Trademark Application and Post-Registration Process Timelines

Applying to register your trademark with the USPTO begins a legal process. Legal requirements and deadlines must be met and fees may be required throughout the process. Not all applied-for trademarks register.

Every trademark application must have a legal basis for filing. The filing bases under federal trademark law are: Section 1(a) Use; Section 1(b) Intent-to-Use; Section 44(d) Foreign application; Section 44(e) Foreign registration; and Section 66(a) Madrid Protocol.

If your trademark registers, additional legal requirements, fees, and deadlines must be met to maintain your registration and keep your trademark registered.

The timelines below provide an overview of the process steps and time frames for filing a trademark application with a particular filing basis and for maintaining a trademark registration.

Section 1(a) Timeline: Application Based on Use in Commerce

A Section 1(a) filing basis applies when you are currently using your trademark in commerce with all the goods/services in your application. You must provide the date you began using your trademark and a specimen (real-use sample) showing how the mark is actually being used with the goods/services. View the Section 1(a) timeline

Section 1(b) Timeline: Application Based on Intent to Use

A Section 1(b) filing basis applies when you have not yet started using your trademark. You must use the trademark and pay an additional fee prior to registration. View the Section 1(b) timeline

Section 44(d) Timeline: Application Based on a Foreign Application

A Section 44(d) filing basis applies when you have filed for the mark in a foreign country. View the Section 44(d) timeline

Section 44(e) Timeline: Application Based on a Foreign Registration

A Section 44(e) filing basis applies when you have been granted a foreign registration for the same mark. View the Section 44(e) timeline

Section 66(a) Timeline: Application Based on the Madrid Protocol

A Section 66(a) filing basis applies when you have filed an Extension of Protection under the Madrid Protocol. View the Section 66(a) timeline

Post-Registration Timeline for all Registrations Except Registrations Based on the Madrid Protocol

After a registration issues, to keep the registration "alive" or valid, the registration owner must file specific documents and pay fees at regular intervals. Failure to file these documents will result in the cancellation of your registration. View the post-registration timeline.

Post-Registration Timeline for Registrations Based on the Madrid Protocol

After protection is granted to the international registration and a U.S. registration issues, to keep protection in the U.S., the U.S. registration owner must file specific documents and pay fees at regular intervals. Failure to file these documents will result in the cancellation of your U.S. registration and the invalidation of protection of the international registration by the USPTO. View the post-registration timeline for Madrid protocol-based registrations