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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 246]   CLASS 246,RAILWAY SWITCHES AND SIGNALS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class includes patents relating to the following means for the safeguard and control of traffic upon or across railways (that is, fixed tracks for occupant- controlled vehicles) or which by structure are especially adapted for such use, viz:

A. Signals, including those used for communication between occupants of a car or train.

B. Indicators, recorders, telegraphic, telephonic, or other similar apparatus when especially designed for use in connection with car or train movements, except manually-set devices, such as train and engine signs and markers capable of general use.

C. Devices on the roadway, such as signals, switches, circuit closures, gates, etc., actuated or controlled from or by the moving vehicles, except circuit-controllers actuated by the vehicle for the purpose of energizing sectionalized conductors used for supplying propulsion-current thereto.

D. Automatic train stop and speed control means, the actuation of which is initiated by agencies not on the train or by wheel derailment or defects in train structure and mechanism, the automatic stop, for classification purposes, being considered an equivalent of and substitute for a railway signal; but train stopping and control mechanism cooperating with obstacles fixed in position upon the track which have no moving parts are excluded from this class except when they cooperate with speed-responsive devices on the train.

E. Safety devices, including derailing switches and blocks, used for preventing accidents caused by the misplacement of switches, disregard of signals etc.

F. The structure of signals, switches, frogs, and crossings and their appurtenances.

G. Mechanism for the manual or other actuation of any of the devices of the class.

INDEX TO TECHNICAL LITERATURE

In many of the subclasses there have been placed upon the official search-cards references to such literature as appears to relate to the subject-matter of such subclass; but no attempt has been made to make these references complete. It has not been deemed advisable to print these references in connection with the respective subclass definitions; but they can be inspected in the Public Search-Room in connection with the Chief Draftsman"s classified copies of patents. The list of works indexed is given below.

Literature in Scientific and Technical Information Center

Alternating Current Signaling, 1915, The Union Switch and Signal Co., Swissvale, Pa. Automatic Block Signal and Signal Circuits, Scott, New York, 1908. Block and Interlocking Signals, Elliott, New York,1896. Block System of Signaling on American Railroads, The, Adams, New York, 1901. First to Fifth Annual Reports Block Signal and Train Control Board, Interstate Commerce Commission,1909 to 1913. Locking, Laverack, New York, 1907. Mechanical Railway Signaling, second edition, Wilson, London, about 1909. Notes on Track Construction and Maintenance, Camp, Chicago, 1903. Perfect Railway Signaling, Spang, 1902. Power Railway Signaling, Wilson, 1908. Railroad Signal Dictionary, The, Adams & Hitt, New York, 1908. Railroad Signal Dictionary, The revised edition, New York, 1911. Railway Appliances, Barry, New York, 1896. Railway Block Signaling, Pigg, London. Railway Engineer, The, (about 1909). Railway Signal Association, Digest of Proceedings, Vol.1, 1895-1905; Vol.2, 1905; Vol.3, 1906; Vol.4, 1907; Vol.5, 1908; Vol.6, 1909. Railway Signal Association, Journal, 1910, Vol.XIII; 1911, Vol.XIV; 1912, Vol.XV; 1913, Vol.XVI; 1914, Vol.XVII; 1915, Vol.XVIII; 1916, Vol.XIX;1917, Vol.XX. Railway Signal Engineering, L. P. Lewis, London,1912. Railway Signaling, Pittsburgh, 1908. Railway Signaling in Theory and Practice, Latimer, Chicago, 1909. Railway Track and Track Work, Tratman, New York, 1908. Safe Railway Working, Stretton, 1886. Signal Engineer, The, 1908, Vol.1; 1909, Vol.2; 1910, Vol.3; 1911, Vol.4; 1912, Vol.5, 1913, Vol.6; 1914, Vol.7; 1915, Vol.8; 1916, Vol.9. Street Railway Road Bed, Pratt and Alden, New York, 1898.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

MEANS PECULIAR TO SPECIAL TYPES OF RAILWAYS

Means peculiar to special types of railway, such as mono-rail, rack-rail, electric, pneumatic, logging, cash-carrier, elevated, cable, suspended, etc., and not of general utility or if claimed in connection with structure of such special types of railway will be found in the appropriate subclasses of other classes, for which see References to other Classes, below. But when such means are directed to the structure or operating mechanism of the switches of this class (246) subclass 415, they will be found in this class (246) subclass 419, indented thereunder.

SIGNALS AND INDICATORS IN OTHER CLASSES

For signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train see References to Other Classes, below.

For manually-set devices, such as train and engine signs, and markers capable of general use see references to Other Classes, below.

Where a semaphore is of the well known conventional railway type, (which is more fully described in the definition of subclass 479 of this class), the patent is classified here, but otherwise is some subclass of Class 116, Signals and Indicators, or Class 340, Communications: Electrical, unless claimed for railway use, in which case it is here classified.

SPEED CONTROL IN OTHER CLASSES

For speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway, see References to Other Classes, below.

TRAIN STOPPING IN OTHER CLASSES

For train stopping and control mechanism cooperating with obstacles fixed in position upon the track which have no moving parts see References to Other Classes, below.

Closures (gates) when performing a stopping rather than a signalling function will be found elsewhere, except that railway-gates and mine-doors actuated by the energy of a moving vehicle or electrically controlled therefrom will be found in subclasses 125 and 292 of this class (246) and in the various subclasses indented thereunder.

TRACK STRUCTURE

For track structure other than as indicated above, see the Search Class references below.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

14Bridges,   appropriate subclasses for track structure.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   for manually-set devices, such as train and engine signs, and markers capable of general use
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   see the obstacle-operated, obstacle-controlled, and electrically-controlled subclasses of the changeable exhibitors for station, street and similar annunciators and card, picture and sign exhibitors not especially adapted for use as cab-signals, when placed in vehicles and actuated or controlled by obstacles or electrical contacts upon the track, except when there are claims upon the structure of the track-obstacle or intermittent electrical contact and no claims upon the structure of the annunciator or exhibitor in which case they are placed in this class (246).
49Movable or Removable Closures,   for Closures (gates) when performing a stopping rather than a signalling function.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   appropriate subclasses for speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway.
104Railways,   for train stopping and control mechanism cooperating with obstacles fixed in position upon the track which have no moving parts.
104Railways,   appropriate subclasses for means peculiar to special types of railway.
104Railways,   for track structure.
116Signals and Indicators,   for signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train.
116Signals and Indicators,   for manually-set devices, such as train and engine signs, and markers capable of general use
116Signals and Indicators,   subclasses 28+ and 200+, for hand actuated train-indicators or signals and indicators placed on moving trains or cars to indicate their motion or the speed or direction of their motion or which perform merely an identifying function, such as train or engine markers.
123Internal-Combustion Engines,   appropriate subclasses for speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway.
178Telegraphy,   for telegraph systems, note especially subclass 43 for space induction systems which are oftentimes used in train communication; (signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train).
180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 167+ for a motor vehicle provided with means for controlling its operation which is responsive to electromagnetic radiation, magnetic force, or sound waves received from a source, or reflected from an object or surface, which is located apart from the vehicle; and subclasses 170+, for a motor vehicle provided with means which is responsive to the speed of the vehicle for maintaining its speed at, or preventing it from exceeding, a particular value.
180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 170+ , appropriate subclasses for speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway.
186Merchandising,   appropriate subclasses for means peculiar to special types of railway.
186Merchandising,   for train stopping and control mechanism cooperating with obstacles fixed in position upon the track which have no moving parts.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   for the transmission of electricity to a moving vehicle, where no claims are made upon the apparatus actuated by the current or covering the uses to which the current is applied; subclasses 16 through 21for circuit controllers actuated by the vehicle for the purpose of energizing sectionalized conductors used for supplying propulsion current thereto.
238Railways: Surface Track,   for track structure.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   for speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   note particularly subclasses 24+ for coupling networks which may be used in railway-signaling systems, and subclasses 1+ for plural-channel systems including such coupling networks.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   for pertinent subclass(es) as determined by schedule rewew.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   for pulse communication systems; (signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train).
379Telephonic Communications,   for telephone systems, note subclass 55 for space induction systems; (signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train) and Class.
381Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices,   especially subclasses 77+ and 86 for one-way electrical audio signal transmission systems for trains (signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train).
388Electricity: Motor Control Systems,   subclasses 800+ and 825+ for speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway.
414Material or Article Handling,   for train stopping and control mechanism cooperating with obstacles fixed in position upon the track which have no moving parts.
414Material or Article Handling,   appropriate subclasses for means peculiar to special types of railway.
418Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices,   appropriate subclasses for speed control vehicles, when all of the mechanism is upon the vehicle and there is no cooperation with devices on the track or roadway.
455Telecommunications,   for modulated carrier wave and light wave communications. (Signals used for communication between occupants of a car or train).
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclasses 1+ for vehicle indication, operation, or guidance which requires a mathematical calculation. Note, where significant vehicle structure is recited, classification is in the appropriate vehicle class.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 1]    1MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems and devices not otherwise classifiable.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 2]    2TRAIN DISPATCHING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems and devices specially adapted for the control of train movements by train-orders or by their equivalents transmitted from a central or directing station.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 541+ for number-display devices and similar markers displayed on trains to indicate car or train numbers or give other information useful to the train-dispatcher or other officials.
116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 30 for train-markers referred to above, and subclass 173 for flags used as train-markers and for supports for such flags.
178Telegraphy,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous electric telegraph systems.
258Railway Mail Delivery,   appropriate subclasses indented thereunder, for devices for delivering train-orders to moving trains.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 12.5 , 12.51, 13.25, and 13.26 for pulse responsive and frequency responsive radio remote control, respectively.
362Illumination,   subclasses 253 and 459+ for signal and indicating lights carried by engines and cars, and 253, and 478+ for illuminated train and engine markers.
379Telephonic Communications,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous electric telephone systems.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 500+ for miscellaneous radio systems comprising a plurality of transmitter and/or receiver means with a central control station.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 3]    3Central signal control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Systems and devices in which the train-dispatcher can set or control the operation of railway-traffic-controlling devices from a distance.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

135,137, 141, 142, and 162, for indication that the signals, switches, etc., are properly actuated.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 298 for signal box systems having answer back or return call provision, and subclasses 313+ for miscellaneous signaling systems having answer back provision.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 418 for telephone-call systems having a return call indicator or answer back.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 4]    4Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Systems having the signals given upon the engine cab or car or having mechanism which is actuated to stop the train or to control its motion.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto, for other systems within the class definition for a cab signal or train-control means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 5]    5Selective:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Systems having means so that any one of a plurality of signals may be independently set or controlled from a distance, the number of line-wires used being less than the number of signals controlled.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

156,157, 164, 165, 424, 425, and 426, for selective mechanism and devices and all subclasses in the titles of which the words "Cab and control" appear, for means for actuating signals on trains.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclasses 23+ for printing telegraph systems.
250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200+ and the classes specified in the Notes thereto for photo-sensitive electric systems for controlling a device.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 112+ for switching arrangements for distribution systems, particularly subclass 140 in which a remote switch is controlled by the exercise of control over the power current supplied to the switch.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 108+ for selective telephone-type switches of general utility.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective signaling systems in which signals may be selectively controlled and subclasses 12.5, 12.51, 13.25, and 13.26 for radio-wave systems for controlling a device.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   subclasses 73+ for miscellaneous systems for controlling a device by means of reflected or otherwise returned radio waves (radar).
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for multiplexing systems.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 242+ for automatic telephone systems which usually involve selecting means; and subclasses 350+ for call transmitters for telephone systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 6]    6Train-order cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Systems having devices placed upon the train to insure the observance of train orders.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto, for details of cab signal or train-control mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 7]    7Train telegraphy or telephony:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Telegraphic or telephonic systems specially adapted for communication between trains and the dispatcher or other stations.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab- signal systems giving only one or a limited number of indications.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

375Pulse or Digital Communications,   for miscellaneous pulse communications.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 500+ for miscellaneous analog modulated carrier wave communications.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 8]    8Inductive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.  Systems in which an inductive relation is established between the train and line, no physical connection being established.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

63,and 194, for inductive transmission of signals to moving trains.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

178Telegraphy,   subclass 43 for inductive- telegraph systems.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclass 10 for induction systems for transmitting electric power to a vehicle.
336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 55 for inductive telephone systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 9]    9Continuous contacts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.  Systems in which a current is transmitted to or from the train by one or more continuous contacts with line conductors other than the traction rails, which may or may not be sectionalized.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

65,through 68, 73 and 86, all disclosing means for the transmission of signals to moving trains through electrical contacts continuously maintained.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ for removing ice, snow and dirt from continuous and intermittent electric contacts.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   for structure of the conductor and collector.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 10]    10Traction rail return:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Systems in which a single continuous contact is used, current being returned by the traction rails.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

67,68, 71, 73, and 86, for system using the traction-rails or the return of the signal-current to the car, also the foregoing subclasses and in addition subclasses 65 and 66 for continuous- contact systems.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   for structure of the conductor and the collector.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 11]    11Multiple contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Systems in which two or more continuous contacts are used.
(1) Note. See the search note to subclass 10 for continuous-contact systems and also for systems disclosing the return of the current through the traction-rail.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   for structure of the conductor and the collector.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 12]    12Instruments in series:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Systems in which each train has its instruments cut constantly into the line in series with those of other trains or stations.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclass 11 for structure of the conductor and the collector.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 13]    13Emergency signal stations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 7.  Emergency stations without operators, located along the permanent way between regular stations, at which trains may stop or be stopped for communication by telegraph or telephone with the dispatcher or other trains or stations or from which in an emergency signals may be controlled.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 287+ for signal-box signaling systems.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 56+ for portable telephone systems.
439Electrical Connectors,   for an electrical connector, per se, see especially subclasses 477+ for an electrical connector of the overhead line type having a handle, tool or manipulating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 14]    14Station, block, or train-order signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Day or night signals or combinations of same used for the purpose mentioned and usually adapted to be supported by or attached to the roof or outer wall of a station or signal cabin and provided with means for operating them from within the same.
(1) Note. This subclass also includes devices used at stations for holding train orders.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

473+,for signal structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 462 for frames and clips for the holding and display of the train order.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 15]    15Safety systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Systems for insuring the proper display of the signal or the due delivery of the train order.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

6,for devices placed upon the train to insure the observance of train orders.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 16]    16Holders:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.  Devices for holding the train order, or train order blank, form part of the safety system.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

473+,for the signal structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

24Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, etc.,   appropriate subclasses, for the structure of clips for holding orders.
40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclass 462 for frames and clips for the holding and display of the train orders.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 17]    17Rotary, vertical axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Signals which rotate upon a vertical axis.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

473+,for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 18]    18Double semaphore:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Signals having two semaphore-arms which extend on opposite sides from a common support.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

479+,for semaphore structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 19]    19STAFF AND TABLET SYSTEMS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems in which the physical possession by an officer of the train of a train staff, ticket, tablet, or other token is a prerequisite to entrance upon the section or block.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

77,through 80 and 247, for train-counting mechanism.
133,134, 135, 141, 146, and 159, for details of electric locking and return-release indication.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 20]    20BLOCK-SIGNAL SYSTEMS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems in which a space interval is maintained between trains on the same track, usually by the subdivision of the way into definite sections termed "blocks", the movement of traffic being governed by cab or wayside signals or devices which control the brakes or motive power, or both.
(1) Note. Home signals indicate the presence or absence of trains within the block about to be entered. Distant signals (usually semaphores having notched blades) indicate the condition of adjacent or distant blocks other than the block about to be entered. The combined functions of the home and distant signals are sometimes performed by a three-position signal, indicating by its three positions, respectively, the presence of a train in the block ahead, the second block ahead, or that both blocks are clear.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,for systems closely related in function where the physical possession by an officer of the train of a staff ticket or other token is a prerequisite to entrance upon the block.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 21]    21Semi-automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Systems in which the train automatically cooperates with human agency in the actuation or control of the elements of the system.
(1) Note. These systems are sometimes called "controlled Manual". The electric control by trains of manually-actuated signals or vice versa is an example of such cooperation.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

