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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised
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CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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SIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS (signalling arrangements on vehicles B60Q, B62D 41/00; railway signalling systems or devices B61L; on cycles B62J 3/00, B62J 6/00; safes or strong-rooms with alarm devices E05G; signalling or alarm devices in mines E21F 17/18; lamps or shutters therefor F21; sensitive measuring elements, see the appropriate subclasses of G01; traffic control systems G08G; visual indicating means G09; sound-producing devices G10; radio or near-field calling systems H04B 5/00, H04B 7/00; selecting arrangements H04Q7/00, H04Q 9/00; loudspeakers, microphones, gramophone pick-ups or like acoustic electromechanical transducers H04R) [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • This subclass covers also means for identifying or incapacitating burglars or the like.
  • This subclass does not cover:
    • the mere provision of an audible or visible signalling device on measuring or switching apparatus;
    • alarm systems for indicating that a specific variable has exceeded, or fallen below, a predetermined value, which are covered by the relevant subclasses of class G01 for the measurement of that variable.
    • alarms for specific processes or types of machines or apparatus, which are covered by the relevant subclasses for the processes, machines, or apparatus.
  • In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:
    • "systems" may cover also devices peculiar thereto.
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Systems for signalling characterised solely by the form of transmission of the signal [2013‑01]
G08B 1/02
.
using only mechanical transmission [2013‑01]
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G08B 1/04
.
using hydraulic transmission; using pneumatic transmission [2013‑01]
G08B 1/06
. .
hydraulic only [2013‑01]
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G08B 1/08
.
using electric transmission;
{
transformation of alarm signals to electrical signals from a different medium, e.g. transmission of an electric alarm signal upon detection of an audible alarm signal
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 2001/085
. .
{
Partner search devices
}
[2013‑01]
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Audible signalling systems; Audible personal calling systems (
{
signalling devices actuated by tyre pressure B60C 23/02; alarm locks E05B 45/00, e.g. with mechanically-operated bells E05B 45/02, electric E05B 45/06
}
; audible indication of time signals G04B 21/00, G04C 21/00;
{
sound producing devices, e.g. hooter, buzzer, G10K; telephonic systems provided with personal calling arrangements H04M 11/022
}
)
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/02
.
using only mechanical transmission [2013‑01]
G08B 3/06
.
using hydraulic transmission; using pneumatic transmission [2013‑01]
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G08B 3/10
.
using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
{
(intercoms H04M 11/02; distributing signals to two or more loudspeakers H04R 3/12; loudspeakers for public address systems H04R 27/00)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 3/1008
. .
{
Personal calling arrangements or devices, i.e. paging systems (telephonic systems with personal calling arrangements H04M 11/022; selective calling systems and call receivers H04W 84/00, H04W 84/00, H04W 68/00)
}
[2013‑09]
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G08B 3/1016
. . .
{
using wireless transmission (calling systems using transmission by inductive loop H04B 5/04)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 3/1025
. . . .
{
Paging receivers with audible signalling details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/1033
. . . . .
{
with voice message alert
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/1041
. . . . .
{
with alternative alert, e.g. remote or silent alert
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/105
. . . . .
{
with call or message storage means
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/1058
. . . . .
{
Pager holders or housings (casings for electric apparatus H05K 5/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/1066
. . . . .
{
with other provisions not elsewhere provided for, e.g. turn-off protection
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/1075
. . . .
{
Paging racks
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/1083
. . . .
{
Pager locating systems (locating mobile subscribers in general H04W 64/00)
}
[2013‑09]
G08B 3/1091
. . . .
{
Group calling
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 3/14
.
using explosives
{
(explosive signals for railways B61L; detonating alarm locks E05B 45/04)
}
[2013‑01]
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Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied (
{
locks with visible signalling devices E05B 39/00; electro-, magneto- or acousto-optic display devices G02F
}
; display of time signals G04B 19/00, G04C 17/00, G04C 19/00, G04G 9/00; for display of alphanumeric information G09F; flags, banners G09F;
{
display tubes H01J 17/49, H01K 7/04; electro-luminescent devices H05B 33/00
}
)
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/002
.
{
Distress signalling devices, e.g. rescue balloons (vehicle optical signalling for indicating emergencies B60Q 1/52; balloons in general B64B 1/40)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/004
.
{
Reflective safety signalling devices attached on persons
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/006
.
{
Portable traffic signalling devices (G08B 5/004 takes precedence; emergency signalling devices to be placed on roads or vehicles B60Q 7/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/008
.
{
Traffic signalling mirrors
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/02
.
using only mechanical transmission [2013‑01]
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G08B 5/06
.
using hydraulic transmission; using pneumatic transmission [2013‑01]
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G08B 5/14
. .
with indicator element moving about a pivot, e.g. hinged flap, rotating vane [2013‑01]
G08B 5/16
. . .
with reset means necessitating a separate operation to return the indicator element [2013‑01]
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G08B 5/18
. .
with indicator element moving rectilinearly [2013‑01]
G08B 5/20
. . .
with reset means necessitating a separate operation to return the indicator element [2013‑01]
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G08B 5/22
.
using electric transmission; using electro-magnetic transmission [2013‑01]
G08B 5/221
. .
