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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 398]   CLASS 398,OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for all types of communication systems in which optical signals are used to transmit modulated carrier wave information between points. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence-bearing signal from one point to another in the form of variations in a characteristic of the light wave. The communication may be through free space, fibers or waveguides. These are used to transfer the information with an optical beam, and this beam can be used in various communication schemes to enable the most effective or desired method of moving the information, including optical multiplexing when plural information signals or plural transmitters and receivers are utilized.

(1) Note. "Light" includes infrared and ultraviolet radiation.
(2) Note. The characteristic which is varied may include, e.g., amplitude, frequency, phase, polarity, or color.
(3) Note. This subclass includes subject matter that communicates data or information from one location to another via some optical system.
(4) Note. Apparatus having a source of light signal containing information to be conveyed to a light source via an optical link are classified in this and indented subclasses regardless of the source being controlled by a different form of energy (e.g., electrical or electromagnetic field) or the optical output of the sensor being converted to a different form of energy.
(5) Note. Optical communication to objects only within a predetermined location (i.e., direction) from the source would be classified in this or indented subclasses since the prime objective is to communicate information and the actual location is only a factor to ensure that the message goes there. The detection of range, direction, etc., of the object, without any data communication to that object, would not be classified herein. See Search note below for such device communication..
(6) Note. Optical switching to perform a specified function would be classified with the function. Optical switching in an optical communication system, where data is moved from one location to another, is classified in this or indented subclasses. Optical switching, per se, is excluded from this class. See Search note below for such device.
(7) Note. The optical communication systems of this and indented subclasses transfer optical data from one location to another via a data link but no specific sensor is set forth in the claims. The optical telemetry includes the combination of an optical communication system, as in this class or the indents thereunder, combined with a specified claimed sensor is excluded from this class. See Search not below for such subject matter. Well bore telemetry using any type of energy (i.e., radio, acoustic, magnetic, optic, etc.) is also excluded from this class. See Search note below for such device.
(8) Note. Optical communication by turning the light on and off without any modulation of the transmitted light is not classified in this class. See Search note below for such subject matter.
(9) Note. Optical communication system in combination with electrical communication system is excluded from this class. See Search note below for such combination.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

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116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclass 20 for heliographic signaling wherein signals are given by mechanically-controlled intermittent flashes of light, usually reflected sunlight.
250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200 through 239for electrical circuits whose operations are controlled by means of a photocell, electrical circuits for supplying current or potential to a photocell and photocells in combination with optical means for controlling the radiant energy which illuminated the photocell; subclasses 336.1-395 for systems for detecting the presence of or measuring the quantity or quality of invisible radiant energy rays; and subclass 551 for an optical signal isolator, per se.
257Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes),   subclasses 13 , 79-103 for incoherent light emitting injection luminescent devices.
315Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Systems,   appropriate subclasses for control systems for controlling the operation of end load electric lamp or discharge device.
329Demodulators,   for demodulation of modulated electrical signals.
330Amplifiers,   subclass 59 for amplifiers having light-controlled or activated devices, and subclass 308 for amplifiers having radiant energy impinging on a semiconductor.
331Oscillators,   subclass 66 for electrical oscillators with a device responsive to heat or light.
332Modulators,   for modulators of electrical signals.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   appropriate subclasses.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 553+ for wellbore telemetry using an type of energy (1.e., radio, acoustic, magnetic, optic), particularly subclasses 853.1-856.4 for wellbore telemetry or control that could use optical energy, and subclasses 870.28-870.29 for telemetering systems employing radiant energy beam (e.g., Infrared) transmission.
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   appropriate subclasses for radio wave range and direction finding apparatus (Range and Direction Finding).
348Television,   subclasses 335 through 369for optical structures in a television camera.
352Optics: Motion Pictures,   subclasses 1 through 37for motion picture apparatus with sound accompaniment.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 3 through 22for an optical range or remote distance finding apparatus, subclasses 27-28.5 for optical velocity measuring, and subclasses 138-155 for optical angle measuring or axial alignment.
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   appropriate subclasses.
360Dynamic Magnetic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclass 3 for motion picture film, subclass 114 for magneto-optic head.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 173 through 177for relay or electromagnet circuits utilizing photosensitive devices.
362Illumination,   subclasses 257 through 311for light source and modifier, and subclasses 317-361 for light modifier.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclass 108 for liquid crystal radiant energy type.
367Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   appropriate subclasses, subclass 131 for underwater acoustic communication system.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclasses 100 through 125for information or sound recording or reproduction utilizing electro-optical transducers or photographic sound records.
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses, subclasses 310 through 350for communication over free space, subclasses 351-430 for packet switching.
372Coherent Light Generators,   appropriate subclass for laser amplifiers and oscillators.
374Thermal Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 121 through 133for radiation responsive thermometers.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 219 through 223for transceivers operated at radio frequencies.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   appropriate subclasses.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 56.1 through 56.3for a light wave link for speech or a paging signal, subclasses 74-77 for remote control over a telephone line, and subclass 379 for an optical link between the line and switching system used as a part of the line or loop condition detection.
380Cryptography,   subclass 54 for encryption/decryption by modifying an optical image, subclasses 255-276 for communication system using cryptography, particularly subclass 256 for fiber optic network using cryptography.
385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 15 for optical coupler, subclass 31 for input/output coupler, subclasses 311-114 for optical transmission cable, subclasses 115-121 for optical fiber bundle.
386Motion Video Signal Processing for Recording or Reproducing,   appropriate subclasses for video recording or reproduction.
455Telecommunications,   appropriate subclasses for Radio Frequency Telecommunications.
709Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems; Multiple Computer or Process Coordinating,   appropriate subclasses.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 1]    1FAULT RECOVERY:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein a corrective action is taken to return an inoperative or disfunctioning optical communication system or its component to a satisfactory operating condition.

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17through 24, for detection of a fault in the optical communication network or its components.
10through 15, for fault location determination.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 216 through 228for fault recovery.
714Error Detecting/Correction and Fault Detecting/Recovery,   subclasses 2 through 24for fault recovery in a generic digital data processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 2]    2Bypass inoperative element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter including a provision for alternate routing when the network or its component is at fault.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 3.44 for selective communication monitoring in a faulty condition.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 217 through 220for bypass an inoperative switch or inoperative element of a switching system, subclasses 221-224 for bypass an inoperative station, and subclasses 225-228, for bypass an inoperative channel.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 3]    3In a ring or loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Subject matter wherein the inoperative element is in a closed path transmission system.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 222 for bypass in a ring or loop network.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 4]    4Using a secondary ring or loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Subject matter wherein the inoperative element is bypassed by using an auxiliary closed path transmission system.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 223 through 224for bypass in a ring or loop network using a secondary ring or loop.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 5]    5Spare channel or standby optical fiber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 2.  Subject matter including a main and a backup or redundant equipment or line activated to route information data when the main line is at fault.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 2.9 for selective communications with a spare channel.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 227 for bypass an inoperative channel in a repeater using spare channel and subclass 228 for bypass an inoperative channel using a spare channel.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 4.1 through 4.5for masking or reconfiguration of transmission network which is not limited to optical communication.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 6]    6In a repeater system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the fault recovery or faulty optical communication system has at least one retransmission station.

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18,for detecting of a fault in a repeater.
11,for locating a fault in a repeater.
173through 181, for an optical repeater system.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 226 for bypass an inoperative channel in a repeater.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 4 for nonmultiplex telephone alternate routing around a faulty repeater.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 7]    7WDM:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the faulty optical communication system includes a wavelength division multiplexed system.

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14,for diagnostic testing of a WDM system.
34,for determination of communication parameter in a WDM system.
68,for broadcasting or distributing of wavelength division multiplexed signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 8]    8TDM:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the faulty optical communication system includes a time division multiplexed system.

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35,for determination of communication parameter in a TDM system.
98,for time division multiplexing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 9]    9DIAGNOSTIC TESTING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including means for monitoring or testing for evaluating an operational condition of an optical communication system or its component.

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33,for determination of communication parameter having predetermined monitoring of a supervisor signal.
177,for specific repeater system including means for monitoring an optical regenerative repeater during operation.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 853.3 for diagnostic monitoring or detecting operation of a generic communication equipment or signal.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   for optically testing of individual pieces of an optical communication system, subclass 73.1 for optical fiber or waveguide inspection.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 241 through 253for diagnostic testing other than synchronization.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 224 through 228for testing of pulse or digital communication system
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 1 through 33for diagnostic testing of telephone equipment.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclass 712 for the electrical testing of transmission facility.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 10]    10Fault location:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Subject matter including means for determining a position or site of a fault of the optical communication network or its component.

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1through 8, for fault recovery of the optical communication network or its component.
17through 24, for detection of a fault in the optical communication network or its component.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 242 through 245for fault detection.
714Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery,   subclasses 25 through 57for fault location in a generic digital data processing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 11]    11Repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter wherein the component comprises a retransmission station.

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6,for fault recovery in a repeater system.
18,for fault detection in a repeater.
173through 181, for an optical repeater system.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 243 for fault detection of a repeater and subclass 246 for diagnostic testing of a repeater.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclass 213 for testing of a digital repeater.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 4 for nonmultiplex telephone alternate routing around a faulty repeater.
714Error Detection /Correction and Fault Detection /Recovery,   subclass 713 for generic testing of a communication channel including a repeater.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 12]    12Switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter wherein the component comprises an optical switch.

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19,for fault detection of a switch.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 244 for fault detection of a switching system
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 13]    13Fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter wherein the component comprises a) a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy or b) a system of material designed to confine direct optical waves in a direction determined by its physical boundary.

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20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environmen t through optical fiber or wave guide
113,for remote control syste m through optical fiber or wave guide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photo-phone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass N3 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or wave guide.
178,for optical repeater including optical wave guide.
200,for tra nsmitter including optical wave guide
214,for optical waveguide in an optical receiver.

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356Optics: Measuring or Testing,   subclass 73.1 for fibers testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 14]    14WDM:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter wherein the optical communication network includes a wavelength division multiplexed system in which optical signals are multiplexed in a wavelength domain.

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7,for fault recovery in a WDM system.
34,for determination of communication parameter.
68,for broadcasting or distributing of wavelength division multiplexed signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 15]    15Stop transmission or reduce power:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter including a safety means for cutting-off or limiting transmission power in response to a determined fault.