105,106, 112, 160, 164, 165, and 183, for manual-control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 22]    22Electromanual:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 21.  Systems in which the train uses electrical means in performing its automatic function.
(1) Note. This subclass includes the so-called "controlled-manual-block" systems.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

105,106, 112, 160, 164, 165, and 183, for manual-control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 23]    23Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Systems in which means are provided for actuating audible or visual signals upon the cab or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 24]    24Circuit controllers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Systems in which use is made of train-actuated circuit controllers.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

72,through 80, 82-84, 88, 90, 91, 126, 127, 246-252 and 259, for train-actuated circuit-closers. See also search mote to subclass 246.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 25]    25Lock and block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.  Systems in which the signal clearing operations require the cooperation of the operators at each end of the block and also the absence of trains from the block, which when present, by electrical means, render it impossible to clear the signals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,and 106, for manually-controlled block signaling systems of the lock and block type.
131+,and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto, for details of locking and interlocking, and switching, signaling, and similar systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 26]    26Track-circuit control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Systems in which track circuits are used for controlling the devices of the system.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

34,41, 58, 95, and 98, for block-signaling systems having specific track circuits.
128+,and 130, for automatic-highway signal systems, mine door and/or gate systems having specific track circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 27]    27Automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Systems having train-control devices which operate automatically without direct human intervention.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

21,and appropriate indented subclasses for automatic systems in combination with manually-actuated signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 28]    28Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Systems in which the traffic- controlling devices are actuated and controlled only by electrical means.
(1) Note. The means employed upon the train for operating cab signal and train-control mechanism may by of any type--e.g., electrical, fluid-pressure, mechanical, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

22,for semi-automatic block signaling systems in which electrical means are used for performing the automatic function.
114+,for automatic grade-crossing protection systems having electrical means for operating the protecting means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclass 238 for vehicle propulsion control by block system wherein a peculiar type of guideway is claimed (e.g., cable, model, overhead, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 29]    29Radiant energy:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which the traffic- control devices are actuated and controlled by waves of radiant energy as heat, light, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

398Optical Communications,   subclasses 106 through 114for remote control communication systems utilizing light waves.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 200.1+ and the classes and subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for photocell-controlled electric circuits and photocell apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 30]    30Hertzian wave:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 29.  Systems in which the signals or automatic-stop devices are actuated or controlled by the methods of so-called "wireless telegraphy", making use of Hertzian waves.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 12.5 , 12.51, 13.25, and 13.26 for radio-wave systems for controlling a device.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous radio-signaling and teledynamic systems, particularly subclasses 61+ for the miscellaneous systems for controlling a device by means of reflected or otherwise returned radio wave energy; See the classes under "SEARCH CLASS" in the class definitions of Class 343 for the other classes which provide for radiant-energy systems for controlling a device.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 31]    31Propulsion-current control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which means not on the car or train are provided whereby under conditions of danger the supply of propulsion current is cut off or is so reduced that the car is stopped or its speed controlled..
(1) Note. The control of the supply of propulsion current is most cases will be by other cars or trains which constitute a hazard to the controlled car or train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

187,and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto, for train-control devices located on the train whereby the motor of an electric car is deprived of propulsion current.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclass 238 for vehicle propulsion control by block system wherein a peculiar type of guideway is claimed (e.g., cable, model, overhead, etc.).
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   subclasses 16 through 21for conductor-supply systems for railways wherein the conductor is provided with a plurality of sections, one or more of the sections being manually de-energized and the system having means for connecting the de-energized section to the supply feeder.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 32]    32Current consumption:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 31.  Systems in which the flow of propulsion current to one car or train under conditions of danger controls the flow to other cars or trains.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 33]    33Single track:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which signals are so arranged as to give danger or caution indications to trains running in both directions on the same track.
(1) Note. The so-called "A. P. B." or absolute-permissive block systems are here included.
(2) Note. Only systems controlled by track-circuits are here included.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 34]    34Varying-current track circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which an alternating or pulsating current used for actuating or controlling the traffic controlling devices and derived from a source not on the train uses both traction rails as conductors in series for the major portion of the block.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
176,and 253, for switch or signal actuated circuit-breakers in track-circuits.
449,450 and 451, for tie-bars with insulated joints.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

238Railways: Surface Track,   subclass 164 for the structure of rail bonds and subclass 152 for insulated rail joints.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 35]    35Propulsion-current return:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  Systems in which super-imposed propulsion current, either direct or alternating, is returned through one of the traction rails which is not sectionalized.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
34,38, 39, and 40, for alternating track-circuits showing one unbroken traction-rail, its use for return of propulsion-current not being specified.
42,43 and 61, for the use of propulsion-current in other systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 36]    36Double rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 35.  Systems in which both traction rails are used for the return of the super-imposed propulsion current, neither rail being sectionalized.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35,and 37, for superposition of propulsion-current on an alternating or varying track-circuit current.
42,43 and 61, for the superposition of propulsion-current on a direct track-circuit current.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 37]    37Impedance bond:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 36.  Systems in which one or both of the traction-rails are divided into sections by insulated joints, the rails being made continuous for the return of the super-imposed direct propulsion-current by inductance-bonds or similar devices, which by impedance prevent the passage of the alternating signal-circuit.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35,and 36, for the superposition of propulsion-current upon alternating track-circuit currents.
42,43 and 61, for the superposition of propulsion-current upon direct track-circuit currents.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 38]    38Wireless distant control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  Systems in which the home indication is actuated or controlled by the presence or absence of current and the distant indication by the change of some characteristic of the track-circuit current.
(1) Note. As line-wire distant control is dispensed with, the system is sometimes referred to in the art as "wireless", but should not be confused with the true or Hertzian-wave "wireless" of subclass 30.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35,44, 45, and 60, for means for the actuation of the signals.
52,224 and 481, for home and distant type.
53,and 223, for three-position type of semaphore.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 230+ for polarized electromagnets and subclasses 266+ for differential electromagnets.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective signaling systems of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 39]    39Line-wire distant control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  Systems in which one or more line-wires extending back for at least the entire length of the block are used for controlling or actuating the distant signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
46+,and 60, for line-wire control systems.
52,and 224, for the structure of or means for the actuation of the signals.
53,and 223, for three-position type of semaphore.
52,224 and 481, for home and distant type.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 40]    40Single block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 34.  Systems in which the blocks are independent, trains only controlling the devices at the entrance of the blocks in which they are running.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
54,and the appropriate indented subclasses for single-block systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 41]    41Direct current, normally closed, track circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which a direct, normally closed, continuous current, either actuating or controlling traffic-controlling devices and derived from a source not on the train, uses both traction-rails in series as conductors for the major portion of the block.
(1) Note. This type is known to the Railway Signal Association by the title "D.C. automatic block".

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
70,for cab signal or train-control systems similar to that in this subclass.
130,for highway signals, gates, and doors actuated or controlled through closed track-circuits.
160,for switch-locks controlled by electric track-circuits.
253,for devices for breaking the continuity of the circuit when a switch is misplaced or a signal goes to danger.
449,450 and 451, for tie-bars with insulated joints.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

238Railways: Surface Track,   subclass 164 for the structure of rail-bonds and subclass 152 for insulated rail-joints.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 42]    42Propulsion-current return:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Systems in which a direct propulsion-current is returned by and super-imposed upon one or both of the track-rails in which the signal controlling current flows.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35+,43 and 61, for superimposed propulsion-current.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 43]    43Varying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 42.  Systems in which the super-imposed propulsion-current is either alternating or pulsating.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35+,and 61, for superimposed propulsion-current.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 44]    44Wireless distant control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Systems in which the distant signal is controlled by the change of some characteristic of the track-circuit current.
(1) Note. As the use of external line-wires is dispensed with, the system has long been known in the art as "wireless", although not wireless in the sense of the teles:graphic art or of subclass 30 of this class.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+ 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
38,50 and 60, for wireless systems.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for selective signaling systems of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 45]    45Current reversal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 44.  Systems in which a reversal of the direction of current flow is used for controlling the distant signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
38,50 and 60, for wireless systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 46]    46Line-wire distant control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Systems in which one or more line wires extending back the entire length of the block are used for controlling or actuating the distant signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
39,47 to 53 and 60, for line-wire systems of control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 47]    47Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Systems in which means are provided for actuating traffic-controlling devices placed upon the train or car.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
39,46, 48 to 53 and 60, for line-wire systems of control.
167+,and all subclasses noted in the search notes appended thereto, for details relating to the control of signals placed upon a moving car or train or to the control of its motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 48]    48Bridged insulated rail joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Systems in which an electric circuit on the train, normally closed through the track-rails, is broken by the passage of the train over one or more insulated rail-joints when a condition of danger exists, the break in the rails being electrically bridged under conditions of safety.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
39,46, 49 to 53 and 60, for line-wire systems of control.
57,75 and 179, for bridged-insulated-rail-joint systems.
167+,and all subclasses noted in the search Notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 49]    49Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 47.  Systems in which an electric current is transmitted from the track into the cab or a local cab-circuit is closed by means of so-called "ramp rails" or intermittent contact plates or rails.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
39,46, 48 to 53, and 60, for line-wire systems of control.
56,69+, 74, 85, 92, 195, 229, and 233+, for other systems characterized by an intermittent contact similar to that in this subclass.
167+,and all subclasses noted in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ for devices for cleaning ice, snow, and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 50]    50Current characteristic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Systems in which the distant signal is actuated or controlled by changes in the direction of current-flow or in some other characteristic or the current in a circuit other than the track-circuit.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
38,44, 45 and 60, for current characteristic control.
39,46 and 60+, for line-wire systems of control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 51]    51Overlapped blocks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Systems in which the signal at the entrance to any block is retained in its danger position until after a train has entered the next block ahead and has proceeded therein a certain predetermined distance.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
39,46 to 50, 52, 53, and 60, for line-wire systems of control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 52]    52Home and distant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Systems in which two signals, "home" and "distant" so called, usually having a common support, are placed at the entrance to each block and respectively indicate the condition of the block about to be entered and or the next block ahead.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
33,38, 39, 44+, 51, 224, and 481, for motors for actuating home and distant signals.
39,46+, 53 and 60, for line-wire systems of control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 53]    53Three position:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Systems in which a so-called "three-position signal" is placed at the entrance to each block and indicates by its three different aspects the occupancy of the first or second blocks ahead or that both blocks are clear.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
33,38, 39, 44, 45, 51, 223, and 479, for detail of three-position signal mechanism.
39,46 to 52, and 60, for other methods of line-wire distant control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 54]    54Single block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Systems in which the blocks are independent, trains only controlling the devices of the blocks in which they are running.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
40,for single-block systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 55]    55Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 54.  Systems in which the traffic-controlling devices are placed upon the car or train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
40,for single-block systems.
167+,and all subclasses referred to in the search notes appended thereto, for details of the cab and control mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 56]    56Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 55.  Systems in which intermittent contacts or so-called "ramp-rails" are used for establishing electrical connection with the moving train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+ 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
40,for single-block systems.
49,69, 70, 71, 74, and 195, for intermittent contacts controlling cab-signals and train movements.
85,and 92, for such contacts used with other types of block systems.
167+,and all subclasses given in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
229,233, 234, and 235, for intermittent contacts in motor systems.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ for devices for cleaning ice, snow, and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 57]    57Bridged insulated rail joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 55.  Systems in which an electric circuit upon the train, normally closed through the track rail or rails, is broken by the passage of the car over one or move insulated rail-joints, the break in the rails being electrically closed under conditions of safety.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
40,for single-block systems.
48,75 and 179, for bridged-insulated-rail-joint systems.
167+,and all subclasses given in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 58]    58Direct-current, normally open, track circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which a direct continuous current used for actuating and controlling traffic-controlling devices, normally open and derived from a source not on the train, uses both traction-rails in series as conductors in opposite directions for the major portion of the block.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
449,450 and 451, for tie-bars with insulated joints.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

238Railways: Surface Track,   subclasses 14.1+ , for the structure of rail-bonds and subclass 152, for insulated rail-joints.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 59]    59Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Means are provided for actuating audible or visual signals upon the cab or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

7+,for the transmission of teles:graphic and telephonic communications to and from moving cars.
26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 60]    60Distant-signal control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Means are provided for the control of distant or three-position signals or for the control of a single signal from a plurality of blocks.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+, 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35+,38, 39, 44+, and 46+, for systems of distant-signal control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 61]    61Superimposed propulsion current:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Propulsion-current is superimposed upon the current controlling the signals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

26,34+, 41+, 58+ 95, 98, 128+, and 130, for track-circuit systems.
35,36, 37, 42, and 43, for propulsion-current superimposed upon track-circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 62]    62Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which means are provided for actuating traffic-control devices upon the cab or train.
(1) Note. The use of fluid-pressure means upon the cab or train for operating or controlling brake and throttle valves or electrical controllers or for operating brakes and audible or visual signals is not considered as combined fluid-pressure and electric in the sense of subclass 93, and therefore systems using such means have been herein included.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

7+,for systems which disclose or claim means for the teles:graphic or telephonic transmission of written matter or speech.
31,for automatic-stop systems in which electrical propulsion-current is cut out from trolly-wire or third-rail sections.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 63]    63Inductive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems in which an inductive relation is established between the train and the line, no physical connection being maintained between them.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

8,and 194, for inductive systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 64]    64Train-carried current supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems in which the source of current is a battery or dynamo placed upon the train.
(1) Note. Systems in which train-batteries actuate local train-circuits or supply current used for purposes other than signal actuation or control are not here included, but will be found in the appropriate line-battery classes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

86,for train-battery systems from which the cab and control feature is absent.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for devices for cleaning ice, snow and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 9.1+ for electrical systems mounted on a vehicle.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   appropriate subclasses, for miscellaneous single-generator systems. See subclass 1 for portably mounted single-generator systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 65]    65Multiple continuous contacts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Systems in which continuous contacts are maintained by shoes, brushes, and their equivalents between two or more metallic conductors extending parallel to the track. The traction-rails may or may not form part of the circuit.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9+,66-68, 73, and 86, for continuous- contact systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab control and features.

