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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 315]   CLASS 315,ELECTRIC LAMP AND DISCHARGE DEVICES: SYSTEMS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This is a restricted class which includes assembled patents on the special types of electric lamp and electric space discharge device systems set forth in the following sections:

A. Structural Combinations With Circuit Elements;

B. Structural Combinations With Heating And/Or Cooling Means;

C. Cathode-Ray Tubes;

D. Lamps and/or Discharge Devices as Sole Load Devices;

E. Lamps;

F. Electric Space Discharge Devices

G. Gas or Vapor Discharge Devices;

H. High Vacuum-Type Discharge Devices, and Gas or Vapor-type Discharge Devices Claimed Broadly;

I. Plural Load Device Systems;

J. Art Uses and Combinations With Art Devices;

K. Testing Electric Lamps and Discharge Devices; and

L. Operating a Lamp or a Gas or Vapor Discharge Device.

SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

A. STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS WITH CIRCUIT ELEMENTS:

Electric lamps and electric space discharge devices of any type (including cathode-ray tubes) with or without a discharge control device, combined with other circuit elements all of which (other than a mere source of current and/or potential supply if claimed) are structurally combined therewith to form a unitary device. Such structurally combined circuit elements may be in either or both the input or output circuit of a discharge device, or in neither circuit, and may be used for any purpose. Such means appear in this class (see Subclass References to the Current Class, below). If any circuit element is not structurally combined as stated above, the patent is treated as stated in the following sections. See the sections F-4; and G; and H, especially.

B. STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS WITH HEATING AND/OR COOLING MEANS:

The subject matter of section A, combined with means for heating and/or cooling the lamp or discharge device structure, which heating and/or cooling means is either structurally combined with the lamp or discharge device, or with an electrical circuit element, or forms an electrical circuit element. All electrical circuit elements (except a mere source of current and/or potential supply, if claimed) which are not structurally combined with the lamp or discharge device must be structurally combined with the heating and/or cooling means; see Subclass References to the Current Class, below. If any circuit element is not structurally combined as stated in this and the preceding section (A), the patent is treated as stated in the following sections (see section H-2-d for other temperature-modifying combinations).

C. CATHODE-RAY TUBES:

Combined with an electric system for the supply and control of current and/or potential thereto as the ultimate load on the system. Sections A and B, above, deal with other special cathode-ray tube systems in this class. Such means appear in this class (315). See Subclass References to the Current Class, below.

D. LAMPS AND/OR DISCHARGE DEVICES AS SOLE LOAD DEVICES:

1. With an electric system for supplying current and/or potential thereto. If there is any other type of electric load device, as either the sole ultimate load device or in addition to the lamp and/or discharge device load, the patent is in some other appropriate class. The load may be constituted by one or more lamps alone, by one or more discharge devices alone, or by any combination therebetween subject to the limitations noted below in this section and in the following sections. Discharge devices having a claimed output circuit are in this class only in the special cases set forth in paragraphs A, B, and F.

2. Where systems are provided with an impedance in the supply circuit of the lamp or discharge device, and the sole function of the impedance is to regulate current flow to the lamp or discharge device, the impedance is not considered a load device.

3. Systems wherein an impedance is substituted in the circuit when a lamp or discharge device is removed therefrom so that the impedance provides a substitute load on the system are included in this class, see Subclass References to the Current Class, below.

E. LAMPS:

With an electric system for supply and control of current and/or potential thereto as the ultimate load on the system.

F. ELECTRIC SPACE DISCHARGE DEVICES:

1. Combined with an electric system for the supply and/or control of current and/or potential supplied thereto, the discharge device being the ultimate load in the system, where the system of supply and/or control is to result as its sole function in either or both: a. causing a discharge to take place or b. mere regulation of the discharge.

2. In this type of system, the output circuit may be claimed if it is claimed so broadly as to be in effect the mere completion of the circuit so that a discharge may take place.

3. This type of system is included even though the type of current flowing in the anode-cathode circuit is specified as being different from the supply current (as, for example, d.c. and a.c., respectively, as in the mercury arc type of discharge device).

4. Due to differences in operating characteristics between: a. gas or vapor discharge devices, and b. high vacuum discharge devices. Systems limited to these two different types have been treated differently, see sections G and H, below.

5. The preceding limitations cause exclusion from this class of: a. The regulation and/or control of the current and/or potential in a circuit by means of a discharge device, even though no load device in the regulated and/or controlled circuit is claimed, and the discharge device is under the terms of the claim the ultimate load device; b. Those systems having one or more discharge devices constituting the ultimate load on the system, where the system includes means which limit the system to use for purposes other than, or in addition to, section F, Electric Space Discharge Devices, 1 (a) or (b) above (e.g., to amplify, modulate, etc.).

G. GAS OR VAPOR DISCHARGE DEVICES:

1. combined with an electric system as defined in section F are included in this class when the claims are restricted to discharge devices of the gas or vapor type, and: a. where they are only principal electrodes, b. where there are one or more discharge control electrodes in addition to the principal electrodes which do not function to retain control of the discharge after it is initiated to regulate the same, c. where there is an electromagnetic discharge control device (other than or in addition to electrodes as in (a) or (b) even though it controls the discharge after it is initiated.

2. Where there is a discharge control electrode of any kind, or a nonelectrode discharge control device other than electromagnetic, and the system is so designed that the discharge control device or electrode retains control of the discharge after it is initiated to regulate the same (continuous control type), the patent is excluded from this class.

3. Where the discharge device in the system is disclosed as being of the gas or vapor type, but the claims are not so limited (the device being claimed broadly as a discharge device), the patent is not classified in this class, but in some other class appropriate to the subject matter claimed, except in the particular instances set forth in section H.

H. HIGH VACUUM-TYPE DISCHARGE DEVICES, AND GAS OR VAPOR-TYPE DISCHARGE DEVICES CLAIMED BROADLY:

Combined with an electric system as defined in section F, Electric Space Discharge Devices, above, are included in this class only in the following particular situations (being in all other instances excluded):

1. Structural combinations as defined in sections A and B, above, with or without discharge control means;

2. Where the only electrodes claimed are the principal electrodes (no discharge control device of any kind being claimed) and the patent is classifiable in one of the following art areas: a. having means to automatically substitute a second source of current and/or potential supply, b. having means to automatically substitute a second discharge device for an operating discharge device when it fails to operate properly, c. having means to supply current to the cathode or cathode heater of the discharge device, d. having means to modify the temperature of the discharge device, either the temperature modifying medium being automatically controlled or the discharge device supply circuit being controlled by the temperature modifying medium (see section B. on other temperature modifying combinations). (See Subclass References to the Current Class, below, for a map of these art areas.)

I. PLURAL LOAD DEVICE SYSTEMS:

Circuits are classified in this class as being plural load device systems where they have any one or any combination of the following, and in any circuit relationship, including where one is in a control circuit of another: a. where the circuit claimed includes two or more lamps; b. where the circuit claimed includes two or more discharge devices, at least two being limited in the claims to the gas or vapor type; c. where the circuit claimed includes at least one lamp and at least one discharge device limited in the claims to the gas or vapor­ type.

J. ART USES AND COMBINATIONS WITH ART DEVICES:

Only to the following limited extent, the lamp and/or discharge device system claimed is subject to all of the limitations of parts A through J of this definition. The must be no classification in any other class on the basis of the art use or combination with the particular article, device or apparatus claimed. There mere designation of a lamp by an art name (as an ultraviolet or other special ray generator) or the mere designation of a discharge device or one or more of the principal electrodes thereof by an art name (as a spark plug, igniter, naming a principal electrode as work to be heated or welded) will not exclude the patent from this class in the absence of further art limitations. For further details of the lines with particular arts, see the notes appended to the main class definition and to the definitions of the subclasses for combinations with particular articles, devices, or apparatus. See Subclass References to the Current Class, below.

K. TESTING ELECTRIC LAMPS AND DISCHARGE DEVICES:

Where the system is designed to operate the lamp or discharge device as a load device and the system includes means to indicate some condition thereof, the system is classified with the systems of operation in this class. This Class provides for such operating systems combined with signal, indicator, or alarm (see Subclass References to the Current Class, below). Electrical circuits, apparatus, and methods which are limited in their use to testing the operativeness or determining the characteristics of electric lamps or electric discharge devices of any type and which are limited in their use to the sole purpose of such testing are classified elsewhere, even though the system includes an electric lamp or discharge device as the means for indicating the operativeness or characteristics of the device under test. (See References to Other Classes, below.)

L. OPERATING A LAMP OR A GAS OR VAPOR DISCHARGE DEVICE:

Patents which claim a method of operating a lamp or a gas or vapor discharge device are classified in this class (315). The patent is classified in the subclass which provides for the system which is required to operate the device. For example, a claim which recites a method of operating a lamp by first passing a current of one magnitude through the lamp and in then increasing the current flow through the lamp would be classified in this class as a system having regulating means in the system (see Subclass References to the Current Class, below).

FURTHER NOTES:

Lamp And Discharge Device Structure:

Patents claiming an electric lamp or discharge device structure and means broadly to supply electric energy or potentials thereto are classified elsewhere as a lamp or discharge device structure. If the relative magnitude or relationship of the electric energy or potential is specified in the claims, the patent is classified as an electrical system and cross-referenced for the lamp or discharge device structure. Where two or more lamps and/or discharge devices are structurally combined to form a unitary device (there being no circuit element in addition to such structure), the structural combination is classified in the classes noted below even though the electrodes thereof are interconnected, except in the following particular instances: the combination of an incandescent filament lamp and a discharge device structurally combined to form a unitary structure, the filament connected to form a circuit impedance or heater for the discharge device load. (For these, see Subclass References to the Current Class, below.)

For other structures and structural combinations, see References to Other Classes, below.

Space Discharge Igniters:

This class provides for systems for supplying electric energy to one or more discharge devices of the "spark plug" or "ignition" type when the claims are limited to a discharge device. Where the claims are not so limited, being drawn to an ignition device broadly (not limited to a discharge device, spark plug, or spark gap), the patent is placed in the appropriate igniter classification and cross-referenced to this class. Also ignition systems, even though limited to a discharge device, when claimed in combination with fuel burning apparatus, are classified with the type of fuel burning apparatus, (see also main class definition, section J).

For such ignition device systems and combinations, see References to Other Classes, below.

Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps and/or Discharge Devices:

See section D, above. Where the system claimed includes a load device other than a lamp and/or discharge device, even though lamps and/or discharge devices constitute a part of the system, either as additional load devices or as part of the system of regulation and/or control of such other load device, the patent is excluded from this class, and will be found in the class appropriate to the type of load device or combined load devices.

Class 315 provides for electrical systems limited to supplying electric current and/or potential to one or more electronic tubes of of the gas or vapor type. Many of these systems inherently convert A.C. to D.C. or D.C. to A.C. Some are inherently oscillation generators. Where the system is limited by claimed subject matter to supplying a load circuit, it is excluded from Class 315. Merely claiming the circuit necessary to connect the anode to the cathode as a load circuit is not sufficient to exclude the system from Class 315. Claiming a load device, either specifically or broadly in the output circuit will exclude the system from Class 315. Claiming subject matter which would not be provided unless the system were to be used for supplying a load device is sufficient to exclude the system from Class 315. For example, reciting means in the output circuit responsive to overload conditions in output circuit to control the system will exclude the system from Class 315. See References to Other Classes, below.

SECTION III - SUBCLASS REFERENCES TO THE CURRENT CLASS

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

1+,for supplying electric current and/or potential to cathode-ray tubes, and/or cathode-ray tubes combined with a circuit element which is structurally combined with the cathode-ray tube so as to form a unitary device.
3+,for subject matter in which cathode-ray tubes are combined with circuit elements, all of which are structurally combined therewith to form a unitary device, see main class definition, sections (A) and (B).
32,and indented subclasses for electrical circuit elements (except a mere source of current and/or potential supply, if claimed) which are not structurally combined with the lamp or discharge device must be structurally combined with the heating and/or cooling means.
32+,for subject matter under the class definition, sections (A) and (B), Structural Combinations With Circuit Elements and Structural Combinations With Heating And/Or Cooling Means.
46,and indented subclasses and subclass 49 for the combination of an incandescent filament lamp and a discharge device structurally combined to form a unitary structure, the filament connected to form a circuit impedance or heater for the discharge device load.
76,and indented subclasses for combinations with particular articles, devices, or apparatus.
86+,for means to automatically substitute a second source of current and/or potential supply
88+,for means to automatically substitute a second discharge device for an operating discharge device when it fails to operate properly,
94+,for means to supply current to the cathode or cathode heater of the discharge device,
112+,for means to modify the temperature of the discharge device, either the temperature modifying medium being automatically controlled or the discharge device supply circuit being controlled by the temperature modifying medium, (see Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, section B, above, on other temperature modifying combinations).
119,and indented subclasses for systems wherein an impedance is substituted in the circuit when a lamp or discharge device is removed therefrom so that the impedance provides a substitute load on the system.
120+,for operating systems combined with signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means operated by some part of the load device or the electrical circuits therefor to indicate some condition in the load device or the circuits therefor.
120,and 129+ provides for supply systems for lamps and gas or vapor discharge devices which include a signal to indicate the condition of the load device or the circuit.
291,a claim which recites a method of operating a lamp by first passing a current of one magnitude through the lamp and then increasing the current flow through the lamp would be classified in this subclass as a system having regulating means in the system.

SECTION IV - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   subclasses 541+ for illuminated signs in combination with the systems for supplying electric current to the lamps.
84Music,   subclass 464 for electric lamp systems combined with musical instruments for providing color or light effect.
96Gas Separation: Apparatus,   subclasses 80+ for electrostatic precipitators having voltage supply means or circuitry for applying electrical potential thereto.
99Foods and Beverages: Apparatus,   subclass 483 for methods and apparatus for subjecting foods and beverages to an electric space discharge.
123Internal-Combustion Engines,   subclasses 147 and 594+. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Space Discharge Igniters.")
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses for electric switches. Some types of electric switches are closely analogous in structure to some types of electric space discharge devices. This is especially true with respect to the type of electric space discharge device where the electrodes of the discharge device are normally in contact under open circuit conditions, the electrodes being separated from each other when the current is applied to the circuit, the space discharge being established by separating or drawing apart the electrodes. An electric switch of the thermostatic type where the contacts of the switch are normally open when no current is applied to the circuit which includes the switch, the switch including means to establish an electric space discharge between the contacts, the space discharge heating the thermostat so that the thermostat moves the switch contacts into circuit closing position to establish a conductive path for the current through the contacts and to short-circuit or extinguish the space discharge, is closely analogous in structure to space discharge devices of the type which is classified in this class (315) in subclasses 56+ as a combined switch and discharge device. The distinction between electric switches and space discharge devices, therefore, depends in some cases principally upon the disclosed purpose of the structure claimed by the patent. Where the space discharge is only an incident to the separating of the switch contacts and the purpose of the structure is to open or close a circuit, the device will be considered an electric switch for the purpose of classification. Where the purpose of the claimed structure is to establish an electric space discharge by contacting the electrodes with each other, the device is considered to be an electric space discharge device. This class (315) includes, in subclasses 56+, combined space discharge devices and electric switch structures where the device claimed includes electrodes other than the switch electrodes, their supports, or lead-in means for establishing an electric space discharge. To be classified in Class 315, the device claimed must include at least one electrode which has no purpose other than to operate as an electric space discharge electrode. Where the only discharge electrodes are also switch means, the patent will be classified in Class 200. For switches which are somewhat analogous in structure to space discharge devices, see subclass 144, where the switch is provided with means to separate the switch contacts from each other to open the circuit, the switch structure including means to extinguish the space discharge formed when the switch contacts are opened; subclasses 182+, for mercury and other liquid contact switches which are closely analogous in structure to mercury vapor and other liquid electrode lamps and discharge devices.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   subclasses 155+ , 164+, 192.1+, and 298.01+ for methods for subjecting materials to electric space discharges for performing chemical changes and analogous purposes. See Class 422, Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing, subclasses 186+ for apparatus for subjecting reactants to electromagnetic wave energy (other than visible light) or corpuscular radiation; e.g. radioactive particles, for initiating or perfecting a reaction.
219Electric Heating,   subclasses 50+ , especially indented subclasses 121.11+ for systems for supplying electrical energy to arc welding and/or heating apparatus. Class 315 provides electric systems for supplying electric current to an electric arc where the arc is specified by name only as a welding and/or heating arc. The patent will not be excluded from Class 315 even though one of the electrodes is named as the material or object broadly defined, such as "the work to be welded and/or heated". Where the claimed subject matter is limited to the welding and/or heating art, such as, for example, by claiming the means for holding, handling, feeding, and/or moving the work to be welded and/or heated, the patent is classified in Class 219.
250Radiant Energy,   is the generic class for electric discharge systems. In this class, subclasses 200+ is the generic place for photoelectric device circuits. Class 315 provides for systems wherein the ultimate load device in the system is either a lamp or gas or vapor discharge device, and the system includes means for controlling the operation of the load device by means of radiant energy. In Class 315, the load device may be a radiant energy sensitive device; that is a lamp or discharge device whose operation is altered when subjected to radiant energy, or the system may include a radiant energy sensitive device such as a photocell which controls the operation of the load device. Subclass 251 provides for devices for producing and propagating a unidirectional stream of neutral molecules or atoms through a vacuum, usually with thermal velocity. Subclasses 281+ provides for methods and apparatus for the ionic separation or analysis of a material utilizing the mass to electric charge ratio of ionic particles of the material. Subclasses 324+ has methods and apparatus of irradiating material by corona radiation. Subclasses 432+ is the place for irradiating fluent material which is contained, supported, or transferred from one place to another. Subclasses 440.11+ is for a supported object subjected to charged particles used to inspect the object for a radiant source, and subclasses 454.11+ in addition to an irradiated object support, includes a support for a radiation source. Subclasses 458.1+, is the generic place for methods and apparatus to irradiate fluorescent or phosphorescent devices including self-luminous articles particularly those used as signalling alignment or indicating devices. Subclasses 492.1+ is the generic place for the irradiation of material or objects by wave or particles of energy of the nuclear or electromagnetic wave type. Where not elsewhere classified, Class 315 includes systems provided with a load device of the con­ fined gas or vapor type with means regulating the gas or vapor pressure in the confined space, or systems having a discharge device load with means to supply fluent material to the outer electrode discharge space, or systems having a load device and provided with means to supply fluent material to the load device to modify the temperature of the discharge device, only when the disclosed or claimed purpose of the fluent material supply is to modify the operation of the discharge device. Where the purpose of the claimed subject matter is to treat the fluent material either with rays generated by the discharge, or to subject the material to the influence of the discharge, the patent is classified in Class 250 or other appropriate class which provides for the particular art.
290Prime-Mover Dynamo Plants,   subclasses 13 , 26, 33, 35, 37, and 41 for such plants having an internal combustion engine provided with ignition means of the discharge device type (spark plugs). (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Space Discharge Igniters.")
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 11+ for plural load circuit systems; 43+ for plural supply circuits or sources, particularly subclasses 48+ and 66+ in which one of the sources of electrical current is a storage battery (see the class of Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging, below, for battery charging and/or discharging systems); and 154+ for systems for supplying one or more particular load devices not elsewhere classifiable but particularly subclass 157 in which the load is a lamp or discharge device. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps, and/or Discharge Devices.")
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of electric lamps and discharge devices, per se. See subclasses 1+ for a plurality of discharge devices (including discharge device lamps) or a discharge device and an incandescent lamp which are structurally combined to form a unitary device. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Lamp and Discharge Device Structure.")
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 7 provides for systems for supplying such type discharge device and another type discharge device or lamp. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps, and/or Discharge Devices.")
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   appropriate subclasses for electric lamps and discharge devices of the consumable electrode type, and such devices in combination with the electric system for supplying current or potential to the device.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   which class takes such structures, even though combined with lamp and/or discharge devices of other types. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Lamp and Discharge Device Structure.")
320Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging,   appropriate subclass for a battery or capacitor charging or discharging system. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps, and/or Discharge Devices.")
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291 and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definitions of those subclasses for systems for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or voltage in a single circuit having a discharge device as the control means. The discharge device may be either a vacuum tube or a gas or vapor tube. The systems in Class 323 include more than the mere circuit for supplying electric current or potential to the discharge device for merely causing a discharge to take place within the tube or for regulating the discharge within the tube. Many of the systems in Class 323 are closely analogous to the systems in this class. See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, in the class definition of Class 323 for the line between this class (315) and Class 323. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps, and/or Discharge Devices.")
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 403+ for electrical circuits, apparatus, and methods which are limited in their use to testing the operativeness or determining the characteristics of electric lamps or electric discharge devices of any type and which are limited in their use to the sole purpose of such testing. (See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Testing Electric Lamps and Discharge Devices," above.)
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   for miscellaneous electron discharge device circuits.
329Demodulators,   for amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse demodulator which may include an electron discharge device as a demodulating element (315).
330Amplifiers,   appropriate subclasses for amplifier systems including gas tubes, cathode-ray tubes, traveling wave tubes, magnetrons, etc., which are of the type of tubes in circuits classified in this class.
331Oscillators,   is the generic class for electrical oscillators. Many systems using electric lamps of the gaseous or vapor discharge type inherently generate oscillations during operation. Class 315, therefore, provides for all systems for merely supplying electric current or potential to gaseous or vapor discharge devices whether the system is claimed as an oscillation generator or merely as a lamp circuit provided that the system is not limited by claimed subject matter to use as an oscillation generator, such as, for example, means to transfer the oscillating electric energy to another circuit or means to use the oscillating energy.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   appropriate subclasses for thermal switches which are combined with space discharge devices.
340Communications: Electrical,   appropriate subclasses for electric signals and signaling systems wherein an electric lamp is used as the signal means, and for miscellaneous signaling systems which include discharge devices as a part thereof. Merely defining the lamp as a signal will not exclude the patent from Class 315, even though the circuit of the amp is controlled in accordance with the operated or nonoperated condition of some device. Class 315 provides for supply systems for lamps and gas or vapor discharge devices which include a signal to indicate the condition of the load device or the circuit (see Subclass References to the Current Class, above).
345Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems,   appropriate subclasses for selective control of data presentation on a display device, especially subclasses 74.1-75.2 for display elements arranged in matrix having cathodoluminescent type.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 247+ for the detonation of an explosive charge. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Space Discharge Igniters.")
362Illumination,   generic class for illuminating devices provided with means to modify and/or distribute the illumination, and/or with protective means, such as casings, globes, or guards, and for the supports and holders for lamps (other than mere sockets) and such electric lamp illuminating devices when claimed in combination with the source of supply for the lamp.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   appropriate subclasses for various conversion systems including electronic tubes and their control. The systems of Class 363 are closely analogous to the systems of this class (315). In many cases, the distinction between a Class 363 system and a Class 315 system will be significant claiming of a load circuit or load device. Many of the systems of Class 315 will inherently operate as a current convertor because of the basic property of many electronic tubes to conduct current in one direction only. In such cases, the inclusion of the load circuit or load device may be determinative as to whether the system as claimed relates to a conversion system. The following subclasses of Class 363 are of particular interest. See subclasses 50+ for protective systems for electronic tube current convertors; subclasses 74+ for current conversion systems with automatic voltage and/or current magnitude control which may include electronic tube control; subclasses 83, 94, and 99 for current conversion systems with electronic tube line circuit control means; subclasses 111+ for electronic tube current conversion systems; subclass 151 for electronic tube phase conversion systems; subclasses 166+ for electronic tube frequency conversion systems. For the line between this class (315) and Class 363, see Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class in the class definition of Class 363.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 74+ for rectifying and derectifying systems with automatic voltage and/or current magnitude control wherein the control means may be an electronic tube having a discharge control means. Many of the systems in Class 363 are closely analogous to the systems in this class (315). See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class in the class definition of Class 363 for the line between this class (315) and Class 363. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps, and/or Discharge Devices.")
373Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces,   subclasses 60+ for electric arc furnaces. Class 315 provides for systems for supplying electric current to arc furnaces provided that the arc furnace is included by name only. Where the claims include significant furnaces structure, or are otherwise limited to the furnaces art, the patent is classified in Class 373.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 91+ for circuits for energizing or controlling X-ray tubes. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Load Devices Other Than or in Addition to Lamps, and/or Discharge Devices.")
417Pumps,   subclasses 48+ for pumps utilizing a space discharge. See Class 417, subclass 49 for a statement of the line.
422Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing,   subclasses 22+ for processes of disinfecting, deodorizing, preserving, or sterilizing using an electric space charge device.
431Combustion,   subclasses 264+ for a spark electrode in front of or adjacent the fuel discharge of a burner. (Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Space Discharge Igniters.")
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclass 540 for the use of a CRT in digital arithmetical operations, and subclass 849 for the use of CRT in function generation.

SECTION V - GLOSSARY

AUXILIARY DISCHARGE ELECTRODE

An electrode which is connected in the circuit so that the discharge is initiated between it and one of the principal electrodes, the auxiliary discharge conditioning the discharge space between the principal electrodes so that a discharge between the principal electrodes can be established.

DISCHARGE CONTROL DEVICE

Any means associated with the discharge device (for example only, an electromagnet, a control grid or an auxiliary discharge electrode) intended to be used to control or influence the discharge between the principal electrodes of the discharge device.

DISCHARGE CONTROL ELECTRODE

Any electrode which is designed to influence or control the discharge between the principal electrodes. It may be a control grid or an auxiliary discharge electrode. It may depend for its effect on either its electro-static effect or on the current flow thereto.

ELECTRIC SPACE DISCHARGE DEVICES

The shorter expression "DISCHARGE DEVICES" is used in these definitions, are defined for the purpose of classification in this class as including any device which is intended to have an electrical current flow between two spaced electrodes, at least part of the path followed by the discharge being constituted by a gas, vapor, or vacuum.

GAS OR VAPOR DISCHARGE DEVICE

Any type of electric space discharge which, as claimed, depends upon ionization of a gas or vapor for its operation. Discharge devices which have their discharge electrodes in an unconfined (non-enclosed) atmosphere as well as those having their discharge electrodes in a confined (enclosed) atmosphere are included in this definition.

HIGH-VACUUM TUBE

A vacuum tube evacuated to such a degree that its electrical characteristics are essentially unaffected by gaseous ionization.

LAMPS

Are defined for the purpose of classification in this class as including a device designed for converting electrical energy into ray energy, regardless of whether the ray energy is within the visible or invisible part of the spectrum, but excluding (1) generators of X-rays, and (2) generators designed primarily to generate infrared rays. Lamps may be in the form of electric space discharge devices, for which see the next paragraph.

LOAD DEVICE

The device to which the system supplies electrical energy and which, as claimed, constitutes the final or ultimate device for utilizing the electrical energy of the system.