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38,for determination of power parameter in the optical communication network.
94,for feedback power control in a multiplexing wavelength division or frequency division.
120,for power compensation in a free space optical communication system.
197,for feed back power compensation in a transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 16]    16Test signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the operational condition of an optical communication network or its component is monitored for testing or evaluating using an external stimulus signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 17]    17Fault detection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter including means for determining the presence of a fault of the optical communication network or its component.

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1through 8, for fault recovery of the optical communication network or its component.
10through 15, for fault location determination.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 18]    18Repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter wherein the component comprises a retransmission station.

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6,for fault recovery in a repeater.
11,for fault location of a repeater
173through 181, for an optical repeater system.

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375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclass 213 for testing of a digital repeater.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 4 for telephone alternate routing around a faulty repeater.
714Error Detection /Correction and Fault Detection /Recovery, subclass 713 for generic testing of a communication channel including a repeater.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 19]    19Switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter wherein the component comprises an optical switch which opens or closes circuit, completes or breaks a path, or selects paths or circuits.

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12,for fault location of a switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 20]    20Optical fiber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter wherein component comprises a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy.

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13,for fault locat ion in an optical fiber or wave gu ide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environmen t through optical fiber or wave guide
113,for remote control syste m through optical fiber or wave guide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photo-phone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass N3 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide .
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide .
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide
214,for optical waveguide in an optical receiver
13,for testing of fiber or waveguide.

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356Optics: Measuring or Testing,   subclass 73.1 for fibers testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 21]    21Determined by reflection from break in fiber:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 20.  Subject matter including a reflectrometry means for determining selected parameter from a reflected optical energy on return from a transmission fiber to detect a fault (e.g. a break) in the fiber.

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370Multiplexing Communications,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 22]    22Transceiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter wherein the component includes an optical transmitter and receiver at a common location for transmission and reception of separate signals.

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135through 139, for specific of an optical transceiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 23]    23Transmitter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter wherein the component includes an optoelectric circuit having an optical modulator for converting an incoming electrical information signal into modulated light wave signal suitable for propagation through or along a transmission medium.

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182through 201, for an optical transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 24]    24Receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 17.  Subject matter wherein the component includes an optoelectric circuit having at least an optical demodulator for converting a received modulated light wave signal into an electrical information signal.

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202through 214, for specific of an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 25]    25Determination of communication parameter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 9.  Subject matter including means for measuring or calculating a particular communication parameter.
(1) Note. A particular communication parameter includes, for example, traffic noise ratio, freeze out ratio, etc.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 252 through 253for determination of communication parameters.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 26]    26Signal to noise ratio:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein the parameter is a ratio of a usable light signal being transmitted to the noise or undesired signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 27]    27Bit error rate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein the parameter is a percentage of received bits in error compared to a total number of bits received.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 28]    28Fiber characteristic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein the parameter represents an effect of a fiber on the optical communication network due to transmission property of the fiber.

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356Optics: Measuring or Testing,   subclass 73.1 for fibers testing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 29]    29Dispersion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 28.  Subject matter including means for determining a) a degree of scattering taking place in a light beam as it travels along the fiber or b) a degree of overlapping of a light signal on one wavelength to different wavelengths because of reflected ray and different refractive index of fiber material.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 30]    30Using supervisory signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein control signal information is used to determine at least one communication parameter.

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181,for supervisory signal in an optical repeater.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 31]    31Different wavelengths for diagnostic and communication:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Subject matter wherein the supervisory signal has a different wavelength than that of for message transmission.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 32]    32Pilot signal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Subject matter wherein the supervisory signal is a different frequency control signal used as a subcarrier of a modulated transmitted optical signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 33]    33Monitoring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 30.  Subject matter including means for monitoring the supervisory signal.

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177,for monitoring of an optical repeater system.
181,for an optical repeater with supervisory signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 34]    34WDM System:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein particular communication parameter of a wavelength division multiplexed system in which optical signals are multiplexed in a wavelength domain is determined.

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7,for fault recovery in a WDM system.
14,for testing of a WDM system.
68,for broadcasting or distributing of wavelength division multiplexed signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 35]    35TDM system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein particular communication parameter of a time division multiplexed system in which optical signals are multiplexed in a time domain is determined.

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8,for fault recovery in a TDM system.
98,for time division multiplexing system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 36]    36Collision detection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter including means for determining if a condition resulted from different stations trying to use a shared optical bus simultaneously has taken place.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 37]    37Amplifier or repeater operation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein the particular communication parameter is related to a performance of an amplifier or a repeater.

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330Amplifier,   subclass 1 for an amplifier combined with diverse type art devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 38]    38Power:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 25.  Subject matter wherein the particular communication parameter is a power parameter.
(1) Note. This subclass includes, for examples, determination of power loss or power supplied.

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15,for power control in response to a fault.
94,for feedback power control in a multiplexing wavelength division or frequency division.
120,for power compensation in a free space optical communication system.
197,for feed back power compensation in a transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 39]    39INTERFERENCE SIGNAL TRANSMISSION OR ELIMINATION (E.G., JAMMING OR ANTIJAMMING):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein a signal, used to interfere with a selected signal so as to prevent the intelligible reception of the selected signal, is either transmitted or eliminated.
(1) Note. The jamming signal of this subclass is independent of information signal.

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342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   subclasses 13 through 20for radio wave jamming and antijamming.
380Cryptography,   subclasses 252 through 254for concealment of information by masking (i.e., coding) of an interference-bearing signal.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 1 for interference signal transmissions (e.g., jamming) that is telecommunication, not optical signals.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 40]    40EAVESDROPPING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein the information content of an optical communication message intended for one receiver is obtained secretly by another is avoided, or the transmitter or intended receiver is notified that an unintended receiver is receiving the signal.

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379Telephonic Communications,   subclass 35 for listening-in or eavesdropping type telephonic service monitoring or observation.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 41]    41DUPLEX:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein a single optical link between an optical transmitter and receiver permits simultaneous transmission and reception of plural optical signals in the same or opposite directions.
(1) Note. Full duplex allows the simultaneous transmission in either of two directions, but only one direction at a time.
(2) Note. Half duplex allows data transmission in either of two directions, but only one direction at a time.

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135through 139, for optical transceivers which transmit a signal in response to the received signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 42]    42Wavelength division:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Subject matter wherein bi-directional transmission over a single fiber is permitted by causing two light beams to travel in different wavelength bands and different directions within the same medium.

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79through 97, for wavelength division only in one direction within the same medium for multiplexing purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 43]    43MULTIPLEX:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein two or more information signals are controlled to be interleaved or simultaneously transmitted in either or both directions over a same transmission medium in such a manner that individual information signal may be directly recovered.
(1) Note. The use of a waveguide with an optical coupler switch to effect the multiplexing would be classified in this subclass.
(2) Note. Optical Time Slot interchange is excluded from this class. See search note below for scrambling a signal of any energy type.
(3) Note. Since optical demultiplex communication would often require the use of a photocell to convert the optical signal to an electrical signal, the demultiplexing is often done electrically, which is excluded from this class.

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7,for fault recovery in a WDM system.
14,for testing of a WDM system.
34,for determination of a communication parameter.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 870.28 for telemetering via radiant energy beam.
348Television,   subclass 343 for camera optical multiplexing.
359Optics: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 618 through 639for single channel simultaneously to or from plural channels (e.g., light dividing, combining, or plural image forming, etc.).
370Multiplex Communication,   appropriate subclasses for electrical multiplexing and demultiplexing.
380Cryptography,   subclass 36 for time segment interchange wherein slot portions of the signal are interchanged prior to transmission in order to scramble the signal.
385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 16 for the combination of a waveguide and switch not included in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 44]    44Mode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein individual light beam is applied to an optical cable at a distinctive angle such as the individual light beam can be distinguish when more than one light beam are applied to the cable simultaneously.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 45]    45Optical switching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein switching of multiple information or signals takes place in optical domain.

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385Optical Waveguides,   subclasses 16 through 23for the combination of a waveguide and switch not included in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 46]    46Hybrid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Subject matter wherein the optical switching of multiple information or signals is organized to involve a combination of different types of switching operations in time, wavelength, or space.

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370Multiplex Communications,   subclasses 369 through 372for nonoptical hybrid switching.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 47]    47Time and wavelength:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Subject matter including a wavelength time division multiplexed optical switching system in which optical signals are multiplexed both in time and wavelength domains to provide switching between time slots and between wavelengths.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 48]    48Wavelength:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Subject matter wherein the optical switching operation involves switching of wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) channels or signals based on their wavelengths.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 49]    49Router:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Subject matter including a wavelength router having a routing mechanism by which a set of wavelengths from any input are routed to any output.
(1) Note. The routing mechanism can either be static in which the wavelengths are routed using a fixed configuration or be dynamic in which the wavelength paths can be reconfigured.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 50]    50Crossconnect:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Subject matter including a crossconnect unit by which any wavelength of optical wavelength multiplexed signals is connect from any input to any output.
(1) Note. The crossconnect involves dynamic wavelength routing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 51]    51Including photonic packet switching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 48.  Subject matter wherein wavelength multiplexed signals are organized into optical packets including a payload portion carrying information data and an address portion by which the optical packets are optically switched to a specific destination.
(1) Note. This subclass is limited to optical packet switching only, for non-optical packet switching, see search note below.

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370Multiplexing Communications,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 52]    52Time:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Subject matter wherein an input light beam is optically directed to selected outputs in order to accomplish time division optical multiplexing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 53]    53Including delay:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Subject matter wherein the time division optical switching is accomplished by the use of some delay of the input light beam.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 54]    54Including photonic packet switching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Subject matter wherein optical time division multiplexed signals are organized into optical packets including a payload portion carrying information data and an address portion by which the optical packets are optically switched to a specific destination.
(1) Note. This subclass is limited to optical packet switching only. See Search note below for nonoptical packet switching.

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370Multiplexing Communications,   appropriate subclasses.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 55]    55Space:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 45.  Subject matter wherein multiple information beams are separated by the use of a switch to selectively direct individual information portions of a light beam to either separate individual light conductive elements or separate directions in space.
(1) Note. This subject matter may include a waveguide with a switch as a subcombination thereof. See search note below for specific waveguide.
(2) Note. For an optical communication as in this subclass or the indents thereunder combined with a particular claimed sensor, see search note below.