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191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses, for details of the electric conductors and collectors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 66]    66Sectional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Systems in which the continuous-contact rails, the traction-rails, or both, are divided into sections or blocks insulated from each other.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9+,65, 67, 68, 73, and 86, for continuous- contact systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 67]    67Single continuous contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Systems in which a single continuous contact is maintained by shoes, brushes, or other equivalents between the moving vehicle and a metallic conductor extending parallel with the track.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9+,65, 66, 68, 73, and 86, for continuous- contact systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses, for details of the electric conductors and collectors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 68]    68Sectional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 67.  Systems in which the conductor, the traction-rails, or both, are divided into sections or blocks insulated from each other.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

10,and 71, for traction-rail return.
66,for two or more independent single-continuous-contact-sectional systems upon the same train, the same being, in effect, mere duplications of systems otherwise properly classifiable in this subclass.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 69]    69Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Systems in which the train-current passes out by or returns through the medium of one or more intermittent contacts or "ramp-rails", so-called.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

49,56, 70, 71, 74, 85, 92, 122, 195, 229, 233, 234, and 235, for intermittent- contact systems from which cab and control features are absent.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 70]    70Rail circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 69.  Systems in which the traction-rails form part of the circuit, the current passing through them in both directions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

49,56, 69, 74, 85, 92, 122, 195, 229, 233, 234, and 235, for intermittent-contact systems from which cab and control features are absent.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 71]    71Rail return:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 69.  Systems in which the traction-rails form part of the circuit, the current passing through them in one direction only.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

49,56, 69, 70, 85, 92, 122, 195, 229, 233, 234, and 235, for intermittent-contact systems from which cab and control features are absent.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 72]    72Propulsion-current signaling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems in which the electrical energy is derived from the propulsion-current.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

81+,for propulsion-current signaling.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 73]    73Continuous contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems in which the current is conducted from the track through the cab or car by means of a continuous contact maintained with one or more line conductors, not traction-rails, for the major portion of the block.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9+,65+, 67+, and 87, for continuous-contact systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for devices for cleaning ice, snow, and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses, for details of the electric conductors and collectors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 74]    74Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems in which the current is conducted from the track through the cab or car by means of intermittent contacts, periodically established, with contact-plates, ramp-rails, or similar devices other than traction-rails.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

56,69, 70, 71, 85, 92, 195, 229, 233, 234, and 235, for systems with intermittent contacts from which cab signal and train-control features are absent.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ for devices for cleaning ice, snow and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 75]    75Bridged insulated rail joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems in which an electrical circuit upon the train, normally closed through the track rail or rails, is broken by the passage of the car over one or more insulated rail-joints, the break in the rails being electrically closed under conditions of safety.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48,57 and 179, for systems disclosing bridged-insulated rail-joints or analogous features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 76]    76Track trip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 62.  Systems includes electrically-actuated track-detents or obstacles mechanically actuate mechanism on moving trains, such as brake-valves, levers, circuit-closers, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for track-detents used in various systems of block, frequently for actuating the cab and control mechanism.
201+,for the structure of the track-detent.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 77]    77Counting in and out:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Counting and cancelling mechanism, usually of the step-by-step variety, is provided, whereby as many trains or car-wheels as enter must leave the block before the signal can be restored to safety.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,72, 81, and 247, for systems using propulsion-current, but lacking counting and canceling devices.
19,78+ and 247, for counting mechanism.
246+,and subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 78]    78Ratchet wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Subject matter having ratchet-wheels which are actuated and controlled by pawls or escapements.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,72, 77+, and 247, for details of the counting and canceling devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 79]    79Double opposed pawls:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 78.  Subject matter having a single ratchet-wheel which is actuated by two opposed pawls moving in the same plane and tending to turn it in opposite directions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,72, 77+, and 247, for details of the counting and canceling devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 80]    80Parallel teeth:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter having two ratchet-wheels which are placed in parallel on the same arbor or a single wheel having two sets of teeth in parallel is actuated by opposed pawls to produce rotation in opposite directions.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,72, 77+, and 247, for details of the counting and canceling devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 81]    81Propulsion-current signaling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter having the propulsion-current used to actuate or control the signals of the block.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

72,for propulsion-current signaling.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 82]    82Rotary controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Subject matter having one or more circuit-controllers continuously rotated in one direction, which are actuated either electrically or mechanically, but which do not perform a counting and canceling function.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

246+,and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 83]    83Car-actuated controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Subject matter in which circuit-controllers are provided which are mechanically actuated by the moving car.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

72,77, and appropriate indented subclasses, and 81, for systems making use of propulsion-current.
246+,and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for the structure of the controller.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 84]    84Trolley or plow:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Subject matter having circuit-controllers actuated by the trolley-arm plow or other current-collector.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

72,77, and appropriate indented subclasses, and 81, for systems making use of propulsion-current.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 85]    85Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 81.  Subject matter having traffic-controlling devices actuated or controlled by circuits closed through intermittent contacts established between the moving vehicle and stationary conductors.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

56,69, 74, 92, and 195, for systems using intermittent contacts.
77+,for systems making use of the propulsion-current.
229,233, 234+, 254, and 255, for structure of such contacts.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for devices for cleaning ice, snow, and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 86]    86Train-carried current supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which the source of the current is carried upon the train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9+,65, 68, and 73, for continuous-contact systems.
64+,for train-current-supply systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 87]    87Line-current supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Systems in which the source of the current is not carried on the train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 88]    88Intermediate signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 87.  Systems in which a plurality of signals, usually electric lamps, are displayed within the block.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

246+,and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 89]    89Short sectional rail closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 87.  Systems in which the circuit for actuating or controlling the signals is opened of closed by car-wheels bridging two short parallel insulated track-sections.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

129,for short-sectional-rail-closure systems.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for devices for cleaning ice, snow and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 90]    90Car-actuated controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 87.  Systems in which the circuit for actuating or controlling the signals is opened or closed by controllers actuated by the energy of the moving train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

246+,and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 91]    91Relay:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 90.  Systems in which the car-actuated controllers governs the action of one or more controllers of other circuits, which perform the function of a relay.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 92]    92Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 87.  Systems in which the circuit is closed by devices carried by the train, which make electrical connection with short rails, contact-plates, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

49,56, 69, 70, 71, 74, 85, 195, 229, 233, 234, 235, and 254, for intermittent- contact systems.

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104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for devices for cleaning ice, snow and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 93]    93Combined fluid pessure and electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter having electrical and fluid-pressure means used in combination for the actuation and control of roadway-signals, track-detents, contacts, and similar devices, irrespective of the means employed upon the train for actuating the cab and control mechanism.

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140+,for interlocking mechanism actuated by electric fluid-pressure means.
257+,and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
258,and 259, for electric fluid-pressure motors for actuating switches and signals generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 94]    94Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 93.  Subject matter in which means are provided for actuating signals upon the train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

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140,and 141, for interlocking mechanism actuated by electric fluid-pressure means.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
257+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
258,and 259, for electric fluid-pressure motors for actuating switches and signals generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 95]    95Track-circuit control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 93.  Systems which are controlled through track-circuits.

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26,34+, 41+, 58+, 70, 94, 98, 128, 129, and 130, for track-circuit control.
257+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 96]    96Electromechanical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter having electrical and mechanical means used in combination for the actuation and control of roadway-signals, detents, and other track devices, irrespective of any means employed upon the train for actuating cab and control mechanism. The mechanical means may or may not utilize the energy of the moving vehicle.

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97,through 99 and 263, for electromechanical systems.
102,103 and 262, for mechanical-motor systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 97]    97Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 96.  Subject matter having means provided for actuating audible or visible signals upon the car or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

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96,98, 99, and 263, for electromechanical systems.
102,103 and 262, for mechanical-motor systems.
167+,and subclasses specified in the notes thereto for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 98]    98Track-circuit control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 96.  Subject matter having track circuits to control the traffic-controlling devices.

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26,34+, 41+, 58+, 70, 95, 128, 129, 130, and 160, for the control of signals through track-circuits.
96+,and 263, for the electromechanical actuation of signals.
102,103 and 262, for mechanical-motor systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 99]    99Clockwork:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 96.  Subject matter having clockwork or similar trains of gearing which are made use of and are provided with electrically-actuated escapement or latch-release devices.

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96,97, 98, and 263, for mechanical switch and signal motors electrically controlled.
102,103 and 262, for mechanical-motor systems.
110,and 262+, for signals actuated by clockwork.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 100]    100Fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter having fluid-pressure means used for actuating and controlling roadway-signals, detents, and other track devices, irrespective of the means employed upon the train for actuating the cab and control mechanism.

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93+,116, 139, 142, 257+, and 361, for fluid-pressure actuation of signals.
140,141, 258, and 259, for electrically-controlled, for fluid pressure actuation of signals.
257,see search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 101]    101Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Subject matter having means provided for actuating audible or visible signals upon the cab or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

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167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
257+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 102]    102Mechanical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 27.  Subject matter having roadway-signals, detents, and other track devices actuated and controlled solely by mechanical means, usually involving direct contact with the moving train or some device attached thereto, and irrespective of the means employed upon the train, if any, for actuating the cab and control mechanism.

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110,113 and 262, for mechanical systems.
201+,for the track-detent.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 103]    103Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Subject matter having means provided for actuating audible or visible signals upon the cab or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

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102+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for mechanical-motor systems.
167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 104]    104Manual:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Subject matter having traffic-controlling devices actuated either by manual power or by manually-controlled power mechanism.
(1) Note. So-called "manual-block systems" are here included.

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21,and appropriate indented subclasses, for systems of manual actuation in combination with automatic signals.
112,and 117, for manual systems at grade-crossing.
118,and 119, for manual systems at draw-bridges.
143,through 158, for manual systems of interlocking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 105]    105Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 104.  Subject matter having signals either actuated or controlled by electric means or having electricity used for performing some function other than transmitting telephonic or code messages to the signalmen.

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22+,for electromanual systems automatically controlled by the trains or cars.
104,for systems which are otherwise manual and which use electrical means for the purposes of communication between signalmen in cabins. Also see search notes appended thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 106]    106Lock and block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 105.  Subject matter having a signal which cannot be cleared at one end of the block until it has been electrically unlocked by the operator at the other end.
(1) Note. The so-called "manual lock and block systems" are here included.

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25,26 and 131+, for locking features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 107]    107Recorders:
 Subject matter under subclasss 20 having devices which are used for permanently recording the movements of trains, signals, or other movable units or indicating the disregard of signals.

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123,and 185, for recording systems.

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346Recorders,   appropriate subclasses for recorder structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 108]    108TIME INDICATION, AUTOMATIC:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems and devices which include means for giving a time indication concerning trains which have previously passed.

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109,110 and 123, for time-indication systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 109]    109Flow retarded:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Systems and devices in which the retarded flow of gases, liquids, or finely-divided particles of solids is utilized for giving the time indication.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 110]    110Time limit expired:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Systems and devices in which a visual indicator set by the last train which passed is suddenly obscured or reset at the expiration of a predetermined time-limit.

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96,98, 102, 108, 109, 248, and 262, for systems and devices more or less analogous.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 111]    111GRADE-CROSSING TRACK PROTECTION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems and devices which include any arrangement of train-controlling means--such as signals, derails, interlocking, automatic stops, etc., --designed to prevent collisions where two or more lines of railway cross at grade.

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118,for similar systems used at drawbridges.
125,260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses for signal structure.
465,and the subclasses indicated in the search notes appended thereto, for the structure of the crossing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 112]    112Semi-automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Subject matter in which the train automatically cooperates with human agency in the actuation or control of the traffic devices.

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21+,for semi-automatic block-signaling systems.
111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 113]    113Automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Subject matter having means actuated or controlled automatically by the approaching train and without the intervention of human agency.

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21,27 and 125+, which have automatic actuation or control of the type required, for systems of automatic actuation and control.
111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses for signal structure.
118,for drawbridge protection is general.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 114]    114Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Subject matter having electric means for the actuation or control of the traffic-controlling devices.

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111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 115]    115Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.  Subject matter having means provided for giving indications upon the train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

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167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 116]    116Fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Subject matter having fluid-pressure means for the actuation or control of the signals.

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93,100, 101, 139, 142, 257, 271, 272, and 361, for systems using fluid-pressure means.
111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 117]    117Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.  Subject matter having means provided for actuating audible or visual signals upon the cab or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed.

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167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 118]    118DRAWBRIDGE PROTECTION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  System of train-controlling means designed to prevent trains and cars from running into an open drawbridge.

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111+,for analogous systems of grade crossing protection.
125,260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses for signal structure.

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14Bridges,   subclasses 30 , 41, 46, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, and 69, for bridges having movable parts such as drawbridges and having locking devices and 49 and 50+ for gates and signals operated or controlled by the opening of the bridge.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 119]    119Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter having means provided for actuating signals on approaching trains or for stopping them or controlling their motion.

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167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 120]    120ROADWAY-DEFECT PROTECTION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having signals, indicators, and train-controlling devices which are automatically set at "danger" by the occurrence of any defect in the permanent way, including bridges.

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111+,118 and 220, for analogous systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 121]    121Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 120.  Subject matter having roadway-defect signals which are actuated or controlled by electrical means.

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246+,and appropriate subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for structure of the circuit-controllers.
473+,and appropriate subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 122]    122TRAIN-POSITION INDICATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems and devices in which the train automatically indicates its position upon the line as by lights, indicators, moving diagrams, etc.

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116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous nonelectrical signals.
235Registers,   appropriate subclasses for registering apparatus and systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 123]    123Automatic time recording:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Systems in which a permanent record is automatically made at a distant station of the time at which a train passes a given point.

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4,5 and 108+, for automatic-signal or time indication.

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346Recorders,   appropriate subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 124]    124Train annunciators or indicators:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Systems in which an audible or visual indication is given, usually in a tower or station, of the approach of a train, and in some cases also of its number, its intended route, or other necessary information.

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107,162 and 220, for switch and block-system signal indicators or recorders.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 125]    125ELECTRIC AUTOMATIC HIGHWAY SIGNALS, MINE DOORS, AND GATES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems in which highway-crossing signals, gates, and mine-doors are actuated or controlled from the moving train or vehicle by electrical means.

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111,260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses for signal structure.
221,and the appropriate indented subclasses, for the electric actuation of switches and signals other than those used at highway-crossing.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
261,and 272, for gate structure.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   appropriate subclasses, for closures (gates) and closure-actuating mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 126]    126Car-actuated controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.  Subject matter having car-actuated circuit-controllers located on the right of way.

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246,and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for various types of circuit-controllers.
246+,253 and 255, for systems using circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 127]    127Gates and doors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Subject matter where the actuated devices are either crossing-gates, mine-doors, or curtains.

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111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 128]    128Normally open track circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.  Subject matter where the primary or controlling track-circuit is normally open.

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58+,for systems of open-track-circuit control.
111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 129]    129Short sectional rail closure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Subject matter where an open circuit is closed by the car-wheels bridging two short parallel insulated sections of the traction-rails.

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89,for systems using short sectional rail-closures.
111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 130]    130Normally closed track circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.  Subject matter where the controlling track-circuit is normally closed.

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26,41, and appropriate indented subclasses, and 98, for normally closed track-circuits.
111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 131]    131INTERLOCKING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having means for actuating switches, signals, locks, derails, and similar independently-movable units of this class in such manner as to insure predetermined sequences of operation so far as they may be needed to restrain the movement of all other devices which, if actuated, would give rise to a condition of danger.

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25,26 and 106, for locking in connection with block systems.
253,for switch or signal actuated controllers in which a plurality of circuits are closed or broken by the movement of the switch or signal and in which a predetermined sequence of operations is sometimes provided for.
401,for switch stands having rail lock and position indicating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 132]    132Electric actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter where electrical means are provided for actuating the movable units.

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22,28, 93, 96, 105, 114, 121, 125, 193, 202, 220, and 221, and appropriate indented subclasses, for the electric actuation of signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 133]    133Electric locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter having electrical means provided for actuating the locks.

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15,19, 25, 26, 106, 130, and 146, and appropriate indented subclasses under subclass 131, for various types of interlocking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 134]    134Route locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter in which a definite route or itinerary is set up through a system of tracks by a smaller number of actuating levers or devices than would usually be required.
(1) Note. The term "program-locking" is sometimes applied to this system in foreign practice.

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155,156 and 157, for rod-saving devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 135]    135Return-release indication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter in which the actuating lever or device is prevented by electric locks from completing its movement, and from thereby releasing the other devices which it controls, until the actuated unit is in full normal or reversed position, whereupon a return-release-indication current is sent back, unlocking the actuating-lever and either effecting or permitting the completion of its movement.

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137,138, 141, and 142, for return-release-indication.
222,for return-indication-current generation.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 136]    136Mechanical locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter in which the locking is effected by mechanical connections between the actuating levers or devices.
(1) Note. This type of interlocking is known to the Railway Signal Association by the title "electromechanical interlocking".

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147,and appropriate indented subclasses for mechanical locking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 137]    137Return-release indication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Subject matter in which the actuating lever or device is prevented by electric locks from completing its movement, and from thereby unlocking the other devices which it controls, until the actuated unit is in full normal or reverse position, whereupon a return-release-indication current is sent back, unlocking the actuating-lever and permitting or effecting the completion of its movement.

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135,138, 141, and 142, for return-release-indication.
222,for return-indication-current generation.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 138]    138Locked slide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Subject matter in which the release-locking is applied to sliding members which actuate the circuit-closers.

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135,137, 141, and 142, for return-release indication.
222,for return-indication-current generation.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 139]    139Fluid-pressure actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter in which fluid-pressure means are used for actuating the movable units.

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93,100, 101, 116, 257, 271, 272, and 361+, for systems using fluid-pressure.

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60Power Plants,   subclass 399 for a fluid- pressure actuator of general utility in which unsafeness, unreadiness or disarray prevents a manual change in the operative state of the system.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   appropriate subclasses, for the structure of the motor.
188Brakes,   subclass 153 , for fluid-pressure-operated brakes applied to rail vehicles.
303Fluid-Pressure and Analogous Brake Systems,   appropriate subclasses, for systems for distributing fluid to brake motors.
418Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for rotary expansible-chamber devices, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 140]    140Electrically controlled valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Subject matter in which the units are actuated by electrically-controlled fluid-pressure means.
(1) Note. This type is known to the Railway Signal Association as "electro pneumatic interlocking".