PRINCIPAL ELECTRODES

The "two spaced electrodes" referred to in the definition of electric space discharge devices, between which the discharge current is primarily intended to flow.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 1]    1CATHODE RAY TUBE CIRCUITS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter for supplying electric current and/or potential to cathode-ray tubes, and/or cathode-ray tubes combined with a circuit element which is structurally combined with the cathode-ray tube so as to form a unitary device.
(1) Note. Cathode-ray tubes are defined for the purpose of classification in this subclass as an electric space discharge device which is provided with means to form the electric space discharge into a restricted beam or ray, usually pencil­ like.
(2) Note. Where a system includes the cathode-ray tube system as a part thereof, the patent is excluded and will be found with the particular art which provides for the complete system.
(3) Note. These subclasses do not include systems which are limited by claimed subject matter to using the cathode-ray tube for controlling the current and/or potential supplied to a load device other than a cathode-ray tube, for which see the class appropriate to the load device. Where the output circuit claimed includes more circuit elements than is necessary for the mere current and/or potential supply for the cathode-ray tube, the system is considered to be limited to use for supplying and/or controlling the current and/or potential to load device and, therefore, excluded from these subclasses.
(4) Note. Systems which include a cath­ode-ray tube having either a discharge intensity modulating means or a discharge focusing means and discharge deflecting means are excluded from these subclasses where the claims include significant features of the circuits for supplying the controlling currents and/or potentials to the modulating means or focusing means and the deflecting means from the controlling source. For example, a system which includes means for separating the video or image and synchronizing signals from each other and applying them to the cathode-ray tube is classified with the art to which the system relates; i.e., television if the purpose of the system is to reproduce an optical image.
Included in these subclasses are systems which recite broadly means for applying current and/or potential to the intensity control means or the focusing means and to the deflecting electrodes as well as patents which claim systems for controlling the discharge intensity or the focusing solely in dependence upon conditions in the cathode-ray tube current or potential supply system, such as, for example, applying a control potential to the intensity control means or focusing means in dependence upon the rate of ray deflection or in dependence upon the direction of ray deflection (blackout circuits).
(5) Note. Merely claiming either the source of signal potential for controlling the discharge intensity control means, the focusing means, or the discharge deflecting means will not exclude the patent from these subclasses as long as the source of signal potential is claimed broadly so that it could be any source of potential. Where the system claimed includes a source of signal potentials and means to separate the potentials and to apply one to the vertical sweep means, and the other to the horizontal sweep means, the patent is not excluded from these subclasses as long as the source of signal potential is claimed broadly and is no more than a source of periodic potentials. Where such synchronizing circuit for the ray deflecting means is claimed in addition to significant features of the ray modulating circuit, the patent is excluded.
(6) Note. Merely claiming the source of signals to control the start of the ray deflecting circuit as a synchronizing potential will not exclude the patent from these subclasses as long as the source of ray deflecting control potential is claimed broadly and is only the control potential for the ray deflecting means.
(7) Note. These subclasses do not include the combination of a cathode-ray tube and mechanical or optical devices, such as lenses, mirrors, et cetera, which are used with the cathode-ray tube even if the system of supply for the cathode-ray tube is claimed. Merely using a voltage to deflect a cathode-ray beam so as to form a scale upon the screen of the cathode-ray tube will not exclude the patent from Class 315.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 281+ for methods and apparatus for the ionic separation or analysis of materials utilizing the mass to electric charge ratio of ionic particles of the material.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 2.1 for the structural combination of a cathode-ray tube combined with an electric space discharge device or an electric lamp so as to form a unitary device, and subclasses 364+ for cathode-ray tube structures.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclass 88 for devices for indicating the phase relations of electric quantities, which devices comprise cathode-ray tubes, and subclass 121 for cathode-ray galvanometers. Where the system claimed includes means for applying a current or potential under examination, or an unknown current or voltage, to the cathode-ray tube, the system is not excluded from Class 315 unless some means is claimed to enable the desired information to be derived other than merely observing the trace of the ray on an uncharted luminous screen, or unless the cathode-ray tube is claimed in combination with significant features of the circuit to be investigated. Merely naming the circuit to be investigated as a source of pulsating or alternating current will not be sufficient to exclude the patent from Class 315.
329Demodulators,   for demodulators which may include an electron discharge device.
330Amplifiers,   subclasses 43 and 44+ for amplifier systems including electron beam tubes.
346Recorders,   appropriate subclass for cathode-ray devices in combination with photographic recording means. Class 346 provides for such combinations where the system for operating the cathode-ray tube is claimed when the system is of general application and not otherwise classified.
348Television,   284, 325-331, 377-378, 379, 380-382, and 805-835 for television systems which include a cathode-ray tube.
358Facsimile and Static Presentation Processing,   subclasses 409 through 424for synchronizing in facsimile systems which include a cathode-ray tube. See Notes (4), (5), and (6) above for the line between Class 358, subclasses 409-424 and these subclasses (1.1-1.18).
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclasses 91+ for X-ray tube circuits.
386Motion Video Signal Processing for Recording or Reproducing,   subclass 342 for cathode-ray tubes in combination with optical means, such as lenses, mirrors, etc., used for television recording.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 3]    3Combined cathode ray tube and circuit element structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter in which cathode-ray tubes are combined with circuit elements, all of which are structurally combined therewith to form a unitary device, see main class definition, sections (A) and (B).
(1) Note. The circuit element may be mounted within or on the base or envelope of the cathode-ray tube.
(2) Note. These subclasses include the combination of a cathode-ray tube load device and a circuit element where the tube and the circuit element are formed of separable parts, but are provided with means for fastening or assembling the parts together to form a unitary device.
(3) Note. Examples of devices considered to be circuit elements are electric switches, resistances, capacities, inductors, transmission lines of the distributed parameter type (e.g., coaxial lines), waveguides, antennas, transformers, structures formed so as to act as if possessed of distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., resonators) and any other circuit element.
(4) Note. The circuit combined with the cathode-ray tube need not be a circuit element to be used in the circuit of the cathode-ray tube load device, but may be provided with separate terminals so as to be usable in any desired relation.
(5) Note. This and the indented subclasses include cathode-ray tubes wherein the electrodes and/or the electrode leads are formed so as to function as inductances. This and the indented subclasses do not include cathode-ray tubes wherein the electrodes are formed of resistive material and no other circuit element is combined with the cathode-ray tube.
(6) Note. Patents claiming a cathode-ray tube in combination with a separable socket receptacle or connector for the cathode-ray tube, the socket receptacles or connector including a circuit element, are not classified in these subclasses, but will be found either in subclass 1 or in the other subclasses under subclass 1.

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32,and indented subclasses for other types of electric discharge devices and for electric lamps combined with circuit elements, all of which are structurally combined to form a unitary device.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 365+ provides for cathode- ray tubes which have a photosensitive electrode. Included in these subclasses in Class 313 are cathode-ray tubes where the photosensitive electrode is not in physical contact with a conductive supporting base or where the conductive supporting base is of high resistance material. No effort has been made to separate the cathode-ray tubes with photosensitive electrodes such as mosaic electrodes from each other on the basis of whether or not the electrode has a capacitor effect, a resistance effect, or is conductively connected to its lead-in conductor. All such cath­ode-ray tube structure has been placed in subclasses 365+ of Class 313.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 3.5]    3.5Traveling wave tube with delay-type transmission line:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Subject matter in which a transmission line or device arranged to propagate a traveling electromagnetic wave is constructed and arranged to have a wave component the velocity of which is reduced in comparison to the wave velocity in free space; and in conjunction therewith are means for generating an electron beam whose path is in such proximity to the path of said traveling wave component as to permit an exchange of energy between such beam and the traveling wave propagated along the transmission path.
(1) Note. Transmission line or device is defined to include any device which is used to guide or constrain electrical wave energy and to convey the energy from one place to another. Included are conductors and waveguides.
(2) Note. The transmission device may be constructed as a spiral or helix so that the wave has an axial velocity component along the helix which is lower than the free space velocity of the wave, or the transmission device may be loaded as by inductive members to reduce the velocity of the traveling wave.

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3,for cathode-ray tubes of the traveling wave type not included in this subclass or subclasses 4+.
4+,for other cathode-ray tubes which have structurally combined therewith an inductive or distributed parameter-type inductive structure (e.g., waveguide, coaxial cable, or parallel wire transmission line). See subclasses 5+ for traveling wave-type cathode-ray tubes having a hollow transmission line (e.g., waveguide) for a traveling wave, and having an electron beam means which is transverse to the transmission line so that energy may be exchanged between the beam and the traveling wave.
39.3,for other traveling wave-type electronic tubes having a velocity reducing-type transmission line but which do not have the space discharge path focussed or otherwise shaped into a beam.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   subclass 600 for miscellaneous circuits with particular beam tube structure.
330Amplifiers,   subclass 43 for amplifier systems having traveling wave tubes. See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class and References to Other Classes in the Class Definition of Class 330.
331Oscillators,   subclass 82 for oscillation generating systems using beam tubes of the traveling wave type.
332Modulators,   especially subclasses 134 , 147+, and 165+ for modulator systems using traveling wave tubes of the type classified in this subclass.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 22 for transmission lines of the distributed parameter type (e.g., waveguides, long lines) having dissipating terminations, subclasses 138+ for delay networks, subclasses 32+ for impedance matching networks for transmission lines, subclass 81 for transmission lines of the long line with an attenuator means, and attenuators especially designed for use over a frequency band or for use in transmission lines of the distributed parameter type, and subclasses 236+ for the structure of transmission lines of the distributed parameter type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 3.6]    3.6Line with plural characteristics or plural lines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.5.  Subject matter which is provided with a plurality of transmission lines or devices, or which has the transmission line or device constructed so as to have a section which has different characteristics from another section.
(1) Note. For example, the device may have a plurality of beams and a plurality of transmission lines, or a single beam with a plurality of transmission lines arranged parallel to each other or in series relation along the path of the beam, or may have the transmission line arranged to have different retarding times along its length or have portions provided with coatings or other means to provide different attenuation at different portions of the line.
(2) Note. This subclass does not include subject matter under subclass 3.5 where the transmission line or device is only provided with impedance matching means designed to facilitate the coupling of the transmission line or device to an input or output coupling means (even though such impedance matching means involves differences in structure in the transmission line or device such as changing the spacing of the turns of a spiral transmission line). Such subject matter is classified in subclass 3.5 in the absence of other structure, causing classification in this subclass.

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5.16+,5.27, 5.28, and 5.39+, for traveling wave tubes having a plurality of hollow transmission lines (e.g., waveguides), at least one line being designed to propagate a traveling wave, and having means producing an electron beam transverse to the transmission lines so that energy may be exchanged between the beam and the energy in the transmission lines.

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333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 22 for transmission lines of the distributed parameter type having dissipating terminators, subclass 81 for transmission lines and devices with an attenuator means and attenuators especially designed for use with transmission lines and devices of the distributed parameter type, and subclasses 236+ for the structure of transmission lines and devices of the distributed parameter type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 4]    4Inductor or distributed parameter-type inductive structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 3.  Subject matter wherein the circuit element structurally combined with the cathode-ray tube is an inductor or a structure formed so as to act as if it possessed inductance with or without capacitance.
(1) Note. The inductive circuit structure may be a waveguide, a coaxial line, a hollow resonator, or a parallel wire transmission line or any other structure having or acting as if it had inductance or inductance and capacitance.

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39+,for other discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith a waveguide, coaxial cable, or other transmission line having distributed inductance and capacitance.
39.51+,for magnetrons which have an electrode with a portion formed to provide both distributed inductance and capacitance and a magnetic means for influencing the space discharge.
40,for other discharge devices having an electrode formed as an inductor or as a structure having inductive impedance.
62,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other discharge devices which are structurally combined with an inductive impedance.

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333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 219+ for electric resonators of the distributed parameter type, per se, and subclasses 236+ for other transmission line structure having distributed inductance and capacitance such as waveguides, coaxial cables, etc.
336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5]    5Ray passes in or through a hollow distributed parameter device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.  Subject matter wherein the inductor or inductive and capacitive device constitutes a substantially closed hollow conductive structure having, or acting as if it had distributed inductance and/or capacitance, the ray traversing at least part of the hollow space, and usually passing through the conductive structure by openings provided in the conductive structure.
(1) Note. The conductive structure may be a waveguide, cavity resonator, or coaxial line. An electromagnetic field usually exits in the hollow space, energy being transferred between the ray and the field. A parallel wire Lecher-type line with the ray passing between the wires is not, in itself, a hollow distributed parameter device for classification here, but rather is classified in subclass 4 above. However, where the Lecher line has added portions to provide a hollow space or includes holes in its wires for passage of the ray, classification is in these subclasses (5+).
(2) Note. For classification here the ray may originate within the device and either pass beyond or terminate within the device; or the ray may originate beyond the device and either pass through or terminate within the device. Where the ray merely passes across an opening in the hollow distributed parameter device without entry, classification is in subclass 4 above, even though a coupling exists between the ray and the electromagnetic field within the device.

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3.5+,for traveling wave tubes with delay-type transmission lines, which may have distributed parameters.
14+,for other cathode-ray tube systems wherein a plurality of means are provided accelerating and/or decelerating the electrons in the cathode-ray.
39.51+,and 40, for other discharge devices having an electrode formed as an inductive impedance or inductive structure.
41+,for other electric discharge devices having an inductive impedance which is structurally combined with the discharge device connected between two of the electrodes of the discharge device.

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330Amplifiers,   subclasses 45+ for amplifiers having an electron beam tube coupled to cavity resonator, including those of types classified in this and indented subclasses.
331Oscillators,   subclasses 81+ for electrical oscillators using a beam tube wherein the beam of charged particles passes through or into a hollow distributed parameter device, particularly indented subclass 83 wherein the beam passes through plural cavities. See also the reference to Class 331 under "SEARCH CLASS" in the class definition.
332Modulators,   especially subclasses 131+ , 147+, and 165+ for electron bunching-type modulators. See also (3) Note under the Class Definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.11]    5.11With a secondary emission stage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter including a secondary emission electrode on which the ray impinges to produce another ray or to augment the impinging ray.

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5.14+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having a plurality of rays passing through or in.
12.1,for cathode-ray tube circuits generally with secondary emission.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 399+ for cathode-ray tubes, per se, having a secondary emission electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.12]    5.12Secondary emission passes through or in the hollow device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.11.  Subject matter wherein the ray passing through or in the hollow device impinges on a secondary emission electrode to produce another ray which passes through or in the same device.

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5.18+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in, and returning to the device by other than secondary emission means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.13]    5.13With a magnetron:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter including a magnetron, the hollow device through which the ray passes constituting the resonator of the magnetron.
(1) Note. The subject matter of this subclass usually is a magnetron having an additional cathode projecting a ray through the magnetron resonator for tuning purposes.

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5.14+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having a plurality of rays passing through or in.
5.53+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in and involving tuning.
39.51,for distributed parameter resonator type magnetrons, and especially subclass 39.57 for such magnetrons with variable tuning by electron emission in or adjacent the resonator space, no means being included to form the emission into a restricted beam or ray.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.14]    5.14Plural rays pass through or in the hollow device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein each of a plurality of distinct rays pass through or in a single hollow device.
(1) Note. A plurality of rays exit as when projected from separate or distinguishable cathodes. When a single cathode projects a ray which is broken into a plurality of pencil rays as by an apertured mask or other dividing structure, these pencil rays are not considered plural for purposes of classification in this subclass. When two distinct cathodes produce each a ray which merges over at least a part of the ray path, classification is not barred from this subclass. See especially indented subclass 5.15. A mere plurality of structures each having a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing therethrough is not classified here, but elsewhere under subclass 5.

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5.12,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in, and a second ray also passing through or in and produced by the first ray through secondary emission.
5.13,for magnetrons having a ray passing through or in the hollow distributed parameter portion.
5.18+,for a hollow distributed parameter device, where the ray, after passing through or in, returns to the hollow device, and especially indented subclass 5.23 where the device is thermally tuned as by a cathode-ray.
13.1,for plural ray cathode-ray tube circuits generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.15]    5.15Rays merged at the hollow device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.14.  Subject matter wherein the plurality of rays are projected along the same path, at least during passage in or through the hollow device.
(1) Note. Mere intersection in the hollow device of two rays projected in different directions is not sufficient for classification here, but rather in subclass 5.14 above.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.16]    5.16Plural hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.14.  Subject matter together with an additional hollow distributed parameter device, the plurality of rays passing through or in the additional device.

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5.27,and 5.28, for plural hollow distributed parameter devices having a ray passing through or in, which ray is deflected or reflected.
5.39+,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices generally having a ray passing through or in.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.17]    5.17Feedback by ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.16.  Subject matter wherein one of the rays is projected in a reverse direction from the other ray or rays through the respective hollow devices, to constitute a feedback coupling from the output to the input device.

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5.44+,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices having a ray passing through or in, and a feedback connection between the devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.18]    5.18Ray returns to the hollow device; e.g., reflex type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein substantially all of the ray passes from the interior of the hollow device and beyond the exterior of the device, and then returns to the interior of the device.
(1) Note. The ray may return to the hollow device by the same path as it leaves the device as a result of reflection, or the ray may follow a curved path as a result of deflection, or the ray may follow a straight path, the device being formed to intercept the ray after the ray passes out of the device.
(2) Note. For classification in this and the indented subclasses, it is necessary that the ray return to the interior of the device. When the ray merely returns to engage the exterior of the device, classification is in subclasses 5.24+ or 5.33.

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5.12,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray returning thereto as a result of secondary emission.
5.24+,for a hollow distributed parameter device whose ray passing through or in is deflected or reflected. See (2) Note above.

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331Oscillators,   subclass 84 for electric wave generating systems utilizing a charged particle or electron beam tube of the reflex type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.19]    5.19By same path and/or to same aperture:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.18.  Subject matter wherein the ray in returning to the hollow device retraces the path followed in leaving the device, and/or wherein the ray reenters the hollow device through the same aperture as it left the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.21]    5.21Device tunable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.19.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device is resonant at a particular frequency, together with structure for changing or permitting change in the resonant frequency.
(1) Note. Reflex klystrons whose frequency is controlled by variation of the repeller voltage are not classified here, but in subclass 5.19, if otherwise within the scope of subclass 5.19.

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5.46+,for plural tunable hollow distributed parameter devices having a ray passing through or in.
5.53+,for single tunable hollow distributed parameter devices generally having a ray passing through or in.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.22]    5.22Device has a flexible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.21.  Subject matter, wherein the hollow device has a flexible wall to adjust the shape or a dimension of the device, usually for varying the width of the gap in the device across which the cathode-ray travels.

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5.48,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices having a ray passing through or in, at least one of the devices having a flexible wall for tuning purposes.
5.54,for a single plural hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in, and having a flexible wall for tuning purposes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.23]    5.23Thermally controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.22.  Subject matter including structure which is connected to or part of the flexible wall for moving this wall in response to a temperature change induced in the structure, or for compensating for movement of this wall due to temperature effects.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.24]    5.24Deflecting or reflecting the ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein structure is provided for changing the path of substantially the entire ray from a first direction to a second direction.
(1) Note. Only patents are classified here the entire cross section of whose ray is deflected from a first to a second direction. Focusing, concentrating, dispersing, and velocity sorting the ray are classified elsewhere. See for example subclasses 5.34+ and 5.38.
(2) Note. The deflection may be greater than 90° and may even be 180° to constitute a complete reflection of the ray. However, see subclasses 5.18+ for subject matter under subclass 5 where the ray is reflected or deflected to return to the device.
(3) Note. The deflected ray may also be rotated, as for example, in a conical path.

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5.11+,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in, whose effective direction is changed by a secondary emission grid.
5.18+,for a hollow distributed parameter device wherein the ray after passing through or in is deflected or reflected to return to the device. See also (2) Note above.
5.34+,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in which is focused or concentrated. See also (1) Note above.
5.38,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in, and including an anode which disperses or scatters the ray therein.
364+,for cathode-ray tube circuits generally, wherein the cathode is deflected.

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331Oscillators,   subclass 80 for electric wave generating systems utilizing a charged particle or electron beam tube with beam sweeping or deflecting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.25]    5.25Ray sweeps over an aperture or slot in the hollow device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.24.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device is provided with an opening in its wall, the ray sweeping between the opening and the wall to be alternately passed and blocked.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.26]    5.26Device deflects the ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.24.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device deflects the ray passing through or in.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.27]    5.27Plural hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.26.  Subject matter including a plurality of hollow distributed parameter devices through or in which a single ray passes, at least one of the hollow devices deflecting the ray.
(1) Note. The hollow devices may be arranged to successively deflect the ray passing through or in or one device may be arranged to deflect the ray while the other device collects the deflected ray.

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5.16+,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices wherein each of a plurality of rays passes through all the devices.
5.28,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices having a single ray passing through or in, the ray being deflected by structure other than the device.
5.39+,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices in general having a single ray passing in or through.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.28]    5.28Plural hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.24.  Subject matter, including a plurality of hollow distributed parameter devices having a single ray passing through or in.

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5.16+,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices, wherein each of a plurality of rays passes through all the devices.
5.27,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices having a single ray passing through or in, wherein at least one of the devices deflects the ray.
5.39+,for plural hollow devices in general having a single ray passing in or through.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.29]    5.29Ray has appreciable transverse electrical dimension and/or significant shape:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the ray has a cross sectional dimension which is significantly related to and an appreciable part of the wavelength of signal energy in the cathode-ray tube, and/or wherein the ray has a significant shape; the dimension and/or shape usually persisting over the entire path of the ray, and at least during passage through the device.
(1) Note. The patents in this main subclass (5.29) usually have a flat weblike ray.
(2) Note. The particular shape and/or dimension is usually produced by a cathode of particular shape and/or dimension; e.g. elongated, annular, or cylindrical cathode.
(3) Note. Subject matter including grids of distributed parameter devices which have openings peculiarly adapted to pass rays of a particular transverse shape or dimension are classified in this subclass, the ray or the means producing the ray being recited in the claim.

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5.14+,for a hollow distributed parameter device with plural rays passing through or in, the rays having a particular transverse dimension and/or shape.
5.24+,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in, wherein the deflection of the ray provides a ray path having a particular shape or dimension, such as a particular bent or spiral ray.
5.37,for a distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in, wherein the grids have a particular shape or dimension not related to the transverse shape or dimension of the ray. See (2) Note above.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.31]    5.31Hollow ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.29.  Subject matter, wherein the ray is formed as a hollow tube with the cathode at one end, which ray may be circular or rectangular in cross section.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.32]    5.32Disk-shaped ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.29.  Subject matter, wherein the ray is formed as a flat disk with the cathode positioned in a plane of the disk, and at the center of the disk or coaxial with the center of the disk.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.33]    5.33Device also a ray anode or cathode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device also constitutes a ray anode or cathode, or wherein the ray anode or cathode is an integral part of the hollow device, or wherein the ray anode or cathode is mounted in a wall of the hollow device and has an appreciable portion within the interior space of the hollow device.
(1) Note. Where the ray anode or cathode is integral with the hollow device, but entirely external to the hollow space and separated from the hollow space by a grid, classification is not in this subclass, but in subclasses 5.37 or 5.38 below.

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5.38,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing in or through, and including a particular anode or collector structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.34]    5.34Focusing and/or concentrating the ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with means for focusing and/or concentrating the cathode-ray.
(1) Note. Concentrating or focusing the cathode-ray is used in this definition to mean either to reduce the cross section area of the cathode-ray across its width or to bring the ray to a focus; that is, the ray is either converged toward a point, or is diverged as if it had originated at a point.

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5.24+,for a hollow distributed parameter device wherein the entire cross section of the ray passing through or in is substantially uniformly deflected in one direction.
5.41,for hollow distributed parameter devices wherein the ray passing through or in is accelerated or decelerated uniformly over its cross sectional area.
14+,for cathode-ray tube circuits generally with plural concentrating, accelerating, and/or decelerating stages.
382,for cathode-ray tube circuits generally including means for focusing or concentrating the ray.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.35]    5.35By magnetic field:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.34.  Subject matter, wherein the focusing or concentrating means provides a magnetic field in a direction to focus or concentrate the ray.
(1) Note. This focusing means may be a permanent magnet, or a conducting coil or loop with or without a magnetic core or yoke.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.36]    5.36Device removable from its grids:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device and its electrodes are readily separable.
(1) Note. The patents classified here usually disclose disc electrodes projecting through the envelope of a tube, and a cavity resonator or waveguide having its opposite walls secured to the respective electrodes, as by screw or spring clamping.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.37]    5.37Device has particular grid structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device is provided with a grid and significant ray reacting details of this grid are claimed.
(1) Note. The grids of this subclass are only those which are associated with the device at its gap, and through which the ray passes. Accelerating or focusing grids disposed along the ray path but not an intimate part of the hollow device, are not within the scope of this subclass. Subclasses 5.34+ and 5.41, respectively, provide for ray focusing and concentrating and ray accelerating between hollow devices generally within the scope of subclass 5.
(2) Note. A hollow device provided with a mere plurality of grids is not considered to be a significant grid detail for classification here. A particular relationship between the plurality of grids must be claimed or significant details must be claimed for classification in this subclass.

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5.11+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in together with a secondary emission grid.
5.24+,for a hollow distributed parameter device wherein a grid deflects the ray passing through or in.
5.29+,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray of a particular transverse shape or electrical dimension passing through or in, the grids of the device having openings shaped to pass a ray of such shape or dimension.
5.34+,for a hollow distributed parameter device wherein grids generally focus or concentrate the ray passing through or in. See also (1) Note above.
5.36,for a hollow distributed parameter device through or in which a ray passes, the device being removable from its grids.
5.41,for hollow distributed parameter devices with a grid for accelerating or decelerating the ray between the devices. See also (1) Note above.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.38]    5.38With particular collector or anode structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter including an anode or collector, significant details of the anode or collector being claimed.
(1) Note. The anode or collector as here used is the electrode which the ray strikes after passing into or through the last hollow device, and where the particles forming the ray are removed.

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5.33,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a ray passing through or in which is also a ray anode or collector.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.39]    5.39Plural hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter including a plurality of hollow distributed parameter devices with the ray passing through or in at least two of the devices.
(1) Note. For classification here the ray must pass through or in at least two of the devices. A system of two devices with the ray passing through or in only one device, the other device being merely coupled to the ray as by being connected to the cathode and control grid, without the ray passing through or in the other device is not classified here, but elsewhere under subclasses 5+.

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5.14+,for one or more hollow distributed parameter devices with a plurality of rays passing through or in and especially indented subclasses 47+ for a plurality of such devices.
5.27,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices, one of which deflects the ray passing through or in.
5.28,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices, where the ray passing through or in is deflected.
5.33,for plural distributed parameter devices, one of the devices being a ray anode or cathode.
5.51,for a hollow distributed parameter device with the ray passing through or in, the device having a plurality of gaps.

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331Oscillators,   subclasses 6+ and 83 for electric wave generating systems utilizing a charged particle or electron beam tube wherein the beam passes through plural hollow resonators (e.g., Klystron).
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.41]    5.41Accelerating or decelerating the ray between the hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.39.  Subject matter including structure for increasing or decreasing the velocity of the ray particles uniformly over the cross-section area of the ray during their passage between the hollow devices.

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5.34+,for hollow plural distributed parameter devices with structure for focusing or concentrating the ray between the devices, which may involve accelerating or decelerating the beam differently over its cross section.
5.37,for hollow distributed parameter devices with particular grid structure which may accelerate or decelerate the ray particles.
5.42,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices wherein the devices are excited from a common source for accelerating the ray during passage across the gaps of the respective devices.
14+,for cathode-ray tube circuits generally with a plurality of means for accelerating and/or decelerating the cathode-ray.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.42]    5.42Devices excited to accelerate the ray across their gaps; e.g., synchrotrons:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.39.  Subject matter wherein the interiors of the hollow devices are excited directly from a common source, the phase of the energy as applied to the interiors of the respective devices being such as to accelerate the ray during passage across the gaps of the respective devices, whereby the ray is progressively accelerated during passage through the devices.

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5.41,for plural distributed parameter devices wherein the ray is accelerated or decelerated between the devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.43]    5.43Devices of different resonance frequency:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.39.  Subject matter wherein at least two of the hollow devices are tuned to different resonant frequencies.
(1) Note. Usually the resonant frequencies are harmonically related, and devices so related may be used in frequency multipliers.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.44]    5.44Feedback connection between the hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.39.  Subject matter wherein an electrical connection exists between the interiors of the hollow devices to transmit electrical energy between the devices, but in a direction opposite to that which the ray transmits.
(1) Note. The feedback connection may be either regenerative, degenerative, or sufficient to produce oscillations. If the feedback connection is a ray, in addition to the ray normally passing through the devices, classification is in subclass 5.17 above.
(2) Note. If the claims recite even broadly a load or output fed by the cathode-ray tube circuit herein classified, the load or output being disclosed as external to the envelope of the cathode-ray tube, classification is in Class 327, Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems, appropriate subclasses, or in Class 331, Oscillators, appropriate subclasses, depending whether the energy fed back is insufficient or sufficient respectively to sustain oscillation. However, a coupling probe or loop to abstract energy from the output device is not sufficient to preclude classification here (5.44), even though designated as an output or load.

