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HARVESTING; MOWING [N: (parts, details or accessories of agricultural machines or implements in general A01B 51/00 to A01B 75/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods, apparatus or hand tools for

Separation of useful parts of plants (e.g. seeds, fruits, roots, stalks or leaves) from the remainder of the plants in the place where the plants are grown;

Mowing of plants (e.g. grass or cereals), regardless of whether the intention is to make use of the mown plants or not;

Gathering of whole plants (e.g. root crops or onions) or their useful parts (e.g. fallen fruit) from where the plants grow or from the ground;

Haymaking, i.e. working on mown forage crop lying on the ground with the intention to make hay.

Hand rakes.

Forks

Non-abrasive sharpening devices for scythes, sickles or the like.

Containers for whetstones for use during harvesting.

Machines specially adapted for binding of harvested hay, straw or similar crops in the field.

Arrangements for making or setting of stacks, used in connection with harvesting.

Vehicles specially adapted for carrying harvested crops with means for self-loading or unloading.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Combined or convertible apparatus

This subclass covers mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations (e.g. threshing) while mowing, mowers convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing (e.g. for sweeping snow), and mowers capable of performing operations other than mowing (e.g. soil-working). The non-mowing parts of such mowers are only covered by this subclass if they are immediately associated with the mowing parts or the mowing process. Otherwise they are covered by the places for the non-mowing operations.

This subclass covers digging harvesters (e.g. for root crops) combined with apparatus performing additional operations (e.g. topping, separating or planting) while harvesting. The non-harvesting parts of such combinations are only covered by this subclass if they are immediately associated with the harvesting parts or the harvesting process. Otherwise they are covered by the places for the non-harvesting operations.

Hand tools for soil working

This subclass covers hand tools for soil working when specially adapted for harvesting, for example of root crops. This subclass also covers rakes and forks. A01B 1/00 covers hand tools for soil working in general, e.g. spades, shovels or hoes, with the exception of rakes and forks.

Binding

This subclass covers apparatus specially adapted for binding of harvested hay, straw or similar crops, with the exception of stationary apparatus or hand tools, which are covered by A01F 1/00, and binding apparatus specially adapted for baling presses, which is covered by A01F 15/14. Binding in general is covered by B65B, for example B65B 13/00 and B65B 27/12.

Shredding or pulverising

This subclass covers the shredding or pulverising of stubble or other vegetation in situ, e.g. for the purpose of producing mulch, but does not cover other mechanical destruction of unwanted vegetation, which is covered by group A01M 21/02.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Soil working tools or machines for weeding or thinning
Transplanting
Machines for cutting sods or turf from lawns or meadows
Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes, e.g. flower shears, fruit shears, secateurs or hedge shears
Delimbing of standing trees
Uprooting or felling of trees
Tapping of tree juices
Apparatus for destruction of unwanted vegetation

Examples of places where the subject matter of this class is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Machines that pick up mown material from the ground and bale it
Machines that pick up mown material from the ground and cut it, e.g. field choppers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Agricultural soil working in general
Gatherers for removing stones, undesirable roots or the like from the soil
Parts, details or accessories of agricultural machines in general
Threshing
Baling of hay, straw or the like
Stacks for storing of harvested products
Cutting machines specially adapted for hay, straw or the like
Floral handling
"Harvesting" of oysters, mussels, sponges or the like
Treatment of harvested fruit or vegetables, not otherwise provided for, e.g. extracting juice, cleaning of vegetables or topping of onions
Preparation of tobacco
Mechanical metal working without essentially removing material,e.g. making harvesting tools
Grinding; Polishing,e.g. sharpening of cutting edges
Handles for hand implements in general
Hand-held cutting tools in general
Cutting in general
Wheels
Vehicles specially adapted for load transportation, or for transporting, carrying or comprising special loads or objects, in general
Wheel scrapers
Conveyers in general
Hoisting or lifting in general, e.g. hay hoists
Removing undesired matter from land, not otherwise provided for
Dredging or soil-shifting in general
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Combine (noun)
Harvester or mower combined with a threshing device.
Fork
Hand tool having two or more tines that are used for lifting, digging or pitching.
Harvest (verb)
Perform one of the methods defined in the definition statement in order to make use of the separated, mown or gathered plant material.
Hay
Mown forage crop in a dry or partially dry state.
Haymaking
Working on mown forage crop lying on the ground with the intention to make hay.
Mow (verb)
Cut down grass, cereals or other standing plants.
Thresh (verb)
Separate grains or seeds from harvested plants or plant parts (e.g. cereals, maize/corn, peas, beans or pine cones) by mechanical action (e.g. shaking, stamping, rubbing, beating or applying intermittent pressure).
Plant
Any of a kingdom (Plantae) of multicellular eukaryotic mostly photosynthetic organisms typically lacking locomotive movement or obvious nervous or sensory organs and possessing cellulose cell walls.
Hand-cutting implements for harvesting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hedge trimming means
Hand cutting in general
Making from sheet material
Making by rolling
B31H7/10
Non-abrasive sharpening devices for scythes, sickles or the like
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Abrasive or similar sharpening devices
Containers for whetstones for use during harvesting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Whetting implements
Rakes
References relevant to classification in this goup
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mowers convertible to rakes or capable of raking
Mowers combines with rakes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Haymakers, crop conditioners
Making rakes from sheet material
Making rakes by rolling
Forks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Making forks from sheet metal
Making forks by rolling
Other hand implements
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hand implements for harvesting maize
Hand implements for picking of cotton
Diggers, e.g. potato ploughs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