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93,94, 95, 258, and 259, for electro-fluid-pressure systems.

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303Fluid-Pressure and Analogous Brake Systems,   subclasses 15+ , and 20 for railway-brakes actuated by electrically-controlled fluid-pressure means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 141]    141Return-release indication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter in which the actuating lever or device is prevented by electric locks from completing its movement and thereby unlocking the other device which it controls, until the actuated unit is in full normal or reverse position, whereupon a return-release-indication current is sent back, unlocking the actuating-lever and permitting or effecting the completion of its movement.

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135,137, 138, and 142, for return-release indication.
222,for return-indication-current generation.
257,see search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 142]    142Return-release indication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Subject matter in which the actuating lever or device is prevented by electric locks from completing its movement, and from thereby unlocking the other devices which it controls, until the actuated unit is in full normal or reversed position, whereupon a return-release indication current is sent back, unlocking the actuating-lever and permitting or effecting the completion of its movement.

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135,137, 138, and 141, for return-release indication.
222,for return-indication-current generation.
257,see the search notes appended thereto, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 143]    143Manual actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter in which units are actuated by manual power transmitted from the signal-cabin by rods or cables.

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111,through 119, for manual interlocking at grade-crossings, and drawbridges.
144,and 145, for interlocked switchstands.
393+,for devices located at switches for their manual actuation.
489,for miscellaneous mechanism for manually operating switches or signals.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 469+ for miscellaneous control lever and linkage systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 144]    144Signal-actuating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter having switch-stands where the signal and switch do not move simultaneously, but independently, in a prearranged sequence of operation.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

111,through 119, for manual interlocking at grade-crossings and drawbridges.
278,284, 290, and 393, and the appropriate indented subclasses, for switch-stand structure.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 483 for mechanism for the interlocking of two or more levers or cranks.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 145]    145Double lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 144.  Subject matter in which the switch stands are provided with separate levers for the switch and the target or signal.

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278,284, 290, and 393+, for switch-stand structure.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 483 for mechanism for the interlocking of two or more levers or cranks.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 146]    146Electrical locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 143.  Subject matter in which the locking mechanism is effected by electrical means.

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15,19, 25+, 106, 133+, 139, 159, and 165, for details of electric locking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 147]    147Mechanical locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 143.  Subject matter in which the locking mechanism is effected by mechanical connections between the operating levers.

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15+,112, 113, 116, 117, 118+, 131, 132, 136+, 139, 142, 144+, 156, 160, and 164, for details of mechanical locking.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 519+ , and 543+, for details of hand-levers secured to quandrants by hand-actuated latches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 148]    148Preliminary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter in which the actuation of the quandrant-latch or its equivalent completely actuates the locking mechanism before the lever can begin its movement.

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136,139 and 140, for various types of interlocking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 149]    149Tappets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 148.  Subject matter in which a parallel system of tappet-rods, each directly connected to an operating-lever, cooperates with tappets in actuating a parallel system of locking-rods moving at right angles thereto.

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150,for tappet-interlocking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 150]    150Tappets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter having locking and unlocking mechanism in which the locking and unlocking is performed by the motion of the lever itself instead of by the motion of its latch, a system of parallel tappet-rods cooperating, through tappets, with a system of parallel locking-rods moving at right angles thereto.

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149,for tappet-interlocking.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 151]    151Detector bars:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter having devices by which any attempt to unlock and shift a switch, signal, or other movable unit of an interlocking plant is restrained by the contact, with one or more wheels of a passing car, of a movable bar longer than the greatest distance between such wheels.

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21,102, 112, 113, 158, 203, 304+, 310, 311, 313, and 358, for devices of similar structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 152]    152Compensators:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter having devices for compensating for the expansion and contraction of wires, rods and similar connections used between signals, switches, etc., and their operating means.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 111+ for details of intermittent-grip devices, and subclass 501.5 for constant-tension-sustaining devices for flexible cable operators.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclass 182 for compensation devices used with pendulums.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 153]    153Counterweight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Subject matter having compensators in which the slack is taken up by means of one or more counterweights.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 154]    154Intermittent grip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 153.  Subject matter having counterweight-compensators in which the actuating-lever is normally detached from the connecting cable or rod and connected therewith by grip devices only during the period of actuation.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 111+ , for details of intermittent-grip devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 155]    155Rod-saving devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter having devices used in the mechanical actuation of switches and signals, whereby the functions of several connecting-rods are performed by a smaller number of rods.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 156]    156Selectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter having devices for connecting single operating-levers, wheels, etc., with any one of two or more rods, cables, or operating devices used for actuating switches, signals, derailing-blocks, and other movable units of the class.
(1) Note. Selectors are often used in connection with so-called "route-indicators."

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5,157, 164, and 165, for selective mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 157]    157Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Subject matter actuated or controlled by electrical means.

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5,156, 164, and 165, for selective mechanism.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for electric selective-signaling systems of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 158]    158Switch and lock movements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Subject matter having rod-saving devices whereby the movement of one lever both actuates the switch and also either locks it, indicates or detects its motion, shifts a detector or locking bar, or performs both of these additional functions.
(1) Note. This subclass includes most of the so-called "detectors" and "point-locks" of English inter locking practice.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 159]    159Detached locking, check locking, or key control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter having mechanism spatially separated from but interlocked with the mechanism of the central tower and usually located near switches and signals, whereby they can be shifted by others than the tower operator, provided the conditions are safe for such movement, in which case the full protection of the entire interlocking system is afforded until the switches and signals are properly replaced.
(1) Note. This subclass includes the so-called "Annette"s key" and similar movable devices and also what is known as "check-locking", whereby the levers in two adjacent interlocking plants are so interlocked temporarily as to permit train movements between them to be made safely against the current of traffic.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

19,for staff and tablet block systems.
131,and appropriate indented subclasses.
160,for systems having means to lock the switch or signal in position upon the approach of a train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 160]    160Approach locking:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Systems, mostly electric, wherein upon the approach of a train to the switch or signal the switches, signals, or other movable elements are automatically locked in position.
(1) Note. The systems in this subclass are sometimes referred to in the art under the term "electric detectors".

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

25+,for semi-automatic electro manual lock-and-block signal systems.
106,for manually controlled electrically actuated lock-and-block signaling systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 161]    161Retarded-release mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter having mechanism for preventing the reversal of a switch or signal movement until after the lapse of a definite interval of time.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

70Locks,   subclasses 267 through 274,for mechanically or electrically-operated time-interval controlled locks.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 162]    162Switch or signal indicators:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Subject matter having devices for indicating the position or motion of a distant switch, signal, or similar movable element.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

107,124, 135, 137, 141, 142, 162, 176, 217, 220, 253, and 476, for other switches and signals provided with indicating means.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 1.1 through 16.1for electric selective-signaling systems of general application, subclass 298 for signal box-type signaling systems having answer-back provision, and subclasses 313 and 314 for answer-back electric signaling systems.
346Recorders,   appropriate subclasses for recorder systems and recorders.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 163]    163Derails:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Blocks or similar movable devices which can be placed upon or near the track for derailing such trains as disregard a signal.
(1) Note. Switches used as details in place of derailing-blocks are classified under the specific type of switch unless accompanied by operating mechanism especially adapted for actuating them as derails, in which case they are classified here.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 262+ , for devices for replacing car wheels on the rails when they have been derailed.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 164]    164SLOTTING AND CONTROL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including devices which require the cooperation of two or more operators or moving elements for effecting a movement, as in clearing a signal, while any one of them can independently effect the reverse movement, as setting it to "danger". Includes "replacers" and "reversers", so-called, and coupling devices for disconnecting signals, switches, etc., from their operating means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

5,156, 157, 165, for selective mechanisms.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 165]    165Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Subject matter which is electrically controlled in whole or in part.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 166]    166PILOT OR SIGNAL CARS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having pilot-cars and compression buffers in front of a train or car or designed to run ahead or behind the train and provided with means for operating signals upon the train, stopping it, controlling its motion, or signaling danger to other approaching cars or trains.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

213Railway Draft Appliances,   subclasses 220+ for buffer structure for railway trains.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 166.1]    166.1SIGNALLING BETWEEN OCCUPANTS OF A TRAIN:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including systems which permit a conductor, or other occupant, of a car or train to signal or communicate with the engineer, or another occupant, along the car or train.

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7+,for railroad-telephony systems utilized for dispatching.

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379Telephonic Communications,   appropriate subclasses for telephonic communication systems which may be used for communication along a train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 167]    167CAB SIGNAL OR TRAIN CONTROL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for the automatic actuation of signals and changeable exhibitors upon the cab or train or for stopping it or controlling its speed, usually by cooperation with means not on the train, but not disclosing a complete block system.
(1) Note. This subclass includes cooperating devices on both roadway and train, (the former including the traction-rail itself, when so used); but where all devices are located on the train this subclass and the indented subclasses are limited to means for preventing railway accidents by automatic signals or train control in cases of derailment, broken parts, improperly-adjusted parts, etc.; ordinary signaling between train occupants or train control exercised by train occupants being excluded. Such signaling will be found in the appropriate subclasses of Class 116, Signals and Indicators, and in this class (246), subclass 166.1.
(2) Note. For similar train control or cab- signaling devices in combination with block-signal systems see "Cab and control" subclasses under the preceding types of block-signal systems.
(3) Note. For motor control automatically exercised by the speed of the vehicle and without cooperating with track devices or axle-driven mechanism search the specific motor classes--e.g., 91, Motors: Expansible Chamber Type, 318, Electricity: Motive Power Systems.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

4,6, 23, 47 to 49, 55 to 57, 59, 62 to 76, 94 to 97, 101, 103, 115, 117, 119, and 394, for cab signal or train control.
7,and appropriate indented subclasses, for teles:graphic or telephonic communication between the train and a roadway-office or other point not on the train.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 370 and 463+ for changeable exhibitors on the train electrically actuated or controlled by obstacles upon the track.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   (see (3) Note).
116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 28 for nonelectric means of communication between occupants of the train or vehicle. (Also see (1) Note).
178Telegraphy,   and 379, Telephonic Communications, appropriate subclasses for electrical means of communication between occupants of the train or vehicle.
293Vehicle Fenders,   subclasses 5 , 6 and 7.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   (see (3) Note).
340Communications: Electrical,   appropriate subclasses.
379Telephonic Communications,   (see Class 178 above).
381Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices,   subclasses 82+ for a public-address system for a train, and subclass 86 for other electrical one-way audio signal transmission in a train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 168]    168Train parting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter designed for avoiding accidents by the use of automatic train-signals or train control when trains part through the breaking or uncoupling of the couplers.
(1) Note. Most of the train-signal systems of Class 116, Signals and Indicators and Class 340, Communications: Electrical, will incidentally give a signal upon the parting of a train, but even when a different kind of audible signal is given upon such parting from the signal given in the ordinary use of Class 116 or Class 340 devices, the systems are placed in those signaling classes and not here included unless there is some special modification of the mechanism for actuating this different kind of signal. Also when a train parts, brakes are usually automatically applied by the discharge of train-pipe pressure; but unless some special modification of the system is made, i.e., as when the brakes are applied on the rear and not on the front portion of the train, the devices are classified in the appropriate subclasses of Class 188, Brakes, and Class 303, Fluid-Pressure and Analogous Brake Systems, and not here included.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for other systems having cab and control features.

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116Signals and Indicators,   (See Note 1).
188Brakes,   (See Note 1).
303Fluid-Pressure and Analogous Brake Systems,   (See Note 1).
340Communications: Electrical,   (See (1) Note).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 168.1]    168.1Wheel slip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter including means for generating a cab.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 169]    169Train defect:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having means automatically actuated by defects in or breakage of parts of the rolling-stock or by improper adjustment of appliances, which are liable to cause disaster, such as broken wheel-flanges, fallen brake-beams, defects in running-gear and brake systems, improper coupling of air-brake pipes, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for other systems having cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 170]    170Derailment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having means actuated by the derailment of one or more wheels of the train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for other systems having cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 171]    171Contact trips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Subject matter having a trip which on derailment comes into contact with the road-bed or traction-rail.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 172]    172Frangible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Subject matter having a frangible closure for the train-pipe of an airbrake system, broken upon derailment or other condition of danger, usually by contact with the roadway, whereby the brakes are automatically applied.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
199,for other subject matter under subclass 167 having a frangible closure for the train-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 173]    173Inertia trips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Subject matter where the control is effected by the inertia of the trip, as when the vehicle is severely jolted.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 52 for inertia operated switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 174]    174Highway or station, automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having a signal, bell or whistle, which is automatically sounded upon the train as it approaches the high-way-crossing, station, tunnel, curve, or other place for which a signal should be given.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 175]    175Code signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 174.  Subject matter, the signal consists of a succession of long and short whistle-blasts or their equivalent, resembling a letter of the Morse telegraphic code.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

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178Telegraphy,   subclasses 79+ for telegraph-code transmitters.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 176]    176Switch signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having switches provided with means whereby signals are given upon the approaching train or the train is stopped or its speed controlled when the switch is in a dangerous position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 177]    177Block entrance initiated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter where the actuation of the cab signal or train-control devices is automatically prevented under prearranged conditions, for the most part those of safety, having been previously initiated by automatic means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 178]    178Electric or magnetic control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Subject matter where the control devices are of an electric or magnetic nature.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 179]    179Bridged insulated rail joint:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter having control devices whose actuation is initiated by an electric circuit on the train normally closed through the track-rails and which is broken by the passage of the train over one or more insulated rail-joints placed at the point of initiation and which are electrically bridged or connected when the cab signal or train-control mechanism is not to be actuated.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

48,57 and 75, for the insulated-rail-joint feature.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes thereto appended, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 180]    180Cab-circuit controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter having control devices whose actuation is initiated by breaking a normally closed circuit placed on the train, which contains a circuit-controller actuated by contact with track-trips at the point of initiation.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
246,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 181]    181Mechanical actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter having control devices whose actuation is initiated by mechanical means, such as track-trips directly or indirectly acting upon the cab-signals and train-control devices.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 182]    182Speed-control systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having speed-control means which is inoperative below but operative above predetermined speeds when predetermined points are reached.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
206,for structure of fixed track-trips.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 488+ for a speed-responsive device, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 183]    183Manual-control systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Systems in which the engineer or motorman can pass the track device without receiving the signal or having his train stopped or its speed reduced, by manually preventing the train mechanism from cooperating with the track device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

107,for recording devices in block-signaling systems.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 184]    184Serivce stop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter in which a "service-stop" so called, is made, as distinguished from an emergency-stop, the brakes being applied gradually and not suddenly.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 185]    185Recording devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having recording devices to be used in connection with cab signal and train-control mechanism for making a record in case an employee disregards the signals.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

107,for recording devices in block-signaling systems.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
199,for frangible pipe-closures, the breaking of which indicates a disregard of the signals.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

346Recorders,   appropriate subclasses for recording devices and systems for recording motion and position of signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 186]    186Motive-power control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having means placed upon the train for controlling the motive power used for propelling the train or vehicle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

31,182, 184, and 185, for devices not on the train whereby an electric car is deprived of propulsion-current under conditions of danger.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 187]    187Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Subject matter having electric means for controlling the motive power.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
218,and appropriate indented subclasses for electric-motor means for actuating switches or signals.