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5.17,for devices with a feedback connection therebetween, the connection being by a ray in addition to the ray normally passing through the devices. See also (1) Note above.

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330Amplifiers,   subclasses 45+ for amplifiers having electron beam tubes coupled to cavity resonators, including those with feedback circuits.
331Oscillators,   appropriate subclasses for electrical oscillators utilizing positive feedback to generate oscillations. See also (2) Note above.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.45]    5.45Three hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.44.  Subject matter including three or more hollow distributed parameter devices through which the ray passes with an electrical connection between at least two of the devices.

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5.49,for three or more hollow distributed parameter devices in general through which a ray passes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.46]    5.46Device tunable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.39.  Subject matter, wherein at least one of the hollow devices is resonant at a particular frequency together with structure for changing or permitting change in the resonant frequency.

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5.13,for a magnetron having a ray passing in or through its resonator for tuning purposes.
5.21+,for a tunable hollow distributed parameter device wherein the ray returns to the device after passing through or in it.
5.53+,for a single hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in, and which is tunable.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 250 for wave meters utilizing tunable coupling networks or adjustable long line sections as resonators.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 219+ for resonators of the distributed parameter type whose resonant frequency may be adjusted, and which are adpated for passage of a cathode-ray through or in.
334Tuners,   appropriate subclasses for tuned networks for use in wave energy apparatus and comprising inductance and capacitance elements in circuit arrangement and in which structure is provided for adjusting one or both of these elements for changing the mean resonant frequency of the circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.47]    5.47Gang tuned hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.46.  Subject matter wherein at least two of the hollow resonant devices include frequency changing structure and wherein the frequency changing structures of the respective devices are linked together; e.g., mechanically or electrically, so that the resonance frequencies of the respective devices are changed simultaneously.
(1) Note. Two such devices whose tuning is independently adjustable but which may each be adjusted together to change the resonant frequencies as by manual manipulation are not classified in this subclass. For classification here, there must be a positive linkage between the devices to produce simultaneous frequencies change, although independent frequency change may also be present in addition.

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74Machine Element or Mechanism,   subclasses 1 , 10+, and 20 through 110 for mechanical structure for tuning a plurality of distributed parameter devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.48]    5.48Device has a flexible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.46.  Subject matter wherein at least one of the hollow devices has, for tuning purposes, a flexible wall to adjust the shape of a dimension of the device, usually for varying the width of the gap in the device across which the cathode-ray travels.

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5.22+,for a hollow distributed parameter device with a flexible wall, wherein the ray returns to the device after passing through or in.
5.47,for a plurality of hollow distributed parameter devices having flexible walls, which are linked together for simultaneous adjustment of the tuning of the devices.
5.54,for a single hollow distributed parameter device through or in which a ray passes, the device having a flexible wall.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.49]    5.49Three hollow devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.39.  Subject matter including at least three hollow distributed parameter devices with the ray passing through or in at least three of the devices.

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5.45,for at least three hollow distributed parameter devices as above defined with feedback coupling between at least two of the devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.51]    5.51Plural gaps in the hollow device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device has a plurality of gaps displaced along the path of the ray, each gap providing an interaction between the ray and the interior of the device.
(1) Note. Usually the gaps are formed by a drift tube between the gaps and by reentrant portions surrounding the ray between the gaps and the walls of the device.

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5.44+,for plural hollow distributed parameter devices with the ray passing through each device and feedback coupling between the devices.
5.52,for a hollow distributed parameter device with the ray passing through or in and having a reentract portion surrounding the ray.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.52]    5.52Device has a re-entrant portion surrounding the ray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device has a portion of its wall extending inwardly towards an opposing wall, the portion surrounding the cathode-ray as it enters or leaves the device.
(1) Note. The purpose of the reentrant portion is to shorten the gap coupling the cathode-ray to the device, to shield the cathode-ray, and to increase the capacity of the device. Two reentrant portions are often provided, extending toward each other from opposing walls to provide the gap therebetween.

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5.51,for a hollow distributed parameter device with plural gaps, and having a reentrant portion surrounding the ray passing through the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.53]    5.53Device tunable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device is a resonator having an adjustable shape or dimension to permit variation of the resonant frequency, or wherein the device includes or is combined with structure which varies the resonant frequency.
(1) Note. The width of the resonator gap across which the cathode-ray travels may be varied to alter the capacity shunting the resonator, thus changing the resonator frequency.
(2) Note. The structure which varies the resonant frequency may be another resonator. See subclasses 5.39+ for plural resonators where the ray passes through the plurality of resonators.

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5.13,for a magnetron having a ray passing through or in the hollow distributed parameter device for tuning purposes.
5.14+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having an additional ray passing through or in for tuning purposes.
5.21+,for a tunable hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in, the ray returning to the device.
5.46+,for a plurality of hollow distributed parameter devices at least on being tunable and a single ray passing through each.
39,for a discharge device load generally (noncathode-ray tube) with a distributed parameter line, which is tunable.
39.55+,for distributed parameter resonator­ type magnetrons with variable tuning.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 250 for wave meters utilizing tunable coupling networds or adjustable long line sections as resonators.
330Amplifiers,   subclass 45 for amplifier systems having electron beam tubes coupled to cavity resonators including those having subject matter of the type classified in this subclass.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 219+ for resonators of the distributed parameter type whose resonant frequency may be adjusted, and which are adpated for passage of a cathode-ray therethrough.
334Tuners,   appropriate subclasses for tuned networks for use in wave energy apparatus and comprising inductance and capacitance elements in circuit arrangements and in which structure is provided for adjusting one or both of these elements for changing the mean resonant frequency of the circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 5.54]    5.54Device has a flexible wall:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 5.53.  Subject matter wherein the hollow device has a flexible wall to adjust the shape or a dimension of the device, usually for varying the width of the gap in the device across which the cathode-ray travels.

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5.22+,for a hollow distributed parameter device having a ray passing through or in, which ray returns to the device, the device having a flexible wall to adjust the tuning.
5.48,for a plurality of tunable hollow distributed parameter devices and a single ray passing through each, and at least one of the devices having a flexible wall for tuning.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 7]    7Connected to the deflecting electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a pair of electrostatic deflecting electrodes and an inductive impedance or structure is connected to the deflecting electrodes.

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364+,for other cathode-ray tube circuits provided with means for periodically deflecting the cathode-ray by pulsating and/or alternating current.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 8]    8Compensating for stray deflecting fields:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the system is provided with means, or where there is shielding means for part of the system to prevent stray electromagnetic fields from deflecting the cathode-ray from the desired path.
(1) Note. Where the patent claims the source of interference, as a transformer, etc., but does not claim its connection in its own circuit, the patent is included in this subclass. Where the device causing the interference is claimed as connected in its own system, the patent is classified with the art which provides for the combination of a cathode-ray tube system and the system which includes the source of interference. If the interfering device is in the circuit of the cathode-ray tube, the patent is classified in this subclass.

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85,for other systems under the class definition wherein the system includes means, or where there is shielding means for part of the system, to prevent radiation of electromagnetic waves to and/or from the system or some part thereof.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 364+ for cathode-ray tubes provided with shielding means for the tube and subclass 313 and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for miscellaneous discharge devices provided with shielding means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 8.51]    8.51Pulse storing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube system accumulates or stores pulse energy for later retrieval.

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84.51+,for electrical pulse storage systems of the gaseous discharge tube type.

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178Telegraphy,   subclass 17.5 for telegraph transmitters having means for accumulating information in advance of actual transmission.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 111+ for electrical systems having means for storing electrical energy for measuring purposes.
341Coded Data Generation or Conversion,   subclass 12 for a cathode-ray tube digital pattern reading-type coded data convertor or generator.
365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   subclasses 118 and 128 for reading/writing of information by means of an electron beam.
708Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing and Calculating,   subclasses 100+ and 800+, respectively, for digital or analog calculators with electrical means for storing numerical data in electric pulse form for a later retrieval.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 8.61]    8.61Plural cathode-ray tubes or ray-type tubes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 8.51.  Subject matter wherein the system comprises two or more cathode-ray tubes or which system utilizes a cathode-ray tube having two or more cathode-rays.

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9,for cathode-ray tube systems in general having a plurality of cathode-ray tubes connected in the system.
13.1,for cathode-ray tube systems in general wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with means for forming a plurality of separate cathode-ray beams.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 9]    9Plural cathode-ray tubes in the circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Systems having a plurality of cathode-ray tube devices connected in the system.
(1) Note. One of the cathode-ray tubes may be in the supply circuit or control circuit of the other cathode-ray tube, or both cathode-ray tubes may constitute load devices in the circuit.

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8.61,for plural cathode-ray tube systems utilized in storing or code translation systems.
13.1,for cathode-ray tube systems wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a plurality of cathode-ray beams.
324,and indented subclass, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definitions of those subclasses for systems under the class definition having plural discharge device loads.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 2.1 , for structures which include a plurality of cathode-ray tubes which are structurally combined so as to form a unitary device (e.g., such as being enclosed within a common envelope) and subclasses 409+ for cathode-ray tubes which are provided with a plurality of cathodes. See subclasses 409+ where the cathode-ray tube has means to form a plurality of cathode-ray beams.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 99 for plural cathode-ray tube systems utilized in pulse counting.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 10]    10With radiant energy sensitive control means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the system includes means for controlling the operation of the cathode-ray device by means of radiant energy.
(1) Note. The cathode-ray tube may include a radiant energy ray sensitive electrode, that is, the operation of the cathode-ray device is altered when subjected to radiant energy, or the system may include a radiant energy sensitive device, such as a photocell, which controls the operation of the cathode-ray tube when subjected to radiant energy.
(2) Note. The term "radiant energy" as used in these definitions includes radiant energy of any type, such as X-ray, light rays whether within the visible or invisible spectrum, Hertzian waves and other radiant electrical energy excepting the electrons emitted from the cathode-ray tube electrodes, and emanations from radioactive substances.
(3) Note. This subclass does not include the combination of a cathode-ray tube and an optical device, such as a lens or mirror, etc., which is used with the cathode-ray tube for directing radiant energy to the sensitive element or generated radiant energy from the tube, even if the system of supply for the cathode-ray tube is claimed, the patent being classified with the art appropriate to the combination.

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149,and indented subclasses for other systems under the class definition wherein the system includes means for controlling the operation of the load device by means of radiant energy.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200+ for photocell circuits and apparatus. Indented subclass 549 includes a cathode-ray tube device which illuminates a photocell and is controlled by said photocell while indented subclass 214 contains cathode-ray device of the image convertor or light amplifier type.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 365+ for cathode-ray tube structures which are photosensitive.
348Television,   subclasses 162+ for television systems responsive to radiant energy in the invisible spectrum and subclass 325 for television systems using a photoelectric controlled cathode-ray tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 11]    11With secondary emission stage in the cathode-ray tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a secondary emissive electrode.

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12.1,for other cathode-ray tube systems wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a secondary emissive electrode.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 379 for cathode-ray tube structures which are photosensitive and which have a secondary emissive electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 11.5]    11.5Color convergence controlled by photodetector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 10.  Subject matter including a light-responsive device which controls the convergence in response to a characteristic of an image or pattern produced on the screen.

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368.11+,for color convergence control circuitry for a cathode-ray tube, absent photodetector control.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 549 for radiation responsive control circuitry for a cathode-ray tube including pre-photocell optical structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 12.1]    12.1With secondary emission stage in the cathode- ray tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a secondary emissive electrode.

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5.11+,for cathode-ray tube circuits wherein a cathode-ray passes through a hollow distributed parameter device, the ray impinging on a secondary emission electrode to produce another ray or to augment the impinging ray.
11,for cathode-ray tube systems wherein the system includes means for controlling the operation of the cathode-ray tube by means of radiant energy, the cathode-ray tube being provided with a secondary emissive electrode.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 379 and 399 for cathode-ray tube structures which include a secondary emissive electrode.
329Demodulators,   appropriate subclasses for demodulators with secondary emission.
330Amplifiers,   subclass 42 for amplifier systems having a tube containing a secondary emissive electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 13.1]    13.1Plural ray-type tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with means for forming a plurality of separate cathode-ray beams.
(1) Note. The cathode-ray tube may be provided with a plurality of cathodes or a single cathode with means for separating the emission from the cathode into a plurality of rays.

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5.14+,for cathode-ray tube circuits wherein a plurality of rays passes through or in a hollow distributed parameter device.
8.61,for plural beam cathode-ray tubes utilized in pulse counting, storing, or code translation systems.
9,for cathode-ray tube systems under subclass 1 which include a plurality of cathode-ray tubes in the system.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 409+ for cathode-ray tube structures which are provided with means to form a plurality of cathode- ray beams.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 13.11]    13.11Storage tubes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 13.1.  Subject matter wherein changeable information is stored in the form of charged or uncharged areas of the screen of the cathode-ray tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 14]    14Plural concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating stages:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a plurality of means for either concentrating, accelerating and/or de-accelerating the cathode-ray, and the system includes means for supplying electric current and/or potential to such means.
(1) Note. The concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating means may be electrostatic, electromagnetic, or both.

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5+,for cathode-ray tube circuits wherein the ray passes through or in a hollow distributed parameter device, the ray being accelerated or decelerated while so passing, and especially subclasses 5.16+, 5.27, 5.28, and 5.41 where the ray passes through a plurality of such devices; and subclasses 5.34+ where structure is included for concentrating the ray.
13.1,for cathode-ray tube systems wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with means for forming a plurality of cath­ode-ray beams in the tube, each of the beams being provided with concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating means.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 441+ for cathode-ray tube structures which have a plurality of electrodes between the cathode and the target (e.g., a plurality of accelerating and/or decelerating electrodes, and/or concentrating electrodes, and/or modulating electrodes).
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 15]    15Three or more stages:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Subject matter, wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with three or more means for concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating the cathode-ray.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 16]    16Intermediate stage at lower potential:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 15.  Subject matter wherein the current and/or potential applied to the concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating means which forms the intermediate stage is less than the current and/or potential applied to the concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating means which form the stages on either side of such intermediate stage.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 17]    17With ray-deflecting stage interposed between plural concentrating or accelerating and/or de-accelerating stage or co-extensive with one such stage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 14.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with ray deflecting means, the ray deflecting means being positioned so as to deflect the ray between two of the concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating stages, or to cause the ray to be deflected in one of the concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating stages.
(1) Note. The ray deflecting means may be mounted within one of the concentrating, accelerating, and/or de-accelerating electrodes or means, or may be interposed between two such means.

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5.27,and 5.28, for cathode-ray tube circuits including a plurality of hollow distributed parameter devices with the ray passing through or in, the ray being reflected or deflected.
364+,for other cathode-ray tube systems wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with ray deflecting means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 30]    30Ray modulation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 1.  Subject matter wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with ray modulating means, and the circuit includes means to apply potential and/or current to the ray modulating means.
(1) Note. Ray modulating means is defined as being any means for varying the number of electrons in the cathode-ray beam, and to exclude focusing, concentrating, and ray accelerating means.
(2) Note. This subclass does not include systems wherein the only ray control means is a means which is supplied with current and/or potential to maintain a constant accelerating and/or de-accelerating field for the cathode-ray.

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14,and the indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses for other systems wherein the cathode-ray tube is provided with a plurality of accelerating and/or de-accelerating stages.
349,and the indented subclasses and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition of these subclasses for systems under the class definition which include a gas or vapor discharge device which is provided with a discharge control means.
364+,where the cathode-ray tube is provided with ray sweep means, and the system includes means for supplying current and/or potential to the sweep means and to the discharge intensity control means.
380+,where the system includes means for applying suitable potential and/or current to the ray intensity control means to prevent the ray from being projected upon the ray receiving anode or target when the ray sweep circuit becomes inoperative to continue the ray sweeping.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 446+ and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for cathode-ray tube structures which have a ray modulating means.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous systems which include a discharge device provided with a discharge control means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 32]    32COMBINED LOAD DEVICE OR LOAD DEVICE TEMPERATURE MODIFYING MEANS AND ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT DEVICE STRUCTURE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter, sections (A) and (B).
(1) Note. If any circuit element is not structurally combined with the discharge device structure or the heating and/or cooling means, the patent is classified in the class which provides for the claimed system. Where the claimed system is classified in this class, the patent is classified in this or the indented subclasses, and cross-referenced to the appropriate succeeding subclass. Their mere recitation of the source of potential for the discharge device will not exclude the patent from these subclasses. For the classes which provide for such systems as are excluded from these subclasses, search Class 327, Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems and the classes and subclasses specified in the main class search notes to that class.
(2) Note. The circuit element may be mounted within or on the base or envelope of the load device where the load device is an electric lamp or electric discharge device designed to operate in a vacuum, or an atmosphere of confined gas or vapor.
(3) Note. Mere electrical heaters which are used only to heat the load device and which are not used as impedances in any circuit other than the heater circuit are not included in this or the indented subclasses.
(4) Note. This and the indented subclasses include the combination of a load device or the load device temperature­ modifying means and a circuit element where the load device or the temperature modifying means and the circuit element are formed of separable parts, but are provided with means for fastening or assembling the parts together to form a unitary structure. However, this and the indented subclasses do not include combinations of a load device with a separable socket or connector which may include a circuit element in the socket or connector. See (8) Note below.
(5) Note. Examples of electrical devices considered to be circuit elements are electric switches, resistances, capacities, inductances, transmission lines, antennas, transformers, and any other circuit elements.
(6) Note. The circuit element combined with the load device need not be a circuit element to be used in the circuit of the load device, but may be provided with separate terminals so as to be usable in any desired relation.
(7) Note. This and the indented subclasses include load devices wherein the electrodes and/or the electrode leads are formed so as to function as inductances. This or the indented subclasses do not include load devices wherein the electrodes are formed of resistive material, and no other circuit impedance is combined with the discharge device, except (1) where a discharge device load and an incandescent filament lamp are structurally combined in one device, or (2) where a discharge device load is provided with a resistance heatable cathode or an electric resistance cathode heater device, the incandescent filament or the cathode resistance, or the heater resistance being connected with the discharge device so as to function as an impedance device in the discharge device circuit. This or indented subclasses do not include discharge devices having the only condenser effect formed by the inter-electrode or inter-electrode lead capacity. Such load devices will be found in the classes which provide for electric lamp and discharge device structures.
(8) Note. This and the indented subclasses do not include patents wherein the load device is claimed in combination with a separable socket, receptacle, or connector for the load device, the socket, receptacle, or connector including a circuit element. Such patents are classified as a system in the appropriate system class. Where the load device and the socket or other connector are constructed and arranged with respect for each other, so that the contacts on the load device and socket may be used as switch contacts, the patent is classified in this or the indented subclasses. This and the indented subclasses do not include the combination of a load device and a transmission line or waveguide where the transmission line or waveguide is designed to have an electrical connection with the load device and no part of the transmission line or waveguide is within the envelope or otherwise an integral part of the load device.
(9) Note. The line between this and the indented subclasses and the classes which provide for the structural combination of a plug, socket, or other connector which has structurally combined therewith an electric circuit element is that where the connector is claimed as a part of a lamp or discharge device, such as the base, and the lamp or discharge device is recited by name only, the patent is classified in the appropriate class which provides for the combined connector and circuit element. For sockets, receptacles, and connectors structurally combined with circuit elements, see the Search Class notes, below.

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3,and indented subclasses for cathode-ray tubes which are combined with other circuit elements, all of which are structurally combined therewith to form a unitary device.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 51 and indented subclasses and the other subclasses specified in the notes to subclass 51 where the circuit element is an electric switch. (See (9) Note, above.)
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   appropriate subclasses for electric discharge devices of the consumable electrode type which are structurally combined with a circuit element.
336Inductor Devices,   subclass 107 and the Notes thereto, for the structural combination of a connector and a transformer or an inductive reactor.
338Electrical Resistors,   subclasses 68+ for mechanically variable electrical resistors, and especially subclasses 70+ for such variable resistors in or on a lamp socket, and subclass 219 for fixed resistors in or on a lamp socket or base. (See (9) Note, above.)
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 139+ where the circuit element is an electromagnetic devices and subclasses 271+ where the circuit element is a condenser. (See (9) Note, above.)
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 33]    33Portable self-contained:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter wherein the combined structure includes a source of potential and the other circuit elements necessary to operate the load device so that the combined structure forms a self-contained device which may be transported from one place to another.
(1) Note. The device need not be designed to be carried about by a person.
(2) Note. This subclass includes only those self-contained devices which are not otherwise provided for in other classes.

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55,for other load devices structurally united with a generator of current and/or potential.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   appropriate subclasses for portable, self-contained, illuminated signs.
43Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying,   subclasses 16 and 17 for portable, self-contained, illuminated signaling devices for fishing apparatus, and subclasses 17.5+, for portable, self-contained, illuminated bait.
310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   subclass 50 for portable generators or motors.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 48 for space discharge devices, per se, which are provided with a handle. The devices in Class 313 do not include any circuit element in addition to the space discharge device. For example, if the structure includes a resistance, a switch, or other circuit element, the patent is classified in this subclass of Class 315.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   subclass 1 for portably mounted generator systems.
362Illumination,   appropriate subclasses, for articles such as firearms, canes, etc., which include an electric lamp and the source of potential therefor to make a self-contained, illuminated article, and especially subclasses 157+ for portable self-contained electric lamps, such as flashlights.
368Horology: Time Measuring Systems or Devices,   subclasses 67 and 227, for illuminated clocks.
441Buoys, Rafts, and Aquatic Devices,   subclasses 13+ for illuminated buoys.
455Telecommunications,   subclass 346 and 351 for portable radio sets.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 34]    34With antenna:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter having an antenna combined with the structure of the load device.

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342Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation),   appropriate subclasses for radio apparatus and Class 343, Communications: Radio Wave Antennas, subclasses 700+ for antennas, per se, and particularly subclass 701 for antennas having an electric space discharge device, whose space discharge forms part of the antenna or its coupling network, and not otherwise classified.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 269+ for radio receivers provided with antenna.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 35]    35Plural discharge device loads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein (1) a plurality of electric discharge device loads are each structurally combined with the same circuit element, or (2) a plurality of discharge device loads are each provided with means to cool and/or heat at least part of the discharge device loads, the cooling means being either structurally combined with or forming an electrical circuit element.
(1) Note. This subclass includes load devices having an enclosing envelope, the envelope enclosing a plurality of discharge devices, the circuit element being mounted either within the enclosing envelope, or within the base or connector, or otherwise structurally combined with the discharge device.
(2) Note. Where a plural discharge device system is claimed which is within the class definition, and the discharge devices are structurally combined in a single device, but no circuit element is combined with the discharge device structure, the patent is classified as a plural discharge device system in one of the other appropriate subclasses of this class.
(3) Note. This subclass includes two or more load devices, each supplied with a cooling fluid from a common source of coolant, the cooling conduits being either formed as circuit impedances or structurally combined with a circuit impedance.
(4) Note. Patents claiming two or more discharge devices which are structurally united, such as being within the same envelope or enclosure, and having the electrodes of the respective discharge devices connected together, but not claiming any circuit element other than the conductive connector, are not included in this or the indented subclasses, see Class 313, Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices, subclasses 1+.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 36]    36Series connected discharge devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 35.  Subject matter, wherein the discharge device loads are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other and the source of discharge current for the discharge devices.
(1) Note. This subclass includes, for example, a load device which includes in structural combination a circuit element a rectifying discharge device, and a discharge device load connected to the rectifier so as to be supplied with discharge current by a source of current supply through the rectifier.

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189,and indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for other series connected discharge device systems under the class definition.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 8 , for plural series connected consumable electrode discharge devices and the system therefor, subclass 33, for consumable electrode discharge devices provided with three or more series connected discharge electrodes, and the system therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 37]    37Cathode-anode circuit connected to the discharge control electrode of another discharge device load (e.g., cascade):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 35.  Subject matter wherein at least one of the load devices is a discharge device provided with a discharge control electrode, and the cathode-anode circuit of one of the discharge devices includes means to impress a potential on such control electrode.
(1) Note. Some of the patents in this subclass are multiple stage discharge devices having the discharge device units connected in cascade relation.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 38]    38Corresponding electrodes connected by a circuit impedance (e.g., push-pull):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 35.  Subject matter , wherein at least two of the discharge device loads each have at least one electrode connected either to the opposite terminals of a circuit impedance or to similar impedances which are connected together at their terminals which are not connected to the electrodes, the electrode of each of the discharge device units which is connected to the circuit impedance being similar in its function to the electrode of the other discharge device unit which is connected to the circuit impedance.
(1) Note. This subclass includes, for example, a device containing two discharge device loads and a circuit impedance, the anodes of the discharge devices being connected to opposite ends of the impedance.
(2) Note. Some of the patents in this subclass are multiple unit discharge devices having the discharge device units connected in push-pull relation.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39]    39Discharge device load with distributed parameter-type transmission line (e.g., wave-guide, coaxial cable):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter having an electric discharge device load structurally combined with an electric wave transmission device or line having or acting as if it had distributed inductance or capacitance.
(1) Note. See (8) Note to subclass 32.
(2) Note. The transmission device or line may be a waveguide, a coaxial line or a parallel wire transmission line.

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3.5+,and 4+, for this subject matter where the discharge device includes means to focus or otherwise shape the electron stream into a beam. See subclasses 3.5+ where the transmission line or device includes means to exhibit a wave component of a traveling wave, the velocity of which is reduced in comparison to the wave velocity in free space.

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174Electricity, Conductors and Insulators,   subclass 28 and indented subclass, and subclass 102 and indented subclasses for coaxial cables, subclasses 27 and 113 for parallel wire cables.
331Oscillators,   subclasses 5 , 6+, 79+, 86+, 93, and 96+ for electrical oscillation systems wherein a space discharge device is combined with a distributed parameter impedance device.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   particularly subclass 13 for resonator type breakdown discharge systems; e.g., T-R or R-T systems, the tube and resonant device being combined in a separable and nonintegral manner, subclasses 219+ for resonant parallel transmission lines, per se, subclasses 236+ for long lines in general, subclasses 239+ under subclass 236 for electric waveguides, per se, particularly adapted for propagating electrical waves having an electric or magnetic field component extending in the direction of propagation, and subclasses 243+ under subclass 236 for coaxial cables, per se, whose distributed electrical parameters determine the wave propagating characteristics of the cable.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.3]    39.3Traveling wave type with delay-type transmission line:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.  Subject matter in which the transmission line with distributed parameters incorporated in the tube structure is arranged to propagate a traveling electro-magnetic wave and is constructed and arranged to have a wave component the velocity of which is reduced in comparison with the wave velocity in free space; and in conjunction therewith are means for generating an electron stream whose path is in proximity to the path of said traveling wave component so as to permit an exchange of energy between the electron stream and the traveling wave propagated along the transmission path.
(1) Note. The transmission line or waveguide may be constructed as a spiral or helix so that the wave has an axial velocity component along the helix which is lower than the free space velocity of the wave, or the transmission line or waveguide may be loaded as by inductive members to reduce the velocity of the traveling wave. Another type included is a transmission line formed by an electrode having a plurality of resonant cavities formed in the electrode adjacent to an along the path to be taken by the electron stream, the structure being such that a traveling wave may be propagated along the length of the structure.

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1+,for miscellaneous discharge device systems using tubes such as are classified in this subclass.
3.5+,for this subject matter where the discharge device includes means to focus or otherwise shape the electron stream into a beam.
39.51+,40 and 41+, for other discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith an inductor or which have an electrode formed so as to act as if it possessed inductance, with or without a capacitive impedance combined with or inherent in the structure. The devices in these subclasses are distinguished from the devices in subclass 39.3 primarily in that the distributed parameter structure in these subclasses is not a transmission line arranged to propagate a traveling wave.