the plough or blade itself which penetrates into the ground for loosening the root crops.

Example of a potato plough (from US2519761 by John R. Hobbs)

Digging machines with sieve graters but without conveying mechanisms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example of digging machine with sieve graters but without conveying mechanisms from US2932354 by Bucher Guyer AG.Masch.

Digging machines with sieving and conveying mechanisms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The sieving mechanism acts as conveying mechanism as well.

With conveyers arranged above the sieving device
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example of conveyor above a sieving device from US1876137 by Carls Engelen.

With smooth conveyer belts, lath bands or rake bands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example of a lath band from EP0212146 by Franz Grimme Landmaschf.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Endless belts in binders or combines
Special rules of classification within this group

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group are further classified using an Indexing Code of A01D 2017/103 (construction), A01D 2017/105 (driving means), A01D 2017/106 (fingers on belt), and A01D 2017/108 (paddles on belt).

Digging machines with centrifugal wheels, drums or spinners
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Digging machines comprising centrifugal wheels, drums or spinners in order to clean and convey the root crop after having been lifted from the ground.

Example of centrifugal wheels from EP0418985 by Hack

Digging machines with potato-picking implements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Digging machines in which the root crop is picked up by a conveying element immediately after having been loosened by a very short plough.

Example from EP0719495 by Amac BV.

Topping machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removing the top part of root crops (e.g. sugar beet).

Example from US2587258 by Wilkinson Read A.

Cutting the tops before being lifted
Special rules of classification within this group

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group are further classified using an Indexing Code of A01D 2023/022 (rotatable non cutting devices), A01D 2023/024 (fix blades), A01D 2023/026 (movable knives), and A01D 2023/028 (cutters on a shaft)

cutting the tops after being lifted (processing of harvested produce in bulk A01F 29/00, A23N)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removing the top part of root crops after the root crop has been lifted (i.e. extracted from the soil).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Processing of harvested produce in bulk
Lifters for beet or like crops
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices which lift the root crop from ground level upwards.

Example from US1331957 by Utah Idaho Sugar Co.

Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines comprising means for both lifting the root crop from ground level upwards and removing the top part of said crop (simultaneously or not).

Harvesters for peanuts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines explicitly intended for harvesting peanuts

Other digging harvesters
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Harvesting asparagus
Accessories for digging harvesters
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for digging harvesters, i.e. devices which do not form part of the digging and topping arrangements covered by the previous groups (A01D13 to A01D31), but which also form part of a root crop harvester (e.g. special cleaning devices, drives, etc). See subgroups for some particular accessories which should be classified in one of those and not in this head group.

Special rules of classification within this group

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group and subgroups, which relate to yield crop determination are further classified using an Indexing Code of A01D 2033/005.

Special sorting and cleaning mechanisms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sorting and cleaning in general (e.g. for removing attached earth).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for removing foliage
Devices for removing stones
Crop collecting devices, with or without weighing apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collecting devices for root crops which have been lifted from the ground and left on the field.

Tanks and containers for root crop harvesters.

