The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI) is the nation’s highest honor for technological achievement, bestowed by the president of the United States on America's leading innovators. There were 10 laureates in the 1988 class.
John L. Atwood
Rockwell International Corp.
For distinguished leadership, technical competence and integrity in the technological advancement of aviation and space travel.
Arnold O. Beckman
Beckman Instruments and Smithkline Beckman Corp.
For exceptional creativity in designing analytical instruments that are recognized as the best in the world and for developing a successful business whose products have helped to keep the United States in the forefront of chemistry, chemical engineering and biotechnology.
Paul M. Cook
For his vision and entrepreneurial efforts, his technical accomplishments and his business and technical leadership as the key contributor in creating a worldwide chemically based industry.
Raymond Damadian, FONAR Corporation and Paul C. Lauterbur, The University of Illinois
For their independent contributions in conceiving and developing the application of magnetic resonance technology to medical uses including whole body scanning and diagnostic imaging.
Robert H. Dennard
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
For invention of the basic one-transistor dynamic memory cell used worldwide in virtually all modern computers.
Harold E. Edgerton
EG&G Corporation & Massachusetts Institute of Technology
For the invention of the electronic stroboscopic flash and for finding a multitude of applications for it within science, technology and industry.
Clarence L. Johnson
For his outstanding achievements in the design of a series of commercial, military, and reconnaissance aircraft that incorporated a wide range of technological advancements, and for his innovative management techniques which helped develop and produce these aircraft in record time and at a minimum cost.
Edwin H. Land
Polaroid Corporation and the Rowland Institute for Science
For the invention, development and marketing of instant photography.
For extraordinary and unselfish leadership in both industry and government, particularly in widely diversified technological fields which strengthened the competitiveness and defense capabilities of the United States.