Skip over navigation
SHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Underwear covers shirts, hosiery, baby linen and hankerchiefs.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Outerwear (dressing-gowns, bathing costumes and pyjamas)
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Machines, appliances or methods for making a particular article of apparel should be classified in the relevant group for the machine, appliance or method concerned in A41H and also as additional information with the symbol A41B to A41F.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Dressing-gown
A loose gown worn while making one's toilet or when in dishabille.
Shirts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media0.png

with front inserts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media1.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of shirt fronts & front inserts
Special rules of classification within this group

For details of shirt-fronts, i.e. fastening of front inserts, classify in A41B 1/18

For shirts with front inserts, i.e. where the shirt is relevant, classify in A41B 1/02

convertible into cami-knickers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Shirts which are adapted at the lower end to pass between the legs.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media2.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Trouser supports attached to the shirt, waistcoat
exchangeably attached to underbodices, drawers, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media3.png

Details
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Constructional details of shirts such as sleeves, pockets and seams but may also be used for accessories which can be attached to shirts.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media4.png

Closures (buttons A44B 1/00; sleeve links A44B 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media5.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Closures on collars of shirts
Special rules of classification within this group

For collar or neckband closures, classify in A41B 3/02

For other closures in shirts, not on collars or neckbands classify in A41B 1/10

Neckbands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media6.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Collars for shirts
Protectors for collars of outerwear
Cloth collars for outerwear
Special rules of classification within this group

Classify in neckbands A41B 11/12 when it deals with the vertical part touching the neck.

Classify in collars A41B 3/00 when it deals with the folded part over the neckband.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Neckband
The part of the garment that encircles the neck.
Collar
The part of the garment which is folded over the neckband.
Stiffeners for neckbands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media7.png

Adjustable neckbands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media8.png

Shirt-fronts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media9.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Shirts with front inserts, i.e. where the shirt is relevant
Special rules of classification within this group

For details of shirt-fronts, i.e. fastening of front inserts, classify in A41B 1/18

For shirts with front inserts, i.e. where the shirt is relevant, classify in A41B 1/02

Stiffeners for shirt-fronts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media10.png

False shirt-fronts, e.g. dickeys, with or without attached collars; Means for attaching or stretching
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media11.jpg

Collars (A41B 1/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media12.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Neckbands for shirts
Cloth collars for outerwear
Special rules of classification within this group

Classify in neckbands A41B 11/12 when it deals with the vertical part touching the neck.

Classify in collars A41B 3/00 when it deals with the folded part over the neckband.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Neckband
The part of the garment that encircles the neck.
Collar
The part of the garment which is folded over the neckband.
Closures, e.g. tabs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media13.png

fastening to shirts (collar-studs A44B 3/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media14.png

Stiffeners for collars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media15.png

Combined stiffening and fastening devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media16.png

with supports for neckties or cravats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media17.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Neckties provided with holding devices
Neckties with ready-made knot with holding devices
Neckties with knot tied by the user attachable to collar
Reversible collars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media18.png

Protectors for collars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media19.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Protectors for collars of outerwear
Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises protectors for collars of shirts. For protectors for collars of outerwear classify in A41D 27/16.

Fold-line formings for collars or cuffs (folding collar or cuff edges while manufacturing A41H 33/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media20.png

Cuffs (A41B 1/00, A41B 3/00 take precedence; cuff links A44B 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media21.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fixation of watches on clothing
Closures for cuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media22.png

Fastening cuffs to shirts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media23.png

Fastening cuffs to the sleeves of jackets
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media24.png

Stiffeners for cuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media25.png

Reversible cuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media26.png

Protectors for cuffs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media27.png

Undergarments (corsets, brassiƩres A41C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media28.jpg

media29.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Selection of special materials for underwear
Protective undergarments comprising integral sweat/odor protection means
Under-arm shields for outerwear and underwear, usually for absorbing sweat
{Underpants or briefs (specially adapted for men A41B 9/02; specially adapted for ladies A41B 9/04) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media30.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Knitting panties
{with thong, tonga or string shape}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media31.jpg