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330Amplifiers,   subclass 43 for amplifier systems which include traveling wave tubes. See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class and References to Other Classes in the Class Definitions of Class 330.
332Modulators,   especially subclasses 131+ , 147+ and 165+ for modulator systems having tubes of the type here classified.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 22 for transmission lines of the distributed parameter type (e.g., waveguides, long lines) having dissipating terminations, subclasses 138+ for delay networks, subclasses 32+ for impedance matching networks for transmission lines, subclass 81 for transmission lines of the long line with an attenuator means, and attenuators especially designed for use over a frequency band or for use in transmission lines of the distributed parameter type, and subclasses 236+ for the structure of transmission lines of the distributed parameter type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.51]    39.51Distributed parameter resonator-type magnetron:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter wherein the device is a discharge device having an electrode or a portion thereof formed so as to provide structure having distributed impedance parameters and having or acting as if it had inductance and capacitance, and which are provided with means for subjecting the discharge space to an electromagnetic field, the device being designed to operate so that there is interaction between the space discharge and the distributed impedance structure.
(1) Note. Included in this and the indented subclasses are discharge devices which are known as magnetrons and which have an electrode formed so as to have distributed inductance and capacitance, or having an electrode formed with a resonant cavity, or having an electrode with interleaved fingers arranged to form a resonant structure (e.g., interdigital anode), or having an electrode formed as a flat strip, or spiral, or perforated so as to form a structure having distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., a resonator). Note that subclasses 40 and 42 also contain certain types of "magnetrons".
(2) Note. The devices in this subclass are designed for use with a magnetic field. For similar devices where the electrodes are formed so as to provide a structure having distributed inductance and capacitance or where an electrode is formed as an inductor and which do not have electromagnetic means for influencing the space discharge, see this class, subclass 40. Also see subclass 40 for devices where an electrode is formed as an inductor and a separate capacitor is used to form a resonant or tuned circuit, with or without a magnetic field means. See (1) Note, above.

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3.5+,for traveling wave cathode-ray circuits with delay type transmission lines.
5.13,for a cathode-ray tube circuit with a distributed parameter resonator type magnetron, the cathode-ray passing through or in the resonator of the magnetron.
35+,for devices under subclass 32 wherein there are two separate magnetron devices within the envelope.
39+,for discharge devices of this type wherein the device includes a transmission line having distributed parameters (e.g., a waveguide, a coaxial cable or a parallel wire transmission line). See (1) Note, above. Note especially that subclass 39.3 provides for devices very similar to the devices in this and the indented subclasses where the structure having the distributed parameters is formed as a transmission line arranged to propagate a traveling wave.
40,see (2) Note, above.
42,for discharge devices under subclass 32 having an inductor connected to an electrode of the discharge device. The device may also include a capacitance so as to form a tuned or resonant circuit. The devices in subclass 42 may include a magnetic means for influencing the space discharge (e.g., one type of magnetron). See (1) Note, above.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 153+ for miscellaneous discharge devices which are provided with an electromagnet for subjecting the discharge space to a magnetic field. These subclasses in Class 313 provide for so-called magnetrons when the structure of the electrode or other portion which is formed to have the distributed impedance structure is not claimed.
330Amplifiers,   subclasses 47+ for amplifier systems using magnetrons including those of the type classified in this and indented subclasses.
331Oscillators,   subclasses 5 and 86+ for oscillator systems of the magnetron type.
332Modulators,   especially subclasses 132 , 147+ and 166 for modulating systems using magnetrons of the type classified in this subclass.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclasses 219+ for resonators of the distributor parameter type. See subclasses 227+ for the cavity or waveguide type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.53]    39.53With output-coupling means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices provided with means for coupling oscillating electrical energy to or extracting oscillatory electrical energy from the distributed impedance structure of the discharge devices.
(1) Note. Many of the patents in this subclass show the combination of a magnetron with a coupling loop or other coupling means for transferring energy to or from the distributed impedance structure (e.g., resonator) of the discharge device. Where the coupling means includes significant transmission line structure, such as a coaxial cable, a parallel wire transmission line or a waveguide, the patent is classified in subclass 39 and cross-referenced to this subclass.

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39,see (1) Note, above.

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333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 24 for coupling networks for transferring oscillatory electrical energy to or from a structure or circuit of the long line or distributed parameter type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.55]    39.55Variable tuning:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices which are provided with means to change the tuning or the impedance of the distributed impedance structure of the discharge device.
(1) Note. The variable tuning means may be provided for maintaining the impedance or tuning of the device constant (e.g., such as compensating for changes caused by temperature conditions in the impedance structure) or it may be for the purpose of varying the impedance of the device.
(2) Note. This subclass does not include structure such as strapping which is utilized to cause all of the distributed impedance structures or parts to have a common impedance value such as magnetrons having a plurality of cavity resonators and straps between selected anode segments so that all of the resonators operate at the same frequency. For such excluded subject matter, see subclass 39.69, below.
(3) Note. The means for tuning or varying the impedance of the distributed impedance structure may be means for varying the geometrical configuration of the distributed impedance structure or means for creating or changing the space charge in the distributed impedance structure as by the use of an electric space discharge to project electrons into or adjacent to a resonant space or by the use of a movable tuning element. Where the means for changing the tuning or impedance includes an input or output coupling means, the search should be in subclass 39.53.

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5.13,for a distributed parameter resonator type magnetron, with a cathode-ray passing through or in the resonator of the magnetron for tuning purposes.
39.53,see (3) Note.
39.71,for devices under subclass 39.51 which are provided with a magnetic field generating means and means for varying the strength or orientation of the magnetic field.

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331Oscillators,   subclass 5 for magnetron oscillators wherein the generator frequency is controlled by an automatic frequency stabilization control loop, and subclass 90 for magnetron type oscillators with frequency adjusting means.
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   subclass 235 for resonant structures of the distributed parameter type which are provided with tuning means, see subclasses 227+ for the cavity or waveguide type, and subclasses 236+ for long lines with means for varying the impedance of the line, see subclasses 239+ for waveguides and subclasses 243+ for coaxial cables.
334Tuners,   appropriate subclasses for variable tuners, per se, and especially subclasses 41+ for resonant line tuners of the distributed parameter type.
336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for variable inductors, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.57]    39.57Electron emission type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.55.  Devices in which an electron emissive means is provided to project electrons into or adjacent the space formed by the distributed impedance structure to change the tuning or impedance of the distributed impedance structure.
(1) Note. The electron emissive means must be in addition to the cathode of the device in order to be classified in this subclass. It may be a secondary electron emissive means.

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5.23,for cathode-ray tube circuits including a hollow distributed parameter device having a flexible wall adjustable for tuning purposes, and wherein the ray passes through or in and returns to the device, the flexible wall being thermally controlled.
39.63,for other discharge devices under subclass 39.51 which are provided with an auxiliary anode, or cathode, or control electrode or secondary emitter electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.59]    39.59Thermal or magnetic actuator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.55.  Devices which have a movable element for varying the tuning or impedance of the distributed impedance structure, the movable element being actuated by a thermal or magnetic motor means.
(1) Note. The thermal motor means may be a thermostat. The magnetic motor means may be an electromagnet.
(2) Note. The thermal or magnetic motor means may vary the position of one portion of the distributed impedance structure with respect to some other portion or a tuning element may be moved into proximity to or away from some portion of the impedance structure.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 151 for miscellaneous discharge devices which are provided with a movable electrode or shield where the means for moving the electrode or shield is a thermal motor means, and subclass 152 for miscellaneous discharge devices having a movable electrode or shield which is moved by a magnetically actuated means.
336Inductor Devices,   subclasses 30+ for inductors which are provided with thermally or magnetically actuated means to vary the inductive impedance.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.61]    39.61Movable tuning element (e.g., slug):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.55.  Devices which are provided with a movable tuning element which may be moved to and from or within the distributed impedance structure to vary the tuning or impedance.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include magnetrons where the only movable structure is a part of the distributed impedance structure. For example, in a cavity resonator if only the dimensions of the structure forming the cavity are varied, the patent is excluded from this subclass. If a tuning element is inserted into or near the cavity to vary the tuning, the patent is included in this subclass. The excluded subject matter will be found in subclasses 39.55 or 39.57.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

39.55,see (1) Note.
39.59,for this subject matter where the means for moving the tuning element is a thermal or magnetic actuator.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 146+ for miscellaneous discharge devices which have a movable electrode or shield.
336Inductor Devices,   subclasses 20 , 30+, 45, 75+, and 130+ for inductors which are provided with a movable element other than the coil structure for varying the inductive impedance.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.63]    39.63With control electrode, secondary emitter, or auxiliary anode or cathode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices which are provided with a control electrode, an auxiliary anode, an auxiliary cathode or a secondary emitter electrode.
(1) Note. The secondary emitter electrode may be upon the same support as the primary cathode. The auxiliary electrode need not be formed so as to provide a portion of the distributed impedance structure.
(2) Note. This subclass includes either as originals or as cross-references substantially all magnetrons which are provided with more than two electrodes.

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39.55,for magnetrons under subclass 39.51 which have an electrode designed for use in tuning or varying the reactance of the distributed impedance of the structure.
39.57,for devices under subclass 39.51 which are provided with an auxiliary cathode for use in tuning the distributed impedance structure.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 103+ for miscellaneous discharge devices which are provided with a secondary emissive electrode, subclasses 293+ for miscellaneous discharge devices which are provided with a control electrode interposed in the discharge space between the cathode and the anode, subclass 306 for miscellaneous discharge devices having three or more electrodes (e.g., plural anodes or plural cathodes), and subclass 308 for miscellaneous discharge devices which are provided with a discharge control electrode.
331Oscillators,   subclass 89 for electric wave generation systems utilizing a magnetron-type device with a secondary emissive electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.65]    39.65Having diverse size resonators:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices wherein an electrode or portion thereof is formed so as to provide a plurality of distributed impedance structures, the geometrical configuration or the inductance and the capacitance of at least one of the structures being substantially different from the geometrical configuration or the inductance and capacitance of another of the structures.
(1) Note. The different distributed impedance structures may be designed to operate at different frequencies, or to eliminate undesired modes of operation, or for other purposes.
(2) Note. This subclass does not include such distributed impedance structures which are only incidentally of different size or which operate at different undesired frequencies and which may be provided with strapping or other means to make all the structures operate at the same frequency or to reduce undesired modes of operation. For such excluded subject matter, see the other subclasses under subclass 39.51, especially subclass 39.69 for the devices with strapping.
(3) Note. This subclass includes the structure of the electrode, per se, which is provided with the distributed impedance structures of different impedances.

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39.61,for devices under subclass 39.51 which have a movable tuning element which may be moved to and from or within the distributed impedance structures to vary the parameters of the structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.67]    39.67Tubular anode with eccentric or axially displaced cathode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices which are provided with a tubular anode having the distributed impedance structure as a part thereof and which have a cathode disposed within the anode so as not to be at the center of the anode or which has the cathode disposed on the axis of the anode but axially displaced so it is not centrally located within the ends of the anode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.69]    39.69With strapping for resonant structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices which have a plurality of distributed impedance structures and which have the structures interconnected by straps or wires which are located so as to be adjacent and electrically coupled to the plurality of structures so as to tend to restrict the structures to operation at a common frequency or tend to constrain the structures to operation in one or more particular modes.

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39.55,for devices under subclass 39.51 which are provided with variable tuning or impedance varying means for the distributed impedance structure means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.71]    39.71Magnetic field generating and pole structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices which are provided with significantly claimed magnetic field generating or magnetic pole structure.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 156+ for other discharge devices which are provided with similar magnetic field generating and pole structure. The subclass in Class 313 provides for similar magnetic field and pole structure when the device is not claimed as being a magnetron.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.73]    39.73Interdigital electrode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices wherein the electrode has a resonant structure formed by interleaved finger-like segments, alternate segments being connected together at one end, other segments being connected together at the opposite end.
(1) Note. This subclass includes the structure of the electrode, per se, which is provided with the interdigital structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.75]    39.75Anode with plural cavities:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices in which the anode is provided with a cavity which due to its geometry and its electrical properties, is resonant.
(1) Note. The anode may be a circular block having therein a resonant cavity, or it may be a circular structure formed with vanes, the space between the vanes forming a resonant cavity.
(2) Note. This subclass includes magnetrons with the specified type of electrode, and also the electrode, per se.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 356 for miscellaneous anodes which are of tubular or hollow sleeve form.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 39.77]    39.77With resonant cavity coupled to anode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 39.51.  Devices which are provided with a resonant cavity coupled to the anode structure.

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39,where a discharge device has structurally combined therewith a waveguide.
39.73,for this subject matter where the anode structure is formed so as to provide an interdigital electrode.
39.75,where the anode structure includes a resonant cavity.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 40]    40Electrode formed as inductive impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter having an electrode of the load device formed so as to function as an inductance.
(1) Note. The devices in this subclass may include a separate capacitor to form a resonant or tuned circuit, and may include a magnetic field generating means (the device may be a magnetron). Where an electrode is formed so as to provide distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., cavity resonator) and the device is designed to operate in a magnetic field, see subclasses 39.51+. This subclass (40) includes somewhat similar devices having an electrode formed so as to provide distributed inductance and capacitance and where the device is not designed to operate in a magnetic field. See subclass 42 where the device has separate inductor connected between different anodes or different cathodes with or without a capacitor (e.g., to form a resonant circuit) or a magnetic field producing means.

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4+,for cathode-ray tubes having a part thereof formed so as to function as an inductance or as an inductance and capacitance (e.g., hollow resonator, waveguide).
39+,for this subject matter where the device having the distributed inductance is a transmission line having distributed parameters (e.g., waveguide, coaxial cable, etc.).
39.51,for this subject matter where an electrode is formed to provide a structure having distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., a resonator) and an electromagnetic device is provided for subjecting the discharge space to a magnetic field (e.g., magnetrons). See (1) Note, above.
42,for discharge devices which are provided with a plurality of anodes or a plurality of cathodes and a separate inductor connected between at least two of the anodes or between at least two of the cathodes. See (1) Note, above.
62,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other patents wherein an inductive impedance is structurally combined with a discharge device.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 155 for lamps and discharge devices which have an electrode designed to generate a magnetic field.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 41]    41Inductive impedance connected between electrodes of a discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the circuit element which is structurally combined with the load device is an inductive impedance, the load device being a discharge device and having the inductive impedance electrically connected between two of the electrodes of the discharge device.

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4,and indented subclasses, for cathode- ray tubes having structurally combined therewith an inductive impedance which is connected between two of the electrodes of the cathode-ray device.
39+,for discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith a transmission line having distributed parameters (e.g., a waveguide, coaxial cable, etc).
59,for discharge device loads having impedances other than inductive impedances connected between the electrodes of the discharge device.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 42]    42Connected to plural anodes or plural cathodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Subject matter, wherein the discharge device is provided with a plurality of anodes or a plurality of cathodes, and the inductive impedance is electrically connected between (1) at least two of such anodes, or (2) at least two of such cathodes.

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39.51+,and 40, for discharge devices which have an electrode formed so as to function as an inductive impedance, or as a combined inductance and capacitance, see subclass 39.51 where the electrode is formed to provide distributed inductance and capacitance and an electromagnet is provided for subjecting the discharge space to a magnetic field. Subclasses 39.51+, 40 and 42 all include magnetrons, those in subclasses 39.51+ having an electrode formed to provide distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., resonator), those in subclass 40 having an electrode formed to provide only an inductive impedance (a separate capacitor being used), and those in subclass 42 having both a separate inductor and capacitor. Subclass 40 also provides for the devices where the electrode is formed to provide both distributed inductance and capacitance, but which are not designed to operate in a magnetic field.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 153+ for discharge devices which are provided with magnetic means for influencing the space discharge.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 43]    43Connected to control electrode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Subject matter, wherein the discharge device load is provided with a discharge control electrode and the inductive impedance is electrically connected between the control electrode and another electrode of the discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 44]    44With capacitive impedance connected to the control electrode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 43.  Subject matter, provided also with a capacitive impedance which is structurally combined with the discharge device structure, the capacitive impedance being electrically connected between the control electrode and another electrode of the discharge device load.

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45,for other discharge devices structurally combined with a plurality of impedances one of which is an inductive impedance which is connected between two of the electrodes of the discharge device and the other being a different type of impedance.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 45]    45With diverse-type impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 41.  Subject matter, wherein an impedance, in addition to the inductive impedance, and of some other type, is structurally combined with the discharge device structure.

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4+,for cathode-ray tubes which have structurally combined therewith an inductive impedance or a structure formed so as to provide both inductance and capacitance, (e.g., resonator).
44,where an inductive impedance and a capacitive impedance are structurally combined with the discharge device load, both of these impedances being connected between the control electrode and another electrode of the discharge device.
53,for other discharge device loads having structurally combined therewith a plurality of diverse type impedances.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 46]    46Filament, electric heater, or resistance in shunt with the discharge electrodes of a discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the load device is a discharge device having structurally combined therewith a filament, or an electric resistance heater element, or a resistance, the filament, heater or resistance being electrically connected in shunt with the discharge electrodes of the discharge device.
(1) Note. The filament or electric heater may be the cathode element or the cathode heater element of the discharge device.
(2) Note. In some of the devices in this subclass the filament is designed to emit light either while the discharge device is operating or before the electric discharge is initiated between the discharge electrodes. This subclass includes therefore combined discharge lamps and incandescent lamps where the lamp filament is connected in shunt to the discharge electrodes. In some of the devices in this subclass, the filament or heater merely vaporizes material and/or acts as an auxiliary cathode until the principal discharge can be established.

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49,for discharge devices having a filament or electric heater connected in electrical series with the discharge device load.
94,and indented subclasses, for systems under the class definition wherein a discharge device load is provided with a cathode made of resistance material, or having the cathode heated by an electrical resistance heater, and the system includes means to supply electric current to the cathode or heater.
115,and indented subclass, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is provided with an electric heater for heating the load device and the system includes means to supply electric current to the heater.
182,for miscellaneous systems under the class definition which include a discharge device load and another diverse type load device.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 1+ for the structural combination of a discharge device and an incandescent lamp which are combined so as to form a unitary device where the incandescent lamp filament is not connected either in shunt or in series with the discharge electrodes, subclasses 15+ for discharge devices which are provided with an electric resistance heater for the discharge device which is not connected either in shunt or in series with the discharge electrodes, and subclass 310 and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for discharge devices having an indirectly heated cathode, the cathode heater element not being connected either in shunt or in series with the discharge electrodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 47]    47Automatic switch in the shunt circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Subject matter, having an electric switch connected in the shunt circuit which includes the filament, heater or resistance, the switch being provided with means for automatically operating the switch in response to some condition affecting the operation of the device.
(1) Note. In some of the devices in this subclass, the switch is designed to open the shunt circuit of the filament, heater or resistance when the discharge device or the cathode have become heated sufficiently to establish a discharge between the electrodes.

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107,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other discharge device loads under the class definition provided with a cathode or cathode heater, and an automatically operating electric switch in the cathode or cathode heater circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 48]    48Cathode or cathode heater in the shunt circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 46.  Subject matter, wherein (1) the cathode heater is connected in electrical shunt to the discharge electrodes, or (2) having the filament which is connected in electrical shunt designed to function as a cathode in the operation of the device.

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47,for this subject matter when an automatic switch is included in the shunt circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 49]    49Filament or electric heater in series with a discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter wherein the load device is a discharge device having structurally combined therewith a filament or an electric heater, the filament or heater being connected in electrical series with the discharge electrodes of the discharge device.
(1) Note. The filament or heater may be the cathode element or the cathode heater element of the discharge device.
(2) Note. In some of the devices in this subclass, the filament is designed to emit light while the discharge device is operating. This subclass therefore includes combined discharge lamps and incandescent lamps where the lamp filament is connected in series with the discharge electrodes.

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46,for discharge devices having a filament or electric heater connected in electrical shunt relation with the discharge device load.
58,and indented subclasses, for a mere resistance having no other function even though in electrical series relation with the discharge electrodes.
94,and indented subclasses for systems wherein a discharge device load is provided with a cathode made of resistance material or having the cathode heated by an electric resistance heater, and the system includes means to supply electric current to the cathode or heater.
115,and indented subclass for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is provided with an electric heater for heating the load device and the system includes means to supply electric current to the heater.
179,and indented subclasses for miscellaneous systems under the class definition having a plurality of diverse type load devices electrically connected in series in the system.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 1+ for the structural combination of a discharge device and an incandescent lamp which are combined so as to form a unitary device where the incandescent lamp filament is not connected either in shunt or in series with the discharge electrodes, subclasses 15+ for discharge devices which are provided with an electric resistance heater for the discharge device which is not connected either in shunt or in series with the discharge electrodes and subclass 310 and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto, for discharge devices having an indirectly heated cathode, the cathode heater element not being connected either in shunt or in series with the discharge electrodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 50]    50Load device temperature-modifying means combined with or forming circuit impedance means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the load device is provided with means for heating and/or cooling at least part of the load device structure, such means being either combined with, or forming an electrical impedance element.
(1) Note. In many of the patents in this subclass, the conduit for supplying cooling fluid to the load device is coiled and forms an inductive impedance element.
(2) Note. Mere electrical heaters which are used only to heat the load device and which are not used as impedances in any circuit other than the heater circuit are not included in this subclass.

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46,and indented subclasses, for discharge device loads having an electrical heater structurally combined with the discharge device and connected in electrical shunt to the discharge electrodes.
49,for discharge device loads having an electrical heater structurally combined with the discharge device and connected in electrical series with the discharge electrodes.
112,for other systems under the class definition wherein the load device is provided with temperature modifying means.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 11+ for lamp structures and discharge device structures provided with means for modifying the temperature of the lamp or discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 51]    51Plural circuit elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, having a plurality of circuit elements structurally combined with the load device structure.

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33,for portable self-contained devices which include a source of potential and the other circuit elements necessary to operate the load device structure.
34,where one of the circuit elements is an antenna.
47,where the load device is a discharge device having a filament, electric heater or resistance in shunt to the discharge electrodes and an automatically operating electric switch is included in the shunt circuit.

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327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for systems having two or more circuit elements which are of general application and not otherwise classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 52]    52Plural impedance elements:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 51.  Subject matter, having a plurality of impedance elements structurally combined with the load device structure.

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44,and 45, where one of the impedances is an inductance which is electrically connected between two electrodes of a discharge device load.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 53]    53Diverse types of impedances:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Subject matter, wherein one of the impedance elements is of a diverse type with respect to another of the impedance elements.
(1) Note. Impedance elements differing only in size, value, or in the manner of connection to the load device are not considered to be of diverse types. Examples of impedance elements considered to be of diverse types with respect to each other are resistances, condensers and inductances.

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44,where there is an inductance and a condenser structurally combined with a discharge control discharge device, the inductance and the impedance each being connected between the control electrode and another electrode of the discharge device.
45,where one of the impedances is an inductance which is electrically connected between two electrodes of a discharge device load.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 54]    54Plural inductive impedances:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 52.  Subject matter, having a plurality of inductive impedances structurally combined with the load device structure.

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62,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other load devices which have an inductive impedance structurally combined with the load device structure.
289,and indented subclass, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other load device systems under the class definition provided with an inductive impedance in the circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 55]    55Electric generator or piezoelectric device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the circuit element which is structurally combined with the load device structure is either an electric current generator or a piezoelectric device.
(1) Note. Some of the current generators in the combinations in this subclass are thermoelectric devices.

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33,for portable, self-contained devices and apparatus which include a source of potential and the other circuit elements necessary to operate the load device structure.

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136Batteries: Thermoelectric and Photoelectric,   appropriate subclasses, for electric current generating batteries.
310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous electric current generators and subclass 339 for piezoelectric devices.
429Chemistry: Electrical Current Producing Apparatus, Product, and Process,   appropriate subclasses for electrochemical batteries.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 56]    56Discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the load device is a space discharge device.

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33,for portable, self-contained apparatus which includes a discharge device load.
34,for discharge devices combined with an antenna.
35,and indented subclasses, for plural discharge devices structurally combined with a circuit element.
39+,for other discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith a transmission line of the distributed parameter type (e.g., waveguide, coaxial cable, etc.).
39.51,for discharge devices which have an electrode formed so as to provide both inductive and capacitive impedance (e.g., resonator) and which are provided with an electromagnet for subjecting the discharge space to a magnetic field.
40,for discharge devices having an electrode formed as an inductive impedance or formed to provide both inductance and capacitance (e.g., a resonator).
41,and indented subclasses, for discharge devices combined with an inductive impedance connected between two or more electrodes of the discharge device.
46,and indented subclasses, for discharge device combined with a filament, heater, or resistance in shunt with the discharge electrodes.
49,for discharge devices combined with an electric heater or filament in electrical series with the discharge electrodes.
50,for discharge devices combined with temperature modifying means, the temperature modifying means being either designed to function as a circuit element or combined with the circuit element.
51,and indented subclasses, for discharge devices combined with plural circuit elements.
55,for discharge devices combined with an electric current generator or piezoelectric device.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   appropriate subclasses for consumable electrode discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith an electric circuit element.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   appropriate subclasses especially subclasses 22+ for fluorescent lamp starting devices, 28+ for thermally actuated switches combined with space discharge devices, 108 for bimetallic switch operating means with spark gap heating means for the element.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 57]    57Discharge device and transformer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Discharge devices, having structurally combined therewith an electric transformer.
(1) Note. The transformer may be designed to be connected to the cathode heater or cathode circuit, merely to supply current to heat the cathode, or it may be connected to any of the other electrodes of the discharge device. The patent need not specify the connection of the transformer for classification in this subclass.

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70,for other load devices having a transformer structurally combined with the load device.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors. See especially subclasses 105+ and the notes thereto for transformers and inductive reactors combined with other structure.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclasses 91+ and 119+ for combined X-ray tube and transformer units.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 58]    58Discharge device and circuit impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Discharge devices, having structurally combined therewith an electric circuit impedance.

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33,where the discharge device is combined with other circuit elements so as to constitute a portable, self-contained apparatus.
35,and indented subclasses, for plural discharge devices combined with a circuit impedance.
39.51,and 40, for discharge devices which have an electrode formed to provide inductance, see subclass 39.51 where the electrode has distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., a resonator) and which are provided with an electromagnet for subjecting the discharge space to the magnetic field, and subclass 40 for discharge devices for having an electrode formed as an inductor or as a structure having inductance and capacitance (e.g., resonator).
41,for discharge devices combined with an inductance which is connected between two of the electrodes of the discharge device.
46,and indented subclasses for discharge devices combined with a filament, electric heater or resistance in shunt with the discharge electrodes.
50,for discharge devices combined with temperature modifying means, the temperature modifying means being either designed to function as a circuit impedance, or combined with a circuit impedance.
56,for discharge devices combined with an electric heater or filament in series with the discharge electrodes.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 132 , and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for consumable electrode discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith an electric impedance.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 59]    59Impedance connected between two electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Discharge devices, having the impedance electrically connected between two electrodes of the discharge device.

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39+,for other discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith a transmission line of the distributed parameter type (e.g., a waveguide, coaxial cable, etc.).
41,and indented subclasses, for discharge device loads, combined with an inductive impedance which is electrically connected between two of the electrodes of the discharge device.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
338Electrical Resistors,   appropriate subclasses, for electrical resistors, per se.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclass 271 for electric condenser structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 60]    60Impedance connected to an auxiliary starting electrode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.  Subject matter, wherein the discharge device is provided with a principal anode and a principal cathode and an auxiliary discharge electrode, the impedance being electrically connected between the auxiliary discharge electrode and one of the principal electrodes.

