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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 303]   CLASS 303,FLUID-PRESSURE AND ANALOGOUS BRAKE SYSTEMS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class relates to the distribution of fluid to brake motors, i.e., the utilization of fluid-pressure in the operation of brakes.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

Systems for the distribution of pressure fluid to a plurality of motors other than brake motors are, for the most part in Class 60, Power Plants, subclasses 6, 97, 420, 484, and their respective indented subclasses, and Class 91, Motors: Expansible Chamber Type, subclasses 165+ and 508+.

SECTION III - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

60Power Plants,   subclasses 325+ for a pressure fluid source supply motive fluid to an output motor of general utility, particularly subclasses 533+ a master-slave system. See the Search Class reference to Class 303 in subclass 533 of Class 60 for the line between these classes as to pulsators.
73Measuring and Testing,   subclass 39 for devices for testing fluid brake systems and triple valves.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   subclasses 508+ for a system of plural expansible chamber motors of general utility and appropriate subclass for an expansible chamber motor, per se.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   for apparatus for gas separation, per se, which merely dry or separate foreign matter from gaseous brake fluids or which deaerate brake liquids.
116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 55 for signal train-pipes supplied with fluid under pressure, the train brake-pipe, when used for signaling, being found in this subclass.
137Fluid Handling,   appropriate subclasses for fluid handling systems of more general application, and in particular see subclasses 203+ for devices for collecting and discharging condensate from a low point in the system, subclass 381 for shields to protect exposed valves, subclasses 545+ for devices for separating foreign matter from the brake fluid, and subclass 598 for distribution systems including a flow passage between a master cylinder and a brake cylinder and means to control the fluid flow, e.g., "hill holders", and see the Note to the definition of this subclass (598).
188Brakes,   subclasses 152+ and 154 for application of fluid-pressure operated brakes to motor-vehicles and to all road-vehicles.
246Railway Switches and Signals,   subclasses 167+ for operations on the air-distribution system from points on the railway-track.
252Compositions,   for fluids for hydraulic brakes or for other hydraulic devices.
293Vehicle Fenders,   subclass 5 for the application of a fluid pressure operated brake to a motor vehicle combined with vehicle fender structure.
418Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices,   for rotary expansible chamber, per se.
700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 1 through 89for generic data processing control systems.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 1]    1MISCELLANEOUS
 Patents not elsewhere classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 2]    2MULTIPLE SYSTEMS
 Patents showing systems of distribution to two or more motive devices associated in one system, one of which must be a fluid-pressure motive device.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 3]    3Fluid pressure and electric
 A motor operated by a fluid is associated with an electric motive device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

15,for distribution of fluid controlled by fluid and electric means.
121+,for a speed controlled braking system that controls fluid braking pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 4]    4Fluid pressure and vacuum
 Fluid is used at two pressures, the one above atmospheric and the other at atmospheric pressure, in opposition to a partial vacuum.
(1) Note. See this class, subclasses 12 and 31 for cases in which a vacuum alone is used.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 5]    5MULTIPLE FLUID-RECEIVING DEVICES
 The fluid is distributed to a plurality of receivers, one of which must be a brake motor.
(1) Note. Devices which control brake fluid in response to a speed responsive actuating signal have been excluded from this subclass and its indented subclasses and are found in subclasses 121+ below.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

30,for patents in which an additional pipe is used to feed the auxiliary reservoir.
121+,for speed controlled regulation of braking fluid and, therefore, braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 6.01]    6.01Multiple motors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the fluid is distributed to a plurality of fluid pressure operated motors.
(1) Note. The multiple motors are usually differently related to the means for distributing the fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 6.1]    6.1Brake and door
 Includes patents in which one of the motors operates a door.

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49Movable or Removable Closures,   subclass 334 for a motor driven closure and see the search notes thereto for the loci of other closures driven by a motor.
105Railway Rolling Stock,   the subclasses indented under subclass 238.1 for door operation and door actuators.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 7]    7Sectional train
 The train is divided into a plurality of sections, the fluid being distributed to the sections in different manner.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

53,for motorman"s valves adapted for this service.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 8]    8Multiple brake valves
 The distribution of fluid to the sections of the train is controlled by a plurality of brake-valves.

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25,and 26, for other patents combining automatic and direct distribution.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9]    9Supplementary in emergency
 Upon a heavy reduction of control-pipe pressure a second motor is brought into operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.61]    9.61Separate and simultaneous control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.01.  Subject matter including means for regulating the fluid flow to the motors such that one to the motors may be operated (a) independent of another motor and (b) in unison with the other motor, when desired.
(1) Note. This subclass may also include the sequential control of fluid pressure operated motors.

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50+,for manually controlled valves where details of the manual operation are significant.

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188Brakes,   subclass 16 and 354 for independently operated brakes.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.62]    9.62Apportioning control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.01.  Subject matter including means for varying the fluid flow to one motor relative to the flow to another motor, e.g., for varying the braking action of a form brake motor with respect to rear brake motor of a vehicle.

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188Brakes,   particularly subclass 349 for details of apportioning devices brake structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.63]    9.63Failure responsive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter including a feature which functions when the distribution of fluid ceases to occur properly.

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84.1+,for flow retarders and isolation valves which interrupt the fluid flow, usually upon the failure of some part of the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.64]    9.64Motorcycle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the fluid is distributed to the fluid pressure operated motors of a motorized land vehicle having a single from wheel and at least one rear wheel, e.g., a motorized velocipede.