Drawers or underpants for men, with or without inserted crotch or seat parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media32.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Incontinence pants
Absorbent pants
{with separate spaces for genitals}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media33.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Promoting male erection
Incontinence devices
Knickers for ladies, with or without inserted crotch or seat parts { (menstrual panties A61F 13/496) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media34.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Garments adhered to body to support absorbent pads
Undershirts; Chemises
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media35.png

Combined undergarments (panti-hose, body-stockings A41B 11/14)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media36.png

Petticoats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media37.png

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Petticoat
A light loose undergarment (originally of calico, flannel, silk, etc.; now frequently of synthetic material) hanging from the shoulders or waist, and worn by a woman or girl under a dress or skirt.
Protective undergarments (combined with swabs or absorbent pads or specially adapted for supporting them A61F 13/15)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media38.png

media39.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Absorbent pads for breast / torso
Additives (for odour) of absorbent pads
A61F13/15H8
Absorbent pads attaching to the body
Body deodorants
Textiles containing perfume or deodorants
Special rules of classification within this group

This group comprises only when protection is done by textile; it does not comprise absorbent devices.

Comprises underwear having integral odor/sweat protection means. For separate under-arm shields for underwear or outerwear, usually for absorbing sweat, classify in A41D 27/13.

For underwear having shock protecting means classify in A41B 9/12 and give also relevant lower subgroup of A41D 13/05; i.e. A41D 13/0506 if protection is for the hip.

Waistbands forming part of the undergarments; Closures therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media40.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Waistbands for trousers or skirts
Shoulder-straps forming part of the undergarments (shoulder-straps in general A41F 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media41.png

Hosiery; Panti-hose (elastic stockings for curative purposes A61F 13/08)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media42.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Compression elastic stockings for curative purposes
Sporting garments with embedded elastic bands (but no compression therapeutic effect)
Insoles, inside shoes (also called socks)
Compression elastic stockings for curative purposes
Orthopedic for feet
Devices for stimulating reflex points accupuncture, shiatsu
Massage by own weight
A61H7/00B4
Knitting stocking
Bandages for feet
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Sock
Sense given in A41B : A short stocking covering the foot and usually reaching to the calf of the leg; half-hose. Sense given in A43B (shoes): A covering for the foot, of the nature of a light shoe, slipper, pump, sandal, patten, or clog.
{Decoration; Marking}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media43.jpg

{Pairing socks (devices for keeping articles together during laundering D06F 95/008) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media44.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Marking laundry
{Hosiery made essentially of a multi-ply construction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media45.jpg

{Hosiery with pockets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media46.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hosiery with shinguards
A63B71/21L
{Hosiery with an added sole, e.g. sole made of rubber or leather}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media47.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hosiery with anti slip coating
Profiled soles
Insoles, inside shoes (also called socks)
Bathing shoes, socks for walking around swimmingpools, spas
Shoes with toes spreader
Swim aids for feet
Surfer feet devices
Water shoes
Special rules of classification within this group

Difference between A41B 11/007 & A41B 11/008:

For hosiery with anti-slip coating, i.e. very thin usually laminated layer or discrete coating portions, classify in A41B 11/008

For hosiery with added sole, i.e. added sole separately made of rubber or leather, classify in A41B 11/007.

It is obvious that an added sole will have anti-slip properties but it cannot be considered a coating and should not be classed in A41B 11/008, but in A41B 11/007 alone.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Sock
Sense given in A41B : A short stocking covering the foot and usually reaching to the calf of the leg; half-hose. Sense given in A43B: A covering for the foot, of the nature of a light shoe, slipper, pump, sandal, patten, or clog.
{Hosiery with an anti-slip coating}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media48.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hosiery with an added sole
Coating with silicone
Fabric treatment silicone
Special rules of classification within this group

Difference between A41B 11/007 & A41B 11/008:

For hosiery with anti-slip coating, i.e. very thin usually laminated layer or discrete coating portions, classify in A41B 11/008

For hosiery with added sole, i.e. added sole separately made of rubber or leather, classify in A41B 11/007.

It is obvious that an added sole will have anti-slip properties but it cannot be considered a coating and should not be classed in A41B 11/008, but in A41B 11/007 alone.

Seams
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media49.png

Reinforcements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Socks with protection for the feet should be classified here and in A41D 13/06.