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234,for systems under the class definition which include an auxiliary starting electrode discharge device load having a condenser connected between the auxiliary electrode and one of the principal electrodes.
263,for systems under the class definition which include an auxiliary starting electrode discharge device load the discharge device being supplied with pulsating or alternating current and having an inductance connected in the auxiliary electrode circuit.
264,for systems under the class definition which include an auxiliary starting electrode discharge device load, having an impedance connected in the auxiliary electrode circuit, the discharge device being supplied with pulsating or alternating current.
335,for miscellaneous systems under the class definition with discharge device load having an auxiliary starting electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 61]    61Discharge control discharge device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 59.  Discharge devices wherein the discharge device is provided with discharge control means.

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39.63,for discharge devices which are provided with control electrode, and an electrode formed to provide distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., a resonator) and which have an electromagnet for influencing the discharge between the electrode for influencing the space discharge (e.g., magnetrons).
42,for other discharge devices having structurally combined therewith an inductive impedance which is connected between either a plurality of anodes or a plurality of cathodes, the discharge device being provided with an electromagnet for influencing the discharge between the electrodes.
63,for other discharge control discharge devices structurally combined with an electric circuit element.
335,and indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition thereof, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge device provided with an auxiliary discharge electrode.
344,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition thereof for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge device provided with an electromagnet for influencing the discharge between the electrodes.
349,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition thereof, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge control discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 62]    62Inductive impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 58.  Discharge devices, wherein the impedance element is an inductive impedance.

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39+,for discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith a transmission line of the distributed parameter type, (e.g., waveguide, coaxial cable, etc.).
39.51+,for discharge devices having an electrode formed as to provide distributed inductance and capacitance (e.g., resonator and which are provided with an electromagnet for influencing the space discharge (e.g., magnetrons).
40,for discharge devices having an electrode formed as an inductive impedance.
41,and indented subclasses, for discharge devices combined with an inductive impedance which is connected between two electrodes of the discharge device.
54,for discharge devices combined with a plurality of inductive impedances.
223,where the discharge device is connected to the secondary circuit of a current supply transformer, the primary circuit of the transformer including an inductance and a periodic switch.
242,and 244, where the supply circuit of the discharge device includes an inductance and a condenser.
263,for discharge device systems wherein the discharge device is provided with an auxiliary starting electrode and an inductance is included in the auxiliary electrode circuit and the discharge device is supplied with alternating current.
283,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for discharge device systems which are connected to a source of alternating current supply and which are provided with an inductance in the supply circuit.
289,and indented subclass, for miscellaneous systems under the class definition provided with an inductance in the supply circuit.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 63]    63Discharge control discharge load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 56.  Discharge devices, wherein the discharge device is provided with discharge controlling means.

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39.63,for discharge devices which have a control electrode, an electrode formed to provide distributed inductance and capacitance and which are provided with an electromagnet for influencing the space discharge (e.g., magnetrons).
42,for this subject matter where there is an inductive impedance connected between either a plurality of cathodes or a plurality of anodes of the discharge device, the discharge device being provided with electromagnet means for influencing the discharge.
61,for this subject matter where the discharge device is a discharge control discharge device and an impedance is connected between two electrodes of the discharge device.
335,and indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition thereof, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge device provided with an auxiliary discharge electrode.
344,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition thereof for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge device provided with an electromagnet for influencing the discharge between the electrodes.
349,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition thereof, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge control discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 64]    64Multiple filament load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the load device is provided with a plurality of filaments.
(1) Note. Where a multiple filament load device system within the class definition is claimed, but no circuit element is combined with the load device structure, the patent is classified as a plural load device system in one of the other appropriate subclasses of this class.

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35,for multiple unit discharge devices having combined therewith a circuit element.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 51.03 and indented subclass and 51.05 and indented subclass, for electric connectors, such as plugs, sockets, etc., combined with either single or plural switch means in a unitary structure or which are capable of functioning as a switch and which may be operated so as to open or close a selected part only of a plurality of circuits under control of the switch means.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 310 and subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for discharge devices which are provided with a plurality of filaments (e.g., filamentary cathodes or filamentary cathode heaters), and subclass 316 and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for multiple filament incandescent lamps.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 65]    65Automatic substitution of the filament:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Multiple filament load devices, provided with means for maintaining one of the filaments in nonoperating connection with respect to the current supply circuit while another of the filaments is maintained in operative relation with respect to the supply circuit, means being provided which operate automatically (1) in response to either the failure of the operatively connected filament to operate properly or its failure to operate at all, or (2) when excessive voltage or current conditions prevail which would tend to damage the operating filament, to connect the nonoperating filament in operative relation to the supply circuit and to disconnect the operating filament from the supply circuit whereby one filament is substituted for the other.

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87,and 88, and indented subclasses for other systems under the class definition for automatically substituting one electrode or load device for another when the first operated electrode or load device fails or is subjected to excessive current or voltage.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 236 , for electric lamps and discharge devices which have a plurality of similar electrodes and which are provided with means so that one electrode can be used to the exclusion of another, and the excluded electrode can be substituted for the first operated electrode when such electrode becomes defective.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 66]    66Series connected filaments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Multiple filament load devices, wherein the filaments are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.
(1) Note. Some of the devices in this subclass provide switch means for connecting one only of the filaments to the supply circuit or to connect a plurality of the filaments in series with respect to the supply circuit. Some of the devices provide switch means to connect the filaments in either series or parallel relationship with respect to the supply circuit.

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185,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for other series connected load devices under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 67]    67Diverse resistance filaments:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Multiple filament load devices, wherein the filaments have different resistances with respect to each other.

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178,and indented subclasses for other systems under the class definition which include a plurality of load devices of different resistances.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 68]    68Three or more controlled filament circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Multiple filament load devices provided with three or more filaments and with means for connecting all or a selected number only of the total number of filaments to the supply circuit.

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317,and indented subclasses for miscellaneous load device systems under the class definition provided with switch means for controlling the circuits of three or more load devices.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 51.03 and indented subclass and subclass 51.06, for electric coupling devices, such as plugs, sockets, et cetera, combined with either single or plural switch means in a unitary structure, or which are capable of functioning as a switch, and which may be operated so as to open or close a selected part only of three or more circuits under control of the switch means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 69]    69Plural filaments energized in parallel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 64.  Multiple filament load devices, provided with means for connecting a plurality of filaments in electrical parallel relation with respect to the supply circuit.

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312,and indented subclasses for miscellaneous plural load device systems under the class definition, especially subclass 313, and indented subclasses, for plural load device systems provided with an electric switch in the supply circuit.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 51.03 and indented subclass, and 51.05 and indented subclass, for connectors, such as plugs and sockets, combined with switch means, or which are capable of functioning as a switch, and which may be operated so as to open or close a selected part only of a plurality of circuits under control of the switch means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 70]    70Load device and transformer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter having an electric transformer structurally combined with the load device.

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57,for discharge device loads structurally combined with a transformer.
276,and the indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for systems under the class definition having a transformer in the circuit of the load device.

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336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 71]    71Load device and impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter having an electric circuit impedance structurally combined with the load device.

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41,and indented subclasses for this subject matter, where the load device is a discharge device having an inductive impedance connected between the electrodes.
52,and indented subclasses for this subject matter, where there are a plurality of impedances structurally combined with the load device.
58,and indented subclasses, for this subject matter, where the load device is a discharge device.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclass 132 , for consumable electrode discharge devices structurally combined with an impedance.
336Inductor Devices,   appropriate subclasses for the structure of transformers and inductive reactors.
338Electrical Resistors,   appropriate subclasses for electrical resistors, per se.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 271+ for the structure of capacitors.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 72]    72Load device and periodic electric switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter having an electric periodic switch structurally combined with the load device.

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209,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses, for systems under the class definition provided with a periodic switch in the supply circuit.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 19.01+ for periodic switches including those which are structurally combined with an electric connector, such as a plug or socket.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 87+ for electromagnetically operated periodic switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 73]    73Electric switch inside evacuated or gas filled envelope:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter wherein the load device is provided with an envelope, bulb or enclosure for providing a confined atmosphere of gas, vapor or vacuum about the electrodes of the load device and having an electric switch structurally united therewith, the switch being mounted inside of the envelope, bulb, or enclosure.

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56+,for electric space discharge devices which have an electric switch structurally combined therewith, including such combinations where the switch is within the envelope of the device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 74]    74Automatic shunt circuit closing or cut-out switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 32.  Subject matter, wherein the electric switch is structurally connected with the load device so as to complete an electrical circuit in shunt about the load device or some part thereof, and/or to open the load device current supply circuit, the switch being designed to automatically operate (1) when the load device becomes nonconductive or fails to operate properly, or (2) when the supply voltage and/or current becomes too high or too low for the proper operation of the load device, or (3) when more than a desired number of load devices are connected to the supply circuit.

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119,and indented subclasses for other systems under the class definition provided with an automatic shunt or cut-out for the load device.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 10 and indented subclasses for consumable electrode discharge devices having an automatic shunt circuit closing means or cutout means structurally combined with the discharge device.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 6+ for automatically operated electromagnets circuit interrupting devices.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 15+ for thermal current shunt circuit closing switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 75]    75Shunt circuit closing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 74.  Subject matter, wherein the electric switch is connected to complete an electric circuit in shunt about the load device or some part thereof.

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125,and indented subclass, and the subclasses specified in the notes to that subclass, for other systems under the class definition provided with an automatic shunt for the load device.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 11 , and indented subclasses, for consumable electrode discharge devices having an automatic shunt circuit closing means structurally combined with the discharge device.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 15+ for thermal current shunt circuit closing switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 76]    76SPECIAL APPLICATION:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems limited to use with particular articles, devices, or apparatus and which are not provided for in other classes.
(1) Note. In most of the systems included in this and the indented subclasses, one or more of the circuit elements of the system are combined with some part of a particular article, device, or apparatus, such as, for example, having the switch which controls the supply of current to the load device operated by the brake pedal of an automobile.
(2) Note. See the notes to the main class definition for other classes which provide for the combination of particular articles, device and apparatus, which include a discharge device system.
(3) Note. For illuminated devices and articles and the electrical systems for supplying electric current to the illuminating means therefor, see the appropriate art classification of the particular device or article which is illuminated. See search class notes below.

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40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   for illuminated cards, pictures and signs combined with particular articles or devices.
340Communications: Electrical,   appropriate subclasses for illuminated signals combined with particular articles and devices. Note particularly subclasses 468+ , 691.1+, and 870.07+.
362Illumination,   appropriate subclasses for illuminating devices combined with particular articles and devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 77]    77Vehicle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 76.  Systems limited to use with a vehicle.
(1) Note. The word "vehicle", as used in this and the indented subclasses, includes ships, boats, aircraft, elevators, and other conveyances.
(2) Note. Included in this and the indented subclasses are lighting systems for controlling the supply of electric current to lamps in the vehicle. Such systems are included even though the lights are claimed as "head lights" "tail lights", "side lights", "spot lights", or any similar named light as long as the claims do not include any mounting of the lamp or illuminating structure used with the lamp, but claim the lamp by name only. The mere statement that the lamp is mounted at the rear, side, front, or at another part of the vehicle or ship will not exclude the patent from the subclass. This and the indented subclasses include patents, event though no particular vehicle structure is claimed, where the lights are claimed as head lights, tail lights, side lights, spot lights, etc. For a complete search for all systems for supplying and/or controlling the supply of electric current to one or more electric lamps, the search should include the other appropriate subclasses of this class.
(3) Note. For vehicles, ships, and boat structure, see search class notes below.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

40Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting,   appropriate subclasses, for illuminated pictures and signs combined with vehicle, ship, or boat structure.
114Ships,   for ship structure.
180Motor Vehicles,   for vehicle structure.
187Elevator, Industrial Lift Truck, or Stationary Lift for Vehicle,   for vehicle structure.
191Electricity: Transmission to Vehicles,   appropriate subclasses for systems and structure for transmitting electricity to vehicles.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses indented under subclass 52 for electric switches combined with vehicle, ship, or boat structure.
244Aeronautics,   for pertinent subclass(es) as determined by schedule rewiew.
280Land Vehicles,   for vehicle structure.
293Vehicle Fenders,   subclass 115 for vehicle grille and bumper combinations which may provide openings therein permitting light radiation therethrough from vehicle-attached lamps.
296Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops,   for vehicle structure.
301Land Vehicles: Wheels and Axles,   for vehicle structure.
305Wheel Substitutes for Land Vehicles,   for vehicle structure.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 9.1+ for electrical systems mounted on vehicles.
320Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging,   appropriate subclass for a charging system for a vehicular battery used to supply energy to an electric lamp.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   subclass 1 for portably mounted generator systems.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 945+ and 984+ for illuminated signals combined with vehicle, ship or boat structure.
362Illumination,   subclasses 459+ and indented subclasses for illuminating devices combined with vehicle structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 78]    78Vehicle motor or vehicle motion driven generator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Systems provided with a magneto-electric current generator for supplying electric current to the load device, the magneto-electric generator being driven by either the motor which propels the vehicle or by some driving means which is actuated when the vehicle is moving.
(1) Note. Systems having the generator driven by one of the vehicle wheels or the vehicle axle are here.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

302,and indented subclasses for systems under the class definition provided with means for regulating the supply of electric current to the load device by regulating the operation of the current generator, subclass 303 having regulation by prime mover control.

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290Prime-Mover Dynamo Plants,   for motor-driven magnetoelectric generators, and systems of general application including such motor driven generators.
310Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,   appropriate subclasses for generators, per se.
320Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging,   appropriate subclass for charging a vehicular battery from an energy source powered by the vehicle.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   appropriate subclasses for systems for regulating the current output of generators.
362Illumination,   subclass 193 for illuminating devices adapted for use on bicycles and similar vehicles provided with an electric lamp and having a wheel driven generator for supplying current to the lamp.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 79]    79Vehicle or engine speed controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Systems provided with means responsive to the speed of either the motor which propels the vehicle or the speed of the vehicle for controlling the supply of electric current to the load device.

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78,for systems under the class definition where the generator which supplies the current to the load device is driven by the vehicle motor or by some driving means actuated by the vehicle"s motion.

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73Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 488+ for a speed responsive device, per se.
123Internal-Combustion Engines,   subclasses 146.5+ for spark ignition systems for internal combustion engines which include a periodic switch driven by some part of the engine for timing the spark with reference to the engine cycle.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 80 for centrifugal switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 80]    80Load device controller combined with vehicle controller:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Systems having a means which controls the operation of the load device combined with and operated by a device which controls the operation of the vehicle.
(1) Note. The means controlling the operation of the load device may be an electric switch or current regulating means or any other means affecting the operation of the load device.
(2) Note. The vehicle operation controlling means may be the means by which the vehicle is steered, or the means for starting or stopping the vehicle or its motor, or any other means affecting the operation of the vehicle.
(3) Note. This subclass does not include load device controllers which are only mounted on the vehicle controller, but are not operated thereby.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

78,for systems having the load device current generator driven by the vehicle motor or some means driven by the motion of the vehicle.
79,for systems having the load device controlled by either the speed of the vehicle or of the vehicle motor.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses indented under subclass 52 , particularly subclasses 61.27+, 61.54+ and 61.87 to 61.91 for electric switches combined with vehicle controller structure; see also subclass 332.2.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 81]    81Steering mechanism controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 80.  Systems, wherein the load device control means is combined with and operated by the steering mechanism of the vehicle.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 61.27+ , 61.54+, and 61.87 to 61.91 for electric switches controlled by lever or wheel shafts such as steering wheels; see also subclass 332.2.
362Illumination,   subclass 36 for structural combinations of vehicle illuminating means and means to energize the light source upon turning of the vehicle, and subclasses 37+, respectively, for structural combinations of vehicle illuminating means and means to shift the position of the illuminating means upon turning of the vehicle.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 82]    82Head light systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 77.  Systems wherein the load device is stated to be a vehicle head light.
(1) Note. This subclass includes patents wherein one or more of the load devices is stated to be a head light, but no structure of the head light is claimed, the head light being claimed by name only. To make a complete search for all means for controlling one or more head lights, the search must include the other appropriate subclasses of this class.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200+ , and the classes and subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for photocell controlled electric circuits and photocell apparatus, in which the photocell may respond to light from the headlights of a vehicle.
362Illumination,   subclasses 257+ for the structure of vehicle head lights.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 83]    83Alternate circuit closing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 82.  Systems wherein there are two or more lamps in the head light or the head light lamp includes two or more filaments, the system including means for supplying operating current to one or the other of the lamps or filaments from the source of supply.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

64,and indented subclasses for multiple filament lamps having combined therewith an electric circuit element, such as an electric switch.
294,and indented subclasses of this class, especially subclass 296 for systems for regulating the supply of current to two or more load devices so that one load device will receive more current than another.
317,and indented subclasses and 322 for systems provided with an electric switch for connecting one or the other of a plurality of load devices to the source of supply.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 316 and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for multiple filament lamps.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 84]    84Door or closure controlled load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 76.  Systems, having a means which controls the operation of the load device operated by a door or other closure member.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclass 61.62 and subclasses 61.69 to 61.83, for door or sash operated electric switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 84.51]    84.51PULSE STORING SYSTEMS OF THE GASEOUS DISCHARGE TUBE TYPE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein a gaseous space discharge device system is designed to respond to discrete electrical pulses and which system accumulates or stores electrical pulse energy for later retrieval.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

8.51+,for pulse storing or systems employing cathode-ray tubes.

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178Telegraphy,   subclass 17.5 for telegraph transmitters having means for accumulation information in advance of actual transmission.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 111+ for electrical systems having means for storing electrical energy for measuring purposes.
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 103 for counting chains using gas filled tubes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 84.61]    84.61With plural cathode or anode tube:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 84.51.  Subject matter wherein the gaseous space discharge tube system comprises space discharge means having two or more cathodes or two or more anodes.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

334+,and the subclasses referred to in the Notes to the definitions of these subclasses, for other systems under the class definition provided with a plural cathode or anode discharge device load.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   subclass 100 for counting means using multicathode gas discharge tubes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 85]    85WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE RADIATION PREVENTING OR SHIELDING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems wherein the system is provided with means, or where there is shielding means for part of the system, to prevent radiation of electromagnetic waves from and/or to the system or some part thereof.
(1) Note. For electrical systems provided with anti-inductive means, search the appropriate system class. See search class notes, below.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

123Internal-Combustion Engines,   subclass 146.5 and indented subclasses, for internal combustion engines with shielded ignition system.
174Electricity: Conductors and Insulators,   subclass 32 , and indented subclasses for anti-inductive conductors and conductor arrangements, subclass 50 and indented subclasses for electrical boxes, receptacles and containers, subclass 78 for terminal end structure of conduits, cables and conductors provided with means to connect a ground wire thereto.
178Telegraphy,   subclasses 49 and 69.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 89+ .
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 239+ for electric lamps and electric space discharge devices which are provided with shielding means to shield the electrodes or some part of the device and significant supporting and/or spacing structure for the shielding means is claimed. Subclass 313 (of Class 313) provides for other electric lamps and electric space discharge devices which are provided with shielding means. (See (1) Note, above.)
333Wave Transmission Lines and Networks,   particularly subclass 12 for transmission line inductive or radiation interference reduction systems, and subclasses 243+ for transmission lines of the shielded type.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 288+ and 500+ for electric signaling systems combined with other electric signaling or nonsignaling systems.
343Communications: Radio Wave Antennas,   subclasses 841+ for antennas with an electrical shield; subclass 851 for antennas with a coupling network having a radiation suppressor; and subclass 905 for antennas combined with a shielded transmission line.
379Telephonic Communications,   subclasses 392 through 392.01,394, 398, 402-405, 406.01-406.16, and 415.
455Telecommunications,   subclasses 300+ for shielding in a radio receiver. (See (1) Note, above.)
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 86]    86AUTOMATIC SUBSTITUTION OF THE POWER SUPPLY:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with at least two sources of electrical energy and at least one load device, and provided with means for supplying energy to operate a load device from one of the sources of electrical energy while the other source of electrical energy is maintained in a nonsupplying condition, and having means which operate automatically in response to some condition affecting the operation of the system to connect the nonsupplying source of energy in the system so that it can become operative to supply energy to either the same load device or a different load device than the load device supplied by the first operated source of electrical energy.
(1) Note. The condition which causes the second operated source of energy to be connected in the system may be any one or any combination of (1) the failure of the first operated source of energy to deliver sufficient energy to a load device, (2) an abnormal rise in voltage or current output of the first operated source of energy, (3) when the second operated source of energy has attained a sufficient voltage and current output to supply the load device with energy, (4) any other condition affecting the operation of the system which makes it desirable that a source of energy other than the first operated source of energy be used to supply a load device.
(2) Note. This and the indented subclass are not restricted to gas or vapor discharge devices or electric lamps as the load device, but includes all discharge device systems provided with means to automatically substitute another source of current supply for the source of current supply which is first used to supply current, excepting such systems in which the discharge device load is a discharge control type gas or vapor discharge device and the system includes means to supply current and/or potential to the discharge control means.
(3) Note. This subclass does not include systems wherein the one source of energy is a storage battery designed to be charged from the other source of energy, and to be connected to supply the load device when the other source of energy becomes inactive. Such systems are considered to be systems which include the battery as a load device and will be found for the most part in Class 307, Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems, subclasses 46, 48+ and 66+, and Class 320, Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging, having a battery charging and/or discharging, per se, many patents disclosing, but not claiming an additional lamp or discharge device load.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

119,and indented subclasses for systems under the class definition provided with means automatically operating to either complete a shunt circuit about the load device or to open the circuit of the load device, the automatically operating means being operated in response to some condition which prevents further normal operation of the load device.
160,and indented subclasses for other systems under the class definition provided with two or more sources of current supply.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   see (3) Note.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 87]    87With load device or electrode substitution:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 86.  Systems, having in addition subject matter as defined in subclass 88 and the notes thereto.
(1) Note. In many of the systems in this subclass, the first operated source of electrical energy is connected to the first operated load device or electrode, the automatically operating means being operative to connect the second operated source of electrical energy to the second operated load device to thereby substitute a different source of electric energy and a different load device for the first operated source of energy and load device. The respective sources of supply and load devices or electrodes may constitute separate circuits except for the control of the substituted circuit in response to the condition of the first operated circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 88]    88AUTOMATIC SUBSTITUTION OF THE LOAD DEVICE OR ELECTRODE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems having (1) a nonoperating load device connected in the circuit in addition to a load device connected in operating condition in the circuit, or (2) a load device connected in the system which has at least one nonoperating electrode in addition to the electrode or electrodes which are connected in operating relation in the circuit; the system being arranged to operate the operating load device or electrode while the nonoperating load device or electrode is maintained in a nonoperative condition until the first operated load device either fails to operate properly, or is subjected to such excessive voltage or current conditions as would tend to damage the operating load device or electrode, the system being provided with means which operate automatically in response to either such failure of the first operated device or electrodes, or in response to such excessive voltage or current conditions to connect the nonoperating load device or electrode in operative relation in the system whereby such nonoperating load device or electrode is substituted for the first operated device or electrodes.
(1) Note. In systems provided with an incandescent lamp as the load device, the filament or other incandescent body is considered to be an electrode within the meaning of this subclass.
(2) Note. This subclass includes systems wherein the load device is a discharge device having a plurality of cathodes and/or anodes, one of the cathodes or anodes and its corresponding electrode being connected in operative relation in the circuit until one of these electrodes fails or is subjected to excessive voltage or current when the automatically operating means connects the nonoperated electrode in operative condition in the circuit so as to substitute the such electrode for the first operated electrode.
(3) Note. This and the indented subclasses are not restricted to gas or vapor discharge device or electric lamps as the load device, but include all discharge systems which are provided with means to automatically substitute another discharge device for the operating discharge device when the operating discharge device fails to operate properly excepting such systems in which the discharge device load is a discharge control discharge device other than the discontinuous control type gas or vapor discharge device and the system includes means to supply current and/or potential to the discharge control means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

65,for multiple filament load devices which have structurally combined therewith automatically operating means to substitute a second filament for the first operated filament when the first operated filament fails to operate properly.
87,for this subject matter where the system also includes automatically operated means to substitute a second source of power supply for the first operated source of power supply.
129,and indented subclasses, for systems having a signal, indicator, or alarm which may be a lamp or discharge device, and see the reference to this subclass (88) in the notes to the definition of subclass 129 for the line between this subclass (88) and subclass 129.
312,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass for other plural load device systems under the class definition.
334,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for other plural cathode and anode discharge device loads.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 1 and indented subclasses for consumable electrode discharge devices and the systems therefor, provided with (1) automatic means, for substituting another consumable electrode discharge device or other discharge device or lamp for the first operated consumable electrode discharge device, or (2) automatic means for substituting a consumable electrode discharge device for a first operated discharge device or lamp, or (3) automatic means for substituting another electrode for the first operated electrode of the consumable electrode discharge device.
362Illumination,   subclass 254 and indented subclass for illuminating devices provided with an electric lamp, device including means for substituting another light source for the light source in use in event the light source in use is destroyed or extinguished.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 50+ for electronic tube current conversion systems having protective means responsive to dangerous or undesirable conditions within the electronic convertor for correcting the condition or disabling the convertor.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 89]    89Plural substitution of load devices or electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 88.  Systems in which two or more substitute load devices or electrodes are provided for successive substitution as required.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 90]    90Plural load devices with selective substitution of load device or electrode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 88.  Systems provided with a plurality of first to be operated load devices or electrodes and a nonoperating load device or electrode, the nonoperating load device or electrode being connected in the system so that it may be automatically substituted for any one of the first operated load devices or electrodes which either fail or are subjected to excessive voltage or current conditions.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 91]    91Over-voltage or over-current controlled substitution:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 88.  Systems provided with means for automatically substituting the nonoperating load device or electrode for the first to operate load device or electrode in response to excessive voltage or current conditions as would tend to damage the first to operate load device or electrode.
(1) Note. This subclass includes systems provided with an electric discharge gap connected in electrical parallel with the source of supply and the load device, the spark gap being adapted to ionize and to dissipate any voltage or current surge and thereby protect the load device from such surge. It also includes similar systems wherein the discharge gap is designed to replace the load device when the load device fails, the spark gap becoming ionized due to the increase in voltage in the circuit caused by the failure of the load device.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 1+ for systems of general application. Note indented subclasses 117+ for lightning arresters.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 92]    92Diverse-type load device or electrode substituted:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 88.  Systems wherein the load device or electrode which is substituted for the first operated load device or electrode is of a diverse type.
(1) Note. To be considered diverse type load devices, or electrodes, the devices or electrodes must differ in some electrical characteristic. Mere difference in color or shape is not enough to make the load devices of different characteristics within the meaning of this subclass. Discharge devices containing different gases, or having different starting or operating characteristics, or a different number or types of electrodes are considered to be of diverse types. Load devices having different impedances are considered to be of diverse types.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

87,for this subject matter where the system also includes automatically operating means to substitute a second source of current supply for the first operated source of current supply.
178,and the indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for other plural load device systems under the class definition provided with a plurality of load devices of diverse types.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 1 and indented subclasses for similar systems if either the first operated device or the substituted device is a consumable electrode discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 93]    93With current shifting switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 88.  Systems having an electric switch which is automatically operated in response to the failure of the first operated load device or electrode to complete the circuit to the second operated load device or electrode.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

65,for multiple filament load devices which are structurally combined with an automatically operated electric switch for substituting a second filament, for a first operated filament.
87,for this subject matter where the system also includes automatically operating means to substitute a second source of power supply for the first operated source of power supply.
92,for this subject matter where the substituted device is of a different type than the first operated device.
119,and indented subclasses for systems provided with an automatically operating electric switch for completing an electrical circuit in shunt about the load device, such switch means being automatically operated in response to some condition which prevents further normal operation of the load device.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses for electric switches of general application.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 2 for consumable electrode discharge devices, and the systems therefor, provided with an automatically operating current shifting switch to substitute (1) another discharge device, or lamp for the first operated electrode discharge device or lamp if either the first operated or substituted device is a consumable electrode discharge device, or (2) another electrode for the first operated electrode of the consumable electrode device, the switch means being automatically operated in response to some condition which prevents further normal operation of the load device.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 2+ for electromagnetically operated switches of general ap­plication.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 14+ for electrothermally actuated switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 94]    94WITH CATHODE OR CATHODE HEATER SUPPLY CIRCUIT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems having a load device connected in the system, the load device being a discharge device provided with (1) a thermionic cathode adapted to be heated by electric current other than the discharge current flowing through the cathode, or (2) a cathode of the indirectly heated type, that is, a thermionic cathode which is heated by the heat generated in an electric heater element adjacent the cathode, the system being provided with electric circuit means to apply electric current to the cathode or the cathode heater element.
(1) Note. The subclass does not include patents wherein the claims merely state that the load device in the system is provided with a heated thermionic cathode or an indirectly heated cathode and no significant features of the cathode or heating circuit supply are claimed. Such patents are in the other appropriate subclasses of the class.
(2) Note. This and the indented subclasses are not restricted to gas or vapor discharge devices or lamps as the load devices, but include all discharge device systems wherein the discharge device includes a thermionic cathode adapted to be heated by electric current other than the discharge current, or an indirectly heated cathode provided with an electric heater element, the system including circuit means to supply current to the cathode or heater element, excepting such systems in which the discharge device load is a discharge control discharge device other than the discontinuous control type gas or vapor discharge device and the system includes means to supply current and/or potential to the discharge control means.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

112,for systems in which the load device is provided with means for modifying the temperature of the load device.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 310 and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for discharge device structures where the discharge device is provided with an indirectly heated cathode or a resistance heated cathode.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclass 227 and 291, for systems for controlling the current and/or voltage magnitude by means of an electronic tube wherein the control of the electronic tube is by cathode element control. A usual cathode element control is cathode temperature control.
329Demodulators,   appropriate subclasses for demodulators with significant power supply circuitry.
330Amplifiers,   subclass 113 for amplifier systems including those with polyphase power supplies which may supply the tube heaters; subclass 115 for amplifiers including unrectified a.c. supply to vacuum tube filamentary cathodes; subclass 127 for vacuum tube amplifier systems including those having means to control the power supply of a filamentary cathode or cathode heater; subclasses 201, 205, and 206 for vacuum tube amplifiers including power supply to filamentary cathodes.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclass 113 for electronic tube current conversion systems wherein the control of the electronic tube convertor is by cathode element control. A usual cathode element control is cathode temperature control.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 95]    95Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Systems having a plurality of discharge device load devices connected in the system.
(1) Note. Where the circuit has a single discharge device with a supply circuit in which there is a second discharge device which is limited in the claims to being of the gas or vapor type, the patent is classified as a plural discharge device load system even though the second discharge device is in controlling relation to the first, see the main class definition section (9). Conversely where the second discharge device is claimed broadly (not being limited in the claims to being of the gas or vapor type) it is not treated as a second load device.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

113,for plural load device systems provided with means for modifying the temperature of the load devices.
324,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other plural discharge device load device systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 96]    96Series connected cathodes or heaters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Systems having the cathodes and/or the cathode heaters of a plurality of discharge device load devices connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other and the source of cathode or heater current supply.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

99,and indented subclass for systems under subclass 94 wherein a load device in the system is provided with a plurality of cathodes and/or cathode heaters which are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.
185,and indented subclasses for systems provided with a plurality of load devices connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 97]    97Pulsating or A.C. supply to the cathode or heater circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 95.  Systems, wherein the cathode or cathode heater current supply circuit is supplied with pulsating or alternating current.
(1) Note. This subclass includes plural load device systems wherein the cathode or heater circuit includes a rectifier for rectifying alternating current, the rectified current being supplied to the cathode or heater circuit.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

101,for other systems under subclass 94 provided with a rectifier and/or an electric space discharge device in the cathode supply circuit.
105,and indented subclass for other systems under subclass 94 having the cathode or heater circuit supplied with pulsating or alternating current.
250,and indented subclasses for systems provided with a plurality of load devices and a source of pulsating or alternating current supply for the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 98]    98Plural cathodes or heaters in the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Systems, wherein the load device in the system is provided with a plurality of thermionic cathodes or cathode heaters.