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104Railways,   subclasses 295+ for external control of vehicle-carried propulsion means wherein a peculiar type of guideway is claimed (e.g., cable, model, overhead, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 188]    188Fluid-pressure-actuated throttle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 186.  Subject matter having the throttle-valve of a steam-locomotive directly actuated by fluid-pressure.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
257,and appropriate indented subclasses for fluid-motor means for actuating switches or signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 189]    189Engineer"s brake-valve actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having means provided for actuating the engineer"s brake-valve instead of a train-pipe valve.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
184,185, 186, and 190, for other engineer"s-brake-valve actuation within the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 190]    190Train-pipe-valve structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter relating to the structure of the vent-valve of the air-brake train-pipe when especially adapted to be operated or controlled by track devices.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
182,and 184, for other train-pipe-valve structure under subclass 167.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 191]    191Visual cab signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having visual signals provided which are especially adapted for use in the engine-cab or on the train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
182,through 190, for other systems under subclass 167 having visual cab signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 192]    192Train mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter having devices placed on the train which cooperate with track devices in actuating cab signal and train-control mechanism.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 482+ , for obstacle operated station and route indicators placed on moving vehicles.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 193]    193Electric or magnetic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter having train mechanism actuated or controlled by electrical means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
202,for track trips actuated or controlled by magnetic means.
249,for electric or magnetic car actuated circuit controllers.
360,for electric or magnetic train trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 194]    194Inductive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Subject matter where the track device acts upon the train mechanism by electric induction and without physical contact between them.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

8,and 63, for inductive block-signaling systems.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 195]    195Intermittent contact:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Subject matter having intermittent contacts or so-called "ramp-rails" used for conducting electric current from the roadway to the vehicle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

49,56, 69+, 74, 85, 92, 122, 229+, and 233+, for other systems and devices within the class definition having intermittent-contact systems.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 463+ , for circuits on trains completed through intermittent-contact devices on the track.
104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for devices for cleaning ice, snow and dirt from continuous and intermittent electrical contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 196]    196Cab-circuit controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 193.  Subject matter having circuit-controlling devices upon the train for opening or closing train-circuits are actuated by track devices.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses referred to in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
246,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit closers.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 463+ , for circuit-controllers on cars actuated by track devices.
104Railways,   subclasses 117.1 , and 295+, for circuit controllers on trains actuated by trips or other devices on or adjacent the track or guideway when claimed in combination with a peculiar type of track or guideway (e.g., cable, model, overhead, etc.).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 197]    197Magnetically actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Subject matter having the train mechanism actuated from the roadway by magnetic means and without physical contact between the train-trip and track-detent.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

8,63, 194, 202, 249, and 265, for other inductive systems within the class definition.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 198]    198Single-direction actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter having the train mechanism actuated only when the car or train is moving forward and not when moving backward.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
250,and 298, for single-direction actuation.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 199]    199Frangible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter having frangible devices, usually closures, for train-pipes which are broken by contact with track-detents and so either vent the train-pipe of the air-brake system or actuate stop or signal mechanism, their fracture indicating that a signal has been disregarded.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

107,123 and 185, for recording devices indicating the disregard of signals.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
172,for frangible pipe-closures which are broken by the derailment of one or more wheels.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 200]    200Lever actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter having a lever carried by the train moved by contact with a track-trip.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
308,339, 341, 352, 353, 354, 355, and 365, for other lever actuation within the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 201]    201Track trips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Devices placed upon the track and which cooperate with mechanism upon the train in actuating signals thereupon or stopping it or controlling its speed.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

76,297 and 322, and appropriate indented subclasses, for other track devices within the class definition.
167,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 202]    202Electric or magnetic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Track-trips actuated or controlled by electrical or magnetic means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

300,for automatic electric actuation by track mechanism of signals and gates.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 203]    203Pivoted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Track-trips composed of a single pivoted member.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

339,341+, 344+, and 351+, for automatic switch actuation by means of pivoted members.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 204]    204Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Track-trips moving vertically into operative position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,for lower number than 201, and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for cab and control features.
307,310 and 313, for automatic signal or gate actuation controlled by means of similar mechanism.
351+,for automatic switch actuation controlled by means of similar mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 205]    205Lateral motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Track-trips moving laterally into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 206]    206Fixed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Track-trips having no moving parts and permanently fixed in operative position.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

182,for fixed track-trips in speed-control systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 207]    207Portable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 201.  Portable track-trips without moving parts for use in emergencies by trainmen and others and which can be temporarily secured in operative position at any point required.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

477,for means of attachment of visual signals to the track.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 208]    208CAR-DISPLAYED CROSSING SIGNALS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Signals, usually visual, displayed upon or given from a standing or moving car or train to warn those attempting to cross the track behind it that a car is approaching from the opposite direction.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 30 for car and train markers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 209]    209PASSENGERS" STATION SIGNALS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Station-signals for the use of passengers in signaling for stopping trains, usually provided with means by which they are automatically reset when the train departs.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

14+,for station, block or train-order signals.
473+,for miscellaneous signal structure within the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 210]    210TORPEDO MECHANISM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having means actuated by the movement of a switch, signal, drawbridge, etc., for placing detonating signals where a train can explode them.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

487,for the structure of the detonating signal (e.g., torpedo).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 211]    211Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Subject matter where the means is electrically-actuated.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 212]    212Magazine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Subject matter having a plurality of torpedoes stored in a magazine.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

221Article Dispensing,   appropriate subclasses for article dispensers not otherwise provided for, including many in which the source of supply is a magazine for the articles.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 213]    213Vertical:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Subject matter having the torpedoes fed by gravity from a vertical magazine.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 214]    214Rotary:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Subject matter having a rotary magazine for the storage of the torpedoes.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

221Article Dispensing,   subclasses 113 and 119+ for rotatably mounted article dispensing structures not otherwise provided for, and see the search notes thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 215]    215Car attached:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Subject matter having car-attached mechanism for placing the torpedo upon the rail while the car is in motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 216]    216Hand placing devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Hand-held mechanism for placing torpedoes upon the track from the rear platform of a moving car.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 217]    217AUDIBLE SWITCH AND SIGNAL INDICATORS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Audible indicators, such as bells and torpedoes, indicating that visual signals or switches are at the danger position or that dangerous conditions exist ahead.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

167+,for cab signals placed upon the train.
210+,for mechanism for placing torpedoes upon the tracks in response to the movement of a switch signal or drawbridge.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 218]    218ELECTRIC ACTUATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems and mechanism for the electrical actuation of switches, signals and other elements of the class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 219]    219Control circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Circuits and systems of circuits especially adapted for controlling the operation of switch and signal motors, but not equivalent to a complete block, crossing, or other system.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 220]    220Switch signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter, having signals which are electrically controlled or actuated for indicating the position of track-switches.

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107,122+, 162, 176, 217, and 476, for signals and indicators.
111+,118+, 120+, and 476, for related systems and devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 221]    221Motor systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter having electric-motor means placed upon the roadway and especially adapted for actuating switches, signals, and other similar movable elements of this class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 222]    222Return-indication-current generation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Subject matter whereby when the switch or signal movement has been accomplished a return-indication current is generated and sent back to the actuating devices to operate indicators, release operating-levers, locks, etc.

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135,137+, 141, and 142, for other devices and systems having means for indicating the operation of a switch or signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 223]    223Three-position signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Subject matter especially adapted for actuating three-position signals.

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38,44 and 45, for so-called "wireless" controls" in block-signaling systems.
39,and 46+, for line-wire control in block signaling systems.
53,for details of three-position-signal actuation in block signaling systems.
60,for general schemes of three-position-signal control.
224,for motor means for actuating home and distant signals upon the same mast.
479+,for the structure of semaphores.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 224]    224Home and distant signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Subject matter especially adapted for the operation of two signals- a home and a distant-placed upon the same mast.

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33,38, 39, 44, and 46+, for block-signaling systems having means for controlling home and distant signals.
481,for the home and distant semaphore, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 225]    225Reciprocating armature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Subject matter in which the motor armature reciprocates or oscillates in a substantially straight line.

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310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   subclasses 15+ for reciprocating electrical motors or generators.
318Electricity: Motive Power Systems,   subclasses 119+ for systems for controlling reciprocating or oscillating electric motors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 226]    226Controller-actuated switches:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.  Subject matter having means for actuating track-switches by manipulation of the controller of an electrically-propelled car, current being either used or cut out, while passing an insulated section of third rail or trolley-wire connected to the switch-motor.

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415+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 227]    227Opposed magnets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.  Subject matter in which an armature or double core of the motor reciprocates between two opposed magnets or solenoids.

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231+,for similar motor actuation of switches where the motor is not controller actuated.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 228]    228Circuit changers:
 Subject matter under subclasss 227 having a circuit-changer which is moved electrically or mechanically.

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232,and 242, for similar motor actuation of switches where the motor is not controller-actuated.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 245+ for polarity reversing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 229]    229Tandem contacts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Subject matter in which two successive or tandem contacts or insulated sections of track or trolley-wire are connected to the two magnets or solenoids.

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233,for similar subject matter where tandem-contact switches are used.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 230]    230Alternate throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.  Subject matter in which each motion of a reciprocating member alternately throws the track-switch first in one direction and then in the other.

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236,327, 328, 342, 347, 348, 350, and 354, for other alternate-throw switch or signal actuation and for similar devices in this class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 231]    231Opposed magnets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.  Subject matter in which an armature or double core moves between two opposed electromagnets or solenoids.

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227+,for similar subject matter having controller-actuated switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 232]    232Circuit changers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Subject matter having devices by which the circuit connections are changed during or at the completion of the given movement.

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228,and 242, for other circuit-changer systems in this class.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 245+ for polarity reversing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 233]    233Tandem contacts, switches:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Subject matter for switches provided with and which have a separate contact device for each magnet, the same being arranged in tandem or succession, usually in front of the switch to be actuated.

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229,for similar tandem-contact systems which have controller-actuated switches in this class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 234]    234Parallel contacts, switches:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 231.  Subject matter for switches and which have a pair of contact plates, conductors, or ramp-rails (one for each magnet) placed together in parallel in front of the switch, and provided with means on the car for making electrical connection with either one of same, as desired.

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49,56, 69 to 71, 74, 85, 92, 195, 229, 233, and 235, for other systems using intermittent contacts in this class.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 235]    235Circuit controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 234.  Subject matter for switches and having an electric switch or shunt circuit controller mechanism on the car, whereby the proper solenoid or magnet may be energized.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 236]    236Alternate throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.  Subject matter having mechanical means arranged so that each motion of a reciprocating member alternately throws the track-switch first in one direction and then in the other.

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230,327, 328, 342, 347, 348, 350, and 354, for other alternate-throw mechanism and similar devices in this class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 237]    237Fly-back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 225.  Subject matter in which the elements actuated are set and held against gravity or a spring, which restores them to their original position upon the cessation of current.

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238,239, 243, 244, 290, 291, and 310 to 321, for other fly-back systems in this class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 238]    238Latch or clutch release:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Subject matter in which the elements actuated are set and held in position against gravity or a spring by latches, clutches, or brakes, or their equivalents, which are released by electrical means.

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237,239, 243, 244, 290, 291, 319, 320, and 321, for other fly-back mechanism in this class.
244,258+, 263, 300, and 325, for electric latch-release in this class.
299+,(except 300), 324 and 396, for mechanical latch-release in this class.

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192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   appropriate subclasses, for clutch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 239]    239Switches:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 237.  Switch-actuating mechanism of the type stated.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 240]    240Rotary armature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Subject matter in which the armature rotates or oscillates in a curvilinear path.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 241]    241Opposed motors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Subject matter in which the action of one rotary-armature motor opposes that of another.

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227,and 231, and appropriate indented subclasses for opposed reciprocating-armature motors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 242]    242Circuit changers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Subject matter in which automatic means are provided for changing or modifying the circuits.

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228,and 232, for reciprocating-armature circuit-changer systems.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search Notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 245+ for polarity reversing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 243]    243Fly-back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 240.  Subject matter in which a rotary armature is set and held against gravity or a spring, which restores it to its original position upon the cessation of current.

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237,for similar subject matter used with a reciprocating armature.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 244]    244Latch or clutch release:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Subject matter in which a rotary armature is set and held in position against gravity or a spring by latches, clutches, or brakes, or their equivalents, which are released by electrical means.

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238,258, 259, 263, 300, and 325, for electric latch and clutch release.
299,301, 302, 324+, and 396, for mechanical latch and clutch release.

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192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   appropriate subclasses for, clutch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 245]    245Car-actuated generators:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter by which the energy of the moving vehicle is converted, by mechanism on the track, into electrical energy, which is used for actuating switches and signals.

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310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   subclasses 75+ for drive mechanism for electrical generators or motors.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   appropriate subclasses, for electric-generator systems.
417Pumps,   subclasses 229+ , for pumps operated by a passing vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 246]    246Car-actuated circuit controllers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter in which circuit closing or breaking devices are actuated by the wheels or tappets of moving cars, including the so-called "track instruments" and "treadles" of railway signaling.

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22,24 and 77 to 80, for manually actuated circuit controllers.
72,through 80, 82 to 84, 88, 90, 91, 126, 127, 247 to 252, for circuit-controllers.
180,196 and 197, for circuit controllers located on the moving vehicle.
228,232, 235, 242, and 253, for circuit controllers actuated by the movement of switches or signals.
259,for circuit controllers actuated by the moving vehicle.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses, for the structure of the circuit closer or breaker.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 247]    247Wheel or train counting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Subject matter provided with mechanism, usually of the step-by-step variety, by means of which as many trains or car-wheels as enter must leave the block before the signal is restored to safety.

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19,and 77+, for counting mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 248]    248Retarded action:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Subject matter in which the return of the circuit-controller to normal condition is retarded after the passage of the train, usually for a predetermined interval of time.

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108+,for time-control mechanism.
161,for time-control mechanism used in interlocking.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 33+ for retarded-action circuit closers and breakers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 249]    249Electric or magnetic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Subject matter in which circuit controllers are actuated in whole or in part by electric or magnetic means.

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63,194, 197, 202, and 211, for devices actuated by electric or magnetic means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 250]    250Single-direction actuation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Subject matter in which a circuit controller is actuated by trains moving in one direction only.

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198,and 298, for devices actuated by cars moving in one direction only.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 251]    251Vertically sprung rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Subject matter in which a circuit controller is actuated by the vertical yielding of the rail under the weight of the passing train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 252]    252Trolley or plow actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Subject matter in which a circuit controller is supported by the trolley-wire or third rail and actuated mechanically by the current-collector.

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31,72, 81, 84, 90, 91, 126, and 246+, for circuit-controllers actuated by the wheels or other devices, not trolleys, carried by the car.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of switches, and particularly subclasses 52+ for circuit makers and breakers of special application.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 253]    253Switch or signal actuated controllers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter in which a circuit controller is actuated by the motion of signals, switches, and other movable elements, sometimes known in the art as "switch-boxes".
(1) Note. In some of the multiple-circuit switch-boxes contained in this subclass a predetermined sequence of operation of the switches, signals, and other movable elements thereby controlled is provided for.

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107,124, 131+, 176, and 220, for predetermined sequences of actuation.
246+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 254]    254Trolley-completed circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter in which a trolley or plow, its wheel, or some member attached to the trolley makes a temporary electrical contact with one or more contact-surfaces.

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31,72, 77+, 81, 85, 92, 229, 233, and 234, for trolley-completed-circuit systems.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 463+ for incidental disclosure of trolley-contacts.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 255]    255Car-wheel-completed circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter in which a car-wheel or a special wheel carried by a car makes a temporary electrical contact between two or more contact-surfaces.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 256]    256Relays:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 218.  Subject matter having electrically-actuated circuit closing and breaking devices especially adapted for use in controlling circuits actuating railway switches and signals and not of general application.

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335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   appropriate subclasses, for relay structure; subclasses 160+ for interlocked electromagnetic relays; and subclasses 5 and 50 for other types of interlocked electric circuit makers and breakers. See also, appropriate subclasses for electromagnetically operated switches of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 257]    257FLUID-MOTOR ACTUATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Actuating mechanism operated by fluid-pressure.

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93+,100+, 116, 139+, 258 to 261, 271+ and 361, for fluid-pressure-motor structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 258]    258Electric control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Subject matter having valves which are electrically controlled.

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238,244, 259, 263, 300, and 325, for electric latch and clutch release.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 259]    259Car-controlled switches:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 258.  Subject matter having valves electrically controlled by a moving car or train.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

238,244, 258, 263, and 325, for details of electric latch and clutch release.
246,and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for various types of circuit-controllers.
415+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 260]    260Signals:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Subject matter which actuates a signal.

