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Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised
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CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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FOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT (shaping or working, not fully covered by this subclass, A23P); PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL [2016‑05]
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Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation (soup concentrates A23L 23/10; preparation of non-alcoholic beverages by removal of alcohol
{
C12G 3/08
}
)
[2016‑08]
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A23L 2/02
.
containing fruit or vegetable juices [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/04
. .
Extraction of juices (machines or apparatus for extracting juice A23N 1/00, A47J 19/00) [2013‑01]
A23L 2/06
. . .
from citrus fruits [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/08
. .
Concentrating or drying of juices [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/082
. . .
{
by membrane processes
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 2/085
. . . .
{
by osmosis, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 2/087
. . . .
{
by ultrafiltration, microfiltration
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 2/10
. . .
by heating or contact with dry gases [2013‑01]
A23L 2/102
. . . .
{
Spray-drying
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 2/105
. . . .
{
Foam-drying
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 2/107
. . . .
{
Electric or wave heating
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 2/12
. . .
by freezing [2013‑01]
A23L 2/14
. . . .
and sublimation [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/38
.
Other non-alcoholic beverages [2016‑08]
A23L 2/382
. .
{
fermented (fermented nut meats or seeds A23L 25/40; fermented milk preparations A23C 9/12; addition of bacteria for nutritional purposes A23L 33/135)
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 2/385
.
Concentrates of non-alcoholic beverages [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/39
. .
Dry compositions [2013‑01]
A23L 2/395
. . .
in a particular shape or form [2013‑01]
A23L 2/40
.
Effervescence-generating compositions [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/42
.
Preservation of non-alcoholic beverages [2013‑01]
A23L 2/44
. .
by adding preservatives [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/46
. .
by heating [2013‑01]
A23L 2/48
. . .
by irradiation or electric treatment [2013‑01]
A23L 2/50
. .
by irradiation or electric treatment without heating [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/52
.
Adding ingredients (adding preservatives A23L 2/44) [2013‑01]
A23L 2/54
. .
Mixing with gases [2013‑01]
A23L 2/56
. .
Flavouring or bittering agents (sweeteners A23L 2/60) [2013‑01]
A23L 2/58
. .
Colouring agents [2013‑01]
A23L 2/60
. .
Sweeteners [2013‑01]
A23L 2/62
. .
Clouding agents; Agents to improve the cloud-stability [2013‑01]
A23L 2/64
. .
Re-adding volatile aromatic ingredients [2013‑01]
A23L 2/66
. .
Proteins [2013‑01]
A23L 2/68
. .
Acidifying substances [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/70
.
Clarifying or fining of non-alcoholic beverages; Removing unwanted matter (purifying water C02F, e.g. by ion-exchange C02F 1/42) [2013‑01]
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A23L 2/72
. .
by filtration [2013‑01]
A23L 2/74
. . .
using membranes, e.g. osmosis, ultrafiltration [2013‑01]
A23L 2/76
. .
by removal of gases [2013‑01]
A23L 2/78
. .
by ion-exchange [2013‑01]
A23L 2/80
. .
by adsorption [2013‑01]
A23L 2/82
. .
by flocculation [2013‑01]
A23L 2/84
. .
using micro-organisms or biological material, e.g. enzymes [2013‑01]
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Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs (preservation of flour or bread A21D; processes specially adapted for particular foods or foodstuffs, see the relevant groups for the foods or foodstuffs in A23; preserving foods or foodstuffs in association with packaging B65B 55/00; preservation of alcoholic beverages C12H) [2013‑01]
A23L 3/001
.
{
Details of apparatus, e.g. for transport, for loading or unloading manipulation, pressure feed valves
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/003
.
{
Control or safety devices for sterilisation or pasteurisation systems
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/005
.
by heating using irradiation or electric treatment (drying or kilning A23L 3/40) [2013‑01]
A23L 3/0055
. .
{
with infra-red rays
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/01
. .
using micro-waves or dielectric heating [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/015
.
by treatment with pressure variation, shock, acceleration or shear stress
{
or cavitation
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/0155
. .
{
using sub- or super-atmospheric pressures, or pressure variations transmitted by a liquid or gas
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/02
.
by heating materials in packages which are progressively transported, continuously or stepwise, through the apparatus (A23L 3/005 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
A23L 3/022
. .
{
with packages moving on the spot while being transported
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/025
. .
{
with packages on a drum with horizontal axis (A23L 3/022 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/027
. . .
{
transported in a hydrostatic chamber
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/04
. .
with packages on endless chain or band conveyors
{
(A23L 3/022 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑05]
A23L 3/045
. . .
{
transported in a hydrostatic chamber
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/06
. .
with packages transported along a helical path
{
(A23L 3/022 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/065
. . .
