

Bird baths and showers, may be combined with watering.

Influencing or measuring biological activity, e.g. by electrical field.

Assisting birth, e.g. shell-openers.

Anti-vermin devices.

Shackling (living) birds.

Devices for assisting (artificial) insemination.

Conditioning fighting cocks, e.g. by artificial spurs.

Protective gear for birds, e.g. saddles.

Devices for control of static neutralisation.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for use in keeping domestic animals
Feeding or drinking devices associated with cages
Devices for grooming or caring of animals
Training or exercise equipment
Dehorners; Horn trainers
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Poultry cages
Floors
Cages
Transportable cages
Constraining birds
Debeaking
Artificial insemination
A61D7/02
Shackling dead poultry
Bird transport boxes
Transport trucks
{Bird baths or showers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bird baths or showers.

  • may include feeding system.
  • may be self cleaning, self-filling.
  • may include anti-freeze facilities e.g. a heater.

Devices for attaching birdbaths to e.g. walls, trees, cage, etc.

Details therefor e.g. filling and flushing valve, etc.

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{Harvesting or transport of poultry}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loading and unloading devices for poultry, or crates.

Devices for distributing poultry to receiving bins, (multi-layer) containers, etc.

Devices for gripping the feet of poultry and suspending poultry from its legs.

Poultry collecting devices, by means of e.g. picking up, etc.

Devices for transporting poultry, e.g. containers.

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{Injecting or otherwise treating hatching eggs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for injecting eggs, may be automatic.

Introducing material into eggs, e.g. feeding a subject prior to hatch, fertilizing eggs.

Pre-hatch sex determination.

Method for localizing allantoic fluid.

Means of non-invasive forced oxygen enrichment.

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Beehives
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Beehives, nesting boxes, e.g. Kenya hives.

  • may enable housing of multiple colonies.
  • may include ventilation.

Beehives may be portable, disposable, biodegradable, etc.

Covers for beehives.

Bee observation devices.

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Construction or arrangement of frames for honeycombs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Frames for, or including, honeycombs.

Methods and devices for producing or assembling the frames.

Frames may be foldable.

Reinforcing elements for honeycombs.

Means for holding honeycombs or frames in the beehive.

Means for keeping distance between frames or honeycombs.

Honeycombs may be complete (ready to breed), or to be completed by bees.

Combination of frames with honeycombs, the frames having particular importance.

Mounting honeycombs into frames, e.g. by heating wires.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Beehives
Artificial honeycombs
Artificial honeycombs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Artificial honeycombs or foundations.

Methods and devices for producing them.

Ways of assembling them into frames.

Extraction of honey from specially designed honeycomb, e.g. by heat.

Honeycombs may be complete (ready to breed), or to be completed by bees.

Means for producing foundation plates, e.g. wax foundation.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Construction or arrangement of frames for honeycombs
Appliances for treating beehives or parts thereof
Honey collection
Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions, bee escapes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Entrance-gates, may be anti-parasite. Control devices for entrance, etc.

Trapping (sick) bees device.

Ventilation means for beehives.

Methods for obtaining honey from bees.

Bee venom collecting device.

Pollinating systems.

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Rearing-boxes; Queen transporting or introducing cages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Any means for rearing bees, not covered by other groups.

Treating bees, e.g. by irradiation.

(Artificial) insemination of queen bees.

Measuring or testing bees.

Artificially hatching queen bees.

Containers for transporting ( e.g. shipping) queen bees.

media204.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rearing-boxes; Queen transporting or introducing cages
Appliances for treating beehives or parts thereof
Bee-smokers; Bee-keepers accessories
Appliances for providing, preventing, or catching swarms
Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for
Appliances for treating beehives or parts thereof, e.g. for cleaning or disinfecting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anti-parasite entrances.

Devices for removing parasites, by means of sound-waves, vaporizing formic acid, magnetic treatment, etc.

Thermostatic control devices, e.g. hot-air drier.

Devices for cleaning bee hive frames, bee board, etc.

Means for supplying fresh water for the bees.

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Feeding or drinking appliances for bees
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding and drinking appliances for bees, e.g. drinking trough, etc.

Devices for filling feeding and drinking appliances.

Bee feeders may be automatic.

Devices may include heating system.