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340Communications,   subclass 553 for indicating system responsive to intruder disturbing stationary electromagnetic waves, subclasses 853.1-856.4 for wellbore telemetering or control; subclasses 870.28-870.29 for telemetering in combination with the type of sensing.
370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses for a nonoptical bus transmission local area network having token passing, loop or ring, etc.
385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 16 for the combination of a waveguide and switch not included in an optical communications system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 56]    56Cross Connect:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 55.  Subject matter wherein space division switches which operates on the basis of the spatial locations of their input are used in signal routing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 57]    57Path finding or path routing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 55.  Subject matter wherein a suitable signal path is determined from the input to the output of the switching network.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 58]    58Optical local area network (LAN):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein multiple optical stations are interconnected via a network of fiber optics to enable transmission and reception between the stations.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communication,   appropriate subclasses for LAN.
385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for the fibers themselves without the optical multiplex communication environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 59]    59Ring or Loop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Subject matter wherein the local area network consists of a series of stations connected to each other and the last station is connected to the first station.

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370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclass 222 for fault recovery of a ring or loop network, subclass 258 for network configuration determination in a ring system, subclasses 403-405 and 406 for packet switching in a ring network, and subclasses 452-456 for channel assignment by polling on a ring network.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 60]    60Bus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Subject matter wherein the local area network consists of a series of stations connected in common along a single fiber optic link through the use of optical taps.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 257 through 258for network configuration determination in a bus system, and subclasses 451-456 for channel assignment techniques by polling for idle or busy channels connected on a bus.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 61]    61Active star:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Subject matter wherein an optical data distribution system, containing a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to each member of a local area network multiplex system, permits optical information flow between all of the members; and each member receives its power (i.e., active) from the received optical signals.
(1) Note. A collision detection device in a star has its own power supply yet the incoming optical signals are not converted to electrical energy would be classified in this subclass.
(2) Note. Incoming optical signals which become the source of power within the star for all terminals as a result of conversion into electrical signals would be classified in this subclass.

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63,for passive star local area networks (LAN"s).
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 62]    62Repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 61.  Subject matter wherein an optical data distribution system contains a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to appropriate elements of an optical repeater.

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64,for a repeater in passive star local area networks (LAN"s).
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 63]    63Passive star:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Subject matter wherein an optical data distribution system, containing a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to each member of a local area network multiplex system, permits optical information flow between all of the members; and each member has its own power supply (i.e., passive) and does not change the power of the optical signals it receives from each member.

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61,for active star local area networks (LAN"s).
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 64]    64Repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 63.  Subject matter wherein an optical data distribution system contains a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to appropriate elements of an optical repeater.

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62,for a repeater in active star local area networks (LAN"s).
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 65]    65Polarization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein multiple optical signals are distinguished from one another by the particular individual signal vibration perpendicular to the ray direction of travel.
(1) Note. The vibrations are straight lines, circles, or ellipses which produce, respectively, plane, circular or elliptical polarization.
(2) Note. The light waves are modulated by altering the polarization (relative to a reference) in accordance with the information signal.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 246 for electro-optical modulation of polarized light, subclass 281 for magneto-optical modulation of polarized light, subclass 301 for light wave directional modulation acting on polarized light, and subclasses 483.01 through 494.01 for polarization without modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 66]    66Broadcast and distribution system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein a network system broadcast or distribute multiplexed signals to a group of subscribers.

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725Interactive Video Distribution Systems,   subclass 129 for video distribution with hybrid coax/waveguide cables.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 67]    67Bidirectional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Subject matter wherein two- way transmission and reception of signals is conducted between the subscribers and a broadcasting station.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 68]    68WDM:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 66.  Subject matter wherein a multichannel wavelength division multiplexed signal is broadcast or distributed to a group of subscribers in which a receiver selects each channel through demultiplexing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 69]    69With variable frequency channel assignment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter wherein a channel is not limited to a fixed frequency.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 70]    70Hub or central office:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter including means that provides centralized functions such as switching between connected circuits or connecting subscribers to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 71]    71Including subscribers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 70.  Subject matter including distribution to the ultimate user or customer.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 72]    72Bi-directional:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 71.  Subject matter wherein communication between the hub or central station and the subscribers is two way.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 73]    73Bus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 68.  Subject matter wherein the system consists of a series of stations connected in common along a single fiber optic link through the use of optical taps.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 74]    74Hybrid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein two or more multiplexing schemes are combined to transmit information.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

725Interactive Video Distribution Systems,   subclass 129 for video distribution with hybrid coax/waveguide cables.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 75]    75Time and wavelength division:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Subject matter wherein information is transmitted on different segments of transmission medium which segments are divided based upon the frequency spectrum and discrete time intervals.

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79,for wavelength division multiplexing only.
98,for time division multiplexing only.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 76]    76Subcarrier multiplexing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein a number of base band analog or digital signals are first frequency division multiplexed using local oscillators of different radio frequencies and then combined to drive a high speed light source.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 77]    77Code division multiplexing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter including a spread spectrum technique in which each channel is coded in a manner that its spectrum spreads over a much wider region than that of occupied by an original signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 78]    78Multiple Access (e.g., CDMA):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Subject matter wherein user is allowed to access any shared channel randomly at an arbitrary time.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 79]    79Wavelength division or frequency division (e.g., Raman, Brillouin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein 1) two or more optical information signals simultaneously present on a common optical waveguide are differentiated by optical wavelength or 2) the frequency spectrum of an optical transmission medium is divided into segments and respective information channels are transmitted in different segments.
(1) Note. Waveguide division multiplexing is identified as WDM.
(2) Note. Different segments need not be associated on a one-to-one basis with the information channels.
(3) Note. This subclass includes waveguide with an input-output coupler as a subcombination thereof. See also Search Class note.
(4) Note. Simulated Raman effect is the amplification, build up strongly and generally exhibiting the characteristic of stimulated emission of the small portion of light that is scattered in random directions when a monochromatic light beam of high intensity is transmitted through matter.
(5) Note. This subclass includes Brillouin-type nonlinear optical device having frequency-shifted radiation with optical multiplexing.

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42,for optical transceiver wavelength duplex in which two optical beams having different wavelengths are transmitted in opposite directions in the same medium.
75,for time and wavelength division.
132,for photophone wherein an audio signal is directly modulated onto a light beam.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for Raman type frequency translator per se.
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 634 for wavelength selective (e.g., dichroic mirror, etc.).
370Multiplex Communication,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 281 and 295 for frequency division in wireless or wired nonoptical multiplex communication systems, respectively.
385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 24 for wavelength division multiplexer or demultiplexer structure that does not involve communication.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 80]    80Soliton:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein very narrow pulses that maintain their shape over long distance are multiplexed for undistorted propagation over an optical fiber.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

146,for soliton transmission in a transmitter and receiver system.
179,for soliton transmission in a optical repeater system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 81]    81Dispersion compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein smeared signals due to different group velocities in an optical fiber are compensated.

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147,for dispersion compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 82]    82By optical coupling:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein multiplexing is accomplished by optical device which permits the transfer of light from one element to another.
(1) Note. The combination of an optical coupler or input-output coupler and wavelength division or frequency division optical communication system is classified in this subclass.

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385Optical Waveguides,   subclasses 15 and 31 for optical coupler and input output coupler not included in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 83]    83Add or drop:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter wherein desired wavelengths are inserted or extracted at a desired location.
(1) Note. A pure add or drop structure not involving communication is classified in Class 385.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 84]    84Grating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Subject matter comprising an add or drop multiplexer in which signal is either multiplexed or demultiplexed with a grating.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 85]    85Filter:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 83.  Subject matter comprising add or drop multiplexer in which signal is either multiplexed or demultiplexed with a filter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 86]    86Prism:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter wherein a beam is coupled in or out of a waveguide by one or more transparent bodies bounded in part by two plane surfaces that are angularly related (i.e., not parallel) to accomplish a desired multiplexing.
(1) Note. At least one of the surfaces being internally reflecting or refracting for impinging incident light.
(2) Note. This subclass includes the combination of a prism and wavelength or frequency division optical communication system.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 831 for prisms per se.
385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 36 for prism coupling not included in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 87]    87Grating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter wherein 1) a beam is coupled in or out of a waveguide to accomplish a desired multiplexing by narrow parallel slits in a plate or 2) narrow parallel reflecting surfaces made by ruling grooves on polished metal break up the light waves as they emerge.
(1) Note. This subclass includes a combination of a grating and wavelength division or frequency division optical communication system. See search note for waveguide per se.

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385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 37 for a grating coupling not included in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 88]    88Lens:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Subject matter wherein a beam is coupled in or out of a waveguide by transparent optical component consisting of one or more pieces of optical glass with the surface so curved to converge or diverge transmitted rays to accomplish a desired multiplexing.
(1) Note. This subclass includes combination of a lens and wavelength division or frequency division optical communication system.

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385Optical Waveguides,   subclass 33 for lens coupling not included in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 89]    89Multiple Access (e.g., WDMA):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein access to multiple channels on different wavelengths on a same fiber optic cable is provided.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 90]    90Electrically controlled single source:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein a single source of light is either wavelength division or frequency division optical multiplexed via an external electrical control signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 91]    91Different sources:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein each channel of a common optical waveguide is supplied with data from separate origins of light.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 92]    92Including pumping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 91.  Subject matter wherein the atoms in at least one of the source of a medium are caused to raise from certain lower to certain higher energy level to cause population inversion between certain intermediate levels in order to ultimately produce photons when the energy level moves from a higher to a lower level.

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157,for pumping in an optical transmitter and receiver system.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 345 for a particular pumping type in an optical amplifier.
372Coherent Light Generators,   subclass 69 for a particular pumping type which is not used for amplification of a light beam input.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 93]    93Including feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein a portion of an output signal is used to control a desired parameter in the WDM system.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

195,for a transmitter including feedback.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 94]    94Power control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 93.  Subject matter wherein power of a light source is controlled through a feedback scheme.

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15,for power control in response to a fault.
38,for power parameter determination.
94,for feedback power control in a multiplexing wavelength division or frequency division.
120,for power compensation in a free space optical communication system.
197,for feed back power compensation in a transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 95]    95Wavelength control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 93.  Subject matter wherein wavelength of a light source is controlled through a feedback scheme.

