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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 293]   CLASS 293,VEHICLE FENDERS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

Devices attached to vehicles-such as automobiles, railway cars, or locomotives-for the purpose of removing persons and animals from the path of a moving vehicle or of catching and retaining the same or for receiving or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

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114Ships,   subclasses 219+ for shipboard fenders.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 727+ for miscellaneous vehicle attachments resembling fenders (e.g., plant spreaders, dust and mud guards).
405Hydraulic and Earth Engineering,   subclasses 212+ for fenders for marine structures.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 1]    1MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices not falling properly into any of the following subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 2]    2WITH CAR CONTROL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders interconnected in operation with car controlling elements.
(1) Note. During the reclassification of former subclasses 91+ of Class 180, Motor Vehicles, now subclasses 274+ thereof, it was not possible to review the art of this area (subclasses 2+) to determine if a conflict exists between the two areas.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 274+ for a motor vehicle provided with a safety-promoting means which is responsive to the engagement of a portion of the perimeter (e.g., fender) of the vehicle with an external object, and see (1) Note of this subclass (2).
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 3]    3Cable grip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  The operation of the fender is concurrent with releasing device for a cable grip.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 4]    4Electric circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  The fender operation is interconnected with an electric switch which relates to the control of the car movement.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclass 279 for a motor vehicle provided with a safety-promoting means which is responsive to the engagement of a portion of the perimeter (e.g., a fender) of the vehicle with an external object and wherein the response interrupts an electrical system of the vehicle or its motor, and see (1) Note of subclass 2 above.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 5]    5Fluid brake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Movable fender devices interconnected with the operation of a fluid brake system for the car.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 275+ for a motor vehicle provided with a safety-promoting means which is responsive to the engagement of a portion of the perimeter (e.g., a fender) of the vehicle with an external object and wherein the response applies one or more braking devices on the vehicle, and see (1) Note of subclass 2 above.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 6]    6Track brake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  The operation of a track or rail brake is connected up with the fender operation.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 275+ as explained in the reference thereto appearing in subclass 5 above, and see especially subclass 276.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 7]    7Chock block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  A wedge or chock block engages both the wheel and rail and is connected in operation with the fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 8]    8Wheel shoe:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Brake shoes for the car wheels connected for operation with a fender.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 275+ as explained in the reference thereto appearing in subclass 5 above.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 9]    9MOTOR ACTUATED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Motors, usually pneumatic, for fender operation.

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5,
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 10]    10Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Electric motors and electromagnets for fender operation and control.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 11]    11CAR AXLE-ACTUATED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Driving connections from a car axis or wheel for fender operation. This does not include such devices for the rotary subclasses 17 to 20.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 12]    12DIRIGIBLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices under the control of the motorman for causing the fender to follow a curved track in a changeable angular relation to the car.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 13]    13Automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 12.  Automatic devices connected to the front truck of a car or knuckles of an automobile to laterally direct the fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 14]    14CAR AND TRUCK EQUALIZER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  The interconnection of the fender with the truck and car body is such as to eliminate excessive vertical oscillation of the fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 15]    15BODY TRAPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Boxes, gripping pads, and wings for catching and retaining a body.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 16]    16Lateral closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.  Twin body-grasping members move in horizontal planes.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 17]    17ROTARY:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Rotary drums and rollers for engaging bodies and moving them to a safe position.

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492Roll or Roller,   for a roll, per se, not elsewhere provided for, and see the notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 18]    18Diverging rolls:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Two driven rolls which in plan form a V diverging from the front toward the rear.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 19]    19Horizontal wheel of vehicle width:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Apparatus comprising a horizontal wheel arranged in front of the car and having a diameter substantially that of car-truck width.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 20]    20Endless belts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  One or more endless body-engaging belts form all or a portion of the car fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 21]    21SIDE PROJECTOR:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Oscillating or reciprocatory devices for positively moving bodies transversely and to one side of the track.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 22]    22Twin sections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  except that a pair of projectors are used, one for each side of the track.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 23]    23Single tilter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  except that a member arranged transversely of the vehicle end is designed to yield rearwardly at one end to effect the shunting of the body from the track.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 24]    24FORWARD PROJECTOR:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders which are projected forwardly when a body is to be engaged.

