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TRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES (embalming corpses A01N 1/00 ; { chairs or beds in general A47C; walking aids A61H 3/00})
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

Specially adapted vehicles (e.g. ambulances, wheelchairs), handling apparatus (e.g., wheelchair lifts), or methods or devices (e.g., stretchers) for moving patients or disabled persons or deceased who are passive participants in their relocation (e.g., the persons are handled in a manner similar to loads) [also including user-propelled wheelchairs].

Personal conveyances

Specially adapted structures (e.g., hospital or treatment rooms for medical purposes, baby incubators) or devices (e.g., bedpans, hospital beds, trapeze or pull-up bars) used:

by patients or disabled persons for their personal physical needs and convenience or

for controlling the local environment of patients or disabled persons during treatment or recovery.

Specially adapted supporting surfaces for sustaining patients in a recumbent or seated position during recovery, surgery, dental work, or similar types of medical treatment.

Funeral devices

(e.g., coffins, caskets, urns, and associated attachments and accessories thereof)

Auxiliary appliances (e.g., trolleys for medicine) or accessories specially adapted for use with the other invention information covered by this subclass.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

General relationship of A61G with subclasses for care or alteration of the human body

A61G does not cover apparatus or methods that are directly used on an individual's body to perform medical care and therapy or to alter it after death. The types of medical care, therapy, and body alterations not covered by A61G consist of:

treating a part of the body (e.g., filling teeth - A61C),

monitoring the body (e.g., eye testing - A61B),

determining a medical condition or illness of the body (e.g., radiation diagnosis – A61B),

investigating the body (e.g., autopsy equipment – A61B),

physically correcting or altering the body of living individuals (e.g., cataract surgery – A61F), and

physically preparing or altering the body of deceased individuals (e.g., embalming equipment - A01N, cremation furnaces – F23G).

Subclasses A01N, A61B, A61C, A61F, A61H, A61K, A61M, A61N, and F23G provide appropriately for apparatus or methods for medical care, therapy, or body alterations of these types. The specific classifications that are of interest for search purposes are specified in the references of A61G or its groups.

However, A61G does provide for specific structural modifications that merely facilitate the use of apparatus or methods of these types for medical care or therapy when in combination with subject matter that is otherwise appropriate for this subclass (e.g., special supports for patients with burns). A61G also provides for life supporting or sustaining devices that control the local environment during treatment or recovery of patients (e.g., baby incubators).

General relationship of A61G with vehicles adapted for use by disabled

A61G covers personal conveyances and "vehicle-like" conveyances (e.g., wheelchairs, stretchers) that are explicitly designed for use by only a single patient or disabled person and intended to normally travel relatively short distances along the ground or similar support surface (e.g., hallway).

The subclass for a specific type of standard roadway vehicle (i.e., vehicles designed and intended for general thoroughfare (roads) usage over long distances, such as B62K for cycles) covers their vehicles that have been specially adapted for use by a disabled operator.

The subclass for a specific type of "special-utility" vehicle (i.e., vehicles that have another primary purpose other than transport, such as riding lawn mowers or forklifts) covers their vehicles that have been specially adapted for use by a disabled operator.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Devices per se for enabling disabled persons to operate an apparatus or device not forming part of the body

Equipment for beds, treatment tables, floor frames or the like for extending or stretching

A61F5/045

Restraining devices for the body or for body parts and restraining shirts that are used for non-surgical treatment of patients' bones or joints

Appliances for aiding invalids to walk about

Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes

For bicycles specially adapted for disabled riders

Inclined lifts associated with stairways for transporting disabled persons or wheelchairs

Illumination of operating tables

Cycles with more than two main road wheels

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For preserving of the dead bodies of humans, animals, or the parts thereof

For sanitary equipment not otherwise provided for

For sanitary closets or urinals without flushing and chamber pots

For body washing or cleaning implements

For appliances for supporting or fettering animals during operations

For vehicles adapted to transport meat

For vehicles adapted to transport refrigerated goods

Special rules of classification within this subclass

The class A61G uses for all sub-classes, groups and sub-groups a set of sub-groups which identify the following (additional) information:

Information related to the kind of patient or his position A61G 2200/00-A61G2200/99

General characteristics of devices A61G 2203/00-A61G2203/99

General identification or selection means A61G 2205/00-A61G2205/99

Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis A61G 2210/00-A61G2210/99

Adaptions of particular transporting means A61G 2220/00-A61G2220/99

Glossary of terms
In this subclass, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Disabled person

a human being that is unable to do a basic physical task (e.g., walking) due to a physical or mental impairment/condition

Funeral device

apparatus associated with (e.g., coffin) or for performing (e.g., casket lowering device) activities connected with the burial, cremation, entombment, or other methods of honouring or disposing of (e.g., freeze drying) the remains of the body of a deceased individual