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196,for wavelength control of a transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 96]    96Through free space:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein multiplexed information is transmitted wirelessly or through the atmosphere.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

118through 131, for free space optical communication.
103,for time division multiplexing through free space.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 97]    97Repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 79.  Subject matter wherein the transmitted signal is received and regenerated.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 98]    98Time division:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter wherein access to optical transmission medium is divided into discrete time intervals and information from respective channels is transmitted in differing time intervals.
(1) Note. Differing time intervals need not be associated on a one-to-one basis with the information channels.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

8,for fault recovery in a TDM system.
35,for determination of a communication parameter in a TDM system.

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370Multiplex Communications,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 280 and 294 for time division in wireless or wired nonoptical duplex systems, respectively, and subclasses 345-350 and 498-545 for time division in wireless or wired nonoptical multiplex communication systems, respectively.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 99]    99Multiple access (e.g., TDMA, CSMA):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter wherein stations use a protocol to obtain access of a channel before sending a packet of information.
(1) Note. Frequently, CSMA network has a collision detection capability in which the transmission is immediately terminated when a collision of opposing carrier signal is detected.

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370Multiplexed Communications,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 319 and 329-337, 342, 344, and 347-348 for multiple accesses in wireless communications, and subclasses 431-463 for multiple accesses in wired communications.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 100]    100Subscriber system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter wherein the system is developed to communicate with prearranged plural time division multiplexed stations thus enabling all preselected stations to receive identified information at the same time it is transmitted.
(1) Note. The se systems transmit data without any coding, but the data itself identifies specific stations that are to receive transmitted data.

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379Telephonic Communications,   appropriate subclasses for nonoptical subscriber checking.
380Cryptography,   appropriate subclasses for coding of the information signal to prevent unauthorized users from receiving information.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 101]    101By specific optical element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter wherein specific optical elements derive multiple channel on a single transmission facility by connecting bit stream one at a time at regular intervals.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 102]    102Including delay:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter wherein the time division optical multiplexing is accomplished by the use of a delay of an input light beam.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 103]    103Through free space:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Subject matter wherein the multiplexed information is transmitted wirelessly or through the atmosphere.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

118through 131, for free space optical communication.
96,for wavelength division, time division multiplexing through free space.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 104]    104UNDERWATER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein optical communication is performed via a light beam actually traveling through the water.
(1) Note. The underwater optical communication can be used by underwater divers or in underwater repeater.

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116Signals or Indicators,   subclass 27 for devices includes means for the mechanical production and reception of sound-vibrations transmitted through bodies of water.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 850 through 852for a generic underwater communication system.
367Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   subclasses 131 through 134for underwater acoustic communications systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 105]    105C able repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 104.  Subject matter comprising details of an optoelectronic device or module to retransmit a received signal.
(1) Note. For a digital optical communication system, the received signal is usually reshaped, or reconstructed before it is retransmitted.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 106]    106REMOTE CONTROL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including a transmitter for transmitting a control signal modulated by a variable device via an optical communication link, and a receiver for receiving the control signal to control a remote electrically operated device coupled to the receiver.
(1) Note. The devices exclude devices solely for making information or intelligence perceptible to an individual.
(2) Note. Optical signal control devices for particular or broadly recited art devices are classified in this subclass unless there is provision for this combination in the art devices.
(3) Note. Optical signal control devices for particular art devices are classified with the art device if the features thereof are particularly recited.
(4) Note. Optical telemetry with a specific sensor used in a particular environment is excluded from this subclass. See Search notes below.

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330Amplifiers,   subclass 59 for electrical amplifiers combined with a nonmodulated light controlled or activated device that is not part of the amplifying device.
334Tuners,   subclass 8 for remotely controlled tuners.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 853.1 through 856.4for wellbore telemetry including any type of radiant energy (i.e., optical, radio), subclasses 870.28-870.38 for generic communication system having an optical data link in combination with a specific sensor.
348Television,   subclass 734 for remote control of a television receiver.
367Communication, Electrical Acoustic Wave Systems and Devices,   subclass 133 for remote control of an underwater acoustic communication system, and subclass 197 for remote control in an acoustic communication system.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 74 through 77for remote control over a telephone line.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 151.1 through 153.2for analog modulated carrier wave receivers with remote control of receiver tuning.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 107]    107Bidirectional (i.e., monitoring or acknowledge):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Subject matter wherein a) the receiver receives a response from the remote electrically operated device indicating that the control signal was received or (2) the transmitter monitors the remote electrically operated device.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 3.1 for electrical monitoring or control and subclass 503 for an electrical ring back acknowledgement condition responsive indicating system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 108]    108Interrogator system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 107.  Subject matter wherein the transmitter sends a signal requesting a response from the receiver.

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340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 10.1 through 10.6for interrogation response in a selective communication system
342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   subclasses 42 through 51for transponder system using radar.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 109]    109In industrial or hazardous environment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Subject matter wherein the remote electrically operated device is a) a machine tool or b) is located in a dangerous environment.
(1) Note. In such environment robots are used where it is dangerous for humans.
(2) Note. Such environment includes, for example, an area where stray capacitance from radio frequencies would cause explosions.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

700Data Processing: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications,   subclasses 159 through 195for a machine tool data processing control system.
901Robots (Cross-Reference Art Collections),   subclass 47 for optical sensing device.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 110]    110Through optical fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 109.  Subject matter wherein the optical communication link includes a) a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy or b) a system of material designed to confine direct optical waves in a direction determined by its physical boundary.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass 142 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.
214,for optical receiver with optical wave guide.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 111]    111Switching:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Subject matter comprising switching means to selectively initiate or change a state of a remote control.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 112]    112Plural:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Subject matter wherein (a) a plurality of devices or (b) a plurality of functions or accessories of a device is remotely controlled.
(1) Note. This subclass includes universal remote control.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 113]    113Through optical fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Subject matter wherein the optical communication link includes a) a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy or b) a system of material designed to confine direct optical waves in a direction determined by its physical boundary.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

110,for remote control in industrial environment or hazardous environment through optical fiber or waveguide.
20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for remote control including optical fiber.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass N3 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.
214,for an optical receiver with optical wave guide.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 114]    114Rotating part:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 106.  Subject matter wherein the transmitter or the receiver is mounted on a rotating device.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 115]    115HYBRID COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (E.G., OPTICAL AND RF):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including converting means adapted for transmission and reception of signal data in different energy forms (e.g., electrical and optical energy).
(1) Note. Electrical signal data includes, for example, digital sound signal, radio frequency signal etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

725Interactive Video Distribution Systems,   subclass 129 for video distribution with hybrid coax/waveguide cables.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 116]    116Including specific optical interface:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Subject matter including details of an optical interface module comprising optic al communication component for transmission of signal.
(1) Note. The details includes, for example, cable, fiber optic, optical channel, waveguide, light guides etc. for transmission of signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for remote control including optical fiber.
134,for a photophone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass N3 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.
214,for optical waveguide in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 117]    117Housing and Mounting:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Subject matter including means for supporting or enclosing the optical interface module.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 118]    118OPTICAL COMMUNICATION OVER FREE SPACE:
 Subject matter under c lass definition wherein a signal carrying optical beam is propagated over air during which the beam is not spatially confined in any optical component or medium.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

96,for multiplexing wavelength division or frequency division through free space.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 119]    119Compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter including means for correcting a signal distortion due to either system components or changes in atmospheric transmission medium.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

136,for compensation in an optical transceiver.
147through 148, for dispersion compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
158,for compensation in a transmitter and receiver system
192,for compensation in an optical transmitter.
208,for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 120]    120Power-control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Subject matter wherein the signal distortion is compensated by controlling a power supply.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

38,for power parameter determination in an optical communication system.
15,for power control in response to a fault.
94,for feedback power control in a multiplexing wavelength division or frequency division.
120,for power compensation in a free space optical communication system.
197,for feed back power compensation in a transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 121]    121Satellite system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is propagated to or from at least a moving high attitude object at a great distance from the earth.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 122]    122Including alignment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Subject matter including means for controlling the alignment between two moving objects or between the moving object and a station on earth to ensure a proper incident of a transmitted beam upon a receiving end for a reception of useful information.
(1) Note. Means for controlling the alignment includes, for example, means for adjusting direction of communication, focus checking and control means, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

129,for alignment between two transceivers.
131,for alignment between a transmitter and a receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 123]    123Feedback control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 122.  Subject matter including means for returning at least a portion of an output obtained at the receiving end to the controlling means to achieve a desired effect.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 124]    124Space to space:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is propagated between two moving high attitude objects such as satellites or spacecrafts.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 125]    125Space to ground or ground to space:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is propagated between a moving high attitude object such as a satellite or a spacecraft and a station on earth.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 126]    126Specific repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter under ... including details of a repeater having at least the receiver and the transmitter sections to receive and send optical beam in free space.

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173through 181, for an optical repeater system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 127]    127In an office environment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is communicated in free space between communication devices located within a enclosed area (e.g., in-building communication).
(1) Note. This subclasses includes, for example, communication between master and slave machines.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 128]    128Transceivers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is propagated between two transceivers.

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135through 139, for an optical transceiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 129]    129Including alignment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 128.  Subject matter including means for controlling the alignment between the transceivers to ensure a proper incident of a transmitted beam upon a receiving end for a reception of useful information.
(1) Note. Means for controlling the alignment includes, for example, means for adjusting direction of communication, focus checking and control means, etc.

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122,for alignment between satellites or aircrafts.
131,for alignment between a transmitter and a receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 130]    130Transmitter and receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 118.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is propagated between a transmitter and a receiver.

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140through 172, for a transmitter and receiver system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 131]    131Including alignment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Subject matter including means for controlling the alignment between the transmitter and the receiver to ensure a proper incident of a transmitted beam upon a receiving end for a reception of useful information.
(1) Note. Means for controlling the alignment includes, for example, means for adjusting direction of communication, focus checking and control means, etc.

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122,for alignment between satellites or aircrafts.
129,for alignment between two transceivers.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 132]    132PHOTOPHONE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein an audio signal, as an information signal, is directly modulated onto a light beam.
(1) Note. This subclass includes direct modulation of the light beam by a sound responsive mechanical device (e.g., a diaphragm).
(2) Note. This subclass includes optical telephones which require the use of an optical carrier for communication information.