{
Local indication of seats occupied in a facility, e.g. in a theatre
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 5/222
. .
{
Personal calling arrangements or devices, i.e. paging systems (selective calling systems and call receivers H04W 84/00, H04W 84/00, H04W 68/00)
}
[2013‑09]
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G08B 5/223
. . .
{
using wireless transmission
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 5/224
. . . .
{
Paging receivers with visible signalling details
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 5/225
. . . . .
{
Display details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/226
. . . . . .
{
with alphanumeric or graphic display means
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/227
. . . . .
{
with call or message storage means
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/228
. . . . .
{
combined with other devices having a different main function, e.g. watches
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/229
. . . . .
{
with other provisions not elsewhere provided for
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 5/24
. .
with indicator element moving about a pivot, e.g. hinged flap, rotating vane
{
(signalling devices for telephones H04M 19/04; telecontrolling indicating devices, e.g. hinged flap, G08C 19/30; signalling systems for auctioneering devices H04L 12/1804)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/26
. . .
with reset means necessitating a separate operation to return the indicator element [2013‑01]
G08B 5/28
. . .
with hinged flap or arm [2013‑01]
G08B 5/30
. . .
with rotating or oscillating members, e.g. vanes [2013‑01]
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G08B 5/32
. .
with indicator element moving rectilinearly [2013‑01]
G08B 5/34
. . .
with reset means necessitating a separate operation to return the indicator element [2013‑01]
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G08B 5/36
. .
using visible light sources [2013‑01]
G08B 5/38
. . .
using flashing light
{
(circuit arrangements for flashing lamps H05B 41/30, H05B 39/09; arrangements on vehicles B60Q 1/34, B60Q 1/46)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 5/40
.
using smoke, fire or coloured gases (sky-writing G09F 21/16
{
missiles, e.g. of tracer, illuminating, signal or smoke producing type F42B; chemical compositions therefor C06B; smoke producers for aircraft B64D 1/16 to B64D 1/20; for personal calling arrangements see provisionally G08B 3/1008, G08B 3/1016
}
)
[2013‑01]
Tactile signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems (indication of time by feeling G04B 25/02; deaf-aid sets H04R 25/00 )
{
(apparatus for generating mechanical vibrations B06B 1/045; motors converting reciprocating into rotary movement or vice-versa H02K 7/06; motors with reciprocating, oscillating, or vibrating magnet, armature, or coil system H02K 33/00; telephone hand set vibration alarms H04M 19/047)
}
[2013‑01]
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Signalling systems according to more than one of groups G08B 3/00 to G08B 6/00 (combinations of display arrangements with audible advertising G09F 27/00); Personal calling systems according to more than one of groups G08B 3/00 to G08B 6/00
{
(combinations of display devices with advertising G09F)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 7/02
.
using mechanical transmission [2013‑01]
G08B 7/04
.
using hydraulic transmission; using pneumatic transmission [2013‑01]
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G08B 7/06
.
using electric transmission
{
e.g. involving audible and visible signalling through the use of sound and light sources (walking aids for blind persons A61H 3/06; facilitating escape from buildings A62B 3/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 7/062
. .
{
indicating emergency exits (signs, boards or panels illuminated from behind, indicating exit way or orientation G09F 2013/0459)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 7/064
. .
{
indicating houses needing emergency help, e.g. with a flashing light or sound
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 7/066
. .
{
guiding along a path, e.g. evacuation path lighting strip
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 7/068
. .
{
calling personnel in a restaurant, e.g. waiter call
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 7/08
.
using explosives [2013‑01]
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Order telegraph apparatus, i.e. means for transmitting one of a finite number of different orders at the discretion of the user, e.g. bridge to engine room orders in ships (signalling devices in mines E21F 17/18) [2013‑01]
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G08B 9/02
.
Details [2013‑01]
G08B 9/04
. .
Means for recording operation of the apparatus [2013‑01]
G08B 9/06
. .
Means for indicating disagreement between orders given and those carried out [2013‑01]
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G08B 9/08
.
mechanical [2013‑01]
G08B 9/10
. .
using ratchet
{
(see provisionally G08B 9/08)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 9/12
. .
using rotary shaft
{
(see provisionally G08B 9/08)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 9/14
.
hydraulic; pneumatic [2013‑01]
G08B 9/16
. .
using ratchet
{
(see provisionally G08B 9/14)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 9/18
. .
by varying displacement of the fluid
{
(see provisionally G08B 9/14)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 9/20
. .
by varying pressure of the fluid
{
(see provisionally G08B 9/14)
}
[2013‑01]
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Burglar, theft, or intruder alarms (vehicle theft alarms B60R 25/10; cycle theft alarms B62H 5/00 )
{
(fire or police telegraphic systems G08B 25/00, G08B 26/00, H04M 11/04)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/02
.