{
transported in a hydrostatic chamber
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/08
. .
with packages on a revolving platform
{
(A23L 3/022 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/085
. . .
{
transported in a hydrostatic chamber
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/10
.
by heating materials in packages which are not progressively transported through the apparatus (A23L 3/005 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
A23L 3/12
. .
with packages in intercommunicating chambers through which the heating medium is circulated [2013‑01]
A23L 3/14
. .
with packages moving on the spot [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/16
.
by heating loose, unpacked materials (A23L 3/005 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
A23L 3/165
. .
{
in solid state
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/18
. .
while they are progressively transported through the apparatus [2013‑01]
A23L 3/185
. . .
{
in solid state
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/20
. . .
with transport along plates [2013‑01]
A23L 3/205
. . . .
{
in solid state
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/22
. . .
with transport through tubes [2013‑01]
A23L 3/225
. . . .
{
in solid state
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/24
. .
with the materials in spray form [2013‑01]
A23L 3/245
. . .
{
in solid state
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/26
.
by irradiation without heating [2013‑01]
A23L 3/263
. .
{
with corpuscular or ionising radiation, i.e. X, alpha, beta or omega radiation (laser plasma radiation A23L 3/26)
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/266
. .
{
with corona irradiation
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/28
. .
with ultra-violet light [2013‑01]
A23L 3/30
. .
by treatment with ultrasonic waves [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/32
.
by treatment with electric currents without heating effect [2013‑01]
A23L 3/325
. .
{
by electrolysis
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/34
.
by treatment with chemicals [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3409
. .
in the form of gases, e.g. fumigation; Compositions or apparatus therefor [2013‑01]
A23L 3/34095
. . .
{
Details of apparatus for generating or regenerating gases
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3418
. . .
in a controlled atmosphere, e.g. partial vacuum, comprising only CO2, N2, O2 or H2O [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3427
. . . .
in which an absorbent is placed or used (packages for foodstuffs with provision for absorbing fluids B65D 81/26) [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3436
. . . . .
Oxygen absorbent [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3445
. . .
in a controlled atmosphere comprising other gases in addition to CO2, N2, O2 or H2O [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3454
. .
in the form of liquids or solids [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3463
. . .
Organic compounds; Micro-organisms; Enzymes [2013‑01]
A23L 3/34635
. . . .
{
Antibiotics
}
[2016‑05]
NOTE

  • In groups A23L 3/3472 - A23L 3/3562, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place
A23L 3/3472
. . . .
Compounds of undetermined constitution obtained from animals or plants [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3481
. . . .
Organic compounds containing oxygen [2013‑01]
A23L 3/349
. . . . .
with singly-bound oxygen [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3499
. . . . .
with doubly-bound oxygen [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/3508
. . . . .
containing carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3517
. . . . . .
Carboxylic acid esters [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3526
. . . .
Organic compounds containing nitrogen [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3535
. . . .
Organic compounds containing sulfur [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3544
. . . .
Organic compounds containing hetero rings [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3553
. . . .
Organic compounds containing phosphorus [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3562
. . . .
Sugars; Derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3571
. . . .
Micro-organisms; Enzymes [2013‑01]
A23L 3/358
. . .
Inorganic compounds [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3589
. . .
Apparatus for preserving using liquids [2013‑01]
A23L 3/3598
. . .
Apparatus for preserving using solids [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/36
.
Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/361
. .
{
the materials being transported through or in the apparatus, with or without shaping, e.g. in form of powder, granules, or flakes (moving on the spot only A23L 3/363)
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/362
. . .
{
with packages or with shaping in form of blocks or portions
}
[2013‑01]
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A23L 3/363
. .
{
the materials not being transported through or in the apparatus with or without shaping, e.g. in form of powder, granules, or flakes
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/364
. . .
{
with packages or with shaping in form of blocks or portions
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/365
. .
Thawing subsequent to freezing [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/37
. .
with addition of
{
or treatment with
}
chemicals [2013‑01]
A23L 3/375
. . .
with direct contact between the food and the chemical, e.g. liquid nitrogen, at cryogenic temperature [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/40
.
by drying or kilning; Subsequent reconstitution [2013‑01]
A23L 3/405
. .
{
Fractionated crystallisation
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/42
. .
with addition of chemicals before or during drying [2013‑01]
A23L 3/44
. .
Freeze-drying [2013‑01]
A23L 3/46
. .
Spray-drying [2013‑01]
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A23L 3/48
. .
Thin layer-, drum- or roller-drying [2013‑01]
A23L 3/485
. . .
{
Drum- or roller-drying
}
[2013‑01]
A23L 3/50
. .
Fluidised-bed drying [2013‑01]
A23L 3/52
. .
