Skip over navigation
DEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING (valves specially adapted for medical use A61M 39/00; life-saving devices, apparatus or methods specially adapted for use in water B63C 9/00; divers` equipment B63C 11/00; specially adopted for use with aircraft, e.g. parachutes, ejector seats, {B64D 17/00, B64D 25/10}; rescue devices peculiar to mining E21F 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Life-saving devices in the sense of rescuing persons in immediate and physical danger due to possibly harmful surroundings, e.g. fire, toxic gases, falling from heights.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Life-saving in the medical sense is in A61M

Life-saving for use in water/on sea: B63C 9/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Medical transport, e.g. stretchers

Rescue devices for use in water/on sea

Rescue devices specific for mining

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety during construction of buildings(this includes anchors for safety-lines, lifelines and similar)

For belay-devices/mountaineering/climbing

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

PAPR

Powered Air Purifying Respirator(Filter and Blower)

SC(U)BA

Self-Contained (Underwater) Breathing Apparatus(Breathing apparatus with compressed air, or closed circuit breathing apparatus)

Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices to lower persons from heights, e.g. high-rise buildings.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Mountaineering : A63B 29/00

Climbing devices for poles, trees or similar: A63B 27/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Karabiners / snap-hook devices

Elevators

Emergency escape exits for airplanes (e.g. inflatable chutes)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chutes, slides or similar for amusement

Belay-devices/mountaineering/climbing devices

Self-acting brakes

Rope, cable or chain winding mechanisms

Brakes for load-lifting or hoisting

Conveying of suspended loads

Anchors for scaffolds

Anchors for scaffolds

Safety nets

Special rules of classification within this group

A62B 1/06: also includes rope-lowering devices for mountaineering.

Devices or single parts for facilitating escape from buildings or the like, e.g. protection shields, protection screens; Portable devices for preventing smoke penetrating into distinct parts of buildings (A62B 1/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices to allow persons to find their way out of dangerous situations; e.g. emergency exit signs, cutting implements (e.g. hydraulic scissors), emergency hammers, ropes with feelable indicators towards the next exit.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for lowering persons

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Crowbars or levers

Axes

Safety belt cutters in vehicles

Construction of visible, audible or tactile signalling devices (e.g. emergency exit signs)

Special rules of classification within this group

A62B 3/005: Devices forcing an action, e.g. cutting implements, emergency hammers.

Other devices for rescuing from fire (ladders E06C)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working platforms suspended from booms

Platforms for use on ladders; liftable and lowerable platforms

Ladders in general

Respiratory apparatus (for medical purposes A61M 16/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Breathing devices used in emergency cases, where breathing is otherwise not possible or potentially dangerous.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Breathing devices for medical purposes: A61M 16/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Devices for storing, carrying or holding respiratory apparatus

Breathing devices for medical purposes

Breathing devices for divers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filtering face masks

Breathing masks and helmets

Filters for breathing-protection purposes

Air-treatment apparatus for aircraft crew or passengers

Component parts for respiratory or breathing apparatus (A62B 19/00, A62B 21/00, A62B 23/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Elements used for respiratory or breathing apparatuses not provided for elsewhere, e.g. valves, breathing demand regulators, couplings, supporting frames for breathing apparatus (e.g. backpacks.)

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Cartridges with absorbing substances (e.g. active carbon): A62B 19/00

Devices for producing oxygen by a chemical reaction: A62B 21/00

Filters: A62B 23/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Breathing devices for medical purposes

Valves for use in medical breathing devices

Cartridges with absorbing substances for respiratory apparatus

Devices producing oxygen from chemical substances for respiratory apparatus

Filters for breathing protection purposes

Breathing devices for divers

Breathing demand valves for divers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Valves in general

Breathing masks and helmets

Valves in breathing masks or helmets

Filters for breathing-protection purposes

Devices for reconditioning breathing air in sealed rooms (chemical purification, disinfection, or sterilisation of air A61L; in aircraft or submarines, insofar as they influence the construction of the vehicle or are influenced by its construction B63B, B64D, respectively; air-conditioning in general F24F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for reconditioning breathing air in sealed rooms, e.g. air-raid shelters, high-security rooms, by filtering and reconditioning the air in the room (no outside air, no compressed air).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chemical purification, disinfection, or sterilisation of air

In aircraft or submarines, insofar as they influence the construction of the vehicle or are influenced by its construction

Air conditioning in general

Special devices for ventilating gasproof shelters (ventilating in general F24F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Special devices for ventilating gasproof shelters, e.g. air-raid shelters with provisions to filter chemical and/or biological and/or nuclear contaminants from outside air before delivering this air to the inside of the shelter (specifically if including provisions to protect the inside of the shelter agains shockwaves from explosions).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Ventilating in general

Installations affording protection against poisonous or injurious substances, e.g. with separate breathing apparatus ({preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced B08B 15/00}; building aspects E04H 9/00; {use of air currents for screening F24F 9/00})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Installed devices necessary to protect against poisonous or injurious substances.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection

Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced

Building aspects

Use of air currents in for screening

Protective clothing affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents or for use at high altitudes (protective clothing for work or sport A41D 13/00, {e.g. overalls A41D 13/02, surgical gowns A41D 13/12; materials for protecting clothing A41D 31/0011}; protecting eyes or ears A61F 9/00; composition of materials for protective clothing A62D 5/00; life-saving garments for use at sea B63C; diving suits B63C 11/02; flying suits, {anti-g suits} B64D 10/00; space suits B64G 6/00; bullet-proof clothing F41H 1/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Clothing which protects against high or low temperatures,this concerns especially adaptations to clothing which improve the suitability to use this clothing in certain circumstances, e.g. joint construction to improve flexibility while maintaining full protection, sealings of clothing to ensure air-tightness between the clothing and the wearer.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Protective clothing for work or sport