Mechanical actuation [2013‑01]
. .
by breaking of glass [2013‑01]
. .
by tampering with fastening (alarm locks E05B 45/00; alarm devices on safes E05G 1/10 )
{
(anti-theft means in containers B65D 2211/00)
}
[2013‑01]
. .
by opening, e.g. of door, of window, of drawer, of shutter, of curtain, of blind
{
(alarm locks E05B 45/00; electrical switches operated by opening or closing of a door H01H 13/18)
}
[2013‑01]
. .
by pressure on floors, floor coverings, stair treads, counters, or tills
{
(contact cables, contact carpets H01B 7/10; electrical switches operated by change of a non-electrical or thermal condition H01H 9/00; treadles for traffic control G08G 1/02)
}
[2013‑01]
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. .
by the breaking or disturbance of stretched cords or wires [2013‑01]
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G08B 13/122
. . .
{
for a perimeter fence (features peculiar to electrified fences A01K 3/00; fences per se E04H 17/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/124
. . . .
{
with the breaking or disturbance being optically detected, e.g. optical fibers in the perimeter fence
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/126
. . .
{
for a housing, e.g. a box, a safe, a room (anti-theft means in containers B65D 2211/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/128
. . . .
{
the housing being an electronic circuit unit, e.g. memory or CPU chip (protecting computer components in secure or tamper resistant housings G06F 21/86; protecting computer input devices, e.g. keyboards G06F 21/83)
}
[2013‑01]
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. .
by lifting or attempted removal of hand-portable articles
{
(devices to prevent theft or loss of purses, luggage or hand carried bags A45C 13/18)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/1409
. . .
{
for removal detection of electrical appliances by detecting their physical disconnection from an electrical system, e.g. using a switch incorporated in the plug connector
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1418
. . . .
{
Removal detected by failure in electrical connection between the appliance and a control centre, home control panel or a power supply
}
[2013‑01]
. . .
{
with transmitter-receiver for distance detection
}
[2013‑01]
NOTE

  • Details thereof are further classified in the subgroups of G08B 21/0202
. . .
{
with motion detection
}
[2013‑01]
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. . .
{
with detection of interference with a cable tethering an article, e.g. alarm activated by detecting detachment of article, breaking or stretching of cable (furniture, e.g. shelves for displaying merchandise, incorporating tethers to prevent theft A47F 7/024, A47F 5/0861)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1454
. . . .
{
Circuit arrangements thereof
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1463
. . . .
{
Physical arrangements, e.g. housings (devices to prevent theft or loss of purses, luggage or hand carried bags A45C 13/18)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1472
. . .
{
with force or weight detection
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1481
. . .
{
with optical detection
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/149
. . .
{
with electric, magnetic, capacitive switch actuation
}
[2013‑01]
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.
Actuation by interference with mechanical vibrations in air or other fluid [2013‑01]
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G08B 13/1609
. .
{
using active vibration detection systems (active detection systems per se G01S)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/1618
. . .
{
using ultrasonic detection means
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1627
. . . .
{
using Doppler shift detection circuits
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1636
. . . .
{
using pulse-type detection circuits
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1645
. . .
{
using ultrasonic detection means and other detection means, e.g. microwave or infra-red radiation
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/1654
. .
{
using passive vibration detection systems
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1663
. . .
{
using seismic sensing means
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1672
. . .
{
using sonic detecting means, e.g. a microphone operating in the audio frequency range
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1681
. . .
{
using infrasonic detecting means, e.g. a microphone operating below the audible frequency range
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/169
. . .
{
using cable transducer means
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/18
.
Actuation by interference with heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength; Actuation by intruding sources of heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength
{
(signalling devices using photo-electric devices in general G09F)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/181
. .
using active radiation detection systems [2013‑01]
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. . .
by interruption of a radiation beam or barrier (light barriers G01V 8/10 )
{
(industrial safety devices with photocells F16P 3/14)
}
[2013‑01]
. . . .
using radiation reflectors [2013‑01]
. . . .
using light guides, e.g. optical fibres [2013‑01]
G08B 13/187
. . .
by interference of a radiation field [2013‑01]
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G08B 13/189
. .
using passive radiation detection systems [2013‑01]
G08B 13/1895
. . .
{
using light change detection systems (G08B 13/194 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
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. . .
using infra-red radiation detection systems
{
(G08B 13/194 takes precedence; lighting devices activated by motion detection F21V 23/0442; radiation pyrometry per se G01J 5/00; controlling circuits for electric light sources activated by motion detection H05B 37/0227)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/191
. . . .
using pyroelectric sensor means [2013‑01]
. . . .
using focusing means [2013‑01]
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G08B 13/194
. . .
using image scanning and comparing systems [2013‑01]
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. . . .
using television cameras
{
(recognition of scenes under surveillance G06K 9/00771; image analysis per se G06T 7/00; television cameras H04N 5/225; CCTV systems H04N 7/18)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19602
. . . . .