Foam-drying [2013‑01]
A23L 3/54
. .
using irradiation or electrical treatment, e.g. ultrasonic waves [2013‑01]
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Preparation or treatment of foods or foodstuffs, in general; Food or foodstuffs obtained thereby; Materials therefor (preservation thereof in general A23L 3/00) [2016‑08]
WARNING

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A23L 5/10
.
General methods of cooking foods, e.g. by roasting or frying [2016‑08]
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A23L 5/11
. .
{
using oil
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/12
. . .
{
Processes other than deep-frying or float-frying using cooking oil in direct contact with the food
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/13
. .
{
using water or steam
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/15
. .
{
using wave energy, irradiation, electrical means or magnetic fields, e.g. oven cooking or roasting using radiant dry heat
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/17
. .
{
in a gaseous atmosphere with forced air or gas circulation, in vacuum or under pressure
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/19
. .
{
using chemicals before or during cooking, e.g. liquid cooking media other than water or oil; Cooking using inert particles, e.g. fluidised bed cooking (using additives to cooking oil A23L 5/11)
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 5/20
.
Removal of unwanted matter, e.g. deodorisation or detoxification (removing undesirable, e.g. bitter, substances from pulses or legumes A23L 11/30) [2016‑08]
A23L 5/21
. .
{
by heating without chemical treatment, e.g. steam treatment, cooking
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/23
. .
{
by extraction with solvents
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/25
. .
{
using enzymes
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 5/27
. .
{
by chemical treatment, by adsorption or by absorption
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/273
. . .
{
using adsorption or absorption agents, resins, synthetic polymers, or ion exchangers
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/276
. . .
{
Treatment with inorganic compounds (A23L 5/273 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/28
. .
{
using micro-organisms
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 5/30
.
Physical treatment, e.g. electrical or magnetic means, wave energy or irradiation (preservation A23L 3/00, A23B; cooking A23L 5/10) [2016‑08]
A23L 5/32
. .
{
using phonon wave energy, e.g. sound or ultrasonic waves
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/34
. .
{
using microwaves
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/36
. .
{
using irradiation with frequencies of more than 10 MHz
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 5/40
.
Colouring or decolouring of foods [2016‑08]
A23L 5/41
. .
Retaining or modifying natural colour by use of additives, e.g. optical brighteners (A23L 5/42 takes precedence) [2016‑08]
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A23L 5/42
. .
Addition of dyes or pigments, e.g. in combination with optical brighteners [2016‑08]
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A23L 5/43
. . .
using naturally occurring organic dyes or pigments, their artificial duplicates or their derivatives [2016‑08]
A23L 5/44
. . . .
using carotenoids or xanthophylls [2016‑08]
A23L 5/46
. . .
using dyes or pigments of microbial or algal origin [2016‑08]
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A23L 5/47
. . .
using synthetic organic dyes or pigments not covered by groups A23L 5/43 - A23L 5/46 [2016‑08]
A23L 5/48
. . . .
Compounds of unspecified constitution characterised by the chemical process for their preparation [2016‑08]
A23L 5/49
. .
Removing colour by chemical reaction, e.g. bleaching [2016‑08]
A23L 5/51
.
{
Concentration
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/55
.
{
Rehydration or dissolving of foodstuffs
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 5/57
.
{
Chemical peeling or cleaning of harvested fruits, vegetables or other foodstuffs (mechanical aspect A23N, A23P)
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 7/00
Cereal-derived products; Malt products (malt products of pulses A23L 11/20); Preparation or treatment thereof (preparation of malt for brewing C12C) [2016‑08]
WARNING

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A23L 7/10
.
Cereal-derived products [2016‑08]
A23L 7/101
. .
{
Addition of antibiotics, vitamins, amino-acids, or minerals
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 7/104
. .
Fermentation of farinaceous cereal or cereal material; Addition of enzymes or micro-organisms (A23L 7/109, A23L 7/20 take precedence; Soya sauce A23L 27/50) [2016‑08]
A23L 7/107
. . .
{
Addition or treatment with enzymes not combined with fermentation with micro-organisms
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 7/109
. .
Types of pasta, e.g. macaroni or noodles [2016‑08]
A23L 7/11
. . .
{
Filled, stuffed or multilayered pasta
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 7/111
. . .
{
Semi-moist pasta, i.e. containing about 20% of moist; Moist packaged or frozen pasta; Pasta fried or pre-fried in a non-aqueous frying medium, e.g. oil; Packaged pasta to be cooked directly in the package
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 7/113
. . .
Parboiled or instant pasta [2016‑08]
A23L 7/115
. .
{
Cereal fibre products, e.g. bran, husk
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 7/117
. .