Comprises cushioning.

Illustrative example:

media50.jpg

of the stocking top
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media51.jpg

with interchangeable foot parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media52.jpg

Stockings without foot parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media53.jpg
media54.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gaiters, spats
Overshoes
Hosiery with shinguards
Special rules of classification within this group

When worn under garments or shoes, classify in stockings without foot parts A41B 11/08.

When worn over garments and/or shoes, classify in Gaiters/Spats A41D 17/00 and lower groups.

When worn only over shoes, forward to Overshoes: A43B 3/16, A43B 5/18.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Gaiter
A covering of cloth, leather, etc. for the ankle, or ankle and lower leg.
Spat
A short gaiter worn over the instep and reaching only a little way above the ankle, usually fastened under the foot by means of a strap.
Stocking protectors (to be put in footwear A43B 23/28)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media55.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

Comprises footies/shoe liners.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Footie/ shoe liner
Socks covering only foot parts.
Means at the upper end to keep the stockings up (A41B 11/04 takes precedence; suspenders A41F 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media56.jpg

media57.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

When suspension done by a different device from the stocking, classify in A41F 11/00 and lower groups.

When suspension is integral with stocking classify in A41B 11/12 and lower groups.

When stocking is adapted to allow separate garter to fasten, classify in A41F 11/00 and lower groups and as additional information in A41B 11/12.

Comprises cord inside sleeve at upper end.

{Elastic or flexible yarns knitted into the upper end}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media58.jpg

{Elastic or flexible bands attached at the upper end}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media59.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

For cord inside sleeve at upper end classify in A41B 11/12.

{Integrated adjustable garter}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media60.jpg

media61.jpg

{having friction increasing means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media62.jpg

{in discontinuous form}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media63.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coating silicone
Fabric treatment silicone
Panti-hose; Body-stockings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media64.jpg
media65.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sportive tights
Professional or sportive protective overalls
Elastic trousers with curative purposes, compression stockings
Special rules of classification within this group

For underwear panti-hose classify in A41B 11/14 and lower groups.

For sportive tights classify in A41D 1/08 and lower groups.

For underwear body stockings classify in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls classify in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression classify in A41D 13/0015.

For compression stockings forward to A61F 13/08.

{Panti-hose made of two separated stockings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media66.jpg

media67.jpg

{connected at the waistband}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media68.jpg

media69.jpg

Baby linen (babies` napkins or holders therefor A61F 13/15; {patients` garments specially adapted for babies A41D 13/1272} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Clothing or other cloth articles for an infant such as infant underwear or bibs, etc.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media70.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Nursery furniture, devices for guiding / supporting children
Devices for preventing children from falling out of bed, restraining devices
{Overalls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media71.jpg

Babies` pants (combined with swabs or absorbent pads or specially adapted for supporting them A61F 13/15)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media72.jpg

Slip-in bags; Swaddling clothes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for babies.

Illustrative example:

media73.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Blankets
Travelling baby blanket
Sleeping bag
Special rules of classification within this group

For sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for adults classify in A41D 10/00.

Always forward also sleeping-bags to A47G 9/08.

Bodices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media74.jpg

Bibs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media75.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)
Napkins attachable to clothing
Napkin with separate holding devices
Lap trays
Surgical drapes
Special rules of classification within this group

When protection is for children/babies, classify in bibs: A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, classify in aprons A41D 13/04.

For protectors of neckties classify in A41D 25/00.

{with a pocket}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media76.png

{with fastening means for attachment to tray or table}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media77.jpg

Handkerchiefs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media78.png

media79.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cleaning or scouring pads, wipes containing detergent
Paper tissues
Special rules of classification within this group

For exterior protection on arm of clothing to use as handkerchief, classify in A41D 27/12 and A41B 15/00.

If it has the shape of an armband, class additionally in A41D 20/00.

Simulations of breast pocket handkerchiefs; Their attachment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media81.png

Selection of special materials for underwear
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Textiles containing perfume or deodorants
Deodorising or perfuming
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Holders for air deodorants
Body deodorants
Perfumes encapsulated in a carrier
Perfumes released by thermal or chemical activation
Textiles containing perfume or deodorants
Containers for holding perfume
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013