{
Image analysis to detect motion of the intruder, e.g. by frame subtraction
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19604
. . . . . .
{
involving reference image or background adaptation with time to compensate for changing conditions, e.g. reference image update on detection of light level change
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19606
. . . . . .
{
Discriminating between target movement or movement in an area of interest and other non-signicative movements, e.g. target movements induced by camera shake or movements of pets, falling leaves, rotating fan
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19608
. . . . . .
{
Tracking movement of a target, e.g. by detecting an object predefined as a target, using target direction and or velocity to predict its new position (analysis of motion by image processing per se G06T 7/20)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1961
. . . . . .
{
Movement detection not involving frame subtraction, e.g. motion detection on the basis of luminance changes in the image
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19613
. . . . . .
{
Recognition of a predetermined image pattern or behaviour pattern indicating theft or intrusion
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19615
. . . . . . .
{
wherein said pattern is defined by the user
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19617
. . . . .
{
Surveillance camera constructional details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19619
. . . . . .
{
Details of casing
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19621
. . . . . .
{
Portable camera
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19623
. . . . . .
{
Arrangements allowing camera linear motion, e.g. camera moving along a rail cable or track
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19626
. . . . . .
{
optical details, e.g. lenses, mirrors, multiple lenses (G08B 13/19628 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19628
. . . . . . .
{
of wide angled cameras and camera groups, e.g. omni-directional cameras, fish eye, single units having multiple cameras achieving a wide angle view
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1963
. . . . . .
{
Arrangements allowing camera rotation to change view, e.g. pivoting camera, pan-tilt and zoom [PTZ]
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19632
. . . . . .
{
Camera support structures, e.g. attachment means, poles
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19634
. . . . .
{
Electrical details of the system, e.g. component blocks for carrying out specific functions
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19636
. . . . . .
{
pertaining to the camera
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19639
. . . . .
{
Details of the system layout
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19641
. . . . . .
{
Multiple cameras having overlapping views on a single scene
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19643
. . . . . . .
{
wherein the cameras play different roles, e.g. different resolution, different camera type, master-slave camera
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19645
. . . . . .
{
Multiple cameras, each having view on one of a plurality of scenes, e.g. multiple cameras for multi-room surveillance or for tracking an object by view hand-over
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19647
. . . . . .
{
Systems specially adapted for intrusion detection in or around a vehicle
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1965
. . . . . . .
{
the vehicle being an aircraft
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19652
. . . . . .
{
Systems using zones in a single scene defined for different treatment, e.g. outer zone gives pre-alarm, inner zone gives alarm
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19654
. . . . .
{
Details concerning communication with a camera
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19656
. . . . . .
{
Network used to communicate with a camera, e.g. WAN, LAN, Internet
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19658
. . . . . .
{
Telephone systems used to communicate with a camera, e.g. PSTN, GSM, POTS
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1966
. . . . . .
{
Wireless systems, other than telephone systems, used to communicate with a camera
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19663
. . . . .
{
Surveillance related processing done local to the camera
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19665
. . . . .
{
Details related to the storage of video surveillance data (television signal recording H04N 5/76)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19667
. . . . . .
{
Details realated to data compression, encryption or encoding, e.g. resolution modes for reducing data volume to lower transmission bandwidth or memory requirements
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19669
. . . . . .
{
Event triggers storage or change of storage policy
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19671
. . . . . .
{
Addition of non-video data, i.e. metadata, to video stream
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19673
. . . . . . .
{
Addition of time stamp, i.e. time metadata, to video stream
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19676
. . . . . .
{
Temporary storage, e.g. cyclic memory, buffer storage on pre-alarm
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 13/19678
. . . . .
{
User interface
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/1968
. . . . . .
{
Interfaces for setting up or customising the system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19682
. . . . . .
{
Graphic User Interface [GUI] presenting system data to the user, e.g. information on a screen helping a user interacting with an alarm system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19684
. . . . . .
{
Portable terminal, e.g. mobile phone, used for viewing video remotely
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19686
. . . . . .
{
Interfaces masking personal details for privacy, e.g. blurring faces, vehicle license plates
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19689
. . . . . .
{
Remote control of cameras, e.g. remote orientation or image zooming control for a PTZ camera
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/19691
. . . . . .
{
Signalling events for better perception by user, e.g. indicating alarms by making display brighter, adding text, creating a sound
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19693
. . . . . . .
{
using multiple video sources viewed on a single or compound screen
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19695
. . . . .
{
Arrangements wherein non-video detectors start video recording or forwarding but do not generate an alarm themselves
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/19697
. . . . .
{
Arrangements wherein non-video detectors generate an alarm themselves
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/20
.
Actuation by change of fluid pressure [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/22
.
