This class is the generic class for primary, secondary, and
thermal batteries. It includes the structure of the generator or
battery itself, the elements thereof, the methods of preparation,
operation, and details, and accessories not provided for in other
SECTION II - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS
Pyromagnetic generators are found in Class 310, Electrical
Generator or Motor Structure, subclass 306.
The application and use of the battery in combination with
other devices should be searched for in the appropriate art classes.
For cells specialized for carrying out electrolytic chemical
processes, see Class 204, Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,
subclass 242 and indented subclasses.
LINE WITH CLASS 252, CLASS 204, AND CLASS 429
See Class 252, Compositions, subclasses 500+ for
electrically conductive compositions and electrical devices defined
solely in terms of the composition of which they are composed such
as electrodes not provided for in Class 136, Class 204, or Class
Package Making, appropriate subclasses for methods of and apparatus
for encompassing or encasing goods or materials with a separate cover
or band which serves as means for identifying, protecting or unit
handling the goods or materials.
Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth
Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor, for processes and non-coating apparatus for growing
therein-defined single-crystal of all types of materials, including
the subject matter of Class 136.
Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver or Receiver
subclass 1.1 for mechanical process, and subclasses 32+ for apparatus
for filling battery grids and receptacles, and pasting the same.
subclasses 500+ for electrically conductive compositions and electrical
devices defined solely in terms of the composition of which they
are composed such as electrodes. (See Lines With Other Classes
and Within This Class, above.)
Communications: Electrical, for electrical telemetering, signaling, and alarm systems
of general application, especially
subclasses 636.1 through 636.21for such systems responsive to the condition of
Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles, appropriate subclasses for a stock material product in
the form of a single or plural layer web or sheet, especially
subclasses 457+ for a nonstructural composite web or sheet including at
least one layer of metal.
Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions
for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose
Metal Particulate Mixtures, and 420, Alloys or Metallic Compositions, for thermoelectric alloys.
subclasses 336.1+ for invisible radiant energy responsive electric
signalling devices which detect the presence of, or measures the
quantity or quality of invisible radiation and subclasses 200+ for
visible radiation pyrometers including circuit structure for the
Electrical Generator or Motor Structure,
subclass 306 for thermal or pyromagnetic generating devices
wherein there is additional control means for the generated power
current. Also, subclass 306 for thermionic device, per se, or in
combination with a thermoelectric device.
This subclass is indented under subclass 200. Apparatus wherein nuclear energy other than that resulting
from an induced nuclear reaction is used as a heat source for the
generator or comprising a thermoelectric device designed to be employed
as an ancillary unit in a nuclear reactor system.
Note. Nuclear energy of this subclass type may be that which
results from radioactive decay.
subclasses 3.1+ for thermoelectric cooling devices wherein the
device is more than a battery-like assemblage and contains some
structure peculiar to refrigeration by Peltier effect, e.g., a current source
This subclass is indented under subclass 200. Apparatus wherein a thermoelectric composition is claimed.
Note. To be placed herein rather than in a composition class,
a thermoelectric device defined by composition only must claim at
least two elements of the thermoelectric device, e.g., two junction elements
of a couple.
This subclass is indented under the class definition. Device which generates an electric potential upon exposure
to light, by the direct conversion of the light to electrical energy,
Note. Similar structures may be disclosed as having other
functions, e.g., rectifying, photoconductive, etc., and some of
these photoelectric devices may be disclosed as having several functions.
A patent which discloses or claims only a photovoltaic use will
be placed here. A patent which claims other uses or which is claimed
generically will be placed in another pertinent class, e.g., Class
250, Radiant Energy, or Class 257, Active Solid-State Devices (e.g.,
Transistors, Solid-State Diodes).
This subclass is indented under subclass 243. A photoelectric cell combined with (a) at least one other
photoelectric cell, or (b) a different electric generating means
(e.g., galvanic), or (c) distinct perfecting means for the photocell (e.g.,
This subclass is indented under subclass 244. Device which includes means to associate various parts or
elements in a first compact arrangement for storage and/or
transport and also in a second operative arrangement for accepting
radiation, said device also utilizing materials and structures designed
to decrease the mass or gravitational attraction.
This subclass is indented under subclass 244. Device which includes means to intensify, direct, or redirect
light rays with respect to the active elements or which includes
means to lower the temperature of the device.
This subclass is indented under subclass 252. Photocell in which the light which generates the photovoltaic
effect is produced by radio activity, ions, or heat (e.g., scintillation
or incandescence, etc.).
This subclass is indented under subclass 252. Device in which the light (a) causes emission of electrons
from a cathode, (b) alters the capacitance, (c) acts in a magnetic
field, or (d) utilizes the ferroelectric property of said device.
This subclass is indented under subclass 252. Device in which the photocell is embedded in once fluid,
but now solidified, material or is contained within a framework
or includes means to lower the temperature of the device or means
to intensify the light.
This subclass is indented under subclass 252. Device in which an active layer includes a carbon compound
classifiable in Class 260, Chemistry of Carbon Compounds or the
Class 532 - 570 series, Organic Compounds.
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