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334,and indented subclasses for systems wherein the load device is an electric discharge device provided with a plurality of cathodes and/or a plurality of anodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 99]    99Series connected cathodes or heaters:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 98.  Systems wherein a plurality of the cathodes and/or cathode heaters are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other and the source of cathode or heater current supply.

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96,for systems under subclass 94 having a plurality of load devices connected in the system, the cathodes and/or heaters of two or more of the load devices being connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 100]    100Thermostatic switch in the series circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 99.  Systems provided with a thermostatic electric switch connected in the electrical series circuit which includes the plurality of cathodes and/or cathode heaters, the thermostatic switch being connected in the circuit to open and close the series circuit.
(1) Note. In most of the systems in this subclass, the cathodes and/or heaters are connected in series relation until they have become heated to the operating temperature, the thermostatic switch then opening the series circuit so that the cathodes and/or heaters and the source of current supply are no longer in series relation.

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99,for corresponding systems having other than thermostatic switches.

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337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclass 14 for electrothermally actuated switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 101]    101Discharge device and/or rectifier in the cathode or heater circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Systems having a discharge device and/or an electric current rectifier connected either in electrical shunt relation or electrical series relation with the cathode or the cathode heater and the source of cathode or cathode heater current supply.

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200,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with a space discharge device and/or an electric current rectifier connected in the current supply circuit for the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 102]    102Delayed application of the discharge potential:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Systems provided with means in the system to delay the application of the discharge maintaining potential to the discharge electrodes until the cathode has reached its operating temperature.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 33+ for retarded (time delay) electric switches, per se.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291 for electronic tube regulators.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 59+ for electromagnetically operated switches, per se.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclass 115 for current conversion systems having an electronic tube convertor including means to delay the application of discharge potential to the electronic tube until the cathode has reached its operating temperature. The systems in Class 363, subclass 115, are closely analogous to the systems in this and indented subclasses. See section VI, 7 of the class definition of Class 363 for the line between this class (315) and Class 363.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 103]    103With surge generator in the discharge circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Systems provided with means for generating a surge of potential which is higher than the potential of the source of supply and for applying the potential surge to the discharge electrodes after the cathode has reached its operating temperature.

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263,and 289+, for other systems under the class definition provided with means for impressing a potential surge on the discharge electrodes to initiate a discharge in the discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 104]    104Thermostatic controlled delaying means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Systems wherein the means for delaying the application of the discharge potential to the discharge electrodes is controlled by thermostatic means.
(1) Note. The heat to operate the thermostat may be supplied from the cathode or the cathode heater or from an electrical heating element other than the cathode or the cathode heater connected in the system.

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337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 14+ for electrothermally actuated switches and subclass 298 for thermally controlled switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 105]    105Pulsating or A.C. supply to the cathode or heater circuit
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Systems wherein the cathode or the cathode heater current supply circuit is supplied with pulsating or alternating current.

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97,for this subject matter where there are a plurality of load devices in the system.
101,for systems under subclass 94 wherein the system includes an electric current rectifier in the cathode or cathode heater circuit to rectify the current supplied to the cathode or heater.

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330Amplifiers,   subclasses 113 and 115 for amplifier systems including a polyphase power supply and a.c. power supply, respectively.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 106]    106Automatic cut-out or voltage regulator in the cathode or heater circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 105.  Systems provided with (1) means to open the cathode or the cathode heater circuit, or (2) means to regulate the current supplied to the cathode or the cathode heater circuit, such means being automatically operated in response to some condition.
(1) Note. The condition causing the opening of the cathode circuit may be (1) when the cathode or cathode heater supply voltage and/or current becomes too low or too high for proper operation of the load device, or (2) when more or less than the desired electrical impedance is present in the cathode or cathode heater circuit or (3) when the load device fails to operate in the desired manner, or (4) any condition affecting the operation of the load device. The current supplied to the cathode may be regulated automatically in response to any condition affecting the operation of the load device, such as, the temperature of the load device or the surrounding atmosphere, or the variations of potential of the source of supply.

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99+,for systems under subclass 98, wherein the discharge device is provided with a plurality of cathodes or cathode heaters being connected in series relation until they have reached their operating temperature, the series connection then being automatically opened so that the main discharge may be initiated.
107,for other systems under subclass 94 provided with means for automatically opening the cathode or cathode heater circuit or for automatically regulating the current supplied to the cathode or cathode heater.
114,and 116, for systems under the class definition having electrical means to heat the load device, the circuit supplying electric current to the heating means being provided with an automatic cutout or voltage regulator.
119+,for systems provided with means for automatically opening the circuit of the load device in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.
307+,for systems under the class definition provided with means for automatically regulating the current and/or potential supplied to the load device in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 220 through 354,for miscellaneous systems for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or potential in a single circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 107]    107Automatic cut-out or voltage regulator in the cathode or heater circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 94.  Systems provided (1) with means to open the cathode or the cathode heater circuit, or (2) means to regulate the current supplied to the cathode, or the cathode heater circuit, such means being automatically operated in response to some condition.
(1) Note. The condition causing the opening of the cathode circuit may be (1) when the cathode or cathode heater supply voltage and/or current becomes too low or too high for proper operation of the load device, or (2) when more or less than the desired electrical impedance is present in the cathode or cathode heater circuit or (3) when the load device fails to operate in the desired manner, or (4) any condition affecting the operation of the load device. The current supplied to the cathode may be regulated automatically in response to any condition affecting the operation of the load device, such as, the temperature of the load device or the surrounding atmosphere, or the variations of potential of the source of supply.

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99+,for systems under subclass 98, wherein the discharge device is provided with a plurality of cathodes or cathode heaters being connected in series relation until they have reached their operating temperature, the series connection then being automatically opened so that the main discharge may be initiated.
106,for this subject matter where the current supply for the cathode or cathode heater circuit is pulsating and/or alternating current.
114,and 116, for systems under the class definition having electrical means to heat the load device, the circuit supplying electric current to the heating means being provided with an automatic cutout or voltage regulator.
119+,for systems under the class definition provided with means for automatically opening the circuit of the load device in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.
307+,for systems under the class definition provided with means for automatically regulating the current and/or potential supplied to the load device in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 220 through 354,for miscellaneous systems for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or potential in a single circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 108]    108CONFINED GAS OR VAPOR-TYPE LOAD DEVICE WITH PRESSURE REGULATING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems wherein the load device is of the type which operates in a confined atmosphere of gas or vapor and includes (1) means for evacuating the gas or vapor, and/or (2) means for admitting gas or vapor into the interior of the enclosure of the load device, the system including means to cause such pressure regulating means to become operative when the gas pressure deviates from normal.

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53Package Making,   subclasses 79+ and 403+ for methods of and apparatus for gas filling and/or evacuating of lamps or discharge devices combined with closing.
141Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means,   subclasses 4 , 8, and 65+ for methods of and apparatus for inducing a gas or vapor into or evacuating the envelope of an electric lamp or space discharge device.
250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 281+ for methods and apparatus for the ionic separation or analysis of materials utilizing the mass to electric charge ratio of ionic particles of the material.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 7 , for the structure of an electric lamp or discharge device which has combined therewith an evacuating pump designed to be used during the operation of the lamp or discharge device (as distinguished from such a combination designed only for use during the manufacture of the lamp or discharge device) and subclasses 545 to 566 for lamp and discharge device structures which are provided with a getter, a gas or vapor generating means or other pressure regulating means.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclass 123 for X-ray tubes with vacuum control means.
445Electric Lamp or Space Discharge Component or Device Manufacturing,   subclasses 9+ , for processes of generating a gas or vapor from a material within the envelope of an electric lamp or discharge device and subclass 55 and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definitions of those subclasses for processes of gettering electric lamps or discharge devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 109]    109Auxiliary discharge type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Systems, wherein the load device is a space discharge device provided with at least one auxiliary electrode in addition to the principal discharge electrodes, the discharge between such auxiliary electrode and another electrode when the gas pressure in the enclosure deviates from normal controlling the operation of the gas or vapor regulating means, the auxiliary electrode being either (1) connected in a control circuit so that the flow of current in the auxiliary electrode circuit controls the operation of the gas pressure regulating means or (2) the auxiliary electrode being composed of or containing a material which when heated by the auxiliary discharge releases or absorbs the required gas or vapor to maintain the desired pressure in the enclosure.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 558+ and 566 for the structure of space discharge devices which have an electrode or electrode support containing or coated with a getter material, or a gas or vapor generating material.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 110]    110Valve controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Systems wherein the load device is connected to the pressure regulating device by a conduit which includes a valve, the system including means to operate the valve when the gas pressure deviates from normal.

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137Fluid Handling,   subclasses 455+ for valves which are responsive to a change in line condition, such as pressure.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 545 , for lamps and discharge device structure which include a valve so that the lamp or discharge device may be either evacuated or have gas or vapor introduced into the lamp or discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.01]    111.01DISCHARGE DEVICE LOAD WITH FLUENT MATERIAL SUPPLY TO THE DISCHARGE SPACE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter wherein, the load device in the system is a discharge device, means being provided to supply a fluent material to the discharge area.
(1) Note. This subclass includes systems in which the supply of fluent material is (a) for supplying a stabilizing ionizable or combustible gas to the discharge area, (b) for the purpose of extinguishing the discharge, (c) for deflecting the discharge from the path it would normally take, or (d) for any other purpose not otherwise provided for in some particular art area.
(2) Note. This subclass includes induction-type discharge load devices.

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108+,for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is of the type which operates in a confined atmosphere of gas or vapor and includes means for regulating the pressure of the gas or vapor in the interior of the load device enclosure, the systems including means to cause the pressure regulating means to become operative when the pressure deviates from normal.
112+,for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is provided with means for heating and/or cooling at least part of the load device structure.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 251 for devices for producing and propagating a unidirectional stream of neutral molecules or atoms through a vacuum, usually with thermal velocity; subclasses 281+ for methods and apparatus for the ionic separation or analysis of materials utilizing the mass to electric charge ratio of ionic particles of the materials, the apparatus sometimes used including means to subject a gas or vapor to electron or ionic bombardment for the purpose of charging the particles; subclasses 306+ for methods and apparatus for the inspection of solids or liquids by charged particles; subclasses 324+ for methods and apparatus for subjecting materials to corona radiation; subclasses 432+ for an irradiating source and a fluent material containment, support, or transfer means to permit the irradiation of the fluent material; and subclasses 492.1+ for the irradiation of objects or materials. Search the classes specified in the Class 250 notes for other classes and the appropriate subclasses which provide for other apparatus for either supplying a fluent material to an electrical discharge or for subjecting a fluent material to an electrical discharge.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 545 through 552for the structure of discharge devices which are provided with an envelope and with means for regulating the pressure of the gas, vapor, or vacuum within the envelope; subclasses 231.01+ for discharge devices which are provided with means to supply fluent material to the discharge space; and subclasses 359.1+ for means for generating and accelerating positive or negative ions.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclasses 21+ for consumable electrode discharge devices, and the systems therefor, where the consumable electrode discharge device is provided with means to supply a material, which may be fluent material, to the discharge area between the electrodes.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclass 210 for ion or electron beam deflecting magnets per se and the search notes thereto for combinations including such magnet means.
376Induced Nuclear Reactions: Processes, Systems, and Elements,   subclasses 100+ for devices and methods utilizing a plasma where the disclosed or claimed intent is to effect nuclear fusion reactions.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.11]    111.11With tangential fluent material supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.01.  Subject matter including means for directing the fluent material in a direction which is tangential to the discharge space.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.21]    111.21Plasma generating:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.01.  Subject matter including means for producing a plasma.
(1) Note. Usually plasmas have a neutral net charge, but not necessarily so.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 231.31 for discharge devices, per se, which produce a plasma.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.31]    111.31With extraction electrode:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.21.  Subject matter including means for removing ions of one charge from the plasma or discharge space.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.41]    111.41With magnetic field:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.21.  Subject matter including means for generating a magnetic field.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.51]    111.51Induction type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.41.  Subject matter wherein the discharge is sustained by a high intensity magnetic field.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.61]    111.61Acceleration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.41.  Subject matter wherein the means for producing a magnetic field accelerates the plasma.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.71]    111.71Plasma containment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.41.  Subject matter wherein the magnetic field confines the plasma.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.81]    111.81Electron or ion source:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.01.  Subject matter including means for producing electrons or ions.
(1) Note. Included here are electron sources of general utility.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 111.91]    111.91Gas ionization type (e.g., ion pump or gauge source):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 111.81.  Subject matter wherein the fluent material is bombarded by electrons or ions to produce ions.
(1) Note. Included here are ion sources for ion pumps and ionization gauges.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 359.1+ for ion sources with means to accelerate the ions.
417Pumps,   subclass 49 for ion pumps.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 112]    112WITH LOAD DEVICE TEMPERATURE MODIFIER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems wherein the load device in the system is provided with means for heating and/or cooling at least part of the load device structure.
(1) Note. This and the indented subclasses are not restricted to gas or vapor discharge devices and lamps as load devices or vapor, but include all discharge device systems wherein the discharge device is provided with means for heating and/or cooling the discharge devices, and the system includes means automatically operated in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device to control the operation of the load device, or the system includes means controlled by the temperature modifying medium for altering the operation of the discharge device excepting such systems in which the discharge device load is a discharge control discharge device other than the discontinuous control type gas or vapor discharge device and the system includes means to supply current and/or potential to the discharge control means.

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50,for discharge devices or lamps under the class definition which are combined with means for heating and/or cooling the lamp or discharge device structure, either the lamp or discharge device, or the heating and/or cooling means being structurally combined with an electric circuit element to form a unitary device, or the heating and/or cooling means forming an electrical circuit element, the lamp or discharge device, and the heating and/or cooling means, being structurally united to form a unitary device.
94,and indented subclasses for systems wherein the load device in the system is a discharge device provided with either (1) a thermionic cathode adapted to be heated by an electric current flowing through the cathode, or (2) a cathode of the indirectly heated type, the system including means to apply electric current to the cathode or the cathode heater element.
108,and indented subclasses, for systems having the load device in the system provided with gas or vapor pressure regulating means, the gas or vapor pressure regulating means being responsive to heat. For example, such systems wherein the load device is provided with a material which either vaporizes, or releases, or absorbs gas, when the material is heated.
111.01,for systems under the class definition where the load device is a discharge device, means being provided to supply fluent material to the discharge area between the electrodes.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 11+ for the structure of discharge devices and electric lamps which are provided with means for heating and/or cooling at least part of the discharge device or lamp.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 26 and indented subclasses, for consumable electrode discharge devices provided with temperature modifying means, and the electrical systems therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 113]    113Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Systems having a plurality of load devices connected in the system.

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312,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other plural load device systems within the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 114]    114Electric heater for the load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Systems wherein the load devices are provided with electrical heating means.

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95,and indented subclasses, for systems under the class definition provided with a plurality of discharge device load devices, the discharge devices having either thermionic cathodes designed to be heated by the passage of an electric current or indirectly heated cathodes, the system including means to supply electric current to the cathode or the cathode heater element.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 115]    115Electric heater for the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Systems wherein the load device is provided with electrical heating means.

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46,and indented subclasses, for discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith so as to form a unitary device, a filament, electric heater, or resistance, the filament, heater, or resistance being connected in electrical shunt to the discharge electrodes.
49,for discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith, so as to form a unitary device, a filament or electric heater, the filament or heater being connected in electrical series with the discharge device.
94,and indented subclasses, for systems having a discharge device load device, the discharge device having either a thermionic cathode designed to be heated by the passage of an electric current or an indirectly heated cathode, the system including means to apply electric current to the cathode or the cathode heater element.
114,for this subject matter where there are a plurality of load devices in the system.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 15+ , for the structure of discharge devices and electric lamps which are provided with an electrical heating means for heating the lamp or discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 116]    116Automatic cut-out or voltage regulator for the heater circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Systems provided with (1) means to open the current supply circuit for the heating means, or (2) means to regulate the current supplied to the heating means, such means being automatically operated in response to some condition.
(1) Note. The condition causing the opening of the heater circuit or the operation of the regulating means may be (1) when the load device current and/or voltage becomes too high or too low, or (2) the temperature of the load device, or (3) any other condition affecting the operation of the load device.

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106,and 109, for systems provided with a discharge device load device of the type having either a thermionic cathode designed to be heated by the flow of current there through or an indirectly heated cathode, the system including an automatic cutout or voltage regulator in the cathode or cathode heater current supply circuit.
114,for this subject matter where there are a plurality of load devices in the system.
117,for systems under subclass 112 provided with means other than electric heating means for modifying the temperature of the load device, such temperature modifying means being automatically controlled in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.
119,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with an automatic cutout for the load device.
307,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with automatic regulating means to regulate the supply of current to the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 117]    117Automatic control of the temperature modifier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Systems provided with means for controlling the operation of the heating and/or cooling means, such means being automatically controlled in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.
(1) Note. The condition controlling the temperature responsive means may be (1) the amount of current flow through the load device, or (2) the temperature of the load device, or (3) any other condition affecting the operation of the load device.
(2) Note. See note (1) to the definition of subclass 112.

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114,and 116, for this subject matter where the heating means is an electrical heater.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 429 for apparatus or methods for subjecting fluent materials to radiant energy rays or emanations, the apparatus being provided with means to control the flow of fluent material. Some of the apparatus in subclass 429 of Class 250 includes electrical systems which are closely analogous to the systems in this subclass. Where the fluent material is disclosed merely as a temperature modifying medium for the lamp or discharge devices, classification is in Class 315. Where the fluent material is disclosed as a material being treated, classification is in Class 250.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 13 , for electric lamps and discharge devices which are combined with means for modifying the temperature of the discharge device or lamp and which have means for controlling the operation of the temperature modifier in the apparatus. In Class 313 no electrical system for the lamp or discharge device is provided nor is there any electrical control system for controlling the operation of the temperature modifier. The excluded systems are found in this class (315) and not in Class 313.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 118]    118Load device circuit controlled by the temperature modifying medium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 112.  Systems provided with means controlled by the temperature modifying medium for altering the operation of the load device.
(1) Note. The control exercised over the load device may be to open the circuit of the load device, to regulate the current supply to the load device, or any other control necessary for either the protection or the proper operation of the load device in view of the condition of the temperature modifying medium.
(2) Note. The temperature modifying means may control the load device in response to (1) the temperature of the temperature modifying medium, or (2) the rate of flow of the temperature modifying medium, or (3) any other condition which would affect the operation of the load device.
(3) Note. See note (1) to the definition of subclass 112.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 429 and 430 for methods and apparatus for subjecting fluent materials to radiant energy rays or emanations, the apparatus being provided with means controlled by the fluent material being treated to control the operation of the radiant energy ray generator. Some of the apparatus in subclasses 430 and 453.11+ of Class 250 includes electrical systems which are closely analogous to the systems in this subclass. Where the fluent material is disclosed merely as a temperature modifying medium for the lamp or discharge device, classification is in Class 315. Where fluent material is disclosed as a material being treated, classification is in Class 250.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 119]    119WITH AUTOMATIC SHUNT AND/OR CUTOUT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with means to complete an electrical circuit in shunt about a load device or some part thereof, and/or to open the load device current supply circuit, such means being automatically operated (1) when the load device becomes nonconductive or fails to operate properly, or (2) when the supply voltage and/or current becomes too low or too high for the proper operation of the load device or (3) when more than a desired number of load devices are connected to the supply circuit.

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74,for lamps and discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith, so as to form a unitary device, an automatically operating electric switch which is connected with the lamp or discharge device so as to either open the circuit or close a shunt circuit about the lamp or discharge device when it fails to operate properly.
88,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with (1) two or more load devices, or (2) a load device of the electric discharge type having a plurality of cathodes and/or anodes, or (3) an electric lamp provided with two or more filaments, and provided with means for automatically substituting for (a) one of the load devices, another of the load devices, or (b) the first operated electrode, another electrode, or (c) the first operated filament, another filament, when the first operated device, electrode, or filament fails to operate properly.
106,and 107, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge device having a thermionic cathode heated by the passage of electric current or an indirectly heated cathode, the cathode or cathode heater circuit including means to automatically open the cathode or the cathode heater circuit in response to some condition affecting the operation of the load device.
114,and 116, for systems wherein the load device is provided with electric heating means, the current supply circuit for the heating means being provided with an automatic cutout.
118,for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is provided with a temperature modifying means, the temperature modifying means controlling the operation of a cutout switch for the load device.
129,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with signal means, indicating means, and/or alarm means operated by some means responsive to a condition of the load device to indicate such condition.
340,for other systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge device and the system includes means in the cathode-anode circuit for interrupting or extinguishing the flow of electric discharge current between the cathode and the anode.
360,for systems provided with a time controlled means for (1) supplying a current to the load device for a predetermined time, or (2) interrupting the supply of current to the load device after a predetermined time lapse.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 10 and indented subclasses, for consumable electrode discharge devices, and the systems therefor, provided with an automatic shunt circuit closing means or an automatic cutout means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 120]    120Combined with signal, indicator, or alarm:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Systems having combined therewith signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means operated by some part of the load device or the electrical circuits therefor to indicate some condition in the load device or the circuits therefor.
(1) Note. The condition indicated in the systems in this subclass is usually the condition which causes the shunt circuit closing means or the cutout means to operate.

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129,and indented subclasses, for other systems under the class definition provided with signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 10 , for the structure of electric lamps and discharge devices which are provided with a temperature indicator, and subclasses 323+ for lamps and discharge devices which have combined therewith a signaling means, indicator means or alarm means. In the devices of Class 313 there is no electrical system for supplying current to the lamp or discharge device and there is no electrical system for controlling the signal indicator or alarm. The excluded systems are in this class (315) and not in Class 313.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 403+ for apparatus or methods for electrically testing electric lamps or space discharge devices.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 635+ for electrical signal or alarm systems responsive to or controlled by some condition of some electrical apparatus.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 121]    121Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Systems, having a plurality of load devices connected in the system.
(1) Note. The automatic shunt or cutout means may operate to complete a shunt circuit about and/or to cutout only one of the plurality of load devices, or its supply circuit.

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312,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other plural load device systems within the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 122]    122Series connected load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 121.  Systems wherein two or more of the load devices are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.

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179,and indented subclasses, for other systems having plural diverse type load devices connected in series relation and without an automatic shunt and/or cutout.
185,and indented subclasses, for miscellaneous series connected load devices without an automatic shunt and/or cutout.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 123]    123Plural shunts and/or cut-outs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Systems having (1) a plurality of automatic shunt circuit closing means, (2) a plurality of automatic cutouts, or (3) both an automatic shunt circuit closing means and an automatic cutout means connected in the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 124]    124Auxiliary electrode controlled:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Systems wherein the load device is provided with an auxiliary electrode, the operation of the shunt circuit closing means and/or of the cutout means being controlled by the current and/or potential in the circuit which includes the auxiliary electrode.
(1) Note. In some of the systems in this subclass, the load device is an incandescent filament lamp having an auxiliary electrode mounted in proximity to the filament, the auxiliary electrode being connected in the system so that when the filament is broken, the resultant arc contacts the auxiliary electrode and the shunt circuit closing means or the cut-out means is operated in response to the current flow in the auxiliary electrode circuit.
(2) Note. This subclass includes systems in which the load device is a discharge device having an auxiliary starting or keep-alive electrode, the automatic shunt circuit closing means or cut-out means being operated in response to the current flow conditions in the auxiliary electrode circuit.

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335,and the indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for other systems under the class definition in which the load device is a discharge device provided with an auxiliary electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 125]    125Shunt circuit closing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Systems wherein the electrical circuit in shunt is completed about the load device or some part thereof.
(1) Note. The shunt circuit may be of lower or higher resistance than the resistance of the load device and/or the part around which it is completed, and is often a "short-circuit".

