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DEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING (valves specially adapted for medical use A61M 39/00; life-saving devices, apparatus or methods specially adapted for use in water B63C 9/00; divers` equipment B63C 11/00; specially adopted for use with aircraft, e.g. parachutes, ejector seats, B64D; rescue devices peculiar to mining E21F 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Life-saving devices in the sense of rescuing persons in immediate and physical danger due to possibly harmful surroundings, e.g. fire, toxic gases, falling from heights.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Life-saving in the medical sense is in A61M

Life-saving for use in water/on sea: B63C 9/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Medical transport, e.g. stretchers
Rescue devices for use in water/on sea
Rescue devices specific for mining
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety during construction of buildings(this includes anchors for safety-lines, lifelines and similar)
For belay-devices/mountaineering/climbing
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

PAPR
Powered Air Purifying Respirator(Filter and Blower)
SC(U)BA
Self-Contained (Underwater) Breathing Apparatus(Breathing apparatus with compressed air, or closed circuit breathing apparatus)
Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices to lower persons from heights, e.g. high-rise buildings.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Mountaineering : A63B 29/00

Climbing devices for poles, trees or similar: A63B 27/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Karabiners / snap-hook devices
Elevators
Emergency escape exits for airplanes (e.g. inflatable chutes)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chutes, slides or similar for amusement
Belay-devices/mountaineering/climbing devices
Self-acting brakes
Rope, cable or chain winding mechanisms
Brakes for load-lifting or hoisting
Conveying of suspended loads
Anchors for scaffolds
Anchors for scaffolds
Safety nets
Special rules of classification within this group

A62B 1/06: also includes rope-lowering devices for mountaineering.

Devices or single parts for facilitating escape from buildings or the like, e.g. protection shields, protection screens; Portable devices for preventing smoke penetrating into distinct parts of buildings (A62B 1/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices to allow persons to find their way out of dangerous situations; e.g. emergency exit signs, cutting implements (e.g. hydraulic scissors), emergency hammers, ropes with feelable indicators towards the next exit.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for lowering persons
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Crowbars or levers
Axes
Safety belt cutters in vehicles
Construction of visible, audible or tactile signalling devices (e.g. emergency exit signs)
Special rules of classification within this group

A62B 3/005: Devices forcing an action, e.g. cutting implements, emergency hammers.

Other devices for rescuing from fire (ladders E06C)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Working platforms suspended from booms
Platforms for use on ladders; liftable and lowerable platforms
Ladders in general
Respiratory apparatus (for medical purposes A61M 16/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Breathing devices used in emergency cases, where breathing is otherwise not possible or potentially dangerous.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Breathing devices for medical purposes: A61M 16/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for storing, carrying or holding respiratory apparatus
Breathing devices for medical purposes
Breathing devices for divers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Filtering face masks
Breathing masks and helmets
Filters for breathing-protection purposes
Air-treatment apparatus for aircraft crew or passengers
Component parts for respiratory or breathing apparatus (A62B 19/00, A62B 21/00, A62B 23/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Elements used for respiratory or breathing apparatuses not provided for elsewhere, e.g. valves, breathing demand regulators, couplings, supporting frames for breathing apparatus (e.g. backpacks.)

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Cartridges with absorbing substances (e.g. active carbon): A62B 19/00

Devices for producing oxygen by a chemical reaction: A62B 21/00

Filters: A62B 23/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Breathing devices for medical purposes
Valves for use in medical breathing devices
Cartridges with absorbing substances for respiratory apparatus
Devices producing oxygen from chemical substances for respiratory apparatus
Filters for breathing protection purposes
Breathing devices for divers
Breathing demand valves for divers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Valves in general
Breathing masks and helmets
Valves in breathing masks or helmets
Filters for breathing-protection purposes
Devices for reconditioning breathing air in sealed rooms (chemical purification, disinfection, or sterilisation of air A61L; in aircraft or submarines, insofar as they influence the construction of the vehicle or are influenced by its construction B63B, B64D, respectively; air-conditioning in general F24F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for reconditioning breathing air in sealed rooms, e.g. air-raid shelters, high-security rooms, by filtering and reconditioning the air in the room (no outside air, no compressed air).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Chemical purification, disinfection, or sterilisation of air
In aircraft or submarines, insofar as they influence the construction of the vehicle or are influenced by its construction
Air conditioning in general
Special devices for ventilating gasproof shelters (ventilating in general F24F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Special devices for ventilating gasproof shelters, e.g. air-raid shelters with provisions to filter chemical and/or biological and/or nuclear contaminants from outside air before delivering this air to the inside of the shelter (specifically if including provisions to protect the inside of the shelter agains shockwaves from explosions).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ventilating in general
Installations affording protection against poisonous or injurious substances, e.g. with separate breathing apparatus ( {preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced B08B 15/00} ; building aspects E04H 9/00; {use of air currents for screening F24F 9/00} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Installed devices necessary to protect against poisonous or injurious substances.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection
Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced
Building aspects
Use of air currents in for screening
Protective clothing affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents or for use at high altitudes (protective clothing for work or sport A41D 13/00, {e.g. overalls A41D 13/02, surgical gowns A41D 13/12; materials for protecting clothing A41D 31/0011} ; protecting eyes or ears A61F 9/00; composition of materials for protective clothing A62D 5/00; life-saving garments for use at sea B63C; diving suits B63C 11/02; flying suits, {anti-g suits} B64D 10/00; space suits B64G 6/00; bullet-proof clothing F41H 1/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Clothing which protects against high or low temperatures,this concerns especially adaptations to clothing which improve the suitability to use this clothing in certain circumstances, e.g. joint construction to improve flexibility while maintaining full protection, sealings of clothing to ensure air-tightness between the clothing and the wearer.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Protective clothing for work or sport
Clothing combined with harnesses
Overalls
Surgical gowns
Selection of Materials for outerwear
Materials for protecting clothing
Protection of eyes and ears
Half-masks which are made out of filter-material
Composition of materials for protective clothing
Life-saving garments for use at sea
Diving suits
Flying suits, anti-g suits
Space suits
Bullet-proof clothing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Clothing with controlled internal environment
Headwear, hoods
Clothing for nuclear engineering
Details of garments, e.g. closures, seams
Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes {or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort} (A62B 17/00 takes precedence; anaesthetic masks A61M 16/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Breathing masks or helmets where the construction of the mask or helmet is concerned.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Anaesthetic masks
Respiratory apparatus for aircraft
Protective clothing
Storing devices for breathing masks or helmets
Testing respiratory or breathing devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Helmets with ventilation
Fastening of respirators or breathing masks to helmets
Cartridges with absorbing substances for respiratory apparatus { (carbon dioxide absorbing devices A61M 16/22) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