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188Brake,   subclass 344 for velocipede brake structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.65]    9.65Manual:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the means for varying the fluid flow may be actuated by a human operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.66]    9.66For pneumatic system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the fluid being distributed is pressurized air.
(1) Note. The air pressure may be in the form of a vacuum.
(2) Note. The system may also include hydraulic portions.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.67]    9.67Inertia:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the means for varying the fluid flow includes means responsive to a resistance to acceleration, i.e., to inertia.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

24.1,for means for controlling fluid distribution by inertia in systems no to the apportioning type.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.68]    9.68Inertia weight:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.67.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to a moveable mass responsive to inertia for varying the fluid flow.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.69]    9.69Load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the means for varying the fluid flow includes means responsive to a gravity induced load on a supporting machine, e.g., a land vehicle.

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22.1+,for means for controlling fluid distribution affected by a load but not of the apportioning type.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.71]    9.71Having significant pressure control by front brake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the means for varying the fluid flow is substantially affected by the amount of fluid pressure present in a fluid line connected to a fluid pressure operated, forward motor used for stopping a vehicle.
(1) Note. While many front/rear apportioning valves in tandem brake systems have a front pressure line connected thereto, significance with relation to affected apportioning valve operation must be claimed for a patent to be considered as an original classification in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.72]    9.72Having multiple pistons affecting fluid flow:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter where in the mean for varying the fluid flow includes plural fluid propelling shafts to the fluid pressure operated motors.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.73]    9.73Having significant output feature:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein the means for varying the fluid flow includes mean for importantly affecting the flow to a fluid pressure operated motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.74]    9.74Multiple outlets:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.73.  Subject matter having plural means for importantly affecting the flow.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.75]    9.75Detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.62.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to a specific component of a fluid distribution system.
(1) Note. Included herein are control valve and system features relating to linkages, seals, springs and other parts of special importance.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 9.76]    9.76Spring operated motor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 6.01.  Subject matter wherein one of the motors includes a resilient component working in opposition to the fluid pressure of the motor.

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71,for fluid pressure retracting systems often used with spring operated motors.

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188Brakes,   particularly subclass 170 for spring applied, fluid pressure released brakes, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 10]    10WITH PUMP
 The fluid-distribution system is combined with a pump for accumulating a supply for use of the system.

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116.1+,for anti-lock brake system pump with a solenoid valve.

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417Pumps,   for pumps, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 11]    11Pressure control
 The action of the pump is controlled by the pressure of the fluid pumped up.

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417Pumps,   subclasses 1+ for condition responsive control of a pump drive motor and 279+ for condition responsive pumped fluid control.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 12]    12Vacuum
 The system includes devices for creating a partial vacuum.

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417Pumps,   subclasses 151+ for jet pumps.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 13]    13MULTIPLE CONTROL
 The distribution of the fluid is controlled by a plurality of means.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 14]    14Double heading
 Devices in which, while there is a plurality of means for controlling the distribution of the fluid, when the system is in operation the control is assumed by one, the others being suppressed.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 15]    15Fluid and electric
 The distribution of the fluid is controlled by change of pressure in the control-pipe and by electric operation of the distributing-valves.

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3,for a fluid and electric distribution system.
121+,for a speed controlled braking system that controls fluid braking pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 16]    16Automatic electric
 The electric valves are operated to reduce the pressure in the control-pipe, and thus give an automatic operation.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

28,for the use of the word "automatic"..
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 17]    17Electric impulse
 Upon the initiation of distribution at the first unit, a circuit is closed to continue the action electrically on other units. A current-generator may be operated upon the initial action to furnish current for the subsequent actions on other units.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 18]    18EXTERIOR CONTROL
 Control of system of distribution by appliances outside of and not forming part of the system.

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246Railway Switches and Signals,   particularly subclasses 167+ .
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 19]    19Deadman type
 Distribution of the fluid is initiated upon some failure of the operator.

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180Motor Vehicles,   subclasses 272+ for a motor vehicle provided with safety-promoting means which is responsive to the incapacity or absence of its operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 20]    20ELECTRIC CONTROL
 The distribution is controlled electrically.

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121+,for and electric speed control brake system.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.1]    22.1LOAD CONTROL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein int distribution of fluid to the brake motors of a machine, e.g., a vehicle, is regulated by means which responds to the weight of a gravity loading on the machine.

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9.69,for a load responsive type apportioning control.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.2]    22.2Empty and load type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.1.  Subject matter wherein the regulating means responds in one manner of the machine does not have a gravity loading on it and in a different manner in the presence of a such a loading.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.3]    22.3Alterable for different classes of service:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.2.  Subject matter wherein the regulating means is capable of being changed so that it may be used for another type of application e.g., used on a passenger a high speed express, or a freight type vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.4]    22.4Failure responsive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.1.  Subject matter including a feature which functions when the distribution of fluid ceases to occur properly.

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84.1+,for flow retarders and isolation valves which interrupt the fluid flow usually upon the failure of some part of the system.

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188Brakes,   subclasses 151+ for fluid pressure operated brakes often having safety devices.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 82+ for a fluid pressure piston which is used as an operator to open of close a circuit and often used in an automobile.
340Communication: Electrical,   subclasses 52+ for means automatically responsive to a condition of a vehicle, e.g., a brake fluid pressure monitor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.5]    22.5Responsive to fluid pressure spring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.1.  Subject matter wherein the regulating means is affected by fluid pressure generated by the action of hydraulic or pneumatic suspension means used to help support the gravity loading.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.6]    22.6Railway vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.1.  Subject matter wherein the regulating means is intended for use on a rail guided and supported conveyance.
(1) Note. While the term "railway" or similar terminology may not always be claimed, a patent is considered to be proper hereunder as an original classification of its disclosure limits it to use in a railway vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.7]    22.7Detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.6.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to a specific component of a fluid distribution system.
(1) Note. Included herein are control valve and system features relating to linkages, seals, springs, valve structure, adjustments and other parts of special importance.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 22.8]    22.8Detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 22.1.  Subject matter wherein significance is attributed to a specific component of a fluid distribution system.
(1) Note. Included herein are control valve and system features relating to linkage, seals, springs, valve structure, adjustments and other parts of special importance.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 24.1]    24.1INERTIA CONTROL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the distribution of fluid is regulated by meas which is responsive to a resistance to acceleration, i.e., inertia.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

9.67+,for means for controlling fluid distribution by inertia in apportioning type systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 25]    25AUTOMATIC AND DIRECT
 The fluid is fed to the motor through both an automatic and a direct operation.
(1) Note. The word "direct" is used in the sense that the fluid is fed from the control-pipe into the motor.