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75,for lamps and discharge devices which have structurally combined therewith, so as to form a unitary device, an automatically operated electric switch connected to the lamp or discharge device so as to complete an electrical shunt about the lamp or discharge device when it fails to operate properly.
122,for this subject matter where the system includes a plurality of series connected load devices.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 11 and indented subclasses, for consumable electrode discharge devices, and the systems therefor, provided with an automatic shunt circuit closing means.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclass 70 for miscellaneous systems having means to restore the circuit by closing a shunt circuit about a load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 126]    126With compensating impedance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 125.  Systems provided with an electrical impedance in the shunt circuit.
(1) Note. This subclass includes systems wherein an electro-responsive switch, such as an electromagnetic or thermostatic switch, is utilized to close the shunt circuit, and the switch operating means, such as the electromagnet coil, or the heater for the thermostat, is included in the shunt circuit so as to hold the switch in operated condition as long as the supply voltage is maintained.

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122,for this subject matter where the system includes a plurality of series connected load devices.
306,for systems provided with a current and/or voltage regulator for the load device connected in shunt relation to the load device.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 13 , and indented subclass, for consumable electrode discharge device systems provided with an automatic shunt circuit closing means for connecting a compensating impedance in shunt to the discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 127]    127Supply circuit current and/or potential actuated switch:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 119.  Systems provided with an electrically operated switch to control the circuit of the discharge device, the switch being operated by means of the current and/or potential changes in the supply circuit of the load device.
(1) Note. This subclass includes systems provided with a fuse.

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120,for this subject matter where the system includes signal means, an indicator, or an alarm.
121,and indented subclass, for this subject matter where there are a plurality of load devices in the system.
123,for this subject matter where the system includes a plurality of shunts and/or cutouts.
124,for this subject matter where the electrically operated switch is controlled by an auxiliary electrode in the load device.
125,and indented subclass, for this subject matter where the switch closes a shunt circuit about the load device.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 15 and indented subclass, for consumable electrode discharge devices, and the systems therefor provided with an electrically operated switch operated by means of current changes in the circuit of the discharge device to complete a shunt circuit about the discharge device, and subclass 18 and indented subclass for such systems for cutting out or opening the circuit of the discharge device.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 2+ for electromagnetically actuated switches of general application.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 14+ for electrothermally responsive electric switches of general application.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 128]    128Plural switch operating means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 127.  Systems wherein the electrical switch is provided with a plurality of operating means.
(1) Note. The switch may be provided with two or more electromagnet coils, or may be a combined thermostatic and electromagnet switch or be provided with any other kind of plural operating means.
(2) Note. The switch may be arranged so that either of the switch operating means may actuate the switch, or the switch may be arranged so that the switch will be actuated only when both of the actuating means are at a predetermined condition, or the switch may be arranged so that one of the means furnishes a biasing force against or for actuation, the other switch operating means completing the actuation of the switch.

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335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 177+ for electromagnetically operated switches having plural operating magnet means and subclass 266 for electromagnets with armature utilizing plural coils or magnets.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 129]    129WITH SIGNAL, INDICATOR, OR ALARM:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means operated by some part of the load device or the electrical circuits therefor to indicate some condition in the load device or the circuits therefor.
(1) Note. The condition indicated may be the operative or inoperative condition of the load device or the circuit therefor, or the time that the load device has been operated, or the degree of heat of some part of the discharge device, or any other desired condition.
(2) Note. This and the indented subclasses do not include systems where a lamp or gas or vapor discharge device is the sole signal or indicator means to show some condition in system except where the casing or mounting for the signal lamp or discharge device which is used as a signal is claimed. Patents excluded are cross-referenced to this or the indented subclasses and are cross-referenced to this or the indented subclasses and are classified either as a plural load device system or in subclasses 88+ where the signal lamp or discharge device is operative only on failure of a first operated lamp or discharge device to operate properly. See the reference to subclasses 88+ under "Search This Class, Subclass", below. Where one of the lamps or discharge devices is claimed broadly as a signaling means, the patent is placed in this or the indented subclasses and cross-referenced to the other appropriate subclasses in this class.

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88,and indented subclasses, where the system includes two load devices and the system is arranged so that one of the load devices is energized only after the first load device fails to operate, even though the second operated load device is disclosed and claimed as a signal for the first operated load device, excepting where the casing or mounting for the load device which is used as a signal is claimed when the patent is placed in this subclass (129) or the indented subclasses and cross-referenced to subclass 88, and indented subclasses.
119,and indented subclasses, for systems under the class definition provided with automatically operating means to complete an electrical circuit in shunt about the discharge device or some part thereof, and/or to open the electric circuit of the discharge device or some part thereof, such means being automatically operated in response to some condition of the discharge device which prevents further operation of the discharge device in the normal manner, especially subclass 120 where the system also includes automatically operating means to open the circuit and/or close a shunt circuit about the load device when the load device fails to operate properly.

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116Signals and Indicators,   appropriate subclasses, for nonelectrical signals and indicators of general application.
313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclass 10 , for the structure of electric lamps and discharge devices which are provided with a temperature indicator and subclasses 323+ for lamps and discharge devices which have combined therewith a signaling means, indicator means or alarm means. In the devices in Class 313 there is no electrical system for supplying current to the lamp or discharge device and there is no electrical system for controlling the signal indicator or alarm. The excluded systems are in this class (315) and not in Class 313.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 9 , for consumable electrode discharge devices, and the systems therefor provided with signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means.
324Electricity: Measuring and Testing,   subclasses 403+ for apparatus or methods for electrically testing electric lamps or space discharge devices.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 500+ for electric signaling systems automatically responsive to a condition, particularly subclasses 641+ for a signalling light condition responsive indicating system.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 130]    130Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Systems having a plurality of load devices connected in the system.
(1) Note. The signal, indicator, or alarm means may indicate the condition of only one of the plurality of load devices, or of its supply circuit.
(2) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 131]    131Selective indication of the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 130.  Systems having the signal, indicator, or alarm means so arranged that the condition of any one of two or more of the load devices or of their supply circuits will be indicated by the signal, indicator or alarm means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 132]    132Plural signals, indicators, or alarms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 131.  Systems provided with a plurality of signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means.
(1) Note. Each of the signal, indicator, or alarm means may indicate the condition of only one of the load devices or its supply circuit, or there may be a plurality of signal, indicator, or alarm means, one of which may be arranged to indicate the condition of two or more of the load devices, or their supply circuits.

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133,for plural signals, indicators, or alarms associated with single load devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 133]    133Plural signals, indicators, or alarms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Systems provided with a plurality of signaling means, or indicator means, or alarm means.

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132,for plural load device systems under the class definition provided with a plurality of signal, indicator, or alarm means for selectively indicating the condition of a plurality of load devices or their supply circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 134]    134Radiant energy responsive control type:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Systems provided with a device sensitive to the radiant energy generated by the load device for controlling the operation of the signal, indicator, or alarm means.

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149,and indented subclasses, for systems not having indicators, etc., provided with a radiant energy sensitive device for controlling the operation of the load device.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200+ and the classes and subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for photocell control electric circuits and photocell apparatus.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclasses 298+ for thermally responsive electric switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 135]    135Discharge device and/or rectifier in the signal circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Systems provided with a discharge device or rectifier connected in the circuit of the signal, indicator or alarm means, the signal, indicator or alarm means being controlled by the current flowing through the discharge device or the rectifier.
(1) Note. Where the discharge device in the signal, indicator, or alarm means circuit is of the type defined in the class definition as being included as a load device in this class, the patent is classified as a plural load device system in subclass 130 and indented subclasses above even though the discharge device is not disclosed or claimed as anything more than a means for controlling the current flow to the signal, indicator, or alarm means.

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200,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with a discharge device or rectifier connected either in electrical series relation or electrical shunt relation to the load device and the source of current supply for the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 136]    136Electrically operated switch controlling the signal circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 129.  Systems having an electrical signal, indicator, or alarm means, the circuit of the electrical signal, indicator, or alarm means being controlled by an electrically operated electric switch which is actuated in response to some condition of the load device or its supply circuit.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   particularly subclass 12 and indented subclass.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 2+ for electromagnetically operated switches of general application.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   appropriate subclasses.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 500+ for electric signaling systems automatically responsive to a condition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 137]    137POLYPHASE A.C. SUPPLY:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with (1) means for supplying electrical energy from a source of polyphase alternating currents to one or more load devices, or (2) a source of polyphase alternating current and means for converting the polyphase alternating currents to current of another character which is supplied to one or more load devices.
(1) Note. In the systems of (1) above, the source of current may be either a direct or single phase alternating current, the system including means to convert the current to polyphase alternating currents which are supplied to one or more load devices.
(2) Note. In the system of (2) above, the polyphase alternating currents may be converted to either single phase alternating current or direct current which is supplied to one or more devices.
(3) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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160,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with a plurality of sources of current supply, not especially indented subclass 174, for such systems having a plurality of alternating current supplies of diverse types.
194,and indented subclasses, for systems wherein the discharge device is provided with discharge controlling means, such as a grid electrode, and the discharge control circuit includes means to shift the phase of the control current or potential with respect to the pulsating and alternating current in the cathode-anode circuit of the discharge device. In the systems of subclass 194 and indented subclasses, the source of supply current for the load device need not be a pulsating or alternating current. Where the source of supply current is pulsating or alternating, and the control means is claimed as an auxiliary starting electrode, the patent is classified in this subclass (137) or the indented subclasses and cross-referenced to subclass 194 and indented subclasses. Where the claims only recite a control device even though an auxiliary starting electrode is disclosed, the patent is classified in subclass 194 and indented subclasses.

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307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 13+ for polyphase circuits of general application.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 31 , for consumable electrode discharge devices in combination with means for supplying polyphase alternating currents to the discharge device.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   appropriate subclasses, for polyphase alternating current systems having a single input and a single output circuit and provided with means for controlling the voltage and/or current and/or phase of the polyphase alternating current.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   appropriate subclasses for conversion systems which are supplied with polyphase alternating currents, particularly subclasses 1+ for combined or plural conversions systems; subclasses 13+ for current conversion (e.g., rectification, decertification) systems; subclasses 148+ for systems for converting an input alternating current having one number of phases into alternating current having a different number of phases; and subclasses 157+ for frequency conversion systems which may be supplied with polyphase alternating current.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 138]    138M phase to N phase (e.g., phase splitters):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Systems provided with (1) a source of single phase alternating current and means to convert the single phase current to polyphase alternating currents, or (2) a source of polyphase alternating currents and means to convert the polyphase currents to either single phase currents or polyphase alternating currents of a different number of phases.
(1) Note. Systems under the class definition provided with a single phase source of supply and "phase splitting" means for supplying the load device with polyphase currents are in this subclass.

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194,and indented subclasses, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge control discharge device having discharge control means, and the control circuit includes means to shift the phase of the control current or voltage with respect to the current flowing in the cathode-anode circuit of the load device. For the line between this subclass (138) and subclass 194 and indented subclasses, see the notes to the definition of subclass 137.

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363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 2+ and the subclasses mentioned in the notes thereto, for systems for converting an alternating current having one number of phases into alternating current having another number of phases either alone or in combination with current and/or frequency conversion.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 139]    139Polyphase supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 138.  Systems wherein the source of supply is a source of polyphase alternating currents.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 140]    140Phase multiplying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Systems provided with means for converting the polyphase alternating currents of the supply source to polyphase alternating currents of a greater number of phases which are supplied to the load device.

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138,for systems under the class definition for converting single phase alternating currents to polyphase alternating currents.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 141]    141Transformer in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Systems provided with transformer means connected between the source of supply and the load device for supplying electric current to the load device.

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140,for this subject matter where the system includes phase multiplying means.
276,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes thereto for other systems in this class provided with a transformer in the supply circuit.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclass 361 , for miscellaneous polyphase transformer systems.
336Inductor Devices,   subclasses 5+ for the structure of polyphase transformers and inductive reactors.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 142]    142With interphase transformer in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Systems wherein the transformer means includes at least two sets of transformer windings, each of the sets of transformer windings including a plurality of windings connected to a common connecting point, the two common connecting points being connected together by means of an inductive winding which either constitutes, or is a part of, an interphase transformer.
(1) Note. One of the more common types of transformer means included in the subclasses is the type wherein the secondary of the transformer is provided with two star connected polyphase windings, the neutral points being connected together by means of an inductance, the star connected windings being connected to either (1) a plurality of discharge devices or (2) to the anodes of a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device, the common return conductor from the plural discharge devices or the return conductor from the cathode of the plural cathode and/or anode discharge device being connected to the midpoint of the inductance so that the inductance functions as an interphase autotransformer.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 143]    143Convertible transformer connections:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Systems in which the transformer means is provided with a plurality of phase coils, and means are provided for connecting the phase coils in different manners with respect to each other.
(1) Note. One of the more common types of transformer means included in this subclass is the type in which the primary or secondary phase coils may be connected either in star or delta.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 144]    144Plural load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Systems having a plurality of load devices connected to the transformer.

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138,and indented subclasses, for this subject matter where there is a phase changing transformer in the supply circuit of the plurality of load devices, especially indented subclass 140, where the transformer means is a phase multiplying means.
146,for other plural load device systems under subclass 137 where there are a plurality of discharge control discharge device load devices in the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 145]    145Plural cathode and/or anode load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 141.  Systems in which the load device which is connected to the transformer is a discharge device having two or more cathodes and/or two or more anodes.

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147,and indented subclass, for other systems under subclass 137 wherein the load device is a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device.
260,and indented subclasses, for other alternating current systems under the class systems wherein the load device is a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device.
334,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses, for other systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 146]    146Plural discharge control discharge device load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Systems having a plurality of discharge device load devices in the system, the discharge devices being provided with a discharge controlling means.

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195,and indented subclasses, for systems wherein there are a plurality of discharge control discharge device load devices, the system including phase shifting means to vary the phase of the discharge controlling current and/or potential with respect to the current flow in the cathode-anode circuit of the discharge device.
252,and see the notes thereto for other alternating current systems which include a plurality of discharge control discharge device load devices.
325,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass, for other systems which include a plurality of discharge control discharge device load devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 147]    147Plural cathode and/or anode discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Systems in which the load device is a discharge device having two or more cathodes and/or two or more cathodes and/or two or more anodes.

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145,for this subject matter where the system includes a transformer in the supply circuit of the load device.
260,and indented subclasses, for other systems under the class definition wherein a plural cathode and/or anode load device is supplied with alternating current.
334,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses, for other plural cathode and/or anode load device systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 148]    148Discharge control discharge device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 147.  Systems in which the discharge device is provided with a discharge controlling means.
(1) Note. Systems under subclass 147 in which the discharge device is provided with an auxiliary discharge electrode are classified in this subclass. The auxiliary electrode may be supplied with alternating current which is out of phase with the current supplied to the principal electrode, or the principal electrodes may be connected to a polyphase system and the auxiliary electrode may be supplied with current of any character.

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146,for polyphase systems which include two or more discharge device loads, having a discharge controlling means.
261,and indented subclasses, subclass 267, and subclass 268 and indented subclasses, for nonpolyphase alternating current systems having a discharge device load with a discharge controlling means; subclass 261 and indented subclasses, for plural cathode and/or anode type with an auxiliary starting electrode, subclass 267, for those with an electromagnet control means, and subclass 268 and indented subclasses for those with miscellaneous control means.
335,and indented subclass, subclass 339, subclass 341 and indented subclasses, subclass 344 and indented subclasses, and subclass 349 and indented subclasses, for nonalternating current systems having a discharge device load with a discharge controlling means; and subclass 335 and indented subclass, and subclass 339, for plural cathode and/or anode type, subclass 335, with an auxiliary starting electrode and subclass 339 with miscellaneous discharge controlling means; subclass 341 and indented subclasses, for devices having plural discharge control means; subclass 349 and indented subclasses, for devices having miscellaneous discharge control means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 149]    149WITH RADIANT ENERGY SENSITIVE CONTROL MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems wherein the system includes means for controlling the operation of the load device by means of radiant energy.
(1) Note. The load device may be a radiant energy sensitive device, that is, a load device whose operation is altered when subjected to radiant energy, or the system may include a radiant energy sensitive device, such as a photocell, which controls the operation of the load device when subjected to radiant energy.
(2) Note. The term "radiant energy" as used in this subclass and the indented subclasses includes radiant energy of any type, such as X-ray, light rays whether within the visible spectrum or not, Herztian waves and other radiated electrical energy, and emanations from radio-active substances.

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10,and indented subclass, for cathode-ray tube loads with radiant energy sensitive control means.
34,for structurally combined load devices and antenna.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 200+ and the classes and subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for photocell controlled electric circuits and photocell apparatus.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 63 , for consumable electrode discharge device systems provided with a radiant energy ray device for controlling the operation of the consumable electrode device.
340Communications: Electrical,   subclasses 12.22 , 12.5-12.53, and 13.24-13.26 are generic subclasses for the control of apparatus and devices at a distance by means of wireless or radio wave energy.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 150]    150Radiant energy responsive load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems wherein the load device is a radiant energy sensitive device, that is, a load device whose operation is altered when subjected to radiant energy rays.

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313Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices,   subclasses 523+ and the subclasses specified in the Notes thereto for radiant energy sensitive electric lamps and discharge device structures, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 151]    151Load device irradiating the radiant energy responsive device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems having the radiant energy sensitive device arranged with respect to the load device so that radiant energy generated by the load device is applied to the radiant energy sensitive device.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclass 205 , for similar systems where the system is provided with means for supplying output current to a device other than a lamp or gas or vapor type electronic tube or when the system includes significant apparatus, such as supporting or mounting means for the lamp or gas or vapor tube, which is excluded from this class (315) by the class definition.
314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 63 , for consumable electrode discharge device systems, having the spacing of the discharge electrodes with respect to each other controlled by a radiant energy sensitive device which is subjected to the radiant energy generated by the discharge between such electrodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 152]    152Plural load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems having a plurality of load devices connected in the system.
(1) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device, even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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312,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition for other plural load device systems under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 153]    153Selective energization of the load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Systems wherein one or more of the load devices may be energized separately from the other load device in the system, the selection of the load device or devices to be energized being controlled by the radiant energy sensitive means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 154]    154Selective electric switch controlled by the radiant energy responsive device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 153.  Systems wherein the means for selecting the load device or devices to be energized is an electrically operated switch whose operation is controlled by the radiant energy sensitive means.

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313,and indented subclasses, for other plural load device systems under the class definition provided with selective switching means.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 173+ for photocell controlled relay circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 155]    155Plural radiant energy responsive devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems having a plurality of radiant energy sensitive devices connected in the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 156]    156Radiant energy control of an electric discharge device in the supply circuit of the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems having a discharge device connected either in electrical series relation or electrical shunt relation to the source of current supply for the load device and the load device the operation of the discharge device being controlled by the radiant energy sensitive means.

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200,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition, for other systems under the class definition provided with a discharge device or rectifier in the supply circuit of the load device.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 206+ , for miscellaneous electric circuits which are controlled by a photocell.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 157]    157Discharge control discharge device load controlled by the radiant energy responsive device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems wherein the load device is a discharge device having a discharge controlling means, and the system includes means for applying an electric current and/or potential to the discharge control means, the application of the discharge controlling current and/or potential being controlled by the radiant sensitive means.

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335,and indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for discharge device loads having an auxiliary starting electrode.
339,and subclass 341 and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to those subclasses for discharge device loads provided with a plurality of discharge control means.
344,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to those subclasses, for discharge device loads when the discharge control means is an electromagnet.
349,and the subclasses specified in the notes to those subclasses, for other discharge device loads provided with discharge control means.

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250Radiant Energy,   subclasses 206+ , for miscellaneous electric circuits which are controlled by a photocell.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 158]    158Radiant energy controlled regulation of the current supply for the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems provided with means to regulate the current or voltage supplied to the load device, the regulating means being controlled by the radiant energy sensitive devices.

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151,for this subject matter where the system includes means to subject the radiant energy sensitive device to the radiant energy generated by the load device the radiant energy device controlling the regulating means.
291,and indented subclasses for other systems provided with means to regulate the current and/or voltage supplied to the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 159]    159Electric switch controlled by the radiant energy responsive device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 149.  Systems provided with an electrically operated circuit controlling switch whose operation is controlled by the radiant energy sensitive means.

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313,and indented subclasses, and subclass 362, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for other systems which include a switch in the supply circuit of the load device.

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361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 173+ for photocell controlled relay circuits.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 160]    160PLURAL POWER SUPPLIES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with two or more sources of current supply.
(1) Note. The sources of current supply may be of the same or diverse types and each of the sources may supply current to the same load device either simultaneously or alternately or each of the sources may supply current to a separate load device.
(2) Note. To be diverse type current supplies, the current supplies must differ in some electrical characteristics. Alternating currents of different frequencies, a source of current of constant potential and a source of current of varying potential, a rectified alternating current and a source of direct current, are examples of diverse type current supplies. Where the circuit for supplying the load device with current includes a current modifying means which may be used at selected intervals to modify the current flowing in the supply circuit so that the load device is sometimes supplied with one type of current from the source of supply and is at other times supplied from the same source of supply with the modified current, the system is not included in this subclass or the indented subclasses, but will be found in the appropriate subclasses below.
(3) Note. This subclass does not include systems wherein one source of energy is a storage battery or similar device designed to be charged at least at times from either the other source of supply or from an independent source of current supply. Such systems are considered to include a load device other than a discharge device or lamp and therefore not within the definition of this class and will be found for the most part in Class 307, Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems, subclasses 46, 48+, 66+, and 155+, and Class 320, Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging, having battery charging and/or discharging, per se, many patents disclosing, but not claiming, an additional lamp or discharge device load.

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86,for systems including means to supply a load device with current from one source and automatically operated means to substitute a second source of current supply when the first source fails to operate properly, including substitution of a second diverse source.

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307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   see (3) Note above.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 161]    161Plural load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems having a plurality of load devices in the system.
(1) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system, if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being as a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device, even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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312,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of that subclass for other plural load device systems under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 162]    162Diverse type load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Systems wherein at least one of the load devices is of a different type from that of another of the load devices.
(1) Note. To be considered diverse type load devices, the load devices must differ in some electrical characteristics.

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87,for systems under the class definition wherein the system includes a plurality of diverse type load devices and a plurality of sources of current supply of diverse types, the system including means to supply current to one of the load devices from one of the sources of current supply and automatically operated means to substitute another diverse type load device and diverse type current supply for the first operated load device and current supply when they fail to operate properly.
178,and indented subclasses, and see the notes to the definitions thereof for other systems having plural load devices of diverse types.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 163]    163Simultaneous application of diverse type current supplies to a load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 162.  Systems wherein at least two of the sources of current supply are of diverse types and at least one of the load devices is supplied with current from each of the two diverse current supplies simultaneously.
(1) Note. The types of current supplies which are considered to be diverse types are defined in the notes to the definition of subclass 160.

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166,for systems having plural load devices of the same type and a plurality of diverse type current sources which simultaneously supply current to at least one load device.
176,for single load device systems which include a plurality of diverse type current sources which simultaneously supply current thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 164]    164Series connected current supplies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Systems wherein at least two sources of current supply are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.

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170,for single load device systems provided with a plurality of series connected current supply sources.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 165]    165Diverse type current supplies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Systems wherein at least two sources of current supply are of diverse types.
(1) Note. The types of current supplies which are considered to be diverse types are defined in the notes to the definition of subclass 160 of this class.

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162,for this subject matter where there are a plurality of diverse type load devices in the system.
175,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definitions thereof, for other systems wherein at least two of the sources of current supply are of diverse types.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 166]    166Simultaneous application to a load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Systems wherein at least one of the load devices is supplied with current from each of two diverse current supplies simultaneously.

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163,for this subject matter where there are plural load devices of diverse types.
164,and 170, where the sources of current supply are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.
176,for this subject matter where there is a single load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 167]    167Plural cathode and/or anode load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems wherein the load device is a discharge device which has two or more cathodes and/or two or more anodes.

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334,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes thereto for other plural cathode and/or anode load device systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 168]    168Diverse type current supplies to auxiliary and principal electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Systems wherein the discharge device is provided with at least one principal anode and at least one principal cathode and an auxiliary discharge electrode, the discharge device being connected in the system with one source of supply connected between a principal cathode and a principal anode and another source of supply of a diverse type connected between the auxiliary discharge electrode and one of the principal electrodes.
(1) Note. The type of current supplies which are considered to be diverse types are defined in note (2) to the definition of subclass 160.

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169.1+,for other systems wherein different electrodes of a plural cathode and/or anode load device are supplied with diverse types of current.
335,and indented subclass, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for other discharge device systems wherein the discharge device is provided with an auxiliary starting electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 169.1]    169.1Diverse-type energizing or bias supplies to different electrodes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Subject matter in which the discharge device is connected so that the discharge path between one anode and cathode is supplied with energizing or bias current from one source of supply and a different discharge path between another anode and cathode path is supplied with current from another source of supply of a diverse type.
(1) Note. Distinction should be made between subject matter claiming energizing or bias potentials which may turn on a display either entirely or in a nonimage mode, classifiable here, and subject matter claiming selective energizing, pulsing or other input responsive signaling which results in a display producing a light image or message which subject matter is classifiable in Class 345.
(2) Note. The type of current (energizing or bias) supplies which are considered to be diverse are defined in Note (2) of the definition of subclass 160. Other examples of diverse current sources may be lines carrying different "phases" of a clock pulse source, or lines carrying different time based pulses.

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168,for this subject matter where the discharge device is provided with an auxiliary discharge electrode, one source of current being connected to the principal cathode and the principal electrode and one of the principal electrodes.
337,for systems wherein the load device is a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device, the discharge device being supplied with current for the different anodes or cathodes from a single source of supply and means being provided so that different potentials are maintained at different anodes or cathodes.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 169.2]    169.2Including shifting of register, counter, or display:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.1.  Subject matter in which the effect of the energizing currents is to make the discharge path in the discharge device move from one position to a next position.
(1) Note. Such discharge path movement or shifting may be a subcombination of pulse input into a register, and added count in a counter, or the input of display array control signals into a gas panel display. Caveat: Where "writing", "erasing", data responsive, or other selective structure or function is recited, such a claim to the combination of display panel and selective control is classified in Class 345.

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365Static Information Storage and Retrieval,   for magnetic registers for data storage, subclasses 185.01+ for floating gate memory storage (e.g., flash memory).
377Electrical Pulse Counters, Pulse Dividers, or Shift Registers: Circuits and Systems,   for pertinent subclass(es) determined by schedule rewiew.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 169.3]    169.3Electroluminescent device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.1.  Subject matter in which the discharge device includes electroluminescent material.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 169.4]    169.4Gas display panel devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 169.1.  Subject matter in which the discharge device is a gas or plasma panel.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 170]    170Series connected current supplies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems, wherein at least two sources of current supply are connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.

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164,for this subject matter where there are a plurality of load devices in the system.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 171]    171Discharge device and/or rectifier in one of the supply circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems provided with a discharge device or an electric current rectifier connected either in electrical series relation or electrical shunt relation to the load device and one of the sources of current supply.

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200,and indented subclasses, for other systems provided with a rectifier or a discharge device in the supply circuit of the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 172]    172Periodic switch in one of the supply circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems having a periodic switch connected in at least one of the current supply circuits so as to periodically interrupt or vary the flow of current to the load device.

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209,and indented subclasses for other systems provided with a periodic switch connected in the supply circuit of the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 173]    173Condenser in one of the supply circuits:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems having a condenser connected either in electrical series relation or electrical shunt relation to the load device and one of the sources of current supply.

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227,and indented subclasses, for other systems provided with a condenser in the supply circuit of the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 174]    174Plural diverse pulsating or A.C. supplies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems wherein at least two of the sources of supply are pulsating and/or alternating current sources, the current sources being of a diverse type with respect to each other.
(1) Note. The types of current supplies which are considered to be diverse types are defined in note (2) to the definition of subclass 160 of this class.