Flakes or other shapes of ready-to-eat type; Semi-finished or partly-finished products therefor (A23L 7/143, A23L 7/152 take precedence) [2016‑08]
A23L 7/122
. . .
Coated, filled, multilayered or hollow ready-to-eat cereals [2016‑08]
A23L 7/126
. . .
Snacks or the like obtained by binding, shaping or compacting together cereal grains or cereal pieces, e.g. cereal bars [2016‑08]
A23L 7/13
. . .
Snacks or the like obtained by oil frying of a formed cereal dough [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/135
. . .
Individual or non-extruded flakes, granules or shapes having similar size, e.g. breakfast cereals [2016‑08]
A23L 7/139
. . . .
made from wholegrain or grain pieces without preparation of meal or dough [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/143
. .
Cereal granules or flakes to be cooked and eaten hot, e.g. oatmeal; Reformed rice products [2016‑08]
A23L 7/148
. . .
made from wholegrain or grain pieces without preparation of meal or dough [2016‑08]
A23L 7/152
. .
Cereal germ products [2016‑08]
A23L 7/157
. .
Farinaceous granules for dressing meat, fish or the like [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/161
. .
Puffed cereals, e.g. popcorn or puffed rice [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/165
. . .
Preparation of puffed cereals involving preparation of meal or dough as an intermediate step [2016‑08]
A23L 7/17
. . . .
by extrusion [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/174
. . .
Preparation of puffed cereals from wholegrain or grain pieces without preparation of meal or dough [2016‑08]
A23L 7/178
. . . .
by pressure release with or without heating [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/183
. . . .
by heating without using a pressure release device [2016‑08]
A23L 7/187
. . . . .
Discontinuously-working apparatus [2016‑08]
A23L 7/191
. . .
After-treatment of puffed cereals, e.g. coating or salting [2016‑08]
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A23L 7/196
. .
Products in which the original granular shape is maintained, e.g. parboiled rice [2016‑08]
A23L 7/1963
. . .
{
coated with a layer
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 7/1965
. . .
{
Cooked; Precooked; Fried or pre-fried in a non-aqueous liquid frying medium, e.g. oil
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 7/197
. .
{
Treatment of whole grains not provided for in groups A23L 7/117 - A23L 7/196 (preservation A23B 9/00)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 7/1975
. . .
{
Cooking or roasting
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 7/198
. .
{
Dry unshaped finely divided cereal products, not provided for in groups A23L 7/117 - A23L 7/196 and A23L 29/00, e.g. meal, flour, powder, dried cereal creams or extracts
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 7/20
.
Malt products (malt products of pulses A23L 11/20; preparation of malt for brewing C12C) [2016‑08]
A23L 7/25
. .
Fermentation of cereal malt or of cereal by malting [2016‑08]
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A23L 9/00
Puddings; Cream substitutes; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
WARNING

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A23L 9/10
.
Puddings; Dry powder puddings [2016‑08]
A23L 9/12
. .
{
Ready-to-eat liquid or semi-liquid desserts, e.g. puddings, not to be mixed with liquids, e.g. water, milk
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 9/20
.
Cream substitutes [2016‑08]
A23L 9/22
. .
{
containing non-milk fats but no proteins other than milk proteins
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 9/24
. .
{
containing non-milk fats and non-milk proteins, e.g. eggs or soybeans
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 11/00
Pulses, i.e. fruits of leguminous plants, for production of fodder or food; Products from legumes; Preparation or treatment thereof, e.g. treatment with phosphates [2016‑08]
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A23L 11/01
.
{
Pulses or legumes in form of whole pieces or fragments thereof, without mashing or comminuting (A23L 11/10A23L 11/37 take precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/03
. .
{
Soya beans, e.g. full-fat soya bean flakes or grits
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 11/05
.
{
Mashed or comminuted pulses or legumes; Products made therefrom (A23L 11/30 takes precedence; soya milk A23C 11/103; tofu or soya cheese A23C 20/025)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/07
. .
{
Soya beans, e.g. oil-extracted soya bean flakes (A23L 11/30 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/09
.
{
Fermented pulses or legumes, e.g. miso, tempeh; Addition of micro-organisms (A23L 11/30 takes precedence; soya sauce A23L 27/50; fermented soya milk A23C 11/103; cheese-like products A23C 20/025)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/10
.
Rapid cooking pulses [2016‑08]
A23L 11/20
.
Malt products; Fermented malt products (flavouring agents or condiments A23L 27/00; malt products of cereals A23L 7/20) [2016‑08]
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A23L 11/30
.
Removing undesirable substances, e.g. bitter substances [2016‑08]
A23L 11/31
. .
{
by heating without chemical treatment, e.g. steam treatment, cooking
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/32
. .
{
by extraction with solvents
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/33
. .