Mowers (combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing A01D 37/00 to A01D 41/00, A01D 43/00; convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing or capable of performing operations other than mowing A01D 42/00); Mowing apparatus of harvesters
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing or capable of performing operations other than mowing
[N: Accessories not otherwise provided for]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Carrying and storage means

[N: for automated or remotely controlled operation]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Robotic devices (working independently or autonomous)

with means for discharging mown material (A01D 57/26 to A01D 57/30 take precedence; combined with means for gathering or loading mown material A01D 43/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Combined with means for gathering or loading mown material
Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
Protection devices
[N: Flail harvesters or mowers (cutting flails A01D 34/535)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting flails
hand-guided by a walking operator (A01D 34/43 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutters mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle
[N: Driving mechanisms (for the cutters A01D 34/56)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving mechanisms for the cutters
with means for discharging mown material (A01D 57/26 to A01D 57/30 take precedence; combined with means for gathering or loading mown material A01D 43/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Combined with means for gathering or loading mown material
Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle (A01D 34/695 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutters supported by an air cushion
With motor driven cutters or wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control levers on the handle of the mower
with means for discharging mown material (A01D 57/26 to A01D 57/30 take precedence; combined with means for gathering or loading mown material A01D 43/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Combined with means for gathering or loading mown material
Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
[N: Cutting-blade mounting means]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
Flail type cutting-blade
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting-height adjustment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for following ground contours

Electric
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electric drive for the wheels.

Casings; Housings (A01D 34/71 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting apparatus with means for discharging mown material
Other details
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mounting means for accessories

Driving means for accessories

[N: for cutting up or crushing remaining standing stalks, e.g. stubble (mowers combined with means for cutting up, crushing or bruising, the mown crop A01D 43/08, A01D 43/10; apparatus for crushing or bruising mown stalks A01D 82/00; apparatus for cutting up the mown crop A01F 29/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mowers combined with means for cutting up, crushing or bruising, the mown crop
Apparatus for crushing or bruising mown stalks
Apparatus for cutting up the mown crop
For edges of lawns or fields, e.g. for mowing close to trees or walls ([N: A01D 34/86 takes precedence;] hand-held edge trimmers A01G 3/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For use on sloping ground, e.g. on embankments
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand-held edge trimmers
For use on sloping ground, e.g. on embankments [N: or in ditches] (undercarriages or frames specially adapted for harvesters or mowers A01D 67/00; control mechanisms for harvesters or mowers when moving on slopes A01D 75/28)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Undercarriages or frames adapted for harvesters or mowers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for trimming edges
Control mechanisms for harvesters or mowers when moving on slopes
[N: and for mowing around obstacles, e.g. posts, trees, fences or the like (A01D 34/866 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mounting means
[N: Mounting means]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Combinations of shearing, sawing or milling apparatus specially adapted for felling trees
For carrying by the operator
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus carried by an operator, i.e. not supported by wheels

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ergonomic provisions
Vibration dampening means
Reaper-binders
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Knotters
Knotting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Features relating to mowing only
Features relating to binding only
Bundling articles
with receiving platform and binding apparatus but without elevating canvases [N: (knotting D04G)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Knotting
conveying the stalks in vertical position [N: (delivering devices for standing stalks A01D 57/22)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering devices for standing stalks
binding with stalks or straw bands [N: (implements for laying-out bands for sheaves A01D 75/16)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Implements for laying-out bands for sheaves
Independent binders, e.g. for hay (equipment thereon for binding harvested produce, e.g. knotters, A01D 59/00; stationary apparatus or hand tools for forming or binding hay or straw into bundles A01F 1/00; [N: bundling articles B65B 13/00; knotting D04G])
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Equipment thereon for binding harvested produce, e.g. knotters
Stationary apparatus or hand tools for forming or binding hay or straw into bundles
Bundling articles
Knotting
Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Threshing devices for combines
[N: Tanks for grain or chaff]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Emptying, filling tanks

Unloading

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Grain tanks for threshing machines
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Unloading mechanisms
Extension mechanisms
Mowers convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing; Mowers capable of performing operations other than mowing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
[N: Mulching (shredders or like cutting implements for comminuting plant waste per se A01G 3/002)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shredders or like cutting implements for comminuting plant waste per se
Sweeping or cleaning lawns or other surfaces [N: (sweeping apparatus for lawns per se A01G 1/125)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines for sweeping lawns and for collecting or disintegrating
Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing (A01D 37/00, A01D 39/00, A01D 41/00, takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Reaper-binders
Independent binders, e.g. for hay
Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
With means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material [N: (A01D 43/086 takes precedence; for hay or the like A01D 87/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mowers combined with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Loaders for hay or like field drops
In or into a container carried by the mower; Containers therefor (A01D 43/077 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
With auxiliary means, e.g. fans, for transporting the mown crop
A01D43/77
[N: Control devices specially adapted therefor]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Determined filling degree (the height of what is in the containers)