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11,
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 25]    25Spring-acutated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 24.  Fenders in which a spring power is used for projecting the fender forwardly.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 26]    26Plunger type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  except that the fender is thrust forward by spring-actuated plungers, the spring being concentric with the plunger.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 27]    27LAZY TONGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders of lazy-tongs form.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 28]    28REAR-SLIDE STORAGE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders which are adapted to slide rearwardly under a car platform to get them out of the way when not in use.

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24,25, and 26.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 29]    29Folding upright:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  with the addition of a vertical foldable fender hinged to the sliding fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 30]    30DOUBLE-ENDER INTERCONNECTED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Bumpers at opposite ends of a vehicle interconnected through their mounting means so that impact on one is absorbed by the mounting means of both.

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126,for bumpers extending entirely around a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 31]    31DASH AND WHEEL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  A fender at the front of or on the dashboard of a car which may uphold a body and wheel-guard fender under a car platform. The dash fender usually controls the wheel-guard fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 32]    32Front-lift back drop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  The front fender element lifts up usually by a body passing thereunder, which results in the tripping of the wheel fender, so that the body may be caught therein.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 33]    33Trip gate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  A vertically depending trip gate is located between the dash and wheel fenders, so that a body not caught by the dash fender will operate the trip gate and drop the wheel fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 34]    34DROP FENDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  A fender caused to drop to the lowered position by the operator working a hand lever or foot pedal.

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35,
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 35]    35Trip gate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  except that a depending trip gate controls the drop fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 36]    36Contact on fender:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  The drop fender is operated by direct contact with a body or through a contactor, such as a rope or trigger bar, connected to the front end of the drop fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 37]    37Buffer trip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  Drop fenders having a body-contact trip, which is a buffer separate from the drop fender-that is, the buffer does not drop with the drop fender.

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31,and 32.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 38]    38FRONT BARRIER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders adapted to catch a body and a front barrier to retain the body, so that it will not fall from the front of the fender.

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15,
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 39]    39Tilting receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.  The fender has a tilting floor or receiver which tilts downward toward the rear to retain the body.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 40]    40Net tension-operated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 38.  The fender has an inclined front net, which on receiving a body pulls up the front end of the fender to retain the body.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 41]    41RELEASABLE UPRIGHT APRON:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  An upright apron drops toward the track or may be extended upwardly away from the track or may be expanded both upwardly and downwardly.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 42]    42SCOOP TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders of general scoop type not otherwise classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 43]    43Wheeled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 42.  Fenders of scoop type carried at all times on wheels traveling on the rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 44]    44Hinged:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 42.  Fenders of scoop type pivotally mounted at the rear or top.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 45]    45Folding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.  Hinged scoop fenders adapted to fold up in front of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 46]    46Net roller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.  Inclined-net folding fenders with a roller for winding up the net.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 47]    47Swing-link:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 42.  Scoop fender supported by swinging links.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 48]    48PILOT TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Fenders of locomotive-pilot shape, usually intended to deflect the body to the side of the track.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 49]    49Roller front:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  The front of the fender is provided with loose rollers adapted to facilitate the passage of the body to the side of the track.

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124,for bar type buffers with rollers.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 50]    50FOLDABLE SIDE WINGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  The fender is provided with wings adapted to be extended laterally from each side of the fender.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 53]    53RAKE TOOTH:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  The body-engaging member is formed of a plurality of fingers or long teeth.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 58]    58WHEEL TREAD:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Individual wheel guards extending downwardly in front of each front wheel to clear objects from the path of the wheel.