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28,for the use of the word "automatic"..
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 26]    26Supplementary control pipe
 The fluid is fed to the motor through an automatic and a direct operation, an additional control-pipe being used.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 27]    27Direct on control-pipe reduction
 There is both an automatic and a direct operation, the direct operation taking place upon a reduction in control-pipe pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 28]    28AUTOMATIC
 Fluid from a local source is supplied to a motor by means of a valve operated in response to a change in pressure of the fluid in the control-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 29]    29Supplementary control pipe
 Systems with supplementary control-pipe, the action being automatic with each pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 30]    30Supplementary reservoir pipe
 Automatic systems with an additional pipe connected to pressure-supply on the different units.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

5,for cases of general application in which a motor and other receptacle are supplied.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 31]    31Vacuum
 Systems in which through a change of pressure in the control-pipe the motor is operated by pressure of atmosphere in opposition to a partial vacuum.
(1) Note. For cases in which vacuum operation is used in systems with pressure above atmospheric see this class, subclass 4.
(2) Note. See also this class, subclass 12 for systems including devices for producing a vacuum.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 32]    32Equilibrium
 The piston of the motor is held inactive between two equal pressures, the action of the motor occurring upon the expansion of compressed fluid on one side when the fluid on the other side is permitted to escape.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 33]    33Equalizing valves
 A valve which in one position connects the control-pipe to the auxiliary reservoir and the motor to atmosphere and which upon reduction of pressure in the control-pipe connects the auxiliary reservoir to the motor.
(1) Note. The devices included in this subclass are what are known as "plain triple valves". Equalizing-valves having functions in addition to those just enumerated will be found under various headings implying the nature of these functions.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 34]    34Rotary type
 A valve in which a diaphragm moving upon the rise and fall of pressure in the control-pipe operates a rotary valve to perform the equalizing-valve functions, as set forth in the preceding subclass.
(1) Note. These valve structures may have functions in addition to those of the plain triple type, in which case the patents will be cross-referenced into the appropriate subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 35]    35Synchronizing
 Devices to effect a simultaneous application of fluid to the motors of a series similarly related to the control-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 36]    36Release
 Devices to effect the simultaneous release of fluid from the motors in a series similarly related to the control-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 37]    37Quick action
 Devices designed to produce a simultaneous application of fluid to the motors of a series, the method being to secure a momentary exhaust of fluid from the control-pipe to the atmosphere through each equalizing-valve as the control-pipe pressure is lowered for an emergency operation.
(1) Note. Consult this class, subclass 82 for other devices for momentary exhaust of control-pipe fluid upon sudden lowering of pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 38]    38Service
 Devices designed to produce a simultaneous application of fluid to the motors of a series, the method being to secure a momentary exhaust of fluid from the control-pipe through the equalizing-valve as the control-pipe pressure is lowered for a service operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 39]    39Control pipe to chamber
 Upon lowering the pressure in the control-pipe the fluid exhausts into a closed chamber.
(1) Note. The chamber may be and usually is the motor-chamber. This chamber is usually at atmospheric pressure at the beginning of the operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 40]    40Application valve
 A valve having a diaphragm to be moved by increasing fluid-pressure to connect a source of pressure to a motor.
(1) Note. The fluid-pressure to move the diaphragm is usually supplied by the operation of an equalizing-valve.

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137Fluid Handling,   subclass 627.5 for system including closing and opening alternately seating floe controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 41]    41Preliminary valve movement
 Devices for counteracting the effects of unauthorized valve movements due to slight variations in control-pipe pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 42]    42Emergency preventers
 Devices for preventing an undesired emergency operation of an equalizing-valve after a series of slight reductions in control-pipe pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 43]    43Slow-reduction emergency
 Devices to assure production of emergency operation regardless of the extent of previous service operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 44]    44Secondary service operation
 Devices operating to obtain additional pressure in the motor after equalization for an ordinary series of service operations.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 45]    45Positive-movement equalizing valve
 Devices for moving the equalizing-valve main piston by means other than the usual unbalancing of pressures in control-pipe and local supply. The purpose is usually to move the piston to release position when stuck.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 46]    46Augmented feed to motor
 Provisions for further supply of fluid to the motor through the equalizing-valve to reinforce or supplement the auxiliary reservoir.
(1) Note. See this class, subclass 85 for examples of supplementary reservoirs for various purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 47]    47Train rear end first
 The motors in a train are charged beginning with the rear end.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 48]    48DIRECT
 Systems in which the motor is fed from the supply of fluid in the control-pipe upon an increase of pressure in the control-pipe.

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188Brakes,   subclass 151 for fluid- pressure-operated brakes, and 152+ and 154 for fluid-pressure brakes adapted to use on a motor-vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 49]    49Liquid link
 Direct systems in which a liquid column is interposed between the impelling power and the motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 50]    50MOTORMAN'S VALVES
 Valves operated directly by a the motorman adapted to connect the source of fluid-supply to the motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 51]    51Conductor type
 Valves placed in the control-pipe and adapted to be operated by some one other than the motorman.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 52]    52Multiple motors
 Motorman"s valves adapted to connect the fluid-supply to a plurality of motors, usually differently related to the distributing agency.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 53]    53Engine and train
 Motorman"s valves for controlling motors differently situated with respect to a plurality of train-sections.