{
using enzymes; Enzymatic transformation of pulses or legumes
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 11/34
. .
{
using chemical treatment, adsorption or absorption
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/35
. . .
{
combined with heat treatment
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/36
. .
{
using irradiation, e.g. with wave energy; Using electrical means or magnetic fields
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 11/37
. .
{
using micro-organisms
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 13/00
Meat products; Meat meal; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 13/03
.
{
Coating with a layer; Stuffing, laminating, binding, or compressing of original meat pieces
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/06
.
{
with gravy or sauce
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/10
.
Meat meal or powder; Granules, agglomerates or flakes [2016‑08]
A23L 13/20
.
from offal, e.g. rinds, skins, marrow, tripes, feet, ears or snouts (glands or bones as ingredients of processed meat A23L 13/60) [2016‑08]
A23L 13/30
.
Meat extracts [2016‑08]
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A23L 13/40
.
containing additives [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 13/42
. .
{
Additives other than enzymes or micro-organisms in meat products or meat meals
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/422
. . .
{
Addition of natural plant hydrocolloids, e.g. gums of cellulose derivatives or of microbial fermentation gums
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/424
. . .
{
Addition of non-meat animal protein material, e.g. blood, egg, dairy products, fish; Proteins from micro-organisms, yeasts or fungi
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/426
. . .
{
Addition of proteins, carbohydrates or fibrous material from vegetable origin other than sugars or sugar alcohols (A23L 13/422 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/428
. . .
{
Addition of flavours, spices, colours, amino acids or their salts, peptides, vitamins, yeast extract or autolysate, nucleic acid or derivatives, organic acidifying agents or their salts or acidogens, sweeteners, e.g. sugars or sugar alcohols; Addition of alcohol-containing products
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/43
. . .
{
Addition of vegetable fats or oils; Addition of non-meat animal fats or oils; Addition of fatty acids
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/432
. . .
{
Addition of inorganic compounds, e.g. minerals; oligo-elements
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 13/45
. .
{
Addition of, or treatment with, micro-organisms (A23L 13/74 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/46
. . .
{
Addition of, or fermentation with fungi, e.g. yeasts; Enrichment with dried biomass other than starter cultures
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/48
. .
{
Addition of, or treatment with, enzymes (A23L 13/74 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 13/50
.
Poultry products, e.g. poultry sausages [2016‑08]
A23L 13/52
. .
{
Comminuted, emulsified or processed products; Pastes; Reformed or compressed products from poultry meat
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 13/55
. .
{
Treatment of original pieces or parts (binding meat pieces in a compact form A23L 13/52)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/57
. . .
{
Coating with a layer or stuffing
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 13/60
.
Comminuted or emulsified meat products, e.g. sausages; Reformed meat from comminuted meat product [2016‑08]
A23L 13/62
. .
{
Coating with a layer, stuffing or laminating
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/65
. .
{
Sausages
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/67
. .
{
Reformed meat products other than sausages
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 13/70
.
Tenderised or flavoured meat pieces, e.g. obtained by injecting solutions; Macerating solutions [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 13/72
. .
{
using additives, e.g. injection solutions
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/74
. . .
{
using micro-organisms or enzymes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 13/76
. .
{
by treatment in a gaseous atmosphere, e.g. aging, ripening; By electrical treatment, irradiation or wave treatment
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 15/00
Egg products; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 15/10
.
Egg rolls [2016‑08]
A23L 15/20
.
{
Addition of proteins, e.g. hydrolysates, fats, carbohydrates, natural plant hydrocolloids; Addition of animal or vegetable substances containing proteins, fats, or carbohydrates
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 15/25
.
{
Addition or treatment with micro-organisms or enzymes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 15/30
.
{
Addition of substances other than those covered by A23L 15/20A23L 15/25
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 15/35
.
{
Egg substitutes
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 17/00
Food-from-the-sea products; Fish products; Fish meal; Fish-egg substitutes; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 17/10
.
Fish meal or powder; Granules, agglomerates or flakes [2016‑08]
A23L 17/20
.
Fish extracts [2016‑08]
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A23L 17/30
.
Fish eggs, e.g. caviar; Fish-egg substitutes [2016‑08]
A23L 17/35
. .
{
Fish-egg substitutes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 17/40
.
Shell-fish [2016‑08]
A23L 17/50
.
Molluscs [2016‑08]
A23L 17/60
.
Edible seaweed [2016‑08]
A23L 17/65
.
{
Addition of, or treatment with, micro-organisms or enzymes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 17/70
.
{
Comminuted, e.g. emulsified, fish products; Processed products therefrom such as pastes, reformed or compressed products (A23L 17/65, A23L 17/10, A23L 17/20, A23L 17/40, A23L 17/50 take precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 17/75
.