with means for cutting up the mown crop, [N: e.g. forage harvesters (threshing machines having chaff-cutters A01F 12/40; cutting apparatus of chaff-cutters or of apparatus for cutting up mown crop A01F 29/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Threshing machines having chaff-cutters
Cutting apparatus of chaff-cutters or of apparatus for cutting up mown crop
with means for crushing or bruising the mown crop [N: (stalk crushers or bruisers per se for standing stalks or stubbles A01D 34/8355, for mown crop A01D 82/00, for straw A01F 12/40)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stalk crushers or bruisers per se for standing stalks or stubbles
Stalk crushers or bruisers per se for mown crop
Stalk crushers or bruisers per se for straw
Harvesting of underwater plants, e.g. harvesting of seaweed
Harvesting of standing crops (A01D 44/00 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Harvesting of underwater plants, e.g. harvesting of seaweed
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Threshing devices for combines adapted for special crops
Of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Harvesting of ears or corn ears

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mowers combined with means for cutting up the mown crop specially adapted for ensilage maize
of sugar cane [N: (for digging sugar cane A01D 31/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Digging sugar cane
Of beans
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Harvesting of soya beans

Of cabbage or lettuce
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Harvesting of celery, cauliflower

Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Harvesting of strawberries

[N: picking or shaking pneumatically ]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removing leaves

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Pneumatically picking cotton
pneumatically [N: (A01D 46/081 to A01D 46/088 take precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Harvesters characterised by transversally adjustable row units, by basket means, by the lubricant distribution systems
Devices for picking apples or like fruit (A01D 46/28 [N: and A01D 46/005] take precedence) Informative references
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Picking or shaking pneumatically
Vintaging machines
Devices for shaking trees or shrubs; Fruit catching devices to be used therewith (A01D 46/28 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Vintaging machines, i.e. grape harvesting machines
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Collecting surfaces extended around a tree in order to catch the fruit when shaken
Portable shaking device for branches which are pneumatically powered
Portable devices to shaken branches
Headers [N: for topping of plants, e.g. stalks with ears]
Apparatus for gathering together crops spread on the soil, e.g. apples, beets, nuts, potatoes, [N: cotton, cane sugar]
Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
with supplementary controlled movement of the crop-engaging members, e.g. of the tines [N: (A01D 57/025 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for leading crops to the mowing apparatus using reels with synchronised driving means
Equipment for binding harvested produce (specially adapted for baling presses A01F 15/14; bundling articles for packaging in general B65B 13/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Specially adapted for baling presses
Bundling articles for packaging in general
Containers for the twine
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Twine balls or their manufacture
Elevators or conveyers for binders or combines [N: conveying in general B65G; hoisting, lifting in general B66]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Conveying in general
Hoisting, lifting, in general
B66
[N: transversal conveying devices]
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

In this group, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Transversal
Perpendicular to the direction of movement of the machine.
[N: for longitudinal conveying, especially for combines]
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

In this group, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Longitudinal
In the direction of movement of the machine.
Outside dividers
Grain-crop lifters
Undercarriages or frames specially adapted for harvesters or mowers (coupling arrangements between animal or tractor and harvester or mower A01B 59/00); Mechanisms for adjusting the frame (adjusting devices for the cutter-bar A01D 34/28); Platforms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coupling arrangements between animal and tractor
Mechanisms for adjusting the frame (adjusting for the cutter-bar)
[N: Arrangements of coupling devices]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Couplings between tractor and harvesting machine

Driving mechanisms or parts thereof for harvesters or mowers (driving mechanisms for the cutters of mowers or harvesters A01D 34/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving mechanisms for the cutters of mowers or harvesters
Electric
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hybrid systems
Accessories for harvesters or mowers
Sharpening apparatus fixed to the harvester or mower
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sharpening machines or devices per se
Safety devices for parts of the machines
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety devices in general
Avoiding overload
Avoiding collision with obstacles
Removing foreign objects
Devices for protecting men or animals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety devices in general
[N: acting on the grain cleaning and separating device (grain cleaners, separators per se A01F 12/44)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Grain cleaners, separators per se
[N: acting on the mowing table (A01D 75/285 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Acting on the grain cleaning and separating device
Haymakers with tines that are stationary with respect to the machine during operation but that may be liftable for dumping
[N: Hand-operated wheeled rakes (hand-operated rakes A01D 7/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand-operated rakes in general
[N: Hay-sweeps (rakes for making stacks A01D 85/001; sweep rakes A01D 87/08)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rakes for making stacks
Sweep rakes
Haymakers with tines moving with respect to the machine
[N: Side-delivery rakes]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Folding and adjusting arrangements