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111,125, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 261]    261Gates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Subject matter which actuates a gate.

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125+,and 272, for gate structure.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclass 334 for a fluid-motor actuated closure (gate) and see the search notes thereto for the loci of other motor operated closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 262]    262MECHANICAL-MOTOR ACTUATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which a spring or weight motor is used for actuating switches, signals, or analogous devices.

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102,and 108+, for systems using mechanical motors.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 263]    263Electric control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.  Subject matter , the operation of which is controlled by electrical means.

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96+,and 262, for the mechanical motors.
108,238, 244, 258+, 300, and 325, for electric latch and clutch release mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 264]    264POINT THROWERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Devices attached to and operated from the car, and sometimes utilizing its energy of motion, for throwing the unmodified or but slightly-modified points of ordinary tongue or point switches by direct contact therewith.

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359+,for devices which actuate track mechanism by utilizing the energy of the moving vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 265]    265Magnetic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Subject matter having a permanent or an electromagnet, which moves the point by magnetic attraction.

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249,for magnetic point movers controlled from a car.
325,for electrically-controlled track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 266]    266Modifier switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Subject matter adapted for throwing the points of switches of special construction, in which the point is only slightly modified, if at all, on the special switch construction used in cooperation with the particular point-thrower.

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359+,for train-trips of similar structure actuating track mechanism.
415+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 267]    267Directing-grooves:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 266.  Subject matter in which the point throwers are directed into contact with the switch-point by fixed grooves in the switch.
(1) Note. This subclass also includes the special switch structure.

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359+,for analogous devices.
415+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 268]    268Wedging wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Subject matter having a wheel with sharp edges, designed for operating on and wedging over the points of point and tongue switches of ordinary construction.

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366,369 and 372, for analogous devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 269]    269Sliding shoe:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Subject matter having a wedge-shaped shoe sliding longitudinally in the flangeways and designed to wedge over the points of unmodified point and tongue switches.

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365,368 and 371, for analogous devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 270]    270VEHICLE-ENERGY ACTUATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in this subclass by which signals, switches, gates, and other movable elements of this class are actuated by the energy of the moving vehicle; either by direct mechanical connection with the train- actuated track-trip or indirectly by means of power stored up in springs, counterweights, and trains of clockwork by the moving vehicle through the medium of track-trips.

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245,for car-actuated generators of electricity.
246,for car-actuated circuit-closers.
252,for trolley or plow actuated circuit-closers, these devices not being included in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 271]    271Fluid transmission:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter in which power is transmitted from a track-trip to the device actuated by means of a column of fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 272]    272Gates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Subject matter which actuates a railway gate.

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125+,261 and 292+, for gate structure.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclass 334 for actuating means, employing a fluid transmission, for operating a closure and see the search notes thereto for the loci of other such operated closures.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 273]    273Continuous-rail crossings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having a grade-crossing of two lines of railway provided with means, actuated automatically by an approaching train, so as to secure for the train an unbroken line of rails.

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465,and appropriate indented subclasses and the subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for the structure of the crossing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 274]    274Switch-connected frogs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having a switch actuated by a track-trip and mechanically connected with one or more movable-rail frogs, so as to secure for the train an unbroken line of rails.

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275,382+ and 468+, for frog structures.
382,and apparatus indented subclasses, for movable-rail frogs.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 275]    275Continuous-rail frogs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having movable-rail frogs which are set automatically by an approaching train, so as to secure unbroken line of rails.

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274,382+ and 468+, for frog structure.
375,and 382, and appropriate indented subclasses for movable-rail frogs.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 276]    276Spring rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 275.  Subject matter having continuous-rail frogs which yield against the action of springs or the resilience of the moving rails, to the lateral pressure of trailing wheels.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 277]    277Automatic turnouts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having turnouts or passing-sidings provided with vehicle-energy-actuated switches placed at the ends of same for automatically switching two approaching trains upon the proper tracks for passing.
(1) Note. The stationary turnouts of subclass 427 perform the same function, although those switches have no movable parts.

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319+,for analogous switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 278]    278Facing setting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having means for manually actuating switches combined with means for automatically actuating the same by the energy of a vehicle approaching the same, facing.

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144,284, 290, and 393+, for switch-stand structure.
317,for facing-setting mechanism.
393,and appropriate indented subclasses, for special types of mechanisms for manual actuation of switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 279]    279Manual control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.  Subject matter having switch-actuating mechanism by which a train can enter a siding only when the automatic setting mechanism is held by the switchman in an inoperative position against gravity or springs, which return the switch to its original position when the switchman releases it.

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397,for hand-restrained resetting-switch-stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 280]    280Resetting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.  Subject matter having switch-actuating mechanism by means of which the switch, having been set for the siding by the approaching train, is automatically reset for main line after the train has entered the siding.

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281,315, 316, and 395+, for resetting devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 281]    281Vehicle restrained:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Subject matter having switch-actuating mechanism in which the vehicle upon entering the switch maintains contact with a yielding member until clear of the main track, whereupon the switch is automatically reset, by spring or counterweight, to "mainline clear".

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304,for vehicle-restrained doors or gates.
315,for vehicle-restrained switch-resetting devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 282]    282Trailing setting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 278.  Subject matter having switch-actuating mechanism in which a switch wrongly set is automatically reset by trains running in either direction.

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284,and appropriate indented subclasses, and 318, for related structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 283]    283Yielding rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 282.  Subject matter including switch-actuating mechanism enabling a switch to be set from a train approaching it facing, and also when approaching it trailing, by the lateral pressure, in the latter case, of the wheel-flanges of the train against a yielding switch-rail.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 284]    284Trailing setting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter including mechanism for the manual actuation of switches combined with mechanism for the actuation of same by the energy of a moving vehicle approaching the same trailing.

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144,278, 290, and 393+, for switch-stand structure.
282+,284 and 318, for trailing-setting mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 285]    285Yielding rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 284.  Subject matter including a yielding section of the traction-rail which is sprung or actuated by a wheel of the moving train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 286]    286Spring-clutch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 285.  Subject matter in which a resisting force is furnished by the compression of a spring, caused by the slipping of a clutch or cam actuated by the pressure, upon the switch rail, of a car-wheel trailing through the switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 287]    287Coaxial spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 286.  Subject matter including a compressed spiral spring, concentric with the revolving spindle of the stand, the so-called "Ramapo" type of stand being here included.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 288]    288Counterweight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 285.  Subject matter including mechanism whereby a switch-stand is held closed against ordinary manual force, but is capable of being automatically thrown and secured, against the action of a counter-weight, by the passage of the first wheel trailing through the switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 289]    289Frangible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 285.  Subject matter including mechanism whereby a switch stand is normally locked against ordinary manual force, but is capable, by the breaking of some frangible part or the yielding of the lock, of being automatically thrown, and sometimes locked, by the passage of the first wheel trailing through the switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 290]    290Trailing fly-back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter including a switch stand provided with means for allowing the switch-rails to move apart and fly back against the resistance of the mechanism of the stand upon the passage of each trailing wheel.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

144,278, 284, and 393+, for switch-stand structure.
237+,and 243+, for fly-back mechanism.
319+,for trailing-fly-back mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 291]    291Spring actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 290.  Subject matter provided with means for allowing the switch-rails to spring apart and fly back against the compression or distention of a spring located in the stand upon the passage of each trailing wheel through the switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 292]    292Signals and gates, automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter including signals or gates which are automatically actuated by the energy of a moving vehicle.

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144,278, 284, 290, and 393+, for switch-stand structure.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   appropriate subclasses, for closure-actuating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 293]    293Highway crossing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Subject matter including signals specially adapted and intended for use at highway-crossings of railways.

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111,125+, 260, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, and also under this subclass, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 294]    294Visual and audible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Subject matter including combined visual and audible signals.
(1) Note. In some cases the audible signals of this subclass are electrically-actuated bells controlled by the movement of the visual signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 295]    295Audible:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Subject matter including audible highway-crossing signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 296]    296Bells, single stroke:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 295.  Subject matter including a bell, in which a single stroke of the bell is given by the action of each wheel of the train.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 297]    297Track mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 292.  Subject matter including signals and gates which are automatically actuated by the energy of the moving vehicle, the devices of this subclass and of the subclasses indented thereunder being classified upon either the mechanism connecting the gate or signal with the track mechanism or upon the function or structure of such mechanism.

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111,125, 260, 293, and 473, and appropriate indented subclasses, for signal structure.
273,274, 275, 314, and 322+, for various types of track-trips used for actuating movable devices of various kinds.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 298]    298Single direction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter including track devices for actuating signals and gates, operated by vehicles moving in one direction only.

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198,and 250, for single-direction actuation devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 299]    299Latch or clutch release:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter including signals or gates which are set and latched in position by moving trains against the force of a spring or gravity, the latch or clutch being released by an approaching or departing train.

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238,244, 258+, 263, 300, and 325, for electric latch and clutch-release mechanism.
301,302, 324, and 396, for mechanical-latch and clutch-release mechanism.

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192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   appropriate subclasses, for clutch-release mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 300]    300Electric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Subject matter having a latch or clutch which is released by electrical means.

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202,for electrically-controlled track trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 301]    301Longitudinal motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Subject matter having a track device which actuates the latch or clutch and which moves in the direction of the traffic.

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306,311+ and 336+, for longitudinally- moving track devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 302]    302Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Subject matter having a track device which moves the latch or clutch and which moves vertically.

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200,204, 307, 313, and 351+, for vertically-moving track devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 303]    303Longitudinal spiral cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter including a track device which is revolved on an axis parallel to the rails by the action of a car-tappet upon a screw, helix, cam or spiral groove.

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333,and 405, for similar switch-actuating mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 304]    304Vehicle-restrained gates and doors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter including a gate or door which is held against gravity or a spring by contact with the moving vehicle.

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281,315 and 398, for vehicle-restrained mechanism.
397,for hand-restrained mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 305]    305Parallel swing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Subject matter including track devices in the form of bars, which always remain parallel to the traction-rails, while swinging vertically or horizontally about axes or pivot-points.

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151,203, 246, 281, 304+, 310, 344, and 358+, for the structure of the track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 306]    306Longitudinal motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Subject matter including a restraining device which moves longitudinally in the direction of the traffic.

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301,311+, and 336+, for longitudinally-moving track trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 307]    307Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Subject matter including a restraining device which moves vertically.

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302,313, 351+, and 368+, for vertically-moving track-trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 308]    308Swinging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Subject matter including a restraining device which swings vertically.

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352,and 353+, for vertically-moving longitudinal levers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 309]    309Yielding rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Subject matter including a track-rail which yields vertically under the weight of the train, thereby actuating the gate or door.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 310]    310Parallel swing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter including track devices which move with a vertical or horizontal swinging motion parallel to and in the direction of the rails, similar to that of a parallel-ruler.

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151,160, 201+, 246+, 305, 308+, 314+, and 358, for similar track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 311]    311Longitudinal motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter having track devices which move longitudinally in the direction of the traffic.

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301,306, 312, and 336+, for similar track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 312]    312Rectilinear:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 311.  Subject matter having track devices which move in right lines parallel to the traction-rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 313]    313Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Subject matter having track devices which move vertically.

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204,246+, 307+, and 351+, for similar track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 314]    314Switches, automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having track switches which are automatically set or reset by the energy of the moving vehicle, acting directly on the switch through the vehicle-wheels or some fixed member in advance of the wheels or through a separate track instrument connected to the switch by motion-transmitting mechanism.

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264,and 359+, for means under the control of an occupant of the vehicle, adapted to be placed in position to act directly on the switch, so as to move it either by manual power or by the energy of the moving vehicle.
278,284 and 290, and various indented subclasses, for mechanism of the type stated used in connection with means for manual actuation.
415+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 315]    315Resetting, vehicle restrained:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 314.  Subject matter having switches usually actuated by the approaching vehicle which during its passage maintains contact with a yielding member until clear of the main track, whereupon the switch is automatically reset by spring or counterweight to "main-line clear".

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280,281, 316, and 395+, for resetting mechanism.
281,and 398, for vehicle-restrained mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 316]    316Wheel resetting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 314.  Subject matter including a switch which is usually actuated by the approaching vehicle, which after its passage onto the side track automatically closes the switch resetting it for the main line by the action of the car-wheels upon trips or rails other than the laterally- moving switch-rails forward of their pivot.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 317]    317Facing setting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 314.  Subject matter including a switch which, if set for siding, is automatically reset for main line by a train approaching it facing, provided the resetting mechanism is not intentionally temporarily withdrawn from actuating position.

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278,and appropriate indented subclasses for facing-setting mechanism.
304,and 398, for vehicle-restrained mechanism.
397,for hand-restrained mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 318]    318Trailing setting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 314.  Subject matter including a switch locked against ordinary force, but capable of being automatically thrown and locked by the pressure, upon the moving rail or point, of the first wheel trailing through the switch.

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282,and 284, and appropriate indented subclasses, for switches of the type stated connected with switch-stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 319]    319Trailing fly-back:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 314.  Subject matter including a switch, usually point or tongue, which is forced open, generally against springs or counterweights, by direct contact of each wheel of a train trailing through the switch and which flies back or is automatically moved back after the passage of same.

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282+,284, and appropriate indented subclasses, for switches of the trailing- setting type connected with switch- stands.
290+,for trailing-fly-back type connected with switch-stands.

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267Spring Devices,   appropriate subclasses, for details of compression and tension devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 320]    320Spiral spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 319.  Subject matter in which the switch is returned automatically to its original position by the power on one or more spiral springs.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 321]    321Tie or connecting rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 320.  Subject matter having a single spiral spring located upon either the tie-rod or the connecting-rod.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 322]    322Track mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 314.  Subject matter not above classified whereby track-switches are actuated by the energy of an approaching vehicle.

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273,274, 275, 278+, and 297+, for various types of track-trips used for actuating movable devices of various kinds.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 323]    323Selective:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including car-actuated switch-shifting mechanism for automatically directing a plurality of cars to various tracks in predetermined order or for automaticaly actuating the necessary switches along the route of a car.

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156,157 and 162, for selective mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 324]    324Latch or clutch release:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including car-actuated switches which are reset for main line automatically by latch or clutch release devices cooperating with springs or counterweights.

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238,244, 258+, 263, 300, and 325, for electrical latch and clutch release.
299+,for mechanical latch and clutch release.

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192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   appropriate subclasses, for clutch mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 325]    325Electric control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 324.  Subject matter in which the latch or clutch is operated by electrical means.

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202,and 415+, and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for switch structure.
238,244, 258+, 263, and 300, for electric latch and clutch release.
299,301, 302, 324, and 396, for mechanical latch and clutch release.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 326]    326Electric control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including switch-operating track mechanism controlled by electrical means.

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300,for electric control.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 327]    327Alternate throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including a switch actuated by a single-track device, the successive operation of which in the same manner alternately sets the switch for siding or main line.

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230,236, 328, 342, 347, 350, and 354, for alternate-throw mechanism and similar devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 328]    328Tappet wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 327.  Subject matter in which a tappet-wheel is used as the track device.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 329]    329Three and multiple throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including an automatic switch for three or more tracks diverging from the same point.

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403,for three or multiple throw switch stands.
440,for three throw switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 330]    330Traffic protected:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including track mechanism normally withdrawn from actuating position, so that ordinary street traffic has no power to either throw the switch or damage the mechanism, the track device being automatically placed in actuating position by the approaching car, so that it can be actuated by the switch-throwing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 331]    331Rotary longitudinal connecting shaft:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including a track device and a switch which are connected by a longitudinal rotary connecting-shaft.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 332]    332Cable and pulley connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including a track device and a switch which are connected by a system of cables and pulleys.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 333]    333Longitudinal sprial cam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including switches which are actuated by devices which are revolved on an axis parallel to the rails by the action of a car device upon a screw, helix, cam, or spiral groove.

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303,and 405, for similar mechanism actuating signals and gates.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 334]    334Rack and pinion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including switches which are actuated by star and pinion wheels or their equivalents, the train-trip being either a toothed rack, a brush, a friction-bar, or some equivalent device.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 335]    335Bow spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including devices of the bow-spring type used for actuating switches.