Electrical actuation
{
(G08B 13/2494 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/24
. .
by interference with electromagnetic field distribution
{
(signals actuated by trains B61L; metal detectors using induction coils G01V 3/10; metal detectors combined with record carrier readers G06K 7/085)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
. . .
{
Electronic Article Surveillance [EAS], i.e. systems using tags for detecting removal of a tagged item from a secure area, e.g. tags for detecting shoplifting (mechanical aspects of the tags, e.g. related to locking E05B 73/0017; RFID readers G06K 7/00; RFID tags G06K 19/00; access control systems G07C 9/00; anti-theft control in point of sale systems G07G 3/003; security seals G09F 3/03)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2405
. . . .
{
characterised by the tag technology used
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2408
. . . . .
{
using ferromagnetic tags
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2411
. . . . . .
{
Tag deactivation
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2414
. . . . .
{
using inductive tags
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2417
. . . . . .
{
having a radio frequency identification chip (radio frequency identification tags per se G06K 19/00; inventory or logistics in general G06Q 10/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/242
. . . . . .
{
Tag deactivation
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2422
. . . . .
{
using acoustic or microwave tags
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2425
. . . . . .
{
Tag deactivation
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2428
. . . .
{
Tag details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2431
. . . . .
{
Tag circuit details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2434
. . . . .
{
Tag housing and attachment details (transponders in containers B65D 2203/10; anti-theft means in containers B65D 2211/00)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2437
. . . . .
{
Tag layered structure, processes for making layered tags
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/244
. . . . . .
{
Tag manufacturing, e.g. continuous manufacturing processes
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2442
. . . . . .
{
Tag materials and material properties thereof, e.g. magnetic material details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2445
. . . . . .
{
Tag integrated into item to be protected, e.g. source tagging (anti-theft means in containers B65D 2211/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2448
. . . . .
{
Tag with at least dual detection means, e.g. combined inductive and ferromagnetic tags, dual frequencies within a single technology, tampering detection or signalling means on the tag
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2451
. . . .
{
Specific applications combined with EAS
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2454
. . . . .
{
Checking of authorisation of a person accessing tagged items in an EAS system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2457
. . . . .
{
Lending systems using EAS tags wherein the tags are reusable, e.g. they can be activated and deactivated more than once, e.g. for a library
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/246
. . . . .
{
Check out systems combined with EAS, e.g. price information stored on EAS tag (anti-theft systems in point of sale systems G07G 3/003)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2462
. . . . .
{
Asset location systems combined with EAS (inventory, tracking, logistic G06Q 10/00; entrance control systems G07C 9/00)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2465
. . . .
{
Aspects related to the EAS system, e.g. system components other than tags
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 13/2468
. . . . .
{
Antenna in system and the related signal processing
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2471
. . . . . .
{
Antenna signal processing by receiver or emitter
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2474
. . . . . .
{
Antenna or antenna activator geometry, arrangement or layout (loop antennae H01Q 1/22)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2477
. . . . . .
{
Antenna or antenna activator circuit
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/248
. . . . .
{
EAS system combined with another detection technology, e.g. dual EAS and video or other presence detection system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2482
. . . . .
{
EAS methods, e.g. description of flow chart of the detection procedure
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2485
. . . . .
{
Simultaneous detection of multiple EAS tags
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2488
. . . . .
{
Timing issues, e.g. synchronising measures to avoid signal collision, with multiple emitters or a single emitter and receiver
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
. . .
{
Intrusion detection systems, i.e. where the body of an intruder causes the interference with the electromagnetic field
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2494
. . . .
{
by interference with electro-magnetic field distribution combined with other electrical sensor means, e.g. microwave detectors combined with other sensor means
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/2497
. . . .
{
using transmission lines, e.g. cable
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 13/26
. .
by proximity of an intruder causing variation in capacitance or inductance of a circuit [2013‑01]
Collapse
Identifying, scaring or incapacitating burglars, thieves, or intruders, e.g. by explosives (burglar traps or the like, on safes E05G 5/02;
{
devices to prevent loss of bags, trunks or travelling baskets by producing sound, piercing, gas-discharging or the like A45C 13/24; alarm locks E05B 45/00, e.g. with detonating alarm E05B 45/04
}
)
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/001
.
{
Concealed systems, e.g. disguised alarm systems to make covert systems
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/002
.
{
with occupancy simulation
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/004
.
{
using portable personal devices (hand-held or body-worn self-defence devices using repellent gases or chemicals F41H 9/10)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/005
.
{
by electric shock
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/007
.
{
by trapping
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/008
.
{
by simulating the existence of a security system, e.g. a mock video camera to scare thieves
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 15/02
.
with smoke, gas, or coloured or odorous powder or liquid [2013‑01]
Collapse
Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion (temperature-responsive elements G01K;
{
automatic fire-extinguishing and alarm devices A62C 35/00, A62C 37/00; structural combination of lighting devices with smoke detectors F21V 33/0076; arrangement of safety devices on stoves F24C 7/08
}
)
[2013‑01]
G08B 17/005
.