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Bee-smokers; Bee-keepers` accessories, e.g. veils ( {smoke-generators for gardens or orchards A01G 13/06, for killing insects A01M 13/006, for killing rats A01M 17/004} ; smoking pipes A24F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Insect protecting body garment, e.g. head screen, protective bag, etc.

Bee-hive transport devices.

Devices for controlling/ monitoring behaviour of bees.

Devices for lifting an moving bee- hives.

Bee smokers.

Devices for assessing bee temperament.

media207.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Smoke-generators for gardens or orchards
For killing insects
A01M13/00D
For killing rats
A01M17/00B2
Smoking pipes
Appliances for providing, preventing or catching swarms; Drone-catching devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for detecting bee-swarms.

Devices for catching/trapping bee swarms.

Devices for controlling swarming of bees, e.g. by means of pheromones.

Appliances for re-queening a hive.

Devices for breeding bee colonies.

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Honey collection
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collection frames for honey.

Devices for removing honey frames, e.g. de-boxing device.

Devices for separating honey from honeycombs.

Devices for cutting and wrapping honey.

Devices for liquefying honey.

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Devices for uncapping honeycombs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Honeycomb uncapping device, e.g. fail-type.

Devices for moving lids from honeycombs.

Cutting knife, may be electrically heated.

Devices may include honey extracting device.

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Honey strainers; {Strainers with centrifuges or presses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Centrifugal honey extraction device.

Honey presses.

Devices for extracting honey by means of blowing air into cells of the honeycomb.

Devices for separating bees wax and honey or removing moisture from honey.

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Devices for extracting wax
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for extracting bees wax, e.g. by means of rotation, etc.

Devices for melting wax from honey combs, e.g. by means of micro-waves, hot water, etc.

Bee hive press.

Devices for treating wax, purifying wax.

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Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls or the like (harvesting oysters, mussels, sponges or the like A01K 80/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Culture of fish or other water-animals (including aquatic insects), in ponds, containers, streams, or open sea.

Feeding schedules therefor.

Containers therefor.

Tools therefor, e.g. servicing machines for basins.

Artificial reefs; Artificial seaweed.

Fish brooders.

Accessories, e.g. floats, combined feeding and aerating means, etc.

Treating aquatic animals, e.g. by soaking in medical solution.

Methods of increasing seafood production.

Methods of producing pearls.

Animal rescue devices for swimming pools.

Devices for removing parasites from fish.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Other apparatus for animal husbandry
Sorting, grading, counting or marking live fish
Cleaning bottoms or walls of ponds or receptacles
Receptacles for live fish
Aquaria; Terraria
Arrangements for treating water
Stationary catching devices
Method or means of catching fish in bulk
By electrocution
Harvesting oysters, mussels, sponges or the like
Culture of algae
Fish repellers etc. for hydraulic power plants etc
Artificial reefs
Fish passages
Monitoring environment by test fishes
{Sorting, grading counting or marking live fish; Sex determination (sorting dead fish A22C 25/04; sorting in general B07B, B07C; counting in general G06M) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fish sorting and grading devices, e.g. by weight, size, etc.

Fish counting device.

Fish holding system.

Devices for tracking objects under water.

Tagging systems, e.g. bass tags, implant tags, etc.

Fish behaviour control systems.

Harvesting and sorting devices for e.g. shrimp, oysters, etc.

media214.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sorting dead fish
Sorting in general
Counting in general
{Culture of bivalves, e.g. oysters, mussels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Culture of molluscs (other than snails) in ponds, containers, streams, or open sea.

Containers therefor, also for (dead) fish.

Tools therefor, e.g. hoist for cases.

Devices for spreading oyster seed.

Methods for harvesting molluscs from substrates may be involved.

Culture of pearls, artificial pearls made from natural matter.

Methods and devices for protecting cultures from predators, etc.

Shell stringers.

Artificial reefs for molluscs, other than artificial seaweed.

Feeding devices for shellfish.

Harvesting methods and devices.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Marking or counting molluscs
Cleaning receptacles or ponds
Rearing snails
Harvesting oysters, scraping tiles
Artificial seaweed
Artificial reefs
Grading molluscs
Cleaning molluscs
Amphibious vehicles
{Cleaning bottoms or walls of ponds or receptacles (cleaning windows A47L; cleaning in general B08B; tank cleaning specially adapted for vessels B63B 57/00; cleaning devices for hulls B63B 59/00; devices for cleaning the submerged surfaces of a swimming pool E04H 4/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cleaning devices for water tanks.

