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FODDER
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeding-stuffs that are specially adapted, processed or formulated for nonhuman animals

Processes that are specially adapted for production of such animal feeding stuffs

Processes that are specially adapted for preservation of materials (e.g. grass or roots) in order to produce such animal feeding-stuffs

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Animal feeding-stuffs.

This subclass only covers feeding-stuffs that are disclosed as being specially adapted, processed or formulated for non-human animals. Foods or foodstuffs that are of unspecified use or specially adapted for human beings are covered by other subclasses for foodstuffs (see the references below), for example the other subclasses of A23.

Production of animal feeding-stuffs.

Processes for production of foods or foodstuffs that are of unspecified use, or specially adapted for human beings, are covered by the relevant subclasses therefor, see the references below.

Apparatus that is specially adapted for production of animal feeding-stuffs is covered by A23N 17/00.

Mechanical aspects that are of general utility are covered by other subclasses, see the references below.

Preservation of materials in order to produce animal feeding-stuffs.

This subclass only covers processes for preservation that are specially adapted for production of animal feeding-stuffs. Preservation of foods or food-stuffs that are of unspecified use or specially adapted for human beings, are covered by the relevant subclasses therefor, for example A23B and A23L 3/00 (see the references below).

Mechanical aspects of processes for preservation of materials in order to produce animal feeding-stuffs are classified in other subclasses, for example A01F 25/00 and F26B (see the references below).

Haymaking

Haymakers, i.e. apparatus for working on mown forage crop lying on the ground with the intention to make hay, are classified in A01D 76/00A01D 84/00. Haymakers may include means for mechanical treatment of mown crops in the field, for example for crop-conditioning.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mechanical aspects of methods that are specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural crops (e.g. in silos)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus specially adapted for cutting or disintegrating straw, hay or like harvested products of plant origin
Manufacture of dairy products
Animal husbandry; Care of birds, fishes or insects
Preparation of bait for angling
Preservation of plants in general
Biocides, pest repellants or pest attractants
Machines or equipment for making or processing doughs
Treating of flour or dough
Processing meat, poultry or fish
Preserving meat, fish, eggs, fruit, vegetables or edible seeds; The preserved products
Dairy products; Making dairy products
Edible oils or fats
Protein compositions for foodstuffs; Working-up proteins for foodstuffs; Phosphatide compositions for foodstuffs
Foods or foodstuffs not covered by subclasses A23B to A23J; Their preparation or treatment
Preservation of foods or foodstuffs in general
Machines or apparatus for treating harvested fruit or vegetables in bulk, not otherwise provided for
Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
Shaping or working of foodstuffs
Veterinary methods
Medicinal preparations
Mixing in general
Disintegrating in general
Granulating materials
Cutting in general
Presses in general, e.g. for making briquettes
Polysaccharides; Derivatives thereof
Derivatives of natural macromolecular compounds
Producing animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes
Preparation of fats, oils, or fatty acids
Micro-organisms or enzymes; Compositions thereof
Fermentation or enzyme-using processes to synthesise a desired chemical compound or composition
Sugar industry
Drying solid materials
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expressions "fodder", "feed" and "feedstuff" are often used instead of "feedingstuffs" which is used in the classification scheme of this group.

Animal feeding-stuffs ( detoxicating or removing bitter tastes from seeds, e.g. lupin seeds for fodder or food A23L 1/211)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs and processes for production in general

{Shaping or working-up of feeding-stuffs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Processes for producing fodders not covered in subgroups, as well as fodders resulting from processes.

{by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Processes for producing fodders by agglomeration, granulation, powdering, as well as granular, powdered fodders resulting from processes.

{by moulding; by extrusion}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Processes for producing fodders by molding pressing, extrusions as well as molded, compressed or pressed or extruded fodders resulting from such processes.