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7,for systems of this type.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 54]    54Equalizing
 Motorman"s valves adapted to cut off the flow when the outlet-pressure reaches a certain value.

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59,
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 55]    55Preliminary discharge
 Motorman"s valves in which a diaphragm is balanced by opposing pressures, the valve containing means for modifying the relation of the opposing pressures to permit the control-pipe pressure to reduce to any desired point.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 56]    56Details
 Elementary parts.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 57]    57Plurality of pressures
 Devices for rendering available for use fluid at more than one pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 58]    58Reuse
 The fluid after being used in one portion of the apparatus is conveyed into another portion before being permitted to exhaust into the atmosphere.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 59]    59Outlet-pressure control
 Charging devices adapted to cut off the flow of fluid when the outlet-pressure reaches a certain valve.
(1) Note. Search this class, subclass 54 for motorman"s valves having this feature.

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137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 505+ for fluid pressure regulators, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 60]    60Maintaining
 Charging devices adapted to cut off the flow of fluid when the outlet-pressure reaches a certain valve, but to continue the charging when the outlet-pressure falls.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 61]    61Intermittent
 Parts of the system are charged with fluid in impulses.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 62]    62Motor-movement control
 After the initial charge the further charging of the motor with fluid is determined by the motor movement.

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91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   subclasses 358+ for expansible chamber motors having feedback control.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 63]    63Failure-system pressure
 Upon a reduction of pressure in the system to a point which may endanger control devices act to charge the motor.

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116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 70 for analogous devices in which the same conditions result in a signal being given.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 64]    64Auxiliary reservoir
 Means in addition to the usual leak-in groove for charging the auxiliary reservoir.
(1) Note. This subclass contains patents in which the movement of the equalizing-valve to application position is caused by the increase of auxiliary-reservoir pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 65]    65Motor remaining charged
 Means for charging the auxiliary reservoir without releasing the motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 66]    66Control pipe
 Means for charging the brake-pipe with fluid.
(1) Note. These devices are usually directed to reinforcing the pipe-pressure at one or more places along the line for the purpose of accelerating release of the motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 67]    67Preventers
 Means for preventing the undesirable charging of the brake-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 68]    68Motor
 Means for releasing fluid-pressure from the motor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 69]    69Quick
 Means for securing rapid release of the motor, usually through other than the regular channels.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 70]    70Venting auxiliary reservoir
 Means for releasing the motor by venting fluid from the auxiliary reservoir, and thus permitting the equalizing-valve to move to release position.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 71]    71Fluid-pressure retracting
 The motor is forced to release position by the pressure of fluid.

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188Brakes,   subclass 170 for fluid pressure release of spring applied brakes and see the search notes thereunder.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 72]    72Delayed
 Release of motor is retarded.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 73]    73Blow down
 The motor is partially released through a loaded valve that permits a more or less slow reduction of pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 74]    74Graduated
 Means for repeatedly placing the equalizing-valve in release position, then returning it to lap or blanked position, in this way releasing the motor by steps.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 75]    75Preventers
 Devices for preventing the release of the motor.
(1) Note. These are known as "pressure- retainers".
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 76]    76Motorman valve control
 Devices for preventing the release of the motor by means of the manipulation of a valve under the control of the motorman.

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8,for other patents having this type of release-preventers.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 77]    77Control-pipe pressure
 The release of the motor is prevented by a valve responsive to changes of pressure in the brake-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 78]    78Auxiliary-reservoir control
 The release of the motor is prevented by a valve responsive to changes in pressure in the auxiliary reservoir.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 79]    79Loaded valve
 The release of the motor is prevented by a valve loaded by means of a spring or a weight.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 80]    80Auxiliary reservoir
 Means for releasing fluid-pressure from the auxiliary reservoir.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 81]    81Control pipe
 Means for releasing fluid-pressure from the control-pipe.
(1) Note. Devices for controlling the release to the extent of stopping it are also included in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 82]    82By action of control-pipe pressure
 Upon a sudden fall in pipe-pressure a valve is opened to permit a momentary discharge of fluid into the external atmosphere.

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37,38 for similar action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 83]    83To chamber
 Fluid is released from the brake-pipe into a chamber.
(1) Note. This is comparable to the action of the equalizing-valves in this class, subclass 39.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 84.1]    84.1FLOW RETARDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including means for interrupting movement of fluid as it is being distributed.
(1) Note. The flow is usually being interrupted due to a failure of some part of the system.

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137Fluid Handling,   particularly subclasses 602+ for a device with multiple inlets and a single outlet for regulating fluid flow.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 84.2]    84.2Isolation valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 84.1.  Subject matter wherein a specific controlling mechanism, i.e., a valve is used to cut off and separate a portion of a fluid distribution system form another portion.

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9.63,for failure responsive apportioning control of multiple motors.
63,for valves responsive to system failure and which charge a motor.

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60Power Plants,   particularly subclass 535 for a pulsator with a failure indicator and subclasses 581 and 582 for pulsator structure that provides safety structure.
137Fluid Handling,   particularly subclasses 112+ for a valve that selects the highest inlet pressure.
188Brakes,   subclasses 151+ for fluid pressure operated brakes often having safety devices.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 82+ for a fluid pressure piston which is used as an operator to open or close a circuit and often used in a automobile.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 52+ for means automatically responsive to a condition to a vehicle, e.g., a brake fluid pressure monitor.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 85]    85SUPPLEMENTARY RESERVOIR
 Additional reservoirs, in most cases supplementary to the auxiliary reservoir.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 86]    86MISCELLANEOUS OPERATIONS ON CONTROL PIPE
 Patents not otherwise classifiable for means of operating on the control-pipe.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 87]    87PULSATION NEUTRALIZERS
 Devices to neutralize the effects of a surge of fluid resulting from the sudden closure of a pipe under high pressure.