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379Telephonic Communications,   sub-classes 56.1-56.3 for a light wave link for speech or a paging signal. which include optical telephones where connection is made through a telephone operator or exchange.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 133]    133Specific transducer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 132.  Subject matter including details of a light energy converting means device which converts an optical modulated light beam to a nonoptical energy signal (e.g., acoustic, electrical) are specified.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 134]    134Including optical fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Subject matter wherein the transducer either is connected to or contains (a) a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy or (b) a system of material designed to confine direct optical waves in a direction determined by its physical boundary.
(1) Note. An optical fiber or wave guide produces total internal confinement of an optical beam.

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20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environment through optical fiber or waveguide
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass 142 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.

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385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for optical fiber or waveguides, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 135]    135OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein an optical transmitter and a receiver are at a common location for transmission and reception of separate optical signals in such a manner that an optical signal is transmitted using some of the same equipment used for the reception of another optical signal.
(1) Note. The optical transmitter and receiver are usually confined to a common housing in a transceiver and termed "a station".
(2) Note. The simultaneous separation of a transmitter and receiver is a duplex operation and is excluded from this subclass, See search note below.

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22,for testing of an optical transceiver.
35through 139, for optical transceivers in an optical communication system.
41,for a duplexer which uses a single transmission line to both transmit and receive.
140through 172, for an optical transmitter and receiver system in an optical communication system.
165through 167, for plural stations having the transmitter and receiver in different housings and location s.
173through 181, for an optical repeater communication system.
182through 201, for an optical transmitter in an optical communication system.
202through 214, for an optical receiver in an optical communication system.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 728 through 747for the electrical components that are separately housed in a container or supported in a unit or packaging scheme displaying regularity and separable repetition.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 136]    136Including compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Subject matter including means for correcting or modifying a system operation condition or a data signal error due to either an internal or an external effect.
(1) Note. This subclass includes, for example, clock recovery, phase adjustment, astigmatic correction, noise reduction; temperature calibration, parasitic effects compensation, etc.

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119,for compensation in a free space optical communication system.
147through 148, for dispersion compensation in an optical transmitter and receiver system.
158,for compensation in an optical transmitter and receiver system.
192,for compensation in an optical transmitter.
208through 211, for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 137]    137Including feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Subject matter wherein a portion of a received signal is used to control the optical transmitter or receiver.

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195,for feedback compensation in an optical transmitter.
213,for feedback control of optical elements in a receiver.
209,for feed back control for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 138]    138Single device as transmitter and receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Subject matter wherein a same device photodiode or light emitter is used to both transmit or receive signal based on how it is biased.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 139]    139Including optical fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 135.  Subject matter including (a) a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy or (b) a system of material designed to confine direct optical waves in a direction determined by its physical boundary.

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20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environment through optical fiber or waveguide
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photophone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, particularly N3 for specific type of fiber.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.
214,for receiver including optical waveguide
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 140]    140TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER SYSTEM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein both the transmitter and receiver are located at separate stations for point-to-point communication from the transmitter at one location to the receiver at another location, remote from the transmitter.
(1) Note. This subclass includes active systems wherein the receiver has its own power source for an optical beam activation.

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135through 139, for optical transceivers in an optical communication system.
173through 181, for an optical repeater communication system.
182through 201, for an optical transmitter in an optical communication system.
202through 214, for an optical receiver in an optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 141]    141Including optical wave guide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter includes one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
(1) Note. An optical waveguide requires total internal reflection.
(2) Note. This subject matter includes an optical waveguide in combination with an optical transmitter and receiver system. For optical waveguide per se, see search note below.

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20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environment through optical fiber or waveguide.
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photophone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.
214,for receiver including optical waveguide

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 227.11 through 227.32for photocell control that could be optical communication type modulator.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 95 for measuring, testing, or sensing electricity, per se, with waveguide or long line.
385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for optical waveguide structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 142]    142Specific type of fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter including details of the fiber or waveguide.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 143]    143Multimode:
 Subject matter under 142 wherein the fiber includes core measured about 50-200 microns in diameter for allowing light pulses to zigzag along many different paths.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 144]    144Monomode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Subject matter wherein the fiber includes core measured about 10 microns in diameter for allowing light pulses to travel in a single path.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 145]    145Redundant fibers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 142.  Subject matter including a first and a second optical fiber means in order to ensure that a signal is received.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 146]    146Soliton:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter wherein a narrow pulse of light that retains its shape as it travels long distance along the fiber is used in the transmitter and receiver system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 147]    147Dispersion compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Subject matter comprises means for correcting or reducing distortion induced by (a) scattering in a light beam as it travels along the fiber or (b) overlapping of a light signal on one wavelength to different wavelengths because of reflected ray and different refractive index of fiber material.

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119,for compensation in an optical communication over free space.
136,for compensation in an optical transceiver.
158,for compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
192,for compensation in an optical transmitter.
208,for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 148]    148Using dispersion compensation optical fiber (e.g., DCOF):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter wherein correction fiber of specified length and amount or dispersion is used for compensation purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 149]    149Using equalizing filter (e.g., interferometer, grating):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter wherein optical filter is used for compensation purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 150]    150Using optical phase conjugation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Subject matter wherein an optical phase conjugation for the transmitted light waves is generated for compensation purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 151]    151Presence detection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein an optical transmitter and receiver system used for communications is also used to determine if an object is present within the range of the transmitted light waves.

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342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   for pertinent subclass(es) as determined by schedule review.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 3 through 22for range or remote distance (e.g., height) finding, which is useful in identifying the actual location of an object.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 152]    152Including polarization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein the vibrations of an optical beam in the communication system is controlled.
(1) Note. The se vibrations are in straight lines (plane polarization), circles (circular polarization), or ellipses (elliptical polarization).

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184,for polarization in a transmitter.
205,for polarization in a heterodyne optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 153]    153One transmitter, plural receivers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein optical information received at multiple locations is delivered by a single transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 154]    154Including synchronization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein all transmitters and receivers operate in the same time frame and their respective clocks are maintained to be at the same time and operating in an identical manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 155]    155Clock recovery:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Subject matter wherein a clock signal is recover ed from the transmitted light waves.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 156]    156Including alignment between transmitter and receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter including means for controlling the alignment between the transmitter and the receiver to ensure that they are pointing at o ne another to cause a proper incident of the transmitted beam upon a receiving end for a reception of useful information.

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356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 138 through 155for axial alignment which requires measuring to determine how to align, but not in an optical communication environment; and subclasses 399-401 for lateral alignment which moves the receiver or transmitter for alignment between the two, but not in an optical communication environment.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 157]    157Including pumping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein the atoms of a medium at the transmitter or in a fiber or amplifier are caused to be raised from a lower to a higher energy level to cause a population inversion between certain intermediate levels in order to ultimately produce photons when the energy level moves from higher to lower levels.
(1) Note. This is a form of optical amplification.

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92,for a pump in at least one of the plural sources to produce wavelength division o r frequency division multiplex.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclass 345 for a particular pumping type in an optical amplifier.
372Coherent Light Generators,   subclasses 69 through 80for particular pumping type which is not used for amplification of a light beam input.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 158]    158Including compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter including means for eliminating or reducing from a transmitted response information error that the system would produce.
(1) Note. This compensation is to be effective to eliminate noise, effects of temperature, or any error produced on the information signal as the result of an external or internal effect.

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119,for compensation in an optical communication over free space.
136,for compensation in an optical transceiver.
147through 148, for dispersion compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
192,for compensation in an optical transmitter.
208,for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 159]    159Reducing distortion or dispersion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter wherein the information error is caused by interference of light waves or by scattering or overlapping taking place in a light beam as it travels.

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119,for compensation in an optical communication over free space.
147,for compensation in optical communication when the dispersion is specifically caused by a fiber or waveguide.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 160]    160Using optical amplifier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter including an optical amplifier which compensates an error by increasing or decreasing amplitude of the information signal.

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333through 349, for details of an optical amplifier.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 161]    161Using delay:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 158.  Subject matter including a delay which compensates an error by delaying at least a part of the information signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 162]    162Including feedback from receiver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein a feedback signal is sent from the receiver to the transmitter for compensation purpose.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 163]    163Including electrical oscillator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter including a generator of an alternating, a continuous, sinusoidal, or pulsed signal.

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31,for electrical oscillator, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 164]    164Including optical circuit board:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein the communication takes place in a circuit board which includes an empty bus.
(1) Note. The circuit board is essentially an empty bus with provision for plugging an optical transmitter and receiver into it.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 107 through 108for computing by the use of optical beams.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 165]    165Plural stations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter including at least two spaced apart station s each having a transmitter which communicates with a remote receiver.
(1) Note. Since this subclass requires that a transmitter communicates with a remote receiver, an adjacent transmitter and receiver (i.e., within a single transceiver) do not constitute a spaced apart station.

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135through 139, for optical transceivers where the transmitter and receiver are adjacent one another and within a single housing.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 166]    166Address directing connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter wherein the optical beam is directed to a proper station using station destination address information attached to communication data on a same optical beam.
(1) Note. The address is an optical code that identifies which station is to receive the transmitted data.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 167]    167Unidirectional or loopback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter comprising a plurality of stations, each having both a transmitter and a receiver, and are serially linked in a manner that the transmitter of a preceding station transmits to the receiver of a next station and the transmitter of the last station transmits to the receiver of the first station.
(1) Note. If one of the stations or lines develops a fault; the last transmitted signal, which is not received by the next station intended for receipt, will be returned to the preceding station so this station knows that the transmitted signal has not been transmitted through the entire system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 167.5]    167.5Central or master station:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Subject matter wherein a single central or master station, having both an optical transmitter and receiver, transmits to all of the stations in the system and also receives responses from all of the stations of the system.
(1) Note. The central or master station can broadcast via optical signals or use fiber optic cables to link the transmitted and received optical signals.
(2) Note. The central or master station can be used in an asynchronous system of stations.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 168]    168Passive system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein the receiver derives its power to activate itself from optical beam transmitted by the transmitter.
(1) Note. The received optical beam is the source for the receiver.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 310 for an electrical switch together with details of the indicators; Dig. 47 for light guide for indicators.
250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 227.11 through 227.32for shutter-type optical switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 169]    169Retroreflection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 168.  Subject matter wherein response to a received optical beam is transmitted in the opposite direction of the received beam to ensure that original transmitter receives the response.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 170]    170Retroreflection:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein response to a received optical beam is transmitted in the opposite direction of the received beam to ensure that original transmitter receives the response.
(1) Note. This subclass is for receiver having active elements.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 171]    171Received signal supplies power distribution to diverse devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein the power for operation of devices unrelated to the transmitter and receiver system is obtained from a received optical signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 172]    172Including visible light modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Subject matter wherein communication i s provided at least partially over a visible light signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 173]    173OPTICAL REPEATER SYSTEM
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including apparatus for receiving a light wave signal and to reradiating the signal at a same or different carrier frequency.
(1) Note. The recreating or retransmitting signal is usually at a higher energy level or in a desired direction.
(2) Note. This subclass excludes a transmitted signal that has different information content than the received signal.