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172Earth Working,   subclasses 297 and 810+ for earth working apparatus which may include an earth working tool in front of a vehicle wheel.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 102]    102BUFFER OR BUMPER TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices being bumper means having an impact member comprising bars, plates, or other barrier structure attached to the vehicle body, frame, or other parts for the purpose of fending off blows from other vehicles or objects.
(1) Note. This and indented subclasses include combinations of claimed specific bumper structure and such vehicle structure (e.g., panel, door, etc.) which is modified specifically to accommodate the bumper or such vehicle structure with which a bumper otherwise has a specific cooperative relationship.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   subclass 45 for carpet sweepers having bumper means attached thereto.
52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 633+ for a grille, per se, consisting of either a perforated sheet, plural members held at spaced intervals, or a single elongated member shaped to define an area; and subclasses 656.8 and 716.5+ for an in situ attached channel or a trim strip.
165Heat Exchange,   subclass 98 for a radiator with an adjustable face covering means.
180Motor Vehicles,   subclass 68.6 for vehicles having radiator protectors. See also subclasses 274+ for a motor vehicle provided with a safety promoting means which is responsive to the engagement of a portion of the perimeter of the vehicle (e.g., fender) with an external object.
213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclass 9 for cushioned draft appliances combined with car end buffer means; and subclasses 220+ for car end bumpers of buffers.
267Spring Devices,   for fluid and other types of springs, as found, for example, in subclasses 116 and 139+, useful in the construction of a bumper for a vehicle.
280Land Vehicles,   subclass 481 for articulated vehicles having means by which one vehicle pushes another vehicle. Also see subclasses 415.1, 491.1+, 500+, and 505 for articulated vehicles having means which may include bumper structure or modification thereof for the purpose of interconnecting the vehicles. See subclass 770 for vehicle attachments designed to protect a particular part of the vehicle from externally caused damage.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 103]    103Having means maintaining bumper distance above road:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having means for mounting the bumper means on a vehicle so that as the vehicle body moves vertically because of irregular road or ground conditions or because of acceleration or deceleration, a constant spacing is maintained between the road and said bumper means.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 104]    104Vibration dampening type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device wherein the bumper means particularly constructed, either by inherent design or by the attachment of additional elements (e.g., spring), so that, as a unit, the bumper means tends to dampen shimmy or other undesirable vibration which develops in the moving vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 105]    105For use on two or three wheel cycle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device particularly constructed for attachment to bicycles, tricycles, or motorcycles.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 106]    106Having a storage compartment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having container means for liquids, gases, or solids for transportation or storage and means for removing the contents of said container means.

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107+,for bumpers having means for containing a liquid in gas in the impact member for the purpose of absorbing an impact force on the bumper.

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224Package and Article Carriers,   subclasses 489+ and 512+ for auxiliary luggage carriers attachable to bumpers.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 107]    107Having fluid means within impact means to absorb energy:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Devices wherein the impact member has gas or liquid confined therein by a means which takes advantage of the properties of said gas or liquid to absorb the force of impact of said member.

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106,for bumpers having means which may be used for storing and transporting materials such as gases or liquids.
134,for bumpers having fluid shock absorbers interposed between the impact member and the vehicle structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 108]    108Bumper guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 107.  Device in which the liquid or gas is confined in an additional force impact receiving means which is attached to the main force impact receiving means or to some other part of the vehicle and the function of the additional means is to protect a limited portion only of the main impact receiving means.

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115,146+, and 149+, for structures which are an addition to the main impact member and which may also be directly impacted by other objects.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 500+ and 505 for impact bar guards designed to serve as trailer hitches.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 109]    109Foam filled impact means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 107.  Device in which the liquid- or gas-confining means is a cellular spongy material usually made from plastic, rubber, or like substances.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 110]    110Compartmented impact means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 107.  Device in which the gas or liquid is confined in relatively large isolated compartments or in compartments having means permitting flow of the gas or liquid between compartments to thereby absorb the force of impact.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 111.1]    111.1With vehicle jack:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having, in combination therewith, jack means movable between an inoperative position and an operation position, for the purpose of lifting a vehicle, or a part thereof, off of the surface on which the vehicle is supported.

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254Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force,   subclass 133 for a vehicle jack wherein significance is attributed to the interface between the jack and the bumper and subclasses 418+ for a jack attached to a vehicle at a place other than the bumper.
280Land Vehicles,   subclass 763.1 for a land vehicle having an attached prop, support or stabilizer.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 112]    112With means to deflect projected road debris:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having shields, plates, or other means attached thereto for the purpose of fending off stones and other matter thrown from the roadway by the vehicle when moving.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 113]    113Having vehicle exhaust pipe receiving means or air scoop opening:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device constructed with an opening therein which has the function either to provide a passage therethrough of (a) vehicle engine exhaust gases or the conduit carrying said exhaust gases or (b) air forced therethrough as the result of the motion of the vehicle through the ambient.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 89.2 , 296, and 309 for a motor vehicle provided with means for handling the exhaust of its motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 114]    114With outrigger means extendable laterally from bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having means which may be extended from the bumper and laterally beyond the confines of the vehicle body for the purpose of providing an outrigger to prevent overturning the vehicle.