Devices for cleaning aquarium windows, by means of e.g. magnets.

Cleaning devices for under water apparatuses, e.g. tube-shaped subsea structures, etc.

Screen cleaners.

Devices for removing sediment.

Devices for preventing algae from growing, e.g. by means of ultrasonic waves.

Devices for removing stains from walls under water.

Water recycling and filtering systems.

Fish manure removal device.

Details therefor, e.g. pumps, pipes, etc.

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{Culture of crustacea, e.g. lobsters, prawns, shrimps}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aquaculture farming systems for shrimp, shellfish, crayfish, lobster, etc.

Habitats therefor, e.g. (mating) tanks, containers, aquaria, etc. For raising aquatic animals in different stages of development.

Devices for handling eggs and larvae of shellfish (and similar animals), e.g. vacuum device, device for incubation, etc.

Methods for increasing the production of larvae.

Harvesting devices for e.g. shrimp.

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{Artificial reefs specially adapted for the culture of fish}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Artificial reef or parts therefor, e.g. tires, concrete, synthetic aquatic structures, etc. For use in aquaria, tanks or open sea.

Artificial sea-weed (e.g. seaweed bed), rocks, etc.

Fish habitat structures, may include traps.

Devices may provide food, shelter, reproductive support, etc.

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{Floating fish-farms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Floating fish-farming systems, e.g. deep water fish-farming system.

Devices may include feeding systems, water circulating devices, pollution control systems, etc.

Devices for raising and lowering net pens.

Devices for anchoring floating cages for fish, e.g. floating rings.

Submersible cages, rearing pens, fish trap, etc.

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{Incubators or hatching devices for fish}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for larvae breeding.

Devices for incubating eggs and larvae and transportation means therefor.

Devices for planting eggs.

Live-bearing-fish-breeding devices.

Hatcheries, may be part of fish farm.

Collector tanks for eggs.

Rearing procedures.

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Feeding devices for fish { (fish food A23K 1/188) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for feeding fish, may be floating, under water or at shore, e.g. centrifugal feed distributor, feed spreader, etc.

may be automatic, refrigerated.

may include dosing mechanism, time control device, etc.

Devices for measuring the rate of food loss in fish farming.

Fish attracting devices.

Devices for feeding live food.

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{for use with aquaria}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fish-feeding devices specially adapted to aquaria, i.e. normally not applicable to open pond pisciculture etc.

The feeder may consist of foodstuff in a special form, e.g. applicable to an aquarium wall, e.g. wax-based fish food.

The feeder may contain, or even raise, living matter, e.g. algae.

Devices may include timing, lighting, filter or heating devices. However, of relevance is time-control only.

Feeding devices may be fish-operated or automatic.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dispensing by dosing means
With timing mechanisms
Food for aquatic animals
Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria (keepnets or other containers for keeping captured fish A01K 97/20) ; Terraria { (receptacles for rearing fish A01K 61/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Containers for fish or other water-organisms, or their eggs to be kept alive. (Also tanks, aquaria, ponds, basins, etc.)

Devices for transporting water-organisms, e.g. containers, tanks, aquaria, etc.

Catching or feeding means may be incorporated, but no rearing aspect present.

Containers may serve for use under or out of the water.

Organisms may be bait animals, e.g. small fish.

Containers may incorporate ancillary systems, e.g. for aerating, anti-frees, bird deterring device, etc.

Containers may comprise netted portions.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls
Culture of bivalves
Aquaria, Terraria
Arrangements for treating water specially adapted
Methods or means of catching fish in bulk not provided
Keep nets
Package-containers for fish
Cargo vessel holds for live fish
B63C35/26
{Aquaria; Terraria (A01K 63/04, A01K 63/06 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aquaria, terraria, or combinations thereof, also e.g. with plants etc.

may be mountable on wall, mobile, etc.

Combined devices for feeding, heating, lighting, filtration or water treatment.

Structural details, e.g. framework, etc.

Accessories, e.g. snail traps, breeding boxes, decorations, control boxes, etc.

Holders for accessories, e.g. suction holders.

Observation chambers for water-animals.

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See also:

A01K 47/00 Beehives.

A01K 61/00 Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls...