Clothing combined with harnesses

Overalls

Surgical gowns

Selection of Materials for outerwear

Materials for protecting clothing

Protection of eyes and ears

Half-masks which are made out of filter-material

Composition of materials for protective clothing

Life-saving garments for use at sea

Diving suits

Flying suits, anti-g suits

Space suits

Bullet-proof clothing

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clothing with controlled internal environment

Headwear, hoods

Clothing for nuclear engineering

Details of garments, e.g. closures, seams

Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes {or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort}(A62B 17/00 takes precedence; anaesthetic masks A61M 16/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Breathing masks or helmets where the construction of the mask or helmet is concerned.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Anaesthetic masks

Respiratory apparatus for aircraft

Protective clothing

Storing devices for breathing masks or helmets

Testing respiratory or breathing devices

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Helmets with ventilation

Fastening of respirators or breathing masks to helmets

Cartridges with absorbing substances for respiratory apparatus {(carbon dioxide absorbing devices A61M 16/22)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

the mechanical construction of cartridges with absorbing substances.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Carbon dioxide absorbing devices

Filters for breathing protection purposes

Chemical composition of absorbing substances

Devices for producing oxygen from chemical substances for respiratory apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices producing oxygen for respiratory apparatus from chemical substances where the construction of the device or the relationship with the breathing apparatus is concerned. E.g. the construction of the housing of "candles" burning chemicals to produce oxygen which is fed to breathing apparatus in regard to form, thermal optimisation (shedding of heat without endangering the user).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Carbon dioxide absorbing devices

Filters for breathing protection purposes

Chemical composition of absorbing substances

Filters for breathing-protection purposes (gas-filters in general B01D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Filters and filtering media used to protect users of breathing apparatus from toxic environments, also masks made out of a filtering material.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Chemical composition of absorbing substances

Gas filters in general

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filters in breathing apparatus used for medical or therapeutical purposes

Face masks of for use in foul atmosphere (protection during work against dust, splashes/liquids, or exterior impact)

Special rules of classification within this group

When mask protects against splashes/liquids, dust or exterior impact, classification should be in A41D 13/11.

When filtering or respiratory protection of the mask is relevant, classification should be done in A62B 23/025.

When both kind of protections are specified, both classes should be given.

Devices for storing {or holding or carrying} respiratory or breathing apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices, apparatus or similar to store, hold or carry breathing apparatus.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Carrying harness for divers equipment

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Storage of equipment in airplanes

Methods or devices for testing respiratory or breathing apparatus {for high altitudes}(apparatus for testing gastightness in general G01M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Testing of respiratory or breathing apparatus to indicate readiness of use, certification for certain tasks (e.g. high altitudes (meaning in aircraft, for mountain climbing, but not in outer space/vacuum), legal, ergonomic, or other requirements);

Indicating devices to indicate necessary refill/service of the apparatus (e.g. after previous use)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Apparatus for testing gastightness in general

"Artificial head" for testing gastightness of masks and helmets

Devices, e.g. installations, for rendering harmless or for keeping off harmful chemical agents (respiratory apparatus A62B 7/00; gasproof doors, windows, shutters E06B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Other devices for dealing with chemical agents which are not respiratory apparatus, e.g. devices including substances that eliminate chemical agents

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Respiratory apparatus

Gasproof windows, doors, shutters

Ventilation in general

Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection with devices for reconditioning the breathing air or for ventilating, {in particular those that are suitable for invalids or small children}(ventilation of gasproof shelters A62B 13/00; protective clothes or coverings A62B 17/00; treatment rooms for medical purposes A61G 10/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mobile shelters (e.g. containers, cabins, tents) including breathing protection apparatus.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Ventilation of gasproof shelters

Protective clothing or coverings

Treatment rooms for medical purposes

Ventilation in general

Devices for allowing seemingly-dead persons to escape or draw attention; Breathing apparatus for accidentally buried persons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices allowing accidentally buried person to indicate their location (e.g. victims of avalanches, earthquakes.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried person while mountaineering

Devices for in and under water

Detection of hidden masses in general

Distress signalling with visible signals

Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion (buckles A44B 11/00; accessories for children`s furniture A47D 15/00; children`s seats B60N 2/24; safety belts or body harnesses for land vehicles B60R 22/00; harnesses for parachutes B64D 17/30; harnessing in aircraft B64D 25/06; releasable fastenings F16B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices which keep people safe working at exposed position, e.g. catching devices for workers at heights; this includes lifeline constructions, harnesses, safety belts.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Hunting stands (shooting stands used for hunting)

Buckles

Baby-walk harnesses, harnesses to guide children

Accessories for childrens furniture

Restraining devices for orthopaedic means (attaching a body to e.g. bed, chair,...)

A61F5/00W

Lowering of persons from heights

Children seats

Safety seat belts for vehicles

Harnesses for parachutes

Harnessing in aircraft

Fabrics for safety-belts

Safety devices used in combination with a ladder

Releasable fastenings

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices for window cleaning

Harness for surfing

Conveying of suspended loads

Safety devices used during construction of buildings

Karabiners / snap-hook devices

Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or other objects; e.g. tensioning devices

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Medical transport, e.g. stretchers

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013