{
Coating with a layer, stuffing, laminating, binding or compressing of original fish pieces
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 19/00
Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof (of pulses A23L 11/00; marmalades, jams, jellies or the like A23L 21/10; treating harvested fruit or vegetables in bulk A23N) [2016‑08]
A23L 19/01
.
{
Instant products; Powders; Flakes; Granules (A23L 19/10A23L 19/12 take precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 19/03
.
{
consisting of whole pieces or fragments without mashing the original pieces
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/05
. .
{
Stuffed or cored products; Multilayered or coated products; Binding or compressing of original pieces
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/07
. .
{
Fruit waste products, e.g. from citrus peel or seeds
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/09
.
{
Mashed or comminuted products, e.g. pulp, purée, sauce, or products made therefrom, e.g. snacks (A23L 19/01, A23L 19/10, A23L 27/63 and A23L 21/00 take precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 19/10
.
of tuberous or like starch containing root crops [2016‑08]
A23L 19/105
. .
{
Sweet potatoes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/11
. .
{
Cassava, manioc, tapioca, or fermented products thereof, e.g. gari
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/115
. .
{
Konjak; Konntaku
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 19/12
. .
of potatoes [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 19/13
. . .
{
Mashed potato products
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/135
. . . .
{
Preformed edible shells filled with mashed potatoes; Stuffed mashed potato products
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/14
. . .
{
Original non-roasted or non-fried potato pieces
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/15
. . .
Unshaped dry products, e.g. powders, flakes, granules or agglomerates [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 19/18
. . .
Roasted or fried products, e.g. snacks or chips [2016‑08]
A23L 19/19
. . . .
{
from powdered or mashed potato products (A23L 19/135 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 19/20
.
by pickling, e.g. sauerkraut or pickles [2016‑08]
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A23L 21/00
Marmalades, jams, jellies or the like; Products from apiculture; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
WARNING

Collapse
A23L 21/10
.
Marmalades; Jams; Jellies; Other similar fruit or vegetable compositions; Simulated fruit products [2016‑08]
A23L 21/11
. .
{
obtained by enzymatic digestion of fruit or vegetable compositions
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 21/12
. .
derived from fruit or vegetable solids [2016‑08]
A23L 21/15
. .
derived from fruit or vegetable juice [2016‑08]
A23L 21/18
. .
Simulated fruit products [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 21/20
.
Products from apiculture, e.g. royal jelly or pollen; Substitutes therefor [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 21/25
. .
Honey; Honey substitutes [2016‑08]
A23L 21/27
. . .
{
Honey substitutes
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 23/00
Soups; Sauces (A23L 27/50, A23L 27/60 take precedence); Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 23/10
.
Soup concentrates, e.g. powders or cakes [2016‑08]
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A23L 25/00
Food consisting mainly of nutmeat or seeds; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 25/10
.
Peanut butter [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 25/20
.
{
consisting of whole seeds or seed fragments
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 25/25
. .
{
coated with a layer
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 25/30
.
{
Mashed or comminuted products, e.g. pulp, pastes, meal, powders; Products made therefrom, e.g. blocks, flakes, snacks; Liquid or semi-liquid products (A23L 25/10 and A23L 25/40 take precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 25/40
.
{
Fermented products; Products treated with micro-organisms or enzymes
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 27/00
Spices; Flavouring agents or condiments; Artificial sweetening agents; Table salts; Dietetic salt substitutes; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/10
.
Natural spices, flavouring agents or condiments; Extracts thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 27/105
. .
{
obtained from liliaceae, e.g. onions, garlic
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/11
. .
{
obtained by solvent extraction
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/115
. .
{
obtained by distilling, stripping, or recovering of volatiles
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 27/12
. .
from fruit, e.g. essential oils [2016‑08]
A23L 27/13
. . .
{
from citrus fruits
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/14
. .
Dried spices [2016‑08]
A23L 27/16
. . .
Onions [2016‑08]
A23L 27/18
. .
Mustard [2016‑08]
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A23L 27/20
.
Synthetic spices, flavouring agents or condiments [2016‑08]
A23L 27/201
. .
{
Compounds of unspecified constitution characterised by the chemical reaction for their preparation (A23L 27/215 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/202
. .
{
Aliphatic compounds
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/2022
. . .
{
containing sulfur
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/2024
. . .
{
having oxygen as the only hetero atom
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/2026
. . . .
{
Hydroxy compounds
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/2028
. . . .
{
Carboxy compounds
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/203
. .
{
Alicyclic compounds
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/204
. .
{
Aromatic compounds
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/205
. .
{
Heterocyclic compounds
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/2052
. . .
{
having oxygen or sulfur as the only hetero atoms
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/2054
. . .