A01K 61/003 Cleaning bottoms or walls of ponds or receptacles.

A01K 63/00 Receptacles for live fish.

A01K 63/04 Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to...

A01K 67/00 Rearing or breading animals, not otherwise provided for.

A47F 3/00 Showcases...

A01G 9/00 Flower boxes...

{Accessories for aquaria or terraria}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ornaments for aquaria and terraria, e.g. (synthetic) plants, rocks, etc.

Water flow control devices e.g. a wave-making device.

Fountains.

Cleaning and filtration systems.

Supporting structures for aquaria and terraria.

Dividers for in aquaria en terraria.

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Receptacles specially adapted for transporting live fish
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Containers for transporting fish, shellfish or crustaceans.

Devices for displacement of live fish.

Transport devices for live baits, may include artificial muddy sand.

Packaging for oysters.

Means of suppressing motion functions in fish, e.g. anaesthetization.

Transport devices may include cooling system.

Animals may be separated or transported in groups.

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Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish, {e.g. filters, water pumps} ( {cleaning receptacles A01K 61/003;} filters in general B01D; water treatment in general C02F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Water treatment devices specially adapted to aquaculture. Mostly for aquarium/ terrarium use, but also for other receptacles for aquaculture, e.g. holders for molluscs, or even ponds etc.

Aquarium filters, may be in combination with pumps.

Electr(olyt)ic water treatment.

Water treatment with (e.g. UV-) rays radiation.

Cleaning water or sand in aquaria.

(Aquarium) water outlets or inlets, e.g. siphons.

Pesticide dispensers for aquaria.

Devices for transferring water between different zones of e.g. ponds.

Artificial (see) water solutions.

Devices for removing pollution of aqueous bodies.

Devices for testing toxicity of water.

Means for acclimatising salt-water fish to brackish or fresh water.

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See also:

A01K 61/00 Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls...

A01K 61/003 Cleaning bottoms or walls of ponds or receptacles.

A01K 63/003 Aquaria; Terraria.

A01K 63/042 Introducing gases into the water.

B01D 1/00 Filters in general...

B01J1/00 Ion exchange...

C02F 1/00 Water treatment in general...

F04F 1/00 Pumps in general...

G01N 33/182 Monitoring water quality...

E02B 1/00. Artificial ponds...

{Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for introducing gasses into bodies of water, e.g. pumps, ducts, nozzles, etc.

may include filter device.

Aeration must not merely serve for water treatment in a filter vessel outside the rearing or storing water.

Aerators may be in combination with lights or ornaments.

Gases may be generated by transformation, e.g. from tablet.

Gas introduction may involve water movement, cooling or heating.

Air filters.

Aeration of transport vessels if the vessels are not the main characteristic.

Protein skimmers, even if combined with conventional filters.

Devices for controlling the oxygen level in water.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls
Receptacles for live fish
Aquaria; Terraria
{Filters for aquaria}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Filters for aquaria, may also be used for tanks, containers and ponds, e.g. water surface filter.

Devices may be placed in the water or outside.

Pumps in combination with filters.

Filter may be self-cleaning.

Details therefor, e.g. suction unit, water control valve, pipes, etc.

Computer automated filtration systems.

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{Liquid pumps for aquaria (air pumps for aquaria A01K 63/042) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pumps, mostly for aquaria, e.g. air pump, water pump, rotary pump, etc.

Housings for pumps, e.g. with vibration dampening or noise reducing means.

Devices for attaching pumps, e.g. to aquarium wall, etc.

Devices may include filter, aeration, cleaning system, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. valves, motor, etc.

media230.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Air pumps for aquaria
Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish (heating, {cooling} or lighting apparatus per seF21, H01, H05B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aquarium lighting devices, may be incorporated in ornament, cover or wall of aquarium, terrarium, etc.

Heating devices for aquarium, terrarium, etc, may be in combination with lighting device.

Details therefor, e.g. light fittings, hanger for tubular lamps, lamp housing structures, etc.

Controlling devices for the environment, e.g. water temperature, etc.

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{Heating or cooling devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Heating and/or cooling devices for aquarium (heating/cooling water) or terrarium (heating/cooling air).

Holders for heating and cooling devices.

May include e.g. filter systems, lighting, etc.

Controlling devices for temperature.

Devices may be incorporated in an ornament.