{by encapsulating; by coating}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Processes for producing fodders by encapsulating, coating, covering
  • Coated, covered, or enveloped fodders resulting from these processes
{Making capsules specially adapted for ruminants}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Processes for making coatings designed to bypass the rumen and products per se.

{Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Non-specified microbiological processes for fodder or non-specified addition of microbes in general.

{by fermentation of natural products, or vegetable or animal offal materials, e.g. biomasses ( single cell proteins as additives A23K 1/008 ; live micro-organisms as additives A23K 1/009) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Use of microorganisms to produce fodder ingredients or fodders (biomass) and the ingredients of fodders per se.

{Addition of micro-organisms to feeding-stuff compositions, e.g. single cell proteins ( biomasses A23K 1/007 ; enzymes A23K 1/165) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods of adding microbes such as probiotics to fodders and the fodders per se.

{Addition of live micro-organisms to feeding-stuff compositions}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods of adding live microbes such as probiotics to fodders and the fodders per se.

from molasses
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from molasses and fodder containing molasses as a significant ingredient.

from blood ( proteins from blood A23J 1/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from blood or blood products and fodder containing these as a significant ingredient.

from distillers` or brewers` waste
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from waste products of brewing and distilling (e.g. solubles) and fodder containing same as a significant ingredient.

from waste products of dairy plant
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from dairy wastes and fodder containing these as a significant ingredient.

from meat, fish, or bones; from kitchen waste
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from animal or waste material in general, and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

{from fish}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from fish (including shellfish, crustaceans), and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

{from animal offal material, e.g. feathers, bones, skin ( from blood A23K 1/04) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from animal (including fish, etc.) waste material, and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

from hydrolysates of wood or straw
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from chemical or enzymatic hydrolysates of wood or straw (including lignaceous or cellulosic) material, and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

from vegetable materials, e.g. potatoes or roots without ensilaging ( preserving food A23B , A23L)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from vegetable material in general (including plant extracts), and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

{from potatoes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from potatoes (including by-products), and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

{from vegetable offal material ( molasses A23K 1/02 ; distillers` and brewers` waste A23K 1/06 ; from wood or straw A23K 1/12) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Production of fodder from vegetable waste material, and fodders containing same as a significant ingredient.

supplemented with accessory food factors; Salt blocks { ( steroids, hormones or enzymes A23K 1/165 ; antibiotics A23K 1/17 ; inorganic additions A23K 1/175) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Animal feed or fodder supplemented with additives which may, for example, enhance the nutritional value, digestibility or appeal of the feed, may effect weight-gain of the animal, or the appearance of the flesh or meat of the animal, etc.

Specific additives being classified in the subgroups, e.g. vitamins as fodder additives are classified in A23K 1/1603, sugars as fodder additives are classified in A23K 1/1643

{Vitamins}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Animal feed or fodder supplemented with additives which may, for example, enhance the nutritional value , digestibility or appeal of the feed, may effect weight-gain of the animal, or the appearance of the flesh or meat of the animal, etc.

{Pigmenting agents}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of colouring agent to the fodder resulting in, for example, brightly coloured food, e.g. to attract birds, or resulting in enhanced colour of the flesh or meat, e.g. pink colouring to salmon flesh.

{Aliphatic or alicyclic compounds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of non-aromatic carbon compounds (not including fatty, amino, or heterocyclic, etc. compounds covered by other subclasses).

{Aromatic compounds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of non-heterocyclic compounds containing at least one benzene ring.

{Heterocyclic compounds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of heterocyclic compounds in general.

{containing oxygen or sulfur as hetero atom}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of saturated or unsaturated oxo- or sulfo- heterocycles (e.g. oxirane, oxetane, etc., and thiirane, thietane, etc., compounds).

{Lactones}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of lactone type cyclic esters.

{containing only one nitrogen as hetero atom}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of saturated or unsaturated single nitrogen containing heterocycles (e.g. aziridine, pyridine, etc.).