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138Pipes and Tubular Conduits,   subclasses 37+ for a device which regulates the flow of fluid to neutralize the surge of fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 89]    89LOCKS
 Includes devices for maintaining parts in position of application or release.

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92Expansible Chamber Devices,   subclasses 24+ for locking means for retaining an expansible chamber device in the operative position.
188Brakes,   subclass 265 .
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 90]    90PIPELESS VALVES
 Valves so piped that the valve can be opened without uncoupling.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 112]    112Torque sensing
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Apparatus wherein the braking action is regulated at least in part by means responsive to a force or combination of forces producing or tending to produce a twisting or rotating motion on a braked rotating member.

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188Brakes,   particularly subclass 181 for a vehicle torque responsive regulator.
192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   subclass .034 for automatic interrelated power delivery controls using torque only.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 113.1]    113.1Having a valve system responsive to a wheel lock signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Structure wherein there is provided a fluid pressure regulator which includes at least in part a fluid passage opening or closing structure responsive to a speed deceleration (e.g., actuating a brake pedal).
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 113.2]    113.2With traction control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Structure wherein the system is provided with means to prevent acceleration or drive slip.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 113.3]    113.3Including booster:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.2.  Structure wherein the acceleration or drive slip prevention also includes a power assist device associated with a master cylinder for controlling the release and reapplication of brake pressure through an interaction with the power assist device.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 113.4]    113.4Including a stroke sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Structure wherein a movement in a fluid pressure regulator element (e.g., a piston, brake pedal) is measured and a corresponding signal is utilized in an anti-lock control.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 113.5]    113.5With system apportioning control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Structure in which the fluid in the system is monitored and distributed to correct an imbalance.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 114.1]    114.1Including hydraulic power booster:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Structure wherein the fluid pressure regulator cooperates with a power assist device associated with a master cylinder for controlling the release and reapplication of brake pressure through an interaction with the power assist device.

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60Power Plants,   subclass 545 for a pulsator having electrically or magnetically operated structure, subclass 561 for a pulsator having a pressure balancing free piston or a diaphragm between parallel pulsators, subclass 581 for plural structurally related master pistons, cylinders or pulsator circuits, and subclass 582 for a pulsator having a safety standby structure becoming operative due to the malfunction of a power booster system.
91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   subclasses 391+ for booster arrangement with alternative means of actuation upon failure of the primary means of actuation.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 114.2]    114.2Parallel boosters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 114.1.  Structure wherein power assist devices are provided for each wheel or each set of wheels.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 114.3]    114.3Including pneumatic power booster:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Structure wherein the fluid pressure regulator cooperates with a power assist device of the compressed air type that is associated with a master cylinder for controlling the release and reapplication of brake pressure through an interaction with the power assist device.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 115.1]    115.1System controlled by expansible chamber type modulator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Structure wherein the fluid pressure regulator includes a variable volume reactive device (e.g., piston and cylinder, bellows type) having a motive fluid valve to regulate the pressure of the braking fluid.

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91Motors: Expansible Chamber Type,   subclass 439 for a motor having opposed working chambers and a by-pass therebetween independently controlled by valve means.
137Fluid Handling,   subclass 625.27 for a reciprocating supply and exhaust multi-way valve unit of the plural disc or plug type and subclass 625.25 for a motor operated supply and exhaust multi-way valve unit.
251Valves and Valve Actuation,   subclass 25 for a fluid actuated or retarded pilot or servo type motor and subclass 61.3 for a valve between a coaxial spring biasing means and a fluid actuated flexible wall valve actuator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 115.2]    115.2Having electric control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.1.  Apparatus wherein the motive fluid valve is governed by a component operated by electricity.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 115.3]    115.3Having vacuum motor control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.1.  Apparatus wherein the motive fluid valve is governed by a negative pressure, energy converting component.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 115.4]    115.4Having pump pressure control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.1.  Apparatus wherein the motive fluid valve is governed by a force generated by a fluid pressurizing means.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 115.5]    115.5Pump pressure operates fluid motor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.4.  Apparatus wherein the fluid pressurizing means force drives an energy converting device of the liquid or gaseous type.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 115.6]    115.6Including flywheel control (e.g., motorcycle type):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.1.  Apparatus wherein the motive fluid valve is governed by a device which stores kinetic energy via mechanical inertia or momentum.

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188Brakes,   subclasses 181+ for a speed responsive regulator located on a vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 116.1]    116.1Including pump with system solenoid valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Apparatus wherein the fluid pressure regulator comprises an additional fluid circuit including fluid pressurizing means (e.g., pump) and at least one fluid passage opening and closing structure which responds to an electromagnetic force for modifying the pressure of the braking fluid.

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10,for a fluid distribution system combined with a pump.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 116.2]    116.2Having pressure line isolated from master cylinder line:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.1.  Apparatus in which the fluid pressurizing means fluid source is independent of the fluid source for a mutually reactive expansible chambers device that operates the brake system.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 116.3]    116.3Vehicle wheel operated pump:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.1.  Structure in which the fluid pressurizing means is driven by rotation of an automobile or truck drive axle, hub, rim, and tire.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 116.4]    116.4System pump structure detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.1.  Apparatus wherein the specific structure of the fluid pressurizing means, e.g., chamber, piston structure, cylinder structure, housing, intake (section), or output (cam, push rod) effects the system.