{
for forest fires, e.g. detecting fires spread over a large or outdoors area (fire fighting forest fires A62C 3/02)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 17/02
.
Mechanical actuation of the alarm, e.g. by the breaking of a wire [2013‑01]
G08B 17/04
.
Hydraulic or pneumatic actuation of the alarm, e.g. by change of fluid pressure [2013‑01]
G08B 17/06
.
Electric actuation of the alarm, e.g. using a thermally-operated switch (thermally-operated electric switches per se H01H 37/00) [2013‑01]
G08B 17/08
.
Actuation involving the use of explosive means [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 17/10
.
Actuation by presence of smoke or gases
{
automatic alarm devices for analysing flowing fluid materials by the use of optical means (turbidimetric analysis of gases, e.g. of smoke G01N 21/534)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 17/103
. .
using a light-emitting and receiving device [2013‑01]
G08B 17/107
. . .
for detecting light-scattering due to smoke [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 17/11
. .
using an ionisation chamber for detecting smoke or gas (vacuum gauges making use of ionisation effects G01L 21/30; gas analysis by investigating the ionisation G01N 27/62) [2013‑01]
G08B 17/113
. . .
Constructional details (discharge tubes for measuring pressure of introduced gas, or for detecting presence of gas, in general H01J 41/02) [2013‑01]
G08B 17/117
. .
by using a detection device for specific gases, e.g. combustion products, produced by the fire (G08B 17/103, G08B 17/11 take precedence; investigating or analysing gases in general G01N, e.g. by using electric means G01N 27/00;
{
particle spectrometers per se H01J 49/00
}
)
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 17/12
.
Actuation by presence of radiation or particles, e.g. of infra-red radiation, of ions
{
(alarm or controlling circuits using ionisation chamber, proportional counters or Geiger-Müller tubes also functioning as u-v detectors G01T 7/125; flame detection in burners F23N 5/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 17/125
. .
{
by using a video camera to detect fire or smoke
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
Alarms responsive to two or more different undesired or abnormal conditions, e.g. burglary and fire, abnormal temperature and abnormal rate of flow [2013‑01]
G08B 19/005
.
{
combined burglary and fire alarm systems
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 19/02
.
Alarm responsive to formation or anticipated formation of ice
{
(indicating weather conditions G01W 1/00)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
{
(alarms on gas pipes F17D 3/01)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/02
.
Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/0202
. .
{
Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/0205
. . .
{
Specific application combined with child monitoring using a transmitter-receiver system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0208
. . . .
{
Combination with audio or video communication, e.g. combination with “baby phone” function
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0211
. . . .
{
Combination with medical sensor, e.g. for measuring heart rate, temperature
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0213
. . . .
{
System disabling if a separation threshold is exceeded (disabling electrical appliances in case of unplugging G08B 13/1409)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0216
. . .
{
Alarm cancellation after generation
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0219
. . .
{
Circuit arrangements
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0222
. . .
{
Message structure or message content, e.g. message protocol
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0225
. . .
{
Monitoring making use of different thresholds, e.g. for different alarm levels
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0227
. . .
{
System arrangements with a plurality of child units
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/023
. . .
{
Power management, e.g. system sleep and wake up provisions
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0233
. . .
{
System arrangements with pre-alarms, e.g. when a first distance is exceeded
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0236
. . .
{
Threshold setting
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0238
. . .
{
adding new units to the system
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/0241
. . .
{
Data exchange details, e.g. data protocol
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0244
. . . .
{
System arrangements wherein the alarm criteria uses signal delay or phase shift
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0247
. . . .
{
System arrangements wherein the alarm criteria uses signal strength
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/025
. . . .
{
System arrangements wherein the alarm criteria uses absence of reply signal after an elapsed time
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0252
. . . .
{
System arrangements wherein the child unit emits, i.e. the child unit incorporates the emitter
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0255
. . . .
{
System arrangements wherein the parent unit emits, i.e. the parent unit incorporates the emitter
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0258
. . . .
{
System arrangements wherein both parent and child units can emit and receive
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0261
. . .
{
System arrangements wherein the object is to detect trespassing over a fixed physical boundary, e.g. the end of a garden
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0263
. . .
{
System arrangements wherein the object is to detect the direction in which child or item is located
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0266
. . .
{
System arrangements wherein the object is to detect the exact distance between parent and child or surveyor and item
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0269
. . .
{
System arrangements wherein the object is to detect the exact location of child or item using a navigation satellite system, e.g. GPS
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0272
. . .
{
System arrangements wherein the object is to detect exact location of child or item using triangulation other than GPS
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0275
. . .
{
Electronic Article Surveillance [EAS] tag technology used for parent or child unit, e.g. same transmission technology, magnetic tag, RF tag, RFID
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0277
. . .
{
Communication between units on a local network, e.g. Bluetooth, piconet, zigbee, Wireless Personal Area Networks [WPAN]
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/028
. . .