[N: Haymakers with tools rolling on the soil without propelled discs]
The tines rotating about a substantially vertical axis
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Having only one rotor
Having only one row of rotors on a horizontal transversal line
Having only two rows of rotors on different transversal lines
Having more than two rows of rotors on different transversal lines
[N: Arrangements to facilitate transportation specially adapted therefor (A01D 78/1021 takes precedence; for other agricultural machines or implements A01B 73/00; carriers A01D 80/005)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Telescopic frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For other agricultural machines or implements
Carriers
[N: Pivotable rotor support arms (A01D 78/1007 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangements to facilitate transportation specially adapted therefor
[N: Arrangements of tines (A01D 78/1007 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangements to facilitate transportation specially adapted therefor
the tines rotating about a substantially horizontal axis [N: Arrangements for transport by movement of the heads carrying rake arms]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for transport by movement of the heads carrying rake arms
in a vertical plane
in a horizontal plane)
Rakes having only one head carrying arm
Parts or details of [N: or accessories for] haymakers (parts or details specific for one type of machine, see the relevant groups for these machines)
[N: Carriers for the transport of haymakers (arrangements of the haymaker to facilitate transportation A01D 78/1007)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of the haymaker to facilitate transportation
A01B78/10B
Crop conditioners, i.e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Combined with harvesters
Haymakers not provided for in a single one of groups A01D 76/00 to A01D 82/00
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Haymakers with tines that are stationary with respect to the machine during operation but that may be liftable for dumping
Crop conditioners, i. e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks
Arrangements for making or setting stacks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Creating a stack of loose products or of bales.

Example from FR1366404 by Berghoff Werner.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Storing in stacks
[N: making or setting stacks of cereals or grass, e.g. rack formers, fixed haystacks (rakes for making windrows, haysweeps A01D 76/006; drying racks A01F 25/12)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Subdivision of the previous group which covers devices where loose product is actively accumulated in order to create a stack.

Example from US3402829 by Leedahl Alvin N.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rakes for making windrows, haysweeps
Drying racks
[N: with binding equipment, e.g. binding groups of bales]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for making or setting stacks comprising binding equipment for tying the whole stack.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for forming groups of bales without binding them
[N: Forming groups of bales, e.g. bale sledges (loaders for bales A01D 87/12; vehicles for loading bales A01D 90/08)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Binding means for a group of bales
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles for loading bales
Loaders for bales
Special rules of classification within this group

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group Are further classified using Indexing Codes of A01D 2085/007 (devices directly attached to a baler) and A01D 2085/008 (groups of bales just at horizontal level)

Loaders for hay or like field crops (combined with mowers A01D 43/06; [N: loading in forage silos A01F 25/18;]; loading in general B65G, B66)[C0311]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for displacing on the fields hay or like field crops in loose form or as bales

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Loaders combined with mowers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Loading in general
B65G, B66
Loading in forage silos
[N: with chopping devices (harvesters with loaders A01D 43/06; forage harvesters A01D 43/08; special adaptations of cutting machines for hay, straw or fodder A01F 29/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Harvesters with loaders
Forage harvesters
Special adaptations of cutting machines for hay, straw or fodder
[N: Arrangements for making a strand (forming round bales A01F 15/07)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loaders comprising means for producing a strand of product, e.g. by means of rollers.

Example from GB1150050 by Claas.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Forming round bales
[N: Coupling arrangements between tractors, loaders or vehicles (for harvesters A01D 67/005)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coupling arrangements for harvesters
[N: with gripping or clamping devices (manure loaders A01C 3/04)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manure loaders
[N: Tractor-mounted loaders (buck-rakes, transporting rakes A01D 87/08; manure loaders A01C 3/04; fork loaders, fork lifts B66F; earth-moving machines E02F)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Buck-rakes, transporting rakes
Manure loaders
Fork loaders, fork lifts
Earth-moving machines
with sweep rakes, [N: i.e. buck-rakes, e.g. transporting rakes (gripping or clamping devices A01D 87/003; fork loaders A01D 87/0053)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Gripping or clamping devices
Fork loaders
with blowers [N: (blowing and conveying B65G 53/00; loading or distributing arrangements in forage silos A01F 25/18)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Blowing and conveying
Loading or distributing arrangements in forage silos
[N: for sheaves, stacks]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Transport devices for hay racks
[N: for bales on the ground (vehicles for loading A01D 90/08)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loaders directly connected to a 3-point hitch of a tractor which lack their own means of displacement which would allow handling of bales in a broader range of movements.

