Budget and Financial Information

Congressional Budget Justifications

Fiscal Year 2020 USPTO Budget

For Fiscal Year (FY) 2020, the USPTO requests the authority to spend fee collections of $3,451M. Along with $41M from other income and the use of $47M from the operating reserve balance; these fee collections will fund operating requirements of $3,539M, including 13,456 positions; and a transfer of $2M to the Department of Commerce Office of the Inspector General. With full access to its fee collections to offset its funding requirements, the USPTO’s FY 2019 net appropriation would be $0.

USPTO’s FY 2020 President’s Budget (Budget) supports the USPTO 2018-2022 Strategic Plan priorities to continue: issuing reliable and predictable IP rights; shortening patent application pendency; enhancing patent administrative appeal and post-grant processes; fine tuning trademark operations; conducting outreach, education and engagement both domestically and internationally; promoting and protecting patent and trademark IP rights; and investing in our information technology (IT) stabilization and modernization. 

The Budget is predicated on workload demand and fee collection estimates derived from production and workload models. The USPTO operates like a business by fulfilling requests from around the world for IP products and services in exchange for fee payments. In many instances, these requests with fees are received in one fiscal year and fulfilled in a subsequent year, requiring a multi-year planning and budgeting process. 

The Budget also reflects USPTO’s commitment to fiscal responsibility and efficiency by making prudent choices when aligning spending priorities with revenue projections and ensuring sufficient operating reserves to shield mission-critical operations against potential disruptions. The independent authority to adjust both patent and trademark user fees via the regulatory process enables the Office to set fees at a level to recover the aggregate costs of its operations, including investments in strategic agency goals, and respond to changing market needs.  Maintaining the fee setting authority granted by the 2011 Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) as extended by the Study of Underrepresented Classes Chasing Engineering and Science Success (SUCCESS) Act of 2018, and ensuring sufficient operating reserves allows the Office to shield mission-critical operations against potential economic or financial disruptions.

Download the USPTO FY 2020 President's Budget Request [PDF]

Prior Year Budgets

Other USPTO Financial Information and Reports

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