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Fish stringers { (devices for threading fish on strings A22C 25/10) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fish-stringers, quick release stringers, spring fasteners, fishline holders, etc.

  • may be mechanical.

details therefor, e.g. handles.

Devices may be floating, twist-free, etc.

media233.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for threading fish on strings
Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals (methods for reproduction or fertilisation A61D 19/00; medicinal preparations containing sperm A61K 35/52; tissue- or animal-cell cultivation apparatus C12M 3/00; cultivation or maintenance of tissue or animal cells C12N 5/00; mutation or genetic engineering C12N 15/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods for reproduction or fertilisation
Medicinal preparations containing sperm
Tissue- or animal-cell cultivation apparatus cultivation or maintenance of tissue or animal cells
Mutation or genetic engineering
Breeding vertebrates (covering boxes A01K 15/00; devices for assisting or preventing mating A01K 21/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Covering boxes
Devices for assisting or preventing mating
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents relating to new peptides or new DNA or its corresponding mRNA encoding for peptides, and their use for the obtention of transgenic animals, are classified in subclass C07K or in group C12N 9/00 according to the peptides, with the appropriate Indexing Codes]

Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates (non-chemical sterilisation of invertebrates A01M)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Nonchemical sterilisation of invertebrates
Stationary catching devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fish and/or crab traps, e.g. nets, crabbing bait holders.

Reaction grill nets.

Fish attracting means.

Devices for unconfined fish farming.

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Fixed nets with traps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fishing devices by means of fixed nets with traps.

Crab traps including nets.

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Traps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Traps for fishes, crabs and other marine animals. e.g. shelter trap, etc.

Entrance gates to traps.

Devices for attracting animals into a cage, e.g. bait bag, etc.

Devices for releasing bait in combination with a trap.

Traps may include signalling device.

Trap cleaning devices.

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Rigid traps, e.g. lobster pots
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rigid traps for catching, e.g. lobsters, crabs, fish, etc.

  • may include escape gaps for undersized animals.

Entrance gates for these traps.

Means for marking the cages.

Devices for releasing baiting combination with these traps.

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Collapsible traps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collapsible traps for catching e.g. lobsters, crabs, fish, etc.

Collapsible bait traps.

Traps may be movable.

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Floating nets { (if drawn A01K 73/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fishing by means of floating nets.

The net may be connected to inflatable floating assemblies, floating material, etc.

Floating fish baskets.

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Drawn nets
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Drawn nets for catching fish or other marine animals, e.g. taking samples of the ocean bottom.

  • may be by means of wheels.
  • may include cages.

Devices for marking the nets.

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Trawling nets
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Trawling nets for catching fish and other marine animals.

  • may include methods for sorting fish, e.g. size-sorting, etc.

Devices for ensuring a proper opening of fishing nets.

Devices for towing nets, healing gear, etc.

Trawls may be electrified.

Sweep lines for a bottom trawl.

Devices for steering trawling nets.

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{Regulation of net depth}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for regulating the depth of fishing nets, e.g. with adjustable angle of elevation.

Depth controlling devices.

Devices for keeping nets closer to the seabed, e.g. ground rope, etc.

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Devices for spreading or positioning, e.g. control thereof
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for spreading and/or positioning fishing nets, e.g. float boards, special net fabric, etc.

Opening devices for nets e.g. collapse-mechanism, etc.

Steering devices for nets.

Devices for monitoring the angle settings of wires.

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for lateral sheering, e.g. trawl boards
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for lateral sheering of fishing nets.

Details therefor, e.g. trawl boards, otter boards, etc.

Towing devices, lifting devices, etc.

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for vertical sheering
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for vertical sheering of fishing nets.

Details therefor, e.g. trawling gear, vertical suspensions, otter boards, etc.

Towing devices for nets.

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Ground-line rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rollers, wheels or balls intended to roll over the ground substantially in trawl direction.

Ground-line rollers for fishing nets, e.g. footrope construction, etc.

Trailing devices, lead lines for fish nets, guide wheels, ground rope, tail planes, etc.

They may be attached to other parts of nets or lines than ground lines.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for spreading or positioning
Sinkers
Harvesting oysters, mussels, sponges or the like
Hauling devices for the headlines, {also for nets; Winches (A01K 73/12 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices or details involved in towing or hauling trawler headlines.

Devices for handling the whole net, e.g. discharging its contents.