{
Communication between parent and child units via remote transmission means, e.g. satellite network
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0283
. . . .
{
via a telephone network, e.g. cellular GSM
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0286
. . .
{
Tampering or removal detection of the child unit from child or article.
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0288
. . .
{
Attachment of child unit to child/article
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0291
. . .
{
Housing and user interface of child unit
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0294
. . .
{
Display details on parent unit
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0297
. .
{
Robbery alarms, e.g. hold-up alarms, bag snatching alarms
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/04
. .
responsive to non-activity, e.g. of elderly persons (G08B 21/06 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/0407
. . .
{
based on behaviour analysis
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0415
. . . .
{
detecting absence of activity per se
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0423
. . . .
{
detecting deviation from an expected pattern of behaviour or schedule
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/043
. . . .
{
detecting an emergency event, e.g. a fall
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/0438
. . .
{
Sensor means for detecting
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0446
. . . .
{
worn on the body to detect changes of posture, e.g. a fall, inclination, acceleration, gait
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0453
. . . .
{
worn on the body to detect health condition by physiological monitoring, e.g. electrocardiogram, temperature, breathing (detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes A61B 5/00)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0461
. . . .
{
integrated or attached to an item closely associated with the person but not worn by the person, e.g. chair, walking stick, bed sensor
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0469
. . . .
{
Presence detectors to detect unsafe condition, e.g.infrared sensor, microphone (G08B 21/0476 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0476
. . . .
{
Cameras to detect unsafe condition, e.g. video cameras
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0484
. . . .
{
Arrangements monitoring consumption of a utility or use of an appliance which consumes a utility to detect unsafe condition, e.g. metering of water, gas or electricity, use of taps, toilet flush, gas stove or electric kettle.
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/0492
. . . .
{
Sensor dual technology, i.e. two or more technologies collaborate to extract unsafe condition, e.g. video tracking and RFID tracking
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/06
. .
indicating a condition of sleep, e.g. anti-dozing alarms (safety devices for propulsion-unit control of vehicles responsive to incapacity of driver B60K 28/06;
{
psychotechnic analysis of vehicle drivers A61B 5/18
}
)
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/08
. .
responsive to the presence of persons in a body of water, e.g. a swimming pool; responsive to an abnormal condition of a body of water [2013‑01]
G08B 21/082
. . .
{
by monitoring electrical characteristics of the water
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/084
. . .
{
by monitoring physical movement characteristics of the water
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/086
. . .
{
by monitoring a perimeter outside the body of the water
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/088
. . .
{
by monitoring a device worn by the person, e.g. a bracelet attached to the swimmer
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/10
. .
responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados, earthquakes (seismology G01V 1/00; indicating weather conditions G01W 1/00) [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/12
. .
responsive to undesired emission of substances, e.g. pollution alarms [2013‑01]
G08B 21/14
. . .
Toxic gas alarms (G08B 21/16 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
G08B 21/16
. . .
Combustible gas alarms [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/18
.
Status alarms (G08B 21/02 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
G08B 21/182
. .
{
Level alarms, e.g. alarms responsive to variables exceeding a threshold
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/185
. .
{
Electrical failure alarms
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/187
. .
{
Machine fault alarms
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 21/20
. .
responsive to moisture [2013‑01]
G08B 21/22
. .
responsive to presence or absence of persons [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 21/24
. .
Reminder alarms, e.g. anti-loss alarms (devices to prevent loss of bags or the like A45C 13/24) [2013‑01]
G08B 21/245
. . .
{
Reminder of hygiene compliance policies, e.g. of washing hands (Measuring quality of medical staff, G06F 19/327)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 23/00
Alarms responsive to unspecified undesired or abnormal conditions [2013‑01]
Collapse
Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
{
(signalling systems in general G08C)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/001
.
{
Alarm cancelling procedures or alarm forwarding decisions, e.g. based on absence of alarm confirmation
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/002
.
{
Generating a prealarm to the central station
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/003
.
{
Address allocation methods and details
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/004
.
{
Alarm propagated along alternative communication path or using alternative communication medium according to a hierarchy of available ways to communicate, e.g. if Wi-Fi not available use GSM
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/005
.
{
Alarm destination chosen according to a hierarchy of available destinations, e.g. if hospital does not answer send to police station
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/006
.
{
Alarm destination chosen according to type of event, e.g. in case of fire phone the fire service, in case of medical emergency phone the ambulance
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/007
.
{
Details of data content structure of message packets; data protocols
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/008
.
{
Alarm setting and unsetting, i.e. arming or disarming of the security system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/009
.
{
Signalling of the alarm condition to a substation whose identity is signalled to a central station, e.g. relaying alarm signals in order to extend communication range
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 25/01
.
characterised by the transmission medium [2013‑01]
G08B 25/012
. .
{
using recorded signals, e.g. speech (G08B 25/08 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/014
. .