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415Rotary Kinetic Fluid Motors or Pumps,   appropriate subclasses for details to a rotary kinetic pump.
416Fluid Reaction Surfaces (i.e., Impellers),   appropriate subclasses for details to an impeller structure.
417Pumps,   appropriate subclasses for details to pump structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 117.1]    117.1Spool valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Apparatus wherein the fluid pressure regulator is a sliding rod with a series of fixed pistons that open or close fluid paths.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 118.1]    118.1Pneumatic (relay or motorman) type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Apparatus wherein the fluid pressure regulator includes valve means for controlling braking pressure to admit the necessary amount of air pressure to the brakes of a vehicle or a railroad vehicle.

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40,for a valve actuated in response to a change in fluid pressure to connect a source of fluid pressure to a motor.
50,for a motorman valve adapted to connect a source of fluid supply to a motor.

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137Fluid Handling,   subclass 627.5 for systems including sequentially closing and opening alternately seating flow controllers.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 119.1]    119.1System controlled by solenoid valve:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.1.  Apparatus wherein the fluid pressure regulator includes at least one fluid passage opening and closing structure which responds to an electromagnetic force.

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251Valves and Valve Actuation,   subclasses 30.01+ for an electromagnetically actuated pilot or auxiliary valve for controlling a main valve, subclasses 129.01+ for an electrical actuator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 119.2]    119.2System solenoid valve detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.1.  Apparatus in which the specific structure of the electromagnetically operated fluid pressure regulator, e.g., number of paths or passageways, coil, electrical contacts, armature effects the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 119.3]    119.3Housing for plural solenoids:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.1.  System solenoid valve in which a single container holds at least two electromagnetic actuators.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 121]    121Speed-controlled:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the braking fluid and therefore the braking action is regulated by velocity.
(1) Note. A speed condition can be, for example, a velocity signal from a single wheel or plural wheels, or a velocity signal from a vehicle body.
(2) Note. Included in this subclass are the following: a positive rate-of-change of velocity (acceleration) from a wheel or plural wheels; a negative rate-of-change of velocity (deceleration) from a wheel or plural wheels; an acceleration from a vehicle body; or a deceleration from a vehicle body.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 488+ for measuring and testing speed or acceleration, subclass 495 for speed or acceleration diverse condition indicating, and subclass 509, for speed or acceleration with response to a nonspeed condition.
116Signals and Indicators,   subclass 57 for devices to indicate when a predetermined speed is reached.
188Brakes,   subclasses 180+ for the regulation of vehicle brakes (nonfluid pressure) in response to speed changes.
192Clutches and Power-Stop Control,   subclass 103 for interrelated power delivery speed automatic control.
246Railway Switches and Signals,   subclass 182 for speed control systems, and especially for automatic vehicle-carried braking and speed comparison circuits respectively.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclass 10.1 for automobile mounted systems.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 441 for alarms or indicators which respond to vehicle speed and may also respond to variations in the pressure within a hydraulic brake system.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 236+ for electrical speed signal processing systems.
477Interrelated Power Delivery Controls, Including Engine Control,   subclass 40 for using an engine transmission control with brake control to slow a vehicle and subclasses 182+ for an engine brake control to slow a vehicle.
701Data Processing: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location,   subclass 70 for indication or control of braking, acceleration, or deceleration; subclasses 71+ and 82+ for processing or calculating a parameter used to determine antiskid, antilock, or antispin.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122]    122With failure responsive means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control provided with means for detecting faulty operation of a speed control regulator and means for overriding a speed condition regulator.
(1) Note. This subclass includes systems which cycle the speed responsive control means in response to a simulated speed condition to thereby check for the proper operation of the speed responsive means and also includes means for monitoring various components of a speed responsive control means to detect any failure thereof.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 453+ for communication automatically responsive to a brake condition, and subclass 515 for testing of an automatically responsive system by simulation of condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.01]    122.01Traction failure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which the response is to a tire-road contact area less than needed for efficient forward motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.02]    122.02Antilock failure with warning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which wheel slip control faulty operation is indicated to a vehicle driver.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.03]    122.03Failure related to brake condition (e.g., wear, sensor or switch operation) with indicator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which the faulty operation and the state of the wheel rotation retarding or halting device is detected and signaled to the vehicle operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.04]    122.04Electric system failure(no warning):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which the faulty operation is due to deenergization.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.05]    122.05Electronic or electric component (e.g., speed detector, failure sensing) with warning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.04.  Speed control with electric failure response in which the faulty operation of an energized element; e.g., rate sensor, is detected and indicated to a vehicle operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.06]    122.06ABS failure detected via time period of sensed wheel lock or wheel speed signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which the faulty operation occurs during an interval when braking torque is maximum or ground engaging member rate is high.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.07]    122.07Time signal error (no warning):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which the faulty operation is detected during an interval where monitoring circuits are no longer consistent; e.g., the wheel speed is sampled and compared to a previous speed (i.e., no deceleration) or a predetermined limit.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.08]    122.08Active circuit testing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which, prior to the braking action, a predetermined condition is used to check or analyze a skid control system (sensors, regulator, electrical components, etc.) to ensure proper operation.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.09]    122.09Pressure failure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Speed control with failure response in which the faulty operation is due to loss of a compressed fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.1]    122.1With warning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.09.  Pressure failure in which the faulty operation is indicated to a vehicle operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.11]    122.11Detected via stroke sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.09.  