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135through 139, for optical transceivers in an optical communication system.
140through 172, for an optical transmitter and receiver system in an optical communication system.
182through 201, for an optical transmitter in an optical communication system.
202through 214, for an optical receiver in an optical communication system.

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178Telegraphy,   subclass 70 R-70TS for repeaters specific to telegraphy.
330Amplifiers,   for amplifier systems in general, particularly subclass 10 for modulator-demodulator type amplifiers for amplifying direct current or slowly varying alternating current signals.
332Modulators,   subclass 183 for modulation converters for converting one modulated wave to a differently modulated wave (e.g., pulse modulation to frequency modulation or frequency modulation to amplitude modulation); subclass 108 for plural stage modulation systems wherein each stage is of the same or diverse type of modulation, the last stage being of the pulse modulation type; subclasses 119-122 or 144-148 for plural stage modulation systems wherein the last stage is of the phase or frequency modulation type; and subclasses 151-154 for plural stage modulation systems wherein the last stage is of the amplitude modulation type.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 117 through 123for hybrid type networks.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclass 291 for signal box repeaters which repeat, for example, signals received at a central station to a plurality of firehouses.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclasses 211 through 215for repeater for a pulse or digital signal in the radio frequency range.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 7 through 25for repeaters for analog signals in the radio frequency range.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 174]    174Demodulating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter wherein the optical repeater extracts the information content of the signal it receives prior to reradiating the signal.
(1) Note. Although there are various reasons for demodulating prior to transmission, the following are example s (a) to enable retransmission with a different modulation, or (b) the demodulation is necessary to determine the reradiated destination for the received signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 175]    175Regenerative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter wherein the repeater including a regenerator for performing at least one of various functions, such as, sampling, data timing and signal clocking, clock recovering, pulse reshaping, signal amplifying or enhancing on the incoming optical beam and then transmits it without any demodulation.
(1) Note. This subclass includes positive feedback of the incoming signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 176]    176Modulation conversion
 This subclass is indented under subclass 175.  Subject matter wherein the repeater converts the signal which is input from one type of modulation to another type of modulation
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 177]    177Monitoring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including apparatus to check the repeater system during operation.

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6,for fault recovery in a repeater system.
9through 24 , for diagnostic testing of the optical communication system including fault location, test signal and fault detection.
33,for monitoring a supervisory signal for the determination of communication parameter.

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356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   for optical testing of individual pieces of an optical communication system, particularly subclass 73.1 for optical fiber or waveguide inspection.
714Error Detection /Correction and Fault Detection /Recovery, subclasses 712 through 717for the electrical testing of the information content of a transmission facility.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 178]    178Specific optical waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including details of one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
(1) Note. This subject matter includes an optical waveguide in combination with an optical repeater system. For optical waveguide per se, see Search notes be- low.

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20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environment through optical fiber or waveguide
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photophone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, particularly 142 for specific type of fiber.
200,for transmitter including optical waveguide.
214,for receiver including optical waveguide.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 227.11 through 227.32for photocell control that could be optical communication type modulator.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 95 for measuring, testing, or sensing electricity, per se, with waveguide or long line.
385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for optical waveguide structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 179]    179Soliton:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Subject matter wherein a narrow pulses of light that retains its shape as it travels long distance along the fiber is used in the repeater system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 180]    180Specific optical elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter including details of optical elements used in order to provide regeneration or retransmission of a signal.

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212,for optical elements in a receiver.

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359Optical: Systems a nd Elements,   subclasses 334 through 349for optical amplifiers, control of the amplifiers and pumps.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 181]    181Supervisory signal by repeater:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 173.  Subject matter includes a transmission of management information for supervising or controlling purpose.

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30,for determination of an optical communication parameter using supervisory signal
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 182]    182TRANSMITTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter including an opto-electric circuit for converting information signal into modulated optical signal suitable for propagating through or along a transmission medium.
(1) Note. The optoelectric circuit includes, for example, opto-electronic light sources such as LEDS, l aser diode, incandescent bulbs, an optical modulator and other elements associated with fiber optic or infrared transmission system required to communicate an information signal from one location to another via an optical beam.

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23,for fault detection in an optical transmitter.
135through 139, for optical transceivers in an optical communication system.
140through 172, for an optical transmitter and receiver system in an optical communication system.
173through 181, for an optical rep eater communication system.
202through 214, for an optical receiver in an optical communication system.

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359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 237 through 324for optical modulators, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 183]    183Having particular modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.  Subject matter comprising details of a process in which information signal is coded into beams of optical energy by use of a carrier wave for transmission through an optical transmission medium (e.g., fiber).
(1) Note. The optical energy, include s, for example, visible, infrared, ultraviolet or laser.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 493.1 through 504H for radiant energy generation and sources.
348Television,   for projection TV modulated laser beam which requires scanning as distinguished from the optical communication of this class.
359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 237 through 324for optical beam modulation without a transmitter.
369Dynamic Information Storage or Retrieval,   subclass 104 for a ribbon light modulator f or radiation beam modification of or by a storage medium.
372Coherent Light Generators,   subclass 38 for coherent light generators with particular component circuitry.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 184]    184Including polarization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which the vibration s of the optical signal at the transmitter is controlled.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 185]    185Hybrid modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter includes a) plurality of modulators or b) more than one type of modulation techniques.
(1) Note. The plurality of modulators can be used to perform same or different modulation techniques.
(2) Note. The plurality of modulators can be integrated as a unitary structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 186]    186Intensity modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which modulation is produced by modulating the amplitude o f a light wave serving as a carrier by another wave serving as modulating signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 187]    187Frequency modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which angle modulation is produced by causing the instantaneous frequency of a sine wave carrier to depart from a carrier frequency an amount that is proportional to the instantaneous value of a modulating signal.
(1) Note. Combinations of phase and frequency modulation are commonly referred to as frequency modulation.

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183,for an optical transmitter using phase modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 188]    188Phase modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter includes a form of angle modulation in which the instantaneous phase angle of a sine wave carrier varies proportionally with the instantaneous value of an amplitude of a modulating signal.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

182,for an optical transmitter using frequency or frequency and phase modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 189]    189Pulse modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 183.  Subject matter in which modulation is produced by modulating light wave serving as a carrier by a series of pulses with similar attributes by pulse length, pulse position or pulse amplitude.
(1) Note. This subclass includes pulse amplitude, delta, or pulse frequency modulation.
(2) Note. Pulse amplitude modulation uses the amplitude of the transmitted carrier signal to convey the information contained in the modulating signal.
(3) Note. A delta pulse code modulation converts audio signals into corresponding trains of digital pulses to provide greater freedom from interference during transmission.
(4) Note. Pulse frequency modulation varies the transmitted pulse repetition rate as a function of the instantaneous value of the information signal (i.e., modulating signal).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

186,for pulse time modulation.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclasses 100 through 333for miscellaneous pulse parameter (e.g., amplitude) control.
329Demodulators,   subclasses 311-314 for electrical pulse demodulators.
332Modulators,   subclasses 106 through 116for electrical pulse modulators.
370Multiplex Communications,   subclass 533 for multiplexers/distributors using pulse amplitude modulation.
375Pulse or Digital Communications,   subclass 353 for electrical pulse amplitude modulation. Subclasses 259-285, 301, and 321 for pulse or digital communications via modulated carrier waves.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 190]    190Pulse-code:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Subject matter in which modulation is produced by modulating the light wave serving as a carrier by modulating the pulse length, amplitude or position by a definite code meaning.
(1) Note. The definite code meaning includes, foe example, analog to digital by a specific coding.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

186,for pulse time modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 191]    191Pulse time:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Subject matter in which modulation is produced by modulating the light wave serving as a carrier by modulating the pulse length by a definite code in which the time of occurrence of a characteristic of a pulse carrier varies proportionally with respect to a characteristic of the modulating signal.
(1) Note. This subclass includes pulse position and pulse width modulation.
(2) Note. Pulse position modulation modulates the position in time of a transmitted pulse with respect to each sampled instantaneous value of the information signal (i.e., modulating signal).
(3) Note. Pulse width, also identified as pulse duration, modulation controls the width of the transmitted pulse relative to each sampled instantaneous value of the information signal (i.e., modulating signal).
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 192]    192Including compensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.  Subject matter wherein operating characteristic of the transmitter is corrected or adjusted to reduce distortion or to improve system performance.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

119,for compensation in an optical communication over free space.
136,for compensation in an optical transceiver.
147through 148, for dispersion compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
158,for compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
208,for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 193]    193Precompensation (e.g., prechirping, predistortion):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter including compensating means at the transmitter for reducing or canceling distortion or noise that is expected to happen later in the optical communication system.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 194]    194For noise or distortion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter including means for reducing or eliminating harmonic noise or inter-modulation product.
(1) Note. The inter-modulation product includes, for example, non-linear modulation, cross-talk, interference, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 195]    195Including feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Subject matter wherein operating characteristic is compensated by a feedback controller.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

137,for feedback control in an optical transceiver.
213,for feedback control for optical elements in a receiver.
209,for feedback control for post compensation in a receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 196]    196For wavelength control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Subject matter wherein feedback signal is supplied to a laser or light emitting apparatus for regulating operating wavelength.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 197]    197For power control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Subject matter wherein a feedback signal is supplied to a laser or light emitting apparatus for regulating energy level.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