Example from EP0638229 by Lowe Maurice Samuel.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Loaders directly connected to a 3-point hitch of a tractor comprising their own means of displacement, which allow handling of bales in a broader range of movements.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Forks for loads
Forks for loads with side clamps
Vehicles for loading
Special rules of classification within this group

If the documents classified in this group comprise a manual trolley, then they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2087/123

[N: mounted on the press without laying down the bales]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example from WO2009141692 by CAEB Internat. SRL

[N: Loaders for stacks or groups of bales]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example from US3052366 by Duncan Wilber O.

[N: Apparatus for handling, loading or unrolling round bales]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus requiring a certain degree of flexibility in displacing the bale in vertical and horizontal direction without depending on the movement of the vehicle alone, and/or the capacity of unrolling the round bale.

Example 1 from FR2628088 by Mailleux.

Example 2 from WO9911113 by Adolfsson Lars Gunnar.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Loaders connected to a 3-point hitch of a tractor with no displacing means of their own and without any unrolling mechanism for the bale.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Forks for loads
Forks for loads with side clamps
Special rules of classification within this group

If the documents classified in this group are capable of unrolling or breaking round bales, then they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2087/128

Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like [N: i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops (field threshers with windrow pick-up apparatus A01D 41/10)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops.

Example from EP1929854 by Class Salgau GmbH.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mowing tables for combines
Headers for ears and similar crops
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Field threshers with windrow pick-up apparatus
Loading means for loading wagons
Feeding means for balers
[N: Mountings, e.g. height adjustment, wheels, lifting devices]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mounting means for the pick-up in order to connect it to the machine where it is installed (e.g. harverster, loading wagon, etc).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Movable wheels for vehicles and tractors
[N: Accessories (feeding devices for baling presses A01F 15/10; for cutting machines A01F 29/10)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for the pick-up, i.e. devices which do not form part of the pick-up arrangements covered by the previous groups (A01D 89/00 to A01D 89/005), but which also form part of a pick-up device. See subgroups for some particular accessories which should be classified in one of those and not in this head group.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding devices for baling presses
Acessories for cutting machines
Vehicles for carrying harvested crops with means for self-loading or unloading (combined with mowers A01D 43/06; load transporting vehicles modified to facilitate loading in general B60P; bucket cars, i.e having scraper bowls E02F 3/64)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example from DE202008011744U by Class Salgau GmbH

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Load transporting vehicles modified to facilitate loading in general
Bucket cars, i.e. having scraper bowls
Combined with mowers
Special rules of classification within this group

If the documents classified in this group (and subgroups) are for transport of bunches of bananas, they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2090/005

Loading means [N: (loaders A01D 87/00; pick-ups A01D 89/00)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Loaders for balers
Pick-ups
Loaders per se
with chaff cutters, [N: i.e. choppers] used as loading and cutting means (A01D 43/08 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mowers combined with means for cutting up the mown crop
With bale-forming means additionally used for loading; with means for picking-up bales and transporting them into the vehicle [C9607]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example from US5813814 by Justice Enterprises Inc.

Special rules of classification within this group

If the documents classified in this group pick up loose product instead of bales, then they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2090/086

[N: Round-bale trailers (trailers in general B62D)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Trailers in general
Unloading means [N: (manure distributors A01C 3/06)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manure distributors
with additional devices or implements (arrangements of coupling devices A01B 59/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Additional devices or implements for the vehicles for carrying harvested crops with means for self-loading or unloading, i.e. devices which do not form part of the aspects covered by the previous groups (A01D 90/00 to A01D 90/105, A01D 90/14 and A01D 90/16), but which also form part of such vehicles (e.g. a drying mechanism for treating the product loaded onto the vehicle).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of coupling devices
Methods for harvesting agricultural products (essentially requiring the use of particular machines, see the relevant groups for the machines)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods for harvesting, but not particular machines or devices. Said methods must be characterised by a number of steps or procedures to be followed during harvesting (e.g. a method for harvesting sugar cane consisting of cutting the plant at 20%, 50% and 70% of its height, letting the different pieces dry on the ground for two days on different windrows, and collecting them separately).

Products growing above the soil (fruit, hops A01D 46/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fruit, hops
Harvesting apparatus not provided for in other groups of this subclass
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013