Devices for controlling line traction or length or speed.

Winches or their control may be included, also engine control.

Details or headlines, e.g. special links, or load gauges.

Position control of net may also be involved.

Lines to be hauled may serve for other objects, e.g. lobster pots.

Discharging fish from net into boat, e.g. seine-net.

Devices may include devices for oiling/lubrication of cables.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Determining the quantity of the catch
Nets held vertically in the water
Trotline-handling
A01K91/06B
Winches; their control
Trawlers
Determining the quantity of the catch, e.g. by the pull or drag on the lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for determining the quantity of the catch.

Devices for monitoring the forces in the cable.

Trawl cable vibration meter.

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Nets held vertically in the water, e.g. seines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seines, e.g. course-meshed seines, etc.

Cast nets, commercial fishing nets, etc.

Devices for preventing entrapment of see mammals.

Purse-ring stripper devices.

Devices for rearing shrimp, using nets held vertically in water.

Spar buoy pen systems.

Net joining structures.

Netting may be coloured.

Nets may include fish traps.

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Other catching nets or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Other catching nets or the like, not provided for in other groups.

Devices for transporting and/or collecting fish.

Fish catching devices.

Fish lasso’s.

Details for nets, e.g. brails, etc.

Fishing methods.

media250.png

Accessories for nets; Details of nets, e.g. structure
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Structure or manufacture of nets (even if limited to particular kinds of nets) or their cables or wires.

Details of nets, e.g. connectors.

Auxiliary features, e.g. electronic accessories, other than mere illumination.

Measuring devices for or on nets, e.g. for controlling their length.

Protective devices on nets, e.g. armour plates.

Devices embracing floats and/or sinkers, e.g. their embedding in a special cable.

Handling nets (mostly ashore or on board), e.g. holding, shaking.

Devices for protecting animals, e.g. whale release device, etc.

Cleaning devices for e.g. nets.

media251.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Receptacles for live fish
Hauling devices for the headlines
Determining the quantity of he catch
Methods or means of catching fish in bulk
By electrocution
Harvesting oysters, mussels, sponges or the like
Drying fishing lines
Illuminating devices for nets
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illumines devices for nets and other devices for catching fish, may be chemo-light, etc.

Floating fishing lights.

Luminous fishing lure tackles.

Luminous bait.

Reflective fishing nets.

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Floats (for angling A01K 93/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Floats, e.g. a buoyancy float, pneumatic float, etc.

  • May consist of cork, foam rubber, etc.
  • may be illuminated.

Devices for attaching ropes/nets to floats, e.g. clamps.

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Sinkers (for angling A01K 95/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for ballasting nets or net-lines, if not intended to roll over the ground substantially in trawl direction.

Sinkers forming part of specific net structures are found in groups for those structures.

Groundrope bobbins, dan-lenno bobbins.

Weighted lines, sink lines, drag-devices.

media254.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls
Culture of bivalves, e.g. oysters, mussels
Receptacles for live fish
Stationary catching devices
Traps
Rigid traps
Devices for spreading or positioning
Ground-line rollers
Angling ballast sinkers
Landing-nets; Landing-spoons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Landing-nets, kesher, may be lightweight, collapsible, etc.

Handles for fishing-nets, may be extensible, collapsible, etc.

Devices may be useful for other purposes, e.g. egg retriever, swimming pool skinner, etc.

Details therefor, e.g. locking mechanisms, etc.

media255.png

Methods or means of catching fish in bulk not provided for in groups A01K 69/00 to A01K 77/00, {e.g. fish pumps; Detection of fish; Whale fishery}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for separating target and non-target species harvested from water bodies.

Devices for harvesting marine animals, e.g. brine shrimp harvester.

Devices for displacement of live fish.

Devices for determining the quantity of plankton. Devices for handling whales (carcasses).

Observation systems, ultrasonic submarine sounding equipment, etc.

media256.png

by electrocution (electric circuits therefor H05C) ; {Attracting or stunning fish; Scaring sharks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Inducing movement into fish, shrimp, shellfish, etc, by electricity.

Inducing electrotaxy (directed swimming).

Stunning of fish and whales, by electricity.

Killing fish, before and after catching them, by means of electricity.

Special forms of appearance of electric current used, e.g. pulses.

Retrieving fish etc., by electrically induced movement.