38,for power parameter determination.
15,for power control in response to a fault.
94,for feedback power control in a multiplexing wavelength division or frequency division.
120,for power compensation in a free space optical communication system.
197,for feed back power compensation in a transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 198]    198For modulator control:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Subject matter wherein at least a portion of the optically transmitted light wave is sampled and used to further control operating parameter of the optical modulator.
(1) Note. The operating parameter includes, for example, bias voltage.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 199]    199Chirping:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.  Subject matter in which the signal from the source emits a varying frequency during a pulse time which results in pulse compression in optical fibers.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 200]    200Including optical fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.  Subject matter including (a) a single or bundle of fiber used as a single transmission medium to propagate optical energy or (b) a system of material designed to confine direct optical waves in a direction determined by its physical boundary.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environment through optical fiber or waveguide
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide.
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photophone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide.
142,for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
214,for optical receiver including optical waveguide
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 201]    201Including specific optical element:-
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.  Subject matter including details of at least one optical element which provide the optically transmitted signal.
(1) Note. The details include, for example, lens, mirror, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 202]    202RECEIVER:
 Subject matter under class definition including an optoelectronic circuit for converting a received modulated optical signal (e.g., light or laser) into a signal corresponding to the information transmitted.
(1) Note. This classification is restricted to those devices peculiar to optical communication with information modulated thereon.
(2) Note. A mere recitation of a nonmodulated light control signal to control or activate an electrical amplifier is excluded from this subclass. See search note below.
(3) Note. An optoelectronic circuit contains, for example, an optical demodulator together with other elements associated with fiber optic or infrared transmission system required to communicate information from one location to another via an optical beam.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

135through 139, for optical transceivers in an optical communication system.
140through 172, for an optical transmitter and receiver system in an optical communication system.
173through 181, for an optical repeater communication system.
182through 201, for an optical transmitter in an optical communication system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 206 through 214for photocell controlled circuits of general utility, and subclasses 336.1–395 for invisible radiant energy responsive electric signaling.
330Amplifiers,   subclass 59 for electrical amplifiers combined with a nonmodulated light controlled or activated device that is not part of the amplifying device.
356Optics: Measuring and Testing,   appropriate subclasses for the measuring or testing of an optical property.
359Optical: Systems a nd Elements,   subclasses 557 through 589for filters (e.g. light interference) and subclasses 885-892 for absorption filters without communication.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 203]    203Homodyne:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter including a technique of reception using a locally generated voltage at a received carrier frequency for detection of the transmitted information signal.
(1) Note. This is also called a zero-beat reception.
(2) Note. Any further processing of the output of the demodulator will use electrical signals since the intermediate frequency (IF) output is outside the frequency spectrum of optical signals.
(3) Note. An electrical or optical local oscillator used in combination with a homodyne optical receiver is classified in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 204]    204Heterodyne:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter wherein a received wave is combined with a locally generated wave having a different frequency in a nonlinear device to produce beat frequency signals at the output for detection of the transmitted information signal.
(1) Note. This is also called a beat reception.
(2) Note. Any further breakdown of the output of the demodulator will use electrical signals since the intermediate frequency (IF) output is outside the frequency spectrum of optical signals.
(3) Note. An electrical or optical oscillator used in combination with a heterodyne optical receiver is classified in this subclass.
(4) Note. The nonlinear device includes, for example, vacuum tube, transistor or diode mixer.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 205]    205Including polarization:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter in which the heterodyne receiver detects optical signal having controlled vibrations.
(1) Note. These vibrations are in straight lines (plane polarization), circles (circular polarization), or ellipses (elliptical polarization).

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

24,for testing of an optical receiver.
152,for polarization in an optical transmitter and receiver communication system.
184,for polarization modulation.
203,for homodyne demodulation.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

359Optical: Systems and Elements,   subclasses 246 through 258for electro-optic modulation of polarized light, subclasses 281 through 283 for magneto-optic modulation of polarized light, subclasses 301 through 304 for light wave directional modulation acting on polarized light, and subclasses 483.01 through 494.01 for polarization without modulation.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 206]    206Having feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Subject matter in which at least a portion of heterodyned signal is sa mpled and used to further control local oscillator or received signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 207]    207Specific optical elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 204.  Subject matter including details of optical elements used in order to provide the heterodyne function (i.e., combining local oscillat ion signal with received wave).
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 208]    208Including postcompensation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter including means at a receiver location for reducing distortion caused earlier in an optical transmission system.
(1) Note. The distortion includes, for ex ample, dipersion, nonlinearitie, noise.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

119,for compensation in an optical communication system over free space.
136,for compensation in an optical transceiver.
147through 148, for dispersion compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
158,for compensation in a transmitter and receiver system.
192,for compensation in an optical transmitter.
196,for precompensation in an optical transmitter.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 209]    209Feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Su bject matter in which at least a portion of the received signal is sampled and used to further control the received light beam.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

137,for feed back control in an optical transceiver.
195,for compen sation with feedback control in an optical transmitter.
213,for feedback control for optical elements of a receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 210]    210Amplitude:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Subject matter including means for sampling a portion of a signal to control the intensity of the signal.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 211]    211Intermodulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Subject matter including means at a receiver location for compensating for problems with intermodulation products or harmonic distortion.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 212]    212Specific optical element (e.g., lens, mirror, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter wherein an optical receiver comprises details of at least one optical element which are used to aid the reception of signal.
(1) Note. The details include, for e xample, lens, mirror, etc.
(2) Note. Optical waveguide or fiber is excluded from for this subclass. See Search note below.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

180,for specific optical elements in a repeater system.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for optical waveguide structure, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 213]    213Having feedback:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Subject matter in which at least a portion of the received signal is sampled and used to further control the at least one optical element in the receiver.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

137,for feedback control in an optical transceiver.
195,for compensation with feedback control in an optical transmitter.
209,for feedback for post compensation in an optical receiver.
  
[List of Patents for class 398 subclass 214]    214Including optical fiber or waveguide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Subject matter having one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
(1) Note. An optical waveguide requires total internal reflection.
(2) Note. This subclass includes a combination of an optical receiver and an optical waveguide. See Search note below fo r optical waveguide, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20,for fault detection of an optical fiber.
13,for fault location in an optical fiber or waveguide.
110,for remote control system in an industrial or hazardous environment through opti cal fiber or wave guide
113,for remote control system through optical fiber or waveguide .
116,for hybrid communication system including optical fiber.
134,for a photophone transducer including optical fiber or waveguide.
141,for transmitter and receiver system including optical waveguide, and subclass N3 for specific type of fiber.
139,for optical transceiver including optical fiber or waveguide.
178,for optical repeater including optical waveguide.
200,for transmitter including optical wave guide.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

250Radiant Energy,   subclass 206 for photocell control that could be an optical Communication type modulator.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 95 for measuring, testing, or sensing electricity, per se, with waveguide or long line.
385Optical Waveguides,   appropriate subclasses for optical waveguide structure, per se.
  

FOREIGN ART COLLECTIONS

The definitions below correspond to abolished subclasses from which these collections were formed. See the Foreign Art Collection schedule of this class for specific correspondences. [Note: The titles and definitions for indented art collections include all the details of the one(s) that are hierarchically superior.]

FOR 100OPTICAL COMMUNICATION:
 Foreign art collection under the class definition wherein an information signal is transmitted through a medium between an optical transmitter and optical receiver by means of variation in a characteristic of light waves.
  
FOR 101Diagnostic testing of optical communication:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein the system as a whole, not just a single piece of the system, is evaluated prior to the communication use.
  
FOR 102Interference signal transmission or elimination (e.g., jamming or antijamming:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein a signal, used to interfere with a selected signal so as to prevent the intelligible reception of the selected signal, is either transmitted or eliminated.
  
FOR 103Eavesdropping:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein the information content of an optical communication message intended for one receiver is obtained surreptitiously by another without the other parties being notified.
  
FOR 104Duplex:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein a single optical link between an optical transmitter and receiver permits simultaneous transmission and reception of plural optical signals in the same or opposite directions.
  
FOR 105Wavelength division:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 104 wherein bi-directional transmission over a single fiber is permitted by causing two light beams to travel in different wavelength bands and different directions within the same medium.
  
FOR 106Multiplex:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein two or more information signals are controlled to be interleaved or simultaneously transmitted in either or both directions over a common (same) transmission medium in such a manner that the information signals may be directly recovered.
  
FOR 107Mode:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein each light beam is applied to an optical cable at an angle which differs from the other light beams in order to be able to distinguish the light beams when they are applied to the cable simultaneously.
  
FOR 108Spatial or switching:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein multiple information beams are separated by the use of a switch to selectively direct individual information portions of a light beam to either separate individual light conductive elements or separate directions in space.
  
FOR 109Optical local area network (LAN):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein multiple optical stations are interconnected via a network of fiber optics to enable transmission and reception between the stations.
  
FOR 110Loop:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 109 wherein the local area network consists of a series of stations connected to each other and the last station is connected to the first station.
  
FOR 111Active star:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 109 wherein an optical data distribution system, containing a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to each member of a local area network multiplex system, permits optical information flow between all of the members; and each member receives its power (i.e., active) from the received optical signals.
  
FOR 112Passive star:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 109 wherein an optical data distribution system, containing a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to each member of a local area network multiplex system, permits optical information flow between all of the members; and each member has its own power supply (i.e., passive) and does not change the power of the optical signals it receives from each member.
  
FOR 113Polarization:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein the multiple signals are distinguished from one another by the particular individual signal vibration perpendicular to the ray direction of travel.
  
FOR 114Time and frequency division:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein information is transmitted on different segments of a transmission medium, which segments are divided based upon the frequency spectrum and discrete time intervals.
  
FOR 115Wavelength division/frequency division (includes scattering, e.g., Raman, Brillouin, etc.):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein (1) two or more information optical signals simultaneously present on a common optical waveguide are differentiated by optical wavelength or (2) the frequency spectrum of the optical transmission medium is divided into segments and respective information channels are transmitted in differing segments.
  
FOR 116Subscriber system:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 115 comprising plural stations prearranged to enable preselected stations to receive identified information at the same time it is transmitted.
  
FOR 117Optical source at only one station:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 116 wherein the optical beam communicated to all of the other stations in the system originates from a single station.
  
FOR 118By optical coupling:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 115 wherein the multiplexing is accomplished by the optical device itself, which permits the transfer of light from one element to another.
  
FOR 119Switch:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 118 wherein the optical coupler selectively determines which output receives the input light beam.
  
FOR 120Prism:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 118 wherein a beam is coupled in or out of a waveguide to accomplish the desired multiplexing by one or more transparent bodies bounded in part by two plane surfaces which are angularly related (i.e., not parallel), at least one of these surfaces being internally reflecting or refracting to impinging incident light.
  