{
having nitrogen as the only hetero atom
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/2056
. . .
{
having at least two different hetero atoms, at least one being an nitrogen atom
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/206
. .
{
Dairy flavours
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/21
. .
containing amino acids [2016‑08]
A23L 27/215
. . .
{
heated in the presence of reducing sugars, e.g. Maillard's non-enzymatic browning
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/22
. . .
containing glutamic acids [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/23
. .
containing nucleotides [2016‑08]
A23L 27/235
. . .
{
containing also amino acids
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/24
. .
prepared by fermentation [2016‑08]
A23L 27/25
. . .
{
Dairy flavours
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/26
. .
Meat flavours [2016‑08]
A23L 27/27
. .
Smoke flavours [2016‑08]
A23L 27/28
. .
Coffee or cocoa flavours [2016‑08]
A23L 27/29
. .
Fruit flavours [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/30
.
Artificial sweetening agents [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/31
. .
{
containing amino acids, nucleotides, peptides or derivatives
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/32
. . .
{
containing dipeptides or derivatives
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/33
. .
{
containing sugars or derivatives
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/34
. . .
{
Sugar alcohols
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/35
. . .
{
Starch hydrolysates
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/36
. . .
{
Terpene glycosides
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/37
. . .
{
Halogenated sugars
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/38
. . .
{
L-sugars
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/39
. .
{
Addition of sweetness inhibitors
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/40
.
Table salts; Dietetic salt substitutes [2016‑08]
A23L 27/45
. .
{
Salt substitutes completely devoid of sodium chloride
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/50
.
Soya sauce [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/60
.
Salad dressings; Mayonnaise; Ketchup [2016‑08]
A23L 27/63
. .
{
Ketchup
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/66
. .
{
Use of milk products or milk derivatives in the preparation of dressings
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 27/70
.
{
Fixation, conservation, or encapsulation of flavouring agents
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/72
. .
{
Encapsulation
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/74
. .
{
with a synthetic polymer matrix or excipient, e.g. vinylic, acrylic polymers
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/75
. .
{
the flavouring agents being bound to a host by chemical, electrical or like forces, e.g. use of precursors
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/77
. .
{
Use of inorganic solid carriers, e.g. silica
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/79
. .
{
in the form of films
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/80
.
{
Emulsions
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/82
.
{
Acid flavourants
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/84
.
{
Flavour masking or reducing agents
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/86
.
{
Addition of bitterness inhibitors
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 27/88
.
{
Taste or flavour enhancing agents
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 29/00
Foods or foodstuffs containing additives (containing additives for modifying the nutritive qualities A23L 33/10; containing substantially indigestive additives, e.g. dietary fibres, A23L 33/21); Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 29/015
.
{
Inorganic compounds
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/03
.
{
Organic compounds
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/035
. .
{
containing oxygen as heteroatom (gums A23L 29/25; sugar or sugar alcohols A23L 29/30)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/04
. . .
{
Fatty acids or derivatives
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/045
. .
{
containing nitrogen as heteroatom
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/05
. .
{
containing phosphorus as heteroatom
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/055
. .
{
containing sulfur as heteroatom
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/06
.
{
Enzymes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/065
.
{
Micro-organisms (addition of bacteria for nutritional purposes A23L 33/135)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/10
.
containing emulsifiers [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/20
.
containing gelling or thickening agents (marmalades, jams, jellies or other similar fruit or vegetable compositions A23L 21/10) [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/206
. .
of vegetable origin [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/212
. . .
Starch; Modified starch; Starch derivatives, e.g. esters or ethers (containing starch hydrolysates, e.g. dextrin, A23L 29/30) [2016‑08]
A23L 29/219
. . . .
Chemically modified starch; Reaction or complexation products of starch with other chemicals [2016‑08]
A23L 29/225
. . . .
Farinaceous thickening agents other than isolated starch or derivatives [2016‑08]
A23L 29/231
. . .
Pectin; Derivatives thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 29/238
. . .
from seeds, e.g. locust bean gum or guar gum (A23L 29/212, A23L 29/231 take precedence) [2016‑08]
A23L 29/244
. . .
from corms, tubers or roots, e.g. glucomannan (A23L 29/212 takes precedence) [2016‑08]
A23L 29/25
. . .
Exudates, e.g. gum arabic, gum acacia, gum karaya or tragacanth [2016‑08]
A23L 29/256
. . .
from seaweeds, e.g. alginates, agar or carrageenan [2016‑08]
A23L 29/262
. . .
Cellulose; Derivatives thereof, e.g. ethers [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/269
. .
of microbial origin, e.g. xanthan or dextran [2016‑08]
A23L 29/27
. . .
{
Xanthan not combined with other microbial gums
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/271
. . .