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313,for bow-spring type of track-trip.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 336]    336Longitudinal motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter including switches actuated by track devices which move longitudinally in the direction of the traffic.

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301,306, 311+, and 336+, for longitudinally-moving track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 337]    337Train-trip elevation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter in which the track device releases the train-trip by causing its elevation.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 338]    338Track-mechanism depression:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter in which the track device is released from the train-trips by being depressed.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 339]    339Perpendicular swing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter in which the track device swings in a perpendicular plane parallel to the direction of the traffic.

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346,and 353, and appropriate subclasses indented thereunder, for swinging track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 340]    340Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Subject matter in which pairs of connected track devices are used, each moving the switch in a direction opposite from the other.
(1) Note. Both devices of the pair must be located either in front of or behind the switch, for when placed in tandem, with the switch between them, they are not double, but become independent means for switch setting and resetting, respectively.

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339,346 and 353, and appropriate indented subclasses for swinging track mechanism.
343,349, 355, and 356+, for double trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 341]    341Horizontal swing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 336.  Subject matter including switches actuated by track devices which swing in a horizontal plane.

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339,346, and 353, and appropriate indented subclasses, for swinging track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 342]    342Double acting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Subject matter including track devices which can be acted upon at two different contact-points, whereby the switch can be thrown in either direction.

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230,236, 297, 327, 347, 350, and 354, for double-acting track devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 343]    343Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 341.  Subject matter in which pairs of track devices are used, each moving the switch in a direction opposite from the other.
(1) Note. Both devices of the pair must be located either in front of or behind the switch, for when placed in tandem, with the switch between them, they are not double, but become independent means for switch setting and resetting, respectively.

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340,349, 355, 356, and 357, for double-track devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 344]    344Transverse motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Subject matter having track devices which move at right angles to the direction of traffic.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 345]    345Duplex lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 344.  Subject matter having a switch which is actuated by a plurality of levers moving transversely and which coact at the ends opposite their fulcrums.

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352,for levers moving vertically.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 346]    346Swinging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 344.  Subject matter having track mechanism which swings transversely to the direction of the traffic.

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339,and 353, and appropriate indented subclasses, for swinging track mechanism.
353+,for levers moving vertically.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 347]    347Double acting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter having track devices which can be acted upon at two different contact-points, whereby the switch can be thrown in either direction.

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230,236, 297, 327, 342, 348, 350, and 354, for double-acting track devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 348]    348Guiding tail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 347.  Subject matter having a track device which is provided with a tail or extension behind the pivot, the function of which is to guide the train-trip into proper contact with the track device.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 349]    349Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Subject matter having pairs of track devices, each moving the switch in a direction opposite from the other.
(1) Note. Both devices of the pair must be located either in front of or behind the switch, for when placed in tandem, with the switch between them, they are not double, but become independent means for switch setting and resetting, respectively.

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339,346 and 353, and appropriate indented subclasses, for swinging track mechanism.
340,343, 355, and 356+, for double trips.
355,for levers stated moving vertically.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 350]    350Double acting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 344.  Subject matter having track devices which can be acted upon at two different contact-points, whereby the switch can be thrown in either direction.

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230,236, 297, 327, 342, 347+, and 354, for double-acting track-trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 351]    351Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 344.  Subject matter having switches which are actuated by vertically-moving track devices.

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302,307+, 313, 351+, for vertically-moving track devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 352]    352Duplex lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Subject matter having switches which are actuated by one or more sets of end-pivoted double levers, which coact at their ends opposite their fulcrums.

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345,for duplex longitudinal levers, with end fulcrum moving transversely.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 353]    353Swinging:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Subject matter having switches which are actuated by track mechanism swinging vertically.

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339,and 346, and appropriate indented subclasses, for swinging track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 354]    354Double acting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 353.  Subject matter having trail devices which can be acted upon at two different contact-points, whereby the switch can be thrown in either direction.

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230,236, 297, 327, 342, 347+, and 350, for double-acting.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 355]    355Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 353.  Subject matter having pairs of track devices each moving the switch in a direction opposite from the other.
(1) Note. Both devices of the pair must be located either in front of or behind the switch, for when placed in tandem, with the switch between them, they are not double, but become independent means for switch setting and resetting, respectively.

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340,343, 349, and 356+, for double trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 356]    356Double:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Subject matter having pairs of connected track-trips, each moving the switch in a direction opposite from the other.
(1) Note. Both devices of the pair must be located either in front of or behind the switch, for when placed in tandem, with the switch between them, they are not double, but become independent means for switch setting and resetting, respectively.

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313,and 350, for track-trips moving transversely.
340,343, 349, and 355, for double trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 357]    357Transverse lever connection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 356.  Subject matter having track devices which are transversely connected by a horizontal lever.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 358]    358Switch locks, automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having train-actuated devices, sometimes called "lock-bars", by which a moving train can lock or secure in place a switch over which it is passing or is a about to pass.

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322+,appropriate subclasses for track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 359]    359Train trips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Subject matter having devices upon cars by which track mechanism is actuated.

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264+,for point throwers mounted on cars.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 360]    360Electric or magnetic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having train-trips which are moved into operative position by electric or magnetic means or moving track devices by magnets attraction.

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121,193, 202, 249, 265, and 326, for electrically or magnetically actuated devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 361]    361Fluid pressure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having train-trips which are moved into operative position by fluid-pressure means.

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257+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto, for a fluid-motor structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 362]    362Resilient:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having train-trips which yield after the switch or signal has been actuated, thus allowing the car to pass on without injury to the mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 363]    363Hooks:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having means whereby a car-carried hook engages with and actuates a ring, loop, or similar device upon the track.

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104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for details of mechanism for bringing track- cleaners into operative position and more or less adapted for bringing car-tappets also into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 364]    364Racks or friction bars:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having train trips whose contacting members are either toothed racks, brushes, friction-bars, or their equivalents.

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104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for details of mechanism for bringing track- cleaners into operative position and more or less adapted for bringing car-tappets also into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 365]    365Pivoted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having train trips wheel swing upon pivots into operative position.

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104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for details of mechanism for bringing track- cleaners into operative position and more or less adapted for bringing car-tappets also into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 366]    366Wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Subject matter having a wheel which is used as the contacting element.

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264,369 and 372, for wheels used as car-tappets.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 367]    367Rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Subject matter having a rod which is used as the contacting element.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 368]    368Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having a trip which is moved vertically into operative position.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for details of mechanism for bringing track-cleaners into operative position and more or less adapted for bringing car-tappets also into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 369]    369Wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Subject matter having vertically-moving trips which use a wheel as the contacting element.

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268,366 and 372, for wheels used as car-tappets, moving, respectively, radially and laterally into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 370]    370Rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Subject matter having vertically-moving trips which use a rod as the contacting element.

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264+,367 and 373, for rods used as car-tappets, moving respectively, radially and laterally into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 371]    371Lateral motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 359.  Subject matter having a train trip which moves laterally into operative position.

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104Railways,   subclasses 279+ , for details of mechanism for bringing track-cleaners into operative position and more or less adapted for bringing car-tappets also into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 372]    372Wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Subject matter having a wheel which is used as the contacting element.

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264,366 and 369, for wheels used as car-tappets, moving, respectively, radially and vertically into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 373]    373Rod:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Subject matter having a rod which is used as the connecting element.

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264,367 and 370, for rods used as car-tappets, moving, respectively, radially and vertically into operative position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 374]    374SAFETY SIDINGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having a siding in which the main-track switch is mechanically connected to a derailing-block or safety-switch in the siding, the derailing-block or safety-switch being opened when the main-track switch is closed, so that cars on the siding are prevented from fouling the main line.
(1) Note. For structure of the derailing block, a search should be made in subclass 163 of this class, and Class 104, Railways, subclasses 262+.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 375]    375CONTINUOUS-RAIL CROSSING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having a crossing of two or more lines of railway-track in which there is always preserved an unbroken rail for each line of road when a train is passing.

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465+,and the subclasses referred to in the search notes appended thereto, for the structure of the crossing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 376]    376Overlapped main:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 375.  Subject matter having single rails or sections of track which swing or fold over upon and overlap other lines of rail.

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273,and 383+, for overlapped-main-line crossings.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 377]    377Pivoted rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 375.  Subject matter having pivoted rails which are placed at the points of intersection.

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273,387, 388, and 418, for pivoted-rail structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 378]    378Rotary block:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 375.  Subject matter having rotary blocks which carry rail-sections at the crossing-points.

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273,and 388, for similar devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 379]    379Movable point:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 375.  Subject matter having crossings in which two adjacent point-switches facing each other are mechanically connected, so as to move in unison, but in opposite directions.

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273,and 416, for similar devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 380]    380Sliding rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 375.  Subject matter having blocks, rails, or track-sections which slide into place.

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273,392 and 430, for similar devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 381]    381Longitudinal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 380.  Subject matter in which the rails slide in a direction longitudinal with reference to the traffic.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 382]    382SWITCH-CONNECTED FROGS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having a switch which is combined with various types of movable-rail substitutes for rigid frogs, insuring an unbroken rail at the frog-point, and which is provided with mechanism for the simultaneous actuation of the switch and the frog substitute.
(1) Note. The subclass also includes movable-rail frogs intended to be used as an element in a frogless switch.

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274,and 275+, for similar frog structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 383]    383Overlapped main:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter , having switch-connected frogs in which sections of the siding rail slide, swing, or fold into position, overlapping the main-line rail.

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274,376 and 429, for similar frog structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 384]    384Double rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 383.  Subject matter having switch-connected frogs in which two sections of the siding-rail meet over the main-line rail.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 385]    385Swinging tongue:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter having a pivoted tongue or pointed double rail which swings between two fixed wing-rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 386]    386Stub end:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 385.  Subject matter in which the tongue or double rail is not pointed, but has one or more stub or beveled ends.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 387]    387End-pivoted rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter in which an end-pivoted rail is placed at the frog-point.

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377,for pivoted rail continuous rail crossings.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 388]    388Center-pivoted rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter in which a center-pivoted rail under subclass 382 is placed at the frog-point.

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377,for pivoted rail continuous rail crossings.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 389]    389Swinging rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter in which two or more rails are simultaneously swung into position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 390]    390Opposed swing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.  Subject matter in which two or more moving stub-rails swing, with reverse motion, into connection with each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 391]    391Wing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.  Subject matter in which switch-connected frogs are provided with a fixed frog-point and swinging wing-rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 392]    392Transversely sliding rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Subject matter having moving rails which slide laterally into position.

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380+,and 430, for sliding rail crossings or switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 393]    393SWITCH STANDS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having means located at switches for their manual actuation, usually provided with a target or other visual signal.

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21+,104+, 111+, 118+, and 143+, for manual actuation in connection with block and other systems.
144,278, 284, and 290+, for switch-stand structure.
489,for manual-actuation devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 394]    394Cab signal or train control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having switch stands equipped with mechanism for actuating cab signal or train-control mechanism on approaching train when the switch is open.

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115,117, 119, 120, and 167, and appropriate indented subclasses, and all subclasses referred to in the search notes appended thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 395]    395Resetting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having stands which insure the resetting of the switch to "unbroken main" after the passage of the train, either automatically by energy other than that of the moving vehicle or by alarms or other devices insuring manual actuation.

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280+,315, 316, and 317, for resetting mechanism and devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 396]    396Latch release, automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter having switch-actuating mechanism provided with train-actuated latch-release mechanism, permitting the switch to be thrown to "main-line clear" by the force of springs or counterweights as the train approaches.

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238,244, 258+, 263, 300, and 325, for electric latch and clutch release.
299,301, 302, and 324, for mechanical latch and clutch release.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 397]    397Hand restrained:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter having a switch stand in which the switch is held open by the switchman against the action of springs, counterweights, etc., the switch automatically closing when released.

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279,281, 304+, and 315, for vehicle or hand restrained devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 398]    398Vehicle restrained:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter having a switch stand in which the switch, after being opened manually, is held open, by the action of the car-wheels upon treadles and other devices, against springs or counterweights or their equivalents, the switch automatically closing after the passage of the train.

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281,304+ and 315, for vehicle-restrained devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 399]    399Detention devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter having means for detaining the switchman at the switch until it is properly closed and locked, either by confinement in cages or by means of handcuffs, shackles or other body-locks.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 304 for electric signal box systems having detention devices at the signal boxes.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 400]    400Key retaining:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Subject matter having switch keys which cannot be removed from the switch-lock until the switch has been properly reset and locked.

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414,for locks built into the structure of the switch-stand.

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70Locks,   subclasses 389 and 441 for lock and latch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 401]    401Rail lock and position indication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having switch stands with special locks acting directly on the switch-rails or on moving parts other than the operating-rod and connected to the switch-stand proper through the switch-rails.
(1) Note. In many cases the lock does not operate and permit the actuating-lever to complete its throw until the switch comes home into position, thereby indicating when, because of an obstruction or from any other cause, the switch is not fully thrown.

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15,and 131+, appropriate subclasses for interlocking devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 402]    402Transverse rotary locking shaft:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 401.  Subject matter having a switch stand in which the lock is actuated by the rotation of a shaft placed transversely to the switch-rails.

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448,for locking switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 403]    403Three and multiple throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having a switch stand specially adapted for the actuation of three and multiple throw switches.

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329,and 440, for three throw switches and track mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 404]    404Adjustable throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having a switch stand provided with means for adjusting the throw of the switch.

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450+,for adjustable tie bars.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 405]    405Spiral-cam actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having a spiral cam for transmitting motion to the switch-rails.

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303,and 333, for similar switch-actuating mechanism.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 406]    406Gear actuated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having gearing for transmitting motion to the switch-rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 407]    407Structural types:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 393.  Subject matter having stands not hereinbefore classified as to function, and defined by structural characteristics.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 408]    408Depressed mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 407.  Subject matter having stands without projections above the pavement liable to be damaged by street traffic, and so especially adapted for use by street-railways in cities and towns.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 409]    409High semaphore stands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 407.  Subject matter having switch stands provided with an elevated semaphore-signal usually used at the entrance to main-line sidings.

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479+,for semaphores.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 410]    410Vertical lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 407.  Subject matter having switch stands which are actuated by a vertical lever.

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278+,284+ and 290+, for automatic switch stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 411]    411Ground stands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 410.  Subject matter having switch stands of low construction specially adapted for use in yards.

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70Locks,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 193 through 197for lever guide locks.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 412]    412Horizontal lever:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 407.  Subject matter having a switch stand actuated by a horizontal lever and usually also having a horizontal locking-segment.

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278+,284+ and 290+, for automatic switch stands.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 413]    413Drop arm:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Subject matter having a switch stand which has a pivoted arm, which drops into a notch in the locking-segment, forming an automatic lock.

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144+,for signal-actuating interlocking switch stand.
314,for vehicle-actuated switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 414]    414Automatic key-lock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 413.  Subject matter having an automatic spring key-lock built into the body of the stand or lever.

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400,for key-retaining switch stands.

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70Locks,   appropriate subclasses, particularly 193-197 for locks and lever guide locks.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 415]    415SWITCHES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having means for enabling a succession of cars to pass to a selected one of several diverging lines of track.

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144+,158, 162, 176, 217, 220, 226+, 233, 234, 239, 253, 259, 266+, 277, and 314+, for the structure of switches generally.
319+,for spring switches which yield to the car-wheels while passing through them trailing, and are hence actuated by the energy of the vehicle.

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104Railways,   subclass 195 for slot-switch structure approximating to railway-switch structure.
186Merchandising,   subclasses 19+ , disclosing switches for cash-carrier and store-service railways.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 416]    416Slip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having switches and connecting-tracks placed at diagonal crossings and permitting a change of direction from one line to another, as well as a continuance upon the same line.

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273,and 379, for continuous rail crossings.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 417]    417Frog obviating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch so constructed as to obviate the use of rigid or spring rail frogs or movable-rail substitutes for frogs, one or more movable devices performing the double function of a frog and a switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 418]    418Single ral:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 417.  Subject matter having a single movable switch-rail extending from the switch-point to the point where the frog would normally be placed.