Patient

a human being awaiting or undergoing any form of (a) medical care (e.g., testing) or treatment by medical staff (e.g., doctors, dentists, midwifes, chiropractors) or (b) physical tending (e.g., feeding) by caretakers (e.g., hospice or nursing home staff) due to impairment

Personal conveyance

a vehicle-like device (e.g., wheelchairs) that is: not specifically adapted for travelling significant distances (e.g., between cities) along thoroughfares (e.g., railways, roads, sidewalks) with normal traffic (e.g., trucks), explicitly designed (i.e., not merely adaptations of a standard production vehicle) for carrying, and intended to be limited to use by, a single patient or disabled person at any given time, andpotentially capable of having either its movement controlled or powered by the patient or disabled person carried by it.

Stretchers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Stretchers are used to transport patients or to support them for a short time (less than 24h).

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Longer time (more than 24h) support, Beds

Transfer between supports, Lateral movement of patient

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Evacuation equipment

Rafts

with facilities for picking up patients or disabled persons, e.g. break-away type or using endless belts{(devices in general for lifting disabled persons A61G 7/10)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Example of a stretcher of the break-away type [GB2122501A]:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices in general for lifting patients or disabled persons

with skis or sled runners (ski vehicles A63C 5/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Stretchers with skis etc. instead of wheels.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stretchers formed of skis or of accessories for skis

Ski vehicles

Special rules of classification within this group

Stretchers having a supporting surface made of skis or accessories have to be classified in A61G 1/00-A61G 1/06 depending on disclosed features (at least to classify the use as stretcher, possibly classified as additional information) and also in A63C 11/002.

Sheets specially adapted for use as or with stretchers (restraining devices used in nursing A61F 5/37)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Sheets (fabric-like or other flexible material) used as stretchers, like: [US2012272451]

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Sheets as an accessory to stretchers, like: [US8141555]

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Restraining devices used in nursing

Ambulance aspects of vehicles; Vehicles with special provisions for transporting patients or disabled persons, or their personal conveyances, e.g. for facilitating access of, or for loading, wheelchairs
Definition statement
This group covers:

Also loading and transporting patients on stretchers, unused stretchers.

Special rules of classification within this group

Supports for stretchers are classified in the groups A61G 3/02 and A61G 3/08, as well as their subgroups, if they have elements fixed to the vehicle. Stretcher supports without connection to a vehicle are classified in A61G 1/06.

Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs ({chairs with toilet conveniences A47K 11/04 ; } devices enabling patients or disabled persons to operate an apparatus or device not forming part of the body A61F 4/00 ; {running gear or propulsion features B60K;} bicycles specially adapted for disabled riders B62K 3/16 ; { Invalid chairs having removable seats specially adapted to be transferred with the invalid to a vehicle and support the invalid during use of the vehicle A61G 3/02})
Definition statement
This group covers:

Supports for sitting patients or disabled people

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with toilet conveniences

Devices enabling disabled persons to operate an apparatus or device not forming part of the body

Running gear or propulsion features

Bicycles specially adapted for disabled riders

Special rules of classification within this group

All chairs having a standing-up function are classified and searched in A61G 5/14

For conveyances other than wheelchairs applies the following:

Between the fields B62K 5/00, A61G 5/00, B62D and B60L the following was agreed (flexibility please):

1) Electric vehicle (or open vehicle where the user sit on it rather than in it) for elderly and invalid having a handlebar and three or more wheels will be classified in B62K 5/00 and possibly in A61G 5/00. They will be in principle searched in B62K 5/00.

2) Arrangement of components, both in electric vehicle as in wheelchairs, like battery or transmission, will be classified and searched in B60K.

3) Aspects of controls and monitoring of motors or battery and electric braking classified and searched in B60L 7/00 or B60L 11/00.

4) Electric vehicles where the user sits in should be classified and searched in B62D 21/00-B62D21/67.

5) Other aspects could of course be classified in different groups according to circumstances: B62M, A61G etc.

6) Relating classes:

Wheels not otherwise provided for

Roller type

Ball type

Hub motors (electrically driven)

with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs,{kerbs or steps}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wheelchairs for climbing stairs see in particular subgroup

Accessories for hand carts providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs

Accessories for children's carriages providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs

Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons (equipment for beds, treatment tables, floor frames or the like for extending or stretching A61F5/045{takes precedence} ; stretchers with facilities for picking up patients or disabled persons A61G 1/003)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Patient supports for periods longer than 24 hours; used in a hospital, nursing or other medical setting

Lifting devices used for nursing and transfer devices (between two supports).

