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BAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING (domestic baking equipment A47J 37/00 ; combustion apparatus F23; domestic stoves or ranges being wholly or partly ovens F24B, F24C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Industrial baker's ovens for baking food products;

Parts or accessories for such ovens, e.g. baker's peels and baking forms, tins, sheets or boards used in such ovens;

Baking apparatuses for specials goods, e.g. waffles, cups, cones, pancakes, doughnuts;

Baking plants and baking apparatuses in combination with mixing or kneading devices.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines or equipment for making or processing dough; handling baked articles made from dough
Baking processes
General methods of cooking foods
Kitchen equipment
Baking; roasting; grilling; frying
Combustion apparatus; combustion processes
F23
Domestic stoves or ranges
Furnaces, kilns, ovens, retorts
F27
Control of temperature
Electric heating
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Baking
cooking food by dry heat acting by conduction note: normally in an oven, bus also in hot ashes, or on hot stones; baked food products are dough-based products like pastries, cakes or bread, or baked potatoes, baked apples, baked beans,....
Bakers' ovens
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The bakers' ovens are classified according to the following aspects:

  • the heating arrangements, e.g. by fire before baking, heated radiators or hot air flowing trough the oven. Ovens comprising radiators with openings to discharge steam into the oven in order to regulate the humidity are classified in A21B 3/04. Domestic ovens with convection means are classified in F24C 15/322;
  • means for regulating the temperature;
  • the baking surfaces moving during the baking. Movable elements used for charging or discharging ovens are classified in A21B 3/07.
characterised by the baking surfaces moving during the baking (conveying in general B65G)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Roasting apparatus with movable-mounted food supports
Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces
Baking apparatus employing high-frequency or infra-red heating
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Heating using microwaves
Parts or accessories of ovens
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of industrial bakers' ovens, e.g. loading or unloading mechanism to bring products to be baked into and out of the baking cavities, doors to provide access to the baking cavities, air-treatment devices for regulating the humidity in the baking cavity and means for illuminating ovens. Furthermore the group comprises machines for cleaning or greasing baking surfaces and machines for discharging baked goods from tins.

Accessories of ovens, e.g. baking tins, baking boards and baker's peels.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for gripping or lifting hot cooking utensils
Doors; Flap gates (general features of doors E06B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of doors and flap gates that provide access to the baking cavity of industrial baking ovens. A flap gate is an access opening comprising a flap which is pivotable on its upper or lower edge. Such access means are generally used in stacked baking ovens. Furthermore, this group covers details of doors of bakers' ovens, e.g. ovens wherein a movable trolley loaded with food products is rolled into the baking cavity or ovens wherein the baking surfaces move during the baking.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fixed or movable closures for openings in buildings, vehicles, fences, or like enclosures, in general
Doors specially adapted for stoves or ranges
Air-treatment devices for ovens, e.g. regulating humidity
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cooking-vessels for cooking food in steam
Arrangements of ducts for hot gases with air moisturising
Charging or discharging ovens (A21B 3/18 takes precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Discharging baked goods from tins
Manipulating tins, pans etc. e.g. charging or discharging conveyors, trolleys or ovens
Means for illuminating ovens
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of lighting of general application
Illumination for domestic oven cavities
Lighting devices in microwave cavity
Baking-tins; Baking forms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cooking-vessels
Vessels uniquely adapted for baking
Baking sheets; Baking boards
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shelves, racks or trays inside ovens
Machines for cleaning or greasing baking surfaces
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for applying oil to bakery products
Discharging baked goods from tins (unpacking in general B65B 69/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for handling baked articles
Unpacking of articles or materials
Baking apparatus for special goods; Other baking apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Baking apparatuses for special goods, e.g. hollow articles, waffles, pastry, biscuits, pancakes, or tortillas. These machines are used to produce a high quantity of baked goods. Domestic kitchen equipment, e.g. waffle-irons comprising hinged moulds are classified in A47J 37/0611.

Apparatus for baking hollow articles, waffles, pastry, biscuits, or the like
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Domestic waffle-irons
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for shaping or moulding baked wafers
Apparatus for baking in baking fat or oil, e.g. for making doughnuts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Deep fat fryers wherein the food is transported trough an oil-bath
Baking plants
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Systems comprising a dough rising chamber with handling means to transport dough products into or through a baking cavity;

Systems comprising a (plurality of) baking chamber(s) connected to a central control and monitoring device;

Baking apparatus, e.g. for bread, in combination with mixing or kneading devices

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coin freed apparatus comprising heating or cooling
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013