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274,for switch-connected frogs operated by vehicle energy.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 419]    419Conduit, third rail or trolley:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch which is more or less modified in construction by the presence of conduits, third rails, and cables and conducting-wires of cable and electric railways.
(1) Note. Includes some devices which operate automatically.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 420]    420Nonderailing, trailing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch through which, however set, an ordinary train can be run trailing without derailment and without moving any parts of the switch.

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290+,and 319+, for spring-switches which also accomplish this function by springing the switch aside.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 421]    421Risers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 420.  Subject matter having a switch provided with one or more devices, called "risers", upon which the wheels are carried over the top of the stock-rail and are guided into position by the action of the guard rail or grooves.

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432,455 and 469, for switch and crossing risers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 422]    422Moving guard rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 420.  Subject matter having a switch provided with fixed points and moving guard-rails, the function of the latter being to direct the wheels to the proper track.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 423]    423Facing, rerailing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having point switches provided with devices for rerailing cars running facing when derailed or split by the failure of the points to come fully home.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 424]    424Facing, selective:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having switches without movable parts, the direction taken by the car being determined in various ways, some of which are specified in the following subclasses.

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186Merchandising,   subclasses 20+ , for selective switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 425]    425Side draft:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 424.  Subject matter having a switch of such construction that the car can be drawn over and directed to the main or branch track by the side draft or internal traction of a team of draft-animals.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 426]    426Modified wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 424.  Subject matter having a switch in which wheels of special construction (as, for example, when provided with extra flanges) determine the direction which the car is to take.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 427]    427Stationary turnout:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having switches without moving parts which divert trains running facing onto the siding and allow trains running trailing to continue, underailed, upon the main line, or vice versa.
(1) Note. The vehicle-energy-actuated switches of subclasses 319+ all perform an identical function, but are provided with moving parts actuated by the passing wheels when trailing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 428]    428Snow protected:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having switches so constructed as not to be readily clogged by snow and ice, which is usually either melted or automatically removed by the movement of the switch.

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444,for self-cleaning switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 429]    429Overlap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having continuous main-line rails and switch-points which overlap same when set for siding.

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445+,for stub switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 430]    430Sliding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch in which a plate carrying a section of track-rail slides laterally.

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380,and 392, for sliding rail structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 431]    431Oscillating, longitudinal axis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having switches in which the moving rails revolve or oscillate about an axis parallel to the rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 432]    432Risers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch in which the wheel rides upon a riser block or rail, and is thereby lifted and drawn over the top of a gauge-rail by the action of guard rails or grooves.
(1) Note. Includes switches of the so-called "Wharton" type.

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421,455 and 469, for switch and crossing risers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 433]    433Vertical motion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch which moves vertically instead of horizontally and with points usually rising and falling alternately.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 434]    434Flexible rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch in which one or both of the main-line rails are sprung laterally, often against a fixed point-rail.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 435]    435Point:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a switch in which the ends of one or both of the movable switch-rails terminate in points, as opposed to stub ends, the stationary rail being unbroken.

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104Railways,   subclass 195 , for slot-switch structure which approximates to railway-switch structure.
186Merchandising,   subclass 19 , for switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 436]    436Recessed rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having point switches in which the stock-rail is recessed to receive the point-rail.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 437]    437Renewable and reenforced:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having a point switch which has renewable or reinforced points.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 438]    438Point and mate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having a switch with a fixed frog or switch mate in one rail and a moving point in the other.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 439]    439Tandem:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having point switches in which one point is placed in advance of the other.
(1) Note. These switches are known in the art as the "Vaughn" type, from the name of the inventor.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 440]    440Three throw:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having a point switch for passing to one of three different tracks.

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329,and 403, for three throw switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 441]    441Tread guard rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having a point switch provided with a guard-rail, which by contact with the rim of the tread of the wheel forces the flange of the wheel away from the switch-points.

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456,for similar structure in crossings.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 442]    442Tongue:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 435.  Subject matter having triangular-shaped and comparatively short pivoted single points extensively used on the sharp turnouts of street-railways and placed in one of the gauge-rails, a fixed point or switch mate being placed in the other rail.

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104Railways,   subclass 195 , for slot-switch structure which approximates to railway-switch structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 443]    443Bed lock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Subject matter having locking devices of various kinds placed in the beds of tongue-switches for holding the point in position.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 444]    444Self-cleaning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 442.  Subject matter having point switches usually of the tongue type, so designed as to automatically remove the accumulated dirt, which tends to obstruct their motion.

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428,for snow-protecting point switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 445]    445Stub:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having switches in which the ends of the moving rails are squarely truncated.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 446]    446Double rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 445.  Subject matter having stub switches composed of pairs of parallel instead of single moving rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 447]    447Anti-creep or jar:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 445.  Subject matter having stub switches provided with devices for preventing the creeping of the switch or the jar of wheels passing over gaps at the stub ends of the switch-rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 448]    448Lock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having means other than portable padlocks or tower-operated bolts which lock the switch-rails, switch-rods, or connecting-bars in place, but do not lock parts of the switch-stand.

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401+,for rail lock and position indication.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 449]    449Tie bars:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having rods connecting the two moving rails of a switch and determining their spacing.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 450]    450Adjustable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 449.  Subject matter in which the tie rods are provided with means for adjusting the position of the switch-rails with reference to the stock-rails.

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403,for three or multiple throw switch stands.
404,for adjustable throw switch stands.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclass 586 , for longitudinally adjustable rods or pitmans.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 451]    451Eccentric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 450.  Subject matter having tie-bars in which the adjustment is made by means of eccentrics.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 452]    452Connecting rods:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having a rod connecting the switch or signal to the actuating stand or rod and by means of which the switch is thrown.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 453]    453Chairs and plates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Subject matter having means designed for supporting the moving rails of switches.

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467,for crossing chairs.

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29Metal Working,   subclass 16 , for incidental disclosure of railway chair and plate structure.
238Railways: Surface Track,   subclass 187 , for rail joint chairs.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 454]    454CROSSINGS, FROGS, AND MATES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having means placed at the common point of two or more traction-rails or opposite a tongue-switch and arranged to permit the passage of the wheel-flanges.

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238Railways: Surface Track,   subclass 151 , for filler-blocks and other devices used as foot-guards in crossings, frogs, and mates.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 455]    455Outer-tread-supported wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs and mates in which an outer rail member with riser ends is employed, upon which the unguttered or rim portion of the wheel-tread runs, thereby obviating the jolting due to guttered wheels.

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421,432 and 469, for switch and crossing risers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 456]    456Tread guard rail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs, and mates provided with a guard-rail acting on the rim of the wheel-tread, and thereby guiding the wheel-flanges past the frog and crossing points.

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441,for switch-tread guard rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 457]    457Flange-supported wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings which have a hard filler, with end risers, placed at the crossing-point between the gauge and guard rails, affording a bearing-surface upon which the flange of the wheel runs, carrying the wheel-tread clear of the gap in the gauge-rail.
(1) Note. The subclass contains a few patents in which a flange-bearing is obtained without the use of a riser by lowering the tread of the rail until the flange of the wheel strikes the bottom of the frog.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 458]    458Frogs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 457.  Subject matter having frogs provided with flange-bearing risers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 459]    459Hot filled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs, and mates whose components, often pieces of rail, are joined by hot metal, usually iron or steel, cast around them, which usually enters cavities therein, binding the entire structure, partly by bonding and partly by a welding action.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 460]    460Central inserts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs, and mates provided with centrally-inserted pieces of manganese or other hard steel adapted especially for resisting wear and for being replaced when worn down or destroyed.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 461]    461Cast bound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 460.  Subject matter in which the inserts are secured in position, in whole or in part, by casting hot and comparatively soft metal (as spelter) or cement, which enters sundry cavities and on cooling secures the block in position or prevents the bolts, wedges, or other fastenings used from working loose under stress.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 462]    462Plate or plate bolted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs, and mates in which the rail-pieces are riveted or bolted through their flanges to a foundation-plate, usually of wrought-iron. There may or may not in addition be filler-blocks and bolts through the web of the rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 463]    463Bolted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs, and mates built up from rail-pieces spaced by filler-blocks and secured by bolts passing through the fillers and through the webs of the rails.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 464]    464Solid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having crossings, frogs, and mates of solid cast or wrought construction or those whose component parts are joined by welding, (other than cast-welding).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 465]    465Crossings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having means placed at the crossings of the rails of two intersecting tracks and consisting, in their simplest form, of four solid frogs joined together with rails to form a connected system.
(1) Note. Only structure peculiar to crossings will be found in this subclass and its minor subdivisions. Structures common to frogs and crossings alike will be found in the preceding subclasses.

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111+,273 and 375+, for the structure of the crossing.

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238Railways: Surface Track,   subclass 151 for filler-blocks and other devices used as foot-guards in crossings, frogs and mates.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 466]    466Street and steam:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Subject matter having crossings placed at the intersection of steam with street railway tracks and in which the former have unbroken lines of rail.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 467]    467Chairs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Subject matter having means in the nature of rail-supports for holding and supporting the ends of rail-pieces in building up a crossing.

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453,and also see the search notes appended thereto, for chairs and plates.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 468]    468Frogs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having means placed at the intersection of two gauge-rails of railway-track in order to afford flangeways for the wheels.
(1) Note. Only structure peculiar to frogs will be found in this subclass and its minor subdivisions. Structure common to frogs and crossings alike will be found in the subclasses preceding subclass 465.

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274,275+ and 382+, for frog structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 469]    469Unbroken main:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 468.  Subject matter having a frog in which the wheels are raised and carried over the unbroken main track by means of fixed elevated side rails or risers.

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421,432 and 455, for risers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 470]    470Clamped:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 468.  Subject matter having rail frogs which have spacing-fillers whose parts are secured in position by clamps or clamps and wedges.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 471]    471Composite:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 468.  Subject matter having frogs of composite (mostly horizontal) structure built up in various ways from pieces of wrought or cast metal other than pieces of rail.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 472]    472Details:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 454.  Subject matter having details relating to the construction of various types of crossings, frogs and mates.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 473]    473SIGNALS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having audible or visual means of communication especially adapted and intended for directing and controlling the traffic over and upon railways.

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14,111, 125, 209, 260, and 292+, for signal structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 473.1]    473.1Highway crossing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter including devices which indicate to pedestrians or highway vehicle operators that a train is approaching a highway crossing.

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125+,for systems which control highway crossing indicators by automatic train actuation.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 928 for traffic control systems or devices of a similar nature used in other than a railroad crossing context.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 473.2]    473.2Wigwag type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.1.  Subject matter in which the device includes an oscillating member (e.g., swinging arm, scanning light beam).

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 481 and 932.1 for devices of a similar nature used in a road vehicle or traffic context other than railroad type.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 473.3]    473.3Light beam projecting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter including devices which give an indication by means of a projected beam of light.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 474]    474Track reflectors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having signals on the track or roadway provided with reflectors, which reflect light from the headlight either back to the engineer or forward, as around curves, etc., to notify an approaching train.

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20,for track-reflectors used in block-signal systems.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 515+ for signal reflectors, per se, and subclasses 838+ for mirrors, per se.
362Illumination,   subclasses 296.01 through 296.1for reflectors in combination with illuminating means.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 475]    475Dwarf or pot:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having "drawf" or "pot" signals, so called which are low compact signals placed at switches and used mostly in yards where switches are operated from towers.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 476]    476Switch or switch stand:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having switch-position indicators such as signals, lamps, and targets actuated by the movement of a switch or switch-stand.

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212+,for detonating signals placed in position by the motion of a switch or switch-stand.
220,for electrically-actuated switch signals.
393+,for switch signals, targets, etc., actuated by the switch-stand.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 477]    477Roadway, visual, and portable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having visual signals adapted to be temporarily placed upon or secured to the permanent way to advise approaching trains of danger ahead.

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207,for portable track trips.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 478]    478Enclosed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having signals whose moving parts are for the most part enclosed or boxed in for protection from the weather-as, for example, the disk and circular-box or banjo type of signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 479]    479Semaphore:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having visual signals of the well-known railway- semaphore type--viz., a blade with parallel or but slightly-diverging edges, pivoted upon one side of a post or mast and capable of being rotated to a vertical, inclined, or horizontal position. They are usually provided with signal-lamps and spectacles set with colored glasses, corresponding to the various aspects which they can present.
(1) Note. Signals of this well-known type are here included even when the claims do not specifically involve other elements of railway signaling. "Semaphores", so called, of special or unusual shape, if claimed in connection with railway apparatus and appliances, will be found in subclass 473 of this class; if not so claimed, in Class 116, Signals and Indicators, subclasses 200+.

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473,(see Note 1).

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116Signals and Indicators,   (see Note 1).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 480]    480Upper quadrant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 479.  Subject matter having semaphores which are operated in the upper quadrant and moved upward instead of downward when passing from horizontal to vertical position, so that deposits of ice on the arm will increase rather than decrease the tendency to assume the stop or danger position. They are not usually provided with counterweights.
(1) Note. Pivoted-arm signals, not strictly semaphores within the definition of subclass 479, are here included, provided they work in the upper quadrant.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 481]    481Home and distant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 479.  Double semaphores on the same mast, usually operated by one lever in succession.

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33,38, 39, 44+, 51, and 52, for semaphores in block-signal stems.
224,for home and distant signal semaphores.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 482]    482Arms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 479.  Subject matter having semaphores in which the novelty resides in the arm or blade or in its mode of mounting.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 483]    483Illuminated:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 482.  Subject matter having semaphores in which the novelty resides in means for illuminating the arm or blade by either natural or artificial light not emanating from the train.
(1) Note. Pivoted-arm signals, not strictly semaphores within the definition of subclass 479, are here included, provided they disclose means for illuminating the arm-or blade. Signal-arms or targets illuminated by light from the train will be found in subclass 474.

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474,and 479, (see Note 1).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 484]    484Lamp and spectacles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 479.  Subject matter having semaphores with lamps or spectacles of special structure or provided with means for holding or moving the lamp or its parts.
(1) Note. For means for mounting the lenses see Class 362 Illumination, subclasses 455+.

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362Illumination,   subclasses 257+ for lamps which may be used for signalling (see Note 1).
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 485]    485Post mechanism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 479.  Subject matter having means located at or upon the post for actuating, locking, or controlling the movements of the semaphore.

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3,14, 20, 111, 118, 120, 125, 209, 220, 221, and various indented subclasses (except the "switch" subclasses thereunder) for various means for controlling semaphores.
257,262 and 292, for various means for actuating semaphores.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 486]    486Bridge warnings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having means placed at the approach to overhead or highway bridges as a warning to brakemen on the roofs of cars that there is not sufficient clearance for safety. They are usually yielding obstructions, such as hanging cords, rods resiliently mounted, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 487]    487Torpedoes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having means adapted to be placed on or near the track-rails, so as to be exploded by a passing train as a warning of danger ahead.
(1) Note. Only the structure of the container which holds the explosive substance is here classified. The explosive itself will be found in Class 149, Explosive and Thermic Compositions or Charges.

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210+,for detonating signals placed in position by the movement of a switch, switch-stand, or visual signal.

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102Ammunition and Explosives,   appropriate subclasses for containers not specially designed for railway use and subclass 336 for red fire fuses used by brakeman and others in railway signaling.
149Explosive and Thermic Compositions or Charges,   appropriate subclasses for explosive or ignitable compositions which may be useful for signal purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 488]    488Trainmens" kits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 473.  Subject matter having collections of signal devices for the use of brakemen in protecting their trains--such as flags, lanterns, torpedoes etc.,--fastened or otherwise kept together until needed for use.

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206Special Receptacle or Package,   subclasses 223+ for a container for a railway signal kit. Where the container forms part of the signal device or is particularly configured to such railway signals, classification is in this (246) class.
  
[List of Patents for class 246 subclass 489]    489MANUAL ACTUATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter having means for manually or pedally actuating signals, switches and other movable elements.

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393+,and all subclasses mentioned in the search notes appended thereto for manually actuated switch stands.
  

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