Pressure failure in which the faulty operation is during movement of the master cylinder pistons.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.12]    122.12Pump failure detection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.08.  Pressure failure in which the faulty operation of a compressed fluid moving means is sensed.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.13]    122.13Auxiliary pressure failure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.08.  Pressure failure in which the faulty operation of a backup system, used in case of a failure or malfunction of a main hydraulic pressure system, is sensed.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.14]    122.14With warning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.13.  Auxiliary pressure failure in which the faulty operation is indicated to a vehicle operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 122.15]    122.15Pneumatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.08.  Pressure failure in which the faulty operation is in a system using gas; e.g., air.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 123]    123For a tractor-trailer type vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control for a conveyance comprising towing means coupled to a freight carrier by a towing link.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 124]    124Electric brake:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Tractor trailer speed control in which motion is retarded or halted by an energized via application of a current and a voltage system.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 125]    125Automatic braking including speed governor or hydraulic retarder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which upon detection of excessive vehicle rate, the braking action occurs without initiation of the operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 126]    126Aircraft:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.  Automatic braking in which the speed control is for a machine or structure adapted to be completely or partially sustained by the air.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 127]    127Pneumatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in a system using a gas; e.g., air:
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 128]    128For a railway vehicle (e.g., train):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Pneumatic speed control for a conveyance which rides on a predetermined path; e.g., track.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 129]    129With speed governor (hydraulic or inertia):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which the velocity of the conveyance is regulated by a system using a pressurized liquid medium or by a system responsive to a change of motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 130]    130Compared to fixed reference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Train speed control with governor in which the velocity is contrasting an actual parameter; e.g., speed, acceleration, with a previously defined parameter.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 131]    131Plural similar inputs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which at least two of the same condition; e.g., speeds of at least two wheels, determine the subsequent braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 132]    132Speed responsive and other conditions (e.g., acceleration, pressure, track hazard, friction):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which the rate and an additional input determine subsequent braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 133]    133Traction control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which the braking action is affected by wheel skid.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 134]    134Compared to fixed reference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which the velocity is contrasting an actual parameter; e.g., speed, acceleration with a previously defined parameter.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 135]    135Automatic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which the braking action is applied without direct action by the operator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 136]    136Pseudo-speed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Train speed control in which the braking action is controlled by a rate determined from the difference between wheel and vehicle speeds.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 137]    137Motorcycle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control for a two-wheeled motorized vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 138]    138Speed, deceleration, or ABS indication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which a rate of vehicle travel, decreasing rate per time, or wheel slip is brought to the attention of a vehicle operator via a lamp, recorder, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 139]    139And traction control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is regulated by a reaction to skidding.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 140]    140With yaw control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Speed and traction control including a vehicle side-to-side movement or angular motion about a vehicle vertical axis regulator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 141]    141With engine torque power take-off (PTO) control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Speed and traction control including a vehicle motor force producing rotation regulator.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 142]    142Motor control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Speed and traction control including a vehicle engine force to provide braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 143]    143With four wheel drive or all wheel drive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Speed and traction control in which the braking action is designed for a vehicle with a differential for each axle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 144]    144Intersecting traction and skid occurrence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Speed and traction control in which a control unit compensates for a succession of a slip and spin condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 145]    145Odd condition (e.g., fuel supply cut-off, modulating valve):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Speed and traction control in which the braking action is controlled by an additional parameter different from the usual condition of acceleration or pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 146]    146With yaw control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is controlled by a vehicle side to side movement or angular motion about a vehicle vertical axis.
(1) Note. Yaw control in which the braking action is controlled by conditions detected related to; e.g., geometry, force, friction is classified here.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 147]    147From speed sensors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Yaw control in which the braking action is controlled by conditions detected related to rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 148]    148From split coefficient of friction (mu):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 146.  Yaw control in which the braking action is controlled by detection of a low to high road-tire resistance.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 149]    149Split coefficient of friction (mu):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control with failure response in which the braking action is controlled by detection of a low to high road-tire resistance based on wheel deceleration versus a reference deceleration.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 150]    150Specific mu determination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is determined from the tire to road contact force.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 151]    151Traction-motor vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which an electric to mechanical energy converter is conditioned during the braking action to operate as a generator thereby permitting recapture of the kinetic energy during the braking action.