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246,and indented subclasses, for other systems wherein the load device is connected to a source of alternating current supply.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 175]    175Diverse-type current supplies:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 160.  Systems wherein two of the sources of current supply are of diverse types.
(1) Note. The type of current supplies which are considered to be diverse types are defined in note (2) to the definition of subclass 160, of this class.

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86,and indented subclass for systems wherein means are provided to operate the load device from one source of supply while a second source of the same or diverse type is maintained in nonoperating condition, and the system includes means which operate automatically in response to some condition affecting the operation of the system, such as a failure of the current supply source, to connect the nonoperating source of energy in operative relation in the system to supply current to the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 176]    176Simultaneous application to the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 175.  Systems wherein a load device is supplied with current from each of the two diverse current supplies simultaneously.

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163,for this subject matter where there are plural diverse type load devices.
164,where the current supply sources are connected in electrical series relation and there are plural load devices of the same type.
166,for this subject matter where there are plural load devices of the same type.
168,and 169, for this subject matter where the load device is a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device.
170,where there is a single load device and the current supplies are connected in electrical series relation.
174,for this subject matter in which there are diverse pulsating and/or alternating current supplies.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 177]    177LOAD DEVICE IN THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY CIRCUIT OF THE SUPPLY TRANSFORMER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with a transformer connected between the source of supply and a load device for supplying electric current and/or potential to the load device, the system also including a load device connected in the primary circuit of the transformer.
(1) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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200,and indented subclasses and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definitions thereof for other systems provided with a discharge device or rectifier in the supply circuit of a load device.
254,and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for other plural load device systems having a transformer connected in the supply circuit.
276,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to these subclasses for other single load device systems having a transformer connected in the supply circuit of the load device.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 355 through 363,for miscellaneous transformer systems.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 178]    178PLURAL DIVERSE-TYPE LOAD DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems having two or more load devices connected in the system, at least one of the load devices being of a different type from another of the load devices.
(1) Note. To be considered diverse type load devices, the load devices must differ in some electrical characteristic. Mere difference in color or shape is not enough to make the load devices of different characteristics within the meaning of the definition of this subclass. Discharge devices containing different gases, or having different starting or operating characteristics, or having a different number or types of electrodes are considered to be of diverse types. Load devices having different impedances are considered to be diverse types.
(2) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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46,for an incandescent lamp filament and a discharge device which are structurally combined in one envelope with the filament connected in shunt relation with the discharge electrodes.
67,for multiple filament lamps having structurally combined therewith an electric circuit element such as a switch, the filaments being of different resistance.
87,and subclass 88 and indented subclasses, for systems provided with two or more load devices, of the same or different types, one of which is maintained in nonoperating condition until the first operated fails to operate properly, the system being provided with means to automatically substitute the nonoperated load device for the load device which fails to operate properly.
162,and indented subclass, where there is a plurality of load devices and a plurality of sources of current supply.
177,where one of the load devices is in the primary circuit of the current supply transformer, and the other is in the secondary circuit.
200,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with a discharge device or rectifier which is not a diverse load device in the supply circuit of the load device.
349,and indented subclasses and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for systems provided with a discharge device which is not a diverse load device in the discharge control circuit of the discharge device load.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 7 , where one of the load devices is a consumable electrode discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 179]    179Series connected diverse-type load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Systems having two or more different type load devices connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.

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49,for devices which include an electric filament lamp and a discharge device which are structurally combined into a single unitary device, the filament and the discharge device being connected in electrical series relation.
177,for systems provided with a load device in the secondary circuit of he the supply transformer and a load device in the primary circuit of the transformer.
185,and indented subclasses, for systems provided with a plurality of similar type load devices connected in electrical series relation.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 8 , where one of the series connected devices is a consumable electrode discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 180]    180Plural diverse discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Systems wherein at least two of the series connected load devices are electric space discharge devices which are each of a different type from that of the other load device.

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36,for devices which include a plurality of discharge device units and an electrical circuit which are all structurally combined in a single unitary structure, the discharge device units being connected in electrical series relation.
189,and indented subclass, for systems which include a plurality of series connected electric discharge devices which are of a similar type.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 8 , where one of the series connected discharge devices is a consumable electrode discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 181]    181Asymmetrical discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 180.  Systems wherein at least one of the series connected discharge devices is of the type which conducts more current in one direction of current flow between the principal discharge electrodes than is conducted in the other direction of current flow between the principal discharge electrodes.

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190,for systems provided with a plurality of series connected asymmetrical discharge devices which are of similar types.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 182]    182Electric discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 178.  Systems wherein at least one of the load devices in the system is a discharge device.

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378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclass 92 for circuits for plural X-ray sources.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 183]    183Plural diverse discharge device loads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 182.  Systems wherein there are at least two discharge device loads which are of different types.

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180,and indented subclass, where the diverse type discharge devices are connected in electric series relation.
324,and indented subclass, and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definitions thereof for other plural discharge device loads.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 7 and indented subclass, where one of the discharge devices is a consumable electrode discharge device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 184]    184THREE OR MORE LOAD DEVICES CONNECTED BETWEEN DIVERSE PAIRS OF PAIRED CONDUCTORS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems wherein each side of the supply circuit consists of at least a pair of conductors, the conductors on one side of the supply circuit being adapted to be connected to one pole of the source of supply, the conductors on the other side of the supply circuit being adapted to be connected to the opposite pole of the source of supply, at least three load devices being connected between these two pairs of conductors, at least one conductor of each pair of conductors on each side of the supply circuit having at least two load devices connected thereto, each of these two load devices being connected to different conductors of the pair of conductors on the other side of the supply circuit, so that by connecting one conductor on each side of the supply circuit to the source of supply, a selected one of the load devices may be supplied with current, for example:

Image 1 for class 315 subclass 184

  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 185]    185PLURAL SERIES CONNECTED LOAD DEVICES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems having two or more load devices connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.

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36,for devices having a plurality of discharge device units and an electrical circuit element structurally combined in a single unitary device, the discharge devices being connected in electrical series relation.
49,for devices having a filament lamp and a discharge device structurally combined in a single unitary structure, the lamp and discharge device being connected in electrical series relation.
66,for multiple filament lamps structurally combined with a circuit element, such as a switch, the filaments being adapted to be connected in electrical series relation.
96,and subclass 99 and indented subclass, for series connected cathodes or heaters.
122,where an automatic shunt or cut-out means is provided to open the circuit of, or to close a shunt about, the circuit of at least one of the series connected load devices when the load device fails to operate properly.
177,for systems provided with a load device in the secondary of a supply transformer, and another load device in the primary circuit of the supply transformer.
179,for the subject matter of this subclass where the series connected load devices are of diverse types.
256,for systems under the definition of subclass 363, wherein a transformer is connected in the supply circuit of two or more nonseries connected load devices, the primaries of the transformers being connected in electrical series relation with respect to each other.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 8 , for systems provided with a plurality of series connected consumable discharge devices.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 65+ for systems wherein a single current conversion is attained by plural convertors which may be electronic tubes connected in series.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 186]    186Periodic switch in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Systems having a periodic switch connected in the current supply circuit so as to periodically interrupt or vary the flow of current to at least one of the load devices.
(1) Note. The periodic switch may be connected in shunt to a load device so as to periodically interrupt or vary the flow of current to the load device by completing a shunt circuit about the load device.

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119,and indented subclasses, for systems having automatic means to close a shunt circuit about a load device.
210,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definitions thereof for other plural load device systems with a periodic switch in the circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 187]    187Condenser in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Systems provided with a condenser connected either in electrical series relation or electrical shunt relation to at least one of the series connected load devices and the source of supply for the load device.

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228,and indented subclasses and the notes to the definitions thereof for other plural load device systems with a condenser in the supply circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 188]    188Condenser in shunt to load and supply:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 187.  Systems wherein the condenser is connected in electrical shunt relation with respect to at least one of the load devices and the source of supply.

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232,for other plural load device systems having a condenser connected in shunt to a load device.
241,and indented subclasses, for single load device systems having a condenser connected in shunt to the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 189]    189Discharge device loads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Systems wherein the series connected load devices are discharge devices.
(1) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system, if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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36,for devices which include a plurality of discharge device units and an electrical circuit element structurally combined in a single unitary structure, the discharge devices being connected in electrical series relation.
180,and indented subclass, for systems under the class definition which include a plurality of series connected diverse type discharge device loads.
187,and indented subclass, for systems under subclass 185 provided with a plurality of discharge device loads and having a condenser connected in shunt to at least one of the load devices.
324,and indented subclass, and the subclasses referred to in the notes to those subclasses, for other plural discharge device load systems under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 190]    190Asymmetrical discharge device loads:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Systems wherein the series connected load devices are of the type which conduct more current in one direction of current flow between the principal discharge electrodes than is conducted in the other direction of current flow between the principal discharge electrodes.

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181,for this subject matter where the series connected asymmetrical discharge devices are of diverse types.

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363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 65+ for systems wherein a single current conversion is attained by plural convertors which may be unidirectionally conductive electronic tubes connected in series.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 191]    191Convertible to parallel connected:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Systems wherein the system includes means for changing the connection of at least two of the load devices from electrical series relation to electrical parallel relation with respect to each other.

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66,for multiple filament lamps structurally combined with electric circuit means, such as an electric switch and having the filaments connected to the circuit means so that the filaments may be energized either in electrical series or parallel relation.
192,for systems under subclass 185 having combined with the series connected load devices, a load device connected in parallel with respect to at least one of the series connected load devices.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 192]    192Combined with parallel connected load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Systems having a load device connected in electrical parallel relation with at least one of the series connected load devices.

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191,for systems under subclass 185 having means to change the series connection of at least one of the load devices to a parallel connection.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 193]    193Electric switch controlled load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Systems having an electrical circuit maker and breaker connected in the system for controlling the supply of current to at least one of the series connected load devices.

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64,and indented subclasses, for multiple filament lamps structurally combined with an electric switch.
186,for series connected load device systems having a periodic switch.
313,and indented subclasses and the subclasses referred to in the notes to those subclasses, for other plural load device systems provided with an electric switch.

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200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   appropriate subclasses, for electric switches, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 194]    194REGULATION OF THE CONTROL CURRENT AND/OR POTENTIAL APPLIED TO DISCHARGE CONTROL DISCHARGE DEVICE LOADS BY PHASE SHIFTING MEANS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems having a load device which is a discharge device provided with a discharge control means, such as a grid electrode, an electromagnet for influencing the space discharge, or an auxiliary starting electrode, the discharge device being either (1) supplied with a pulsating and/or alternating current and/or (2) the cathode-anode circuit of the discharge device being so connected in the system that a pulsating and/or alternating current flows therein; the system including means to apply current and/or potential to the control means, the circuit controlling the application of the control potential including phase shifting means, so that the control current and/or potential may be applied to the control means in time phase relation to the pulsating and/or alternating current in the supply circuit and/or in the cathode-anode of the load device.
(1) Note. Neither the current and/or potential applied to the discharge device nor the control means need be a pulsating and/or alternating current and/or potential. For example, the load device may be supplied with discharge current from a source of unidirectional current with the system so arranged that a circuit connecting the cathode-anode of the discharge device has a pulsating current flowing therein, the control means being supplied with unidirectional current, the system being provided with circuit elements including phase shifting means responsive to the pulsating current in the cathode-anode circuit to control the time of application of the unidirectional current and or potential to the control means.
(2) Note. When the current supply for the discharge device is an alternating or pulsating current, and the discharge device is provided with an auxiliary starting electrode which is supplied with pulsating or alternating current which is out of phase with the alternating current in the discharge supply circuit, the patent is classified as a polyphase supply system in subclass 137 and indented subclasses, note especially subclasses 145 and 147. Where the system includes means to supply the auxiliary starting electrode with pulsating current from the supply circuit, and the auxiliary electrode circuit includes phase shifting means to shift the phase of the alternating current in the auxiliary electrode circuit with respect to the current in the supply circuit, the patent is classified in subclass 140 as a phase multiplying system. Where the claims only recite a control device for the discharge device, even though an auxiliary starting electrode is disclosed, the patent is classified in this subclass (194) or the indented subclasses.
(3) Note. Where the discharge device is supplied with discharge current from a source of pulsating and/or alternating current and the control means is supplied with a pulsating and/or alternating current and/or potential, the current and/or potential in the control circuit need not have its phase shifted with respect to the supply current, but the phase shifting means may only determine the time of application of the control current and/or potential to the control means with respect to the current wave of the supply current.
(4) Note. Systems wherein the current and/or potential supplied to the control means is merely varied in magnitude, the magnitude of the control current and/or potential with respect to the supply current for the load device determining the time at which the control means becomes effective to alter the operation of the discharge device are not included. For such systems, see the subclasses under "SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS" below.

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137,see note (2) above.
140,see note (2) above.
145,see note (2) above.
147,see note (2) above.
335,and indented subclass, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definitions of these subclasses, where the discharge control means for the discharge device load device is an auxiliary starting electrode, the system including means to vary the magnitude of the current and/or potential supplied to the auxiliary starting electrode,
341,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses, where the discharge device load device is provided with a plurality of discharge control means, the system including means to vary the magnitude of the control current and/or potential supplied to at least one of the control means.
344,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses where the discharge device load device is provided with an electromagnet for influencing the discharge, and the system includes means to vary the magnitude of the current supplied to the electromagnet.
349,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for miscellaneous systems under the class definition wherein the load device is a discharge control discharge device and the system includes means to vary the magnitude of the current and/or potential supplied to the load device.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 237 , 300, and 320, for systems for controlling the magnitude of the current or voltage in a single circuit by means of a discharge device having a discharge control device (e.g., grid), the discharge device circuit including means for shifting the phase of the potential in the discharge control device circuit with respect to the potential in the output circuit.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclass 118 and the subclasses mentioned in the notes thereto, for electronic tube current conversion systems wherein the control of the electronic tube includes phase control of potential applied to the discharge control means. The systems in Class 363 are very closely analogous to the systems in this and the indented subclasses. For the line between Class 363 and this class (315), see Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class in the class definition of Class 363.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 195]    195Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 194.  Systems, wherein the system includes two or more discharge control discharge device loads.
(1) Note. Where a single lamp or a single discharge device is the ultimate load device, and the system includes an additional lamp and/or discharge device in the circuit which is connected in the circuit so as to control and/or modify the current and/or potential supplied to such single ultimate load device, the patent is classified as a plural load device system, if (a) the controlling and/or modifying device is a lamp, or (b) the controlling and/or modifying device is limited in the claims to being a gas or vapor discharge device. Conversely, such a system is not classified as a plural load device system where the controlling and/or modifying device is claimed broadly as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gas or vapor discharge device.
The controlling and/or modifying device may be connected in the control circuit of the discharge device where the ultimate load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the same basis of classification is used as is set forth above.

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325,and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition of that subclass for other systems having plural discharge control discharge device loads.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 196]    196Inverse parallel connected asymmetric load devices:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Systems wherein the discharge control discharge device loads are of the type which conduct more current in one direction of current flow between the cathode and anode electrodes than is conducted in the other direction of current flow therebetween, at least two of the discharge devices each having its anode connected to the cathode of the other load device.

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251,for other systems provided with a plurality of inversely parallel connected discharge control discharge device loads.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291 for electronic tube regulators. See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, "Electronic Tube Systems," in the class definition of Class 323.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 197]    197Discharge control discharge device in the control circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Systems having a discharge device provided with discharge control means connected in the control circuit of the discharge control discharge device loads.

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198,and 199, for other plural load device systems, wherein there is a discharge control discharge device in the control circuit of the discharge device load.
204,272, and 352, for other systems under the class definition provided with a discharge control discharge device in the control circuit; subclass 204 where the discharge control means of the load device is an auxiliary starting electrode, subclass 272 and indented subclass where the discharge device load is supplied with alternating current, and subclass 352 and indented subclass for miscellaneous systems of this type.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 198]    198Discharge control discharge device in the control circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Systems having a discharge device provided with discharge control means connected in the control circuit of the discharge control discharge device load.

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197,and see the notes to the definition thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 199]    199Discharge control discharge device in the control circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 194.  Systems having an electric space discharge device provided with discharge control means connected in the control circuit of the discharge control discharge device load.

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197,and see the notes to the definition thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 200]    200DISCHARGE DEVICE AND/OR RECTIFIER IN THE SUPPLY CIRCUIT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems provided with a discharge device or an electric current rectifier connected either in electrical series relation or electric shunt relation to the load device and the source of current supply for the load device.
(1) Note. Patents claiming systems under the class definition which only have two or more lamps or electric space discharge devices limited in the claims to the gas or vapor type which are included as load devices in this class are not classified in this subclass or the indented subclasses, even though one of the devices is disclosed and claimed only as a means for controlling and/or modifying the current flow to one of the devices which is the ultimate load device. Such patents are classified in the other appropriate subclasses in this class as a plural load device system. This subclass and the indented subclasses include only systems under the class definition wherein the system includes a rectifier and or a discharge device of the type which is not included as a load device in this class.
(2) Note. Where the only discharge device and/or rectifier is in the discharge control circuit of a discharge control discharge device load, the patent is not classified in this or the indented subclasses, unless the discharge control means is an auxiliary starting electrode, for which see subclass 203 and indented subclass. For systems under the class definition having a discharge device, a rectifier in the discharge control circuit of a discharge control discharge device load, see subclass 352 and indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses.

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36,for a plurality of series connected discharge devices combined with an electric circuit element, all of which are structurally combined to form a unitary device.
46,for a discharge device and a filament which are structurally combined to form a unitary device, the filament being connected in electrical shunt to the discharge electrodes.
49,for a discharge device and a filament which are structurally combined to form a unitary device, the filament being in electrical series with the discharge device.
101,for systems wherein the load device is a discharge device provided with a thermionic cathode heated by the passage of electric current, or an indirectly heated cathode, the cathode or the cathode heater circuit having a discharge device and/or an electric current rectifier connected either in electrical series relation or electrical shunt relation with respect to the cathode or cathode heater and the source of supply.
171,for systems where there are a plurality of sources of current supply, one of the supply circuits having a discharge device or rectifier therein.
179,for systems having a plurality of diverse type load devices which are connected in electrical series relation, one of the load devices being a discharge device.
189,for systems where there are a plurality of series connected discharge device loads.
324,and indented subclass and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition of that subclass for systems under the class definition which include a plurality of discharge device loads.
352,see note (2) above.

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314Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Consumable Electrodes,   subclass 64 , for consumable electrode discharge device systems which include a space discharge device for controlling the operation of the electrode feeding mechanism.
323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291, for miscellaneous systems having one or more discharge devices for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or voltage in a single circuit.
327Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems,   appropriate subclasses for miscellaneous circuits utilizing a discharge device to control the flow of current or potential to a load device.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 74+ for rectifying or derectifying systems with automatic voltage and/or current magnitude control; subclasses 83, 94, and 99 for rectifying or derectifying systems with line circuit control by means of an electronic tube; and subclasses 111+ for rectifying or derectifying systems wherein the convertor is an electronic tube.
378X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices,   subclass 104 for X-ray tube power supplies with specific rectifier.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 201]    201Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Systems having two or more load devices in the system.
(1) Note. See note (1) to the definition of subclass 200 of this class.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 202]    202Plural cathode and/or anode discharge device load:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Systems wherein the load device in the system is an electric space discharge device which has two or more cathodes and/or two or more anodes.

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334,and indented subclasses and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for other systems under the class definition provided with a plural cathode and/or anode discharge device load.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 203]    203Discharge device or rectifier in the auxiliary starting electrode circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Systems wherein the discharge device is provided with at least one principal anode and at least one principal cathode and an auxiliary discharge electrode, the discharge device and/or the rectifier being included in the circuit which supplies current or potential to the auxiliary electrode.
(1) Note. Where the system includes a plurality of discharge devices, one of which is connected in the control circuit of the discharge device which is the load in the circuit, the patent is classified as a plural load device system in the subclasses above where the discharge device in the control circuit is claimed as a discharge device whose operation depends upon gas or vapor ionization even though the system is claimed as only having one ultimate load device. Where the controlling discharge device is claimed merely as a discharge device even though it is disclosed as a gaseous ionization discharge device, the system is not considered to be a plural load device system for the purpose of classification.

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335,and indented subclass, and the subclasses referred to in the notes to the definition of these subclasses, for other systems provided with a discharge device load having an auxiliary discharge electrode.
352,and indented subclass, for other systems under the class definition provided with a discharge control discharge load and having an electric discharge device in the control circuit, where the discharge control device is other than an auxiliary starting electrode.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 204]    204Discharge control discharge device in the auxiliary electrode circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 203.  Systems wherein the discharge device which is connected in the auxiliary electrode circuit is provided with discharge control means.

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197,198, and 199, for systems under the class definition wherein the load device is provided with discharge control means, which may be an auxiliary starting electrode, and the control circuit includes a discharge control discharge device and means to shift the phase of the pulsating and/or alternating current or potential in the control circuit with respect to the pulsating and/or alternating current in the cathode-anode circuit.
208,for other systems under subclass 200 provided with a discharge control discharge device in the supply circuit of the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 205]    205Plural discharge devices and/or rectifiers in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Systems provided with either (1) two or more discharge devices or rectifiers, or (2) a rectifier and a discharge device in the supply circuit of the load device.
(1) Note. Where the system includes a plurality of discharge devices, the output of one controlling only the electric discharge control means, such as the grid, of another discharge device (cascade connected) and the load device is connected in the circuit with the cathode-anode circuit of only one of the space discharge devices, the patent is excluded from this subclass and will be found in one of the other subclasses under subclass 200.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291, for miscellaneous systems having a plurality of discharge devices for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or voltage in a single circuit.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 206]    206Discharge device and/or rectifier in the primary circuit of the supply transformer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Systems provided with a transformer connected between the source of supply and the load device for supplying electric current or potential to the load device and having this discharge device and/or the rectifier connected in the primary circuit of the transformer.

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276,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to those subclasses, for other systems under the class definition provided with a transformer in the supply circuit of the load device.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291, for miscellaneous systems having one or more discharge devices in the primary circuit of a transformer for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or voltage in a single circuit.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 83 , 94, and 99 for rectifying or derectifying systems with line circuit control by means of an electronic tube.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 207]    207Discharge device and/or rectifier in shunt to the load device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Systems having the discharge device or rectifier connected in electrical shunt relation to the source of supply and the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 208]    208Discharge control discharge device in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Systems having a discharge device which is provided with discharge control means such as a grid electrode, connected in the supply circuit of the load device.

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204,for this subject matter where the discharge control discharge device is in the auxiliary electrode circuit.
352,and indented subclass and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for systems under the class definition where the load device is a discharge control discharge device, and the control circuit includes a discharge device.

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323Electricity: Power Supply or Regulation Systems,   subclasses 227 and 291 and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses, for miscellaneous systems having a discharge device which is provided with a discharge control device for controlling the magnitude of the current and/or voltage in a single circuit.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 111+ and the subclasses mentioned in the notes thereto, for current conversion systems wherein either the convertor or a control device comprises an electronic tube having discharge control means (e.g., grid).
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 209]    209PERIODIC SWITCH IN THE SUPPLY CIRCUIT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Systems having a periodic switch connected in the current supply circuit for the load device so as to periodically interrupt or vary the flow of current to the load device.
(1) Note. The periodic switch may be connected in shunt to the load device so as to periodically interrupt or vary the flow of current to the load device by completing a shunt circuit about the load device.
(2) Note. Some of the systems in this and the indented subclasses are ignition systems for supplying electrical energy to spark gaps of the spark plug type. For the line between this class and Class 123, Internal-Combustion Engines, subclass 146.5, Sparkers, see the notes to the class definition.

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72,for electric lamps having a periodic switch structurally combined therewith so as to form a unitary device.
172,where there are two sources of current supply for the load device, one of the supply circuits including a periodic switch.
186,where there are a plurality of load devices connected in series relation and the system includes a periodic switch.
246,and indented subclasses, for systems having no periodic switch wherein alternating or pulsating current is supplied to the load device. Note especially subclass 287 for systems where the source of supply may be direct current and a voltage regulator which periodically increases and decreases the current supplied to the load device is included in the supply system.

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123Internal-Combustion Engines,   see Note (2) above.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 19.01+ for periodic electric switches.
307Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems,   subclasses 96+ for circuit interrupting regulators.
322Electricity: Single Generator Systems,   subclasses 69+ , for periodic interruption of generator field circuit and subclass 94 for interruption of generator armature circuit.
335Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets,   subclasses 87+ for periodic electromagnetically operated switches.
337Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches,   subclass 51 for periodically operated electrothermally actuated switches and subclasses 302+ for periodically operated thermal switches.
361Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,   subclasses 1+ for circuit interruption systems utilized for safety purposes.
363Electric Power Conversion Systems,   subclasses 106+ and subclass 177 for conversion systems wherein the convertor comprises a periodic switch.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 210]    210Plural load device systems:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Systems having two or more load devices in the system.

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312,and indented subclasses, and the subclasses specified in the notes to these subclasses, for other plural load device systems under the class definition.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 211]    211Distributor type periodic switch means:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Systems wherein (1) two or more periodic switches are provided in the circuit, or (2) the periodic switch is a multiple circuit multiplecontact switch, the supply circuit of each of two or more of the load devices including one of the periodic switches or one of the contacts of the multiple contact switch, such switch means being arranged to open and close the circuits in sequence so that current is supplied to the load devices in time sequence.
(1) Note. Some of the patents in this and the indented subclasses are ignition systems for supplying electrical energy to a plurality of spark gaps (plugs) in timed sequence. For the line between this class and Class 123, Internal Combustion Engines, subclass 146.5, Sparkers, see the notes to the main definition.

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226,for single load device systems under subclass 209 provided with a plurality of periodic switches or a multiple contact periodic switch in the supply circuit of the load device.

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123Internal-Combustion Engines,   see note (1) above.
200Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers,   subclasses 19.06+ and indented subclasses for multiple contact periodic switches.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 212]    212Transformer in the supply circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Systems provided with a transformer connected between the source of supply and at least one of the load devices for supplying electric current and/or potential to the load device.

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219,and indented subclasses, for single load device systems under subclass 209 provided with a transformer in the supply circuit of the load device and having a periodic switch in the primary circuit of the transformer.
254,and indented subclasses, for other plural load device systems provided with a transformer in the supply circuit of at least one load device.
276,and indented subclasses and the subclasses specified in the notes to the definition of those subclasses for other systems provided with a transformer in the supply circuit of the load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 213]    213Distributor switch means in the primary circuits of plural transformers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Systems wherein the system includes a plurality of transformers, the secondaries of each of the transformers being connected to one or more of the load devices, the primaries of the transformers being connected to the periodic distributing switch means so that the primary circuits of the transformers are energized in timed sequence with respect to each other, thereby energizing the load devices in timed sequence with respect to each other.

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220,for single load device systems under subclass 209 provided with a plurality of transformers in the supply circuit of a load device, a periodic switch being included in the primary circuit of at least one transformer.
255,and indented subclass, for other plural load device plural transformer systems, each transformer secondary including a load device.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 214]    214With additional periodic switch in the primary circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Systems having a periodic switch (in addition to the distributor switch means) in the primary circuit of the transformer so as to periodically interrupt the primary circuit, the distributor type periodic switch means being in the secondary circuit of the transformer.

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213,for plural load device systems under subclass 212, where a distribution type periodic switch is included in the primary circuits of the transformer.
215,for additional periodic switches in circuits having no transformer.
222,for single load device systems under subclass 209 wherein there is a transformer in the supply circuit of the load device, and the primary and secondary circuits are periodically interrupted by periodic switch means.
  
[List of Patents for class 315 subclass 215]    215With additional periodic switch in the distributor switch means circuit:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Systems having a periodic switch (in addition to the distributor switch means) connected in series relation with the distributing type periodic switch means so that the supply circuit for at least one load device is periodically interrupted by both.
(1) Note. The second periodic switch need not operate in timed relation to the operation of the distributor type periodic switch means.

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214,where the distributing switch means is connected to the secondary of a transformer the primary circuit of the transformer including a periodic switch.