{
Curdlan; beta-1-3 glucan; Polysaccharides produced by agrobacterium or alcaligenes
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/272
. . .
{
Gellan
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/273
. . .
{
Dextran; Polysaccharides produced by leuconostoc
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/274
. . .
{
Pullulan
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/275
. .
of animal origin, e.g. chitin [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 29/281
. . .
Proteins, e.g. gelatin or collagen [2016‑08]
A23L 29/284
. . . .
{
Gelatin; Collagen
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/288
. .
Synthetic resins, e.g. polyvinylpyrrolidone [2016‑08]
A23L 29/294
. .
Inorganic additives, e.g. silica [2016‑08]
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A23L 29/30
.
containing carbohydrate syrups; containing sugars; containing sugar alcohols, e.g. xylitol; containing starch hydrolysates, e.g. dextrin (A23L 21/20 takes precedence; artificial sweetening agents A23L 27/30) [2016‑08]
WARNING

A23L 29/32
. .
{
Processes or apparatus for dissolving of sugars (dissolving or refining raw sugar C13B 30/14)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/35
. .
{
Degradation products of starch, e.g. hydrolysates, dextrins; Enzymatically modified starches
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 29/37
. .
{
Sugar alcohols
}
[2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 31/00
Edible extracts or preparations of fungi; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
WARNING

Collapse
A23L 31/10
.
Yeasts or derivatives thereof [2016‑08]
WARNING

A23L 31/15
. .
Extracts [2016‑08]
WARNING

Collapse
A23L 33/00
Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/10
.
using additives (A23L 33/21 takes precedence) [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/105
. .
Plant extracts, their artificial duplicates or their derivatives [2016‑08]
A23L 33/11
. . .
Plant sterols or derivatives thereof, e.g. phytosterols [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/115
. .
Fatty acids or derivatives thereof; Fats or oils [2016‑08]
A23L 33/12
. . .
Fatty acids or derivatives thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 33/125
. .
containing carbohydrate syrups; containing sugars; containing sugar alcohols; containing starch hydrolysates (indigestible substances A23L 33/21) [2016‑08]
WARNING

A23L 33/127
. .
{
Antibiotics
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 33/13
. .
Nucleic acids or derivatives thereof (A23L 33/145 takes precedence) [2016‑08]
A23L 33/135
. .
Bacteria or derivatives thereof, e.g. probiotics [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/14
. .
Yeasts or derivatives thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 33/145
. . .
Extracts [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/15
. .
Vitamins [2016‑08]
A23L 33/155
. . .
Vitamins A or D [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/16
. .
Inorganic salts, minerals or trace elements [2016‑08]
A23L 33/165
. . .
Complexes or chelates [2016‑08]
Collapse
A23L 33/17
. .
Amino acids, peptides or proteins [2016‑08]
A23L 33/175
. . .
Amino acids [2016‑08]
A23L 33/18
. . .
Peptides; Protein hydrolysates [2016‑08]
A23L 33/185
. . .
Vegetable proteins [2016‑08]
A23L 33/19
. . .
Dairy proteins [2016‑08]
A23L 33/195
. . .
Proteins from micro-organisms [2016‑08]
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A23L 33/20
.
Reducing nutritive value; Dietetic products with reduced nutritive value [2016‑08]
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A23L 33/21
. .
Addition of substantially indigestible substances, e.g. dietary fibres (addition of gelling or thickening agents A23L 29/20) [2016‑08]
A23L 33/22
. . .
Comminuted fibrous parts of plants, e.g. bagasse or pulp [2016‑08]
A23L 33/24
. . .
Cellulose or derivatives thereof [2016‑08]
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A23L 33/25
. . .
Synthetic polymers, e.g. vinylic or acrylic polymers [2016‑08]
A23L 33/26
. . . .
Polyol polyesters, e.g. sucrose polyesters; Synthetic sugar polymers, e.g. polydextrose [2016‑08]
A23L 33/28
. . .
Substances of animal origin, e.g. gelatin or collagen [2016‑08]
A23L 33/29
. . .
Mineral substances, e.g. mineral oils or clays [2016‑08]
A23L 33/30
.
{
Dietetic or nutritional methods, e.g. for losing weight (A23L 33/10 takes precedence)
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 33/40
.
{
Complete food formulations for specific consumer groups or specific purposes, e.g. infant formula
}
[2016‑08]
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A23L 35/00
Food or foodstuffs not provided for in groups A23L 5/00A23L 33/00; Preparation or treatment thereof [2016‑08]
A23L 35/10
.
{
Emulsified foodstuffs
}
[2016‑08]
A23L 35/20
.
{
No-fat spreads
}
[2016‑08]
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Last Modified: 10/10/2013