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149,for regenerative brakes.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 152]    152Regenerative brakes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which a hydraulic motor normally driving the vehicle is conditioned during the braking action to operate as a generator thereby permitting recapture of the vehicle"s kinetic energy during the braking action.

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148,for traction-motor vehicle brakes.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 153]    153Lead signal control for antiskid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which a network responsive to a time derivative pulse of the braking action reacts to alter steering.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 154]    154Multiple control signal with multiple threshold:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is determined from more than one input; e.g., large spin-up rate, a small wheel speed versus car deviation, wheel speed, vehicle speed, slip, deceleration, coefficient of friction, having more than one limit condition, reference, or value.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 155]    155Braking pressure demand or braking force desire:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is (a) controlled by a response of an operator; i.e., force applied to the brake pedal or (b) is equalized throughout a system; e.g., front or rear brakes adjusted to supply more braking depending on sensed parameters such as wheel speed.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 156]    156Pulse frequency or time period controlling pressure rebuild:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which after the braking action is applied, a burst of electrical energy or an interval determines a force for braking being restored.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 157]    157Pressure release control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control wherein an output signal from a deceleration detecting means operates to reduce a braking force.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 158]    158Pressure reapply control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which conditions; e.g., wheel velocity, vehicle acceleration, coefficient of friction, monitored during the braking action are evaluated to determine either control of the braking fluid force.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 159]    159Wheel pressure delay compared to reference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which release or reapplication of braking force is held back relative to a determined release or reapplication control signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 160]    160Pressure or specific condition (e.g., deceleration) determines wheel speed instead of direct speed sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the rate of a road engaging member of a typical vehicle is found by changes in, for example, a compressed fluid system, rate per time change, vehicle rate, displacement, coefficient of friction, to decide braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 161]    161Current or voltage ramp proportional to vehicle speed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is dependent upon stepping the amperage or electric potential to rotate a brake motor to assure a smooth increase in force.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 162]    162Current control of linear piston drive motor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is dependent upon an amperage put out by an electrical power generating device.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 163]    163Slip ratio:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is subsequently determined from a dimensionless number using the equation, vehicle speed minus wheel speed then divided by vehicle speed (at the time of brake impartation).
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 164]    164Slip time versus nonslip time:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is based on a relationship between a wheel spin (slip ratio) time versus a time when no wheel spin occurs.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 165]    165Variable target slip values:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is affected by comparing a wheel spin or slippage threshold with detection of an actual wheel spin and altering the threshold for the spin detected.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 166]    166Wheel speed sensor and braking pressure sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which both the detection of rate of a road engaging member of a typical vehicle and detection of a compressed fluid decides the braking action force.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 167]    167Brake force or pressure determined from speed sensors:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the compressed braking fluid is regulated by a measurement of a rate of the wheel or the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 168]    168Wheel generated pulse signal control (speed sensor):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which detection of a rotating road engaging member by a magnetic or optical pick-up element, or a tachometer-type device, makes an electrical wave that is processed to determine braking action.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 488+ for speed sensor construction.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 169]    169Left or right speed comparison:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is determined by contrasting a driver"s side wheel rate to a passenger"s side wheel rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 170]    170Select high wheel speed versus select low:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the rate of rotation is compared and the braking action determined from a maximum or minimum rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 171]    171Wheel speed versus pseudo vehicle speed (e.g., from deceleration):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is influenced by a road engaging member rate exceeding a reference value of a conveyance rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 172]    172By direct feedback or instant wheel control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Speed control in which the braking action is affected by a road engaging member rate exceeding a conveyance rate found by inputs from the road engaging member rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 173]    173By comparison of plural wheel speeds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Speed control in which the braking action is altered by a fastest rate of a road engaging member exceeding a reference value of a conveyance rate found by a rate of road engaging members slower than the fastest rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 174]    174Previously stored wheel speed information:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is controlled by comparing a value of the road engaging member velocity held in a memory to the instantaneous velocity.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 175]    175Incipient or imminent skid measured:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is regulated by a condition of apparent or impending loss of traction of one wheel; e.g., front wheel, by rotating at a higher circumferential speed than another wheel on the same axle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 176]    176Antilock control disabled or altered for acceleration or speed ranges:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which a wheel slip correction system is temporarily deactivated or changed for a predetermined rate per time or rate limits.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 177]    177Sensing jerk, acceleration, or deceleration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is determined from a first derivative of speed or by a system responsive to a change of rate per time motion.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 178]    178Wheel deceleration to find velocity error:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration in which a road engaging member rate per time circuit produces a reference signal which is a function of a difference or inaccuracy between a road engaging member rate and a rate which is a function of the signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 179]    179Rotary and linear inertia:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration in which an eccentric mass both rotates about an axis and reciprocates along the same axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 180]    180Rotary inertia:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration in which an eccentric mass rotates about an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 181]    181Linear inertia or accelerometer (includes pendulum type):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration in which an eccentric mass reciprocates along an axis.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 182]    182Accelerometer versus wheel rotation sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration in which a road engaging member rate of turning is measured and compared to a rate per time.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 183]    183Specific acceleration or deceleration determined electronically:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration wherein rate per time is found by a circuit which then controls braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 184]    184Acceleration-deceleration versus timing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration in which the rate per time parameter compared to a specific interval controls braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 185]    185Sensing deceleration then acceleration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 177.  Sensing acceleration wherein the braking fluid is regulated to allow for a brake release in response to negative rate of change or velocity followed by a brake reapplication in accordance with a positive rate of change of velocity.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 186]    186Front-rear axle apportioning or speed difference:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking fluid of the steerable wheels and the back wheels is distributed according to the rotational rate.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 187]    187Diagonal wheels apportioning arrangement:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking fluid for a right front wheel is operatively connected to a left rear wheel, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 188]    188All wheel apportioning arrangement (e.g., cross coupling):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking fluid for each road engaging member is operatively connected.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 189]    189Independent control for each wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which a separate and distinct braking action to every road engaging member of a typical vehicle is regulated.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 190]    190Four-wheel drive or all wheel drive:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control wherein the braking action is designed for a vehicle with a differential for each axle.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 191]    191Odd condition or device detection (e.g., fluid or brake temperature, hill holder, anti-squeal controller, acoustic emission):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control in which the braking action is controlled by an additional parameter different from the usual condition of acceleration or pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 192]    192Vehicle inclination:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Odd condition in which the braking action is influenced by a slope of an automobile, truck, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 193]    193With sonar or radar type sensor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Odd condition in which the rate (or an obstruction) is found by a detector that operates in the (a) sonic or supersonic range, or (b) ultrahigh frequency or microwave part of the radio spectrum range.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 194]    194Hop or bounce (from vibration or oscillation) signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Odd condition in which high or low amplitude pulses, produced by a wheel going over an obstruction or falling into a hole, are detected during braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 195]    195Spurious signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Odd condition in which pulses outside a specific amplitude or frequency (or both) are detected during braking action.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 196]    196For rough road:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Spurious signal in which the pulses are created by a driving surface containing irregularities such as potholes, speed bumps, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 197]    197With feeler wheel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Odd condition in which the braking action is determined from a road engaging member independent from the vehicle road engaging members.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 198]    198Speed and vehicle load condition (e.g., cargo):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 191.  Odd condition wherein the braking fluid is regulated by velocity and additional weight due to freight, extra passengers, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 199]    199Electric control circuit detail:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Speed control which specifies a component (e.g., resistor, capacitor, diode) of a system that generates the signals for operation.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 900]    900ABS throttle control:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Structure wherein the anti-lock brake system includes a flow restriction of the brake fluid in the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 303 subclass 901]    901ABS check valve detail:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Structure wherein the anti-lock brake system includes the particular elements of a preset fluid regulating device which restricts flow in one direction.
  

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