Traditional Knowledge and Medicine Dictionaries/Databases




An Herbal / Medical Dictionary

Glossary of terms used in herbalism, medicine and physiology. By Michael Moore

Annie’s Remedy   

General guide to herbal medicine including common and botanical names, some records have citation information. (Check out the Herb Chart link-chart contains links to records)

Arctic Science Portal

Arctic Science Portal is a library of links (URLs) to websites where Arctic data are made publicly available. These websites contain information about indigenous plants and their uses.

Cacti Guide

Common and Latin names, photographs


Latin, English, PinYin and Chinese names, descriptions, uses

Dictionary of Natural Products

170,000 natural products with names and synonyms, formulae, chemical structures, CAS Registry Numbers, extensive source data, uses and applications, physical state, melting point, boiling point, pKa, and key literature citations

Dr. Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases

All references are to Duke, James A. 1992. The linked records contain plant names, alternative names for plants, and information about chemicals found in plants.

Eastern Chinese Medicine Export Company

Latin, English and PinYin names, searchable by medical use or symptoms

Find Me A Cure

Botanical names with common names in English, Chinese, and multiple Indian languages. Includes information about uses of herbs. Searchable via text input box, Herbs Glossary (botanical names), and list of Ailments and Remedies.

Find Wild Flowers

Identification of British flora

Fungal Database

USDA. Scientific and common names, synonyms, specimens, literature

Germplasm Resources Information Network - GRIN

USDA. Scientific and common names, synonyms

Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages

10,500 plant names in more than 60 different languages, origins, constituents, etymology, images, uses

Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database 

Database of Hawaiian names, species names, and vernacular names of plants. The linked records contain information about the uses of the plants with references.

Herbal Medicine Materia Medica

Herbal Medicine Materia Medica. Descriptions, constituents, cited references

iChinese Herbs

Latin, common and PinYin names


Interagency Taxonomic Information System. Diverse US Government agencies partnership. Standardized nomenclature, taxonomic data, hierarchical classification. Hyperlinks to diverse off-site resources

Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal (KTKP)

KIPO's database service for searching TK from some old and very recent Korean and Chinese medicine including journal articles and patents.

Requires registration/subscription.

Liber Herbarum

Cross-referenced herbal medicine database based fully on printed sources, inspired by the first known Danish medicine book "Liber Harbarum" written by Henrik Harpestgreng in the 13th century.

Malta Wild Plants

Detailed records for wild flowering plants of Malta. By Stephen Mifsud

Mushroom Nutrition 

Scientific and common names, descriptions, and medicinal uses for mushrooms with citations to literature provided


Database of natural products , including ethnomedical information, pharmacological/biochemical information on extracts of organisms in vitro, in situ, in vivo, in human (case reports, non-clinical trials) and clinical studies. 

Fee required

Native Plants Hawaii 

A single, comprehensive and searchable online knowledgebase of endemic and indigenous plants of Hawaii.  Some records name additional reference works.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database

Evidence-based clinical relevance. Searchable by product name or medical condition. Links to PubMed

Northern Ontario Plant Database

Records for some 55,000 herbarium specimens from northern Ontario educational and government institutions.

Oro Verde Green Gold from Amazonia 

Guide to Amazonian and Andean medicinal plants including common and botanical names, records contain citation information (click on any of the "more info" links to see records)

Plants for a Future

Latin and common names, uses, constituents, cited references. 

Registration required.


CRC collection. Covers individual plants, from historical to modern topics, as well as transgenics and evolutionary biology

Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions

Database of medicinal plants containing uses, botanical names, common names, and Sanskrit names.

Southwest School of Botanical Medicine

Known chemical constituents for over 250 medicinal plants

The Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Medicinal use of plants

Plants used in traditional methods for healing.

The International Plant Names Index

The International Plant Name Index is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes.

The Plant List 

From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. Latin names, synonyms and unresolved names for Vascular plants, mosses and liverworts. Excludes algae, fungi, common names.

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library – India (TKDL) 

TKDL is based on 148 books of Indian Systems of Medicine. 

Requires registration with the Government of India.

University of Melbourne

Multilingual (21 languages) plant name database with links to sites in various languages

University of Washington

Hyperlinks to Medline, USDA Plants Database, and Plants for a Future Database

USDA Plants Database

Searchable via multiple access points

Western United States Flora Checklists

Latin names and common names