the mechanical construction of cartridges with absorbing substances.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Carbon dioxide absorbing devices
Filters for breathing protection purposes
Chemical composition of absorbing substances
Devices for producing oxygen from chemical substances for respiratory apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices producing oxygen for respiratory apparatus from chemical substances where the construction of the device or the relationship with the breathing apparatus is concerned. E.g. the construction of the housing of "candles" burning chemicals to produce oxygen which is fed to breathing apparatus in regard to form, thermal optimisation (shedding of heat without endangering the user).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Carbon dioxide absorbing devices
Filters for breathing protection purposes
Chemical composition of absorbing substances
Filters for breathing-protection purposes (gas-filters in general B01D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Filters and filtering media used to protect users of breathing apparatus from toxic environments, also masks made out of a filtering material.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Chemical composition of absorbing substances
Gas filters in general
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Filters in breathing apparatus used for medical or therapeutical purposes
Face masks of for use in foul atmosphere (protection during work against dust, splashes/liquids, or exterior impact)
Special rules of classification within this group

When mask protects against splashes/liquids, dust or exterior impact, classification should be in A41D 13/11.

When filtering or respiratory protection of the mask is relevant, classification should be done in A62B 23/025.

When both kind of protections are specified, both classes should be given.

Devices for storing {or holding or carrying} respiratory or breathing apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices, apparatus or similar to store, hold or carry breathing apparatus.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Carrying harness for divers equipment
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Storage of equipment in airplanes
Methods or devices for testing respiratory or breathing apparatus {for high altitudes} (apparatus for testing gastightness in general G01M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Testing of respiratory or breathing apparatus to indicate readiness of use, certification for certain tasks (e.g. high altitudes (meaning in aircraft, for mountain climbing, but not in outer space/vacuum), legal, ergonomic, or other requirements);

Indicating devices to indicate necessary refill/service of the apparatus (e.g. after previous use)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Apparatus for testing gastightness in general
"Artificial head" for testing gastightness of masks and helmets
Devices, e.g. installations, for rendering harmless or for keeping off harmful chemical agents (respiratory apparatus A62B 7/00; gasproof doors, windows, shutters E06B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Other devices for dealing with chemical agents which are not respiratory apparatus, e.g. devices including substances that eliminate chemical agents

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Respiratory apparatus
Gasproof windows, doors, shutters
Ventilation in general
Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection with devices for reconditioning the breathing air or for ventilating, {in particular those that are suitable for invalids or small children} (ventilation of gasproof shelters A62B 13/00; protective clothes or coverings A62B 17/00; treatment rooms for medical purposes A61G 10/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mobile shelters (e.g. containers, cabins, tents) including breathing protection apparatus.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ventilation of gasproof shelters
Protective clothing or coverings
Treatment rooms for medical purposes
Ventilation in general
Devices for allowing seemingly-dead persons to escape or draw attention; Breathing apparatus for accidentally buried persons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices allowing accidentally buried person to indicate their location (e.g. victims of avalanches, earthquakes.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried person while mountaineering
Devices for in and under water
Detection of hidden masses in general
Distress signalling with visible signals
Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion (buckles A44B 11/00; accessories for children`s furniture A47D 15/00; children`s seats B60N 2/24; safety belts or body harnesses for land vehicles B60R 22/00; harnesses for parachutes B64D 17/30; harnessing in aircraft B64D 25/06; releasable fastenings F16B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices which keep people safe working at exposed position, e.g. catching devices for workers at heights; this includes lifeline constructions, harnesses, safety belts.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hunting stands (shooting stands used for hunting)
Buckles
Baby-walk harnesses, harnesses to guide children
Accessories for childrens furniture
Restraining devices for orthopaedic means (attaching a body to e.g. bed, chair,...)
A61F5/00W
Lowering of persons from heights
Children seats
Safety seat belts for vehicles
Harnesses for parachutes
Harnessing in aircraft
Fabrics for safety-belts
Safety devices used in combination with a ladder
Releasable fastenings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety devices for window cleaning
Harness for surfing
Conveying of suspended loads
Safety devices used during construction of buildings
Karabiners / snap-hook devices
Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or other objects; e.g. tensioning devices
Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Medical transport, e.g. stretchers
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013