FOR 121Grating:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 118 wherein (1) a beam is coupled in or out of a waveguide to accomplish the desired multiplexing by narrow parallel slits in a plate or (2) narrow parallel reflecting surfaces made by ruling grooves on polished metal break up the light waves as they emerge.
  
FOR 122Lens:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 118 wherein a beam is coupled in or out of a waveguide to accomplish the desired multiplexing by a trans-parent optical component consisting of one or more pieces of optical glass with the surfaces so curved (usually spherical) that they serve to converge or diverge the transmitted rays.
  
FOR 123Single source, electrically controlled:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 115 wherein a single source of light is either wavelength division or frequency division optical multiplexed via an external electrical control signal.
  
FOR 124Different sources:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 115 wherein each channel of the common optical waveguide is supplied with data from separate origins of light.
  
FOR 125With pump:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 124 wherein the atoms, in at least one of the sources of a medium, are caused to be raised from certain lower to certain higher energy levels to cause population inversion between certain intermediate levels in order to ultimately produce photons when the energy level moves from higher to lower levels.
  
FOR 126Time division:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 106 wherein access to the optical transmission medium is divided into discrete time intervals and information from respective channels is transmitted in differing time intervals.
  
FOR 127Multiple access (e.g., CSMA, CDMA):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 126 wherein stations use a protocol to obtain access of a channel before sending a packet of information.
  
FOR 128Subscriber System:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 126 wherein the system is developed to communicate with prearranged plural time division multiplexed stations, thus enabling all preselected stations to receive identified information at the same time it is transmitted.
  
FOR 129By specific optical element:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 126 wherein the time division optical multiplexing is produced by specifically identified optical elements.
  
FOR 130Optical switch (359/139):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 129 wherein the input light beam is optically directed to selected outputs in order to accomplish time division optical multiplexing.
  
FOR 131With delay:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 126 wherein the time division optical multiplexing is accomplished by the use of some delay of the input light beam.
  
FOR 132Underwater:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein optical communication is performed via a light beam actually traveling through the water.
  
FOR 133Remote control:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein a variable device is used to modulate an optical transmitter at a first location in order to control a remote electrically operated second device at a second location via an optical communication link between the transmitter and an optical receiver located at the second location and connected to the second device.
  
FOR 134Bidirectional (i.e., monitoring or acknowledge):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 133 wherein the optical equipment remotely controls the second device, which is unrelated to the optical system, and either (1) receives a response from the second device indicating that the optical control signal was received or (2) monitors the second device.
  
FOR 135In industrial environment (e.g., robot control):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 133 wherein the second device, which is remotely controlled with optical communication, is used in the production of some manufactured product.
  
FOR 136With radio link:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 133 wherein multiple remote devices are optically controlled via a single optical beam, but the beam is only directed at one device and this device relays control to another device via radio waves.
  
FOR 137With television or radio system:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 133 wherein the optical link remotely controls a television or radio.
  
FOR 138Switching:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 133 wherein specific connections of the remote device are controlled by an optical beam.
  
FOR 139Plural functions:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 133 wherein more than one control is activated via the optical beam received at the remote device.
  
FOR 140Photophone:
 Foreign art collection under FOR100 wherein an audio signal, as the information signal, is directly modulated onto a light beam.
  
FOR 141Transducer, per se:
 Foreign art collection under FOR140 wherein the details of a device are specified, which produces a conversion between an optical beam and nonoptical energy (e.g., acoustic, electrical).
  
FOR 142With optical fiber or waveguide:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 141 wherein the transducer either contains an optical fiber or waveguide or is connected to one.
  
FOR 143Optical transceiver:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein an optical transmitter and receiver are at a common location for transmission and reception of separate signals, and an optical signal is transmitted using some of the same equipment used for the reception of another optical signal.
  
FOR 144Including compensation:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 143 wherein structure is provided within the optical transceiver to eliminate any information errors that the transceiver would produce while transmitting a response.
  
FOR 145Transmitter and receiver system:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein both the transmitter and receiver are located at separate stations for point-to-point communication from the transmitter at one location to the receiver at another location, remote from the transmitter.
  
FOR 146Presence detection:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein an optical transmitter and receiver system is used to determine if an object is present within the range of the optical beam.
  
FOR 147With polarization:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein the optical beam of the transmitter and receiver system vibrates perpendicular to the beam s traveling direction.
  
FOR 148One transmitter, plural receivers:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein optical information received at multiple locations is delivered by a single transmitter.
  
FOR 149With synchronization:
 Foreign art collection under FOR145 wherein all transmitters and receivers operate in the same time frame and their respective clocks are maintained to be at the same time and operating in an identical manner.
  
FOR 150With alignment between transmitter and receiver:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein the transmitter and receiver are always pointed at one another.
  
FOR 151With pumping:
 Foreign art collection under FOR145 wherein the atoms of a medium at the transmitter are caused to be raised from certain lower to certain higher energy levels to cause a population inversion between certain intermediate levels in order to ultimately produce photons when the energy level moves from higher to lower levels.
  
FOR 152With compensation:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein structure is provided within the optical system to eliminate from the transmitted response any information errors that the system would produce.
  
FOR 153With electrical oscillator:
 Foreign art collection under FOR145 wherein the transmitter and receiver optical communication system uses an electrical device whose output voltage or current is a periodic function of time.
  
FOR 154With optical circuit board:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein a waveguide breadboard is used to plug the transmitter and receiver into any desired location along the breadboard.
  
FOR 155Plural stations:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 including at least two spaced apart stations each having a transmitter which communicates with a receiver located remote from the transmitter.
  
FOR 156Address directing connections:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 155 wherein the optical beam is directed to the proper station as a result of the station destination information (address) attached to the communication data on the same optical beam.
  
FOR 157Unidirectional or loopback:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 155 wherein plural stations, each having both a transmitter and receiver, are serially linked by the transmitter of the preceding station transmitting to the receiver of the next station and the last station of the system transmits to the receiver of the first station of the system.
  
FOR 158Central or master station:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 155 wherein a single central or master station, having both an optical transmitter and receiver, transmits to all of the stations in the system and also receives responses from all of the stations of the system.
  
FOR 159Passive system:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein the receiver derives its power to activate itself from the beam transmitted by the transmitter.
  
FOR 160Retroreflection:
 Foreign art collection under FOR159 wherein the transmitted response to a received optical beam is transmitted in the opposite direction of the received beam to ensure that the original transmitter receives the response.
  
FOR 161Retroreflection:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein the transmitted response to a received optical beam is transmitted in the opposite direction of the received beam to ensure that the original transmitter receives the response.
  
FOR 162Received signal supplies power distribution to diverse devices:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein the power for operation of devices unrelated to the transmitter and receiver system is obtained from the received signal.
  
FOR 163Satellite communications:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 wherein communication is accomplished with either (1) a space orbiting satellite or (2) a land satellite.
  
FOR 164Including optical waveguide:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 145 which further includes one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
  
FOR 165Optical repeater system:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 including apparatus for receiving a light wave signal and reradiating the signal at a different carrier frequency and usually at a higher energy level or in a desired direction.
  
FOR 166Demodulating:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 165 wherein the optical repeater extracts the information content of the signal it receives prior to reradiating the signal at the same or different carrier frequency.
  
FOR 167Regenerative:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 165 wherein the repeater samples the incoming optical beam without any demodulation and then transmits it with perfect timing and no distortion.
  
FOR 168Monitoring:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 167 wherein the regenerative repeater includes apparatus to check the system during operation.
  
FOR 169Star:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 165 wherein an optical data distribution system contains a common node connected to one end of each of three or more branches and the other end of the branches are connected to appropriate elements of an optical repeater.
  
FOR 170Including optical waveguide:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 165 which further includes one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
  
FOR 171Transmitter:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 which converts information signals into modulated light wave signals suitable for propagation through or along a transmission medium.
  
FOR 172With particular modulation:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 171 wherein apparatus is set forth to include the information signal in a specified manner onto a light wave carrier entering the device.
  
FOR 173Frequency modulation:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 172 wherein the instantaneous amplitude of the information signal (i.e., modulating signal) modulates a carrier so that its instantaneous frequency differs from the carrier frequency by an amount proportional to the information signal amplitude.
  
FOR 174Phase modulation:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 172 wherein the instantaneous amplitude of the information signal (i.e., modulating signal) modulates a sine-wave carrier so that its instantaneous angle (i.e., phase) deviates from the original (no-signal) angle by an amount proportional to the information signal amplitude.
  
FOR 175Pulse modulation:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 172 wherein the carrier signal is transmitted in a series of pulses, having a normally constant value with a variation of a rise and a decay approaching infinitesimal duration, to convey the information contained in the modulating signal.
  
FOR 176Pulse-code:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 175 wherein the information signal is periodically sampled and each sample is quantized and transmitted as a digital binary code.
  
FOR 177Pulse time:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 175 wherein the values of instantaneous samples of the information signal (i.e., modulating signal) are made to modulate the occurrence time of some characteristic of a pulse carrier.
  
FOR 178With feedback:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 171 wherein at least a portion of the optically transmitted light wave is sampled and used to further control the transmitted light beam.
  
FOR 179Including optical waveguide:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 171 which further includes one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
  
FOR 180Receiver:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 100 wherein the information or modulating signal which has been transmitted may be derived from the received modulated light wave signals and converted into signals corresponding to the information transmitted.
  
FOR 181Homodyne:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 180 wherein a locally generated voltage at the received carrier frequency will result in a zero beat reception for detection of the transmitted information signal.
  
FOR 182Heterodyne:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 180 wherein the received wave is combined with a locally generated wave in a nonlinear device to produce sum and difference frequencies at the output receiver is classified in this subclass.
  
FOR 183With polarization:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 182 wherein the heterodyne optical demodulating receiver is used to detect a light wave having vibrations perpendicular to the direction of travel of the light beam.
  
FOR 184With optical element (e.g., lens, mirror, etc.):
 Foreign art collection under FOR 180 wherein an optical receiver comprises some type of optical device such as a lens, etc., other than an optical waveguide.
  
FOR 185Automatic gain control:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 180 wherein the amplitude of an output signal amplitude is maintained constant either by an optical or electrical device.
  
FOR 186With optical waveguide:
 Foreign art collection under FOR 180 which further includes one or more transparent elongated structures (e.g., rods, fibers, or pipes) which are used to transmit light waves from one point to another within the confines of their outer surface by means of internal reflections or modal transmission.
  

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