Interviews provide an opportunity to discuss the application with the examiner and can be useful to clarify positions, resolve issues, and provide a better understanding of the application to both parties.
How do I request an interview with an examiner?
Applicants should call the examiner to request an interview. The examiner’s contact information can be found in the Conclusion section of the most recent Office action or from the Employee Locator on our web page (www.USPTO.gov)
Interviews should be held during normal business hours, Monday – Friday 8:30 AM – 5 PM. Telephonic and video conference interviews may be held outside these hours if agreed upon by all participants. Applicants and examiners may have to adjust their work schedule in order to find a mutually agreeable time to schedule an interview. See MPEP 713.
It is the responsibility of both parties to the interview to see that it is not extended beyond a reasonable period, usually not longer than 30 minutes. See MPEP 713.01 III.
Some of the most productive interviews occur after a first action on the merits when both parties have had an opportunity to consider the prior art; however, there is no bad time for requesting an interview. Examiners are encouraged to have an interview whenever the interview can resolve issues and help further prosecution. See MPEP 713.05 and MPEP 713.10.
A request for an interview prior to the first Office action is ordinarily granted in continuing applications. See MPEP 713.02. Further, if the application is filed under a special program such as Accelerated Examination, an interview may be appropriate according to the published guidelines of that program.
Normally, one interview after final rejection is permitted. However, prior to the interview, the intended purpose and content of the interview should be presented briefly, preferably in writing. Such an interview may be granted if the examiner is convinced that disposal or clarification for appeal may be accomplished with only nominal further consideration. Interviews merely to restate arguments of record or to discuss new limitations which would require more than nominal reconsideration or new search should be denied. See MPEP 713.09.
Interviews may be held telephonically, via video conference, or in-person on a USPTO campus. Applicant may request any of these interview methods and such request will normally be granted. Since many examiners work remotely from a USPTO campus, there may not always be an opportunity for an in-person interview. However, these examiners are available for video conference and telephonic interviews. See MPEP 713.01
Yes, applicant’s representative should consult with the applicant prior to the interview to discuss the invention and all relevant issues and obtain applicant approval and/or negotiating authority to accept at least a range of reasonably foreseeable proposals that may arise during an interview.
The examiner may request an agenda to facilitate a focused discussion on the issues. While an agenda is not required to grant an interview, many examiners have found that requesting an agenda helps ensure a productive interview. An interview agenda may include information about references, claims or applied rejections the attorney wishes to discuss, as well as any proposed amendments or evidence the attorney will be providing. The mere absence of an agenda is not a reason to deny an interview request. See MPEP 713.09
All in-person interviews must be held on a USPTO campus. Video conference interviews and telephonic interviews can be held from your location. See MPEP 713.01
While a registered practitioner not of record may request a telephone interview (if the practitioner is authorized to do so by the applicant or the attorney of record), it is recommended that a facsimile transmission of a power of attorney be filed prior to the interview. Otherwise, the examiner will conduct the telephone interview with the Office’s file closed and work solely from the practitioner’s file, which may be difficult to do over the phone. See MPEP 713.05
The unexpected appearance of an attorney or applicant requesting an interview without previous notice to the examiner may well justify the examiner’s refusal of the interview at that time. See MPEP 713.01 III. However, the examiner can suggest an alternate time to hold the interview when both parties are prepared.
Applicant is obligated to record the substance of the interview in each case unless the interview was initiated by the examiner and the examiner indicated on the “Examiner Initiated Interview Summary” form, PTOL-413B, that the examiner will provide a written summary. See MPEP 713.04 for further details.
Internet e-mail shall NOT be used to conduct communications similar to those exchanged during telephone or in-person interviews unless a written authorization from the applicants or an attorney/agent of record has been given to use Internet e-mail. See MPEP 502.03. In such cases, a paper copy of the Internet e-mail contents MUST be made and placed in the patent application file as required by the Federal Records Act in the same manner as an Examiner Interview Summary Form is entered. See MPEP 713.01 I.
A video conference interview is a meeting with an examiner using a web-based collaboration tool, such as Microsoft Teams, that permits participants to interact in real-time from anywhere using video and document sharing.
Yes. When an applicant requests a video conference with an examiner, the request will normally be granted. When applicants request an in-person interview but there is not an opportunity for both parties to be on the same USPTO campus at a mutually agreed upon time, a video conference should be offered and held when appropriate.
Applicant may participate in a video conference in their own office, or, when on a USPTO campus, from a public interview room. See MPEP 713.01 II
The USPTO currently uses Microsoft Teams as its video conferencing tool. Microsoft Teams is a web-based service, so you can use it from any computer (Windows, Mac, Linux, or Solaris). No software needs to be downloaded to participate in an online meeting. A high-speed Internet connection is recommended. To get started, open the email containing the online meeting invitation and click on the link to join the visual component of the online meeting. A telephone will be used to join the audio component of the meeting while a video camera may be used as part of the visual component.
Yes, communications via the Internet, such as e-mail or video conference, are at the discretion of the applicant. Written authorization from the applicant must be obtained prior to setting up a video conference.
The following is a sample authorization form which may be used by applicant and placed in the file-wrapper:
“Recognizing that Internet communications are not secure, I hereby authorize the USPTO to communicate with me concerning any subject matter of this application by electronic mail. I understand that a copy of these communications will be made of record in the application file.”
Please see MPEP502.03 for further guidance on written authorization.
No, all interviews held via video conference are to be originated or "hosted" by the USPTO. The Microsoft Teams invitation must be sent by the examiner and not the applicant.
A Public Interview Room is a video conference room on each USPTO campus designated for Applicants to use to connect and collaborate with examiners that are working remotely or at a different USPTO campus.
On the Alexandria campus, there are two Public Interview Rooms, located on the 1st floor of the Jefferson building (1D51) and the first floor of the Knox building (1D51). In Detroit, the Public Interview Room is located on the 2nd floor of the Elijah J. McCoy USPTO Satellite Office (RPL 2049). In Denver, the Public Interview Room is located on the 14th floor of the Byron G. Roger USPTO Satellite Office (BRB 14.111). In Dallas, the Public Interview Room is located on the 1st floor, room 156. In San Jose, the Public Interview Rooms are located on the 2nd floor (Room number 255 and 258).
A Public Interview Room must be reserved by the Examiner at least two business days prior to the interview. Applicant should ensure they have submitted written authorization to communicate electronically prior to requesting to reserve a Public Interview Room (see MPEP § 502.03 and 713.01).
Yes. The Examiner will send Applicant a Confirmation for Public Interview Room form indicating that the Public Interview Room has been reserved.
No. Any documents to be shared should be e-mailed to the Examiner prior to the interview.
On the day of interview, an Office Manager will meet and escort the Applicant to the Public Interview Room to begin the interview. The video conference equipment is preset for the Examiner to start the meeting. At the conclusion of the interview, the Office Manager will ensure Applicant is escorted from the Public Interview Room. Applicant should also bring their Confirmation for Public Interview Room form to the interview.