Electric hooks for angling (stunning or killing biting fish).

Using water as conductor, for operating, e.g. echo-sounding.

A luring light may be involved or used alone in catching fish.

Attracting or scaring fish etc., by means other than electricity, e.g. by bait-spreading, air bubbles, shock waves, sound, etc.

media257.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Training or exercise equipment
Scaring in general
Fish repellers for hydroplants
Harvesting oysters, mussels, sponges or the like, {e.g. drags, clam diggers, marine life collectors} (nets A01K 73/00, A01K 74/00; dredgers E02F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Drags for catching organisms on or under ground, other than normal dragnets having ground-chains or the like.

Devices for scraping mussels poles or oyster tiles etc., also for de-scaling.

Suction harvesting devices for ground-living organisms.

Plankton harvesters, also research purposes.

Marine specimen collectors or samplers.

Dredgers for clams, etc.

Crab catchers.

Clam diggers.

Sponge harvesting.

Oyster tongs.

Rakes, for treating oyster ground bottom surface.

media258.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Culture of fish, mussels, crayfish, lobsters, sponges, pearls
Sorting, grading, counting or marking live fish
Culture of bivalves, e.g. oysters, mussels
Trawling nets
Methods or means of catching fish in bulk
Nets
Nets
Cultivation of seaweed or algae
Amphibious vehicles
Dredgers in general
Fishing with projectiles (weapons, projectiles other than fish-spears F41, F42)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Harpoons, e.g. fish tag harpoon.

Under water guns, e.g. shark gun. Details therefor, e.g. gun barrel, firing mechanism, etc.

Fishing arrows, archery fish points, etc.

Devices may include explosive head/ projectiles, tranquilizers, etc.

Fish darts, e.g. electric anti-shark dart.

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Fish-spears
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fish spears, may include electricity, explosive head, etc.

Precision system for releasing e.g. a harpoon.

Arrow heads.

media260.png

Equipment for hunting fish under water (swimming equipment A63B 31/00 to A63B 35/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Safety guns.

Details therefor, e.g. stretching mechanism for crossbow, special arrow guide in the handle, etc.

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Fish-hooks { (making fish-hooks B21F 45/12) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media262.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Making fish-hooks
Expanding fish-hook assembly
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media263.jpg

with special gripping arms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media264.jpg

Devices for holding bait on hooks { (baiting trotlines A01K 91/18; non-living bait A01K 97/045) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media265.jpg
media266.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Baiting trotlines
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Non-living bait not held on hooks
Artificial baits, {i.e. Lures}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Jigheads, soft lures, lures combining several features of subclasses.

media267.jpg
media268.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ground bait
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device for holding bait on hooks
{without hooks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media269.jpg
media270.jpg

with light emission, sound emission, scent dispersal or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media271.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Attracting fish with lighting or sound device not attached to fishing line
with means for concealing or protecting hooks, e.g. to prevent entanglement with weeds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media272.jpg

Artificial flies (fly tying devices A01K 97/26)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media273.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fishing fly tying devices
Vice adapted for fly tying
with at least one flat rotating body having its axis of rotation substantially non-coincident with the longitudinal axis of the body, {e.g. spinners}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media274.jpg

comprising a body rotating around its longitudinal axis, e.g. devons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media275.jpg

with flat, or substantially flat, undulating bodies, e.g. spoons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media276.jpg

with other than flat, or substantially flat, undulating bodies, e.g. plugs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media277.jpg

in two or more pieces
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media278.jpg

Rods
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media279.jpg

{with the line passing through the hollow rod}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media280.jpg

{comprising internal line guides}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media281.jpg

{with built-in accessories, e.g. lighting means or measuring devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media282.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Containers or holders for hooks, lines, sinkers
Connecting devices for parts of the rods
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media283.jpg

{telescopic}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media284.jpg

Fishing-line guides on rods, {e.g. tips (internal line guides A01K 87/005) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media285.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Internal line guides
Devices for fixing reels on rods
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media286.jpg

Handgrips
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media287.jpg

{Heating devices or other means to protect against the cold}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media288.jpg

Reels (devices for casting lines A01K 91/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fishing reels

media289.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for casting lines
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Reels and spools for storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material
Toothed gearing in general
Containers or holders for lines
Reel covers within fishing rod containers
{Devices for transferring line to a reel}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media290.jpg

{Cranks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with pick-up, i.e. with the guiding member rotating and the spool being stationary during normal retrieval of the line (A01K 89/027 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brake devices for reels with pick-up
{with closed face}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brake devices for closed face reels
{Multi-speed mechanisms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Pick-up details}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Spool details}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Reciprocating mechanisms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Anti-reverse mechanisms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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motor-driven
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with rotary drum (A01K 89/033 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brake devices for reels with rotary drum
Antibacklash devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices reducing the spool spin of a reel with rotary drum while casting when the fishing lure reaches the water surface.