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119,for a bumper impact member in which all or a section thereof may be moved in a horizontal place between a plurality of operative positions by means other than when impacted by another object.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 115]    115With grille or radiator guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having attached thereto or integral therewith structure designed to be located forward of the vehicle radiator for the purpose of bending off objects which may otherwise damage said radiator.

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142+,for guards which may be attached to the bumper impact means for the purpose of protecting a portion of the bumper and which may extend beyond the vertical limits of said bumper.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 633+ for vehicle grilles or radiator guards, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 116]    116Convertible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device which by adjustment or relative rearrangement of its parts, or by the addition or omission of a part, is so changed as to become basic subject matter of another class.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclass 415.1 for articulated vehicles having bumpers which may be converted to towing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 117]    117Combined:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device combined with a device classified outside this class definition and not provided for in other classes or in other subclasses in this class.
(1) Note. In this subclass, for example, are combinations of bumpers with road brushes, bottle openers, switches, signs, lights, tool supports, etc.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 204+ for signs or license plates mounted on bumpers where bumper structure is not claimed beyond that necessary to mount the reflector.
70Locks,   subclasses 237+ for bumpers combined with means for locking the wheels against steering.
280Land Vehicles,   subclass 830 for bumpers combined with tank truck dispensing means and subclasses 500+ and 505 for land vehicles combined with bumpers which form or carry a hitch element for connecting another vehicle.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclasses 711+ for antennas combined with, having a part of or common with, a vehicle bumper.
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 515+ for signal reflectors which can be mounted on a vehicle bumper where bumper structure is not claimed beyond that necessary to mount the reflector.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 212+ for discharging or preventing accumulation of electric charge.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 118]    118Shiftable between operative and inoperative positions other than by impact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having impact members or portions thereof that may be (a) shifted between operative and inoperative position or (b) carried in two or more alternative positions relative to the vehicle.
(1) Note. The alternative positions include other than a normal impact position such as an extended packing guard position, a nonuse position including those permitting access to the vehicle or parts thereof behind the bumper, and those facilitating release of interengaged objects, positions close to the ground, or inverted positions involving more than a mere adjustment of the mounting means to bring the impact member into a desired permanent position.
(2) Note. Yielding or yieldably mounted bumpers that move only upon frontal impact with an object are classified elsewhere in this class.

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107+,124, 129, and 132, for yielding or yieldably mounted bumpers that move only upon frontal impact with an object.
140,for bumper means mounted for vertical adjustment on the vehicle spring horn.

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224Package and Article Carriers,   subclasses 495+ for combined tire carriers and movable section bumpers.
280Land Vehicles,   subclass 415.1 for bumpers which may be converted into towing means and subclasses 491.1+ for draft means on a vehicle which may be retracted and serve as a bumper.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 119]    119Horizontally movable to plural operative positions other than by impact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device in which the impact member or a portion thereof is mounted on the vehicle so that it may be slid or swung horizontally and longitudinally of the vehicle from one operative position to another operative position by means other than when impacted by another object.

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114,for an impact member combined with an outrigger means which is extendable from the member to a position laterally of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 120]    120Composite bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device in which the impact member is constructed of a plurality of diverse substances permanently and rigidly interconnected to form a unitary device.

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106,for a bumper impact member useable to store a material for transportation thereof.
107+,for bumper impact means wherein one of the diverse materials is capable of confining a gas or liquid for the purpose of absorbing the force of an impact.
142,for guards for bumper impact members which comprise a narrow strip of material attached to the bumper and extending longitudinally thereon which is designed to protect a small portion of the impact member against impact.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 121]    121Covered metal bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Device in which one of the materials from which the impact member is constructed is a solid metallic bar and having a diverse material completely encasing said bar.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 122]    122Hollow cylinder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Device in which one of the materials from which the impact member is constructed is in the form of a tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 123]    123Vertically extending only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device in which the impact member or members are exclusively vertical in orientation.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 124]    124Flexible cord or coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having an impact member comprising chain, rope, wire, elongated rubber member, or coiled spring.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps,   etc., subclasses 115+ for cord and rope holders.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 125]    125Having roller impact member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device wherein the impact member comprises rotatable means which is free to rotate when impacted.

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49,for fenders having rollers for guiding engaged bodies out of the path of the vehicle.

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114Ships,   subclass 220 for roller fenders on ships.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 126]    126Bumper extends along side of vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device which is designed to fend a blow to the side of a vehicle to which it is attached.
(1) Note. Fore and aft end bumpers which merely project around the vehicle corner and are not attached to the sides are classified on other features.