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Sofas; Couches; Beds

Equipment for beds, treatment tables, floor frames or the like (only for IPC)

A61F5/045

Supports for shorter time (less than 24h) see Stretcher

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stretchers with facilities for picking up disabled persons

Vehicles with special provisions for transporting patients or disabled persons

Apparatus for transporting beds
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

also deployable wheels, propulsion of beds

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Motor vehicles characterised by the driver not being seated

Motor vehicles with retractable wheels

Steering or braking devices for castor wheels

converting a lying surface into a chair
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chair beds

Chairs or personal conveyances convertible to stretchers or beds

Bed-pans, urinals or other sanitary devices for bed-ridden persons; Cleaning devices therefor, e.g. combined with toilet-urinals (urinals worn by the patient A61F 5/44)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Cleaning devices are covered insofar they are adapted to be used to clean bed-pans, urinals or sanitary devices

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Washing and rinsing machines for crockery and tableware

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Urinals worn by the patient

Suction cleaners adapted for additional purposes; Tables with suction openings for cleaning purposes; Containers for cleaning articles by suction; Suction cleaners adapted to cleaning of brushes; Suction cleaners adapted to taking-up liquids

Treatment rooms {or enclosures}for medical purposes (baby incubators, couveuses A61G 11/00 ; devices for gas baths with ozone, hydrogen or the like A61H 33/14 ; { for isolating individuals from external stimuli A61M 21/0094} ; containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection in general A62B 31/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Baby incubators, couveuses

Devices for gas baths with ozone, hydrogen or the like

For isolating individuals from external stimuli

Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection in general

with artificial climate; with means to maintain a desired pressure, e.g. for germ-free rooms (dust-free laboratory rooms B01L 1/04 ; decompression arrangements B63C 11/32 ; arrangements or adaptations in aircraft B64D 13/00 ; air-conditioning in general F24F)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dust-free laboratory rooms

Decompression arrangements

Arrangements or adaptations in aircraft

Air-conditioning in general

Means providing sterile air at a surgical operation table or area

Oxygen tents;{Oxygen hoods}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Respiratory or anaesthetic masks

Baby-incubators; Couveuses
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hospital equipment that ill or premature babies lie in to be kept warm and given treatment.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Incubators for poultry

Heating or cooling appliances for medical treatment

Devices to humidify the respiration air

Glove-boxes

Use of air currents for screening

Local monitoring or local control of medical devicesComputerised

Accommodation for nursing, e.g. in hospitals, not covered by groups A61G 1/00 to A61G 11/00 , e.g. trolleys for transport of medicaments or food {(service or tea-tables, trolleys or wagons A47B 31/00)}; Prescription lists
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Service or tea tables, trolleys or wagons

Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture

Card-filing arrangements

Identification bracelets

Wall trunking

Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor (illumination of operating tables F21L, F21S or F21V{ adjustability of tables in general A47B 9/00 ; tables for radiation diagnosis A61B 6/04 , drainage or irrigation pans, bags, or attachments A61G 7/02 , A61G 7/0503})
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustability of tables in general

Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes involving electronic or nuclear magnetic resonance, means for positioning of patients

Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, positioning of patients

Beds having adjustable frame

Beds with toilet conveniences

Holders, support devices for receptacles

Illumination of operating tables

Special rules of classification within this group

Operating tables with wheels are classified in A61G 13/10

Operating chairs; Dental chairs (barbers` chairs A47C 1/04); Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Barbers' chairs

Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, positioning patients

Chairs with means to adjust position of patient; Controls therefor
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reclining or easy chairs having coupled adjustable supporting parts

Seating furniture changeable to beds by tilting or pivoting the back-rest

Dental work stands; Accessories therefor
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Example of a dental workstand: [US2010159415]

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stands for scientific apparatus, attachment means

Storage, holding or carrying means for dental handpieces or the like
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Example of a holder for dental workpieces: [EP2189143]

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dental machines, pneumatic systems

Storage means specially adapted for one specific hand apparatus

Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns
Definition statement
This group covers:

Coffins and urns and directly connected accessories; Enclosings for corpses

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Monuments; Tombs; Burial vaults; Columbaria

Preservation of bodies of humans or animals, or parts thereof

Destroying or transforming solid waste

Containers held erect by extensions of one or more sides being doubled-over

Urns (columbaria E04H 13/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Columbaria

Hoisting or lowering devices for coffins
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto

Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack

Cranes comprising trolleys or crabs running on fixed or movable bridges or gantries for containers

Accessories for grave sites, e.g. liners, covers, vault lowering devices

Funeral aspects of hearses or like vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading - the load supporting or containing element being readily removable - the load-transporting element being a container or similar

Car bodies, fairings of sidecars, forecars or the like

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This group covers:

Transport or accommodation for patients, operating tables or chairs, chairs for dentistry or funeral devices not provided for in other groups of this subclass

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013