{containing two hetero atoms of which at least one is nitrogen}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of saturated or unsaturated heterocycles, with more than one heteroatom and containing at least one nitrogen atom (e.g. oxazepines, thiazepines, pyridazine).

{Amino acids; Derivatives thereof, e.g. peptides, proteins}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of peptide and worked up protein material, including proteolyzates.

{Amino acids; Non-polymeric derivatives thereof}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of amino acids (including esters, salts, etc.).

{Nucleic acids; Hydrolysis products or derivatives thereof}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of nucleic acids and fragments (DNA, RNA, etc.).

{Fatty acids, fats, oil- or fat-containing products}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of oils, fats, fatty acids, fatty materials including waxes.

{Sugars or polysaccharides}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of saccharides including simple sugars and starches as well as cellulosic materials.

{Other organic substances}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of organic substances of undefined composition, including mixtures thereof.

with steroids, hormones, or enzymes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of steroids (e.g. cortisone, prednisolone, etc.) and hormones (e.g., growth hormone, oxtocin, etc.) and derivatives.

{Enzymes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of enzymes (in general and specific).

{Pretreatment of feeding-stuffs with enzymes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Treating fodder by addition of enzymes (in general and specific) for particular effects.

with antibiotics
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of antibiotics per se (not including probiotics - see A23K 1/008).

with inorganic substances; Salt blocks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of inorganic materials, e.g. metals, salts, gases, etc.

{Alkali metal compounds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of group 1 elements (Li, Na, K, etc.).

{Earth alkali metal compounds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of group 2 elements (Be, Mg, Ca, etc.).

{Compounds containing phosphorus}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of organic and inorganic P compounds (e.g. pyrophosphates, etc.).

{Silicates, e.g. perlite, zeolite, bentonite}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of Si compounds (including earths, clays, etc.).

{Oligoelements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Addition of trace elements (e.g. Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Se, I., etc.).

specially adapted for particular animals ( milk substitutes A23C 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds adapted for specific animals in general.

{for horses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for equine animals (e.g. horses, donkeys, zebra).

{for ruminants}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for ruminant animals (e.g. cows, goats, sheep, etc.).

{for birds}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for avian animals in general (e.g. pigeons, wild birds, etc.).

{for poultry}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

feeds for domesticated farmed avians (e.g. chicken, turkey, geese, duck, etc.).

{for monogastric animals}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for monogastric animals for which no more suitable class exists (e.g. rabbits, apes, reptiles, etc.).

{for swine}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for suidae (e.g. pig, hog, boar, etc.).

{for carnivorous animals, e.g. cats, dogs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for carnivorous animals in general (canines, felines, mink, etc.).

{Dry feed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

0-15% H2O.

{Semi-moist feed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

15-50% H2O.

{Moist feed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

50-100% H2O.

{for insects, e.g. bees, silk worms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for insects (e.g. honeybees, flies, etc.).

{for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans, molluscs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds used in aquaculture in general (including shellfish and marine mammals).

{for rodents}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for rodents (e.g. mice, rats, hamsters, etc.).

{for weanlings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for young animals in general.

containing chemicals which are converted to proteins by cattle, e.g. ammonium salts, urea
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feeds for ruminants which contain nitrogenous protein precursors.

Preservation of materials to produce animal feeding-stuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs characterized by preservation method and the feedstuffs per se.

{Dehydration}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs characterized by dehydration preservation and the feedstuffs per se.

of green fodder ( processing and storing A01F 25/00 ; silos E04H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs characterized by preservation of green material (grasses, lucerne, etc.) and the feedstuffs per se.

{Dehydration of green fodder}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs characterized by dehydration preservation of green material (grasses, lucerne, etc.) and the feedstuffs per se.

using chemicals for ensilaging
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs characterized by addition of chemicals (or biochemicals) to produce silage and the silage per se.

{Ensilage by use of micro-organisms or enzymes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Feedstuffs characterized by addition of enzymes and/or microbes to produce silage and the silage per se.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013