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52Static Structures (e.g., Buildings),   subclasses 716.5+ for an in situ attached channel or trim strip of more general application which may be disclosed or defined as used with a vehicle.
280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 847+ for rub strips and moldings combined with vehicle bodies and mudguards.
296Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops,   subclass 41 for wear strips.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 127]    127And completely encircles vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Device wherein the bumper means extends around both sides and ends of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 128]    128For side of vehicle only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Device which extends from the end bumper along the side of the vehicle body or mudguard and is attached to the vehicle side at least at one point.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 129]    129Vehicle suspension spring absorbs force exerted on bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device being operatively connected to a suspension spring means for the vehicle whereby the shock force of a blow encountered by said bumper is dampened by said spring as said force is thereby transmitted to the vehicle body or frame.

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138,for bumpers mounted on the spring horn of a vehicle frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 130]    130Single piece impact bar having plural loops in horizontal plane:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having a least one impact member which consists of a single elongated member having a loop or reverse bend located at each lateral extremity of the vehicle and wherein there is a single horizontal plane common to each bend.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 131]    131Bumper having lever and shock absorber mount:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having lever or other pivoted link means by which an impact force, exerted against the bumper, is transmitted to a shock absorbing means intermediate said link and the vehicle body or frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 132]    132Bumper having impact force absorbing means directly interposed between bumper and vehicle structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device in which a shock dampening means is located intermediate the bumper impact member and the vehicle body, frame, or mudguard so as to attenuate the force which would be transmitted initially to the vehicle when the member impacts an object.

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131,for bumper having a lever and shock absorber mount.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 133]    133One-shot type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Device in which the usefulness of the shock-dampening means is destroyed as the result of its use in dampening the force of a single shock.
(1) Note. This subclass includes one-shot devices which may be restored to useable condition by an operator-actuated means only.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 492 for one-shot type collapsible steering columns.
188Brakes,   subclasses 371+ for a plastically deformable impact absorber.
213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclass 1 for a one-shot shock absorber.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 134]    134Fluid shock absorber type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Device in which the shock-dampening means employs either a compressible fluid or the restricted flow of either a noncompressible fluid or compressible fluid as the medium by which the shock force is attenuated.

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107+,for bumpers in which the impact member contains a fluid for the purpose of absorbing the force of impact.

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188Brakes,   subclasses 266+ for fluid type internal-resistance motion retarders.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 135]    135Spring type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Device in which the shock-dampening means employs the elasticity of a solid material as the means by which the shock force is attenuated.

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267Spring Devices,   subclass 139 for a spring support means for a bumper where only the spring support is claimed.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 136]    136Elastomeric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Device in which the shock-dampening material is an elastic rubberlike substance such as a synthetic rubber or a plastic having some of the physical properties of rubber.

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267Spring Devices,   subclass 140 for elastomeric support means for a bumper where only the support is claimed.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 137]    137Coil spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Device in which the shock-dampening material is in the form of a spiral.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 138]    138Bumper mounted on vehicle spring supporting frame member (i.e., spring horn):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having mean attaching the bumper to the curved side frame of the vehicle to which the end of the vehicle suspension spring is attached.

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129,for a bumper mounted so that the suspension spring for the vehicle is also the shock absorbing means for the bumper.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 139]    139Sectional- or wing-type impact bar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Device in which the impact member of the bumper comprises two or more sections in horizontal alignment, said sections may or may not be connected.

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149+,for sectional- or wing-type impact bars.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 140]    140Vertically adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Device having means whereby the impact member may be secured in place at one of several possible vertical locations in a plane substantially normal to the ground or in an arc about a horizontal axis.

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103,for bumpers having means which automatically maintain the impact member at a given distance vertically above the ground as the vehicle moves.
118,for bumper impact means mounted on the vehicle for movement between operative and inoperative positions.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 141]    141Bumper attached to vehicle mudguard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having means to attach the bumper means to the fender or mudguard, or the bracket therefor, which extends over the vehicle wheel.

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126+,for bumpers which extend along the side of a vehicle body and which may be attached to the vehicle mudguard.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 847+ for land vehicle mudguards.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 142]    142Bumper guard:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device comprising a main horizontally extending impact means and additional impact-receiving means, attachable to said main impact means or to some other vehicle structure, to protect a limited portion only of the entire area of said main impact means against impact by other objects.
(1) Note. The additional impact means may have greater height than width and may extend beyond the vertical limits of the main impact means.