{
Alarm signalling to a central station with two-way communication, e.g. with signalling back
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/016
. .
{
Personal emergency signalling and security systems (emergency non-personal manually actuated alarm activators G08B 25/12)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/018
. .
{
Sensor coding by detecting magnitude of an electrical parameter, e.g. resistance
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 25/04
. .
using a single signalling line, e.g. in a closed loop [2013‑01]
G08B 25/045
. . .
{
with sensing devices and central station in a closed loop, e.g. McCullough loop
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/06
. .
using power transmission lines (systems in general for transmission of information via power distribution lines H04B 3/54) [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 25/08
. .
using communication transmission lines,
{
e.g. complete alarm systems using telephone lines for transmission of the alarm
}
(telephone communication systems combined with alarm systems H04M 11/04 )
{
(G08B 13/19658, G08B 21/0286, G08B 25/016 take precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/085
. . .
{
using central distribution transmission lines
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/10
. .
using wireless transmission systems
{
(G08B 25/009 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/12
.
Manually actuated calamity alarm transmitting arrangements
{
emergency non-personal manually actuated alarm, activators, e.g. details of alarm push buttons mounted on an infrastructure
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 25/14
.
Central alarm receiver or annunciator arrangements [2013‑01]
Collapse
Alarm systems in which substations are interrogated in succession by a central station [2013‑01]
Collapse
G08B 26/001
.
{
with individual interrogation of substations connected in parallel
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/002
. .
{
only replying the state of the sensor
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/003
. .
{
replying the identity and the state of the sensor
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/004
.
{
with common interrogation of substations
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/005
.
{
with substations connected in series, e.g. cascade
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/006
.
{
with substations connected to an individual line, e.g. star configuration
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/007
.
{
Wireless interrogation
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 26/008
.
{
central annunciator means of the sensed conditions, e.g. displaying or registering
}
[2013‑01]
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Alarm systems in which the alarm condition is signalled from a central station to a plurality of substations
{
(signalling systems in general G08C)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 27/001
.
{
Signalling to an emergency team, e.g. firemen
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 27/003
.
{
Signalling to neighbouring houses
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 27/005
.
{
with transmission via computer network
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 27/006
.
{
with transmission via telephone network
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 27/008
.
{
with transmission via TV or radio broadcast
}
[2013‑01]
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Checking or monitoring of signalling or alarm systems; Prevention or correction of operating errors, e.g. preventing unauthorised operation
{
(arrangements for testing electric properties, arrangements for locating electric faults G01R 31/00)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 29/02
.
Monitoring continuously signalling or alarm systems [2013‑01]
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G08B 29/04
. .
Monitoring of the detection circuits [2013‑01]
G08B 29/043
. . .
{
of fire detection circuits
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 29/046
. . .
{
prevention of tampering with detection circuits
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 29/06
. .
Monitoring of the line circuits, e.g. signalling of line faults (testing or locating faults in cables or lines in general G01R 31/02, G01R 31/08) [2013‑01]
G08B 29/08
. . .
Signalling of tampering with the line circuit [2013‑01]
G08B 29/10
. .
Monitoring of the annunciator circuits [2013‑01]
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G08B 29/12
.
Checking intermittently signalling or alarm systems [2013‑01]
G08B 29/123
. .
{
of line circuits (testing or locating faults in cables or lines in general G01R 31/021, G01R 31/024, G01R 31/08)
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 29/126
. .
{
of annunciator circuits
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 29/14
. .
checking the detection circuits [2013‑01]
G08B 29/145
. . .
{
of fire detection circuits
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 29/16
.
Security signalling or alarm systems, e.g. redundant systems [2013‑01]
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G08B 29/18
.
Prevention or correction of operating errors (G08B 29/02, G08B 29/12 take precedence) [2013‑01]
G08B 29/181
. .
{
due to failing power supply
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 29/183
. .
{
Single detectors using dual technologies (G08B 13/1672, G08B 13/2448, G08B 13/2494 take precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 29/185
. .
{
Signal analysis techniques for reducing or preventing false alarms or for enhancing the reliability of the system
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 29/186
. . .
{
Fuzzy logic; neural networks
}
[2013‑01]
G08B 29/188
. . .
{
Data fusion; cooperative systems, e.g. voting among different detectors
}
[2013‑01]
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G08B 29/20
. .
Calibration, including self-calibrating arrangements [2013‑01]
G08B 29/22
. . .
Provisions facilitating manual calibration, e.g. input or output provisions for testing; Holding of intermittent values to permit measurement [2013‑01]
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G08B 29/24
. . .
Self-calibration, e.g. compensating for environmental drift or ageing of components [2013‑01]
G08B 29/26
. . . .
by updating and storing reference thresholds [2013‑01]
G08B 29/28
. . . .
by changing the gain of an amplifier [2013‑01]
Predictive alarm systems characterised by extrapolation or other computation using updated historic data [2013‑01]
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Last Modified: 10/10/2013