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{using magnets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Fly reels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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for trolling
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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motor-driven
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Brake devices for reels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with pick-up
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with closed face}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with rotary drum
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Reversible reels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fishing reels with a casting position and a fishing position with regard to the fishing rod.

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Pole-less fishing apparatus,i.e. hand-held reels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Devices for casting lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Projectiles for casting fishing lines, remote controlled boats, kites, casting aids.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for laying ground-bait
Connecting devices (devices for fixing on or removing sinkers from lines A01K 95/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for fixing on or removing sinkers from lines
for connecting lines to hooks or lures
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Knot tying devices.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rigid hand tools for non-rotary grinding, polishing, or stropping
Knot-tying devices in general
Other knotting
for connecting lines to lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Fishing booms, i.e. connecting devices spreading out the leaders, e.g. to avoid tangling thereof
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Apparatus on lines not otherwise provided for, e.g. automatic hookers (floats A01K 93/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fishing line stops, flashers, etc.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
{Jiggling devices, i.e. devices for moving the lure}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Trolling devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Outriggers, downriggers, etc.

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for automatic hook setting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports for rods with automatic hook setting
Fly lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Leaders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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for fly fishing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Trotlines, longlines; Accessories therefor, e.g. baiting devices, lifters, setting reelers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for holding bait on hooks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Preparation of bait
Line length or depth measuring devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for angling
Floats for angling, with or without signalling devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with signalling devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Float with strike signalling means or location signalling means.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Signalling devices
Sinkers for angling (for trawling A01K 75/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media334.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sinkers for trawl nets
{Sinkers not containing lead}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media335.jpg

Devices for fixing on or removing sinkers from lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media336.jpg
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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Connecting devices
Connecting devices for connecting lines to hooks or lures
Accessories for angling (landing-nets, landing-spoons A01K 77/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media338.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Landing-nets, landing-spoons
Fish finders
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fishing training equipment
for ice-fishing; {Ice drilling, hook-setting or signalling devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fishing, hunting huts or the like
Special methods or apparatus for drilling
Devices for laying ground-bait, e.g chum dispensers, {e.g. also for throwing ground-bait}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Attracting fish with ground-bait, light, sound, vibration emitted independently from a fishing lure or the fishing line.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus on lines
Containers for bait; Preparation of bait; {Dispensers} (feeding-stuffs for particular animals A23K 1/18)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding stuffs for particular animals
{Preparation of bait; Ingredients}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Holding bait on hooks
Baiting trotlines
Containers for live bait kept in water, e.g. for minnows, shrimps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Containers or holders for hooks, lines, sinkers, flies or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for drying fishing lines
Containers for rods
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media348.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for storing rifles, guns or elongated objects such as fishing rods
Supports for rods
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with automatic hooking devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media350.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus on lines for automatic hook setting
Signalling devices, e.g. tip-up devices (A01K 91/06 takes precedence; {for floats A01K 93/02; for ice-fishing A01K 97/01; for supports A01K 97/10} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media351.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Signalling devices on fishing lines
Signalling devices for floats
Signalling devices for ice-fishing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Signalling devices for supports
{using electronic components}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media352.jpg

Gaffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media353.jpg

Devices for drying fishing lines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media354.jpg
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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Containers or holders for lines
for removing fish-hooks from the fish
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Keepnets or other containers for keeping captured fish (A01K 97/05 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Containers for live bait kept in water
Fish-stringers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Receptacles specially adapted for transporting live fish
Platforms or seat-boxes specially adapted for angling, e.g. tackle boxes for use as seats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand carts for fishing articles
Arrangements for disengaging fish-hooks from obstacles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Fly tying devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Knot tying devices
Vices specially adapted therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media361.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Knot tying devices
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013