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108,for bumper guards having gas or liquid therein for the purpose of absorbing the force of impact thereon.
115,for bumpers having additional impact means attached thereto and which extend vertically of the bumper as a means to protect the vehicle radiator.
146+,for vertically spaced impact bars having means interconnecting said bars which is not intended as a guard means for said bars.
149+,for sectional main impact receiving bumper means having means which may lay in the plane of impact merely to interconnect the sections and not as protection therefor.

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280Land Vehicles,   subclasses 500+ and 505 for impact bar guards designed to serve as trailer hitches.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 143]    143Increases vertical area of bumper:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Device in which the additional impact-receiving means extends vertically beyond the upper or lower extremities of the main horizontally extending impact means.
(1) Note. The vertically extending means has greater height than width and is less than the length of the main horizontally extending impact member which it protects.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 144]    144With horizontal member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 143.  Device having horizontally extending means which is spaced vertically from the main impact means and which is supported in place by the vertically extending impact means.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 145]    145Spring or pivotally mounted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 143.  Device in which the bumper guard has spring means in the guard or in its attachment to the main impact means or in which the bumper guard may have means whereby it may pivot relative to its support.
(1) Note. The guards in this subclass may be pivoted so that objects may be removed therefrom, to permit access to other parts of the vehicle, etc.

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150,for bumpers having horizontally extending sections which may be mounted to pivot about a vertical axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 146]    146Plural impact bars vertically spaced in impact plane:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having more than one horizontally extending impact bar means arranged in a vertical impact plane so that one bar means is spaced above another bar means.
(1) Note. Clamps for joining vertically spaced impact bars are in this and indented subclasses except when they are used or structured for other specific functions, e.g., bumper guards.

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144,for clamps used as bumper guards with vertically spaced impact bars.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 147]    147Impact bars intersect in the impact plane:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Device in which a plurality of the vertically spaced impact bar means are designed to lay in a crossed relation in the impact plane.
(1) Note. The bars may or may not be interconnected at point where crossed.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 148]    148Impact bars connected at center to support member:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Device in which a plurality of the spaced impact bar means are connected with a support member, such as a backing bar, approximately at the midpoint between the lateral extremities of the impact bar means.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 149]    149Sectional- or wing-type impact bars:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having impact bar like means made up of two or more sections in horizontal alignment, said sections may or may not be connected.

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139,for a sectional- or wing-type bumper mounted on the vehicle spring horn.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 150]    150End section pivotable upon impact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Device wherein the impact sections of the bumper located relative the lateral extremities of the vehicle are mounted either to the vehicle or another section of the bumper for pivotal motion about a vertical axis upon impact of said section with another object.
(1) Note. Bumpers in which the pivotally mounted section may break away or otherwise become disengaged from its support after having swung a predetermined arc are included herein.

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118,for a bumper in which the impact member or a portion thereof may be moved between operative and inoperative positions by means other than impact means.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, etc.),   subclasses 277+ for spring hinges, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 151]    151Having means to interconnect sections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Device having means by which said impact sections are interconnected.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass are those bumpers in which the means interconnecting the impact sections is offset from the impact plane of said impact sections usually to accommodate mounting a spare tire or the like.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 152]    152Interconnect means lies in bumper impact plane:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 151.  Device in which the means interconnecting the impact sections is itself in the impact plane of the impact sections.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 153]    153Overlapping bar portions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Device in which the impact sections are overlappingly connected to form a continuous impact member.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 154]    154End connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having means connecting the extreme ends of the impact member and the supporting structure for said impact member.
(1) Note. End connectors, per se, are in this subclass where the sole disclosed use is with a vehicle bumper.

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146+,for plural vertically spaced impact members having end connections with support means.
155,for other joints and connections.
  
[List of Patents for class 293 subclass 155]    155Joints and connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Device having means by which the bumper assembly may be connected to the vehicle frame, body, or other vehicle structure, or means by which various parts of the bumper assembly may be connected together.

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154,for connection by which the extreme ends of the impact member are connected to its support means.

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24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps,   etc., subclasses 115+ for cord and rope holders and subclasses 455+ for clasps.
248Supports,   subclasses 200+ for bracket-type supports of general utility.
403Joints and Connections,   appropriate subclasses for joints of general application.
  

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